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Title:
BICYCLIC ACETYL-COA CARBOXYLASE INHIBITORS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2012/013716
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention provides compounds of formula (I); or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, wherein the variables are defined as herein. The present invention provides a method for manufacturing the compounds of formula (I), their therapeutic uses, combinations with other of pharmacologically active agents, and a pharmaceutical compositions.

Inventors:
BARNES, David, Weninger (Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Inc.100 Technology Squar, Cambridge Massachusetts, 02139, US)
BEBERNITZ, Gregory, Raymond (Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Inc.100 Technology Squar, Cambridge Massachusetts, 02139, US)
CLAIRMONT, Kevin (Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Inc.100 Technology Squar, Cambridge Massachusetts, 02139, US)
COHEN, Scott, Louis (Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Inc.100 Technology Squar, Cambridge Massachusetts, 02139, US)
DAMON, Robert, Edson, II. (Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Inc.100 Technology Squar, Cambridge Massachusetts, 02139, US)
DAY, Robert, Francis (Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Inc.100 Technology Squar, Cambridge Massachusetts, 02139, US)
DODD, Stephanie, Kay (Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Inc.250 Massachusetts Avenu, Cambridge Massachusetts, 02139, US)
GAUL, Christoph (Novartis Pharma AG, Werk KlybeckPostfach, Basel, CH-4002, CH)
GULGEZE EFTHYMIOU, Hatice, Belgin (Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Inc.100 Technology Squar, Cambridge Massachusetts, 02139, US)
JAIN, Monish (Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Inc.250 Massachusetts Avenu, Cambridge Massachusetts, 02139, US)
KARKI, Rajeshri Ganesh (Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Inc.100 Technology Squar, Cambridge Massachusetts, 02139, US)
KIRMAN, Louise, Clare (Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Inc.100 Technology Squar, Cambridge Massachusetts, 02139, US)
LIN, Kai (Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Inc.500 Technology Squar, Cambridge Massachusetts, 02139, US)
MAO, Justin Yik Ching (Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Inc.100 Technology Squar, Cambridge Massachusetts, 02139, US)
PATEL, Tajesh Jayprakash (Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Inc.100 Technology Squar, Cambridge Massachusetts, 02139, US)
RAYMER, Brian, Kenneth (Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Inc.100 Technology Squar, Cambridge Massachusetts, 02139, US)
SU, Liansheng (Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Inc.100 Technology Squar, Cambridge Massachusetts, 02139, US)
Application Number:
EP2011/062933
Publication Date:
February 02, 2012
Filing Date:
July 27, 2011
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
NOVARTIS AG (Lichtstrasse 35, Basel, CH-4056, CH)
BARNES, David, Weninger (Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Inc.100 Technology Squar, Cambridge Massachusetts, 02139, US)
BEBERNITZ, Gregory, Raymond (Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Inc.100 Technology Squar, Cambridge Massachusetts, 02139, US)
CLAIRMONT, Kevin (Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Inc.100 Technology Squar, Cambridge Massachusetts, 02139, US)
COHEN, Scott, Louis (Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Inc.100 Technology Squar, Cambridge Massachusetts, 02139, US)
DAMON, Robert, Edson, II. (Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Inc.100 Technology Squar, Cambridge Massachusetts, 02139, US)
DAY, Robert, Francis (Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Inc.100 Technology Squar, Cambridge Massachusetts, 02139, US)
DODD, Stephanie, Kay (Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Inc.250 Massachusetts Avenu, Cambridge Massachusetts, 02139, US)
GAUL, Christoph (Novartis Pharma AG, Werk KlybeckPostfach, Basel, CH-4002, CH)
GULGEZE EFTHYMIOU, Hatice, Belgin (Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Inc.100 Technology Squar, Cambridge Massachusetts, 02139, US)
JAIN, Monish (Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Inc.250 Massachusetts Avenu, Cambridge Massachusetts, 02139, US)
KARKI, Rajeshri Ganesh (Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Inc.100 Technology Squar, Cambridge Massachusetts, 02139, US)
KIRMAN, Louise, Clare (Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Inc.100 Technology Squar, Cambridge Massachusetts, 02139, US)
LIN, Kai (Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Inc.500 Technology Squar, Cambridge Massachusetts, 02139, US)
MAO, Justin Yik Ching (Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Inc.100 Technology Squar, Cambridge Massachusetts, 02139, US)
PATEL, Tajesh Jayprakash (Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Inc.100 Technology Squar, Cambridge Massachusetts, 02139, US)
RAYMER, Brian, Kenneth (Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Inc.100 Technology Squar, Cambridge Massachusetts, 02139, US)
SU, Liansheng (Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Inc.100 Technology Squar, Cambridge Massachusetts, 02139, US)
International Classes:
C07D215/36; A61K31/404; A61K31/4184; C07D235/18; C07D263/57; C07D401/04; C07D401/12; C07D403/04; C07D405/04; C07D413/12; C07D471/04; C07D513/04
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
CAMPBELL, Lachlan (Novartis Pharma AG, Patent Department, Basel, CH-4002, CH)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

We Claim:

1 . A compound of fo

or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein:

wherein the symbol *> indicates the point of attachment of L1 is on ring A'; and wherein R1 may replace a hydrogen atom of any CH bond in ring A;

X1 , for each occurrence, is independently CH or N;

X2 is NR19, O, or S;

X3, for each occurrence, is independently NR19, CH2, O, or S;

r is 1 or 2;

Ring B is cyclohexyl or phenyl; provided that when ring B is phenyl, ring A is

wherein R1a is hydrogen, phenyl, phenylamino, or a 5- to 10-membered heteroaryl, wherein R1a may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R13; and wherein when R1a is a heteroaryl comprising one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be optionally replaced with R22;

w herein the symbol indicates the point of attachment to ring B;

X4 is -NR4- or -0-;

q and n are each, independently, 0, 1 , 2, 3, or 4;

l_i is -NHSO2-, -SO2NH-, -NHSO2NH- or -NHC(0)NH-;

R1 may replace a hydrogen atom of any CH bond in ring A and, for each occurrence, is independently deutero, hydroxy, nitro, halo, cyano, carboxy, formyl, 7alkyl, C3.8carbocyclyl, C2-7alkenyl, C2-7alkynyl, Ci.yalkoxy, C1-7alkylthio, C3.8cycloalkoxy, C6.10aryl, CeMoarylC^alkyl, C6.10aryloxy, amino, N-Ci.yalkylamino, N.N-di- C^

7alkyl)amino, N-C6.10arylamino, 3- to 10-membered heterocyclyl, N-(3- to 10-membered heterocyclyl)amino, (3- to 10-membered heterocyclyl)oxy, 5- to 10-membered heteroaryl, (5- to 10-membered heteroary C^alkyl, N-(5- to 10-membered heteroaryl)amino, (5- to 10-membered heteroaryl)oxy, C^alkanoyl, C^alkoxycarbonyl, C^alkanoyloxy, 7alkylamido, C6.10arylamido, (3- to 10-membered heterocyclyl)amido, carbamoyl, N-C^. 7alkylcarbamoyl, N.N-d Ci.yalkyrjcarbamoyl, Ci.yalkoxyamido, C^alkylureido, and C6. 10arylureido, wherein R1 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R13; and wherein when R1 comprises a heterocyclyl or a heteroaryl comprising one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R22; or two R1 on the same carbon atom together may form an oxo; or two R1 on the same carbon atom together with the carbon to which they are attached form a spiro C3.8carbocyclyl; or two R1 on adjacent carbon atoms together with the carbon atoms to which they are attached may form a fused C3_ scarbocyclyl or phenyl which may be optionally substituted with one or more R13; and

R2, for each occurrence, is independently selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, cyano, C1-7alkyl, C^alkoxy, C2-7alkenyl, amino, Ci.yalkylamino, di-^.

7alkyl)amino, Ci.yalkylamido, Ci.yalkoxyamido; wherein R2, for each occurrence, may be independently optionally substituted with one or more halo; or two or more R2 groups on non-adjacent carbon atoms together form a C^alkylene bridge; or two or more R2 groups on adjacent carbon atoms may form a fused C3.8carbocyclyl;

R3 is selected from the group consisting of a C1-7alkyl, C3.8carbocyclyl, C3_ scarbocyclylC^alkyl, C6.10aryl, CeMoarylC^alkyl, a 5- to 10-membered heteroaryl, a (5- to 10-membered heteroary C^alkyl, a 3- to 10-membered heterocyclyl, and a (3- to 10- membered heterocycly C^alkyl, wherein R3 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more R14; and wherein when R3 comprises a heteroaryl or heterocyclyl comprising one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with a C1-7alkyl;

R4 is hydrogen, C1-7 alkyl, or C^alkoxyC^alkyl; or R3 and R4, together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form a 3- to 7-membered heterocyclyl, wherein the heterocyclyl may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more R15; and wherein when the heterocyclyl comprises one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R16;

R13, for each occurrence, is independently deutero, nitro, halo, cyano, hydroxy, carboxy, C1-7alkyl, C3.8cycloalkyl, C1-7alkoxy, C6.10aryl, C6.10aryloxy, 3- to 10-membered heterocyclyl, 5- to 10-membered heteroaryl, amino, Ci.yalkylamino, di-(C1-7alkyl)amino, C1-7alkanoyl, C^alkoxycarbonyl, Ci.yalkanoyloxy, Ci.yalkylamido, Ci.yalkoxyamido, carbamoyl, N-Ci.yalkylcarbamoyl, N,N-di-(C1-7alkyl)carbamoyl, C1-7alkylsufonyl, C^.

7alkylsulfonyloxy, Ci.yalkylsulfonamido, sulfamoyl, N-Ci.yalkylsulfamoyl, or N.N-di-^!. 7alkyl)sulfamoyl, wherein R13 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R17; and wherein when R13 is a heterocyclyl or a heteroaryl comprising one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R20; or two R13 on the same carbon atom together may form an oxo or a spiro C3.8carbocyclyl; or two R13 on adjacent carbon atoms together with the carbons to which they are attached may form a 3- to 7-membered heterocyclyl which may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more R17 and if the heterocyclyl comprises one or more -NH- group, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R20;

R14, for each occurrence, is independently halo, hydroxy, carboxy, C^.

7alkoxycarbonyl, C1-7alkyl, C^alkoxy, C3.8cycloalkyl, C6.10aryl, or 5- to10-membered heteroaryl, wherein R14 may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more independently selected R24; or two R14 on the same carbon atom together may form an oxo, a spiro C3.8carbocyclyl or a 3- to 7-membered spiro heterocyclyl; or two R14 on adjacent carbon atoms together with the carbon atoms to which they are attached may form a phenyl which may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more R24;

R15, for each occurrence, is independently selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, carboxy, C1-7alkyl, C^alkoxy, C3.8carbocyclyl, phenyl, and Ci.yalkoxycarbonyl; wherein R15 may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more substituent independently selected from halo, hydroxy, C^alkoxy; or two R15 on the same carbon atom together form an oxo or together with the carbon atom to which they are attached form a C2.8cycloalkyl or a 3- to 10-membered heterocyclyl; or two R15 on adjacent carbon atoms together with the carbon atoms to which they are attached may form a fused phenyl;

R16, for each occurrence, is independently selected from the group consisting of C1-7alkyl, C3.8carbocyclyl, C1-7alkanoyl, Ci.yalkoxycarbonyl, or 5- to10-membered heteroaryl;

R17, for each occurrence, is independently selected from cyano, halo, hydroxy, carboxy, C1-7alkyl, C1-7alkoxy, amino, Ci.yalkylamino, di-(C1-7alkyl)amino, C6.10arylamino, C6-ioaiYlC1-4altylamino, C^alkoxycarbonyl, C^alkanoyloxy, 3- to 10-membered heterocyclyl, wherein R17 may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more independently selected halo, amino, C1-7alkyl, C1-7alkoxy, C1-7haloalkyl, carboxy, or Ci.yalkyoxycarbonyl; and wherein when R17 is a heterocyclyl comprising one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R23; or two R17 on the same carbon atom together may form an oxo;

R18 is a C1-7alkyl, C3.8cycloalkyl, phenyl or a C1-7alkoxyC1-7alkyl;

R19, for each occurrence, is independently hydrogen, C1-7alkyl, C1-7alkanoyl, tri- (C1-7alkyl)silyl, C3.8cycloalkyl, C^alkoxycarbonyl, C3.8cycloalkoxycabonyl, carbamoyl, N- Ci.yalkylcarbamoyI, wherein R19 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more R21 ;

R20, R21 , R22, and R23, for each occurrence, are independently deutero, halo, carboxy, C1-7alkyl, C^alkoxy, C6.10aryloxy, Ce^arylC^alkoxy, or C^alkoxycarbonyl; and

R24, for each occurrence, is independently hydroxy, halo, carboxy, C1-7alkyl, C^. yhaloalkyl,

7alkoxycarbonyl, Ci.yalkanoyloxy, phosphonooxy, C1.7alkoxy(hydroxy)phosphoryloxy or di-(C1.7alkoxy)phosphoryloxy; wherein R24 may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with a group independently selected from amino, N-Ci.yalkylamino, and phenyl; provided that the compound is not ethyl 4-(2-phenyl-1 - -benzo[d]imidazole-6- sulfonamido)benzoate, N-(1 -hydroxy-3-phenylpropan-2-yl)-4-(naphthalene-2- sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxamide, 4-(naphthalene-2-sulfonamido)-N-(1 -oxo-3- phenylpropan-2-yl)cyclohexanecarboxamide, or ethyl 4-(naphthalene-2- sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylate.

2. The compound according to Claim 1 , or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein ring B is cyclohexyl.

3. The compound according to Claim 1 or 2, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein L1 is -S02NH-.

4. The compound according to Claim 1 or 2, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein L1 is -NHS02-.

5. The compound according to Claim 1 or 2, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein L1 is -NHS02NH-.

6. The compound according to Claim 1 or 2, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein L1 is -NHC(0)NH-.

7. The compound according to any one of Claims 1 through 6, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein ring A is a bicyclic ring system selected from the group consisting of:

wherein R1 may replace a hydrogen atom of any CH bond in ring A.

8. The compound according to any one of Claims 1 through 7, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R1 , for each occurrence, is independently deutro, cyano, hydroxy, carboxy, halo, C1-7alkyl, C^alkoxy, vinyl, 1 - propynyl, N,N-dimethylamino, N-ethylamino, N-phenylamino, N-pyridinylamino, N-(2,3- dihydrobenzo[b][1 ,4]dioxin-6-ylamino, N-(benzo[c][1 ,2,5]thiadiazol-5-ylamino, phenyl, pyrrolidinyl, piperazinyl, piperidinyl, tetrahydro-2H-pyranyl, tetrahydrofuranyl, morpholinyl, phenylamino, cyclopropyl, cyclopentyl, pyridinyl, thiazolyl, cyclobutoxy, oxetan-3-yloxy, methoxycarbonyl, acetamido, N-ethylcarbamoyl, or benzyl, wherein R1 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R13; and wherein when R1 comprises a heterocyclyl or a heteroaryl comprising one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R22.

9. The compound according to Claim 8, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein m is 1 and R1 is phenyl or phenylamino, wherein R1 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R13.

10. The compound according to Claim 8, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein m is 2 and one R1 is phenyl or phenylamino and the other R1 is halo, wherein R1 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R13.

1 1 . The compound according to any one of the preceding claims, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R19, for each occurrence is independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, isopropyl, , acetyl, hexanoyl, methoxylcarbonyl, ethoxycarbonyl, t-butoxylcarbonyl,

isobutoxycarbonyl, cyclohexyloxycarbonyl, N-ethylcarbamoyl, cyclopropyl, tri- isopropylsilyl, cyclohexanoxycarbonyl, benzyl, and ethoxycarbonyl, wherein R19 may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more independently selected R21.

12. The compound according to any one of the preceding claims, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R21 , for each occurrence is independently deutero, fluoro, methoxy, carboxyl, methoxycarbonyl, or benzyloxy.

13. The compound according to any one of the preceding claims, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R13, for each occurrence, is independently halo, cyano, nitro, carboxy, hydroxy, C1-4alkyl, C^alkoxy, N,N- dimethylamino, Ν,Ν-ethylamino, methoxycarbonyl, ethoxycarbonyl,

ethoxycarbonylamino, acetyl, acetamido, piperazinyl, morpholinyl, pyrrazolyl, 2-oxo-2,3- dihydrothiazolyl, methylsulfonyl, methylsulfonyloxy, sulfamoyi, or phenyloxy, wherein R13 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R17; and wherein when R13 is a heterocyclyl or a heteroaryl comprising one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R20; or two R13 on the same carbon atom together may form an oxo or a spiro C3_ scarbocyclyl; or two R13 on adjacent carbon atoms together with the carbons to which they are attached may form a 3- to 7-membered heterocyclyl which may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more R17 and if the heterocyclyl comprises one or more -NH- group, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R20.

14. The compound according to any one of the preceding claims, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R22, for each occurrence, is independently methyl or t-butoxycarbonyl.

15. The compound according to any one of the preceding claims, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R17, for each occurrence, is independently a halo, carboxy, hydroxy, C1-4alkyl, C^alkoxy, methoxycarbonyl, 3- methylbutanoyloxy, N-methylamino, N-benzylamino, N,N-dimethylamino, piperazinyl, or morpholinyl, wherein R17 may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more independently selected halo, amino, C1-7alkyl, C^alkoxy, Ci.yhaloalkyl, carboxy, or Ci.yalkyoxycarbonyl; and wherein when R17 is a heterocyclyl comprising one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R23.

16. The compound according to any one of the preceding claims, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R20, for each occurrence, is independently methyl or t-butoxycarbonyl.

17. The compound according to any one of the preceding claims, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R23, for each occurrence, is methyl.

18. The compound according to any one of the preceding claims, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein Q is a group represented by the following formula:

19. The compound according to any one of the preceding claims, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein X4 is -NR4-.

20. The compound according to any one of the preceding claims, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R4 is hydrogen.

21 . The compound according to any one of Claims 1 -19, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R4 is methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, or methoxyethyl.

22. The compound according to any one of Caims1 -18, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein X4 is -0-.

23. The compound according to any one of the preceding claims, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R3 is methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, isobutyl, t-butyl, 1 -methylpropyl, 1 ,2-dimethylpropyl, cyclopropyl, cyclohexyl, cyclopropylmethyl, cyclohexylmethyl, cycloheptylmethyl, phenyl, naphth-1 -yl, benzyl, 2- phenylethyl, 1 ,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphth-1 -yl, 2,3-dihydro-1 H-inden-2-yl, azepanyl, pyridin- 3-yl, pyridin-2-ylmethyl, pyridin-3-ylmethyl, pyridin-4-ylmethyl, 2-(pyridin-3-yl)-ethyl, quinolin-6-yl, or pyrazol-4-ylmethyl; wherein R3 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more R14; and wherein when R3 comprises a heteroaryl or heterocyclyl comprising one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with a C1-7alkyL

24. The compound according to any one of the preceding claims, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R14, for each occurrence, is independently halo, hydroxy, methyl, ethyl, isopropyl, t-butyl, methoxy, methoxycarbonyl, cyclopropyl, or N-N-dimethylamino; wherein R14 may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more independently selected R24; or two R14 on the same carbon atom together are oxo; or two R14 on the same carbon atom together with the carbon atom to which they are attached form cyclopropyl.

25. The compound according to any one of the preceding claims, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R24, for each occurrence, is independently halo, hydroxy, carboxy, methoxy, methoxycarbonyl, t-butoxycarbonyl, propanoyloxy, 3-methylbutanoyloxy, or di-(t-butoxy)phosphoryloxy, wherein R24 may be optionally substituted with one or more group selected from amino, methylamino, or phenyl.

26. The compound according to any one of Claims 1 -19, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R3 and R4, together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form a 3- to 7-membered heterocyclyl, wherein the heterocyclyl may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more R15; and wherein when the heterocyclyl comprises one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R16.

27. The compound according to Claim 26, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R3 and R4, together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form piperazino, morpholino, piperidino, pyrrolidino, 1 ,4-oxazepan-4-yl, azetidin-1 -yl, isoindolin-2-yl, or decahydroisoquinolin-2-yl, each of which may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more R15; and wherein the hydrogen of the - NH- of piperazino may be independently optionally replaced with R16.

28. The compound according to Claim 26 or 27, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R15, for each occurrence, is independently selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, carboxy, methoxycarbonyl, ethoxycarbonyl, methyl, ethyl, isopropyl, t-butyl, trifluoromethyl, hydroxymethyl, methoxymethyl, 1 -hydroxy-1 -methyl- ethyl, 2-hydroxy-1 ,1 -dimethyl-ethyl, cyclopropyl, phenyl, or 4-fluorophenyl; or two R15 on the same carbon atom form oxo; or two R15 on the same carbon atom together with the carbon atom to which they are attached form azetidinyl, oxetanyl, or 1 ,3-dioxanyl.

29. The compound according to any one of Claims 26-28, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R16, for each occurrence, is independently selected from the group consisting of methyl, cyclopropyl, t-butoxycarbonyl, and pyrimidinyl.

30. The compound according to any one of Claims 1 -17, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherei by the following formula:

31 . The compound according to Claim 30, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R18 is isopropyl, t-butyl, methoxymethyl, cyclohexyl, or phenyl.

32. The compound according to Claim 1 , or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the compound is represented by formula II:

(II) wherein m is 0, 1 or 2.

33. The compound according to Claim 32, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the compound is represented by formula Ma:

wherein "*" indicates a carbon where the sulfamoyl group may be attached.

34. The compound according to Claim 33, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein X4 is -0-.

35. The compound according to Claim 33, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein X4 is -NR4-.

36. The compound according to Claim 35, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R4 is hydrogen.

37. The compound according to Claim 35, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R4 is a C1-4alkyl.

38. The compound according to anyone of Claims 33-35, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R3 is C1-4alkyl, 1 ,2-dimethyl-propyl, cyclopropylmethyl, benzyl, pyridinylmethyl, or azepanyl, wherein R3 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more R14; and wherein when R3 is azepanyl the hydrogen of the -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with a C1-7alkyl.

39. The compound according to Claims 38, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R14, for each occurrence, is independently halo, C1-4alkyl, C1-4alkoxy, C^. 4alkoxycarbonyl, or cyclopropyl, wherein R14 may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more independently selected R24; or two R14 on the same carbon atom together are oxo.

40. The compound according to Claims 39, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R24, for each occurrence, is independently halo, hydroxy, carboxy, 4alkoxy, or C^alkoxycarbonyl.

41 . The compound according to anyone of Claims 33 or 35, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R3 and R4 together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form a 3- to 7-membered heterocyclyl, wherein the heterocyclyl may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more R15; and wherein when the heterocyclyl comprises one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R16.

42. The compound according to Claim 41 , or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R3 and R4 together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form piperazino, morpholino, piperidino, pyrrolidino, or azetidin-1 -yl, each of which may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more R15; and wherein the hydrogen of the -NH- of piperazino may be independently optionally replaced with R16.

43. The compound according to Claim 41 or 42, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R15 , fore each occurrence, is independently hydroxy, carboxy, C^. 4alkyl, 1 -hydroxy-1 -methyl-ethyl, 2-hydroxy-1 , 1 -dimethyl-ethyl, hydroxymethyl, methoxymethyl, cyclopropyl, trifluoromethyl, phenyl, 4-fluorophenyl, or C^.

4alkoxycarbonyl; or two R15 on the same carbon atom together form oxo; or two R15 on the same carbon atom together with the carbon to which they are attached form azetidinyl or oxetanyl.

44. The compound according to any one of Claims 41- 43, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R16 is C^alkoxycarbonyl or cyclopropyl.

45. The compound according to Claim 32, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the compound is represented by formula Mb: 8

wherein ""indicates a carbon where the sulfamoyl group may be attached.

46. The compound according to Claim 45, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R18 is isopropyl, t-butyl, methoxymethyl, cyclohexyl, or phenyl.

47. The compound according to any one of Claims 32-46, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R19 is hydrogen.

48. The compound according to any one of Claims 32-46, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R19 is a C1-4alkyl.

49. The compound according to any one of Claims 32-48, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein m is 1 .

50. The compound according to any one of Claims 32-48, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein m is 2.

51 . The compound according to any one of Claims 32-48, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein m is zero.

52. The compound according to any one of Claims 32-50, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R1, for each occurrence, is independently halo, cyano, C1-4alkyl, cyclopropyl, cyclopentyl, phenyl, or pyridinyl, wherein R1 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R13.

53. The compound according to Claim 52, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R13, for each occurrence, is independently halo, hydroxy, cyano, carboxy, C1-4alkyl, C^alkoxy, C1_4alkoxycarbonyl, or C^alkylsulfonyloxy, wherein R13 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R17.

54. The compound according to Claim 53, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R17 , for each occurrence, is independently halo, hydroxy, carboxy, d. 4alkoxy, C^alkanoyloxy, 2-amino-3-methyl-butanoyloxy, or C^alkoxycarbonyl.

55. The compound according to Claim 1 , or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the compound is represented by formula (III):

(III) wherein R1 b is hydrogen or R1.

56. The compound according to Claim 55, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the compound is represented by formula (Ilia):

(Ilia) wherein ""indicates a carbon where the sulfamoyl group may be attached.

57. The compound according to Claim 56, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein X4 is -0-.

58. The compound according to Claim 56, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein X4 is -NR4-.

59. The compound according to Claim 58, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R4 is hydrogen.

60. The compound according to Claim 58, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R4 is a C1-4alkyl.

61 . The compound according to anyone of Claims 56-60, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R3 is C1-4alkyl, cyclopropyl, cyclohexyl,

cyclopropylmethyl, cyclohexylmethyl, cycloheptylmethyl, phenyl, benzyl, 2-phenyl-ethyl, naphthyl, 1 ,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthyl, 2,3-dihydro-1 H-indenyl, quinolinyl, pyridinyl, pyridinylmethyl, 2-(pyridinyl)-ethyl, or azepanyl, wherein R3 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more R14; and wherein when R3 is azepanyl the hydrogen of the -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with a C1-7alkyl.

62. The compound according to Claims 61 , or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R14, for each occurrence, is independently halo, hydroxy, C1-4alkyl, C^ 4alkoxy, amino, N-C1-4alkylamino or N,N-di-(C1-4alkyl)amino, wherein R14 may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more independently selected R24; or two R14 on the same carbon atom together are oxo; or two R14 on the same carbon atom together with the carbon to which they are attached form cyclopropyl

63. The compound according to Claims 62, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R24, fore each occurrence, is independently halo or hydroxy.

64. The compound according to anyone of Claims 56 or 58, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R3 and R4 together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form a 3- to 7-membered heterocyclyl, wherein the heterocyclyl may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more R15; and wherein when the heterocyclyl comprises one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R16.

65. The compound according to Claim 64, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R3 and R4 together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form piperazino, morpholino, piperidino, pyrrolidino, 1 ,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinolin-2-yl, decahydroisoquinolin-2-yl, isoindolin-2-yl, each of which may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more R15; and wherein the hydrogen of the -NH- of piperazino may be independently optionally replaced with R16.

66. The compound according to Claim 64 or 65, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R15, for each occurrence, is independently a C1-4alkyl; or two R15 on the same carbon atom together with the carbon to which they are attached form 1 ,3- dioxanyl.

67. The compound according to any one of Claims 64- 66, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R16 is cyclohexylmethyl or phenyl.

68. The compound according to Claim 55, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the compound is represented by formula (1Mb):

8

(Nib)

wherein ""indicates a carbon where the sulfamoyl group may be attached.

69. The compound according to Claim 68, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R18 is isopropyl, t-butyl, methoxymethyl, cyclohexyl, or phenyl.

70. The compound according to any one of Claims 55-69, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R19 is hydrogen.

71 . The compound according to any one of Claims 55-69, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R19 is a C1-4alkyl which may be optionally substituted with methoxy.

72. The compound according to any one of Claims 55-71 , or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R1b is hydrogen.

73. The compound according to any one of Claims 55-71 , or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R1b, for each occurrence, is independently C1-4alkyl, cyclopropyl, pyrrolidinyl, tetrahydro-2H-pyranyl, tetrahydrofuranyl, phenyl, phenylamino, phenyloxy, thiazolyl, pyridinyl, pyridinylamino, wherein R1 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R13.

74. The compound according to Claim 73, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R13, for each occurrence, is independently halo, nitro, hydroxy, cyano, carboxy, C1-4alkyl, C^alkoxy, C1_4alkoxycarbonyl, C^alkoxyamido, amino, N.N-di-^!. 4alkyl)amino, piperazinyl, morpholinyl, 2,3-dihydrothiazolyl, pyrazolyl, C1-4alkylsulfonyl, or sulfamoyl, wherein R13 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R17; and wherein when R13 is piperazinyl, morpholinyl, or pyrazolyl, the hydrogen of each - NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R20.

75. The compound according to Claim 74, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R17, for each occurrence, is independently hydroxy, N-C^alkylamino, N-benzylamino, piperazinyl, or morpholinyl, wherein R17 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more methoxy; and wherein when R17 is a piperazinyl, or morpholinyl, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R23; or two R17 on the same carbon atom together form oxo.

76. The compound according to Claim 74, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R20 is C1-4alkyl or C^alkoxycarbonyl.

77. The compound according to Claim 75, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R23 is a C1-4alkyl.

78. The compound according to Claim 1 , or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the compound is represented by formula (IV):

wherein:

one of X5 or X6 is N and the other is CH; and

p is 0, 1 , 2, or 3.

79. The compound according to Claim 78, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the compound is represented by formula (IVa):

(IVa)

wherein ""indicates a carbon where the sulfamoyl group may be attached.

80. The compound according to Claim 79, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein X4 is -0-.

81 . The compound according to Claim 79, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein X4 is -NR4-.

82. The compound according to Claim 81 , or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R4 is hydrogen.

83. The compound according to Claim 81 , or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R4 is a C1-4alkyl.

84. The compound according to anyone of Claims 79-83, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R3 is C1-4alkyl, benzyl, or pyrazinylmethyl, wherein R3 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more R14; and wherein when R3 is pyrazinyl, the hydrogen of the -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with a C1-7alkyl.

85. The compound according to Claims 84, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R14, for each occurrence, is independently halo, C1-4alkyl, wherein R14 may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more independently selected R24.

86. The compound according to Claims 85, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R24, for each occurrence, is independently halo, hydroxy, carboxy, C^ 4alkoxycarbonyl, C1_4alkanoyloxy, 2-amino-3-phenyl-propanoyloxy, 2-amino-3-methyl- butanoyloxy, phosphonooxy, or di-(C1-4alkoxy)phosphoryloxy.

87. The compound according to anyone of Claims 79 or 81 , or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R3 and R4 together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form a 3- to 7-membered heterocyclyl, wherein the heterocyclyl may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more R15; and wherein when the heterocyclyl comprises one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R16.

88. The compound according to Claim 87, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R3 and R4 together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form piperazino, morpholino, piperidino, or pyrrolidino, each of which may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more R15; and wherein the hydrogen of the -NH- of piperazino may be independently optionally replaced with R16.

89. The compound according to Claim 87 or 88, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R15, for each occurrence, is independently carboxy, C1-4alkyl, trifluoromethyl, phenyl, or C^alkoxycarbonyl.

90. The compound according to any one of Claims 87- 89, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R16 is C^alkoxycarbonyl.

91 . The compound according to Claim 78, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the compound is represented by formula IVb:

8

(IVb)

wherein "*" indicates a carbon where the sulfamoyl group may be attached.

92. The compound according to Claim 91 , or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R18 is isopropyl, t-butyl, methoxymethyl, cyclohexyl, or phenyl.

93. The compound according to any one of Claims 78-92, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein p is 1 .

94. The compound according to any one of Claims 78-92, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein p is 2.

95. The compound according to any one of Claims 78-92, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein p is 3.

96. The compound according to any one of Claims 78-92, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein p is zero.

97. The compound according to any one of Claims 78-95, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R1, for each occurrence, is independently halo, hydroxy, C1-4alkyl, C1-4alkenyl, C1-4alkynyl, C1_4alkoxy, cyclobutyloxy, oxetan-3-yloxy, amino, N-Ci. 4alkylamino, N.N-d C^alky amino, N-C^alkylcarbamoyl, piperazinyl, piperidinyl, phenyl, or pyridinyl, wherein R1 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R13; and wherein when R1 is piperazinyl or piperidinyl, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R22; or two R1 on the same carbon atom together with the carbon atom to which they are attached may form a spiro C3.8carbocyclyl.

98. The compound according to Claim 97, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R13, for each occurrence, is independently halo, hydroxy, carboxy, d. 4alkyl, C1-4alkoxy, amino, N-C^alkylamino, N,N-di-(C1-4alkyl)amino, wherein R13 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R17.

99. The compound according to Claim 98, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R17, for each occurrence, is independently halo.

100. The compound according to any one of Claims 97-99, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R22, for each occurrence, is independently a C1-4alkyl.

101. The compound according to any one of Claims 78-100 , or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein X5 is N and X6 is CH.

102. The compound according to any one of Claims 78-100, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein X5 is CH and X6 is N.

103. The compound according to Claim 1 , or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt

(Va)

wherein ""indicates a carbon where the sulfamoyl group may be attached.

105. The compound according to Claim 104, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein X4 is -0-.

106. The compound according to Claim 104, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein X4 is -NR4-.

107. The compound according to Claim 106, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R4 is hydrogen.

108. The compound according to Claim 106, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R4 is a C1-4alkyl.

109. The compound according to anyone of Claims 104-108, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R3 is C1-4alkyl or phenyl.

1 10. The compound according to Claim 103, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the compound is represented by formula (Vb):

8

(Vb)

wherein "*" indicates a carbon where the sulfamoyl group may be attached.

1 1 1. The compound according to Claim 1 10, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R18 is isopropyl, t-butyl, methoxymethyl, cyclohexyl, or phenyl.

1 12. The compound according to any one of Claims 103-1 1 1 , or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R1a is phenyl, phenylamino, thiazolyl, pyridinyl, pyridinylamino, 2,3-dihydrobenzo[b][1 ,4]dioxinyl, benzo[c][1 ,2, 5]oxadiazolyl, wherein R1 may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R13.

1 13. The compound according to Claim 1 12, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R13, for each occurrence, is independently halo, cyano, nitro, hydroxy, carboxy, C1-4alkyl, 4alkylamido, C1-4alkylsulfonyl, sulfamoyl, piperazinyl, morpholinyl, pyrazolyl, wherein R13 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R17; and wherein when R13 is piperazinyl, morpholinyl, or pyrazolyl, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R20.

1 14. The compound according to Claim 1 13, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R17, for each occurrence, is independently hydroxy, or piperazinyl, wherein when R17 is piperazinyl, the hydrogen of each -NH- group of the piperazinyl may be optionally replaced with an independently selected C1-4alkyl.

1 15. The compound according to Claim 1 13 or 1 14, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R20 is a C1-4alkyl.

1 16. The compound according to any one of Claims 103-1 15, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R19 is hydrogen.

1 17. The compound of Claim 1 , wherein the compound is selected from any one of the examples herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

1 18. A pharmaceutical composition, comprising:

a compound according to any one of Claims 1 through 1 17, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof; and

a pharmaceutically acceptable excipient or carrier.

1 19. A method of inhibiting Acetyl CoA carboxylase activity, comprising:

contacting a source of acetyl CoA carboxylase with a compound according to any of Claims 1 through 1 17, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

120. A method of treating a disease or condition mediated by the inhibition of acetyl CoA carboxylase in a mammal, comprising administering to the mammal in need thereof a therapeutically effective amount of a compound according to any of Claims 1 through

1 17, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

121. The method of treating metabolic syndrome, Syndrome X, diabetes, insulin resistance, decreased glucose tolerance, non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, Type II diabetes, Type I diabetes, diabetic complications, body weight disorders, or leptin related diseases in a mammal, comprising administering to the mammal a

therapeutically effective amount of a compound according to any one of Claims 1 through 1 17, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

122. The method according to Claim 121 , wherein the disease or condition is insulin resistance, decreased glucose tolerance, non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, Type II diabetes, or Type I diabetes.

123. The method according to Claim 121 , wherein the metabolic syndrome is dyslipidemia, obesity, insulin resistance, hypertension, microalbuminemia,

hyperuricaemia, or hypercoagulability.

124. The method according to Claim 121 , wherein the bodyweight disorder is obesity, overweight, cachexia or anorexia.

125. A pharmaceutical composition, comprising a therapeutically effective amount of a compound according to anyone of Claims 1 through 1 17, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, in combination with a therapeutically effective amount of insulin, insulin derivative or mimetic; insulin secretagogue; insulinotropic sulfonylurea receptor ligand; PPAR ligand; insulin sensitizer; biguanide; alpha-glucosidase inhibitors; GLP-1 , GLP-1 analog or mimetic; DPPIV inhibitor; HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor; squalene synthase inhibitor; FXR or LXR ligand; cholestyramine; fibrates; nicotinic acid; or aspirin.

126. Use of a compound of Formula (I) according to any one of Claim 1 through 1 17, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, for the treatment of a disorder or disease in a subject mediated by the inhibition of acetyl CoA carboxylase.

127. Use of a compound of Formula (I) according to any one of Claim 1 through 1 17, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, for the treatment of metabolic syndrome, Syndrome X, diabetes, insulin resistance, decreased glucose tolerance, non-insulin- dependent diabetes mellitus, Type II diabetes, Type I diabetes, diabetic complications, body weight disorders, or leptin related diseases in a mammal.

128. The use according to Claim 127, wherein the disease or condition is insulin resistance, decreased glucose tolerance, non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, Type II diabetes, or Type I diabetes.

129. The use according to Claim 127, wherein the metabolic syndrome is

dyslipidemia, obesity, insulin resistance, hypertension, microalbuminemia,

hyperuricaemia, or hypercoagulability.

130. The use according to Claim 127, wherein the bodyweight disorder is obesity, overweight, cachexia or anorexia.

131 . A compound of Formula (I) according to any one of Claim 1 through 1 17, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, for use as a medicament.

132. A pharmaceutical composition according to Claim 1 18 or 125 for use as a medicament.

133. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound of Formula (I) according to any one of Claim 1 through 1 17, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, for use in the treatment of a disorder or disease in a subject mediated by the inhibition of acetyl CoA carboxylase.

134. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound of Formula (I) according to any one of Claim 1 through 1 17, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, for use in the treatment of metabolic syndrome, Syndrome X, diabetes, insulin resistance, decreased glucose tolerance, non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, Type II diabetes, Type I diabetes, diabetic complications, body weight disorders, or leptin related diseases in a mammal.

135. The pharmaceutical composition according to Claim 134, wherein the disease or condition is insulin resistance, decreased glucose tolerance, non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, Type II diabetes, or Type I diabetes.

136. The pharmaceutical composition according to Claim 134, wherein the metabolic syndrome is dyslipidemia, obesity, insulin resistance, hypertension, microalbuminemia, hyperuricaemia, or hypercoagulability.

137. The pharmaceutical composition according to Claim 134, wherein the bodyweight disorder is obesity, overweight, cachexia or anorexia.

138. A method of treating an HCV-associated disorder comprising administering to a subject in need thereof, comprising administering to the subject a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of anyone of Claims 1 through 1 17, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

139. A method of decreasing the HCV RNA load in a subject in need thereof, comprising administering to the subject a therapeutically effective amount of a compound according to any one of Claims 1 through 1 17, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

140. A method of treating an HCV-associated disorder comprising administering to a subject in need thereof a therapeutically effective amount of a compound according to any one of Claims 1 through 1 17, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, in combination with a pharmaceutically effective amount of an additional HCV-modulating compound.

141. The method of anyone of Claims 138 through 140, wherein the HCV-associanted disorder is HCV infection, liver cirrhosis, chronic liver disease, hepatocellular carcinoma, cryoglobulinaemia, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, or liver fibrosis.

Description:
BICYCLIC ACETYL-COA CARBOXYLASE INHIBITORS

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

In mammals, Acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) exists as two isozymes. ACC1 is generally expressed in all tissues but its expression is higher in lipogenic tissues such as liver and adipose tissue. ACC2 is highly expressed in muscle tissue and to a lesser extent in liver tissue.

ACC has a central role in lipid metabolism. Malonyl-CoA, the product of the ACC-catalyzed reaction, inhibits mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation through direct inhibition of carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1 (CPT-1 ), and so controls the switch between carbohydrate and fatty acid oxidative utilization in liver and skeletal muscle. Malonyl- CoA is also a key intermediate in the de novo synthesis of lipids. When metabolic fuel is low, ACC is turned off by phosphorylation and the consequential reduction of levels of malonyl-CoA leads to generation of ATP by increasing fatty acid oxidation and decreasing consumption of ATP for fatty acid synthesis. Thus, in addition to inhibition of fatty acid synthesis, reduction in malonyl-CoA levels through ACC inhibition may provide a mechanism for increasing fatty acid utilization.

By decreasing de novo fatty acid synthesis and increasing fatty acid oxidation in liver, chronic administration of an ACC inhibitor may deplete liver triglyceride and other pathological lipid species, leading to improved liver function and hepatic insulin sensitivity. One might also expect a reduction in the secretion of triglyceride rich lipoprotein (VLDL), so reducing the risk of atherosclerosis.

High levels of triglycerides and free fatty acids lead to glucolipotoxicity of the pancreatic beta cells, contributing to beta cell dysfunction and apoptosis and further impairing glycemic control. ACC inhibitors may decrease glucolipotoxicity and protect beta cells from dysfunction and death, improving insulin secretion and beta cell health and treating diabetes.

Therefore, a well-tolerated agent that effectively and simultaneously treats the multiple risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome would have a significant impact on the prevention and treatment of the cardiovascular disease associated with obesity, hypertension, diabetes and atherosclerosis.

Metabolic syndrome (a.k.a. insulin resistance syndrome, syndrome X) is a common clinical disorder that is defined as the presence of increased insulin

concentrations in association with other disorders including visceral obesity, hyperlipidemia and dyslipidemia, hyperglycemia, hypertension, and sometimes hyperuricemia and renal dysfunction.

Metabolic syndrome is considered by many as a common basic defect for type 2 diabetes, android obesity, dyslipidemia, and hypertension, leading to a clustering of these diseases. This syndrome has particular significance since it has been shown to be an antecedent of both type-2 diabetes and atherosclerosis, with cardiovascular events accounting for the majority of deaths in both populations.

It is estimated that more than 100 million people in the U.S. alone suffer from some form of metabolic syndrome.

Type 2 diabetes is a severe and prevalent disease in the Western world that affects roughly 13 million persons in the U.S., along with 5 million presumed to have undiagnosed type 2 diabetes and another 14 million with impaired glucose tolerance.

Projections indicate that the incidence of type 2 diabetes will increase to over 25 million by 2010 in the U.S., and to over 300 million worldwide by 2025. The annual direct medical cost associated with type 2 diabetes in the United States is significant, primarily due to the costs of hyperglycemia-related complications, such as retinopathy, nephropathy, peripheral neuropathy, and cardiovascular, peripheral vascular and cerebrovascular disease. Although the causes of type 2 diabetes have not yet been identified, it is well established that it is a polygenic disease characterized by multiple defects in insulin action in muscle, adipose, and liver, and defects in pancreatic insulin secretion. However, the relative importance of each of these defects to the etiology of type 2 diabetes is not clear.

In spite of the early discovery of insulin and its subsequent widespread use in the treatment of diabetes, and the later discovery of and use of sulfonylureas, biguanides and thiazolidenediones, such as troglitazone, rosiglitazone or pioglitazone, as oral hypoglycemic agents, the treatments for diabetes are currently believed to be inadequate. The use of insulin typically requires multiple daily doses. Determination of the proper dosage of insulin requires frequent estimations of the sugar in urine or blood. The administration of an excess dose of insulin causes hypoglycemia, with effects ranging from mild abnormalities in blood glucose to coma, or even death. Treatment of type 2 diabetes usually consists of a combination of diet, exercise, oral hypoglycemic agents, e.g., thiazolidenediones, and in more severe cases, insulin. However, the clinically available hypoglycemic agents can have side effects that limit their use. Moreover as few as 26% of patients with type 2 diabetes achieve target control using current therapies.

Obesity is a major health risk that leads to increased mortality and incidence of Type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension and dyslipidemia. It is the second leading cause of preventable death in the United States, and contributes to >300,000 deaths per year. In the U.S., more than 50% of the adult population is overweight, and almost 1 /4 of the population is considered to be obese (BMI greater than or equal to 30). Furthermore, the prevalence of obesity in the United States has increased by about 50% in the past 10 years. The prevalence of obesity in adults is 10%-25% in most countries of Western Europe. While the vast majority of obesity occurs in the industrialized world, particularly in US and Europe, the prevalence of obesity is also increasing in Japan. The rise in the incidence of obesity has prompted the WHO to recognize obesity as a significant disease. Two recently marketed anti-obesity agents, Xenical (Orlistat/Roche) and Meridia (Reductil/BASF) exhibit only modest efficacy (Orlistat) and have safety/side effect concerns (Orlistat-gastrointestinal and Meridia-hypertensive effects, respectively), that limit their use.

Thus, although there are a variety of anti-atherosclerosis, obesity and diabetes therapies, there is a continuing need and a continuing search in this field of art for alternative therapies.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and the more pathologic liver disorder, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), develop from fat accumulation in the liver. Some degree of NAFLD affects up to one third of the general population. In particular insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, and female gender are independently associated with NAFLD. NAFLD is found in 30-100% of subjects with one or more metabolic abnormalities and is found in the majority of subject with type 2 diabetes. NAFLD is not only found in adults, but is also present in obese/diabetic children and adolescents. Patients with, or being treated for, human immunodeficiency virus are also at a much greater risk of developing NAFLD. Recent studies indicate that the progression of NAFLD to NASH can result in the development of fibrous tissue in the liver (fibrosis) in up to 40% of patients or cirrhosis in 5-10% of patients. Current treatments are limited, relying largely on exercise and weight loss.

Moreover, in patients with NAFLD and insulin resistance, de novo lipogenesis may contribute up to 25% of total liver lipid. It has been noted that patients with NAFLD have substantially increased mRNA levels of both ACC1 and ACC2, compared to control subjects.

