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Patent Searching and Data


Title:
ANCHOR & METHOD
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2013/165295
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Anchor (18) for tensioning at least one component for a civil engineering construction (14), which anchor (18) is arranged to at least partly be located in the ground/underlying surface (12). The anchor (18) comprises at least one surface (20, 22, 24) that is intended to at least partly be covered with material (25), so that only the weight of said material (25) which acts on said at least one surface (20, 22, 24) gives said anchor (18) the capacity for tensioning said at least one component for a civil engineering construction (14).

Inventors:
NILSSON, Håkan (Knatteskärsgatan 12, Västra Frölunda, S-421 57, SE)
Application Number:
SE2013/050119
Publication Date:
November 07, 2013
Filing Date:
February 12, 2013
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
BLUE SYSTEMS AB (Fiskebäcks Hamn 16, Västra Frölunda, S-426 58, SE)
International Classes:
E01F15/04; E02D5/80; E02D27/50
Foreign References:
EP1541768A1
EP1397562B1
US2196290A
Other References:
See also references of EP 2844799A4
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
VALEA AB (Lindholmspiren 5, Göteborg, S-417 56, SE)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. Anchor (18) for tensioning at least one component for a civil engineering construction (14), which anchor (18) is arranged to at least partly be located in the ground/underlying surface (12), characterized in that said anchor (18) comprises at least one surface (20, 22, 24) that is intended to at least partly be covered with material (25), so that the weight of said material (25) which acts on said at least one surface (20, 22, 24) gives said anchor (18) the capacity for tensioning said at least one component for a civil engineering construction (14). 2. Anchor (18) according to claim 1 , characterized in that said at least one surface (20, 22, 24) is constituted by at least one plate, a grid or a beam.

3. Anchor (18) according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that it comprises a plurality of joined components.

4. Anchor (18) according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that it comprises a plurality of components, such as plates and/or beams provided with hinges.

5. Anchor (18) according to claim 4, characterized in that it comprises a first plate (20) that is intended to be located substantially horizontally when said anchor (18) is in use, and a second plate (22, 24) that is arranged so that it forms an angle of 91-180° to said first plate (20) when said anchor (18) is in use.

6. Anchor (18) according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that said at least one surface (20, 22, 24) has a surface area of at least 0.5 m2.

7. Civil engineering construction that comprises at least one component for a civil engineering construction (14) which is tensioned using at least one anchor (18), characterized in that it comprises at least one anchor (18) according to any of claims 1 - 6.

8. Civil engineering construction according to claim 7, characterized in that it comprises one of the following: a wall, a road safety fence, a railway, a bridge, a tunnel, a harbour, a pier, a ferry berth, a canal, a lock, a monument, a beacon, an airport, a park, a fence, a fortification, a building, a portal, a lamppost, a flag pole, a renewable energy construction, a floating or non-floating platform.

9. Method for securing at least one anchor (18) with at least one surface (20, 22 24) 5 for tensioning at least one component for a civil engineering construction (14), at least partly in the ground/underlying surface (12), characterized in that said method comprises the step of securing said at least one surface (20, 22, 24) of the at least one anchor (18) in the ground/underlying surface (12), and at least partly covering said at least one surface (20, 22, 24) with material (25) so that the weight of said material (25) which 10 acts on said at least one surface (20, 22, 24) gives said at least one anchor (18) the capacity for tensioning said at least one component for a civil engineering construction (14).

10. Method according to claim 9, characterized in that said at least one surface (20, 15 22, 24) comprises at least one plate, a grid or a beam.

11. Method according to claim 9 or 10, characterized in that said anchor (18) comprises a plurality of joined components.

20 12. Method according to any of claims 9-11 , characterized in that said anchor (18) comprises a plurality of components provided with hinges.

13. Method according to claim 12, characterized in that said method comprises the step of laying a first plate (20) substantially horizontally in the ground/underlying surface

25 (12) and positioning a second plate (22, 24) to form an angle of 91-180° to said first plate (20).

14. Method according to any of claims 9-13, characterized in that said at least one surface (20, 22, 24) has a surface area of at least 0.5 m2.

30

15. Method according to any of claims 9-14, characterized in that said at least one component for a civil engineering construction (14) is at least one component for at least one of the following a wall, a road safety fence, a railway, a bridge, a tunnel, a harbour, a pier, a ferry berth, a canal, a lock, a monument, a beacon, an airport, a park, a fence, a

35 fortification, a building, a portal, a lamppost, a flag pole, a renewable energy construction, a floating or non-floating platform.

