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Title:
ADVANCED CENTRALIZED DISTRIBUTED LIGHTNING ARRESTOR NETWORK WITH POWER DISTRIBUTOR AND ENERGY CONVERSION MECHANISM
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/142426
Kind Code:
A2
Inventors:
JOHN, Rijin (Ayilattil House, Near Railway Station Bella Beach Roa, Kahnangad Kasaragod 5, 671315, IN)
Application Number:
IN2018/050054
Publication Date:
August 09, 2018
Filing Date:
February 02, 2018
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
JOHN, Rijin (Ayilattil House, Near Railway Station Bella Beach Roa, Kahnangad Kasaragod 5, 671315, IN)
International Classes:
H02J15/00; H05F7/00
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
ARJUN KARTHIK, Bala (Metayage IP Strategy Consulting LLP, Global Incubation Services CA Site NO 1, JSS Institutions Campus, HAL 3rd stage, Behind Hotel Leela Palac, Kodihally Bangalore 8, 560008, IN)
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Claims:
CLAIMS

I/We claim:

1. An energy conversion system for trapping energy from the lightning (110), wherein the system comprises:

(i) a plurality of cloud ionizers (104A-N) installed at a first location that induces a charge in the cloud (112) by sequentially generating radiations into the clouds (112) wherein the radiations includes at least one of light rays, electromagnetic rays or x-ray;

(ii) a plurality of lightning arresters (106A-N) installed at a second location that arrests lightning (110) generated by the clouds (112);

(iii) a centralized operating unit (102) for analyzing, controlling and monitoring the trapped lightning(l 10), wherein the centralized operating unit 102 comprises: a memory unit that stores (i) a set of modules and (ii) a database (200); and a processor which executes the set of modules, wherein the set of modules comprises:

(a) an information obtaining module (202) that receives a cloud data from i) government and private organizations, ii) a satellite, iii) a sensor and iv) historical records of previously collected cloud data;

(b) a prediction and forecast module (204) that analyses the received cloud data to i) identify location of the clouds (112), ii) movement of the clouds (112), iii) speed of the clouds (112), iv) charges accumulated in the clouds (112), v) an amount of electricity that is produced by the clouds (112), vi) a path of the clouds (112), vii) direction of the clouds (1 12), and ix) a lightning striking time;

(c) a cloud ionizer and a inducer module (206) that receives the lightning data from the prediction and forecast module (204) to identify i) the plurality of cloud ionizer (104A-N) in the path of the cloud movement, ii) the locations where the lightning (110) could occur, and transmits a control signal to the identified cloud ionizers (104A-N) in the identified location for ionizing the clouds (112); (d) a lightning arrestor module (208) that receives the lightning data from the prediction and forecast module (204) and identifies at least one of the lightning arrestor (106A-N) in the path of the cloud (112) for arresting the lightning (110).

(e) a lightning energy transport module (210) that receives a lightning striking time from the prediction and forecast module (204) and prioritizes the lightning (HO) that is to be transmitted through a lightning transmission path;

(f) an energy conversion module (216), based on the status of the lightning transmission path prioritizes an energy conversion mechanism for converting the lightning (110) into energy;

(g) an information transmitting module (218) to communicate with the plurality of ionizers (104A-N), the plurality of lightning arresters (106A-N), the delaying and looping system (420) and an energy conversion unit (108).

(iv) the energy conversion unit (108) that employs different energy conversion mechanisms based on the data received from the energy conversion module (216) and converts the trapped lightning (110) into energy, wherein the energy conversion mechanisms comprises i) mechanisms for converting the lightning (110) into thermal energy, ii) mechanisms for converting the lightning (110) into steam energy, iii) mechanisms for converting the lightning (110) into magnetic energy, iv) mechanisms for converting the lightning (110) into mechanical energy;

2. The energy conversion system for trapping energy from the lightning (110) as claimed in claim 1, wherein the energy conversion system comprises height adjustable lightning arrestors (106A-N), that automatically increases or decreases the height of the lightning arrestors (106A-N), based on the height adjustment data received from the lightning arrestor module (208) of the centralized operating unit (102).

3. The energy conversion system for trapping energy from the lightning (110) as claimed in claim 1, wherein the energy conversion system comprises, i) a looping and delaying unit (402) that is electrically connected with the plurality of lightning arrestor (106A-N), is installed at the base of each lightning arrestor (106A-N), wherein the looping and delaying unit (402) either i) delays the lightning (110), ii) grounds the lightning (110) or iii) transmits the lightning (110) through the transmission path, based on the data received from the centralized operating unit (102).

ii) a delay coil (118) that is electrically connected with the looping and delaying unit (402), delays the lightning (110), if the transmission path is preoccupied by the lightning (110), based on an input received from the looping and delaying unit (402).

4. The energy conversion system for trapping energy from the lightning as claimed in claim 1, wherein the energy conversion system comprises a looping and delay module (212) in the centralized operating unit (102) for identifying the status of the lightning transmission path and controls the looping and delaying unit (402) to either i) delays the lightning (110) or ii) grounds the lightning (110) or iii) transmits the lightning (110) through the transmission path.

5. The energy conversion system for trapping energy from the lightning (110) as claimed in claim 2, the energy conversion system comprises an switching mechanism (404) that is electrically connected with the looping and delaying unit (402), wherein the switching mechanism (404) receives the plurality of lightning (110) from different locations at different instances and aggregates the plurality of lightning (110) into a single continuous lightning source.

