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Title:
BASE POUR PROTHESE DENTAIRE ET ANALOGUE DESTINEE A UNE IMPLANTATION DANS L'OS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/1993/017634
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
La base (1) comprend un corps extérieur (2) en matériau métallique biocompatible ayant une cavité (3) dans laquelle un corps intérieur (4) en matériau métallique biocompatible, présentant un siège (8) destiné à maintenir une prothèse, est disposé avec une couche (5) de matériau absorbant les chocs interposée. Un élément (10) de rétention annulaire relié au bord de la cavité (3) dans le corps extérieur (2) présente un bord intérieur (10b) déformable de manière élastique, lequel vient au contact d'un collier extérieur correspondant (4a) situé sur le corps intérieur (4) de manière à se trouver ainsi préchargé de manière élastique.

Inventors:
First, 93/005 World 93/042
Application Number:
PCT/EP1993/000464
Publication Date:
September 16, 1993
Filing Date:
March 02, 1993
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
Arzt, Erich
International Classes:
A61C8/00; A61C13/32; (IPC1-7): A61C8/00
Domestic Patent References:
WO1987006816A1
WO1992017127A1
Foreign References:
EP0231400A1
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Claims:
CLAIMS
1. A base for dental prostheses and the like for implantation in bone, including an outer body (2) of rigid material, preferably a biocompatible metallic material, having means (6) for anchoring it to the bony tissue (9) and a cavity (3) in which an inner body (4) , also made of a rigid material, preferably a biocompatible metallic material, with a seat (8) for holding a prosthesis is disposed with the interposition of a layer of resilient shockabsorbent bonding material (5) , characterised in that an annular retaining element (10) is connected to the edge (2a) of the cavity (3) in the outer body (2) and has a resilientlydeformable inner edge (10b) which engages a corresponding outer collar (4a) on the inner body (4) so as to be resiliently preloaded thereby.
2. A base for implantation in bone according to Claim 1, characterised in that the retaining element is constituted by a ring nut (10) having an external thread (10a) for coupling with a corresponding thread (2a) near the edge of the cavity (3) in the outer body (2) .
3. A base for implantation in bone according to Claim 1 or Claim 2, characterised in that, initially, the inner edge (10b) of the annular retaining element (10) is funnelshaped.
4. A base for implantation in bone according to any one of the preceding claims, characterised in that the annular retaining element (10) is of a biocompatible metallic material.
5. A base for implantation in bone according to Claim 4, characterised in that the annular retaining element (10) has a layer of electricallyinsulating material on its inner edge (10b) which is intended to engage the collar (4a) of the inner body (4) .
6. A base for implantation in bone according to Claim 4 or Claim 5, characterised in that the outer collar (4a) of the inner body (4) has a surface layer of electricallyinsulating material.
7. A base for implantation in bone according to any one of the preceding claims, characterised in that the bonding material (5) is a polymeric material.
8. A base for implantation in bone according to any one of the preceding claims, characterised in that the cavity (3) in the outer body (2) and the outer surface of the inner body (4) are of substantially elliptical crosssection.
9. A base for implantation in bone according to any one of Claims 1 to 7, characterised in that at least one longitudinal portion of the cavity (3) in the outer body (2) and at least one longitudinal portion of the outer surface of the inner body (4) are substantially pyramidal in shape.
Description:
A base for dental prostheses and the like for implantation in bone

The present invention relates to a base for dental prostheses and the like for implantation in bone.

More specifically, the subject of the invention is a base for implantation in bone, including an ' Oute'r body of rigid material, preferably a biocompatible metallic material, having means for anchoring it to the bony tissue and a cavity in which an inner body, also made of a rigid material, preferably a biocompatible metallic material, with a seat for holding a prosthesis is disposed with the interposition of a layer of resiliently shock-absorbent bonding material.

Bases for implantation in bone of the type specified above are described, for example, in U.S. patent 4,780,080, French patent application 2,580,169, and Dutch patent application 8200711.

The bases for implantation in bone described in the documents cited above have the disadvantage that the resiliently shock-absorbent bonding material interposed between the inner and outer bodies extends to the top of the base and, in the condition of use, is in contact with the surrounding tissue, particularly the gum tissue. This material can thus come into contact with food and various liquids introduced into the mouth and may sooner or later become degraded.

The object of the present invention is to provide a base for implantation in bone which overcomes the problem of the bases of the prior art described above.

According to the invention, this object is achieved by

means of a base for implantation in bone of the type specified above, characterised in that an annular retaining element is connected to the edge of the cavity in the outer body and has a resiliently-deformable inner edge which engages a corresponding outer collar on the inner body so as to be resiliently preloaded thereby.