Atherosclerosis, a disease of the arteries, is recognized to be the leading cause of death in the United States and Western Europe. The pathological sequence leading to atherosclerosis and occlusive heart disease is well known. The earliest stage in this sequence is the formation of "fatty streaks" in the carotid, coronary and cerebral arteries and in the aorta. These lesions are yellow in color due to the presence of lipid deposits found principally within smooth muscle cells and in macrophages of the intima layer of the arteries and aorta. Further, it is postulated that most of the cholesterol found within the fatty streaks, in turn, gives rise to development of the "fibrous plaque," which consists of accumulated intimal smooth muscle cells laden with lipid and surrounded by extra-cellular lipid, collagen, elastin and proteoglycans. These cells plus matrix form a fibrous cap that covers a deeper deposit of cell debris and more extracellular lipid. The lipid is primarily free and esterified cholesterol. The fibrous plaque forms slowly, and is likely in time to become calcified and necrotic, advancing to a "complicated lesion," which accounts for arterial occlusion and a tendency toward mural thrombosis and arterial muscle spasm that characterize advanced atherosclerosis. Hyperlipidemia has been established as a primary risk factor in causing cardiovascular disease (CVD) due to atherosclerosis. In recent years, leaders of the medical profession have placed renewed emphasis on lowering plasma cholesterol levels, and low density lipoprotein cholesterol in particular, as an essential step in prevention of CVD. The upper limits of "normal" are now known to be significantly lower than heretofore appreciated. As a result, large segments of Western populations are now realized to be at particularly high risk.

Additional independent risk factors include glucose intolerance, left ventricular hypertrophy, hypertension, and being of the male sex. Cardiovascular disease is especially prevalent among diabetic subjects, at least in part because of the existence of multiple independent risk factors in this population. Successful treatment of

hyperlipidemia in the general population, and in diabetic subjects in particular, is therefore of exceptional medical importance.

More than half a century ago it was first demonstrated that fatty acid synthesis in tumor tissues occurs at a very high rates. A number of studies have demonstrated that in tumor cells almost all fatty acids derive from de novo synthesis despite adequate nutritional supply. In addition, tumors overexpressing fatty acid synthase (FAS), the enzyme responsible for de novo synthesis of fatty acids, display aggressive biologic behavior compared to those tumors with normal FAS levels, suggesting that FAS overexpression confers a selective growth advantage.

Heptatitis C virus (HCV) causes serious, life-threatening, chronic disease in infected humans. HCV is a member of the Flavivirus family, and it packages a positive RNA strand (the sense of mRNA) into its virions. Positive-strand RNA viruses, such as HCV, have been shown to replicate their genomes at cellular membrane sites within infected cells (Sagan et al., Biochem. Cell Biol. 84, 67-79, 2006 and references therein), and could be expected to be sensitive to drugs that modulate lipid biosynthesis and composition within the cell.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates to compounds which are Acetyl-Coenzyme A Carboxylase (ACC) inhibitors, pharmaceutical compositions containing such inhibitors and the use of such inhibitors to treat, for example, metabolic syndrome, diabetes, obesity, fatty liver disease, atherosclerosis, cardiovascular disease and cancer in mammals, including humans. The invention also relates to the use of ACC inhibitor for the treatment of HCV- associated disorders since ACC has a central role in lipid metabolism.

For the purposes of this invention inhibition of ACC means inhibitions exclusively of ACC2, inhibitions exclusively of ACC1 or inhibition of both ACC1 and ACC2.

Inhibition of either isozyme of ACC should beneficially affect the abnormalities associated with metabolic syndrome. Preferably an ACC inhibitor should inhibit both isoforms of the enzyme.

Accordingly, in one of formula (I):

(I)

or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein:

Ring A is a bicyclic ring system selected from the group consisting of:

wherein the symbol *> indicates the point of attachment of L 1 is on ring A'; and wherein R 1 may replace a hydrogen atom of any CH bond in ring A;

X 1 , for each occurrence, is independently CH or N;

X 2 is NR 19 , O, or S;

X 3 , for each occurrence, is independently NR 19 , CH 2 , O, or S;

r is 1 or 2;

Ring B is cyclohexyl or phenyl; provided that when ring B is phenyl, ring A is

wherein R 1a is hydrogen, phenyl, phenylamino, or a 5- to 10-membered heteroaryl, wherein R 1a may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R 13 ; and wherein when R 1a is a heteroaryl comprising one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be optionally replaced with R 22 ;

Q is selected from the group consisting of:

wherein the symbol indicates the point of attachment to ring B;

X 4 is -NR 4 - or -0-;

q and n are each, independently, 0, 1 , 2, 3, or 4;

l_i is -NHSO 2 -, -SO 2 NH-, -NHSO 2 NH- or -NHC(0)NH-;

R 1 may replace a hydrogen atom of any CH bond in ring A and, for each occurrence, is independently deutero, hydroxy, nitro, halo, cyano, carboxy, formyl, 7 alkyl, C 3 . 8 carbocyclyl, C 2 - 7 alkenyl, C 2 - 7 alkynyl, Ci.yalkoxy, C 1-7 alkylthio, C 3 . 8 cycloalkoxy, C 6 . 10 aryl, Ce- ! oarylC^alkyl, C 6 . 10 aryloxy, amino, N-Ci.yalkylamino, N.N-di- C^

7alkyl)amino, N-C 6 . 10 arylamino, 3- to 10-membered heterocyclyl, N-(3- to 10-membered heterocyclyl)amino, (3- to 10-membered heterocyclyl)oxy, 5- to 10-membered heteroaryl, (5- to 10-membered heteroary C^alkyl, N-(5- to 10-membered heteroaryl)amino, (5- to 10-membered heteroaryl)oxy, C^alkanoyl, C^alkoxycarbonyl, C^alkanoyloxy, 7 alkylamido, C 6 . 10 arylamido, (3- to 10-membered heterocyclyl)amido, carbamoyl, N-C^. 7 alkylcarbamoyl, N.N-d Ci.yalkyrjcarbamoyl, Ci.yalkoxyamido, C^alkylureido, and C 6 _ 10 arylureido, wherein R 1 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R 13 ; and wherein when R 1 comprises a heterocyclyl or a heteroaryl comprising one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 22 ; or two R 1 on the same carbon atom together may form an oxo; or two R 1 on the same carbon atom together with the carbon to which they are attached form a spiro C 3 . 8 carbocyclyl; or two R 1 on adjacent carbon atoms together with the carbon atoms to which they are attached may form a fused C 3 _ scarbocyclyl or phenyl which may be optionally substituted with one or more R 13 ; and

R 2 , for each occurrence, is independently selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, cyano, C 1-7 alkyl, C^alkoxy, C 2 - 7 alkenyl, amino, Ci.yalkylamino, di-^.

7alkyl)amino, Ci.yalkylamido, Ci.yalkoxyamido; wherein R 2 , for each occurrence, may be independently optionally substituted with one or more halo; or two or more R 2 groups on non-adjacent carbon atoms together form a C^alkylene bridge; or two or more R 2 groups on adjacent carbon atoms may form a fused C 3 . 8 carbocyclyl;

R 3 is selected from the group consisting of a C 1-7 alkyl, C 3 . 8 carbocyclyl, C 3 _ scarbocyclylC^alkyl, C 6 . 10 aryl, Ce M oarylC^alkyl, a 5- to 10-membered heteroaryl, a (5- to 10-membered heteroary C^alkyl, a 3- to 10-membered heterocyclyl, and a (3- to 10- membered heterocycly C^alkyl, wherein R 3 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more R 14 ; and wherein when R 3 comprises a heteroaryl or heterocyclyl comprising one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with a C 1-7 alkyl;

R 4 is hydrogen, C 1-7 alkyl, or C^alkoxyC^alkyl; or R 3 and R 4 , together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form a 3- to 7-membered heterocyclyl, wherein the heterocyclyl may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more R 15 ; and wherein when the heterocyclyl comprises one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 16 ;

R 13 , for each occurrence, is independently deutero, nitro, halo, cyano, hydroxy, carboxy, C 1-7 alkyl, C 3 . 8 cycloalkyl, C^alkoxy, C 6 . 10 aryl, C 6 . 10 aryloxy, 3- to 10-membered heterocyclyl, 5- to 10-membered heteroaryl, amino, Ci.yalkylamino,

C^alkanoyl, C^alkoxycarbonyl, C^alkanoyloxy, C^alkylamido, C^alkoxyamido, carbamoyl, N-Ci.yalkylcarbamoyl,

7alkylsulfonyloxy, Ci.yalkylsulfonamido, sulfamoyl, N-Ci.yalkylsulfamoyl, or N.N-di-^ ! . 7 alkyl)sulfamoyl, wherein R 13 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R 17 ; and wherein when R 13 is a heterocyclyl or a heteroaryl comprising one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 20 ; or two R 13 on the same carbon atom together may form an oxo or a spiro C 3 . 8 carbocyclyl; or two R 13 on adjacent carbon atoms together with the carbons to which they are attached may form a 3- to 7-membered heterocyclyl which may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more R 17 and if the heterocyclyl comprises one or more -NH- group, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 20 ;

R 14 , for each occurrence, is independently halo, hydroxy, carboxy, C^.

7alkoxycarbonyl, C 1-7 alkyl, C 1-7 alkoxy, C 3 . 8 cycloalkyl, C 6 . 10 aryl, or 5- to10-membered heteroaryl, wherein R 14 may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more independently selected R 24 ; or two R 14 on the same carbon atom together may form an oxo, a spiro C 3 . 8 carbocyclyl or a 3- to 7-membered spiro heterocyclyl; or two R 14 on adjacent carbon atoms together with the carbon atoms to which they are attached may form a phenyl which may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more R 24 ;

R 15 , for each occurrence, is independently selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, carboxy, C 1-7 alkyl, C 1-7 alkoxy, C 3 . 8 carbocyclyl, phenyl, and Ci.yalkoxycarbonyl; wherein R 15 may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more substituent independently selected from halo, hydroxy, C 1-4 alkoxy; or two R 15 on the same carbon atom together form an oxo or together with the carbon atom to which they are attached form a C 2 . 8 cycloalkyl or a 3- to 10-membered heterocyclyl; or two R 15 on adjacent carbon atoms together with the carbon atoms to which they are attached may form a fused phenyl;

R 16 , for each occurrence, is independently selected from the group consisting of C 1-7 alkyl, C 3 . 8 carbocyclyl, C^alkanoyl, Ci.yalkoxycarbonyl, or 5- to10-membered heteroaryl;

R 17 , for each occurrence, is independently selected from cyano, halo, hydroxy, carboxy, C 1-7 alkyl, C 6 . 10 arylamino, 3- to 10-membered heterocyclyl, wherein R 17 may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more independently selected halo, amino, C 1-7 alkyl, C^alkoxy, Ci.yhaloalkyl, carboxy, or Ci.yalkyoxycarbonyl; and wherein when R 17 is a heterocyclyl comprising one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 23 ; or two R 17 on the same carbon atom together may form an oxo;

R 18 is a C 1-7 alkyl, C 3 . 8 cycloalkyl, phenyl or a C 1-7 alkoxyC 1-7 alkyl;

R 19 , for each occurrence, is independently hydrogen, C 1-7 alkyl, C 1-7 alkanoyl, tri- (C 1-7 alkyl)silyl, C 3 . 8 cycloalkyl, C^alkoxycarbonyl, C 3 . 8 cycloalkoxycabonyl, carbamoyl, N- Ci.yalkylcarbamoyl, N,N-di-(C 1-7 alkyl)carbamoyl, or C 6- ioarylC 1-4 alkyl; wherein R 19 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more R 21 ;

R 20 , R 21 , R 22 , and R 23 , for each occurrence, are independently deutero, halo, carboxy, C 1-7 alkyl, C 1-7 alkoxy, C 6 . 10 aryloxy, C 6- ioarylC 1-4 alkoxy, or Ci.yalkoxycarbonyl; and

R 24 , for each occurrence, is independently hydroxy, halo, carboxy, C 1-7 alkyl, C^. yhaloalkyl, C 1-7 alkoxy, amino, N-Ci.yalkylamino, N,N-di-(C 1-7 alkyl)amino, C^.

7alkoxycarbonyl, Ci.yalkanoyloxy, phosphonooxy, C 1 . 7 alkoxy(hydroxy)phosphoryloxy or di-(C 1 . 7 alkoxy)phosphoryloxy; wherein R 24 may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with a group independently selected from amino, N-Ci.yalkylamino, and phenyl; provided that the compound is not ethyl 4-(2-phenyl-1 - -benzo[d]imidazole-6- sulfonamido)benzoate, N-(1 -hydroxy-3-phenylpropan-2-yl)-4-(naphthalene-2- sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxamide, 4-(naphthalene-2-sulfonamido)-N-(1 -oxo-3- phenylpropan-2-yl)cyclohexanecarboxamide, or ethyl 4-(naphthalene-2- sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylate. In another aspect, the invention relates to pharmaceutical compositions, comprising a compound according to formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof; and a pharmaceutically acceptable excipient or carrier. In another aspect, the invention relates to the use of this pharmaceutical composition as a medicament. In one embodiment, the medicament is used for the treatment of a disorder or disease in a subject mediated by the inhibition of acetyl CoA carboxylase.

In another aspect, the invention relates to pharmaceutical compositions, comprising a therapeutically effective amount of a compound according to formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, in combination with a therapeutically effective amount of insulin, an insulin derivative or mimetic; an insulin secretagogue; an insulinotropic sulfonylurea receptor ligand; a PPAR ligand; an insulin sensitizer; a biguanide; an alpha-glucosidase inhibitors; a GLP-1 , GLP-1 analog or mimetic; a DPPIV inhibitor; a HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor; a squalene synthase inhibitor; a FXR or a LXR ligand; a cholestyramine; a fibrates; a nicotinic acid; or aspirin. In another aspect, the invention relates to the use of this pharmaceutical composition as a medicament. In one embodiment, the medicament is used for the treatment of a disorder or disease in a subject mediated by the inhibition of acetyl CoA carboxylase.

In another aspect, the invention relates to a method of inhibiting Acetyl CoA carboxylase activity, comprising contacting a source of acetyl CoA carboxylase with a compound according to formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In another aspect, the invention relates to a method of treating a disease or condition mediated by the inhibition of acetyl CoA carboxylase in a mammal, comprising administering to the mammal in need thereof a therapeutically effective amount of a compound according to formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. In one embodiment, the disease or condition is metabolic syndrome, Syndrome X, diabetes, insulin resistance, decreased glucose tolerance, non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, Type II diabetes, Type I diabetes, diabetic complications, body weight disorders, or leptin related diseases. In another embodiment, the disease or condition is insulin resistance, decreased glucose tolerance, non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, Type II diabetes, or Type I diabetes. In another embodiment, the disease or condition is a metabolic syndrome wherein the the metabolic syndrome is dyslipidemia, obesity, insulin resistance, hypertension, microalbuminemia, hyperuricaemia, or hypercoagulability. In another embodiment, the disease or condition is a bodyweight disorder and the bodyweight disorder is obesity, overweight, cachexia or anorexia. In another aspect, the invention relates to the use of a compound of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, for use as a medicament.

In another aspect, the invention relates to the use of a compound of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, for the preparation of a pharmaceutical composition for the treatment of a disorder or disease in a subject mediated by the inhibition of acetyl CoA carboxylase.

Definitions

For purposes of interpreting this specification, the following definitions will apply unless specified otherwise and whenever appropriate, terms used in the singular will also include the plural and vice versa.

The requisite number of carbon atoms in a group is represented by using the prefix C 1-6 , C 1-4 , etc. For example, an alkyl group which may have from one to six carbons can be designated "C 1-6 alkyl." Likewise, an aryl group having from six to ten carbon atom can be designated C 6 . 10 aryl.

As used herein, the term "alkyl" refers to a fully saturated branched or unbranched hydrocarbon moiety having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms. In one embodiment, alkyl refers to hydrocarbon moieties having 1 to 16 carbon atoms, 1 to 10 carbon atoms, 1 to 7 carbon atoms, or 1 to 4 carbon atoms. Representative examples of alkyl include, but are not limited to, methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, / ' so-propyl, n-butyl, sec-butyl, / ' so-butyl, tert- butyl, n-pentyl, isopentyl, neopentyl, n-hexyl, 3-methylhexyl, 2,2- dimethylpentyl, 2,3- dimethylpentyl, n-heptyl, n-octyl, n-nonyl, n-decyl and the like.

As used herein, the term "alkylene" refers to divalent alkyl group as defined herein above having 1 to 20 carbon atoms. In one embodiment, an alkylene refers to moieties having 1 to 16 carbon atoms, 1 to 10 carbon atoms, 1 to 7 carbon atoms, or 1 to 4 carbon atoms. Representative examples of alkylene include, but are not limited to, methylene, ethylene, n-propylene, / ' so-propylene, n-butylene, sec-butylene, / ' so-butylene, fe/f-butylene, n-pentylene, isopentylene, neopentylene, n-hexylene, 3-methylhexylene, 2,2- dimethylpentylene, 2,3-dimethylpentylene, n-heptylene, n-octylene, n-nonylene, n- decylene and the like.

As used herein, the term "haloalkyl" refers to an alkyl as defined herein that is substituted by one or more halo groups as defined herein. The haloalkyl can be monohaloalkyl, dihaloalkyl or polyhaloalkyl including perhaloalkyl. A monohaloalkyl can have one iodo, bromo, chloro or fluoro within the alkyl group. Dihaloalky and

polyhaloalkyi groups can have two or more of the same halo atoms or a combination of different halo groups within the alkyl. Typically the polyhaloalkyi contains up to 12, or 10, or 8, or 6, or 4, or 3, or 2 halo groups. Non-limiting examples of haloalkyl include fluoromethyl, difluoromethyl, trifluoromethyl, chloromethyl, dichloromethyl,

trichloromethyl, pentafluoroethyl, heptafluoropropyl, difluorochloromethyl,

dichlorofluoromethyl, difluoroethyl, difluoropropyl, dichloroethyl and dichloropropyl. A perhaloalkyl refers to an alkyl having all hydrogen atoms replaced with halo atoms.

The term "alkenyl" refers to a monovalent hydrocarbon which can be branched or unbranched and which has at least one carbon-carbon double bond. The term "C 2 - 7 alkenyl" refers to a monovalent hydrocarbon having two to seven carbon atoms and comprising at least one carbon-carbon double bond. Non-limiting examples of alkenyl groups include ethenyl, prop-2-en-1 -yl, and 1 -methyl-prop-1 -en-1 -yl.

The term "alkynyl" refers to a monovalent hydrocarbon which may be branched or unbranched and which has at least one carbon-carbon triple bond. The term "C 2 - 7 alkynyl" refers to a monovalent hydrocarbon having two to seven carbon atoms and comprising at least one carbon-carbon triple bond. An example of an alkyne group is acetylenyl.

The term "aryl" refers to an aromatic hydrocarbon group having 6-20 carbon atoms in the ring portion. Typically, aryl is monocyclic, bicyclic or tricyclic. In one embodiment, an aryl group is mono- or bicyclic and contains 6 to 10 carbon atoms.

Examples of aryl groups include phenyl, naphthyl, and anthracenyl. An aryl group also includes an aromatic hydrocarbon which is fused to another ring which is not aromatic if the point of attachment to another moiety is on the aromatic ring, such as 1 ,2,3,4- tetrahydronaphth-5-yl, 1 H-inden-5-yl, and 1 ,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinolin-7-yl.

The term "arylalkyl" refers to an aryl group, as defined above, which is attached to another moeity through an alkylene group, as defined above. For example, a C 6 _ 10 arylC 1-4 alkyl refers to an aryl group that has from 6 to 10 carbon atoms which is attached to another moeity through an alkylene group having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms. Representative Ce M oarylC^alkyl groups include benzyl, 2-phenyl-ethyl, and 2-(naphth-2- yl)-propyl.

As used herein, the term "alkoxy" refers to alkyl-O-, wherein alkyl is defined herein above. Representative examples of alkoxy groups include, but are not limited to, methoxy, ethoxy, propoxy, 2-propoxy, n-butoxy, fe/f-butoxy, n-pentyloxy, n-hexyloxy, 2- methyl-propoxy, and the like. Typically, alkoxy groups have about 1 -7, more preferably about 1 -4 carbons.

As used herein, the term "arylalkoxy" refers to an arylalkyl group which is attached to another moiety via an oxygen. Examples for arylalkoxy groups include benzyloxy, naphth-2-ylmethoxy, and 2-phenyl-ethoxy.

As used herein, the term "alkylthio" refers to alkyl-S-, wherein alkyl is defined herein above. Representative examples of alkylthio groups include, but are not limited to, methylthio, ethylthio, propylthio, 2-propylthio, n-butylthio, fe/f-butylthio, n-pentylthio, n- hexylthio, 2-methyl-propylthio, and the like. Typically, alkylthio groups have about 1 -7, more preferably about 1 -4 carbons.

As used herein, the term "alkoxyalkyl" refers to R'-0-R lv -, wherein R' is an alkyl as defined above and R IV is an alkylene as dedined above. For example, a

4alkyl group is an alkoxy group having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms which is attached to another moiety via an alkylene group having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms. Representative examples of alkoxyalkyl groups include, but are not limited to, methoxymethyl, ethoxymethyl, and (2-fe/f-butoxy)-ethyl.

As used herein, the term "heterocyclyl" or "heterocyclo" refers to a saturated or unsaturated non-aromatic ring or ring system, e.g., which is a 3-, 4-, 5-, 6-, or

7-membered monocyclic, 7-, 8-, 9-, 10-, 1 1 -, or 12-membered bicyclic or 10-, 1 1 -, 12-, 13-, 14- or 15-membered tricyclic ring system and contains at least one heteroatom selected from O, S and N, where the N and S can also optionally be oxidized to various oxidation states. In one embodiment, a heterocyclyl has 3- to 10- ring members. The heterocyclyl group can be attached at a heteroatom or a carbon atom. The heterocyclyl can include fused or bridged rings as well as spirocyclic rings. Examples of heterocycles include tetrahydrofuran (THF), dihydrofuran, 1 ,4-dioxane, morpholine, 1 ,4-dithiane, piperazine, piperidine, 1 ,3-dioxolane, imidazolidine, imidazoline, pyrroline, pyrrolidine, tetrahydropyran, dihydropyran, oxathiolane, dithiolane, 1 ,3-dioxane, 1 ,3-dithiane, oxathiane, thiomorpholine, and the like. A heterocyclyl also includes a non-aromatic heterocyclic ring system which is fused to another ring which is aromatic if the point of attachment to another moiety is on the non-aromatic ring, such as 1 ,2,3,4- tetrahydroquinoxalin-1-yl an 1 ,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrido[3,2-b]pyrazin-1 -yl.

The term "heterocyclylalkyl" refers to a heterocyclyl group, as defined above, which is attached to another moeity through an alkylene group, as defined above. For example, a (3- to 10-membered heterocyclyrjC^alkyl refers to a heterocyclyl group that has from 3 to 10 atoms which is attached to another moeity through an alkylene group having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms. Representative (3- to 10-membered heterocyclic ! . 4 alkyl groups include aziridin-2-ylmethyl and 2-(pyrrolidin-2-yl)-ethyl.

As used herein, the term "carbocyclyl" refers to saturated or unsaturated monocyclic, bicyclic or tricyclic non-aromatic hydrocarbon groups which have 3-12 carbon atoms. In one embodiment, carbocyclyl refers to cyclic hydrocarbon groups having between 3 and 9 ring carbon atoms or between 3 and 7 ring carbon atoms. In a preferred embodiment, a carbocyclyl is a monocyclic hydrocarbon having from 3 to 7 carbon atoms. The carbocyclyl groups can include fused or bridged rings as well as spirocyclic rings. Exemplary monocyclic carbocyclyl groups include, but are not limited to, cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclopentenyl, cyclohexyl and cyclohexenyl and the like. Exemplary bicyclic carbocyclic groups include bicyclo[2.2.1 ]heptanyl, decahydronaphthyl, bicyclo[2.1 .1 ]hexanyl, bicyclo[2.2.1 ]heptanyl, bicyclo[2.2.1 ]heptenyl, bicyclo[2.2.2]octyl and the like. Exemplary tricyclic carbocyclic groups include adamantyl, dodecahydros-indacene, and the like. A carbocyclyl also includes a non- aromatic hydrocarbon ring which is fused to an aromatic ring if the point of attachment to another moiety is on the non-aromatic ring, such as 1 ,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphth-1 -yl, 1 H- inden-2-yl, and 5,6,7,8-tetrahydroquinolin-5-yl.

The term "carbocyclyl" encompasses cycloalkyl groups. The term "cycloalkyl" refers to a saturated monocyclic, bicyclic or tricyclic hydrocarbon groups which have 3- 12 carbon atoms. In one embodiment, cycloalkyl refers to a saturated cyclic

hydrocarbon groups having between 3 and 9 ring carbon atoms or between 3 and 8 ring carbon atoms. In a preferred embodiment, a cycloalkyl is a monocyclic hydrocarbon having from 3 to 8 carbon atoms. Exemplary monocyclic cycloalkyl groups include, but are not limited to, cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, and the like.

Exemplary bicyclic cycloalkyl groups include bicyclo[2.2.1 ]heptanyl, decahydronaphthyl, bicyclo[2.1 .1 ]hexanyl, bicyclo[2.2.1 ]heptanyl, bicyclo[2.2.2]octyl and the like. Exemplary tricyclic cycloalkyl groups include adamantyl, dodecahydros-indacene, and the like.

The term "carbocyclylalkyl" refers to a carbocyclyl group, as defined above, which is attached to another moeity through an alkylene group, as defined above. For example, a Cs-scarbocyclylC^alkyl refers to a carbocyclyl group that has from 3 to 8 carbon atoms which is attached to another moeity through an alkylene group having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms. Representative Cs-scarbocyclyC^alkyl groups include cyclohex-1 -en-4ylmethyl, cyclopropylmethyl, and 2-cyclopentyl-ethyl.

As used herein, the term "heteroaryl" refers to a 5-14 membered monocyclic- or bicyclic- or tricyclic-aromatic ring system, having 1 to 8 heteroatoms selected from N, O or S, where the N and S can also optionally be oxidized to various oxidation states. Typically, the heteroaryl is a 5-10 membered ring system (e.g., 5-7 membered monocycle or an 8-10 memberred bicycle). Typical heteroaryl groups include 2- or 3- thienyl, furanyl, pyrrolyl, imidazolyl, pyrazolyl, thiazolyl, isothiazolyl, oxazolyl, isoxazolyl, triazolyl, tetrazolyl, 2-, 3-, or pyridyl, pyridazinyl, pyrazinyl, pyrimidinyl, quinolinyl, isoquinolinyl, purinyl, indolinyl, benzo[b]thiophene, benzofuran, and the like. A heteroaryl group also includes an aromatic heteroaryl ring which is fused to another ring which is not aromatic if the point of attachment to another moiety is on the

heteroaromatic ring, such as 5,6,7,8-tetrahydroquinolin-4-yl and 1 ,2,3,4- tetrahydropyrido[2,3-b]pyrazin-8-yl.

The term "heteroarylalkyl" refers to a heteroaryl group, as defined above, which is attached to another moeity through an alkylene group, as defined above. For example, a (5- to 10-membered heteroary C^alkyl refers to a heteroaryl group that has from 5 to 10 atoms which is attached to another moeity through an alkylene group having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms. Representative (5- to 10-membered heteroary C^alkyl groups include pyridin-4-ylmethyl, 2-(quinolin-2-yl)-ethyl, and 3-(pyrrol-3-yl)-butyl.

As used herein, the term "halogen" or "halo" refers to fluoro, chloro, bromo, and iodo.

As used herein, the term "aryloxy" refers to aryl-O-, wherein aryl is defined herein above. An example of an aryloxy is phenoxy.

As used herein, the term "cycloalkoxy" refers to cycloalkyl-O-, wherein cycloalkyl is defined herein above. Representative examples of cycloalkoxy groups include cyclopentyloxy and cyclohexyloxy.

As used herein, the term "heterocyclyloxy" refers to heterocyclyl-O-, wherein heterocyclyl is defined herein above. Representative examples of heterocyclcyloxy groups include piperadin-4-yloxy and piperazin-3-yloxy.

As used herein, the term "heteroaryloxy" refers to heteroaryl-O-, wherein heteroaryl is defined herein above. Representative examples of heteroaryoxy groups include pyridin-4-yloxy, imidazol-4-yloxy, purin-8-yloxy, and pyrimidin-5-yloxy. An "amino" group as used herein refers to -NH 2 . The term "N-alkylamino" refers to an amino group in which one hydrogen is replaced by an alkyl group as defined above. For example, N-Ci.yalkylamino refers to an amino group in which one of the hydrogens has been replaced with an alkyl group having from 1 to 7 carbon atoms. Representative N-Ci.yalkylamino groups include N-methylamino, N-ethylamino, N- isopropylamino and the like. The term "N,N-di-(alkyl)amino" refers to an amino group in which both hydrogens have been replaced by an alkyl group, as defined above, which may be the same or different. For example, refers to an amino group in which both of the hydrogens have been replaced with an alkyl group which may be the same or different having from 1 to 7 carbon atoms. Representative N.N-di-^ ! . 7 alkyl)amino groups include N,N-dimethylamino, N-methyl-N-ethyl-amino, N-isopropyl-N- ethyl-amino, and the like. The term "N-arylamino" refers to an amino group in which one hydrogen is replaced by an aryl group, as defined above. For example, N-C 6 . 10 arylamino refers to an amino group in which one of the hydrogens has been replaced with an aryl group having from 6 to 10 carbon atoms. Representative N-C 6 . 10 arylamino groups include phenylamino and naphthylamino. The term "N-heterocyclylamino" refers to an amino group in which one hydrogen is replaced by a heterocyclyl group as defined above. For example, a N-(3- to 10-membered heterocyclyl)amino refers to an amino group in which one of the hydrogens has been replaced with a heterocycyl group having from 3 to 10 atoms. Representative N-(3- to 10-membered heterocyclyl)amino groups include piperidin-4-ylamino, piperazin-2-ylamino and morpholin-3-ylamino. The term "N- heteroarylamino" refers to an amino group in which one hydrogen is replaced by a heteroaryl group as defined above. For example, a N-(5- to 10-membered

heteroaryl)amino refers to an amino group in which one of the hydrogens has been replaced with a heteroaryl group having from 5 to 10 atoms. Representative N-(5- to 10- membered heteroaryl)amino groups include pyridin-4-ylamino and indol-7-ylamino.

A "carbamoyl" group as used herein refers to -C(0)NH 2 . The term "N-(alkyl)- carbamoyl" refers to a carbamoyl group in which one hydrogen is replaced by an alkyl group, as defined above. For example, refers to a carbamoyl group in which one of the hydrogens has been replaced with an alkyl group having from 1 to 7 carbon atoms. Representative include N- methylcarbamoyl, N-isopropyl-carbamoyl, and the like. The term "N,N-di-(alkyl)- carbamoyl" refers to a carbamoyl group in which both hydrogens have been replaced by an alkyl group, as defined above, which may be the same or different. For example, refers to a carbamoyl group in which both of the hydrogens have been replaced with an alkyl group which may be the same or different having from 1 to 7 carbon atoms. Representative N.N-d Ci.yalkyrj-carbamoyl include N,N- dimethylcarbamoyl, N-methyl-N-isopropyl-carbamoyl, and the like.

The term "alkylamido" refers to a group having the formula -NHC(0)-R', wherein R' is an alkyl group, as defined above. For example, Ci.yalkylamido refers to an alkylamido group which has from one to seven carbon atoms (not including the carbonyl carbon atom). An example of an alkylamido is butyramido.

The term "arylamido" refers to a group having the formula -NHC(0)-R", wherein R" is an aryl group, as defined above. For example, C 6 . 10 arylamido refers to an arylamido group which has from six to ten carbon atoms in the aryl group. An example of an arylamido is benzamido.

The term "heterocyclylamido" refers to a group having the formula -NHC(0)-R'", wherein R"' is an heterocycyl group, as defined above. For example, a (3- to 10- membered heterocyclyl)amido is a heterocyclyl having from 3 to 10 atoms which is attached to another moeity through an amido group. Examples of heterocyclylamido groups include piperidine-1 -carboxamido, and piperidine-3-carboxamido.

The term "alkanoyl" refers to a group having the formula -C(0)-R', wherein R' is an alkyl group, as defined above. For example, C^alkanoyl refers to an alkanoyl group which has from one to seven carbon atoms (not including the carbonyl carbon atom), such as acetyl, isopropyl-carbonyl, and the like.

The term "alkanoyloxy" refers to a group having the formula -OC(0)-R', wherein R' is an alkyl group, as defined above. For example, C^alkanoyl refers to an alkanoyloxy group which has from one to seven carbon atoms (not including the carbonyl carbon atom), such as ethoxycarbonyloxy, isopropoxycarbonyloxy, and the like.

The term "alkoxycarbonyl" refers to a group having the formula -C(0)-OR', wherein R' is an alkyl group, as defined above. For example, C^alkoxycarbonyl refers to an alkoxycarbonyl group which has from one to seven carbon atoms (not including the carbonyl carbon atom), such as methoxycarbonyl, tert-butoxycarbonyl, and the like.

The term "cycloalkoxycarbonyl" refers to a group having the formula -C(0)-OR v , wherein R v is a cycloalkyl group, as defined above. For example, C 3 _

scycloalkoxycarbonyl refers to a cycloalkoxycarbonyl group which has from three to eight carbon atoms (not including the carbonyl carbon atom), such as cyclohexyloxy and cyclopentyloxy.

The term "alkoxyamido" refers to a group having the formula -NHC(0)-OR', wherein R 1 is an alkyl group, as defined above. For example, Ci.yalkoxamido refers to an alkoxyamido group which has from one to seven carbon atoms (not including the carbonyl carbon atom), such as methoxycarbonylamino, tert-butoxycarbonylamino, and the like.

The term "alkylureido" refers to a group having the formula -NHC(0)-NHR', wherein R 1 is an alkyl group, as defined above. For example, C^alkylureido refers to an alkylureido group which has from one to seven carbon atoms (not including the carbonyl carbon atom), such as N'-methylureido, N'-(tert-butyl)-ureido, and the like.

The term "arylureido" refers to a group having the formula -NHC(0)-NHR", wherein R" is an aryl group, as defined above. For example, C 6 . 10 arylureido refers to an arylureido group which has from six to ten carbon atoms (not including the carbonyl carbon atom), such as N'-phenylureido, N'-(naphth-3-yl)-ureido, and the like.

The term "alkylsulfonyl" refers to a group having the formula -S(0) 2 R', wherein R' is an alkyl group, as defined above. For example, Ci.yalkylsulfonyl refers to an alkylsulfonyl group which has from one to seven carbon atoms, such as mesyl, tert- butylsulfonyl, and the like.

The term "alkylsulfonyloxy" refers to a group having the formula -OS(0) 2 R', wherein R' is an alkyl group, as defined above. For example, C^alkylsulfonyloxy refers to an alkylsulfonyloxy group which has from one to seven carbon atoms, such as methylsulfonyloxy, tert-butylsulfonyloxy, and the like.

The term "alkylsulfonamido" refers to a group having the formula -NHS(0) 2 R', wherein R' is an alkyl group, as defined above. For example, Ci.yalkylsulfonylamido refers to an alkylsulfonylamido group which has from one to seven carbon atoms, such as methylsufonamido.

The term "sulfamoyi" refers to a group having the formula -S(0) 2 NH 2 . The term "N-alkylsulfamoyl" refers to a sulfamoyi group wherein one of the hydrogens is replaced by an alkyl group, as defined above. For example, an N-Ci.yalkylsulfamoyl refers to an N-alkylsulfamoyl group which has from 1 to 7 carbon atoms, such as methylsulfamoyl, tert-butylsulfamoyl, and isopropylsulfamoyl. The term "N,N-di-alkylsulfamoyl" refers to a sulfamoyi group wherein both of the hydrogens are replaced by alkyl groups, as defined above, which may be the same or different. For example, an N. N-di-Ci.yalkylsulfamoyl refers to an N, N-di-alkylsulfamoyl group wherein the alkyl groups may be the same or different and have from 1 to 7 carbon atoms, such as N,N-dimethylsulfamoyl and N- methyl-N-ethylsulfamoyl.

The term "trialkylsilyl" refers to a group having the formula -Si(R') 3 , wherein each R' is an alkyl group as defined above which may be the same or different. For example, a tri-(C 1 -7 alkyl)silyl is a trialkylsilyl group wherein each of the alkyl groups may be the same or different and has from 1 to 7 carbon atoms. An example of a trialkylsilyl group is trimethylsilyl.

The term "oxo" refers to a double bonded oxygen substituent (i.e. =0).

The term "phosphonooxy" refers to a group having the following formula:

O

d— O-P-OH

OH

which may be neutral (as shown) or a mono- or di- anion depending on the pH of the media in which it is formed or in which it is dissolved in.

The term "alkoxy(hydroxy)phosphoryloxy" refers to a group having the following formula:

O

≥— O-P-OH

q .

R 1

wherein R 1 is an alkyl group as defined above. An alkoxy(hydroxy)phosphoryloxy group may be neutral (as shown) or a mono-anion depending on the pH of the media in which it is formed or in which it is dissolved in.

The term "di-(alkoxy)phosphoryloxy" refers to a group having the following formula:

O pi

t II , K

ξ-0-P-O

q .

R 1

wherein each R 1 is an alkyl group, as defined above, which may be the same or different.

Formula (I) encompasses Formulas (I I), (lla), (lib), (II I), (Il ia), (1 Mb), (IV), (Iva), (IVb), (V), (Va), and (Vb). Thus, the phrase "a compound of Formula (I)" includes compounds of Formulas (II), (lla), (lib), (I II), (I lia), (1Mb), (IV), (Iva), (IVb), (V), (Va), and (Vb). "Prodrugs" is meant to indicate a compound that may be converted under physiological conditions or by solvolysis to a biologically active compound of the invention. Thus, the term "prodrug" refers to a metabolic precursor of a compound of the invention that is pharmaceutically acceptable. A prodrug may be inactive when administered to a subject in need thereof, but is converted in vivo to an active compound of the invention. Prodrugs are typically rapidly transformed in vivo to yield the parent compound of the invention, for example, by hydrolysis in blood or conversion in the gut or liver. The prodrug compound often offers advantages of solubility, tissue compatibility or delayed release in a mammalian organism (see, Bundgard, H., Design of Prodrugs (1985), pp. 7-9, 21 -24 (Elsevier, Amsterdam)).

A discussion of prodrugs is provided in Higuchi, T., et al. , "Pro-drugs as Novel Delivery Systems," A.C.S. Symposium Series, Vol. 14, and in Bioreversible Carriers in Drug Design, ed. Edward B. Roche, Anglican Pharmaceutical Association arid

Pergamon Press, 1987.

"Pharmaceutically acceptable carrier, diluent or excipient" includes without limitation any adjuvant, carrier, excipient, glidant, sweetening agent, diluent,

preservative, dye/colorant, flavor enhancer, surfactant, wetting agent, dispersing agent, suspending agent, stabilizer, isotonic agent, solvent, or emulsifier which has been approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration as being acceptable for use in humans or domestic animals.

"Pharmaceutically acceptable salt" includes both acid and base addition salts.

"Pharmaceutically acceptable acid addition salt" refers to those salts which retain the biological effectiveness and properties of the free bases, which are not biologically or otherwise undesirable, and which are formed with inorganic acids such as, but not limited to, hydrochloric acid, hydrobromic acid, sulfuric acid, nitric acid, phosphoric acid and the like, and organic acids such as, but not limited to, acetic acid, 2,2-dichloroacetic acid, adipic acid, alginic acid, ascorbic acid, aspartic acid, benzenesulfonic acid, benzoic acid, 4-acetamidobenzoic acid, camphoric acid, camphor-10-sulfonic acid, capric acid, caproic acid, caprylic acid, carbonic acid, cinnamic acid, citric acid, cyclamic acid, dodecylsulfuric acid, ethane-1 ,2-disulfonic acid, ethanesulfonic acid,

2-hydroxyethanesulfonic acid, formic acid, fumaric acid, galactaric acid, gentisic acid, glucoheptonic acid, gluconic acid, glucuronic acid, glutamic acid, glutaric acid, 2-oxo- glutaric acid, glycerophosphorirc acid, glycolic acid, hippuric acid, isobutyric acid, lactic acid, lactobionic acid, lauric acid, maleic acid, malic acid, malonic acid, mandelic acid, methanesulfonic acid, mucic acid, naphthalene-1 ,5-disulfonic acid, naphthalene-2- sulfonic acid, 1 -hydroxy-2-naphthoic acid, nicotinic acid, oleic acid, orotic acid, oxalic acid, palmitic acid, pamoic acid, propionic acid, pyroglutamic acid, pyruvic acid, salicylic acid, 4-aminosalicylic acid, sebacic acid, stearic acid, succinic acid, tartaric acid, thiocyanic acid, p-toluenesulfonic acid, trifluoroacetic acid, undecylenic acid, and the like.

"Pharmaceutically acceptable base addition salt" refers to those salts which retain the biological effectiveness and properties of the free acids, which are not biologically or otherwise undesirable. These salts are prepared from addition of an inorganic base or an organic base to the free acid. Salts derived from inorganic bases include, but are not limited to, the sodium, potassium, lithium, ammonium, calcium, magnesium, iron, zinc, copper, manganese, aluminum salts and the like. Preferred inorganic salts are the ammonium, sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium salts. Salts derived from organic bases include, but are not limited to, salts of primary, secondary, and tertiary amines, substituted amines including naturally occurring substituted amines, cyclic amines and basic ion exchange resins, such as ammonia, isopropylamine, trimethylamine, diethylamine, triethylamine, tripropylamine,

diethanolamine, ethanolamine, deanol, 2-dimethylaminoethanol, 2-diethylaminoethanol, dicyclohexylamine, lysine, arginine, histidine, caffeine, procaine, hydrabamine, choline, betaine, benethamine, benzathine, ethylenediamine, glucosamine, methylglucamine, theobromine, triethanolamine, tromethamine, purines, piperazine, piperidine, N- ethylpiperidine, polyamine resins and the like. Particularly preferred organic bases are isopropylamine, diethylamine, ethanolamine, trimethylamine, dicyclohexylamine, choline and caffeine.

Often crystallizations produce a solvate of the compound of the invention. As used herein, the term "solvate" refers to an aggregate that comprises one or more molecules of a compound of the invention with one or more molecules of solvent. The solvent may be water, in which case the solvate may be a hydrate. Alternatively, the solvent may be an organic solvent. Thus, the compounds of the present invention may exist as a hydrate, including a monohydrate, dihydrate, hemihydrate, sesquihydrate, trihydrate, tetrahydrate and the like, as well as the corresponding solvated forms. The compound of the invention may be true solvates, while in other cases, the compound of the invention may merely retain adventitious solvent such as water or be a mixture of water plus some adventitious solvent. Compounds of the present invention, including their salts, can also be obtained in the form of their solvates (e.g. , hydrates) used for their crystallization.

Compounds of the present invention are either obtained in the free form, as a salt thereof, or as prodrug derivatives thereof. When both a basic group and an acid group are present in the same molecule, the compounds of the present invention may also form internal salts, e.g. , zwitterionic molecules.

A "pharmaceutical composition" refers to a formulation of a compound of the invention, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and a medium generally accepted in the art for the delivery of the biologically active compound to mammals, e.g., humans. Such a medium includes all pharmaceutically acceptable carriers, diluents or excipients thereof.

The compounds of the invention, or their pharmaceutically acceptable salts may contain one or more asymmetric centers and may thus give rise to enantiomers, diastereomers, and other stereoisomeric forms that may be defined, in terms of absolute stereochemistry, as (R)- or (S)- or, as (D)- or (L)- for amino acids. The present invention is meant to include all such possible isomers, as well as their racemic and optically pure forms. Optically active (+) and (-), (R)- and (S)-, or (D)- and (L)- isomers may be prepared using chiral synthons or chiral reagents, or resolved using conventional techniques. Any resulting racemates of final products or intermediates can be resolved into the optical antipodes by known methods, e.g. , by separation of the diastereomeric salts thereof, obtained with an optically active acid or base, and liberating the optically active acidic or basic compound. In particular, a basic moiety may thus be employed to resolve the compounds of the present invention into their optical antipodes, e.g. , by fractional crystallization of a salt formed with an optically active acid, e.g. , tartaric acid, dibenzoyl tartaric acid, diacetyl tartaric acid, di-O, O -p-toluoyl tartaric acid, mandelic acid, malic acid or camphor-10-sulfonic acid. Racemic products can also be resolved by chiral chromatography, e.g. , high pressure liquid chromatography (H PLC) using a chiral adsorbent.

A "stereoisomer" refers to a compound made up of the same atoms bonded by the same bonds but having different three-dimensional structures, which are not interchangeable. The present invention contemplates various stereoisomers and mixtures thereof and includes "enantiomers", which refers to two stereoisomers whose molecules are nonsuperimposeable mirror images of one another. When the compounds described herein contain olefinic double bonds or other centers of geometric asymmetry, and unless specified otherwise, it is intended that the compounds include both £ and Z geometric isomers. Likewise, all tautomeric forms are also intended to be included.

The present invention includes all pharmaceutically acceptable isotopically- labeled compounds of Formula (I) wherein one or more atoms are labeled with an atom having the same atomic number, but an atomic mass or mass number different from the atomic mass or mass number usually found in nature.

Examples of isotopes suitable for inclusion in the compounds of the invention comprises isotopes of hydrogen, such as 2 H and 3 H, carbon, such as 11 C, 13 C and 14 C, chlorine, such as 36 CI, fluorine, such as 18 F, iodine, such as 123 l and 125 l, nitrogen, such as 13 N and 15 N, oxygen, such as 15 0, 17 0 and 18 0, phosphorus, such as 32 P, and sulphur, such as 35 S. Enrichment with heavier isotopes such as deuterium, i.e. 2 H, may afford certain therapeutic advantages resulting from greater metabolic stability, for example, increased in vivo half-life or reduced dosage requirements, and hence may be preferred in some circumstances. Isotopically-labeled compounds of Formula (I) can generally be prepared by conventional techniques known to those skilled in the art or by processes analogous to those described in the accompanying Examples and Preparations Sections using an appropriate isotopically-labeled reagent in place of the non-labeled reagent previously employed.

As used herein, the terms "disease" and "condition" may be used

interchangeably or may be different in that the particular malady or condition may not have a known causative agent (so that etiology has not yet been worked out) and it is therefore not yet recognized as a disease but only as an undesirable condition or syndrome, wherein a more or less specific set of symptoms have been identified by clinicians.

