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Title:
BIDENTATE C,P CHIRAL PHOSPHINE LIGANDS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2004/050669
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The invention is concerned with new phosphine ligands of formula I wherein R1 and R2 are independently of each other alkyl, aryl, cycloalkyl or heteroaryl, said alkyl, aryl, cycloalkyl or heteroaryl may be substituted by alkyl, alkoxy, halogen, hydroxy, amino, mono- or dialkylamino, aryl, -S02-R7, -S03¯ , -CO-NR8BR8', carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, trialkylsilyl, diarylalkylsilyl, dialkylarylsilyl or triarylsilyl; R3 is alkyl, cycloalkyl, aryl or heteroaryl; R4' and R4 signify independently of each other hydrogen, alkyl or optionally substituted aryl; or R4&grave ’ and R4 together with the C-atom they are attached to form a 3-8-membered carbocyclic ring; dotted line is absent or is present and forms a double bond; R5 and R6 are independently of each other hydrogen, alkyl or aryl, R7 is alkyl or aryl; and R8 and R8' are independently of each other hydrogen, alkyl or aryl; the substituents attached by the bold bondsare in cis relation to each other; metal complexes with such ligands as well as the use of such metal complexes as catalysts in asymmetric reactions.

Inventors:
Osinski, Piotr (ul. Daszynskiego 14/2, Nowy Dwor Mazowiecki, PL-05-100, PL)
Pietrusiewicz, Kazimierz Michal (ul-Langiewicza 3m.24, Lublin, PL-20-032, PL)
Schmid, Rudolf (Unterer Rheinweg 44, Basel, CH-4057, CH)
Application Number:
PCT/EP2003/012980
Publication Date:
June 17, 2004
Filing Date:
November 20, 2003
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
F. HOFFMANN-LA ROCHE AG (Grenzacherstrasse 124, Basel, CH-4070, CH)
International Classes:
C07B53/00; C07F9/6568; C07F15/00; (IPC1-7): C07F9/6568; C07F15/00; C07B53/00
Domestic Patent References:
WO2003042135A22003-05-22
Other References:
PATENT ABSTRACTS OF JAPAN vol. 2002, no. 07 3 July 2002 (2002-07-03)
TANG W. ET AL.: "A chiral 1,2-bisphospholane ligand with a novel structural motif: applications in highly enantioselective Rh-catalyzed hydrogenations", ANGEWANDTE CHEMIE. INTERNATIONAL EDITION., vol. 41, no. 9, 3 May 2002 (2002-05-03), DEVERLAG CHEMIE. WEINHEIM., pages 1612 - 1614, XP002271766
DEMAY S ET AL: "Preparation of a rigid bicyclic diphosphine by radical cyclisation", TETRAHEDRON: ASYMMETRY, ELSEVIER SCIENCE PUBLISHERS, AMSTERDAM, NL, vol. 12, no. 6, 17 April 2001 (2001-04-17), pages 909 - 914, XP004241715, ISSN: 0957-4166
MROZ, P. ET AL: "Theoretical study of 31P NMR chemical shift in five-membered ring C-P heterocycles", MOLECULAR PHYSICS REPORTS , 29, 205-209 CODEN: MPREFZ; ISSN: 1505-1250, 2000, XP008027954
PAKULSKI Z. ET AL: "The classical Kagan's amides are still practical NMR chiral shift reagents: determination of enantiomeric purity of P-chirogenic phospholene oxides", TETRAHEDRON: ASYMMETRY , 14(11), 1459-1462 CODEN: TASYE3; ISSN: 0957-4166, 2003, XP004427059
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Kjellsaa-berger, Hanny (Grenzacherstrasse 124, Basel, CH-4070, CH)
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Claims:
Claims
1. Phosphine ligands of the formula I wherein R'and R'are independently of each other alkyl, aryl, cycloalkyl or heteroaryl, said alkyl, aryl, cycloalkyl or heteroaryl may be substituted by alkyl, alkoxy, halogen, hydroxy, amino, mono or dialkylamino, aryl,So2R7,SO3,CONR8R8, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, trialkylsilyl, diarylalkylsilyl, dialkylarylsilyl or triarylsilyl; R3 is alkyl, cycloalkyl, aryl or heteroaryl; R4 and R4 signify independently of each other hydrogen, alkyl or optionally substituted aryl; or R4 and R4 together with the Catom they are attached to form a 38 membered carbocyclic ring; dotted line is absent or is present and forms a double bond; R'and R'are independently of each other hydrogen, alkyl or aryl; R7 is alkyl, aryl or NR8R8' ; and R8 and R8' are independently of each other hydrogen, alkyl or aryl; the substituents R3 on the phospholane phophorus atom and the substituent on the C2 atom of the phospholane ring are in cis relation to each other as indicated by the bold bonds in formula I.
2. Compounds of formula I according to claim 1 wherein R'and R2 are alike and signify alkyl, aryl, cycloalkyl or heteroaryl, said alkyl, aryl, cycloalkyl or heteroaryl may be substituted by alkyl, alkoxy, halogen, hydroxy, amino, monoor dialkylamino, aryl, SO2R7, SO3, CONR8R8', carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, trialkylsilyl, diarylalkylsilyl, dialkylarylsilyl or triarylsilyl; R3 is alkyl or aryl; R4 and R4 are hydrogen; R5 and R6 are independently of each other hydrogen, C1C3alkyl or phenyl ; the dotted line is absent; and R7, R8 and R8 are as defined in claim 1.
3. Compounds of formula I according to claims 1 or 2, wherein R1 and R2 are alike and signify aryl; R3 is tert.butyl or phenyl ; R4' and R4 are identical and signify hydrogen; R5 and R6 are hydrogen; and the dotted line is absent.
4. Compounds of formula I according to claims 1 or 2, wherein R1 and R2 are alike and signify alkyl ; R3 is tert.butyl or phenyl ; R4 and R4 are identical and signify hydrogen; R5 and R6 are hydrogen; and the dotted line is absent.
5. Compounds of formula I according to claims 1 or 2, wherein R'and R'are alike and signify cycloalkyl ; R3 is tert.butyl or phenyl ; R4 and R4 are identical and signify hydrogen; R and R6 are hydrogen; and the dotted line is absent.
6. Compounds of formula I according to claims 1 or 2, wherein R1 and R2 are alike and signify heteroaryl; R3 is tert.butyl or phenyl ; R4 and R4 are identical and signify hydrogen; R5 and R6 are hydrogen; and the dotted line is absent.
7. Compounds of formula I, wherein R1 and R2 are alike and signify phenyl, R 3 is phenyl and R4, R4, R5 and R6 are hydrogen.
8. Transition metal complexes of formula II MmLnXpAq II wherein M stands for a transition metal, L stands for the diphosphine compound of formula I ; wherein X is a coordinating anion such as e. g. Cl, Br or I, m, n and p are each 1, and q is 0, if M is Rh ; or X is acyloxy such as e. g. acetoxy, trifluoroacetoxy or pivaloyloxy, m and n are each 1, p is 2, and q is 0, if M is Ru ; or X is Cl, m and n are each 2, p is 4, q is 1, and A is triethylamine, if M is Ru ; or X is a nmethallyl group, m and n are each 1, p is 2, and q is 0, if M is Ru ; or X is a coordinating anion such as e. g. Cl, Br or I, m, n and p are each 1, and q is 0, if M is Ir ; or X is Cl, m and n are each 1, p is 2, and q is 0, if M is Pd ; or X is Cl, Br or I, m and n are each 1, p is 2, and q is 0, if M is Ni.
9. Transition metal complexes of formula MmLnXpAq II wherein M stands for Rh, L stands for the diphosphine compound of formula I ; and wherein X is a coordinating anion such as e. g. Cl, Br or I, m, n and p are each 1, and q is 0.
10. Metal complexes of formula [MmLnXpAq] Dr III wherein M stands for a transition metal, L stands for the diphosphine compound of formula I; wherein X is a diene ligand such as cod or nbd, D is a noncoordinating anion such as e. g. BF4, C104, PF6, SbF6, CF3SO3, BPh4, or BARF, m, n, p and r are each 1, and q is 0, if M is Rh ; or X is an olefinic ligand such as e. g. cyclooctene or ethylene, D is a noncoordinating anion such as e. g. BF4, C104, PF6, SbF6, CF3SO3, BPh4, or BARF, m, n and r are each 1, p is 2 and q is 0, if M is Rh; or X is Cl, Br or I, A is benzene or pcymene, D is Cl, Br or I, and m, n, p, q and r are each 1, if M is Ru; or D is a noncoordinating anion such as e. g. BF4, C104, PF6, SbF6, CF3SO3, BPh4, or BARF, m and n are each 1, p and q are each 0, and r is 2, if M is Ru ; or X is a diene ligand such as cod or nbd, D is a noncoordinating anion such as e. g. BF4, C104, PF6, SbF6, CF3SO3, BPh4, or BARF, m, n, p and r are each 1, and q isO, ifMisIr ; or X is an olefinic ligand such as e. g. cyclooctene or ethylene, D is a noncoordinating anion such as e. g. BF4, C104, PF6, SbF6, CF3SO3, BPh4, or BARF, m, p and r are each 1, n is 2 and q is 0, if M is Ir ; or X is a sallyl group, D is a noncoordinating anion such as e. g. BF4, C104, PF6, SbF6, CF3SO3, BPh4, or BARF, m, n, p and r are each 1, and q isO, ifMisPd.
11. Metal complexes of formula [MmLnXpAq] Dr III wherein M stands for Rh, L stands for the diphosphine compound of formula I; and wherein X is a diene ligand such as cod or nbd, D is a noncoordinating anion such as e. g. BF4, C104, PF6, SbF6, CF3SO3, BPh4, or BARF, m, n, p and r are each 1, and q isO ; or X is an olefinic ligand such as e. g. cyclooctene or ethylene, D is a noncoordinating anion such as e. g. BF4, C104, PF6, SbF6, CF3SO3, BPh4, or BARF, m, n and r are each 1, p is 2 and q isO.
12. The optical active compounds of formula 6 wherein R3, R4, R4, Rs and R6 are as defined for formula I in claim 1.
13. Use of metal complexes according to claims 8,9, 10 or 11 as catalysts in asymmetric reactions, particularly in asymmetric hydrogenations and enantioselective hydrogen displacements in prochiral allylic systems.
14. A process for the asymmetric hydrogenation of a prochiral olefinic or ketonic compound characterised in that the reaction is carried out in presence of metal complex of fomula II or III as defined in claims 8,9, 10 or 11.
Description:
Bidentate C, P Chiral Phosphine Ligands The present invention is concerned with new phosphine ligands, metal complexes of such ligands, as well as the use of such metal complexes as catalysts in asymmetric reactions.

