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Title:
A GRINDER/POLISHER APPARATUS AND A GRINDING ELEMENT THEREFOR
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2016/186567
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A grinder/polisher apparatus is disclosed, the apparatus comprising first and second sets of grinding elements (2, 3) facing each other under an angle (α) thus forming between the sets of grinding elements a V-groove in which the cutting edge of a knife is insertable for movement upon grinding, wherein the grinding elements are supported in holders (5, 6). The grinding elements (2, 3) are pivotally arranged in the holders (5, 6) about axes (R, R') the inclinations of which correspond with the opening angle (α) of the V-groove.

Inventors:
EKLUND, Tore (Larstorpsvägen 13, Motala, MOTALA, SE)
Application Number:
SE2016/050470
Publication Date:
November 24, 2016
Filing Date:
May 20, 2016
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
EKLUND, Tore (Larstorpsvägen 13, Motala, MOTALA, SE)
International Classes:
B24B3/54; B24B3/36; B24D15/08
Domestic Patent References:
WO2009134193A12009-11-05
Foreign References:
US20130065494A12013-03-14
US4624079A1986-11-25
US20080041190A12008-02-21
Other References:
See also references of EP 3297789A4
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
BRANN AB (P.O. Box 3690, Stockholm, 10359, SE)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. A grinder/polisher apparatus comprising first and second sets of grinding elements (2, 3) facing each other under an angle (a) and spaced apart in overlapping relation so as to form a V-groove between the sets of grinding elements in which the cutting edge (4) of a knife is insertable for grinding in a back and forward movement (A) upon grinding, wherein the grinding elements (2, 3) are supported in holders (5, 6) that are movable in opposite directions (B) and biased by springs (9, 10) towards the V-groove, characterized in that the grinding elements (2, 3) have grinding front faces (15) and rear faces (25) comprising coupling means (26, 27) by which the grinding elements are pivotally hinged to the holders (5, 6) about axes (R, R') that are parallel or nearly parallel to the front faces (15) of the grinding elements (2, 3).

2. The apparatus of claim 1 , wherein the coupling means is a ridge (26) with a partially circular sectional profile running in the length direction on the rear face of the grinding element, the ridge pivotally received in a groove (27) of corresponding sectional profile formed in a forward end (28) of the holder (5, 6).

3. The apparatus of claim 2, wherein at least one of the rear face (25) of the grinding element and the forward end (28) of the holder is formed with surfaces which are sloping at an obtuse angle (β) away from the ridge (26) or from the groove (27) respectively.

4. The apparatus of any of claims 1-3, wherein the grinding element is a press- shaped body (22).

5. The apparatus of claim 1, wherein the grinding element has a grinding front face (15) and a rear face (21) supported against a curved or partially circular forward end (20) of the holder.

6. The apparatus of claim 5, wherein longitudinal sides of the grinding element are formed with a lug (18) respectively which movably engages a recess (19) formed in each side flank that adjoins the forward end (20) of the holder, wherein the lug (18) and recess (19) in mutual engagement control a sideways tilting movement of the grinding element with respect to the holder.

7. The apparatus of claim 6, wherein the lug (18) and recess (19) are extended the length of the grinding element.

8. The apparatus of any of claims 5-7, wherein the grinding element is an abrasive coated plate member (16).

9. The apparatus of any previous claim wherein the grinding elements (2, 3) in a set of grinding elements are individually biased by springs (9, 10) towards the grinding elements (2, 3) of the opposite set of grinding elements.

10. A grinding element (2, 3), for a grinder/polisher apparatus that comprises first and second sets of grinding elements facing each other under an angle (a) and spaced apart in overlapping relation so as to form a V-groove between front faces (15) of the grinding elements in which the cutting edge (4) of a knife is insertable for grinding in a back and forward movement (A) upon grinding, wherein the grinding element (2, 3) is supported in a holder (5, 6) that is movable in opposite directions (B) and biased by a spring (9, 10) towards the V-groove, characterized in that the grinding element (2, 3) has a grinding front face (15) and a rear face (25) comprising coupling means (26, 27) by which the grinding element is pivotally connectable to the holder (5, 6) about an axis (R, R') that is parallel or nearly parallel to the front face (15) of the grinding element (2, 3).

1 1. The grinding element of claim 10, comprising a press-shaped body (22) having a planar or substantially planar front face (15), two sides (23, 24) connecting the front face with a rear face (25), a ridge (26) which has a partially circular sectional profile that protrudes above the rear face and runs along a longitudinal center of the rear face.

12. The grinding element of claim 11 , wherein the rear face comprises two parallel surfaces sloping at an obtuse intermediate angle (β) away from the ridge (26) towards the sides of the press-shaped body (22).

13. The grinding element of claim 10, comprising a plate member (16) having a planar or substantially planar and abrasive coated front face (15), wherein sides of the plate member are bent back and inwards to produce engagement lugs (18) extended the length of the plate member.

