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Title:
AXIAL TUBE QUICK COUPLING ASSEMBLY WITH FEMALE AND MALE PART AND PERPENDICULAR DECOUPLING PUSHBUTTON
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2016/018998
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
An axial tube connector assembly comprising a female coupling (200) to be axially connected to a male coupling (300), the female part including a main body (204) defining a fluid passage (201) therethrough and a upwardly spring-biased clip member (250) coupled to the main body and moveable perpendicularly to the main axis and fluid passage of the connector between an upward locking position for the male part and a downward decoupling position in which the male member can be removed, with the clip member including two opposing arms (260) which extend downwardly and into the female part main housing on either side of the space which receives the male part, each arm carrying a further arm (258) which extends in a plane perpendicular to the movement direction of the clip and including the main axis defining the coupling direction and the fluid passage, which arms are directed inwardly toward the main axis and thus toward the male part and form an angle of 45 degrees with said axis. The arms (258) are flexible and allow introduction of the male part, and engage and lock the latter via cooperation with a receiving groove (308) to establish the coupling. For decoupling the clip is pushed downward inside the housing, which lets arms (258) slide out of groove (308) thus allowing pulling the male part out of the female part.

Inventors:
WILHELM, Grant, Armin (3145 Rainer Lane North, Plymouth, MN, 55447, US)
Application Number:
US2015/042632
Publication Date:
February 04, 2016
Filing Date:
July 29, 2015
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
COLDER PRODUCTS COMPANY (1001 Westgate Drive, St. Paul, MN, 55114, US)
International Classes:
A61M39/10; F16L37/088; A61B5/022; F16L37/084; F16L37/098
Domestic Patent References:
WO2006036192A12006-04-06
WO2006039501A22006-04-13
Foreign References:
US20090261582A12009-10-22
US6062537A2000-05-16
US20110204622A12011-08-25
DE4300037C11994-04-21
US4969879A1990-11-13
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
BRUESS, Steven, C. (Merchant & Gould P.C, P.O. Box 2903Minneapolis, MN, 55402-0903, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
What is claimed is:

1. A female coupling device, comprising:

a main body defining a fluid passage therethrough; and

a clip member coupled to the main body, with the clip member including two opposing arms that extend from the clip member at generally a 45 degree angle relative to a mating male coupling device, the arms being positioned to engage the male coupling device when the male coupling device is mated to the female coupling device.

2. The female coupling device of claim 1 , wherein the clip member moves between a locked position and an unlocked position.

3. The female coupling device of claim 2, wherein the clip member moves in a first direction that is perpendicular to a second direction that is axial to the main body.

4. The female coupling device of claim 3, wherein the arms are positioned to engage a clip groove of the male coupling device when the clip member is in the locked position.

5. The female coupling device of claim 3, wherein, in the unlocked position, the clip member is moved in the first direction so that the arms are located outside the clip groove of the male coupling device.

6. The female coupling device of claim 1 , wherein the arms are positioned to engage a clip groove of the male coupling device when the clip member is in the locked position. 7. The female coupling device of claim 1 , wherein ends of the arms are contoured to follow an outer surface of the male coupling device.

8. The female coupling device of claim 7, wherein the arms are configured to deform outward and ride along the outer surface of the male coupling device as the male coupling device is inserted into the main body of the female coupling device. 9. The female coupling device of claim 1 , further comprising at least one seal coupled to the female coupling device, the seal being positioned to seal against the male coupling device when the male coupling device is inserted into the main body of the female coupling device. 10. The female coupling device of claim 1 , further comprising a retaining member positioned to maintain the seal within the female coupling device.

1 1. The female coupling device of claim 10, wherein the retaining member defines openings for the two opposing arms to pass therethrough.

12. The female coupling device of claim 10, wherein the main body defines at least one support structure to engage the retaining member.

13. The female coupling device of claim 1 , further comprising a termination.

14. The female coupling device of claim 13, wherein the termination is coupled to a fluid line extending to a pressure source.

