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Title:
APPARATUS FOR MACHINING A COMPONENT AND METHOD OF MACHINING
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2017/102180
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
An apparatus (100) for machining a component (50) is presented. The apparatus comprising a fixation mechanism (10), wherein the fixation mechanism (10) comprises a first fixation member (1) with a first fixation face (11) and a second fixation member (2) with a second fixation face (12), wherein the first fixation face (11) and the second fixation face (12) are arranged and configured such that different bearing surfaces (20) of a plurality of different components (50) can be fixed between the first fixation member (1) and the second fixation member (2), wherein the apparatus (100) further comprises a machining device (30), and wherein the apparatus (100) is configured to machine a machining surface (51) of the respective component (50) by means of the machining device (30) and according to a predetermined accuracy. Further, a method of machining the component (50) is presented.

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Inventors:
GRIESE, Andreas (Kaiser-Friedrich-Str. 22, Berlin, 10585, DE)
KLEMKE, Thomas (Rapsstr. 25, Berlin, 13625, DE)
PIASECKI, Pascal (Wandelsweg 105, Gelsenkirchen, 45894, DE)
GELLENTHIEN, Heiko (Alboinstr. 25, Berlin, 12103, DE)
Application Number:
EP2016/076943
Publication Date:
June 22, 2017
Filing Date:
November 08, 2016
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAFT (Wittelsbacherplatz 2, München, 80333, DE)
International Classes:
B23Q3/06; B23Q3/10; B25B1/24
Foreign References:
US20100170081A12010-07-08
DE4116979A11992-11-26
DE102007049862A12009-04-23
US20050091846A12005-05-05
EP1806477A22007-07-11
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Claims:
Patent claims

1. Apparatus (100) for machining a component (50) comprising a fixation mechanism (10), wherein the fixation mechanism (10) comprises a first fixation member (1) with a first fixa¬ tion face (11) and a second fixation member (2) with a second fixation face (12), wherein the second fixation member (2) is displaceable with respect to the first fixation member (1), wherein the first fixation face (11) and the second fixation face (12) each comprise two subfaces (13) which are even in shape, wherein the first fixation face (11) and the second fixation face (12) are arranged and configured such that dif¬ ferent bearing surfaces (20) of a plurality of different com¬ ponents (50) can be fixed between the first fixation member (1) and the second fixation member (2), wherein the apparatus (100) further comprises a machining device (30) , and wherein the apparatus (100) is configured to machine a machining sur¬ face (51) of the respective component (50) by means of the machining device (30) and according to a predetermined accu- racy.

2. Apparatus (100) according to Claim 1, wherein the two subfaces (13) of the first fixation face (11) and the two subfaces (13) of the second fixation face (12) are inclined at an angle (a) between 115° and 118°, such as of 116.7°, to each other, respectively.

3. Apparatus (100) according to Claim 1 or 2, wherein the two subfaces (13) of the first fixation face (11) and the two subfaces (13) of the second fixation face (12) are inclined at an angle (a) between 112° and 115°, such as of 113.25°, to each other, respectively.

4. Apparatus (100) according to any of the previous Claims, wherein the predetermined accuracy of the machining amounts to 0.04 ± 0.02 mm.

5. Apparatus (100) according to any of the previous Claims, which is configured to machine the machining surface (51) of the component (50) such that the machining surface (51) of the component (50) has a surface roughness between 2.5 ym and 16 ym.

6. Apparatus (100) according to any of the previous Claims, comprising a rack (70), wherein the machining device (30) is surrounded by the rack (70) .

7. Apparatus (100) according to claim 6, wherein the appa¬ ratus (100) comprises a base (80) and the apparatus is con¬ figured such that the machining device (30) is fixable onto the base (80) for an operation of the apparatus (100) .

8. Apparatus (100) according to claim 7, wherein the appa¬ ratus (100) is configured such that the machining device (30) is demountable from the base (80) for a transportation of the apparatus (100) .

9. Apparatus (100) according to any of the previous Claims, which is configured such that it can be arranged and trans¬ ported on a euro-pallet. 10. Apparatus (100) according to any of the previous Claims, wherein the apparatus (100) is a grinding machine.

11. Apparatus (100) according to any of the previous Claims, wherein the component (50) is a vane or a blade of a turbine, such as a compressor of a gas turbine, and the machining surface is a surface of a root of said vane or blade.

