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Title:
ACTUATION APPARATUS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/170759
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
An actuation apparatus for actuating components of switchable valve train devices of a first group and of a second group of switchable valve train devices is disclosed. The actuation apparatus comprises a body rotatable by an actuation source; a first shaft and a second shaft, each comprising a set of levers for actuating the components of the first group and the second group, respectively, and each comprising an element moveable by the body to cause the first shaft and the second shaft to rotate, respectively. The body has first portions that are offset with respect to one or more second portions of the body, such that control of the rotational orientation of the body provides control of which of the first portion and the second portion the elements experience, thereby to provide for control of the actuation of the components on a per switchable valve train group basis.

Inventors:
GUASCHINO, Mirko (Via F. Callori 6, Casale Monferrato, 15033, IT)
ANDRISANI, Nicola (Strada Decima 66, Cumiana, 10040, IT)
KINDERMANN, Jan (Na Pisku 131, Prague 5 Czech Republic, Prague, 15400, CZ)
MYSAK, Yuryi (Via Monginevro 84, Torino Italy, Torino, 10141, IT)
Application Number:
EP2019/055588
Publication Date:
September 12, 2019
Filing Date:
March 06, 2019
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
EATON INTELLIGENT POWER LIMITED (30 Pembroke Road, Dublin, 4, 4, IE)
International Classes:
F01L13/00; F01L1/46
Domestic Patent References:
WO2017202845A12017-11-30
Foreign References:
US4414935A1983-11-15
GB2017820A1979-10-10
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
EATON IP GROUP EMEA (Route de la Longeraie 7, 1110 Morges, 1110, CH)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. An actuation apparatus (2) for actuating one or more components of a respective one or more switchable valve train devices of a first group of switchable valve train devices, and for actuating one or more components of a respective one or more switchable valve train devices of a second group of switchable valve train devices, the actuation apparatus (2) comprising:

a body (22) rotatable by an actuation source (24) about a rotation axis (A); a first shaft (50) comprising a first set (18) of one or more levers (12) for actuating the one or more components of the first group of switchable valve train devices, the first shaft (50) comprising a first element (14) arranged to contact the body (22) and moveable by the body (22) in use to cause the first shaft (50) to rotate; and a second shaft (52) comprising a second set (20) of one or more levers (12) for actuating the one or more components of the second group of switchable valve train devices, the second shaft comprising a second element (16) arranged to contact the body (22) and moveable by the body (22) in use to cause the second shaft (52) to rotate; wherein the body (22) has one or more first portions (28) that are offset with respect to one or more second portions (30) of the body (22), such that control of the rotational orientation of the body (22) about the rotation axis (A) provides control of which of the first portion (28) and the second portion (30) the first element (14) and the second element (16) experience, thereby to provide for control of the actuation of the components on a per switchable valve train group basis.

2. The actuation apparatus (2) according to claim 1, wherein the one or more first portions (28) are offset in a direction parallel to the rotation axis (A) with respect to the one or more second portions (30). 3. The actuation apparatus (2) according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein the body

(2) defines a surface (22a) against which the first element (14) and the second element (16) are arranged to contact, and wherein the one or more first portions (28) and the one or more second portions (30) of the body (22) are portions of the surface (22a). 4. The actuation apparatus (2) according to claim 3, wherein the surface (22a) curves between adjacent ones of the first portion (28) and the second portion (30).

5. The actuation apparatus (2) according to any one of claim 1 to claim 4, wherein the offset of the one or more first portions (28) with respect to the one or more second portions (30) is provided by the body (22) having a different thickness (hl, h2) at the one or more first portions (28) than at the one or more second portions (30).

