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Title:
AGOMELATINE-UREA COMPLEX AND CRYSTALLINE FORMS THEREOF
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2013/082302
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention provides an Agomelatine-urea complex, and a specific crystalline form thereof.

Inventors:
HAFERKAMP, Sven (Vorster Strasse 540, Monchengladbach, Monchengladbach, DE)
BOESE, Roland (Am Kreuz 24, Essen, Essen, DE)
Application Number:
US2012/067098
Publication Date:
June 06, 2013
Filing Date:
November 29, 2012
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
RATIOPHARM GMBH (Graf-arco-strasse 3, Ulm, Ulm, DE)
TEVA PHARMACEUTICALS USA, INC. (1090 Horsham Road, P.o. Box 1090North Wales, PA, 19454-1090, US)
HAFERKAMP, Sven (Vorster Strasse 540, Monchengladbach, Monchengladbach, DE)
BOESE, Roland (Am Kreuz 24, Essen, Essen, DE)
International Classes:
C07C233/18; C07C275/02
Foreign References:
DE102007030695A12009-01-08
US5225442A1993-07-06
EP1564202A12005-08-17
EP1752445A12007-02-14
EP2008993A12008-12-31
EP2210872A12010-07-28
EP1752444A12007-02-14
EP2008994A12008-12-31
EP1752443A12007-02-14
EP2277857A22011-01-26
EP2058296A12009-05-13
CN101585779A2009-11-25
CN101955440A2011-01-26
CN101723844A2010-06-09
Other References:
SAI-LI ZHENG ET AL: "Structures of Polymorphic Agomelatine and Its Cocrystals with Acetic Acid and Ethylene Glycol", CRYSTAL GROWTH & DESIGN, ACS, WASHINGTON, DC, US, vol. 11, 2 February 2011 (2011-02-02), pages 466 - 471, XP002658583, ISSN: 1528-7483, [retrieved on 20110106], DOI: 10.1021/CG101234P
YAN YAN ET AL: "Improving the Solubility of Agomelatine via Cocrystals", CRYSTAL GROWTH & DESIGN, vol. 12, no. 5, 2 May 2012 (2012-05-02), pages 2226 - 2233, XP055028201, ISSN: 1528-7483, DOI: 10.1021/cg201423q
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
BIRDE, Patrick, J. et al. (Kenyon & Kenyon LLP, One BroadwayNew York, NY, 10004, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims:

1. Agomelatine-urea com lex.

2. The Agomelatine-urea complex of claim 1 , which is isolated.

3. The Agomelatine-urea complex of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein the urea and

agomelatine molecules are present at an equimolar ratio (1 : 1).

4. A crystalline form of the Agomelatine-urea complex according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized by data selected from: a powder XRD pattern with peaks at 9.52°, 13.28°, 15.51°, 21.30°, and 22.75° 2Θ ±0.2° 2Θ; a powder XRD pattern substantially as depicted in Figure 1; a solid state 13C NMR spectrum with peaks at 21.4, 54.7, 130.4, 133.8, 157.4, 172.6, 199.7, and 203.7 ppm; a 13C NMR spectrum substantially as depicted in Figure 3; and any combinations thereof.

5. The crystalline form of the Agomelatine-urea complex according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized by a powder XRD pattern with peaks at 9.52°, 13.28°, 15.51°, 21.30°, and 22.75° 2Θ ±0.2° 2Θ. 6. The crystalline form of the Agomelatine-urea complex according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized by a powder XRD pattern substantially as depicted in Figure 1.

7. The crystalline form of the Agomelatine-urea complex according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized by a solid state 13C NMR spectrum with peaks at 21.4, 54.7, 130.4, 133.8, 157.4, 172.6, 199.7, and 203.7 ppm. 8. The crystalline form of the Agomelatine-urea complex according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized by a 13C NMR spectrum substantially as depicted in Figure 3.

9. Use of Agomelatine-urea complex according to any one of claims 1 to 8 for the

preparation of Agomelatine, preferably for the preparation of Agomelatine Form II.

