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Title:
APPARATUS FOR THE SPREADING OF ADHESIVE MATERIAL
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2012/011004
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention relates to an apparatus for the application of adhesive materials, e.g. flooring or tile adhesive or similar for the laying of flooring or roofing surfaces, where the apparatus is comprised of a frame for the securing of a trowel blade (25) in its correct position with regard to the subfloor over which it is being moved, and where the apparatus furthermore comprises at least one receptacle chamber (8) for a container ( 1 ) containing adhesive material, wherein a first wall portion (10) of said receptacle is provided with a first through opening (10!) or channel through the wall portion of such a shape that it mates with a corresponding outlet member (4) provided on said container (1 ) for adhesive material, whereby, when the container ( 1 ) is placed in the receptacle chamber (8), adhesive material can flow from the container (1 ) through said first wall portion (10) and into an exhaust chamber (9) of the apparatus, from which exhaust chamber (9) the adhesive material during use of the apparatus is spread over said subfloor, upon which adhesive is to be applied. The invention furthermore relates to a container that is provided with such outlet means that it can only be used together with the apparatus, if characteristics relating to dimensions, shape and orientation of the outlet member of the container correspond to similar parameters of the apparatus By these means it is prevented that unauthorized containers are used together with the apparatus

Inventors:
GAARDSOE, Nicolai (Terslev Overdrevsvej 2, Haslev, DK-4690, DK)
TRETOW-LOOF, Peter (Hvidegaardsparken 34, Kgs. Lyngby, DK-2800, DK)
Application Number:
IB2011/052943
Publication Date:
January 26, 2012
Filing Date:
July 04, 2011
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
UDVIKLINGSSELSKABET AF 2002 APS (Terslev Overdrevsvej 2, Haslev, DK-4690, DK)
GAARDSOE, Nicolai (Terslev Overdrevsvej 2, Haslev, DK-4690, DK)
TRETOW-LOOF, Peter (Hvidegaardsparken 34, Kgs. Lyngby, DK-2800, DK)
International Classes:
A47G27/04; B65D75/58; E04F21/08; E04F21/20
Domestic Patent References:
WO2010041083A1
WO2007149231A2
WO2002100555A1
Foreign References:
DE2709771A1
GB2218724A
EP1018585A1
US4982470A
US3803662A
US3611470A
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
BUDDE SCHOU A/S (Vester Søgade 10, Copenhagen V, DK-1601, DK)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1 . An apparatus for the application of adhesive materials, e g. flooring or tile adhesive or simiiar for the laying of flooring or roofing surfaces, where the apparatus is comprised of a frame for the securing of a trowel blade (25) in its correct position with regard to the subfloor over which it is being moved, and where the apparatus furthermore comprises at least one receptacle chamber (8) for a container ( 1) containing adhesive materia!, wherein a first wail portion (10) of said receptacle chamber is provided with a first through opening (10') or channel through the wali portion of such a shape that it mates with a corresponding outlet member (4) provided on said container ( 1 ) for adhesive material, whereby, when the container (1 ) is placed in the receptacle chamber (8), a fluid communication path can be established from the container (1 ) through said first wail portion ( 10) and into an exhaust chamber (9) of the apparatus, from which exhaust chamber (9) the adhesive materia! during use of the apparatus is spread over said subfloor, upon which adhesive is to be applied.

2 An apparatus according to claim 1 , further comprising a second wal! portion (1 1) juxtaposed said first wall portion (10), whereby an intermediate chamber (13) is defined by said first and second wall portions (10, 1 1) and where the second wa!l portion ( 1 1 ) is provided with a second through opening (1 1 ") of such a shape, and placed such relative to said first through opening (10!) that said outlet (4) of the container ( 1 ) can pass through said first through opening (10'), via said intermediate chamber (13) and through said second through opening ( 1 1 ") thereby providing fluid communication between the container ( 1 ) and the exhaust chamber (9) 3 An apparatus according to claim 2, wherein said second through opening ( 1 1 ") is displaced relative to said first through opening (10!)

4 An apparatus according to claim 2, wherein said intermediate chamber (13) is in fluid communication with through openings (14) leading from the intermediate chamber (13) to a rear portion (28) of the apparatus.

