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Title:
ATHLETIC PANT DESIGN
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/022625
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
An article of clothing is provided that includes a waistband having at least one layer and configured to be positioned near a natural waist of the wearer, and a gusset positioned in a pubic area of the article of clothing and having a curved portion in a posterior portion of the gusset. A back rise seam is positioned on a posterior side of the article of clothing and extends between the waistband and the curved portion of the gusset. The position and size of the waistband and the gusset allows for a short length for the back rise seam and provides an upward lift to the article of clothing to position the article of clothing properly in relation to a body of the wearer.

Inventors:
WYNER, Daniel M. (Inc.150 Trimtown Road,Barn Buildin, North Scituate Rhode Island, 02857, US)
BAXTER, Gina S. (Inc.150 Trimtown Road,Barn Buildin, North Scituate Rhode Island, 02857, US)
DOWNING, Meghan S. (Inc.150 Trimtown Road,Barn Buildin, North Scituate Rhode Island, 02857, US)
SUN, HongJoo (Inc.150 Trimtown Road,Barn Buildin, North Scituate Rhode Island, 02857, US)
GAURON, Julianne (Inc.150 Trimtown Road,Barn Buildin, North Scituate Rhode Island, 02857, US)
Application Number:
US2017/043740
Publication Date:
February 01, 2018
Filing Date:
July 25, 2017
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
GEAR 23, INC. (150 Trimtown Road, Barn BuildingNorth Scituate, Rhode Island, 02857, US)
International Classes:
A41D1/08; A41D31/02
Foreign References:
US20100037368A12010-02-18
US5675842A1997-10-14
EP0650350B11998-06-10
US3793646A1974-02-26
US20050066408A12005-03-31
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
FAYERBERG, Roman (Greenberg Traurig LLP, One International PlaceSuite 200, Boston Massachusetts, 02110, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. An article of clothing, comprising:

a waistband having at least one layer and configured to be positioned near a natural waist of the wearer;

a gusset positioned in a pubic area of the article of clothing and having a curved portion in a posterior portion of the gusset; and

a back rise seam on a posterior side of the article of clothing and extending between the waistband and the curved portion of the gusset;

wherein the position and size of the waistband and the gusset allow for a short length for the back rise seam and provide an upward lift to the article of clothing to position and maintain the article of clothing in a desired position in relation to a body of the wearer.

2. The article of clothing of claim 1 , wherein the waistband includes an outer layer, an elastic layer, and an inner layer, the elastic layer being positioned between the outer layer and the inner layer.

3. The article of clothing of claim 2, wherein the elastic layer has an elasticity that is less than the elasticity of the outer layer.

4. The article of clothing of any one of claims 1-3, wherein the gusset is asymmetrical with respect to a plane parallel with an inseam.

5. The article of clothing of claim 4, wherein the gusset has a teardrop shape such that the gusset has a triangular shaped anterior portion and a curved portion in a posterior portion.

6. The article of clothing of claim 4, wherein a posterior portion of the gusset is wider than an anterior portion of the gusset.

7. The article of clothing of any one of claims 1-3, wherein the gusset is symmetrical with respect to a plane parallel with an inseam and with respect to a plane parallel with the back rise seam, the gusset having curved anterior and posterior portions.

8. The article of clothing of one of claims 4-5, wherein the gusset is formed from a plurality of layers including an absorbent layer configured to absorb moisture from the wearer, a barrier layer to contain the moisture from the wearer, and an outer layer.

9. An article of clothing, comprising: a moisture management system in the form of a gusset, wherein the gusset is asymmetrical with respect to a plane substantially parallel with an inseam and has a curved portion in a posterior portion of the gusset such that the gusset is configured to assist in creating an upward lift to keep the gusset in place relative to the body.

10. The article of clothing of claim 9, wherein the posterior portion of the gusset is wider than an anterior portion of the gusset.

1 1. The article of clothing of claim 9, wherein the gusset has a teardrop shape such that the gusset has a triangular shaped anterior portion and a curved portion in a posterior portion.

12. The article of clothing of any one of claims 9-1 1, wherein the gusset is formed from a plurality of layers including an absorbent layer configured to absorb moisture from the wearer, a barrier layer to contain the moisture from the wearer, and an outer layer.

13. A method of manufacturing an article of clothing, comprising: forming a waistband by positioning a plurality of layers on top of one another and connecting the layers to one another; forming a gusset by positioning a plurality of layers on top of one another and connecting the layers to one another, the layers of the gusset being sized and shaped for positioning in a pubic area of the article of clothing, the layers of the gusset including a curved portion in at least a posterior portion of the gusset; forming first and second leg shafts; and

attaching the gusset and the waistband to the first and second leg shafts, wherein the position and size of the waistband and the gusset allow for a short length for a back rise seam that extends between the waistband and the posterior portion of the gusset and provide an upward lift to the article of clothing to positioned the article of clothing properly in relation to a body of the wearer.

14. The method of claim 13, wherein the gusset has a teardrop shape such that the gusset is asymmetrical with respect to a plane substantially parallel with an inseam and has a curved portion in a posterior portion of the gusset.

15. The method of claim 13, wherein the gusset has an oval shape such that the gusset includes a curved portion in the posterior portion and an anterior portion of the gusset.

16. The method of claim 13, wherein the gusset includes an absorbent layer, a barrier layer, and an outer layer.

17. The method of any one of claims 13-16, wherein the waistband includes an outer layer, an elastic layer, and an inner layer, the elastic layer being positioned between the outer layer and the inner layer.

18. The method of claim 17, wherein the elastic layer has an elasticity that is less than the elasticity of the outer layer.

Description:
ATHLETIC PANT DESIGN

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

[001] This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application Serial No. 62/366,575 titled "Athletic Pant Design," filed on July 25, 2016, and U. S. Utility Application Serial No. 15/659,045, filed July 25, 2017, which are hereby incorporated by reference in their entireties.

FIELD

[002] The present disclosure relates to designs for athletic garments, and specifically to pants or lower body garments for providing support and proper garment placement.