12. Method of machining a component (50) with an appa¬ ratus (100) according to any of the previous Claims comprising a machining device (30) and a fixation mechanism (10), where¬ in the method comprises: - mounting the machining device (30) onto a base (80) of the apparatus (100) ,

- mounting a component (50) to the apparatus (100) for the machining operation, wherein bearing surfaces (20) of the component (50) are fixed between a first fixation member (1) and a second fixation member (2) of the fixation mechanism (10), and

- machining a machining surface (51) of the component (50) according to a predetermined accuracy.

13. Method according to Claim 12, wherein after the machining of the machining surface (50), the machining device (30) is demounted from the base (80) for a transportation of the ap¬ paratus (100), wherein the apparatus (100) is arranged on a pallet (90), such as a euro-pallet.

Description:
Description

Apparatus for machining a component and method of machining The present invention relates to an apparatus for machining a component such as a grinding machine for a turbine component, e.g. a blade or vane of a compressor of a gas turbine.

Typically, gas turbine engines are formed from a combustor positioned upstream from a turbine blade assembly and a com ¬ pressor. The compressor is formed from a plurality of compressor vanes and/or blades coupled to stator rings or discs.

Compressor vanes are known from WO 2013/126126 A2 for exam- pie.

Usually, compressor vanes comprise a trapeze or wedge-shaped root section which requires to be post-machined prior to the assembly of the vane or vane root to the overall turbine and/or the stator ring. Particularly, the vane root or root section to be fitted to a corresponding groove in the stator ring. For the machining, e.g. of a lower surface or machining surface of the vane root, belt grinders are applied. A par ¬ ticular demand is posed by the machining accuracy and repro- ducibility in the machining of surface. After the vane root has been machined and adapted to the corresponding root, the vane is usually inserted into the stator ring from a down ¬ stream side of the turbine. Along with the demand for a flexible application of gas turbines and other turbo machines, there is a growing demand to embody machining apparatuses applied in e.g. the machining of the compressor vane roots in a more universal and versatile way. At the same time the requirements for the machining ac- curacy have to be met.

It is an object of the present invention to provide means by which components such as compressor vanes can be machined universally and with a certain or predetermined accuracy. Particularly, an improved apparatus for machining said compo ¬ nent is provided, which is e.g. movable and/or transportable. This object is achieved by the subject-matters of the inde ¬ pendent claims. Advantageous embodiments and refinements are subject-matter of the dependent claims.

An aspect of the present disclosure relates to an apparatus for machining a component, such as a compressor vane. The ap ¬ paratus comprises a fixation mechanism which comprises a first fixation member with a first fixation face and a second fixation member with a second fixation face. Said fixation faces are preferably faces or surfaces of the respective fix- ation member by which said component can be retained for a machining operation such as a grinding operation.

Alternatively, the machining operation may be cutting or milling or any other machining technique.

The first fixation face and the second fixation face are ar ¬ ranged and configured such that different bearing surfaces or a plurality of different bearing surfaces of a plurality of different components can be fixed or clamped between the first fixation member and the second fixation member.

In an embodiment, the first fixation member is displaceable with respect to the second fixation member or vice versa. Thereby it may be achieved that the component can indeed be arranged between the first fixation member and the second fixation member and the component can finally be fixed relia ¬ bly by the fixation mechanism.

The mentioned bearing surfaces expediently relate to opposing bearing surfaces of the component such that each of the bear ¬ ing surfaces can be retained or abut only one of the first or the second fixation face. The apparatus further comprises a machining device for ma ¬ chining the component.

The apparatus is configured to machine a machining surface of the respective component with the machining device according to a predetermined accuracy. Said machining device may be or comprise a slide with a ceramic striking material. The ma ¬ chining device may be a pot or belt grinder, for example. Said machining surface is preferably a lower surface of the root of the component which preferably extends between the bearing surfaces of the component. The machining surface may be that surface of vane root of the compressor vane which is to be machined for the adaption to the corresponding groove, e.g. in the stator rings of the turbine.

Said plurality of different components preferably relates to different designs, shapes or standards of compressor vanes or the vane roots thereof.

As an advantage of the present invention, the apparatus can be applied in a versatile and universal way as it may be used for the machining or adaption of a plurality of different vanes or blades, such as compressor vanes, wherein for each of said vanes the required machining or fabrication accuracy can be met.