Description:
ANCHOR & METHOD

TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention concerns an anchor for tensioning at least one component for a civil engineering construction. The present invention also concerns a method for securing an anchor for tensioning at least one component for a civil engineering construction, at least partly in the ground/underlying surface.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

In many civil engineering constructions cables are fed down to an anchor in the ground, which anchor is used to tension the cables. Anchors are for example used in a road safety fence. A road safety fence is a continuous obstruction along a road, which is mounted with the aim of increasing traffic safety by preventing vehicles from driving into the lane of a vehicle travelling in the opposite direction and to prevent a vehicle from leaving the roadway in the case of an accident, especially in places where there is a particular risk for consequent injury, such as by water or in places with large height level differences.

The road safety fences that are used on most European roads are tested according to a standard EN1317. This standard requires crash tests to be carried out by an accredited crash test laboratory. There are different capacity levels depending on which type of safety equipment a section of road requires. In Sweden for example, road safety fences usually meet class N2 requirements, which means a crash test with a vehicle that weighs 1500 kg at 1 10 km/h and with a 20° approach angle, while bridge railings are often tested in class H2, which means a crash test with a bus weighing 13 tons at 70 km/h and a 20° angle.

A steel wire fence often comprises a plurality of posts secured substantially vertically in the ground or another underlying surface at a distance from one another, and at least one substantially horizontal steel wire fixed to the posts. A concrete anchor, which usually weights three to four tons, and which has a volume of almost two cubic metres is placed at the start and the end of the road safety fence. Such a concrete anchor can be prefabricated or it can be cast on site. A hole is dug in the ground and the concrete anchor is placed in the hole. One or more steel wires are fastened to the anchor and are brought to the right tension. A disadvantage with pre-fabricated anchors is that they are difficult to transport and move. A disadvantage with anchors that are cast on site is that the anchor material and the equipment that is needed to cast an anchor on site must be transported to the installation site.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

An object of the present invention is to provide an improved anchor for tensioning, i.e. for maintaining an applied tension in, or applying a tension to at least one component for a civil engineering construction.

This object is achieved by an anchor that is arranged to at least partly be located in the ground/underlying surface. The anchor comprises at least one surface that is intended to be at least partly covered with material so that the weight of this material which acts on said at least one surface gives the anchor the capacity for tensioning said at least one component for a civil engineering construction, such as a cable, a lead, a wire or a line that is directly or indirectly fastened to a component, or that is integrated with a component. Instead of using a heavy anchor made of concrete for example, a much lighter anchor can be manufactured from metal, a composite material, plastic or some other suitable material. It is the weight of the material that is laid above and/or around the anchor and the resistance in the ground/underlying surface that surrounds the anchor, which weight acts on said at least one surface, which gives the anchor the capacity for tensioning said at least one component for a civil engineering construction. Such an anchor is simpler to manufacture, handle, transport and move.

The expression "anchor for tensioning at least one component for a civil engineering construction" means that the anchor must be suitable for tensioning a component for a civil engineering construction with a tension of at least 5 kN, at least 10 kN, at least 20 kN, at least 30 kN or higher when the anchor is in use. 1- 10 tons of material, or more, can for example be needed to obtain the desired tension depending on the application. At least one element, such as a steel wire or the like, which element is used to connect the anchor to at least one component for a civil engineering construction is arranged at or above ground- or water level, i.e. it is not buried in the ground or located under water and it does not extend at least partly below ground level or water level. The at least one element extends along ground level or water level and/or above ground level or water level, and is directly or indirectly fastened to the anchor. The expression "at least one surface" does not only mean a substantially two-dimensional part of the anchor, such as a plate. It can also be at least one surface of a three- dimensional part of the anchor, such as a beam. Said at least one surface does not necessarily have a continuous surface but can contain holes, cavities, raised portions, channels or other features. Said at least one surface can for example be a grid or an angled plate. Said at least one surface does not necessarily need to be flat, and can have any shape, cross section and/or thickness. Said at least one surface has for example a surface area that can be covered with material of at least 0.5 m 2 , at least 1 m 2 , at least 2 m 2 , at least 3 m 2 , at least 4 m 2 , at least 5 m 2 or larger. An anchor according to the present invention can occupy a volume of 1-10 m 3 or more.

The word "material" as used in the expression "at least one surface is covered with material" means material that is not the same as the material from which the anchor itself is manufactured. It can be material from the surrounding ground and/or the surrounding underlying surface in which the anchor is at least partly located, such as earth and/or other material that is moved/dug out in order to at least partly secure the anchor in the ground/underlying surface. Additionally, or alternatively this material can be earth, water, rocks and/or other material that is transported to the installation site.

According to an embodiment of the invention said at least one surface of at least one plate consists of a plate, a grid, a beam or some other component, and comprises metal, plastic- or a composite material.