6. The energy conversion system for trapping energy from the lightning (110) as claimed in claim 1 , wherein the cloud data includes at least one of (i) a speed of the cloud (112), (ii) a direction of the cloud (112), (iii) a location of the cloud (112), (iv) a movement of the cloud (112), (v) a temperature of the cloud (112), (vi) a humidity of the cloud (112), (vii) pressure of the cloud (112) and (viii) the charge of the cloud (112) and (ix) position of the cloud (112).

7. A method for converting lightning (110) into electrical energy, wherein the method comprises:

receiving, using an information obtaining module (202), a cloud data i) from various government and private organizations ii) from a satellite, iii) from a sensor and iii) historical records of previously collected cloud data;

analyzing, using a prediction and forecast module (204), the cloud data and historical records of the cloud data to identify the location of the clouds (112), the movement of the clouds (112), the speed of the clouds (112), the charges accumulated in the clouds (112), amount of electricity that is produced by the clouds (112), a path of the clouds (112) and the direction of the clouds (112), and a lightning striking time;

identifying, using a cloud ionizer and a inducer module (206), i) the plurality of cloud ionizers (104A-N) in the path of the cloud movement, ii) the locations where the lightning (110) could occur, based on a lightning data received from the prediction and forecast module (204).

transmitting, using a using a cloud ionizer and a inducer module (206), a control signal to the identified cloud ionizers (104A-N) in the identified location for ionizing the clouds (112);

identifying, using a lightning arrestor module (208), the plurality of lightning arrestor (106A-N) in the path of the cloud (112) for arresting the lightning (110) based on the lightning data received from the prediction and forecast module (204);

receiving, using a lightning energy transport module (210), the lightning (110) striking time from the prediction and forecast module (204) and prioritizes the lightning (110) that is to be transmitted through a lightning transmission path;

calculating, using looping and delay module (212), the travel timing of lightning (110) in the lightning transmission path to identify a status of the lightning transmission path; deciding, using the looping and delay module (212), whether to i) delay the lightning (110), ii) to ground the lightning (110) or iii) to transmit directly through the lightning transmission path;

prioritizing different energy conversion mechanism for converting the lightning (110) into energy based on the demand load and the status of the lightning transmission path using an energy conversion module (216).

8. The method for converting lightning (110) into electrical energy as claimed in claim 6, wherein the method comprises the steps of adjusting the height of the lightning arrestors (106A-N), based on the height adjustment data received from the lightning arrestor module (208) of the centralized operating unit (102).

9. The method for converting lightning (110) into electrical energy as claimed in claim 6, wherein the method comprises the steps of (i) delaying the lightning (110), using a delay coil (118), if the lightning transmission path is preoccupied by previously transmitted lightning (110), by a looping and delaying unit (402), based on the data received from the looping and delay module (212) of the centralized operating unit (102).

10. The method for converting lightning into electrical energy as claimed in claim 6, wherein said cloud data comprise at least one of (i) a speed of the cloud (112), (ii) a direction of the cloud (112), (iii) a location of the cloud (112), (iv) a movement of the cloud (112), (v) a temperature of the cloud (112), (vi) a humidity of the cloud (112), (vii) pressure of the cloud (112), (viii) the charge of the cloud (112) and (ix) position of the cloud (112).

Description:
ADVANCED CENTRALIZED DISTRIBUTED LIGHTNING ARRESTOR NETWORK WITH POWER DISTRIBUTOR AND ENERGY CONVERSION

MECHANISM

BACKGROUND

Technical Field

[0001] The invention herein generally relates to energy conversation system and more particularly, to a system for trapping lightning in a distributed network and extracting energy from a lightning and a method thereof.

Description of the Related Art

[0002] Over the years, man has been attempting to find an effective, efficient, less expensive and eco-friendly source of energy which is capable of meeting the desirable demands associated with the modem day living, commerce and technology. In the recent years, trapping energy from lightning has got more attention and as a result there had been a considerable number of systems and methods for trapping lightning energy.

[0003] The natural lightning is super large scale energy, only a single flash of light comprises an average of about 30 to 300 kilo amps of current. For years, the mankind has never been able to use their hands for trapping energy from lightning. The main difficulty is that the lightning discharges in a short time almost in 0.002 seconds and it carries very high energy.

[0004] Harvesting lightning is a problem that has been under research for years. In the recent years, there had been a very few attempts to harvest energy from lightning and these attempts failed to adequately store the electrical energy produced from the lightning strike.

[0005] Further attempts to convert lightning energy into electrical energy and transmitting the electrical energy directly into the power grid do not yield desirable results. This conversion mechanism need to be installed at the base of each lightning arrestor and requires a separate control unit for controlling and transporting the electrical energy, which makes this conversion mechanism more expensive and economically insignificant. Moreover, the occurrence of lightning is not frequent and it is very hard to depend on lightning for power generation.

[0006] Accordingly, there remains a need for a cost effective system that collects the lightning from different regions and convert the trapped lightning into suitable form of energy.

SUMMARY

[0007] In view of a foregoing, an embodiment herein, an energy conversion system for trapping energy from the lightning. The system includes one or more cloud ionizers, one or more lightning arresters, a centralized operating unit, an energy conversion unit. The one or more cloud ionizers installed at a first location that induces a charge in the cloud by sequentially generating radiations into the clouds. The radiations include at least one of light rays, electromagnetic rays or x-ray. The one or more lightning arrestors installed at a second location that arrests lightning generated by the clouds. The centralized operating unit for analyzing, controlling and monitoring the trapped lightning. The centralized operating unit includes a memory unit that stores and a processor. The memory unit that stores (i) a set of modules and (ii) a database and the processor which executes the set of modules.