In an embodiment, the apparatus is configured to be movable and/or transportable. In this way the machining device may - according to the specific demands - be applied at different fabrication sites or facilities of turbines, for example.

In an embodiment, the predetermined accuracy of the machining amounts to 0.04 ± 0.02 mm. Said accuracy is preferably meas- ured and/or measurable by means of a specific inspection equipment . The first fixation face and the second fixation face each comprises two subfaces.

In an embodiment, the two subfaces of the first fixation face and the two subfaces of the second fixation face are inclined at an angle greater than 90° to each other, respectively. Owing to the mentioned inclination of the two subfaces of each of the first fixation face and the second fixation face, it may be achieved that the component, such as the compressor vane, may be retained and or fixed between the first fixation member and the second fixation member in a particular expedient way. According to the configuration of the first fixation face and the second fixation face, the component may be part ¬ ly surrounded by the first fixation member and the second fixation member.

The two subfaces of the first fixation face and the two subfaces of the second fixation face are even in shape. This allows particularly the fixation of the plurality of differ- ent components or the bearing surfaces thereof between the first and the second fixation member as e.g. bearing surfaces of different components can be fixed easiest and in a relia ¬ ble way. In an embodiment, the two subfaces of the first fixation face and the two subfaces of the second fixation face are inclined at an angle between 115° and 118°, such as of 116.7°, to each other, respectively. In an embodiment, the two subfaces of the first fixation face and the two subfaces of the second fixation face are inclined at an angle between 112° and 115°, such as of 113.25°, to each other, respectively. In an embodiment, the apparatus is configured to machine the machining surface of the component such that the machining surface of the component has a surface roughness between 2.5 ym and 16 ym. In an embodiment, the apparatus comprises a rack. The rack may be or comprise a cage partly housing the machining de ¬ vice. Thereby, it may be achieved that the apparatus is ac- cessible from the outside, e.g. for repair or specific ad ¬ justment actions. Moreover, the apparatus may be constructed in a compact and rigid way which is particularly important in the present field of apparatuses. In an embodiment, the apparatus is surrounded by the rack.

In an embodiment, the apparatus comprises a base and the ap ¬ paratus is configured such that the machining device and/or the rack is/are fixable, preferably reversibly, fixable onto or to the base for an operation, such a normal operation or application of the apparatus.

In an embodiment, the apparatus is configured such that the machining device and/or the rack is/are demountable from the base, e.g. for a transportation of the apparatus.

In an embodiment, the machining device is arranged vertically above the machining surface for the machining operation. This arrangement offers the advantage that, for the application of the machining or grinding forces, gravity is helpful. Moreo ¬ ver, in this way, it is unlikely that gravity influences the accuracy for the machining operation.

In an embodiment, the machining device is arranged horizon- tally beside the machining surface for the machining opera ¬ tion .

In an embodiment, the apparatus has a weight of less than 350 kg. As an advantage of this embodiment, the apparatus may particularly be embodied portable and/or transportable. In an embodiment, the apparatus is configured such that the fixation mechanism is tiltable with respect to the machining device . In an embodiment, the apparatus is configured such that it can be arranged and transported on a euro-pallet. This pro ¬ vides a major advantage in terms of shipment and versatility of the apparatus over known concepts of machining apparatuses for compressor vanes, for example.

In an embodiment the apparatus is a grinding machine.

In an embodiment, the component is a vane or blade of a tur ¬ bine, such as a compressor of a gas turbine and the machining surface is the surface of a root of said vane or blade.

A further aspect of the present invention relates to a method of machining the component with the described apparatus com ¬ prising the machining device and the fixation mechanism, wherein the method comprises mounting the machining device onto a base of the apparatus. Said mounting of the machining device may relate to a preparation of the apparatus for a ma ¬ chining operation. The method further comprises mounting a component of the ap ¬ paratus for the machining operation, wherein bearing surfaces of the component are fixed between a first fixation member and a second fixation member of the fixation mechanism. Further, the method comprises machining a machining surface of the component according to the predetermined accuracy.