BACKGROUND

[003] There are many reasons why people choose not to wear underwear when they are wearing snug or tight fitting athletic pants like yoga pants, running tights, athletic tights, dance pants, unitards, cycling shorts, triathlon gear, swimwear, etc.

[004] Some of the reasons a person would choose not to wear underwear in conjunction with tight fitting garments include, but are not limited to: the elimination of the wedgie or bunching, scrunching, folding of materials in-between the recesses created by the natural shape of human body - in-between the right and left buttocks and the labia, prevention of unsightly visible panty lines, no need to pull up underwear if they fall down, health of the female genitalia - unbreathable underwear paired with tight tights can lead to yeast infections and thongs can lead to urinary tract infections, and the prevention of friction.

[005] The problems associated with going without underwear while wearing tight fitting leggings or the like include lack of moisture management, camel toe - where there is bunching, scrunching and folding of materials in-between the pudendal cleft and the labia exposing the female form in detail and lack of protection during menstruation, periods of incontinence, discharge or profuse sweating.

[006] Male users experience similar problems associated with going without underwear while wearing tight fitting leggings or the like, including lack of moisture management, exposure of the male genitalia in detail, and friction.

[007] Until now, the garments that provide cushioning as found in cycling shorts and underwear-like wicking layers found in running tights and hosiery gussets require little to no additional support to keep the garment in place and maintain its functionality. For example, in regard to padding for cycling shorts, the wearer is most often sitting during use.

[008] However, there is still a need for an athletic pant designed to provide sufficient support to maintain cushioning in place.

SUMMARY

[009] In some aspects, the present disclosure provides an article of clothing, comprising: a waistband having at least one layer and configured to be positioned near a natural waist of the wearer; a gusset positioned in a pubic area of the article of clothing and having a curved portion in a posterior portion of the gusset; and a back rise seam on a posterior side of the article of clothing and extending between the waistband and the curved portion of the gusset; wherein the position and size of the waistband and the gusset allow for a short length for the back rise seam and provide an upward lift to the article of clothing to position and maintain the article of clothing in a desired position in relation to a body of the wearer.

[0010] In some embodiments, the waistband includes an outer layer, an elastic layer, and an inner layer, the elastic layer being positioned between the outer layer and the inner layer. In some embodiments, the elastic layer has an elasticity that is less than the elasticity of the outer layer. In some embodiments, the gusset is asymmetrical with respect to a plane parallel with an inseam. In some embodiments, the gusset has a teardrop shape such that the gusset has a triangular shaped anterior portion and a curved portion in a posterior portion. In some embodiments, a posterior portion of the gusset is wider than an anterior portion of the gusset. In some embodiments, the gusset is symmetrical with respect to a plane parallel with an inseam and with respect to a plane parallel with the back rise seam, the gusset having curved anterior and posterior portions. In some embodiments, the gusset is formed from a plurality of layers including an absorbent layer configured to absorb moisture from the wearer, a barrier layer to contain the moisture from the wearer, and an outer layer.

[0011] In some aspects, the present disclosure provides an article of clothing, comprising: a moisture management system in the form of a gusset, the gusset comprising: a wicking layer configured to wick moisture away from the wearer; an absorption layer configured to absorb moisture; and a barrier layer configured to prevent moisture from passing through to an outer layer of the article of clothing; wherein the gusset is asymmetrical with respect to a plane substantially parallel with an inseam and has a curved portion in a posterior portion of the gusset such that the gusset is configured to assist in creating an upward lift to keep the gusset in place relative to the body. The posterior portion of the gusset can be wider than an anterior portion of the gusset.

[0012] In some aspects, the present disclosure provides a method of manufacturing an article of clothing, comprising: forming a waistband by positioning a plurality of layers on top of one another and connecting the layers to one another; forming a gusset by positioning a plurality of layers on top of one another and connecting the layers to one another, the layers of the gusset being sized and shaped for positioning in a pubic area of the article of clothing, the layers of the gusset including a curved portion in at least a posterior portion of the gusset; forming first and second leg shafts; and attaching the gusset and the waistband to the first and second leg shafts, wherein the position and size of the waistband and the gusset allow for a short length for a back rise seam that extends between the waistband and the posterior portion of the gusset and provide an upward lift to the article of clothing to position the article of clothing properly in relation to a body of the wearer.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0013] The present disclosure is further described in the detailed description which follows, in reference to the noted plurality of drawings by way of non-limiting examples of exemplary embodiments, in which like reference numerals represent similar parts throughout the several views of the drawings, and wherein:

[0014] FIG. 1 is an exemplary embodiment of a back view of an athletic garment;

[0015] FIG. 2A is an exemplary front view of a garment;

[0016] FIG. 2B is an exemplary back view of a garment having a yoke;

[0017] FIG. 2C is an exemplary back view of a garment without a yoke;

[0018] FIGS. 3A-3C is an exemplary embodiment of a waist band;

[0019] FIG. 4 illustrates an exemplary embodiment of an athletic garment on a body;

[0020] FIG. 5A is an exemplary embodiment of a teardrop-shaped gusset

[0021] FIG. 5B is an exemplary view of a gusset design for an athletic garment;

[0022] FIG. 5C is an exemplary view of a gusset design for an athletic garment;

[0023] FIG. 6A is a front view of an exemplary garment having a gusset positioned therein;

[0024] FIG. 6B is a back view of an exemplary garment having a gusset positioned therein;

[0025] FIG. 7 is an exemplary embodiment of an oval-shaped gusset;

[0026] FIG. 8 is an exemplary embodiment of an oval-shaped gusset;

[0027] FIG. 9 is an exemplary embodiment of an oval and diamond-shaped gusset;

[0028] FIG. 10 is an exemplary embodiment of a diamond-shaped gusset;

[0029] FIG. 11A is an exemplary embodiment of a side view of a garment having a gusset;

[0030] FIG. 1 IB is an exploded view of the gusset of FIG. 11 A, illustrating the layers forming the gusset; and

[0031] FIGS. 12A and 12B illustrate an exemplary front and back garment pattern for forming a garment having a curved gusset.