Phosphine ligands with chiral centers on carbon and phosphorous atoms are known in the art. A particular class of phosphine ligands are those linked by a bridge of two carbon atoms, i. e. 1, 2-diphosphine ligands. Examples of 1,2-diphosphine ligands with one or two chiral centers on the carbon atoms of the bridge are PROPHOS (A) as described in J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1978, 100, 5491; and CHIRAPHOS (B) see J. Am. Chem.

Soc. 1977, 99, 6262. Another type of 1,2-diphosphine ligands are those where the chiral center is on C atoms in a phospholane ring such as for example in the BPE ligand (C), described in Tetrahedron Asymmetry, 1991, 2, (7), 569. Still another type of 1,2- diphosphine ligands are those where the chiral centers are on the C and P atoms such as in compound D, described in Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2002, 41 (9), 1612.

ABC D The objective of the present invention is to provide further chiral 1, 2-diphosphine ligands with one chiral center on a carbon atom of the bridge and one chiral center on the phosphorous atom, i. e. a new bidentate C, P-chiral 1,2-diphosphine ligand system which form fairly rigid bicyclo [3.3. 0] octane chelate with transition metals.

The invention is therefore concerned with new phosphine ligands of the formula I

wherein R'and R 2 are independently of each other alkyl, aryl, cycloalkyl or heteroaryl, said alkyl, aryl, cycloalkyl or heteroaryl may be substituted by alkyl, alkoxy, halogen, hydroxy, amino, mono- or dialkylamino, aryl,-So2-R7,-SO3-,-CO-NR8R8, carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, trialkylsilyl, diarylalkylsilyl, dialkylarylsilyl or triarylsilyl; R3 is alkyl, cycloalkyl, aryl or heteroaryl; R4 and R4 signify independently of each other hydrogen, alkyl or optionally substituted aryl; or R4'and R4 together with the C-atom they are attached to form a 3-8- membered carbocyclic ring; dotted line is absent or is present and forms a double bond; R5 and R6 are independently of each other hydrogen, alkyl or aryl; R7 is alkyl, aryl or NR8R8' ; and R8 and R8 are independently of each other hydrogen, alkyl or aryl; the substituents R3 on the phospholane phophorus atom and the substituent on the C2 atom of the phospholane ring are in cis relation to each other as indicated by the bold bonds in formula I.

The residues R4, R4, R5 and R6 may form additional chiral centers on the C atom they are attached to and the residues R'and R'may form an additional chiral center on the phosphorus atom they are attached to.

The following definitions of the general terms used in the present description apply irrespective of whether the terms in question appear alone or in combination.

The term"alkyl"as used herein signifies straight-chain or branched hydrocarbon groups with 1 to 8 carbon atoms, preferably 1 to 6 carbon atoms such as e. g. methyl, ethyl, propyl, iso-propyl, butyl, iso-butyl and tert.-butyl.

Preferably the alkyl groups for Rl, R2 and R3 are branched alkyl groups such as iso- propyl, iso-butyl and tert.-butyl.

The term"alkoxy"denotes a group wherein the alkyl residue is as defined above, and which is attached via an oxygen atom.

The term"cycloalkyl"stands for 3-to 8-membered rings, such as e. g. cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl and cycloheptyl, especially for cyclopentyl or cyclo- hexyl.

Said"alkyl"and"cycloalkyl"groups may be substituted by alkyl (for cycloalkyl), alkoxy, halogen, hydroxy, amino, mono-or dialkylamino, or aryl.

The term"aryl"signifies an aromatic hydrocarbon residue, especially the phenyl residue, which can be unsubstituted or substituted in the ortho-, meta-or para- position or multiply-substituted. Substituents which come into consideration are e. g. phenyl, alkyl or alkoxy groups, preferably methyl or methoxy groups, or amino, monoalkyl-or dialkylamino, preferably dimethylamino or diethylamino, or hydroxy, or halogen such as chlorine, or trialkylsilyl, such as e. g. trimethylsilyl. Moreover, the term"aryl"can signify naphthyl. Preferred aryl residues are phenyl, tolyl, dimethylphenyl, di-tert.-butylphenyl or anisyl.

The term"heteroaryl"signifies a 5-or 6-membered aromatic cycle containing one or more heteroatoms such as S, O and/or N. Examples of such heteroaryl groups are furyl, thienyl, benzofuranyl or benzothienyl.

The compounds of the invention have two chiral centers, one on the P atom in the phospholane ring and one on the C2 atom of the phospholane ring. The substituents at these chiral centers are always in cis relation to each other.

For the denotation of cis-and trans configuration in the compounds of the invention and of related compounds the convention depicted below is adhered to:

cis trans X = lone pair, O, BH3 Compound of formula la is an example of a compound of formula I, wherein R and R6 are independently of each other hydrogen, alkyl or aryl, and the dotted line is present and forms a double bond:

Preferred compounds of formula I are those wherein

R1 and R2 are alike and signify alkyl, aryl, cycloalkyl or heteroaryl, said alkyl, aryl, cycloalkyl or heteroaryl may be substituted by alkyl, alkoxy, halogen, hydroxy, amino, mono-or dialkylamino, aryl, -SO2-R7, -SO3-, -CO-NR8R8', carboxy, alkoxycarbonyl, trialkylsilyl, diarylalkylsilyl, dialkylarylsilyl or triarylsilyl; R3 is alkyl or aryl; R4 and R4 are hydrogen; R5 and R6 are independently of each other hydrogen, C1-C3-alkyl or phenyl; the dotted line is absent; and R7, R8 and R8 are as defined above.

One embodiment of the invention are compounds of formula I wherein R'and R'are alike and signify aryl; R3 is tert.-butyl or phenyl; R4 and R4 are identical and signify hydrogen; R5 and R6 are hydrogen; and the dotted line is absent; another embodiment are compounds of formula I wherein R1 and R2 are alike and signify alkyl ; R3 is tert.-butyl or phenyl; R4 and R4 are identical and signify hydrogen; R5 and R6 are hydrogen; and the dotted line is absent; another embodiment are compounds of formula I wherein R1 and R2 are alike and signify cycloalkyl ; R3 is tert.-butyl or phenyl; R4 and R4 are identical and signify hydrogen; R5 and R6 are hydrogen; and the dotted line is absent; and a further embodiment are compounds of formula I wherein R1 and R2 are alike and signify heteroaryl; R3 is tert.-butyl or phenyl; R4 and R4 are identical and signify hydrogen; R5 and R6 are hydrogen; and the dotted line is absent.

Especially preferred ligands of formula I are those wherein R1 and R2 are alike and signify phenyl, R3 is phenyl and R4, R4, R5 and R6 are hydrogen.

The ligands of formula I are prepared according to the reaction scheme 1 to 3. The starting materials are known in the art and commercially available.

The synthesis of 2-methylenephospholane-1-oxide is carried out according to scheme 1 starting from the appropriately substituted phospholane-1-oxide (1) which may be prepared in analogy to the method described for 1-phenylphospholane-1-oxide in J.

Org. Chem. 1971,36, 3226.

In the generic formulae of the schemes (R)-and (S)-configurational assignments of the phospholane phosphorus atom are based on the Cahn-Ingold-Prelog rules with an arbitrarily chosen priority of R3 > C2 of phospholane ring > C5 of phospholane ring.

Scheme 1 0 6/. 0 2a R 2b R" R''c PRa St Rs OH Rs ROH, 2. 3 R 4-R"1<'4-sted 2 cis trans 1 cis trans Pus O R O s., s . Menth R-R P R Rs \ R step 3 Rs \ R stel) 4 5 R 3 R4 R4 Ra diastereoisomers step 4a | fractional crystallization O O 0 0 Rs, 0 Rs, 0 s r--". Menth s,--'. Menth lRJ P, Ra 4, SJ P. Rs 4, R P : Ra 4, 0 R PRa 4, 0 s \ R + s \ R \ R + \ R Rus rus p R P"R R R 5_ pure diastereoisomers 5 Menth or A A (L)-Menthyl (D)-Menthyl wherein the residues are as defined above for formula I.

The optical active intermediates of formula 6

wherein R3, R4, R4, R5 and Rfi are as defined for formula I above; are new and thus part of the present invention.

Step 1 The phospholane 1-oxide (1) is metallated with a metallation reagent, such as an aryl or alkyl lithium reagent or a lithium amide reagent and subsequently reacted with an aldehyde such as e. g. formaldehyde or a ketone such as e. g. acetone to yield mixtures of cis-and trans-2-phospholanemethanol 1-oxide (2a and 2b). Metallation reagents are e. g. phenyl-, butyl-, sec-and tert.-butyllithium or the like, or lithium-di-iso- propylamide, lithium-2,2, 6, 6-tetramethylpiperidide or the like. In a preferred version an aryl or alkyl lithium reagent is used which contains the aryl or alkyl group R3.