5 An apparatus according to claim 1 , wherein said first wail portion (10) comprises a channel of a length substantially corresponding to the length of the outlet member (4) in the container ( 1), the channel being inclined relative to the first wall portion (10) substantially corresponding to the inclination of the outlet member (4) in the container ( 1 ).

6. A container for adhesive material comprising a flexible bag portion (1 ) on an end piate (2) provided with one or more outlet members (4), where the dimensions, shapes and inclination of the output members (4) are adapted for use in an apparatus according to any of the preceding claims 1 to 5, by cooperating with the one or more wail portions (10, 1 1) in an interface structure between the receptacle chamber (8) and the exhaust chamber (9) of said apparatus. 7 A container according to claim 6, further comprising an inlet (3) for the supply of adhesive material to the container, said inlet (3) being provided in said end plate (2)

8. A container according to claim 6 or 7, wherein said one or more outlet members (4) is provided with a film (5) blocking the passage of adhesive material from the bag portion ( 1) through the outlet members (4) prior to the use of the container and which film (5) must be at least partly broken or cut away, when the container is to be used in the apparatus according to any of the preceding claims 1 to 9 9 A container according to claim 6, 7 or 8, wherein said one or more outlet members (4) are characterised by having a predetermined depth substantially in the flow direction of the adhesive material through the outlet member.

10. A container according to any of the preceding claim 6 to 9, wherein said one or more outlet members (4) are inclined relative to said end plate (2)

1 1 A method for applying adhesive material on a surface, wherein the method comprises the following steps. (a) providing an apparatus for application of adhesive material on a surface, where the apparatus comprises a frame for the securing of a trowel blade in its correct position with regard to a subfloor over which it is being moved, at least one receptacle for accommodating a container containing the adhesive material and an exhaust chamber from which the adhesive materia! is applied on the surface, and wherein one or more wall(s) separate(s) said receptacle from said exhaust chamber, wherein the wall is provided with a through opening or channel of a given cross sectional shape,

(b) providing a flexible container or bag provided with an outlet member of a cross sectional shape corresponding to the cross sectional shape of said opening or channel,

(c) placement of said container or bag in said receptacle such that said outlet member provides fluid communication through said opening or channel, whereby adhesive material in said container or bag can be brought to flow from the container or bag to said exhaust chamber and from this chamber via the trowel blade to the underlying surface

12 A method according to claim 1 1 , wherein said fluid communication will be substantially reduced when said through openings in said one or more walls do not co-operate with the outlet member of the container, in which case a substantia! amount of adhesive material will not be provided to the exhaust chamber of the apparatus but rather to other portions or surfaces of the apparatus

Description:
APPARATUS FOR THE SPREADING OF ADHESIVE MATERIAL.

TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention relates generally to the spreading of adhesive materials, and more specifically to an apparatus and a corresponding method for spreading a layer of adhesive over a surface, such as a floor as well as to a container specifically designed for application in the apparatus according to the invention.

BACKGROUND ART

Numerous types of flooring are laid upon underlying sub floors or concrete slabs and fixed by using adhesive materials The adhesive must be spread evenly over the underlying surface prior to the placement of the covering material For example parket floors, wooden floors, laminated boards, tiles, carpets or roll out flooring materials are all applied over an adhesive. It should be noted, however that the present invention is not limited to flooring but can for instance be utilised in the laying of roofing materials as well Typically, the adhesives are spread by a hand trowel such as the one described in EP 1 ,018,585A1 , where the persons spreading the adhesive would carry out the work on their knees This result in the work being physically difficult and relatively slow, especially where large areas like industrial complexes, sports arenas, office areas etc are concerned Attempts have been made in the past to improve on this known technique but with limited success The improvements have typically involved the trowel being able to be used whilst the person is in an upright position Examples of these can be seen in U S Patents 4,982,470, 3,803,662 and 3,61 1 ,470, where the tool can either be dragged or drawn to spread the adhesive layer.