[0032] While the above-identified drawings set forth presently disclosed embodiments, other embodiments are also contemplated, as noted in the discussion. This disclosure presents illustrative embodiments by way of representation and not limitation. Numerous other modifications and embodiments can be devised by those skilled in the art which fall within the scope and spirit of the principles of the presently disclosed embodiments.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0033] The following description provides exemplary embodiments only, and is not intended to limit the scope, applicability, or configuration of the disclosure. Rather, the following description of the exemplary embodiments will provide those skilled in the art with an enabling description for implementing one or more exemplary embodiments. It will be understood that various changes may be made in the function and arrangement of elements without departing from the spirit and scope of the presently disclosed embodiments.

[0034] Specific details are given in the following description to provide a thorough understanding of the embodiments. However, it will be understood by one of ordinary skill in the art that the embodiments may be practiced without these specific details. For example, systems, processes, and other elements in the presently disclosed embodiments may be shown as components in block diagram form in order not to obscure the embodiments in unnecessary detail. In other instances, well-known processes, structures, and techniques may be shown without unnecessary detail in order to avoid obscuring the embodiments. [0035] Also, it is noted that individual embodiments may be described as a process which is depicted as a flowchart, a flow diagram, a data flow diagram, a structure diagram, or a block diagram. Although a flowchart may describe the operations as a sequential process, many of the operations can be performed in parallel or concurrently. In addition, the order of the operations may be re-arranged. A process may be terminated when its operations are completed, but could have additional steps not discussed or included in a figure. Furthermore, not all operations in any particularly described process may occur in all embodiments. A process may correspond to a method, a function, a procedure, a subroutine, a subprogram, etc. When a process corresponds to a function, its termination corresponds to a return of the function to the calling function or the main function.

[0036] Subject matter will now be described more fully with reference to the accompanying drawings, which form a part hereof, and which show, by way of illustration, specific example aspects and embodiments of the present disclosure. Subject matter may, however, be embodied in a variety of different forms and, therefore, covered or claimed subject matter is intended to be construed as not being limited to any example embodiments set forth herein; example embodiments are provided merely to be illustrative. The following detailed description is, therefore, not intended to be taken in a limiting sense.

[0037] In general, terminology may be understood at least in part from usage in context. For example, terms, such as "and", "or", or "and/or," as used herein may include a variety of meanings that may depend at least in part upon the context in which such terms are used. Typically, "or" if used to associate a list, such as A, B, or C, is intended to mean A, B, and C, here used in the inclusive sense, as well as A, B, or C, here used in the exclusive sense. In addition, the term "one or more" as used herein, depending at least in part upon context, may be used to describe any feature, structure, or characteristic in a singular sense or may be used to describe combinations of features, structures or characteristics in a plural sense. Similarly, terms, such as "a," "an," or "the," again, may be understood to convey a singular usage or to convey a plural usage, depending at least in part upon context. In addition, the term "based on" may be understood as not necessarily intended to convey an exclusive set of factors and may, instead, allow for existence of additional factors not necessarily expressly described, again, depending at least in part on context. [0038] In some embodiments, a garment is provided that includes an outer garment that covers a lower half of a body of the wearer, for example from the area of the waist down, and that incorporates shafts that cover the entire leg or portions thereof. In some embodiments, the garment includes a gusset to provide improved functionality as the gusset is formed from one or more layers that are at least absorbent and wicking, and is configured to act as a barrier layer that prevents liquid and/or stains from passing through. Incorporation of a layered gusset can require that the garment fit the body snugly and consistently so the layers are properly positioned relative to the body such that the gusset can perform its function. For example, the gusset can be positioned such that there is ample coverage and/or the gusset is aesthetically pleasing. The size of the gusset and the relationship to the rise and yoke, the effect of the gusset on an enhanced waistband, corresponding pattern pieces, and the construction methods of constructing the garment can overcome the size and weight of the layered gusset, thereby creating a snug fit to the body enabling the layers to work properly. Combined, the garment relinquishes the necessity for a wearer, for example with bodily excretions, to wear undergarments or other protective layers.

[0039] In some embodiments, a garment can be created that includes a moisture management system, for example in the form of a gusset. The gusset can be formed from various layers, but in some embodiments the gusset includes at least a wicking layer, an absorptive layer, and a barrier layer that is incorporated into the garment and works in conjunction with the garment through reinforcement of the waist construction of the garment so that it does not slide down the body due to the enhanced crotch functionality. It is also possible that the garment can prevent friction between the wearer and the garment. In some embodiments, to prevent friction, provide security during use, and provide a form fitting garment that stays in place during use, the garment can include a waistband that is constructed in layers of varied compression so that it snugs to the body and lifts the yoke, back rise seam, and gusset of the garment and keeps it close to the body so that the moisture wicking/absorbent/barrier functionality in the gusset is not compromised.

[0040] In reference to FIG. 1 , in some embodiments, a garment 10, such as pants, can include a body portion 1 1 that has a waist opening and leg openings that enable a wearer to wear the garment by inserting the legs through the leg openings and pulling the garment onto the waist to secure the garment in a desired wearing position. The body portion 1 1 can be constructed from various panels and seams. In one exemplary embodiment, the body portion 1 1 of the garment 10 can include a waistband 12 having a waistband seam 14 that connects the waistband 12 to the rest of the garment 10. A back rise seam 16 can extend from the waistband seam 14 to a gusset 18. The garment 10 can also include a yoke 20 positioned between the waistband seam 14 and a yoke seam 22. As shown in FIG. 1, the back rise seam 16 intersects the yoke seam 22 such that the back rise seam 16 runs from the waistband seam 14 to the gusset 18. The waistband 12 can be configured to keep the garment in place relative to the body. The yoke 20 can provide shaping to a garment. For example, in the case of the garment being in the form of a pant, the yoke can provide shaping so that the functionality of the leg shaft and the waist can be improved. The back rise seam 16 is the seam that connects the left and right parts of a pant and corresponds to the length of the body from the pubic area to the location on the body at which the waistband of the garment is designed to rest, for example the natural waist, hip, or other part of the body.