10. A pharmaceutical composition comprising the Agomelatine-urea complex according to any one of claims 1 to 8, and at least one pharmaceutically acceptable excipient.

11. Use of the Agomelatine-urea complex according to any one of claims 1 to 8 for the manufacture of a medicament.

12. A process for preparing a pharmaceutical composition comprising combining the Agomelatine-urea complex according to any one of claims 1 to 8 and at least one pharmaceutically acceptable excipient.

13. The Agomelatine-urea complex according to any one of claims 1 to 8 or the

pharmaceutical composition of claim 10 for use as a medicament.

14. The Agomelatine-urea complex according to any one of claims 1 to 8 or the

pharmaceutical composition of claim 10 for use in the treatment of depression.

15. A method for the treatment of depression comprising administering a therapeutically effective dose of (a) the Agomelatine-urea complex according to any one of claims 1 to 3, (b) a crystalline form thereof according to any one of claims 4 to 8, or (c) a pharmaceutical composition according to claim 10 to a person suffering from depression.

Description:
AGOMELATINE-UREA COMPLEX AND CRYSTALLINE FORMS THEREOF

CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION

This patent application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application No.

61/565,224, filed November 30, 2011, the disclosure of which is hereby incorporated by reference.

FIELD OF INVENTION

The present invention concerns an Agomelatine-urea complex, solid state forms of said Agomelatine-urea complex, processes for their preparation, and pharmaceutical compositions comprising an Agomelatine-urea complex or a solid state form thereof.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Agomelatine, N-[2-(7-methoxynaphthalen-l-yl)ethyl]acetamide, has the structural formula:

Agomelatine is marketed under the tradenames Valdoxan and Thymanax . Agomelatine is an antidepressant developed for the treatment of major depressive disorder. Agomelatine has been reported to have a reduced level of sexual side effects as well as discontinuation effects, as compared to some other antidepressants. Agomelatine may also have positive effects on sleep.

Agomelatine, its preparation and its use are disclosed in U.S. patent no. 5,225,442. European patent no. EP 1564202 discloses Form II of Agomelatine. European patent nos.

EP 1752445, EP2008993 and EP2210872 disclose Form III of Agomelatine. European patent nos. EP 1752444 and EP2008994 disclose Form IV of Agomelatine. European patent nos. EP1752443 and EP2277857 disclose Form V of Agomelatine. European patent no.

EP2058296 and Chinese patent no. CN101585779 disclose Form VI of Agomelatine. Chinese patent no. CN101955440 discloses Form X of Agomelatine. Chinese patent no. CN101723844 discloses Form B of Agomelatine.

Polymorphism, the occurrence of different crystal forms, is a property of some molecules and molecular complexes. A single molecule, like Agomelatine, may give rise to a variety of polymorphs having distinct crystal structures and physical properties like melting point, thermal behaviors (e.g., measured by capillary melting point, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), or differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), as well as content of solvent in the polymorphic form), powder x-ray diffraction pattern ("PXRD" or "powder XRD"), infrared absorption and Raman fingerprints, and solid state NMR spectrum. The differences in physical properties have been used to distinguish polymorphic forms. One or more of these techniques may thus be used to characterize a particular solid state form and to distinguish different polymorphic forms of a compound. These techniques may also be used to quantify the amount of one or more crystalline forms in a mixture. The differences in the physical properties of different polymorphic forms result from the orientation and

intermolecular interactions of adjacent molecules or complexes in the bulk solid.

Accordingly, polymorphs are distinct solids sharing the same molecular formula yet having distinct physico-chemical properties compared to other polymorphic forms of the same compound or complex.

A co-crystal is a molecular complex with a crystalline structure composed of at least two components, wherein the components may be atoms, ions or molecules. A co-crystal consists of two or more components that form a unique crystalline structure having unique properties. A co-crystal structure exhibits long-range order and the components interact via non-covalent interactions such as hydrogen bonding, ionic interactions, van der Waals interactions and n-interactions.