Step 2 2-Methylene-oxo-phospholane (3) is formed by dehydration of cis-or trans 2- phospholanemethanol 1-oxide (2a and b) or of mixtures thereof. Such dehydration can be performed by methods known to the person skilled in the art. For example the dehydration can be performed by reaction of the hydroxy group with an inorganic acid chloride such as thionylchloride or phosphoroxichloride and subsequent elimination of the formed chloride intermediate for example in presence of an organic base such as 1, 8-diazabicyclo [5. 4.0] undec-7-ene (DBU), 1, 5-diazabicyclo [4.3. 0] non-5- ene (DBN), 1, 4-diazabicyclo [2.2. 2] octane (DABCO), triethylamine or pyridine or the like. In another method the dehydration is performed by catalysis with a strong acid such as e. g. sulfuric acid, phosphoric acid, pyrophosphoric acid, potassium hydrogen sulfate, p-toluenesulfonic acid, etc. In still another method an ester derived from an organic acid such as methanesulfonic acid or p-toluenesulfonic acid is formed and the subsequent elimination performed with an organic base such as 1,8- diazabicyclo [5.4. 0] undec-7-ene, triethylamine or pyridine or the like. In yet another method an ester derived from acetic acid is formed and subjected to pyrolytic elimination.

Step 3 2-Methylenephospholane-1-oxide (3) is reduced to the corresponding phospholane (4) by methods known in the art. Such reduction can be achieved, for example, by treatment with silane reagents (e. g. trichlorosilane, hexachlorodisilane, phenylsilane, polymethylhydrosiloxane etc. ), aluminum reagents (e. g. lithium or natrium aluminum hydride, aluminum hydride), metals (aluminum, magnesium) or with hydrogen after activation with e. g. phosgene.

Steps 4 and 5 On the one hand optical resolution of 2-methylenephospholane (4) by quaternisation reaction with an optically active alkylating agent such as for example with (L) -or (D)- menthyl-2-bromo-acetate and fractional crystallization of the salt yields the diastereomerically pure menthyl acetate derivatives (5), which then are cleaved in the presence of a base such as sodium hydroxide to the enantiomerically pure 2- methylene-1-oxo-phospholanes (6).

Step 4a On the other hand 2-methylene-1-oxo-phospholane (3) can be separated into the enantiomerically pure 2-methylene-1-oxo-phospholanes (6) by chromatography on a chiral support.

Step 6 The enantiomerically pure 2-methylenephospholane-1-oxides (6) are transformed into a mixture of the corresponding cis-and trans-bisoxides (7) according to scheme 2.

Scheme 2 Rs R6 R5 R Ro, R6 a O (S) q Q R) O 4 3 sten6 R2R4 R R3/R4 R R3 Ra'R3 ste 6 Rz Ra Ra R3 R2 Ra R (R)-6 (R, S)-7 (R, R)-7 ,)-cis-bisoxide (RR)-trans-bisoxide R6 R5 R6 R5 R6 R5 ouzo Ra q (R) P\ RZ O lsl P\ R '". p p'+ r. R R 'stmeT R" P SR 7 SS 7 (Sps Rc)-cis-bisoxide (S, S)-trans-bisoxide wherein the residues are as defined above for formula I.

The transformation is performed by addition of a secondary phosphine oxide which can proceed under purely thermal conditions by heating or under base catalysis conditions, e. g. with amine bases such as 1, 8-diazabicylclo [5.4. 0] undec-7-ene (DBU), 1, 5-diazabicyclo [4.3. 0] non-5-ene (DBN), 1, 4-diazabicyclo [2.2. 2] octane (DABCO) or sodium hydride, sodium ethoxide or the like. Alternatively the transformation can also be performed step-wise by addition of a secondary phosphine in the presence of a base such as e. g. potassium tert-butoxide or by addition of a preformed secondary lithium phosphide to yield the phosphine addition product and subsequent oxidation with e. g. hydrogen peroxide.

Step 7 The bisoxides (7) are reduced to the diphosphines (8) which optionally can be purified and stored as bis (borane) adducts (9) and which from the diphosphines can be regenerated by deboronation as depicted in scheme 3: Scheme 3 (drawn for diastereoisomers (S, S)-8 and (S, R)-8 ; the diastereoisomers (R, R) -8 and (R, S) -8 can be prepared analogously from (S, R)-7 and (S, S)-7) 5 R6 R R5 optional R \ R6 boronation MHZ 0 0 reduction step 7a BH 3 R (R)-----------R'P. (S) P (s) R R4 R R step7 R2 R4 R4'R3 deboronation R2 4 R4'R3 (R, S*7 (S, SH step 7b (S, S) @ (RpSc)-cis-bisoxide (S, S)-cis-diphosphine (S, S)-cis-bisborane Ra Q, RS Rs 2 RQ 4, R5 Rs optional R4 4, Rs Rs boronation BH R r reduction p R2, p BH R R2 (Rk P (R) step 7 (s) « (s) P-- R3 R3 deboronation R3 (R, R*7 (S, ~ » step 7b (S, v9 (R, R)-trans-bisoxide (Sp, RJ-trans-diphosphine (Sp. Rc)-trans-bisborane wherein the symbols are as defined above for formula I.

These methods are standards methods and known to the person skilled in the art. The reduction (step 7) can be achieved, for example, by treatment with silane reagents (e. g. trichlorosilane, hexachlorodisilane, phenylsilane, polymethylhydrosiloxane etc. ), or with aluminum reagents (e. g. lithium or natrium aluminum hydride, aluminum hydride etc. ). The boronation (step 7a) can be performed, for example, by treatment of the diphosphines with a borane-delivering agent such as e. g. the borane- tetrahydrofuran complex, the borane-N, N-diethylaniline complex, the borane-

dimethylsulfide complex or the like. Alternatively, the reduction and boronation (steps 7 and 7a) can also be performed as a single protocol, e. g. by treatment of the bisoxides with lithium aluminum hydride in the presence of sodium borohydride and cerium trichloride, to provide directly the bis (borane) adducts. The bis (borane) adducts can optionally be purified by chromatography or crystallization to achieve high chemical purity. The deboronation (step 7b) can be achieved by treatment of the bis (borane) adducts with an amine base such as e. g. 1, 4-diazabicyclo [2.2. 2] octane (DABCO), pyrrolidine, diethylamine or the like or by treatment with an acid such as HBF4 or the like.

The optically active ligands of formula I form complexes with transition metals, especially with transition metals of Group VIII, such as ruthenium, rhodium, iridium, palladium and nickel. These complexes can be used as catalysts in asymmetric reactions such as hydrogenations and enantioselective hydrogen displacements in prochiral allylic systems. Preferably the metal complexes are used in their isolated forms for the hydrogenations. Alternatively, the complexes may be prepared in situ.

These catalysts, i. e. the complexes of a transition metal and the chiral diphosphine ligands of formula I, are novel and are likewise an object of the present invention.

The aforementioned transition metal complexes, especially the complexes with metals of group VIII can be represented e. g. by the following formula II and III indicated below: Mn, LnXp Aq 11 wherein M stands for a transition metal, L stands for the diphosphine compound of formula I ; wherein X is a coordinating anion such as e. g. Cl, Br or I m, n and p are each 1, and q isO, ifMisRh ; or X is acyloxy, such as e. g. acetoxy, trifluoroacetoxy or pivaloyloxy, m and n are each 1, p is 2, and q is 0, if M is Ru ; or X is Cl,

m and n are each 2, p is4, q is 1, and A is triethylamine, if M is Ru; or X is a n-methallyl group, m and n are each 1, p is 2, and q is 0, if M is Ru; or X is a coordinating anion such as e. g. Cl, Br or I, m, n and p are each 1, and q is 0, if M is Ir ; or X is Cl, m and n are each 1, p is 2, and q is 0, if M is Pd ; or X is Cl, Br or I, m and n are each 1, p is 2, and q is ifMisNi.

[MmLnXpAq] Dr III wherein M stands for a transition metal, and L stands for the diphosphine compound of formula I ; wherein X is a diene ligand such as cod or nbd, D is a non-coordinating anion such as e. g. BF4, C104, PF6, SbF6, CF3SO3, BPh4, or BARF, m, n, p and r are each 1, and q is 0, if M is Rh ; or X is an olefinic ligand such as e. g. cyclooctene or ethylene,

D is a non-coordinating anion such as e. g. BF4, C104, PF6, SbF6, CF3SO3, BPh4, or BARF, m, n and r are each 1, p is 2 and q is ifMisRh ; or X isCl, BrorI, A is benzene or p-cymene, D is Cl, Br or I, and m, n, p, q and r are each 1, if M is Ru; or D is a non-coordinating anion such as e. g. BF4, C104, PF6, SbF6, CF3SO3, BPh4, or BARF, m and n are each 1, p and q are each 0, and r is 2, if M is Ru ; or X is a diene ligand such as cod or nbd, D is a non-coordinating anion such as e. g. BF4, C104, PF6, SbF6, CF3SO3, BPh4, or BARF, m, n, p and r are each 1, and q is 0, if M is Ir ; or X is an olefinic ligand such as e. g. cyclooctene or ethylene, D is a non-coordinating anion such as e. g. BF4, C104, PF6, SbF6, CF3SO3, BPh4, or BARF, m, p and r are each 1, n is 2, and q is 0, if M is Ir ; or X is a Tc-allyl group, D is a non-coordinating anion such as e. g. BF4, C104, PF6, SbF6, CF3SO3, BPh4, or BARF, m, n, p and r are each 1, and q is 0, if M is Pd.

Ph stands for a phenyl group, cod stands for (Z, Z)-1, 5-cyclooctadiene, nbd stands for norbornadiene, and BARF stands for tetrakis [3,5-bis (trifluoromethyl) phenyl] borate.

7t-Methallyl and n-allyl stand for anionic ligands of the structures H2C=C (Me)-CH2 and H2C=CH-CH2.

Preferred transition metal complexes and methods for making such complexes are described below.