[0041] FIGS. 2A-2C illustrate front and back views of a garment having the components and seam shown in FIG. 1. FIG. 2A illustrate an embodiment of a front view of a garment 24, FIG. 2B illustrates a back view of a garment 26 having a yoke 27, and FIG. 2C illustrates an embodiment of a garment 28 without a yoke. It will be understood that it is possible for the yoke to be visible in both the front and back views of the garment. It will be also be understood that the garment can include a yoke or not, and that if the yoke is present in the garment that the yoke can be bisected with an additional rise seam.

[0042] In some embodiments, the garment or article of clothing (for example, leggings, pants, or short designs) can include a compressive waistband configured to hold the garment securely in place and tight against the body. The article of clothing can be specifically designed with extra compression in a multi-ply waistband design, in some embodiments, being lined with compression mesh inside two layers of spandex fabric, but could also be made with just elastic or latex inside spandex to better pull against the waist like underwear.

[0043] In reference to FIGS. 3A, 3B, and 3C, in some embodiments, one or more compressive layers can be integrated into the waistband so that the internal layers do not go lower than the waistband seam of the garment. If the compressive layers go beyond that, lower towards the lower portions of the body, the garment can become too snug and cannot fit properly over the wearer, including the hips, thighs and buttocks, and are counter intuitive to a snug fit in the crotch (pubic area). The waistband having compressive layers can hold the garment in place at the true waist which is typically the narrowest part of the body, as is shown in FIG. 4. Therefore, the waistband sits compressively, yet comfortably, so that the portions lower of the waistband, namely the leg shafts and the gusset, fit the body proportionately and the gusset shape and weight of the layers before and after moisture is added do not weigh the garment further down the waist disproportionately. Hence, the waistband is too compressive to pass the true waist and holds the garment firmly in place. Additionally, the compressive attributes of the waistband put a more consistent pressure and stress along the yoke seam and back and front rise which pulls the gusset area upward and further into place against the body.

[0044] In some embodiments, the waistband of the garment can be constructed from at least one layer of complimentary stretch materials. The stretch materials can be configured to work together to give the waistband strength and heft to lift and counter the weight of the gusset so that the garment stays in place and so that the gusset stays close to the body so it can function. The waistband can be formed from a variety of materials and can be of any suitable stretch material, natural or synthetic, that incorporates stretch properties and fibers including, but not limited to, fibers enhanced with elastics, thermo-plastic urethane tapes, welds, leathers, spandex or Lycra. The waistband layers can be snug to the garment and positioned at the natural waist. Due to the compressive layers of stretch materials, the waistband cannot fall past the true waist to provide support for the garment to keep the garment in place on the body. The waistband layers, having created a snug fit to the body by its layered stretch properties, can put a more upward force on the yoke, inseam, and rear gusset seams to allow the gusset to be lifted at all times. The size and shape of the waistband can vary, but in some embodiments the waistband can have a height in the center front and center back of between 1 inch and 4 inches. For example, in some embodiments the waistband can be 3 inches wide. It will be understood that the width of the waistband can be uniform or can vary around the garment.

[0045] The waistband can be formed from a variety of layers and the layers can vary in number and function. In reference to FIGS. 3A, 3B, and 3C, in some embodiments, the waistband can include an outer layer 23, an inner layer 25, and an elastic layer 29, positioned between the outer layer and the inner layer. The outer layer of the waistband can be made of any suitable stretch fabric, elastic or rubber combination. In some embodiments, the outer layer is formed in one piece large enough to meet the specifications of the waistband width. The waistband can vary by design choice or size grade as long as the outer layer of the waistband is large enough to fold over and encase the inner layers so they are not visible and so that they are stitched along the waistband seam when attached to the pant which may incorporate a yoke. The outer layer waistband piece can be unitary or it can be formed from multiple pieces. For example, the waistband can be formed in two pattern sections, a front section and a back section.

[0046] The inner layer of the waistband can be made of any suitable stretch fabric or mesh, rubber or elastic combination that has at least the same stretch properties as the outer layer. In some embodiments, the inner layer can be formed from at least one layer of stretch mesh that is formed in two pattern pieces, front and back. The pieces are at least 1/2 of the width of the outer layer (before construction).

[0047] The elastic layer of the waistband can be positioned between the outer and inner layers and can be either elastic or rubber and is at least 1/4 of the width of the inner layer of the waistband. It will be understood that the elastic layer can be formed from any material that has elastic or stretch properties. The elastic layer has at least the same stretch properties as the inner and outer layers. In some embodiments, the elastic layer can be less stretchable than the other layers of the waistband. For example, the elastic layer can be at least 10% less stretchable than the layers of the waistband. In some embodiments, the outer layer of the waistband can have the most stretch, as the outer layer is configured to accommodate inner stretch variables. For example, if the outer layer of the waistband is too tight, the waistband can roll, bunch, or fold. Additionally, in some embodiments, each layer of the waistband can be subsequently less stretchable so that the layers form a compressive, yet fully stretchable (for example, to a comfortable maximum), waistband. For example, the outer layer can have a stretch of approximately 30%, and the inner layer can have a stretch of at least 5% less than the outer layer to provide compression, and the elastic layer can have a stretch of at least 5% less than that to keep the waistband secure but still functional. If all the layers stretched the same amount, it is possible that the layers of the waistband can add heft to the waistband without adding any functionality relating to compression and fit.

[0048] In some embodiments, the outer layer, inner layer, and elastic layer of the waistband are layered flat and stitched together so that the outer layer can fold over the elastic layer and the elastic layer can remain flat or flush with the other layers. In some embodiments, folded elastic can be used. Once the layers are stitched together, the outer layer can be folded so that the inner layers are not visible and the waistband is stitched along the bottom edge to the waist seam that attaches it to the yoke or directly to the leg shafts if there is no yoke. This method of construction can provide a snug fit with enough stretch and counter force to pull up on the seaming in the lower sections of the garment.