6. The actuation apparatus (2) according to any one of claim 1 to claim 5, wherein the actuation apparatus (2) is arranged such that:

the first set (18) of levers (12) and the second set (20) of levers (120 are positioned for actuation of the first group and the second group of switchable valve train devices, respectively, when the body (22) is rotationally orientated such that both the first element (14) and the second element (16) engage with one or more of the first portions (28) of the body (22); the first set (18) of levers (12) and the second set (20) of levers (12) are positioned for de-actuation of the first group and the second group of switchable valve train devices, respectively, when the body (22) is rotationally orientated such that both the first element (14) and the second element (16) engage with one or more of the second portions (30) of the body;

the first set (18) of levers (12) are positioned for actuation of the first group of switchable valve train devices, and the second set (20) of levers (12) are positioned for de-actuation of the second group of switchable valve train devices, when the body (22) is rotationally orientated such that the first element (14) engages with a said first portion (28) of the body (22) and the second element (16) engages with a said second portion

(30) of the body (22); and

the first set (18) of levers (12) are positioned for de-actuation of the first group of switchable valve train devices, and the second set (20) of levers (12) are positioned for actuation of the second group of switchable valve train devices, when the body (22) is rotationally orientated such that the first element (14) engages with a said second portion (30) of the body and the second element (16) engages with a said first portion (28) of the body (22).

7. The actuation apparatus (2) according to any one of claim 1 to claim 6, wherein the first element (14) and the second element (16) each comprise a member (l4a, l6a) extending radially from the first shaft (50) and the second shaft (52), respectively.

8. The actuation apparatus (2) according to any one of claim 1 to claim 7, wherein the actuation apparatus (2) comprises the actuation source (24) arranged to rotate the body (22) about the rotation axis (A). 9. The actuation apparatus (2) according to claim 8, wherein the actuation source

(24) is a rotary actuator (24).

10. The actuation apparatus according to claim 8 or claim 9, wherein the actuation source (24) is or comprises an electric motor (24).

11. A valve train assembly (1) comprising the actuation apparatus (2) according to any one of claim 1 to claim 10; and the first and second group of one or more switchable valve train devices. 12. The valve train assembly (1) according to claim 11, wherein each switchable valve train device is a switchable rocker arm comprising a first body and a second body, and the component of each switchable rocker arm is a latching arrangement comprising a moveable latch pin (C1P1 - C6P2) for latching the first body and the second body together.

13. The valve train assembly (1) according to claim 12, wherein, for each of the switchable rocker arms, said actuation comprises movement the latch pin (C1P1 - C6P2) from one of an unlatched position in which the first body and the second body are unlatched so that the first body and the second body are moveable relative to one another so that the switchable rocker arm is configured for a first mode of operation, and a latched position in which the first body and the second body are latched together so that the switchable rocker arm is configured for a second mode of operation, to the other of the unlatched position and the latched position.

14. The valve train assembly (1) according to claim 13, wherein the first mode of operation provides for valve deactivation.

15. The valve train (1) assembly according to claim 13 or claim 14, wherein the latching arrangement comprises a biasing element arranged to urge the latch pin (C1P1

- C6P2) from the latched position to the unlatched position.

Description:
ACTUATION APPARATUS

Technical Field

The present invention relates to actuation, and more specifically actuation of components of switchable valve train devices of an internal combustion engine.

Background

Internal combustion engines may comprise switchable engine or valve train devices. For example, valve train assemblies may comprise a switchable rocker arm (also referred to as a switchable finger follower) to provide for control of valve actuation by alternating between at least two or more modes of operation (e.g. valve- lift modes). Such rocker arms typically involve multiple bodies, such as an inner arm and an outer arm. These bodies are latched together to provide one mode of operation (e.g. a first valve-lift mode) and are unlatched, and hence can pivot with respect to each other, to provide a second mode of operation (e.g. a second valve-lift mode). Typically, a moveable latch pin is used and actuated and de-actuated to switch between the two modes of operation.

WO 2013/156610 Al [EATON] discloses such a switchable rocker arm with a moveable latch pin. The default position of the latch pin is unlatched, and it is retained in this position using biasing means. When required, the latch pin is actuated to the latched position using an external actuation mechanism based on a leaf spring. When actuation is required, the leaf spring is controlled to rotate a certain amount so as to engage with a roller of the latch pin, and hence push the latch pin into the latched position. In this way, the mode of operation that the switchable rocker arm provided for is controlled, for example, to provide for internal Exhaust Gas Recirculation. Implementation of actuation of switchable rocker arms can be difficult due to the tight packaging constraints associated with internal combustion engines.

Summary

According to a first aspect of the present invention, there is provided the actuation apparatus of claim 1.

According to a second aspect of the present invention, there is provided the valve train assembly of claim 11.

Further features and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following description of examples of the invention which is made with reference to the accompanying drawings.