An anchor according to the present invention can comprise a frame-like structure that is placed in the ground or in the underlying surface. According to another embodiment of the invention the anchor comprises a plurality of components, such as plates and/or beams provided with hinges. Such an anchor can be transported to the installation site in a folded state and be unfolded on installation to facilitate its transportation and handling. Additionally, or alternatively an anchor can comprise a plurality of joined components, such as plates and/or beams. Such an anchor can be at least partly constructed at the installation site, for example by joining the components with a weld or bolt joint. The anchor can comprise a first plate that is intended to be located substantially horizontally when said anchor is in use and a second component that is arranged so that it forms an angle of 91-180°, for example 120-160° to said first steel plate when said anchor is in use. The present invention also concerns a civil engineering construction, such as a road safety fence, a railway, a bridge, a tunnel, a harbour, a pier, a ferry berth, a canal, a lock, a monument, a beacon, an airport, a park, a fence, a fortification, a building, a portal, a lamppost, a flag pole, a renewable energy construction, such as a solar panel park, a floating or non-floating platform such as a wind energy installation or some other installation, which civil engineering construction comprises at least one component for a civil engineering construction that is tensioned using at least one anchor according to an embodiment of the invention.

The present invention further concerns a method for securing an anchor for tensioning at least one component for a civil engineering construction, at least partly in the ground/underlying surface. The method comprises the step of securing at least one surface of the anchor in the ground and at least partly covering said at least one surface with material so that the weight of this material that acts on said at least one surface gives the anchor the capacity for tensioning said at least one component for a civil engineering construction. Further embodiments of the method are recited in the dependent claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

In the following, the present invention will be described in more detail with reference to the accompanying schematic figures in which:

Figures 1 & 2 show an anchor according to the prior art

Figures 3-8, 10 & 11 show an anchor according to embodiments of the present invention, and

Figure 9 shows a method according to an embodiment of the present

invention.

It should be noted that the drawings have not necessarily been drawn to scale and that the dimensions of certain features may have been exaggerated for the sake of clarity. It should also be noted that a feature that is described in connection with one embodiment of the invention can be applied to any other embodiment of the invention unless the description explicitly excludes this possibility. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE EMBODIMENTS

Figure 1 shows a concrete anchor 10 according to the prior art, which concrete anchor 10 weights about 3 to 4 tons. Figure 2 shows a concrete anchor 10 that has been buried below ground level 12 in order to tension a plurality of steel wires 14 of a road safety fence that comprises a plurality of posts 16 intended to be secured substantially vertically in the ground 12 at a distance from one another. The steel wires 14 are fastened to the posts 16 and to the concrete anchor 10 and are brought to the right tension. The anchor 10 is placed at a distance D, of for example 1 -20 m, or 3-12 m from the start and end of the road safety fence. Figures 3-8 and 10 show an anchor 18 according to an embodiment of the present invention for tensioning at least one component for a civil engineering construction 14 according to an embodiment of the invention. The anchor 18 is arranged to be located in the ground/underlying surface and comprises a surface 20 that is intended to at least partly be covered with material, so that the weight of said material which acts on said surface 20 gives the anchor the capacity for tensioning at least one component for a civil engineering construction.

Figure 8 shows an anchor 18 according to an embodiment of the present invention, which anchor comprises surfaces 20, 22, 24 intended to be covered with material 25 so that the weight of said material 25 which acts on the surfaces 20, 22, 24 gives the anchor 18 the capacity for tensioning at least one component for a civil engineering construction, for example a steel wire 14 of a road safety fence. A road safety fence can have one to six steel wires 14. The uppermost steel wire can for example be placed at a height of 600- 800 mm. One or more steel wires 14 can for example be fastened to the anchor 18 using an anchor-embedded component 26. An anchor-embedded component 26 does not however necessarily need to be located at ground level 12 as shown in the illustrated embodiment.

The road safety fence can be a side, centre or slope railing. A side railing is placed at the side of a roadway (on the hard shoulder), a centre railing is placed between traffic travelling in opposite directions in the central part of a road, either in the road base or in tarmac, or when the distance between traffic travelling in opposite directions is small, such as when a 13 m road is converted to a 2 + 1 road, and a slope railing is placed on a slope at the side of the road. The slope railing is high enough to handle a car that flies out over the slope and low enough to take care of a car that follows the slope's inclination. The advantages with placing a railing on a slope at the side of the road are to provide more space for pedestrians and cyclists or for cars that have broken down, to provide more space for snow (i.e. when the snow melts the risk of melting snow and water flowing onto the roadway is decreased), and to provide simpler snow clearance of the roadway edge and the side of the roadway.

Even though the illustrated embodiment shows a road safety fence, an anchor 18 according the present invention can be used to tension any component(s) for civil engineering construction. A single anchor 18 can be used to tension a plurality of components for civil engineering constructions, or a plurality of anchors 18 can be used to tension a single component for a civil engineering construction or a smaller number of components for civil engineering constructions.

