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Title:
APPARATUS FOR DIRECTING A WATER FLOW AND VESSEL PROVIDED THEREWITH
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2003/043879
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The invention relates to an apparatus for directing a water flow, to be fastened at the stern of a vessel below the water surface. The invention is characterised in that the apparatus has a substantially convex upper main surface and a substantially concave lower main surface. With such an apparatus a vessel attains a more or less horizontal trim in the water, even at higher speeds. Slanting backward can be avoided almost completely. Partly thanks to this apparatus it is now possible, in particular for light displacement vessels with a V−shaped afterbody, to reach high speeds. According to a particular preferred embodiment the apparatus is characterized in that at a position near the front of the apparatus, the concave surface changes to a convex surface.

Inventors:
De Lange, Adrianus Huig Johannes (Goudsboer 4, BN Warmenhuizen, NL-1749, NL)
Application Number:
PCT/NL2002/000756
Publication Date:
May 30, 2003
Filing Date:
November 21, 2002
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
De Lange, Adrianus Huig Johannes (Goudsboer 4, BN Warmenhuizen, NL-1749, NL)
International Classes:
B63B39/06; (IPC1-7): B63B39/06
Foreign References:
US4487152A1984-12-11
US4915048A1990-04-10
GB331949A1930-07-17
US3757723A1973-09-11
Other References:
PATENT ABSTRACTS OF JAPAN vol. 1996, no. 06 28 June 1996 (1996-06-28)
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Van Breda, Jacques (Octrooibureau Los En Stigter B.V, Weteringschans 96, XS Amsterdam, NL-1017, NL)
Download PDF:
Claims:
What Is Claimed Is:
1. A compound of Formula I: wherein A is selected from CO and S02; wherein X is selected from oxygen atom and methylene; wherein R]_ is selected from hydrido and alkyl; wherein B is an unsaturated heterocyclic ring system of six ring members with one ring member being a nitrogen atom, wherein said ring system may be fused to a benzene or cyclohexane ring, wherein the point of attachment of B to the backbone of the structure of Formula I may be through a bond to any substitutable position on said heterocyclic ring system of B and wherein any substitutable position of B may be optionally substituted with one or more radicals selected from alkyl, alkoxy, alkenyl, alkynyl, halo, trifluoromethyl, oxo, cyano and phenyl, and wherein the said heterocyclic ring nitrogen atom may be combined with oxygen to form an Noxide; wherein R2 is selected from alkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, acylaminoalkyl, phenylalkyl and naphthylalkyl, and wherein the cyclic portion of any of said phenylalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl and naphthylalkyl groups may be substituted by one or more radicals selected from halo, hydroxy, alkoxy and alkyl; wherein each cf R3 and R5 is independently selected from hydrido and alkyl; wherein R4 is selected from wherein V is selected from hydrido, alkyl, benzyl and phenyl; wherein each of Rg and Rg is a radical independently selected from hydrido, alkyl, alkenyl and phenyl; wherein Rg is selected from alkyl, cycloalkylalkyl and phenylalkyl, any one of which may be substituted with one or more groups selected from alkyl, hydroxy and alkoxy; wherein R7 is selected from hydrido, alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, hydroxyalkyl and alkenyl; wherein p is a number selected from zero through five, inclusive; wherein q is a number selected from zero through five, inclusive; and wherein n is a number selected from zero through five, inclusive; or a pharmaceuticallyacceptable salt thereof.
2. Compound of Claim 1 wherein A is selected from CO and SO2; wherein X is selected from oxygen atom and methylene; wherein Rι_ is selected from hydrido and alkyl; wherein B is an unsaturated heterocyclic ring system of six ring members with one ring member being a nitrogen atom, wherein said ring system may be fused to a benzene or cyclohexane ring, wherein the point of attachment of B to the backbone of the structure of Formula I may be through a bond to any substitutable position on said heterocyclic ring system of B and wherein any substitutable position of B may be optionally substituted with one or more radicals selected from alkyl, alkoxy, alkenyl, alkynyl, halo, trifluoromethyl, oxo, cyano and phenyl, and wherein the said heterocyclic ring nitrogen atom may be combined with oxygen to form an Noxide; wherein R2 is selected from cyclohexylmethyl, phenylmethyl and naphthylmethyl, and wherein the cyclic portion of any of said phenylmethyl, cyclohexylmethyl and naphthylmethyl groups may be substituted by one or more radicals selected from halo, hydroxy, alkoxy and alkyl; wherein each of R3 and R5 is independently selected from hydrido and methyl; wherein R4 is selected from wherein V is selected from hydrido and alkyl; wherein R5 is selected from cyclohexylmethyl and phenylmethyl, either one of which may be substituted with one or more groups selected from alkyl, hydroxy and alkoxy; wherein R7 is selected from alkyl, cycloalkyl and cycloalkylalkyl; wherein q is a number selected from zero through three, inclusive; and wherein n is a number selected from zero through five, inclusive; or a pharmaceuticallyacceptable salt thereof.
3. Compound of Claim 2 wherein A is selected from CO and SO2; wherein X is selected from oxygen atom and methylene; wherein R]_ is selected from hydrido, methyl, ethyl, isopropyl and npropyl; wherein B is a heterocyclic ring system selected from pyridinyl, quinolinyl and isoquinolinyl, and wherein any of said heterocyclic ring systems may be fused to a benzene or cyclohexane ring, wherein the point of attachment of B may be through a bond to any substitutable position on said heterocyclic ring system and where any substitutable position of B may be optionally substituted with one or more radicals selected from alkyl, alkoxy, alkenyl, alkynyl, halo, trifluoromethyl, oxo, cyano and phenyl, and wherein the nitrogen atom ring member of B may be combined with oxygen to form an Noxide; wherein R2 is selected from cyclohexylmethyl, phenylmethyl and naphthylmethyl, and wherein the cyclic portion of any of said phenylmethyl, cyclohexylmethyl and naphthylmethyl groups may be substituted by one or more radicals selected from halo, hydroxy, alkoxy and alkyl; wherein each of R3 and R5 is independently selected from hydrido and methyl; wherein R4 is selected from (CH^ C≡≡CV q wherein V is selected from hydrido and alkyl; wherein Rg is selected from cyclohexylmethyl and phenylmethyl, either one of which may be substituted with one or more groups selected from alkyl, hydroxy and alkoxy; wherein R7 is selected from alkyl, cycloalkyl and cycloalkylalkyl; wherein q is a number selected from zero through three, inclusive; and wherein n is a number selected from zero through five, inclusive; or a pharmaceuticallyacceptable salt thereof.
4. Compound of Claim 3 wherein A is selected from CO and SO2; wherein X is selected from oxygen atom and methylene; wherein R]_ is selected from hydrido, methyl, ethyl, isopropyl and npropyl; wherein B is a heterocyclic ring system selected from the group consisting of: wherein said B group is attached to the backbone of the structure of Formula I through the bond on each B group bisected by the wavy line, and wherein any substitutable position may be optionally substituted with one or more radicals selected from alkyl, alkoxy, alkenyl, alkynyl, halo, trifluoromethyl, oxo, cyano and phenyl, and wherein the nitrogen atom ring member of B may be combined with oxygen to form an Noxide; wherein R2 is selected from phenylmethyl and wherein the cyclic portion of said phenylmethyl group may be substituted by one or more radicals selected from halo, hydroxy, alkoxy and alkyl; wherein each of R3 and R5 is independently selected from hydrido and methyl; wherein R4 is selected from —(o —c≡cv q wherein V is selected from hydrido and methyl; wherein Rg is cyclohexylmethyl; wherein R7 is selected from isobutyl, cyclopropyl and cyclopropylmethyl; wherein q is a number selected from zero through three, inclusive; and wherein n is a number selected from zero through three, inclusive; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
5. Compound of Claim 4 wherein A is selected from CO and SO2; wherein X is selected from oxygen atom and methylene; wherein R]_ is selected from hydrido, methyl, ethyl, isopropyl and npropyl; wherein R2 is phenylmethyl; wherein each of R3 and R5 is hydrido; wherein R4 is selected from wherein V is selected from hydrido and methyl; wherein Rg is cyclohexylmethyl; wherein R7 is selected from isobutyl, cyclopropyl and cyclopropylmethyl; wherein q is a number selected from zero through three, inclusive; and wherein n is a number selected from zero through three, inclusive; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