As an advantage, particularly due to the releasable mount or fixation, the apparatus is compact and applicable in a versa ¬ tile way, such as transportable or movable to different sites where a machining of compressor vane components is required. As compared to localized or stationary machining tools, the overall machining concept of e.g. compressor vanes is signif ¬ icantly improved. Particularly, the described apparatus can be used or applied at a plurality of different fabrication sites, e.g. for turbines. Moreover, the accuracy of machining may as well be improved by the presented method. In an embodiment, after the machining of the machining surface, the machining device is demounted or demountable from the base for a transportation of the apparatus. For said transportation, the apparatus is preferably arranged on a pallet, such as a euro-pallet.

In an embodiment, the result of the machining operation, e.g. of a compressor vane, is surveyed with a first inspection de ¬ vice for inspecting an extent or dimension of the component and with a second inspection device for inspecting a dimen- sion of a further component to which the mentioned component is to be mounted, e.g. after the machining operation. Preferably, the further component is a rotor or stator ring of a turbine, to which the component, particularly the compressor vane, is to be fitted or mounted after the machining opera- tion. The dimension of the component preferably relates to a longitudinal extent of the vane root which may be decreased by a machining of the machining surface as described above. On the other hand, the dimension of the further component preferably relates to a depth of a vane groove of the men- tioned stator ring to which the vane root of the compressor vane is assembled.

Features, embodiments and/or advantages mentioned in combina ¬ tion with the described apparatus may as well pertain to the described method and vice versa.

Further features, expediencies and advantageous refinements become apparent from the following description of the exemplary embodiment in connection with the figures.

Like elements, elements of the same kind and identically act ¬ ing elements may be provided with the same reference numerals in the Figures. Figure 1 shows a schematic of a fixation mechanism for fix ¬ ing a component .

Figure 2 shows a schematic of a magnified section of a fix ¬ ation member and the component as shown in Figure 1. shows exemplary dimensions of a fixation member and the component . shows parts of the component and a groove. shows an engineering drawing of a vane root according to a first embodiment. shows an engineering drawing of at least parts of fixation members according to the first embodi ¬ ment .

Figure 7 shows a table of exemplary dimensions of the vane root of Figure 5 and the fixation members of Fig ¬ ure 6.

Figure 8 shows an engineering drawing of a vane root ac ¬ cording to a second embodiment.

Figure 9 shows an engineering drawing of at least parts of fixation members according to the second embodi ¬ ment .

Figure 10 shows a table of exemplary dimensions of the vane root of Figure 8 and the fixation members of Fig ¬ ure 9.

Figure 11 shows a table of root size indications of compres ¬ sor vanes. Figure 12 shows a simplified schematic of an apparatus for machining the component in a first state.

Figure 13 shows a simplified schematic of an apparatus for machining the component in a second state.

Figure 1 shows, in a schematic, and as a part of an apparatus 100 (cf. Figure 12) a fixation mechanism 10. The fixation mechanism 10 is configured to fix or clamp a component 50. The component 50 is preferably a turbine component, such as a compressor vane or corresponding vane root of a turbine. Particularly, a vane root or root section (not explicitly indi ¬ cated) of the compressor vane is fixed by the fixation mecha ¬ nism 10 and may be denoted by numeral 50. Said vane root may have a trapeze-like shape as indicated in Figure 1. A vane hook of the component 50 is indicated with numeral 25. An air foil section of the mentioned component 50 or as the case may be the compressor vane may extend downwards in Figure 1. The fixation mechanism 10 comprises a first fixation member 1 and a second fixation member 2. The first fixation member 1 and the second fixation member 2 may each be or comprise clamping jaws for clamping, retaining or fixing the component 50 or parts thereof.

The second fixation member 2 is preferably displaceable with respect to the first fixation member 1 which may be stationary. Said displacement may relate to a horizontal direction as indicated by the arrow under the second fixation member 2 in Figure 1. The indications of the fixation members may as well be vice versa such that the first fixation member 1 may be displaceable with respect to a stationary second fixation member 2. The mentioned displacement may be necessary in order to ar ¬ range and reliably clamp or fix the component between the first and the second fixation member 1,2. The first fixation member 1 comprises a first fixation face 11. The second fixation member 2 comprises a second fixation face 12. The first and the second fixation face 11, 12 each comprise two subfaces 13 by means of which the component 50 can be fixed or retained. Each of the mentioned subfaces 13 is preferably even in shape in order to abut bearing surfaces of the component 50 for the fixation. Said bearing surfaces - indicated with numeral 20 - are preferably also even in shape .

