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Title:
ANTIRETURN SYSTEM FOR ACTIVATING A FUNCTION OR AN ELEMENT OF AN AUTOMOTIVE VEHICLE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2014/053602
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The invention relates to antireturn system for preventing an operating organ of an automotive vehicle to reach an operating position, the said antireturn system comprising a reception surface made in at least one wall of the operating organ and a control device intended to cooperate with the said reception surface in so that the operating organ is prevented from reaching an operating position, wherein the said anti-return system comprises also elastic means carried by a support and configured to cooperate with the control device by applying at least two perpendicular forces on the control device for making a permanent contact between the said control device and the reception surface.

Inventors:
POGGI, Patrice (C/O U-SHIN FRANCE, 4 Quai de la Jonction, Nevers, F-58000, FR)
DELLA FIORENTINA, Alix (C/O U-SHIN FRANCE, 4 quai de la jonction, Nevers, F-58000, FR)
Application Number:
EP2013/070636
Publication Date:
April 10, 2014
Filing Date:
October 03, 2013
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
U-SHIN FRANCE (2-10 rue Claude Nicolas Ledoux, ZI Europarc, Creteil Cedex, F-94000, FR)
International Classes:
H01H27/06; B60R25/021
Foreign References:
FR2115879A51972-07-07
FR2965230A12012-03-30
FR1579015A1969-08-22
FR2965230A12012-03-30
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
LARGER, Solène (U-SHIN FRANCE, 2-10 rue Claude Nicolas LedouxZI Europarc, CRETEIL Cedex, F-94000, FR)
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Claims:
REVENDICATIQNS

1. Antireturn system (103) for preventing an operating organ (102) of an automotive vehicle to reach an operating position, the said antireturn system (103) comprising a reception surface (104) made in at least one wall of the operating organ (102) and a control device (106) intended to cooperate with the said reception surface (104) in so that the operating organ (102) is prevented from reaching an operating position, wherein the said anti-return system (103) comprises also elastic means (110) carried by a support (111) and configured to cooperate with the control device (102) by applying at least two perpendicular forces (121, 122) on the control device (106) for making a permanent contact between the said control device (106) and the reception surface (104).

2. Antireturn system (103) according to claim 1, wherein the permanent contact between the control device (106) and the reception surface (104) forms sensibly a line or a plane. 3. Antireturn system (103) according to claim 2 wherein the control device (106) has a spherical, cubic or elongated shape.

4. Antireturn system (103) according to any of the previous claims, wherein the at least one elastic means (110) is in contact with the control device (106) through at least a surface contact and/ or several punctual contacts. 5. Antireturn system (103) according to any of the previous claims, wherein each elastic means (110) comprises one or more springs, especially hairpin spring.

6. Antireturn system (103) according to any previous claims, wherein the support (111) of the elastic means (110) is fixed to the control device (106) by fixing means (130, 131) enabling relative motion between the said control device (106) and the said support (111).

7. Antireturn system (103) according to the previous claim, wherein the fixing means (130, 131) comprises an elongated hole (130) associated to a pin (131) capable of coming through the said hole (130).

8. Antireturn system (103) according to the previous claim, wherein the hole (130) is placed through the control device (106) and the pin (131) is placed on the support (111).

9. Antireturn system (103) according to the previous claim, wherein it is constituted by the control device (106) cooperating with the reception surface (104), the support (111) and the elastic means (110).

10. Antitheft device for steering column lock of an automotive vehicle comprising : a lock (101) which are able to rotate between a neutral position (STOP) and a third position (START) through a second position (ON), an operating organ (102) being a cam (102) intended to be fixed in rotation with the lock (101) for activating operating function according to the position of the lock, and an antireturn system (103) according to any preceding claims configured to cooperate with the operating organ (102) for preventing the said operating organ to reach an operating position.

11. Antitheft device according to the previous claim wherein the cam (102) comprises a longitudinal axis and the reception surface comprises two different ways for receiving the control device course, the said two ways being disposed against each other according the longitudinal axis.

Description:
Antireturn system for activating a function or an element of an automotive vehicle

The invention relates to an antireturn system for preventing an operating organ of an automotive vehicle to reach an operating position and an antitheft device for a steering column lock for an automotive vehicle comprising said antireturn system.