6. Compound of Claim 5 which is or a pharmaceuticallyacceptable salt thereof, .
7. Compound of Claim 5 which is or a pharmaceuticallyacceptable salt thereof,.
8. Compound of Claim 5 which is or a pharmaceuticallyacceptable salt thereof, Compound of claim 5 which is or a pharmaceuticallyacceptable salt thereof.
9. Compound of Claim 5 which is or a pharmaceuticallyacceptable salt thereof, .
10. Compound of Claim 5 selected from compounds, their tautomers, and the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, of the group consisting of.
11. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a therapeuticallyeffective amount of a renin inhibiting compound and a pharmaceuticallyacceptable carrier or diluent, said renininhibiting compound selected from a family of compounds of Formula I: wherein A is selected from CO and S02; wherein X is selected from oxygen atom and methylene; wherein R^ is selected from hydrido and alkyl; wherein B is an unsaturated heterocyclic ring system of six ring members with one ring member being a nitrogen atom, wherein said ring system may be fused to a benzene or cyclohexane ring, wherein the point of attachment of B to the backbone of the structure of Formula I may be through a bond to any substitutable position on said heterocyclic ring system of B and wherein any substitutable position of B may be optionally substituted with one or more radicals selected from alkyl, alkoxy, alkenyl, alkynyl, halo, trifluoromethyl, oxo, cyano and phenyl, and wherein the said heterocyclic ring nitrogen atom may be combined with oxygen to form an Noxide; wherein R2 is selected from alkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, acylaminoalkyl, phenylalkyl and naphthylalkyl, and wherein the cyclic portion of any of said phenylalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl and naphthylalkyl groups may be substituted by one or more radicals selected from halo, hydroxy, alkoxy and alkyl; wherein each of R3 and R5 is independently selected from hydrido and alkyl; wherein R4 is selected from wherein V is selected from hydrido, alkyl, benzyl and phenyl; wherein each of R3 and R9 is a radical independently selected from hydrido, alkyl, alkenyl and phenyl; wherein Rg is selected from alkyl, cycloalkylalkyl and phenylalkyl, any one of which may be substituted with one or more groups selected from alkyl, hydroxy and alkoxy; wherein R7 is selected from hydrido, alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, hydroxyalkyl and alkenyl; wherein p is a number selected from zero through five, inclusive; wherein q is a number selected from zero through five, inclusive; and wherein n is a number selected from zero through five, inclusive; or a pharmaceuticallyacceptable salt thereof.
12. The composition of Claim 12 wherein A is selected from CO and SO2; wherein X is selected from oxygen atom and methylene; wherein R^ is selected from hydrido and alkyl; wherein B is an unsaturated heterocyclic ring system of six ring members with one ring member being a nitrogen atom, wherein said ring system may be fused to a benzene or cyclohexane ring, wherein the point of attachment of B to the backbone of the structure of Formula I may be through a bond to any substitutable position on said heterocyclic ring system of B and wherein any substitutable position of B may be optionally substituted with one or more radicals selected from alkyl, alkoxy, alkenyl, alkynyl, halo, trifluoromethyl, oxo, cyano and phenyl, and wherein the said heterocyclic ring nitrogen atom may be combined with oxygen to form an Noxide; wherein R2 is selected from cyclohexylmethyl, phenylmethyl and naphthylmethyl, and wherein the cyclic portion of any of said phenylmethyl, cyclohexylmethyl and naphthylmethyl groups may be substituted by one'or more radicals selected from halo, hydroxy, alkoxy and alkyl; wherein each of R3 and R5 is independently selected from hydrido and methyl; wherein R4 is selected from (CH^ C≡≡CV q wherein V is selected from hydrido and alkyl; wherein Rg is selected from cyclohexylmethyl and phenylmethyl, either one of which may be substituted with one or more groups selected from alkyl, hydroxy and alkoxy; wherein R7 is selected from alkyl, cycloalkyl and cycloalkylalkyl; wherein q is a number selected from zero through three, inclusive; and wherein n is a number selected from zero through five, inclusive; or a pharmaceuticallyacceptable salt thereof.
13. The composition of Claim 13 wherein A is selected from CO and SO2; wherein X is selected from oxygen atom and methylene; wherein R]_ is selected from hydrido, methyl, ethyl, isopropyl and npropyl; wherein B is a heterocyclic ring system selected from pyridinyl, quinolinyl and isoquinolinyl, and wherein any of said heterocyclic ring systems may be fused to a benzene or cyclohexane ring, wherein the point of attachment of B may be through a bond to any substitutable position on said heterocyclic ring system and where any substitutable position of B may be optionally substituted with one or more radicals selected from alkyl, alkoxy, alkenyl, alkynyl, halo, trifluoromethyl, oxo, cyano and phenyl, and wherein the nitrogen atom ring member of B may be combined with oxygen to form an Noxide; wherein R2 is selected from cyclohexylmethyl, phenylmethyl and naphthylmethyl, and wherein the cyclic portion of any of said phenylmethyl, cyclohexylmethyl and naphthylmethyl groups may be substituted by one or more radicals selected from halo, hydroxy, alkoxy and alkyl; wherein each of R3 and R5 is independently selected from hydrido and methyl; wherein R4 is selected from (CH^ C=CV q wherein V is selected from hydrido and alkyl; wherein Rg is selected from cyclohexylmethyl and phenylmethyl, either one of which may be substituted with one or more groups selected from alkyl, hydroxy and alkoxy; wherein R7 is selected from alkyl, cycloalkyl and cycloalkylalkyl; wherein q is a number selected from zero through three, inclusive; and wherein n is a number selected from zero through five, inclusive; or a pharmaceuticallyacceptable salt thereof.
14. The composition of Claim 14 wherein A is selected from CO and SO2; wherein X is selected from oxygen atom and methylene; wherein R]_ is selected from hydrido, methyl, ethyl, isopropyl and npropyl; wherein B is a heterocyclic ring system selected from the group consisting of: wherein said B group is attached to the backbone of the structure of Formula I through the bond on each B group bisected by the wavy line, and wherein any substitutable position may be optionally substituted with one or more radicals selected from alkyl, alkoxy, alkenyl, alkynyl, halo, trifluoromethyl, oxo, cyano and phenyl, and wherein the nitrogen atom ring member of B may be combined with oxygen to form an Noxide; wherein R2 is selected from phenylmethyl and wherein the cyclic portion of said phenylmethyl group may be substituted by one or more radicals selected from halo, hydroxy, alkoxy and alkyl; wherein each of R3 and R5 is independently selected from hydrido and methyl; wherein R4 is selected from (cHj) C≡≡CV q wherein V is selected from hydrido and methyl; wherein Rg is cyclohexylmethyl; wherein R7 is selected from isobutyl, cyclopropyl and cyclopropylmethyl; wherein q is a number selected from zero through three, inclusive; and wherein n is a number selected from zero through three, inclusive; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. *& 50.
15. The composition of Claim 15 wherein A is selected from CO and SO2; wherein X is selected from oxygen atom and methylene; wherein R^ is selected from hydrido, methyl, ethyl, isopropyl and npropyl; wherein R2 is phenylmethyl; wherein each of R3 and R5 is hydrido; wherein R4 is selected from wherein V is selected from hydrido and methyl; wherein Rg is cyclohexylmethyl; wherein R7 is selected from isobutyl, cyclopropyl and cyclopropylmethyl; wherein q is a number selected from zero through three, inclusive; and wherein n is a number selected from zero through three, inclusive; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
16. The composition of Claim 16 wherein said renininhibiting compound is or a pharmaceuticallyacceptable salt thereof, .
17. The composition of Claim 16 wherein said renininhibiting compound is or a pharmaceuticallyacceptable salt thereof, .
18. The composition of Claim 16 wherein said renininhibiting compound is or a pharmaceuticallyacceptable salt thereof.
19. The composition of Claim 16 wherein said renininhibiting compound is or a pharmaceuticallyacceptable salt thereof.
20. The composition of Claim 16 wherein said renininhibiting compound is or a pharmaceuticallyacceptable salt thereof.