A ruthenium complex can be prepared, for example, by reaction of the Ru precursors [Ru (cod) (OCOCF3) 2] 2, [Ru (cod) (OCOCF3) 2) 2H20, [Ru (cod) (OCOCH3) 2] or [Ru2 (cod) 2Cl4 (CH3CN)] and the ligand of formula I in an inert solvent for example in ethers such as tetrahydrofuran or diethyl ether or mixtures thereof, or in dichloromethane as described in the literature (B. Heiser, E. A. Broger, Y. Crameri, Tetrahedron: Asymmetry 1991,2, 51). Another method for preparing a ruthenium complex comprises, for example, the reaction of the ruthenium precursor [Ru (cod) (methallyl) 2] with a ligand of the formula I in a nonpolar solvent such as e. g. hexane or toluene or mixtures thereof as described in J. P. Genet, S. Mallart, C. Pinel, S.

Juge, J. A. Laffitte, Tetrahedron: Asymmetry, 1991,2, 43.

In situ preparation of ruthenium complexes can be performed for example by reaction of the ruthenium precursor [Ru (cod) (methallyl) 2] with a ligand of the formula I in the presence of trifluoroacetic acid in methanol as described in the literature (B. Heiser, E. A. Broger, Y. Crameri, Tetrahedron: Asymmetry 1991,2, 51).

A ruthenium complex can also be prepared, for example, by heating [Ru (cod) Cl2] n and the ligand of formula I at reflux by use of toluene as a solvent in the presence of triethylamine as described in the literature (T. Ikariya, Y. Ishii, H. Kawano, T. Arai, M.

Saburi, and S. Akutagawa, J. Chem. Soc. , Chem. Commun. 1985,922). Further a ruthenium complex can be prepared, for example, by heating [Ru (p-cymene) IZ) z and the ligand of formula I with stirring in a methylene chloride/ethanol mixture in accordance with the method described in the literature (K. Mashima, K. Kusano, T.

Ohta, R. Noyori, H. Takaya, J. Chem. Soc. , Chem. Commun. 1989,1208) Preferred ruthenium complexes are Ru (OAc) 2 (L), [Ru (OCOCF3) 2 (L)] 2, Ru2Cl4 (L) 2'NEt3, [RuCl (benzene) (L)] Cl, [RuBr (benzene) (L) ] Br, [RuI (benzene) (L) ] I, [RuCl (p-cymene) (L)] CI, [RuBr (p- cymene) (L) ] Br, [RuI (p-cymene) (L)] I, [Ru (L)] (BF4) 2, [Ru (L)] (C104) 2, [Ru (L)] (PF6) 2 [Ru (L)] (BPh4) 2.

A rhodium complex can be prepared, for example, by reaction of rhodium precursors such as [Rh (cod) Cl] 2, [Rh (nbd) Cl] 2, [Rh (cod) 2] SbF6, [Rh (cod) 2] BF4, [Rh (cod) 2] C104 with the ligand of formula I in accordance with the method described in "Experimental Chemistry, 4th edition"Vol. 18, Organometallic Complexes, pp. 339-344, Ed. Chemical Society of Japan, 1991, Maruzen.

Preferred rhodium complexes are Rh (L) Cl, Rh (L) Br, Rh (L) I, [Rh (cod) (L) ] SbF6, [Rh (cod) (L) ] BF4, [Rh (cod) (L)] C104, [Rh (cod) (L) ] PF6, [Rh (cod) (L) ] BPh4, [Rh (cod) (L) ] BARF, [Rh (nbd) (L)] SbF6, [Rh (nbd) (L)] BF4, [Rh (nbd) (L) ] C104, [Rh (nbd) (L)] PF6, [Rh (nbd) (L)] BPh4.

An iridium complex can be prepared, for example, by reacting the ligand of formula I with [Ir (cod) (CH3CN) 2] BF4 or with [Ir (cod) Cl] 2 in accordance with the method described in the literature (K. Mashima, T. Akutagawa, X. Zhang, H. Takaya, T.

Taketomi, H. Kumobayashi, S. Akutagawa, J. Organomet. , Chem. 1992,428, 213).

Preferred iridium complexes are Ir (L) Cl, Ir (L) Br, Ir (L) I, [Ir (cod) (L) ] BF4, [Ir (cod) (L)] C104, [Ir (cod) (L) ] PF6, [Ir (cod) (L)] BPh4, [Ir (nbd) (L) ] BF4, [Ir (nbd) (L)] C104, [Ir (nbd) (L) ] PF6, [Ir (nbd) (L) ] BPh4 A palladium complex can be prepared, for example, by reaction of the ligand of formula I with Tc-allylpalladium chloride in accordance with the method described in a literature (Y. Uozumi and T. Hayashi, J. Am. , Chem. Soc. 1991,113, 9887).

Preferred palladium complexes are PdCl2 (L), [Pd (n-allyl) (L)] BF4, [ (Pd (n-allyl) (L) lC104, [(Pd (7t-allyl) (L)] PF6, [(Pd (7t- allyl) (L) ] BPh4 A nickel complex can be prepared, for example, by dissolving the ligand of formula I and nickel chloride in an alcohol such as isopropanol or ethanol or mixtures thereof and heating the solution with stirring in accordance with the method described in "Experimental Chemistry, 4th edition"Vol. 18, Organometallic Complexes, pp. 376, Ed.

Chemical Society of Japan, 1991, Maruzen.

Preferred examples of nickel complexes are NiCl2 (L), NiBr2 (L) and NiI2 (L).

The transition metal complexes prepared as described above can be used as catalysts for asymmetric reactions, in particular for asymmetric hydrogenation reactions.

The following examples serve to illustrate the invention and do not in any manner represent a limitation.

In the examples the selected abbreviations have the follow meanings: h hour m. p. melting point THF tetrahydrofuran EtOAc ethyl acetate DBU 1, 8-diazabicyclo (5,4, 0) undec-7-ene DABCO 1, 4-diazabicyclo [2.2. 2] octane BARF tetrakis [3,5-bis (trifluoromethyl) phenyl] borate c concentration S/C molar substrate catalyst ratio conv. conversion ee enantiomeric excess GC gaschromatography PMP5 2- [ (diphenylphosphino) methyl]-1-phenyl-phospholane cod (Z, Z)-1, 5-cyclooctadiene All experiments were carried out under an atmosphere of deoxygenated argon.

Solvents were dried and distilled under argon before use. The metal diphosphine complexes were prepared using Schlenk techniques.

Example 1 Preparation of 1-Phenyl-2-phospholanemethanol-1-oxide 0 0 0 P1 PhLi" Step (CH2°) CH20H CH20H cis 1 : 4 trans 51% In a 11 round bottom 2-neck flask charged a with a magnetic stirring bar 23.4 g 1- phenylphospholane-1-oxide (0.11 mol) was dissolved in 300 ml freshly distilled THF, and 10.4 g dry paraformaldehyde was added. The reaction flask was flushed with argon and cooled to-20°C. Subsequently 100 ml phenyllithium solution in cyclohexane/ diethylether 7: 3 (1.8M) was added in one portion. The resulting mixture was stirred until the temperature reached +10°C and additionally 5 minutes at that temperature.

Then 10 g NH4C1 was added. The mixture was filtered, concentrated, and the residue purified by flash chromatography (EtOAc, followed by EtOAc/methanol 10: 1). Yields: 2.5 g substrate (1-phenylphospholane-1-oxide) (11%), 11.7 g (43%) tmns-1-phenyl-2- phospholanemethanol-1-oxide as white crystals, m. p. 109-110°C (toluene) ;-'H NMR

(500MHz) 8 : 1.70-1. 85 (m, 1H), 1.95-2. 30 (m, 6H), 3.90-4. 00 (m, 2H), 4.19 (t, 1H, J= 6.1), 7.45-7. 55 (m, 3H), 7.70-7. 76 (m, 2H) ;-31P NMR (200MHz) 8 : 63.3 ; and 2.2 g (8%) cis-1-phenyl-2-phospholanemethanol-1-oxide, white crystals, m. p.

149-151°C (toluene) ;-1H NMR (500MHz) 8 : 1.46-1. 57 (m, 1H), 2.02-2. 22 (m, 4H), 2.28-2. 42 (m, 1H), 2.44-2. 58 (m, 1H), 3.32-3. 49 (m, 2H), 3.76 (t, 1H, J = 5.7), 7.46- 7.51 (m, 2H. ), 7.52-7. 57 (m, 1H), 7.67-7. 73 (m, 2H) ;-31P NMR (200MHz) 8 : 62.7.

Example 2 Preparation of 1-Phenyl-2-methylenephospholane-l-oxide ' 1. SOCI pu Ph + G*Ph-Ph ct- CH2OH CH20H 2. DBU 2 cis 1 : 4 trans 75% In a 100 ml round bottom 2-neck flask charged with a magnetic stirring bar and 20 ml freshly distilled CH2Cl2, 1.6 g 1-phenyl-2-phospholanemethanol-1-oxide (0. 008mol, mixture of diastereoisomers) was dissolved. The reaction flask was flushed with argon and cooled to 0°C. Subsequently 2.1 ml SOCl2 in 10 ml CH2CI2 was added dropwise.

The resulting yellowish mixture was stirred for 5h at room temperature, then 20 ml water was added. The mixture was extracted twice with 20ml CH2CI2, and the combined organic phases were dried over MgS04 and filtered. To the resulting filtrate containing crude 2-chloromethyl-1-phenylphospholane 1-oxide (mixture of isomers ; - 31P NMR (200MHz) 8 : 58.2, 60.3) 1.7 ml DBU was added. The mixture was heated and refluxed overnight. Evaporation of the solvent and flash chromatography of the residue with EtOAc/ethanol 20: 1 yielded l. lg (75%) 1-phenyl-2- methylenephospholane-1-oxide as a colorless oil.-'H NMR (500MHz) 8 : 1.72-1. 89 (m, 1H), 1.94-2. 16 (m, 3H), 2.48-2. 59 (m, 1H), 2.66-2. 78 (m, 1H), 5.74 (dt, 1H, J = 2.4, J = 17.2), 5.88 (dt, 1H, J = 2.1, J = 36.6), 7.37-7. 48 (m, 3H), 7.63-7. 70 (m, 2H) ; 31p NMR (200MHz) 8 : 45.0.