Brief Description of the Drawings

Figure 1 illustrates schematically a perspective view of a valve train assembly according to an example;

Figure 2 illustrates schematically a perspective view of body according to an example; and

Figure 3 illustrates schematically a side view of a portion of an actuation apparatus according to an example; and

Figure 4 illustrates schematically a side view of the portion of the example actuation apparatus of Figure 3, in a different configuration.

Detailed Description

Referring to Figures 1 to 4, a valve train assembly 1 of an internal combustion engine (not shown) comprises an actuation apparatus 2 for actuating one or more components (not shown) of a respective one or more switchable valve train devices (not shown) of a first group of switchable valve train devices (not shown), and for actuating one or more components (not shown) of a respective one or more switchable valve train devices (not shown) of a second group of switchable valve train devices (not shown). In this example, each of the switchable valve train devices (not shown) is a switchable rocker arm (not shown), and the component (not shown) of each switchable rocker arm (not shown) is a moveable latching arrangement (not shown) of the rocker arm (not shown).

Each switchable rocker arm (not shown) is arranged to control opening and closing of a valve (not shown), for example an exhaust valve (not shown), of a cylinder

(not shown) of an overall internal combustion engine (not shown). The latching arrangement (not shown) of each switchable rocker arm comprises a moveable latch pin (represented by arrows C1P1 to C6P2 in Figure 1) for latching an inner body (not shown) and an outer body (not shown) of the rocker arm (not shown) together.

In this example, there are a total of 12 rocker arms (not shown) (implied by the

12 latch pins C1P1 to C6P2 in Figure 1). For example, the internal combustion engine (not shown) may be a six-cylinder engine, and there may be two rocker arms per cylinder. There are 12 latch pins, one per rocker arm. A first latch pin C1P1 may be of a first rocker arm (not shown) associated with a first cylinder (not shown), a second latch pin C1P2 may be of a second rocker arm (not shown) associated with the first cylinder, a third latch pin C2P1 may be of a first rocker arm (not shown) associated with a second cylinder (not shown), a fourth latch pin C2P2 may be of a second rocker arm (not shown) associated with the second cylinder, a fifth latch pin C3P1 may be of a first rocker arm (not shown) associated with a third cylinder (not shown), a sixth latch pin C3P2 may be of a second rocker arm (not shown) associated with the third cylinder, a seventh latch pin C4P1 may be of a first rocker arm (not shown) associated with a fourth cylinder (not shown), a eight latch pin C4P2 may be of a second rocker arm (not shown) associated with the fourth cylinder, a ninth latch pin C5P1 may be of a first rocker arm (not shown) associated with a fifth cylinder (not shown), a tenth latch pin C5P2 may be of a second rocker arm (not shown) associated with the fifth cylinder, an eleventh latch pin C6P1 may be of a first rocker arm (not shown) associated with a sixth cylinder (not shown), and a twelfth latch pin C6P2 may be of a second rocker arm (not shown) associated with the sixth cylinder.

The first group of rocker arms (not shown) may be those six having the first to sixth latch pins C1P1 - C3P2, and the second group of rocker arms (not shown) may be those six having the seventh to twelfth latch pins C4P1 - C6P2.

Switchable rocker arms having moveable latch pins are known per se, see e.g. WO 2013/156610 Al [EATON]

Each switchable rocker arm (not shown) may comprise an inner body (not shown) and an outer body (not shown). The inner body (not shown) and the outer body (not shown) may be latched together by the moveable latch pin to provide a first mode of operation (e.g. a first valve-lift mode) for example to provide for a first, primary, function, and unlatched, and hence can pivot with respect to each other, to provide a second mode of operation (e.g. a second valve-lift mode) for example to provide for a second, secondary function of the switchable rocker arm. In some examples, the first, primary, function may be a‘normal’ valve lift mode, and the second, secondary, function may be valve deactivation of the valve that the rocker arm controls. Each latch pin may be slidably received in a bore (not shown) of the outer body of the respective rocker arm (not shown). Each latch pin may be moveable between the unlatched position in which the outer body (not shown) and the inner body (not shown) are un-latched and hence can pivot with respect to each other about a pivot axis (not shown), and the latched position in which the outer body (not shown) and the inner body (not shown) are latched together and hence can move or pivot (e.g. about a hydraulic lash adjuster, HLA (not shown)) as a single.