21. The composition of Claim 16 wherein said renininhibiting compound is selected from compounds, their tautomers, and the pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, of the group consisting of.
22. A therapeutic method for treating a circulatoryrelated disorder, said method comprising administering to a subject susceptible to or afflicted with such disorder a therapeuticallyeffective amount of a compound of Formula I: wherein A is selected from CO and S02; wherein X is selected from oxygen atom and methylene; wherein R^ is selected from hydrido and alkyl; wherein B is an unsaturated heterocyclic ring system of six ring members with one ring member being a nitrogen atom, wherein said ring system may be fused to a benzene or cyclohexane ring, wherein the point of attachment of B to the backbone of the structure of Formula I may be through a bond to any substitutable position on said heterocyclic ring system of B and wherein any substitutable position of B may be optionally substituted with one or more radicals selected from alkyl, alkoxy, alkenyl, alkynyl, halo, trifluoromethyl, oxo, cyano and phenyl, and wherein the said heterocyclic ring nitrogen atom may be combined with oxygen to form an Noxide; wherein R2 is selected from alkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, acylaminoalkyl, phenylalkyl and naphthylalkyl, and wherein the cyclic portion of any of said phenylalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl and naphthylalkyl groups may be substituted by one or more radicals selected from halo, hydroxy, alkoxy and alkyl; wherein each of R3 and R5 is independently selected from hydrido and alkyl; wherein R4 is selected from wherein V is selected from hydrido, alkyl, benzyl and phenyl; wherein each of Rs and Rg is a radical independently selected from hydrido, alkyl, alkenyl and phenyl; wherein Rg is selected from alkyl, cycloalkylalkyl and phenylalkyl, any one of which may be substituted with one or more groups selected from alkyl, hydroxy and alkoxy; wherein R7 is selected from hydrido, alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, hydroxyalkyl and alkenyl; wherein p is a number selected from zero through five, inclusive; wherein q is a number selected from zero through five, inclusive; and wherein n is a number selected from zero through five, inclusive; or a pharmaceuticallyacceptable salt thereof.
23. The method of Claim 23 wherein A is selected from CO and SO2; wherein X is selected from oxygen atom and methylene; wherein R^ is selected from hydrido and alkyl; wherein B is an unsaturated heterocyclic ring system of six ring members with one ring member being a nitrogen atom, wherein said ring system may be fused to a benzene or cyclohexane ring, wherein the point of attachment of B to the backbone of the structure of Formula I may be through a bond to any substitutable position on said heterocyclic ring system of B and wherein any substitutable position of B may be optionally substituted with one or more radicals selected from alkyl, alkoxy, alkenyl, alkynyl, halo, trifluoromethyl, oxo, cyano and phenyl, and wherein the said heterocyclic ring nitrogen atom may be combined with oxygen to form an Noxide; wherein R2 is selected from cyclohexylmethyl, phenylmethyl and naphthylmethyl, and wherein the cyclic portion of any of said phenylmethyl, cyclohexylmethyl and naphthylmethyl groups may be substituted by one'or more radicals selected from halo, hydroxy, alkoxy and alkyl; wherein each of R3 and R5 is independently selected from hydrido and methyl; wherein R4 is selected from (CH^ C≡CV q wherein V is selected from hydrido and alkyl; wherein Rg is selected from cyclohexylmethyl and phenylmethyl, either one of which may be substituted with one or more groups selected from alkyl, hydroxy and alkoxy; wherein R7 is selected from alkyl, cycloalkyl and cycloalkylalkyl; wherein q is a number selected from zero through three, inclusive; and wherein n is a number selected from zero through five, inclusive; or a pharmaceuticallyacceptable salt thereof.
24. The method of Claim 24 wherein A is selected from CO and SO2; wherein X is selected from oxygen atom and methylene; wherein R]_ is selected from hydrido, methyl, ethyl, isopropyl and npropyl; wherein B is a heterocyclic ring system selected from pyridinyl, quinolinyl and isoquinolinyl, and wherein any of said heterocyclic ring systems may be fused to a benzene or cyclohexane ring, wherein the point of attachment of B may be through a bond to any substitutable position on said heterocyclic ring system and where any substitutable position of B may be optionally substituted with one or more radicals selected from alkyl, alkoxy, alkenyl, alkynyl, halo, trifluoromethyl, oxo, cyano and phenyl, and wherein the nitrogen atom ring member of B may be combined with oxygen to form an Noxide; wherein R2 is selected from cyclohexylmethyl, phenylmethyl and naphthylmethyl, and wherein the cyclic portion of any of said phenylmethyl, cyclohexylmethyl and naphthylmethyl groups may be substituted by one or more radicals selected from halo, hydroxy, alkoxy and alkyl; wherein each of R3 and R5 is independently selected from hydrido and methyl; wherein R4 is selected from wherein V is selected from hydrido and alkyl; wherein Rg is selected from cyclohexylmethyl and phenylmethyl, either one of which may be substituted with one or more groups selected from alkyl, hydroxy and alkoxy; wherein R7 is selected from alkyl, cycloalkyl and cycloalkylalkyl; wherein q is a number selected from zero through three, inclusive; and wherein n is a number selected from zero through five, inclusive; or a pharmaceuticallyacceptable salt thereof.
25. The method of Claim 25 wherein A is selected from CO and SO2; wherein X is selected from oxygen atom and methylene; wherein R3. is selected from hydrido, methyl, ethyl, isopropyl and npropyl; wherein B is a heterocyclic ring system selected from the group consisting of: wherein said B group is attached to the backbone of the structure of Formula I through the bond on each B group bisected by the wavy line, and wherein any substitutable position may be optionally substituted with one or more radicals selected from alkyl, alkoxy, alkenyl, alkynyl, halo, trifluoromethyl, oxo, cyano and phenyl, and wherein the nitrogen atom ring member of B may be combined with oxygen to form an Noxide; wherein R2 is selected from phenylmethyl and wherein the cyclic portion of said phenylmethyl group may be substituted by one or more radicals selected from halo, hydroxy, alkoxy and alkyl; wherein each of R3 and R5 is independently selected from hydrido and methyl; wherein R4 is selected from (CH^ CSCV q wherein V is selected from hydrido and methyl; wherein Rg is cyclohexylmethyl; wherein R7 is selected from isobutyl, cyclopropyl and cyclopropylmethyl; wherein q is a number selected from zero through three, inclusive; and wherein n is a number selected from zero through three, inclusive; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
26. The method of Claim 26 wherein A is selected from CO and SO2; wherein X is selected from oxygen atom and methylene; wherein R]_ is selected from hydrido, methyl, ethyl, isopropyl and npropyl; wherein R2 is phenylmethyl; wherein each of R3 and R5 is hydrido; wherein R4 is selected from (CH,) CS≡ CN q wherein V is selected from hydrido and methyl; wherein Rg is cyclohexylmethyl; wherein R7 is selected from isobutyl, cyclopropyl and cyclopropylmethyl; wherein q is a number selected from zero through three, inclusive; and wherein n is a number selected from zero through three, inclusive; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
27. The method of Claim 27 wherein said compound is or a pharmaceuticallyacceptable salt thereof, .
28. The method of Claim 27 wherein said compound is or a pharmaceuticallyacceptable salt thereof, .
29. The method of Claim 27 wherein said compound is or a pharmaceuticallyacceptable salt thereof, .
30. The method of Claim 27 wherein said compound is or a pharmaceuticallyacceptable salt thereof, .
31. The method of Claim 27 wherein said compound is or a pharmaceuticallyacceptable salt thereof, .
32. The method of Claim 27 wherein said compound is selected from compounds, their tautomers, and the pharmaceuticallyacceptable salts thereof, of the group consisting of.
33. The method of Claim 23 wherein said circulatoryrelated disorder is a cardiovascular disorder.
34. The method of Claim 34 wherein said cardiovascular disorder is hypertension.
35. The method of Claim 34 wherein said cardiovascular disorder is congestive heart failure.
36. The method of Claim 23 wherein said circulatoryrelated disorder is glaucoma.
37. The method of Claim 23 wherein said circulatoryrelated disorder is renal failure.
Description:
PYRIDINYL/QUINOLINYL-TERMINATED ALKYLAMINO ETHYNYL