It is known from the document FR2965230 antitheft devices for steering column of an automotive vehicle.

Such antitheft device is shown in figure 1.

The antitheft device comprises a lock 1 intended to receive a key. The said lock 1 is capable of having three positions STOP, ON and START.

The lock 1 is rotationally fixed with a cam 2 which is connected to the starter (not shown) for making this latter start. The starter enables to set off the thermal engine when activated by its own motor.

At a resting position of the automotive vehicle, the lock is in the STOP position wherein there is no electrical supply coming from the battery of the automotive vehicle. The lock passes from the STOP position to the ON position. In the ON position, an electrical switch enabling the electrical supply, coming from the battery, to the different circuits and organs of the vehicle. When the lock is in the ON position, the correct key makes the lock rotate to the third position START. In this position, the starter via the cam sets off the engine. However, elastic means enable to pass from this START position to the ON position. Indeed, the starter and the thermal engine may be deteriorated if the lock stays too longer in this position.

Therefore, any other electrical supply made by the user to the thermal engine whereas the said thermal engine has been already started causes an issue by the damage of the starter or the thermal engine itself. The antitheft device of the prior art comprises an antireturn system 3 comprising a reception surface 4 made in one of the side wall of the cam 2 and an operating finger 6 carried by a support 7. The finger 6 is configured to cooperate with the surface of the reception surface 4 thanks to elastic means 10 (see figure 2) in such a way that the finger 6 follows a path 11 created in or on the cam 2 and delimited by appropriate walls 12.

When an authorized key is inserted in the lock 1 but not rotated, the finger 6 is in the STOP position (see figure 3). When the key rotates from the STOP position to the ON position, the finger follows the path 11 according to one determined direction for reaching the START position at the same time the key is rotated to this final position. Then, after the engine is on, the key goes back elastically to the ON position. During this course, the finger 6 goes through the START position and falls into a hole 9 delimited by a straight wall 9a and a sloping wall 9b. Thanks to the walls 9a and 9 configuration, the finger 6 cannot return back to the START position and has to move on towards the STOP position. In special circumstances, such finger 6 undergoes high torsion force which results in the loss of the contact between the finger and the reception surface. In such a case, it is possible for the cam to be placed unwillingly in the ON position by the user.

Although this antitheft device presents a lot of advantage, there is a need for a more resistant anti-return system, especially to torsion force, more compact and less dependent of the fabrication of the operating organ reception surface.

According to one aspect, the present invention has for object an antireturn system for preventing an operating organ of an automotive vehicle to reach an operating position, the said antireturn system comprising a reception surface made in at least one wall of the operating organ and a control device intended to cooperate with the said reception surface in so that the operating organ is prevented from reaching an operating position, wherein the said anti-return system comprises also elastic means carried by a support and configured to cooperate with the control device by applying at least two perpendicular forces on the control device for making a permanent contact between the said control device and the reception surface.

The antireturn system of the invention enables a reliable and efficient permanent contact between the control device and the reception surface even in case of high torsion forces applied to the control device. As a consequent, the operating organ is obliged to move according to the course defined by the cooperation between the control device and the reception surface. The said operating organ cannot reach the unwilling operating position in an efficient and reliable way.

The permanent contact with the surface of the operating organ element lets the anti- return system to be free from the fabrication defaults of the reception surface and thus enables an assembly of the antireturn system easier and cheaper.

Furthermore, the antireturn system of the present invention is compact.

The present invention may also comprise the additional following features taken alone or in combination:

- the permanent contact between the control device and the reception surface forms sensibly a line or a plane, the control device has a spherical, cubic or elongated shape, the at least one elastic means is in contact with the control device through at least a surface contact and/ or several punctual contacts, each elastic means comprises one or more springs, especially hairpin spring, the support of the elastic means is fixed to the control device by fixing means enabling relative motion between the said control device and the said support, the fixing means comprises an elongated hole associated to a pin capable of coming through the said hole, the hole is placed through the control device and the pin is placed on the support, - the antireturn system according to the invention is constituted by the control device cooperating with the reception surface, the support and the elastic means.