The discovery of new polymorphic forms and co-crystals of Agomelatine can provide new ways to improve the synthesis and the characteristics of Agomelatine as an active pharmaceutical ingredient.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention provides an Agomelatine -urea complex, isolated and/or solid state forms of the Agomelatine-urea complex, and pharmaceutical compositions comprising said Agomelatine-urea complex and at least one pharmaceutically acceptable excipient.

According to some embodiments of the present invention, the Agomelatine-urea complex comprises co-crystals of Agomelatine and urea. According to some sub- embodiments thereof, the Agomelatine-urea complex comprises co-crystals of Agomelatine and urea in which the Agomelatine and urea are in a stoichiometry of about 1 : 1 , or exactly 1 : 1. In a more preferred embodiment, the agomelatine urea complex is an agomelatine urea co-crystal.

The invention further provides the use of the Agomelatine-urea complex, and the solid state forms of the Agomelatine-urea complex described below, in the manufacture of a pharmaceutical composition. The invention further provides the use of the Agomelatine-urea complex, and the solid state forms of the Agomelatine-urea complex described below, for the manufacture of a medicament for the treatment of depression. The invention further provides a method of treatment of depression comprising administering a therapeutically effective dose of the Agomelatine-urea complex or a crystalline form thereof to a person suffering from depression. The invention also provides a method for treating depression comprising administering a pharmaceutical composition comprising an Agomelatine-urea complex, or a crystalline form thereof, and at least one pharmaceutically acceptable excipient.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE FIGURES

Figure 1 shows a powder XRD pattern of crystalline Agomelatine-urea complex. Figure 2 shows the interaction of Agomelatine and urea in crystalline Agomelatine- urea complex.

Figure 3 shows a 13 C CPMAS NMR spectrum of crystalline Agomelatine-urea complex.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

A crystal form may be referred to herein as being characterized by graphical data "as shown in," or "as depicted in," or "substantially as depicted in" a Figure. Such data include, for example, powder X-ray diffractograms and solid state NMR spectra. The graphical data potentially provides additional technical information to further define the respective solid state form which can not necessarily be described by reference to numerical values or peak positions. In any event, the skilled person will understand that such graphical representations of data may be subject to small variations, e.g., in peak relative intensities and peak positions due to factors such as variations in instrument response and variations in sample

concentration and purity, which are well known to the skilled person. Nonetheless, the skilled person would readily be capable of comparing the graphical data in the Figure disclosed herein with graphical data generated for an unknown crystal form, and confirm whether the two sets of data are characterizing the same crystal form or two different crystal forms. The crystal form characterized by the graphical data "as shown in," or "as depicted in," or "substantially as depicted in" a Figure disclosed herein includes a crystal form characterized by graphical data with small variations, which are well known to the skilled person, in comparison to the graphical data in the Figure.

A crystal form (also referred to herein as a crystalline form or a polymorph) may be referred to herein as pure or polymorphically pure, or substantially free of any other crystalline or polymorphic forms. As used herein in this context, the expression

"substantially free" will be understood to mean that the crystalline form contains 20% or less, 10%) or less, 5% or less, 2% or less, or 1% or less of any other crystalline forms of the subject compound as measured, for example, by PXRD. Thus, crystalline forms of Agomelatine- urea complex described herein as substantially free of any other crystalline forms would be understood to contain greater than 80%> (w/w), greater than 90%> (w/w), greater than 95% (w/w), greater than 98% (w/w), or greater than 99% (w/w) of the subject crystalline form of Agomelatine-urea complex. Accordingly, in some embodiments of the invention, the described crystalline form may contain from 1% to 20% (w/w), from 5% to 20% (w/w), or from 5% to 10% (w/w) of one or more other crystal forms of the same complex.