ALANINE AMINO DIOL COMPOUNDS FOR

TREATMENT OF HYPERTENSION

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

Renin-inhibiting compounds are known for control of hypertension. Of particular interest herein are compounds useful as renin inhibiting agents.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Renin is a proteolytic enzyme produced and secreted into the bloodstream by the juxtaglomerular cells of the kidney. In the bloodstream, renin cleaves a peptide bond in the serum protein angiotensinogen to produce a decapeptide known as angiotensin I. A second enzyme known as angiotensin converting enzyme, cleaves angiotensin I to produce the octapeptide known as angiotensin II. Angiotensin II is a potent pressor agent responsible for vasoconstriction and elevation of cardiovascular pressure. Attempts have been made to control hypertension by blocking the action of renin or by blocking the formation of angiotensin II in the body with inhibitors of angiotensin I converting enzyme.

Classes of compounds published as inhibitors of the action of renin on angiotensinogen include renin antibodies, pepstatin and its analogs, phospholipids, angiotensinogen analogs, pro-renin related analogs and peptide aldehydes.

A peptide isolated from actinomyces has been reported as an inhibitor of aspartyl proteases such as pepsin, cathepsin D and renin [Umezawa et al, in

J. Antibiot. (Tokvo), 23. 259-262 (1970)]. This peptide, known as pepstatin, was found to reduce blood pressure in vivo after the injection of hog renin into nephrectomized rats [Gross et al, Science, 175, 656 (1971)]. Pepstatin has the disadvantages of low solubility and of inhibiting acid proteases in addition to renin. Modified pepstatins have been synthesized in an attempt to increase the specificity for human renin over other physiologically important enzymes. While some degree of specificity has been achieved, this approach has led to rather high molecular weight hepta- and octapeptides [Boger et al, Nature, 303, 81 (1983)]. High molecular weight peptides are generally considered undesirable as drugs because gastrointestinal absorption is impaired and plasma stability is compromised.

Short peptide aldehydes have been reported as renin inhibitors [Kokubu et al, Biochim. Biophvs. Res. Com un. , 118, 929 (1984); Castro et al, FEBS Lett.. 167, 273 (1984)]. Such compounds have a reactive C-terminal aldehyde group and would likely be unstable in vivo.

Other peptidyl compounds have been described as renin inhibitors. EP Appl. #128,762, published 18 December 1984, describes dipeptide and tripeptide glyco-containing compounds as renin inhibitors [also see Hanson et al, Biochm. Biophvs. Res. Comm. , 132. 155-161 (1985), 14£, 959-963 (1987)]. EP Appl. #181,110, published 14 May 1986, describes dipeptide histidine derivatives as renin inhibitors. EP Appl. #186,977 published 9 July 1986 describes renin-inhibiting compounds containing an alkynyl moiety, specifically a propargyl glycine moiety, attached to the main chain between the N-terminus and the C-terminus, such as N-[4(S)-[ (N)-[bis(1-naphthylmethyl)acetyl]-DL- propargylglycylamino]-3 (S)-hydroxy-6-methylheptanoyl] -L-

isoleucinol. EP Appl. #189,203, published 30 July 1986, describes peptidyl-aminodiols as renin inhibitors. EP Appl. #200,406, published 10 December 1986, describes alkylnaphthylmethylpropionyl-histidyl aminohydroxy alkanoates as renin inhibitors. EP Appl. #216,539, published 1 April 1987, describes alkylnaphthylmethylpropionyl aminoacyl aminoalkanoate compounds as renin inhibitors orally administered for treatment of renin-associated hypertension. EP Appl. #229,667, published 22 July 1987, describes acyl α-aminoacyl a inodiol compounds having a piperazinylcarbonyl or an alkylaminoalkylcarbonyl terminal group at the N-amino acid terminus, such as

2 (S) -{ [ (1-piperazinyl)carbonyl]-oxy]-3-phenylpropionyl}- Phe-His amide of 2 (S)-amino-l-cyclohexyl-3 (R) , 4(S)- dihydroxy-6-methylheptane. PCT Application No. WO 87/04349, published 30 July 1987, describes aminocarbonyl aminoacyl hydroxyether derivatives having an alkylamino-containing terminal substituent and which are described as having renin-inhibiting activity for use in treating hypertension. EP Appl. #300,189 published 25 January 1989 describes amino acid monohydric derivatives having an alkylamino-alkylamino N-terminus and a β-alanine-histidine or sarcosyl-histidine attached to tne main chain between the N-terminus and the

C-terminus, which derivatives are mentioned as useful in treating hypertension. U.S. Patent No. 4,902,706 which issued 13 February 1990 describes a series of histidineamide-containing amino alkylaminocarbonyl-H- terminal aminodiol derivatives for use as renin inhibitors. U.S. Patent No. 5,032,577 which issued 16 July 1991 describes a series of histidineamide- aminodiol-containing renin inhibitors.

Heterocyclic-terminated aminodiol compounds have been described as renin inhibitors. For example,

EP #410,260 published 30 January 1991 describes a series of heterocyclic-terminated peptidyl aminodiol renin inhibitor compounds having utility as antihypertensive agents, wherein specific compounds are described having various terminal heterocyclic groups such as morpholino, pyridinyl, piperazinyl, imidazolyl, pyrazolyl and indolyl groups, including the compound (2R) -2-benzyl-3-[2- pyridin-2-ylethy1)methylaminocarbony1]propiony1-Nle amide of (2S,3R,4S)-2-amino-l-cyclohexyl-3,4-dihydroxy-6- methylheptane. EP #456,185 published 13 November 1991 describes a series of heterocyclic-terminated sulfonamide-containing peptidyl aminodiol renin inhibitor compounds having utility as an ihypertensive agents, wherein specific compounds are described having various terminal heterocyclic groups such as piperazinyl, oxo- substituted piperazinyl and morpholino groups.

DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

Pyridinyl/quinolinyl-type-terminated alkylamine ethynyl alanine amino diol compounds, having utility as renin inhibitors for treatment of hypertension in a subject, constitute a family of compounds of general Formula I:

wherein A is selected from CO and S0 2 ; wherein X is selected from oxygen atom and methylene; wherein R]_ is selected from hydrido and alkyl; wherein B is an unsaturated heterocyclic ring system of six ring members with one ring member being a nitrogen atom, wherein said ring system may be fused to a benzene or cyclohexane ring, wherein the point of attachment of B to the backbone of the structure of Formula I may be through a bond to any substitutable position on said heterocyclic ring system of B and wherein any substitutable position of B may be optionally substituted with one or more radicals selected from alkyl, alkoxy, alkenyl, alkynyl, halo, trifluoromethyl, oxo, cyano and phenyl, and wherein the said heterocyclic ring nitrogen atom may be combined with oxygen to form an N-oxide; wherein R 2 is selected from alkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, acylaminoalkyl, phenylalkyl and naphthylalkyl, and wherein the cyclic portion of any of said phenylalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl and naphthylalkyl groups may be substituted by one or more radicals s lected from halo, hydroxy, alkoxy and alkyl; wherein

each of R3 and R5 is independently selected from hydrido and alkyl; wherein R4 is selected from

wherein V is selected from hydrido, alkyl, benzyl and phenyl; wherein each of Rs and Rg is a radical independently selected from hydrido, alkyl, alkenyl and phenyl; wherein Rg is selected from alkyl, cycloalkylalkyl and phenylalkyl, any one of which may be substituted with one or more groups selected from alkyl, hydroxy and alkoxy; wherein R7 is selected from hydrido, alkyl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl, hydroxyalkyl and alkenyl; wherein p is a number selected from zero through five, inclusive; wherein q is a number selected from zero through five, inclusive; and wherein n is a number selected from zero through five, inclusive; or a pharmaceutically-acceptable salt thereof.