Each rocker arm (not shown) may comprise a return spring arrangement (not shown) for returning the inner body (not shown) to its rest position after it is has pivoted with respect to the outer body (not shown). For example, when the inner body and the outer body (not shown) of a given rocker arm (not shown) are unlatched and a lobe of a lift cam (not shown) engages a roller follower (not shown) of the inner body (not shown), the inner body (not shown) may pivot relative to the outer body against the return spring arrangement (not shown) so as to absorb as“lost motion” the lobe of the lift cam (not shown) and hence no valve event may occur (valve deactivation), whereas when the inner body (not shown) and the outer body are latched together the lobe of the lift cam (not shown) engaging the roller follower of the inner body (not shown) may cause the inner body and outer body to pivot as a single body, which may in turn may cause a valve event to occur (normal operation). Each rocker arm (not shown) may comprise a return spring arrangement (not shown) for returning the inner body (not shown) to its rest position after it is has pivoted with respect to the outer body (not shown).

The latching arrangement (not shown) may comprise a biasing element (not shown) that urges the latch pin to the unlatched position. It will be appreciated that in some examples, each rocker arm may be any rocker arm comprising a plurality of bodies that move relative to one another, and which are latched together to provide one mode of operation (valve-lift mode) and are unlatched, and hence can move with respect to each other, to provide a second mode of operation (valve-lift mode). For example, each rocker arm may configured for internal Exhaust Gas Recirculation (iEGR), Cylinder Deactivation (CDA), Early Exhaust Valve Opening (EEVO), or the like applications.

Referring to Figures 1 to 4, the actuation apparatus 2 comprises an actuation source 24. The actuation source 24 is a rotary actuator. The actuation source 24 may be or comprise an electric motor. The actuation source 24 may be a brushless direct current (BLDC) electric motor. The actuation apparatus 2 may be referred to as an electro mechanical actuation apparatus 2.

The actuation apparatus 2 comprises a body 22 rotatable (see arrow Rl) by the actuation source 24 about a rotation axis (see axis A in Figures 2 to 4). Specifically, the actuation source 24 comprises a drive shaft 26 that the actuation source 24 causes to rotate about the rotation axis A. The body 22 is fixedly connected to the drive shaft 26 so that rotation of the drive shaft 26 by the actuation source 24 about the rotation axis A causes rotation of the body about the rotation axis A. In this example, the body 22 is a disc 22 (i.e. has a disk like shape) and is rotatable by the actuation source 24 about the principle axis of the disc (axis A).

The actuation apparatus 2 comprises a first shaft 50. The first shaft 50 is generally elongate and extends substantially perpendicularly to the rotation axis A. The first shaft 50 comprises a first set 18 of one or more levers 12 for actuating the latching arrangements (not shown) of the first group of rocker arms (as illustrated, the first set 18 has six levers 12, one each for contacting and actuating the first to sixth latch pins C1P1 - C3P2 of the first group of rocker arms (not shown). The first shaft 50 comprises a first element 14 arranged to contact the body 22. The first element 14 is moveable by the body 22 in use to cause the first shaft 50 to rotate (and hence the first set 18 of levers 12 to pivot about an axis of the first shaft 50 between a first position for actuating the latching arrangements of the first group of rocker arms and a second position for de- actuating the latching arrangements of the first group of rocker arms). The first element 14 comprises a member l4a fixedly connected to the first shaft 59 and extending radially from the first shaft 50, and a contact portion l4b extending from the member so as to contact the body 22. The first shaft 50 may comprise a torsional spring or other biasing means (not shown) to urge the first element into contact with the body 22.