[0008] The set of modules includes (a) an information obtaining module that receives a cloud data from i) government and private organizations, ii) a satellite, iii) a sensor and iv) historical records of previously collected cloud data, (b) a prediction and forecast module that analyses the received cloud data to i) identify location of the clouds, ii) movement of the clouds, iii) speed of the clouds, iv) charges accumulated in the clouds, v) an amount of electricity that is produced by the clouds, vi) a path of the clouds, vii) direction of the clouds, and ix) a lightning striking time, (c) a cloud ionizer and a inducer module that receives the lightning data from the prediction and forecast module to identify i) the plurality of cloud ionizer in the path of the cloud movement, ii) the locations where the lightning could occur, and transmits a control signal to the identified cloud ionizers in the identified location for ionizing the clouds, (d) a lightning arrestor module that receives the lightning data from the prediction and forecast module and identifies at least one of the lightning arrestor in the path of the cloud for arresting the lightning, (e) a lightning energy transport module that receives a lightning striking time from the prediction and forecast module and prioritizes the lightning that is to be transmitted through a lightning transmission path, (f) an energy conversion module, based on the status of the lightning transmission path prioritizes an energy conversion mechanism for converting the lightning into energy, (g) an information transmitting module to communicate with the plurality of ionizers, the plurality of lightning arresters, the delaying and looping system and an energy conversion unit.

[0009] The energy conversion unit that employs different energy conversion mechanisms based on the data received from the energy conversion module and converts the trapped lightning into energy. The energy conversion mechanisms includes mechanisms for converting the lightning into thermal energy, ii) mechanisms for converting the lightning into steam energy, iii) mechanisms for converting the lightning into magnetic energy, iv) mechanisms for converting the lightning into mechanical energy.

[0010] In an embodiment, energy conversion system for trapping energy from the lightning includes height adjustable lightning arrestors, that automatically increases or decreases the height of the lightning arrestors, based on the height adjustment data received from the lightning arrestor module of the centralized operating unit.

[0011] In another embodiment, energy conversion system for trapping energy from the lightning includes i) a looping and delaying unit that is electrically connected with the plurality of lightning arrestor, is installed at the base of each lightning arrestor, ii) a delay coil that is electrically connected with the looping and delaying unit, delays the lightning, if the transmission path is preoccupied by the lightning, based on an input received from the looping and delaying unit. The looping and delaying unit either i) delays the lightning, ii) grounds the lightning or iii) transmits the lightning through the transmission path, based on the data received from the centralized operating unit.

[0012] In yet another embodiment, the energy conversion system includes a looping and delay module in the centralized operating unit for identifying the status of the lightning transmission path and controls the looping and delaying unit to either i) delays the lightning or ii) grounds the lightning or iii) transmits the lightning through the transmission path. [0013] In yet another embodiment, the energy conversion system includes a switching mechanism that is electrically connected with the looping and delaying unit. The switching mechanism receives the plurality of lightning from different locations at different instances and aggregates the plurality of lightning into a single continuous lightning source.

[0014] In yet another embodiment, the cloud data includes at least one of (i) a speed of the cloud, (ii) a direction of the cloud, (iii) a location of the cloud, (iv) a movement of the cloud, (v) a temperature of the cloud, (vi) a humidity of the cloud, (vii) pressure of the cloud and (viii) the charge of the cloud and (ix) position of the cloud.

[0015] In another aspect, a method for converting lightning into electrical energy includes (a) receiving, using an information obtaining module, a cloud data i) from various government and private organizations ii) from a satellite, iii) from a sensor and iii) historical records of previously collected cloud data, (b) analyzing, using a prediction and forecast module, the cloud data and historical records of the cloud data to identify the location of the clouds, the movement of the clouds, the speed of the clouds, the charges accumulated in the clouds, amount of electricity that is produced by the clouds, a path of the clouds and the direction of the clouds, and a lightning striking time, (c) identifying, using a cloud ionizer and a inducer module, i) the plurality of cloud ionizers in the path of the cloud movement, ii) the locations where the lightning could occur, based on a lightning data received from the prediction and forecast module, (d) transmitting, using a using a cloud ionizer and a inducer module, a control signal to the identified cloud ionizers in the identified location for ionizing the clouds, (e) identifying, using a lightning arrestor module, the plurality of lightning arrestor in the path of the cloud for arresting the lightning based on the lightning data received from the prediction and forecast module, (f) receiving, using a lightning energy transport module, the lightning striking time from the prediction and forecast module and prioritizes the lightning that is to be transmitted through a lightning transmission path, (g) calculating, using looping and delay module, the travel timing of lightning in the lightning transmission path to identify a status of the lightning transmission path, (h) deciding, using the looping and delay module, whether to i) delay the lightning, ii) to ground the lightning or iii) to transmit directly through the lightning transmission path, (i) prioritizing different energy conversion mechanism for converting the lightning into energy, based on the demand load and the status of the lightning transmission path, using an energy conversion module. [0016] In an embodiment, the method includes the steps of adjusting the height of the lightning arrestors, based on the height adjustment data received from the lightning arrestor module of the centralized operating unit.

[0017] In another embodiment, the method includes the steps of (i) delaying the lightning, using a delay coil, if the lightning transmission path is preoccupied by previously transmitted lightning, by a looping and delaying unit, based on the data received from the looping and delay module of the centralized operating unit.