A preferred family of compounds consists of compounds of Formula I wherein A is selected from CO and SO2; wherein X is selected from oxygen atom and methylene; wherein R]_ is selected from hydrido and alkyl; wherein B is an unsaturated heterocyclic ring system of six ring members with one ring member being a nitrogen atom, wherein said ring system may be fused to a benzene or cyclohexane ring, wherein the point of attachment of B to the backbone of the structure of Formula I may be through a bond to any substitutable position on said heterocyclic ring system of B and wherein any substitutable position of B may be

optionally substituted with one or more radicals selected from alkyl, alkoxy, alkenyl, alkynyl, halo, trifluoromethyl, oxo, cyano and phenyl, and wherein the said heterocyclic ring nitrogen atom may be combined with oxygen to form an N-oxide; wherein R2 is selected from cyclohexylmethyl, phenylmethyl and naphthylmethyl, and wherein the cyclic portion of any of said phenylmethyl, cyclohexylmethyl and naphthylmethyl groups may be substituted by one or more radicals selected from halo, hydroxy, alkoxy and alkyl; wherein each of R3 and R5 is independently selected from hydrido and methyl; wherein R4 is selected from

(CH^ C≡C-V q

wherein V is selected from hydrido and alkyl; wherein Rg is selected from cyclohexylmethyl and phenylmethyl, either one of which may be substituted with one or more groups selected from alkyl, hydroxy and alkoxy; wherein R7 is selected from alkyl, cycloalkyl and cycloalkylalkyl; wherein q is a number selected from zero through three, inclusive; and wherein n is a number selected from zero through five, inclusive; or a pharmaceutically-acceptable salt thereof.

A more preferred family of compounds consists of compounds of Formula I wherein A is selected from CO and SO2; wherein X is selected from oxygen atom and methylene; wherein R^ is selected from hydrido, methyl, ethyl, isopropyl and n-propyl; wherein B is a heterocyclic ring system selected from pyridinyl, quinolinyl and isoquinolinyl, and wherein any of said heterocyclic ring systems may be fused to a benzene or cyclohexane ring, wherein the point of attachment of B may be through a bond to any substitutable position on said heterocyclic ring system

and where any substitutable position of B may be optionally substituted with one or more radicals selected from alkyl, alkoxy, alkenyl, alkynyl, halo, trifluoromethyl, oxo, cyano and phenyl, and wherein the nitrogen atom ring member of B may be combined with oxygen to form an N-oxide; wherein R2 is selected from cyclohexylmethyl, phenylmethyl and naphthylmethyl, and wherein the cyclic portion of any of said phenylmethyl, cyclohexylmethyl and naphthylmethyl groups may be substituted by one or more radicals selected from halo, hydroxy, alkoxy and alkyl; wherein each of R3 and R5 is independently selected from hydrido and methyl; wherein R4 is selected from

(CH^ C=C-V ~

wherein V is selected from hydrido and alkyl; wherein Rg is selected from cyclohexylmethyl and phenylmethyl, either one of which may be substituted with one or more groups selected from alkyl, hydroxy and alkoxy; wherein R7 is selected from alkyl, cycloalkyl and cycloalkylalkyl; wherein q is a number selected from zero through three, inclusive; and wherein n is a number selected from zero through five, inclusive; or a pharmaceutically-acceptable salt thereof.

An even more preferred family of compounds consists of compounds Formula I wherein A is selected from CO and SO2; wherein X is selected from oxygen atom and methylene; wherein R^ is selected from hydrido, methyl, ethyl, isopropyl and n-propyl; wherein B is a heterocyclic ring system selected from the group consisting of:

wherein said B group is attached to the backbone of the structure of Formula I through the bond on each B group bisected by the wavy line, and wherein any substitutable position may be optionally substituted with one or more radicals selected from alkyl, alkoxy, alkenyl, alkynyl, halo, trifluoromethyl, oxo, cyano and phenyl, and wherein the nitrogen atom ring member of B may be combined with oxygen to form an N-oxide; wherein R2 is selected from phenylmethyl and wherein the cyclic portion of said phenylmethyl group may be substituted by one or more radicals selected from halo, hydroxy, alkoxy and alkyl; wherein each of R3 and R5 is independently selected from hydrido and methyl; wherein R4 is selected from

(CH^ C≡C-V q

wherein V is selected from hydrido and methyl; wherein Rg is cyclohexylmethyl; wherein R7 is selected from isobutyl, cyclopropyl and cyclopropylmethyl; wherein q is a number selected from zero through three, inclusive; and wherein n is a number selected from zero through three, inclusive; or a pharmaceutically-acceptable salt thereof.

A highly preferred family of compounds consists of compounds of Formula I wherein A is selected from CO and SO2; wherein X is selected from oxygen atom and methylene; wherein R^ is selected from hydrido, methyl, ethyl, isopropyl and n-propyl; wherein R2 is phenylmethyl; wherein each of R3 and R5 is hydrido; wherein R4 is selected from

wherein V is selected from hydrido and methyl; wherein Rg is cyclohexylmethyl; wherein R7 is selected from isobutyl, cyclopropyl and cyclopropylmethyl; wherein q is a number selected from zero through three, inclusive; and wherein n is a number selected from zero through three, inclusive; or a pharmaceutically-acceptable salt thereof.

The term "hydrido" denotes a single hydrogen atom (H) . This hydrido group may be attached, for example, to an oxygen atom to form a hydroxyl group; or, as another example, one hydrido group may be attached to a carbon atom to form a ——"^ H " group; or, as another example, two hydrido groups may be attached to a carbon atom to form a -CH 2 - group. Where the term "alkyl" is used, either alone or within other terms such as "haloalkyl" and "hydroxyalkyl", the term "alkyl" embraces linear or branched radicals having one to about twenty carbon atoms or, preferably, one to about twelve carbon atoms. More preferred alkyl radicals are "lower alkyl" radicals having one to about ten carbon atoms. Most preferred are lower alkyl radicals having one to about six carbon atoms. The term "cycloalkyl" embraces cyclic radicals having three to about ten ring carbon atoms, preferably three to about six carbon atoms, such as cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl and cyclohexyl. The

term "alkenyl" embraces linear or branched radicals having two to about twenty carbon atoms, preferably three to about ten carbon atoms, and containing at least one carbon-carbon double bond, which carbon-carbon double bond may have either cis or trans geometry within the alkenyl moiety. The term "alkynyl" embraces linear or branched radicals having two to about twenty carbon atoms, preferably two to about ten carbon atoms, and containing at least one carbon-carbon triple bond. The term "alkoxy" embraces linear or branched oxy-containing radicals having alkyl portions of one to about ten carbon atoms, such as methoxy group. The "alkoxy" radical may be further substituted with one or more halo atoms, such as fluoro, chloro or bromo, to provide haloalkoxy groups. The term "sulfonyl", whether used alone or linked to other terms, denotes the divalent radical SO2. The term

"acyl" whether used alone, or within a term such as acyloxy, denotes a radical provided by the residue after removal of hydroxyl from an organic acid, examples of such radical being acetyl and benzoyl. "Lower alkanoyl" is an example of a more prefered sub-class of acyl. The term "alkenylalkyl" denotes a radical having a double- bond unsaturation site between two carbons, and which radical may consist of only two carbons or may be further substituted with alkyl groups which may optionally contain additional double-bond unsaturation. A group embraced by the term "heterocyclic ring system" may be attached to the backbone of Formula I as a substituent through a carbon atom of the hetero ring system, or may be attached through a carbon atom of a moiety substituted on a hetero ring-member carbon atom. Also, such hetero- containing group may be attached through a ring nitrogen • atom. For any of the foregoing defined radicals, preferred radicals are those containing from one to about fifteen carbon atoms.

Specific examples of alkyl groups are methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, sec-butyl, isobutyl, tert-butyl, n-pentyl, isopentyl, methylbutyl, dimethylbutyl and neopentyl. Typical alkenyl and alkynyl groups may have one unsaturated bond, such as an allyl group, or may have a plurality of unsaturated bonds, with such plurality of bonds either adjacent, such as allene- type structures, or in conjugation, or separated by several saturated carbons.