Example 3 Preparation of l-Phenyl-2-methylephospholane

In a 250 ml round bottom 2-neck flask charged with a magnetic stirring bar and 60 ml freshly distilled toluene, 8.5 g 1-phenyl-2-methylenephospholane-l-oxide (0.04 mol) was dissolved and 11 g of PhSiH3 was added. The flask was flushed with argon and the reaction mixture heated to 60°C for 2 days. Then the solvent was evaporated and the residue purified by flash chromatography (hexane followed by hexane/EtOAc 15: 1) to yield 7.4g (95%) of 1-phenyl-2-methylenephospholane as a colorless oil,-'H NMR (200MHz) 8 : 1.55-2. 10 (m, 4H), 2.20-2. 65 (m, 2H), 5.51 (dd, lH, J= 1. 6, J= 11. 0), 5.76 (dd, 1H, J = 1.5, J = 28.7), 7.05-7. 50 (m, 5H), 31p NMR (200MHz) 8 : -12.6.

Example 4a Preparation of (1R)-and (lS)-1-Phenyl-1-[2-f (L)-menthyloxyl-2-oxoethyll-2- methylenephospholanium hexafluorophosphate (alternative name {(1R)- and (1S)-1- Carboxymethyl-1-phenyl-2-methylenephospholanium hexafluorophosphate (L)- menthyl ester}) PF6 p PF-O 30 J, 0 Menth + 0'Menth \PPh R P Ph S P'Ph v \ In a 250 ml round bottom 1-neck flask charged with a magnetic stirring bar and 50 ml EtOAc, 7.4 g 1-phenyl-2-methylenephospholane (0. 04mol) was dissolved and 12.8 g (L) -menthyl bromoacetate was added. The mixture was stirred for 1.5 h; subsequently the solvent was evaporated. The oily residue was dissolved in 80 ml methanol and the solution was added dropwise to 7.5 g NH4PF6 dissolved in 40 ml water. The mixture turned turbid, and the formation of white oil was observed on the bottom. After standing overnight white precipitate had formed. The precipitate was filtered and washed with water and 20 ml ethanol to afford 18.45 g of 1-phenyl-1-[2-[(L)- menthyloxy]-2-oxoethyl]-2-methylenephospholanium hexafluorophosphate (1 : 1 mixture of diastereoisomers) as a white solid. This material was dissolved by heating it in 100 ml ethanol. The white crystals formed after standing overnight were collected.

The procedure was repeated 5 times, until'H NMR showed diastereomeric purity.

Yield 5.02 g (24%) of diastereomerically pure (lR)-1-phenyl-1-[2-[(L)-menthyloxy]- 2-oxoethyl]-2-methylenephospholanium hexafluorophosphate as white crystals; m. p.

148.8-149. 7°C (ethanol); [a] p = +47.2 (c = 1. 09, CHCl3) ;'H NMR (500MHz) 8 : 0.56 (d, J= 6.9, 3H), 0.81 (d, J= 7.0, 3H), 0.88 (d, J= 6.5, 3H), 0.91-1. 1 (m, 2H), 1.29-1. 45 (m, 2H), 1.51-1. 60 (m, 2H), 1.60-1. 68 (m, 2H), 1.81-1. 88 (m, 1H), 1.98-2. 12 (m, 1H), 2.33-2. 48 (m, 1H), 2.72-2. 82 (m, 1H), 2.83-3. 12 (m, 3H), 4.02 (dd, J = 1.3, J = 13.7,

2H), 4.64 (dt, J = 4. 4 J = 11.0, 1H), 6.46 (d, J = 18.9, 1H), 6. 55 (d, J = 42.9, 1H), 7.63- 7.69 (m, 2H), 7.72-7. 78 (m, 1H), 7.80-7. 87 (m, 2H) ; 31P NMR (500MHz) 8 31.3.

From the mother liquors fractional crystallization from methanol provided diastereomerically pure (1S)-1-phenyl-1- [2- [ (L)-menthyloxy]-2-oxoethyl]-2- methylenephospholanium hexafluorophosphate; m. p. 131. 5-133°C (methanol); [α]D =-116 (c = 1.03, CHC13) ; 1H NMR (500MHz) 8 : 0.64 (d,J = 6.9, 3H), 0.82 (d,J = 7.0, 3H), 0.85 (d, J = 6.5, 3H), 0.87-1. 2 (m, 2H), 1.29-1. 43 (m, 2H), 1.60-1. 70 (m, 2H), 1.70-1. 77 (m, lH), 2.01-2. 14 (m, 1H), 2.32-2. 46 (m, 1H), 2.75-3. 08 (m, 4H), 3.99 (dq, J = 13.7, J = 31.3, 2H), 4.66 (dt, J = 4. 4,J = 11.0, 1H), 6.42 (d,J = 18.8, 1H), 6.54 (d,J = 42.8, 1H), 7.63-7. 69 (m, 2H), 7.72-7. 78 (m, 1H), 7.80-7. 88 (m, 2H); 31P NMR (500MHz) 8 31.2.

Example 4b Preparation of (1S)-1-Phenyl-1-[2-[(D)-menthyloxy]-2-oxoethyl]-2- methylenephospholanium hexafluorophosphate In analogy to Example 4a, reaction of 1-phenyl-2-methylenephospholane with (D)- menthyl bromoacetate provided diastereomerically pure (1S)-1-phenyl-1-[2- [(D)- menthyloxy]-2-oxoethyl]-2-methylenephospholanium hexafluorophosphate ; [α]D = - 44. 3 (c = 1.15, CHC13) ; NMR as above for (1R)-1-phenyl-1-[2-[(L)-menthyloxy]-2- oxoethyl]-2-methylenephospholanium hexafluorophosphate (Example 4a).

Example 5a Preparation of (R)-1-Phenyl-2-methylenephospholane-1-oxide PF-0 0 tPh O-Menth'Na°Haq (20%) t° Ph----. (R P"Ph In a 250 ml round bottom 1-neck flask charged with a magnetic stirring bar and 50 ml CH2Cl2, 9.16 g of (1R)-1-phenyl-1- [2- [(L)-menthyloxy]-2-oxoethyl]-2-methylene- phospholanium hexafluorophosphate was dissolved and 50 ml NaOH (20% aqueous solution) was added. The mixture was vigorously stirred for 2 h, then 100 ml water was added and the mixture extracted 3 times with 30 ml CH2CI2. The combined organic phases were dried over MgS04, filtered and evaporated. The residue was purified by flash chromatography with EtOAc/ethanol 20: 1 to yield 3.2 g (95%) of (R)-l-phenyl- 2-methylenephospholane-1-oxide as a colorless oil; [a] D = +107.9 (c = 2.21, CHCl3), NMR as above (Example 3).

Example 5b Preparation of (S)-1-Phenyl-2-methylenephospholane-l-oxide Anaolgously, treatment of (1S)-1-phenyl-1- [2- [(D)-menthyloxy]-2-oxoethyl]-2- methylenephospholanium hexafluorophosphate (or of (lS)-1-phenyl-1-[2-[(L)- menthyloxy]-2-oxoethyl]-2-methylenephospholanium hexafluorophosphate) with NaOH (20%) provided (S)-l-phenyl-2-methylenephospholane-1-oxide as a colorless oil; NMR as above (Example 3).

Example 6 Preparation of (1R,2S)-cis-1-Phenyl-2-[(diphenylphosphinoyl)methyl]phosphol ane-1- oxide {(1R,2S)-cis-bis-oxide} (lR, 2S)-cis-bisoxide (R, fR)-trans-bisoxide A 250 ml round bottom 2-neck flask equipped with a magnetic stirring bar was charged with a solution of 3.8 g of (R)-l-phenyl-2-methylenephospholane-1-oxide in 100 ml toluene. Then 4.35 g diphenylphosphine oxide was added to this solution. The mixture was heated under reflux overnight. The solvent was evaporated and the residue purified by flash chromatography with EtOAc/methanol 10: 1 to yield 2.35 g (30%) of (1R,2R)-trans-1-phenyl-2-[(diphenylphosphinoyl)methyl]-phosp holane-1- oxide {R, R-trans-bisoxide} as a colorless oil-'H NMR (500MHz) 8 : 1.60-1. 74 (m, 2H), 1.93-2. 06 (m, 1H), 2.09-2. 46 (m, 4H), 2.49-2. 57 (m, 1H), 2.75-2. 86 (m, 1H), 7.28-7. 34 (m, 2H), 7.38-7. 53 (m, 7H), 7.56-7. 66 (m, 4H), 7.73-7. 80 (m, 2H) ; 31P NMR (200MHz) o : 31.8 (d, J = 42. 4), 59.1 (du=42. 4); [a] D = +77. 1 (c = 1.16, CHCl3) ; and 2.92g (37%) of (1R,2S)-cis-1-phenyl-2-[(diphenylphosphinoyl) methyl] - phospholane-I-oxide {lR, 2S-cis-bisoxide}, as white crystals, mp. 176°C (toluene) ;'H NMR (500MHz) 8 : 1.50-1. 75 (m, 2H), 1.93-2. 25 (m, 4H), 2.30-2. 50 (m, 2H), 2.53- 2.70 (m, 1H), 7.35-7. 80 (m, 15H.), 31P NMR (200MHz) 8 : 33.1 (d,J = 51.5), 65.5 (d, J = 51.5). [O (] D = +98.6 (c = 1.01, CHC13).

