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Title:
ALPHA HYDROXY AMIDES
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2014/048547
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention relates to alpha hydroxy amides including compounds of formula (I) and related compounds and their use in the prophylaxis and treatment of inflammatory disorders and diseases, wherein T1, T2, W and Rw has the meaning given in claim 1.

Inventors:
MUZERELLE, Mathilde (1 allée du Cèdre, Gaillard, Gaillard, F-74240, FR)
SWINNEN, Dominique (62 ch. du Bosquet del Vau, Braine l'Alleud, Braine l'Alleud, B-1420, BE)
SEENISAMY, Jeyaprakashnarayanan (2027, 22nd C Main 14th Cross,HSR Layout, Sector 1, Bangalore 2, 560 10, IN)
Application Number:
EP2013/002716
Publication Date:
April 03, 2014
Filing Date:
September 10, 2013
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
MERCK PATENT GMBH (Frankfurter Strasse 250, Darmstadt, 64293, DE)
International Classes:
C07C235/12; A61K31/16; A61P29/00; C07C235/80; C07C237/22; C07C255/54; C07C275/28; C07D211/26; C07D211/58; C07D211/96; C07D213/68; C07D265/32; C07D307/14; C07D333/20; C07D401/12
Domestic Patent References:
WO2011152720A12011-12-08
Foreign References:
US2692895A1954-10-26
US20070128683A12007-06-07
US20040247524A12004-12-09
Other References:
LUTZ ROBERT E ET AL: "Antimalarials. Amides related to phenylpantothenone", JOURNAL OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY, ACS, US, vol. 12, no. 1, 1 January 1947 (1947-01-01), pages 96 - 107, XP009133785, ISSN: 0022-3263, DOI: 10.1021/JO01165A014
PHILIP J. KOCIENSKI: "Protecting Groups", 1994, GEORG THIEME VERLAG
THEODORA W. GREENE; PETER G. M. WUTS: "Protective Groups in Organic Synthesis", 1999, WILEY INTERSCIENCE
JOURNAL ORGANIC LETTERS, vol. 6, no. 26, 2004, pages 4801 - 4803
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Claims:
Claims

1. A compound of formula (I) :

(0

Wherein

T denotes one of the following groups:

T2-W denotes one of the followin roups:

W denotes a single bond, or a group selected from -CHR°- and -CH=CH-

R denotes a group selected from H, Hal, linear or branched alkyi, Ar, Het, Cyc, - (CH2)nAr, -(CH2)nHet, -(CH2)nCyc, -(CH2)nOAr, -(CH2)nOHet, -(CH2)nOCyc, A

Rb denotes H or a linear or branched alkyi, or alternatively,

R and R together with the nitrogen atom to which they are linked form a Het group,

R° denotes H, Ar, or alkyi

Ra denotes H or a group selected from the following groups:

optionally substituted with from 1 to 5 groups independently selected from Hal, CN, -CF3, -OCF3, O-alkyl, S02-alkyl, COORb, -CO-alkyl, O-phenyl, S02-phenyl, S02-Het, O-Het, Het, -(CH2)n-Het, S02-CF3, 0-(CH2)n-Het, 0-(CH2)n-alkyl, A

Het denotes a monocyclic 5-8-membered ring being saturated, unsaturated or

aromatic, containing 1 to 3 heteroatoms independently selected from N, O and S, and or a group CO, and optionally substituted with from 1 to 5 groups

independently selected from Hal, CN, -CF3, -OCF3, O-alkyl, S02-alkyl, COORb, - CO-alkyl, O-phenyl, S02-phenyl, S02-CF3, 0-(CH2)n-alkyl, S02Ar, Ar, A,

Cyc denotes a monocylic saturated carbocyclic ring having 3-8-carbon atoms and being optionally substituted with from 1 to 5 groups independently selected from Hal, CN, -CF3, -OCF3, O-alkyl, S02-alkyl, COORb, -CO-alkyl, O-phenyl, S02- phenyl, S02-Het, O-Het, Het, -(CH2)n-Het, S02-CF3, 0-(CH2)n-Het, 0-(CH2)n-alkyl,

A

A is branched or linear alkyl having 1 to 12 C-atoms, wherein one or more, such as 1 to 7, H atoms may be replaced by Ar, Het, Hal, ORb, COORb, CN or N(Rb)2 and wherein one or more, preferably 1 to 5 CH2-groups may be replaced by O, CO, NRb or S, SO, SO2, phenylen, such as 1 ,4- phenylene, -CH=CH- or -C≡C- and/or by one of the following groups:

having Hal or mesylate as counter ion.

Hal denotes F, CI, Br, I n is 1 , 2 or 3

and pharmaceutically usable derivatives, solvates, salts and stereoisomers thereof, including mixtures thereof in all ratios.

2. A compound of Formula (I) wherein Rw denotes H, Hal, linear or branched alkyl, or one of the followin groups:

Or wherein Rb and Rw together with the nitrogen atom to which they are linked form one of the following groups:

pound of formula (I) selected from the following group:

116

118

119

120

123

30 125

4. A compound of formula (I) as defined in claims 1 to 3 and pharmaceutically acceptable derivatives, solvates, tautomers, salts, hydrates and stereoisomers thereof, including mixtures thereof in all ratios, for use as a medicament.

5. A compound according to claim 1 for use in the treatment or prevention of inflammatory disease.

6. A compound according to claim 5 wherein the inflammatory disease is

inflammatory bowel disease.

7. A compound according to claim 6 wherein the inflammatory bowel disease is ulcerative colitis.

8. A compound of claim 5 wherein the inflammatory disease is selected from the group consisting of rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, lupus nephritis, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriasis, amyloidosis, systemic sclerosis, sarcoidosis, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis/bone resorption, septic shock, atherosclerosis, ischemia- reperfusion injury, coronary heart disease, vasculitis, multiple sclerosis, sepsis, uveitis, endometriosis, Behcet's disease, Wegenrer's granulomatosis, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, immune deficiencies, chronic graft-versus-host disease, transplant rejection, adult respiratory distress syndrome, pulmonary fibrosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cancer, lymphoproliferative disease, myeloproliferative disorder, diabetes, meningitis, skin delayed type hypersensitivity disorders, and allergic asthma.

9. A compound of Formula (I) according to claim 1 for the prevention and/or

treatment of the diseases associated with vanin overexpression.

10. A kit consisting of separate packs of :

(a) an effective amount of a compound of the formula (I) and/or pharmaceutically usable derivatives, solvates, salts, hydrates and stereoisomers thereof, including mixtures thereof in all ratios, and

(b) an effective amount of a further medicament active ingredient.

11. A Pharmaceutical compositions containing at least one of the compounds of formula (I) according to any one of claims 1 to 3.

12. A pharmaceutical composition according to claim 11 which additionally contains at least one further medicament used in the treatment of inflammatory diseases agent.

Description:
Alpha hydroxy amides

The present invention relates to alpha hydroxy amides including compounds of I and related compounds and their use in the prophylaxis and treatment of inflammatory disorders and diseases.

Specifically, the invention relates to the compounds of formula (I):

denotes one of the following groups

W denotes a single bond, or a group selected from -CHR - and -CH=CH-,

R w denotes a group selected from H, Hal, linear or branched alkyl, Ar, Het, Cyc, (CH 2 ) n Ar, -(CH 2 ) n Het, -(CH 2 ) n Cyc, -(CH 2 ) n OAr, -(CH 2 ) n OHet, -(CH 2 ) n OCyc, A,

R b denotes H or a linear or branched alkyl, or alternatively,

R b and R w together with the nitrogen atom to which they are linked, form a Het group, preferably a saturated Het group, such as pyrrolidinyl, piperidinyl or morpholinyl, denotes H, Ar, or alkyl R a denotes H or a group selected from the following groups:

Ar denotes one of the following groups optionally substituted with from 1 to 5 groups independently selected from Hal, CN, -CF 3 , -OCF 3 , O-alkyl, S0 2 - alkyl, COOR , -CO-alkyl, O-phenyl, S0 2 -phenyl, S0 2 -Het, O-Het, Het, - (CH 2 ) n -Het, S0 2 -CF 3 , 0-(CH 2 ) n -Het, 0-(CH 2 ) n -alkyl, A denotes a monocyclic 5-8-membered ring being saturated, unsaturated or aromatic, containing 1 to 3 heteroatoms independently selected from N, O and S, and or a group CO, and optionally substituted with from 1 to 5 groups independently selected from Hal, CN, -CF 3 , -OCF 3 , O-alkyl, S0 2 -alkyl, COOR b , -CO-alkyl, O-phenyl, S0 2 -phenyl, S0 2 -CF 3 , 0-(CH 2 ) n -alkyl, S0 2 Ar, Ar, A, denotes a monocylic saturated carbocyclic ring having 3-8-carbon atoms and being optionally substituted with from 1 to 5 groups independently selected from Hal, CN, -CF 3 , -OCF 3 , O-alkyl, S0 2 -alkyl, COOR b , -CO-alkyl, O-phenyl, S0 2 -phenyl, S0 2 -Het, O-Het, Het, -(CH 2 ) n -Het, S0 2 -CF 3> 0-(CH 2 ) n -Het, O- (CH 2 ) n -alkyl, A, is branched or linear alkyl having 1 to 12 C-atoms, wherein one or more, such as 1 to 7, H atoms may be replaced by Ar, Het, Hal, OR b , COOR b , CN or N(R b ) 2 and wherein one or more, preferably 1 to 5 CH 2 groups may be replaced by O, CO, NR b or S, SO, S0 2> phenylen, such as 1 ,4-phenylene, -CH=CH- or -C=C- and/or by one of the following groups:

having Hal or mesylate as counter ion. Hal denotes F, CI, Br, I and n is 1 , 2 or 3

and pharmaceutically usable derivatives, solvates, salts and stereoisomers thereof, including mixtures thereof in all ratios.

Preferably, the compounds of formula I show activity as vanin inhibitors.

Background of the invention:

The term "vanin inhibitor" is preferably defined herein as a compound which, in vitro and/or in vivo: (i) inhibits the activity and/or expression of Vanin-1; and/or (ii) blocks processing of pantetheine into cysteamine and pantothenic acid; and/or (iii) blocks intracellular synthesis of cysteamine and/or of cystamine, the oxidized form of cysteamine. Inhibition and blocking may be total or partial.

Vanin-1 and Vanin-3, preferentially expressed by epithelial and myeloid cells, respectively (Martin, 2001). In human and drosophila, this enzyme is encoded by 3 genes (VNN-1 , VNN-2, VNN-3). In mouse and human, Vanin-1 and VNN1 , respectively, are GPI-anchored to cell membranes and are highly expressed at the brush border of various epithelial cells including intestinal enterocytes, kidney tubular cells, hepatocytes, pancreatic acinar cells, thymic medullary epithelial cells (Galland, 1998; Aurrand-Lions, 1996; Pitari, 2000; Martin, 2001). In drosophila, 4 genes homologous to the mammalian Vanin sequences are identified and preliminary studies show that drosophila has a pantetheinase activity (Granjeaud et al, 1999).

Vanin-1 deficient mice develop normally but have no detectable free cyst(e)amine in kidney and liver, in spite of the presence of Vanin-3 (Pitari, 2000). Inactivation of the Vanin-1 gene prevents acute and chronic inflammation since in both cases intestinal injury was moderate in Vanin-1 deficient mice, as compared to controls. The protection was associated with reduced expression of inflammatory molecules, myeloid cell recruitment and mucosal damage in the intestine. Furthermore, glutathione synthesis and storage were increased in liver and intestine (US

2004/0247524). These events were further shown to be associated with the lack of free cysteamine/cystamine, which is undetectable in Vanin-1 deficient mice, since cystamine given orally reversed the inflammatory phenotype. This reverting effect was correlated with inhibition of glutathion synthesis in vivo. Thus, the compounds of formula I, which show pronounced activity as vanin inhibitors, are useful for the treatment of inflammatory disorders.

As used herein, "inflammatory disorder" denotes a condition of sustained or chronic inflammation that occurs when tissues are injured by viruses, bacteria, trauma, chemicals, heat, cold or any other harmful stimulus. Preferably, an inflammatory disorder according to the invention is a gastrointestinal inflammatory disorder that may be selected from the group consisting of an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) such as Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, an ulcer resulting from administration of a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, such as a peptic ulcer (i.e. a sore that forms in the lining of the stomach or the duodenum), and an inflammatory disorder associated with an infection with Schistosoma mansoni parasite. The term "treating" or "treatment" is meant the prophylactic or curative treatment of a disorder, i.e. reversing, alleviating, inhibiting the progress of, or preventing the disorder or ' condition to which such term applies, or one or more symptoms of such disorder or condition. The treatment may be associated with another pre-existing treatment in order to improve the efficacy of said pre-existing treatment.

Preferred embodiments of the present invention and preferred definitions used therein, are described in the following:

Alkyl denotes a carbon chain having 1 to 12 carbon atoms, preferably 1 to 8 carbon atoms and most preferably 1 to 6 carbon atoms. Alkyl very preferably denotes methyl, furthermore ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, butyl, isobutyl, sec-butyl or tert-butyl, furthermore also pentyl, 1 , 2 or 3 methylbutyl, 1,1 , 1,2- or 2,2-dimethylpropyl, 1-ethylpropyl, hexyl, 1 ,2,3 or 4 methylpentyl, 1,1 , ,2 , 1,3 , 2,2 , 2,3- or 3,3-dimethylbutyl, 1 or 2 ethylbutyl, 1 ethyl-1-methylpropyl, 1 ethyl-2-methylpropyl, 1,1,2- or 1,2,2-trimethylpropyl

The group Oalkyl preferably denotes methoxy and ethoxy. Ar preferably denotes phenyl or biphenyl, which may be unsubstituted or

monosubstituted, disubstituted or trisubstituted by a substitutent selected from a group mentioned under the definition of Ar.

Het preferably denotes a monocyclic or bicyclic, saturated, unsaturated or aromatic heterocyclic ring having 1 to 3 N, O or S atoms which may be unsubstituted or monosubstituted, disubstituted or trisubstituted by a substitutent selected from from a group mentioned under the definition of Het.

Het is more preferably a 6 to 14 membered ring system and denotes, not withstanding further substitutions, for example, 2 or 3 furyl, 2 or 3 thienyl, 1 ,2 or 3 pyrrolyl, 1 ,2, 4 or 5 imidazolyl, 1 ,3,4 or 5 pyrazoiyi, 2,4 or 5 oxazoiyi, 3,4 or 5 isoxazoiyi, 2 , 4 or 5 thiazolyl, 3,4 or 5 isothiazolyl, 2 , 3 or 4-pyridyl, 2,4,5 or 6 pyrimidinyl, furthermore preferably 1,2,3-triazol-1 , 4- or 5-yl, 1 ,2,4-triazol-1 , 3- or 5yl, 1 or 5 tetrazolyl, 1,2,3-oxadiazol-4- or 5-yl, 1,2,4-oxadiazol-3- or 5-yl, 1,3,4-thiadiazol-2- or 5-yl, 1,2,4-thiadiazol-3- or 5-yl, 1,2,3-thiadiazol-4- or 5 yl, 3 or 4 pyridazinyl, pyrazinyl, 1 ,2,3,4,5,6 or 7 indolyl, indazolyl, 4 or 5 isoindolyl, 1 ,2,4 or 5-benzimidazolyl, 1 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 or 7 benzopyrazolyl, 2,4,5,6 or 7-benzoxazolyl, 3,4,5,6 or 7 benzisoxazolyl, 2,4,5,6 or 7 benzothiazolyl, 2,4,5,6 or 7 benzisothiazolyl, 4,5, 6 or 7 benz-2,1,3-oxadiazolyl, 2,3,4,5,6,7 or 8 quinolyl, 1 ,3,4,5,6,7 or 8 isoquinolyl, 3,4,5,6,7 or 8 cinnolinyl, 2,4,5,6,7 or 8 quinazolinyl, 5 or 6 quinoxalinyl, 2,3,5,6,7 or 82H-benzo-1,4-oxazinyl, furthermore preferably 1,3- benzodioxol-5-yl, 1,4-benzodioxane-6-yl, 2,1,3-benzothiadiazol-4- or 5-yl or 2,1,3- benzoxad ' iazol-5-y).

The heterocyclic radicals may also be partially or fully hydrogenated.

Het can thus also denote, for example, 2,3-dihydro-2 , 3 , 4- or 5-furyl, 2,5-dihydro-2 , 3, 4- or 5 furyl, tetrahydro-2- or 3-furyl, 1,3-dioxolan-4-yl, tetrahydro-2- or 3-thienyl, 2,3-dihydro-1 , 2 , 3, 4- or 5-pyrrolyl, 2,5-dihydro-1 , 2 , 3 , 4- or 5-pyrrolyl, 1 , 2 or 3 pyrrolidinyl, tetrahydro-1 , 2- or 4-imidazolyl, 2,3-dihydro-1 , 2 , 3 , 4- or 5- pyrazolyl, tetrahydro-1 , 3- or 4-pyrazolyl, 1,4-dihydro-1 , 2, 3- or 4-pyridyl, 1,2,3,4- tetrahydro-1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5- or 6-pyridyl, 1 ,2,3 or 4 piperidinyl, 2,3 or 4

morpholinyl, tetrahydro-2 , 3- or 4-pyranyl, 1,4-dioxaneyl, 1 ,3-dioxane-2 , 4- or 5-yl, hexahydro-1 , 3- or 4-pyridazinyl, hexahydro-1 , 2 , 4- or 5-pyrimidinyl, 1 ,2 or 3 piperazinyl, 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7- or 8-quinolyl, 1,2,3,4- tetrahydro-1 , 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 , 7- or 8-isoquinolyl, 2,3,5,6,7 or 83,4-dihydro- 2H-benzo- ,4-oxazinyl, furthermore preferably 2,3-methylenedioxyphenyl, 3,4- methylenedioxyphenyl, 2,3-ethylenedioxyphenyl, 3,4-ethylenedioxyphenyl, 3,4- (difluoromethylenedioxy)phenyl, 2,3-dihydrobenzofuran-5- or 6 yl, 2,3-(2- oxomethylenedioxy)phenyl or also 3,4-dihydro-2H-1,5-benzodioxepin-6- or 7-yl, furthermore preferably 2,3-dihydrobenzofuranyl or 2,3-dihydro-2-oxofuranyl. eye, preferably denotes cycloalkyl such as cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl or cycloheptyl.

Above and below, all radicals and indices, such as T 1 , T 2 , W, R , R a , R b , R°, Ar, Het, Hal and n have the meaning indicated under the formula (I), unless expressly stated otherwise.

Generally, compounds of formula I are the more preferred, the more preferred substituents they carry.

W preferably denotes a single bond CH 2 or -CH=CH-. R w preferably denotes H, alkyl, (CH 2 ) 2 Ar, such as phenyl, and in cases whereT 2 -W is also Hal, more preferably CI and F.

R a is preferably H, benzyl, (CH 2 ) 2 phenyl, (CH 2 ) 3 phenyl or (CH 2 ) 2 0phenyl, R b is preferably H. R c is preferably H.

N is preferably 1.

Compounds of Formula (I) wherein R w denotes H, Hal, linear or branched alkyl are preferred.

Compounds of Formula (I) wherein R w denotes one of the following groups are also preferred:

wherein ammonium ions have Hal or mesylate as a counter ion.

Moreover, compounds of formula I are preferred, wherein R b and R together with the nitrogen atom to which they ing groups:

Very preferred embodiments of the present invention compounds 1 to 84 which are identified below together with their respective activities:

30

30 wherein ammonium ions have Hal or mesylate as a counter ion. Synthesis of compounds of the invention:

The following general methods and procedures described hereinafter in the examples may be used to prepare compounds of formulae (I) and related formulae.

The compounds according to formula (I) may be prepared from readily available starting materials using the following general methods and procedures. If such starting materials are not commercially available they may be prepared by standard synthetic techniques. It will be appreciated that where typical or preferred experimental conditions (i.e. reaction temperatures, time,

stochiometry of reagents, solvents, etc.) are given, other experimental conditions can also be used unless otherwise stated. Generally, the compounds according to the general formula (I) may be obtained by several processes using both solution-phase and/or solid-phase chemistry protocols. Examples of synthetic pathways for the preparation of compounds according to the general formula (I) are described herebelow. Optimum reaction conditions may vary with particular reactants or solvents used, but such conditions can be determined by the person skilled in the art, using routine optimization procedures.

Below, all substituents, such as T 1 , T 2 , W, R w , R b , R c , R a or n have the meaning indicated under the formula (I) unless expressly stated otherwise.

Depending on the nature of T 1 , T 2 , W, R w , R b , R c , R a or n, different synthetic strategies may be selected for the synthesis of compounds of formula (I). In general, the synthesis pathways for any individual compound of formula (I) will depend on the specific substitutents of each molecule and upon the availability of intermediates; again such factors being appreciated by those skilled in the art. For all the protection and deprotection methods, see Philip J. Kocienski, in "Protecting Groups", Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart, New York, 1994 and, Theodora W. Greene and Peter G. M. Wuts in "Protective Groups in Organic Synthesis", Wiley Interscience, 3 rd Edition 1999.