[0049] In some embodiments, the garment or article of clothing includes a gusset that is configured to assist in fitting the garment snugly to the body and to provide layers to the garment for absorption and/or comfort. The gusset can be formed from a variety of materials that have properties for absorption of sweat, liquids, or other substances. In some embodiments, the gusset can be formed from a fabric such as Underlux, as outlined in United States Patent Application 15/015,865 filed on February 4, 2016, United States Patent Application 12/749,504 filed on March 29, 2010, and United States Patent Application 13/876,105 filed on October 9, 2013, which are incorporated herein by reference in their entireties. In general, the Underlux fabric can include inner layers of the lining that wick away and absorb fluids, while the outer layer traps and prevents leaks. In some embodiments, the fabric can include two super soft microfiber layers and a thin, silky outer layer. The Underlux fabric can be moisture-wicking and leak-resistant, protecting the user when it is needed. The Underlux fabric provides leak resistance, fluid absorbance and fluid barrier characteristics. In some embodiments, it can provide stain resistance and/or stain-releasing characteristics. In some embodiments, the Underlux fabric relates to protective garments that provide leak resistance, fluid absorbance and fluid barrier characteristics, in some instances, a garment formed from the Underlux fabric also can provide stain resistance and/or stain-releasing characteristics. The Underlux garments can be stretchy and breathable, have a non-film like drape, and an attractive look and feel. Exemplary protective garments can include protective undergarments, particularly women's protective undergarments, which can be made aesthetically attractive, similar to non-protective women's undergarments, thereby offering women the ability to wear the protective undergarments without discomfort or embarrassment. Other absorbent materials can also be used.

[0050] The size and shape of a gusset included in an article of clothing, and the manner in which the gusset is connected to the article of clothing can vary. The gusset and the layers of the gusset can have a size and shape designed to provide adequate coverage, while being minimized for maximum comfort and/or aesthetics, as, for example, shown in FIGS. 1-10. In some embodiments, the size of the gusset is such that the gusset is visible in the front view (anterior side) of the garment, the back view (posterior side) of the garment, or both, and the shape of the gusset is such that there is a curvature to at least a portion of the gusset. In some embodiments, a gusset can be of varied size due to grading of the various sizes of the garment in which the gusset is placed.

[0051] The shape of the gusset can also allow the pant leg shaft of the garment to have significant variations in dimension. In some embodiments, when the rise originates from a center portion of the crotch and extends to the waistband the leg shaft can extend as long from the crotch to the waist. The leg shaft encases the wearer from ankle to waist and covers the hips, hip flexor, buttocks and lower back. All of these dimensions vary widely both in width and in girth. If the leg shaft is long and straight then the material has to maximize its stretch and its material distribution from the narrow ankle to the wide hips and through the buttocks, and can become over stretched and can cause failure. It can also put undue stress on the waistband which makes the legs sag. When a gusset, such as those described herein, is used and the rise seam is shortened and a yoke is added, the size of the leg shaft can be reduced which can reduce the amount of stretch variation in the leg shaft and increase its functionality. A horizontal stretch across the width of the buttocks can be enhanced because the seam from the side of the gusset can be, for example, at a minimum 1 inch from the center on both sides and therefore take up 2 inches of space. Thus, the leg shaft fabric has 2 inches to stretch across the wider buttocks and exerts less stress on the material covering points lower and higher. The yoke can accomplish something similar as it relates to the length of the leg shaft. The curvature of a gusset can enhance this as it can cover more surface area, thus removing additional surface area from the leg shaft and proportionally shifting the distribution of stretch and material in the leg shaft.

[0052] The manner in which the gusset is connected to the seams and sections of the garment can vary, but in some embodiments the point of origin of the back rise seam is at the gusset (as shown in FIG. 1). The gusset can be positioned such that the gusset is at a center point connection of the front and back rise seams, and the inseam of the garment extends from the left and right lateral sides of the gusset. Due to the proportion of the waistband and gusset, the back rise seam can have a shorter length. For example, the base rise seam can be shortened due to the size of the gusset. As the gusset can be visible in the back view of the garment and can have a large extending surface area enhanced with a curvature of the gusset, the rise seam can extend from a point higher than the crotch making it shorter if it extends to the waistband seam and even shorter if it is intersected with the yoke seam. This can prevent a downward pull along the back rise seam, which can pull the garment up and keep the gusset and the layers of the gusset in place. Thus, having a shorter back rise seam allows for better placement and placement retention or snug fit of the garment on the body of the wearer. When a yoke is present, the front rise seam can work similarly to the back rise seam relating to placement and fit of the garment relative to the body of the wearer. The angle of the front rise seam can be used as a counter to the shape of the back of the garment.

[0053] As explained above, in some embodiments a gusset can have a curved portion, such as a rear curved portion, that extends upwards and backwards toward the buttocks. The shape of the gusset can also be dimensionally non-symmetrical (either fully or in part) or symmetrical, depending on the shape and features of the gusset. For example, a gusset can have a shape that is wider in width relative to the portion of the body at which the gusset is positioned.

[0054] In some embodiments, the curved shape of the gusset allows for a different shaped leg panel which works in conjunction with the waistband to provide an improved, upward lifting fit. In some embodiments, the curved shape of the gusset on the rear panels can make the surface area of the leg panel smaller in some areas. This can enhance the upward lifting forces of the article of clothing because the length of the leg is not compromised. This allows the tension on the outer portions of the leg to be stretched closer to their stretch limits and as the leg pattern panel gets smaller towards the back seam, the outer material is smaller in surface area and retains more of its compression thereby assisting the upward lift of the gusset in relation to the waistband. The back seam is also called the rise, which is the length between the gusset and the yoke. It will be understood that this applies to the leg panels regardless of their overall length, such that these properties apply if the leg panels are full length (extending to the ankle area), capri length, shorts length, or any length therebetween.