A thing, e.g., a reaction mixture, may be characterized herein as being at, or allowed to come to "room temperature" or "ambient temperature", often abbreviated "RT." This means that the temperature of the thing is close to, or the same as, that of the space, e.g., the room or fume hood, in which the thing is located. Typically, room or ambient temperature is from about 15°C to about 30°C, or about 20°C to about 25°C, or about 25°C.

As used herein, the term "complex" refers to a molecular entity formed by association involving two or more component molecular entities (ionic or uncharged), or by association involving two or more chemical species. The bonding between the components is non- covalent and is normally weaker than covalent bonding. Accordingly, the Agomelatine-urea complex described herein is a molecular entity formed by the association between

Agomelatine and urea. The Agomelatine-urea complex may in some embodiments exist as a solid state form that is referred to herein as a co-crystal form of an Agomelatine-urea complex, or as an Agomelatine-urea co-crystal, or as a crystalline Agomelatine-urea complex.

Co-crystals of Agomelatine are crystalline structures composed of Agomelatine and at least one other component. Agomelatine co-crystals form unique crystalline structures having unique properties. The intermolecular interactions in the co-crystals generate physical and chemical properties that differ from the properties of the individual components. Such properties include bioavailability, melting point, solubility, chemical stability, and

mechanical properties. Agomelatine co-crystals can exhibit polymorphism.

All of the Agomelatine crystalline forms which were disclosed in the above mentioned publications, except for Form II as disclosed in EP 1564202, were found to be unstable during storage, whereupon they transformed into Form II, or they found to be not reproducible.

The Agomelatine Urea complex of the present invention is reproducible and also stable during storage. For example, at 25°C / 60% relative humidity, or at 30°C / 65%> relative humidity, or at 40°C / 75% relative humidity, the Agomelatine-urea complex of the present invention remained stable for at least 162 days.

In addition, the Agomelatine-urea complex exhibits significantly enhanced solubility and enhanced rate of dissolution, compared to the moderately soluble Agomelatine Form II. The enhanced solubility, which is apparently facilitated by the stoichoimetric incorporation of the highly soluble urea into the Agomelatine crystal lattice, constitutes an important advantage, in particular in sublingual formulations.

The Agomelatine-urea complex may also improve stability and shelf-life of the API, or give rise to improved processing or handling properties during formulation. The complex may also provide improvements for the final dosage form, for instance by improving the dissolution profile, or bioavailability of the finished product, or by improving the shelf life of the finished dosage form.

In light of the above, Agomelatine urea might have superior alternative to

Agomelatine Form II.

In one aspect, the present invention provides an Agomelatine-urea complex.

The Agomelatine-urea complex of the present invention can be present in isolated form or be in a solution. Preferably, the urea and agomelatine molecules are present in the complex at an about equimolar ratio (i.e. a 1 : 1 stoichiometry of urea and agomelatine). In other embodiments, excess urea may be present in the Agomelatine-urea complex

The present invention also provides a crystalline form of the Agomelatine-urea complex. A person skilled in the art would be able to characterize the above crystalline form by identifying one or more characteristic peaks in a powder X-ray diffraction analysis of that form. For example, the skilled person would be able to characterize the above form by selecting one or more characteristic peaks in the diffractogram provided in Figure 1. Accordingly, the crystalline form of the Agomelatine-urea complex is characterized by data selected from: a powder XRD pattern with peaks at 9.52°, 13.28°, 15.51°, 21.30°, and 22.75° 2Θ ±0.2° 2Θ; a powder XRD pattern substantially as depicted in Figure 1; a solid state 13 C NMR spectrum with peaks at 21.4, 54.7, 130.4, 133.8, 157.4, 172.6, 199.7, and 203.7 ppm; a 13 C NMR spectrum substantially as depicted in Figure 3; and any combinations thereof.

Alternatively, the crystalline form of the Agomelatine-urea complex is characterized by a powder XRD pattern with peaks at 9.52°, 13.28°, 15.51°, 21.30°, and 22.75° 2Θ ±0.2° 2Θ; or a powder XRD pattern substantially as depicted in Figure 1; or a solid state 13 C NMR spectrum with peaks at 21.4, 54.7, 130.4, 133.8, 157.4, 172.6, 199.7, and 203.7 ppm; or a 13 C NMR spectrum substantially as depicted in Figure 3; or any combinations thereof.