Structures below are drawn for compounds of (R) stereochemistry starting from D-pantolactone of formula (VI). Same reactions and procedure can be followed to obtain (S) derivatives, starting from L-pantolactone.

As a representative example, the compounds according to formula (I) may be prepared following the synthetic pathways described in the general scheme 1. According to a preferred synthetic pathway, compounds of formula (la), may be prepared from the corresponding derivatives of formula (lla), by an oxidation step followed by the cleavage of the acetonide protecting group where, preferably, W represents a single bond or a group -CH=CH- and R w an alkyl group. Preferred conditions consist in the treatment of compounds of formula (Ha) with an oxidant such as, but not limited to, Dess Martin Periodinane in a solvent such as dry DCM at room temperature for few hours such as 2h, followed by treatment with preferably a 80% acetic acid solution in water at room temperature for several hours, such as 3h. Compounds of formula (lla) may be prepared from the corresponding derivatives of formula (lib), wherein W and R are as above defined, but preferably representing an alkyl group and W representing a single bond or a group -CH=CH- by reaction of magnesium bromide derivatives of formula (III) with compounds of formula (lib) in a solvent such as dry THF at 0°C for 1 h followed by 1 h at RT. Starting from the alcohol (lie), compounds of formula (lib) can be obtained using usual conditions for the oxidation of primary alcohol into aldehyde using Dess Martin oxidation or swern oxidation conditions. Preferred conditions consist in the treatment of

compounds of formula (lie) with Dess Martin Periodinane in a solvent such as DCM at 0°C for few hours such as 6h. The corresponding alcohol derivatives can be obtained after protection of compounds of formula (IVa) into an acetonide group by treatment of compounds of formula (IVa) with acetone in the presence of an acid such as, but not limited to, para-toluene sulfonic acid and molecular sieves at room temperature for several days such as 3 days.

Compounds (IVa) may be prepared by the opening of a pantolactone of formulae (VI) with amines of formulae (Va). Preferred conditions consist in the treatment of compounds of formulae (VI) with amines in the presence of a base such as triethylamine, in a suitable solvent such as dry EtOH at a temperature between 100°C and 160°C.

Compounds of formula (lb), where R w is as described above, may be prepared from compounds of formula (lid) following conditions described above to convert compounds of formulae (la) from compounds of formulae (lla) consisting in the oxidation of the secondary alcohol into a ketone followed by the acetonide deprotection. Compounds of formula (lid) can be obtained from compounds of formula (lib) by treatment with classic reagents to run Horner- Wadsworth-Emmons reactions such as phosphonate derivatives of formulae (VII). Preferred conditions consist in the treatment of phosphonate of formulae (VII) with NaH, in a suitable solvent such as dry THF at 0°C for few minutes such as 15 minutes followed by the addition of compounds of formula (lib) at 0°C for h then at RT for another hour.

When T 2 denotes a -CO-CH=CH- group such as represented in Scheme 2, where R w is as above defined, compounds of general formulae (lc) may be prepared from compounds of formula (lie) following conditions described above to convert compounds of formula (la) from compounds of formulae (Ha) consisting in the oxidation of the secondary alcohol into a ketone followed by the acetonide deprotection. Compounds of formula (lie) can be obtained from compounds of formula (llf) by treatment with an allyl derivative of formulae (VIII) where R w is as above defined in the presence of a Grubbs catalyst. Preferred conditions consist in the treatment compounds of formula (llf) with allyl derivatives of formula (VIII) in the presence of Grubbs catalyst second generation in a suitable solvent such as dry DCM at reflux overnight such as 16h.

Ilf lie

When T r2 denotes a -CO-CO-NH- group such as represented in Scheme 3, where W represents a single bond and R w is as above defined, compounds of general formulae (Id) may be prepared from compounds of formula (llg) following conditions described above to convert compounds of formula (la) from compounds of formula (lla) consisting in the oxidation of the secondary alcohol into a ketone followed by the acetonide deprotection. Compounds of formulae (llg) can be obtained from compounds of formula (lib) by treatment with isocyanide derivatives of formulae (IX) where R w is as above defined. Preferred conditions consist in the treatment compounds of formula (Mb) with chioroacetic acid and an isocyanide derivative of formulae (IX) in a suitable solvent such as DCM at a temperature such as room temperature. Intermediate is then treated with a base such as K 2 C0 3 in a MeOH: H 2 0 mixture for several hours such as 5h at a temperature such as RT.

Scheme 3

lib llg Id

Isocyanide of formula (IX) where R w is as above defined can be obtained from compounds of formula (X) by treatment with ethylformate followed by the dehydration of the formamide intermediate as shown in scheme 4. Preferred conditions consist in the treatment of amines of formula (X) with ethylformate at room temperature for few hours such as 12h. The intermediate is then dehydrated by addition of trisphosgene in the presence of a base such as triethylamine in a suitable solvent such as DCM at a temperature such as 0°C followed by additional 30 min at RT. Scheme 4

1-Ethylformate

w-NH j ». Rw-NC

X 2-Triphosgene ( χ As an alternative example, the compounds according to formula (Id) may be prepared following the synthetic pathway described in the scheme 5. According to a preferred synthetic pathway, compounds of formula (Id) may be prepared from the corresponding derivatives of formula (Xla), by an oxidation step followed by the cleavage of acetal protecting group where W and R w are as above defined. Preferred conditions consist in the treatment of compounds of formula (Xla) with an oxidant such as, but not limited to, Dess Martin

Periodinane in a solvent such as dry DCM at room temperature for few hours such as 2h, followed by treatment with preferably a 80% acetic acid solution in water at room temperature for several hours, such as 3h. Compounds of formula (Xla) may be prepared from the corresponding acid derivatives of formula (Xlb) by coupling with amine derivatives of formula (XII) wherein W and R w are as above defined with W preferably representing a single bond. Starting from the acid (Xlb), compounds of formula (Xla) can be obtained using usual conditions for the formation of an amide starting from a carboxylic acid and an amine by using coupling agents such as DCC, DIC, EDC, HATU or via the formation of an acid chloride or an activated ester. Preferred conditions consist in the treatment of compounds of formula (Xlb) with HATU in the presence of a base such as, but not limited to, N-methyl morpholine in a solvent such as DMF at a temperature such as 100°C. The corresponding carboxylic acid of formula (Xlb) can be obtained by hydrolysis of the corresponding esters of formula (Xlc) using reagents such as, but not limited to, LiOH, NaOH or KOH in solvents such water, alcohol, THF, dioxane, or mixture thereof.

Compounds of formula (Xllla) may be obtained either from commercial sources or following procedure described in Journal Organic Letters, 6(26), 4801-4803; 2004. Scheme 5

Xla

Compounds of formula (le) where T 2 is N(Ra)-CO-CH 2 - and Ra is as above defined can be obtained from compounds of formula (If) by treatment with chloroacetyl chloride followed by treatment with a base such as NaOH as shown in scheme 6. Preferred conditions consist in the treatment of amines of formula (If) with chloroacetyl chloride in the presence of a base such as triethylamine in a suitable solvent such as dry DCM at a temperature such as 0°C for an hour. Compound is then treated with a base such as a 10% aqueous solution of NaOH in a suitable solvent such as a THF: H 2 0 mixture. Compounds of formulae (If) where Ra is as above defined may be prepared from compounds of formula (Vb) following conditions described above to synthesize compounds of formulae (IVa) from compounds of formula (VI) and amines of formula (Va) consisting in the opening of a pantolactone by an amine. Compounds of formula (Vb) can be obtained by treatment of compounds of formula (XV) with a sulfonyl chloride such as methane sulfonyl chloride followed by the reaction with ethylene diamine. Preferred conditions consist in the treatment of alcohol derivatives (XV) with methane sulfonyl chloride in the presence of a base such as, but not limited to, triethylamine in a suitable solvent such as dry DCM at a temperature such as 0°C. ethanesulfonic acid derivatives are then treated with ethylene diamine in a suitable solvent such as eOH at a temperature such as RT for few hours such as 16h.

le

Experimental part:

The compounds of invention have been named according to the standards used in the program AutoNom (v1.0.1.1).

The compounds according to formula (I) can be prepared from readily available starting materials by several synthetic approaches, using both solution-phase and solid-phase chemistry protocols or mixed solution and solid phase protocols. Examples of synthetic pathways are described below in the examples.

Examples

The commercially available starting materials used in the following experimental description were purchased from Aldrich, Sigma, ACROS or ABCR unless otherwise reported.

1 H NMR analyses were carried out using BRUKER N R, 400 MHz FT-NMR. Residual signal of deuterated solvent was used as internal reference. Chemical shifts (δ) are reported in ppm in relative to the residual solvent signal (δ = 2.50 for 1 H NMR in DMSO-d 6 , and 7.26 in CDCI 3 ), together with multiplicity, coupling constants and number of hydrogen atoms. Multiplicity is abbreviated as follows: s (singlet), d (doublet), t (triplet), q (quartet), br (broad), m (multiplet).

The MS data provided in the examples described below were obtained as followed: Mass spectrum: LC/MS Waters ZMD (ESI).

Method A:

Method: A-0.1 % TFA in H 2 0, B-0.1 % TFA in ACN: Flow- 2.0 mL/min.

Column: XBridge C8 (50 x 4.6mm, 3.5μΓη), positive mode.

HPLC analyses were obtained as followed with UV detection (maxplot).

Method A:

Method: A-0.1 % TFA in H 2 0, B-0.1 % TFA in ACN: Flow- 2.0 mL/min.

Column: XBridge C8 (50 x 4.6mm, 3.5μιη). The microwave chemistry was performed on a single mode microwave reactor Emrys™ Optimiser or Initiator™ Sixty from Biotage.

Abbreviations:

The following abbreviations refer respectively to the definitions below:

aq (aqueous), h (hour), g (gram), L (liter), mg (milligram), MHz (Megahertz), μΜ (micormolar), min. (minute), mm (millimeter), mmol (millimole), mM (millimolar), eq (equivalent), mL (milliliter), pl_ (microliter), AcOH (Acetic acid), ACN

(acetonitrile), AMC (7-amino-4-methylcoumarin), DCM (dichloromethane), DIEA (diisopropylethyl-amine), DMF (dimethylformamide), DMSO (dimethylsulfoxide), DMSO-d 6 (deuterated dimethylsulfoxide), ESI (Electro-spray ionization), EtOAc (ethyl acetate), Et 2 0 (diethyl ether), Et 3 N (triethylamine), EtOH (ethanol), HATU (dimethylamino-([1 ,2,3]triazolo[4,5-b]pyridin-3-yloxy)-methylene]-dimethyl- ammonium hexafluorophosphate), HPLC (High Performance Liquid

Chromatography), LC (Liquid Chromatography), MeOH (methanol), MS (mass spectrometry), MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether), MW (microwave), NMR (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance), PTSA (para toluene sulfonic acid), RT (room

temperature), Rt (retention time), TEA (triethylamine), THF (tetrahydrofuran), TLC (Thin Layer Chromatography), UV (Ultraviolet), vol (Volume).

General Procedures:

General Procedure A: Acetonide deprotection

A compound of Formulae (II) (1eq) was dissolved in 80% AcOH in water (5 mL) and stirred for 3 h at RT. After completion of the reaction, the solvent was removed under reduced pressure and the crude product was purified by silica gel column

chromatography to get the title compound. General Procedure B: Oxidation and deprotection

To a solution of compound of Formulae (llg) (1eq) in dry DCM was added Dess-Martin periodinane (1.5 eq) and stirred at RT for 2 h. After completion of the reaction, the solid was filtered and the filtrate was concentrated under vacuum. The colorless oil was dissolved in 80% AcOH in water (5 mL) and stirred for 3 h at RT. After this time, solvent was removed under reduced pressure and the crude was purified by silica gel column chromatography.

General Procedure C: Isocvanides synthesis

Xa

Step 1 :

solution of compound of Formulae (X) (1 eq) and ethyl formate (2 eq) was stirred at RT for 12 h. After completion of the reaction, the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and taken as such in the next step.

Step 2:

To a solution of compound of Formulae (Xa) (1 eq), NEt 3 (3 eq) in DCM (50 vol) cooled at 0°C was added dropwise a solution of triphosgene (0.5 eq) in DCM (15 vol). The reaction mixture was stirred at RT for 30 min. After this time, the reaction mixture was quenched with ice and extracted with DCM. The organic layer was washed with brine and then dried over anhydrous Na 2 S0 4 and taken as such for next step. General Procedure D: alpha-hydroxy amide synthesis

To a stirred solution of compound of Formulae (lib) (1 eq), in DCM (20 vol) were added chloro acetic acid (1.1 eq) and isocyanide derivative (IX) (1.1 eq) at 0°C. The reaction mixture was stirred at RT for 12 h after which the solvent was removed under vacuum. The solid residue was dissolved in MeOH:H 2 0 (1:1) (20 vol) followed by addition of K 2 C0 3 (2.5 eq) and stirring at RT for 5 h. After completion of the reaction, solvent was removed under vacuum and the residue was extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with water followed by brine and the combined organic layers were dried over Na 2 S0 4 and concentrated under vacuum. The crude was purified by silica gel column chromatography to afford the title compound.

General Procedure E: Acid-amine coupling

Xlb XII

To a solution of compound of Formulae (Xlb) (1 eq) in DMF (15 vol) were added amine of Formulae (XII) (1 eq), /V-methyl morpholine (3 eq) and HATU (1.1 eq) and heated at 100°C under microwave radiations for 1h. After this time, reaction mixture was diluted with water and extracted with EtOAc. The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 and concentrated under reduced pressure to get the crude which was purified by silica gel column chromatography to afford the title compound.

General Procedure F: Synthesis of ethylene diamine derivatives

XV XVa Vlb Step 1:

To a solution of compound of Formulae (XV) (1 eq) in dry DCM (50 vol) at 0°C was added Et 3 N (1.2 eq) followed by methane sulfonyl chloride (1.1 eq) and stirred for 1 h at 0°C. After completion of the reaction, it was diluted with water and extracted with DCM. The combined organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 and concentrated under reduced pressure to get the title compound which was taken as such to the next step.

Step 2:

To a solution of compound of Formulae (XVa) (1 eq) in MeOH (5 vol) was added ethylene diamine (3.6 vol) and stirred at room temperature for 16 h. After completion of the reaction, solvents were removed under reduced pressure to get the crude compound which was purified by silica gel column to get the title compound.

General procedure G: Pantolactone opening

A microwave vial was charged with compound of Formulae (Vb) (1 eq), D or L- pantolactone (1.5 eq) and EtOH (20 vol) and heated at 120°C under microwave radiations for 2 h. After completion of the reaction the solvent was removed under reduced pressure and purified by silica gel column chromatography to get the title compound.

General procedure H: Chloroamide synthesis

To a solution of compound of Formulae (If) (1 eq) in dry DCM (25 vol) at 0°C was added Et 3 N (3.5 eq) followed by chloroacetyl chloride (3.5 eq) and stirred for 1 h at the same temperature. After completion of the reaction, it was diluted with water and extracted with DCM. The combined organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The solid residue was dissolved in THF:H 2 0 (20 vol) and 10% NaOH (5 eq) was added dropwise at 0°C and slowly brought to RT. After completion of the reaction, solvent was removed under vacuum and extracted with EtOAc. The combined organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , concentrated under reduced pressure and purified by silica gel column chromatography to get the title compound.

Preparation of intermediates:

Intermediate A1 : (R)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-F1,3Jdioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-oxo- propyD-amide

Step 1 : (R)-2, 4-Dihydroxy-N-(3-hydroxy-propyl)-3, 3-dimethyl-butyramide

To a solution of D-pantolactone (0.5 g, 1 eq) in dry EtOH (5 mL) in a microwave vial were added 3-amino-propan-1-ol (0.53 mL, 1.5 eq), Et 3 N (0.54 mL, 1 eq) and irradiated with MW radiation at 160°C for 3 h. After this time, the reaction mixture was

concentrated and purified by silica gel column chromatography to afford the product as a white solid (800 mg, 95%).

1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO d 6 ): δ 7.70 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 5.32 (d, J = 4.0 Hz, H), 4.48- 4.42 (m, 2H), 3.68 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.40 (dd, J = 4.0, 8.0 Hz, 2H), 3.31-3.26 (m, 1 H), 3.19-3.07 (m, 3H), 2.56-2.52 (m, 2H), 0.78 (s, 3H), 0.76 (s, 3H).

Step 2: (R)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-[1,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-hydroxy-propyl)- amide

To a solution of (R)-2,4-dihydroxy-A/-(3-hydroxy-propyl)-3,3-dimethyl-butyram ide ( eq) in dry acetone (20 vol) was added 4A molecular sieves (200 wt%) followed by a slow addition of PTSA (0.05 eq) at 0°C after which it was stirred at RT for 3 days. After completion of the reaction, the solvent was removed under vacuum and the crude product was purified by flash silica gel column chromatography (CHCI 3 /MeOH) to afford the title compound which was taken forward for the next step.

LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 246.2 (M+H)

Step 3: (R)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-[1,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-oxo-propyl)-amide

To a solution of (R)-2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-[1 ,3] dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-hydroxy- propyl)-amide (1 eq) in DCM (250 mL, 10 vol) was added Dess-Martin periodinane (1.5 eq) at 0°C and the reaction mixture was stirred at RT for 6 h. After this time, the solvent was removed under vacuum and the solid residue was washed with MTBE and filtered. The filtrate was partitioned between EtOAc and a saturated aqueous solution of NaHC0 3 . The organic layer was dried over Na 2 S0 4 and concentrated. The crude product was purified by silica gel column chromatography (petroleum ether: EtOAc) to afford the title compound as a white solid ( .5 g, 55%).

LCMS (Method A): 244.2 (M+H). H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 9.63 (t, J = 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.53 (t, J = 5.7 Hz, 1 H), 4.01 (s, 1 H), 3.63-3.44 (m, 1 H), 3.42-3.36 (m, 1 H), 3.33- 3.27 (m, 1 H), 3.17 (d, J = 4.4 Hz, 1 H), 2.58-2.48 (m, 2H), 1.40-1.42 (m, 6H), 0.90-0.94 (m, 6H).

Intermediate A2: (R)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-f1,3ldioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3- hvdroxy-butvD-amide

To a solution of (f?)-2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxytic acid (3-oxo-propyl)- amide (244 mg, 1 mmol) in dry THF (10 mL) at 0°C was added MeMgBr (1.2 mL, 1.0 M solution in THF) and stirred at the same temperature for 1 h after which it was let to return to RT and stirred for another hour. After this time, it was quenched with a saturated aqueous solution of NH 4 CI and concentrated under reduced pressure. The aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc and the combined organic layer was washed with brine, dried over anhydrous Na 2 S0 , concentrated under vacuum and purified by silica gel column chromatography to give the title compound as a colorless gum (130 mg, 50%).

LCMS (Method A): 260.2 (M+H). Intermediate A3: (R)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-F1,3Idioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3- hvdroxy-pentvD-amide

(R)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-hydroxy-pentyl)-amide was prepared following the procedure described for intermediate A2 from (ft)-2,2,5,5- tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-oxo-propyl)-amide (242 mg, 1 mmol) and EtMgBr (1.2 mL, 1 M solution in THF) as a colorless liquid (120 mg, 45%).

LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 274.3 (M+H).

Intermediate A4: (R)~2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-[1,3ldioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3- h vdroxy-pent-4-enyl)-amide

(R)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-hydroxy-pent-4-enyl)-amide was prepared following the procedure described for intermediate A2 from (R)-2, 2,5,5- tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-oxo-propyl)-amide (244 mg, 1 mmol) and vinyl magnesium bromide (1.2 mL, 1 M solution in THF) as a colorless liquid (142 mg, 52%).

LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 272.3 (M+H).

Intermediate A5: (S)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-[1,3ldioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-oxo- propyD-amide

(S)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-oxo-propyl)-amide was synthesised following the same procedure than intermediate A1 starting from L- pantolactone (0.5 g, 1 eq) to afford the title compound as a white solid (0.67 g, 72 %). LCMS (Method A): 244.2 (M+H). H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 9.63 (t, J = 1.7 Hz, 1 H), 7.53 (t, J = 5.7 Hz, 1 H), 4.01 (s, 1 H), 3.63-3.44 (m, 1 H), 3.42-3.36 (m, 1 H), 3.33- 3.27 (m, 1 H), 3.17 (d, J = 4.4 Hz, 1 H), 2.58-2.48 (m, 2H), 1.40-1.42 (m, 6H), 0.90-0.94 (m, 6H).

Intermediate B1: 1-lsocvanomethyl-3-trifluoromethoxy-benzene

1-lsocyanomethyl-3-trifluoromethoxy-benzene was prepared following the general procedure C from 3-trifluoromethoxy-benzylamine (382 mg, 2 mmol) as a pale yellow liquid.

LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 202.2 (M+H).