As mentioned above, these adhesive spreaders have various limitations and are not as effective as they might be It has been noted that there is still a need to be able to reliably spread an even layer of adhesive material using non-complex machinery, which can be easily cleaned after use. Machinery known in the field uses compressors and external electrical sources to apply the adhesive and power the machinery. This has the disadvantage of lacking versatility, due to the size and weight of the machinery, and furthermore because large compressors are needed to be set up before the spreader can function and many building sites where the spreader may be used cannot be relied upon the have electrical sources

It would be desirable to provide a spreader which could lay a membrane or layer of adhesive material of a predetermined thickness with good accuracy and which is easy to use from a standing position It would also be desirable if the spreader had some capability to reliably and evenly distribute the adhesive material ahead of the oncoming spatula blade A further desirable attribute would be the ability to remove excess adhesive material when required, To accomplish these and other pertinent effects with a tool which is easy to maintain and clean and which requires no external input other than the driving force given by the person operating it would also be most desirable

An apparatus that overcome the above problems has been proposed in the applicant's prior international application WO 02/100555, which is hereby incorporated by reference. The present application proposes some very important developments of the apparatus described in the above mentioned international application The present invention relates both to an apparatus and a method for spreading adhesive material and to a container for the adhesive material, the container being adapted to the apparatus in such a manner that the apparatus can only function satisfactorily if it is used together with containers specifically designed for this apparatus

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The above and further objects and advantages are attained with an apparatus, a container for adhesive material and a method of spreading such material according to the independent claims. Various embodiments of the invention are defined in the dependent claims and/or in the following description..

According to a first aspect, the present invention relates to an apparatus for the application of adhesive materials, e g flooring or tile adhesive or similar for the laying of flooring or roofing surfaces, where the apparatus is comprised of a frame for the securing of a trowel blade in its correct position with regard to the subfloor over which it is being moved, and where the apparatus furthermore comprises at least one receptacle for a container containing adhesive material, wherein a wall portion of said receptacle is provided with an opening or channel through the wall portion of such a shape that it mates with a corresponding outlet member provided on said container for adhesive material, whereby, when the container is placed in the receptacle, a fluid communication path is established from the container through said wall portion and into an exhaust chamber in the apparatus, from which exhaust chamber the adhesive material during use of the apparatus is spread over said subfloor, upon which adhesive is to be applied

Some of the embodiments of the apparatus according to the invention described in the detailed description of the invention and actually shown in some of the figures comprise two receptacle chambers for containing a container of adhesive material It is understood that also only a single such receptacle chamber could be used in the apparatus of the invention all well as more than two chambers, all according to specific preferences and/or needs An embodiment containing only one receptacle chamber is also shown and described in the detailed description of the invention According to a second aspect, the present invention relates to a container for adhesive material provided with an outlet member adapted for use in the above mentioned apparatus

According to a third aspect, the present invention relates to a method for applying adhesive material on a surface, wherein the method comprises the following steps.

(a) providing an apparatus for application of adhesive material on a surface, where the apparatus comprises a frame for the securing of a trowel blade in its correct position with regard to a subfloor over which it is being moved, at least one receptacle for accommodating a container containing the adhesive material and an exhaust chamber from which the adhesive material is applied on the surface, and wherein a wall separates said receptacle from said exhaust chamber, wherein the wall is provided with a through opening or channel of a given cross sectional shape, (b) providing a flexible container or bag provided with an outlet member of a cross sectional shape corresponding to the cross sectional shape of said opening or channel,

(c) placement of said container or bag in said receptacle such that said outlet member provides fluid communication through said opening or channel, whereby adhesive material in said container or bag can be brought to flow from the container or bag to said exhaust chamber and from this chamber via the trowel blade to the underlying surface

According to a specific embodiment of the apparatus according to the invention, a dual- chamber structure is applied as an interface structure between the receptacie chamber in which the container of adhesive material is provided and the exhaust chamber of the apparatus Thus, an extra chamber is provided between said wall portion of the receptacle chamber and the exhaust chamber, such that when the outlet member of the container does not extend entirely from the receptacie chamber to the exhaust chamber, but rather terminates in the intermediate extra chamber, adhesive material is not properly conveyed from the container to the exhaust chamber.

According to a specific, preferred embodiment of the invention said interface structure separating the receptacle chamber from the exhaust chamber comprises two juxtaposed walls, each provided with through openings formed for passage of the outlet member of the container. According to a preferred embodiment the through opening in one wall of the interface structure is displaced relative to the corresponding through opening in the second wall of the interface structure, whereby only an outlet member in the container that is inclined relative to the surface of the container on which it is provided can pass both through openings and hence from the receptacie chamber through the interface structure and to the exhaust chamber of the apparatus It should be noted that the interface structure could also comprise more than the two walls described above without departing from the scope of the present invention Furthermore, an alternative to the two (or more) walls interface structure a single thick wall could be used, through which thick wall a channel is formed to accommodate the inclined outlet member of the container

J BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The present invention will be better understood with reference to the following detailed description of embodiments of the invention in conjunction with the figures, where.

