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Patent Searching and Data


Title:
AGRICULTURAL FILM AND USE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2020/249868
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A polymer film, comprising at least one active layer made of a composition containing: a polymeric substrate comprising at least one of the polyolefin polymer and polyamide 6, and a coniferous resin acid(s) dispersed in the polymeric substrate.

Inventors:
MYLLÄRI VILLE (FI)
ALHA KARI (FI)
Application Number:
FI2020/050414
Publication Date:
December 17, 2020
Filing Date:
June 12, 2020
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
PREMIX OY (FI)
International Classes:
A01N37/08; A01N37/10; A01N37/36; A01N65/06
Domestic Patent References:
WO2018229190A12018-12-20
Foreign References:
CN104479199A2015-04-01
US5473000A1995-12-05
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
PAPULA OY (FI)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. An agricultural film, characterized in that it comprises

- at least one active layer made of a composition contain- ing :

- a polymeric substrate comprising polyolefin pol ymer, and

- a coniferous resin acid(s) dispersed in the pol ymeric substrate, and

- one or more further polymer (s) for controlling release rate of the coniferous resin acid(s), the further polymer (s) selected from:

- polyamide, such as PA6,

- inherently dissipative polymer (IDP), such as polyeth- ylene-polyether-copolymer,

- polyethylene-block-amide (PEBA) ,

- polyether-polyamide block copolymer, wherein

- the amount of the further polymer is 1% - 90%, prefera bly 5% - 40%, more preferably 10% - 30%.

2. The agricultural film of any one of the preceding claims, wherein the active layer comprises a booster mate rial for boosting the effect of the coniferous resin ac id (s), the booster material comprising at least one of chemicals listed herein:

- sorbates,

- benzoates.

3. The agricultural film as claimed in claim 2, wherein the booster material comprises potassium sorbate.

4. The agricultural film as claimed in claim 2 or 3, wherein the booster material comprises sodium benzoate. 5. The agricultural film as claimed in any of claims 2 -

4, wherein the amount of the booster material is 0.1% - 20%, more preferably 0.2% - 5%, even more preferably 0.5% - 3%.

6. The agricultural film as claimed in any of the preced ing claims, wherein the coniferous resins acid(s) are in rosin, such as in pine resin.

7. The agricultural film as claimed in any of the preced ing claims, wherein the coniferous resins acid(s) compris es tall oil rosin, and/or gum rosin, and/or wood rosin.

8. The agricultural film as claimed in any of the preced ing claims, wherein the coniferous resins acid(s) compris es an abietic acid type resin acid(s), such as abietic ac id, dehydro abietic acid.

9. The agricultural film as claimed in any of the preced ing claims, wherein the coniferous resins acid(s) compris es pimaric acid type resin acid(s), such as pimaric acid, isopimaric acid resin acids.

10. The agricultural film as claimed in any of the preced ing claims, wherein the amount of the coniferous resins acid(s) in the active layer is 1% - 40%, more preferably 3% - 20%, most preferably 5% - 15%.

11. The agricultural film as claimed in any of the preced ing claims, wherein the polymer film is a multilayer film, comprising one or more additional layer (s) arranged beside the active layer.

12. The agricultural film as claimed in any of the preced ing claims, wherein the active layer constitutes at least one skin of the polymer film.

13. The agricultural film as claimed in any of claims 1 - 11, wherein the active layer is arranged inside the film.

14. The agricultural film as claimed in any of the preced ing claims, being a silage protecting sheath.

15. The agricultural film as claimed in any of the preced ing claims, being a cover of stack or rick.

16. The agricultural film as claimed in any of claims 1 - 13, being a bale wrapping foil.

17. The agricultural film as claimed in any of the preced ing claims, being a horticulture film.

18. Use of agricultural film as claimed in any one of claims 1 - 13 for covering silage.

19. Use of agricultural film as claimed in claim 17, com prising arranging the active layer against the silage to be covered.

20. Use of agricultural film as claimed in claim 18 or 19, comprising encapsulating the silage to be covered by the polymer film.