Intermediate B2: 1-lsocvanomethyl-4-methanesulfonyl-benzene

1-lsocyanomethyl-4-methanesulfonyl-benzene was prepared following the general procedure C from 4-methyl sulfonyl benzylamine (2 mmol) as a pale yellow liquid.

LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 196.2 (M+H).

Intermediate CI: (R)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-i1,3ldioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3- cvclopropyl carbamoyl-3-hvdrpxy-propyl)-amide

(R)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-cyclopropyl carbamoyl-3- hydroxy-propyl)-amide was prepared following the general procedure D from (R)- 2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-oxo-propyl)-amide (243 mg, 1 mmol) and cyclopropyl isocyanide (74 mg, 1.1 mmol) as a colorless liquid (267 mg, 81%).

LCMS (Method A): 329.2 (M+H).

Intermediate C2: (R)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-f1,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3- benzylcarbamoyl-3-hvdroxy-propyl)-amide

(R)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-benzylcarbamoyl-3-hydroxy- propyl)-amide was prepared following the general procedure D from (R)-2,2,5,5- tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-oxo-propyl)-amide (243 mg, 1 mmol) and benzylisocyanide (129 mg, 1.1 mmol) as a colorless liquid (242 mg, 64%).

LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 379.2 (M+H).

Intermediate C3: (R)"2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-[1,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid F3-{2~ fluoro-benzylcarbamoyl)-3-hvdroxy-oropyl1-amide

(R)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid [3-(2-fluoro-benzylcarbamoyl)-3- hydroxy-propyl]-amide was prepared following the procedure D from {R)-2, 2,5,5- tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-oxo-propyl)-amide (243 mg, 1 mmol) and 2-fluorobenzylisocyanide (148 mg, 1.1 mmol) as a colorless liquid (253 mg, 63%). LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 397.2 (M+H).

Intermediate C4: (R)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-ri,3Jdioxane-4-carboxylic acid [3- (cvclohexylmeth yl-carbamo yl)-3-h vdroxy-prop ylj-amide

(R)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid [3-(cyclohexylmethyl- carbamoyl)-3-hydroxy-propyl]-amide was prepared following the procedure D from (R)- 2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-oxo-propyl)-amide (243 mg, 1 mmol) and isocyanomethyl-cyclohexane (135 mg, 1.1 mmol) as a colorless liquid (278 mg, 72%).

LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 385.2 (M+H).

Intermediate C5: (R)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-f1,31dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3- h vdroxy-3-oheneth ylcarbamoyl- pro yl)-amide

(R)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-hydroxy-3- phenethylcarbamoyl- propyl)-amide was prepared following the procedure D from (R)- 2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-oxo-propyi)-amide (243 mg, 1 mmol) and phenylethyl isocyanide (144 mg, 1.1 mmol) as a colorless liquid (267 mg, 68%).

LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 393.3 (M+H).

Intermediate C6: (S)-2,2.5,5-Tetramethyl-ri.3Jdioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3- benzylcarbamoyl-3-h ydroxy-prop ylj-amide

(S)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-benzylcarbamoyl-3-hydroxy- propyl)-amide was prepared following the procedure D from (S)-2,2,5,5-tetramethyl- [1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-oxo-propyl)-amide (243 mg, 1 mmol) and benzyl isocyanide (129 mg, 1.1 mmol) as a colorless liquid (242 mg, 64%).

LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 379.2 (M+H).

Intermediate C7: (R)-2,2,5,5-TetramethyH1,3ldioxane-4~carboxylic acid f 3- hvdroxy-3-(2-thiophen-2-yl- ethylcarbamovD-propyll-amide

(R)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid [3-hydroxy-3-(2-thiophen-2-yl- ethylcarbamoyl)-propyl]-amide was prepared following the Procedure D from (R)- 2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-oxo-propyl)-amide (243 mg, 1 mmol) and 2-(thien-2-yl)ethyl isocyanide (150 mg, 1.1 mmol) as a colorless liquid (191 mg, 48%).

LCMS (Method A): 399.2 (M+H).

Intermediate C8: (R)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-[1,31dioxane-4-carboxylic acidF3- hydroxy-3-(3-trifluoro methoxy-benzylcarbamovD-propyll-amide

(f?)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid [3-hydroxy-3-(3-trifiuoro methoxy-benzylcarbamoyl)-propyl]-amide was prepared following the procedure D from (f?)-2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-oxo-propyl)-amide (243 mg, 1 mmol) and 1-isocyano methyl-3-trifluoro methoxy-benzene (220 mg, 1.1 mmol) as a colorless liquid (311 mg, 67%).

LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 463.3 (M+H).

Intermediate C9: (R)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-f1,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3- hvdroxy-3'Phenyl carbamoyl-propyD-amide

(R)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-hydroxy-3-phenyl carbamoyl- propy -amide was prepared following the procedure D from (R)-2,2,5,5-tetramethyl- [1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-oxo-propyl)-amide (243 mg, 1 mmol) and

Phenylisocyanate (1 3 mg, 1.1 mmol) as a colorless liquid (212 mg, 58%).

LCMS (Method A): 365.3 (M+H).

Intermediate C10: {R)-2.2,5.5-Tetramethyl-tf.31dioxane-4-carboxylic acid Γ3-(4- fluoro-b enz yl carbarn o yl)-3-h ydroxy-prop yl J -amide

(R)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-[1,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid [3-(4-fluoro-benzylcarbamoyl)-3- hydroxy-propylj-amide was prepared following the procedure D from (R)-2, 2,5,5- tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-oxo-propyl)-amide (243 mg, 1 mmol) and 4-fluoro benzylisocyanide (148 mg, 1.1 mmol) as a colorless liquid (254 mg, 64%).

LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 397.2 (M+H). Intermediate C11: (R)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-f1,3ldioxane-4-carboxyHc acid (3- cvclohexylcarbamoyl-3-hvdroxy-propyl)-amide

( ?)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-cyclohexylcarbamoyl-3- hydroxy-propy -amide was prepared following the procedure D from (R)-2,2,5,5- tetramethy!-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-oxo-propyl)-amide (243 mg, 1 mmol) and cyclohexyl isocyanide (119 mg, 1.1 mmol) as a colorless liquid (215 mg, 54%).

LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 397.2 (M+H).

Intermediate C12: (R)-2.2.5.5-Tetramethyl-f1.31dioxane-4-carboxylic acid {3- hvdroxy-3-F(naphthalen-1-ylmethyl)-carbamoyl1-propyl}-amide

(R)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid {3-hydroxy-3-[(naphthalen-1- ylmethyl)-carbamoyl]-propyl}-amide was prepared following the procedure D from ( ?)- 2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-[1 ,3] dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-oxo-propyl)-amide (243 mg, 1 mmol) and 1-naphthalenemethylisocyanide (184 mg, 1.1 mmol) as a colorless liquid (295 mg, 68%).

LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 429.2 (M+H).

Intermediate C13: (R)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-[1,3ldioxane-4-carboxyHc acid 13- h vdroxy-3-( 1-phen yl-eth yl carbamoyD-prop yl] -amide

(R)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethy!-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid [3-hydroxy-3-(1 -phenyl- ethylcarbamoyl)-propyl]-amide was prepared following the procedure D from (R)~ 2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-[1 ,3] dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-oxo-propyl)-amide (243 mg, 1 mmol) and alpha methyl benzylisocyanide (144 mg, 1.1 mmol) as a colorless liquid (224 mg, 57%).

LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 393.2 (M+H).

Intermediate C14: (R)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-F1,3Jdioxane-4-carboxylic acidf3- (benzh ydryl-carbamo vQ-3-h ydroxy-prop yl] -amide

(R)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid [3-(benzhydryl-carbamoyl)-3- hydroxy-propylj-amide was prepared following the procedure D from (R)-2,2,5,5- tetramethyl-[1 ,3] dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-oxo-propyl)-amide (243 mg, 1 mmol) and diphenylmethylisocyanide (212 mg, 1.1 mmol) as a colorless liquid (308 mg, 68%).

LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 454.2 (M+H).

Intermediate C15: (R)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-[1,31dioxane-4-carboxylic acid Γ3- h droxy-3-(3-methoxy-benzylcarbamoyl}-proD yfl- amide

(f?)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethy!-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid [3-hydroxy-3-(3-methoxy- benzylcarbamoyl)-propyl]- amide was prepared following the procedure D from (R)- 2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-[1 ,3] dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-oxo-propyl)-amide (243 mg, 1 mmol) and 3-methoxybenzylisocyanide (161 mg, 1.1 mmol) as a colorless liquid (196 mg.48%).

LC S (Method A, ELSD): 408.2 ( +H).

Intermediate C16: (R)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-F1,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid [3- hydroxy-3-( 2-trifluorometh yl-benzylcarbamoyl)-prop yll -amide

(R)-2,2,5,5-TetramethyI-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid [3-hydroxy-3-(2-trifluoromethyl- benzylcarbamoyl)-propyl]-amide was prepared following the procedure D from (R)- 2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-[1 ,3] dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-oxo-propyl)-amide (243 mg, 1 mmol) and 2-trifluoromethyl benzylisocyanide (203 mg, 1.1 mmol) as a colorless liquid (219 mg,48%).

LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 447.2 (M+H).

Intermediate C17: (R)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-f1,31dioxane-4-carboxylic aci T3~ hvdroxy-3-(4-methane sulfonyl-benzyl carbamoyQ-propylJ-amide

( )-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid [3-hydroxy-3-(4-methane sulfonyl-benzyl carbamoyl)-propyl]-amide was prepared following the procedure D from ( ?)-2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-[1 ,3] dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-oxo-propyl)-amide (243 mg, 1 mmol) and 1-isocyano methyl-4-methanesulfonyl-benzene (214 mg, 1.1 mmol) as a colorless liquid (206 mg, 45%).

LCMS (Method A): 457.2 (M+H).

Intermediate C18: {2-Hvdroxy-4-r((R)-2.2.5.5-tetramethyl-[1.3ldioxane-4-carbon yl)- aminol butyryl aminoj-acetic acid methyl ester

{2-Hydroxy-4-[((f?)-2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carbonyl)-amino]-butyryl amino}- acetic acid methyl ester was prepared following the procedure D from (R)-2, 2,5,5- tetramethyl-[1 ,3] dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-oxo-propyl)-amide (243 mg, 1 mmol) and isocyano-acetic acid methyl ester (1 10 mg, 1 mmol) as colorless liquid (185 mg, 51 %).

LCMS (Method A): 361.3 (M+H).

Intermediate D1: 2-Hydroxy-4-{I(R)-2-(4-methoxy-phenylh5,5-dimethyl- Ϊ 1,31dioxane-4-carbonyl1-amino}-butyric acid

Step : 2~Hydroxy-4-{[(R)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyi)-5,5-dimethyl-[1,3]d

amino}- butyric acid ethyl ester

To a solution of (R)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (12 g, 45.1 mmol) obtained following procedure described in following procedure described in Journal Organic Letters, 6(26), 4801-4803; 2004 and

diisopropylethylamine (78.6 mL, 0.375 mol) in dry DCM (200 mL) at 0°C were added HOBt (21.9 g, 0.162 mol), EDC.HCI (25.8 g, 0.135 mol) followed by ethyl 4-amino-2- hydroxybutanoate.HCI (9 g, 49.6 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at 0°C for 2 h and another 1 h at RT. After completion, it was extracted with DCM dried over Na 2 S0 4 , concentrated under reduced pressure and was purified by silica gel column

chromatography (DCM: MeOH, 8. ) to afford a colourless liquid (12 g, 67%).

LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 396.3 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 7.52 (t, J = 5.9 Hz, 1 H), 7.41 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 2H), 6.91 (d, J = 4.8 Hz, 2H), 5.50 (s, 1 H), 5.46 (d, J = 5.6 Hz, 1 H), 4.09-4.01 (m, 4H), 3.81 (s, 3H), 3.66-3.59 (m, 2H), 3.27-3.12 (m, 2H), 1.81-1.69 (m, 1 H), 1.63-1.60 (m, 1 H), 1.21 (t, J = 7.1 Hz, 3H), 1.04 (s, 3H), 0.91 (s, 3H).

Step 2: 2^ydroxy-4-{[(R)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1,3]diox a

aminoj-butyric acid

To a solution of 2-hydroxy-4-{[(/?)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyi-[1 ,3]dioxane-4- carbonyl]-amino}-butyric acid ethyl ester (10 g, 25.3 mmol) in THF:H 2 0 (1 :1 , 80 mL) was added LiOH.H 2 0 (3 g, 75.9 mmol) and it was stirred at 0°C for 2 h and another 1 h at RT. After completion of the reaction, the solvent was removed under vacuum and the residue was diluted with water and EtOAc. The aqueous layer was then acidified to pH=6 and extracted with EtOAc. The combined organic layer was dried over Na 2 S0 4 , concentrated under reduced pressure to get title compound as a colorless gum (9 g, 99%).

LCMS (Method A): 368.3 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 7.51 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.44 (d, J = 6.9 Hz, 2H), 6.92 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 2H), 5.51 (s, 1 H), 4.07 (s, 1 H), 3.95- 3.94 (m, 1 H), 3.75 (s, 3H), 3.65-3.61 (m, 2H), 3.33-3.13 (m, 2H), 1.90-1.82 (m, 1 H), 1.61-1.53 (m, 1 H), 1.01 (s, 3H), 0.94 (s, 3H).

Intermediate E1: (R)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-ri,3]dioxane-4-carboxy lic acid {3-hvdroxy-3-3-2-methanesulfonylamino-ethoxy)'benzylcarbamov n-DroDyl}- amide

(R)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid {3-hydroxy-3-3- 2-methanesulfonylamino-ethoxy)-benzylcarbamoyl]-propyl}-amid e was synthesized following the general procedure E from 2-hydroxy-4-{[(R)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5- dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carbonyl]-amino}-butyric acid (367 mg, 1 mmol) and Λ/-[2-(3- aminomethyl-phenoxy)-ethyl]-methane sulfonamide (243 mg, 1 mmol) as a colorless liquid (225 mg, 38%).

LCMS (Method A): 594.3 (M+H).

Intermediate E2: (R)-2-(4-Methoxy-Dhenyl)-5, 5-dimethvH 1,3ldioxane-4-carboxylic acid [3-(benzyl-ethyl-carbamoyl)-3-hvdroxy-Dropyll-amide

(R)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid [3-(benzyl-ethyl- carbamoyl)-3-hydroxy-propyl]-amide was synthesized following the general procedure E from 2-hydroxy-4-{[(ft)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carbonyl]- aminoj-butyric acid (367 mg, 1 mmol) and benzyl-methyl-amine (120 mg, 1 mmol) as a pale yellow liquid (198 mg, 42%).

LCMS (Method A): 470.2 (M+H).

Intermediate E3: (R)-2-(4-Methoxy-ohenvi)-5,5-dimethvi-f1,3ldioxane-4-carboxy lic acid {3-f(biDhenyl-4-lmethyl}-carbamoyll-3-hvdroxy-propyl}-amide

(R)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1,3]dioxane-4-carb oxylic acid {3-[(biphenyl-4- lmethyl)-carbamoyl]-3-hydroxy-propyl}-amide was synthesized following the general procedure E from (2-hydroxy-4-{[(R)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4- carbonyl]-amino}-butyric acid (367 mg, 1 mmol) and biphenyl-4-yl-methylamine (182 mg, 1 mmol) as a pale yellow liquid (290 mg, 54%).

LCMS (Method A): 553.3 (M+H).

Intermediate E4: (R)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-f 1.3ldioxane-4-carboxylic acid i3-hvdroxy-3-(tetrahvdro-furan-2-ylmethyl)-carbamoylJ-propyl }-amide

(R)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid {3-hydroxy-3- (tetrahydro-furan-2-ylmethyl)-carbamoyl]-propyl}-amide was synthesized following the general procedure E from 2-hydroxy-4-{[( )-2-(4-methoxy-pheny!)-5,5-dimethyl- [ ,3]dioxane-4-carbonyi]-amino}-butyric acid (367 mg, 1 mmol) and (tetrahydro-furan-2- yl)-methylamine (100 mg, 1 mmol) as a pale yellow liquid (215 mg, 48%).

LCMS (Method A): 451.2 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 7.7 (t, J = 5.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.5 (t, J = 4.9 Hz, 1H), 7.4 (d, J = 1.9 Hz, 2H), 6.9 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 2H), 5.7 (t, J = 5.4 Hz, 1 H), 5.5 (s, 1 H), 4.1 (s, 1 H), 3.8 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 2H), 3.8 (s, 3H), 3.73-3.58 (m, 4H), 3.15-3.10 (m, 4H), 1.90-1.77 (m, 4H), 1.60-1.42 (m, 2H), 1.0 (s, 3H), 0.9 (s, 3H).

Intermediate E5: (R)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[ 1 ,3ldioxane-4-carboxylic acid {3-hvdroxy-3-2-4-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-ethylcarbamoyll-pro pyl)-amide

(R)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid {3-hydroxy-3-2-4- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-ethylcarbamoyl]-propyl}-amide was synthesized following the general procedure E from 2-hydroxy-4-{[(ft)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl- [1 ,3]dioxane-4-carbonyl]-amino}-butyric acid (367 mg, 1 mmol) and 2-(4- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-ethylamine (198 mg, 1 mmol) as a pale yellow liquid (310 mg, 57%).

LC S (Method A): 549.3 (M+H).

Intermediate E6: (R)-2-(4-Methoxy-Dhenyl)-5,5-dimetyl-f1,31dioxane-4-carboxyl ic acid f3-(4-bromo-benzylcarbamoyl)-3-hvdroxy-propyn-amide

(R)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimetyl-[ ,3]dioxane-4-carboxy!ic acid [3-(4-bromo- benzylcarbamoyl)-3-hydroxy-propyl]-amide was synthesized following the general procedure E from 2-hydroxy-4-{[(R)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4- carbonyl]-amino}-butyric acid (367 mg, 1 mmol) and 4-bromo-benzylamine (185 mg, 1 mmol) as a pale yellow gummy liquid (285 mg, 62%).

LCMS (Method A): 536.0 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 8.4 (t, J = 6.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.52-7.47 (m, 3H), 7.2 (d, J = 11.4 Hz, 2H), 5.7 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.2 (t, J = 9.6 Hz, 2H), 4.0 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, H), 3.9 (d, J = 1.6 Hz, 1 H), 3.6 (d, J = 1 1.6 Hz, 1 H), 3.19- 3.16 (m, 4H), 1.91-1.79 (m, 1 H), 1.65-1.52 (m, 1 H), 1.4 (s, 6H), 1.0 (s, 3H), 0.8 (s, 3H). Intermediate E7: (R)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-f 1.3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-hvdroxy-3-4-2-(4-phenoxy-phenyl)-ethylcarbamoyl]-benzylca rbamoyl}- propyD-amide

(R)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-hydroxy-3-4-2- (4-phenoxy-phenyl)-ethylcarbamoyl]-benzylcarbamoyl}-propyl)- amide was synthesized following the general procedure E from 2-hydroxy-4-{[(R)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5- dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carbonyl]-amino}-butyric acid (367 mg, 1 mmol) and 2-(4- phenoxy-phenyl)-ethylamine (12 mg, 1 mmol) as a pale yellow liquid (375 mg, 67%).

LCMS (Method A): 563.3 (M+H).

Intermediate E8: (R)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[ 1.3ldioxane-4-carboxylic acid {3-hvdroxy-3-4-piperidine-1-sulfonyl)-benzylcarbamoyl1-propy l}-amide

(R)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[ ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid {3-hydroxy-3-4- piperidine-1-sulfonyl)-benzylcarbamoyl]-propyl}-amide was synthesized following the general procedure E from 2-hydroxy-4-{[(R)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl- [1 ,3]dioxane-4-carbonyl]-amino}-butyric acid (367 mg, 1 mmol) and 4-(piperidine-1- sulfonyO-benzylamine (253 mg, 1 mmol) as a pale yellow liquid (320 mg, 53%).

LCMS (Method A): 604.2 (M+H). Intermediate E9: (R)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-ri,31dioxane-4-carboxy lic acid f3-if1-benzenesulfonyl-piperidin-4-ylmethyl)-carbamoylJ-3-hv droxy-propyl}- amide

(R)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid {3-(1- benzenesulfonyl-piperidin-4-ylmethyl)-carbamoyl]-3-hydroxy-p ropyl}-amide was synthesized following the general procedure E from 2-hydroxy-4-{[( ?)-2-(4-methoxy- phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carbonyl]-amino}-butyric acid (300 mg, 1 mmol) and (4-benzenesulfonyl-piperidinyl)-methylamine (243 mg, 1 mmol) as a pale yellow liquid (280 mg, 53%).

LCMS (Method A): 604.2 (M+H).