Also included in the family of compounds of Formula I are isomeric forms, including diastereoisomers, and the pharmaceutically-acceptable salts thereof. The term "pharmaceutically-acceptable salts" embraces salts commonly used to form alkali metal salts and to form addition salts of free acids or free bases. The nature of the salt is not critical, provided that it is pharmaceutically-acceptable. Suitable pharmaceutically- acceptable acid addition salts of compounds of Formula I may be prepared from an inorganic acid or from an organic acid. Examples of such inorganic acids are hydrochloric, hydrobromic, hydroiodic, nitric, carbonic, sulfuric and phosphoric acid. Appropriate organic acids may be selected from aliphatic, cycloaliphatic, aromatic, araliphatic, heterocyclic, carboxylic and sulfonic classes of organic acids, example of which are formic, acetic, propionic, succinic, glycolic, gluconic, lactic, malic, tartaric, citric, ascorbic, glucuronic, maleic, fumaric, pyruvic, aspartic, glutamic, benzoic, anthranilic, p-hydroxybenzoic, salicyclic, phenylacetic, mandelic, embonic (pamoic) , methansulfonic, ethane- sulfonic, 2-hydroxyethanesulfonic, pantothenic, benzenesulfonic, toluenesulfonic, sulfanilic, mesylic, cyclohexylaminosulfonic, stearic, algenic, β-hydroxybutyric, malonic, galactaric and galacturonic acid. Suitable pharmaceutically-acceptable base addition salts of compounds of Formula I include metallic salts

made from aluminium, calcium, lithium, magnesium, potassium, sodium and zinc or organic salts made from N,N'-dibenzylethylenediamine, chloroprocaine, choline, diethanolamine, ethylenediamine, meglumine (N-methylglucamine) and procaine. Also included within the phrase "pharmaceutically-acceptable salts" are "quaternary" salts or salts of "onium" cations, such as ammonium, morpholinium and piperazinium cations, as well as any substituted derivatives of these cations where the salt is formed on the nitrogen atom lone pair of electrons. All of these salts may be prepared by conventional means from the corresponding compound of Formula I by reacting, for example, the appropriate acid or base with the compound of Formula I.

Compounds of Formula I would be useful to treat various circulatory-related disorders. As used herein, the term "circulatory-related" disorder is intended to embrace cardiovascular disorders and disorders of the circulatory system, as well as disorders related to the circulatory system such as ophthalmic disorders including glaucoma. In particular, compounds of Formula I would be useful to inhibit enzymatic conversion of angiotensinogen to angiotensin I. When administered orally, a compound of Formula I would be expected to inhibit plasma renin activity and, consequently, lower blood pressure in a patient such as a mammalian subject (e.g., a human subject) . Thus, compounds of Formula I would be therapeutically useful in methods for treating hypertension by administering to a hypertensive subject a therapeutically-effective amount of a compound of Formula I. The phrase "hypertensive subject" means, in this context, a subject suffering from or afflicted with the effects of hypertension or susceptible to a hypertensive condition if not treated to prevent or control such hypertension. Other examples of circulatory-related disorders which could be treated by

compounds of the invention include congestive heart failure, renal failure and glaucoma.

Description of the Synthetic Methods for the Preparation of the Renin Inhibitors of the

Invention

Synthetic Scheme 1

1. Remove protecting group P 3

2. Couple to: using, for example, the mixed carbonic anhydride, or active ester, or carbodiimide methods

Formula I

Wherein Ri~R 7 , X, A, B, and n are as defined before.

Synthetic Scheme 1 (Preparation of Compounds of Formula I)

A suitably protected amino aldehyde 1 is treated with a Grignard reagent or other organometallic reagent, preferably vinylmagnesium bromide, to obtain the vinyl carbinol 2. This material, suitably protected, is oxidized, preferably with ozone, followed by dimethyl sulfide or zinc treatment, to give intermediate 3. The preceeding process is exemplified in Hanson, et al., J. Org. Chem. 50, 5399 (1985). This aldehyde is reacted with an organometallic reagent such as isobutylmagnesium chloride to give intermediate 4. Other suitable organometallic reagents include ethylmagnesium bromide, vinylmagnesium bromide, cyclopropylmagnesium bromide, and allylmagnesium bromide, but the choices are not limited to these reagents. After the formation of 4, further transformation of the added side chain is permitted, before going on the next depicted step. For example, the compound 4 derived from the addition of allylmagnesium bromide may be cyclopropanated via diazomethane and rhodium acetate, to give a cyclopropylmethyl side chain. Compound 4 is deprotected then coupled, using standard amide/peptide coupling methodology to protected triple bond-containing (ethynyl) amino acid derivatives 5 to give compound 6. These standard coupling procedures such as the carbodiimide, active ester (N-hydroxysuccinimide) , and mixed carbonic anhydride methods are shown in Benoiton, et al. J. Org. Chem. 48, 2939 (1983) and Bodansky, et al. "Peptide Synthesis", Wiley (1976). Ethynyl- containing amino acid derivatives may be prepared by using procedures such as found in Schollkopf,

Tetrahedron 39, 2085 (1983). Intermediate 6 is then deprotected, then coupled to intermediate 7 using the standard amide/peptide coupling methodology, to give compounds of Formula I. Suitable protecting groups may be selected from among those reviewed by

R. Geiger in "The Peptides", Academic Press, N.Y. vol. 2 (1979). For example, P^ and P 3 may be by Boc or Cbz; P2 may be a typical oxygen protective group such as acetyl or t-butyldimethylsilyl.

Synthetic Scheme 2

Preparation of 7:

8

1. coupling reaction of 8 + 9

2. remove P 4

Wherein Ri, R2, X, A, B and n are as defined before.

Synthetic Scheme 2 (Preparation of Compounds of Formula I)

Intermediate 7 may be prepared according to the schematic of Synthetic Scheme 2. Intermediate 7 is prepared by coupling the heterocyclicalkylamine 8 to mono-protected carboxylic acid 9. Carboxylic acid or sulfonic acid 9 is a mono-activated moiety by virtue of a suitable leaving group Q which may be chloride, bromide, fluoride, N-hydroxysuccinimido, p-toluenesulfonyloxy or isobutyloxycarbonyloxy, but is not limited to these groups. After coupling, protecting group P4 is removed (if P4 is a benzyl group, hydrogenolysis over palladium-on-carbon (Pd-C) is performed) to give intermediate amino acid 7.

Abbreviations used:

P 1 is an N-protecting group; P-, is H or an oxygen protecting group; P 3 is an N-protecting group; P 4 is an oxygen protecting group such as benzyl or methyl; Q is a leaving group; Boc is t-butyloxycarbonyl; Cbz is carbobenzoxy.

The following Steps constitute specific exemplification of methods to prepare starting materials and intermediates embraced by the foregoing generic synthetic scheme. Those skilled in the art will readily understand that known variations of the conditions and processes of the following preparative procedures can be used to prepare the compounds of the Steps. All temperatures expressed are in degrees Centigrade.

Step 1

(2R.3S)-N-r(tert-Butyloxy)carboπyll-3-am--no-2-acetoxy-4 - pheπylbαtanal

Ozone/oxygen was bubbled at -70°C into a solution of (3S,4S)-N-[ (tert-Butyloxy)carbαπyl]-4-amino-3-acetoxy-5- phenylpentene (2.55g, 8.0 mmol) [prepared by the method of Hanson et al., J. Orσ. chem.. 5H, 5399 (1985)] in lOOrriL of met±ylene chloride until a deep blue color persisted. Oxygen was introduced until the blue color ccπpletely faded, then 3.0 iriL of =2S was added and the solution was allowed to warm to 0-5° C and stand overnight. The solvent was removed at 0° C under vacuumyielding the title cαipound as a thick yellcw oil which was used without further purification.

Step 2

(2S . R.4S) -N- r ( tert-Butylαxy) carboπyll -2-amino-l-phenyl-3 , 4- di H/riτrrav-6-:methy_-heptane

The title cαπpound of Step 1 was dissolved under nitrogen in lOQrriL of dry THF and cooled to -70° C. To this solution was added 13iriL (26mmol) of a 2.0M solution of isobutyl tagnesium chloride in ether and the stirred mixture was allowed to warm to roαn teπperature and stir for 2 hrs. After decαrposition with

MΘOH/H2O the mixture was diluted with ether, washed with saturated NH4CI solution twice and dried with magnesium sulfate and the solvents evaporated under vacuum. The residue was allowed to stand overnight in 80% MeOH-H2θ attaining excess ammonium tødrαxide. The MeOH was stripped off and the mixture was extracted with ether. These extracts were combined, washed with water, dilute KHSO4, then dried and evaporated to give

2.36g of a yellow glass which crystallized from 50mL of pentane on stancLng overnight. The yellcw-vvhite powder obtained was recrystallized from ether-hexane and furnished the title cαrpσund (0.41g) as white, hairy needles, up 134-136° c , Rf (ether): single spot, 0.6. By dmamatography of the mother liquors and crystallization of the appropriate fractions, an additional 0.22g of product, πp 138-139° C, was obtained. Anal: Calcd. for C19H31NO4: C, 67.62; H, 9.26; N, 4.15. Found: C, 67.51; H, 9.43; N, 4.24.