21. Use of agricultural film as claimed in any one of claims 1 - 13 for covering a stack or a rick.

22. Use of agricultural film as claimed in any one of claims 1 - 13 for covering growing plant (s) .

23. Use of agricultural film as claimed in claim 22, com prising arranging the active layer against the growing plant to be covered.

Description:
AGRICULTURAL FILM AND USE

BACKGROUND

The invention relates to an agricultural film comprising coniferous resin acid(s) dispersed in the polymeric sub- strate.

The invention further relates to a use of the agricultural film. The demand for materials inhibiting or delaying spoilage of agricultural products is constantly growing.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION

Viewed from a first aspect, there can be provided an agri- cultural film, comprising

- at least one active layer made of a composition contain ing :

- a polymeric substrate comprising polyolefin pol ymer, and

- a coniferous resin acid(s) dispersed in the pol ymeric substrate, and

- one or more further polymer (s) for controlling release rate of the coniferous resin acid(s), the further polymer (s) selected from:

- polyamide, such as PA6,

- inherently dissipative polymer (IDP), such as polyeth ylene-polyether-copolymer,

- polyethylene-block-amide (PEBA) ,

- polyether-polyamide block copolymer, wherein

- the amount of the further polymer is 1% - 90%, prefera bly 5% - 40%, more preferably 10% - 30%, and

- wherein the active layer constitutes at least one skin of the polymer film. An advantage is that an agricultural film inhibiting or delaying spoilage of agricultural products may be achieved .

Viewed from a further aspect, there can be provided a use of agricultural film as defined above for covering silage.

An advantage is that an agricultural film inhibiting or delaying spoilage of silage may be achieved.

Viewed from a further aspect, there can be provided a use of agricultural film as defined above for covering growing plant ( s ) .

An advantage is that a usage for inhibiting or delaying spoilage of growing plant (s) may be achieved.

The agricultural film and the use are characterised by what is stated in the independent claims. Some other em bodiments are characterised by what is stated in the other claims. Inventive embodiments are also disclosed in the specification and drawings of this patent application. The inventive content of the patent application may also be defined in other ways than defined in the following claims. The inventive content may also be formed of sever al separate inventions, especially if the invention is ex amined in the light of expressed or implicit sub-tasks or in view of obtained benefits or benefit groups. Some of the definitions contained in the following claims may then be unnecessary in view of the separate inventive ideas. Features of the different embodiments of the invention may, within the scope of the basic inventive idea, be ap plied to other embodiments.

Coniferous resins acids are advantageously available in rosin, such as in spruce resin, and tall oil fraction ob- tained as a by-product of a kraft pulping process of wood. Rosin primarily includes abietic acid type, e.g. abietic acid, dehydro abietic acid, and pimaric acid type, e.g. pimaric acid, isopimaric acid, resin acids.

Generally, coniferous resin acid(s) are available in a wide variety of sources. Coniferous resin acids are typi cally of spruce or pine origin. For example, coniferous resin acids are provided as "resin" or "rosin". According to a definition found in the literature, "resin" is a sol id or highly viscous substance of plant or synthetic origin. Resin is usually a mixture of organic compounds.

According to a definition, "rosin" is a solid form of res in produced by heating fresh liquid of resin to vaporize the volatile liquid terpene components. Rosin is also called colophony. The terms resin, rosin and colophony are also used synonymously in the literature.

In the present invention, coniferous resin acids can be originated from any source. In an embodiment, the resin acids are provided in a highly viscous form of native res in found on the trunk, stub and branches of coniferous trees. This form of resin acids is called as "resin" in the present invention.