Intermediate E10: (R)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,31dioxane-4- carboxylic acid (3-hydroxy-3-3-3-(piperidine-1-sulfonyl)-phenvn- prop ylcarbam o yl} -prop yl amide

(f?)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-hydroxy-3-3-3- (piperidine-1-sulfonyl)-phenyl]-propylcarbamoyl}-propyl)-ami de was synthesized following the general procedure E from 2-hydroxy-4-{[( )-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5- dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carbonyl]-amino}-butyric acid (367 mg, 1 mmol) and 3-[3- (piperidine-l-sulfonyl)-phenyl ]-propylamine (281 mg, 1 mmol) as a pale yellow liquid (285 mg, 45%).

LCMS (Method A): 632.2 (M+H). Intermediate E11: (R)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)'5,5-dimethyl-f1,31dioxane-4- carboxylic acid (3-hvdroxy-3-3-piperidine-1-sulfonyl)-benzylcarbamoyl]~propy l}- amide

(ft)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyr)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid {3-hydroxy-3-3- piperidine-1-sulfonyl)-benzylcarbamoyl]-propyl}-amide was synthesized following the general procedure E from 2-hydroxy-4-{[(R)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl- [1 ,3]dioxane-4-carbonyl]-amino}-butyric acid (367 mg, 1 mmol) and 3-[3-(piperidine-1- sulfonyl)-benzyl amine (253 mg, 1 mmol) as a pale yellow liquid (315 mg, 52%).

LCMS (Method A): 604.2 (M+H).

Intermediate E12: (R)-2-{4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethvi-f1,31dioxane-4- carboxylic acid 3-hydroxy-3-4-pyridin-4-yloxy)-benzylcarbamoylJ-propyl)-amid e

(R)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid {3-hydroxy-3-4- pyridin-4-yloxy)-benzylcarbamoyl]-propyl}-amide was synthesized following the general procedure E from 2-hydroxy-4-{[(R)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4- carbonyl]-amino}-butyric acid (367 mg, 1 mmol) and 4-(pyridin-4-yloxy)-benzylamine (199 mg, 1 mmol) as a pale yellow gummy liquid (258 mg, 47%).

LCMS (Method A): 550.2 (M+H). Intermediate E13: (R)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-(1.3ldioxane-4- carboxylic acid (3-{F1-(biphenyl-4-sulfonyl)-piperidin-4-ylmethyll-carbamoyl )-3- h vdroxy-prop yl)-amide

(R)-2-(4-Methoxy-pheny ) )-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-{[1 -(biphenyl- 4-sulfonyl)-piperidin-4-ylmethyl]-carbamoyl}-3-hydroxy-propy l)-amide was synthesized following the general procedure E from 2-hydroxy-4-{[(R)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5- dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carbonyl]-amino}-butyric acid (367 mg, 1 mmol) and 4-(pyridin- 4-yloxy)-benzyl amine (329 mg, 1 mmol) as a pale yellow liquid (320 mg, 47%).

LCMS (Method A): 680.2 ( +H).

Intermediate E14: (R)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-f1,3Jdioxane-4- carboxylic acid f3-hydroxy-3-i4-(2-methanesulfonylamino-ethoxy)- benzylcarbamoyl]-propyl}-amide

(ft)-2-(4- ethoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid {3-hydroxy-3-[4- (2-methanesulfonylamino-ethoxy)-benzylcarbamoyl]-propyl}-ami de was synthesized following the general procedure E from 2-hydroxy-4-{[(R)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5- dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carbonyl]-amino}-butyric acid (367 mg, 1 mmol) and 4-(pyridin- 4-yloxy)-benzyl amine (243 mg, 1 mmol) as a pale yellow liquid (290 mg, 49%).

LCMS (Method A): 593.0 (M+H). Intermediate E15: (R)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-f1,31dioxane-4- carboxylic acid {3-hydroxy-3-3-3-oxo-morpholin-4-yl)-propylcarbamovn-propyl) - amide

(f?)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid {3-hydroxy-3-3-3- oxo-morpholin-4-yl)-propylcarbamoyl]-propyl}-amide was synthesized following the general procedure E from 2-hydroxy-4-{[(R)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl- [1 ,3]dioxane-4-carbonyl]-amino}-butyric acid (367 mg, 1 mmol) and 4-(3-amino-propyl)- morpholin-3-one (157 mg, 1 mmol) as a pale yellow liquid (282 mg, 55%).

LCMS (Method A): 508.3 (M+H).

Intermediate E16: (R)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5.5-dimethyl-f1,31dioxane-4- carboxylic acid [3-hvdroxy-3-(4-morpholin-4-yl-benzylcarbamoyl)-propyl]-amid e

(/?)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxy!ic acid [3-hydroxy-3-(4- morpholin-4-yl-benzylcarbamoyl)-propyl]-amide was synthesized following the general procedure E from 2-hydroxy-4-{[(f?)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4- carbonyl]-amino}-butyric acid (367 mg, 1 mmol) and 4-(3-amino-propyl)-morpholin-3- one (191 mg, 1 mmol) as a pale yellow liquid (265 mg, 49%).

LCMS (Method A): 542.3 (M+H). Intermediate E 17: (R)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5, 5-dimethyl-f 1,3ldioxane-4- carboxylic acid [3-hydroxy-3-( 2-phenoxy-ethylcarbamo vD-prop ylj-amide

(R)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid [3-hydroxy-3-(2- phenoxy-ethylcarbamoyl)-propyl]-amide was synthesized following the general procedure E from 2-hydroxy-4-{[(R)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4- carbonyl]-amino}-butyric acid (367 mg, 1 mmol) and 2-phenoxy-ethy!amine (136 mg, 1 mmol) as a pale yellow liquid (228 mg, 47%).

LCMS (Method A): 487.2 (M+H).

Intermediate E18: (R)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1,3ldioxane-4- carboxylic acid {3-hydroxy-4-oxo-4-[4-(3-trifluoromethanesulfonyl-phenylamin o)- piperidin-1'Vll"butyl}-amide

(R)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid {3-hydroxy-4- oxo-4-[4-(3-trifluoromethanesulfonyl-phenylamino)-piperidin- 1-yl]-butyl}-amide was synthesized following the general procedure E from 2-hydroxy-4-{[(R)-2-(4-methoxy- phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carbonyl]-amino}-butyric acid (367 mg, 1 mmol) and piperidin-4-yl-(3-trifluoromethanesulfonyl-phenyl)-amine (307 mg, 1 mmol) as a pale yellow liquid (415 mg, 63%).

LCMS (Method A): 659.2 (M+H). Intermediate E19: (R)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)S,5-dimethy/-[1,3Idioxane-4- carboxylic acid {3-hydroxy-3-4-2-morp o\in-4-yl-ethQxy)-benzy\carbamoyil- propyl amide

(R)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid {3-hydroxy-3-4-2- morpholin-4-yl-ethoxy)-benzylcarbamoyl]-propyl}-amide was synthesized following the general procedure E from 2-hydroxy-4-{[(f?)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl- [1 ,3]dioxane-4-carbonyl]-amino}-butyric acid (367 mg, 1 mmol) and 4-(2-morpholin-4-yl- ethoxy)-benzylamine (235 mg, 1 mmol) as a pale yellow liquid (340 mg, 58%).

LCMS (Method A): 584.2 (M+H).

intermediate E20: 4-[(2-Hvdroxy-4-MR)-2-(4-methoxy-0henyl)-5.5-dimethyl- f1,31dioxane-4-carbonyll-amino}-butyrylamino)-methyll"benzoi c acid ethyl ester

4-[(2-Hydroxy-4-{[(R)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1,3 ]dioxane-4-carbonyl]- amino}-butyrylamino)-methyl]-benzoic acid ethyl ester was synthesized following the general procedure E from 2-hydroxy-4-{[(f?)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl- [1 ,3]dioxane-4-carbonyl]-amino}-butyric acid (350 mg, 1 mmol) and 4-aminomethyl- benzoic acid ethyl ester (362 mg, 1 mmol) as a pale yellow liquid (412 mg, 45%).

LCMS (Method A): 529.3 (M+H). Intermediate E21: (R)-2'(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl~ri.31dioxane-4- carboxylic acid f3-hydroxy-3-({ 1-f4-(2-oxo-pyrrolidin-1-yl)-benzenesul†onyn- oiperidin-4- ylmeth yl}-carbamoyl)-prop yl] -amide

(R)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid [3-hydroxy-3-({1 - [4-(2-oxo-pyrrolidin-1-y!)-benzenesulfonyl]-piperidin-4-ylme thyl}-carbamoyl)-propyl]- amide was synthesized following the general procedure E from 2-hydroxy-4-{[(/ ! ?)-2-(4- methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carbonyl]-amino}-butyric acid (367 mg, 1 mmol) and 1-[4-(4-aminomethyl-piperidine-1-sulfonyl)-phenyl]-pyrrolidi n-2-one (336 mg, 1 mmol) as a pale yellow liquid (415 mg, 60%).

LCMS (Method A): 688.2 (M+H).

Intermediate E22: (R 2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5.5-djmethyl-f1,3ldioxane-4- carboxyHc acid {3-hydroxy-3-(1-methanesulfonyl-piperidin-4-ylmethyl)- carbamoyll-propyD-amide

(R)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid {3-hydroxy-3-(1- methanesulfonyl-piperidin-4-ylmethyl)-carbamoyl]-propyl}-ami de was synthesized following the general procedure E from 2-hydroxy-4-{[(R)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5- dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carbonyl]-amino}-butyric acid (367 mg, 1 mmol) and (1- methanesulfonyl-piperidin-4-yl)-methylamine (191 mg, 1 mmol) as a pale yellow liquid (325 mg, 60%). LCMS (Method A): 542.3 (M+H).

Intermediate E23: (R)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)S,5-dimethyl-n,31dioxane-4- carboxylic acid {3-f( 1-acetyl-piperidin-4-ylmethyl)-carbamoylJ-3-hvdroxy-proDyl)- amide

(R)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid {3-[(1-acetyl- piperidin-4-ylmethyl)-carbarnoyl]-3-hydroxy-propyl}-amide was synthesized following the general procedure E from 2-hydroxy-4-{[( ?)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl- [1 ,3]dioxane-4-carbonyl]-amino}-butyric acid (365 mg, 1 mmol) and 1-(4-aminomethyl- piperidin-1-yl)-ethanone (350 mg, 1 mmol) as a pale yellow liquid (285 mg, 56%).

LCMS (Method A): 506.2 (M+H).

Intermediate E24: (R)-2'(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-i1,3Jdioxane-4- carboxylic acid (3-hvdroxy-4-morpholin-4-yl-4-oxo-butyl)-amide

(f?)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-hydroxy-4- morpholin-4-yl-4-oxo-butyl)-amide was synthesized following the general procedure E from 2-hydroxy-4-{[(f?)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carbonyl]- amino}-butyric acid (367 mg, 1 mmol) and morpholine (86 mg, 1 mmol) as a pale yellow gummy liquid (230 mg, 53%). LCMS (Method A): 438.3 (M+H).

Intermediate E25: (R)-2-(4-Methoxy-ohenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-f1,3ldioxane-4- carboxylic acid {3-hvdroxy-3-i4-(2-methoxy-ethoxy)-benzylcarbamoyl DroDyl)- amide

(R)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid {3-hydroxy-3-[4- (2-methoxy-ethoxy)-benzylcarbamoyl]-propyl}-amide was synthesized following the general procedure E from 2-hydroxy-4-{[(ft)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl- [1 ,3]dioxane-4-carbonyl]-amino}-butyric acid (367 mg, 1 mmol) and 4-(2-methoxy- ethoxy)-benzylamine (180 mg, 1 mmol) as a pale yellow liquid (375 mg, 70%).

LCMS (Method A): 531.3 (M+H).

Intermediate E26: (R)-2-(4-Methoxy-Dhenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-f1,3Jdioxane-4- carboxylic acid (3-{f 1-(4-fluoro-benzenesulfonyl)-piperidin~4-ylmethyl - carbamoyl)-3-hydroxy-proDyl)-amide

(f?)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3Jdioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-{[1-(4-fluoro- benzenesulfonyl)-piperidin-4-ylmethyl]-carbamoyl}-3-hydroxy- propyl)-amide was synthesized following the general procedure E from 2-hydroxy-4-{[(R)-2-(4-methoxy- phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1,3]dioxane-4-carbonyl]-amino}-butyric acid (367 mg, 1 mmol) and (1-((4-fluorophenyl)sulfonyl)piperidin-4-yl) (271 mg, 1 mmol) as a pale yellow gummy liquid (360 mg, 58%). W

65

LCMS (Method A): 623.2 (M+H).

Intermediate E27: (R)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4- carboxylic acid (3-{f 1-{3-fluoro-benzenesulfonyl)-piperidin-4-ylmethyl1- carbamoyl}-3-hydroxy-propyl)-amide

( )-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-{[1 -(3-fluoro- benzenesulfonyl)-piperidin-4-ylmethyl]-carbamoyi}-3-hydroxy- propyl)-amide was synthesized following the general procedure E from 2-hydroxy-4-{[( ?)-2-(4-methoxy- phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3] dioxane-4-carbonyl]-amino}-butyric acid (367 mg, 1 mmol) and [1-(3-fluoro-benzenesulfonyl)-piperidin-4-yl]-methylamine (271 mg, 1 mmol) as a pale yellow liquid (280 mg, 45%).

LCMS (Method A): 623.0 (M+H).

Intermediate E28: (R)-2-(4-Methoxy-Dhenyl)-5.5-dimethyl-ri.3Jdioxane-4- carboxyHc acid f3-hydroxy-3-(4'-methanesulfonyl-biphenyl-4-ylmethyl)- carbamoyll-oropylhamide

(R)-2-(4-Methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid {3-hydroxy-3-(4'- methanesulfonyl-biphenyl-4-ylmethyl)-carbamoyl]-propyl}-amid e was synthesized following the general procedure E from 2-hydroxy-4-{[(R)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5- dimethyl-i1 ,3]dioxane-4-carbonyl]-amino}-butyric acid (367 mg, 1 mmol) and (4'- methanesu)fonyl-biphenyl-4-yl)-methylamine (260 mg, 1 mmol) as a pale yellow liquid (325 mg, 53%).

LCMS (Method A): 611.2 (M+H).

Intermediate E29: 4-n2-Hydroxy-4-{UR)-2-(4~methoxy-Dhenyl)-5.5-dimethyl- f 1,31dioxane-4~carbonyll-amino}~butyrylamino)-methylJ'benzoic acid methyl ester

4-[(2-Hydroxy-4-{[(f?)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl- [1 ,3]dioxane-4-carbonyl]- amino}-butyrylamino)-methyl]-benzoic acid methyl ester was synthesized following the general procedure E from 2-hydroxy-4-{[(R)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl- [1 ,3]dioxane-4-carbonyl]-amino}-butyric acid (367 mg, 1 mmol) and 4-aminomethyl- benzoic acid methyl ester (167 mg, 1 mmol) as a pale yellow liquid (250 mg, 49%).

LCMS (Method A): 515.3 (M+H).

Intermediate E30: 4'-r(2-Hydroxy-4-frfR)-2-(4-methoxy-Dhenyl}-5.5-dimethyl- F1,3ldioxane-4-carbonyl1-amino)-butyrylamino)-methyn-biDheny l-4-carboxylic acid methyl ester

4'-[(2-Hydroxy-4-{[( )-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1,3]dioxane-4-carbonyl^ amino}-butyry!amino)-methyl]-biphenyl-4-carboxylic acid methyl ester was synthesized following the general procedure E from 2-hydroxy-4-{[(/ )-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5- dimethyl-[1,3]dioxane-4-carbonyl]-amino}-butyric acid (367 mg, 1 mmol) and 4'- aminomethyl-biphenyl-4-carboxylic acid methyl ester (240 mg, 1 mmol) as a pale yellow liquid (215 mg, 36%).

LCMS (Method A): 591.2 (M+H).

Intermediate F1: N'-(3-Phenyl-propyl)-ethane-1.2-diamine

A/-(3-Phenyl-propyl)-ethane-1 ,2-diamine was prepared following the general proced F from methanesulfonic acid 3-phenyl-propyl ester (1.92 g, 9 mmol) as a colorless liquid (1. 5 g, 72%).

LCMS (Method A): 179.2 (M+H).

Intermediate F2: N'-Phenethyl-ethane-1.2-diamine

Λ/'-Phenethyl-ethane-l , 2-diamine was prepared following the general procedure F from methanesulfonic acid phenethyi ester (2.5g, 12.5 mmol) as a colorless liquid (1.65 g, 80%).

LCMS (Method A): 165.3 (M+H).

Intermediate F3: 4-[2-( 2-Amino-ethylamino)-ethoxyl-benzonitrile

4-[2-(2-Amino-ethylamino)-ethoxy]-benzonitrile was prepared following the general procedure F from methanesulfonic acid 2-(4-cyano-phenoxy)-ethyl ester (1.56 g, 7.5 mmol) as a colorless liquid (920 mg, 60%). LCMS (Method A): 206.3 (M+H).

Intermediate F4: 4-{4-i(2-Amino-ethylamino)-methyll-piperidin-1-yl}-benzonitr ile

4-{4-[(2-Amino-ethylamino)-methyl]-piperidin-1-yl}-benzon itrile was prepared following the general procedure F from methane sulfonic acid 4-(4-cyano-phenyl)-cyclohexyl methyl ester (2.02 g, 6 mmol) as a pale yellow liquid (920 mg, 60%).

LCMS (Method A): 259.3 (M+H).

Intermediate F5: N'-(2-Phenoxy-ethyl)-ethane-1,2-diamine

A/'-(2-Phenoxy-ethyl)-ethane-1 , 2-diamine was prepared following the general procedure F from methanesulfonic acid 2-phenoxy-ethyl ester (1.56 g, 7.2 mmol) as a colorless liquid (820 mg, 63%).

LCMS (Method A): 81.2 (M+H).

Intermediate F6: N'-(2-f4-(Methylsulfonyl)phenoxy)ethyl)ethane-1, 2-diamine

W-(2-(4-(Methylsulfonyl) phenoxy) ethyl) ethane-1, 2-diamine was prepared following the general procedure F from methanesulfonic acid 2-(4-methanesulfonyl-phenoxy)- ethyl ester (1.1 g, 3.7 mmol) as a colorless liquid (750 mg, 78%).

LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 259.3 (M+H).

Intermediate F7: 4-[2-(2-Amino-ethylamino)-ethoxy]-benzoic acid methyl ester

4-[2-(2-Amino-ethylamino)-ethoxy]-benzoic acid methyl ester was prepared following the general procedure F from 4-(2-methanesulfonyloxy-ethoxy)-benzoic acid methyl ester (1.6 g, 5.8 mmol) as a colorless liquid (650 mg, 47%).

LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 239.3 (M+H).

Intermediate F8: N'-(2-(4-bromophenoxy)ethyl)ethane-1.2-diamine

/V'-(2-(4-bromophenoxy)ethyl)ethane-1 ,2-diamine was prepared following general procedure F from 2-(4-bromophenoxy) ethanol (4.34 g, 20 mmol) as a colourless liquid to get the title compound (3.86 g, 72 %).

LCMS (Method A): 261.2 (M+H).

Intermediate G1: (R)-N-(2-Amino-ethyl)-2,4-dihvdroxy-3,3-dimethyl-butyramide

(R)-A/-(2-Amino-ethyl)-2,4-dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-butyram ide was prepared following the general procedure G from ethane-1 ,2-diamine (150 mg, 2 mmol) and D- pantolactone (390 mg, 3 mmol) as a pale yellow liquid (150 mg, 37%).

LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 191.0 (M+H).

Intermediate G2: (R)-2,4-Dihvdroxy-3.3-dimethyl-N-f2-(3-Dhenyl-Dropylamino)- eth yll-butyramide C hiral (H)-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-/V-[2-(3-phenyl-propylam was prepared following general procedure G from N -(3-phenyl-propyl)-ethane- ,2-diamine (445 mg, 2.5 mmol) and D-pantolactone (487 mg, 3.75 mmol) as a colorless liquid (200 mg, 26%).

LCMS (Method A): 309.2 (M+H).

Intermediate G3: (R)-2,4-Dihvdroxy-3.3-dimethyl-N-(2-phenethylamino-ethyl)- butyramide

Chi

(R)-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-/\/-(2-phenethylamino-ethy l)-butyramide was prepared following the general procedure G from /V-phenethyl-ethane- ,2-diamine (489 mg, 3 mmol) and D-pantolactone (585 mg 4.5 mmol) as a pale yellow liquid (5 0 mg, 58%).

LCMS (Method A): 295.2 (M+H).

Intermediate G4: (R)-N'(2-Benzylamino-ethyl}-2,4-dihvdroxy-3.3-dimethyl- butyramide

(R)-A/-(2-Benzylamino-ethyl)-2,4-dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-b utyramide was prepared following the general procedure G using A/'-benzyl-ethane-1 ,3-diamine (656 mg, 4 mmol) and D-pantolactone (640 mg, 6 mmol) as a colorless liquid (305 mg, 26%). LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 281.0 (M+H).