Figure 1 shows a box-shaped flexible bag 1 for an adhesive material On one end face of the bag is welded or glued a plastic end plate or gable 2 that is provided with an inlet 3 for providing the bag 1 with the adhesive material and an outlet 4 through which the adhesive material in the bag 1 can leave the bag and enter the exhaust chamber of the apparatus The outlet 4 has a given predetermined shape that corresponds to a wall portion at the interface between the receptacle chamber of the apparatus, in which the bag under operation of the apparatus is placed and the exhaust chamber of the apparatus from which the adhesive is spread over the underlying surface

Figure 2 shows an embodiment of the apparatus according to the invention .

Figure 3 shows the apparatus comprising a pump system for urging the adhesive material from the one or more bags in the apparatus to the exhaust chamber or chambers,

Figure 4 shows some of the inner structure of the apparatus with the cover 7 opened.. This embodiment of the apparatus comprises two receptacle chambers 8, one of these being provided with a bag 1 of adhesive material The bags are kept in place when the cover 7 is closed

Figure 5 shows the position of the interface between the receptacle chamber 8 and the exhaust chamber 9

Figure 6 shows in detail the dual-chamber interface that between the receptacle chamber 8 and the exhaust chamber 9 comprises an intermediate chamber 13 bounded by wall portions 10 and 1 1 , through which wall portions openings 10' and 1 1 ' provide for communication from the receptacle chamber 8 to the exhaust chamber through the outlet member 4 on the bag of adhesive materiai The wall portions 10 and 1 1 are also provided with an opening 12 for accommodation of the inlet 3 of the bag . Both the lower portion of the receptacle chamber and the intermediate chamber are provided with openings 14 leading to the rear portion of the apparatus

Figure 7 shows essentially the same detail as figure 6, i e. the dual-chamber system that prevents application of an unoriginal or unauthorised bag in the apparatus Thus, the adhesive material will run backwards through the openings 14 if a bag without the appropriate end plate or gable 2 is used.

Figures 8, 9 and 1 show various pictures of the apparatus. Figure 1 1 shows a further advantageous detail of the apparatus according to the invention, namely the provision of exchangeable side pieces 15 provided at those portions of the apparatus that are prone to wear during use of the apparatus. Figure 12 shows further details of the apparatus,

Figure 13 shows the apparatus seen from the bottom comprising a hinge system 17 for the wheels 16, a slide gate 19 and an opening 18 for dismounting the slide gate 19 Figures 14 and 15 show further details of the apparatus

Figure 16 shows an alternative design 20 of an outlet member of the bag 1..

Figure 17 shows another alternative design 21 of an outlet member of the bag 1 and an end plate or gable 22 glued to the corresponding end face of the bag and an inlet member 23 welded on the bag 1

Figure 18 and 19 show a second embodiment of the apparatus according to the invention Figure 20 is a schematic view of an apparatus according to the invention used to illustrate an important detail of a preferred embodiment.

Figures 21 , 22 and 23 are further schematic representations of the second embodiment of the invention showing among others that only a single receptacle chamber is used in this embodiment and that the container for adhesive material in this case has two outlets of a generally curved shape

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION in the following a number of non-limiting embodiments of the invention will be described, but it is understood that the invention may be implemented in other manners than those shown and described without thereby departing from the scope of the invention as defined by the claims. With reference to figure 1 there is shown a box-shaped flexible bag 1 according to an embodiment of the invention for an adhesive material On one end face of the bag 1 there is attached, for instance welded or glued, a plastic end p!ate or gable 2 that is provided with an inlet 3 for providing the bag 1 with the adhesive material and an outlet 4 through which the adhesive materia! in the bag 1 can leave the bag and enter an exhaust chamber of the apparatus according to the invention, as will be described in detail below The outlet 4 has a given predetermined shape that corresponds to an aperture in a wail portion at the interface between the receptacle chamber of the apparatus, in which the bag under operation of the apparatus is placed and the exhaust chamber of the apparatus from which the adhesive is spread over the underlying surface.. In this manner it is ascertained that the apparatus can only receive and utilise a bag that is specifically designed for this particular apparatus