The term "a therapeutically effective amount" of a compound of the present invention refers to an amount of the compound of the present invention that will elicit the biological or medical response of a subject, for example, reduction or inhibition of an enzyme or a protein activity, or ameliorate symptoms, alleviate conditions, slow or delay disease progression, or prevent a disease, etc. In one non-limiting embodiment, the term "a therapeutically effective amount" refers to the amount of the compound of the present invention that, when administered to a subject, is effective to (1) at least partially alleviate, inhibit, prevent and/or ameliorate a condition, or a disorder or a disease (i) mediated by ACC2, (ii) associated with ACC2 activity, or (iii) characterized by abnormal activity of ACC2; (2) reduce or inhibit the activity of ACC2; or (3) reduce or inhibit the expression of ACC2. In another non-limiting embodiment, the term "a therapeutically effective amount" refers to the amount of the compound of the present invention that, when administered to a cell, or a tissue, or a non-cellular biological material, or a medium, is effective to at least partially reduce or inhibit the activity of ACC2; or at least partially reduce or inhibit the expression of ACC2.

As used herein, the term "subject" refers to an animal. Preferably, the animal is a mammal. A subject also refers to for example, primates (e.g., humans), cows, sheep, goats, horses, dogs, cats, rabbits, rats, mice, fish, birds and the like. In a preferred embodiment, the subject is a human.

As used herein, the term "inhibit," "inhibition" or "inhibiting" refers to the reduction or suppression of a given condition, symptom, or disorder, or disease, or a significant decrease in the baseline activity of a biological activity or process.

As used herein, the term "treating" or "treatment" of any disease or disorder refers in one embodiment, to ameliorating the disease or disorder (i.e., slowing, arresting or reducing the development of the disease or at least one of the clinical symptoms thereof). In another embodiment "treating" or "treatment" refers to alleviating or ameliorating at least one physical parameter including those which may not be discernible by the patient. In yet another embodiment, "treating" or "treatment" refers to modulating the disease or disorder, either physically, (e.g. , stabilization of a discernible symptom), physiologically, (e.g. , stabilization of a physical parameter), or both. In yet another embodiment, "treating" or "treatment" refers to preventing or delaying the onset or development or progression of the disease or disorder.

As used herein, the term "a," "an," "the" and similar terms used in the context of the present invention (especially in the context of the claims) are to be construed to cover both the singular and plural unless otherwise indicated herein or clearly contradicted by the context.

Throughout this specification and in the claims that follow, unless the context requires otherwise, the word "comprise", or variations such as "comprises" or

"comprising", will be understood to imply the inclusion of a stated integer or step or group of integers or steps but not the exclusion of any other integer or step or group of integers or steps. All methods described herein can be performed in any suitable order unless otherwise indicated herein or otherwise clearly contradicted by context. The use of any and all examples, or exemplary language (e.g. "such as") provided herein is intended merely to better illuminate the invention and does not pose a limitation on the scope of the invention otherwise claimed.

Embodiments of the Invention

In one aspect, the inventio

(I)

or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein:

wherein the symbol *> indicates the point of attachment of L 1 is on ring A'; and wherein R 1 may replace a hydrogen atom of any CH bond in ring A;

X 1 , for each occurrence, is independently CH or N;

X 2 is NR 19 , O, or S;

X 3 , for each occurrence, is independently NR 19 , CH 2 , O, or S;

r is 1 or 2;

Ring B is cyclohexyl or phenyl; provided that when ring B is phenyl, ring A is

wherein R 1a is hydrogen, phenyl, phenylamino, or a 5- to 10-membered heteroaryl, wherein R 1a may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R 13 ; and wherein when R 1a is a heteroaryl comprising one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be optionally replaced with R 22 ;

w herein the symbol indicates the point of attachment to ring B;

X 4 is -NR 4 - or -0-;

q and n are each, independently, 0, 1 , 2, 3, or 4;

l_i is -NHSO 2 -, -SO 2 NH-, -NHSO 2 NH- or -NHC(0)NH-;

R 1 may replace a hydrogen atom of any CH bond in ring A and, for each occurrence, is independently deutero, hydroxy, nitro, halo, cyano, carboxy, formyl, 7 alkyl, C 3 . 8 carbocyclyl, C 2 - 7 alkenyl, C 2 - 7 alkynyl, Ci.yalkoxy, C 1-7 alkylthio, C 3 . 8 cycloalkoxy, C 6 . 10 aryl, Ce M oarylC^alkyl, C 6 . 10 aryloxy, amino, N-Ci.yalkylamino, N.N-di- C^

7alkyl)amino, N-C 6 . 10 arylamino, 3- to 10-membered heterocyclyl, N-(3- to 10-membered heterocyclyl)amino, (3- to 10-membered heterocyclyl)oxy, 5- to 10-membered heteroaryl, (5- to 10-membered heteroary C^alkyl, N-(5- to 10-membered heteroaryl)amino, (5- to 10-membered heteroaryl)oxy, C^alkanoyl, C^alkoxycarbonyl, C^alkanoyloxy, 7 alkylamido, C 6 . 10 arylamido, (3- to 10-membered heterocyclyl)amido, carbamoyl, N-C^. 7 alkylcarbamoyl, N.N-d Ci.yalkyrjcarbamoyl, Ci.yalkoxyamido, C^alkylureido, and C 6 . 10 arylureido, wherein R 1 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R 13 ; and wherein when R 1 comprises a heterocyclyl or a heteroaryl comprising one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 22 ; or two R 1 on the same carbon atom together may form an oxo; or two R 1 on the same carbon atom together with the carbon to which they are attached form a spiro C 3 . 8 carbocyclyl; or two R 1 on adjacent carbon atoms together with the carbon atoms to which they are attached may form a fused C 3 _ scarbocyclyl or phenyl which may be optionally substituted with one or more R 13 ; and

R 2 , for each occurrence, is independently selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, cyano, C 1-7 alkyl, C^alkoxy, C 2 - 7 alkenyl, amino, Ci.yalkylamino, di-^.

7alkyl)amino, Ci.yalkylamido, Ci.yalkoxyamido; wherein R 2 , for each occurrence, may be independently optionally substituted with one or more halo; or two or more R 2 groups on non-adjacent carbon atoms together form a C^alkylene bridge; or two or more R 2 groups on adjacent carbon atoms may form a fused C 3 . 8 carbocyclyl;

R 3 is selected from the group consisting of a C 1-7 alkyl, C 3 . 8 carbocyclyl, C 3 _ scarbocyclylC^alkyl, C 6 . 10 aryl, Ce M oarylC^alkyl, a 5- to 10-membered heteroaryl, a (5- to 10-membered heteroary C^alkyl, a 3- to 10-membered heterocyclyl, and a (3- to 10- membered heterocycly C^alkyl, wherein R 3 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more R 14 ; and wherein when R 3 comprises a heteroaryl or heterocyclyl comprising one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with a C 1-7 alkyl;

R 4 is hydrogen, C 1-7 alkyl, or C^alkoxyC^alkyl; or R 3 and R 4 , together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form a 3- to 7-membered heterocyclyl, wherein the heterocyclyl may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more R 15 ; and wherein when the heterocyclyl comprises one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 16 ;

R 13 , for each occurrence, is independently deutero, nitro, halo, cyano, hydroxy, carboxy, C 1-7 alkyl, C 3 . 8 cycloalkyl, C 1-7 alkoxy, C 6 . 10 aryl, C 6 . 10 aryloxy, 3- to 10-membered heterocyclyl, 5- to 10-membered heteroaryl, amino, Ci.yalkylamino, di-(C 1-7 alkyl)amino, C 1-7 alkanoyl, C^alkoxycarbonyl, Ci.yalkanoyloxy, Ci.yalkylamido, Ci.yalkoxyamido, carbamoyl, N-Ci.yalkylcarbamoyl, N,N-di-(C 1-7 alkyl)carbamoyl, C 1-7 alkylsufonyl, C^.

7alkylsulfonyloxy, Ci.yalkylsulfonamido, sulfamoyl, N-Ci.yalkylsulfamoyl, or N.N-di-^ ! . 7 alkyl)sulfamoyl, wherein R 13 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R 17 ; and wherein when R 13 is a heterocyclyl or a heteroaryl comprising one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 20 ; or two R 13 on the same carbon atom together may form an oxo or a spiro C 3 . 8 carbocyclyl; or two R 13 on adjacent carbon atoms together with the carbons to which they are attached may form a 3- to 7-membered heterocyclyl which may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more R 17 and if the heterocyclyl comprises one or more -NH- group, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 20 ;

R 14 , for each occurrence, is independently halo, hydroxy, carboxy, C^.

7alkoxycarbonyl, C 1-7 alkyl, C^alkoxy, C 3 . 8 cycloalkyl, C 6 . 10 aryl, or 5- to10-membered heteroaryl, wherein R 14 may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more independently selected R 24 ; or two R 14 on the same carbon atom together may form an oxo, a spiro C 3 . 8 carbocyclyl or a 3- to 7-membered spiro heterocyclyl; or two R 14 on adjacent carbon atoms together with the carbon atoms to which they are attached may form a phenyl which may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more R 24 ;

R 15 , for each occurrence, is independently selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, carboxy, C 1-7 alkyl, C^alkoxy, C 3 . 8 carbocyclyl, phenyl, and Ci.yalkoxycarbonyl; wherein R 15 may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more substituent independently selected from halo, hydroxy, C^alkoxy; or two R 15 on the same carbon atom together form an oxo or together with the carbon atom to which they are attached form a C 2 . 8 cycloalkyl or a 3- to 10-membered heterocyclyl; or two R 15 on adjacent carbon atoms together with the carbon atoms to which they are attached may form a fused phenyl;

R 16 , for each occurrence, is independently selected from the group consisting of C 1-7 alkyl, C 3 . 8 carbocyclyl, C 1-7 alkanoyl, Ci.yalkoxycarbonyl, or 5- to10-membered heteroaryl;

R 17 , for each occurrence, is independently selected from cyano, halo, hydroxy, carboxy, C 1-7 alkyl, C 1-7 alkoxy, amino, Ci.yalkylamino, di-(C 1-7 alkyl)amino, C 6 . 10 arylamino, C 6- ioaiYlC 1-4 altylamino, C^alkoxycarbonyl, C^alkanoyloxy, 3- to 10-membered heterocyclyl, wherein R 17 may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more independently selected halo, amino, C 1-7 alkyl, C 1-7 alkoxy, C 1-7 haloalkyl, carboxy, or Ci.yalkyoxycarbonyl; and wherein when R 17 is a heterocyclyl comprising one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 23 ; or two R 17 on the same carbon atom together may form an oxo;

R 18 is a C 1-7 alkyl, C 3 . 8 cycloalkyl, phenyl or a C 1-7 alkoxyC 1-7 alkyl;

R 19 , for each occurrence, is independently hydrogen, C 1-7 alkyl, C 1-7 alkanoyl, tri- (C 1-7 alkyl)silyl, C 3 . 8 cycloalkyl, C^alkoxycarbonyl, C 3 . 8 cycloalkoxycabonyl, carbamoyl, N- Ci.yalkylcarbamoyI, wherein R 19 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more R 21 ;

R 20 , R 21 , R 22 , and R 23 , for each occurrence, are independently deutero, halo, carboxy, C 1-7 alkyl, C^alkoxy, C 6 . 10 aryloxy, Ce^arylC^alkoxy, or C^alkoxycarbonyl; and

R 24 , for each occurrence, is independently hydroxy, halo, carboxy, C 1-7 alkyl, C^. yhaloalkyl,

7alkoxycarbonyl, Ci.yalkanoyloxy, phosphonooxy, C 1 . 7 alkoxy(hydroxy)phosphoryloxy or di-(C 1 . 7 alkoxy)phosphoryloxy; wherein R 24 may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with a group independently selected from amino, N-Ci.yalkylamino, and phenyl; provided that the compound is not ethyl 4-(2-phenyl-1 - -benzo[d]imidazole-6- sulfonamido)benzoate, N-(1 -hydroxy-3-phenylpropan-2-yl)-4-(naphthalene-2- sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxamide, 4-(naphthalene-2-sulfonamido)-N-(1 -oxo-3- phenylpropan-2-yl)cyclohexanecarboxamide, or ethyl 4-(naphthalene-2- sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylate.

In one embodiment, ring B is a cyclohexyl in the compounds of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In another embodiment, L 1 is -S0 2 NH-, in the compounds of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In another embodiment, L 1 is -NHS0 2 -, in the compounds of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In another embodiment, L 1 is -NHS0 2 NH-, in the compounds of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In another embodiment, L 1 is -NHC(0)NH-, in the compounds of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, ring A is a bicyclic ring system selected from the group consisting of: In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 1 , for each occurrence, is independently deutro, cyano, hydroxy, carboxy, halo, C 1-7 alkyl, C^alkoxy, vinyl, 1-propynyl, N,N-dimethylamino, N- ethylamino, N-phenylamino, N-pyridinylamino, N-(2,3-dihydrobenzo[b][1 ,4]dioxin-6- ylamino, N-(benzo[c][1 ,2,5]thiadiazol-5-ylamino, phenyl, pyrrolidinyl, piperazinyl, piperidinyl, tetrahydro-2H-pyranyl, tetrahydrofuranyl, morpholinyl, phenylamino, cyclopropyl, cyclopentyl, pyridinyl, thiazolyl, cyclobutoxy, oxetan-3-yloxy,

methoxycarbonyl, acetamido, N-ethylcarbamoyl, or benzyl, wherein R 1 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R 13 ; and wherein when R 1 comprises a heterocyclyl or a heteroaryl comprising one or more - NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 22 .

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, m is 1 and R 1 is phenyl or phenylamino, wherein R 1 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R 13 .

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, m is 2 and one R 1 is phenyl or phenylamino and the other R 1 is halo, wherein R 1 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R 13 .

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 19 , for each occurrence is independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, isopropyl, , acetyl, hexanoyl,

methoxylcarbonyl, ethoxycarbonyl, t-butoxylcarbonyl, isobutoxycarbonyl,

cyclohexyloxycarbonyl, N-ethylcarbamoyl, cyclopropyl, tri-isopropylsilyl,

cyclohexanoxycarbonyl, benzyl, and ethoxycarbonyl, wherein R 19 may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more independently selected R 21 .

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 21 , for each occurrence is independently deutero, fluoro, methoxy, carboxyl, methoxycarbonyl, or benzyloxy.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 13 , for each occurrence, is independently halo, cyano, nitro, carboxy, hydroxy, C 1-4 alkyl, C^alkoxy, N,N-dimethylamino, N,N-ethylamino, methoxycarbonyl, ethoxycarbonyl, ethoxycarbonylamino, acetyl, acetamido, piperazinyl, morpholinyl, pyrrazolyl, 2-oxo-2,3-dihydrothiazolyl, methylsulfonyl, methylsulfonyloxy, sulfamoyl, or phenyloxy, wherein R 13 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R 17 ; and wherein when R 13 is a heterocyclyl or a heteroaryl comprising one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -N H- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 20 ; or two R 13 on the same carbon atom together may form an oxo or a spiro C 3 . 8 carbocyclyl; or two R 13 on adjacent carbon atoms together with the carbons to which they are attached may form a 3- to 7- membered heterocyclyl which may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more R 17 and if the heterocyclyl comprises one or more -NH- group, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 20 .

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 22 , for each occurrence, is independently methyl or t- butoxycarbonyl.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 17 , for each occurrence, is independently a halo, carboxy, hydroxy, C 1 -4 alkyl, C^alkoxy, methoxycarbonyl, 3-methylbutanoyloxy, N-methylamino, N-benzylamino, N,N-dimethylamino, piperazinyl, or morpholinyl, wherein R 17 may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more independently selected halo, amino, C 1 -7 alkyl, C^alkoxy, C^haloalkyl, carboxy, or C- \ .

7alkyoxycarbonyl; and wherein when R 17 is a heterocyclyl comprising one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 23 .

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 20 , for each occurrence, is independently methyl or t- butoxycarbonyl.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 23 , for each occurrence, is methyl.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, Q is the following formula:

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, X 4 is -NR 4 -. In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 4 is hydrogen.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 4 is methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, or methoxyethyl.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, X 4 is -0-.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 3 is methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, isobutyl, t-butyl, 1 -methylpropyl, 1 ,2-dimethylpropyl, cyclopropyl, cyclohexyl, cyclopropylmethyl, cyclohexylmethyl, cycloheptylmethyl, phenyl, naphth-1 -yl, benzyl, 2-phenylethyl, 1 ,2,3,4- tetrahydronaphth-1 -yl, 2,3-dihydro-1 H-inden-2-yl, azepanyl, pyridin-3-yl, pyridin-2- ylmethyl, pyridin-3-ylmethyl, pyridin-4-ylmethyl, 2-(pyridin-3-yl)-ethyl, quinolin-6-yl, or pyrazol-4-ylmethyl; wherein R 3 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more R 14 ; and wherein when R 3 comprises a heteroaryl or heterocyclyl comprising one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with a C 1-7 alkyl.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 14 , for each occurrence, is independently halo, hydroxy, methyl, ethyl, isopropyl, t-butyl, methoxy, methoxycarbonyl, cyclopropyl, or N-N-dimethylamino; wherein R 14 may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more independently selected R 24 ; or two R 14 on the same carbon atom together are oxo; or two R 14 on the same carbon atom together with the carbon atom to which they are attached form cyclopropyl.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 24 , for each occurrence, is independently halo, hydroxy, carboxy, methoxy, methoxycarbonyl, t-butoxycarbonyl, propanoyloxy, 3- methylbutanoyloxy, or di-(t-butoxy)phosphoryloxy, wherein R 24 may be optionally substituted with one or more group selected from amino, methylamino, or phenyl.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 3 and R 4 , together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form a 3- to 7-membered heterocyclyl, wherein the heterocyclyl may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more R 15 ; and wherein when the heterocyclyl comprises one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 16 . In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 3 and R 4 , together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form piperazino, morpholino, piperidino, pyrrolidino, 1 ,4-oxazepan-4-yl, azetidin-1-yl, isoindolin-2-yl, or decahydroisoquinolin-2-yl, each of which may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more R 15 ; and wherein the hydrogen of the -NH- of piperazino may be independently optionally replaced with

R 16

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 15 , for each occurrence, is independently selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, carboxy, methoxycarbonyl, ethoxycarbonyl, methyl, ethyl, isopropyl, t-butyl, trifluoromethyl, hydroxymethyl, methoxymethyl, 1 -hydroxy-1 -methyl- ethyl, 2-hydroxy-1 ,1 -dimethyl-ethyl, cyclopropyl, phenyl, or 4-fluorophenyl; or two R 15 on the same carbon atom form oxo; or two R 15 on the same carbon atom together with the carbon atom to which they are attached form azetidinyl, oxetanyl, or 1 ,3-dioxanyl.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 16 , for each occurrence, is independently selected from the group consisting of methyl, cyclopropyl, t-butoxycarbonyl, and pyrimidinyl.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (I), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, Q is a group represented by the following formula:

In one aspect of this embodiment, R 18 is isopropyl, t-butyl, methoxymethyl, cyclohexyl, or phenyl.

In another embodiment, the compounds of Formula (I) are represented by Formula (II), or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof:

(II) wherein m is 0, 1 or 2, and R 1 , R 19 , L 1 , and Q are defined as in Formula (I).

In another embodiment, the compounds of Formula (I) are represented by Formula (lla), or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof:

(lla)

wherein " * " indicates a carbon where the sulfamoyl group may be attached, and R 1 , R 3 , R 19 , and X 4 are defined as for Formula (I), and m is defined as for Formula (II).

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (lla), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, X 4 is -0-.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (lla), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, X 4 is -NR 4 -.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (lla), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 4 is hydrogen.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (lla), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 4 is a C 1-4 alkyl.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (lla), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 3 is C 1-4 alkyl, 1 ,2-dimethyl-propyl, cyclopropylmethyl, benzyl, pyridinylmethyl, or azepanyl, wherein R 3 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more R 14 ; and wherein when R 3 is azepanyl the hydrogen of the -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with a C 1-7 alkyl. In one aspect of this embodiment, R 14 , for each occurrence, is independently halo, C 1-4 alkyl, (^alkoxy, 4 alkoxycarbonyl, or cyclopropyl, wherein R 14 may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more independently selected R 24 ; or two R 14 on the same carbon atom together are oxo. In another aspect of this embodiment, R 24 , for each occurrence, is independently halo, hydroxy, carboxy, C^alkoxy, or C^alkoxycarbonyl.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (lla), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 3 and R 4 together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form a 3- to 7-membered heterocyclyl, wherein the heterocyclyl may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more R 15 ; and wherein when the heterocyclyl comprises one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 16 .

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (lla), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 3 and R 4 together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form piperazino, morpholino, piperidino, pyrrolidino, or azetidin-1 -yl, each of which may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more R 15 ; and wherein the hydrogen of the -NH- of piperazino may be independently optionally replaced with R 16 . In one aspect of this embodiment, R 15 , fore each occurrence, is independently hydroxy, carboxy, C 1-4 alkyl, 1-hydroxy-1 -methyl-ethyl, 2-hydroxy-1 ,1 - dimethyl-ethyl, hydroxymethyl, methoxymethyl, cyclopropyl, trifluoromethyl, phenyl, 4- fluorophenyl, or C^alkoxycarbonyl; or two R 15 on the same carbon atom together form oxo; or two R 15 on the same carbon atom together with the carbon to which they are attached form azetidinyl or oxetanyl. In another aspect of this embodiment, R 16 is C^. 4 alkoxycarbonyl or cyclopropyl.

In another embodiment, the compounds of Formula (I) are represented by Formula (lib), or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof:

8

(l ib)

wherein "*" indicates a carbon where the sulfamoyl group may be attached, and R 1 , R 18 , and R 19 are defined as for Formula (I), and m is defined as for Formula (I I).

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (lib), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 18 is isopropyl, t-butyl, methoxymethyl, cyclohexyl, or phenyl.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (lib), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 19 is hydrogen.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (lib), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 19 is a C 1-4 alkyl.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (I I), (Ma), or (lib), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, m is 1 .

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (I I), (Ma), or (lib), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, m is 2.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (I I), (Ma), or (lib), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, m is zero.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (I I), (Ma), or (lib), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 1 , for each occurrence, is independently halo, cyano, C 1 -4 alkyl, cyclopropyl, cyclopentyl, phenyl, or pyridinyl, wherein R 1 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R 13 . In one aspect of this embodiment, R 13 , for each occurrence, is independently halo, hydroxy, cyano, carboxy, C 1-4 alkyl, C 1 -4 alkoxy, C^alkoxycarbonyl, or C- \ .

4alkylsulfonyloxy, wherein R 13 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R 17 . In another aspect of this embodiment, R 17 , for each occurrence, is independently halo, hydroxy, carboxy, C 1 -4 alkoxy, (^alkanoyloxy, 2-amino-3-methyl-butanoyloxy, or C^alkoxycarbonyl.

In another embodiment, the compounds of Formula (I) are represented by Formula (III), or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof:

(III) wherein R 1 b is hydrogen or R 1 , and R 19 , L 1 and Q are defined as for Formula (I).

In another embodiment, the compounds of Formula (I) are represented by Formula (Ilia), or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof:

(Ilia)

wherein " * " indicates a carbon where the sulfamoyl group may be attached, R 3 , R 19 and X 4 are defined as for Formula (I), and R 1 b is defined as for Formula (III).

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (Ilia), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, X 4 is -0-.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (Ilia), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, X 4 is -NR 4 -.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (Ilia), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 4 is hydrogen.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (Ilia), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 4 is a C 1-4 alkyl.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (Ilia), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 3 is C^alkyl.cyclopropyl, cyclohexyl, cyclopropylmethyl, cyclohexylmethyl, cycloheptylmethyl, phenyl, benzyl, 2-phenyl-ethyl, naphthyl, 1 ,2,3,4- tetrahydronaphthyl, 2,3-dihydro-1 H-indenyl, quinolinyl, pyridinyl, pyridinylmethyl, 2- (pyridinyl)-ethyl, or azepanyl, wherein R 3 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more R 14 ; and wherein when R 3 is azepanyl the hydrogen of the -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with a C 1-7 alkyl. In one aspect of this embodiment, R 14 , for each occurrence, is independently halo, hydroxy, C 1-4 alkyl, 4 alkoxy, amino, N-C^alkylamino or N,N-di-(C 1-4 alkyl)amino, wherein R 14 may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more independently selected R 24 ; or two R 14 on the same carbon atom together are oxo; or two R 14 on the same carbon atom together with the carbon to which they are attached form cyclopropyl. In another aspect of this embodiment, R 24 , fore each occurrence, is independently halo or hydroxy.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (Ilia), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 3 and R 4 together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form a 3- to 7-membered heterocyclyl, wherein the heterocyclyl may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more R 15 ; and wherein when the heterocyclyl comprises one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 16 . In one aspect of this embodiment, R 15 , for each occurrence, is independently a C 1-4 alkyl; or two R 15 on the same carbon atom together with the carbon to which they are attached form 1 ,3-dioxanyl. In another aspect of this embodiment, R 16 is cyclohexylmethyl or phenyl.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (Ilia), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 3 and R 4 together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form piperazino, morpholino, piperidino, pyrrolidino, 1 ,2,3,4- tetrahydroisoquinolin-2-yl, decahydroisoquinolin-2-yl, isoindolin-2-yl, each of which may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more R 15 ; and wherein the hydrogen of the -NH- of piperazino may be independently optionally replaced with R 16 . In one aspect of this embodiment, R 15 , for each occurrence, is independently a C 1-4 alkyl; or two R 15 on the same carbon atom together with the carbon to which they are attached form 1 ,3-dioxanyl. In another aspect of this embodiment, R 16 is cyclohexylmethyl or phenyl.

In another embodiment, the compounds of Formula (I) are represented by

(lllb)

wherein " * " indicates a carbon where the sulfamoyl group may be attached, R 18 and R 19 are defined as for Formula (I), and R 1 b is defined as for Formula (III).

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (lllb), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 18 is isopropyl, t-butyl, methoxymethyl, cyclohexyl, or phenyl.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (III), (Ilia) or (lllb), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 19 is hydrogen.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (III), (Ilia) or (lllb), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 19 is a C 1-4 alkyl which may be optionally substituted with methoxy.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (III), (Ilia) or (lllb), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 1b is hydrogen.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (III), (Ilia) or (lllb), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 1b , for each occurrence, is independently C^. 4 alkyl, cyclopropyl, pyrrolidinyl, tetrahydro-2H-pyranyl, tetrahydrofuranyl, phenyl, phenylamino, phenyloxy, thiazolyl, pyridinyl, pyridinylamino, wherein R 1 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R 13 . In one aspect of this embodiment, R 13 , for each occurrence, is independently halo, nitro, hydroxy, cyano, carboxy, C 1-4 alkyl, C^alkoxy, C^alkoxycarbonyl, C^alkoxyamido, amino,

piperazinyl, morpholinyl, 2,3-dihydrothiazolyl, pyrazolyl, C 1-4 alkylsulfonyl, or sulfamoyl, wherein R 13 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R 17 ; and wherein when R 13 is piperazinyl, morpholinyl, or pyrazolyl, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 20 . In another aspect of this embodiment, R 17 , for each occurrence, is

independently hydroxy, N-C^alkylamino, N-benzylamino, N.N-d C^alky amino, piperazinyl, or morpholinyl, wherein R 17 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more methoxy; and wherein when R 17 is a piperazinyl, or morpholinyl, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 23 ; or two R 17 on the same carbon atom together form oxo. In another aspect of this embodiment, R 20 is C 1-4 alkyl or C^alkoxycarbonyl. In another aspect of this

embodiment, R 23 is a C 1-4 alkyl. In another embodiment, the compounds of Formula (I) are represented by Formula (IV), or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof:

(IV) wherein R1 , L1 and Q are defined as for Formula (I); one of X 5 or X 6 is N and the other is CH; and p is 0, 1 , 2, or 3.

In another embodiment, the compounds of Formula (I) are represented by Formula (IVa), or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof:

(IVa)

wherein " * " indicates a carbon where the sulfamoyl group may be attached, and R 1 , R 3 and X 4 are defined as for Formula (I), and X 5 , X 6 and p is defined as for Formula (IV).

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (IVa), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, X 4 is -0-.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (IVa), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, X 4 is -NR 4 -.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (IVa), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 4 is hydrogen.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (IVa), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 4 is a C 1-4 alkyl. In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (IVa), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 3 is C 1-4 alkyl, benzyl, or pyrazinylmethyl, wherein R 3 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more R 14 ; and wherein when R 3 is pyrazinyl, the hydrogen of the -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with a C 1-7 alkyl. In one aspect of this embodiment, R 14 , for each occurrence, is independently halo, C 1-4 alkyl, wherein R 14 may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more independently selected R 24 . In another aspect of this embodiment, R 24 , for each occurrence, is independently halo, hydroxy, carboxy, 4 alkoxycarbonyl, C1 -4alkanoyloxy, 2-amino-3-phenyl-propanoyloxy, 2-amino-3-methyl- butanoyloxy, phosphonooxy, or di-(C 1 . 4 alkoxy)phosphoryloxy.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (IVa), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 3 and R 4 together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form a 3- to 7-membered heterocyclyl, wherein the heterocyclyl may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more R 15 ; and wherein when the heterocyclyl comprises one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 16 . In one aspect of this embodiment, R 15 , for each occurrence, is independently carboxy, C 1-4 alkyl, trifluoromethyl, phenyl, or (^alkoxycarbonyl. In another aspect of this embodiment, R 16 is C^alkoxycarbonyl.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (IVa), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 3 and R 4 together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form piperazino, morpholino, piperidino, or pyrrolidino, each of which may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more R 15 ; and wherein the hydrogen of the -NH- of piperazino may be independently optionally replaced with R 16 . In one aspect of this embodiment, R 15 , for each occurrence, is independently carboxy, C 1-4 alkyl, trifluoromethyl, phenyl, or C^alkoxycarbonyl. In another aspect of this embodiment, R 16 is C^alkoxycarbonyl.

In another embodiment, the compounds of Formula (I) are represented by Formula (IVb), or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof:

(IVb)

wherein " * " indicates a carbon where the sulfamoyl group may be attached, and R 1 and R 18 are defined as for formula (I) and X 5 , X 6 and p are defined as for formula (IV).

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (IVb), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 18 is isopropyl, t-butyl, methoxymethyl, cyclohexyl, or phenyl.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (IVb), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, p is 1 .

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (IVb), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, p is 2.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (IVb), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, p is 3.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (IVb), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, p is zero.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (IVb), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 1 , for each occurrence, is independently halo, hydroxy, C^. 4 alkyl, C 1-4 alkenyl, C 1-4 alkynyl, C 1-4 alkoxy, cyclobutyloxy, oxetan-3-yloxy, amino, N-C^ 4 alkylamino, N,N-di-(C 1-4 alkyl)amino, N-C^alkylcarbamoyl, piperazinyl, piperidinyl, phenyl, or pyridinyl, wherein R 1 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R 13 ; and wherein when R 1 is piperazinyl or piperidinyl, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 22 ; or two R 1 on the same carbon atom together with the carbon atom to which they are attached may form a spiro C 3 . 8 carbocyclyl. In one aspect of this embodiment, R 13 , for each occurrence, is independently halo, hydroxy, carboxy, C 1-4 alkyl, C 1-4 alkoxy, amino, N-C^alkylamino, N,N-di-(C 1-4 alkyl)amino, wherein R 13 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R 17 . In another aspect of this embodiment, R 17 , for each occurrence, is independently halo. In another aspect of this embodiment, R 22 , for each occurrence, is independently a C 1-4 alkyl.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (IV), (IVa), or (IVb), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, X 5 is N and X 6 is CH.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (IV), (IVa), or (IVb), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, X 5 is CH and X 6 is N.

In another embodiment, the compounds of Formula (I) are represented by Formula (V), or

(V)

wherein R 1a , R 19 , L 1 and Q are defined as for Formula (I).

In another embodiment, the compounds of Formula (I) are represented by Formula (Va), or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof:

(Va)

wherein " * " indicates a carbon where the sulfamoyl group may be attached; and R 1a , R 19 , R 3 and X 4 are defined as for Formula (I).

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (Va), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, X 4 is -0-.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (Va), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, X 4 is -NR 4 -. In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (Va), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 4 is hydrogen.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (Va), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 4 is a C 1-4 alkyl.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (Va), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 3 is C 1-4 alkyl or phenyl.

In another embodiment, the compounds of Formula (I) are represented by Formula

(Vb)

wherein " * " indicates a carbon where the sulfamoyl group may be attached; and R 1a , R 18 and R 19 are defined as for Formula (I).

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (Vb), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 18 is isopropyl, t-butyl, methoxymethyl, cyclohexyl, or phenyl.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (Vb), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 1a is phenyl, phenylamino, thiazolyl, pyridinyl, pyridinylamino, 2,3-dihydrobenzo[b][1 ,4]dioxinyl, benzo[c][1 ,2,5]oxadiazolyl, wherein R 1a may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R 13 . In one aspect of this embodiment, R 13 , for each occurrence, is independently halo, cyano, nitro, hydroxy, carboxy, C 1-4 alkyl, C^alkoxy, N.N-di- C^ 4 alkyl)amino, phenoxy, C^alkanoyl, C^alkylamido, C 1- alkylsulfonyl, sulfamoyl, piperazinyl, morpholinyl, pyrazolyl, wherein R 13 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R 17 ; and wherein when R 13 is piperazinyl, morpholinyl, or pyrazolyl, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 20 . In another aspect of this embodiment, R 17 , for each occurrence, is independently hydroxy, or piperazinyl, wherein when R 17 is piperazinyl, the hydrogen of each -NH- group of the piperazinyl may be optionally replaced with an independently selected C 1-4 alkyl. In another aspect of this embodiment, R 20 is a C 1-4 alkyl.

In another embodiment of the compounds of Formula (Vb), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, R 19 is hydrogen.

The compounds of the present invention are useful as both prophylactic and therapeutic treatments for diseases or conditions related to the inhibition of ACC, preferably ACC2.

Thus, as a further aspect, the invention relates to a method for treating a disease or condition related to the inhibition of ACC, preferably ACC2, comprising administration of an effective therapeutic amount of a compound of formula (I), (II), (lla) (lib), (III), (Ilia), (1Mb), (IV), (IVa), (IVb), (V), (Va), or (Vb), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

Compounds of formula (I), (II), (lla) (Mb), (III), (Ilia), (1Mb), (IV), (IVa), (IVb), (V), (Va), or (Vb), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, may be useful in the treatment of metabolic disorders, or conditions, metabolic acidosis or ketosis, reactive hypoglycaemia, hyperinsulinaemia, glucose metabolic disorder, insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome, dyslipidaemias of different origins, atherosclerosis and related diseases, obesity, hypertension, chronic heart failure, edema and hyperuricaemia.

Compounds of formula (I), (II), (lla) (Mb), (III), (Ilia), (1Mb), (IV), (IVa), (IVb), (V), (Va), or (Vb), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, may, for example, be used to treat various diseases or disorders such as type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, idiopathic type 1 diabetes, latent autoimmune diabetes in adults, early- onset type 2 diabetes, youth-onset atypical diabetes, maturity onset diabetes of the young, malnutrition-related diabetes and gestational diabetes, coronary heart disease, ischemic stroke, restenosis after angioplasty, peripheral vascular disease, arterial occlusive disease, intermittent claudication, myocardial infarction, dyslipidemia, mixed dyslipidemia, post-prandial lipemia, conditions of impaired glucose tolerance, conditions of impaired fasting plasma glucose, metabolic acidosis, ketosis, arthritis, osteoporosis, diabetic hypertension, familial chylomicromia syndrome, congestive heart failure, left ventricular hypertrophy, peripheral arterial disease, diabetic retinopathy, other ophthalmic complications of diabetes, macular degeneration, cataract, diabetic nephropathy, diabetic foot ulcer, glomerulosclerosis, chronic renal failure, diabetic neuropathy, peripheral angiopathy, peripheral angiopathy gangrene, microangiopathic changes that result in amputation, cancer, cancer deaths, metabolic syndrome, syndrome X, Reaven syndrome, coronary heart disease, other acute and subacute forms of coronary ischemia, angina pectoris, thrombosis, atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction, transient ischemic attacks, stroke, vascular restenosis, hypoglycemia, hyperglycemia, hyperuricemia, hyperinsulinemia, hyperlipidemia, hypertryglyceridemia, hypercholesterolemia, high blood pressure, excessive cardiovascular morbidity, and cardiosvascular mortality in diabetics, elevated non-HDL cholesterol, decreased HDL cholesterol, elevated triglycerides, low high density lipoprotein, high low density lipoprotein, pancreatitis, insulin resistance, impaired glucose metabolism, conditions of impaired glucose tolerance, obesity, central obesity, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, erectile dysfunction, skin and connective tissue disorders, foot ulcerations and ulcerative colitis, endothelial dysfunction and impaired vascular compliance, conditions

characterized by low bone mass (e.g. osteopenia, osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, periodontal disease, alveolar bone loss, osteotomy loss, childhood idiopathic bone loss, Paget's disease, bone loss due to metastatic cancer, osteolytic lesions, curvature of the spine, and loss of height), neurodegenerative disease, neurological disorders, seizure, peripheral sensory neuropathy, lipid disorders, cognitive impairment (learning and memory conditions) and dementia.

It is also well-established that metabolic diseases exert a negative influence on other physiological systems. Thus, there is often the codevelopment of multiple disease states (e.g. type I diabetes, type II diabetes, inadequate glucose tolerance, insulin resistance, hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, hypertriglyceridemia, hypercholesterolemia, dyslipidemia, obesity or cardiovascular disease in "Syndrome X") or secondary diseases which clearly occur secondary to diabetes (e.g. kidney disease, peripheral neuropathy). Thus, it is expected that effective treatment of the diabetic condition will in turn be of benefit to such interconnected disease states.

In one embodiment, compounds of formula (I), (II), (lla) (Mb), (III), (Ilia), (1Mb), (IV), (IVa), (IVb), (V), (Va), or (Vb), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, may be useful for treating a disorder selected from type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus, or complications of diabetes.

In another embodiment, the invention provides a method for treating a metabolic syndrome, such as Syndrome X, diabetes, insulin resistance, decreased glucose tolerance, non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, Type II diabetes, Type I diabetes, diabetic complications, body weight disorders, or leptin related diseases, comprising administering to a mammal in need thereof a therapeutically effective amount of a compound according to formula (I), (II), (Ma) (lib), (III), (Ilia), (lllb), (IV), (IVa), (IVb), (V), (Va), or (Vb), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. In another embodiment, the metabolic syndrome is dyslipidemia, obesity, insulin resistance, hypertension, microalbuminemia, hyperuricaemia, or hypercoagulability.

In another embodiment, the invention provides a method for treating insulin resistance, decreased glucose tolerance, non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, Type II diabetes, or Type I diabetes, comprising administering to a mammal in need thereof a therapeutically effective amount of a compound according to formula (I), (II), (lla) (Mb), (III), (Ilia), (lllb), (IV), (IVa), (IVb), (V), (Va), or (Vb),or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In another embodiment, the invention provides a method for treating a bodyweight disorder such as obesity, overweight, cachexia or anorexia, comprising administering to a mammal in need thereof a therapeutically effective amount of a compound according to formula (I), (II), (lla) (lib), (III), (Ilia), (lllb), (IV), (IVa), (IVb), (V), (Va), or (Vb),or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

Compounds of formula (I), (II), (lla) (Mb), (III), (Ilia), (lllb), (IV), (IVa), (IVb), (V), (Va), or (Vb),or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, may be also suitable for preventing beta-cell degeneration such as apoptosis or necrosis of pancreatic beta cells, for improving or restoring the functionality of pancreatic cells, increasing the number and size of pancreatic beta cells, for use as diuretics or antihypertensives and for the prevention and treatment of acute renal failure.

In one embodiment, the invention provides a method of treating an HCV- associated disorder comprising administering to a subject in need thereof a

therapeutically effective amount of a compound of the invention, e.g., a compound of any one according to Formula (I), (II), (lla) (Mb), (III), (Ilia), (lllb), (IV), (IVa), (IVb), (V), (Va), or (Vb), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, such that the HCV- associated disorder is treated.

In another embodiment, the invention provides a method of inhibiting or preventing the activity of HCV in a subject in need thereof, comprising administering to the subject a therapeutically effective amount of a compound according to any one of Formula (I), (II), (lla) (lib), (III), (Ilia), (lllb), (IV), (IVa), (IVb), (V), (Va), or (Vb), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. In one embodiment, the compounds of the invention inhibit the activity of the ACC1 , ACC2 or both ACC1 and ACC2.

In another embodiment, the invention provides a method of decreasing the HCV RNA load in a subject in need thereof comprising administering to the subject a therapeutically effective amount of a compound according to any one of Formula (I), (II), (lla) (Mb), (III), (Ilia), (lllb), (IV), (IVa), (IVb), (V), (Va), or (Vb), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In still another embodiment, the invention provides a method of treating an HCV- associated disorder comprising administering to a subject in need thereof a

therapeutically effective amount of a compound according to any one of Formula (I), (II), (lla) (Mb), (III), (Ilia), (lllb), (IV), (IVa), (IVb), (V), (Va), or (Vb), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, in combination with a pharmaceutically effective amount of an additional HCV-modulating compound, such as interferon or derivatized interferon, or a cytochrome P450 monooxygenase inhibitor, such that the HCV-associated disorder is treated. In one embodiment, the additional HCV-modulating compound is selected from the group consisting of DEB025 (i.e., alisporivir, Novartis), NIM81 1 , ITMN 191 , MK-7009, TMC 435350, Sch 503034 and VX-950 (i.e., telaprevir, Vertex Pharmaceuticals).

In another embodiment, the invention provides a method of inhibiting hepatitis C virus replication in a cell, comprising contacting said cell with a compound according to any one of Formula (I), (II), (lla) (Mb), (III), (Ilia), (lllb), (IV), (IVa), (IVb), (V), (Va), or (Vb), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In yet another embodiment, the invention provides a packaged HCV-associated disorder treatment, comprising an HCV-modulating compound according to any one of Formula (I), (II), (lla) (lib), (III), (Ilia), (lllb), (IV), (IVa), (IVb), (V), (Va), or (Vb), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, packaged with instructions for using an effective amount of the HCV-modulating compound to treat an HCV-associated disorder.

In certain embodiments, the HCV-associated disorder is selected from the group consisting of HCV infection, liver cirrhosis, chronic liver disease, hepatocellular carcinoma, cryoglobulinaemia, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, liver fibrosis and a suppressed innate intracellular immune response.

In another embodiment, the invention provides a method of treating HCV infection, liver cirrhosis, chronic liver disease, hepatocellular carcinoma,

cryoglobulinaemia, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, liver fibrosis or a suppressed innate intracellular immune response in a subject in need thereof comprising administering to the subject a thereapeutically effective amount of a compound according to any one of Formula (I), (II), (Ma) (lib), (III), (Ilia), (lllb), (IV), (IVa), (IVb), (V), (Va), or (Vb), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

In one embodiment, the HCV to be treated is selected of any HCV genotype. In another embodiment, the HCV is selected from HCV genotype 1 , 2, 3, and/or 4.

As the product of the ACC reaction, malonyl CoA, is a substrate for FAS, and it is expected that inhibition of ACC will result in either, the selective destruction of, or a reduction in proliferation of, cancerous cells, particularly tumors containing cells overexpressing FAS or ACC, including prostate and breast cancers. Thus, in another embodiment, the invention provides a method of treating cancer in a subject in need thereof comprising administering to the subject a thereapeutically effective amount of a compound according to any one of Formula (I), (II), (Ma) (lib), (III), (Ilia), (lllb), (IV), (IVa), (IVb), (V), (Va), or (Vb), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

A compound of formula (I), (II), (lla) (Mb), (III), (Ilia), (lllb), (IV), (IVa), (IVb), (V), (Va), or (Vb), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, may be usefully combined with another pharmacologically active compound, or with two or more other

pharmacologically active compounds, for use in therapy. For example, a compound of the formula (I), (II), (lla) (Mb), (III), (Ilia), (lllb), (IV), (IVa), (IVb), (V), (Va), or (Vb), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, may be administered simultaneously, sequentially or separately in combination with one or more agents for the treatment of disorders previously listed.

In one embodiment, the other therapeutic agent is another anti-obesity agents, anorectic agents, appetite suppressant and related agents. Diet and/or exercise can also have synergistic effects. Anti-obesity agents include, but are not limited to, apolipoprotein-B secretion/microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (apo-B/MTP) inhibitors, MCR-4 agonists, cholescystokinin-A (CCK-A) agonists, serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (for example, sibutramine), sympathomimetic agents, β3 adrenergic receptor agonists, dopamine agonists (for example, bromocriptine), melanocyte-stimulating hormone receptor analogs, cannabinoid 1 receptor antagonists [for example, compounds described in WO2006/047516), melanin concentrating hormone antagonists, leptons (the OB protein), leptin analogues, leptin receptor agonists, galanin antagonists, lipase inhibitors (such as tetrahydrolipstatin, i.e., Orlistat), anorectic agents (such as a bombesin agonist), Neuropeptide-Y antagonists, thyromimetic agents, dehydroepiandrosterone or an analogue thereof, glucocorticoid receptor agonists or antagonists, orexin receptor antagonists, urocortin binding protein antagonists, glucagon-like peptide- 1 receptor agonists, ciliary neutrotrophic factors (such as Axokine™), human agouti-related proteins (AGRP), ghrelin receptor antagonists, histamine 3 receptor antagonists or reverse agonists, neuromedin U receptor agonists, noradrenergic anorectic agents (for example, phentermine, mazindol and the like) and appetite suppressants (for example, bupropion).