Example 7 Preparation of (1 S. 2S)-cis-11-Phenyl-2-F (diphenylphosphino) methyll phospholanel- bisborane (alternative name {Hexahydro [µ-[(1S, 2S) - [1-phenyl-2- [ (diphenyl- phosphino-KP) methyls phospholane-KP] diboron})

(1 R, 2S)-cis-bisoxide cisltrans mixture (10: 1) (lS, 2S)-cis-bisborane A 250 ml round bottom 2-neck flask equipped with a magnetic stirring bar was flushed with argon and charged with 20 ml triethylamine and 80 ml dry toluene. Then 9 ml Cl3SiH was added by syringe through a septum and 2.35g of (1R, 2S)-cis-1- phenyl-2- [ (diphenylphosphinoyl) methyl] phospholane-1-oxide dissolved in 50 ml dry toluene was added dropwise. The mixture was heated under reflux for 3.5 h.

Subsequently 100 ml 20% aqueous NaOH was added and the mixture left overnight with stirring. The organic phase was separated and the water phase extracted twice with 80 ml toluene. The organic phases were collected, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and evaporated. The residue was purified by flash chromatography on A1203 with hexane followed by hexane/EtOAc 20: 1. To the collected fractions containing the diphosphine 15 ml of a solution of BH3 in THF (1M) was added. After 1 h the solvent was evaporated and the residue purified by flash chromatography with hexane/EtOAc 5: 1 to yield 1.82 g (78%) of (1S,2S)-cis-[1-phenyl-2-[(diphenylphosphino) methyl] - phospholane] bisborane as white crystals, mp. 118-119°C (hexane: ethyl acetate) ;'H NMR (500MHz) 8 : 0.35-1. 35 (bt, 6H, 2xBH3), 1.35-1. 50 (m, 1H), 1.50-1. 63 (m, 1H), 1.70-1. 85 (m, 1H), 2.15-2. 55 (m, 6H) 7.3-7. 8 (m, 15H, ar.).

Example 8a Preparation of (1S, 2S)-cis-1-Phenyl-2- [ (diphenylphosphino) methyllphospholane { (S, S)-cis-PMP5} (15, 2S)-cis-bisborane (1S, 2S)-cis-PMP5

In a 100 ml round bottom 2-neck flask flushed with argon and equipped with a magnetic stirring bar, 155 mg DABCO was dissolved in 30 ml dry toluene. 270 mg of t1 S, 2S)-cis- [1-phenyl-2- [ (diphenylphosphino) methyl] phospholane] bisborane was added and the mixture was stirred at 40°C overnight. The solvent was evaporated and the residue purified by flash chromatography on Al2O3 (hexane/EtOAc 20: 1) to afford 240 mg (96%) of (1S,2S)-cis-1-phenyl-2-[(diphenylphosphino) methyl] phospholane {(S,S)-cis-PMP5} as a turbid oil which solidified after standing for a few days. ; white powder, m. p. 74. 5°C ; 3'P NMR (200MHz) 8 : -16.3 (d, J = 26.6),-6. 7 (d, J = 26.6) ; Elemental Anal. Calcd. for C23H24P2 : C 76.26%, H 6.68%, P 17.09%, found C 78.18%, H 6.62%, P 17.20%.

Example 8b Preparation of (1R, 2R)-cis-1-Phenyl-2- [ (diphenylphosphino) methyllphospholane { (R, R)-cis-PMP5} This ligand was prepared from (S)-1-phenyl-2-methylenephospholane-1-oxide analogously as described for (S, S)-cis-PMP5 in Examples 6-8a. <BR> <BR> <BR> <P>(lR, 2R)-cis-1-phenyl-2- [(diphenylphosphino) methyl] phospholane { (R, R)-cis-PMP5} turbid oil which solidified after standing for a few days; white powder, m. p. 74°C ; [OC] D =-159.1 (c = 1.18, C6H6) ; 31P NMR as above.

Example 9 In the alternative approach the 1-phenyl-2-methylenephospholane-1-oxide (from example 2) can be separated into the enantiomerically pure 1-phenyl-2- methylenephospholane-1-oxide by chromatography on a chiral support.

Resolution of 1-phenyl-2-methylenephospholane-1-oxide by preparative chromatography on a chiral support 1-Phenyl-2-methylenephospholane-1-oxide (3.0 g, chemical purity ca. 80%) was separated by repeated injections on a CHIRALPAK vs AD 20 um column (250 x 50 mm; mobile phase 100% acetonitrile, flow rate 120 ml/min) to afford 0.9 g of (S)-1- phenyl-2-methylenephospholane-1-oxide (ee 100%, chemical purity 95%; [a] D = - 99. 6 (c= 1.03, CHC13) and 1.0 g of (R)-1-phenyl-2-methylenephospholane-1-oxide (ee 99.4%, chemical purity 99.5% ;- [aJD= +106. 8 (c = 1.00, CCHCl3).

Example 10 Preparation of 2- (Dicyclohexyl-phosphinoylmethyl)-l-phenyl-phospholane 1-oxide Step 1

wherein Cy signifies cyclohexyl.

In a 250 ml round bottom 2-neck flask charged with a magnetic stirring bar 5.0 g (26 mmol) (S)-2-methylene-1-phenyl-phospholane 1-oxide and 5.6 g dicyclohexylphosphine oxide was dissolved in 100 ml dry THF. 1.2 g (2eq. ) of potassium tert-butoxide was added and the reaction was stirred overnight. Next 500 ml of water was added and the mixture was extracted with chloroform (4 x 100 mL).

Organic phase was dried over MgS04, concetrated and purified by chromatography (ethyl acetate: methanol 10: 1). Yield: 4.99 g (47%) of IS 2S)-2- [(dicyclohexylphosphinoyl) methyll-1-phenyl-phospholane l-oxide as white crystals, - mp 110-114°C (ethyl acetate) ; -1H NMR (500MHz) 8 : 0.94-1. 14 (m, 5H), 1.16-1. 36 (m, 5H), 1.43-1. 63 (m, 5H), 1.65-1. 88 (m, 8H), 1.88-1. 97 (m, 2H), 1.99-2. 13 (m, 2H), 2.15-2. 35 (m, 3H), 2.47-2. 69 (m, 1H), 7.42-7. 57 (m 3H), 7.63-7. 74 (m, 2H);- 13C NMR (126MHz) 8 : 20.2 (d, J= 58.7), 23.4 (d, J = 5.9), 25.2-26. 8 (m), 29.4 (d, J= 66.9), 33.9 (d, J = 9.5), 34.6 (dd, J = 4. 3,J = 67.2), 36.8 (d, J = 64. 1), 37.0 (d, J = 64.2), 128.7 (d, J = 11.5), 103.1 (d, J = 9.6), 131.9 (d, J = 2.8), 133.4 (d, J = 88.3) ;-3'P NMR (162MHz) 8 : 51.7 (d, J = 34.8), 59.3 (d, J = 34.8) ; -EI MS m/z (%): 406 (2, M+-), 324 (12), 323 (35), 242 (23), 241 (100), 193 (43), 179 (14), 146 (14), 55 (10);-HR MS calcd. for C23H3602P2 : 406. 2191, found 406.2185 ; [CC] D =-43. 5° (c = 1. 48, CHC13) ; and 4.64 g (44%) of (1S,2R)-2-[(dicyclohexylphosphinoyl)methyl]-1-phenyl- phospholane 1-oxide as a white solid, mp 90-130°C (ethyl acetate) ;-'H NMR (500MHz) 8 : 0.95-1. 36 (m, 10H), 1.40-1. 65 (m, 5H), 1.65-1. 89 (m, 9H), 2.02-2. 23 (m, 4H), 2.37-2. 53 (m, 2H), 2.64-2. 79 (m, 1H), 7.47-7. 57 (m, 3H), 7.65-7. 72 (m, 2H) ;-13C NMR (126MHz) 8 : 22.0 (d, J = 57. 6), 22.3 (d, J = 5.6), 25.1-26. 6 (m), 32.0 (d,J = 12.6), 36.3 (d,J = 65.5), 36.8 (d,J = 64.1), 37.2 (dd,J = 5. 0, J = 65.6), 128.7 (d, J = 11.1), 130.9 (d, J= 8.8), 131.3 (d, J = 87.7), 132.0 (d, J = 2.7) ;-31P NMR (162MHz) # : 51. 0 (d, J = 41.4), 64.3 (d, J = 41.4) ;-EI MS m/z (%): 406 (1, M+#), 241 (100), 193 (57), 179 (19), 146 (22), 55 (18), 41 (16); -HR MS calcd. for C23H36O2P2: 406. 2191, found 406.2182 ; -[α]D =-36. 4° (c = 1.67, CHCl3).

Step 2

The same procedure as for transformation of diphenylphosphinoyl derivatives described in Example 2 was employed. Yield: 81 % of (IR, 2S)-2-[(dicyclohexyl- phosphanyl) methyll-1-phenyl-phospholane P, P-diborane as white crystals, mp 138. 5°C (ethyl acetate) ;-'H NMR (500MHz) 8 : -0.1-0. 9 (b, 6H), 0. 9-1. 1 (m, 6H), 1. 1-1. 4 (m, 6H), 1.45-2. 0 (m, 13H), 2.05-2. 3 (m, 4H), 2.5-2. 7 (m, 2H), 7.42-7. 52 (m, 3H), 7.68-7. 77 (m, 2H) ;-'3C NMR (126MHz) 8 : 18.0 (dd, J = 6.8, J = 29.9), 25.7-26. 8 (m), 32.0 (d, J = 32.5), 32.5 (d, J = 31.9), 36.0 (d, J = 34. 6), 36.0 (d, J = 7.35), 128.9 (d, J =9. 7),'130. 3 (d, J = 45. 6), 131.5 (d, J = 2. 6), 131.7 (d, J= 8. 9) ;-3'P NMR (202MHz) 8 : 28.5 (b), 38.3 (b);-LSIMS (+) MS m/z: 425 (5, M + Na) +, 402 (25), 275 (75); -Elemental Anal. Calcd. for C23H42B2P2 : C 68.69, H 10.53, found C 68.53, H 10.69 ; - [a] D =-76. 2° (c = 0.80, CHC13).