In figure 1 there are shown an example of typical dimensions of a container for use in an apparatus of the invention comprising two receptacle chambers. It is however understood that dimensions giver in this figure as elsewhere in the present specification are only to be regarded as non-limiting examples and that for a one receptacle chamber apparatus the dimensions of the container will normally be larger. It is possible within the scope of the present invention to design bags of various shapes and provided with outlet portions of many different cross sectional shapes Examples of alternative bags are shown in figures 16 and 17 The bag 1 shown in figure 1 could also be provided with more than one, for instance two, curved outlet portions 4 of suitable dimensions, for instance placed adjacent each other in the end plate 2 of the bag..

In figure 1 the outlet 4 is shown extending substantially perpendicularly from the surface of the end plate 2, but according to a preferred embodiment that will be described further below the outlet 4 can extend inclined relative to the plane of the end plate 2, i.e.. form an angle different from 90 degrees relative to this plane. This type of outlet 4 will require a specific design of an interface portion 27 (see figure 6) as will be explained below..

In the following a detailed description of an embodiment of an apparatus according to the invention for the application of adhesive materials will be described . With reference to figure 2 there is shown an embodiment of the apparatus according to the invention The apparatus comprises basically a cover part 7 that can accommodate one or more bags containing adhesive material and a base part 24 supporting a trowel blade 25 in its correct position with regard to the subfloor over which it is being moved The apparatus is provided with a suitable handle 26 The cover part 7 can be opened for insertion of containers in the apparatus

With reference to figure 3 there is shown the apparatus according to this embodiment of the invention comprising a pump system provided with a user operable handle 6 for urging the adhesive material from the one or more bags in the apparatus to exhaust chamber or chambers contained in the apparatus

With reference to figure 4 there is shown some of the inner structure of this embodiment of the apparatus with the cover 7 opened This embodiment of the apparatus comprises two receptacle chambers 8, one of these in the shown case being provided with a bag 1 of adhesive material The bags are kept in place when the cover 7 is closed over the opening of the respective receptacle chambers after insertion of one or two bags Figure 4 also shown an exhaust chamber 9 provided under the receptacle chambers 8, down into which exhaust chamber 9 adhesive is urged from the containers 1 upon operation of the pump handle 6., The figure further shows the trowel blade 25, a side face 24 of the apparatus and a rear part and the rear portion of the apparatus for a purpose that will be described below

With reference to figure 5 there is shown the position of an interface structure 27 separating the receptacle chambers 8 from the exhaust chamber 9 that is provided in the base part 24 of the apparatus Different implementations of this interface structure 27 will be shown and described in the following..

With reference to figure 6 there is shown in detail a cross sectional view of a dual-chamber interface structure generally designated by reference numeral 27, which between the receptacle chamber 8 and the exhaust chamber 9 comprises an intermediate chamber 13 bounded by wall portions 10 and 1 1 , through which wall portions openings 10' and 1 1 ' provide for communication from the receptacle chamber 8 to the exhaust chamber 9 through the outlet member 4 on the bag of adhesive material, which outlet member 4 can pass from the receptacle chamber 8 via the first wall 10, via the intermediate chamber 13 and to the exhaust chamber 9 via the second wall 1 1 The wall portions 10 and 1 1 are also provided with an opening 12 for accommodation of the inlet 3 of the bag. Both the lower portion of the receptacle chamber 8 and the intermediate chamber 13 are provided with openings 14 leading to a rear portion of the apparatus

According to an alternative embodiment said interface may comprise only one wall portion ( 10) provided with the aperture 10' for co-operation with the outlet member of the container containing adhesive material. According to a preferred embodiment to be described in connection with figure 20 below the through openings 10' and 1 1 ' are displaced relative to each other, corresponding to an outlet 4 from the container 1 that is inclined relative to the end plate 2 of the container In this embodiment the outlet 4 can only pass from the receptacle chamber 8 to the exhaust chamber 9 if both the shape, the dimensions and the inclination of the outlet is correct, i.e. corresponds to the specific interface structure of the apparatus By these means there is provided a very powerful means of avoiding the use of unauthorized containers in the apparatus according to the invention.