Where compounds of the invention are administered in conjunction with other therapies, dosages of the co-administered compounds will of course vary depending on the type of co-drug employed, on the specific drug employed, on the condition being treated and so forth. A combined preparation or pharmaceutical composition can comprise a compound of the invention as defined above or a pharmaceutical acceptable salt thereof and at least one additional active ingredient selected from:

a) anti-diabetic agents such as insulin, insulin derivatives and mimetics; insulin secretagogues such as the sulfonylureas, e.g., Glipizide, glyburide and Amaryl;

insulinotropic sulfonylurea receptor ligands such as meglitinides, e.g., nateglinide and repaglinide; insulin sensitizer such as protein tyrosine phosphatase-1 B (PTP-1 B) inhibitors such as PTP-1 12; GSK3 (glycogen synthase kinase-3) inhibitors such as SB- 517955, SB-4195052, SB-216763, NN-57-05441 and NN-57-05445; cholesterylester transfer protein inhibitors (CETP inhibitors); RXR ligands such as GW-0791 and AGN- 194204; sodium-dependent glucose co-transporter inhibitors such as T-1095; glycogen phosphorylase A inhibitors such as BAY R3401 ; biguanides such as metformin; alpha- glucosidase inhibitors such as acarbose; GLP-1 (glucagon like peptide-1 ), GLP-1 analogs such as Exendin-4 and GLP-1 mimetics; DPPIV (dipeptidyl peptidase IV) inhibitors such as DPP728, LAF237 (vildagliptin - Example 1 of WO 00/34241 ), MK- 0431 , saxagliptin, GSK23A ; an AGE breaker; a thiazolidone derivative (glitazone) such as pioglitazone, rosiglitazone, or /?J-1 -{4-[5-methyl-2-(4-trifluoromethyl-phenyl)-oxazol-4- ylmethoxy]-benzenesulfonyl}-2,3-dihydro-1 H-indole-2-carboxylic acid described in the patent application WO 03/043985, as compound 19 of Example 4, a non-glitazone type PPAR gamma agonist e.g. GI-262570; Monoacylglycerol O-acyltransferase 2 inhibitots (MGAT-2) inhibitors; Diacylglycerol acetyltransferase (DGAT) inhibitors such as those disclosed in WO 2005044250, WO 2005013907, WO 2004094618 and WO

2004047755;

b) hypolipidemic agents such as 3-hydroxy-3-methyl-glutaryl coenzyme A (HMG- CoA) reductase inhibitors, e.g., lovastatin and related compounds such as those disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4,231 ,938, pitavastatin, simvastatin and related compounds such as those disclosed in U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,448,784 and 4,450,171 , pravastatin and related compounds such as those disclosed in U.S. Pat. No.4, 346, 227, cerivastatin, mevastatin and related compounds such as those disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 3,983, 140, velostatin, fluvastatin, dalvastatin, atorvastatin, rosuvastatin and related statin compounds disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 5,753,675, rivastatin, pyrazole analogs of mevalonolactone derivatives as disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4,613,610, indene analogs of mevalonolactone derivatives as disclosed in PCT application WO 86/03488, 6-[2- (substituted-pyrrol-1 -yl)-alkyl)pyran-2-ones and derivatives thereof as disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4,647,576, Searle's SC-45355 (a 3- substituted pentanedioic acid derivative) dichloroacetate, imidazole analogs of mevalonolactone as disclosed in PCT application WO 86/07054, 3- carboxy-2- hydroxy-propane-phosphonic acid derivatives as disclosed in French Patent No. 2,596,393, 2,3-disubstituted pyrrole, furan and thiophene derivatives as disclosed in European Patent Application No. 0221025, naphthyl analogs of mevalonolactone as disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4,686,237, octahydronaphthalenes such as disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 4, 499,289, keto analogs of mevinolin (lovastatin) as disclosed in European Patent Application No.0, 142, 146 A2, and quinoline and pyridine derivatives disclosed in U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,506,219 and 5,691 ,322. In addition, phosphinic acid compounds useful in inhibiting HMG CoA reductase suitable for use herein are disclosed in GB 2205837; squalene synthase inhibitors; FXR (farnesoid X receptor) and LXR (liver X receptor) ligands; cholestyramine; fibrates; nicotinic acid and aspirin;

c) an anti-obesity agent or appetite regulating agent such as a CB1 activity modulator, melanocortin receptor (MC4R) agonists, melanin-concentrating hormone receptor (MCHR) antagonists, growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHSR) antagonists, galanin receptor modulators, orexin antagonists, CCK agonists, GLP-1 agonists, and other Pre-proglucagon-derived peptides; NPY1 or NPY5 antagonsist, NPY2 and NPY4 modulators, corticotropin releasing factor agonists, histamine receptor- 3 (H3) modulators, aP2 inhibitors, PPAR gamma modulators, PPAR delta modulators, acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) inihibitors, Ι Ι -β-HSD-l inhibitors, adinopectin receptor modulators; beta 3 adrenergic agonists, such as AJ9677 (Takeda/Dainippon), L750355 (Merck), or CP331648 (Pfizer) or other known beta 3 agonists as disclosed in U.S. Pat. Nos. 5,541 ,204, 5,770,615, 5, 491 ,134, 5,776,983 and 5,488,064, a thyroid receptor beta modulator, such as a thyroid receptor ligand as disclosed in WO 97/21993 (U. Cal SF), WO 99/00353 (KaroBio) and GB98/284425 (KaroBio), a SCD-1 inhibitor as disclosed in WO200501 1655, a lipase inhibitor, such as orlistat or ATL-962 (Alizyme), serotonin receptor agonists, (e.g., BVT- 933 (Biovitrum)), monoamine reuptake inhibitors or releasing agents, such as fenfluramine, dexfenfluramine, fluvoxamine, fluoxetine, paroxetine, sertraline, chlorphentermine, cloforex, clortermine, picilorex, sibutramine, dexamphetamine, phentermine, phenylpropanolamine or mazindol, anorectic agents such as topiramate (Johnson & Johnson), CNTF (ciliary neurotrophic factor)/Axokine® (Regeneron), BDNF (brain-derived neurotrophic factor), leptin and leptin receptor modulators, phentermine, leptin, bromocriptine, dexamphetamine, amphetamine, fenfluramine, dexfenfluramine, sibutramine, orlistat, dexfenfluramine, mazindol, phentermine, phendimetrazine, diethylpropion, fluoxetine, bupropion, topiramate, diethylpropion, benzphetamine, phenylpropanolamine or ecopipam, ephedrine, pseudoephedrine;

d) anti-hypertensive agents such as loop diuretics such as ethacrynic acid, furosemide and torsemide; diuretics such as thiazide derivatives, chlorithiazide, hydrochlorothiazide, amiloride; angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors such as benazepril, captopril, enalapril, fosinopril, lisinopril, moexipril, perinodopril, quinapril, ramipril and trandolapril; inhibitors of the Na-K-ATPase membrane pump such as digoxin; neutralendopeptidase (NEP) inhibitors e.g. thiorphan, terteo-thiorphan,

SQ29072; ECE inhibitors e.g. SLV306; ACE/NEP inhibitors such as omapatrilat, sampatrilat and fasidotril; angiotensin II antagonists such as candesartan, eprosartan, irbesartan, losartan, telmisartan and valsartan, in particular valsartan; renin inhibitors such as aliskiren, terlakiren, ditekiren, RO 66-1 132, RO-66-1 168; beta-adrenergic receptor blockers such as acebutolol, atenolol, betaxolol, bisoprolol, metoprolol, nadolol, propranolol, sotalol and timolol; inotropic agents such as digoxin, dobutamine and milrinone; calcium channel blockers such as amlodipine, bepridil, diltiazem, felodipine, nicardipine, nimodipine, nifedipine, nisoldipine and verapamil; aldosterone receptor antagonists; aldosterone synthase inhibitors; and dual ET/AII antagonist such as those disclosed in WO 00/01389;

e) a HDL increasing compound, such as niacin, fibrates (e.g., Lopid, others) and statins;

f) Cholesterol absorption modulator such as Zetia® and KT6-971 ;

g) Apo-A1 analogues and mimetics;

h) thrombin inhibitors such as Ximelagatran;

i) aldosterone inhibitors such as anastrazole, fadrazole, eplerenone; j) Inhibitors of platelet aggregation such as aspirin, clopidogrel bisulfate;

k) estrogen, testosterone, a selective estrogen receptor modulator, a selective androgen receptor modulator;

I) a chemotherapeutic agent such as aromatase inhibitors e.g. femara, anti- estrogens, topoisomerase I inhibitors, topoisomerase II inhibitors, microtubule active agents, alkylating agents, antineoplastic antimetabolites, platin compounds, compounds decreasing the protein kinase activity such as a PDGF receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor preferably Imatinib ( { N-{5-[4-(4-methyl-piperazino-methyl)-benzoylamido]-2- methylphenyl}-4-(3-pyridyl)-2-pyrimidine-amine }) described in the European patent application EP-A-0 564 409 as example 21 or 4-Methyl-N-[3-(4-methyl-imidazol-1 -yl)-5- trifluoromethyl-phenyl]-3-(4-pyridin-3-yl-pyrimidin-2-ylamin o)-benzamide described in the patent application WO 04/005281 as example 92;

m) an agent interacting with a 5-HT 3 receptor and/or an agent interacting with 5- HT 4 receptor such as tegaserod described in the US patent No. 5510353 as example 13, tegaserod hydrogen maleate, cisapride, cilansetron;

n) an agent for treating tobacco abuse, e.g., nicotine receptor partial agonists, bupropion hypochloride (also known under the tradename Zyban®) and nicotine replacement therapies;

o) an agent for treating erectile dysfunction, e.g., dopaminergic agents, such as apomorphine), ADD/ADHD agents (e.g., Ritalin®, Strattera®, Concerta® and Adderall®); p) an agent for treating alcoholism, such as opioid antagonists (e.g., naltrexone (also known under the tradename ReVia®) and nalmefene), disulfiram (also known under the tradename Antabuse®), and acamprosate (also known under the tradename Campral®)). In addition, agents for reducing alcohol withdrawal symptoms may also be co-administered, such as benzodiazepines, beta- blockers, clonidine, carbamazepine, pregabalin, and gabapentin (Neurontin®);

q) other agents that are useful including anti-inflammatory agents (e.g., COX-2 inhibitors) ; antidepressants (e.g., fluoxetine hydrochloride (Prozac®)); cognitive improvement agents (e.g., donepezil hydrochloride (Aircept®) and other

acetylcholinesterase inhibitors); neuroprotective agents (e.g., memantine) ; antipsychotic medications (e.g., ziprasidone (Geodon®), risperidone (Risperdal®), and olanzapine (Zyprexa®));

or, in each case a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof; and optionally a

pharmaceutically acceptable carrier. In one embodiment, the other therapeutic agent is selected from DPP4 inhibitors, renin inhibitors, angiotensin 2 receptor blockers, HMG-co-A reductase inhibitors, GLP mimetics, PPAR-agonists, beta-2 angiotensin receptor blockers, ACE inhibitors, niacin, glyburide, exendin, metformin and diuretics.

Such combinations may offer significant advantages, including synergistic activity, in therapy.

In another embodiment, the therapy is the treatment of a viral infection or disease associated with viral infection or HCV associated disease. Products provided as a combined preparation include a composition comprising the compound of formula (I) and the other therapeutic agent(s) together in the same pharmaceutical composition, or the compound of formula (I) and the other therapeutic agent(s) in separate form, e.g. in the form of a kit.

In one embodiment, the other therapeutic agent is selected from second therapeutic agents that are active against viruses and, in particular, against HCV. The compound and agent may be administered in a single or separate formulations. Agents active against HCV include, but are not limited to, interferon-a, pegylated interferon-a (peginterferon-a), albinterferon-a2b (alblFN, Novartis/Human Genome Science), PEG- Interferon lambda (BMS/ZymoGenetics), ribavirin, levovirin, viramidine, a combination of interferon-a and ribavirin, a combination of peginterferon-a and ribavirin, a combination of alblFN and ribavirin, a combination of interferon-α and levovirin, a combination of peginterferon-a and levovirin, and a combination of alblFN and levovirin. Interferon-a includes, but is not limited to, recombinant interferon-a2a (such as ROFERON interferon available from Hoffman-LaRoche, Nutley, NJ), interferon-a2b (such as Intron-A interferon available from Merck & Co., Kenilworth, New Jersey, USA), a consensus interferon, and a purified interferon-a product. Pegylated interferon-a includes, but is not limited to, PEG IFN-a2a (such as Pegsys available from Hoffman-LaRoche, Nutley, NJ), PEG IFN-a2b (such as Peglntron available from Schering Corp., Kenilworth, New Jersey, USA), For a discussion of ribavirin and its activity against HCV, see J.O.

Saunders and S.A. Raybuck, "Inosine Monophosphate Dehydrogenase: Consideration of Structure, Kinetics and Therapeutic Potential," Ann. Rep. Med. Chem. , 35:201 -210 (2000).

The agents active against hepatitis C virus also include agents that inhibit HCV NS2 or NS3 proteases, HCV NS5B polymerase, HCV NS5A protein, HCV NS3 helicase, HCV NS4B protein, HCV p7 protein, HCV NS4A protein, HCV IRES and protein translation, HCV entry, HCV assembly, HCV egress, and inosine 5'-monophosphate dehydrogenase, cyclophilins or other host factors that are required for HCV replication. Still other compounds include those disclosed in WO 2004/014313 and WO

2004/014852 and in the references cited therein.

Specific antiviral agents include BI-201335 (Boehringer Ingelheim), telaprevir (Vertex), VX-813 (Vertex), VX-500 (Vertex), boceprevir (Schering-Plough), Sch 900518 (Schering-Plough), ITMN-191/R7227 (Intermune/Roche), ITMN-5489 (Intermune), MK-7009 (Merck), TMC435 (Tibotec), BMS-650032 (Bristol-Myers-Squibb), PHX1766 (Phenomix), GS-9256 (Gilead), VCH-916 (Vertex), VCH-759 (Vertex), VCH-222/VX-222 (Vertex), ABT-333 (Abbott), ANA-598 (Anadys), PF-868,554 (Pfizer), MK-3281 (Merck), PSI-7851 (Pharmasset), R7128 (Pharmasset/Roche), R1626 (Roche), GS9190 (Gilead), BI-207127 (Boehringer Ingelheim), JTK-652 (Japan Tobacco Inc.), IDX375 (Idenix), Valopicitabine/NM283 (Idenix), IDX-184 (Idenix), AZD2836/A-831 (Arrow/AstraZeneca), AZD7295/A-689 (Arrow/AstraZeneca), BMS-790052 (Bristol-Myers-Squibb), PPI-461 (Presidio), EDP-239 (Enanta), Ceplene (Maxim Pharmaceuticals), Civacir (Nabi Biopharmaceuticals Inc, VX-497 (Vertex Pharmaceuticals Inc.), XTL-002 (XTL

Biopharmaceuticals), isatoribine and its prodrugs ANA971 ,ANA975 and ANA773 (Anadys), NIM81 1 (Novartis), DEB025 (DebioPharm/Novartis), SCY-635 (Scynexis), nitazoxanide (Romark), IDN-6556 (Idun Pharmaceuticals), IP-501 (Indevus

Pharmaceuticals), and ISIS 14803 (ISIS Pharmaceuticals Inc.).

In some embodiments, the compositions and methods of the present invention contain a compound of the invention and interferon. In some aspects, the interferon is selected from the group consisting of interferon alpha 2B, pegylated interferon alpha, consensus interferon, interferon alpha 2A, and lymphoblastoid interferon tau.

In other embodiments the compositions and methods of the present invention contain a compound of the invention and a compound having anti-HCV activity is selected from the group consisting of interleukin 2, interleukin 6, interleukin 12, a compound that enhances the development of a type 1 helper T cell response, interfering RNA, anti-sense RNA, Imiquimod, ribavirin, an inosine 5'-monophospate dehydrogenase inhibitor, amantadine, and rimantadine.

In still other embodiments, the compound having anti-HCV activity is Ribavirin, levovirin, viramidine, thymosin alpha-1 , an inhibitor of NS3 serine protease, and inhibitor of inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase, interferon-alpha, or pegylated

interferon-alpha alone or in combination with Ribavirin or viramidine. In another embodiments, the compound having anti-HCV activity is said agent active against HCV is interferon-alpha or pegylated interferon-alpha alone or in combination with Ribavirin or viramidine.

The present invention is also in relation to a pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound of formula (I), (II), (lla) (lib), (III), (Ilia), (1Mb), (IV), (IVa), (IVb), (V), (Va), or (Vb), or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and pharmaceutically acceptable excipients.

The pharmaceutical composition can be formulated for particular routes of administration such as oral administration, parenteral administration, and rectal administration, etc. In addition, the pharmaceutical compositions of the present invention can be made up in a solid form including capsules, tablets, pills, granules, powders or suppositories, or in a liquid form including solutions, suspensions or emulsions. The pharmaceutical compositions can be subjected to conventional pharmaceutical operations such as sterilization and/or can contain conventional inert diluents, lubricating agents, or buffering agents, as well as adjuvants, such as preservatives, stabilizers, wetting agents, emulsifers and buffers etc.

Typically, the pharmaceutical compositions are tablets and gelatin capsules comprising the active ingredient together with

a) diluents, e.g., lactose, dextrose, sucrose, mannitol, sorbitol, cellulose and/or glycine;

b) lubricants, e.g., silica, talcum, stearic acid, its magnesium or calcium salt and/or polyethyleneglycol; for tablets also

c) binders, e.g., magnesium aluminum silicate, starch paste, gelatin, tragacanth, methylcellulose, sodium carboxymethylcellulose and/or polyvinylpyrrolidone; if desired d) disintegrants, e.g., starches, agar, alginic acid or its sodium salt, or effervescent mixtures; and/or

e) absorbents, colorants, flavors and sweeteners.

Tablets may be either film coated or enteric coated according to methods known in the art.

Suitable compositions for oral administration include an effective amount of a compound of the invention in the form of tablets, lozenges, aqueous or oily suspensions, dispersible powders or granules, emulsion, hard or soft capsules, or syrups or elixirs. Compositions intended for oral use are prepared according to any method known in the art for the manufacture of pharmaceutical compositions and such compositions can contain one or more agents selected from the group consisting of sweetening agents, flavoring agents, coloring agents and preserving agents in order to provide

pharmaceutically elegant and palatable preparations. Tablets contain the active ingredient in admixture with nontoxic pharmaceutically acceptable excipients which are suitable for the manufacture of tablets. These excipients are, for example, inert diluents, such as calcium carbonate, sodium carbonate, lactose, calcium phosphate or sodium phosphate; granulating and disintegrating agents, for example, corn starch, or alginic acid; binding agents, for example, starch, gelatin or acacia; and lubricating agents, for example magnesium stearate, stearic acid or talc. The tablets are uncoated or coated by known techniques to delay disintegration and absorption in the gastrointestinal tract and thereby provide a sustained action over a longer period. For example, a time delay material such as glyceryl monostearate or glyceryl distearate can be employed.

Formulations for oral use can be presented as hard gelatin capsules wherein the active ingredient is mixed with an inert solid diluent, for example, calcium carbonate, calcium phosphate or kaolin, or as soft gelatin capsules wherein the active ingredient is mixed with water or an oil medium, for example, peanut oil, liquid paraffin or olive oil.

Certain injectable compositions are aqueous isotonic solutions or suspensions, and suppositories are advantageously prepared from fatty emulsions or suspensions. Said compositions may be sterilized and/or contain adjuvants, such as preserving, stabilizing, wetting or emulsifying agents, solution promoters, salts for regulating the osmotic pressure and/or buffers. In addition, they may also contain other therapeutically valuable substances. Said compositions are prepared according to conventional mixing, granulating or coating methods, respectively, and contain about 0.1-75%, or contain about 1 -50%, of the active ingredient.

Suitable compositions for transdermal application include an effective amount of a compound of the invention with carrier. Carriers include absorbable pharmacologically acceptable solvents to assist passage through the skin of the host. For example, transdermal devices are in the form of a bandage comprising a backing member, a reservoir containing the compound optionally with carriers, optionally a rate controlling barrier to deliver the compound of the skin of the host at a controlled and predetermined rate over a prolonged period of time, and means to secure the device to the skin.

Suitable compositions for topical application, e.g. , to the skin and eyes, include aqueous solutions, suspensions, ointments, creams, gels or sprayable formulations, e.g. , for delivery by aerosol or the like. Such topical delivery systems will in particular be appropriate for dermal application, e.g., for the treatment of skin cancer, e.g., for prophylactic use in sun creams, lotions, sprays and the like. They are thus particularly suited for use in topical, including cosmetic, formulations well-known in the art. Such may contain solubilizers, stabilizers, tonicity enhancing agents, buffers and

preservatives.

As used herein a topical application may also pertain to an inhalation or to an intranasal application. They are conveniently delivered in the form of a dry powder (either alone, as a mixture, for example a dry blend with lactose, or a mixed component particle, for example with phospholipids) from a dry powder inhaler or an aerosol spray presentation from a pressurised container, pump, spray, atomizer or nebuliser, with or without the use of a suitable propellant.

The present invention further provides anhydrous pharmaceutical compositions and dosage forms comprising the compounds of the present invention as active ingredients, since water may facilitate the degradation of certain compounds.

Anhydrous pharmaceutical compositions and dosage forms of the invention can be prepared using anhydrous or low moisture containing ingredients and low moisture or low humidity conditions. An anhydrous pharmaceutical composition may be prepared and stored such that its anhydrous nature is maintained. Accordingly, anhydrous compositions are preferably packaged using materials known to prevent exposure to water such that they can be included in suitable formulary kits. Examples of suitable packaging include, but are not limited to, hermetically sealed foils, plastics, unit dose containers (e. g., vials), blister packs, and strip packs.

The invention further provides pharmaceutical compositions and dosage forms that comprise one or more agents that reduce the rate by which the compound of the present invention as an active ingredient will decompose. Such agents, which are referred to herein as "stabilizers," include, but are not limited to, antioxidants such as ascorbic acid, pH buffers, or salt buffers, etc.

The pharmaceutical composition or combination of the present invention can be in unit dosage of about 0.1 -1000 mg of active ingredient(s) for a subject of about 50-70 kg, or about 1 -500 mg or about 1 -250 mg or about 1 -150 mg or about 0.5-100 mg, or about 1 -50 mg of active ingredients. The therapeutically effective dosage of a compound, the pharmaceutical composition, or the combinations thereof, is dependent on the species of the subject, the body weight, age and individual condition, the disorder or disease or the severity thereof being treated. A physician, clinician or veterinarian of ordinary skill can readily determine the effective amount of each of the active ingredients necessary to prevent, treat or inhibit the progress of the disorder or disease.

The above-cited dosage properties are demonstrable in vitro and in vivo tests using advantageously mammals, e.g. , mice, rats, dogs, monkeys or isolated organs, tissues and preparations thereof. The compounds of the present invention can be applied in vitro in the form of solutions, e.g., preferably aqueous solutions, and in vivo either enterally, parenterally, advantageously intravenously, e.g., as a suspension or in aqueous solution. The dosage in vitro may range between about 10 "3 molar and 10 "9 molar concentrations. A therapeutically effective amount in vivo may range depending on the route of administration, between about 0.1 -500 mg/kg, or between about 1-100 mg/kg.

GENERAL SYNTHETIC ASPECTS

Within the scope of this text, only a readily removable group that is not a constituent of the particular desired end product of the compounds of the present invention is designated a "protecting group", unless the context indicates otherwise. The protection of functional groups by such protecting groups, the protecting groups themselves, and their cleavage reactions are described for example in standard reference works, such as J. F. W. McOmie, "Protective Groups in Organic Chemistry", Plenum Press, London and New York 1973.

Salts of compounds of the present invention having at least one salt-forming group may be prepared in a manner known per se. For example, salts of compounds of the present invention having acid groups may be formed, for example, by treating the compounds with metal compounds, such as alkali metal salts of suitable organic carboxylic acids, e.g. the sodium salt of 2-ethylhexanoic acid, with organic alkali metal or alkaline earth metal compounds, such as the corresponding hydroxides, carbonates or hydrogen carbonates, such as sodium or potassium hydroxide, carbonate or hydrogen carbonate, with corresponding calcium compounds or with ammonia or a suitable organic amine, stoichiometric amounts or only a small excess of the salt-forming agent preferably being used. Acid addition salts of compounds of the present invention are obtained in customary manner, e.g. by treating the compounds with an acid or a suitable anion exchange reagent. Internal salts of compounds of the present invention containing acid and basic salt-forming groups, e.g. a free carboxy group and a free amino group, may be formed, e.g. by the neutralisation of salts, such as acid addition salts, to the isoelectric point, e.g. with weak bases, or by treatment with ion exchangers.

Salts can be converted in customary manner into the free compounds; metal and ammonium salts can be converted, for example, by treatment with suitable acids, and acid addition salts, for example, by treatment with a suitable basic agent.

Mixtures of isomers obtainable according to the invention can be separated in a manner known per se into the individual isomers; diastereoisomers can be separated, for example, by partitioning between polyphasic solvent mixtures, recrystallisation and/or chromatographic separation, for example over silica gel or by e.g. medium pressure liquid chromatography over a reversed phase column, and racemates can be separated, for example, by the formation of salts with optically pure salt-forming reagents and separation of the mixture of diastereoisomers so obtainable, for example by means of fractional crystallisation, or by chromatography over optically active column materials.

Intermediates and final products can be worked up and/or purified according to standard methods, e.g. using chromatographic methods, distribution methods, (re-) crystallization, and the like.

The following applies in general to all processes mentioned herein before and hereinafter.

All the above-mentioned process steps can be carried out under reaction conditions that are known per se, including those mentioned specifically, in the absence or, customarily, in the presence of solvents or diluents, including, for example, solvents or diluents that are inert towards the reagents used and dissolve them, in the absence or presence of catalysts, condensation or neutralizing agents, for example ion exchangers, such as cation exchangers, e.g. in the H+ form, depending on the nature of the reaction and/or of the reactants at reduced, normal or elevated temperature, for example in a temperature range of from about -100 °C to about 190 °C, including, for example, from approximately -80 °C to approximately 150 °C, for example at from -80 to -60 °C, at room temperature, at from -20 to 40 °C or at reflux temperature, under atmospheric pressure or in a closed vessel, where appropriate under pressure, and/or in an inert atmosphere, for example under an argon or nitrogen atmosphere.

At all stages of the reactions, mixtures of isomers that are formed can be separated into the individual isomers, for example diastereoisomers or enantiomers, or into any desired mixtures of isomers, for example racemates or mixtures of

diastereoisomers. The solvents from which those solvents that are suitable for any particular reaction may be selected include those mentioned specifically or, for example, water, esters, such as lower alkyl-lower alkanoates, for example ethyl acetate, ethers, such as aliphatic ethers, for example diethyl ether, or cyclic ethers, for example tetrahydrofuran or dioxane, liquid aromatic hydrocarbons, such as benzene or toluene, alcohols, such as methanol, ethanol or 1 - or 2-propanol, nitriles, such as acetonitrile, halogenated hydrocarbons, such as methylene chloride or chloroform, acid amides, such as dimethylformamide or dimethyl acetamide, bases, such as heterocyclic nitrogen bases, for example pyridine or A/-methylpyrrolidin-2-one, carboxylic acid anhydrides, such as lower alkanoic acid anhydrides, for example acetic anhydride, cyclic, linear or branched hydrocarbons, such as cyclohexane, hexane or isopentane, methycyclohexane, or mixtures of those solvents, for example aqueous solutions, unless otherwise indicated in the description of the processes. Such solvent mixtures may also be used in working up, for example by chromatography or partitioning.

The compounds, including their salts, may also be obtained in the form of hydrates, or their crystals may, for example, include the solvent used for crystallization. Different crystalline forms may be present.

The invention relates also to those forms of the process in which a compound obtainable as an intermediate at any stage of the process is used as starting material and the remaining process steps are carried out, or in which a starting material is formed under the reaction conditions or is used in the form of a derivative, for example in a protected form or in the form of a salt, or a compound obtainable by the process according to the invention is produced under the process conditions and processed further in situ.

In general, starting materials, building blocks, reagents, acids, bases, dehydrating agents, solvents and catalysts utilized to synthesize the compounds of the present invention are either commercially available or can be produced by organic synthesis methods known to one of ordinary skill in the art (Houben-Weyl 4 th Ed. 1952, Methods of Organic Synthesis, Thieme, Volume 21).

Typically, the compounds of formula (I), (II), (Ma) (lib), (III), (Ilia), (1Mb), (IV), (IVa), (IVb), (V), (Va), or (Vb) can be prepared according to the Schemes provided infra.

Method of Preparation The invention provides, in another aspect, a process for preparing a compound of formula (I). The schemes detailed below show general schemes for synthesizing compounds of formula (I). In the reactions described in the schemes herein below, any reactive group present, such as hydroxyl, amino, carbonyl or imino groups may be protected during the reaction by conventional protecting groups such as trimethylsilyl, tert-butyldimethylsilyl, benzyl, acetal, ketal etc., which are cleaved again after the reaction.

The following schemes represent general procedures used to synthesize compounds in this application. Unless otherwise stated, the variables in the schemes below are as defined above for Formulas (I), (II), (Ma) (lib), (III), (Ilia), (1Mb), (IV), (IVa), (IVb), (V), (Va), and (Vb).

Scheme A provides a method of preparing compounds of the invention in which L 1 is -S0 2 NH- and Q is -C(0)X 4 -R 3 . In Scheme A, a trans-aminocyclohexane carboxylic acid (i) in which the amino group is protected with an amine protecting group such as a Boc protecting group, is condensed with an amine or alcohol (ii) using standard amide or ester forming conditions to produce an amino-protected trans-aminocyclohexane carboxamide or carboxylic ester (iii). The amine protecting group is removed to provide (iv) which is then condensed with an appropriate sulfonyl chloride (v) in the presense of a base to yield a compound of the invention (l-a). The sulfonyl chloride in this scheme is either commercially available or is prepared from a commercially available sulfonic acid or aniline by methods known in the art.

Scheme A

Wherein Pg is a protecting group.

Scheme B provides an alternative method of preparing compounds of the invention in which L 1 is -S0 2 NH- and and Q is -C(0)X 4 -R 3 . In Scheme B, an appropriate sulfonyl chloride (v) is condensed with a trans-aminocyclohexane carboxylic acid in which the carboxylic acid group is protected (vi) (e.g., as an ester, such as a methyl ester) to form a sulfonamide (vii). The sulfonamide (vii) is treated to remove the carboxylic acid protecting group (for example an ester can be treated with a base) to form a carboxylic acid (viii). The carboxylic acid (viii) is then condensed with an amine or alcohol (ii) using standard amide or ester forming conditions to form a compound of the invention (l-a).

Scheme B

Wherein Pg is a protecting group.

Scheme 1 illustrates one method for the preparation of a series of benzimidazole derivatives. Scheme 1 is generally applicable when using commercially available benzimidazole sulfonyl chlorides or sulfonic acids or other classes of sulfonic acids or sulfonyl chlorides that may be commercially available.

Examples which contain a free basic NH or a carboxylic acid substituent may be prepared via a protected (e.g., Boc) amine followed by deprotection as a final step, or, respectively, from the corresponding ester followed by ester hydrolysis as a final step. This variation may apply for any of the following general synthetic schemes.

Scheme 1

In the method of Scheme 1 , a Boc-protected trans-aminocyclohexane carboxylic acid (ix) is condensed with an amine using standard amide forming conditions to produce the Boc-protected amino amide (x). Removal of the Boc protecting group, followed by condensation with an appropriate benzimidazole sulfonyl chloride (xii) yields the final product (llla-1). The sulfonyl chloride in this scheme is either commercially available or is prepared from a commercially available sulfonic acid.

In a variation on Scheme 1 , the order of the sequence may be modified as shown below in Scheme 1A:

Scheme 1A

In this modification, the sulfonamide is formed first, followed by ester hydrolysis and carboxamide formation.

Another variation on Scheme 1 is shown below in Scheme 1 B. This variation may be used for the preparation of compounds in which the central saturated ring is replaced by an aromatic ring.

Scheme 1 B

(xii) (xiv) (V-1) Scheme 2 illustrates a method of preparing the benzoimidazole ring from a substituted benzene sulfonyl chloride (xii).

Scheme 2

(llla-1 )

The amino amide (xi) in Scheme 2 may be prepared as illustrated in Scheme 1 .

Condensation of the amine with the commercially available 4-chloro-3-nitrobenzene-1 - sulfonyl chloride is carried out by the method of Scheme 1 . The 4-chloro group is then displaced with m-methoxybenzyl amine followed by CAN-mediated oxidative removal of the p-methoxybenzyl group and reduction of the nitro group to give the diaminobenzene derivative (xviii). This diaminobenzene derivative (xviii) may then be condensed with an aldehyde under oxidative conditions (or with a carboxylic acid, followed by dehydrative cyclizing conditions) to give the substituted benzimidazole derivative (llla-1 ).

N-alkylated benzimidazoles may be prepared as shown in Scheme 3 below.

Scheme 3

This route is similar to Scheme 2 except that the amine (R 19 -NH 2 ) used to displace the chlorine is left in place following the displacement, leading to formation of an alkylated diaminobenzene derivative (xx) that is subsequently condensed with an aldehyde as in Scheme 2.

Scheme 4 may be used to prepare benzimidazole derivatives in which R 1b is an alkylamino or arylamino.

Scheme 4

Wherein R 12 is C^yalkylamino, C 6 _ 10 arylamino, (3- to 10-membered heterocyclyl)

or (5- to 10-membered heteroaryl)amino. In Scheme 4, the diaminobenzene derivative (xviii) (as prepared according to Scheme 2) is condensed with an isothiocyanate to form the substituted aminobenzimidazole Formula (llla-3).

Following the procedure outlined in Scheme 3, the procedure of Scheme 4 may also be used to produce benzimidazole derivatives substituted on the benzimidazole nitrogen as shown in Scheme 4A.

Scheme 4A

Scheme 5 can be used for the preparation of ester derivatives.

Scheme 5

(xxi) ci^^ (xxii)

BnNH,

H (xxiii) (xxiv)

The amino ester (xxi) used in the first step may be purchased (either as the free amine or as the Boc-protected derivative) or may be prepared from the Boc-protected amine using standard methods for the preparation of esters. A variation of Scheme 5 is shown in Scheme 5A and may be used for the preparation of ester derivatives of benzimidazoles with NH-R 12 in the 2-position: Scheme 5A

xx v

Derivatives in which group Q is an oxadiazole are prepared according to Scheme 6. Scheme 6

(ix) (xxvi) (xxvii)

Scheme 6 is similar to the previous schemes except for the formation of the oxadiazole heterocycle. Analogs in which the benzimidazole moiety is replaced by an alternative aromatic or heterocyclic system may be prepared similarly.

As illustrated for Scheme 1 , Schemes 2-6 may be applied in the preparation of analogs in which the saturated aliphatic central ring is replaced with an aromatic ring to provide compounds of the following type:

Analogs in which the benzimidazole moiety is replaced with an indole may be prepared by a number of methods as illustrated schematically below.

Indole analogs wherein the requisite indole sulfonic acid or sulfonyl chloride is commercially available may be prepared as described in Scheme 7.

Scheme 7

In this scheme, an indole sulfonyl chloride (xxxii) is condensed with either an amino ester (xiii) and then converted to a compound of Formula (lla-1 ), or the amino ester (xiii) is first converted to an amino amide (xi) and then condensed with the indole sulfonyl chloride (xxxii) to form a compound of Formula (lla-1 ). The methods used for the condensations are standard methods.

Indoles substituted with sulfonamides at the 5-position may be prepared according to Scheme 8.

Scheme 8

(xxxvi) (xxxvii)

This scheme employs a variation on the Fischer indole synthesis to form the indole (xxxvii), followed by a sequence of reactions similar to those outlined in Schemes 1 -5.

An alternate route to the preparation of 2-aryl substituted indoles was developed, as illustrated in Scheme 9.

Scheme 9

In this scheme, a palladium-catalyzed arylation of an indole (xxxix) at the 2-position is carried out. The remainder of the sequence is similar to that outlined in Schemes 1 -5.

The isomeric, 6-substituted indoles may be prepared according to synthetic schemes 10- 12.

Scheme 10

(lla-4)

The starting sulfonamide (xv) presented above is prepared according to procedures outlined above (Scheme 2). A palladium-catalyzed addition of an aryl or an alkyl acetylene (xli) to the aromatic ring with displacement of the chloro group, followed by selective reduction of the nitro group and palladium-catalyzed cyclization of the anilino- acetylene derivative (xliii) provides an indole (lla-4).

Alternatively, the procedure may be modified so as to form the amide last as illustrated in Scheme 1 1 .

Scheme 11

(xlvii)

(lla-4)

This scheme is essentially as described for Scheme 8, except that the indole formation is carried out on the ester derivative, followed by amide formation as the final step.

The preparation of N-alkyl indoles may proceed from the above acetylenic aniline as shown in Scheme 12.

Scheme 12

(xlvi)

(xlix) 2 .

(li) (lla-5)

In Scheme 12, the acetylenic aniline derivative (xlvi) (prepared as outlined in either Scheme 1 1) is condensed with a carbonyl compound (aldehyde or ketone;

paraformaldehyde in the above sequence) to form an imine which is reduced to the N- alkyl amine (xlviii). Palladium-catalyzed cyclization to the indole is then carried out to provide the indole derivative which is deprotected to give a carboxylic acid (li). The carboxylic acid (li) is then coupled with a primary or secondary amine to give a compound of the invention represented by Formula (lla-5).

Scheme 13 illustrates the preparation of indole derivatives that are unsubstituted on the indole moiety.

Scheme 13

a-

In this scheme, 2-oxoindoline-5-sulfonyl chloride is condensed with an amino ester (xiii), followed by conversion of the oxindole (Mi) to an indole. The resulting ester is then hydrolyzed to a carboxylic acid (liii) and converted to an amide of Formula (lla-6) using standard amide forming methods.

Preparation of 3-chloroindole derivatives is shown in Scheme 14.

Scheme 14

The indole derivatives, prepared by any of Schemes 7-13, may be chlorinated on the 3- position using phosphorus pentachloride in phosphoryl chloride as shown in Scheme 14.

An alternative method for the preparation of 3-chloroindoles is illustrated in Scheme 15. Scheme 15

CI (liv) CI (lla-7)

In Scheme 15, 6-bromo-1 /-/-indole is protected on nitrogen, metallated, and reacted with sulfuryl chloride to provide the 3-chloro-1-(triisopropylsilyl)-1 /-/-indole sulfonyl chloride which is converted to a compound of the invention represented by Formula (lla-7) as illustrated.

Preparation of 3-cyanoindoles is outlined in Scheme 16.

Scheme 16

Indoles prepared via Schemes 7-13 may be converted to 3-cyano derivatives using chlorosulfonylisocyanate as shown in Scheme 16. Indoles prepared via Schemes 7-13 may be methylated in the 3-position via the method shown in Scheme 17.

Scheme 17

v

, (lla-9)

In this scheme, N-alkyl indole derivatives (ivii) are methylated in the 3-position by reaction with Eschenmoser's salt (methylenemethanaminium chloride), followed by reaction with acetyl chloride and sodium triacetoxyborohydride.

Aza indole derivatives may be prepared via Scheme 18.

Scheme 18

(lla-10)

The initial condensation of the amine (xi) with 5-bromo-6-chloropyridine-3-sulfonyl chloride to form the sulfonamide is as demonstrated in previous schemes. An allyl derivative (wherein R 19 = H or lower alkyl) displaces the chloro group adjacent to the pyridine nitrogen, and the resulting allyl amine derivative (Ixi) is cyclized in a palladium- catalyzed reaction to form a compound of the invention represented by Formula (lla-10).

Where the requisite benzoxazole or benzothiazole sulfonyl chloride is commercially available, compounds of the invention in which ring A is benzoxazole or benzothiazole can be prepared as described for Scheme 1 . Otherwise, the requisite sulfonyl chlorides may be prepared as disclosed in Scheme 19.

Scheme 19

(Ixii) (ixiii) (l-b) wherein W is -O- or -S-.

Compounds of the invention where R 2 is an alkyl, may be prepared according to Scheme 20.

Scheme 20

(Ixiv) (Ixv) (Ixvi)

In Scheme 20, TBS-protected ethyl 4-hydroxycyclohexanecarboxylate (Ixiv) is deprotonated with a strong base (LDA) and the resulting ester enolate is alkylated with an alkyl halide (e.g., methyl iodide) to form (Ixv). The TBS-protected alcohol is then deprotected and converted to an amine (Ixvii) via Mitsunobu reaction with phthalimide, followed by ester hydrolysis, conversion to acid chloride, coupling with an amine to form an amide (Ixxii), or with an alcohol to form an ester (Ixxi). The amide (Ixxii) or ester (Ixxi) are then treated with hydraze to remove the phthalimide group. Condensation of the resulting amine, (Ixxiii) or (Ixxiv), with an aryl sulfonyl chloride (Ixxv) as described for previous schemes (e.g., Scheme 1 ) provides compounds of the invention in which R 2 is an alkyl. In this scheme, the aryl sulfonyl chloride (Ixxv) may be a commercially available derivative, or may be an intermediate, such as described in previous schemes. Compounds of the invention wherein ring A is a quinoline may be prepared according to Scheme 21 .

Scheme 21

wherein R 5 , R 6 , and R 7 are each independently an alkyl, arylalkyl, heteroaryl,

heterocyclyl, heteroarylalkyl, or heterocyclylalkyl

In Scheme 21 , a chloroquinoline sulfonyl chloride is prepared and then condensed with the aminocyclohexane derivative (Ixxviii) for form a compound of the invention represented by Formula (IV-1 ). Compounds of represented by Formula (IV-1 ) can be derivatized by displacement of the chloro group using a variety of nucleophiles to form alkoxyquinolines (IV-2), aminoquinolines (IV-3) and (IV-5), and alkyl derivatives (IV-4).

Tetrahydroquinoline derivatives may be prepared by catalytic hydrogenation of, as is shown for the 2-alkylquinoline derivative prepared as shown in Scheme 21 A below:

Scheme 21A (IV-4)

Tetrahydropyridopyrazine systems are prepared according to Scheme 22.

Scheme 22

The 5-bromo-6-chloro-3-pyridinesulfonamide derivative (lix) (prepared from the commercially available 5-bromo-6-chloropyridine sulfonyl chloride as shown in Scheme 18) is condensed with diamine (Ixxix), (Ixxx) or /V^/V^/V^ /V^tetramethylethane-1 ,2- diamine to form tetrahydropyridopyrazine derivative (l-e), (l-f) or (l-d), respectively, as shown.

The pyrazine nitrogens may also be acylated with chloroformates or acid chlorides for form amide or carbamate derivatives as shown in Scheme 22A:

Scheme 22A

wherein R B is an alkyl or a cycloalkyi.

Pyridooxazines and pyridothiazines may be prepared by a procedure analogous to the procedure shown in Scheme 22, as illustrated by Scheme 23.

Scheme 23

Oxazolopyridine or thiazolopyridine sulfonyl chlorides may be prepared as illustrated in Schemes 24-25, and then converted to sulfonamide compounds of the invention as in Scheme 1 .

Scheme 24

(Ixxxvii)

(Ixxxvi)

(Ixxxviii)

In Scheme 24, 3,5-dibromopyridin-2-amine is acylated and then cyclized using Lawesson's reagent to form a thiazolopyridine (Ixxxvii). Halogen-metal exchange followed by sulfonation and chlorination with sulfur dioxide and N-chlorosuccinimide provides the requisite sulfonyl chloride (Ixxxviii). The sulfonyl chloride (Ixxxviii) is converted into the final sulfonamide derivatives (l-m) of the invention using standard methods as described in previous schemes.

Scheme 25 EtOH R 1b COCI

(Ixxxix)

(xci)

Scheme 25 is analogous to Scheme 24, but starts with an isomeric

dibromoaminopyridine to provide either the thiazolopyridine (xciii) or oxazolopyridine (xcii) sulfonyl chlorides which are then converted into the final sulfonamide derivatives as described in Scheme 1 .

Naphthyridine sulfonamide derivatives may be prepared as outlined in Scheme 26. Scheme 26

Compound (lix) is prepared as described in Scheme 18. Displacement of the chloro group with the aminobutene derivative (xciv) followed by palladium-catalyzed cyclization and subsequent aromatization provides the naphthyridine derivatives of the invention represented by Formula (l-n).

Tetrahydronaphthyridine derivatives may be prepared as disclosed in Scheme 27. Scheme 27

The starting sulfonamide (lix) is prepared as in Scheme 18. Ring forming metathesis reaction forms a dihydro naphthyridine (xcviii), followed by its reduction to a

tetrahydronaphthyridine represented by Formula (l-o).

Tetrahydroquinoline sulfonamide derivatives may be prepared as outlined in Scheme 28. Scheme 28

(xcix) c

Chlorosulfonylation of the alkylated (or protected) tetrahydroquinoline (xcix) provided the sulfonyl chloride (c), which was then coupled with the amino amide (xi) (see Scheme 1 ) to provide a sulfonamide derivative of the invention represented by Formula (l-p). In a modification of this scheme, the free amine is protected as a trifluoroacetate followed by chlorosulfonylation to give two isomeric sulfonyl chlorides as shown in Scheme 28A:

Scheme 28A

The sulfonylchlorides are coupled to the aminocyclohexane carboxamide (xi) as described above, followed by separation of the isomer mixture by chromatography. This procedure is also applicable starting from a variety of substituted tetrahydroquinolines.

The tetrahydroquinoline nitrogen may be acylated with acid chlorides, chloroformates, or isocyanates to form, respectively, amides, carbamates, or ureas as disclosed in Scheme 22A.

Quinoxaline sulfonamide derivatives may be prepared as outlined in Scheme 29.

Scheme 29

As disclosed in Scheme 22A, the pyrazine NH groups of compounds of Formula (l-t) may be acylated with acid chlorides to form amides, with chloroformates to form carbamates, or with isocyanates to form ureas.

The starting unsubstituted quinoxaline is commercially available. The intermediate aminocyclohexane carboxamide is prepared and condensed with the sulfonyl chloride as disclosed in Scheme 1 .

Di-N-alkylated quinoxaline derivatives are prepared as disclosed in Scheme 30.

Scheme 30

In this case, the starting sulfonyl chloride is commercially available. The intermediate aminocyclohexane carboxamide (xi) is prepared and condensed with the sulfonyl chloride as disclosed in Scheme 1 . Oxazine derivatives are prepared as described in Scheme 31

Scheme 31

In Scheme 31 , the starting 2H-benzo[b][1 ,4]oxazin-3(4H)-one is commercially available. Protection of the nitrogen as a trifluoroacetate is followed by chlorosulfonylation, condensation with an aminocyclohexane carboxylate (xi) (see Scheme 1 ), and deprotection to provide a sulfonamide of the invention represented by Formula (l-v).

N-Alkylated oxazinone derivatives are prepared by a modification of this procedure, as described in Scheme 32.

Scheme 32

In Scheme 32 an oxazinone derivative is alkylated, followed by chlorosulfonylation to give a sulfonyl chloride (cii). The sulfonyl chloride (cii) is condensed with the aminocyclohexane carboxamide (xi) to provide a sulfonamide of the invention represented by Formula (l-w).

A related series of dihydroquinolinone analogs are prepared according to Scheme 33. Scheme 33

The dihydroquinolinone is prepared by Lewis acid-mediated cyclization of the phenylbutenamide, followed by chlorosulfonylation and condensation with the aminocyclohexanecarboxamide (xi) as outlined in Scheme 1 to afford a sulfonamide of the invention represented by Formula (l-x). As indicated below in Scheme 33A, the initially formed dihydroquinolinone may be reduced to the tetrahydroquinoline and chlorosulfonylated to provide the sulfonyl chloride which may be converted to the sulfonamide following the procedure described in Scheme 1 .