[0018] In yet another embodiment, the cloud data comprise at least one of (i) a speed of the cloud, (ii) a direction of the cloud, (iii) a location of the cloud, (iv) a movement of the cloud, (v) a temperature of the cloud, (vi) a humidity of the cloud, (vii) pressure of the cloud, (viii) the charge of the cloud and (ix) position of the cloud.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0019] The embodiments herein will be better understood from the following detailed description with reference to the drawings, in which:

[0020] FIG. 1 illustrates a system view of an energy conversion system that traps energy from lightning according to an embodiment herein;

[0021] FIG. 2 illustrates an exploded view of a centralized operating unit of FIG. 1 according to an embodiment herein; [0022] FIG. 3 illustrates an exemplary view of ionizing clouds through a plurality of cloud ionizers of FIG. 1 according to an embodiment herein;

[0023] FIG. 4A illustrates a system that includes a delay coil connected in a distributed network for delaying the lightning of FIG. 1 according to an embodiment herein;

[0024] FIG. 4B illustrates an exemplary view of a plurality delay coils connected in parallel with a plurality of lightning arrestors according to an embodiment herein;

[0025] FIG. 4C illustrates an exemplary view of an switching mechanism responding to a scheduled travel timing of the lightning according to an embodiment herein;

[0026] FIG. 5 is a flow diagram illustrating a method of predicting/forecasting the clouds and ionizing the clouds of FIG 1 according to an embodiment herein;

[0027] FIG. 6 is a flow diagram that illustrates a method of delaying the lightning to the lighting transmission path using the delay coil of FIG. 1 according to an embodiment herein;

[0028] FIG. 7 is a flow diagram that illustrates a method of trapping energy from the lightning of FIG 1 in accordance with an embodiments herein; and

[0029] FIG. 8 illustrates an exploded view of the centralized operation unit of FIG. 1 according to an embodiment herein; and

[0030] FIG. 9 illustrates a schematic diagram of computer architecture of the centralized operation unit of FIG. 1 in accordance with an embodiment herein.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODF ENTS

[0031] The embodiments herein and the various features and advantageous details thereof are explained more fully with reference to the non-limiting embodiments that are illustrated in the accompanying drawings and detailed in the following description. Descriptions of well-known components and processing techniques are omitted so as to not unnecessarily obscure the embodiments herein. The examples used herein are intended merely to facilitate an understanding of ways in which the embodiments herein may be practiced and to further enable those of skill in the art to practice the embodiments herein. Accordingly, the examples should not be construed as limiting the scope of the embodiments herein.

[0032] Various embodiments herein provide a system that predicts a location of the cloud, movement of the cloud, speed of the cloud, charges accumulated in the cloud, amount of electricity that can be produced by clouds, the path of the clouds and the direction of the cloud. The system selectively ionizes/charges the individual clouds to create an electric discharge (Cloud to Cloud, Within the Cloud, Cloud to Ground) when these clouds reach a particular location as forecasted. Further, the embodiment herein provides a system that effectively traps lightning from different parts of a region and effectively converts the lightning into useful forms of energy. Referring now to the drawings, and more particularly to FIGS. 1 through 9, where similar reference characters denote corresponding features consistently throughout the figures, there are shown preferred embodiments.

[0033] FIG. 1 illustrates a system view of an energy conversion system that traps energy from lightning, according to an embodiment herein. The system view includes a centralized operating unit 102, a plurality of cloud ionizers 104A-N, a plurality of lightning arrestors 106A-N and an energy conversion unit 108. The centralized operating unit 102, the plurality of cloud ionizers 104A-N, the plurality of lightning arrestors 106A-N and the energy conversion unit 108 are connected in a distributed network. Further, the energy conversion system includes a looping and a delaying unit, which is not shown in FIG. 1 , at the base of each lightning arrestors (106A-N). In an embodiment, the looping and delaying unit is located at the different parts of the distributed network. The plurality of lightning arrestors 106 A-Ninclude a plurality of sensors connected in the distributed network for collecting a cloud data. The cloud data includes at least one of but not limited to the speed of cloud 112, the direction of the cloud 112, the location of the cloud 112, the movement of the cloud 112, temperature of the cloud 112, the humidity of the cloud 112, the pressure of the cloud 112, the charge accumulated in the cloud 112 and the position of the cloud 112. In an embodiment, the plurality of sensors may be installed at the plurality of cloud ionizers (104A-N). In another embodiment, the plurality of sensors may be installed at any parts of the energy conversion system. [0034] The centralized operating unit 102 receives the cloud data from the plurality of lightning arrestors (106A-N) located at the different parts of the distributed network and identify the location of the clouds, the movement of the clouds, the speed of the clouds, charges accumulated in the clouds, the amount of electricity that is produced by the clouds, the path of the clouds, the direction of the clouds, and the lightning striking time. The centralized operating unit 102 communicates with the plurality of cloud ionizer 104A-N, the plurality of lightning arrestors 106A-N and the energy conversion unit 108 in the distributed network through a wireless or a wired communication. For example the wireless communication includes at least one of but not limited to a wireless fidelity (Wi-Fi), Bluetooth, zigbee, infrared or any other mobile communication networks. The centralized operating unit 102 communicates a control signal for triggering the plurality of cloud ionizers 104A-N to ionize the identified clouds in a predefined sequential pattern. [0035] The plurality of cloud ionizers 104A-N deliver charges to the cloud 112 and build up the charges accumulated in the cloud 112. The charges accumulated in the cloud 112 create intra cloud or cloud to cloud or cloud to ground discharge in the form of lightning. The lightning HOis received by the plurality of lightning arrestors 106A-Nand the lightning 110 is directly passed through a lightning transmission path and gets converted into energy by the energy conversion unit 108. In an embodiment, the lightning 110 occurred in the different regions are collected by the lightning arrestors 106A-N and transmitted to the energy conversion unit 108 through the lightning transmission path. Further the looping and the delaying system, which is not shown in FIG. 1 , either grounds the lightning 110 or delays the lightning 110 by passing it through a delaying loop when the lightning transmission path is pre-occupied by any other previously occurred lightning. Further lightning 110 is carried through the lightning transmission path after the previously occupied lightning is converted into energy in the energy conversion unit 108. The energy conversion unit 108 includes different energy conversion mechanisms for converting the lightning 110 into useful forms of energy. The energy conversion mechanism includes mechanisms for converting the lightning HOinto thermal power or mechanisms for converting the lightning l lOinto steam energy, or mechanisms for converting the lightning l lOinto magnetic energy, or mechanisms for converting the lightning 110 into mechanical energy. In an embodiment the energy conversion unit 108 converts the lightning 110 into any suitable forms of energy. In an embodiment, the energy conversion system traps lightning 110 using the plurality of lightning arrestors 106A-N and the cloud ionizer (104A-N) located at different locations around the world using the distributed network and extracts energy from the collected source of lightning 110.