The component 50 can be fixed or clamped between the first fixation member 1 and the second fixation member 2 with a, e.g. predetermined, force Said force can expediently be ap ¬ plied hydraulically and or by further mechanical means known to a skilled person.

The fixation mechanism 10 may further be tilted, e.g. by an angle of ± 3°, e.g. with respect to a horizontal axis (not explicitly indicated) . Thus, an overall tilt of 6° or even more with respect to the machining device 30 may be achieved. As indicated in Figure 1, the apparatus 100 further comprises a machining device 30. The machining device 30 may be a pot grinder or belt grinder for machining a machining surface 51 of the component 50. The machining surface 51 may denote a root surface or lower surface of the component 50. The ma ¬ chining device 30 is arranged vertically above the component 50 or as the case may be the machining surface 51.

The apparatus 100 and/or the machining device 30 are prefera- bly configured to machine or grind the machining surface 51 of the component 50 according to a predetermined accuracy. The predetermined accuracy may relate or amount to 0.04 ± 0.02 mm. Moreover, the apparatus 100 and/or the machining device 50 are preferably configured to machine the machining surface 51 of the component 50 such that the machining sur ¬ face 51 of the component has a surface roughness between 2.5 ym and 16 ym only. The machining device 30 may e.g. be a CNC tool and/or comput ¬ er-controlled in order to achieve the described accuracies. However, preferably, the machining device is controlled and/or operated manually.

The first fixation face 11 and the second fixation face 12 are preferably arranged and configured such that bearing sur ¬ faces of a plurality of different components can be fixed be ¬ tween the first fixation member 1 and the second fixation member 2. Thereby, it may be achieved that the apparatus can be applied in a universal and versatile way as e.g. only one machining apparatus is required for the machining of a plu ¬ rality of different standard-sized or -shaped compressor vanes (cf . Figures 5 to 11 below) .

Figure 2 shows a magnified schematic of a magnified section of Figure 1 marked therein by the dashed circle. Particular ¬ ly, a part of the second fixation member 2 is shown. The de ¬ tails shown in Figure 2 may relate mutatis mutandis as well to the fixation of the component 50 by the first fixation member 1 (cf . Figure 3) . An opening angle a is indicated be ¬ tween the two subfaces 13 of the second fixation face 12. For a reliable fixation or clamping of the component 50, the bearing surfaces 20 of the component 50 are expediently also inclined by the same angle. The angle a is preferably greater than 90°.

According to a first embodiment of the component 50 and/or the first and the second fixation members 1,2, a preferably amounts to 116.7° (cf . Figures 5 to 7) .

According to a second embodiment of the component 50 and/or the first and the second fixation members 1, 2, a preferably amounts to 113.25° (cf . Figures 8 to 10) .

These angles may particularly be expedient for standard or common bearing surfaces of vane roots. Accordingly, the bearing surfaces of the different components may also incline the mentioned angles with respect to each other and according to the mentioned embodiments (cf . Figures 5 and 8 below) .

The component 50 as shown in Figure 2 may have a curvature at the outermost side as indicated. The geometry of the compo ¬ nent in this region, i.e. regions, wherein the component 50 does not abut the subfaces 13, may differ among the various standards, sizes or embodiments of the component 50 (cf. di ¬ mensions h6, b3, b5 in Figures 5 and 8, respectively) . Never- theless, said various components may be retained or fixed by the fixation mechanism 10 with the same reliability, repro ¬ ducibility and accuracy.

Figure 3 shows a part of the vane hook 25 and/or the compo- nent 50. The dashed lines on the left indicate the subfaces 13 of the first fixation face 11. Thus, a situation may be indicated, wherein the component 50 is being or is to be ma ¬ chined by the apparatus 100. In Figure 3, specific measures or dimensions h6, b3 and b5 are indicated. By means of these dimensions, the different standard sizes or shapes of compressor vanes 50 may differ without affecting the fixture during the machining operation in the apparatus 100 (cf . Figures 7 and 10 below) .

Figure 4 shows parts of an exemplary vane root and/or compo ¬ nent 50 assembled to a vane groove 40, e.g. a vane groove of a stator ring to which the vane root and/or component 50 is mounted or is to be mounted. It can be observed from Figure 4, that the machining surface 51 has to accurately fit to the corresponding vane groove. In this way, care must be taken not to remove access material which would prevent the compo ¬ nent 50 from being inserted into the vane groove 40. Figure 5 shows - by means of at least parts of an exemplary vane root - specific measures and dimensions, such as b2, b3, b5 and h7 by which compressor vane root sizes of the stand ¬ ards or shapes SFM4 to SFM13 may be distinguished from each other (cf . therefore Figure 7) . Furthermore, dimensional val ¬ ues in mm are indicated.