Scheme 33A

A variant of this procedure was used to prepare analogous dihydroisoquinolinone derivatives as shown in Scheme 33B:

Scheme 33B

As disclosed in Scheme 22A, the free NH group of the tetrahydroquinoline in Formula (I- y) may be acylated with acid chlorides to form amides, with chloroformates to form carbamates, or with isocyanates to form ureas.

Indole derivatives may be alkylated at the 3-position using the palladium catalyzed alkylation reaction shown in Scheme 34.

Scheme 34

In Scheme 34, the 3-alkylated compound (lla-10) may be transformed by reduction of the double bond of the saturated ester (lla-11 ), and reduction of the ester to an alcohol (lla-12) as shown. The method has been applied to indole derivatives of the invention in which L 1 is in the 5- and 6-substituted position of the indole. In a preferred embodiment, L 1 is -S(0) 2 NH-.

Scheme 35

The reactions shown in Scheme 35 are employed in the preparation of analogs with an imidazopyridine sulfonamde moiety. In this class of compounds, R 1 and NR 3 R 4 are as previously described; R 1c may be hydrogen or lower alkyl. In some cases, migration of the initially formed organolithium species occurs to lead to sulfonyl chloride formation on the pyridine carbon atom adjacent to the pyridine nitrogen, leading to an isomeric analog as shown below:

Prodrugs

Scheme 36 discloses the preparation of amino acid prodrugs which can be prepared from a compound of the invention comprising an alcohol group. Amino-protected valine is shown in the scheme below for illustration. However, any naturally occurring and non- natural amino acids can be prepared by this method. Scheme 36

In Scheme36, the aryl sulfonamide moiety may represent any of the aryl sulfonamides described herein. R 25 and R 26 each independently may be aryl, lower alkyl, or hydrogen. This scheme may also be employed for the preparation of amino acid ester prodrugs of alcohols in which the alcohol is appended to the aryl sulfonamide moiety in structures analogous to the above.

Scheme 37 discloses the preparation of phosphate ester prodrugs which can be prepared from compounds of the invention which have a alcohol group.

Scheme 37

In Scheme 37, the aryl sulfonamide moiety may represent any of the aryl sulfonamides described herein. R 25 and R 26 each independently may be aryl, lower alkyl, or hydrogen This scheme may also be employed for the preparation of phosphate ester prodrugs of alcohols in which the alcohol is appended to the aryl sulfonamide moiety in structures analogous to the above.

Exemplification

The following specific examples are intended to illustrate the invention without limiting the scope thereof.

Compounds prepared by these methods were analyzed by a variety of methods to determine identity and purity. These methods included NMR, mass spectroscopy, and HPLC. A variety of HPLC methods were used and these are described in the following table.

Table 1 . HPLC Methods

Flow Rate: 0.7 mL/min

Gradient: 10-95% B in 1 .5 min, then 95% B for 1 min

D Column: Phenomenex Luna C8 50x5 mm, 4.6 μηη

Column Temperature: RT

Eluents: A: H 2 0, B: acetonitrile, both containing 0.1 %

TFA

Flow Rate: 3 mL/min

Gradient: 10-100% B in 15 min

E Column: Waters Atlantis C18 150x4.6 mm, 5.0 μηι

Column Temperature: RT

Eluents: A: H 2 0, B: acetonitrile, both containing 0.1 %

TFA

Flow Rate: 1 .4 mL/min

Gradient: 0-95% B in 19 min

F Column: Phenomenex Gemini C18 50x4.6 mm,

Column Temperature: RT

Eluents: A: H 2 0, B: acetonitrile, both containing 0.1 %

TFA

Flow Rate: 3 mL/min

Gradient: 10-100% B in 15 min

G Column: Waters Xterra C8 100 x 4.6 mm

Column Temperature: RT

Eluents: A: 5 mM NH40H in H 2 0, B: acetonitrile, both containing 0.1 % TFA

Flow Rate: 3 mL/min

Gradient: 5-100% B in 15 min

H Column: Inertsil C8-3, 3 cm x 33 mm x 3.0 μΜ

Column Temperature: 50 °C

Eluents: Acetonitrile/methanol with 5 mM ammonium bicarbonate

Flow Rate: 2 mL/min

Gradient: 40-95% in 2 min

Table 2. Commonly used abbreviations Abbreviation Description

Bn Benzyl

Boc Tert-butoxycarbonyl

CAN Ceric ammonium nitrate

DCC 1 ,3-Dicyclohexylcarbodiimide

DCM Dichloromethane

DIAD Diisopropylazodicarboxylate

DIPEA Diisopropylethylamine

DMAP N,N-dimethylpyridin-4-amine

DMF N,N-dimethylformamide

DMSO Dimethyl sulfoxide

EDCI 1 -ethyl-3-(3'-dimethylaminopropyl)carbodiimide h Hour(s)

HATU 2-(1 H-7-azabenzotriazol-1 -yl)-1 ,1 ,3,3,-tetramethyluronium hexafluorophosphate

HOBt 1 H-benzo[d][1 ,2,3]triazol-1 -ol

HPLC High performance liquid chromatography

HV High vacuum

LC-MS Liquid chromatography - mass spectrometry

LDA Lithium diisopropylamide

min Minute(s)

ml_ Milliliter(s)

MS-Es Electrospray mass spectrometry

NMM N-methylmorpholine

rt Room temperature

TBAF Tetrabutylammonium fluoride

TFA Trifluoroacetic acid

TFAA Trifluoroacetic anhydride

THF Tetrahydrofuran

t R Retention time

Xphos 2-Dicyclohexylphosphino-2',4',6'-triisopropylbiphenyl

Example 1 Preparation of (lr,4i?)-4-(2-phenyl-lH-benzo[rf]imidazole-5-sulfonamido)-iV -((i?)-l- phenylethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide.

Step 1. Preparation of tert-butyl (1 /?,4A}-4-((/?)-1 - phenylethylcarbamoyl)cyclohexylcarbamate

Trans 4-tert-butoxycarbonylamino-cyclohexanecarboxylic acid (5g, 20.5mmol) was dissolved in THF, to which triethylamine (3ml_) was added. The reaction mixture was cooled to 0 °C and a solution of isobutyl chloroformate (2.8g, 20.7 mmol) in THF was added dropwise. The resulting white suspension was stirred at room temperature for 30 min, after which a solution of 4-fluoro-(R)-1 -phenyl-ethylamine (2.9g, 20.5mmol) in THF was added dropwise. The reaction mixture was then stirred at room temperature for 4 h, after which LC-MS showed one major peak corresponding to desired product. The reaction mixture was concentrated, and the residue was diluted with water (250ml_). The resulting white precipitate was filtered, washing with ether, to afford a dry white solid {4- [(R)-1 -(4-Fluoro-phenyl)-ethylcarbamoyl]-cyclohexyl}-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester (5.2g; MS: (M+H) + = 347.34).

Step 2. Preparation of (1 r,4 ?)-4-amino- V-(( ?)-1- phenylethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide

tert-Butyl (1 /?,4r)-4-((/?)-1 -phenylethylcarbamoyl)cyclohexylcarbamate (5.2g) was dissolved in DCM (50 mL) to which TFA was added. The resulting mixture was stirred for 45 min at room temperature. LC-MS of material showed one major peak which corresponded to desired product. The reaction mixture was then concentrated to give a clear oil. The oil was then dissolved in diethyl ether (200 mL) to which HCI (2M solution in ether) (20mL) was added. The resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 h, resulting in a white precipitate that was collected by filtration and washed with diethyl ether (4.1 g ; MS : (M+H) + = 247.25).

Step 3. Preparation of 2-phenyl-1 H-benzoimidazole-5-sulfonyl chloride

Thionyl chloride (100 mL) and 2-phenyl-1 H-benzoimidazole-5-sulfonic acid (24.5 g, 89.4 mmol) were combined at room temperature. To the resulting slurry was added 2 drops of DMF. The mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was then poured into toluene, and the resulting solid was collected by filtration, washed with toluene and dried under vacuum to provide 48.6 g of product which still contained some starting material. This crude product (43.7 g) was then treated with 250 mL of thionyl chloride and 1 mL of DMF. The resulting mixture was heated to reflux for 3.5 h, stirred at room temperature for 3 h. Considerable swelling occurs, the reaction appeared to solidify, and an additional 150 mL of thionyl chloride was added with additional stirring. The reaction mixture was then cooled, toluene was added, and the product was collected by filtration, washed with toluene, and dried undervacuum to give 51 g of a white solid (MS : (M+H) + = 293.1).

Step 4. Preparation of (1 r,4 ?)-4-(2-phenyl-1 H-benzo[oT|imidazole-5-sulfonamido)- V- (( ?)-1 -phenylethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide

The sulfonyl chloride (1 18 mg, 0.4 mmol) was added to a solution of the aminoamide (100 mg, 0.4 mmol) and triethyl amine (0.228 mL, 1 .6 mmol) in DCM (3 mL) at room temperature. The reaction was complete within 10 min. The reaction mixture was concentrated under vacuum, taken up in 50 mL of ethyl acetate, washed with three 50 mL portions of water, dried and concentrated to give the crude product.

Example 2

Preparation of ethyl 3-(6-(Λ/-((1 ?,4 -4-(( ?)-1 - phenylethylcarbamoyl)cyclohexyl)sulfamoyl)-1 H-benzo[ |imidazol-2-yl)benzoate.

4-Chloro-3-nitro-benzenesulfonyl chloride (1 .41 g, 5.5 mmol) was added to a solution of (1 r,4/?)-4-amino-/V-((/?)-1 -phenylethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide (1 .133 g, 4.6 mmol; prepared as described for Example 1 ) and 5.12 mL (3.72g, 36.8 mmol) in DCM (15 mL) at room temperature. The mixture was allowed to stir for 1 h, and was then concentrated in vacuo. The residue was taken up in 50 mL of ethyl acetate and washed with 50 mL of sat. aq. sodium bicarbonate, 2 portions of 50 mL 1 N aq. HCI, then dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), and concentrated to give product. The crude product was suspended in 10 mL of ethyl acetate, agitated in an ultrasonic bath, and filtered. The light brown solid was washed with a small amount of ethyl acetate and dried to give 1 .06 g of product (MS : (M+H) + = 466.18).

Step 2. Preparation of (1 r,4 ?)-4-(4-(4-methoxybenzylamino)-3- nitrophenylsulfonamido)-/V-((R)-1 -phenylethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide.

A mixture of the chloro-nitro benzenesulfonamide from the previous step (1 g, 2.15 mmol) and 4-methoxy-benzylamine (5.57 mL, 42.92 mmol) was heated to 80 °C. A yellow solution was formed, followed by formation of a thick precipitate. An additional 20 mL of 4-methoxy-benzylamine and 20 mL of THF were added, and the mixture was stirred at 80 °C for an additional 25 min. Water (200 mL) was added to the mixture, and the flask was agitated in an ultrasonic bath, followed by filtration. The solid product was washed with water and a small amount of ether to give 1 .2 g as a yellow solid (MS : (M+H) + = 567.40).

Step 3. Preparation of (1 r,4 ?)-4-(4-amino-3-nitrophenylsulfonamido)- V-(( ?)-1- phenylethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide.

The product from the previous step (1 .2 g, 2.15 mmol) was added to a mixture of acetonitrile (40 mL) and water (1 mL). To the resulting heterogeneous mixture was added 3.53 g (6.44 mmol) of eerie ammonium nitrate (CAN). The reaction mixture became homogeneous after about 0.5 h. Ethyl acetate (200 mL) and water (100 mL) was added. The layers were separated, and the aqueous layer was extracted twice with 50 mL portions of ethyl acetate. The combined organic solutions were washed with 100 mL of sat. aq. NaCI, dried (Na 2 S0 4 ). Toluene (20 mL) was added to the organic solution, and the resulting solution was concentrated under vacuum to a volume of approximately 5 mL, after which 50 mL of heptane was added to precipitate the product. The resulting heterogeneous mixture was filtered, and the solid product was rinsed with a small amount of n-heptane, resulting in 850 mg of product as a yellow solid (MS : (M+H) + = 447.17).

Step 4. Preparation of (1 r,4 ?)-4-(3,4-diaminophenylsulfonamido)- V-(( ?)-1- phenylethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide

To a solution of the nitro aniline from the previous step (828 mg, 1 .85 mmol) in 40 mL of methanol in a 250 mL r.b. flask was added 933 mg (14.8 mmol) of ammonium formate and 82 mg of Pd/C (10% by wt, 50% water; Degussa type). The resulting mixture was stirred under nitrogen for 2 h after which it was filtered through celite. Ethyl acetate (200 mL) was added, and the solution was washed with aqueous sodium bicarbonate (100 mL). The aqueous extracts were extracted with ethyl acetate (3 x 100 mL), and the combined organic solution was dried (sodium sulfate) and concentrated to give 800 mg of product as a yellow solid (MS : (M+H) + = 417.28).

Step 5. Preparation of ethyl 3-(6-(Λ/-((1 ?,4A0-4-(( ?)-1 - phenylethylcarbamoyl)cyclohexyl)sulfamoyl)-1 H-benzo[oQimidazol-2-yl)benzoate.

A solution of 41 mg (0.1 mmol) in DMSO (2 mL) was added to 3-formyl-benzoic acid ethyl ester (16 mg, 0.9 mmol). Ferric chloride (2 mg) was added, and the mixture was stirred at room temperature over night. Some starting material remained, and an additional 2 mg of ferric chloride was added, followed by continued stirring up to a total of 24 h. The product was then purified by HPLC (method x) to give 26 mg of product.

Example 3

(1 r,4R)-N-((R)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)-4-(2-((S)-pyrrolidin-2-yl)-1 H- benzo[d]imidazole-5-sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxamide

Step 1. Preparation of (S)-tert-butyl 2-(5-(N-((1 R,4r)-4-((R)-1 -(4- fluorophenyl)ethylcarbamoyl)cyclohexyl)sulfamoyl)-1 H-benzo[d]imidazol-2- yl)pyrrolidine-1 -carboxylate

To a mixture of the diamine (0.1 g, 0.23 mmol; prepared as described for Example 2, but incorporating (R)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethanamine in place of the des-fluoro analog used previously) and N-Boc L-proline (49 mg, 0.22 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) was added PyBOP (1 15 mg, 0.23 mmol) and DIPEA (0.1 mL). The mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was then poured onto a mixture of saturated aqueous sodium chloride and 1 M hydrochloric acid and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic solution was dried over magnesium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum to give product (0.37g).

The crude product from the previous step was heated in 5 mL of acetic acid at 70 °C for 2h, then cooled and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was taken up in ethyl acetate and washed with saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate and brine, dried over magnesium sulfate and concentrated to give the crude product as a yellow solid. The crude product was purified using flash chromatography (Biotage 12S column, with 95:5 ethyl acetate/methanol as the eluent). Product was obtained as 23 mg of an orange gum.

Step 2. Preparation of (1 r,4R)-N-((R)-1-(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)-4-(2-((S)-pyrrolidin-2 - yl)-1 H-benzo[d]imidazole-5-sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxamide

The product from Step 1 (23 mg, 0.0375 mmol) was dissolved in 2 mL of DCM to which 0.5 mL of trifluoroacetic acid was added. The reaction was stirred for 2h at room temperature and concentrated under vacuum to a yellow residue. To this residue was added 3 mL of 2M HCI in ether. The mixture was stirred and filtered to give 8 mg of the product as its hydrochloride salt. Example 4

Preparation of (1 Γ,4/?)-Λ/-((/?)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)-4-(1 -methyl-2-phe

benzo[oQimidazole-5-sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxamide

Step 1. Preparation of (1 r,4 ?)- V-(( ?)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)-4-(4-(methylamino)-3- nitrophenylsulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxamide

The chloronitrobenzenesulfonamide (0.396 g, 0.818 mmol; preparation described for Example 2) was dissolved in 1 mL of DMSO to which 1 .23 mL of a 2M solution of methylamine (2.46 mmol) in THF was added. The mixture was heated to 70 °C in a sealed tube overnight. The reaction mixture was then poured into water and extracted three times with ethyl acetate. The organic solution was dried (MgS0 4 ) and concentrated to afford product as a yellow solid (0.413 g).

Step 2. Preparation of (1 r,4 ?)-4-(3-amino-4-(methylamino)phenylsulfonamido)- V- (( ?)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide

The product from the previous step was reduced following the procedure described in Step 4 of Example 2 for the preparation of (1 r,4/?)-4-(3,4-diaminophenylsulfonamido)-/V- ((/?)-1 -phenylethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide. The crude product was suspended in water and filtered to provide a gray sticky solid which was then dissolved in methanol, filtered and concentrated. The resulting brown solid was taken up in ethyl acetate and washed with water, dried (MgS0 4 ) and concentrated to give a white solid. This material was triturated in hexane and filtered to afford a white solid (0.085 g). the filtrate was concentrated to afford a beige foam (0.124 g). NMR indicated that the two fractions were the same and were used as is in the next step.

Step 3. Preparation of (1 r,4 ?)- V-(( ?)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)-4-(1 -methyl-2-phenyl- 1 H-benzo[ |imidazole-5-sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxamide

The diamine from the previous step (69 mg, 0.153 mmol) was condensed with benzaldehyde (16 mg, 0.153 mmol) with ferric chloride (1 .2 mg, 0.008 mmol) in DMSO (1 mL) as described above for the preparation of ethyl 3-(6-(/V-((1 /?,4r)-4-((/?)-1 - phenylethylcarbamoyl)cyclohexyl)sulfamoyl)-1 - -benzo[d]imidazol-2-yl)benzoate. The product was obtained as a yellow solid (0.031 g).

Example 5

(1 r,4 ?)-4-(1 ,2-dimethyl-1 H-benzo[d]imidazole-5-sulfonamido)-N-(( ?)-1 -(4- fluorophenyl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide

Step 1. Preparation of (1 r,4 ?)-4-(3-amino-4-(methylamino)phenylsulfonamido)- V- (( ?)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide

Prepared as described in Step 2, Example 4 (above)

Step 2. Preparation of (1 r,4 ?)-4-(1 ,2-dimethyl-1 H-benzo[d]imidazole-5- sulfonamido)-N-((R)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide

The diamine from the previous step (0.05 g, 0.1 1 1 mmol) and ethyl acetimidate hydrochloride (0.034 g, 0.279 mmol) were heated in ethanol (10 mL) at reflux overnight. The ethanol was removed under vacuum and acetic acid was added. Heating (80 °C) was continued for an additional 2h followed by concentration of the mixture under vacuum. The product was purified by HPLC on a C8 Luna column using a

water/acetonitrile gradient. The relevant fractions were combined and concentrated under vacuum to give product (21 .7 mg).

Example 6

Preparation of Preparation of (1r,4 ?)- V-(( ?)-1-(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)-4-(2- (tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-1 H-benzo[ limidazole-6- sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxamide

PS-carbodiimide (0.276g, 0.345mmol) was suspended in DMF, to which a solution of tetrahydro-2-H-pyran-4-carboxylic acid (0.1 g, 0.230mmol) in DMF was added. A solution of HOBt (0.047g, 0.345mmol) in DMF was then added and the reaction mixture was shaken at RT for 20 mins. A solution of (1 r,4/?)-4-(3,4-diaminophenylsulfonamido)-/V- ((/?)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide (prepared similarly to the des- fluoro analog described in Steps 1 -4 of Example 2) in DMF was then added and the reaction mixture was shaken at room temperature overnight. LC-MS then showed one major peak corresponding to desired product. The reaction mixture was then filtered and concentrated. The resulting crude brown oil - N-(2-amino-4-(N-((1 /?,4r)-4-((/?)-1 -(4- fluorophenyl)ethylcarbamoyl)cyclohexyl)sulfamoyl)phenyl)tetr ahydro-2 - -pyran-4- carboxamide was taken on without further purification.

The product from the previous step (0.25g crude) was dissolved in AcOH (20mL) and heated to 80 °C for 1 hour. LC-MS at this point showed one major peak corresponding to the desired product the reaction mixture was then concentrated and the residue was partitioned between 1 M NaOH and EtOAc. The organic layer was dried over MgS0 4i filtered and concentrated to afford a mobile orange oil which was purified via Biotage flash column chromatography (2-20% EtOAc/MeOH). Relevant fractions were pooled and concentrated to afford an orange foam. This material was further purified via prep HPLC (10-45-100% Water/CAN/0.1 % TFA). Relevant fractions were frozen and lyophilized to afford the product as a white powder (0.027g - 6% yield).

Example 7

Preparation of (1 r,4^- V-isopropyl- V-methyl-4-(2-(phenylamino)-1 H- benzo[d]imidazole-5-sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxamide

Step 1. Preparation of (1 r,4r)-4-(3,4-diaminophenylsulfonamido)-N-isopropyl-N- methylcyclohexanecarboxamide

This intermediate diaminophenyl derivative is prepared as described for Example 2.

Step 2. Preparation of (1 r,4r)- V-isopropyl- V-methyl-4-(2-(phenylamino)-1 H- benzo[d]imidazole-5-sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxamide

To a solution of (1 r,4r)-4-(3,4-diaminophenylsulfonamido)-/V-isopropyl-/\/- methylcyclohexanecarboxamide (54.5 mg, 0.133 mmol) in THF (2 mL) is added isothiocyanato-benzene (0.02 mL, 0.162 mmol) and polystyrene N1 - cyclohexylcarbodiimide-N2-propyloxymethyl resin (187 mg, 0.266 mmol; 1 .42 mmol/g). The reaction mixture is heated to 70 °C for 24 h. After cooling to rt, the resin is filtered off and rinsed with THF and MeOH. The filtrate is concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue is purified by reverse phase prep-HPLC (Waters) to afford the title compound as a white solid. HPLC: t R = 1.37 min (Method A1 ); MS-ES: (M+H) + = 470.

Example 8

Preparation of (1 r,4r)-isopropyl 4-(2-(4-acetamidophenyl)-1 H-benzo[ |imidazole-5- sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylate

Step 1. Preparation of (1 r,4r)-isopropyl 4-(4-chloro-3- nitrophenylsulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylate

To a solution of (1 r,4r)-isopropyl 4-aminocyclohexanecarboxylate (670 mg, 3.44 mmol) in DCM (20 mL) is added 4-chloro-3-nitro-benzenesulfonyl chloride (898 mg, 3.44 mmol) and DIPEA (1 .20 mL, 6.87 mmol) at rt. The reaction mixture is stirred for 4 h at rt. The mixture is diluted with DCM and washed with 1 N HCI and saturated aqueous NaCI solution. The organic layer is dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure to yield the title compound as a yellow solid.

Step 2. Preparation of (1 r,4r)-isopropyl 4-(4-(benzylamino)-3- nitrophenylsulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylate

A solution of (1 r,4r)-isopropyl 4-(4-chloro-3- nitrophenylsulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylate (1 .30 g, 3.15 mmol) in benzylamine (7 mL) is heated to 80 °C for 50 min. After cooling to rt, the reaction mixture is diluted with EtOAc and the pH is adjusted to 3 with 0.5 N HCI. The organic layer is washed 0.5 N HCI (2x), saturated aqueous NaHC0 3 solution, and saturated aqueous NaCI solution. Then, the organic layer is dried over Na 2 S0 4 , filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue is triturated with MeOH to yield the title compound as a yellow solid.

Step 3. Preparation of (1 r,4r)-isopropyl 4-(3,4- diaminophenylsulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylate

To a solution of (1 r,4r)-isopropyl 4-(4-(benzylamino)-3-nitrophenylsulfonamido) cyclohexanecarboxylate (1.39 mg, 2.63 mmol) in THF (21 mL) and MeOH (6 mL) is added 10% Pd-C (440 mg, 0.410 mmol) and ammonium formate (856 mg, 13.2 mmol) at rt. The reaction mixture is heated to 70 °C for 4 h. After cooling to rt, the mixture is filtered through a Celite plug (washed with MeOH) and the filtrate is concentrated under reduce pressure to yield the title compound as an off-white foam.

Step 4. Preparation of (1 r,4r)-isopropyl 4-(2-(4-acetamidophenyl)-1 H- benzo[d]imidazole-5-sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylate

To a solution of (1 r,4r)-isopropyl 4-(3,4- diaminophenylsulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylate (47.8 mg, 0.121 mmol) and N-(4- formyl-phenyl)-acetamide (22.2 mg, 0.133 mmol) in DMSO (1 mL) was added a suspension of anhydrous FeCI 3 (1 .1 mg, 0.007 mmol) in THF (0.35 mL) at rt. The reaction mixture was stirred for 70 h at rt (open to air). Then, the mixture is filtered through a Si0 2 cartridge (230 mg, Chromafix, Macherey-Nagel) which is washed with EtOAc. The filtrate is concentrated under reduce pressure. The remaining DMSO solution is purified by reverse phase prep-HPLC (Waters) to afford the title compound as a light yellow solid. HPLC: t R = 1 .55 min (Method A1 ); MS-ES: (M+H) + = 499.

Example 9 and 10

Preparation of N-((1 r,4r)-4-(5-tert-butyl-1 ,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)cyclohexyl)-2-(4-(4- methylpiperazin-1 -yl)phenylamino)-1H-benzo[ |imidazole-5-sulfonamide and

N-((1 r,4r)-4-(5-tert-butyl-1 ,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)cyclohexyl)-2-(4-(4-methylpiperazin-1 - yl)phenyl)-1 H-benzo[d]imidazole-5-sulfonamide

Step 1. Preparation of tert-butyl (1 r,4^-4-(2- pivaloylhydrazinecarbonyl)cyclohexylcarbamate

Pivaloyl hydrazide(4.98g, 42.91 mmol) was added to a solution of frans-4-tert- butoxycarbonylamino-cyclohexanecarboxylic acid (8.70g, 35.76mmol), HATU (13.57g, 35.67 mol), and NMM (9.04 g, 89.4 mmol) in 350 mL of DMF. The reaction was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate and washed with saturated aqueous ammonium chloride, water and brine. The organic phase was dried (Na 2 S0 4 ) and concentrated to give approximately 1 1 .44g crude (MS : (M+H) + = 342.20). This material was used as is in the next step.

Step 2. Preparation of tert-butyl (1 r,4r)-4-(5-tert-butyl-1 ,3,4-oxadiazol-2- yl)cyclohexylcarbamate.

(Methoxycarbonylsulfamoyl)triethylammonium hydroxide inner salt (Burgess reagent, 8.43g, 35.4mmol) was added in one portion to room temperature solution of crude tert- butyl (1 r,4r)-4-(2-pivaloylhydrazinecarbonyl)cyclohexylcarbamate (8.05g, 23.58mmol) in THF. The reaction was heated 70 °C for approximately two hours. Reaction cooled to room temperature, filtered over sintered funnel and concentrated to 16.6g of crude product. The crude product was chromatographed by normal phase chromatography 5- 100% ethyl acetate in heptane. Desired fractions were concentrated to give tert-butyl (1 r,4r)-4-(5-tert-butyl-1 ,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)cyclohexylcarbamate (4.17g, 12.9mmol; MS : (M+H) + = 324.17).

Step 3. Preparation of (1 r,4r)-4-(5-iert-butyl-1 ,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)cyclohexanamine

tert-Butyl (1 r,4r)-4-(5-tert-butyl-1 ,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)cyclohexylcarbamate (4.15 g, 12.84 mmol) was stirred in 20% v/v trifluoroacetic acid in DCM at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was then diluted with DCM, washed with water, dried (MgS0 4 ) and concentrated to give product (2.72 g, 12.19 mmol; MS : (M+H) + = 224.26).

Step 4. Preparation of V-((1 r,4^-4-(5-iert-butyl-1 ,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)cyclohexyl)-4- chloro-3-nitrobenzenesulfonamide

The above amine (2.72 g, 12.19 mmol) and sulfonyl chloride (3.12 g, 12.19 mmol) were coupled according to the procedure described above (Scheme 3) using diisopropylethyl amine in DCM to provide 3.89 g (8.78 mmol) of product (MS : (M+H) + = 443.13).

Step 5. Preparation of 4-(benzylamino)- V-((1 r,4^-4-(5-iert-butyl-1 ,3,4-oxadiazol-2- yl)cyclohexyl)-3-nitrobenzenesulfonamide

A/-((1 /",4/")-4-(5-fe/f-butyl-1 ,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)cyclohexyl)-4-chloro-3- nitrobenzenesulfonamide (3.50g, 7.90mmol) and benzylamine (17.2ml, 158mmol) were combined and placed in a pre-heated 80 °C oil bath for approximately 10 minutes. The reaction was cooled to room temperature and poured on 340ml 0.5N hydrochloric acid. The product was extracted into ethyl acetate with multiple extracts. The combined extracts rinsed successively 0.5N HCI, saturated sodium bicarbonate, and brine. The organic solution was dried over sodium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated. The crude product was triturated in 60ml_ 1 :1 diethyl ether:heptane to afford 4-(benzylamino)-/V- ((1 /",4/")-4-(5-fe/f-butyl-1 ,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)cyclohexyl)-3-nitrobenzenesulfonamide (3.86g, 7.51 mmol; MS : (M+H) + = 514.23).

Step 6. Preparation of 3,4-diamino- V-((1 r,4^-4-(5-iert-butyl-1 ,3,4-oxadiazol-2- yl)cyclohexyl)benzenesulfonamide

Ammonium formate(3.57g, 56.5mmol) was added to slurry of 4-(benzylamino)-/V-((1 r,4r)- 4-(5-fe/f-butyl-1 ,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)cyclohexyl)-3-nitrobenzenesulfonamide (3.63g, 7.07mmol) and 10% Pd/C (3.63g, Degussa Type E101 , 50%wet) in methanol (70ml). The reaction mixture was heated at 50°C for two hours, then cooled to room

temperature, filtered over celite, and concentrated to residue. The residue was partitioned between dichloromethane and saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate. The organic layer was rinsed once with water, dried over sodium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated to 3,4-diamino-/V-((1 /",4/")-4-(5-fe/Y-butyl-1 ,3,4-oxadiazol-2- yl)cyclohexyl)benzenesulfonamide (2.62g, 6.65mmol; MS : (M+H) + = 394.16).

Step 7a. Preparation of N-((1 r,4r)-4-(5-tert-butyl-1 ,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)cyclohexyl)-2- (4-(4-methylpiperazin-1 -yl)phenylamino)-1 H-benzo[d]imidazole-5-sulfonamide

The diamine from the previous step (196 mg, 0.5 mmol) was added to 1 -(4- isothiocyanatophenyl)-4-methylpiperazine (130 mg, 0.55 mmol) and polymer-supported carbodiimide (900 mg, 1 mmol) in 10 mL of THF. The mixture was heated to 70 °C for 16 h and was then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by normal phase silica gel chromatography to provide the title compound (MS : (M+H) + = 592.7).

Step 7b. Preparation of N-((1 r,4r)-4-(5-tert-butyl-1 ,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)cyclohexyl)-2- (4-(4-methylpiperazin-1 -yl)phenyl)-1 H-benzo[oQimidazole-5-sulfonamide

A suspension of anhydrous iron (III) chloride in DMSO (0.015 mmol) was added to a mixture of the diamine from Step 6 (60 mg, 0.152 mmol) and 4-(4-methylpiperazin-1 - yl)benzaldehyde (33.5 L, 0.167 mmol) in DMSO. The mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature, then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by normal phase chromatography on silica gel (MS : (M+H) + = 578.27).

Example 11

N-((R)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)-4-(2-phenylbenzo[d]oxazole-6- sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxamide

Step 1. Preparation of 2-phenylbenzo[d]oxazole-6-sulfonyl chloride

2-Phenylbenzo[d]oxazol-6-amine (250 mg, 1 .19 mmol) was dissolved in acetic acid (5 mL), to which concentrated hydrochloric acid (2 mL) was added. A solution of 81 .67 mg (1 .19 mmol) of sodium nitrite in 1 .5 mL of water was then added dropwise. The mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 15 min., after which the entire reaction mixture was poured into 42 mL of a solution prepared by bubbling 74 g of sulfur dioxide gas into 740 mL of glacial acetic acid followed by addition of 30 g of copper (II) chloride monohydrate in 35 mL of water. The reaction mixture was then stirred fo 4h at room temperature. The resultin mixture was poured onto ice and partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. The organic layer was dried over magnesium sulfate and concentrated to afford product (161 mg) as a brown solid. Step 2. Preparation of V-(( ?)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)-4-(2-phenylbenzo[ loxazole- 6-sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxamide

The product from the previous step was condensed with (1 r,4/?)-4-amino-/V-((/?)-1-(4- fluorophenyl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide in a manner analogous to that described for Example 1 to afford the title compound (55 mg) which was purified by HPLC.

Example 12

(1 r,4 ?)-N-(( ?)-1 -(4-f luorophenyl)ethyl)-4-(1 -methyl-1 H-indole-5-

Preparation of (1r,4 ?)-N-(( ?)-1-(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)-4-(1 -methyl-1 H-indole-5- sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxamide

(1 l,4l)-4-Amino-N-((l)-1-(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarb oxamide hydrochloride (prepared as described in Example 1 , but using (R)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethanamine instead of the des-fluoro analog) was dissolved in a DCM/ACN mixture. Triethylamine was added followed by the commercially available 1 -methyl-1 l-indole-5-sulfonyl chloride. The reaction mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature and then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by HPLC (MS : (M+H) + = 458.25).

Example 13 Preparation of (1 r,4 ?)-4-(2-phenyl-1 H-indole-5-sulfonamido)-N-(( ?)-1 - phenylethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide

Step 1. Preparation of 4-{N'-[1 -phenyl-eth-(E)-ylidene]-hydrazino}-benzenesulfonic acid

Sodium hydroxide (400 mg, 10 mmol) in 10 mL of water was added to a solution of 4- hydrazino-benzenesulfonic acid (1.88 g, 10 mmol) in 20 mL of water. Acetophenone (1 .32 g, 1 1 mmol) was then added, and the mixture was heated to 100 °C overnight. The resulting mixture was then cooled and washed with ether. The pH of the aqueous solution was then adjusted to 4 with cone. HCI. Water was removed under vacuum, and methanol was added. The solution was filtered and concentrated to give product (680 mg) as a yellow solid (MS : (M+H) + = 291 .15).

Step 2. Preparation of 2-phenyl-1 H-indole-5-sulfonic acid

The hydrazine derivative from the previous step (600 mg, 2.07 mmol) was mixed with 3 g (22 mmol) of zinc chloride and heated to 200 °C for 2h. The mixture was cooled, and water was added. The product (330 mg) was collected as a brown solid (MS : (M+H) + = 274.19).

Step 3. Preparation of 2-Phenyl-1 H-indole-5-sulfonyl chloride To a mixture of the indole sulfonic acid from the previous step (130 mg, 0.476 mmol) in 2 ml. of phosphoryl chloride was added 100 mg (0.48 mmol) of phosphorus pentachloride. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 60 min, then poured on ice in a beaker. DCM was added to extract the product, and the organic solution was dried (Na 2 S0 4 ) and concentrated to give the crude product. The product was purified by flash

chromatography on silica gel using a mixture of ethyl acetate (0-10% gradient) in heptane to give 1 1 mg (MS : (M+H) + = 290.08).

Step 4. Preparation of (1 r,4 ?)-4-(2-phenyl-1H-indole-5-sulfonamido)-N-(( ?)-1 - phenylethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide

A solution of the sulfonyl chloride from the previous step (1 1 mg, 0.0377 mmol) in dichloromethane (0.2 ml.) was added dropwise to a solution of (1 r,4/?)-4-amino-N-((/?)-1- phenylethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide (18.48 mg, 0.075 mmol) and triethylamine (61 mg, 0.6 mmol) in 0.3 ml. of dichloromethane at room temperature. The mixture was stirred 2h, then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on a silica gel column using an ethyl acetate/heptane gradient (0-100% ethyl acetate) to give 5 mg of product.

Example 14

(1 r,4/?)-N-((/?)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)-4-(1 -methyl-2-phenyl-1 H-indole-5- sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxamide

Step 1. Preparation of (1 r,4r)-methyl 4-(1 -methyl-1 H-indole-5- sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylate

A mixture of 1 -methyl-1 - -indole-5-sulfonyl chloride (0.869 g, 4.48 mmol), (1 r,4r)-methyl 4-aminocyclohexanecarboxylate (1 .03 g, 4.48 mmol), and DIPEA (1 .217 g, 1 .645 mL, 9.42 mmol) in DMF (9 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 1 h. The mixture was then poured into water, filtered, washed with water and dried over P 2 0 5 to provide the product (MS: M+ 351 .0).

Step 2. Preparation of (1 r,4r)-4-(1 -methyl-2-phenyl-1 H-indole-5- sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylic acid

A mixture of (1 r,4r)-methyl 4-(1-methyl-1 H-indole-5-sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylate (100 mg, 0.285 mmol), silver oxide (49.6 mg, 0.214 mmol), palladium acetate (6.41 mg, 0.029 mmol), iodobenzene (233 mg, 1 .141 mmol) and 2-nitrobenzoic acid (71 .5 mg, 0.428 mmol) was stirred under nitrogen at 40 °C in DMF (1 .43 mL) for 16h. The reaction mixture was added to 2M aq. sodium carbonate and extracted twice with ethyl acetate. The organic phase was washed with dilute sodium carbonate (aq.) and water, filtered and concentrated. The residue was taken up in acetonitrile and 20 eq. of 2N sodium hydroxide was added, and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2h. The mixture was concentrated under vacuum to remove the acetonitrile, diluted with water, and washed twice with ether. The aqueous phase was acidified with aq. HCI to pH 4-5 and extracted twice with ethyl acetate. The organic solution was dried (MgS0 4 ) and concentrated to give product (MS: M+ 413.0).

Step 3. Preparation of (1 r,4R)-N-((R)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)-4-(1 -methyl-2-phenyl- 1 H-indole-5-sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxamide

The indole carboxylic acid from the previous step (27.5 mg, 0.067 mmol), ( ?)-1-(4- fluorophenyl)ethanamine (9.28 mg, 0.067 mmol), and HATU (30.42 mg, 0.08 mmol) were dissolved in DMF (1 ml_). Diisopropylethylamine (26 L, 19.26 mg, 0.149 mmol) was added. The mixture was then stirred at room temperature for 15 min. The reaction was filtered (with addition of ACN and water, concentrated, and purified by HPLC using 0.1 % TFA in a water/ACN (20-100%) solvent gradient as eluent.

Example 15

(1 r,4S)-N-((S)-2-hydroxy-2-methyl-1 -phenylpropyl)-4-(1 -methyl-2-phenyl-1 H-indole- 5-sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxamide

Step 1. Preparation of (S)-1-amino-2-methyl-1 -phenylpropan-2-ol

The preparation of (S)-1-amino-2-methyl-1 -phenylpropan-2-ol from (S)-methyl 2-amino- 2-phenylacetate was carried out according to the procedure for the preparation of this compound in Rikimaru, K., et al., Synthesis, 2004 (6), 909-917.

Step 2, Preparation of (1 r,4S)-N-((S)-2-hydroxy-2-methyl-1 -phenylpropyl)-4-(1 - methyl-2-phenyl-1 H-indole-5-sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxamide

(1 r,4r)-4-(1-methyl-2-phenyl-1 H-indole-5-sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylic acid (prepared as described for Example 14) was condensed with (S)-1 -amino-2-methyl-1 - phenylpropan-2-ol also according to the procedure described for Example 14 to give the title compound.

Example 16

(1 r,4 ?)-N-(( ?)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)- -(1 tf-indole-5- sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxamide

Step 1. Preparation of (1 r,4r)-methyl 4-(2-oxoindoline-5- sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylate

To a solution of (1 r,4r)-methyl 4-aminocyclohexanecarboxylate (1 .686 g, 8.7 mmol) and DIPEA (3.78 ml_, 21 .76 mmol) in DCM at 0 °C was added 2-oxoindoline-5-sulfonyl chloride (2.02 g, 8.7 mmol). The reaction was allowed to warm to room temperature and stirred for 2h. The mixture was then concentrated under vacuum, and the oily residue was triturated in ethyl acetate and methanol. Product was collected by filtration (MS : (M+H) + = 353). Step 2. Preparation of (1 r,4r)-4-(1 H-indole-5-sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylic acid

To a suspension of the oxindole (238 mg, 0.65 mmol) in THF (5 mL) at 0 °C was added boron trifluoride etherate (0.24 mL, 2.28 mmol). After stirring 10 min., sodium

borohydride (40 mg, 1 .04 mmol) was added. The resulting solution was allowed to warm to room temperature with stirring overnight. The reaction mixture was then quenched by slowly adding water (15 mL) at 0 °C and stirring for an additional 30 min. Acidification to pH 1 with 6N HCI was followed by stirring for 30 min., after which the pH was adjusted to 14 with 2N aq. sodium hydroxide followed by stirring for 30 min. The mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate, and the organic extracts were dried (MgS0 4 ) and concentrated under vacuum. The aqueous layer was lyophilized and purified on acidic preparative HPLC to give the acidic product (MS : (M+H) + = 323.18).

Step 3. Preparation of (1 r,4 ?)- V-(( ?)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)-4-(1 H-indole-5- sulfonamido cyclohexanecarboxamide

(f?)-1 -(4-Fluorophenyl)ethanamine (13 μΐ, 0.096 mmol) was added to a solution of the acid from the previous step (34 mg, 0.106 mmol), HATU (55 mg, 0.144 mmol) and DIPEA (67 μί, 0.385 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) at room temperature. The mixture was stirred overnight. The mixture was then concentrated, and the residue purified using basic HPLC to give 10 mg of product as a white solid (MS : (M+H) + = 444.19).

Example 17

(1 r,4r)-4-(1 ,3-dimethyl-1 H-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine-5-sulfonamido)-N-(4- fluorobenzyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide

Step 1. Preparation of (1 r,4 ?)-4-(5-bromo-6-chloropyridine-3-sulfonamido)- V-(( ?)- 1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide

5-Bromo-6-chloropyridine-3-sulfonyl chloride (250 mg, 0.859 mmol) was dissolved in DCM (10 mL) to which a suspension of (1 r,4/?)-4-amino-N-((/?)-1-(4- fluorophenyl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide (227 mg, 0.859 mmol) in DCM was added. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight and then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and 1 M aq. sodium hydroxide. The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate and the combined organic layers were dried over magnesium sulfate, filtered and concentrated under vacuum to afford product as a beige solid. The crude product was triturated with hexane to afford product as a white power (220 mg).

Step 2. Preparation of (1 r,4 ?)-4-(6-(allyl(methyl)amino)-5-bromopyridine-3- sulfonamido)-/V-((R)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide

The chloropyridine (0.5 g, 0.967 mmol; as prepared in Step 1 ), potassium carbonate (0.401 g, 2.9 mmol), N-methylprop-2-en-1 -amine (0.103 g, 1.45 mmol) and acetonitrile (10 mL) were combined and heated in a microwave reactor to 160 °C for 10 min. The reaction mixture was filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated under vacuum to afford a brown foam. After drying under high vacuum, the product (443 mg) was taken on to the next step.

Step 3. Preparation of (1 r,4 ?)-4-(1 ,3-dimethyl-1 H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyridine-5- sulfonamido)-/V-((R)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide

The product from the previous step (33 mg, 0.036 mmol),

tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium(0), tricyclohexylphosphine (20 mg, 0.072 mmol), sodium carbonate (134 mg, 1 .26 mmol) and DMF (5 mL) were combined and heated to 180 °C for 10 min in a microwave reactor. The mixture was filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated to afford a brown oil which was dried under high vacuum. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography (Biotage 25M column, 50-100% heptane/ethyl acetate as eluent). The relevant fractions were combined and concentrated under vacuum to afford 67 mg of product.

Example 18

(1 r,4R)-N-((R)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)-4-(2-phenyl-1 H-indole-6- sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxamide

Step 1. Preparation of (1 r,4 ?)- V-(( ?)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)-4-(3-nitro-4- (phenylethynyl)phenylsulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxamide

A mixture of (1 r,4/?)-4-(4-chloro-3-nitrophenylsulfonamido)-N-((/?)-1-(4- fluorophenyl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide (1 .0g, 2.17 mmol; prepared as described in Example 2), X-Phos (59 mg, 0.12 mmol), PdCI2(ACN)2 (1 1 mg, 0.04 mmol) and potassium carbonate (855 mg, 6.19 mmol) was placed in a flask and purged with nitrogen. Acetonitrile (8 mL) was then added, followed by additional purging with nitrogen. Phenylacetylene (0.25 mL, 2.28 mmol) was then added slowly and the reaction mixture was heated to 80 °C for 3h. The reaction mixture was poured into ethyl acetate (100 mL) and washed with water and brine. The organic phase was dried (Na 2 S0 4 ), filtered and concentrated to afford the product (1 .15 g; MS : (M+H) + = 550.23).

Step 2. Preparation of (1 r,4 ?)-4-(3-amino-4-(phenylethynyl)phenylsulfonamido)- V- (( ?)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide

The product from the previous step (1 .15 g, 2.09 mmol) was taken up in methanol (15 mL) and treated with tin (I I) chloride (3.96 g, 20.9 mmol) at 63 °C for 1 h. The reaction mixture was then concentrated under vacuum, taken up in ethyl acetate (100 mL) and washed with water. The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate, and the combined organic solutions were washed with 1 .0 N sodium hydroxide (aq.) and brine, dried over sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated under vacuum to give 780 mg of product (MS : (M+H) + = 520.23).

Step 3. Preparation of (1 r,4 ?)- V-(( ?)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)-4-(2-phenyl-1 H-indole- 6-sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxamide

Palladium (II) chloride (24 mg, 0.14 mmol) in anhydrous acetonitrile (10 mL) in a capped vial was purged with nitrogen and then heated to 80 °C until the mixture became homogeneous. A solution of the previously prepared compound (360 mg, 0.69 mmol) in hot anhydrous acetonitrile (10 ml_, 70-80 °C) was added dropwise over about 10 min. The reaction was continued for 30 min at 80 C, followed by concentration of the reaction mixture under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel using a gradient of 0-100% ethyl acetate in n-heptane as the eluent to give 200 mg of the desired indole.