Description:
TITLE

A grinder/ polisher apparatus and a grinding element therefor

TECHNICAL FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a grinder apparatus of the type which comprises first and second sets of grinding elements facing each other under an angle, thus forming between the sets of grinding elements a V-groove in which the cutting edge of a knife is insertable for movement upon grinding, wherein the grinding elements are supported in holders. The invention further relates to the grinding element per se, which can be embodied with coarse or fine abrasive for grinding or polishing treatment of a knife edge.

BACKGROUND AND PRIOR ART

A similar grinder or polisher apparatus is previously known from WO

2015/030655, disclosing opposite sets of spaced apart grinding elements which engage in an overlapping relation to form a V-groove for insertion of the knife. The grinding elements are individually supported in holders and biased towards the center of the V-groove by separate springs. The V-groove this way adapts its depth to the orientation of the knife and a good result is achieved even if the knife is not moved strictly horizontally as seen in a vertical view.

Even though the grinder of WO 2015/030655 has some ability to adapt the V- groove to a knife which is not moved in an ideal straight path in the V-groove as seen in a horizontal view, the active area of contact between the knife and the grinding elements will be restricted to a limited region of the grinding elements if the knife is moved in a path that is non-parallel with the front faces of the grinding elements. This may lead to local wear-down of the grinding elements and reduced efficiency in the grinding or polishing treatment of the knife.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention aims to provide an improved grinder/ polisher apparatus treating the cutting edge of a knife, which avoids the drawbacks and problems related to a non-straight orientation or non-linear motion of the knife in the V- groove, in the horizontal view. The object is met in a grinder/polisher apparatus as described initially, wherein the grinding elements are pivotally arranged in the holders about axes the inclinations of which correspond with the opening angle of the V-groove. As used herein, the expression "the inclinations of which correspond with the opening angle of the V-groove" is aimed to specify the orientation of the pivot axes in relation to the grinding elements and the V-groove.

Obviously, the V-groove is defined by the abrasive front faces in the sets of grinding elements, the front faces forming the sloping sides of the V-groove. In preferred embodiments of the invention, the grinding elements are pivotally arranged in a forward end of the holders (i.e. the end facing the V-groove) about axes that are parallel or nearly parallel to the front faces of the grinding elements. In other words, the pivot axes may be parallel or nearly parallel to the sides of the V-groove. Thus, if the inclinations of the pivot axes are changed it will affect the opening angle of the V-groove. The opening angle of the V-groove may be adjustable to adapt the grinder apparatus for treatment of differently angled knife cutting edges, whereby change of the V-groove angle can be accomplished by changing the position of the holders in the apparatus, this way changing the inclinations of the pivot axes and of the grinding elements accordingly.

However, a perfect alignment between the pivot axes and the front faces of the grinding elements may not always be critical and hence the relation can be defined as parallel or nearly parallel. The expression "correspond with" shall be understood to include embodiments wherein the pivot axes are parallel or nearly parallel with the sloping V-groove sides which are defined by the front faces of the grinding elements.

In embodiments of the invention the grinding element has a grinding or polishing front face and a rear face comprising coupling means by which the grinding element is pivotally hinged to the holder. This embodiment is advantageously applied to press-shaped grinding elements.

The above mentioned coupling means may be realized in the form of a ridge having a part-circular sectional profile that runs in the length direction of the grinding element, the ridge pivotally received in a corresponding profile of a groove formed in the forward end of the holder. In this embodiment at least one of the rear face of the grinding element and the forward end of the holder can be formed with surfaces which are sloping at an obtuse angle from the ridge or from the groove respectively. Another embodiment of the invention comprises a grinding element having a grinding or polishing front face and a rear face riding on a curved or partially circular forward end of the holder. This embodiment is advantageously applied to grinding elements formed from abrasive coated plate members.

In this latter embodiment the longitudinal sides of the grinding element are formed with a lug respectively which movably engages a recess formed in each side flank that adjoins the forward end of the holder, wherein the lug and recess in mutual engagement control a sideways tilting movement of the grinding element with respect to the holder. The lug and recess may be extended the length of the grinding element.

In the apparatus, preferably, the grinding elements of the first or second sets of grinding elements are individually biased by separate springs towards the other set of grinding elements.

In analogy with the aforesaid the present invention further relates to a grinding element for a grinder/polisher apparatus that comprises first and second sets of grinding elements facing each other under an angle thus forming between the front faces of grinding elements a V-groove in which the cutting edge of a knife is insertable for movement upon grinding, wherein the grinding element is supported in a holder.

In accordance with this second aspect of the present invention, the grinding element is characterized by being pivotally arranged in the holder about an axis the inclination of which corresponds with the inclination of the front face of the grinding element.

In one embodiment the grinding element is realized in the form of a press-shaped body having a planar or substantially planar front face, two sides connecting the front face with a rear face, and including a ridge having a part-circular sectional profile that protrudes above the rear face and runs along the longitudinal center of the rear face. In this embodiment the rear face is advantageously formed with two opposite surfaces which are sloping at an obtuse intermediate angle from the ridge towards the sides of the press-shaped body.