Figure 6 shows - by means of two fixation members, i.e. a first and a second fixation member as described - specific dimensional values in mm.

Figure 7 shows values in mm of the dimensions indicated in Figures 3 and 5. Particularly, when observing e.g. the col- umns of the b5-values (cf. Figure 3), it becomes apparent that a plurality of different components or vane roots of compressor vanes or as the case may be their bearing surfaces 20 can be fixed between the first fixation member 1 and the second fixation member 2 (cf . Figures 1 and 2) .

Figures 8 to 10 indicate, analogous to Figures 5 to 7 the situation of the second embodiment or second standard of com ¬ pressor vane root sizes, wherein - due to the dimensions or extents of the corresponding component 50 - another or dif- ferent pair of fixation members 1, 2 has to be conducted and/or mounted to the apparatus 100.

Figure 8 shows - by means of at least parts of an exemplary vane root - specific measures and dimensions, such as b2, b3, b5 and h7 by which compressor vane root sizes of the stand ¬ ards or shapes SWM4 to SWM7-60 may be distinguished from each other (cf. therefore Figure 10). Furthermore, dimensional values in mm are indicated. Figure 9 - by means of two fixation members, i.e. a first and a second fixation member as described - specific dimensional values in mm.

Figure 10 shows values in mm of the dimensions indicated in Figures 3 and 8. Particularly, when observing the columns of the dimensions b5-values (cf. Figure 3), it becomes apparent that a plurality of different components or vane roots of compressor vanes or as the case may be its bearing surfaces 20 can be fixed between the first fixation member 1 and the second fixation member 2 (cf . Figures 1 and 2) .

The table of Figure 11 summarizes different vane root shapes or sizes which can be machined by means of the presented ap ¬ paratus. The terms SWM4 to SWM7 which are listed one below the other in the column of Figure 11 pertain to the above- mentioned first embodiment, wherein the terms SFM5 to SFM11 pertain to the second embodiment as mentioned above. Thereby, however, two different pairs of clamping jaws and/or fixation members may have to be applied, viz. one pair of fixation members for the shapes SFM5 to SFM7 and other pair of fixa ¬ tion members for the shapes SFM8 to SFM11. Moreover, the re ¬ maining shape terms SF5 to SFll which may pertain to further shapes, e.g. of conventional or non-trapeze-like shaped vane roots may as well be clamped by the described fixation mecha ¬ nism 10 preferably with two further pairs of fixation members. Thus, in summary, five different pairs of jaws or fixa ¬ tion members may allow for a reliable clamping of 20 differ- ent vane root geometries.

By means of Figures 12 and 13, the depicted apparatus 100 is described in more detail. Additionally, a method of machining the component 50 with the apparatus 100 is described.

Figure 12 shows a simplified schematic of an apparatus 100 in a first state, preferably a state according to which the ap ¬ paratus 100 can be shipped or transported. Therefore, the ap ¬ paratus 100 is disposed on a pallet 90. The apparatus 100 comprises the fixation mechanism 10 and the machining appa ¬ ratus 30 as e.g. shown in Figure 1. The apparatus 100 further comprises a rack 70 which at least partly houses or surrounds the fixation mechanism 10 as well as the machining device 30. At the same time, the rack 70, preferably, protects the men- tioned components from external influences, such as shocks during a transportation of the apparatus 100. The rack 70 may constitute or comprise a welded construction for the required stability during a machining operation. A component 50 is not explicitly indicated in Figure 12. The fixation mechanism 10 as well as the machining device 30 are expediently fixed to the rack 70. The apparatus 100 further comprises - in or in the vicinity of the machining device 30 - an electric drive 35 for driving the machining device 30. The electric drive 35 is preferably designed for a supply voltage of 230 V or 400 V at frequen ¬ cies of 50 Hz or 60 Hz, for example. The electric drive 35 may further comprise an induction machine (not explicitly in ¬ dicated) . The electric drive 35 and/or the machining device 30 may, in turn, have a protective casing.