[0036] In one embodiment, a plurality of energy conversion systems are connected together to form a distributed network. The plurality of energy conversion systems communicates through wired or wireless network. Further, the centralized operating unit 102 and the energy conversion unit 108 in each energy conversation systems are controlled by a master processing unit. The master processing unit communicates with the individual energy conversion system through the wired or wireless network.

[0037] FIG. 2 illustrates an exploded view of the centralized operating unit 102 of

FIG. 1 according to an embodiment herein. The exploded view of the centralized operating unit 102 includes a database 200, information obtaining module202, a prediction and forecast module 204, a cloud ionizer and inducer module 206, a lightning arrestor module 208, a lightning energy transport module 210, a looping and delay module 212, an emergency response module 214, an energy conversion module 216 and an information transmitting module218. The information obtaining module 202 receives various cloud data from the plurality of sensors located at the different parts of the distributed network. The sensor data includes at least one of but not limited to the speed of the cloud 112, the direction of the cloud 112, the location of the cloud 112, the movement of the cloud 112, the temperature of the cloud 112, the humidity of the cloud 112, the pressure of the cloud 112 and the charge of the cloud 112 and position of the cloud 112. In an embodiment, the information obtaining module 202 also receives the timing of lightning strike, the status of the lightning transmission path, temperature in the lightning transmission path and the status of all the components in the energy conversion system and the information obtaining module 202 stores the information in the database 200.

[0038] The prediction and forecast module 204 fetches the sensor data from the database 200 and analyzes the cloud data to predict the location where the lightning strike, the movement of the cloud 112, the speed of the cloud 112, the charges accumulated in the cloud 112, the amount of electricity that can be produced from the cloud 112, the path of the cloud 112 and the direction of the cloud 112. The prediction and forecast module 204 uses image processing technology to analyze the cloud data. In an embodiment, the prediction and forecast module 204 receives metrological data relating to the clouds, the weather and the atmospheric conditions from various government and private organizations. In an embodiment, the prediction and forecast module 204 collects previous historical records of previously collected i) cloud data, ii) atmospheric condition and iii) weather data from a given geographical locations. The prediction and forecast module 204 further analyzes the data (for example sensor data, meteorological data, and historical data) and the location where the lightning strike, and identify the movement of the cloud 112, the speed of the cloud 112, the charges accumulated in the cloud 112, the amount of electricity that can be produced from the cloud 112, the path of the cloud 112 and the direction of the cloud 112 and stores the data in the database 200 for further use.

[0039] The cloud ionizer and inducer module 206 collects the predicted location of lightning 110 from the database 200 and identifies the respective cloud ionizer 104A-N in the predicted cloud movement path and the locations where the lightning HOcould occur. The cloud ionizer and inducer module 206, using the information transmitting module 218, transmits one or more control data to trigger the plurality of cloud ionizers 104A-N in the predicted cloud movement path and in the predicted locations.

[0040] The lightning arrestor module 208 that receives the lightning data from the prediction and forecast module 204 and identifies the plurality of lightning arrestor 106A-N in the path of the cloud 112 for arresting the lightning 110. In an embodiment, the lightning arrestor module 208 collects the predicted data such as location and position of the cloud from the database 200 and estimates the height of the lightning arresters 106A-N. The lightning arrestor module 208 identifies the respective lightning arrestorsl06A-N in the predicted locations and transmits the lightning arrestor height data to the respective lightning arrestors 106A-Nusing the information transmitting module 218. The lightning arrestors 106A-N includes height adjusting mechanism to adjust the height of the lightning arrestors 106A-N. The heights of the lightning arrestors 106A-N in the predicted areas are adjusted based on the input received from lightning arrestor module 208.

[0041] The lightning energy transport module 210 that receives a lightning striking time from the prediction and forecast module 204 and prioritizes the lightning 110 that is to be transmitted through a lightning transmission path. The lightning energy transport module 210 schedules the lightning HOalong the lightning transmission path. The lightning energy transport module 210 receives the data related to lightning striking time and predicted locations from the database 200 and prioritizes the lightning 110 to be travelled through the lightning transmission path.