The actuation apparatus 2 comprises a second shaft 52. The second shaft 52 is generally elongate and extends substantially perpendicularly to the rotation axis A. The second shaft 52 extends substantially co-linearly to the first shaft 50. The first shaft 50 and the second shaft 52 are rotatable independently of one another. The second shaft 52 comprises a second set 20 of one or more levers 12 for actuating the latching arrangements (not shown) of the second group of rocker arms (as illustrated, the second set 20 has six levers 12, one each for contacting and actuating the seventh to twelfth latch pins C4P1 - C6P2 of the second group of rocker arms (not shown). Each lever 12 extends radially from the second shaft 52. The second shaft 52 comprises a second element 16 arranged to contact the body 22. The second element 16 is moveable by the body 22 in use to cause the second shaft 52 to rotate (and hence the second set 20 of levers 12 to pivot about an axis of the shaft between a first position for actuating the latching arrangements of the second group of rocker arms and a second position for de- actuating the latching arrangements of the second group of rocker arms). The second element 16 comprises a member l6a fixedly connected to the second shaft 52 and extending radially from the second shaft 52, and a contact portion l6b extending from the member so as to contact the body 22. The second shaft 52 may comprise a torsional spring or other biasing means (not shown) to urge the second element 16 into contact with the body 22

In overview, and as perhaps best seen in Figures 2 to 4, the body 22 has one or more first portions 28 that are offset with respect to one or more second portions 30 of the body, such that control of the rotational orientation of the body 22 about the rotation axis A provides control of which of the first portion 28 and the second portion 30 the first element 14 and the second element 16 experience, thereby to provide for control of the actuation of the latching arrangements on a per group basis.

More specifically, as perhaps best seen in Figure 2, the one or more first portions 28 are offset in a direction parallel to the rotation axis A with respect to the one or more second portions 30. Specifically, the one or more first portions 28 are closer, in a direction parallel to the rotation axis A, to the shafts 50, 52, and are further away, in a direction parallel to the rotation axis A, to the actuation source 24, than are the one or more second portions 30. The first 28 and second 30 portions are arranged sequentially along a substantially circular path concentric with the rotation axis A.

In this example, the body 22 has a disc like shape. The body 22 defines a surface

22a against which the first element 14 and the second element 16 are arranged to engage. The surface 22a is a major surface of the body/disc 22. The one or more first portions 28 and the one or more second portions 30 of the body 22 are portions of the surface 22a of the body 22. That is the one or more first portions 28 of the surface 22a of the body 22 are offset in a direction parallel to the rotation axis A with respect to the one or more second portions 30 of the surface 22a of the body 22.

The surface 22a curves between adjacent ones of the first portion 28 and the second portion 30. That is, the transition between the first 28 and second portions 30 on the surface 22a along a substantially circular path concentric with the rotation axis is smooth.

In this example, the offset of the one or more first portions 28 with respect to the one or more second portions 30 is provided by the body 22 having a different thickness hl, h2 at the one or more first portions 28 than at the one or more second portions 30. Specifically, a major surface of the body/disc 22 opposite to the surface 22a of the disc comprising the first 28 and second 30 portions is substantially flat and perpendicular to the rotation axis A. The thickness hl of the body/disc 22 at the first portion 28 is less than the thickness h2 of the body/disc 22 at the second portion 30.

As mentioned above, the actuation apparatus 2 is arranged such that control of the rotational orientation of the body 22 about the rotation axis A provides control of which of the first portion 28 and the second portion 30 the first element 14 and the second element 16 experience, thereby to provide for control of the actuation of the latching arrangements on a per group basis, i.e. on a per rocker arm group basis. The actuation of the latching arrangements of the first group and the second group of rocker arms may be independent of one another. This may provide for more flexible control.

More specifically, the actuation source may be controlled by a control unit (not shown). When actuation of the latching arrangements of both the first group and the second group of rocker arms is desired (e.g. when it is desired that all twelve of the latch pins C1P1 - C6P2 are to be moved to the latched position so that all twelve of the rocker arms provide for a first, primary, function or valve lift mode, for example) the control unit may control the actuation source to cause the the body 22 to be rotationally orientated about the rotation axis A such that both the first element 14 and the second element 16 contact or engage with one or more of the first portions 28 of the body 22. This is the situation illustrated schematically in Figure 3. Referring to Figure 1, in this case, both the first element 14 and the second element 16 will be pivoted relatively upwards in the sense of Figure 1 towards the actuation source 24, which will cause both the first shaft 50 and the second shaft 52, respectively, to be rotated relatively clockwise in the sense of Figure 1, which will cause both the first set of levers 18 and the second set of levers 20, respectively, to be positioned for actuation of the latching arrangements of the first group and the second group of rocker arms, respectively (e.g. pivoted so as to apply a force to the latch pins C1P1 - C6P2 to cause all the latch pins to move from the unlatched position to the latched position, for example).