15. The female coupling device of claim 1 , further comprising a threaded portion configured to be coupled to a panel.

16. A female coupling device, comprising:

a main body defining a fluid passage therethrough;

a clip member coupled to the main body, with the clip member including two opposing arms that extend from the clip member at an angle relative to a mating male coupling device, the arms being positioned to engage the male coupling device when the male coupling device is mated to the female coupling device; at least one seal coupled to the female coupling device, the seal being positioned to seal against the male coupling device when the male coupling device is inserted into the main body of the female coupling device; and

a retaining member positioned to maintain the seal within the female coupling device, wherein the retaining member defines openings for the two opposing arms to pass therethrough;

wherein the clip member moves between a locked position and an unlocked position; and

wherein the arms are positioned to engage a clip groove of the male coupling device such that:

the arms of the clip member are moved in the first direction so that the arms are located outside the clip groove of the male coupling device in the unlocked position; and

the arms are positioned to engage a clip groove of the male coupling device when the clip member is in the locked position.

17. The female coupling device of claim 16, wherein the angle is generally 45 degrees. 18. The female coupling device of claim 16, wherein ends of the arms are contoured to follow an outer surface of the male coupling device.

19. The female coupling device of claim 18, wherein the arms are configured to deform outward and ride along the outer surface of the male coupling device as the male coupling device is inserted into the main body of the female coupling device.

20. A coupling assembly, comprising:

a female coupling device including:

a main body defining a fluid passage therethrough;

a clip member coupled to the main body, with the clip member including two opposing arms that extend from the clip member at an angle relative to a mating male coupling device, the arms being positioned to engage the male coupling device when the male coupling device is mated to the female coupling device;

at least one seal coupled to the female coupling device, the seal being positioned to seal against the male coupling device when the male coupling device is inserted into the main body of the female coupling device; and a retaining member positioned to maintain the seal within the female coupling device, wherein the retaining member defines openings for the two opposing arms to pass therethrough; and

a male coupling device including:

a male main body defining a clip groove sized to receive the opposing arms when the male coupling device is fully inserted into the female coupling device; and

a termination configured to be coupled to a fluid line.

Description:
AXIAL TUBE QUICK COUPLING ASSEMBLY WITH FEMALE AND MALE PART AND PERPENDICULAR DECOUPLING PUSHBUTTON

This application is being filed on 29 July 2015, as a PCT International patent application, and claims priority to U.S. Provisional Patent Application No.

62/030,313, filed July 29, 2014, the disclosure of which is hereby incorporated by reference herein in its entirety.

BACKGROUND

[0001] Coupling assemblies typically include female and male couplings that are connected to create a fluid flow path therebetween. Such coupling assemblies can be used in various applications, including biomedical applications.

[0002] For example, the coupling assemblies can be used in such applications as to couple a blood pressure cuff to a sphygmomanometer machine. In such a configuration, the coupling assembly can be referred to as a bayonet connector. This is a 'push-to-connect' type coupling, meaning that the male coupling device can be coupled to the female coupling device simply by pushing the two together (some couplings require an additional step or two).

SUMMARY

[0003] In one aspect, a female coupling device includes: a main body defining a fluid passage therethrough; and a clip member coupled to the main body, with the clip member including two opposing arms that extend from the clip member at generally a 45 degree angle relative to a mating male coupling device, the arms being positioned to engage the male coupling device when the male coupling device is mated to the female coupling device.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0004] Reference is now made to the accompanying drawings, which are not necessarily drawn to scale.

[0005] Figure 1 is a perspective view of an example coupling assembly.

[0006] Figure 2 is a side view of the coupling assembly of Figure 1.

[0007] Figure 3 is an end view of the coupling assembly of Figure 1. [0008] Figure 4 is a cross-sectional view along line 4-4 of the coupling assembly of Figure 2.

[0009] Figure 5 is a cross-sectional view along line 5-5 of the coupling assembly of Figure 3.

[0010] Figure 6 is a cross-sectional view of the coupling assembly of Figure 1.

[0011] Figure 7 is a perspective view of the coupling assembly of Figure 1 with an example male coupling device being partially inserted into an example female coupling.

[0012] Figure 8 is a side view of the coupling assembly of Figure 7.

[0013] Figure 9 is an end view of the coupling assembly of Figure 7.

[0014] Figure 10 is a cross-sectional view along line 10- 10 of the coupling assembly of Figure 8.

[0015] Figure 1 1 is a cross-sectional view along line 1 1 -1 1 of the coupling assembly of Figure 9.

[0016] Figure 12 is a cross-sectional view of the coupling assembly of Figure 7.