[0042] The looping and delay module (212) is configured to calculate the travel timing of lightning 110 in the lightning transmission path and identify the status of the lightning transmission path to decides whether the lightning 110 need to be delayed or grounded or transmitted directly through the lightning transmission path. The lightning energy transport module 210 and the looping and delay module 212 work in parallel to allocate and transmit the lightning 110 in lightning transmission path. The looping and delay module 212 is configured to check the scheduled travel timing of lightning energy in the lightning transmission path and identify whether the lightning energy is to be delayed or transmitted directly through the lightning transmission path.

[0043] The emergency response module 214 checks the status of the all the network elements in the distributed network. The emergency response module 214, according to one embodiment, comprises of a temperature management module, a relay management module, an active devices module and a passive device module. The temperature management module monitors a temperature of the lightning transmission path and energy conversion system. The temperature management module receives temperature data from various sensors located at different parts of the energy conversion system. The relay management module configured to receive the status of the relays used at different parts of the energy conversion system. The active devices module and passive device module is configured to receive a working status of all the active and passive elements found in the energy conversion system.

[0044] According to an embodiment, the centralized operating unit 102 further comprises a cluster management module and a zone management module for classifying the different regions of the distributed network into a plurality of clusters and zones. In one embodiment plurality of energy conversion system may be further classified into zones and clusters. The cluster module and zone management module receives a sensor data collected from the plurality of clusters and from the zone of the energy conversion system respectively. The sensor data includes at least one of but not limited to a working status, capacity, and utilization of the network components present in their respective zones/cluster of the distributed network.

[0045] According to an embodiment, the energy conversion module 216 monitors and receives information from the energy conversion unit 108. The information includes a working status of the various energy conversion mechanisms in the energy conversion unit 108. The energy conversion module 216 further configured to schedule the different energy conversion unit 108 according to the schedule framed by the lightning energy transport module 210. In one embodiment, the energy conversion module prioritizes the energy conversion unit 108 based on the demand load and automatically connects the necessary energy conversion unit 108 depending on the load demand. The energy conversion module 216 periodically receives feedback information from the energy conversion unit 108 and updates the information in the database 220. The feedback information includes a current operating status of the energy conversion unit in the energy conversion unit 108. When the lightning energy in the lightning transmission path is converted into energy by the energy conversion unit 108, the energy conversion module 216 is configured to receive feedback from the energy conversion unit 108. This helps the lightning energy transport module 210 to schedule the lightning 110 in the lightning transmission path. The energy conversion module 216 further includes a voltage management module, a power management module and a current management module that monitors and balances the voltage, power and current respectively in the energy conversion unit 108.

[0046] FIG. 3 illustrates an exemplary view of ionizing clouds through a plurality of cloud ionizers of FIG. 1 according to an embodiment herein. The exemplary view includes the plurality of cloud ionizer 104A-N, the lightning arrestor 106, and the plurality of sensors 116A-N installed at each cloud ionizer 104 A-N. The sensor 116A in the cloud ionizer 104A sense at least one of but not limited to the speed of the cloud 112, the direction of the cloud 112, the location of the cloud 112, the movement of the cloud 112, the temperature of the cloud 112, the humidity of the cloud 112, the pressure of the cloud 112, the charge of the cloud 112 and the position of the cloud 112. The cloud data are transmitted to the centralized operating unit 102 through a wired or a wireless communication. In an example, the centralized operating unit 102 predicts the location of the cloud 112, the movement of the cloud 112, the speed of the cloud 112, charges accumulated in the cloud 112, amount of electricity that can be produced by the cloud, the path of the cloud 112 and direction of the cloud 112 and also identifies that the cloud ionizer 104B is present in the predicted location. The cloud ionizers 104 A and 104B receive the one or more control pluses for triggering the cloud ionizer 104A and 104B. The cloud ionizer 104A and 104B radiate necessary radiation signals to charge the clouds 112 in a predefined pattern. Different radiation techniques which includes at least one of but not limited to light rays, electromagnetic rays, x-rays etc. The plurality of cloud ionizers 104A also employs particle based technique using water vapour, steam, chemicals etc.to ionize the clouds 112 in predefined pattern. Similarly, the cloud ionizers 104A-N also ionize the nearby clouds 112 in a predefined pattern. The lightning arrestor 106 traps the electrical discharge from the cloud 112 and transmits the lightning to the lightning transmission path.

[0047] FIGS. 4A illustrate a system that includes a delay coil 118 connected in the distributed network for delaying a lightning 110 according to the embodiment herein. The system includes the cloud ionizer 104, the lightning arrestor 106, the delay coil 118, the looping and delaying unit 402, the switching mechanism 404 and the lightning transmission path. The looping and delaying unit 402 is configured to receive the scheduled travel timing of the lightning 110 from the centralized operating unit 102 and controls the switching mechanism 404. In an embodiment, the switching mechanism 404 may include a piano type switch mechanism or any other suitable type of switching mechanism. The delay coil 118 is electric conductor that transmits the electric current trapped from the lighting 110. The length of a coil is equal to multiples of speed of electromagnetic signal. The delay coil 118 helps to delay the lightning 110 for few seconds and then the lightning 110 is connected to the lightning transmission path, where the lightning 110 travels through the lightning transmission path and gets converted into energy. In case of further delay in scheduling of the lightning 110, the looping and delaying unit 402, grounds the lightning energy. The looping and delaying unit 402 in default grounds the lightning energy, so as to prevent the entire distributed network from unpredicted lightning 110.