[0055] The shape of the gusset, including its curvature, is important as the gusset size and shape affect the fit and placement of the garment. FIGS. 5 A, 7, 8, and 9 illustrate exemplary embodiments of a gusset having a curvature. The curvature of the gusset is important to the construction of the garment as a gusset with a portion having a curvature takes up more surface area of the garment without being displeasing. For example, the curvature of the gusset can highlight the form of the body in a pleasing way. In addition, the curvature of the gusset can make the leg panels shorter in length and width and makes the rise seam shorter which, in conjunction with the waistband, creates upward lift to keep the gusset in shape. In some embodiments, the gusset can be exposed beyond the crotch of the user and can be visible, in either the front view of the garment, the back view of the garment, or both.

[0056] In some embodiments, a gusset having a curvature can be in the form of a teardrop shape, as shown in FIGS. 5A, 5B, and 5C. A first portion 34 of a teardrop- shaped gusset 30 can have an angular shape at a tip, as shown in FIGS. 5A, 5B, and 5C, and can add structural strength which is needed for both the added weight and bulk of layers of materials in the gusset which have seams connected to the gusset that have opposing forces pulling on it in several different directions, including from the shorter back rise seam and enhanced waistband which pull the pant upwards with more force to keep the crotch snug to the body. For example, the tip of the teardrop- shaped gusset 30 can be between 35 and 45 degrees (graded and adjusted by size) so that there is the maximum amount of strength at the point and it resists the forces applied at the tip of the tear drop and along the X, Y rays and the curved bottom. It can be understood that the angle of the tip of the teardrop can vary depending on the desired strength and the size of the garment.

[0057] The teardrop-shaped gusset 30 can include a second portion 32 that has a curvature, giving the second portion 32 of the gusset 30 an oblong shape. A back rise seam 36 is position at substantially a center of the second portion 32 of the gusset 30, and a front rise seam 38 is positioned substantially at a center of the first portion 34 of the gusset 30, such that the front rise seam 38 is positioned at the tip of the first portion 34 of the gusset 30. The gusset 30 can be positioned in the garment such that an inseam 40 of the garment runs substantially near the center of the gusset 30 at the location between the first portion 34 and the second portion 32 of the gusset 30.

[0058] The size of the gusset 30 can vary. For example, the gusset 30 can have a length L that can depend on the size and grading of the garment. For example, the length L of the gusset can range from 3 inches to 10 inches depending on the size and grading of the garment such that the gusset is long enough to provide an adequate area for absorption of fluid or other substance from the wearer of the garment and to provide a shortening of the rise seams of the garment to allow for greater lift of the garment relative to the body of the wearer.

[0059] In some embodiments, a front portion 42 of the gusset is connected to a triangular end point of the gusset, placed facing to the front of a garment 40, as shown in FIGS. 6A-6B. This point allows a front rise 44 to pull upward toward the enhanced capability of the waistband 48, as shown in FIG. 6A. A similar effect can be seen with a back rise seam 46, as shown in FIG. 6B.

[0060] In some embodiments, as shown in FIGS. 7 and 8, the gusset having a curvature can be in the form of an oval shape. The oval shape of the gusset provides shortening to the front and back of the leg shaft of the garment which can maximize stretch in the front and back of the garment. In addition, the curvature on both lateral sides and anterior and posterior sides of the gusset can reduce the pattern of the leg shafts which can also enhance fit. As shown in FIG. 7, a back rise seam 52 is positioned at substantially a center of a back portion of the oval-shaped gusset 50, and a front rise seam 54 is positioned substantially at a center of a front portion of the gusset 50. The gusset 50 can be positioned in the garment such that an inseam 56 of the garment runs substantially near the center of the gusset 50. The positioning of the back rise seam 52, the front rise seam 54, and the inseam 56 result in the gusset 50 being centered at the crotch area of the garment. In addition, the size of the gusset 50 can vary. For example, the gusset 50 can have a length L that can range from 3 inches to 10 inches depending on the size and grading of the garment such that the gusset is long enough to provide an adequate area of absorption of fluid or other substances from the wearer of the garment, and a width W that can range from 1 inch to 6 inches depending on the size and grading of the garment, such that the gusset is wide enough to provide an adequate area of absorption of fluid or other substances from the wearer. In one example, the length L of the gusset 50 can be 7.5 inches and the width of the gusset 50 can be 2.75 inches. It will be understood that the dimensions of the gusset 50 can vary based on many factors, including the size of the garment.

[0061] As shown in FIG. 8, a back rise seam 62 is positioned at substantially a center of a back portion of the oval-shaped gusset 60, and a front rise seam 64 is positioned substantially at a center of a front portion of the gusset 60. The gusset 60 can be positioned in the garment such that an inseam 66 of the garment is offset a distance D from the center of the gusset 60. As shown in FIG. 8, the inseam 66 is positioned closer to the front rise seam 64, but it will be understood that the inseam 66 can also be positioned closer to the back rise seam 62. The positioning of the back rise seam 62, the front rise seam 64, and the inseam 66 result in the gusset 60 being offset from the center of the garment. For example, the inseam can be offset from the center of the gusset such that the distance D is approximately 1 inch, such that the gusset 60 rises an extra inch in the back of the garment compared to the front of the garment.

[0062] In addition, the size of the gusset 60 can vary. For example, the gusset 60 can have a length L that can range from 3 inches to 10 inches depending on the size and grading of the garment such that the gusset is long enough to provide an adequate area of absorption of fluid or other substances from the wearer of the garment, and a width W that can range from 1 inch to 6 inches depending on the size and grading of the garment, such that the gusset is wide enough to provide an adequate area of absorption of fluid or other substances from the wearer of the garment. It will be understood that the dimensions of the gusset 60 can vary based on many factors, including the size of the garment.