Said at least one component for a civil engineering construction is for example at least one component for one of the following: a road, such as a road safety fence, a railway, a bridge, a tunnel, a harbour, a pier, a ferry berth, a canal, a lock, a monument, a beacon, an airport, a park, a fence, a fortification, a building, a portal, a lamppost, a flag pole, a renewable energy construction, such as a solar panel park, a floating or non-floating platform such as a wind energy installation.

It should be noted that an anchor 18 according to the present invention does not necessarily need to tension at least one component for a civil engineering construction that is located above the ground 12. It can also be used for tensioning at least one component for a civil engineering construction that is at least partly located below the ground/underlying surface.

It should also be noted that even a concrete anchor 10 according to the prior art such as that shown in figure 1 can comprise inclined sides that are covered with material when the anchor 10 is in use. The weight of the material that covers these inclined surfaces is however negligible compared with the weight of the concrete anchor 10. An anchor 18 according to the present invention is arranged so that the weight of material that covers said at least one surface 20, 22, 24 when the anchor 18 is in use is at least ten times, or at least 20 times, or at least 50 times, or at least 100 times heavier or more, than the weight of the anchor 18 itself.

In the illustrated embodiment the surfaces 20, 22, 24 consist of metal plates, such as steel plates, provided with hinges 28. The surfaces 20, 22, 24 can be substantially rectangular or triangular and/or they can be at least partly covered with a coating, such as a rust- preventing coating. The steel anchor 18 can be transported to the installation site in a folded state, and be unfolded on installation of the anchor 18 in the ground. A first plate 20 is arranged to be located substantially horizontally when the anchor 18 is in use and the other two plates 22, 24 are arranged so that they form an angle φ of 120° to the first plate 20 when the anchor 18 is in use. An anchor 18 according to the present invention can also comprise retaining element or tension elements, such as cables or beams, in order to hold the anchor's surfaces 20, 22, 24 in place while they are at least partly covered with material 25.

The first plate 20 can be located 0.7 - 2 m below ground level 12 when the anchor is in use. The first plate 20 can for example have a length of 1 - 4 m and/or a width of 0.7- 2 m and/or a total surface area of 2-8 m 2 that can be covered with material 25. An anchor 18 according to the present invention can however be dimensioned in any way depending on the application and the tension that must be achieved.

Figure 9 shows a method for securing an anchor 18 for tensioning at least one component for a civil engineering construction, at least partly in the ground/underlying surface. The method comprises the step of securing at least one surface 20, 22, 24 of the anchor 18 in the ground/underlying surface in some suitable manner, for example by digging a hole in the ground 12 and placing the anchor 18 in the hole. Said at least one surface 20, 22, 24 is at least partly covered with material 25, such as surrounding earth and stones so that the weight of said material 25 which acts on the at least one surface 20, 22, 24 gives the anchor the capacity for tensioning at least one component for a civil engineering construction.

Figure 10 shows an anchor 18 according to an embodiment of the present invention, which anchor 18 comprises a surface 20 intended to be covered with material 25 so that the weight of said material 25 which acts on the surface 20 gives the anchor 18 the capacity for tensioning at least one component for a civil engineering construction, such as a steel wire 14 in a construction 28 on which at least one solar panel or solar collector 30 is mounted. A solar panel park can for example comprise a plurality of solar panel- supporting constructions 30, whereby each construction 30 comprises a metal frame, such as an aluminium frame, on which at least one solar panel 30 is mounted. Instead of tensioning each construction 30 with a cable and a post provided with a thread which is screwed into the ground, such as in existing solutions, an anchor 18 according to the present invention can be used for tensioning a plurality of constructions 30, whereby one or more steel wires 14 that is/are connected to one or more constructions 30 for example, can be fastened directly to the anchor 18 using an anchor-embedded component 26, and/or indirectly to the anchor 18 via one or more posts 32.

Figure 1 shows an anchor 18 according to an embodiment of the present invention, which anchor 18 comprises a surface 20 intended to be covered with material 25 so that the weight of said material 25 which acts on the surface 20 gives the anchor 18 the capacity for tensioning at least one component for a civil engineering construction. One or more steel wires in a construction on which at least one solar panel or solar collector is mounted can for example be fastened to a post 32, which in the illustrated embodiment constitutes part of the anchor 18. The anchor 18 can then absorb forces wanting to lift and/or displace the post 32 in wind, or if a civil engineering construction is subjected to some other force.

It should be noted that features that have been described in connection with one or a number of embodiments can also be included in other embodiments of the present invention.

Several modifications of the invention are possible within the scope of the accompanying claims.