[0048] FIG. 4B illustrates an exemplary view of a plurality delay coils connected in parallel with the lightning arrestor according to an embodiment herein. The plurality of delay coils 118A-N at one end is connected to the looping and delaying unit402 and the other end is connected to a lightning transmission path. The lightning energy that is received splits into each of the plurality of delay coils 118A-N thereby further increasing the delay time. In one embodiment of the invention the plurality of delay coils 118A-N may be of equal resistance or of variable resistance. In one embodiment, the delay coils 118A-N may include a switching mechanism for connecting the delay coil 118A-N to the transmission path. As the length of delay coil 118A-N is equal to multiples of the speed of electromagnetic signal which gives the sufficient time for other advancing lightning 110 to get converted into energy. In an embodiment, the lightning 110 could be tapped out of the loop from any desired length in the loop. In one embodiment, the delay coil 118A-N may include a plurality of energy conversion unit 108 in the delay coil for converting lightning 110 into usable energy. [0049] FIG. 4C illustrates an exemplary view of an switching mechanism 404 responding to the scheduled travel timing of lightning 110, according to an embodiment herein. The looping and delaying unit 402 receives scheduled travel timing of lightning 110 in the form of pulses from the looping and delay module 212. The looping and delaying unit 402 in association with centralized operating unit 102 controls the switching mechanism 404. The switching mechanism 404 connects the lightning energy to the transmission path according to the scheduled travel timing of lightning energy received from the lightning energy transport module 210. In an embodiment the looping and delaying unit 402 and the switching mechanism 404 is used as an aggregator.

[0050] FIG. 5 is a flow diagram that illustrates a method of predicting/forecasting the clouds and ionizing the clouds according to an embodiment herein. At step 502, the metrological/weather forecast data from various government and private organizations is collected. At step 504, the historical data related to the previously collected cloud data, atmospheric condition and weather data from a given geographical locations is collected. At step 506, various sensor data's such as speed, direction, location, movement, temperature, humidity, pressure, charge and position of the cloud etc., are received from different sensors located at the different parts of the distributed network. At step 508, a location, movement, speed, charges accumulated in the cloud 112, amount of electricity that can be produced by the cloud, path of the cloud and direction of the cloud 112 are predicted by analyzing the sensor data. At step 510 a series of cloud ionizer 104A-N in the predicted cloud movement path and the predicted lightning location is identified. At step 512, one or more control pulses are generated to trigger the identified cloud ionizer 104A-N in the predicted geographical locations. At step 514, the air molecules in the cloud are ionized in a predefined pattern. At step 516, the electrical discharge from the cloud is received by the lightning arrestor 106 A-N.

[0051] FIG. 6 is a flow diagram that illustrates a method of delaying the lightning HOto the lighting transmission path using the delay coil 118 according to an embodiment herein. At step 602, a lightning striking time from the database 220 is received by a looping and delay module 212. At step 604, the scheduled lightning travel timing from a lightning energy transport module 210 is received. At step 606, a status of the lightning transmission path is checked by the looping and delay module 212. At step 608, the status of the lightning transmission path is transmitted to the looping and delaying unit 402 by the looping and delay module 212. At step 610, the status of lightning transmission path is received by the looping and delaying unit 402 and the switching mechanism 404 is controlled. At step 611, verifying whether a lightning transmission path is preoccupied or not. At step 612, if yes that is the lightning transmission path is pre-occupied, delaying the lightning energy to the lightning transmission path by transmitting the lightning energy through the selected delay coil 118 in the selected path. At step 614, if No that is the lightning transmission path is not preoccupied, then the lightning is transmitted through the lightning transmission path. At step 616, the lightning energy is converted to useful form of energy by an energy conversion unit.

[0052] FIG. 7 is a flow diagram that illustrates a method of trapping energy from lightning in accordance with the embodiments herein. At step 702, cloud data from various sensors, metrological department and previously recorded cloud data are received. At step 704, location of the clouds is predicted by analyzing the cloud data. At step 706, the clouds are ionized using a cloud ionizer 104A-N. At step 708, the lightning 110 is received by the lightning arrestor 106. At step 710, a status of the lightning transmission path is checked. At step 711, verifying whether a lightning transmission path is preoccupied or not. At step 712, if yes that is the lightning transmission path is preoccupied with the lightning energy, the lightning energy is delayed by passing through the delay coil 118. At step 714, if No that is the lightning transmission path is not preoccupied with the lightning energy, then the lightning energy is transmitted through the lightning transmission path. At step 716, the lightning energy is converted into electrical energy.

[0053] FIG.8 illustrates an exploded view of the receiver installed at the different parts of the distributed network for receiving data from the centralized operating unit 102. The receiver includes a memory 802 having a set of instructions, a bus 804, a display 806, a speaker 808, and a processor 810 capable of processing the set of instructions to perform any one or more of the methodologies herein according to an embodiment herein. The processor 810 may also enable digital content to be consumed in the form of video for output via one or more displays 806 or audio for output via speaker and/or earphones 808. The processor 810 may also carry out the methods described herein and in accordance with the embodiments herein. [0054] Digital content may also be stored in the memory 802 for future processing or consumption. The memory 802 may also store program specific information and/or service information (PSI/SI), including information about digital content (e.g., the detected information bits) available in the future or stored from the past. A user of the receiver may view this stored information on display 806 and select an item of for viewing, listening, or other uses via input, which may take the form of keypad, scroll, or other input device(s) or combinations thereof. When digital content is selected, the processor 810 may pass information. The content and PSI/SI may be passed among functions within the receiver using the bus 804.