In another embodiment the grinding element is realized in the form of a plate member having a planar or substantially planar and abrasive coated front face, the longitudinal sides of the plate member swept back and inwards to produce engagement lugs extended the length of the plate member.

SHORT DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Further details and advantages of the invention will be explained below with reference made to the accompanying schematic drawings. In the drawings,

Fig. 1 is a partially broken away side view of a grinder / polisher apparatus to which the present invention can be applied,

Fig. 2 is a view from above showing the grinding elements pivotally adjusted to the non-straight orientation of a knife to be treated, Fig. 3 is a cross-sectional view through a grinding element pivotally supported in a holder according to one embodiment of the invention, and

Fig. 4 is a corresponding cross-sectional view through a grinding element pivotally hinged to a holder according to another embodiment of the invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

The grinder or polisher apparatus 1 of Fig. 1 comprises first and second sets of grinding or polishing elements 2 and 3 facing each other under an angle a, thus forming between the sets of grinding elements a V-groove in which the cutting edge 4 of a knife is insertable for grinding in a back and forwards movement as seen in the horizontal view. The movement of the knife in the horizontal view is indicated through an arrow A in Fig. 2. The grinding elements 2, 3 are supported in holders 5 and 6. The holders 5, 6 are journalled in blocks 7, 8 and movable in opposite directions as indicated through the arrows B. Springs 9 and 10 apply a biasing force to the holders and grinding elements towards the V-groove. The blocks 7, 8, the holders 5, 6 and the grinding elements 2, 3 are mounted on a base 11.

In this connection it shall be noted that the movement of the knife during grinding, thanks to the spring-biased mounting of the grinding elements, can be composed of both horizontal and vertical components of directions, such that the knife describes an oscillating motion when seen in a vertical view.

The grinder apparatus 1 may be arranged for adjustment of the opening angle a, if appropriate. To this purpose the grinding elements, holders and blocks may be journalled on a pivot 12 and associated with wedges 13 and 14 that control the angular positon and intermediate angle a between the first and second sets of grinding elements. The grinding elements 2, 3 are pivo tally supported in the respective holders 5 and 6. More precisely, the grinding elements are arranged for pivoting movement about axes R and R' which follow the directions of the front faces 15 of the subject grinding elements. In other words, the pivot axes R, R' follow the directions of the sloping sides of the V-groove, which are defined respectively through the front faces of the grinding elements in the subject set of grinding elements.

The pivotal mounting of the grinding elements in the holders permit the grinding apparatus to adapt to a knife which is not rectilinearly inserted in the V-groove. As illustrated in Fig. 2, the pivo tally supported grinding elements adjust their position with respect to the knife's orientation such that full contact with the active abrasive portions of the grinding elements, in Fig. 2 indicated through shadowed areas in the front faces 15, can be achieved throughout the grinding procedure.

The invention can be realized in several embodiments.

In one embodiment shown in Fig. 3 the grinding element comprises a plate member 16 with an abrasive coating 17 applied to its substantially planar front face. The plate member 16 is an elongate element, wherein the longitudinal sides are swept back and inwards to produce engagement lugs 18 which may be extended the whole length of the grinding element. The lugs 18 are movably received in recesses 19 which are formed in the opposite sides that adjoin the forward end 20 of the holder. The lugs 18 and recesses 19 in mutual engagement limit a sideways tilting movement of the grinding element, which rests with its rear face 21 against the curved forward end of the holder. The lugs 18, recesses 19 and the forward end 20 of the holder may be circular in shape as illustrated to permit the grinding element a pivoting movement about the pivot axis R (R') with respect to the holder. The embodiment of Fig. 3 may comprise a metal plate coated with an abrasive material, or a shaped plastic plate which is metallized and then coated with an abrasive material, such as diamond e.g.

In another embodiment shown in Fig. 4 the grinding element is a press-shaped body 22 having a planar or substantially planar front, two sides 23 and 24 connecting the front face with a rear face 25. A ridge 26 which partially has a circular sectional profile protrudes above the rear face and runs centrally along the rear face 25. The ridge 26 is pivotally received in a groove 27 of corresponding sectional profile, the groove 27 opening towards the body in the forward end 28 of the holder. In mutual engagement, the ridge 26 and the groove 27 provide a coupling means 26, 27 through which the body is hinged to the holder for pivoting movement about the pivot axis R (R'). At least one of the rear face 25 and the forward end 28 of the holder comprises surfaces which are sloping from the ridge or groove respectively, at an obtuse angle β, in order to permit a sideways tilting movement of the grinding element relative to the holder. The embodiment of Fig. 4 may comprise a press-shaped ceramic or powder-metallic body, e.g.

The individually pivoting grinding elements of the present invention, as well as the individually spring biased grinding elements of prior art, are each examples of advantageous improvements in grinder/polisher apparatuses intended for the treatment of a knife's cutting edge. Simultaneously applied these features provide a combination which is extremely forgiving in respect of the orientation of the knife during grinding.




 
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