Intermediate G5: (R)-N-f2-f2-(4-Cvano-phenoxy)-ethylaminol-ethyl}-2.4- dih ydroxy-3, 3-dimethyl-butyramide

( ?)-Λ/-{2-[2-(4-Cyano-phenoxy)-ethylamino]-et l}-2 ί 4-dihydΓoxy-3,3-dimethyl· butyramide was prepared following the general procedure G from 4-(2-((2- aminoethyl)amino)ethoxy)benzonitrile (717 mg, 3.5 mmol) and D-pantolactone (682 mg, 5.25 mmol) as a colorless liquid (520 mg, 44%).

LCMS (Method A): 336.3 (M+H).

Intermediate G6: (R)-N-(2-ff 1-(4-Cvano-Dhenyl)-DiDeridin-4-ylmethyll-amino)- ethyl)-2,4-dihvdroxy-3,3-dimethyl-butyramide

(R)-N-(2-{[1-(4-Cyano-phenyl)-piperidin-4-ylmethyl]-amino }-ethyl)-2,4-dihydroxy-3,3- dimethyl-butyramide was prepared following the general procedure G from 4-{4-[(2- amino-ethylamino)-methyl]-piperidin-1-yl}-benzonitrile (600 mg, 2.33 mmol) and D- pantolactone (453 mg, 3.49 mmol) as a pale yellow liquid (560 mg, 62%).

LCMS (Method A): 389.3 (M+H).

Intermediate G7: (R)-2,4-Di vdroxy-3,3-dimethyl-N-i2-(2-phenoxy-ethylamino) ' eth ylj-b utyramide

(R)-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-N-[2-(2-phenoxy-ethylamino )-ethyl]-butyramide was prepared following the general procedure G from A/'-(2-phenoxyethyl)ethane-1 ,2- diamine (1.56 g, 8.7 mmol) and D-pantolactone (1 ,51 mmol, 13 mmol) as a colorless liquid (820 mg, 29%).

LCMS (Method A): 312.3 (M+H). Intermediate G8: (R)-2,4-Dihvdroxy-N-{2-[2-(4-methanesulfonyl-phenoxy)- ethylamino1-ethyl}-3,3-dimethyl-butyramide

(R)-2,4-Dihydroxy-/V-{2-[2-(4-methanesulfonyl-phenoxy)-et hylamino]-ethyl}-3,3- dimethyl-butyramide was prepared following the general procedure G from N -(2-(4- (methylsulfonyl)phenoxy)ethyl)ethane-1 ,2-diamine (1.1 g, 4.2 mmol) and D- pantolactone (744 mg, 6.4 mmol) as a colorless liquid (750 mg, 46%).

LCMS (Method A): 389.2 (M+H).

Intermediate G9: 4-(2-[2-((R)-2.4-Dihvdroxy-3,3-dimethyl-butyrylamino)- ethylaminol-ethoxyj-benzoic acid methyl ester

4-{2-[2-((R)-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-butyrylamino)-eth ylamino]-ethoxy}-benzoic acid methyl ester was prepared following the general procedure G from 4-[2-(2-amino- ethylamino)-ethoxy]-benzoic acid methyl ester (1.6 g, 6.7 mmol) and D-pantolactone (1.16 g, 10 mmol) as a colorless liquid (650 mg, 26%).

LCMS (Method A): 369.2 (M+H).

Intermediate G10: ((R)-N-{2 2-(4-Bromo-Dhenoxy)-ethyfaminol-ethyl}-2.4- dih vdroxy-3, 3-dimeth yl-butyramide

(R)-A/-{2-[2-(4-Bromo-phenoxy)-ethylamino]-ethyl}-2,4-dih ydroxy-3,3-dimethyl- butyramide was prepared following the general procedure G from Λ/'-(2-(4- bromophenoxy) ethyl) ethane-1 , 2-diamine (520 mg, 2 mmol) and D-pantolactone pale yellow oil (410 mg, 52%).

LCMS (Method A): 391.0 (M+H]).

Example 1: (R)-2.4-Dihvdroxy-3,3-dimethyl-N-(3-oxo-butyl)-butyramide (R)-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-A/-(3-oxo-butyl)-butyramide was synthesised following general procedure B from (R)-2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3- hydroxy-butyl)-amide (180 mg, 0.7 mmo!) as colorless gummy liquid (8 mg, 4%).

HPLC (Method A, ELSD): Rt 2.4 min, (Purity 99.2%). LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 218 (M+H). H NMR: (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 7.71 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, H), 5.31 (d, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.52 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.71 (d, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.32-3.14 (m, 4H), 2.60-2.57 (m, 2H), 2.11 (s, 3H), 0.80 (s, 3H), 0.78 (s, 3H).

Example 2: (R)-2.4-Dihvdroxy-3,3-dimet yl'N-(3-oxo-pentyl)-butyramide

(R)-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-A/-(3-oxo-pentyl)-butyrami de was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (/?)-2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-hydroxy-pentyl)-amide (118 mg, 0.43 mmol) as a pale yellow oil (65 mg, 65%).

HPLC (Method B): Rt 2.93 min, (Purity 87.93%). LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 232 (M+H). 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 7.71 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 5.32 (d, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.52 (t, 7 = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.71 (d, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.32-3.14 (m, 4H), 2.60-2.57 (m, 2H), 2.49- 2.41 (m, 2H), 1.98-1.94 (m, 3H), 0.80 (s, 3H), 0.78 (s, 3H).

Example 3: (R)-2.4-Dihvdroxy-3,3-dimethyl-N-(3-oxo-pent-4-enyl)-butyram ide

(/ )-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-A/-(3-oxo-pent-4-enyl)-butyrami de was synthesized following general procedure B starting from ( )-2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4- carboxylic acid (3-hydroxy-pent-4-enyl)-amide (118 mg, 0.43 mmol) as a pale yellow solid (22 mg, 22%).

HPLC (Method A, ELSD): Rt 1.64 min, (Purity 89.55%). LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 230 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 7.82 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 6.36-6.21 (m, 1 H), 5.94-5.91 (m, 1 H), 5.30 (dd, J = 4.0, 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.41 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, H), 3.72 (d, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.36-3.24 (m, 2H), 3.17-3.13 (m, 3H), 2.81 (dd, J = 4.0, 8.0 Hz, 2H), 0.80 (s, 3H), 0.78 (s, 3H).

Example 4: (R)-2.4-Dihvdroxy-3,3'dimethyl-N-((E)-3-oxo-6-Dhenyl-hex-4-e nyl)- butyramide

Step 1 : (R)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-[1,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid ((E)-3-hydroxy-6- phenyl-hex-4-enyl)-amide

To a solution (f?)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-hydroxy-pent-4- enyl)-amide (448 mg, 1.84 mmol) in dry DCM (10 mL) was added allylbenzene (424 mg, 3.6 mmol) followed by Grubbs II nd generation catalyst (75 mg, 0.088 mmol) and heated at reflux for 16 h. After completion of the reaction the solvent was removed and the crude was purified by silica gel column chromatography (pet ether :EtOAc, 9:1) to afford a colorless gum (260 mg, 39%).

LCMS (Method A): 362.3 (M+H).

Step 2: (R)-2, 4-Dihydroxy-3, 3-dimethyl-N-((E)-3-oxo~6-phenyl-hex-4-enyl)-butyramide

(R)-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-A/-((E)-3-oxo-6-phenyl-hex -4-enyl)-butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (R)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl- [1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-hydroxy-pent-4-enyl)-amide (250 mg, 0.7 mmol) as a colorless gum (6 mg, 10%).

HPLC (Method A): Rt 3.53, (Purity 91.77%). LCMS (Method A): 320.2 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 7.61 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.33-7.29 (m, 2H), 7.24-7.20 (m, 3H), 6.97-6.92 (m, 1H), 6.08-6.04 (m, 1 H), 5.32 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.41 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.72 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.51 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H), 3.32-3.26 (m, 3H), 3.25-3.16 (m, 1 H), 2.76-2.73 (m, 2H), 0.80 (s, 3H), 0.76 (s, 3H).

Example 5: (R)-2,4-Dihvdroxy-3,3-dimethyl-N-(fE)-5-oxo-hex-3-enyl)-buty ramide

Chiral

Step 1 (R)-2, 2, 5, 5-Tetramethyl-[1 , 3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid ((E)-5-oxo-hex-3-enyl)- amide

To a solution of (2-oxo-propyl)-phosphonic acid diethyl ester (388 mg, 2 mmol) in dry THF (10 mL) was added 60% NaH in mineral oil (80 mg, 2 mmol) at 0°C and stirred for 15 min. A solution of ( )-2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-oxo- propyl)-amide (485 mg, 2 mmol) in THF (10 mL) was added dropwise and stirred for 1 h at 0°C and another 1 h at RT. After completion of the reaction, a saturated aqueous solution of NH CI was added and extracted with EtOAc, dried over Na 2 S0 4 ,

concentrated under reduced pressure to get crude compound which was purified by silica gel column chromatography (pet ether :EtOAc, 9:1) to afford a white solid (345 mg, 61 %).

Step 2: (R)-2, 4-Dihydroxy-3, 3-dimethyl-N-((E)-5-oxo-hex-3-enyl)-butyramide

(R)-2 J 4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-/S/-((£)-5-oxo-hex-3-enyl)-b utyramide was synthesised following general procedure A starting from (f?)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4- carboxylic acid ((£)-5-oxo-hex-3-enyl)-amide as a yellow gum (61 mg, 54%).

HPLC (Method A): Rt 1.64 min, (Purity 99.16%). LCMS (Method A): 244.3 (M+H). H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 8.92 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 6.82-6.81 (m, 1 H), 6.02 (d, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 5.41 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.52 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.72 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.32-3.25 (m, 2H), 3.18-3.13 (m, 2H), 2.38-2.32 (m, 2H), 2.22 (s, 3H),0.80 (s, 3H), 0.78 (s, 3H). Example 6: (R)-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-N-(E)-5-oxo-7-phenyl-hept-3-e nyn- butyr amide

Step 1 : (R)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-[1,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid ((E)-5-oxo-7-phenyl- ept-3-enyl)-amide

To a solution of diethyl (2-oxo-3-phenylpropyl) phosphonate (1.08 g, 4 mmol) in dry THF (20 mL) was added 60% NaH in mineral oil (160 mg, 4 mmol) at 0°C and stirred for 15 min. A solution of (f?)-2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-oxo- propyl)-amide (970 mg, 4 mmol) in THF (20 mL) was added dropwise and stirred for 1 h at 0°C and another 1 h at RT. After completion of reaction, a saturated aqueous solution of NH CI was added and extracted with EtOAc, dried over Na 2 S0 4 , concentrated under reduced pressure to get crude compound which was purified by silica gel column chromatography (pet ether :EtOAc, 9:1 to afford the title compound as a colorless liquid (746 mg, 52%).

LCMS (Method A): 374.2 (M+H).

Step 2: (R)-2 -Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-N-(E)-5-oxo-7-phenyl-hept^

( )-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-N-(£)-5-oxo-7-phenyl-hept-3-en yl)-butyramide was synthesised following general procedure A starting from (f?)-2,2,5,5-tetramethyl- [1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid ((E)-5-oxo-7-phenyl-hept-3-enyl)-amide as a colorless gum (15 mg, 87%).

HPLC (Method A): Rt 3.46 min, (Purity 98.4%). LCMS (Method A): 334.2 (M+H). H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 7.81 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.27-7.15 (m, 5H), 6.83-6.79 (m, 1 H), 6.11-6.07 (m, 1 H), 5.42 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, H), 4.52 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1H), 3.71 (d, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.31-3.12 (m, 4H), 2.88-2.76 (m, 4H), 2.36-2.31 (m, 2H), 0.77 (s, 3H), 0.76 (s, 3H).

Example 7: (R)-N-(3-Carbamoyl-3-oxo-propyl)-2.4-dihydroxy-3.3-dimethyl- butyramide

Step 1 : (R)-2,2,5,5-Tetramethyl-[1,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-carbamoyl-3- hydroxy-propyl)-amide

To a solution of (R)-2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-oxo-propyl)- amide (500 mg, 2.05 mmol) in H 2 0: Et 2 0 (1 :1 , 10 mL) was added NaHS0 3 (442 mg, 4.1 mmol) and cooled to 0°C for 30 min. To this reaction mixture KCN (382 mg, 5.8 mmol) was added and stirred at RT for 2 h. After completion of the reaction, the reaction was quenched with sodium hypochlorite and extracted with Et 2 0, dried over anhydrous Na 2 S0 4 and evaporated under vacuum. The solid residue was dissolved in MeOH (10 mL) to which LiOH.H 2 0 (164 mg, 4 mmol) and H 2 0 2 (0.52 mL) were added and allowed to stir at RT for 12 h. After completion of the reaction, the reaction mixture was diluted with a saturated aqueous solution of Na 2 S 2 0 3 and extracted with DCM. The organic layer was dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered and evaporated under vaccum to afford the crude product which was purified by silica gel column chromatography (pet ether .EtOAc, 7:3) to afford the title compound as a white solid (237 mg, 40%).

LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 229.2 (M+H)

Step 2: (R)-N-(3-Carbamoyl-3-oxo-propyl)-2, 4-dihydroxy-3, 3-dimethyl-butyramide

(R)-/V-(3-Carbamoyl-3-oxo-propyl)-2,4-dihydroxy-3,3-dimet hyl-butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from ( )-2,2,5,5-tetramethyl- [1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-carbamoyl-3-hydroxy-propyl)-amide (230 mg, 1 mmol) as a colourless gum (120 mg, 45%).

HPLC (Method B): Rt 5.25, (Purity 98.05%). LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 247.2 (M+H). H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 7.93 (s, 1 H), 7.72 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, H), 7.63 (s, 1 H), 5.31 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, H), 4.43 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.72 (d, J = 4.0 Hz, H), 3.37-3.25 (m, 3H), 3.11 (dd, J = 4.0, 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 2.95-2.91 (m, 2H), 0.78 (s, 3H), 0.77 (s, 3H).

Example 8: (R)-N-(3-Cvclopropylcarbamoyl-3-oxo-propyl)-2,4-dihvdroxy-3. 3- dimethyl-butyramide

(R)-N-(3-Cyclopropylcarbamoyl-3-oxo-propyl)-2,4-dihydrox^

was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (f?)-2,2,5,5-tetramethyl- [ ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-cyclopropyl carbamoyl-3-hydroxy-propyl)-amide as a colorless gum (23 mg, 31 %).

HPLC (Method A, ELSD): Rt 1.72 min, (Purity 94.2%). LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 287.2 (M+H). H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 8.81 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.72 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 5.33 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.41 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1H), 3.72 (d, J = 4.0 Hz, 1H), 3.31 - 3.12 (m, 4H), 2.97-2.95 (m, 2H), 2.72-2.70 (m, 1 H), 0.80 (s, 3H), 0.78 (s, 3H), 0.64- 0.56 (m, 4H).

Example 9: (R)-N-(3-Benzylcarbamoyl-3-oxo-propyl)-2,4-dihvdroxy-3,3-dim ethyl- butyramide

(/?)-/V-(3-Benzylcarbamoyl-3-oxo-propyl)-2,4-dihydroxy-3, 3-dimethyl-butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (R)-2,2,5,5-tetramethyl- [1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-benzylcarbamoyl-3-hydroxy-propyl)-amide (137 mg, 0.36 mmol) as a white solid (83 mg, 68%).

HPLC (Method A, ELSD): Rt 2.85 min, (Purity 97.9%). LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 337.2 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 9.10 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.76 (s, 1 H), 7.31- 7.22 (m, 5H), 5.33 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.43 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.30-3.68 (m, 2H), 3.67- 3.36 (m, 1H), 3.37-3.29 (m, 1 H), 3.28-3.25 (m, 2H), 3.17-3.13 (m, 1 H), 3.01-2.97 (m, 2H), 0.80 (s, 3H), 0.75 (s, 3H).

Example 10: (R)-N-[3-(2-Fluoro-benzylcarbamoyl)-3-oxo-propyl]-2.4-dihvdr oxy- 3.3-dimethyl-butyramide

(R)-/V-[3-(2-Fluoro-benzylcarbamoyl)-3-oxo-propyl]-2,4-di hydroxy-3,3-dimethyl- butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (R)-2, 2,5,5- tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid [3-(2-fluoro-benzylcarbamoyl)-3-hydroxy- propyl]-amide (90 mg, 0.23 mmol) as a white solid (32 mg, 40%).

HPLC (Method A, ELSD): Rt 2.8 min, (Purity 98.8%). LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 355.2 (M+H). H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 9.10 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.77 (s, 1H), 7.32- 7.28 (m, 2H), 7.18-7.12 (m, 2H), 5.34 (d, J = 5.5 Hz, 1 H), 4.74 (t, J = 5.5 Hz, 1 H), 4.35 (d, J = 6.3 Hz, 2H), 3.68 (d, J = 5.6 Hz, 1 H), 3.38-3.28 (m, 1 H), 3.27-3.25 (m, 2H), 3.17-3.13 (m, 1 H), 3.00-2.96 (m, 2H), 0.78 (s, 3H), 0.76 (s, 3H).

Example 11: (R)-N-(3-( Cyclohexylmethyl-carbamoyl)-3-oxo-propyll-2,4-dihvdroxy- 3.3-dimethyl-butyramide

Chirai

( )-A/-[3-(Cyclohexylmethyl-carbamoyl)-3-oxo-propyl]-2,4-dihyd roxy-3,3-dimethyl- butyramide was synthesized following genera! procedure B starting from (/?)-2,2,5,5- tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid [3-(cyclohexylmethyl-carbamoyl)-3-hydroxy- propyl]-amide (136 mg, 0.35 mmol) as a white solid (96 mg, 79%).

HPLC (Method A): Rt 3.3 min, (Purity 99.4%). LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 343.3 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 8.51 (d, J = 6.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.73 (t, J = 5.8 Hz, 1 H), 5.33 (d, J = 5.6 Hz, 1 H), 4.43 (t, J = 5.6 Hz, 1 H), 3.67 (d, J = 5.5 Hz, 1 H), 3.33-3.27 (m, 1 H), 3.26-3.14 (m, 2H), 3.13-2.96 (m, 1 H), 2.96-2.92 (m, 4H), 1.61 (d, J = 13.4 Hz, 5H), 1.46 (s, 1 H), 1.16-1.10 (m, 3H), 0.84 (d, J = 9.8 Hz, 2H), 0.78 (s, 3H), 0.76 (s, 3H).

Example 12: (R)-2.4-Dihvdroxy-3,3-dimethyl-N-(3-oxo-3-phenethylcarbamoyl - prop vD-butyramide

(R)-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-A/-(3-oxo-3^henethylcarbam oyl-propyl)-butyram was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (R)-2,2,5,5-tetramethyl- [1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-hydroxy-3-phenethylcarbamoyl- propyl)-amide (102 mg, 0.26 mmol) as a white solid (60 mg, 66%).

HPLC (Method A, ELSD): Rt 3.08 min, (Purity 98.2%). LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 351.3 (M+H). H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 8.60 (t, J = 4.2 Hz, 1H), 7.73 (t, J = 4.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.30-7.26 (m, 2H), 7.20-7.17 (m, 3H), 5.33 (d, J = 5.6 Hz, 1H), 4.44 (t, J = 5.6 Hz, 1H), 3.67 (d, J = 5.5 Hz, 1 H), 3.36-3.30 (m, 2H), 3.29-3.17 (m, 3H), 3.16-3.13 (m, 1H), 2.97-2.93 (m, 2H), 2.76 (t, J = 7.1 Hz, 2H), 0.78 (s, 3H), 0.76 (s, 3H).

Example 13: (S)-N-(3-Benzylcarbamoyl-3-oxo-propyl)-2,4-dihvdroxy-3.3-dim ethyl- butyramide

(S)-A/-(3-Benzylcarbamoyl-3-oxo-propyl)-2,4-dihydroxy-3,3 -dimethyl-butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from fSj-2,2,5,5-tetramethyl- [1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-benzylcarbamoyl-3-hydroxy-propyl)-amide (73 mg, 0.19 mmol) as a white solid (31 mg, 48%).

HPLC (Method A, ELSD): Rt 2.8 min, (Purity 94.4%). LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 337.2 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 9.10 (t, J = 4.2 Hz, 1H), 7.76 (s, 1 H), 7.31- 7.22 (m, 5H), 5.33 (d, J = 5.6 Hz, 1H), 4.44 (t, J = 5.6 Hz, 1 H), 4.30 (d, J = 6.4 Hz, 2H), 3.68 (d, J = 5.6 Hz, 1H), 3.36-3.27 (m, 1H), 3.26-3.16 (m, 1 H), 3.15-3.13 (m, 2H), 3.01- 2.97 (m, 2H), 0.78 (s, 3H), 0.76 (s, 3H).

Example 14: (R)-2.4-Dihvdroxy-3.3-dimethyl-N-r3-oxo-3-(2-thiophen-2-yl- eth ylcarbamovD-prop νΠ-butyramide Chiral

(R)-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-A/-[3-oxo-3-(2-thiophen-2- y!-ethylcarbamoyl)-propyl]^ butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (R)-2,2,5,5- tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid [3-hydroxy-3-(2-thiophen-2-yl- ethylcarbamoyl)-propyl]-amide (69 mg, 0.17 mmol) as an off-white solid (19 mg, 31%).