Example 19

(1 r,4R)-4-(2-phenyl-1 H-indole-6-sulfonamido)-N-((R)-1 -(pyridin-2- yl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide

Step 1. Preparation of (1 r,4r)-methyl 4-(4-chloro-3- nitrophenylsulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylate

(1 r,4r)-methyl 4-aminocyclohexanecarboxylate HCI salt (7.75 g, 40 mmol) was suspended in a mixture of DCM (50 mL) and then treated with triethylamine (22.31 ml_, 160 mmol), followed by 4-chloro-3-nitrobenzene-1 -sulfonyl chloride (1 1 .27g, 44 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2h and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was taken up in ethyl acetate (100 mL) and washed with 1 N aq. HCI (3x100 mL), brine (100 mL) and dried over sodium sulfate. Filtration and concentration of the organic solution gave product (14.1 g) as a yellow solid (MS : (M+H) + = 377.3).

Step 2. Preparation of (1 r,4r)-methyl 4-(3-nitro-4- (phenylethynyl)phenylsulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylate

A 10 mL vial was charged with (1 r,4r)-methyl 4-(4-chloro-3- nitrophenylsulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylate (200 mg, 0.53 mmol), X-phos (15 mg, 0.031 mmol), PdCI2(ACN)2 (2.7 mg, 0.010 mmol) and potassium carbonate (220 mg, 1 .6 mmol). The vial was then capped and purged with nitrogen. Anhydrous acetonitrile (2 mL) was added, and the resulting heterogeneous mixture was purged with nitrogen for 3 min., followed by addition of phenylacetylene (0.087 mL, 0.8 mmol) via syringe. The vial was then heated to 80 °C for 2h. The mixture was then poured into ethyl acetate (20 mL) and washed with 1 N aq. HCI (3x20 mL) and brine (20 mL), dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum to afford 276 mg of crude product (MS : (M+H) + = 443.3) that was used directly in the next step.

Step 3. Preparation of (1 r,4r)-methyl 4-(3-amino-4- (phenylethynyl)phenylsulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylate

The product from the previous step (ca. 0.53 mmol) in methanol (5 mL) was treated with tin(ll) chloride (1 .18g, 6.2 mmol) and heated at 63 °C for 1 h. The reaction mixture was then poured into ethyl acetate (50 mL) and washed with 1 N aq HCI (50 mL), sat. aq sodium bicarbonate (50 mL) and brine (50 mL). The acidic aqueous layer was neutralized with aqueous sodium bicarbonate and extracted with ethyl acetate (50 mL) to recover the product. The combined organic layers were then dried over sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by chromatography (Biotage 25+M column, 0-50% ethyl acetate in n-heptane) to afford product as a brown solid (200 mg; MS : (M+H) + = 413.14).

Step 4. Preparation of (1 r,4r)-4-(2-phenyl-1 H-indole-6- sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylic acid

Palladium (II) chloride (17 mg, 0.096 mmol) in anhydrous acetonitrile (5 mL) in a capped 50 mL flask was purged with nitrogen for 3 min., and then heated to 80 °C to obtain a homogeneous solution. A solution of the product from the previous step (200 mg, 0.48 mmol) in hot anhydrous acetonitrile (10 mL, 70-80 °C) was added into the reaction flask dropwise via syringe over about 10 min. The reaction was continued for 30 minutes at 80 °C, followed by concentration under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (Biotage, 25+M column, 0-100% ethyl acetate in n-heptane) to give product (134 mg) as a yellow solid.

This product (134 mg, 0.32 mmol) was taken up in methanol (2 mL) and treated with 2N aq. sodium hydroxide (1 .5 mL). The mixture was stirred at rt for 1 .5h. Hydrochloric acid (1 N) was added to neutralize the mixture, and the mixture was then extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic phase was washed with brine (10 mL) and dried over sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated to give the product (83 mg; MS : (M+H) + = 399.3).

Step 5. Preparation of (1 r,4 ?)-4-(2-phenyl-1H-indole-6-sulfonamido)-N-(( ?)-1 - (pyridin-2-yl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide

The acid from the previous step (83 mg, 0.21 mmol) in acetonitrile (2 mL) was treated with HATU (1 19 mg, 0.31 mmol) and triethylamine (87 μί, 0.62 mmol) and stirred at rt for 5 min. (/?)-1 -(Pyridin-2-yl)ethanamine (30 mg, 0.24 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt overnight. The reaction mixture was then concentrated under vacuum and diluted with DMSO. The product was purified by HPLC (30-60% ACN in water with 5 mM ammonium hydroxide, Xterra C18 30-100 mm column, 0-12 min, t R - 7.896 min) and then treated with hydrochloric acid to afford the product (53 mg) as its HCI salt.

Example 20

(1 r,4/?)-N-((/?)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)-4-(1 -methyl-2-phenyl-1 H-indole-6- sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxamide

Step 1. Preparation of (1 r,4r)-methyl 4-(3-(methoxymethylamino)-4- (phenylethynyl)phenylsulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylate

The aniline ( (413 mg, 1 mmol; prepared as described in Example 19) in THF (10 mL) was mixed with paraformaldehyde (228 mg, 7.6 mmol) and then 3.0 M aq. sulfuric acid (1 mL, 3 mmol) and stirred at rt for 1 .5 h. The mixture was then diluted with methanol (30 mL) and treated carefully with sodium borohydride (500 mg). After bubbling stopped, ethyl acetate (100 mL) was added, and the mixture was washed with water (100 mL) and brine. The organic solution was dried over sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated under vacuum to give the product (260 mg) as a yellow oil (MS : (M+H) + = 457.4).

Step 2. Preparation of (1 r,4r)-methyl 4-(3-(methylamino)-4- (phenylethynyl)phenylsulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylate

The product from the previous step (0.260 mg, 0.61 mmol) in THF (15 mL) was treated with sodium triacetoxyborohydride (519 mg, 2.45 mmol), and then acetic acid (5 mL, 87 mmol). The reaction was stirred at rt for 30 min and diluted with ethyl acetate (50 mL) and water (50 mL). The organic phase was separated, dried over sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated under vacuum to provide 261 mg of product (MS : (M+H) + = 427.4) that was used as is in the next step.

Step 3. Preparation of (1 r,4r)-4-(1 -methyl-2-phenyl-1 H-indole-6- sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylic acid

Palladium (II) chloride (22 mg, 0.122 mmol) in anhydrous acetonitrile (5 mL) in a capped 30 mL vial was purged with nitrogen and then heated to 80 °C. A solution of the product from the previous step (261 mg, 0.612 mmol) in hot anhydrous acetonitrile (10 mL, 70-80 °C) was added to the reaction flask dropwise during 10 min. The reaction was stirred for an additional 30 min at 80 °C to complete the reaction. The mixture was then concentrated under vacuum, and the residue was purified by flash chromatography (ISCO, 12g column, 0-100% ethyl acetate in n-heptane) to afford 76 mg of product.

The aforementioned product (76 mg, 0.18 mmol) was dissolved in methanol (3 mL) and treated with 2N aq. sodium hydroxide (1 .7 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2h, followed by addition of 1 N aq. hydrochloric acid to neutralize the solution. The mixture was then extracted with ethyl acetate (30 mL) and the organic phase was washed with brine (30 mL), dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum to give 60 mg of product (MS : (M+H) + = 413.3). Step 4. Preparation of (1 r,4 ?)- V-(( ?)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)-4-(1 -methyl-2-phenyl- 1 H-indole-6-sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxamide

The acid from the previous step (20 mg, 0.048 mmol) in acetonitrile (2 mL) was treated with HATU (36.9 mg, 0.097 mmol) and triethylamine (41 L, 0.291 mmol) and stirred at rt for 5 min. (f?)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethanamine (6.75 mg, 0.048 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 30 min. The reaction mixture was then concentrated under vacuum and diluted with DMSO (1 mL). The product was purified by HPLC (40- 70% ACN in water with 0.5 mM ammonium hydroxide, Xbridge C8 30x100 column, 0-12 min) to afford the product (9 mg).

Example 21

3-chloro-1 -methyl-2-phenyl-N-((1 S,4r)-4-((S)-3-(trifluoromethyl)piperazine-1 - carbonyl)cyclohexyl)-1 H-indole-6-sulfonamide

Preparation of 3-chloro-1 -methyl-2-phenyl- V-((1 S,4^-4-((S)-3- (trifluoromethyl)piperazine-l -carbonyl)cyclohexyl)-1H-indole-6-sulfonamide

To a mixture of 1 -methyl-2-phenyl-/V-((1 S,4r)-4-((S)-3-(trifluoromethyl)piperazine-1- carbonyl)cyclohexyl)-1 - -indole-6-sulfonamide (20 mg, 0.036 mmol) in 0.5 mL of phosphoryl chloride was added 9.1 1 mg (0.044 mmol) of phosphorus pentachloride. The mixture was stirred for 30 min and then poured onto ice. The mixture was then neutralized with sat. aq. sodium bicarbonate and extracted with ethyl acetate (20 mL). The organic solution was dried (sodium sulfate) and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by HPLC using 35-65% acetonitrile in water with 0.5% aq.

ammonium hydroxide using a Waters Xbridge C8 30x100 column to give 1 1 mg of product.

Example 22

2-cyclopropyl- V-((1 S,4r)-4-((S)-3-isopropylmorpholine-4-carbonyl)cyclohexyl)-1- methyl-1 H-indole-6-sulfonamide

Step 1. Preparation of (S)-5-isopropylmorpholin-3-one

To an ice-cold, stirred suspension of sodium hydride (2.59 g, 64.8 mmol) in toluene (90 mL) was added dropwise a solution of (S)-2-amino-3-methylbutan-1 -ol (3 g, 29.1 mmol) in toluene (60 mL). The reaction was then warmed to room temperature and a solution of ethyl chloroacetate (3.56 g, 29.1 mmol) in toluene (16 mL) was added dropwise. The resulting mixture was heated to reflux for 20 h under nitrogen and then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography to afford 2.8 g of product (MS : (M+H) + = 144.3).

Step 2. Preparation of (S)-3-isopropylmorpholine

The product from the previous step (2.8 g, 19.56 mmol) in THF (12 mL) was added dropwise over 20 min. to a solution of lithium aluminum hydride (2M in THF, 19.5 mL, 39.1 mmol) in THF (30 mL) at 0 °C. Following the addition, the ice bath was removed and the reaction was heated to reflux for 18 h. The reaction was cooled in an ice bath and quenched with water (1 .5 mL) and 2M aq. sodium hydroxide (3 mL). The resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 h and filtered. The solid was washed with ethyl acetate, and the organic solution was concentrated under vacuum to give product (2.13 g) as an oil (MS : (M+H) + = 130.3).

Step 3. Preparation of 2-cyclopropyl- V-((1 S,4r)-4-((S)-3-isopropylmorpholine-4- carbonyl)cyclohexyl)-1 -methyl-1 H-indole-6-sulfonamide

(1 r,4r)-4-(2-Cyclopropyl-1 -methyl-1 H-indole-6-sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylic acid (48.2 mg, 0.128 mmol, MS : (M+H) + = 377.1 ; prepared as described in Example 19, but using cyclopropyl acetylene in place of phenyl acetylene) was condensed with (S)-3- isopropylmorpholine (21 .5 mg, 0.166 mmol) according to the procedure described for Example 20. The product (38 mg) was purified by HPLC on a Phenomenex Hydro 4u 20x100 mm column using acetonitrile in water (40-60%) containing 0.1 % TFA as the eluent.

Example 23

3-cyano-2-cyclopropyl-1 -methyl- V-((1 r,4r)-4-(morpholine-4-carbonyl)cyclohexyl)-

1 H-indole-6-sulfonamide

Preparation of 3-cyano-2-cyclopropyl-1 -methyl- V-((1 r,4r)-4-(morpholine-4- carbonyl)cyclohexyl)-1H-indole-6-sulfonamide

(1 r,4r)-methyl 4-(2-cyclopropyl-1 -methyl-1 H-indole-6- sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylate (50 mg, 0.128 mmol) (prepared as described in Example 19; MS : (M+H) + = 391 .0) was treated with chlorosulfonylisocyanate (19.93 mg, 0.141 mmol) and stirred at room temperature for 1 h. DMF (18.72 mg, 0.020 mL, 0.256 mmol) was added and the mixture was stirred for an additional 30 min. The mixture was quenched with sat. aq. sodium bicarbonate and then extracted with ethyl acetate (50 mL). The organic solution was washed with water (50 mL), brine and then dried (sodium sulfate) and concentrated under vacuum to give product that was used directly in the next step. The reaction was repeated with another 50 mg of starting ester to give a total of 90 mg of product (MS : (M+H) + = 416.0).

A solution of (1 r,4r)-methyl 4-(3-cyano-2-cyclopropyl-1 -methyl-1 H-indole-6- sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylate from the previous step ( 90 mg, 0.217 mmol) was treated with 2.166 mL of 2N aq. sodium hydroxide (4.33 mmol) in methanol (2 mL) an stirred at room temperature for 3.5 h. The mixture was then neutralized with 1 N aq. hydrochloric acid and extracted with ethyl acetate (20 mL). The organic solution was washed with brine, dried (sodium sulfate) and concentrated under vacuum to give the acid.

The acid (23 mg, 0.057 mmol) in acetonitrile (2 mL) was treated with HATU (26.1 mg, 0.069 mmol) and triethylamine (1 1 .59 mg, 0.016 mL, 0.1 15 mmol) and stirred for 2 min. Morpholine (7.49 mg, 7.49 μί, 0.086 mmol) was then added and the mixture was stirred for an additional 10 min at room temperature. The mixture was diluted with DMSO (1 mL) and purified using HPLC (30-55% acetonitrile in water containing 0.1 % TFA; Sunfire Prep C18 5u 30x100 mm column) to give the product (12 mg). Example 24

2-cyclopropyl-1 -methyl -N-((1 r,4r)-4-methyl-4-(morpholine-4-carbonyl)cyclohexyl)-

1 H-indole-6-sulfonamide

Step 1 Preparation of ethyl 4-(tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy)-1- methylcyclohexanecarboxylate

Ethyl 4-(tert-butyldimethylsilyloxy)cyclohexanecarboxylate (3g, 10.47 mmol) in THF (20 mL) was added to a freshly prepared solution of LDA (prepared from n-butyllithium (26.2 mmol) in hexane and diisopropylamine (3.73 mL, 26.2 mmol) in 7 mL of THF) at -78 °C. the reaction was stirred for 1 h, warmed to 0 °C for 5 min, cooled again to -78 °C followed by addition of methyl iodide (2.292 mL, 36.7 mmol). The reaction mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature overnight, quenched with aqueous ammonium chloride, and concentrated under vacuum to remove volatile solvents. The residual aqueous mixture was extracted with ether, and the ether solution was dried and concentrated under vacuum to give the crude product as an oil which was further purified via normal phase chromatography on silica gel (Biotage SP1 , 40+S column) to give product (2.7 g; MS : (M+H) + = 301 .3) as a clear oil.

Step 2. Preparation of ethyl 4-hydroxy-1 -methylcyclohexanecarboxylate

The product from the previous step (2.7g, 8.98 mmol) was mixed with a solution of TBAF (15 mL, 15 mmol) in THF at 0 °C and stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was then concentrated under vacuum, and the crude oil was taken up in water and extracted with ether (3x250 mL). The combined organic layers were dried (MgS0 4 ) and concentrated under vacuum to give the crude product as an oil. This crude product was further purified via chromatography on silica gel using 20% ethyl acetate in heptane as the eluent to provide 1 .43 g of product as a clear oil (MS : (M+H) + = 186.7).

Step 3. Preparation of ethyl 4-(1 ,3-dioxoisoindolin-2-yl)-1 - methylcyclohexanecarboxylate

The hydroxy ester from the previous step (930 mg, 4.99 mmol), triphenylphosphine (3.143g, 1 1 .98 mmol), and phthalimide (882 mg, 5.99 mmol) were dissolved in 60 mL of THF. DIAD (2.33 mL, 1 1 .98 mmol) was then added and the reaction mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature. The mixture was concentrated under vacuum, and the residue was chromatographed on silica gel using an ethyl acetate/heptane gradient. The product (1 g) was obtained as a clear oil (MS : (M+H) + = 316.2).

Step 4. Preparation of 4-(1 ,3-dioxoisoindolin-2-yl)-1 -methylcyclohexanecarboxylic acid

The ethyl ester from the previous step (900 mg, 2.85 mmol) was added to 6M aq.

hydrochloric acid (0.951 mL, 5.71 mmol) in acetic acid (5 mL). The reaction mixture was heated to 90 °C for 48h and then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was taken up in a minimal volume of ethyl acetate and a white solid precipitated. The product was collected by filtration, washed with acetonitrile and dried to provide the product acid (475 mg). as a white solid (MS : (M+H) + = 288.2).

Step 5. Preparation of 4-(1 ,3-dioxoisoindolin-2-yl)-1 -methylcyclohexanecarbonyl chloride

The acid from the previous step (220 mg, 0.786 mmol) was dissolved in DCM (5 mL). Oxalyl chloride (146 mg, 0.1 mL, 1 .149 mmol) was added slowly, followed by addition of a drop of DMF. Stirring was continued at room temperature for 20 min and concentrated under vacuum to provide the product as a yellow solid that was used as is in the next step.

Step 6. Preparation of 2-(4-methyl-4-(morpholine-4- carbonyl)cyclohexyl)isoindoline-1 ,3-dione

The acid chloride from the previous step (0.234g, 0.766 mmol) in DCM (5 mL) was added to a mixture of morpholine (0.087g, 0.996 mmol) and triethylamine (0.233g, 2.298 mmol) in DCM (5 mL). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 h and was then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was taken up in ethyl acetate (50 mL) as washed with 1 N aq. hydrochloric acid (3x50 mL), dried with sodium sulfate and concentrated to afford the product as a yellow oil (0.273g; MS : (M+H) + = 357.2).

Step 7. Preparation of (4-amino-1 -methylcyclohexyl)(morpholino)methanone

Hydrazine (192 mg, 0.188 mL, 3.83 mmol) was added to the product from the previous step (0.273g, 0.766 mmol) in ethanol (25 mL) and heated to 80 °C for 16h. The mixture was then cooled to room temperature (a white precipitate formed) and concentrated under vacuum. DCM was added and the mixture was filtered. The white solid was washed with DCM, and the organic solution was concentrated under vacuum to afford product as a yellow solid (0.173g; MS : (M+H) + = 227.3).

Step 8. Preparation of 4-chloro-N-(4-methyl-4-(morpholine-4-carbonyl)cyclohexyl)- 3-nitrobenzenesulfonamide

4-Chloro-3-nitrobenzene-1 -sulfonyl chloride (1 18 mg, 0.461 mmol) was added to a solution of the amine from the previous step (87 mg, 0.384 mmol) and triethylamine (1 17 mg, 0.161 mL, 1 .153 mmol) in acetonitrile (3 mL). The mixture was then stirred for 30 min at room temperature. The reaction mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate (30 mL) and washed with 3x30 mL of 1 N hydrochloric acid and 30 mL of brine, dried (sodium sulfate) and concentrated under vacuum to afford product (146 mg) as a sticky yellow solid (MS : (M+H) + = 446.1 ).

Step 9. Preparation of 4-(cyclopropylethynyl)-N-(4-methyl-4-(morpholine-4- carbonyl)cyclohexyl)-3-nitrobenzenesulfonamide

A dried vial was charged with the chloronitrosulfonamide from the previous step (146 mg, 0.327 mmol), bis(acetonitrile)dichloropalladium (3.4 mg, 0.013 mmol), X-Phos (18.73 mg, 0.039 mmol) and potassium carbonate (136 mg, 0.982 mmol). The vial was purged with nitrogen and acetonitrile (3 mL) was added, followed by addition of cyclopropylacetylene (32.5 mg, 0.491 mmol). The vial was heated to 80 °C for 2h. The reaction mixture was then poured into 50 mL of ethyl acetate and washed with 1 N hydrochloric acid (50 mL) and brine. The organic solution was dried (sodium sulfate) and concentrated under vacuum to afford 156 mg of product MS : (M+H) + = 476.2).

Step 10. Preparation of 3-amino-4-(cyclopropylethynyl)-N-(4-methyl-4-(morpholine- 4-carbonyl)cyclohexyl)benzenesulfonamide

The product of the previous step (156 mg, 0.328 mmol) was treated with tin(ll) chloride (622 mg, 3.28 mmol) in methanol (7 mL) at 63 °C with stirring for 1 h. The mixture was then poured into ethyl acetate (30 mL) and washed with 1 N hydrochloric acid (3x30 mL) and brine (30 mL), dried (sodium sulfate) and concentrated under vacuum to give the crude product. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography (ISCO, 12g silica gel column, 0-100% ethyl acetate/heptane) to give 80 mg of product as a brown oil MS : (M+H) + = 446.2).

Step 11. Preparation of 4-(cyclopropylethynyl)-N-(4-methyl-4-(morpholine-4- carbonyl)cyclohexyl)-3-(methylamino)benzenesulfonamide

The product from the previous step (80 mg, 0.180 mmol) in THF (2 mL) was mixed with paraformaldehyde (62 mg, 2.065 mmol) and then sulfuric acid (0.180 mL) and stirred at room temperature for 2h. An additional 24 mg of paraformaldehyde was added. Stirring was continued for 1 h and an additional 48 mg of paraformaldehyde was added. After an additional 30 min at room temperature, sodium borohydride (120 mg) was added. Once the bubbling had stopped, ethyl acetate (50 mL) was added, and the mixture was washed with water (2x50 mL) and brine. The organic phase was dried (sodium sulfate) and concentrated under vacuum to give product (82 mg) as a yellow solid.

The aforementioned yellow solid (82 mg, 0.180 mmol) in THF (2 mL) was treated with sodium triacetoxyborohydride (153 mg, 0.720 mmol) followed by acetic acid (600 mg, 0.763 mL, 13.32 mmol) and stirred at room temperature for 15 min. Ethyl acetate (30 mL) was added together with water (30 mL). The organic phase was separated, washed with water (30 mL) and brine (100 ml_), dried (sodium sulfate) and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was diluted with toluene (5 mL) and concentrated again under vacuum (to remove traces of acetic acid) to afford product (58 mg) as a yellow solid MS : (M+H) + = 460.2).

Step 12. Preparation of 2-cyclopropyl-1 -methyl-N-((1 r,4r)-4-methyl-4-(morpholine- 4-carbonyl)cyclohexyl)-1 H-indole-6-sulfonamide

A mixture of palladium dichloride (4.48 mg) in 1 mL of acetonitrile was purged with nitrogen while heating to 80 °C until the palladium dichloride was dissolved, after which the product from the previous step (58 mg, 0.126 mmol) in hot acetonitrile (3 mL) was added over 10 min. Stirring was continued for 30 min. The mixture was then

concentrated under vacuum and the residue was purified by HPLC (Sunfire Prep C18 column, 35-70% acetonitrile in water as eluent) to provide the product (0.8 mg).

Example 25

3-(4-(3-chloro-6-(N-((1 S,4r)-4-((S)-3-isopropylmorpholine-4- carbonyl)cyclohexyl)sulfamoyl)-1 -methyl-1 H-indol-2-yl)phenyl)propanoic acid

Step 1. Preparation of tert-butyl (1 S,4r)-4-((S)-3-isopropylmorpholine-4- carbonyl)cyclohexylcarbamate

HATU (1 .031 g, 2.71 mmol) and triethylamine (0.499 g, 0.687 ml_, 4.93 mmol) were added to (1 r,4r)-4-(tert-butoxycarbonylamino)cyclohexanecarboxylic acid (0.6 g, 2.466 mmol) in DCM (10 mL) at room temperature. Stirring was continued for 5 min, followed by addition of (S)-3-isopropylmorpholine (0.382 g, 2.96 mmol; prepared as described for Example 22). Stirring was continued for an additional 1 h. The reaction was then concentrated under vacuum and diluted with ethyl acetate (100 mL) and water (100 mL). The layers were separated, and the organic phase was washed with water (2x100 mL) and brine, dried (sodium sulfate) and concentrated under vacuum to give product (1 .07 g; MS : (M+H) + = 355.2) as an oil that was used as is in the next step.

Step 2. Preparation of ((1 r,4S)-4-aminocyclohexyl)((S)-3- isopropylmorpholino)methanone

A solution of the product from the previous step in 4M HCI in 1 ,4-dioxane was stirred at room temperature for 1 h. The mixture was concentrated under vacuum, and the product obtained (MS : (M+H) + = 255.2) was used as is in the next step.

Step 3. Preparation of 4-chloro- V-((1 S,4^-4-((S)-3-isopropylmorpholine-4- carbonyl)cyclohexyl)-3-nitrobenzenesulfonamide

Triethylamine (990 mg, 1 .375 mL, 9.96 mmol) and 4-chloro-3-nitrobenzene-1 -sulfonyl chloride (695 mg, 2.71 mmol) were added sequentially to a solution of the product from the previous step in a mixture of acetonitrile (3 mL) and DCM (6 mL). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 h, then diluted with ethyl acetate (50 mL) and washed with 1 N aq. HCI (3x50 mL), sat. aq. sodium bicarbonate (50 mL) and brine (50 mL). The organic phase was dried (sodium sulfate) and concentrated under vacuum to provide the crude product. The product was purified by flash chromatography (ISCO 40g silica gel column using a 0-100% ethyl acetate-heptane gradient as the eluent to afford 400 mg of product (MS : (M+H) + = 474.1 ). Step 4. Preparation of methyl 3-(4-bromophenyl)propanoate

HCI in dioxane (4M, 61 .1 mL) was added to a solution of 3-(4-bromophenyl)propanoic acid in methanol (60 mL) at room temperature. The reaction was stirred 18 h and then concentrated under vacuum. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel using a 0-50% ethyl acetate-n-heptane gradient to afford 5.1 g of product as a colorless oil.

Step 5. Preparation of methyl 3-(4-((trimethylsilyl)ethynyl)phenyl)propanoate

The ester from the previous step (5.1 g, 20.98 mmol), copper(l) iodide (0.08 g, 0.42 mmol), bis(triphenylphosphine)palladium dichloride (0.295 g, 0.42 mmol) and

triphenylphosphine (0.275 g, 1 .049 mmol) were mixed in 25 mL of piperidine and purged with nitrogen. Ethynyltrimethylsilane (3.09 g, 31 .5 mmol) was then added, and the mixture was heated to 100 °C for 1 h under nitrogen. The mixture was concentrated under vacuum, diluted with ethyl acetate and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated under vacuum and purified by flash chromatography on silica gel using a 0-35% ethyl acetate-n-heptane gradient to afford 4.2 g of product as a brown oil (MS : (M+H) + = 261.2).

Step 6. Preparation of methyl 3-(4-ethynylphenyl)propanoate

Potassium carbonate (2.229 g, 16.13 mmol) was added to a solution of the product from the previous step (4.2 g, 16.13 mmol) in methanol (30 mL). The mixture was

concentrated under vacuum, and the residue was taken up in ethyl acetate (100 mL) and washed with 1 N aq. HCI (100 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate, and the combined organic phase was washed with brine (50 mL), dried (sodium sulfate) and concentrated. The residue was then purified by flash chromatography on silica gel using a 0-35% ethyl acetate-n-heptane gradient as the eluent to provide 2.6 g of product. Step 7. Preparation of methyl 3-(4-((4-( V-((1 S,4^-4-((S)-3-isopropylmorpholine-4- carbonyl)cyclohexyl)sulfamoyl)-2-nitrophenyl)ethynyl)phenyl) propanoate

A mixture of the product from Step 3 (400 mg, 0.844 mmol),

bis(acetonitrile)dichloropalladium(ll) (8.76 mg, 0.034 mmol), X-Phos (48.3 mg, 0.101 mmol) and potassium carbonate (350 mg, 2.53 mmol) was flushed with nitrogen.

Acetonitrile (7 mL) was added, followed by addition of methyl 3-(4- ethynylphenyl)propanoate (191 mg, 1 .013 mmol). The flask was then heated to 80 °C for 2.5h under nitrogen. The reaction mixture was then cooled and poured into 50 mL of ethyl acetate and washed with water (2x50 mL). The organic phase was separated, dried (sodium sulfate) and concentrated under vacuum to provide the crude product (MS : (M+H) + = 626.3) which was used as is in the next step.

Step 8. Preparation of methyl 3-(4-((2-amino-4-( V-((1 S,4^-4-((S)-3- isopropylmorpholine-4- carbonyl)cyclohexyl)sulfamoyl)phenyl)ethynyl)phenyl)propanoa te

The nitro group of the product from the previous step was reduced with tin(ll) chloride in methanol as described in Step 2 of Example 18. The product (MS : (M+H) + = 596.4) was used as is in the next step.

Step 9. Preparation of methyl 3-(4-((4-( V-((1 S,4^-4-((S)-3-isopropylmorpholine-4- carbonyl)cyclohexyl)sulfamoyl)-2-

(methylamino)phenyl)ethynyl)phenyl)propanoate

The N-methyl derivative of the aniline from the previous step was prepared according to the procedure of Example 20 to provide 400 mg (0.656 mmol) of crude product (MS : (M+H) + = 610.4) that was used as is in the next step.

Step 10. Preparation of methyl 3-(4-(6-( V-((1 S,4^-4-((S)-3-isopropylmorpholine-4- carbonyl)cyclohexyl)sulfamoyl)-1 -methyl-1H-indol-2-yl)phenyl)propanoate

Cyclization of the aminoacetylene to the indole was carried out as described in Example 20. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel using a 0- 100% ethyl acetate-n-heptane gradient as the eluent to afford 170 mg of the desired product (MS : (M+H) + = 610.2).

Step 11. Preparation of methyl 3-(4-(3-chloro-6-( V-((1 S,4r)-4-((S)-3- isopropylmorpholine-4-carbonyl)cyclohexyl)sulfamoyl)-1 -methyl-1 H-indol-2- yl)phenyl)propanoate

Phosphorus pentachloride (44.4 mg, 0.213 mmol) was added to a solution of the product from the previous step (100 mg, 0.164 mmol) in phosphoryl chloride (2 mL) at room temperature. The mixture was stirred 30 min, then poured onto ice and extracted with ethyl acetate (2x20 mL). The organic solution was washed with brine and concentrated under vacuum to afford the product (MS : (M+H) + = 644.3) which was used as is in the next step.

Step 12. Preparation of 3-(4-(3-chloro-6-( V-((1 S,4^-4-((S)-3-isopropylmorpholine-4- carbonyl)cyclohexyl)sulfamoyl)-1 -methyl-1H-indol-2-yl)phenyl)propanoic acid

Sodium hydroxide (2.05 mL, 4.1 mmol of 2M aq. solution) was added to the ester from the previous step in methanol (2.5 mL). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 30 min, and then neutralized with 1 N aq. HCI. The mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate, dried (sodium sulfate) and concentrated under vacuum to provide the crude product. The crude product was purified by HPLC using a 40-70% acetonitrile/water gradient containing 0.1 % TFA to afford 51 mg of the desired product.

Example 26

(1 r,4 ?)-4-(3-chloro-1 H-indole-6-sulfonamido)- V-((/?)-1 -(4- fluorophenyl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide

Step 1. Preparation of 6-bromo-1-(triisopropylsilyl)-1 H-indole

To a solution of 6-bromo-1 H-indole (2 g, 10.2 mmol) in THF (20 mL) at 0 °C was added 0.46 g of sodium hydride (12 mmol) in 3 portions. The mixture was stirred 30 min followed by addition of chlorotriisopropylsilane (2 g, 10.4 mmol). The reaction was allowed to warm to room temperature and stirring was continued overnight. The mixture was then poured into sat. aq. sodium bicarbonate and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic phase was washed with brine, dried (magnesium sulfate) and concentrate under vacuum to afford the crude product as an orange oil that was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel using a 4:1 ethyl acetate/heptane mixture as the eluent. The purified product (2.8 g) was a light orange oil.

Step 2. Preparation of 3-chloro-1 -(triisopropylsilyl)-1 H-indole-6-sulfonyl chloride

n-Butyllithium (2.7 mL of a 2.7 M solution in heptane) was added dropwise to a solution of the bromo indole from the previous step (2.3 g, 6.53 mmol) at -78 °C. The mixture was stirred 1 h and then poured into 1 .3 mL of sulfuryl chloride in cyclohexane (45 mL) at O °C. The reaction was then allowed to warm to room temperature with stirring overnight. Water (30 mL) was then added followed by stirring for 30 min. The layers were separated, and the organic phase was dried over magnesium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum to provide the crude product as a deep orange oil. Purification by flash chromatography on silica gel using 9/1 heptane/ethyl acetate as the eluent afforded 1 .3 g of product.

Step 3. Preparation of (1 r,4 ?)-4-(3-chloro-1 -(triisopropylsilyl)-1 H-indole-6- sulfonamido)-/V-((R)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide

A mixture of the sulfonyl chloride from the previous step (0.1 g, 0.246 mmol) and 4- amino-/V-((/?)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide (75 mg, 0.25 mmol; prepared as described in Example 1 , but using (R)-1-(4-fluorophenyl)ethanamine in place of the des-fluoro analog) and diisopropylethylamine (0.1 mL) in DMF was stirred at room temperature overnight. The mixture was then concentrated under vacuum, and 1 N aq. hydrochloric acid was added. The mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate, and the organic layer was washed with brine, dried (magnesium sulfate) and concentrated under vacuum to afford 0.15 g of crude product which was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel using a 65:35 heptane-ethyl acetate mixture as eluent to yield 52 mg of product.

Step 4. Preparation of (1 r,4 ?)-4-(3-chloro-1 H-indole-6-sulfonamido)-A/-(( ?)-1-(4- fluorophenyl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide

The product from the previous step (32 mg, 0.0584 mmol) and tetrabutylammonium fluoride (0.1 mL of a 1 M solution in THF) were stirred in 2 mL of THF at room

temperature overnight. The mixture was then poured into aqueous sodium bicarbonate and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic phase was dried over magnesium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum to give the crude product. The product was triturated with ether and filtered to provide 13 mg of product as a beige powder.

Example 27

(S)^-(6-(A/-((1 ?,4r)-4-(( ?)-1-(4-fluorophenyl)ethylcarbamoyl)cyclohexyl)sulfamoyl)- 1 H-indol-2-yl)benzyl 2-amino-3-methylbutanoate

Step 1. Preparation of (S)-4-(6-(A/-((1 ?,4i)-4-(( ?)-1-(4- fluorophenyl)ethylcarbamoyl)cyclohexyl)sulfamoyl)-1 H-indol-2-yl)benzyl 2-(tert- butoxycarbonylamino)-3-methylbutanoate

Boc-valine (89 mg, 0.41 mmol) in acetonitrile (10 mL) was treated with DCC (1 13 mg, 0.55 mmol) followed by addition of (1 r,4/?)-N-((/?)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)-4-(2-(4- (hydroxymethyl)phenyl)-1 - -indole-6-sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxamide (150 mg, 0.27 mmol; (MS : (M+H) + = 550.2) prepared as described for Example 18, but with (4- ethynylphenyl)methanol used in place of phenyl acetylene) in acetonitrile (5 mL) followed by addition of DMAP (3 mg, 0.025 mmol). The mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature, then ethyl acetate (50 mL) and water (50 mL) were added. The layers were separated, and the organic phase was dried (sodium sulfate) and concentrated under vacuum to give the crude product as a yellow solid (MS : (M+H) + = 749.3).

Step 2. Preparation of (S)- -(6-(A/-((1 ?,4r)-4-(( ?)-1 -(4- fluorophenyl)ethylcarbamoyl)cyclohexyl)sulfamoyl)-1 H-indol-2-yl)benzyl 2-amino- 3-methylbutanoate

The crude product from the previous step was stirred in a solution of DCM (5 mL) and TFA (5 mL)at room temperature for 0.5h and then concentrated under vacuum. DMSO was added and the product was purified by HPLC using a Waters Xbridge C8 column with a 40-60% acetonitrile/water solvent system in which the water contained 5 mM ammonium hydroxide. Approximately 70 mg of product was obtained.

Example 28

3-(4-(3-chloro-6-( V-((1 S,4A -4-((S)-3-cyclopropylmorpholine-4- carbonyl)cyclohexyl)sulfamoyl)-1 -methyl-1 H-indol-2-yl)phenyl)propanoic acid

Step 1. Preparation of (S)-3-cyclopropylmorpholine

Sulfuric acid (cone, 1 .704g, 0.926 mL, 17.37 mmol) was added to a solution of (S)-2- amino-2-cyclopropylacetic acid (1 g, 8.69 mmol) in ethanol (12 mL) and heated to reflux for 5h, then cooled to rt. The reaction mixture was concentrated under vacuum to remove solvent and water (10 mL) was added. The pH of the mixture was adjusted to 10 using 2M aq. sodium hydroxide and was then extracted with DCM (3x15 mL). The organic phase was dried with sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum to provide (S)-ethyl 2-amino-2-cyclopropylacetate (862 mg) which was used as is.

(S)-ethyl 2-amino-2-cyclopropylacetate (644 mg, 4.5 mmol) in THF (7.5 mL) was added dropwise to 6.75 mL of a 2M solution of lithium aluminum hydride in THF at 0 °C under a nitrogen atmosphere. The mixture was stirred for 10 min at 0 °C and then allowed to warm to room temperature, followed by stirring for an additional 1 h. The mixture was then cooled to 0 °C and water (0.6 mL) was added slowly, followed by 1 .2 mL of 2 M aq. sodium hydroxide and an additional 1.2 mL of water. The resulting mixture was stirred at rt for 10 min. Celite was added and the mixture was filtered through a celite pad. The solid was washed twice with warm THF. The filtrate was dried with sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum to afford (S)-2-amino-2-cyclopropylethanol (420 mg) as a light yellow oil.

To a cold, stirred suspension of sodium hydride (600 mg, 14.99 mmol) in toluene (20 mL) was added dropwise a solution of (S)-2-amino-2-cyclopropylethanol (680 mg, 6.72 mmol)) in toluene (12 mL). The reaction mixture was then allowed to warm to room temperature and a solution of ethyl chloroacetate (824 mg, 6.72 mmol) in toluene (4 mL) was added dropwise. The resulting mixture was stirred for 3h at room temperature. The mixture was then quenched with the addition of 10 mL of 1 N aq. hydrochloric acid and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was diluted with THF, dried with magnesium sulfate, concentrated under vacuum and filtered through a pad of silica gel, flushing with additional THF. The resulting filtrate was concentrated under vacuum, and the residue was further purified by flash chromatography (ISCO, 12 g silica gel column, using a 0- 100% ethyl acetate in n-heptane gradient as the eluent to afford 208 mg of (S)-5- cyclopropylmorpholin-3-one as a white solid (MS : (M+H) + = 142.2).

A solution of (S)-5-cyclopropylmorpholin-3-one (208 mg, 1 .473 mmol) in THF (5 mL) was added dropwise to a suspension of lithium aluminum hydride (1 12 mg, 2.95 mmol) in THF (6 mL) at 0 °C. Following completion of the addition, the ice bath was removed, and the reaction was allowed to warm to room temperature and then heated to reflux for 3h. The reaction mixture was then cooled and water (0.3 mL) was slowly added, followed by 1 N aq. sodium hydroxide (0.6 mL). The resulting mixture was stirred at rt for 1 h and filtered, washing the solid with warm THF and DCM. The filtrate was dried with magnesium sulfate, filtered and concentrated under vacuum to provide (S)-3- cyclopropylmorpholine (1 10 mg) as a yellow oil (MS : (M+H) + = 128.3).

Step 2. Preparation of tert-butyl (1 S,4r)-4-((S)-3-cyclopropylmorpholine-4- carbonyl)cyclohexylcarbamate

(1 r,4r)-4-(tert-butoxycarbonylamino)cyclohexanecarboxylic acid (0.6g, 2.466 mmol) in DCM (10 mL) was treated with HATU (0.345g, 2.71 mmol) and TEA (0.499g, 0.687 mL, 4.93 mmol) and stirred at rt for 5 min, followed by addition of (S)-3- cyclopropylmorpholine (0.345g, 2.71 mmol). Stirring was continued for 2h, and the mixture was then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was diluted with 50 mL of ethyl acetate and 50 mL of water. The organic layer was separated and washed with water (3x50 mL) and brine, dried (sodium sulfate), filtered and concentrated to give product (870 mg) as a solid (MS : (M+H) + = 353.3).

Step 3. Preparation of ((1 r,4S)-4-aminocyclohexyl)((S)-3- cyclopropylmorpholino)methanone hydrochloride salt

The product from the previous reaction (870 mg, 2.468 mmol) was stirred in 4M HCI in dioxane (12.3 ml_, 49.2 mmol) at rt for 1 h. The mixture was then concentrated uncer vacuum to give product as a solid that was used in the next step as is.

Step 4. Preparation of 4-chloro-N-((1 S,4r)-4-((S)-3-cyclopropylmorpholine-4- carbonyl)cyclohexyl)-3-nitrobenzenesulfonamide

The condensation of the amine (713 mg, 2.468 mmol) and the sulfonyl chloride (695 mg, 2.71 mmol) was carried out as described for Example 2, except that a mixture of DCM (3 mL) and ACN (3 mL) was used as the solvent. The product was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel (ISCO, 40g column, 0-100% ethyl acetate in n-heptane) to afford 740 mg of the sulfonamide (MS : (M+H) + = 472.0).

Step 5. Preparation of methyl 3-(4-((4-( V-((1 S,4r)-4-((S)-3-cyclopropylmorpholine-4- carbonyl)cyclohexyl)sulfamoyl)-2-nitrophenyl)ethynyl)phenyl) propanoate

The chlorosulfonamide from the previous step (740 mg, 1 .568 mmol) and methyl 3-(4- ethynylphenyl)propanoate (354 mg, 1 .882 mmol; prepared as described in Example 25) were coupled as described for Example 25 to provide the title compound (MS : (M+H) + = 624.3) which was used as is in the next step.

Step 6. Preparation of methyl 3-(4-((2-amino-4-( V-((1 S,4^-4-((S)-3- cyclopropylmorpholine-4- carbonyl)cyclohexyl)sulfamoyl)phenyl)ethynyl)phenyl)propanoa te

The nitro compound from the previous step (0.978 mg, 1 .568 mmol) was reduced to the aniline derivative using tin(ll) chloride as described in Example 18 to afford the product (MS : (M+H) + = 594.2) which was used as is in the next step.

Step 7. Preparation of methyl 3-(4-((4-( V-((1 S,4r)-4-((S)-3-cyclopropylmorpholine-4- carbonyl)cyclohexyl)sulfamoyl)-2-

(methylamino)phenyl)ethynyl)phenyl)propanoate

The aniline derivative from the previous step was methylated following the procedure described for Example 20. The product was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel (ISCO, 40g column, 0-100% ethyl acetate in n-heptane as eluent) to afford 425 mg of the product as a yellow solid (MS : (M+H) + = 608.3).

Step 8. Preparation of methyl 3-(4-(6-( V-((1 S,4^-4-((S)-3-cyclopropylmorpholine-4- carbonyl)cyclohexyl)sulfamoyl)-1 -methyl-1H-indol-2-yl)phenyl)propanoate

The product from the previous step (425 mg, 0.699 mmol) was cyclized to the indole derivative following the procedure described for Example 20. The crude product was taken up in 10 mL of ACN of which 6 mL was used for HPLC purification using a Sunfire Prep C18 30x100 mm column with 40-65% ACN in water containing 0.1 % TFA for both solvents. Retention time was 9.509 min., and 90 mg was obtained (MS : (M+H) + = 608.3).

Step 9. Preparation of methyl 3-(4-(3-chloro-6-( V-((1 S,4^-4-((S)-3- cyclopropylmorpholine-4-carbonyl)cyclohexyl)sulfamoyl)-1 -methyl-1 H-indol-2- yl)phenyl)propanoate

The indole from Step 8 (80 mg, 0.132 mmol) was chlorinated using the procedure described for Example 21 to afford the desired 3-chloro derivative (MS : (M+H) + = 642.4) which was used directly as is in the next step.

Step 10. Preparation of 3-(4-(3-chloro-6-( V-((1 S,4^-4-((S)-3-cyclopropylmorpholine- 4-carbonyl)cyclohexyl)sulfamoyl)-1 -methyl-1 H-indol-2-yl)phenyl)propanoic acid

The ester from the previous step (80 mg, 0.121 mmol) was hydrolyzed as described for Example 25. The product was purified by HPLC (40-60% ACN in water containing 0.1 % TFA for both solvents; Sunfire Prep C18 30x 100 mm column; t R =8.253 min.; 76 mg obtained). The purified acid was converted to a potassium salt using potassium bicarbonate (1 .0 equivalent) in a mixture of water and ACN followed by lyophilization to afford 80 mg of the potassium salt.

Example 29

3-(4-(6-(N-((1 S,4r)-4-((S)-3-isopropylmorpholine-4-carbonyl)cyclohexyl)sul famoyl)- 1 -methyl-1 H-indol-2-yl)phenyl)propanoic acid

The title compound was prepared and purified by the hydrolysis of the product of Step 10 of Example 25 according to the procedure of Step 12 of Example 25 to afford 40 mg of the acidic product. This product was converted to its potassium salt by treatment with 1 .0 equivalents (6.7 mg) of potassium bicarbonate in a mixture of acetonitrile and water. Lyophilization provided 42 mg of the product as its potassium salt.

Example 30

2-(4-(2-methoxyethyl)phenyl)-N-((1 S,4r)-4-((S)-3-methylmorpholine-4- carbonyl)cyclohexyl)-1 H-indole-6-sulfonamide

Step 1. Preparation of ((4-(2-methoxyethyl)phenyl)ethynyl)trimethylsilane

Ethynyltrimethylsilane (3.42 g, 34.9 mmol) was added via syringe to a mixture of 1 - bromo-4-(2-methoxyethyl)benzene (5 g, 23.25 mmol), bis(triphenylphosphine)palladium dichloride (0.326 g, 0.465 mmol), triphenylphosphine (0.305 g, 1 .162 mmol) and copper(l) iodide (0.089 g, 0.465 mmol) in piperidine (25 mL). The mixture was heated to 100 °C for 1 h under a nitrogen atmosphere, then cooled and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was taken up in ethyl acetate (70 mL), filtered and concentrated to give the crude product that was then purified by flash chromatography on silica gel (ISCO 120 g column, 0-20% ethyl acetate in n-heptane as the eluent). Product (4.36 g) was obtained as a brown oil (MS : (M+H) + = 233.3).