[0063] In some embodiments, a gusset having a curvature can have portions that are oblong and diamond shaped, as shown in FIG. 9. A gusset having this type of shape can utilize the effects of a larger curved gusset in the rear portion of the garment, as explained above, while minimizing the visibility of the gusset in the front of the garment without sacrificing stretch. For example, a horizontal stretch across the width of the buttocks can be enhanced because the seam from the side of the gusset can be, for example, at a minimum 0.5 inches from the center on both sides and therefore take up 1 inch of space. Thus, the leg shaft fabric has 1 inch to stretch across the wider buttocks and exerts less stress on the material covering points lower and higher. Additionally, an angle of the front portion of the gusset can add strength to the garment. A gusset 70, shown in FIG. 9, can include a first portion 74 that has a triangular shape. A front rise seam 78 can be positioned substantially at a center of the first portion 74 of the gusset 70, such that the front rise seam 78 is positioned at the tip of the first portion 74 of the gusset 70. The gusset 70 can include a second portion 72 having a curvature, giving the second portion 72 of the gusset 70 an oblong shape. A back rise seam 76 can be positioned at substantially a center of the second portion 72 of the gusset 70. The gusset 70 can be positioned in the garment such that an inseam 79 of the garment runs substantially near the center of the gusset 70 at the location between the first portion 74 and the second portion 72 of the gusset 70.

[0064] In addition, the size of the gusset 70 can vary. For example, the gusset 70 can have a length L that can range from 3 inches to 10 inches depending on the size and grading such that the gusset is long enough to provide an adequate area of absorption of fluid or other substances from the wearer of the garment, and a width W that can range from 1 inche to 6 inches depending on the size and grading, such that the gusset is wide enough to provide an adequate area of absorption of fluid or other substances from the wearer of the garment. In one example, the length L of the gusset 70 can be 9 inches and the width of the gusset 70 can be 2.75 inches. It will be understood that the dimensions of the gusset 70 can vary based on many factors, including the size of the garment.

[0065] The gusset can also be formed such the gusset does not have a curvature. A diamond-shaped gusset 80, shown in FIG. 10, can be positioned such that a back rise seam 82 is positioned at substantially a center of a back portion of the gusset 80, and a front rise seam 84 is positioned substantially at a center of a front portion of the gusset 80. The gusset 80 can be positioned in the garment such that an inseam 86 of the garment runs substantially near the center of the gusset 80. The positioning of the back rise seam 82, the front rise seam 84, and the inseam 86 result in the gusset 80 being centered at the crotch area of the garment.

[0066] The gusset can also be of varied weight depending on how many layers are used to form the gusset. The gusset can be formed from a variety of layers, and the layers can vary in number and function. In some embodiments, the gusset and the garment can include at least one barrier layer and at least one absorbent layer. In some embodiments, the gusset can include a first layer in the form of an outer layer that is the same layer as the material forming a pant, a second layer in the form of an inner layer that can act as a barrier layer with stain releasing properties and can prevent liquid from passing through, a third layer in the form of an inner layer with absorbent and wicking properties, and a fourth layer in the form of an inner layer with absorbent and wicking properties. For example, the gusset can include a first and second absorbing layer, a barrier layer, and an outer layer. The weight of the added materials in the layers of the gusset and the shape of the gusset are particular to the intended functionality of the garment. For example, the weight is heavier dry due to the layers, and even heavier wet. The gusset and its layers can be lifted and held in place relative to the body by the construction of the waistband and the back rise seam.

[0067] In some embodiments, there is an outer layer of the garment and the gusset is comprised of multiple absorbent/wicking inner layers and one barrier layer, which can be constructed in the following order: outer layer/barrier layer/inner layer/inner layer. In some embodiments, a lining can comprise three internal layers. For example, as shown in FIG. 11B, a gusset 90 includes a stitch 92, an at least one absorbent layer 94, a barrier layer 96, and an outer layer 98. The stretch capabilities of the various layers can vary, but the outer layer of the garment can have at least the same stretch capabilities as the inner layers. For example, the outer layers can have at least the same stretch properties as the inner stretch layers, for example the layers formed from Underlux fabric, and can be made of a variety of natural and synthetic fibers that incorporate stretch properties such as spandex and Lycra. One or more layers of the lining can be connected together with other layers along each edge and curvature. For example, the layers of the gusset can be constructed and then connected to the layers of the remaining portions of the garment.

[0068] The gusset can be formed from a variety of materials, including but not limited to materials with absorbent and wicking properties as well as stain releasing and barrier properties. In some embodiments, the one or more materials forming the gusset can be breathable.

[0069] In some embodiments, the outer layer is shaped bigger than the inner layers. The inner layers can be all cut to the same size and shape. The outer layer is stitched to the inner layers along the outer edge using threads that are treated to prevent liquids from passing to the outer layer. This creates a small ledge that is bound completely by using a tight flat-lock stitch although other stitch types may be incorporated to achieve the same ledge effect. The small ledge prevents liquid from passing to the outer layer. It is done in one operation which is cost effective. The stitch hides the different shapes from view so that it looks like one outer layer. It can be understood that other methods can be used to construct the garment, including but not limited to bonding or welding.

[0070] A gusset can be connected to the garment or article of clothing in a variety of ways. In some embodiments, a gusset can have connective points to the garment, including to a back/front rise seam and a left/right inseam, but in some embodiments the connection between the gusset and the garment is not located at a center point of the crotch of the user. In some embodiments, attachments to the leg shafts are not in the center. For example, the rear point can be connected to a larger, curved gusset.

[0071] The inseam seams can be connected to the wider gusset on either side and not in the middle. This prevents pulling on each other but instead originate from a wider point in the crotch so that they are pulled more vertically instead of horizontally as a traditional inseam would pull. Since the inseam length does not have to account for crotch width as in traditional garments, the fit is better, the gusset remains snug to the body and the leg shafts achieve a better fit, allowing the material to stretch appropriately according to the shape of the leg as opposed to having to stretch to accommodate a crotch, buttocks, hips and thighs/legs.

[0072] The back rise, seam and yoke of the garment can also vary in length, shape, and placement. In some embodiments, the back rise seam is considerably shorter. As the rise seam connection begins at a higher point relative to the crotch of the garment due to the placement, size, and shape of the gusset, the rise seam is therefore shorter, and ends at the seam that joins the leg panels to the yoke. In some embodiments, a back rise seam can be sectioned at the yoke seam. This sections the garment into three distinct parts and is related to the functionality of the waistband in relation to the gusset. In this way, the yoke of the garment can enhance the fit of the garment as the yoke can section the rise seam with the yoke seam. This redistributes the stretch and pull of the garment, making the lift of the inseam more effective. Both the shorter rise seam and the sectioned rise seam allow the pant to become highly functional, such that the material of the garment can stretch and return without over stretching and therefore maintains the lift being forced on the fabric by the seaming and the waistband.