The invention also relates an antitheft device for steering column lock of an automotive vehicle comprising : a lock which are able to rotate between a neutral position and a third position through a second position, an operating organ being a cam intended to be fixed in rotation with the lock for activating operating function according to the position of the lock, and an antireturn system according to any preceding claims configured to cooperate with the operating organ for preventing the said operating organ to reach an operating position.

The cam may comprise a longitudinal axis and the reception surface comprises two different ways for receiving the control device course, the said two ways being disposed against each other according the longitudinal axis.

The present invention will be better understood at the light of the following description given as an example and illustrated by the followings figures:

- Figure 1 is a schematic perspective view of the antireturn system according to a prior art;

- Figure 2 is a schematic perspective view of a finger in a support with elastic means of the antireturn system of figure 1 ;

- Figure 3 is a perspective view of the reception surface of the operating organ according to the antireturn system of figure 1 ;

- Figure 4 is a perspective view of antireturn system according to an embodiment of the invention; - Figure 5 is a perspective view of the reception surface of the operating organ according to the embodiment of figure 4.

On all figures, the identical elements are referenced by the same number.

The antireturn system illustrated in figures 4 and 5 comprises an operating organ of an automotive vehicle as being a cam 102. The said cam 102 is intended to be fixed in rotation with the lock for activating operating function according to the position of the lock. In particular, the cam 102 cooperates with means locking a steering column lock, such as a sliding bar (not shown).

The operating organ may be any other element of the vehicle which is movable either rotably or slidably and comprises a reception surface on which a control device is able to follow.

According to the present embodiment, the cam 102 is rotationally connected to the lock 101 which is rotated by a key inserted into the lock by the user.

The operating organ, here the cam 102, is movable between several positions. These positions have to be reached according to a precise order in order to avoid damage of other elements of the automotive vehicle.

In the case of the illustrated embodiment, the cam 102 by following the rotation of the lock 101 may take at least three positions: a neutral position OFF, a second position ON and a third position START (see figure 5). After going through the position ON which makes the thermal engine motor sets off, the said cam 102 has to go firstly to the START and then to a position at least near the STOP position before reaching again the ON position. This path is symbolized by the dotted line 111.

The antireturn system 103 of the present invention enables the operating organ, here the cam 102, not to reach the unwilling operating position. The operating position may be any position which enables to operate a function, such as set off the engine or supplying the battery. In this perspective, the antireturn system 103 of the present invention comprises a reception surface 104 made of at least one wall of the operating organ, here the cam 102, and a control device 106 intended to cooperate with the said reception surface 104 in so that the operating organ 106 is prevented from reaching an operating position. The said anti-return system 103 also comprises elastic means 110 carried by a support 111. The said elastic means 111 are configured to cooperate with the control device 106 by applying at least two perpendicular forces 121 and 122 on the said control device 106 for making a permanent contact between latter 106 and the reception surface 104.

Thanks to the forces 121 and 122 of different directions applied to the control device 106, this latter is permanently in contact with the surface of the reception surface 104. In case of torsion forces on the control device 106, the elastic means 121 and 122 are able to compensate so as to keep the control device 106 always in contact with the reception surface 104.

Therefore, the contact between the reception surface 104 and the control device 106 is permanent, reliable and efficient so as to enable the control device 106 to follow a predetermined course on the reception surface 104.

The permanent contact with the surface 104 lets the anti-return system 103 of the invention to be free from the fabrication defaults since the elastic means are able to compensate any defaults due to the manufacture. The assembly of the antireturn system 103 of the present invention is thus easier and cheaper than the one of the prior art.

Furthermore, the antireturn systeml03 of the present invention is compact. Few pieces are needed. In case, the antireturn device of the present invention is constituted by the control device cooperating with the reception surface, the support and the elastic means. No other piece is needed than the control device 106, the support 111 and the elastic means 110.

The reception surface 104 is configured for forcing the control device 106 to move in one determined direction. According to the embodiment shown in figure 5, the cam 102 comprises a longitudinal axis 115 and the reception surface 104 comprises at least two different paths 111a and 111b for receiving the control device course, the said at least two paths 111a and 111b are disposed against each other according to the longitudinal axis 115.