Alternatively, the crystalline form of the Agomelatine-urea complex can be characterized by a powder XRD pattern with peaks at 9.52°, 13.28°, 15.51°, 21.30°, and 22.75° 2Θ ±0.2° 2Θ, and one or more additional peak(s) selected from the following peaks: 18.41°, 19.28°, 20.72°, 27.74°, and 31.26° 2Θ ±0.2° 2Θ.

The crystalline Agomelatine-urea complex can further be characterized by a single crystal X-ray structure having a monoclinic unit cell; symmetry space group P2i/n having the parameters at 293 K approximately equal to the following: a=9.709(15) A, b= 9.263(13) A, c= 18.71(3) A, alpha = 90°, beta = 101.79(2)°, gamma = 90°; and Volume = 1647(4) A 3 .

In one embodiment, the crystalline Agomelatine-urea complex is characterized by the following atomic coordinates in the above-defined unit cell (see my comments below).

C(13) 7681(3) 6555(3) -1239(1) 58(1)

C(14) 8547(3) 6681(3) -461(1) 55(1)

C(15) 7343(3) 5349(3) 353(1) 56(1)

C(16) 6462(3) 5425(3) 928(2) 78(1)

N(l) 8254(3) 1065(2) 917(1) 79(1)

N(2) 6145(3) 1537(2) 171(1) 84(1)

N(3) 7701(2) 6597(2) 99(1) 57(1)

0(1) 6684(2) -725(2) 586(1) 66(1)

0(2) 9515(2) 1286(2) -1471(1) 79(1)

0(3) 7698(2) 4177(2) 124(1) 74(1)

H(1A) 8843 485 1177 95

H(1B) 8463 1963 890 95

H(2A) 5330 1274 -67 101

H(2B) 6403 2424 161 101

H(3A) 7427 7385 270 68

H(3B) 10958 1770 -2406 92

H(4A) 11341 3849 -2965 93

H(7A) 8511 3839 -1242 69

H(9A) 8437 8581 -2065 81

H(10A) 9932 8591 -2887 97

H(l 1 A) 10972 6493 -3154 93

H(12A) 8523 208 -825 124

H(12B) 7625 1457 -1254 124

H(12C) 8838 1816 -586 124

H(13A) 7108 5690 -1279 70

H(13B) 7055 7379 -1343 70

H(14A) 9243 5915 -380 65

H(14B) 9048 7594 -413 65

H(16A) 6262 4465 1072 117

H(16B) 5595 5916 734 117

H(16C) 6967 5941 1345 117

The Agomelatine-urea complex can be prepared, for example, by a process comprising co-milling Agomelatine with urea until the molecular complex of Agomelatine and urea is formed. The crystalline Agomelatine-urea complex may also be prepared by slow evaporation of a saturated solution of the Agomelatine-urea complex in a suitable solvent, such as ethanol, at ambient temperature.

The above mentioned Agomelatine-urea complex can inter alia be used to prepare Agomelatine polymorphs, for example, Agomelatine Form II, as described in EP 1564202, or it can be used to prepare other complexes of Agomelatine.

In addition, the Agomelatine-urea complex can also be used to prepare pharmaceutical compositions. Hence, the present invention further encompasses 1) a pharmaceutical composition comprising the Agomelatine-urea complex or crystalline form thereof, as described above, and at least one pharmaceutically acceptable excipient; and 2) a process for preparing the pharmaceutical composition comprising combining the above mentioned Agomelatine-urea complex or the particular solid state form thereof, and at least one acceptable excipient.

The pharmaceutical composition can be used as a medicament, for example for treating depression.