Step 2. Preparation of 1 -ethynyl-4-(2-methoxyethyl)benzene

The product from the previous step (4.36 g, 18.76 mmol) and potassium carbonate (2.59 g, 18.76 mmol) was stirred in methanol (30 mL) at room temperature for 1 h and then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was taken up in ethyl acetate (100 mL) and washed with 100 mL of 1 .ON HCI. The aqueous fraction was extracted with ethyl acetate (50 mL), and the combined organic solutions were washed with brine (50 mL), dried (sodium sulfate) and concentrated under vacuum to provide the crude product. The product was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel (ISCO 120 g column, with 0- 50% ethyl acetate in n-heptane as the eluent) to give 2.34 g of product as a brown oil.

Step 3. Preparation of (1 r,4r)-methyl 4-(4-((4-(2-methoxyethyl)phenyl)ethynyl)-3- nitrophenylsulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylate

The product from the previous step (0.385 g, 2.4 mmol) was condensed with (1 r,4r)- methyl 4-(4-chloro-3-nitrophenylsulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylate (0.754 g, 2 mmol; prepared as described in Example 19) following the procedure outlined for Example 19. The crude product (MS : (M+H) + = 501 .3) was isolated as described and used as is in the next step.

Step 4. Preparation of (1 r,4r)-methyl 4-(3-amino-4-((4-(2- methoxyethyl)phenyl)ethynyl)phenylsulfonamido)cyclohexanecar boxylate

The nitro compound from the previous step (1 g, 2 mmol) was reduced to the corresponding aniline derivative with tin (I I) chloride (3.79 g, 20 mmol) following the procedure described for Example 18. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel (ISCO 40 g column, with 0-100% ethyl acetate in n- heptane as the eluent) to afford 1 .01 g of the title compound (MS : (M+H) + = 471 .3).

Step 5. Preparation of (1 r,4r)-methyl 4-(2-(4-(2-methoxyethyl)phenyl)-1 H-indole-6- sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylate

The product from the previous step (1 .01 g, 2.146 mmol) was cyclized to the indole derivative following the procedure described for Example 18. The crude product so obtained was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel (ISCO 40 g column, using 0- 100% ethyl acetate in n-heptane as the eluent) to afford 560 mg of the title compound (MS : (M+H) + = 471 .1 ).

Step 6. Preparation of 2-(4-(2-methoxyethyl)phenyl)-N-((1S,4r)-4-((S)-3- methylmorpholine-4-carbonyl)cyclohexyl)-1 H-indole-6-sulfonamide

The ester from the previous step (280 mg, 0.595 mmol) was hydrolyzed in methanol (6 mL) with 5.95 mL of 2M aq. sodium hydroxide as described for Example 19 to afford 230 mg of the corresponding acid. The resulting acid (60 mg, 0.131 mmol) was condensed with (S)-3-methylmorpholine (15.95 mg, 0.158 mmol) as described for Example 19. The crude product was purified by HPLC using a Sunfire Prep C18 5u 30x100 mm column with 35-65% acetonitrile containing 0.1 % TFA to afford 43 mg of the title compound after lyophilization.

Example 31

3-chloro-2-(4-(2-methoxyethyl)phenyl)-N-((1 S,4r)-4-((S)-3-methylmorpholine-4- carbonyl)cyclohexyl)-1 H-indole-6-sulfonamide

Step 1. Preparation of (1 r,4r)-methyl 4-(3-chloro-2-(4-(2-methoxyethyl)phenyl)-1 H- indole-6-sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylate

Phosphorus pentachloride (0.526 g, 2.52 mmol) was added to a solution of (1 r,4r)-methyl 4-(2-(4-(2-methoxyethyl)phenyl)-1 H-indole-6-sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylate (1 .08 g, 2.295 mmol; prepared as described in Step 5 of Example 30) in phosphoryl chloride (10 mL) at room temperature. After 30 min, an additional 278 mg of phosphorus pentachloride was added and stirring was continued for an additional 15 min. The mixture was then poured onto ice and then extracted with ethyl acetate (50 mL). The organic solution was washed with water (2x50 mL) and brine (50 mL), dried (sodium sulfate) and concentrated to provide 810 mg of the title compound (MS : (M+H) + = 505.1).

Step 2. Preparation of (1 r,4r)-4-(3-chloro-2-(4-(2-methoxyethyl)phenyl)-1 H-indole-6- sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylic acid

A solution of the product from the previous step (810 mg, 1 .604 mmol) in methanol (20 mL) was treated with 2M aq. sodium hydroxide (16.04 mL, 32.1 mmol). The mixture was stirred for 1 h at room temperature, then neutralized with 1 N aq. hydrochloric acid and extracted with ethyl acetate (100 mL). The organic phase was washed with brine (50 mL), dried (sodium sulfate) and concentrated to provide the product (810 mg; (MS : (M+H) + = 491 .0) which was used as is in the next step.

Step 4. Preparation of 3-chloro-2-(4-(2-methoxyethyl)phenyl)-N-((1 S,4r)-4-((S)-3- methylmorpholine-4-carbonyl)cyclohexyl)-1 H-indole-6-sulfonamide

A solution of the product of the previous step (450 mg, 0.916 mmol), TEA (185 mg, 0.255 mL, 1 .833 mmol) and HATU (383 mg, 1 .008 mmol) in acetonitrile (4 mL) was stirred for 2 min at room temperature, followed by addition of (S)-3-methylmorpholine (93 mg, 0.916 mmol). Stirring was continued at room temperature for 30 min., followed by dilution with DMSO (1 mL). The resulting mixture was purified by HPLC using a Sunfire Prep C18 5u 30x100 mm column with 40-70% acetonitrile containing 0.1 % TFA as the eluent to provide the product (145 mg) following lyophilization; t R = 8.013 min .

Formulations:

Microemulsion Preparation:

50 grams of Cremophor RH 40 was added to 30 grams of Propylene Glycol and 20 grams of Labrafil M2125 CS. The mixture was stirred at 50 °C until a clear, slightly yellow, completely homogeneous solution was achieved with no phase separation. Oral Dosing Solution:

16.75 mg of Example 31 was added to 3.35 mL of Microemulsion prepare above. The mixture was sonicated/stirred at room temperature until Example 31 was completely dissolve and the solution was homogeneous. Final concentration of Example 31 was 5.0 mg/mL. Prior to dosing, the solution was diluted 1 :10 with water and allow to stir until a clear, homogeneous solution was achieved.

IV Dosing Solution:

7.00 mg of Example 31 was added to 0.7 mL N-methyl pyrollidone (NMP) and 6.3 mL PEG 300. The mixtured was stirred/sonicated at room temperature until full dissolution of Example 31 to give a homogeneous solution. The solution was I.V. dosed neat with a final concentration was 1 .0 mg/mL

Example 32

2-cyclopropyl-1 ,3-dimethyl-N-((1 S,4r)-4-((S)-3-methylmorpholine-4- carbonyl)cyclohexyl)-1 H-indole-6-sulfonamide

Step 1. Preparation of (1 r,4r)-methyl 4-(2-cyclopropyl-1 ,3-dimethyl-1 H-indole-6- sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylate

A mixture of (1 r,4r)-methyl 4-(2-cyclopropyl-1 -methyl-1 H-indole-6- sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylate (30 mg, 0.077 mmol) and N-methyl-N- methylenemethanaminium chloride (14.37 mg, 0.154 mmol) in acetonitrile (5 mL) was stirred for 10 min at room temperature followed by addition of 2,6-lutidine (8.23 mg, 8.95

L, 0.077 mmol). The reaction was then stirred overnight at room temperature. To this mixture was added THF (1 mL) followed by sodium triacetoxyborohydride (100 mg, 0.472 mmol). Acetyl chloride (221 mg, 200 L, 2.81 mmol) was then added dropwise, and stirring was continued for an additional 10 min. The mixture was quenched with 1 .0 N aq. hydrochloric acid (2 mL) and extracted with ethyl acetate (4 mL). The organic phase was washed with brine, dried (sodium sulfate) and concentrated to provide the crude product (MS : (M+H) + = 405.1 ) that was used as is for the next step.

Step 2. Preparation of 2-cyclopropyl-1 ,3-dimethyl-N-((1 S,4r)-4-((S)-3- methylmorpholine-4-carbonyl)cyclohexyl)-1 H-indole-6-sulfonamide

The product from the previous step (31 mg, 0.077 mmol) was taken up in methanol (1 mL) to which 2M aq. sodium hydroxide (0.958 mL, 1 .016 mmol) was added. The mixture was stirred 2h at room temperature and then neutralized with the addition of 1 .ON aq. hydrochloric acid. The resulting mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate, and the organic phase was washed with brine, dried with sodium sulfate and concentrated to give the crude acid.

The crude hydrolysis product was taken up in acetonitrile (1 mL) and triethylamine and HATU were added. This mixture was stirred for 2 min., followed by addition of (S)-3- methylmorpholine (9.01 mg, 0.089 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred 30 min., diluted with DMSO and purified by HPLC using a Sunfire Prep C18 5u 30x100 mm column, with 40-70% acetonitrile in water containing 0.1 % TFA as the eluent. Following lyophilization, 10 mg of product was isolated.

Example 33

(1 r,4R)-N-((R)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)-4-(1 ,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrido[3,2-b]pyrazine-7- sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxamide

Step 1. Preparation of (1 r,4R)-4-(5-bromo-6-chloropyridine-3-sulfonamido)-N-((R)- 1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide

DIPEA (4.3 g, 5.81 ml_, 33.2 mmol) was added to a suspension of (1 r,4R)-4-amino-N- ((R)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide (5 g, 16.62 mmol; prepared as described in Example 1) in DCM (200 mL) at room temperature. 5-Bromo-6- chloropyridine-3-sulfonyl chloride (4.84 g, 16.62 mmol) in DCM (100 mL) was then added and the reaction mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature. The reaction mixture was concentrated, and the residue was taken up in ethyl acetate and washed with sat. aq. sodium carbonate, dried (magnesium sulfate) and concentrated to afford a yellow solid. The yellow solid was triturated with hexane and filtered to afford a beige powder (6.74 g).

Step 2. Preparation of (1 r,4R)-4-(6-(2-aminoethylamino)-5-bromopyridine-3- sulfonamido)-N-((R)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide

The product from the previous step (0.6 g, 1 .156 mmol), potassium carbonate (0.479 g, 3.47 mmol) acetonitrile (1 .5 mL) and ethylenediamine (0.22085 g, 0.22343 mL, 3.47 mmol) were heated in a microwave oven at 160 °C for 10 min. The reaction was performed on this scale 10 times, and the resulting reaction mixtures were filtered and combined. The filtrate was concentrated to afford a beige foam (5.15 g; M+H: 544.1 , 545.5).

Step 3. Preparation of (1 r,4R)-N-((R)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)-4-(1 ,2,3,4- tetrahydropyrido[3,2-b]pyrazine-7-sulfonamido)cyclohexanecar boxamide

The product from the previous step (50 mg, 0.092 mmol), X Phos (21 .97 mg, 0.046 mmol), Pd2(dba)3 (16.88 mg, 0.018 mmol) and sodium tert-butoxide (39.9 mg, 0.415 mmol) were added to a dry microwave vial, to which dioxane (3 ml) and DMF (2 ml) were then added. The reaction mixture was heated at 140 °C for 15 min in a microwave oven, after which the reaction mixture was concentrated. The resulting brown oil was dried under high vacuum and then adsorbed onto silica and purified via Biotage automated flash column chromatography, 25M, eluting with 2-20% ethyl acetate in methanol.

Relevant fractions were pooled and concentrated to afford an off white solid, which was dried under a high vacuum to give 48 mg of product as a white solid.

Example 34

(1 r,4R)-4-(1 ,4-dimethyl-1 ,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrido[3,2-b]pyrazine-7-sulfonamido)-N- ((R)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide

(1 r,4R)-4-(5-bromo-6-chloropyridine-3-sulfonamido)-N-((R)-1 -(4- fluorophenyl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide (500 mg, 0.964 mmol; prepared as described in Step 1 of Example 33) and potassium carbonate (400 mg, 2.89 mmol) were added to a dry microwave vial, to which acetonitrile (15 mL) was then added. N 1 ,N 2 - dimethylethane-1 ,2-diamine (0.31 1 ml, 2.89 mmol) was then added to this solution and the reaction mixture was then heated in a microwave oven at 160 °C for 15 min. The reaction mixture was filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated to afford a sticky brown solid that was purified via Biotage automated flash column chromatography 40M, eluting with 2-20% ethyl acetate in methanol. Relevant fractions were pooled and concentrated to afford a white solid, which was dried under high vacuum. This material was triturated with hexanes and filtered to afford a white solid, which was itself dried under high vacuum to give 243 mg of product.

Example 35

(1 r,4R)-4-(2,3-dihydro-1 H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4]thiazine-7-sulfonamido)-N-((R)-1 -(4- fluorophenyl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide

Step 1. Preparation of tert-butyl 2-(3-bromo-5-(N-((1 R,4r)-4-((R)-1 -(4- fluorophenyl)ethylcarbamoyl)cyclohexyl)sulfamoyl)pyridin-2- ylthio)ethylcarbamate

A mixture of (1 r,4R)-4-(5-bromo-6-chloropyridine-3-sulfonamido)-N-((R)-1 -(4- fluorophenyl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide (1 g, 1 .927 mmol: prepared as described in Step 1 of Example 33), potassium carbonate (0.533 g, 3.85 mmol) and tert-butyl 2- mercaptoethylcarbamate (0.512 g, 0.489 mL, 2.89 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) was stirred overnight at room temperature. The reaction mixture was then poured into brine and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic phase was dried (magnesium sulfate) and concentrated to provide product (1 .1 g) as a yellow foam.

Step 2. Preparation of (1 r,4R)-4-(6-(2-aminoethylthio)-5-bromopyridine-3- sulfonamido)-N-((R)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide

The product from the previous step (1 .1 g, 1 .668 mmol) and trifluoroacetic acid (4.44 g, 3 ml_, 38.9 mmol) in DCM (15 mL) were stirred at room temperature for 3 h. The mixture was then concentrated, treated with sat. aq. sodium bicarbonate and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic phase was dried (magnesium sulfate) and concentrated to provide 240 mg of product as a yellow powder.

Step 3. Preparation of (1 r,4R)-4-(2,3-dihydro-1 H-pyrido[2,3-b][1 ,4]thiazine-7- sulfonamido)-N-((R)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide

Microwave, 140 °C

The product from the previous step (220 mg, 0.393 mmol) was cyclized following the procedure described in Step 3 of Example 33. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel on a Biogage 25S column with 1 :1 ethyl acetate/heptane followed by 95:5 ethyl acetate/methanol as eluents to provide an orange oil. Trituration with ether and filtration afforded 74 mg of a yellow solid.

Example 36

(1 r,4R)-4-(2-ethoxyquinoline-6-sulfonamido)-N-((R)-1-(4- fluorophenyl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide

Step 1. Preparation of 6-nitro-3,4-dihydroquinolin-2(1 H)-one

3,4-Dihydro-1 H-quinolin-2-one (7.2 g, 48.9 mmol) was dissolved in sulfuric acid (150 mL) and cooled to 0 °C. Water (35 mL) was added dropwise, followed by nitric acid (3.5 ml_, 78 mmol) dropwise following this, retaining temperature below 0 °C. The reaction mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 15 min after which LC-MS showed one major peak corresponding to desired product. The reaction mixture was then poured into ice water and extracted with EtOAc (3*); the combined organic phases were dried over MgS0 4 , filtered and concentrated to afford a brown solid - 6-nitro-3,4-Dihydro-1 H-quinolin-2-one - 8.56g (91 % yield).

Step 2. Preparation of 2-chloro-6-nitroquinoline

6-Nitro-3,4-dihydro-1 H-quinolin-2-one (12.56 g, 65.4 mmol) was suspended in toluene (200 mL), to which DDQ (15.06 g, 66.3 mmol) was added. Phosphoryl trichloride (30.5 mL, 327 mmol) was then added dropwise and the reaction mixture was then heated at 90 °C for 3 hours. It was then observed that the deep red semi-solution had become an orange free flowing suspension, which LC-MS confirmed contained desired product. The reaction mixture was then poured slowly into ice water (1 L), keeping temperature below 10°C. This solution was then neutralized to pH 7 via slow addition of 2.5M aq. sodium hydroxide, keeping temperature below 10°C. This brown suspension was then extracted with ethyl acetate. The aqueous layer was back extracted further with ethyl acetate, and the combined organic layers were washed with brine. The resulting orange/brown solution was dried over MgS0 4 , filtered and concentrated to afford a brown/orange solid, which was dried under high vacuum overnight. The mass of dry material (2-chloro-6- nitro-quinoline) was 7.2g (50% yield).

Step 3. Preparation of 2-chloroquinolin-6-amine 2-chloro-6-nitro-quinoline (12.5 g, 59.9 mmol) and ammonium chloridel (9.78 g, 183 mmol) were suspended in ethanol (175 mL) and water (50 mL). The resulting mixture was heated to 60°C and iron powder (15.06 g, 270 mmol) was added as a solid in portions. The reaction mixture was stirred at 60°C for 2 hours. LC-MS at this point showed one major peak corresponding to desired product. The reaction mixture was then concentrated to remove the majority of ethanol, and the residue was diluted with ethyl acetate and filtered to remove brown solids. The filter cake was washed with ethyl acetate. The filtrate was then dried over MgS0 4 , filtered and concentrated to afford a brown solid. This material was adsorbed onto silica and purified via Biotage automated flash column chromatography, eluting with 10-100% ethyl acetate/heptane. Relevant fractions were pooled and concentrated to afford a creamy yellow soft fluffy solid, which was dried under high vacuum to provide 6.45g (60% yield) of product.

Step 4. Preparation of 2-chloroquinoline-6-sulfonyl chloride

2-Chloroquinolin-6-amine (6.45 g, 36.1 mmol) was dissolved in acetic acid (50 mL) and hydrochloric acid, 37% (14 mL) and cooled to 0°C. A solution of sodium nitrite (2.74 g, 39.7 mmol) in water (8 mL) was then added dropwise, and the reaction mixture was then stirred at 0°C for 15 min. the entire reaction mixture was then poured into a 0°C solution of sulfur dioxide, copper(ll) chloride and acetic acid (1 L, 36.1 mmol; solution prepared as described for Example 1 1 ). The reaction mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature overnight. LC-MS at this time showed reaction had progressed to completion. The reaction mixture was then concentrated, and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. The aqueous phase was back extracted, and the combined organic phases were dried over MgS0 4 , filtered and concentrated to afford a creamy orange solid, which was dried under high vacuum to provide 8.21 g (87% yield) of product.

Step 5. Preparation of (1 r,4R)-4-(2-chloroquinoline-6-sulfonamido)-N-((R)-1 -(4- fluorophenyl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide

The sulfonyl chloride from the previous step (700 mg, 2.67 mmol) and (1 r,4R)-4-amino- N-((R)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide (964 mg, 3.2 mmol; prepared as described in Example 1 ) were condensed as described in Example 1 to provide 320 mg of the title compound.

Step 6. Preparation of (1 r,4R)-4-(2-ethoxyquinoline-6-sulfonamido)-N-((R)-1 -(4- fluorophenyl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide

Ethanol (1 ml_, anhydrous) and sodium ethoxide (43 L of a 21 % solution in ethanol) were added to the chloroquinoline derivative. The reaction was heated to 60 C overnight, then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography using a 1 :1 mixture of ethyl acetate and heptane as the eluent to afford 10 mg of product.

Example 37

(1 r,4S)-4-(2-ethoxyquinoline-6-sulfonamido)-N-((1 S,2R)-2-hydroxy-1 - phenylpropyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide

Step 1. Preparation of (1 R,2R)-1 -phenylpropane-1,2-diol

AD Mix beta (Aldrich; 12.88 g, 9.22 mmol) was suspended in water (50 mL) and t- butanol (50 mL), and the resulting slurry was cooled to 0 °C. (E)-prop-l -enylbenzene (1 .203 g, 9.22 mmol) was then added and the reaction mixture was stirred at 0 °C (with careful temperature monitoring) for 6 h. The reaction was then allowed to warm to room temperature and stirred overnight. The reaction was quenched by addition of solid sodium sulfite (6 g). Water was then added, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic phase was washed with brine, dried (MgS0 4 ) and concentrated to afford the crude product which was purified by flash chromatography (Biotage 40 M column, 10-100% ethyl acetate/heptane as eluent). The relevant fractions were combined and concentrated to afford the product (8.48 g, ca. 96% pure, ca. 92% de).

Step 2. Preparation of (4R,5R)-4-methyl-5-phenyl-[1 ,3,2]dioxathiolane 2 -oxide

The diol from the previous step (4.86 g, 31 .9 mmol) was dissolved in triethylamine (15 mL, 108 mmol) and DCM (75 mL) and cooled to 0 °C. Thionyl chloride (3.5 mL, 47.9 mmol) was then added dropwise (vigorous gas evolution). Stirring was continued at 0 °C for 45 min., after which the mixture was concentrated. The residue was partitioned between cold water and diethyl ether, and the organic phase was washed with 1 N aq. hydrochloric acid, saturated aq. sodium bicarbonate and brine, dried (MgS0 4 ) and concentrated to afford the crude product as a brown oil. Further drying under high vacuum gave 5.029 g of a brown oil.

Step 3. Preparation of (1 S,2R)-1 -azido-1 -phenylpropan-2-ol

The product from the previous step (2.51 g, 12.66 mmol) was dissolved in DMF, to which solid sodium azide (3.29 g, 50.6 mmol) was added. The mixture was then heated to 90 °C for 6h, and then cooled and poured into water and extracted with diethyl ether (3*). The combined organic phase was washed with brine, dried (MgS0 4 ) and concentrated to afford the crude product as a yellow oil (3.5 g) which was used as is in the next step.

Step 4. Preparation of tert-butyl (1 S,2R)-2-hydroxy-1 -phenylpropylcarbamate

The product from the previous step (2.244 g, 12.66 mmol) was dissolved in methanol (100 mL) to which di-tert-butyl dicarbonate (5.88 ml_, 25.3 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was then stirred for 5 min at room temperature and then flushed with nitrogen. Palladium on carbon (0.658 g, 6.18 mmol) was then added, and the mixture was stirred under a hydrogen atmosphere overnight. The mixture was then filtered through celite and concentrated to afford a clear oil which solidified on standing. The product was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel (Biotage column) with 10- 100% ethyl acetate/heptane as the eluent. The relevant fractions were combined and concentrated to afford product as a white solid. The mass of dry material following two runs of this reaction at this scale was 4.15 g.

Step 5. Preparation of (1 S,2R)-1 -amino-1 -phenylpropan-2-ol

The product from multiple runs of the previous reaction (7.85 g, 31 .2 mmol) was dissolved in DCM (25 mL) to which trifluoroacetic acid (25 mL, 324 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 15 min., after which it was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was dissolved in ether (50 mL) to which 2M hydrogen chloride in ether (30 mL) was added. A white precipitate formed, and the resulting suspension was stirred at room temperature for 1 h. The mixture was filtered, and the solid was washed with ether and dried under high vacuum to afford 5.7 g of a white powder.

Step 6. Preparation of (1 r,4r)-methyl 4-(2-chloroquinoline-6- sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylate

A suspension of (1 r,4r)-methyl 4-aminocyclohexanecarboxylate hydrochloride (2.032 g, 10.49 mmol) in DCM (25 mL) was treated with DIPEA (3.08 g, 4.16 mL, 23.84 mmol), followed by addition of 2-chloroquinoline-6-sulfonyl chloride (2.5 g, 9.54 mmol; prepared as described in Example 36). the resulting mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature and then concentrated under vacuum. The residue was treated with 1 N aq. hydrochloric acid and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic phase was washed with brine, dried (MgS0 4 ) and concentrated to provide a reddish powder which was tritureated with ether and filtered to provide 2.3 g of the product.

Step 7. Preparation of (1 r,4r)-4-(2-ethoxyquinoline-6- sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylic acid

Sodium (2.88g, 125 mmol) was dissolved in ethanol (150 mL), followed by addition of the ester from the previous step (4.8 g, 12.54 mmol; from multiple preparations). The mixture was stirred at 45 °C overnight followed by addition of 2 mL of water. Stirring was continued to complete the saponification. After 3h, the mixture was concentrated under vacuum and 200 mL of water was added. The residue was acidified with 1 N aq.

hydrochloric acid and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic phased was dried (MgS0 4 ) and concentrated to give the product as a tan solid (3.6 g)

Step 8. Preparation of (1 r,4S)-4-(2-ethoxyquinoline-6-sulfonamido)-N-((1 S,2R)-2- hydroxy-1 -phenylpropyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide

A mixture of the acid from the previous step (250 mg, 0.661 mmol) in DCM was treated with oxalyl chloride (495 L, 0.991 mmol) and DMF (1 drop) and stirred at 35 °C until a clear solution was formed. The mixture was concentrated under vacuum to provide 280 mg of a yellow solid. This was added to a solution of (1 S,2R)-1-amino-1 -phenylpropan-2- ol (hydrochloride salt; 124 mg, 0.661 mmol) in DCM to which DIPEA (85 mg, 1 15 L, 0.661 mmol) was added. Stirring was continued for 1 h, followed by concentration under vacuum. The residue was taken up in ethyl acetate and washed with with saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate and brine, dried (MgS0 4 ) and concentrated to provide the product as a white solid ( 150 mg).

Example 38

(1 r,4R)-N-((R)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)-4-(2-(4-methylpiperazin-1 -yl)quinoline-6- sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxamide

(1 r,4R)-4-(2-chloroquinoline-6-sulfonamido)-N-((R)-1 -(4- fluorophenyl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide (100 mg, 0.204 mmol) and potassium carbonate (85 mg, 0.612 mmol) were added to a dry microwave vial, to which acetonitrile (5 mL) and then N-methyl piperazine (0.068 mL, 0.612 mmol) were then added. The vial was then heated at 160 °C for 40 min in a microwave reactor. LC-MS at this point showed 95% desired product. The reaction mixture was then filtered and concentrated to afford an orange oil. This material was adsorbed onto silica and purified via Biotage automated flash column chromatography 12M, eluting with 2-20% EtOAc/MeOH.

Relevant fractions were pooled and concentrated to afford an off white foam, which was dried under high vacuum to give 57.50mg (50% yield) of product.

Example 39

(1 r,4R)-N-((R)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)-4-(2-(pyridin-4-yl)quinoline-6- sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxamide

(1 r,4R)-4-(2-chloroquinoline-6-sulfonamido)-N-((R)-1 -(4- fluorophenyl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide (100 mg, 0.204 mmol), 4 pyridine boronic acid (37.6 mg, 0.306 mmol), potassium acetate (70.1 mg, 0.714 mmol) and PdCI2(dppf) (14.93 mg, 0.020 mmol) were added to a dry microwave vial, to which DME (3 mL) and then EtOH (2 mL) were then added. The vial was then capped and sealed, and the reaction mixture was heated at 160 °C for 10 min in microwave. LC-MS at this point showed one major peak corresponding to desired product. The reaction mixture was then filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated. The residue was adsorbed onto silica and purified via Biotage automated flash column chromatography 12M, eluting with 2-20% EtOAc/MeOH. Relevant fractions were pooled and concentrated to afford an off white foam, which was dried under high vacuum to give 27.38mg (25% yield) of product.

Example 40 (1 r,4R)-N-((R)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)-4-(2-(trifluoromethyl)imidazo[1 ,2-a]pyridine- 6-sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxamide

Step 1. Preparation of 6-bromo-2-(trifluoromethyl)imidazo[1 ,2-a]pyridine

A mixture of 5-bromopyridin-2-amine (2g, 1 1 .56 mmol), 3-bromo-1 ,1 ,1 -trifluoropropan-2- one (1 .44 mL, 2.65 g, 13.87 mmol) and potassium carbonate (2.4 g, 17.34 mmol) and 15 mL of ethanol was heated in a microwave vial to 120 °C for 30 min. The mixture was concentrated, and the residue was partitioned between DCM and water. The organic phase was concentrated and purified by flash chromatography on silica gel using MBTE/heptane as the eluent. Product was isolated as an off-white solid.

Step 2. Preparation of 2-(trifluoromethyl)imidazo[1 ,2-a]pyridine-6-sulfonyl chloride

n-Butyl lithium (495 L, 1 .6M in hexane) was added to a THF (4 mL) solution of the product from the previous step (200 mg, 0.75 mmol) at -78 °C. The mixture was stirred for 45 min., after which sulfur dioxide was bubbled into the solution for about 2 min. The mixture was then allowed to warm to room temperature, and stirring was continued for 2h. Solvent was removed under vacuum, and the residue was triturated with a

DCM/heptane mixture to provide a light green solid. This material was dissolved in DCM (3 mL) and N-chlorosuccinimide (1 19.7 mg, 0.9 mmol) was added. The mixture was stirred 30 min at room temperature and concentrated under vacuum. The residue was purified by flash chromatography (MBTE/heptane) to afford 66 mg of an off-white solid.

Step 3. Preparation of (1 r,4R)-N-((R)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)-4-(2- (trifluoromethyl)imidazo[1 ,2-a]pyridine-6-sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxamide

A solution of (1 r,4R)-4-amino-N-((R)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide (74 mg, 0.28 mmol) in acetonitrile was added to a mixture of the sulfonyl chloride from the previous step (66 mg, 0.23 mmol) and triethylamine (71 L, 0.51 mmol) in acetonitrile (1 ml_). The mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 15 min, then overnight at room temperature. The reaction mixture was concentrated under vacuum, and the residue was purified by HPLC to afford 4.6 mg of the title compound.

Example 41

(1 r,4R)-N-((R)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)-4-(3-(2-phenyl-1 H-benzo[d]imidazol-5- yl)ureido)cyclohexanecarboxamide

To a suspension of 2-phenyl-1 H-benzo[d]imidazol-5-amine (0.1 g, 0.478 mmol) in dioxane (5 mL) and DIPEA (0.167 ml_, 0.124 g, 0.956 mmol) was added triphosgene (0.284 g, 0.956 mmol). The reaction was heated to 50 °C for 1 h, after which a suspension of (1 r,4R)-4-amino-N-((R)-1 -(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide (144 mg, 0.478 mmol) and DIPEA in dioxane was added. The reaction mixture was stirred for 1 h and then concentrated under vacuum, the residue was purified by flash chromatography (Biotage 25M column, 2-20% ethyl acetate/methanol as eluent). The resulting material was further purified by HPLC to afford product.

The compounds in the Table below were prepared by the method indicated in the column labeled "Synthetic Scheme" which corresponds to a synthetic scheme shown in the section labeled "Method of Preparation".

1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) d

ppm 1 .17 (t, J=7.07 Hz, 3 H) 1 .28

(d, J=7.07 Hz, 4 H) 1.68 (br. s., 4

H) 1.99 - 2.05 (m, 1 H) 2.79 (d,

J=4.17 Hz, 1 H) 3.05 (s, 3 H) 3.27

( 4 ¾-/V-(( )-1-(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)-4-(4- (br. s., 2 H) 3.43 (t, J=4.74 Hz, 2

476.2

142 22 6.155 H) 4.84 (t, J=7.39 Hz, 1 H) 6.15 (s, methyl-1 ,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrido[3,2-/?]pyrazine-7- (M+H+)

1 H) 6.81 (d, J=2.15 Hz, 1 H) 7.11

sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxamide

(t, J=8.91 Hz, 1 H) 7.1 1 (dd,

J=9.09, 4.55 Hz, 1 H) 7.29 (d,

J=8.21 Hz, 2 H) 7.25 - 7.31 (m, 1

H) 7.71 (d, J=2.15 Hz, 1 H) 8.10

(d, J=8.08 Hz, 1 H)

o

1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) d

ppm 1 .08 - 1.22 (m, 1 H) 1.15 (d,

J=3.79 Hz, 1 H) 1.22 - 1.33 (m, 1

H) 1.28 (d, J=7.07 Hz, 4 H) 1 .62

(br. s., 1 H) 1.68 (br. s., 2 H) 1.71

(d, J=4.04 Hz, 1 H) 1.82 - 1.89 (m,

2 H) 2.01 (t, J=11 .81 Hz, 1 H) 2.74 ( 4 ¾-/V-(( )-1-(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl)-4-(8-

475.3 (t, J=6.13 Hz, 2 H) 2.82 (dd,

145 27 6.347 methyl-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1 ,8-naphthyridine-3- (M+H+) J=11.05, 3.85 Hz, 1 H) 3.10 (s, 3

H) 3.44 (t, J=5.62 Hz, 2 H) 4.83 sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxamide (d, J=7.33 Hz, 1 H) 7.07 - 7.14 (m,

1 H) 7.11 (t, J=8.91 Hz, 1 H) 7.24

- 7.31 (m, 2 H) 7.36 (d, J=7.20 Hz,

1 H) 7.45 (d, J=2.27 Hz, 1 H) 8.11

(d, J=8.08 Hz, 1 H) 8.18 (d,

J=2.40 Hz, 1 H)

1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) d

ppm 1.11 (d, J=11.62 Hz, 1 H)

1.16- 1.32 (m, 1 H) 1.28 (d,

J=6.95 Hz, 5 H) 1.59 - 1.71 (m, 1

H) 1.65 (d, J=8.08 Hz, 3 H) 2.00

(t, J=11.75 Hz, 1 H)2.79 (dd,

(1 A;4 ¾-4-(3,4-dihydro-2 -benzo[Z?][1 ,4]oxazine- J=11.05, 3.85 Hz, 1 H) 3.30 (br.

462

150 31 11.57 s.,2H)4.17(t, J=4.17Hz, 2 H) 6-sulfonamido)-/V-((/?)-1-(4-

(M+H+)

4.84 (t, J=7.39 Hz, 1 H) 6.25 (s, 1

fluorophenyl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide H) 6.76 (d, J=8.34 Hz, 1 H) 6.89

(dd, J=8.34, 2.15 Hz, 1 H) 7.01 (d,

J=2.27 Hz, 1 H) 7.11 (t, J=8.91

Hz, 2 H) 7.25 - 7.35 (m, 1 H) 7.28

(dd, J=8.53, 5.62 Hz, 2 H) 8.11 (d,

J=7.96 Hz, 1 H)

1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) d

ppm 1 .10 - 1.34 (m, 7 H) 1.61 (br.

s., 1 H) 1 .67 (br. s., 2 H) 1.70 (d,

J=3.28 Hz, 1 H) 1.84 - 1.91 (m, 1

H) 1.88 (d, J=6.06 Hz, 1 H) 1.99 - 2.05 (m, 1 H) 2.73 (d, J=12.63 Hz,

2 H) 2.78 - 2.88 (m, 1 H) 2.86 (s, 3 (1 ;4 )-4-(1-methyl-1 ,2,3,4-tetrahydroqu

457.3 H) 3.26 (s, 1 H) 3.24 (d, J=5.68

160 28 5.525 sulfonamido)-/V-(1-(pyridin-3- (M+H+) Hz, 1 H) 4.87 (t, J=7.26 Hz, 1 H)

6.88 - 6.93 (m, 2 H) 7.03 (d, yl)ethyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide J=7.58 Hz, 1 H) 7.32 (dd, J=7.83,

4.80 Hz, 1 H) 7.42 (d, J=6.95 Hz,

1 H) 7.64 (dt, J=7.86, 1.94 Hz, 1

H) 8.18 (d, J=7.83 Hz, 1 H) 8.41

(dd, J=4.74, 1.58 Hz, 1 H) 8.47 (d,

J=2.15 Hz, 1 H)

156 .

( MH ) ++ b[]iidl5lfid)bt enoomaoesonamoenoaezzuz-- 2 3 il 4((l4flli) so pr o p co r oo r o p enamno y u y 503 ------

165 .

( MH ) ++ 1b[]iidl5lfid)bt enoomaoesonamoenoaezzuz--- 2 3 il 4((45titl i) so pr o pr meo p enamno y x yy 541 ---- ,,

155 .

( MH ) ++ 1b[]iidl5lfi d )bt enoomaoesonamoenoaezzuz--- 2 3 il 4((4l so pr o p co r o y -----

155lflli ) 1b[]iidl5 samo p enamnoenoomaoeu yy zz----.

l fid)b t sonamoenoaeuz 2 il 4 ((4(1l1l)li) so pr o p pr ao p enamno y y z yy 517 ----- --

157 .

( MH ) ++ 1b []iidl5lfid)bt enoomaoesonamoenoaezzuz--- 2 2 il 4((flli)1 Hso pr o p o r o p enamno y u y 469 -----

157 .

( MH ) ++ b[]iidl5lfid)bt enoomaoesonamoenoaezzuz-- 2 3 il 4((lli)1 Hso pr o p co r o p enamno yy 485 -----

164 .

( MH ) ++ b[]iidl5lfid)bt enoomaoesonamoenoaezzuz--

O O O O O O O

Example 686

Preparation of N-((1S,4r)-4-((S)-3-cyclopropylmorpholine-4-carbonyl)cyclohe xyl)-3- meth l-2-phenyl-1 H-indole-6-sulfonamide

Step 1. Preparation of N-((1 S,4r)-4-((S)-3-cyclopropylmorpholine-4- carbon l)cyclohexyl)-3-formyl-2-phenyl-1 H-indole-6-sulfonamide

Phosphorus oxychloride (0.5 mL, 823 mg, 5.36 mmol) was added to DMF (1 .5 mL) at 0 °C. To this mixture was added 50 mg (0.098 mmol) of N-((1 S,4r)-4-((S)-3- cyclopropylmorpholine-4-carbonyl)cyclohexyl)-2-phenyl-1 H-indole-6-sulfonamide (prepared using the procedure described for scheme 12) in one portion as a solution in 1 .5 mL of DMF. The reaction was heated to 45 °C for 45 minutes, and then poured into ice with stirring. To this mixture was added a saturated sodium acetate solution, and stirring was continued for 30 minutes. The solution was then extracted with ethyl acetate, and the organic phase was dried (Na 2 S0 4 ) and concentrated under vacuum to afford a crude product that was used as is in the next step.

Step 2. Preparation of N-((1 S,4r)-4-((S)-3-cyclopropylmorpholine-4- carbon l)cyclohexyl)-3-methyl-2-pnenyl-1 H-indole-6-sulfonamide

The crude product from the previous step was dissolved in methanol, and sodium cyanoborohydride was added in one portion with stirring. 1 N aq. hydrochloride was added to adjust the pH of the solution to approximately 3. The resulting solution was stirred for 1 hour, after which the mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was suspended in water and extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic solution was concentrated and further purified by HPLC to afford 8 mg of the desired product.

Example 687

Preparation of N-((1S,4r)-4-((S)-3-cyclopropylmorpholine-4-carbonyl)cyclohe xyl)-3- fluoro-2-phenyl-1 H-indole-6-sulfonamide

N-((1 S,4r)-4-((S)-3-cyclopropylmorpholine-4-carbonyl)cyclohexyl)- 2-phenyl-1 H-indole-6- sulfonamide (50 mg, 0.098 mmol; prepared using the procedure described for scheme 12) was dissolved in DMSO (2 mL) and acetonitrile (2 mL). The solution was cooled to 0 °C, and 0.5 eq. of Selectfluor reagent was added. After the addition, the cooling bath was removed and the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 30 minutes. Additional flourinating agent was added until half of the starting material was consumed. The reaction was stirred overnight and then partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. The organic layer was washed with saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate, dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under vacuum to afford the crude product. The crude product was purified by HPLC to afford 6.1 mg of the purified product.

The compounds in the Table below were prepared by the method indicated in the column labeled "Synthetic Scheme" which corresponds to a synthetic scheme shown in the section labeled "Method of Preparation".

Example 528: Acetyl-CoA carboxylase enzyme Assay

The inhibitory effect of compounds on the acetyl-CoA carboxylase enzyme may be demonstrated using the following test procedures.

The cDNA encoding amino acids 144 to 2458 of human acetyl-CoA carboxylase 2 (ACC2, GenBank Accession # NM_001093) was cloned into the Sail and Notl sites of pFastBad (Invitrogen; Carlsbad, CA). The resulting plasmid was used to generate a recombinant ACC2 baculovirus that was amplified and titered according to the protocols in the Bac-to-Bac baculovirus expression system manual (Invitrogen). The titered virus was used to infect Sf9 cells grown in Ex-Cell 420 serum-free medium (JRH Biosciences; Lenexa, Kansas). At 48 hours post-infection, the cells were harvested and stored at -80 °C until purification. ACC2 was purified using ammonium sulfate precipitation and anion exchange chromatography.

The enzymatic assay was run as follows: 30 μΙ_ of reaction buffer (100 mM HEPES pH 7.5, 20 mM MgCI 2 , 20 mM potassium citrate, 2 mM DTT) was added to a 384-well microtiter plate followed by 2 μΙ_ of the test compound (or 100% DMSO control). ACC2 protein (10 μΙ_ of a 50 nM working solution) was added to plate, which was incubated at room temperature for 15 minutes. A 30 μΙ_ addition of substrate solution (50 μΜ acetyl-CoA, 120 μΜ ATP, 2 mM KHC0 3 ) was used to initiate the reactions which were quenched with 6% acetic acid (40 μΙ_). ACC catalyzed malonyl-CoA formation was detected by LC/MS/MS using a Cohesive Technologies LX Series multiplex LC/MS/MS system configured with four binary pumps (Agilent Technologies; Palo Alto, CA), a dual arm autosampler (Leap Technologies; Cary, NC), and one Quattro Micro triple quadrupole mass spectrometer (Waters, Milford, MA), all run by Aria Software version 1 .5 (Cohesive Technologies; Franklin, MA). Four samples were injected (20 μΙ_) onto four Phenosphere NEXT C18 30x2 mm 5 μηη columns (Phenomenex; Torrance, CA), eluted by four separate pumps, running identical gradients, through a column switching manifold with the one outlet fitted to the electrospray (ESI) source. Malonyl-CoA was eluted with 5 mM ammonium acetate, pH 4.5 (Buffer A) and 100% acetonitrile (Buffer B) via a step gradient. Argon was used as the collision gas and the following species were monitored via MRM detection: malonyl-CoA (853.8 > 346.9), internal standard (A: [ 13 C3]- malonyl-CoA, 857 > 350). The lower limit of detection is 0.3uM for malonyl-CoA in this assay.

The compounds according to the invention may for example have IC 50 values below 1000 nM, particularly below 100 nM, most preferably below 10 nM. The Examples in the Table below were evaluated in the above described assay, the results of which are collated below.