Step 3

(2S,3R.4S)-N-f (tert-Butylαxy)carboπyll-2-airdno-l-cvclohexyl-3, - dihvdroxy-6-methylheptane

The title cαtpound of Step 2 (0.27g) was reduced in MeOH with 60 psi H2 at 60° in 3 hrs using 5% Rh/C catalyst. After filtering, the solvent was stripped off and the white crystals were recrystallized from CH2Cl2-hexane to furnish tiny needles of the title cαcrpoυnd (0.19g, πpl26-128°C) ; further recrystallization gave ιrpl28.5-129.5°C. Rf (ether) : single spot, 0.8. Anal: Calcd. for C19H37NO4: C, 66.43; H, 10.86, N,

4.08. Found: C, 66.43; H, 11.01; N, 4.03.

Step 4

(2S.3R,4S) 2-am--no-l-cvclohexyl-3,4-dihvdroxy-6-πιethylheDtane

The title cαrpound of Step 3 (lOg) was dissolved 6.9N HC1 in dioxane (300 L) . The mixture was stirred for 30 minutes at rocm tsrperature. The solvent was removed in vacuo and to the residue was added 5% aqueous sodium hydroxide (30mL) until a pH of 14 was obtained. This mixture was extracted with ether and the ether extract was washed with water and brine, then the solvent was evaporated to give the title cαipound (7.3g, 100% yield) . 300 MHz 1H NMR: consistent with proposed structure. Anal, calcd for C14H29NO2: C, 69.07; H, 12.01; N, 5.78. Found: C, 69.19; H, 12.34; N, 5.78.

Step 5

L-Boc- C-t-rσcarαylσlvcine

-C-Prqpargylglycine (lOg) [prepared fcy the πethod of Schwyzer et al, Helv. Chdm. Acta. 5J 2181 (1976)] was suspended in tet--ahdrofuran (30mL) . Water (30mL) , potassium carbonate (36.7g), and di-tert-butγl-dicarbonate (21.9g) were added. Additional water was added to produce a solution which was stirred for 12 hours at rocm tarperature. The organic solvent was then evaporated and the aqueous solution was washed with ether, then acidified to pH 3 with IN aqueous citric acid. The solution was extracted with methylene chloride and the solvent evaporated to give the title cαrpound (18.9g, 97% yield) , used without further purification.

Step 6

Boc L-C-p-χiDarcιylσlvc--ne amide of (2S.3R.4S) 2-am-Lno-l- cvclchexvl-3.4-dihvd--τ-«v-6-methvlheDtane

Boc L-C-prqpargylglycine (1.2g) was dissolved in methylene chloride (5 iriL) and N-mett l piperidine (0.57g) was added. The mixture was cooled to zero degrees centigrade and isobutyl chlorofornate (0.78g) was added. The mixture was stirred for 10 minutes whereupon the title cαrpσund of Step 4 (1.4g) in methylene chloride (5 iriL) was added and this mixture stirred for 15 minutes at 0°C and 4°C for 12 hours. The reaction mixture was washed successively with IN citric acid, saturated sodium hydrogen carbonate, water and brine. The organic layer was dried over magnesium sulfate and evaporated to dryness. The residue was chrcmatographed on silica gel to give the title cαrpσund as a colorless oil. 300 MHz 1H I\MR: consistent with proposed structure.

Step 7

L-C-proDarαylσlvcine amide of (2S.3R.4S) 2-aιπ--no-l-cvclohexyl- 3.4- ihvdrOxy-6-ιnethvjLheptane

The title cαipound of Step 6 (0.76g) was dissolved in a mixture of trifluoroacetic acid (4.9 mL) and methylene chloride (4.9 L) , and stirred for 30 minutes at rocm te-rperature. The solvent was then evaporated and the residue taken up in ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with saturated sodium hydrogen carbonate, water and brine, then dr:.'-=d over πagnesium sulfate and evaporated to give the title amine. 300 MHz 1H NMR: consistent with proposed structure.

Step 8

2R-(Pheπv3jιτel-hyl)butanedioic acid, 1-(pheπyl ethyl) ester, dicvclohexylammonium salt

To a slurry of 4-(4-met-hα>^benzyl)itaconate [prepared hy the irethod of T&lley in US Patent # 4,939,288] (50g) in toluene (250mL) was added l,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene (DBU, 30.4g) in one portion. Then a solution of benzyl bromide (34.2g) in toluene (5QmL) was added drqpwise over 0.5 hour. The reaction was stirred for 0.5 hour at room teirperature and then poured into a separatory funnel. The mixture was washed with 3N HCl, aqueous sodium bicarbonate, brine and dried over rragnesium sulfate. The solvent was evaporated to give a clear mobile liquid (68g) . Ch--cπatography on silica gel, eluting with frcm 100% hexane to 25% ethyl acetate gave pure 1-(benzyl)-4-(4- ethαxybenzyl) itaconate (55g, 81% yield) . A large Fisher- Parter bottle was charged with this itaconate (41g) , triet-hyla ine (36g) , palladium acetate (380mg) , tri-o- tolylphosphine (1.04g) and iodobenzene (24.7g) . The bottle was sealed and flushed with nitrogen and placed in an oil bath and heated for 70 minutes. The residue was chrαratographed on silica gel, eluting with 100% hexanes until the less polar -Lπpurities were removed. Eluting with 10% eh l acetate in hexane gave the pure phenyl itaconate. This cαrpound (23.8g) was mixed with toluene (200-riL) and the resulting solution treated with trifluoroacetic acid (3GmL) . The solution was stirred at rocm tarperature for 1.5 hour and then evaporated. The residue was taken up in ether (15QmL) and treated with dicyclohexyla ine (10.4g) and stirred at 0° whereupon the salt precipitated. This was isolated hy filtration and washed with hexane and dried to give pure 1-benzyl 2-ben2ylidene succinoate dicycldhexylanuiuiiium salt (21.24g, 78% yield) . This benzylidene cαrpσund (20g) was place in a Fisher-Porter bottle and also added were degassed methanol (200mL) and rhodium (R,R) DiPAMP

(600mg) catalyst. The bottle was sealed and flushed with nitrogen then hydrogen. The reaction was hydrogenated at 40 psig for 15 hours at room teπperature. The contents were then poured into a round bottom flask (500mL) and the solvent evaporated to give a dark solid. The residue was taken up in boiling isooctane and allowed to stand, with seme title cαrpound crystallizing (7.34g) . The non-dissolved residue was taken up in boiling d-uneth-ϊxyethane. This solution was allowed to cool for 12 hours, whereupon crystals of the title cαrrpoυnd formed (6.05g). Cσrfoining the two crops gave 13.39g, 66% yield, πp

122-125°. 300 MHz 1H NMR: consistent with proposed structure.

Step 9

2R-(Pher-v--methyl)butanedioic acid, l-(pheπylmeth l) ester

The title cαrpound of Step 8 (9.3g) was suspended in a mixture of water (84πiL) and methanol (8.5mL) . Solid sodium bisulfate (6.12) was added and the mixture stirred for 5 minutes. The mixture was extracted with methylene chloride and the cαrbined extracts were dried over magnesium sulfate and evaporated to dryness. The residue was chrαctatographed on silica gel, eluting with -rethanol-chloroform-acetic acid (5:95:0.5), to give the pure title cαrpound (4.3g, 74% yield).