HPLC (Method A, ELSD): Rt 2.9 min, (Purity 99.1%). LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 357.3, (M+H). H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 8.81 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.72 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.31 (dd, J = 4.0, 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 6.94-6.86 (m, 2H), 5.31 (dd, J =6.0, 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.4 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.71 (dd, J = 8.0, 4.2 Hz, 1 H), 3.37-3.25 (m, 5H), 3.22 (dd, J = 8.0, 4.2 Hz, 1 H), 2.99-2.94 (m, 4H), 0.78 (s, 3H), 0.76 (s, 3H).

Example 15: (R)-2.4-DihvdroxV'3,3-dimethyl-N-r3-oxo-3-(3-trifluoromethox y- benzylcarbamovfl-propyll-butyramide

(f?)-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-A/-[3-oxo-3-(3-trifluorom ethoxy-benzylcarbamoyl)- propyl]-butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (R)- 2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid [3-hydroxy-3-(3-trifluoro methoxy- benzylcarbamoyl)-propyl]-amide (166 mg, 0.36 mmol) as a off-white solid (130 mg, 86%).

HPLC (Method B): Rt 5.04 min, (Purity 99.6%). LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 421.3 (M+H) 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 9.1 1 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.81 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.42 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.31-7.21 (m, 3H), 5.31 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.42 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.31 (d, J = 4.0 Hz, 2H), 3.71 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.39-3.25 (m, 3H), 3.23 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.00-2.96 (m, 2H), 0.78 (s, 3H), 0.76 (s, 3H). Example 16: (R)-2,4-D )' hvdroxy-3,3-dimethyl-N-(3-oxo-3-phenylcarbamoyl-propyl )- butyramide

Ch

( )-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-/V-(3-oxo-3-phenylcarbamoyl-pro pyl)-butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (R)-2,2,5,5-tetramethyl- [1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-hydroxy-3-phenyl carbamoyl-propyl)-amide (31 mg, 0.09 mmol) as a white solid (3 mg, 11%).

HPLC (Method A, ELSD): Rt 2.85 min, (Purity 99.4%). LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 323.3 (M+H). H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 10.41 (s, 1 H), 7.83-7.80 (m, 3H), 7.35-7.31 (m, 2H), 7.13 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 5.31 (d, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.51 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.7 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.41-3.26 (m, 3H), 3.17-3.03 (m, 3H), 0.78 (s, 3H), 0.76 (s, 3H).

Example 17: (R)-N-f3-(4-Fluoro-benzylcarbamoyl)-3-oxo-propyl1-2.4-dihvdr oxy- 3.3-dimethyl-butyramide

Ch

(f?)-/V-[3-(4-Fluoro-benzylcarbamoyl)-3-oxo-propyl]-2,4-d ihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl- butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (R)-2, 2,5,5- tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid [3-(4-fluoro-benzylcarbamoyl)-3-hydroxy- propylj-amide (154 mg, 0.39 mmol) as a off-white solid (91 mg, 66%).

HPLC (Method A, ELSD): Rt 2.97 min, (Purity 95.6%). LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 355.3 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): 6 9.11 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, H), 7.81 (t, J - 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.32-7.28 (m, 2H), 7.13-7.09 (m, 2H), 5.33 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 4.43 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.31 (d, J = 4.0 Hz, 2H), 3.73 (d, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.67-3.25 (m, 3H), 3.13 (dd, J = 4.0, 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 2.99-2.95 (m, 2H), 0.78 (s, 3H), 0.76 (s, 3H).

Example 18: (R)-N-(3-Cvclohexylcarbamoyl-3-oxo-propyl)-2,4-dihvdroxy-3.3 - dimethyl butyramide Chiral (R)-/V-(3-Cyclohexylcarbamoyl-3-oxo-propyl)-2,4-dihydroxy-3, 3-dimethyl butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (R)-2,2,5,5-tetramethyl- [1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-cyclohexylcarbamoyl-3-hydroxy-propyl)-amide (61 mg, 0.17 mmol) as a white solid (17 mg, 31%).

HPLC (Method A, ELSD): Rt 2.98 min, (Purity 99.1 %). LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 329.3 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 8.33 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.73 (d, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 5.32 (d, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.43 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.71 (d, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.54- 3.51 (m, 1H), 3.34-3.24 (m, 3H), 3.1 (dd, J = 4.0, 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 2.97-2.93 (m, 2H), 1.68- 1.54 (m, 5H), 1.30-1.22 (m, 4H), 1.07-1.05 (m, 1 H), 0.78 (s, 3H), 0.76 (s, 3H).

Example 19: {R)-2.4-Dihvdroxy-3.3-dimethyl-N-{3-r(naDhthalen-1-ylmethvn- carbamoyll-3-oxo-Dropyl}-butyramide

(R)-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-/\/-{3-[(naphthalen-1-ylme thyl)-carbamoyl]-3-oxo- propyl}-butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (R)- 2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-[ ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid {3-hydroxy-3-[(naphthalen-1 - ylmethyl)-carbamoyl]-propyl}-amide (131 mg, 0.36 mmol) as a white gum (96 mg, 81 %).

HPLC (Method A): Rt 3.52 min, (Purity 91 %). LCMS (Method A): 387.2 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 9.21 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 8.12 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.91 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.82-7.77 (m, 2H), 7.56-7.52 (m, 2H), 7.42 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 2H), 5.31 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.82 (d, J = 4.0 Hz, 2H), 4.42 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.71 (d, J = 4.0 Hz, 2H), 3.31 -3.25 (m, 2H), 3.21 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.02-3.00 (m, 2H), 0.78 (s, 3H), 0.76 (s,

3H). Example 20: (R)-2,4-Dihvdroxy-3,3-dimethyl-N-(3-oxo-3-phenethylcarbamoyl - propyD-butyramide

(ft)-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-/V-(3-oxo-3-phenethylcarb amo

was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (R)-2,2,5,5-tetramethyl- [1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid [3-hydroxy-3-(1-phenyl-ethylcarbamoyl)-propyl]-amide (133 mg, 0.34 mmol) as a white solid (19 mg, 16%).

HPLC (Method A): Rt 3.02 min, (Purity 94.7%). LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 351.2 (M+H). H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 9.02 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.72 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.35-7.20 (m, 5H), 5.32 (dd, J = 4.0, 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.95-4.91 (m, 1H), 4.42 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 3:72 (d, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.35-3.24 (m, 3H), 3.12 (dd, J = 4.0, 8.0 Hz, 3H), 1.42 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 3H), 0.78 (s, 3H), 0.76 (s, 3H).

Example 21: (R)-N-f3-(Benzhvdryl-carbamoyl)-3-oxo-proDyll-2.4-dihvdroxy- 3.3- dimethyl-butyramide

(R)-A/-[3-(Benzhydryl-carbamoyl)-3-oxo-propyl]-2,4-dihydr oxy-3,3-dimethyl-butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (R)-2,2,5,5-tetramethyl- [1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid [3-(benzhydryl-carbamoyl)-3-hydroxy-propyl]-amide (87 mg, 0.20 mmol) as a pale yellow gum (25 mg, 31%).

HPLC (Method A, ELSD): Rt 3.59 min, (Purity 98.5%). LCMS (Method A): 413.3 (M+H). 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 9.32 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.82 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.34- 7.24 (m, 10H), 6.22 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 5.32 (d, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.42 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, H), 3.71 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, H), 3.33-3.25 (m, 3H), 3.21 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.00-2.97 (m, 2H), 0.78 (s, 3H), 0.76 (s, 3H) Example 22: (R)~2,4"Di vdroxy-N-[3-(3'methoxy-benzylcarbamoyl)-3-oxo-propyn- 3.3-dimethyl-butyramide

(R)-2,4-Dihydroxy-/V-[3-(3-methoxy-benzylcarbamoyl)-3-oxo -propyl]-3,3-dirnethyl- butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (R)-2,2,5,5- tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid [3-hydroxy-3-(3-methoxy-benzylcarbamoyl)- propyl]-amide (17 mg, 0.04 mmol) as a pale yellow gum (12 mg, 79%).

HPLC (Method B): Rt 4.01 min, (Purity 99.3%). LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 367.3 (M+H) H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 9.13 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.83 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.22 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 6.83-6.77 (m, 3H), 5.32 (d, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.42 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.33 (d, J = 4.0 Hz, 2H), 3.71-3.66 (m, 4H), 3.32-3.25 (m, 3H), 3.23 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.00-2.96 (m, 2H), 0.78 (s, 3H), 0.76 (s, 3H).

Example 23: fR)-2.4-Dihvdroxy-3.3-dimethyl-N-i3-oxo-3-(2-tnfluoromethyl- benzylcarbamovO-propyll-butyramide

(R)-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-/\/-[3-oxo-3-(2-trifluorom ethyl-benzylcarbamoyl)-propyl]- butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (R)-2, 2,5,5- tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid [3-hydroxy-3-(2-trifluoromethyl- benzylcarbamoyl)-propyl]-amide (200 mg, 0.5 mmol) as a colorless gum (138 mg, 76%).

HPLC (Method A, ELSD): Rt 3.59 min, (Purity 98%). LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 405.2 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 9.24 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.83 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.73 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.63 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.59-7.44 (m, 2H), 5.42 (d, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.50-4.43 (m, 3H), 3.74 (d, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.32-3.26 (m, 2H), 3.17-3.13 (m, 2H), 3.00-2.96 (m, 2H), 0.78 (s, 3H), 0.76 (s, 3H). Example 24: (R)-2,4-Dihvdroxy-N-[3-(4-methanesulfonyl-benzylcarbamoyl)-3 -oxo- proDyll-3,3-dimethyl-butyramide

(/?)-2,4-Dihydroxy- V-[3-(4-methanesulfonyl-benzylcarbamoyl)-3-oxo-propyl]-3,3- dimethyl-butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (R)- 2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid [3-hydroxy-3-(4-methane sulfonyl- benzyl carbamoyl)-propyl]-amide (32 mg, 0.07 mmol) as a pale yellow gum (4 mg, 14%).

HPLC (Method B): Rt 3.33 min, (Purity 90.12%). LCMS (Method B): 415.0 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 9.24 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1H), 7.86-7.78 (m, 3H), 7.53 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H), 5.34 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.45-4.39 (m, 3H), 3.72 (d, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.31 - 3.27 (m, 3H), 3.17-3.15 (m, 4H), 2.99-2.96 (m, 2H), 0.80 (s, 3H), 0.78 (s, 3H).

Example 25: r4-f(R)-2,4-Dihydroxy-3.3-dimethyl-butyrylamino)-2-oxo- butyrylaminol-acetic acid methyl ester

[4-((f?)-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-butyrylamino)-2-oxo-b utyrylamino]-acetic acid methyl ester was synthesized following general procedure B starting from {2-hydroxy-4- [((f?)-2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carbonyl)-amino] butyryl amino}-acetic acid methyl ester (93 mg, 0.26 mmol) as a colorless gum (33 mg, 40%).

HPLC (Method B): Rt 2.56 min, (Purity 95%). LCMS (Method B): 319.0 (M+H). H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 8.93 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.84 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1H), 5.33 (d, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.54 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.92 (d, J = 4.0 Hz, 2H), 3.68-3.61 (m, 4H), 3.39- 3.24 (m, 3H), 3.17-3.12 (m, 1 H), 2.90-2.50 (m, 2H), 0.78 (s, 3H), 0.76 (s, 3H). W

88

Example 26: (R)-2.4-Dihvdroxy-N-{3-f3-(2-methanesulfonylamino-et oxy)- benzylcarbamoyll-3-oxo-propyl}-3,3-dimethyl-butyramide

( )-2,4-Dihydroxy-A/-{3-[3-(2-methanesulfonylamino-ethoxy)-ben zylcarbamoyl]-3-oxo- propyl}-3,3-dimethyl-butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (R)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid {3- hydroxy-3-3-2-methanesulfonylamino-ethoxy)-benzylcarbamoyl]- propyl}-amide (149 mg, 0.25 mmol) as an off-white solid (22 mg, 19%).

HPLC (Method A, ELSD): Rt 2.52 min, (Purity 98.9%). LCMS (Method A, ELSD): 474.3 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 9.33 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.83 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.27-7.19 (m, 2H), 6.85-6.80 (m, 3H), 5.33 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.42 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, H), 4.3 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H), 3.72 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H), 3.36-3.25 (m, 6H), 3.02 (dd, J = 4.0, 8.0 Hz, 3H), 2.92 (s, 3H), 0.79 (m, 3H), 0.76 (m, 3H).

Example 27: (R)-N"f3-(Benzyl-methyl-carbamoyl)-3-oxo-propyl 2,4-dihvdroxy-3.3- dimethyl-butyramide

(R)-A/-[3-(Benzyl-methyl-carbamoyl)-3-oxo-propyl]-2,4-dih ydroxy-3,3-dimethyl- butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (R)-2-(4- methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid [3-(benzyl-ethyl- carbamoyl)-3-hydroxy-propyl]-amide (108 mg, 0.23 mmol) as an off-white gum (26 mg, 32%).

HPLC (Method A): Rt 3.13 min, (Purity 92.1%). LCMS (Method A): 351.0 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 7.80-7.76 (m, 1 H), 7.39-7.24 (m, 5H), 5.42 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.52 (s, 1 H), 4.43 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 2H), 3.73 (dd, J = 4.0, 8.0 Hz, 1H), 3.41-3.37 (m, 1 H), 3.28-3.25 (m, 2H), 3.17-3.13 (m, 1 H), 3.00-2.85 (m, 2H), 2.75-2.50 (m, 3H), 0.79 (m, 3H), 0.75 (m, 3H). Example 28: (R)-N-{3-[(Biphenyl-4-ylmethyl)-carbamoyll-3'Oxo-propyl)-2.4 - dihvdroxy-3,3-dimethyl-butyramide

(R)-N-{3-[(Biphenyl-4-ylmethyl)-carbamoyl]-3-oxo-prop

butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (R)-2-(4- methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid {3-[(biphenyl-4-lmethyl)- carbamoyl]-3-hydroxy-propyl}-amide (75 mg, 0.14 mmol) as a pale yellow solid (9 mg, 16%).

HPLC (Method A): Rt 3.94 min, (Purity 96.5%). LCMS (Method A): 413.3 (M+H). H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 5 ): δ 9.32-9.18 (m, 1 H), 7.73 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.63-7.58 (m, 4H), 7.46-7.42 (m, 2H), 7.36-7.32 (m, 3H), 5.34 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 4.53 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.32 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H), 3.73 (d, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.37-3.25 (m, 3H), 3.12 (dd, J = 4.0, 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.01-2.98 (m, 2H), 0.78 (m, 3H), 0.76 (m, 3H).

Example 29: (R)-2,4-Dihvdroxy-3.3-dimethyl-N-{3-oxo-3-f(tetrahydro-furan -2- ylmeth yl carbam o ylj-prop yl butyramide

( )-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-/\/-{3-oxo-3-[(tetrahydro-furan -2-ylmethyl)-carbamoyl]- propyl}-butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (R)-2- (4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid {3-hydroxy-3- (tetrahydro-furan-2-ylmethyl)-carbamoyl]-propyl}-amide (132 mg, 0.29 mmol) as a off- white gum (37 mg, 38%).

HPLC (Method A, ELSD): Rt 1.95 min, (Purity 99%). LCMS (Method A ELSD): 331.3 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 8.65-8.55 (m, 1 H), 7.85-7.83 (m, 1 H), 5.33 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.43 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.93 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.73-3.72 (m, 3H), 3.67-3.57 (m, 3H), 3.31-3.12 (m, 3H), 2.97-2.94 (m, 2H), 1.83-1.77 (m, 3H), 1.65-1.62 (m, 1 H), 0.79 (m, 3H), 0.77 (m, 3H).

Example 30: (R)-2.4-Dihvdroxy-N-{3-r2-(4-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)- ethylcarbamoyll-3-oxo-propyl}-3,3-dimethyl-butyramide

iral

(R)-2,4-Dihydroxy-W-{3-[2-(4-methanesufo

3,3-dimethyl-butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (R)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid {3-hydroxy-3-2-4- methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-ethylcarbamoyl]-propyl}-amide (64 mg, 0.12 mmol) as a colorless gum (11 mg, 22%).

HPLC (Method A): Rt 3.46 min, (Purity 94.7%). LCMS (Method A): 429.0 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d s ): δ 8.74 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, H), 7.83-7.73 (m, 3H), 7.53 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H), 5.32 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.43 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.73 (d, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.38-3.25 (m, 4H), 3.16-3.12 (m, 4H), 2.96-2.86 (m, 3H), 2.50-2.49 (m, 2H), 0.78 (s, 3H), 0.77 (s, 3H).

Example 31: (R)-N-F3-(4-Bromo-benzvicarbamovn-3-oxo-proDyl]-2,4-dihvdrox y- 3.3-dimethyl-butyramide

(R)-A -[3-(4-Bromo-benzylcarbamoyl)-3-oxo-propyl]-2,4-dihydroxy-3, 3-dimethyl- butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (R)-2-{4- methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimetyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid [3-(4-bromo- benzylcarbamoyi)-3-hydroxy-propyl]-amide (44 mg, 0.08 mmol) as a pale yellow solid (11 mg, 32%). HPLC (Method B): Rt 4.64 min, (Purity 92.55%). LCMS (Method B): 417.0 (M+H). H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 9.14 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.80 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.53 (dd, J = 4.0, 6.6 Hz, 2H), 7.23 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H), 5.30 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.40 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.34 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H), 3.74 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.33-3.25 (m, 3H), 3.23 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 2.99-2.97 (m, 2H), 0.78 (s, 3H), 0.77 (s, 3H).

Example 32: 4-{fW(R)-2,4-Dihvdroxy-3,3-dimethyl-butyrylamino)-2-oxo- butyrylamino1-methyl}-N-[2-(4-phenoxy-phenyl)-ethyll-benzami de

4-{[4-((R)-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-butyi lamino)-2-oxo-butyi lamino]-methyl}-N-[2- (4-phenoxy-phenyl)-ethyl]-benzamidewas synthesized following general procedure B starting from (/?)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3- hydroxy-3-4-2-(4-phenoxy-phenyl)-ethylcarbamoyi]-benzylcarba moyl}-propyl)-amide (159 mg, 0.28 mmol) as a white solid (40 mg, 38%).

HPLC (Method B): Rt 5.49 min, (Purity 92.1 1%). LCMS (Method B): 576.2 (M+H). H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 9.14-9.10 (m, 1 H), 8.50-8.45 (m, 1H), 7.78-7.73 (m, 3H), 7.38-7.32 (m, 4H), 7.24 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H), 7.10 (s, 1 H), 6.97-6.92 (m, 4H), 5.34 (d, J = 5.3 Hz, 1 H), 4.45 (s, 1 H), 3.68 (d, J = 5.6 Hz, 2H), 3.47-3.37 (m, 7H), 3.00 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 2H), 2.81 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 0.78 (s, 3H), 0.77 (s, 3H).

Example 33: ((R)-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-N-{3-oxo-3-r4-(Diperidine-1- sulfonvD-benzylcarbamoyll-propyD-butyramide

(/?)-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-A -{3-oxo-3-[4-(piperidine-1-sulfonyl)-benzylcarbamoyl]- propyl}-butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from ( )-2- (4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid {3-hydroxy-3-4- piperidine-1-sulfonyl)-benzylcarbamoyl]-propyl}-amide (125 mg, 0.21 mmol) as a white solid (58 mg, 50%).

HPLC (Method B): Rt 4.65 min, (Purity 97.48%). LCMS (Method B): 484.0 (M+H). H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 9.20-9.19 (m, H), 7.85-7.82 (m, 1 H), 7.65 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H), 7.51 (d, J = 8.3 Hz, 2H), 5.35 (d, J = 5.6 Hz, 1 H), 4.45-4.40 (m, 3H), 3.68 (d, J = 5.6 Hz, 1 H), 3.36-3.17 (m, 4H), 2.99 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 2H), 2.84 (t, J = 5.0 Hz, 4H), 1.52 (t, J = 5.0 Hz, 6H), 0.78 (s, 3H),0.77 (s, 3H).

Example 34: (R)-N-(3-[(1-Benzenesulfonyl-Diperidin-4-ylmethyl)-carbamoyl 1-3- oxo-propyl}-2,4-dihvdroxy-3.3-dimethyl-butyramide

( )-A/-{3-[(1-Benzenesulfonyl-piperidin-4-ylmethyl)-carbamoyl] -3-oxo-propyl}-2,4- dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (R)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid {3- [(1-benzenesulfonyl-piperidin-4-ylmethyl)-carbamoyl]-3-hydro xy-propyl}-amide (260 mg, 0.43 mmol) as a white solid (184 mg, 88%).