For the machining, the machining device 30 may be borne mova- ble or displaceable via a slide and comprise a ceramic strik ¬ ing surface 36 or comparable means known by a skilled person. Preferably, the whole root surface of the vane root of the component 50 can be machined or grinded by the machining de ¬ vice 30.

The machining device 30 may further comprise grinding discs for providing the striking surface 36. Said grinding discs may in turn be mounted via a key fitting connection. The grinding discs may comprise a ceramic such as corundum. The grinding discs may further have a diameter of 200 mm. Moreo ¬ ver, the machining device 30 may be displaceable or movable with a vernia or fine-adjustment of an accuracy of 40 ym. Preferably, the machining device 30 is controlled and/or moved manually in the vertical as well as in the horizontal direction for the machining operation of the component 50.

As an alternative to grinding, the machining device may be a cutting or milling device. The apparatus 100 further comprises a base 80. The base 80 is also arranged on the pallet 90 beside the rack 70 along with the machining device 30. Preferably, the apparatus 100 is configured such that the ma ¬ chining device 30 and/or the rack 70 is/are fixable onto the base for a normal operation of the apparatus 100. Said fixa ¬ tion pertains to any expedient, preferably releasable, fixa- tion means known in the art.

In Figure 13, the apparatus is indicated in a second state, being different from the first state. Particularly, the se ¬ cond state pertains to a normal operation of the apparatus 100, such as a machining operation of the component which is actually to be machined.

Preferably, the apparatus 100 is further configured such that the machining device 30 and/or the rack 70 can be demounted from the base for a transportation or shipment of the appa ¬ ratus 100, as described.

The pallet 90 as mentioned above preferably allows for an easy shipment of the apparatus 100, e.g. from one fabrication side to another, where a specific post machining of compres ¬ sor vanes is actually required. Preferably, the pallet 90 is a euro-pallet. The dimensions of the apparatus 100 are expe ¬ diently chosen such that the apparatus 100 can indeed be re ¬ placed and transported on such euro-pallet.

Originating from the state as shown in Figure 12, the described method comprises preparing the apparatus 100 for a machining operation, wherein the machining device 30 or the rack 70 and the base 80 are already arranged on the pallet 90. Then, as described, the rack 70 is mounted onto the base 80.

In Figure 12, the apparatus is shown without a component mounted thereto. However, when a component is mounted (see dashed contour in Figure 13) , the machining device is prefer ¬ ably arranged above the respective machining surface 51. Alternatively, the apparatus may be configured such that, when the machining device 30 and/or the rack 70 is mounted on the base 80, the machining device 30 is arranged horizontally beside the machining surface for the machining operation, for example.

Thus, the described method further comprises mounting of the component 50 and/or the compressor vane to the apparatus 100 for the machining operation, wherein the bearing surfaces 20 are fixed between the first fixation member 1 and the second fixation member 2 of the fixation mechanism 10 (cf. Figures 1 and 2 ) .

When the component 50 has been mounted to the apparatus and/or fixed by the fixation mechanism 10, the method expedi ¬ ently comprises machining of the machining surface 51 of the component 50 according to the described predetermined accura ¬ cy . After the machining, the machining device 30 and/or the rack 70 are preferably demounted from the base 80 for a transpor ¬ tation of the apparatus 100, wherein the apparatus 100 is ar ¬ ranged on a pallet 90, as shown in Figure 12. During or after the machining, the method may further comprise surveying or checking a result of the machining with a first inspection device for inspecting e.g. a height of the vane root (cf. Figure 3) and with a second inspection device for inspecting e.g. a depth of the vane groove 40 of a stator ring to which the component 50 is to be mounted after the ma ¬ chining operation (cf . Figure 4) .

Alternatively, the mentioned depth of the vane groove and a height of the vane root may be inspected and/or measured by the same inspection device.

The described method advantageously allows for a significant improvement in terms of versatility and scope of application of the apparatus. This is particularly owed to the described fixation mechanism as well as transportable design as de ¬ scribed in the various embodiments of the apparatus and/or the method.

Although the invention has been described with reference to specific embodiments, this description is not meant to be construed in a limiting sense. Various modifications of the disclosed embodiments, as well as alternate embodiments of the invention, will become apparent to persons skilled in the art upon reference to the description of the invention. It is therefore contemplated that such modifications can be made without departing from the embodiments of the present inven ¬ tion as defined.