Step 10

Phenylmet-iyl άR-F2-[methyl[2-(2-oyridirτγl e hyllaminol- 2-αxoethryl1benzenepropanoate

To a solution of the title oαrpound of Step 9 (0.2g,

0.67ιrrrol) and pyridine (O.llg, 1.43ιrmol) in methylene chloride

(3mL) was added N,N'-disuccinimidyl carbonate (DSC, 0.183g,

0.71mmol) and diirethylaminσpyridine (EMAP, 5 mg) . After 3 hours, 2-(2-πet^laminoethyl) yridine (0.097g, 0.714-ιrmol) was added and the solution stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with CH2CI2 and then was washed with 5% aqueous K2CO3 solution (2x5 mL) , H2O (10 mL) , and brine (10 mL) . The organic layer was dried over MgSθ4. The filtrate was concentrated and purified by medium pressure column chromatography (silica gel, eluting with 5% ethanol in CHCI3) to give pure title α-πpound (0.218g, 78% yield) as a clear, colorless oil. The proton spectral data was consistent with the proposed structure.

Step 11 αR-[2-( " methyl \2-(2-oyridinyl)ethyllaminol- 2-oχpethvllbenzeneDrσpanoi acid

A mixture of the title cαrpσund of Ste-p 10 (0.219g, 0.526mmol) and 4% Pd-C (0.026g) in EtOH (3.7mL) at room terrperature was placed under a hydrogen atmosphere. The reaction was monitored by thin layer chrαratography [NH-jOH-EtCH- CHCI3 (1:5:94)] . After 4 hours the reaction was only partially cαrpleted. .An additional amount of 4% Pd-C (0.052g) was added and the mixture was stirred overnight. The mixture was filtered and concentrated to give the title cαrpound (0.183g, 65% yield) as a yellow oil. The proton NMR spectral data were consistent for the proposed structure.

The following working Exaπples are provided to illustrate synthesis of Cαrpoυnds 1-12 of the present invention and are not intended to limit the scope thereof. Those skilled in the art will readily understand that known variations of the conditions and processes of the following preparative procedures can be used to prepare the oαtpounds of the Exaπples. All tatperatures expressed are in degrees Centigrade.

Example 1

N 1 - [1R*- [ [ [IS, 1R*- (cyclohexylmethyl) -2S* , 3R*- dihydroxy-5-methylhexyl] amino] carbonyl] -3- butynyl] -N 4 -methyl- 2 S*- (phenylmethyl) - N 4 - [ 2 - ( 2 -pyr idinyl ) ethyl ] butanediamide

The title acid of Step 11 was coupled to the title amine of Step 7 using the procedure described in Step 10. This procedure, followed by chrαiatograpt on silica gel (eluting with methylene chloride-methanol (9:1) ) , gave the title cαrpσund as a pale yellow foam (66% yield) . NMR: consistent with proposed structure. Anal, calcd for C38H54N4O5 + 0.6 water: C, 69.40; H, 8.46; N, 8.52. Found: C, 69.17; H, 8.70; N, 8.47.

Cαrpounds #2-12, as shown in Table I below, may be synthesized by reference to the foregoing specific and general procedures for preparing cαrpounds of Formula I.

Example Compound No. Structure

TABLE I

Example Compound No, Struc ure

TABLE I

Example Compound No. Structure

B IOLOGICAL EVALUATION

Human Renin Inhibition in vitro

Compounds of Formula I were evaluated as inhibitors of human renin in an in vitro assay, as follows: This human renin inhibition test has been previously described in detail [Papaioannou ' et al., Clinical and Experimental Hypertension, A7(9), 1243-1257 (1985)]. Human renin was obtained from the National Institute for

Biological Standards, London. An incubation mixture was prepared containing the following components: in a total volume of 0.25mL: 100 mM Tris-acetate buffer at pH 7.4, 25 x 10 ~ 6 Goldblatt units of renin, 0.05mL of plasma from human volunteers taking oral contraceptives, 6.0 mM Na-EDTA, 2.4 mM phenylmethyl sulfonyl fluoride, 1.5 mM 8-hydroxyquinoline, 0.4 mg/mL bovine serum albumin (BSA) , and 0.024 mg/mL neomycin sulfate. This mixture was incubated for two hours at 37°C in the presence or absence of renin inhibitors. The produced angiotensin I was determined by radioimmunoassay (New England Nuclear kit) . Test compounds to be assayed were dissolved in DMSO and diluted with lOOmM Tris-acetate buffer at pH 7.4 containing 0.5% BSA to the appropriate concentration. The final concentration of organic solvent in the reaction mixture was less than 1%. Control incubations at 37°C were used to correct for effects of organic solvent on renin activity. The in vitro enzymatic conversion of angiotensinogen to angiotensin I was inhibited by test compound of the invention as indicated in Table II, below:

Table II

Human Renin in vitro Inhibition Data

Compound Example # IC 50 Human Renin (nM)

Example 1 0 .15

Also embraced within this invention is a class of pharmaceutical compositions comprising one or more compounds of Formula I in association with one or more non-toxic, pharmaceutically acceptable carriers and/or diluents and/or adjuvants (collectively referred to herein as "carrier" materials) and, if desired, other active ingredients. The compounds of the present invention may be administered by any suitable route, preferably in the form of a pharmaceutical composition adapted to such a route, and in a dose effective for the treatment intended. Therapeutically effective doses of the compounds of. the present invention required to prevent or arrest the progress of the medical condition are readily ascertained by one of ordinary skill in the art. The compounds and composition may, for example, be administered intravascularly, intraperitoneally, subcutaneously, intramuscularly or topically.

For oral administration, the pharmaceutical composition may be in the form of, for example, a tablet, capsule, suspension or liquid. The pharmaceutical composition is preferably made in the form of a dosage unit containing a particular amount of the active ingredient. Examples of such dosage units are tablets or capsules. These may with advantage contain an amount of active ingredient from about 1 to 250 mg, preferably from about 25 to 150 mg. A suitable daily dose for a mammal may vary widely depending on the condition of the patient and other factors. However,

a dose of from about 0.1 to 3000 mg/kg body weight, particularly from about 1 to 100 mg/kg body weight, may be appropriate.

The active ingredient may also be administered by injection as a composition wherein, for example, saline, dextrose or water may be used as a suitable carrier. A suitable daily dose is from about 0.1 to 100 mg/kg body weight injected per day in multiple doses depending on the disease being treated. A preferred daily dose would be from about 1 to 30 mg/kg body weight. Compounds indicated for prophylactic therapy will preferably be administered in a daily dose generally in a range from about 0.1 mg to about 100 mg per kilogram of body weight per day. A more preferred dosage^will be a range from about 1 mg to about 100 mg per kilogram of body weight. Most preferred is a dosage in a range from about 1 to about 50 mg per kilogram of body weight per day. A suitable dose can be administered, in multiple sub-doses per day. These sub-doses may be administered in unit dosage forms. Typically, a dose or sub- dose may contain from about 1 mg to about 400 mg of active compound per unit dosage form. A more preferred dosage will contain from about 2 mg to about 200 mg of active compound per unit dosage form. Most preferred is a dosage form containing from about 3 mg to about 100 mg of active compound per unit dose.

The dosage regimen for treating a disease condition with the compounds and/or compositions of this invention is selected in accordance with a variety of factors, including the type, age, weight, sex and medical condition of the patient, the severity of the disease, the route of administration, and the particular compound employed, and thus may vary widely.

For therapeutic purposes, the compounds of this invention are ordinarily combined with one or more adjuvants appropriate to the indicated route of administration. If administered per os, the compounds may be admixed with lactose, sucrose, starch powder, cellulose esters of alkanoic acids, cellulose alkyl esters, talc, stearic acid, magnesium stearate, magnesium oxide, sodium and calcium salts of phosphoric and sulfuric ' acids, gelatin, acacia gum, sodium alginate, polyvinylpyrrolidone, and/or polyvinyl alcohol, and then tableted or encapsulated for convenient administration. Such capsules or tablets may contain a controlled-release formulation as may be provided in a dispersion of active compound in hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose. Formulations for parenteral administration may be in the form of aqueous or non-aqueous isotonic sterile injection solutions or suspensions. These solutions and suspensions may be prepared from sterile powders or granules having one or more of the carriers or diluents mentioned for use in the formulations for oral administration. The compounds may be dissolved in water, polyethylene glycol, propylene glycol, ethanol, corn oil, cottonseed oil, peanut oil, sesame oil, benzyl alcohol, sodium chloride, and/or various buffers. Other adjuvants and modes of administration are well and widely known in the pharmaceutical art.

Although this invention has been described with respect to specific embodiments, the details of these embodiments are not to be construed as limitations.