For forming the desired course of the control device 106, the reception surface 104 may comprise an area delimited by straight walls 109a and at least a sloping wall, preferably one sloping wall 109b. Such configuration creates a hole 109. The hole 109 thus forces the control device 106 to go to the direction of the sloping wall in order to get the control device 106 out of the hole 109. The control device 106 is then obliged to follow the path 111a. The reception surface 104 may be formed by surfaces formed at different level and linked together so as to create a path 111 that the control device 106 will have to follow. As shown in the specific embodiment, illustrated in figure 5, the reception surface 104 presents an upper surface 104a , an intermediate surface 104b and a below surface 104c.

The intermediate surface 104b is delimited by walls 112 which prevent the control device 106 from going up to the upper surface 104a. In other words, the control device 106 is obliged to go down or to stay on the intermediate surface 104b.

The below surface 104c is also delimited by walls 112, 109. One of the wall 109b is configured for enabling the control device 106 to reach the upper surface 104a. However, the control device 106 cannot reach the intermediate surface 104b after the said control device 106 went on the below surface 104c.

Some slopes 112b and 109b may guide the course of the control device 106.

Other means may be used for guiding the course of the control device 106.

Preferably, the permanent contact between the control device 106 and the reception surface 104 forms sensibly a line or a plane. The permanent contact is therefore not punctual but wide enough for enabling a good cooperation between the control device 106 and the reception surface 104. The control device 106 may have a spherical, cubic or any elongated shape which enables a surface contact.

As example, the control device 106 may be a bowl or a plate as shown in figure 4. The control device 106 may be in any type of material suitable for supporting torsion force, such as stainless steel.

The antireturn system 103 of the present invention also comprises at least one elastic means 110. The elastic means 110 may be for example one or several springs arranged in such a way so as to apply at least two perpendicular forces 121 and 122 on the control device 106. The said spring may be a torsion or a compression spring. According to the embodiment shown in figure 3, the elastic means may be an hairpin spring. The said elastic means 110 are attached to the support 111.

The said support 111 and the control device 106 are fixed in rotation in the reference of the antitheft device while the operating organ, here the cam 102 is moving in rotation according to its longitudinal axis 115. The said support 111 comprises a recess 120 for receiving the elastic means 110 and the control device 106. The recess 120 is configured for enabling the motion of the control device 106 when this latter is following the reception surface 104.

The support 111 may be made in a specifically resistant material, such as Zamak ®. Zamac® is an alloy comprising zinc and alloying elements of aluminium, magnesium and copper.

Advantageously, the support 111 is fixed to the control device 106 by fixing means enabling relative motion between the said control device and the said support..

Advantageously, the fixing means comprise an elongated hole associated to a pin capable of coming through the said hole. The hole may be placed through the control device and the pin is placed on the support.

As shown in figure 4, the hole 130 is made through the control device 106 and the pin 131 is fixed to the inside of the support 111. The pin 131 may be made in steel.

When employed in the antitheft device according to the invention, the antireturn system 103 works as follows.

When the key is not introduced in the lock 101, the control device 106 is in the rest position at the upper surface 104a.

When the user introduces the key and starts to rotate this key from the STOP position to the ON position, the said control device 106 follows this upper surface 104a until the intermediate surface 104b. The intermediate surface 104b is delimited by three straight walls 112 preventing the control device 106 from going back to the upper surface 104a. When the control device 106 falls on the intermediate surface 104a, the key is in the ON position.

When the user keeps moving the rotation of the key until the ON position, the control device 106 is obliged to follow the intermediate surface 104b until one side not delimited by a wall. The said control device 106 is guided by a sloped wall 112b. Therefore, the control device 106 is obliged to fall in the hole 109, on the below surface 104c. When the control device 106 reaches the below surface 104c, the key is in the ON position.

The said below surface 104c is delimited by two straight walls 109a preventing the said control device 106 to reach again the intermediate surface 104b which would make the cam 102 back to the ON position. When the key comes back to the START position after the ON position, the control device 106 follows the sloping wall 109b until the upper surface 104a for reaching a position at least near to the STOP position. The cam 102 is back to the rest position.