Having described the invention with reference to certain preferred embodiments, other embodiments will become apparent to one skilled in the art from consideration of the present specification. The invention is further defined by reference to the following examples which should not be construed as limiting the scope of the present invention. The examples describe in detail the preparation of the complex and the compositions and further uillustrate the uses and processes involving the Agomelatine-urea complex as described herein.. It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that many modifications, both to materials and methods, may be practiced without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

EXAMPLES

PXRD method

For powder XRD characterization, the samples were, if necessary, ground in an agate mortar and prepared on a flat specimen holder made from a silicon single crystal.

Measurements were performed on a Bruker AXS D8 Advance powder X-ray diffractometer (Bruker AXS, Karlsruhe, Germany). The specimen holder was rotated in the zO plane at 20 rpm during measurement. The measurement conditions were as follows: Radiation CuK a i of wavelength 1.54184 A , Source 40 kV / 40 mA, detector: PSD-LynxEye Range 4° 2Θ;

monochromator: Johansson Germanium Single Crystal; scan range of 3° - 50° 2Θ; step width of 0.00922° 2Θ; and measuring time of 10 sec/step. Raw data were evaluated using the program EVA (Bruker- AXS, Karlsruhe, Germany).

Solid state NMR method

The 13 C CPMAS NMR spectra were recorded at transmitter frequencies of 400.13

MHz and 100.639 MHz for 1H and 13 C on a Bruker ASX400 NMR spectrometer. A standard 7 mm Bruker MAS probe was used at rotation frequencies of 7 kHz. The 90° pulse length for 1H was 9.0 (G3rf(1H) = G3rf( 13 C) = 28 kHz). The recycle delay was 30s. A total of 800 scans were accumulated and tetramethylsilane was used as reference for both 1H and 13 C.

Example 1: Preparing of Agomelatine-urea complex

Agomelatine (Form II) and urea (0.308 mmol) were placed in a steel crucible containing a grinding ball (steel, d = 10 mm). The crucible was mounted on a Mini-Mill PULVERISETTE 23 (Fritsch) and the mixture was ground for 30 minutes at an oscillation rate of 50 Hz. The Agomelatine-urea co-crystal that was produced was colorless to slightly ocher, and was a fine crystalline powder. The product may be recrystallized by slow evaporation of a saturated solution of the Agomelatine-urea co-crystal in ethanol at ambient temperature. Example 2: Preparation of Agomelatine-Urea-cocrystals with seeding

Agomelatine (7.0 g, 28.8 mmol) and urea (1.75 g, 29.1 mmol) were dissolved in ethanol (20mL) at reflux temperature.

The solution was filtered hot through a folded filter into a flask

containing a small amount of seed crystals (Agomelatine-Urea-cocrystals, obtainable for example by the procedure of Example 1). Immediate crystallization occurred, a small part of the product already formed in the filter. After 2 hours at room temperature the crystallized solid was isolated by vacuum filtration, washed with a small amount of cold ethanol and dried at 35°C / 20 mbar overnight. A colourless coarse crystalline material was obtained (6.13 g, 70%), whose identity was confirmed by powder XRD, FT-IR, and DSC analysis.

Example 3: Preparing Form II

Sodium acetate (purity 98.5%, 35.32 g, 0.424 mol) and 2-(7-methoxy-l-naphthyl)- ethylamine hydrochloride (91.64 g, 0.385 mol) were suspended in ethanol (175 mL) at reflux temperature. Acetic acid anhydride (purity 98.5%, 39.21 mL, 0.409 mol) was added dropwise with stirring. The mixture was then refiuxed for 40 minutes. After addition of water (326 mL), the mixture was cooled to room temperature and stirred for 14 hours.

Agomelatine precipitated as polymorph II (86.16 g, 92%).

Example 4: Single crystal X-ray diffraction

A single crystal of the Agomelatine-urea complex, which was suitable for X-ray diffraction measurement, was obtained by slow evaporation of a solution of the Agomelatine- urea co-crystal in ethanol at room temperature. The measurement was performed on a Rigaku XtaLab mini diffractometer at 293K. Crystallographic data are given below.

Largest diff peak and hole 0.230 and -0.145 e "