Using the same procedure but with the (1S, 2R) derivative as a substrate yielded 84% of <BR> <BR> <BR> (1R, 2R)-2-f (dicyclohexylphosphanyl) methyll-1-phenyl-phospholane PP-diborane as white crystals, mp 113. 5-115°C (ethyl acetate) ;-iH NMR (500MHz) 8 : -0.1-0. 8 (b, 4H), 0.8-1. 15 (m, 5H), 1.17-1. 34 (m, 6H), 1.35-1. 63 (m, 4H), 1.65-2. 01 (m, 12H), 2.03-2. 35 (m, 4H), 2.41-2. 61 (m, 2H), 7.43-7. 53 (m, 3H), 7.63-7. 76 (m, 2H) ;-13C NMR (126MHz) 8 : 15.7 (d, J = 1.7), 23.. 5 (dd, J = 8.5, J = 36.6), 25.9-28. 4 (m), 31.5 (d, J = 28.8), 32.3 (d, J = 29.7), 35.5 (d, J = 33.1), 39.6 (dd, J = 1.4, J = 24.1), 126.4 (d, J = 44.4), 128.8 (d, J = 9.6), 131.8 (d, J = 2.4), 133.0 (d, J = 8.8) ;-3'P NMR (202MHz) 8 : 30.8 (b), 40.4 (b); -LSIMS (+) MS m/z: 425 (14, (M + Na) +) 401 (100), 387 (66), 375 (47); -Elemental Anal. Calcd. for C23H42B2P2 : C 68.69, H 10.53, found C 68.47, H 10.36 ; - [a] D =-15. 6° (c = 0. 77, CHC13).

Example 11 Preparation of 2-[Bis-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-phenyl)-phosphinoylmethyl]-1-pheny l- phospholane 1-oxide Step 1

wherein Ar signifies di-tert-butyl-phenyl The same procedure as for synthesis of diphenylphosphinoyl derivatives described in Example 6 was employed. Yield: 11% of (lus, 2S)-2-[di(3,5-(di-tert-butyl- phenyl)) phosphinoyl) methyll-l-phenyl-phospholane 1-oxide as white powder; mp 149-150°C (hexane) ;-'H NMR (500MHz) 8 : 1.22 (s, 18H), 1.30 (s, 18H), 1.56- 1.82 (m, 2H), 1.91-2. 06 (m, 1H), 2.08-2. 23 (m, 2H), 2.24-2. 54 (m, 3H), 2.63-2. 73 (m, 1H), 7.36-7. 43 (m, 2H), 7.44-7. 52 (m, 4H), 7.53-7. 62 (m, 5H) ;-13C NMR (126MHz) 8 : 23.5 (d, J = 6.4), 28.2 (dd, J = 2.3, J = 69. 5), 29.4 (d, J = 66.8), 31.2 (i), 31.3 (i), 32.3 (dd, J = 1.5, J = 9. 6), 34.2 (dd, J = 3.9, J = 66.7), 34.9, 35.0, 124.7 (d, J = 3.4), 124.8 (d, J = 3. 7), 125.8 (d, J = 2.6), 125.9 (d, J = 2.7), 128.7 (d, J = 11.5), 129.9 (d, J = 9.6), 131.6 (d, J = 98.3), 131.7 (d, J = 2.8), 132.8 (d, J = 97.0), 133.1 (d, J = 88.5), 151. 1 (d, J= 11.5) ;-3'P NMR (202MHz) 8 : 34.9 (d, J = 43.8), 60.4 (d, J = 43. 8) ; -EI MS m/z (%): 619 (19), 618 (47, M+#), 617 (12), 603 (10), 590 (26), 589 (56), 577 (37), 576 (100), 575 (56), 549 (11), 541 (20), 472 (10), 441 (22), 440 (31), 430 (27), 429 (99), 426 (14), 425 (24), 409 (13), 193 (37), 57 (36), 41 (10);-Elemental Anal. Calcd. for C39H56O2P2 : C 75.70, H 9.12, found C 75.32, H 9.47 ;- [ (XI D =-56. 3' (c = 0.95, CHCl3) ; and 83% of (1S. 2R)-2-[di(3,5-(di-tert-butyl-phenyl))phosphinoyl)methyl]-1-p henyl- phospholane 1-oxide as white powder, mp 198-199°C (hexane/ethyl acetate) ;-lH NMR (500MHz) 8 : 1.26 (s, 18H), 1.30 (s, 18H), 1.47-1. 69 (m, 2H), 1.92-2. 21 (m, 5H), 2.29-2. 60 (m, 2H), 7.41 (dd, J = 1.8, J= 12.0, 2H), 7.46 (dd, J = 1.8, J = 12.2, 2H), 7.49-7. 59 (m, 5H), 7.69-7. 75 (m, 2H); 13C NMR (126MHz) 8 : 22.5 (d, J = 5.8), 25.8 (d, J = 66. 7), 29.5 (d, J = 69.0), 31. 1 (d, J = 12.3), 31.2 (i), 31.3 (i), 35.0, 34.98, 35.01, 37.0 (dd, J =4. 5, J = 65.6), 124.8 (d, J = 9.7), 125.0 (d, J = 10.0), 125.8 (d, J = 2.6), 126.1 (d, J = 2.6), 128.7 (d, J = 11.2), 130.9 (d, J = 98.2), 130.9 (d, J = 8.8), 131.4 (d, J = 86.8), 132.0 (d, J = 2.8), 132.2 (d, J = 99.4),

151. 1 (d, J = 11.3), 151.2 (d, J = 11.4) ;-31P NMR (202MHz) 8 : 34.9 (d, J = 50.8), 65.2 (d, J = 50.8) ; -EI MS m/z (%): 619 (28), 618 (69, M+'), 603 (13), 591 (10), 590 (38), 589 (79), 577 (36), 576 (100), 575 (52), 549 (13), 472 (16), 442 (18), 441 (70), 440 (100), 439 (18), 426 (25), 425 (47), 409 (19), 398 (17), 384 (16), 294 (12), 193 (56), 57 (42), 41 (11);-HR MS calcd. for C39H56O2P2: 618.3756, found 618.3736 ; - [α] D =-46. 6° (c = 0.99, CHC13).

Step 2 The same procedure as for transformation of diphenylphosphinoyl derivatives was employed as described in Example 7. Yield 81% of (1R, 2S)-2-[di(3,5-(di-tert-butyl- phenyl)) phosphanyl) methyll-1-phenyl-phospholane P, P-diborane _31p NMR (202MHz) 8 : 17.4 (b), 39.9 (b).

Using the same procedure but the (1S, 2R) derivative as a substrate yielded 79 % of <BR> <BR> <BR> (1R. 2R)-2- [di (3. 5- (di-tert-butyl-phenyl)) phosphanyl) methyll-1-phenyl-phospholane P,P-diborane ; -'H NMR (500MHz) 8 : 0.25-0. 92 (b, 6H), 1.16 (s, 18H), 1.23 (s, 18H), 1.27-1. 42 (m, 2H), 1.43-1. 53 (m, 1H), 1.60-1. 74 (m, 1H), 2.03-2. 37 (m, 5H), 7.25 (dd, J = 1.7, J= 11.2, 2H), 7.36-7. 49 (m, 7H), 7.58-7. 67 (m, 2H) ;-13C NMR (126MHz) 8 : 23.6 (d, J= 36.0), 25.2, 26.8 (d, J = 34.2), 31.2 (i), 31.3 (i), 33.5, 35.0, 35.1, 35.9 (d, J = 32.9), 125.1 (d, J = 2.3), 125.7 (d, J = 2.3), 125.9 (d, J = 9.7), 126.4 (d, J = 9.8), 126.9 (d, J = 54.2), 127.6 (d, J = 42.6), 128.8 (d,J = 9. 2), 129.3 (d, J = 54.6), 131.7 (d, J = 2.4), 132.9 (d, J= 8.4), 151. 1 (d, J = 9.6), 151.4 (d, J = 9.7) ; -31P NMR (202MHz) 8 : 17.6 (b), 40.2 (b); -LSIMS (+) MS m/z: 637 (17, M + Na) +, 614 (43, M+), 611 (100), 599 (84), 587 (60).

Example 12 Synthesis of Synthesis of 2-(1-diphenylphosphinoyl-1-methyl-ethyl)-1-phenylphospholane 1-oxide Step 1

A 500 mL round bottom 2-neck flask equipped with a magnetic stirring bar was charged with 7.2 g of 1-phenylphospholane-1-oxide (40 mmol) dissolved in 200 mL of THF and cooled to-78°C (dry ice/acetone bath). Subsequently 40 mL (1.3 eq. ) of phenyllithium solution in cyclohexane: diethyl ether 7: 3 (1.3M) was added in one portion. The resulting dark solution was stirred 10 minutes and 2 mL of dry acetone was added. The mixture was stirred 10 minutes and additional 6 mL of acetone was added. After 5 minutes water (10 g) and NH4C1 (10 g) was added. The mixture was filtered, concentrated, and the residue was purified by flash chromatography (ethyl acetate). Yield: 0.3 g of unreacted substrate 1-phenylphospholane-1-oxide (4%) and 8.2 g (86%) of trans-2- (1-hydroxy-1-methyl-ethyl)-1-phenylphospholane 1-oxide as white crystals; - mp 112-114°C (ethyl acetate) ;-'H NMR (500MHz) 8 : 1.17 (s, 3H), 1.27 (s, 3H), 1.53-1. 68 (m, 1H), 1.85-1. 93 (m, 1H), 1.95-2. 33 (m, 5H), 4.5 (b, 1H), 7.38-7. 52 (m, 3H), 7.62-7. 70 (m, 2H) ;-13C NMR (126MHz) 8 : 23.2 (d,J = 6.1), 27.0 (d, J = 11.3), 29.1 (d,J = 9.0), 30.6 (d, J = 2.8), 31.4 (d, J = 66.8), 50.6 (d, J = 66.5), 71.6 (d, J= 3.9), 128.8 (d, J = 11.6), 129.8 (du=9. 8), 131.8 (d, J =2. 9), 134.5 (d, J = 87.7) ; 31p NMR (81MHz) 8 : 61.2 ; -EI MS m/z (%): 223 (61), 220 (14), 203 (23), 181 (11), 180 (100), 179 (29), 160 (14), 152 (57), 141 (12), 132 (22), 105 (19), 104 (35), 81 (12), 77 (15), 55 (13), 47 (21), 43 (13), 41 (13) ;-Elemental Anal. Calcd. for C13H19O2P : C 65.53, H 8.04, found C 65.10, H 8.20.