29 < 0.01 372 0.045

30 0.010 373 0.075

31 < 0.01 374 0.020

32 0.245 375 0.075

33 0.140 376 0.095

34 0.138 377 0.010

35 0.010 378 0.010

36 0.050 379 0.580

37 0.075 380 0.075

38 0.050 381 0.210

39 0.025 382 0.095

40 34.150 383 < 0.01

41 4.635 384 < 0.01

42 0.094 385 0.920

43 0.412 386 0.025

44 0.450 387 < 0.01

45 > 35 388 0.1 10

46 9.040 389 0.015

47 4.220 390 0.010

48 32.800 391 0.760

49 0.043 392 0.1 15

50 > 35 393 < 0.01

51 0.101 394 0.015

52 0.435 395 < 0.01

53 0.093 396 0.010

54 0.193 397 < 0.01

55 0.134 398 < 0.01

56 0.189 399 0.340

57 0.1 12 400 < 0.01

58 0.185 401 0.025

59 0.339 402 0.130

60 0.131 403 0.010

61 0.098 404 < 0.01 62 > 35 405 0.035

63 > 35 406 0.985

64 0.042 407 < 0.01

65 0.149 408 0.020

66 0.205 409 < 0.01

67 0.240 410 0.020

68 0.070 41 1 < 0.01

69 0.050 412 0.240

70 0.165 413 0.050

71 0.405 414 0.080

72 0.1 15 415 < 0.01

73 0.175 416 < 0.01

74 0.160 417 0.080

75 0.095 418 0.065

76 0.590 419 0.035

77 0.050 420 0.720

78 0.470 421 0.050

79 0.1 15 422 0.285

80 0.040 423 0.040

81 0.095 424 0.050

82 0.845 425 0.030

83 0.855 426 0.055

84 0.045 427 0.015

85 0.143 428 < 0.01

86 0.075 429 0.075

87 0.100 430 < 0.01

88 0.050 431 0.130

89 0.020 432 0.095

90 0.260 433 0.445

91 0.030 434 0.010

92 < 0.01 435 0.020

93 0.545 436 0.020

94 0.075 437 0.040 95 0.030 438 < 0.01

96 0.010 439 < 0.01

97 < 0.01 440 0.020

98 4.300 441 < 0.01

99 0.494 442 0.040

100 0.760 443 0.030

101 1.790 444 0.020

102 0.045 445 0.015

103 0.038 446 0.365

104 0.020 447 0.025

105 0.252 448 0.065

106 0.388 449 0.075

107 0.205 450 0.130

108 1.265 451 0.080

109 0.321 452 0.010

110 0.290 453 0.165

111 0.139 454 < 0.01

112 0.344 455 < 0.01

113 0.212 456 < 0.01

114 0.296 457 < 0.01

115 29.100 458 0.035

116 0.013 459 0.630

117 0.574 460 < 0.01

118 1.750 461 < 0.01

119 0.161 462 0.015

120 0.034 463 < 0.01

121 0.017 464 0.030

122 0.016 465 0.020

123 0.450 466 0.010

124 0.032 467 < 0.01

125 0.058 468 < 0.01

126 0.071 469 0.090

127 0.391 470 < 0.01 128 0.146 471 < 0.01

129 10.400 472 < 0.01

130 0.059 473 < 0.01

131 0.173 474 < 0.01

132 0.068 475 0.015

133 0.046 476 < 0.01

134 0.028 477 < 0.01

135 0.157 478 < 0.01

136 0.187 479 0.010

137 0.162 480 < 0.01

138 0.147 481 0.020

139 0.016 482 0.090

140 0.986 483 0.075

141 0.579 484 < 0.01

142 0.068 485 0.043

143 0.325 486 0.075

144 0.314 487 0.091

145 0.128 488 1 .030

146 0.952 489 1 .1 15

147 > 35 490 > 138.8

148 0.010 491 1 .130

149 0.290 492 1 .350

150 0.105 493 > 138.8

151 0.047 494 1 .890

152 0.060 495 0.990

153 0.440 496 2.335

154 1 .990 497 0.762

155 0.175 498 0.495

156 0.183 499 2.1 15

157 0.038 500 1 .490

158 0.020 501 1 .655

159 0.345 502 1 .280

160 0.080 503 0.819 161 0.340 504 1 .735

162 0.125 505 1 .775

163 8.520 506 1 .950

164 0.350 507 22.150

165 0.675 508 1 .380

166 0.910 509 0.678

167 0.205 510 1 .805

168 0.040 51 1 1 .049

169 0.1 10 512 2.285

170 0.090 513 2.885

171 0.289 514 0.838

172 0.212 515 2.860

173 0.075 516 1 .210

174 0.045 517 0.247

175 0.120 518 3.580

176 0.105 519 32.000

177 0.090 520 9.345

178 0.055 521 0.239

179 0.433 522 0.320

180 0.138 523 0.463

181 0.1 15 524 0.360

182 0.685 525 0.166

183 0.135 526 0.178

184 > 35 527 0.169

185 > 35 528 0.041

186 0.245 529 0.644

187 0.245 530 0.612

188 0.375 531 0.248

189 0.075 532 0.109

190 0.035 533 0.641

191 0.150 534 0.524

192 0.015 535 0.225

193 0.015 536 0.412 194 0.210 537 0.290

195 0.335 538 0.077

196 0.220 539 0.221

197 0.040 540 > 138.8

198 > 35 541 0.086

199 0.075 542 0.575

200 0.060 543 0.280

201 0.080 544 0.035

202 0.020 545 0.623

203 0.305 546 0.845

204 0.080 547 0.374

205 0.020 548 0.075

206 0.020 549 0.737

207 0.355 550 0.240

208 0.595 551 0.282

209 0.020 552 0.334

210 0.225 553 0.1 19

21 1 0.180 554 0.028

212 0.165 555 0.030

213 0.095 556 0.025

214 0.365 557 0.013

215 0.125 558 0.337

216 0.180 559 0.163

217 0.015 560 0.397

218 0.020 561 0.316

219 0.495 562 0.676

220 0.875 563 0.351

221 < 0.01 564 0.027

222 0.040 565 0.048

223 0.205 566 0.1 18

224 0.060 567 0.065

225 0.085 568 0.126

226 0.010 569 < 0.01 227 0.015 570 < 0.01

228 0.213 571 < 0.01

229 0.020 572 < 0.01

230 0.060 573 < 0.01

231 0.010 574 < 0.01

232 0.765 575 < 0.01

233 0.965 576 < 0.01

234 0.020 577 0.015

235 0.095 578 0.061

236 0.385 579 0.010

237 0.085 580 1 .745

238 0.065 581 0.309

239 0.130 582 0.250

240 < 0.01 583 0.055

241 0.025 584 0.1 19

242 0.195 585 0.781

243 0.015 586 1 .305

244 < 0.01 587 0.294

245 0.035 588 0.267

246 > 35 589 0.516

247 0.030 590 0.430

248 0.210 591 1 .134

249 0.010 592 0.415

250 0.595 593 1 .008

251 0.035 594 0.202

252 > 35 595 0.259

253 0.020 596 0.180

254 0.020 597 0.162

255 0.015 598 0.088

256 0.020 599 0.270

257 0.050 600 0.139

258 0.080 601 0.539

259 0.450 602 0.536 260 2.960 603 0.323

261 0.460 604 0.676

262 0.020 605 0.138

263 0.030 606 < 0.01

264 0.020 607 1 .093

265 0.685 608 0.971

266 0.140 609 1 .220

267 > 35 610 1 .735

268 0.435 61 1 < 0.01

269 25.225 612 0.016

270 0.165 613 39.550

271 0.195 614 0.142

272 0.175 615 1 1 .480

273 0.039 616 0.370

274 4.025 617 0.996

275 0.018 618 0.080

276 < 0.01 619 0.558

277 0.080 620 0.058

278 0.066 621 1 .525

279 0.100 622 0.41 1

280 0.012 623 0.560

281 0.01 1 624 0.246

282 0.018 625 0.080

283 0.256 626 0.078

284 0.014 627 2.055

285 0.012 628 0.408

286 0.342 629 1 .755

287 0.196 630 0.781

288 0.400 631 10.350

289 0.234 632 0.145

290 0.028 633 1 .170

291 0.017 634 1 .680

292 0.012 635 0.256 293 0.038 636 1 .715

294 0.279 637 0.372

295 0.475 638 0.125

296 < 0.01 639 0.352

297 0.017 640 0.960

298 0.024 641 0.276

299 0.01 1 642 1 .345

300 0.010 643 0.283

301 < 0.01 644 0.588

302 < 0.01 645 1 .060

303 0.575 646 1 .345

304 0.180 647 0.726

305 0.060 648 1 .840

306 0.050 649 0.387

307 0.010 650 0.304

308 0.060 651 6.355

309 0.020 652 0.869

310 0.062 653 2.030

31 1 < 0.01 654 0.158

312 0.599 655 0.141

313 < 0.01 656 0.870

314 0.060 657 > 35

315 0.020 658 71 .700

316 0.1 10 659 0.378

317 0.025 660 0.242

318 0.515 661 0.733

319 0.025 662 32.500

320 0.085 663 0.252

321 0.250 664 0.054

322 < 0.01 665 0.040

323 0.055 666 0.030

324 0.040 667 0.615

325 < 0.01 668 0.124 326 0.325 669 0.362

327 < 0.01 670 0.066

328 0.055 671 > 35

329 0.120 672 0.639

330 3.605 673 0.138

331 0.025 674 0.771

332 0.025 675 0.105

333 0.065 676 0.023

334 1 .420 677 0.010

335 0.025 678 0.433

336 0.035 679 0.1 10

337 0.020 680 0.240

338 0.015 681 0.142

339 0.030 682 0.144

340 0.255 683 > 35

341 0.240 684 0.180

342 0.135 685 > 35

343 0.170

Example 529: HCV Assay

The effect of compounds on HCV infection was determined in vitro using cell cultured (HCVcc) genotype 2a (JFH-1 strain) virus. A renilla luciferase reporter gene was inserted in the viral genome, the expression of which was under the control of HCV 5'UTR (JFH- 1 rLuc ). Thus, the inhibition of HCV infection or replication can be indirectly measured by the reduction of luciferase activity in the cells. A specifically adapted hepatoma cell line, Huh 7.5, which allowed higher infectivity of HCV in vitro, was cultured in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium (DMEM) supplemented with 2 mM L-glutamine, 0.1 mM nonessential amino acids and 10% heat-inactivated fetal bovine serum. The cells were infected with JFH-1 rLuc virus at an MOI=0.01 and were treated at the same time with serially diluted compounds. After 72 hours, luciferase activities in compound-treated cells were measured using the Renilla Luciferase Assay System (Promega) and were compared to those in untreated control cells. Concentration-dependent inhibition curves were generated, from which EC 50 values, the concentrations of compounds at which luciferase activities were reduced by 50% relative to untreated control, were calculated. In parallel, cytotoxicity of compounds was determine by measuring the viability of compound-treated cells using CellTiter 96® AQueous One Solution Cell Proliferation Assay (Promega). CC 50 represented the concentration of the compound at which cell viability was reduced by 50% compared to untreated control.

It can be seen that the compounds of the invention are useful as inhibitors of ACC2 and therefore useful in the treatment of diseases and conditions mediated by ACC2 such as the metabolic disorders disclosed herein. It will be understood that the invention has been described by way of example only and modifications may be made whilst remaining within the scope and spirit of the invention.

The following are further embodiments of the invention: Embodiment 1 . A co

(I)

or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein:

wherein the symbol *> indicates the point of attachment of L 1 is on ring A'; and wherein R 1 may replace a hydrogen atom of any CH bond in ring A;

X 1 , for each occurrence, is independently CH or N;

X 2 is NR 19 , O, or S;

X 3 , for each occurrence, is independently NR 19 , CH 2 , O, or S;

r is 1 or 2;

Ring B is cyclohexyl or phenyl; provided that when ring B is phenyl, ring A is

wherein R 1a is hydrogen, phenyl, phenylamino, or a 5- to 10-membered heteroaryl, wherein R 1a may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R 13 ; and wherein when R 1a is a heteroaryl comprising one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be optionally replaced with R 22 ;

w herein the symbol indicates the point of attachment to ring B;

X 4 is -NR 4 - or -0-;

q and n are each, independently, 0, 1 , 2, 3, or 4;

l_i is -NHSO 2 -, -SO 2 NH-, -NHSO 2 NH- or -NHC(0)NH-;

R 1 may replace a hydrogen atom of any CH bond in ring A and, for each occurrence, is independently deutero, hydroxy, nitro, halo, cyano, carboxy, formyl, 7 alkyl, C 3 . 8 carbocyclyl, C 2 - 7 alkenyl, C 2 - 7 alkynyl, Ci.yalkoxy, C 1-7 alkylthio, C 3 . 8 cycloalkoxy, C 6 . 10 aryl, Ce M oarylC^alkyl, C 6 . 10 aryloxy, amino, N-Ci.yalkylamino, N.N-di- C^

7alkyl)amino, N-C 6 . 10 arylamino, 3- to 10-membered heterocyclyl, N-(3- to 10-membered heterocyclyl)amino, (3- to 10-membered heterocyclyl)oxy, 5- to 10-membered heteroaryl, (5- to 10-membered heteroary C^alkyl, N-(5- to 10-membered heteroaryl)amino, (5- to 10-membered heteroaryl)oxy, C^alkanoyl, C^alkoxycarbonyl, C^alkanoyloxy, 7 alkylamido, C 6 . 10 arylamido, (3- to 10-membered heterocyclyl)amido, carbamoyl, N-C^. 7 alkylcarbamoyl, N.N-d Ci.yalkyrjcarbamoyl, Ci.yalkoxyamido, C^alkylureido, and C 6 . 10 arylureido, wherein R 1 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R 13 ; and wherein when R 1 comprises a heterocyclyl or a heteroaryl comprising one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 22 ; or two R 1 on the same carbon atom together may form an oxo; or two R 1 on the same carbon atom together with the carbon to which they are attached form a spiro C 3 . 8 carbocyclyl; or two R 1 on adjacent carbon atoms together with the carbon atoms to which they are attached may form a fused C 3 _ scarbocyclyl or phenyl which may be optionally substituted with one or more R 13 ; and

R 2 , for each occurrence, is independently selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, cyano, C 1-7 alkyl, C^alkoxy, C 2 - 7 alkenyl, amino, Ci.yalkylamino, di-^.

7alkyl)amino, Ci.yalkylamido, Ci.yalkoxyamido; wherein R 2 , for each occurrence, may be independently optionally substituted with one or more halo; or two or more R 2 groups on non-adjacent carbon atoms together form a C^alkylene bridge; or two or more R 2 groups on adjacent carbon atoms may form a fused C 3 . 8 carbocyclyl;

R 3 is selected from the group consisting of a C 1-7 alkyl, C 3 . 8 carbocyclyl, C 3 _ scarbocyclylC^alkyl, C 6 . 10 aryl, Ce M oarylC^alkyl, a 5- to 10-membered heteroaryl, a (5- to 10-membered heteroary C^alkyl, a 3- to 10-membered heterocyclyl, and a (3- to 10- membered heterocycly C^alkyl, wherein R 3 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more R 14 ; and wherein when R 3 comprises a heteroaryl or heterocyclyl comprising one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with a C 1-7 alkyl;

R 4 is hydrogen, C 1-7 alkyl, or C^alkoxyC^alkyl; or R 3 and R 4 , together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form a 3- to 7-membered heterocyclyl, wherein the heterocyclyl may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more R 15 ; and wherein when the heterocyclyl comprises one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 16 ;

R 13 , for each occurrence, is independently deutero, nitro, halo, cyano, hydroxy, carboxy, C 1-7 alkyl, C 3 . 8 cycloalkyl, C 1-7 alkoxy, C 6 . 10 aryl, C 6 . 10 aryloxy, 3- to 10-membered heterocyclyl, 5- to 10-membered heteroaryl, amino, Ci.yalkylamino, di-(C 1-7 alkyl)amino, C 1-7 alkanoyl, C^alkoxycarbonyl, Ci.yalkanoyloxy, Ci.yalkylamido, Ci.yalkoxyamido, carbamoyl, N-Ci.yalkylcarbamoyl, N,N-di-(C 1-7 alkyl)carbamoyl, C 1-7 alkylsufonyl, C^.

7alkylsulfonyloxy, Ci.yalkylsulfonamido, sulfamoyl, N-Ci.yalkylsulfamoyl, or N.N-di-^ ! . 7 alkyl)sulfamoyl, wherein R 13 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R 17 ; and wherein when R 13 is a heterocyclyl or a heteroaryl comprising one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 20 ; or two R 13 on the same carbon atom together may form an oxo or a spiro C 3 . 8 carbocyclyl; or two R 13 on adjacent carbon atoms together with the carbons to which they are attached may form a 3- to 7-membered heterocyclyl which may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more R 17 and if the heterocyclyl comprises one or more -NH- group, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 20 ;

R 14 , for each occurrence, is independently halo, hydroxy, carboxy, C^.

7alkoxycarbonyl, C 1-7 alkyl, C^alkoxy, C 3 . 8 cycloalkyl, C 6 . 10 aryl, or 5- to10-membered heteroaryl, wherein R 14 may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more independently selected R 24 ; or two R 14 on the same carbon atom together may form an oxo, a spiro C 3 . 8 carbocyclyl or a 3- to 7-membered spiro heterocyclyl; or two R 14 on adjacent carbon atoms together with the carbon atoms to which they are attached may form a phenyl which may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more R 24 ;

R 15 , for each occurrence, is independently selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, carboxy, C 1-7 alkyl, C^alkoxy, C 3 . 8 carbocyclyl, phenyl, and Ci.yalkoxycarbonyl; wherein R 15 may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more substituent independently selected from halo, hydroxy, C^alkoxy; or two R 15 on the same carbon atom together form an oxo or together with the carbon atom to which they are attached form a C 2 . 8 cycloalkyl or a 3- to 10-membered heterocyclyl; or two R 15 on adjacent carbon atoms together with the carbon atoms to which they are attached may form a fused phenyl;

R 16 , for each occurrence, is independently selected from the group consisting of C 1-7 alkyl, C 3 . 8 carbocyclyl, C 1-7 alkanoyl, Ci.yalkoxycarbonyl, or 5- to10-membered heteroaryl;

R 17 , for each occurrence, is independently selected from cyano, halo, hydroxy, carboxy, C 1-7 alkyl, C 1-7 alkoxy, amino, Ci.yalkylamino, di-(C 1-7 alkyl)amino, C 6 . 10 arylamino, C 6- ioaiYlC 1-4 altylamino, C^alkoxycarbonyl, C^alkanoyloxy, 3- to 10-membered heterocyclyl, wherein R 17 may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more independently selected halo, amino, C 1-7 alkyl, C 1-7 alkoxy, C 1-7 haloalkyl, carboxy, or Ci.yalkyoxycarbonyl; and wherein when R 17 is a heterocyclyl comprising one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 23 ; or two R 17 on the same carbon atom together may form an oxo;

R 18 is a C 1-7 alkyl, C 3 . 8 cycloalkyl, phenyl or a C 1-7 alkoxyC 1-7 alkyl;

R 19 , for each occurrence, is independently hydrogen, C 1-7 alkyl, C 1-7 alkanoyl, tri- (C 1-7 alkyl)silyl, C 3 . 8 cycloalkyl, C^alkoxycarbonyl, C 3 . 8 cycloalkoxycabonyl, carbamoyl, N- Ci.yalkylcarbamoyI, wherein R 19 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more R 21 ;

R 20 , R 21 , R 22 , and R 23 , for each occurrence, are independently deutero, halo, carboxy, C 1-7 alkyl, C^alkoxy, C 6 . 10 aryloxy, Ce^arylC^alkoxy, or C^alkoxycarbonyl; and

R 24 , for each occurrence, is independently hydroxy, halo, carboxy, C 1-7 alkyl, C^. yhaloalkyl,

7alkoxycarbonyl, Ci.yalkanoyloxy, phosphonooxy, C 1 . 7 alkoxy(hydroxy)phosphoryloxy or di-(C 1 . 7 alkoxy)phosphoryloxy; wherein R 24 may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with a group independently selected from amino, N-Ci.yalkylamino, and phenyl; provided that the compound is not ethyl 4-(2-phenyl-1 - -benzo[d]imidazole-6- sulfonamido)benzoate, N-(1 -hydroxy-3-phenylpropan-2-yl)-4-(naphthalene-2- sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxamide, 4-(naphthalene-2-sulfonamido)-N-(1 -oxo-3- phenylpropan-2-yl)cyclohexanecarboxamide, or ethyl 4-(naphthalene-2- sulfonamido)cyclohexanecarboxylate.

Embodiment 2. The compound according to Embodiment 1 , or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein ring B is cyclohexyl.

Embodiment 3. The compound according to Embodiment 1 or 2, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein L 1 is -S0 2 NH-.

Embodiment 4. The compound according to Embodiment 1 or 2, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein L 1 is -NHS0 2 -.

Embodiment 5. The compound according to Embodiment 1 or 2, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein L 1 is -NHS0 2 NH-.

Embodiment 6. The compound according to Embodiment 1 or 2, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein L 1 is -NHC(0)NH-.

Embodiment 7. The compound according to any one of Embodiments 1 through 6, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein ring A is a bicyclic ring system selected from the group consisting of:

wherein R 1 may replace a hydrogen atom of any CH bond in ring A. Embodiment 8. The compound according to any one of Embodiments 1 through 7, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 1 , for each occurrence, is independently deutro, cyano, hydroxy, carboxy, halo, C 1-7 alkyl, C^alkoxy, vinyl, 1 - propynyl, N,N-dimethylamino, N-ethylamino, N-phenylamino, N-pyridinylamino, N-(2,3- dihydrobenzo[b][1 ,4]dioxin-6-ylamino, N-(benzo[c][1 ,2,5]thiadiazol-5-ylamino, phenyl, pyrrolidinyl, piperazinyl, piperidinyl, tetrahydro-2H-pyranyl, tetrahydrofuranyl,

morpholinyl, phenylamino, cyclopropyl, cyclopentyl, pyridinyl, thiazolyl, cyclobutoxy, oxetan-3-yloxy, methoxycarbonyl, acetamido, N-ethylcarbamoyl, or benzyl, wherein R 1 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R 13 ; and wherein when R 1 comprises a heterocyclyl or a heteroaryl comprising one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 22 .

Embodiment 9. The compound according to Embodiment 8, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein m is 1 and R 1 is phenyl or phenylamino, wherein R 1 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R 13 .

Embodiment 10. The compound according to Embodiment 8, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein m is 2 and one R 1 is phenyl or phenylamino and the other R 1 is halo, wherein R 1 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R 13 .

Embodiment 1 1 . The compound according to any one of the preceding

Embodiments, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 19 , for each occurrence is independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, isopropyl, , acetyl, hexanoyl, methoxylcarbonyl, ethoxycarbonyl, t-butoxylcarbonyl, isobutoxycarbonyl, cyclohexyloxycarbonyl, N-ethylcarbamoyl, cyclopropyl, tri- isopropylsilyl, cyclohexanoxycarbonyl, benzyl, and ethoxycarbonyl, wherein R 19 may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more independently selected R 21 .

Embodiment 12. The compound according to any one of the preceding

Embodiments, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 21 , for each occurrence is independently deutero, fluoro, methoxy, carboxyl, methoxycarbonyl, or benzyloxy.

Embodiment 13. The compound according to any one of the preceding

Embodiments, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 13 , for each occurrence, is independently halo, cyano, nitro, carboxy, hydroxy, C 1-4 alkyl, C^alkoxy, N,N-dimethylamino, Ν,Ν-ethylamino, methoxycarbonyl, ethoxycarbonyl,

ethoxycarbonylamino, acetyl, acetamido, piperazinyl, morpholinyl, pyrrazolyl, 2-oxo-2,3- dihydrothiazolyl, methylsulfonyl, methylsulfonyloxy, sulfamoyi, or phenyloxy, wherein R 13 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R 17 ; and wherein when R 13 is a heterocyclyl or a heteroaryl comprising one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 20 ; or two R 13 on the same carbon atom together may form an oxo or a spiro C 3 _ scarbocyclyl; or two R 13 on adjacent carbon atoms together with the carbons to which they are attached may form a 3- to 7-membered heterocyclyl which may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more R 17 and if the heterocyclyl comprises one or more -NH- group, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 20 .

Embodiment 14. The compound according to any one of the preceding

Embodiments, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 22 , for each occurrence, is independently methyl or t-butoxycarbonyl.

Embodiment 15. The compound according to any one of the preceding

Embodiments, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 17 , for each occurrence, is independently a halo, carboxy, hydroxy, C 1-4 alkyl, C^alkoxy,

methoxycarbonyl, 3-methylbutanoyloxy, N-methylamino, N-benzylamino, N,N- dimethylamino, piperazinyl, or morpholinyl, wherein R 17 may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more independently selected halo, amino, 7 alkyl, C^alkoxy, C^haloalkyl, carboxy, or Ci.yalkyoxycarbonyl; and wherein when R 17 is a heterocyclyl comprising one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 23 . Embodiment 16. The compound according to any one of the preceding

Embodiments, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 20 , for each occurrence, is independently methyl or t-butoxycarbonyl.

Embodiment 17. The compound according to any one of the preceding

Embodiments, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 23 , for each occurrence, is methyl.

Embodiment 18. The compound according to any one of the preceding

Embodiments, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein Q is a group represented by the following formula:

Embodiment 19. The compound according to any one of the preceding

Embodiments, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein X 4 is -NR 4 -.

Embodiment 20. The compound according to any one of the preceding

Embodiments, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 4 is hydrogen.

Embodiment 21 . The compound according to any one of Embodiments 1 -19, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 4 is methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, or methoxyethyl.

Embodiment 22. The compound according to any one of Embodiments1 -18, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein X 4 is -0-.

Embodiment 23. The compound according to any one of the preceding

Embodiments, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 3 is methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, isobutyl, t-butyl, 1 -methylpropyl, 1 ,2-dimethylpropyl, cyclopropyl, cyclohexyl, cyclopropylmethyl, cyclohexylmethyl, cycloheptylmethyl, phenyl, naphth-1 -yl, benzyl, 2-phenylethyl, 1 ,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphth-1 -yl, 2,3-dihydro-1 H-inden- 2-yl, azepanyl, pyridin-3-yl, pyridin-2-ylmethyl, pyridin-3-ylmethyl, pyridin-4-ylmethyl, 2- (pyridin-3-yl)-ethyl, quinolin-6-yl, or pyrazol-4-ylmethyl; wherein R 3 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more R 14 ; and wherein when R 3 comprises a heteroaryl or heterocyclyl comprising one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with a C 1-7 alkyL

Embodiment 24. The compound according to any one of the preceding

Embodiments, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 14 , for each occurrence, is independently halo, hydroxy, methyl, ethyl, isopropyl, t-butyl, methoxy, methoxycarbonyl, cyclopropyl, or N-N-dimethylamino; wherein R 14 may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more independently selected R 24 ; or two R 14 on the same carbon atom together are oxo; or two R 14 on the same carbon atom together with the carbon atom to which they are attached form cyclopropyl.

Embodiment 25. The compound according to any one of the preceding

Embodiments, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 24 , for each occurrence, is independently halo, hydroxy, carboxy, methoxy, methoxycarbonyl, t- butoxycarbonyl, propanoyloxy, 3-methylbutanoyloxy, or di-(t-butoxy)phosphoryloxy, wherein R 24 may be optionally substituted with one or more group selected from amino, methylamino, or phenyl.

Embodiment 26. The compound according to any one of Embodiments 1 -19, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 3 and R 4 , together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form a 3- to 7-membered heterocyclyl, wherein the heterocyclyl may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more R 15 ; and wherein when the heterocyclyl comprises one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 16 .

Embodiment 27. The compound according to Embodiment 26, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 3 and R 4 , together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form piperazino, morpholino, piperidino, pyrrolidino, 1 ,4- oxazepan-4-yl, azetidin-1 -yl, isoindolin-2-yl, or decahydroisoquinolin-2-yl, each of which may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more R 15 ; and wherein the hydrogen of the -NH- of piperazino may be independently optionally replaced with R 16 .

Embodiment 28. The compound according to Embodiment 26 or 27, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 15 , for each occurrence, is independently selected from the group consisting of hydroxy, carboxy, methoxycarbonyl, ethoxycarbonyl, methyl, ethyl, isopropyl, t-butyl, trifluoromethyl, hydroxymethyl, methoxymethyl, 1 -hydroxy-1 -methyl-ethyl, 2-hydroxy-1 ,1 -dimethyl-ethyl, cyclopropyl, phenyl, or 4-fluorophenyl; or two R 15 on the same carbon atom form oxo; or two R 15 on the same carbon atom together with the carbon atom to which they are attached form azetidinyl, oxetanyl, or 1 ,3-dioxanyl.

Embodiment 29. The compound according to any one of Embodiments 26-28, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 16 , for each occurrence, is independently selected from the group consisting of methyl, cyclopropyl, t- butoxycarbonyl, and pyrimidinyl.

Embodiment 30. The compound according to any one of Embodiments 1 -17, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein Q is a group represented by the following formula:

Embodiment 31 . The compound according to Embodiment 30, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 18 is isopropyl, t-butyl,

methoxymethyl, cyclohexyl, or phenyl.

Embodiment 32. The compound according to Embodiment 1 , or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the compound is represented by formula II:

(II) wherein m is 0, 1 or 2.

Embodiment 33. The compound according to Embodiment 32, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the compound is represented by formula lla:

(lla)

wherein " * " indicates a carbon where the sulfamoyi group may be attached.

Embodiment 34. The compound according to Embodiment 33, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein X 4 is -0-.

Embodiment 35. The compound according to Embodiment 33, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein X 4 is -NR 4 -.

Embodiment 36. The compound according to Embodiment 35, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 4 is hydrogen.

Embodiment 37. The compound according to Embodiment 35, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 4 is a C 1-4 alkyl. Embodiment 38. The compound according to anyone of Embodiments 33-35, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 3 is C 1-4 alkyl, 1 ,2-dimethyl-propyl, cyclopropylmethyl, benzyl, pyridinylmethyl, or azepanyl, wherein R 3 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more R 14 ; and wherein when R 3 is azepanyl the hydrogen of the -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with a C 1-7 alkyl.

Embodiment 39. The compound according to Embodiment 38, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 14 , for each occurrence, is independently halo, C 1-4 alkyl, C^alkoxy, C^alkoxycarbonyl, or cyclopropyl, wherein R 14 may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more independently selected R 24 ; or two R 14 on the same carbon atom together are oxo.

Embodiment 40. The compound according to Embodiment 39, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 24 , for each occurrence, is independently halo, hydroxy, carboxy, (^alkoxy, or C^alkoxycarbonyl.

Embodiment 41 . The compound according to Embodiment 33 or 35, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 3 and R 4 together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form a 3- to 7-membered heterocyclyl, wherein the heterocyclyl may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more R 15 ; and wherein when the heterocyclyl comprises one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 16 .

Embodiment 42. The compound according to Embodiment 41 , or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 3 and R 4 together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form piperazino, morpholino, piperidino, pyrrolidino, or azetidin-1 -yl, each of which may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more R 15 ; and wherein the hydrogen of the -NH- of piperazino may be independently optionally replaced with R 16 .

Embodiment 43. The compound according to Embodiment 41 or 42, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 15 , fore each occurrence, is independently hydroxy, carboxy, C 1-4 alkyl, 1-hydroxy-1 -methyl-ethyl, 2-hydroxy-1 ,1 - dimethyl-ethyl, hydroxymethyl, methoxymethyl, cyclopropyl, trifluoromethyl, phenyl, 4- fluorophenyl, or C^alkoxycarbonyl; or two R 15 on the same carbon atom together form oxo; or two R 15 on the same carbon atom together with the carbon to which they are attached form azetidinyl or oxetanyl.

Embodiment 44. The compound according to any one of Embodiments 41 - 43, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 16 is C^alkoxycarbonyl or cyclopropyl.

Embodiment 45. The compound according to Embodiment 32, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the compound is represented by formula li

(lib)

wherein ""indicates a carbon where the sulfamoyl group may be attached.

Embodiment 46. The compound according to Embodiment 45, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 18 is isopropyl, t-butyl,

methoxymethyl, cyclohexyl, or phenyl.

Embodiment 47. The compound according to any one of Embodiments 32-46, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 19 is hydrogen.

Embodiment 48. The compound according to any one of Embodiments 32-46, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 19 is a C 1-4 alkyl. Embodiment 49. The compound according to any one of Embodiments 32-48, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein m is 1 .

Embodiment 50. The compound according to any one of Embodiments 32-48, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein m is 2.

Embodiment 51 . The compound according to any one of Embodiments 32-48, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein m is zero.

Embodiment 52. The compound according to any one of Embodiments 32-50, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 1 , for each occurrence, is

independently halo, cyano, C 1-4 alkyl, cyclopropyl, cyclopentyl, phenyl, or pyridinyl, wherein R 1 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R 13 .

Embodiment 53. The compound according to Embodiment 52, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 13 , for each occurrence, is independently halo, hydroxy, cyano, carboxy, C 1-4 alkyl, (^alkoxy, C^alkoxycarbonyl, or wherein R 13 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R 17 .

Embodiment 54. The compound according to Embodiment 53, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 17 , for each occurrence, is independently halo, hydroxy, carboxy, (^alkoxy, C^alkanoyloxy, 2-amino-3-methyl- butanoyloxy, or C^alkoxycarbonyl.

Embodiment 55. The compound according to Embodiment 1 , or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the compound is represented by formula (III):

(III) wherein R 1 b is hydrogen or R 1 .

Embodiment 56. The compound according to Embodiment 55, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the compound is represented by formula (Ilia):

(Ilia)

wherein ""indicates a carbon where the sulfamoyi group may be attached.

Embodiment 57. The compound according to Embodiment 56, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein X 4 is -0-.

Embodiment 58. The compound according to Embodiment 56, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein X 4 is -NR 4 -.

Embodiment 59. The compound according to Embodiment 58, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 4 is hydrogen.

Embodiment 60. The compound according to Embodiment 58, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 4 is a C 1-4 alkyl. Embodiment 61 . The compound according to anyone of Embodiments 56-60, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 3 is C^alkyl.cyclopropyl, cyclohexyl, cyclopropylmethyl, cyclohexylmethyl, cycloheptylmethyl, phenyl, benzyl, 2-phenyl-ethyl, naphthyl, 1 ,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthyl, 2,3-dihydro-1 H-indenyl, quinolinyl, pyridinyl, pyridinylmethyl, 2-(pyridinyl)-ethyl, or azepanyl, wherein R 3 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more R 14 ; and wherein when R 3 is azepanyl the hydrogen of the -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with a C 1-7 alkyl.

Embodiment 62. The compound according to Embodiments 61 , or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 14 , for each occurrence, is independently halo, hydroxy, C 1-4 alkyl, C^alkoxy, amino, N-C^alkylamino or N.N-di-iC^ 4 alkyl)amino, wherein R 14 may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more independently selected R 24 ; or two R 14 on the same carbon atom together are oxo; or two R 14 on the same carbon atom together with the carbon to which they are attached form cyclopropyl

Embodiment 63. The compound according to Embodiments 62, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 24 , fore each occurrence, is independently halo or hydroxy.

Embodiment 64. The compound according to anyone of Embodiments 56 or 58, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 3 and R 4 together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form a 3- to 7-membered heterocyclyl, wherein the heterocyclyl may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more R 15 ; and wherein when the heterocyclyl comprises one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 16 .

Embodiment 65. The compound according to Embodiment 64, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 3 and R 4 together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form piperazino, morpholino, piperidino, pyrrolidino, 1 ,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinolin-2-yl, decahydroisoquinolin-2-yl, isoindolin-2-yl, each of which may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more R 15 ; and wherein the hydrogen of the -NH- of piperazino may be independently optionally replaced with R 16 .

Embodiment 66. The compound according to Embodiment 64 or 65, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 15 , for each occurrence, is independently a C 1-4 alkyl; or two R 15 on the same carbon atom together with the carbon to which they are attached form 1 ,3-dioxanyl.

Embodiment 67. The compound according to any one of Embodiments 64-66, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 16 is cyclohexylmethyl or phenyl.

Embodiment 68. The compound according to Embodiment 55, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the compound is represented by formula (1Mb):

8

(Nib)

wherein ""indicates a carbon where the sulfamoyl group may be attached.

Embodiment 69. The compound according to Embodiment 68, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 18 is isopropyl, t-butyl,

methoxymethyl, cyclohexyl, or phenyl.

Embodiment 70. The compound according to any one of Embodiments 55-69, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 19 is hydrogen. Embodiment 71 . The compound according to any one of Embodiments 55-69, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 19 is a C 1-4 alkyl which may be optionally substituted with methoxy.

Embodiment 72. The compound according to any one of Embodiments 55-71 , or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 1 b is hydrogen.

Embodiment 73. The compound according to any one of Embodiments 55-71 , or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 1 b , for each occurrence, is independently C 1-4 alkyl, cyclopropyl, pyrrolidinyl, tetrahydro-2H-pyranyl,

tetrahydrofuranyl, phenyl, phenylamino, phenyloxy, thiazolyl, pyridinyl, pyridinylamino, wherein R 1 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R 13 .

Embodiment 74. The compound according to Embodiment 73, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 13 , for each occurrence, is independently halo, nitro, hydroxy, cyano, carboxy, C 1-4 alkyl, C^alkoxy, C^.

4alkoxycarbonyl, C^alkoxyamido, amino, N.N-d C^alky amino, N-C^alkylamino, C^. 4 alkanoyl, (^alkylamido, piperazinyl, morpholinyl, 2,3-dihydrothiazolyl, pyrazolyl, 4 alkylsulfonyl, or sulfamoyl, wherein R 13 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R 17 ; and wherein when R 13 is piperazinyl, morpholinyl, or pyrazolyl, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 20 .

Embodiment 75. The compound according to Embodiment 74, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 17 , for each occurrence, is independently hydroxy, N-C^alkylamino, N-benzylamino, N.N-d C^alky amino, piperazinyl, or morpholinyl, wherein R 17 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more methoxy; and wherein when R 17 is a piperazinyl, or morpholinyl, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 23 ; or two R 17 on the same carbon atom together form oxo.

Embodiment 76. The compound according to Embodiment 74, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 20 is C 1-4 alkyl or C^alkoxycarbonyl. Embodiment 77. The compound according to Embodiment 75, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 23 is a C 1-4 alkyl.

Embodiment 78. The compound according to Embodiment 1 , or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the compound is represented by formula (IV):

(IV) wherein:

one of X 5 or X 6 is N and the other is CH; and

p is 0, 1 , 2, or 3.

Embodiment 79. The compound according to Embodiment 78, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the compound is represented by formula (IVa):

(IVa)

wherein ""indicates a carbon where the sulfamoyl group may be attached.

Embodiment 80. The compound according to Embodiment 79, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein X 4 is -0-. Embodiment 81 . The compound according to Embodiment 79, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein X 4 is -NR 4 -.

Embodiment 82. The compound according to Embodiment 81 , or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 4 is hydrogen.

Embodiment 83. The compound according to Embodiment 81 , or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 4 is a C 1-4 alkyl.

Embodiment 84. The compound according to anyone of Embodiments 79-83, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 3 is C 1-4 alkyl, benzyl, or

pyrazinylmethyl, wherein R 3 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more R 14 ; and wherein when R 3 is pyrazinyl, the hydrogen of the -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with a C 1-7 alkyl.

Embodiment 85. The compound according to Embodiments 84, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 14 , for each occurrence, is independently halo, C 1-4 alkyl, wherein R 14 may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more independently selected R 24 .

Embodiment 86. The compound according to Embodiments 85, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 24 , for each occurrence, is independently halo, hydroxy, carboxy, (^alkoxycarbonyl, (^alkanoyloxy, 2-amino-3- phenyl-propanoyloxy, 2-amino-3-methyl-butanoyloxy, phosphonooxy, or di-(C1 - 4alkoxy)phosphoryloxy.

Embodiment 87. The compound according to anyone of Embodiments 79 or 81 , or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 3 and R 4 together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form a 3- to 7-membered heterocyclyl, wherein the heterocyclyl may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more R 15 ; and wherein when the heterocyclyl comprises one or more -NH-, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 16 . Embodiment 88. The compound according to Embodiment 87, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 3 and R 4 together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form piperazino, morpholino, piperidino, or pyrrolidino, each of which may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atoms with one or more R 15 ; and wherein the hydrogen of the -NH- of piperazino may be independently optionally replaced with R 16 .

Embodiment 89. The compound according to Embodiment 87 or 88, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 15 , for each occurrence, is independently carboxy, C 1-4 alkyl, trifluoromethyl, phenyl, or C^alkoxycarbonyl.

Embodiment 90. The compound according to any one of Embodiments 87- 89, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 16 is C^alkoxycarbonyl.

Embodiment 91 . The compound according to Embodiment 78, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the compound is represented by formula I

(IVb)

wherein " * " indicates a carbon where the sulfamoyl group may be attached.

Embodiment 92. The compound according to Embodiment 91 , or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 18 is isopropyl, t-butyl,

methoxymethyl, cyclohexyl, or phenyl.

Embodiment 93. The compound according to any one of Embodiments 78-92, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein p is 1 . Embodiment 94. The compound according to any one of Embodiments 78-92, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein p is 2.

Embodiment 95. The compound according to any one of Embodiments 78-92, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein p is 3.

Embodiment 96. The compound according to any one of Embodiments 78-92, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein p is zero.

Embodiment 97. The compound according to any one of Embodiments 78-95, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 1 , for each occurrence, is

independently halo, hydroxy, C 1-4 alkyl, C 1-4 alkenyl, C 1-4 alkynyl, C^alkoxy, cyclobutyloxy, oxetan-3-yloxy, amino, N-C^alkylamino, N.N-d C^alky amino, N-C^alkylcarbamoyl, piperazinyl, piperidinyl, phenyl, or pyridinyl, wherein R 1 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R 13 ; and wherein when R 1 is piperazinyl or piperidinyl, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 22 ; or two R 1 on the same carbon atom together with the carbon atom to which they are attached may form a spiro C 3 . 8 carbocyclyl.

Embodiment 98. The compound according to Embodiment 97, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 13 , for each occurrence, is independently halo, hydroxy, carboxy, C 1-4 alkyl, C 1-4 alkoxy, amino, N-C^alkylamino, N,N-di-(C 1-4 alkyl)amino, wherein R 13 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R 17 .

Embodiment 99. The compound according to Embodiment 98, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 17 , for each occurrence, is independently halo.

Embodiment 100. The compound according to any one of Embodiments 97-99, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 22 , for each occurrence, is independently a C 1-4 alkyl. Embodiment 101 . The compound according to any one of Embodiments 78-100 , or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein X 5 is N and X 6 is CH.

Embodiment 102. The compound according to any one of Embodiments 78-100, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein X 5 is CH and X 6 is N.

Embodiment 103. The compound according to Embodiment 1 , or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt (V):

(V)

Embodiment 104. The compound according to Embodiment 103, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the compound is represented by formula (Va):

(Va)

wherein ""indicates a carbon where the sulfamoyl group may be attached.

Embodiment 105. The compound according to Embodiment 104, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein X 4 is -0-.

Embodiment 106. The compound according to Embodiment 104, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein X 4 is -NR 4 -. Embodiment 107. The compound according to Embodiment 106, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 4 is hydrogen.

Embodiment 108. The compound according to Embodiment 106, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 4 is a C 1-4 alkyl.

Embodiment 109. The compound according to anyone of Embodiments 104-108, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 3 is C 1-4 alkyl or phenyl.

Embodiment 1 10. The compound according to Embodiment 103, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein the compound is represented by formula

(Vb)

wherein " * " indicates a carbon where the sulfamoyl group may be attached.

Embodiment 1 1 1 . The compound according to Embodiment 1 10, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 18 is isopropyl, t-butyl,

methoxymethyl, cyclohexyl, or phenyl.

Embodiment 1 12. The compound according to any one of Embodiments 103-1 1 1 , a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 1a is phenyl, phenylamino, thiazolyl, pyridinyl, pyridinylamino, 2,3-dihydrobenzo[b][1 ,4]dioxinyl, benzo[c][1 ,2,5]oxadiazolyl, wherein R 1a may be optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R 13 .

Embodiment 1 13. The compound according to Embodiment 1 12, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 13 , for each occurrence, is independently halo, cyano, nitro, hydroxy, carboxy, C 1-4 alkyl, C^alkoxy, N.N-di- C^ 4 alkyl)amino, phenoxy, C^alkanoyl, (^alkylamido, C 1-4 alkylsulfonyl, sulfamoyl, piperazinyl, morpholinyl, pyrazolyl, wherein R 13 is optionally substituted on one or more carbon atom with one or more independently selected R 17 ; and wherein when R 13 is piperazinyl, morpholinyl, or pyrazolyl, the hydrogen of each -NH- group may be independently optionally replaced with R 20 .

Embodiment 1 14. The compound according to Embodiment 1 13, or a

pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 17 , for each occurrence, is independently hydroxy, or piperazinyl, wherein when R 17 is piperazinyl, the hydrogen of each -NH- group of the piperazinyl may be optionally replaced with an independently selected C 1-4 alkyl.

Embodiment 1 15. The compound according to Embodiment 1 13 or 1 14, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 20 is a C 1-4 alkyl.

Embodiment 1 16. The compound according to any one of Embodiments 103-1 15, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein R 19 is hydrogen.

Embodiment 1 17. The compound of Embodiment 1 , wherein the compound is selected from any one of the examples herein, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

Embodiment 1 18. A pharmaceutical composition, comprising:

a compound according to any one of Embodiments 1 through 1 17, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof; and

a pharmaceutically acceptable excipient or carrier.

Embodiment 1 19. A method of inhibiting Acetyl CoA carboxylase activity, comprising: contacting a source of acetyl CoA carboxylase with a compound according to any of Embodiments 1 through 1 17, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

Embodiment 120. A method of treating a disease or condition mediated by the inhibition of acetyl CoA carboxylase in a mammal, comprising administering to the mammal in need thereof a therapeutically effective amount of a compound according to any of Embodiments 1 through 1 17, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

Embodiment 121 . The method of treating metabolic syndrome, Syndrome X, diabetes, insulin resistance, decreased glucose tolerance, non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, Type II diabetes, Type I diabetes, diabetic complications, body weight disorders, or leptin related diseases in a mammal, comprising administering to the mammal a therapeutically effective amount of a compound according to any one of Embodiments 1 through 1 17, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

Embodiment 122. The method according to Embodiment 121 , wherein the disease or condition is insulin resistance, decreased glucose tolerance, non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, Type II diabetes, or Type I diabetes.

Embodiment 123. The method according to Embodiment 121 , wherein the metabolic syndrome is dyslipidemia, obesity, insulin resistance, hypertension, microalbuminemia, hyperuricaemia, or hypercoagulability.

Embodiment 124. The method according to Embodiment 121 , wherein the bodyweight disorder is obesity, overweight, cachexia or anorexia.

Embodiment 125. A pharmaceutical composition, comprising a therapeutically effective amount of a compound according to anyone of Embodiments 1 through 1 17, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, in combination with a therapeutically effective amount of insulin, insulin derivative or mimetic; insulin secretagogue; insulinotropic sulfonylurea receptor ligand; PPAR ligand; insulin sensitizer; biguanide; alpha- glucosidase inhibitors; GLP-1 , GLP-1 analog or mimetic; DPPIV inhibitor; HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor; squalene synthase inhibitor; FXR or LXR ligand; cholestyramine; fibrates; nicotinic acid; or aspirin. Embodiment 126. Use of a compound of Formula (I) according to any one of Embodiment 1 through 1 17, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, for the treatment of a disorder or disease in a subject mediated by the inhibition of acetyl CoA carboxylase.

Embodiment 127. Use of a compound of Formula (I) according to any one of Embodiment 1 through 1 17, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, for the treatment of metabolic syndrome, Syndrome X, diabetes, insulin resistance, decreased glucose tolerance, non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, Type II diabetes, Type I diabetes, diabetic complications, body weight disorders, or leptin related diseases in a mammal.

Embodiment 128. The use according to Embodiment 127, wherein the disease or condition is insulin resistance, decreased glucose tolerance, non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, Type II diabetes, or Type I diabetes.

Embodiment 129. The use according to Embodiment 127, wherein the metabolic syndrome is dyslipidemia, obesity, insulin resistance, hypertension, microalbuminemia, hyperuricaemia, or hypercoagulability.

Embodiment 130. The use according to Embodiment 127, wherein the bodyweight disorder is obesity, overweight, cachexia or anorexia.

Embodiment 131 . A compound of Formula (I) according to any one of Embodiment 1 through 1 17, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, for use as a medicament.

Embodiment 132. A pharmaceutical composition according to Embodiment 1 18 or 125 for use as a medicament.

Embodiment 133. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound of Formula (I) according to any one of Embodiment 1 through 1 17, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, for use in the treatment of a disorder or disease in a subject mediated by the inhibition of acetyl CoA carboxylase. Embodiment 134. A pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound of Formula (I) according to any one of Embodiment 1 through 1 17, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, for use in the treatment of metabolic syndrome, Syndrome X, diabetes, insulin resistance, decreased glucose tolerance, non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, Type II diabetes, Type I diabetes, diabetic complications, body weight disorders, or leptin related diseases in a mammal.

Embodiment 135. The pharmaceutical composition according to Embodiment 134, wherein the disease or condition is insulin resistance, decreased glucose tolerance, non- insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, Type II diabetes, or Type I diabetes.

Embodiment 136. The pharmaceutical composition according to Embodiment 134, wherein the metabolic syndrome is dyslipidemia, obesity, insulin resistance,

hypertension, microalbuminemia, hyperuricaemia, or hypercoagulability.

Embodiment 137. The pharmaceutical composition according to Embodiment 134, wherein the bodyweight disorder is obesity, overweight, cachexia or anorexia.

Embodiment 138. A method of treating an HCV-associated disorder comprising administering to a subject in need thereof, comprising administering to the subject a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of anyone of Embodiments 1 through 1 17, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

Embodiment 139. A method of decreasing the HCV RNA load in a subject in need thereof, comprising administering to the subject a therapeutically effective amount of a compound according to any one of Embodiments 1 through 1 17, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

Embodiment 140. A method of treating an HCV-associated disorder comprising administering to a subject in need thereof a therapeutically effective amount of a compound according to any one of Embodiments 1 through 1 17, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, in combination with a pharmaceutically effective amount of an additional HCV-modulating compound. Embodiment 141 . The method of anyone of Embodiments 138 through 140, wherein the HCV-associanted disorder is HCV infection, liver cirrhosis, chronic liver disease, hepatocellular carcinoma, cryoglobulinaemia, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, or liver fibrosis.