In the base for implantation in bone according to the invention, the retaining ring connected to the outer body prevents the inner body from coming out of the cavity in the outer body and, in particular, isolates the layer of shock-absorbent material interposed between them from the outside environment. By virtue of the resilient preloading of the edge of the retaining element, the shock-absorbent material is isolated even when the inner body performs very small movements inwardly of the cavity in the outer body, resiliently compressing the shock-absorbent material between the bodies, during chewing.

Further characteristics and advantages of the invention will become clear from the detailed description which follows with reference to the appended drawings, provided purely by way of non-limiting example, in which:

Figure 1 is a perspective view of a base for dental prostheses for implantation in bone according to the invention.

Figure 2 is a section taken on the line II-II of Figure 1 ,

Figure 3 is a partial section showing a detail of the

base according to the invention during the fixing of the retaining ring to the outer body, and

Figure 4 is a view showing the same detail as Figure 3 in a working condition.

In the drawings, a base for implantation iri bone according to the present invention is generally indicated 1.

The base has a monolithic structure including a substantially conical outer body 2 made of a rigid material, preferably a biocompatible metallic material such as titanium or an alloy thereof.

The outer body 2 has a cavity 3 (Figures 2 to 4) which is also substantially conical and in which an inner body 4, also made of a rigid material, preferably a biocompatible metallic material such as titanium or an alloy thereof, is disposed.

The inner body 4 extends within the outer body and a space, also substantially conical, defined between them is filled with a layer of electrically-insulating and resiliently shock-absorbent bonding material 5, for example, a polymeric material.

The bottom of the outer body 2 has at least one hole 6, in known manner.

The top of the inner body 4 has a seat for retaining and supporting a dental prosthesis and/or an accessory thereof. In the embodiment shown by way of example, the seat is constituted by a threaded hole, indicated 8 in Figures 1 and 2.

The mouth of the cavity 3 in the outer body 2 has an internal threaded edge, indicated 2a in Figures 2 to 4.

The inner body 4 has an integral, outer collar, indicated 4a, at its upper end.

A retaining ring or ring nut, indicated 10, has an external thread 10a by means of which it can be screwed into the thread 2a of the outer body 2.

As can best be seen in Figure 3, the retaining ring 10 has an inner edge 10b of reduced thickness so as to be resiliently defor able. In the embodiment shown by way of example, this edge is slightly funnel-shaped.

The radial width of the edge 10b of the retaining ring 10 is such that, when the ring is screwed into the thread 2a of the outer body 2, the edge 10b overlaps the outer collar 4a of the inner body.

Conveniently, according to the invention, the retaining ring 10 is formed so that, when it is screwed fully into the threaded seat 2a in the outer body 2, its inner edge 10b presses against the collar 4a of the inner body so as to be resiliently preloaded thereby, as shown in Figure 2 in which the edge appears to be substantially flat.

The ring 10 not only prevents the inner body 4 from coming out of the outer body 2 but also completely isolates the layer 5 of shock-absorbent material between the bodies from the outside environment.

By virtue of the resilient preloading of the edge 10b against the outer collar of the inner body 4, the layer

5 is isolated even when the inner body 4 performs very small movements towards the bottom of the cavity 3 in the outer body 2 as a result of chewing, as shown in Figure 4.

The retaining ring or ring nut 10 may also conveniently be made of a biocompatible metallic material, for example, titanium or an alloy thereof.

If the inner body 4 and the outer body 2 are to be electrically insulated from each other, the annular retaining element 10 may be made of an electrically-insulating material or of a metallic material with a surface layer of electrically-insulating material, at least on its surface which contacts the collar of the inner body 4.

Instead of or as well as this measure, the collar 4a of the inner body 4 may have a covering of electrically-insulating material in the region which contacts the retaining ring 10.

In use, the base 1 is positioned in a seat, indicated 9 in Figure 1, of a substantially complementary shape in the bony tissue of the jaw. The hole 6 is intended to form a firm anchorage for the implant 1 as a result of the growth of bony tissue within it (osteointegration) . When osteointegration has taken place, the hole 6 also prevents the base from rotating.

The cavity 3 in the outer body 2 and the outer surface of the inner body 4 may conveniently be formed so as to be of have elliptical cross-section in order to prevent the inner body 4 from rotating relative to the outer body 2.

Alternatively, at least one longitudinal portion of the cavity 3 in the outer body 2 and a corresponding longitudinal portion of the outer surface of the inner body 4 may be substantially pyramidal in shape.

Naturally, the principle of the invention remaining the same, the forms of embodiment and details of construction may be varied widely with respect to those described and illustrated purely by way of non-limiting example, without thereby departing from the scope of the present invention.

Thus, for example, the retaining ring or ring nut 10 may be fixed to the outer body 2 by a connection other than the threaded connection described above, for example, by gluing, cementing, upsetting, etc.