HPLC (Method B): Rt 4.46 min, (Purity 96.97%). LCMS (Method B): 484.0 (M+H). H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 8.54-8.52 (m, 1 H), 7.74-7.61 (m, 6H), 6.67 (d, J = 5.6 Hz, 1 H), 4.43 (t, J = 5.6 Hz, 1 H), 3.67-3.57 (m, 3H), 3.57-3.48 (m, 4H), 2.96-2.91 (m, 4H), 2.18 (d, J = 2.4 Hz, 2H), 1.66-1.63 (m, 2H), 1.51-1.42 (m, 1 H), 1.21-1.01 (m, 2H), 0.77 (s, 3H), 0.76 (s, 3H).

Example 35: fR)-2.4-Dihvdroxy-3.3-dimethvi-N-f3-oxo-3-f3 4-fpiDeridine-1- sulfon vD-phen yll-prop ylcarbamoyl prop vD-butyramide

chiral

(R)-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-/V-(3-oxo-3-{3-[4-(piperid ine-1-sulfonyl)-phenyl]- propylcarbamoyl}-propyl)-butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (R)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3- hydroxy-3-3-3-(piperidine-1-sulfonyl)-phenyl]-propylcarbamoy l}-propyi)-amide (111 mg, 0.18 mmol) as a colorless gum (19 mg, 21 %).

HPLC (Method B): Rt 5.01 min, (Purity 86.53%). LCMS (Method B): 512.3 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 8.63-8.61 (m, 1 H), 7.62 (d, J = 8.3 Hz, 3H), 7.46 (d, J = 8.3 Hz, 2H), 5.34 (d, J = 5.5 Hz, 1 H), 4.45 (d, J = 5.60 Hz, 1 H), 3.67 (d, J = 5.5 Hz,

1 H), 3.32-3.11 (m, 5H), 2.98-2.94 (m, 2H), 2.85-2.83 (m, 4H), 2.67-2.65 (m, 2H), 2.50- 2.46 (m, 1 H), 1.78 (t, J = 7.1 Hz, 2H), 1.51 (t, J = 5.6 Hz, 4H), 1.34 (d, J = 4.4 Hz, 2H), 0.77 (s, 3H),0.76 (s, 3H).

Example 36: (R)-2.4-Dihvdroxy-3.3-dimethyl-N-{3-oxo-3-I3-(pjper^

benzylcarbamoyll-propyD-butyramide

(R)-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-N-{3-oxo-3-[3-(piperidine- 1 -sulfonyl)-benzylcarbamoyl]- propyl}-butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (R)-2- (4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3Jdioxane-4-carboxylic acid {3-hydroxy-3-3- piperidine-1-su!fonyl)-benzylcarbamoyl]-propyl}-amide (107 mg, 0. 8 mmol) as a white solid (60 mg, 70%).

HPLC (Method B): Rt 4.27 min, (Purity 98.5%). LCMS (Method B): 484.0 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 9.22-9.21 (m, 1 H), 7.64-7.58 (m, 5H), 5.33 (d, J = 5.2 Hz, 1 H), 4.45-4.40 (m, 3H), 3.67 (d, J = 5.6 Hz, 1H), 3.68-3.58 (m, 4H), 2.99-2.96 (m, 2H), 2.86-2.84 (m, 4H), 1.53-1.43 (m, 4H), 1.32-1.30 (m, 2H), 0.77 (s, 3H), 0.76 (s, 3H).

Example 37: (R)-2.4-Dihydroxy-3.3-dimethyl-N-f3-oxo-3-F4-(pyridin-4-ylox y)- benzylcarbamoyll-propyD-butyramide

Chir

(R)-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-A/-{3-oxo-3-[4-(pyridin-4- yloxy)-benzylcarbamoyl]- propyl}-butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (R)-2- (4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid {3-hydroxy-3-4-pyridin- 4-yloxy)-benzylcarbamoyl]-propyl}-amide (146 mg, 0.26 mmol) as a white solid (86 mg, 75%).

HPLC (Method B): Rt 4.17 min, (Purity 96.38%). LCMS (Method B): 430.0 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 9.14-9.12 (m, 1 H), 8.44-8.43 (m, 2H), 7.38 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 3H), 7.13-7.11 (m, 2H), 6.89-6.87 (m, 2H), 5.34 (d, J = 5.6 Hz, 1H), 4.45 (d, J = 5.6 Hz, 1 H), 4.34 (d, J = 6.4 Hz, 2H), 4.03 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 2H), 3.32-3.13 (m, 3H), 3.02-2.98 (m, 2H), 0.77 (s, 3H),0.76 (s, 3H).

Example 38: (R)-N-(3-{f 1-(Biphenyl-4-sulfonyl)-piperidin-4-ylmethyl]-carbamoyl}- 3-oxo-propyl)'2.4-dihvdroxy-3.3-dimethyl-butyramide

(R)-N-(3-{[1-(Biphenyl-4-sulfonyl)-piperidin-4-ylmethyl]- carbamoyl}-3-oxo-propyl)-2,4- dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (/?)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3- {[1-(biphenyl-4-sulfonyl)-piperidin-4-ylmethyl]-carbamoyl}-3 -hydroxy-propyl)-amide (124 mg, 0.18 mmol) as a white solid (99 mg, 97%).37

HPLC (Method B): Rt 5.54 min, (Purity 97.27%). LCMS (Method B): 560.3 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 8.55-8.52 (m, 1 H), 7.93-7.91 (m, 2H), 7.80-7.74 (m, 5H), 7.54-7.44 (m, 3H), 5.32 (d, J = 5.5 Hz, 1 H), 4.43 (s, 1 H), 3.66-3.61 (m, 4H), 3.32-3.23 (m, 4H), 2.98-2.92 (m, 3H), 2.24 (d, J = 1.92 Hz, 2H), 1.76-1.66 (m, 2H), 1.53-1.43 (m, 1 H), 1.18-1.15(m, 2H), 0.76 (s, 3H),0.75 (s, 3H).

Example 39: (R)-2.4-Dihvdroxy'N-{3-I4-(2-methanesulfonylamino-ethoxy)- benzylcarbamoyl1-3-oxo-propyl)-3,3-dimethyl-butyramide

(R)-2,4-Dihydroxy-A/-{3-[4-(2-methanesuifonylamino-et oxy)-benzylcarbamoyl]-3-oxo- propyl}-3,3-dimethyl-butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (R)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 > 3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid {3- hydroxy-3-[4-(2-methanesulfonylamino-ethoxy)-benzylcarbamoyl ]-propyl}-amide (97 nng, 0.16 mmol) as a colorless liquid (14 mg, 18%).

HPLC (Method B): Rt 3.63 min, (Purity 99.18%). LCMS (Method B): 474.0 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 9.12-9.10 (m, 1 H), 7.78-7.76 (m, 1H), 7.18 (d, J = 4.0 Hz, 3H), 6.87 (d, J = 4.8 Hz, 2H), 5.34 (d, J = 5.2 Hz, 1 H), 4.44 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.22 (d, J = 6.2 Hz, 2H), 3.98 (t, J = 5.7 Hz, 2H), 3.67 (d, J = 5.6 Hz, 2H), 3.36-3.15 (m, 5H), 2.98 (d, J = 5.00 Hz, 2H), 2.93 (s, 3H), 0.77 (s, 3H), 0.76 (s, 3H).

Example 40: (R)-2.4-Dihvdroxy-3.3-dimethyl-N-{3-oxo'3-r3-(3-oxo-morDholi n-4-Yl)- prop ylcarbamoyll-prop vD-butyramide

(R)-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-/\/-{3-oxo-3-[3-(3-oxo-mor pholin-4-yl)-propylcarbamoyl]- propyl}-butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (R)-2- (4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid {3-hydroxy-3-3-3-oxo- morpholin-4-yl)-propylcarbamoyl]-propyl}-amide (94 mg, 0.18 mmol) as a brown gum (28 mg, 39%).

HPLC (Method B): Rt 2.71 min, (Purity 95.79%). LCMS (Method B): 388.3 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 8.65-8.64 (m, 1 H), 7.85-7.83 (m, 1H), 5.34 (d, J = 5.5 Hz, 1 H), 4.44 (t, J = 5.6 Hz, 1 H), 4.00 (s, 2H), 3.80 (t, J = 5.2 Hz, 2H), 3.67 (d, J = 5.6 Hz, 1H), 3.35-3.25 (m, 7H), 3.17-2.94 (m, 5H), 1.67 (t, J = 6.8 Hz, 2H), 0.77 (s, 3H), 0.76 (s, 3H).

Example 41 : fR)-2.4-Dihvdroxy-3.3-dimethyl-N-f3-(4-morpholin-4-yl- benzylcarbamoyl)-3-oxo-propyll-butyramide

(R)-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-/V-[3-(4-morpholin-4-yl-benzy lcarbamoyl)-3-oxo-propyl]- butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (R)-2-(4- methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid [3-hydroxy-3-4-morpholin- 4-yl-benzylcarbamoyl)-propyl]-amide (95 mg, 0.18 mmol) as a brown gum (29 mg, 39%).

HPLC (Method B): Rt 3.75 min, (Purity 95.51%). LCMS (Method B): 422.2 (M+H). H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 9.01-8.98 (m,1 H), 7.76-7.75 (m, 1 H), 7.13 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 2H), 6.86 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 2H), 5.33 (d, J = 5.6 Hz, 1 H), 4.44 (t, J = 5.6 Hz, 1 H), 4.19 (d, J = 6.3 Hz, 2H), 3.72-3.66 (m, 5H), 3.32-3.25 (m, 3H), 3.17-3.13 (m, 1 H), 3.05-2.86 (m, 6H), 0.77 (s, 3H), 0.76 (s, 3H).

Example 42: (R)-2.4-Dihvdroxy-3.3-dimethyl-N-f3-oxo-3-(2-phenoxy- ethylcarbamovD-propyll-butyramide

(R)-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-/V-[3-oxo-3-(2-phenoxy-eth ylcarbamoyl)-propyl]- butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (f?)-2-(4- methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid [3-hydroxy-3-(2-phenoxy- ethylcarbamoyl)-propyl]-amide (81 mg, 0.17 mmol) as a colorless liquid (11 mg, 18%).

HPLC (Method B): Rt 4.29 min, (Purity 95.56%). LCMS (Method B): 367.3 (M+H). H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 8.75-8.70 (m, 1 H), 7.75-7.70 (m, 1 H), 7.29-7.25 (m, 2H), 6.94-6.91 (m, 3H), 5.34 (d, J = 5.6 Hz, 1 H), 4.44 (t, J = 5.6 Hz, 1 H), 4.03 (t, J = 5.9 Hz, 2H), 3.67 (d, J = 5.2 Hz, 1 H), 3.50-3.25 (m, 5H), 3.15 (t, J = 5.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.00-2.96 (m, 2H), 0.77 (s, 3H), 0.76 (s, 3H).

Example 43: (R)-N-{3,4-Dioxo-4-F4-(3-trifluoromethanesul†onyl-phenylam ino )- piperidin~1'Vl]-butyl}-2,4-dihvdroxy-3,3-dimethyl-butyramide

(R)-A/-{3,4-Dioxo-4-[4-(3-trifluorom

2,4-dihydroxy-3,3-dimethy ) -butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (R)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid {3- hydroxy-4-oxo-4-[4-(3-trifluoromethanesulfonyl-phenylamino)- piperidin-1-yl]-butyl}- amide (143 mg, 0.26 mmol) as a off-white solid (77 mg, 66%).

HPLC (Method B): Rt 5.55 min, (Purity 97.61%). LCMS (Method A): 538.0 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 7.76 (t, J = 5.6 Hz, 1 H), 7.50 (t, J = 7.9 Hz, 1 H), 7.19- 7.15 (m, 3H), 6.58 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 5.39-5.37 (m, 1H), 4.30-4.29 (m, 1 H), 4.10-4.09 (m,1H), 3.70-3.62 (m, 3H), 3.40-3.24 (m, 6H), 2.93 (t, J = 6.6 Hz, 2H), 1.94-1.90 (m, 2H), 1.41-1.11 (m, 2H), 0.78 (s, 3H), 0.77 (s, 3H).

Example 44: (R)-2.4-Dihydroxy-3.3-dimethyl-N-{3-i4-(2-morpholin-4-yl-eth oxy)- benzylcarbamoyll-3-oxo-propyl}-butyramide

(R)-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-A/-{3-[4-(2-morpholin-4-yl -ethoxy)-benzylcarbamoyl]-3- oxo-propyl}-butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (R)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethy ) -[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid {3-hydroxy-3-4-2- morpholin-4-yl-ethoxy)-benzylcarbamoyl]-propy ) }-amide (54 mg, 0.1 mmol) as a colorless gum (27 mg, 63%).

HPLC (Method B): Rt 3.79 min, (Purity 93.47%). LCMS (Method B): 466.3 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 9.10-9.02 (m, 1 H), 7.75-7.72 (m, 1H), 7.17 (d, J - 4.0 Hz, 2H), 6.86 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H), 5.34 (d, J = 5.6 Hz, 1H), 4.44 (t, J = 5.6 Hz, 1 H), 4.22 (d, J = 6.3 Hz, 2H), 4.03 (t, J = 5.7 Hz, 2H), 3.62 -3.61 (m, 1 H), 3.56 (t, J = 4.4 Hz, 4H), 3.38-3.13 (m, 4H), 3.00-2.96 (m, 2H), 2.65 (t, J = 5.6 Hz, 2H), 2.50-2.44 (m, 4H), 0.78 (s, 3H), 0.77 (s, 3H).

Example 45: 4- i4-((R)-2,4-Dihvdroxy-3.3-dimethyl-butyrylamino)-2-oxo- butyrylaminoJ-methvD-benzoic acid ethyl ester

4-{[4-((R)-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-butyi7lam

benzoic acid ethyl ester was synthesized following general procedure B starting from 4- [(2-hydroxy-4-{[(R)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carbonyl]-amino}- butyrylamino)-methyl]-benzoic acid ethyl ester (49 mg, 0.1 mmol) as a white solid (17 mg, 45%).

HPLC (Method B): Rt .40 min, (Purity 95.88%). LCMS (Method B): 409.2 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 9.28-9.26 (m, 1 H), 7.89 (d, J = 6.4 Hz, 2H), 7.82-7.80 (m, 1 H), 7.40 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H), 5.35 (d, J = 5.6 Hz, 1 H), 4.45 (t, J = 5.6 Hz, 1 H), 4.36 (t, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H), 4.28 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 3.68 (d, J = 5.6 Hz, 1 H), 3.37-3.25 (m, 3H), 3.16 (t, J = 5.2 Hz, 1 H), 3.00-2.97 (m, 2H), 1.30 (t, J = 7.0 Hz, 3H), 0.78 (s, 3H), 0.77 (s, 3H).

Example 46: fR)-2.4-Dihvdroxy-3.3-dimethyl-N-r3-oxo-3-(f1-r4-(2-oxo-pyrr olidin-1- vn-benzenesulfonyll-piperidin-4-ylmethyl}-carbamoyl)-propyl1 -butyramide

( )-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-N-[3-oxo-3-({1-[4-(2-oxo-pyrrol idin-1-yl)- benzenesulfonyl]-piperidin-4-ylmethyl}-carbamoyl)-propyl]-bu tyramicle was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (R)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl- [1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid [3-hydroxy-3-{1-[4-(2-oxo-pyrrolidin-1-yl)- benzenesulfonyl]-piperidin-4-ylmethyl}-carbamoyl)-propyl]-am ide (200 mg, 0.29 mmol) as a white solid (33 mg, 20%).

HPLC (Method B): Rt 4.21 min, (Purity 98.52%). LCMS (Method B): 567.0 (M+H). H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 8.65-8.62 (m, 1 H), 7.91 (d, J = 5.2 Hz, 2H), 7.90-7.69 (m, 3H), 5.33 (d, J = 5.5 Hz, 1 H), 3.87 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 3.66 (d, J = 5.5 Hz, 1 H), 3.56 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H), 3.32-3.14 (m, 4H), 2.97-2.92 (m, 4H), 2.56-2.51 (m, 3H), 2.15-2.05 (m, 4H), 1.71-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.49-1.32 (m, 1H), 1.17-1.05 (m, 2H), 0.76 (s, 3H), 0.75 (s, 3H).

Example 47: fR)-2.4-Dihvdroxy-N- 3-ri1-methanesulfonyl-piperidin-4-ylmethyl)- carbamo νΠ-3-oxo-prop yl}-3, 3-dimeth yl-butyramide

' u ( ?)-2,4-Dihydroxy-A -{3-[(1 -methanesulfonyl-piperidin-4-ylmethyl)-carbamoyl]-3-oxo- propy!}-3,3-dimethyl-butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (f?)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid {3- hydroxy-3-(1-methanesulfonyl-piperidin-4-ylmethyl)-carbamoyl ]-propyl}-amide (128 mg, 0.24 mmol) as an off-white gum (50 mg, 50%).

5 HPLC (Method B): Rt 3.21 min, (Purity 98.08%). LCMS (Method B): 422.2 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 8.80-8.76 (m, 1 H), 7.75-7.72 (m,1 H), 5.34 (d, J = 5.5 Hz, 1 H), 4.44 (t, J = 5.6 Hz, 1 H), 3.67 (d, J = 5.6 Hz, 1 H), 3.51 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H), 3.37- 3.25 (m, 3H), 3.16-3.12 (m, 2H), 3.04-2.94 (m, 3H), 2.82 (s, 3H), 2.69-2.59 (m, 2H), 1.71-1.55 (m, 3H), 1.15-1.12 (m, 2H), 0.78 (d, 3H), 0.77 (d, 3H).

0

Example 48: (R)-N-f3-f(1-Acetyl-pipe din-4-ylmethyl)-carbamoyll-3-oxo-propyl)- 2.4-dih ydroxy-3, 3-dimeth yl-butyramide

(/=?)-A/-{3-[(1-Acetyl-piperidin-4-ylmethyl)-carbamoyl]-3 -oxo-propyl}-2,4-dihydroxy-3,3- dimethyl-butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (R)- 2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid {3-[(1 -acety!- 30 piperidin-4-ylmethyl)-carbamoyl]-3-hydroxy-propyl}-amide (139 mg, 0.26 mmol) as a yellow gum (72 mg, 68%). HPLC (Method B): Rt 2.92 min, (Purity 97.15%). LCMS (Method B): 386.3 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 8.60-8.58 (m, 1 H), 7.75-7.72 (m, 1H), 5.34 (d, J = 5.4 Hz, H), 4.44 (t, J = 5.6 Hz, 1 H), 4.30 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.75 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 3.67 (d, J = 5.5 Hz, 1 H), 3.37-2.93 (m, 8H), 2.51-2.44 (m, 1 H), 1.95 (s, 3H), 1.90 (s, 1 H), 1.56- 1.60 (m, 3H), 1.06-0.88 (m, 2H), 0.77 (s, 3H), 0.76 (s, 3H).

Example 49: (R)-2.4-Dihvdroxy-3,3-dimethyl-N-(4-morpholin-4-yl-3,4-dioxo -butyl)- butyramide

(R)-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-/V-(4-morpholin-4-yl-3,4-d ioxo-butyl)-butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (f?)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5- dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3-hydroxy-4-morpholin-4-yl-4-oxo-butyl)-amide (116 mg, 0.26 mmol) as an off-white solid (59 mg, 70%).

HPLC (Method B): Rt 2.91 min, (Purity 98.15%). LCMS (Method B): 317.3 (M+H). H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 7.79 (t, J = 4.5 Hz, 1 H), 5.37 (d, J = 5.5 Hz, 1 H), 4.45 (t, J = 5.6 Hz, 1 H), 3.68 (d, J = 5.5 Hz, 1 H), 3.59-3.53 (m, 4H), 3.48-3.26 (m, 7H), 3.28- 3.17 (m, 1 H), 2.93 (t, J = 6.6 Hz, 2H), 0.77 (s, 3H), 0.75 (s, 3H).

Example 50: (R)-2.4-Dihvdroxy-N-{3-f4-(2-methoxy-ethoxy)-benzylcarbamoyl ]-3- oxo-propyl}-3,3-dimethyl-butyramide

(R)-2,4-Dihydroxy-/V-{3-[4-(2-methoxy-ethoxy)-benzylcarba moyl]-3-oxo-propyl}-3,3- dimethyl-butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from {R)- 2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid {3-hydroxy-3-[4-(2- methoxy-ethoxy)-benzylcarbamoyl]-propyl}-amide (67 mg, 0.13 mmol) as a white solid (36 mg, 69%).

HPLC (Method B): Rt 3.93 min, (Purity 93.74%). LCMS (Method B): 41 .0 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): 6 9.15-9.13 (m, 1 H), 7.75 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.17 (d, J = 8.6 Hz, 2H), 6.85 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 2H), 5.34 (d, J = 5.6 Hz, 1 H), 4.44 (t, J = 5.6 Hz, H), 4.22 (d, J = 6.3 Hz, 2H), 4.05-4.03 (m, 2H), 3.68-3.61 (m, 3H), 3.32-3.13 (m, 7H), 3.00 -2.96 (m, 2H), 0.77 (s, 3H), 0.75 (s, 3H).