With reference to figure 7 there is shown the dual-chamber system that was also shown in figure 6 that prevents application of an unoriginal or unauthorised bag in the apparatus Thus, the adhesive material will run backwards to a rear portion 28 (see figure 19) through the openings 4 if a bag without the appropriate end plate or gable 2 is used

With reference to figures 8, 9 and 10 there are shown various pictures of the apparatus, in these figures only the left receptacle chamber is provided with a container

With reference to figure 1 1 there is shown a further advantageous detail of the apparatus according to the invention, namely the provision of exchangeable side pieces 15 provided at those portions of the apparatus that are prone to wear during use of the apparatus With reference to figure 12 there is shown further details of the apparatus, specificaily a control wheel 32 for controlling the thickness of the layer of adhesive laid out on a floor.. With reference to figure 13 there is shown the apparatus seen from the bottom comprising a hinge system 17 for the wheels 16, a slide gate 19 and an opening 18 for dismounting the slide gate 19..

With reference to figures 14 and 15 there are shown further details of the apparatus The dual-wall structure of the interface separating the receptacle chambers 8 and the exhaust chamber 9 is clearly shown

With reference to figure 16 there is shown an alternative design 20 of an outlet member of the bag 1

With reference to figure 17 there is shown another alternative design 21 of an outlet member of the bag 1 and an end plate or gable 22 glued to the corresponding end face of the bag and an inlet member 23 welded on the bag 1 With reference to figure 18 and 19 there is shown a second embodiment of the apparatus according to the invention..

With reference to figure 20 there is shown a schematic side view of an embodiment of the apparatus according to the present invention illustrating a preferred implementation of the interface structure separating the receptacle chambers 8 from the exhaust chamber 9 The apparatus comprises a receptacle chamber 8, in which there is placed a container 1 for adhesive material The container comprises a flexible bag portion and an end plate 2 in which there is provided an outlet 4, inclined relative to the plane of the end plate 2 The exhaust member 4 is passed through a first through opening 10' provided in a first wall 10 of an interface structure separating the receptacle chamber 8 from the exhaust chamber 9 of the apparatus. The exhaust member 4 is further passed through a second through opening 1 1 ' provided in a second wall 1 1 of the interface structure The first and second through openings 10' and 1 Γ are displaced relative to each other, such that only an outlet 4 of the correct inclination relative to the end plate 2 can pass through both openings 10' and 1 1 ' and into the exhaust chamber 9 of the apparatus. When the container 1 and outlet 4 is correctly positioned as shown, adhesive will be forced from the container into the exhaust chamber 9 by application of the pump handle 6 (c f. figures 18 and 19) as indicated by 30 in figure 20.. If a container that is not provided with the correct outlet fitting into the through openings 10' and 1 Γ and with the correct inclination, at least a portion of adhesive will upon application of the handle 6 leave the container via the opening 14 in the rear wall of the receptacle chamber 8 as indicated by 31 in figure 20 Hence only a minor portion of the adhesive leaving the container will pass to the exhaust chamber 9 and the apparatus will be prevented from functioning satisfactorily The adhesive leaving through the opening 14 will collect on the rear portion 28 of the apparatus. The two wal!s 10 and 1 1 of the interface structure form an intermediate chamber 13 between the walls, and adhesive that due to the application of an incorrect container will be provided to this intermediate chamber 13 will also leave this chamber via the opening 14 in the rear wall of the receptacle chamber

An alternative to the dual-wall interface structure described in figure 20 is an interface structure only comprising a single wall, for instance 10, but with a sufficient wall thickness that an inclined channel can be formed through the thick wall, which channel, in analogy to the embodiment shown in figure 20, will require a given inclination of the outlet 4 of the container 1 , for the outlet 4 to pass through the interface wall and into the exhaust chamber 9 of the apparatus.

A further alternative would consist in applying more than two interface walls provided with through openings properly displaced relative to each other to let an inclined outlet of the container through to the exhaust chamber 9 of the apparatus

With reference to figures 21 , 22 and 23 there are shown further schematic representations of the second embodiment of the invention. Figure 23 indicates that in this embodiment only a single receptacle chamber 8 and also from these figures the alternative placement of the lid portion 7 at the top of the receptacle chamber is apparent From figure 21 it is apparent that the container used in connection with this embodiment of the apparatus of the invention has two outlets corresponding to the two through openings 10 in the interface structure of the apparatus shown in figure 21 , which are in this embodiment of a generally curved shape..