The term "silage" is fermented, high-moisture stored fod der which can be fed to cattle, sheep and other such rumi nants (cud-chewing animals) or used as a biofuel feedstock for anaerobic digesters. It is fermented and stored in a process called ensilage, ensiling or silaging, and is usu ally made from grass crops, including maize, sorghum or other cereals, using the entire green plant (not just the grain) . Silage can be made from many field crops, and spe cial terms may be used depending on type: oatlage for oats, haylage for alfalfa, etc. Silage is made by one or more of the following methods: placing cut green vegetation in a silo or pit; piling the vegetation in a large heap and compressing it down so as to purge as much oxygen as possible, then covering it with a plastic sheet; or by wrapping large round bales tightly in plastic film.

The "growing plant" may be e.g. strawberry, especially garden strawberry, or some another berry, lettuces, cab bages, beets, etc. The film may be used as mulching film, etc .

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

In an embodiment, the polymeric substrate comprises poly olefin polymer, and the active layer further comprises one or more further polymer (s) for controlling release rate of the coniferous resin acid(s), the further polymer (s) se lected from:

- polyamide, such as PA6,

- inherently dissipative polymer (IDP), such as polyeth ylene-polyether-copolymer,

- polyethylene-block-amide (PEBA) ,

- polyether-polyamide block copolymer.

The concept "polyolefin polymer" includes polyolefins as such, polyolefin co-polymers, such as ethylene-vinyl acetate (EVA) , ethylene-methyl-acrylate (EMA) , ethylene- ethyl-acrylate (EEA) , ethylene-butyl-acrylate (EBA) , eth- ylene-acrylic-acid (EAA) , ethylene-methacrylic-acid

(EMAA) , and polyolefins grafted with functional monomers like acrylic acid, maleic acid anhydride or vinyl silane.

In an embodiment, the amount of the further polymer is 1%

- 90%, preferably 5% - 40%, more preferably 10% - 30%. In an embodiment, the active layer comprises a booster ma terial for boosting the effect of the coniferous resin ac id (s), the booster material comprising at least one of chemicals listed herein:

- sorbates,

- benzoates.

In an embodiment, the booster material comprises potassium sorbate .

In an embodiment, the booster material comprises sodium benzoate .

In an embodiment, the amount of the booster material is 0.1% - 20%, more preferably 0.2% - 5%, even more prefera bly 0.5% - 3%.

In an embodiment, the coniferous resins acid(s) are in rosin, such as in pine resin.

In an embodiment, the coniferous resins acid(s) comprises tall oil rosin, and/or gum rosin, and/or wood rosin.

In an embodiment, the coniferous resins acid(s) comprises an abietic acid type resin acid(s), such as abietic acid, dehydro abietic acid.

In an embodiment, the coniferous resins acid(s) comprises pimaric acid type resin acid(s), such as pimaric acid, isopimaric acid resin acids.

In an embodiment, the amount of the coniferous resins ac- id(s) is 1% - 40%, more preferably 3% - 20%, most prefera bly 5% - 15%. In an embodiment, the polymer film is a multilayer film, comprising one or more additional layer (s) arranged on one side or both sides of the active layer. Thus, the active layer may constitute at least one skin of the polymer film, or it may be arranged inside the film.

According to an aspect, the polymer film is an agricultur al film, comprising the polymer film described in this de scription. In an embodiment, the agricultural film is a silage protecting sheath. In another embodiment, the agri cultural film is a horticulture film.

In an embodiment, the polymer film is used for covering silage .

In an embodiment, the polymer film is arranged such that the active layer is against the silage to be covered.

In an embodiment, the polymer film is arranged to encapsu late the silage to be covered by the polymer film.

In an embodiment, the polymer film is a cover of stack or a rick.

In an embodiment, the polymer film is a bale wrapping foil .

In an embodiment, the polymer film is used for covering growing plant (s) .

In an embodiment, the polymer film is arranged such that the active layer is arranged against the growing plant to be covered. The invention is not limited solely to the embodiments de scribed above, but instead many variations are possible within the scope of the inventive concept defined by the claims below. Within the scope of the inventive concept the attributes of different embodiments and applications can be used in conjunction with or replace the attributes of another embodiment or application.

The description is only intended to illustrate the idea of the invention. The invention may vary in detail within the scope of the inventive idea defined in the following claims .