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Patent Searching and Data


Title:
ANTENNA ELEMENT
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/1998/039816
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
An antenna element for circular polarization is described. It comprises a ground plane (1), with first to fourth radiation members (2-5) in the form of helical wires, symmetrically arranged around a symmetry axis (6), as well as a distribution network (8) arranged below the ground plane (1). It is particularly characterized in that the radiation members (2-5), in their outer lower ends (7), are attached in a supporting manner, electrically conducting, to the ground plane (1), and that the radiation members, in their upper ends (14) facing away from the ground plane, are electrically interconnected.

Inventors:
Bengtsson, P�r (Bergsgatan 9, Alings�s, S-441 43, SE)
Brattstr�m, Sven-olof (H�genv�gen 178, K�llered, S-430 50, SE)
Application Number:
PCT/SE1998/000245
Publication Date:
September 11, 1998
Filing Date:
February 12, 1998
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
SAAB ERICSSON SPACE AB (G�teborg, S-405 15, SE)
Bengtsson, P�r (Bergsgatan 9, Alings�s, S-441 43, SE)
Brattstr�m, Sven-olof (H�genv�gen 178, K�llered, S-430 50, SE)
International Classes:
H01Q1/36; H01Q11/08; (IPC1-7): H01Q1/36
Domestic Patent References:
WO1994021005A1
Foreign References:
US3188643A
US5349365A
US5346300A
EP0465658A1
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Lundmark, Jan-erik (Saab AB, Patent Dept, Link�ping, S-581 88, SE)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS
1. An antenna element for circular polarization, comprising a ground plane (1), with first to fourth radiation members (25) in the form of helical wires, symmetrically arranged around a symmetry axis (6), as well as a distribution network (8) arranged below the ground plane (1), characterized in that the radiation members (25), in their outer lower ends (7), are attached in a supporting manner, electrically conducting, to the ground plane (1), and that the radiation members, in their upper ends (14) facing away from the ground plane, are electrically interconnected.
2. An antenna element according to claim 1, characterized in that the radiation members (25) are each connected to the distribution network at a point (10) at the distance k/4 from their outer, lower ends.
Description:
Antenna element The present invention relates to an antenna element for circular polarization comprising a ground plane, with first to fourth radiation members in the form of helical wires, symmetrically arranged around a symmetry axis, as well as a distribution network arranged below the ground plane.

Such antenna elements are known, with cylindrical or conical arrangement of the radiation members. These are fixed in space by winding them on some substrate of dielectric material, or by etching them on a substrate, which is then formed, usually into a cylinder.

The substrate, which usually consists of a polymer, may give rise to electrostatic discharges, which is a problem as far as a space application is concerned. The discharges may also cause problems in the amplifier stages of the connected receiver.

Thus, there is a need of an antenna element of the kind mentioned in the introduction, which does not exhibit the above-mentioned disadvantages.

According to the invention, such an antenna element is characterized in that the radiation members in their outer lower ends are attached in a supporting manner, electri- cally conducting, to the ground plane, and in that the radiation members in their upper ends, facing away from the ground plane, are electrically interconnected.

In a preferred embodiment, each of the radiation members is connected to the distribution network at a point at the distance k/4 from its outer, lower end.

The invention will be described in the following with reference to the accompanying schematic perspective drawing, wherein

Figure 1 shows an embodiment of the antenna element, viewed from above, Figure 2 shows the same object, viewed from below, and Figure 3 shows a detail, partly in cross section, of the attachment of a distribution network.

In the figures, a first ground plane is designated 1.

First to fourth radiation members, in the form of four helical metal wires 2-5, are arranged symmetrically around a symmetry axis 6 such that they may be circumscribed by a cone. In their outer, lower ends, the wires are attached via metal plates 7, in electrical contact with the first ground plane 1. In the upper ends, the wires are electri- cally interconnected. Below the first ground plane, a distribution network 8 is arranged, suspended from fastening devices 9. The radiation members are each, at the distance B/4 from their lower ends, for the fourth radiation member 5 marked by 10, connected to the distri- bution network 8. In this way, all energy supplied to the radiation members will be radiated out from these.

As is most clearly shown in Figure 3, the fastening devices 9 consist of stages in a frame 11, arranged in the circumference of the first ground plane 1. The distri- bution network is provided with four pieces of conductor 12, which are each placed against a corresponding fastening device 9, and are squeezed against this by a second ground plane (not shown). The pieces of conductor exhibit the length B/4, whereby they serve as open conductors as viewed from the distribution network. The advantage of this arrangement is that it is not necessary to use fastening devices of some insulating material, such as polymers. The distribution network feeds and receives signals, respectively, via inputs/outputs 13.