When de-actuation of the latching arrangements of both the first group and the second group of rocker arms is desired (e.g. when it is desired that all twelve of the latch pins C1P1 - C6P2 are to be moved to the unlatched position so that all twelve of the rocker arms provide for a second, secondary, function or valve lift mode, for example) the control unit may control the actuation source to cause the body 22 to be rotationally orientated about the rotation axis A such that both the first element 14 and the second element 16 contact or engage with one or more of the second portions 30 of the body 22. This is the situation illustrated schematically in Figure 4. Referring to Figure 1, in this case, both the first element 14 and the second element 16 will be pushed downwards in the sense of Figure 1 to be pivoted away from the actuation source 24, which will cause both the first shaft 50 and the second shaft 52, respectively, to be rotated relatively anticlockwise in the sense of Figure 1, which will cause both the first set of levers 18 and the second set of levers 20, respectively, to be positioned for de actuation of the latching arrangements of the first group and the second group of rocker arms, respectively (e.g. pivoted so as to apply substantially no force to the latch pins C1P1 - C6P2 to allow all the latch pins to move from the latched position to the unlatched position under the force of the respective biasing elements of the respective latching arrangements, for example).

When actuation of the latching arrangements of the first group of rocker arms, and de-actuation of the latching arrangements of the second group of rocker arms, is desired (e.g. when it is desired that the first to sixth latch pins C1P1 - C3P2 are to be in the latched position so that the first group of rocker arms provide for the first, primary, function, and that the seventh to twelfth latch pins C4P1 - C6P2 are to be in the unlatched position so that the second group of rocker arms provide for the second, secondary, function, for example) the control unit may control the actuation source to cause the body 22 to be rotationally orientated about the rotation axis A such that the first element 14 contacts or engages with one of the first portions 18 and the second element 16 contacts or engages with one of the second portions 30 of the body 22. As a result, the first set of levers 18 will be positioned for actuation of the latching arrangements of the first group of rocker arms and the second set 20 of levers will be positioned for de-actuation of the latching arrangements of the second group of rocker arms.

Conversely, when actuation of the latching arrangements of the second group of rocker arms, and de-actuation of the latching arrangements of the first group of rocker arms, is desired (e.g. when it is desired that the first to sixth latch pins C1P1 - C3P2 are to be in the unlatched position so that the first group of rocker arms provide for the second, secondary, function, and that the seventh to twelfth latch pins C4P1 - C6P2 are to be in the latched position so that the second group of rocker arms provide for the first, primary, function, for example) the control unit may control the actuation source to cause the body 22 to be rotationally orientated about the rotation axis A such that the first element 14 contacts or engages with one of the second portions 30 of the body 22 and the second element 16 contacts or engages with one of the first portions 28 of the body 22. As a result, the first set of levers 18 will be positioned for de-actuation of the latching arrangements of the first group of rocker arms and the second set 20 of levers will be positioned for actuation of the latching arrangements of the second group of rocker arms.

It will be appreciated that there may be several configurations of the first 14 and second 16 elements, as well as of the first 28 and second 30 portions of the body 22, to provide for the above functionality. As one example, the first 14 element may contact the surface 22a of the body 22 on a substantially opposite side of the rotation axis A to where the second element 16 contacts the surface 22a of the body 22. In this case, the surface 22a of the body 22 may comprise, for example, two first portions 28 on substantially opposite sides of the rotational axis A. The body 22 may be rotationally orientated so that the first element 14 engages with one of the first portions 28 and the second element 16 engages with the other of the first portions 28, and hence as described above, actuation of latching arrangements of both the first group and the second group of rocker arms may be achieved. The surface 22a of the body 22 may comprise, for example, two second portions 30 on substantially opposite sides of the rotational axis A. For example, a line joining the two first portions 28 may be perpendicular to a line joining the two second portions 30. That is, a quarter turn of the body may take the first 14 and second elements 16 from being engaged with the two first portions 28 to being engaged with the two second portions 30. The body 22 may therefore be rotationally orientated so that the first element 14 engages with one of the second portions 30 and the second element 16 engages with the other of the second portions 30, and hence as described above, de-actuation of latching arrangements of both the first group and the second group of rocker arms may be achieved. The body 22 may comprise a further first portion 28 and a further second portion 30 on substantially opposite sides of the rotational axis A from one another. For example, a line joining the two first portions 28 may be make an angle of substantially 45 degrees to a line joining the further first portion 38 and the further second portion 28. That is, an eighth turn of the body may take the first 14 and second elements 16 from being engaged with the two first portions 28 (or the two second portions 30) to being engaged with the further first portion 28 and the further second portion 30, respectively, or vice versa. The body 22 may therefore be rotationally orientated so that one of the first element 14 and the second element 16 engages with the further first portion 28 and the other of the first element 14 and the second element 16 engages with the further second portion 30, and hence as described above, de-actuation of the latching arrangements of one of the first group and the second group, but actuation of the other of the first group and the second group, may be achieved.