[0073] The back rise seam connects the gusset and can be shorter than a traditional seam that typically extends from the gusset, which is typically centered underneath the crotch at a cross seam, all the way to the seam that connects the waistband. The back seam connecting to a lower point at the yoke increases the functionality of the material which is also affected by the smaller panelling due to the size and curvature of the gusset. The back seam may continue from the yoke to the waistband in an even shorter dimension. This allows the yoke to function separately from the lower leg portion of the garment. This acts as a secondary waistband and it does not stretch in length as much as it stretches in width. Therefore, this adds to the lift of the garment from the gusset to the waistband because it is not over stretching the material in between the yoke and the waistband.

[0074] If the rise seams are sectioned, they can be sectioned into primary and secondary sections. The primary rise seam can be shorter from the gusset seam to the yoke seam to provide the maximum amount of lifting tension and so that it shortens the leg shaft considerably which contributes to the lifting of the gusset. The secondary rise seam can intersect the yoke and can provide the connective forces on the shorter seam and the yoke seam in relation to the waistband and its lifting and supportive factors.

[0075] In some embodiments, a back rise seam can begin from the edge of the gusset and not the center crotch. The back rise seam is thus shorter in length than if the rise seam began in the center crotch area. In some embodiments, a secondary back rise seam can be stitched through the yoke for attaching the yoke seam to the waist seam.

[0076] Due to the construction of the garment and the curvature and size of the gusset, the leg shaft is more dimensional which allows the material to stretch more appropriately to the body. For example, at the gusset's widest point the leg shaft is narrower by at least 2" from the center back rise seam on both the right and left side allowing the stretch of the material as above. Additionally, the stresses on the rear gusset seams across the widest part of the body keep the gusset in place close to the curvature of the crotch and the lower buttocks.

[0077] In some embodiments, to enable the Underlux technology to work properly in the present articles of clothing, the Underlux technology is securely in place and pulled up tightly against the body. If the present article of clothing were allowed to move during workout or lift away from the body, the Underlux absorption and function would be diminished or cease and in certain cases with liquids other than sweat, leakage would likely occur.

[0078] In some embodiments, the enhanced waistband of the present article of clothing is integrated with the Underlux fabric. The present articles of clothing include the extra compression multi-layer waist band to help hold the Underlux fabric in place.

[0079] The integration of the Underlux technology with the combination of the design involving the combination of the present gusset position and shapes, and combined with a waistband that is over standard compression so it pulls the garment up and tightly against the body by holding at the slimmest part of the waist, enable the present articles of clothing to perform as desired. The cut of the design is such that it also allows the higher waist to hug the narrowest portion of the waist to keep the gusset pulled upwards and against the body. The synergy of the design of the waist compression and placement to lift and hold tightly in place for gusset size and intrusion may be beneficial in the present articles of clothing.

[0080] In some embodiments, there is provided a compression garment comprising a gusset lining and a compression waistband, wherein the gusset lining has a surface area minimized for comfort while providing adequate coverage, and the waistband having an enhanced compression configured to pull the garment up and tightly against the body by holding at the slimmest part of the waist.

[0081] A garment as described herein can be manufactured/constructed using a variety of techniques. It will be understood that the manufacturing steps described herein can be accomplished using any number of processes and in any order. It will also be understood that bonding or any other technique can replace stitching in constructing the garment.

[0082] In some embodiments, a garment 100 is cut into pattern pieces. For the waistband construction, an outer layer of a waistband 102 can be laid flat, and an inner layer can be laid on top of outer layer (if more inner or additional layers are used, they are added on top accordingly). For example, the outer and inner layers can have the same dimensions. A rubber/elastic layer can be laid in a center of the other layers and stitched so that all three (or more) layers are stitched together down the center. The stitch type can vary and can be any suitable stitch that allows for or does not compromise stretch of the layers of the waistband. Additionally, thread is any suitable thread that allows for the same. The waistband can then be folded over so the layers are flat and the elastic layer remains flat. The waistband 102 can be closed on each side with a stitch, for example a flat lock. The waistband can be attached to the yoke with any suitable stitch, for example a flat lock.

[0083] For the gusset construction, an outer layer, which may be larger than the barrier layer, is laid flat and reserved so that the inner layers can be constructed accordingly. The barrier layer is laid flat, and an absorptive layer is laid on top of barrier layer (if more absorptive layers are used, they are added on top accordingly). The barrier layer can be larger than the absorptive layers, and any absorptive layers are the same size. The barrier and absorptive layers can be stitched together using any suitable stitch, such as a flat lock stitch, and using thread that is treated following the shape of the smaller absorptive layers so that a phalange of the barrier layer is visible around the thread. The layers can be placed on top of the outer layer and stitched using any suitable stitch, such as a flat lock stitch, so that there is a phalange of the outer layer visible around the thread.

[0084] Leg shafts 104, 106 can be stitch to the garment with a suitable thread and stitch type, such as a flat lock stitch. Each pattern piece (4 for one garment) finishes the leg holes by folding over the edges and being stitched. Each leg pattern 104, 106 can be flat one piece over the other front/back and stitched together along the length of both sides. Each side is sewn separately (left/right). The gusset can then be attached in the crotch area following the outline of the formed gusset partem. The garment is then closed by adding the front and back rise seams. To finish the garment, the waistband 102/yoke 108 combination is attached along the yoke seam to the leg shafts 104, 106.

[0085] While the presently disclosed embodiments have been described with reference to certain embodiments thereof, it should be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes may be made and equivalents may be substituted without departing from the true spirit and scope of the presently disclosed embodiments. In addition, many modifications may be made to adapt to a particular situation, indication, material and composition of matter, process step or steps, without departing from the spirit and scope of the presently disclosed embodiments. All such modifications are intended to be within the scope of the claims appended hereto.