[0017] Figure 13 is a perspective view of the coupling assembly of Figure 1 with the clip member depressed.

[0018] Figure 14 is a side view of the coupling assembly of Figure 13.

[0019] Figure 15 is an end view of the coupling assembly of Figure 13.

[0020] Figure 16 is a cross-sectional view along line 16-16 of the coupling assembly of Figure 14.

[0021] Figure 17 is a cross-sectional view along line 17-17 of the coupling assembly of Figure 15.

[0022] Figure 18 is a cross-sectional view of the coupling assembly of Figure 13.

[0023] Figure 19 is a perspective view of an example female coupling device of the coupling assembly of Figure 1 .

[0024] Figure 20 is a side view of the female coupling device of Figure 19.

[0025] Figure 21 is an end view of the female coupling device of Figure 19.

[0026] Figure 22 is a cross-sectional view of the female coupling device of Figure 19.

[0027] Figure 23 is another cross-sectional view of the female coupling device of Figure 19. [0028] Figure 24 is a perspective view of an example clip member of the female coupling device of Figure 19.

[0029] Figure 25 is a side view of the clip member of Figure 24.

[0030] Figure 26 is a top view of the clip member of Figure 24.

[0031] Figure 27 is a bottom view of the clip member of Figure 24.

[0032] Figure 28 is a perspective view of an example male coupling device of the coupling assembly of Figure 1.

[0033] Figure 29 is

[0034] Figure 30 is

[0035] Figure 31 is

device.

[0036] Figure 32 is a side view of the female coupling device of Figure 31.

[0037] Figure 33 is a top view of the female coupling device of Figure 31 .

[0038] Figure 34 is a front view of the female coupling device of Figure 31.

[0039] Figure 35 is a cross-sectional view of the female coupling device of Figure 31.

[0040] Figure 36 is an exploded view of another example female coupling device.

[0041] Figure 37 is a cross-sectional view of the female coupling device of Figure 36.

[0042] Figure 38 is a perspective view of an example retaining member of the female coupling device of Figure 36.

[0043] Figure 39 is a front view of the retaining member of Figure 38.

[0044] Figure 40 is a cross-sectional view of the retaining member of Figure 39

[0045] Figure 41 is a top view of the retaining member of Figure 38.

[0046] Figure 42 is a side view of the retaining member of Figure 38.

[0047] Figure 43 is a bottom view of the retaining member of Figure 38.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0048] The present disclosure relates to a bayonet coupling assembly. In some examples, the bayonet coupling assembly is used in conjunction with a biomedical device, such as a sphygmomanometer. Other configurations are possible. [0049] In the examples described herein, the coupling assembly is non-valved. However, in other examples, the coupling assembly can be valved. In the embodiment shown, the female coupling device includes "retainers" that hold the male coupling device in the coupled position. The retainers are a pair of cantilever arms that are integrally molded with a clip member, although separate arms are possible. The retainers are positioned at a 45 degree angle with respect to the male coupling device, which is perpendicular to the contact surface.

[0050] In this example configuration, the cantilevers can be loaded axially (a stable orientation) when coupled. During the connection process, the cantilevers can deform outward and allow the male coupling device to pass into the female coupling device and into the coupled position. To disconnect the male coupling device, the clip member is depressed and the cantilevers move to a clearance position and allow the male coupling device to be removed.

[0051] Referring now to Figures 1 -6, an example coupling assembly 100 is shown. The coupling assembly includes a female coupling device 200 and a male coupling device 300.

[0052] The female coupling device 200 includes a main body 204 and a termination 202. See Figures 1 -6 and 19-23. The main body 204 forms a fluid passageway 201 theretrough. In these examples, fluid can be any type of fluid, such as a liquid or gas (e.g., air). The female coupling device 200 can be formed using known techniques, such as sonic welding, staking, press-fitting, and threading.

[0053] The male coupling device 300 includes a main body 304 and a termination 302. The main body 304 forms a fluid passageway 301 theretrough. See Figures 28-30.

[0054] The terminations 202, 302 are configured to be coupled to another component, such as fluid lines and/or devices. For example, in one embodiment, the termination 302 is connected to a fluid line extending to a blood pressure cuff. The termination 202 is connected to a fluid line extending to a pump unit of a sphygmomanometer. Fluid (i.e., air) is provided from the pump until to the blood pressure cuff through the coupling assembly 100 when the female coupling device is coupled to the male coupling device 300, as described further below.