Example 51: (R)-N-(3-ff 1-(3-Fluoro-benzenesulfonyl)-piperidin-4-ylmethyll- carbamo yl)-3-oxo-prop yl)-2, 4-dihydroxy-3, 3-dimeth yl-b utyr amide

(R)-W-(3-{[1-(3-Fluoro-benzenesuIfonyl)-piperidin-4-ylmet hyl]-carbamoyl}-3-oxo-propyl)- 2,4-dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (R)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3- {[1-(4-fluoro-benzenesulfonyl)-piperidin-4-ylmethyl]-carbamo yl}-3-hydroxy-propyl)- amide (99 mg, 0.16 mmol) as a white solid (36 mg, 45%).

HPLC (Method B): Rt 4.69 min, (Purity 99.15%). LCMS (Method B): 502.0 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 8.56 (s, 1 H), 7.74-7.53 (m, 5H), 5.33 (d, J = 5.6 Hz, 1 H), 4.45-4.44 (m, 1 H), 3.67-3.59 (m, 3H), 3.32-3.12 (m, 3H), 2.97-2.93 (m, 4H), 2.32-2.22 (m, 2H), 1.65 (m, 2H), 1.45-1.42 (m, 2H), 1.19-1.05 (m, 2H), 0.76 (s, 3H), 0.75 (s, 3H).

Example 52: (R)-N-(3-{f1-(3-Fluoro-phenylmethanesulfonyl)-piperidin-4-yl methyl carbamovl}-3-oxo-propyl)-2,4-dihvdroxv-3,3-dimethvl-butvrami de

(R)-A/-(3-{I1-(3-Fluoro-phenylmethanesulfonyl)-piperidin- 4-ylmethyl]-carbamoyl}-3-oxo- propyl)-2,4-dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (R)-5,5-Dimethyl-2-phenyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid (3- {[1 -(3-fluoro-phenylmethanesulfonyl)-piperidin-4-ylmethyl]-carb amoyl}-3-oxo-propyl)- amide (98 mg, 0.12 mmol) as a white solid (28 mg, 44%). HPLC (Method B): Rt 4.67 min, (Purity 97.86%). LCMS (Method B): 516.0 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 8.75 -8.72 (m, 1 H), 7.75 -7.73 (m, 1 H), 7.41 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.25-7.19 (m, 3H), 5.34 (d, J = 5.6 Hz, 1 H), 4.46-4.41 (m, 3H), 3.67 (d, J = 5.4 Hz, 1 H), 3.52 (m, 2H), 3.32-3.14 (m, 4H), 2.99-2.94 (m, 4H), 2.66 (m, 2H), 1.63-1.62 (m, 3H), 1.05-1.03 (m, 2H), 0.78 (s, 3H), 0.77 (s, 3H).

Example 53: fR)-2 < 4-Dihydroxy--N- 3-if4'-methanesulfonyl-biphenyl-4-ylmethyl)- carbamoyll-3"OXO-propyl}-3,3-dimethyl-butyramide

(R)-2,4-Dihydroxy- V-{3-[(4'-rnethanesulfonyl-biphenyl-4-ylrnethyl)-carbarnoyl] -3-oxo- propyl}-3,3-dimethyl-butyramide was synthesized following general procedure B starting from (/?)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carboxylic acid {3- hydroxy-3-(4'-methanesulfonyl-biphenyl-4-ylmethyl)-carbamoyl ]-propyl}-amide (71 mg, 0.1 mmol) as an off-white solid (16 mg, 28%).

HPLC (Method B): Rt 4.31 min, (Purity 98.94%). LCMS (Method B): 491.0 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 9.17 (t, J = 6.4 Hz, W), 7.99-7.90 (m, 4H), 7.72 (t, J = 8.2 Hz, 3H), 7.41 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 2H), 5.35 (d, J = 5.5 Hz, 1 H), 4.45 (t, J = 5.6 Hz, 1 H), 4.37 (d, J = 6.4 Hz, 2H), 3.68 (d, J = 5.4 Hz, 1 H), 3.37-2.98 (m, 9H), 0.8 (s, 3H), 0.78 (s, 3H).

Example 54: 4-{[4-((R)-2,4-Dihvdroxy-3,3-dimethyl-butyrylamino)-2-oxo- butyrylaminol-methvD-benzoic acid

4-{[4-((R)-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-butyrylamino)-2-oxo -butyrylamino]-methyl}- benzoic acid was synthesized following general procedure B starting from 4-[(2- hydroxy-4-{[(R)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carbonyl3-amino}- butyrylamino)-methyl]-benzoic acid methyl ester followed by hydrolysis using LiOH.H 2 0 ( 2 eq) to afford a white solid (17 mg, 24%).

HPLC (Method B): Rt 2.16 min, (Purity 94.12%). LCMS (Method B): 381.0 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 12.88 (bs, 1 H), 9.17 (t, J = 6.4 Hz, 1 H), 7.87 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 2H), 7.78 (t, J = 5.7 Hz, 1H), 7.37 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H), 5.35 (d, J = 5.4 Hz, 1 H), 4.45 (t, J = 5.1 Hz, 1 H), 4.37 (d, J = 6.3 Hz, 2H), 3.68 (d, J = 5.6 Hz, 1H), 3.37-2.97 (m, 6H), 0.8 (s, 3H), 0.78 (s, 3H).

Example 55: 4'-ff4-i(R)-2,4-Dihvdroxy-3,3-dimethyl-butyrylamino)-2-oxo- butyrylaminol-methyl}-biphenyl-4-carboxylic acid

4 , .{[4-((R)-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-butyrylamino)-2-o xo-butyrylamino]-methyl}- biphenyl-4-carboxylic acid was synthesized following general procedure B starting from 4'-[(2-hydroxy-4-{[(R)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4-carbonyl]- amino}-butyrylamino)-methyl]-biphenyl-4-carboxylic acid methyl ester followed by hydrolysis using LiOH.H 2 0 ( 2 eq) to afford a pale yellow solid (35 mg, 50%).

HPLC (Method B): Rt 3.08 min, (Purity 95.35%). LCMS (Method B): 457.0 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 13.12 (s, 1 H), 9.16 (t, J = 6.4 Hz, 1 H), 8.00 (d, J = 6.4 Hz, 2H), 7.76 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 3H), 7.67 (d, J = 8.1 Hz, 2H), 7.39 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H), 5.34 (d, J = 1.8 Hz, 1H), 4.45 (s, 1 H), 4.36 (d, J = 6.4 Hz, 2H), 3.68 (d, J = 5.2 Hz, 1 H), 3.39-3.15 (m, 6H), 0.8 (s, 3H), 0.78 (s, 3H).

Example 56: 4 F4-((R)-2A-Dihvdroxy-3,3-dimethyl-butyrylamino)-2-oxo- butyrylaminol-methyl)-biphenyl-4-carboxyHc acid methyl ester

4V{[4-(( )-2,4-Dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-butyrylamino)-2-oxo-butyi7lamin o]-m

bipheny)-4-carboxylic acid methyl ester was synthesized following general procedure E starting from 4'-[(2-hydroxy-4-{[(R)-2-(4-methoxy-phenyl)-5,5-dimethyl-[1 ,3]dioxane-4- carbonyl]-amino}-butyrylamino)-methyl]-biphenyl-4-carboxylic acid methyl ester as a white solid (14 mg, 32%).

HPLC (Method B): Rt 5.08 min, (Purity 96.85%). LCMS (Method B): 471.3 (M+H). H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 9.16 (t, J = 4 Hz, 1H), 8.02 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 2H), 7.79 (d, J = 6.0 Hz, 3H), 7.68 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H), 7.39 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 2H), 5.35 (d, J = 5.6 Hz, 1 H), 4.45 (t, J = 5.6 Hz, H), 4.36 (d, J = 6.4 Hz, 2H), 3.86 (s, 3H), 3.68 (d, J = 5.3 Hz, 1 H), 3.37-3.13 (m, 3H), 3.02-2.98 (m, 3H), 0.8 (s, 3H), 0.78 (s, 3H).

Example 57: fR}-N-r2-f2-Chloro-acetylamino)-ethvn-2,4-dihvdroxy-3.3-dime thyl- butyramide

(R)-A/-[2-(2-Chloro-acetylamino)-ethyl]-2,4-dihydroxy-3,3 -dimethyl-butyramide was synthesized following general procedure H starting from (R)-/V-(2-amino-ethyl)-2,4- dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-butyramide (148 mg, 0.72 mmol) as a colorless gum (147 mg, 76%).

HPLC (Method A ELSD): Rt 1.35 min, (Purity 99.62%). LCMS (Method A): 267.3 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 8.20 (s, 1 H), 7.81 (d, J = 5.4 Hz, 1 H), 5.36 (d, J = 5.5 Hz, 1 H), 4.46 (t, J = 5.6 Hz, 1 H), 4.03 (s, 2H), 3.70 (d, J = 5.4 Hz, 1 H), 3.32- 3.19 (m, 5H), 0.8 (s, 3H), 0.78 (s, 3H).

dih vdroxy-3, 3-dimeth yl-butyramide

(R)-/S/-{2-[(2-Chloro-acetyl)-(3-phenyl-propyl)-amino]-et hyl}-2,4-dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl- butyramide was synthesized following general procedure H starting from (R)-2,4- W

105 dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-W-[2-(3^henyl-propylamino)-ethyi]-but yramide (34 mg, 0. 1 mmol) as a colorless gum (13 mg, 30%).

HPLC (Method A ELSD): Rt 3.57 min, (Purity 98.28%). LCMS (Method A): 385.3 (M+H). H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 7.93 (s, 1 H), 7.28-7.16 (m, 5H), 5.47 (d, J = 5.4 Hz, 2H), 4.46 (s, 1 H), 4.36 (s, 2H), 3.72-3.71 (m, 3H), 3.32-3.14 (m, 4H), 2.55-2.44 (m, 2H), 1.82-1.75 (m, 3H), 0.8 (s, 3H), 0.78 (s, 3H).

Example 59: fRi-N-f2-ri2-Chloro-acetyl)-phenethyl-aminoJ-ethyl)-2,4-dihv droxY- 3,3-dimethyl-butyramide

(R)-/V-{2-[(2-Chloro-acetyl)-phenethyl-amino]-ethyl}-2,4- dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl- butyramide was synthesized following general procedure H starting from {R)-2,4- dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-N-(2-phenethylamino-ethyl)-butyramide (162 mg, 0.55 mmol) as an off white gum (34 mg, 36%).

HPLC (Method A): Rt 3.24 min, (Purity 99.49%). LCMS (Method A): 371.2 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 7.92-7.72 (m, 1 H), 7.29-7.20 (m, 5H), 5.47-5.35 (m, 1 H), 4.47-4.44 (m, 1 H), 4.36 (s, 1 H), 4.20 (s, 1 H), 3.69 (d, J = 5.1 Hz, 1 H), 3.50-3.24 (m, 8H), 2.85-2.75 (m, 2H), 0.80 (s, 3H), 0.78 (s, 3H).

Example 60: iR}-N'{2-rBenzyl-(2-chloro-acetyl)-aminol-ethyl)-2.4-dihvdro xy-3.3- dimethyl-butyramide

(R)-/\/-{2-[Benzyl-(2-chloro-acetyl)-amino]-ethyl}-2,4-di hydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-butyramide was synthesized following general procedure H starting from (R)-A/-(2-benzylamino- ethyl)-2,4-dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-butyramide (77 mg, 0.26 mmol) as a colorless gum (71 mg, 76%). HPLC (Method A): Rt 3.10 min, (Purity 99.75%). LCMS (Method A): 357.2 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 7.94 (s, 1 H), 7.39-7.20 (m, 5H), 5.47 (s, 1 H), 4.61-4.37 (m, 5H), 3.72-3.68 (m, 1 H), 3.32-3.13 (m, 6H), 0.80 (s, 3H), 0.78 (s, 3H).

Example 61: (R)-N-(2-{(2-Chloro-acetyl)-f2-(4-cvano-phenoxy)-ethvn-amino }- ethyl)-2,4-dihvdroxy-3,3-dimethyl-butyramide

(R)-N-(2-{(2-Chloro-acetyl)-[2-(4-cyano-phenoxy)-ethyl]-a mino}-ethyl)-2,4-dihydroxy- 3,3-dimethyl-butyramide was synthesized following general procedure H starting from (R)-/V-{2-[2-(4-cyano-phenoxy)-ethylamino]-ethyl}-2,4-dihydr oxy-3,3-dimethyl- butyramide (332 mg, 0.99 mmol) as an off white solid (98 mg, 24%).

HPLC (Method A): Rt 3.05 min, (Purity 99.75%). LCMS (Method A): 412.3 (M+H). H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 7.79-7.75 (m, 3H), 7.12 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 2H), 5.49-5.34 (m, 1 H), 4.48-4.42 (m, 3H), 4.25-4.16 (m, 2H), 3.76-3.64 (m, 3H), 3.44-3.24 (m, 6H), 0.80 (s, 3H), 0.78 (s, 3H).

Example 62: (R)-N-(2-{(2-Chloro-acetyl)-f 1-(4~cvano-phenyl)-piperidm-4-ylmethyll- amino}-ethyl)-2.4-dihvdroxy-3,3-dimethyl-butyramide

(R)-N-(2-{(2-Chloro-acetyl)-[1-(4-cyano-phenyi)-piperidin -4-ylmethyl]-amino}-ethyl)-2,4- dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-butyramide was synthesized following general procedure H starting from (R)-/V-(2-{[1 -(4-cyano-phenyl)-piperidin-4-ylmethyl]-amino}-ethyl)-2,4- dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-butyramide (25 mg, 0.06 mmol) as a off white solid (10 mg, 33%).

HPLC (Method A): Rt 3.38 min, (Purity 90.54%). LCMS (Method A): 465.2 (M+H). H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 7.92 (s, 1 H), 7.53 (d, J = 9.0 Hz, 2H), 6.99 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 2H), 5.46 (s, 1 H), 4.48-4.35 (m, 4H), 3.94-3.90 (m, 3H), 3.71 (t, J = 4.3 Hz, 1 H), 3.25- 3.23 ( m, 4H), 2.86-2.75 (m, 3H), 1.91 (bs, 1 H), 1.60-1.58 (m, 2H), 1.23-1.12 (m, 3H), 0.80 (s, 3H), 0.78 (s, 3H).

Example 63: (R)-N-f2'f(2-CMoro-acetyl)-(2-Dhenoxy-ethyl)-aminohethyl}-2. 4- dihvdroxy-3.3-dimethyl-butyramide

(R)-A -{2-[(2-Chloro-acetyl)-(2-phenoxy-ethyl)-amino]-ethyl}-2,4-d ihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl- butyramide was synthesized following general procedure H starting from ( ?)-2,4- dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-N 2-(2-phenoxy-ethylamino)-ethyl]-butyramide (396 mg, 1.27 mmol) and as a beige gum (74 mg, 15%).

HPLC (Method A): Rt 3.29 min, (Purity 98.05%). LCMS (Method A): 387.0 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 8.02-7.79 (m, H), 7.31-7.25 (m, 2H), 6.94-6.92 (m, 3H), 5.75-5.33 (m, 1 H), 4.48-4.42 (m, 3H), 4.13-4.04 (m, 2H), 3.74-3.62 (m, 3H), 3.44-3.23 (m, 6H), 0.80 (s, 3H), 0.78 (s, 3H).

Eyamp/e 64: ffl)-A/ 2-^2-C 7/oro-acefW)- 2-r -mef/7anesi /fon -p ienoxy)-efh 7- amino}-ethyl)~2,4-dihydroxy-3,3-dimethvt-butyramide

(f?)-/V-(2-{(2-Chloro-acetyl)-[2-(4-methanesulfonyl-pheno xy)-ethyl]-amino}-ethyl)-2,4- dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-butyramide was synthesized following general procedure H starting from (i?)-2,4-dihydroxy-A/-{2-[2-(4-methanesulfonyl-phenoxy)-ethy lamino]- ethyl}-3,3-dimethyl-butyramide (38 mg, 0.1 1 mmol) as a brown gum (20 mg, 44%).

HPLC (Method B): Rt 3.81 min, (Purity 95.91%). LCMS (Method A): 465.0 (M+H 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 7.97 (s, J = 4.0 Hz 1 H), 7.85 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 2H), 7.17 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 2H), 5.50-5.35 (m, 2H), 4.49-4.42 (m, 3H), 4.26-4.12 (m, 3H), 3.77-3.66 (m, 4H), 3.32-3.30 (m, 3H), 3.14 (s, 3H), 0.80 (s, 3H), 0.78 (s, 3H). Example 65: ^a-m-Chloro-acetylM-fmW^dihvdroxy-SJ-dimethv

butyrylamino)-ethylJ-amino}-ethoxy)-benzoic acid methyl ester

4-(2-{(2-Chloro-acetyl)-[2-((R)-2,4-dihydroxy-3,3-d ' ^

ethoxy)-benzoic acid methyl ester was synthesized following general procedure H starting from 4-{2-[2-((R)-2,4-dihydroxy-3,3-dimethyl-butyrylamino)-ethyla mino]- ethoxy}-benzoic acid methyl ester (33 mg, 0.09 mmol) as a yellow gum (4 mg, 10%).

HPLC (Method A): Rt 3.21 min, (Purity 96.01%). LCMS (Method A): 445.0 (M+H). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): δ 7.92-7.88 (m, 3H), 6.52 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H), 5.49-5.35 (m, 1 H), 4.48-4.46 (m, 3H), 4.42-4.25 (m, 4H), 3.80 (s, 3H), 3.76-3.66 (m, 3H), 3.43- 3.18 (m, 4H), 0.80 (s, 3H), 0.78 (s, 3H).

Example 66: (R)-N-{2-n2-(4-Bromo-phenoxy)-ethylh(2-chloro-acetyl)-amino1 - ethyl)-2.4-dihvdroxy-3.3-dimethyl-butyramide

(R)-A/-{2-[[2-(4-Bromo-phenoxy)-ethyl]-(2-chloro-acetyl)- amino]-ethyl}-2,4-dihydroxy- 3,3-dimethyl-butyramide was synthesized following general procedure H starting from ( ?)-A/-{2-[2-(4-bromo-phenoxy)-ethylamino]-ethyl}-2,4-dihydro xy-3,3-dimethyl- butyramide (577 mg, 1.55 mmol) as a yellow gum (190 mg, 18%).

HPLC (Method A): Rt 3.86 min, (Purity 98.1%). LCMS (Method A): 465.0 (M+H). H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d 6 ): 7.95 (t, J = 4.0 Hz, 1H), 7.46-7.42 (m, 2H), 6.93-6.91 (m, 2H), 5.49-5.34 (m, 1 H), 4.47-4.42 (m, 4H), 4.13-4.05 (m, 2H), 3.73-3.63 (m, 3H), 3.42- 3.18 (m, 5H), 0.8 (s, 3H), 0.78 (s, 3H). Vanin-1 enzymatic Assay:

Human recombinant Vanin-1 (VNN1) was purchased from Sino Biological Inc. (Catalog Number: 11662-H08H).

Measurement of VNN1 inhibition is performed in 384 well format based on

fluorescence intensity assay. Purified recombinant human Vanin-1 (0.5nM) and threefold serial diluted compounds in 3% DMSO (range of concentrations from 30μΜ to 1.524nM) or controls (3.0% DMSO) are incubated for 30 minutes at 30 °C with gentle agitation in assay buffer containing 100 mM potassium Phosphate Buffer (KPi) pH 7.5, 0.001% Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA), 0.5 mM dithiothreitol (DTT) and 0.0025% Brij- 35. The reaction is initiated by the addition of the fluorogenic substrate, Pantothenate- AMC, at a concentration of 30μΜ. After 60 minutes of incubation at 30°C with gentle agitation, fluorescence intensity is measured at λ βχ =350nm and λ βπ1 = 450nm with a fluorescence reader (BMG Pherastar reader or equivalent).

Vanin-1 Cell-Based Mechanistic Assay:

The cellular activity of the examples was measured in 96 well format based on fluorescence intensity assay using SUIT-S2 cell line (ATCC # CRL1596)

Cells are cultured at 37°C with 5%C0 2 to 80-90% confluence and then washed once with Phosphate Buffer Saline (PBS). Adherent cells are detached with PBS-EDTA and once in suspension 40000 cells are dispensed in 90 μΙ of PBS in 96-well black plates with clear bottom. Three fold serial dilutions of test compounds are made in DMSO and the solubilized in PBS, dilution range 1:30. Cells and serial diluted test compounds (final concentrations 10μΜ to 4.6nM ) or controls (PBS/0.3% DMSO) are incubated for 2 hours at 37°C with 5%C02. The reaction is initiated by the addition of the fluorogenic substrate, Pantothenate-AMC, at a concentration of 30μΜ. After 30 minutes of incubation at 30°C with gentle agitation, fluorescence intensity is measured at λ βχ =350nm and X em = 450nm with a fluorescence reader (BMG Pherastar reader or equivalent).