[0055] The techniques provided by the embodiments herein may be implemented on an integrated circuit chip (not shown). The chip design is created in a graphical computer programming language, and stored in a computer storage medium (such as a disk, tape, physical hard drive, or virtual hard drive such as in a storage access network). If the designer does not fabricate chips or the photolithographic masks used to fabricate chips, the designer transmits the resulting design by physical means (e.g., by providing a copy of the storage medium storing the design) or electronically (e.g., through the Internet) to such entities, directly or indirectly.

[0056] The stored design is then converted into the appropriate format (e.g., GDSII) for the fabrication of photolithographic masks, which typically include multiple copies of the chip design in question that are to be formed on a wafer. The photolithographic masks are utilized to define areas of the wafer (and/or the layers thereon) to be etched or otherwise processed.

[0057] The resulting integrated circuit chips can be distributed by the fabricator in raw wafer form (that is, as a single wafer that has multiple unpackaged chips), as a bare die, or in a packaged form. In the latter case the chip is mounted in a single chip package (such as a plastic carrier, with leads that are affixed to a mother board or other higher level carrier) or in a multichip package (such as a ceramic carrier that has either or both surface inter connections or buried inter connections). In any case the chip is then integrated with other chips, discrete circuit elements, and/or other signal processing devices as part of either (a) an intermediate product, such as a motherboard, or (b) an end product. The end product can be any product that includes integrated circuit chips, ranging from toys and other low-end applications to advanced computer products having a display, a keyboard or other input device, and a central processor.

[0058] The embodiments herein can take the form of, an entirely hardware embodiment, an entirely software embodiment or an embodiment including both hardware and software elements. The embodiments that are implemented in software include but are not limited to, firmware, resident software, microcode, etc. Furthermore, the embodiments herein can take the form of a computer program product accessible from a computer-usable or computer-readable medium providing program code for use by or in connection with a computer or any instruction execution system. For the purposes of this description, a computer-usable or computer readable medium can be any apparatus that can comprise, store, communicate, propagate, or transport the program for use by or in connection with the instruction execution system, apparatus, or device.

[0059] The medium can be an electronic, magnetic, optical, electromagnetic, infrared, or semiconductor system (or apparatus or device) or a propagation medium. Examples of a computer-readable medium include a semiconductor or solid state memory, magnetic tape, a removable computer diskette, a random access memory (RAM), a read-only memory (ROM), a rigid magnetic disk and an optical disk. Current examples of optical disks include compact disk - read only memory (CD-ROM), compact disk - read/write (CD-R/W) and DVD.

[0060] A data processing system suitable for storing and/or executing program code will include at least one processor coupled directly or indirectly to memory elements through a system bus. The memory elements can include local memory employed during actual execution of the program code, bulk storage, and cache memories which provide temporary storage of at least some program code in order to reduce the number of times code must be retrieved from bulk storage during execution.

[0061] Input/output (I/O) devices (including but not limited to keyboards, displays, pointing devices, remote controls, etc.) can be coupled to the system either directly or through intervening I/O controllers. Network adapters may also be coupled to the system to enable the data processing system to become coupled to other data processing systems or remote printers or storage devices through intervening private or public networks. Modems, cable modem and Ethernet cards are just a few of the currently available types of network adapters.

[0062] A representative hardware environment for practicing the embodiments herein is depicted in FIG. 9. This schematic drawing illustrates a hardware configuration of a computer architecture/computer system (e.g. the centralized operating unit 102) in accordance with the embodiments herein. The system comprises at least one processor or central processing unit (CPU) 10. The CPUs 10 are interconnected via system bus 12 to various devices such as a random access memory (RAM) 14, read-only memory (ROM) 16, and an input/output (I/O) adapter 18. The I/O adapter 18 can connect to peripheral devices, such as disk units 11 and tape drives 13, or other program storage devices that are readable by the system. The system can read the inventive instructions on the program storage devices and follow these instructions to execute the methodology of the embodiments herein.

[0063] The system further includes a user interface adapter 19 that connects a keyboard 15, mouse 17, speaker 24, microphone 22, and/or other user interface devices such as a touch screen device (not shown) or a remote control to the bus 12 to gather user input. Additionally, a communication adapter 20 connects the bus 12 to a data processing network 25, and a display adapter 21 connects the bus 12 to a display device 23 which may be embodied as an output device such as a monitor, printer, or transmitter, for example.

[0064] The embodiment aims at trapping lightning from different areas of the globe using a distributed network and the energy conversion unit 108. The energy conversion system consists of centralized energy conversion unit, which reduces the effort of having separate energy conversion mechanism at the base of each lightning arrestor 106. This reduces the overall cost and improves the efficiency of the energy conversion system. Further the energy conversion system induces lightning in the cloud and helps to tap maximum lightning energy from different regions across globe. This energy conversion system provides a stable generation of electricity with minimum cost and in an eco-friendly manner.

[0065] The foregoing description of the specific embodiments will so fully reveal the general nature of the embodiments herein that others can, by applying current knowledge, readily modify and/or adapt for various applications such specific embodiments without departing from the generic concept, and, therefore, such adaptations and modifications should and are intended to be comprehended within the meaning and range of equivalents of the disclosed embodiments. It is to be understood that the phraseology or terminology employed herein is for the purpose of description and not of limitation. Therefore, while the embodiments herein have been described in terms of preferred embodiments, those skilled in the art will recognize that the embodiments herein can be practiced with modification within the spirit and scope of the appended claims.