[0055] Other configurations are possible. For example, the female coupling device 200 can be formed independently, as shown, or can be incorporated into the pump unit of the sphygmomanometer. In other examples, the coupling assembly 100 can be used in other applications, both biomedical and elsewhere. For example, the coupling assembly can be used for "shop air" applications, sometimes referred to as "industrial interchange connectors." In these examples, pressurized air is delivered through the coupling assembly, so the coupling assembly can be modified, such as by using clip cantilevers having pivoting arms.

[0056] The female coupling device 200 includes a clip member 250. The clip member 250 moves in a direction 254 (see Figures 4 and 6) between locked and unlocked positions. This will be described further below.

[0057] As shown in Figures 1-6, the clip member 250 is in the locked position. Springs 256 force the clip member 250 into this locked position. As shown best in Figures 24-27, the clip member 250 forms retainers that include cantilever arms 258 that extend from the clip member 250. When in the locked position, the arms 258 engage a clip groove 308 formed in a body 304 of the male coupling device 300 to retain the male coupling device 300 in the female coupling device 200. See Figures 28-30.

[0058] Specifically, an end 260 of each of the arms 258 is contoured to follow the general shape of the mating male coupling device 300. When in this position (see Figure 5), the arms 258 extend at a 45 degree angle relative to the male coupling device 300. Other angles can be used, such as angles between 30 and 70 degrees. In yet other examples, the arms 258 can be perpendicular to the mating surface of the male coupling device 300. In such examples, the shape of the clip groove 308 can be modified, such as a non-square clip groove can be used.

[0059] The ends 260 engage a wall 310 formed in the clip groove 308. The arms 258 thereby resist movement of the male coupling device 300 out of the female coupling device 200.

[0060] The female coupling assembly 200 also includes a seal 272 configured to seal against the mating male coupling device 300. The seal 272 is an O-ring in this embodiment, although other sealing arrangements can be used. In this example, the seal 272 (see Figure 17) is a captured seal, in that the groove in which the seal 272 is placed is formed in part by a portion 282 of the clip member 250. This allows the seal 272 to be positioned closers to the male coupling device 300. In addition, the seal 272 is held by a retaining member 274, which is described further below with reference to Figures 36-43.

[0061] Referring now to Figures 7- 12, to coupling the male coupling device 300 to the female coupling device 200, the male coupling device 300 is inserted into the fluid passageway 201 of the female coupling device. During insertion, the arms 258 deform outward (i.e., flex or move out of the way) and ride along a surface 312 of the male coupling device 300 (see Figure 1 1 ) to allow the male coupling device 300 to pass into the female coupling device 200 and into the coupled position. Once in the fully-inserted position, the arms 258 engage the wall 310 of the clip groove 308 to retain the male coupling device 300 in the female coupling device 200, as shown in Figures 1-6.

[0062] Referring now to Figures 13-18, to disconnect the male coupling device 300 from the female coupling device, the clip member 250 is depressed in the direction 254. In this unlocked position, the arms 258 move to a clearance position where the arms are located outside (i.e., below) the clip groove 308. This allows the arms 258 to clear the clip groove 308, and the male coupling device 300 can thereupon be removed from the female coupling device 200.

[0063] Once the clip member 250 is released, the springs 256 move the clip member 250 back to the upper locked position. The clip member 250 is thereupon ready for reinsertion of the male coupling device 300, as shown in Figures 6-12.

[0064] Referring now to Figures 31-35, another example female coupling device 400 is shown. The female coupling device 400 is similar in configuration to that of the female coupling device 200 described above, with noted exceptions below. The female coupling device 400 is configured to mate with a male coupling device, such as the male coupling device 300 described above.

[0065] The female coupling device 400 includes a body 410 and a clip member 412 configured in a manner identical to that of the clip member 250 described above. The female coupling device 400 also includes a termination 418 configured to be connected to a fluid line or other destination for fluid flowing through the female coupling device 400.