The above example configuration need not necessarily be used to provide the above functionality it will be appreciated that other configurations may be used. For example, the first element 14 and the second element 16 need not necessarily be directly opposite one another and may be placed, for example, on a similar segment of the body 22. In this case the functionality described above may be provided, for example, using only one first portion 28 and one second portion 30.

Further, it will be appreciated that although in the above configuration, contact of the first 14 and second 16 elements with a first portion 28 provided for movement of the latch pins from the unlatched position to the latched position, and, contact of the first 14 and second 16 elements with a second portion 30 provided for movement of the latch pins from the latched position to the unlatched position, it will be readily appreciated that this need not necessarily be the case and that in other examples the actuation may comprise movement the latch pin from one of an unlatched position in which the first body and the second body are unlatched so that the first body and the second body are moveable relative to one another so that the switchable rocker arm is configured for a first mode of operation, and a latched position in which the first body and the second body are latched together so that the switchable rocker arm is configured for a second mode of operation, to the other of the unlatched position and the latched position.

The actuation apparatus 2 may be installed in, for example fixedly mounted on or connected to, a cylinder head of the internal combustion engine. The actuation apparatus 2 may allow efficient packaging of the per-rocker-arm-group control functionality to be implemented in the internal combustion engine. For example, the actuation apparatus 2 allows for per-rocker-arm-group control to be controlled by a single actuation source, for example a single rotary actuation source. The configuration of the actuation apparatus 2 may allow for packaging constraints to be effectively and efficiently met. For example, the configuration of the actuation apparatus 2 allows the actuation apparatus 2 to be installed into the cylinder head (above the valve train assembly) whilst still efficiently and effectively providing the per-rocker-arm-group control functionality. The actuation apparatus 2 allows for the activation of the secondary functions (e.g. valve deactivation) of the switchable rocker arms (also known as switchable finger followers) without the actuation source acting directly on the latch pins of the switchable rocker arms. Since the actuation apparatus may provide control of the functionality of the rocker arms (e.g. normal valve lift or valve deactivation) on a per rocker arm group basis, then the actuation apparatus 2 may provide control of the activation and/or deactivation of cylinders of the internal combustion engine on a per cylinder group basis (e.g. in the example of a six cylinder engine then a first group may comprise the first to third cylinders and the second group may comprise the fourth to sixth cylinders) or for example, on a per cylinder basis (e.g. if the first group consists of one cylinder and the second group consists of another cylinder). Hence the actuation apparatus 2 may allow for improved control of how many or what proportion of the engine’s cylinders are active at any given time, and hence may allow for improved flexibility in the operation of the engine. Although a six-cylinder engine is referred to above, it will be appreciated that the actuation apparatus 2 may be implemented for engines having a different number of cylinders.

All of the above examples are to be understood as illustrative examples only. It is to be understood that any feature described in relation to any one example may be used alone, or in combination with other features described, and may also be used in combination with one or more features of any other of the examples, or any combination of any other of the examples. Furthermore, equivalents and modifications not described above may also be employed without departing from the scope of the invention, which is defined in the accompanying claims. Reference Signs List

A axis

Rl rotation

1 valve train assembly 2 actuation apparatus

C1P1 - C6P2 latch pins

12 levers

14, 16 element

l4a, l6a member

l6b, l6b contact portion

18, 20 set of levers 22 body

22a surface

24 actuation source 26 drive shaft

28 first portion 30 second portion hl, h2 thickness




 
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