[0066] The female coupling device 400 also includes a threaded portion 414 and a nut 416 positioned thereon. The threaded portion 414 is sized to be received through an opening formed in a panel, such as a panel 422 depicted in Figure 32. In this configuration, the female coupling device 400 is attached to a panel of an apparatus or other device by positioning the threaded portion 414 through the panel opening and threading the nut 416 onto the threaded portion 414 until the panel 422 is captured between the nut 416 and the body 410, thereby affixing the female coupling device 400 to the panel 422.

[0067] As shown in Figure 35, the female coupling device 400 forms an opening 430 in the body 410 through which the mating male coupling device is positioned. The body 410 forms a passageway 432 in communication with the opening 430 that extends to a passageway 434 formed through the threaded portion 414. In this example, the passageway 432 is positioned at an angle relative to the passageway 434. In one example, the angle formed between the passageways 432, 434 is approximately 30 or 45 degrees. Other configuration, such as a straight passage, can also be used.

[0068] Referring now to Figures 36-43, another example female coupling device 500 is shown. The female coupling device 500 is similar in configuration to that of the female coupling device 200 described above, with noted exceptions below. The female coupling device 500 is configured to mate with a male coupling device, such as the male coupling device 300 described above.

[0069] The female coupling device 500 includes a body 510 and a clip member 512 configured in a manner similar to that of the clip member 250 described above. The coupling device 500 also includes a bottom portion 514 that is coupled to the body 510 to form the female coupling device 500. Specifically, the bottom portion 514 includes post members 516 that engage the main body 510. The bottom portion 514 can be coupled to the main body 510 using various techniques, including staking and/or welding.

[0070] Such a configuration can be advantageous because the main body 5 10 (including the termination) can be molded as a single integral unit without any weld/joining lines. This results in a generally enclosed main body with a "solid shape" and relatively fewer components than a main body formed of multiple components. The bottom portion 514 can thereupon be coupled to the main body 510 as noted.

[0071] The female coupling device 500 also includes the seal 272 (see Figures 10-12 and 17-18) that is positioned within the main body 5 10 to seal against the mating male coupling device 300. This seal is similar or identical to that of the female coupling device 200 described above.

[0072] The seal 272 is held in place, at least in part, by the retaining member 274. The retaining member 274 is similar or identical to that of the female coupling device 200 describe above. As shown, for example, in Figures 17 and 37, after the seal 272 is placed within the body 510, the retaining member 274 is positioned within a front opening 517 of the main body 510. A groove 532 formed by the retaining member 274 engages a protrusion 51 8 formed by the front opening 517 of the main body 510 to hold the retaining member 274 in place. The retaining member 274 abuts the seal 272 and blocks the seal 272 from moving within the main body 510.

[0073] The retaining member 274 also includes openings 536 formed on opposing sides of the retaining member 274. These openings 536 provide clearance for the arms 258 when the clip member 250 is moved in the direction 254 to disengage the arms 258 from the clip groove 308 formed in the body 304 of the male coupling device 300. The arms 258 pass through the openings 536.

[0074] The retaining member 274 forms an opening 534 through which the mating male coupling device 300 extends when mated with the female coupling device 500. The bottom portion 514 also forms supporting structures 522, 524, 526 that help to support the retaining member 274 in position within the female coupling device 500.

[0075] Specifically, the supporting structures 522, 524, 526 help to hold a bottom surface 536 of the retaining member 274 and resist movement of the retaining member 274 and the mating male coupling device 300 that is inserted therethrough. This can be advantageous when, for example, forces are applied to the male coupling device 300. If, for example, an upward force (e.g., in a direction opposite the direction 254) is applied to the termination 302 of the male coupling device 300, the force would tend to cause the mating portion of the male coupling device 300 that is positioned in the retaining member 274 to move in the downward direction (i.e., the direction 254). The support structures 522, 524, 526 support the bottom surface 536 of the retaining member 274 to resist such forces to thereby retain the mating male coupling device 300 in position and coupled to the female coupling device 500. [0076] . In addition, the support structures 522, 524, 526 can function to strengthen the bottom portion 514 to enhance side load performance of the female coupling device 500. In this manner, loads that may be placed on the mating male coupling device 300 can be addressed with minimal impact to the performance of the female coupling device 500.

[0077] Although the subject matter has been described in language specific to structural features and/or methodological acts, it is to be understood that the subject matter defined in the appended claims is not necessarily limited to the specific features or acts described above. Rather, the specific features and acts described above are disclosed as example forms of implementing the claims.