Step 2 The same procedure as described in Example 2 was employed, but with trans-2-(1- hydroxy-1-methyl-ethyl)-1-phenylphospholane 1-oxide as a substrate, yielded: 36% of trans-2- (1-chloro-1-methyl-ethyl)-1-phenylphospholane 1-oxide as a colorless oil; -'H NMR (500MHz) 8 : 1.68 (s, 3H), 1.69-1. 79 (m, 1H), 1.85 (s, 3H), 2.13-2. 38 (m, 4H), 2.38-2. 52 (m, 2H), 7.47-7. 57 (m, 3H), 7.69-7. 77 (m, 2H) ;-13C NMR (126MHz) 8 : 22.5 (d,J = 3.7), 28.8 (d,J = 11.4), 30.0 (d, J = 1.5), 31.9 (d, J = 67. 5), 33.0 (d,J = 1.9), 55.6 (d,J = 62.3), 72.0 (d,J = 2.6), 128.8 (d,J = 11.7), 130.0 (d,J = 9.6), 131.9 (d, J = 2.9), 134.1 (d,J = 90.9) ;-31P NMR (81MHz) 8 : 54.2 ; -EI MS m/z (%): 222 (14), 221 (100), 220 (14), 125 (11), 95 (21), 77 (10), 47 (16), 41 (10);-LSIMS (+) MS m/z: 257 (100, (M + H) +), 221 (70);-HR LSIMS (+) MS calcd. for C13H19OPCl : 257.0862, found 257.0855 ;

and 51% of 2-isopropylidene-1-phenylphospholane 1-oxide as a colorless oil; -'H NMR (500MHz) 8 : 1.80 (d,J = 2.2), 1.83 (d,J = 1. 6), 1.84-1. 93 (m, 1H), 2.02-2. 16 (m, 3H), 2.43-2. 54 (m, 1H), 2.61-2. 73 (m, 1H), 7.39-7. 50 (m, 3H), 7.66-7. 73 (m, 2H), -13C NMR (126MHz) 8 : 20.9 (d, J=6. 1), 22.9 (d,J = 12. 5), 23.4 (d,J = 8. 6), 31.0 (d, J = 27.4), 31. 1 (dj= 72.2), 128.0 (dj= 98.2), 128.5 (d, J = 11.7), 130.4 (d, J= 10.3), 131.3 (d, J = 2.8), 134.4 (d, J = 94.4), 148.5 (d,J = 8.4) ;-3'P NMR (162MHz) 8 : 46.8 ; -EI MS m/z (%): 221 (14), 220 (98, M+'), 219 (100), 205 (18), 192 (21), 191 (12), 143 (11), 125 (20), 77 (13), 67 (10), 47 (28), 41 (12);-HR MS calcd. for C13H17OP : 220.1017, found 220.1010.

Recycling of trans-2-(1-chloro-1-methyl-ethyl)-1-phenylphospholane 1-oxide and its transformation into 2-isopropylidene-1-phenylphospholane 1-oxide using the same procedure as described in Example 2 with DBU increased the total yield of 2- isopropylidene-1-phenylphospholane 1-oxide to yield 67%.

Step 3 + + + 11 O Ph2POH O PPh2 + O O / tert-BuOK |, P PPh2 Ph Ph Ph In a 100 mL round bottom 2-neck flask charged with a magnetic stirring bar 140 mg (0.64 mmol) of 2-isopropylidene-1-phenylphospholane 1-oxide and 138 mg (1.5 eq. ) of diphenylphosphine oxide were dissolved in 40 mL of dry THF. 110 mg (2 eq. ) of potassium tert-butoxide was added and the reaction was stirred four hours. Additional 138 mg of diphenylphosphine oxide and 110 mg of tert-BuOK were added and the stirring was continued at rt overnight. Next 200 mL of water was added and the mixture was extracted with chloroform (4 x 50 mL). Combined organic phases were dried over MgS04, concentrated and purified by chromatography (ethyl acetate: methanol 10: 1). Yield: 33% of substrate 2-isopropylidene-1-phenylphospholane 1- oxide, 8 mg (3%) of trans-2-1-diphenylphosphinoyl-1-methyl-ethyl)-1- phenylphospholane 1-oxide as a colorless oil; -'H NMR (500MHz) 8 : 1.26 (d, J = 16.6, 3H), 1.35-1. 53 (m, 1H), 1.73 (d, J=16. 0), 1.81-2. 26 (m, 5H), 2.26-2. 47 (m, 1H), 7.38-7. 55 (m, 10H), 7.55-7. 63 (m, 1H), 7.64- 7.79 (m, 1H), 7.86-7. 97 (m, 3H) ; -31P NMR (162MHz) 8 : 37.7 (d,J = 47.4), 58.5 (d, J = 47.4) ; -EI MS m/z (%): 422 (7, Mt'), 222 (15), 221 (100), 55 (13), 53 (11), 51 (30); - HR MS calcd. for C25H28O2P2 : 422.1565, found 422.1561 ;

and 200 mg (64%) of cis-2-(l-diphenvlphosphinoyl-l-methyl-ethyl) phenylphospholane 1-oxide as white powder; mp 143-146°C (hexane) ; -1H NMR (500MHz) 8 : 0.68 (d, J = 15. 3,3H), 1.13-1. 28 (m, 1H), 1.40 (d,J = 17. 1,3H), 1.59-1. 80 (m, 2H), 1,87-2. 09 (m, 3H), 2.38-2. 63 (m, 1H), 7,28-7. 53 (m, 9H), 7.68-7. 82 (m, 4H), 7.95-8. 03 (m, 2H) ;-13C NMR (126MHz) 8 : 17.3, 21. 0 (d, J = 3.2), 23.8 (d, J = 4.4), 26.8 (d, J = 68.9), 27.3 (d, J = 14.3), 38.3 (dd, J =1. 6, J= 67.2), 50.1 (d, J = 61.3), 128.1 (d, J = 10.9), 128.6 (d, J = 11.1), 128.7 (d, J = 10.7), 130.3 (d, J = 89.1), 131.4 (d, J = 2.7), 131.7 (d, J = 9.2), 131.9 (d, J = 2.53), 132.1 (d, J = 7.8), 132.3 (d, J = 8.0), 134.7 (d, J = 87.7) ;-'P NMR (202MHz) 8 : 40.0 (d, J = 48.8), 57.4 (d, J = 48.8) ; -EI MS m/z (%): 422 (7, M+'), 244 (13), 222 (14), 221 (100), -Elemental Anal. Calcd. for C25H2802P2 : C 71.08, H 6.68, found C 70.85, H 6.74.

Example 13a Preparation of [(#-1,2,5,6)-1,5-Cyclooctadiene][(1R,2R)-cis-1-phenyl-2- f (diphenylphosphino-KP) methyllphospholane-KPlrhodium (1+) hexafluoro- antimonate { [Rh ( (R, R)-cis-PMP5) (cod) ] SbF6} (1R,2R)-cis-PMP5 In a 100 ml round bottom 2-neck flask flushed with argon and equipped with a magnetic stirring bar 166.56 mg Rh (cod) 2SbF6 was dissolved in 100 ml dry THF. The mixture was cooled to -80°C and a solution of 108.60 mg (1R, 2R)-cis-1-phenyl-2- [ (diphenylphosphino) methyl] phospholane {(R,R)-cis-PMP5} in 50 ml THF was added dropwise. The mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature, the solvent was evaporated and the residue was dissolved in THF/CH2Cl2 (1: 1). A few drops of hexane were added to render the solution turbid, then a few drops of methanol were added.

Again a few drops of hexane were added. Overnight an orange-yellow precipitate formed which was filtered and washed with hexane. Yield 194.76 mg (80%) of [ (TI- 1,2, 5, 6)-1, 5-cyclooctadiene] [ (1R, 2R)-cis-1-phenyl-2- [(diphenylphosphino- KP) methyl] phospholane-KP] rhodium (1+) hexafluoroantimonate as an orange solid.

31p NMR (300MHz) 8 : 50.6 (dd, J = 26.7, J = 148.5), 70.8 (dd, J = 26.7, J = 146.3).

Example 13b <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> Preparation of [(#-1,2,5,6)-1,5-Cyclooctadiene][(1S,2S)-cis-1-phenyl-2-[(di phenyl-<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> phosphino-KP) methyl1phospholane-KP1rhodium (l+) hexafluoroantimonate<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> { [Rh ((S,S)-cis-PMP5) (cod) ] SbF6} The complex [ (Tl-1, 2,5, 6)-1, 5-cyclooctadiene] [ (1 S, 2S)-cis-1-phenyl-2- [ (diphenylphosphino-KP) methyl] phospholane-KP] rhodium (1+) hexafluoroantimonate was prepared analogously to Example 9a) starting from (lS, 2S)-cis-1-phenyl-2- [(diphenylphosphino) methyl] phospholane { (S, S)-cis-PMPS}.

Example 13c Preparation of [ (#-1, 2, 5, 6)-1,5-Cyclooctadiene][(1R,2S)-1-phenyl-2- <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> f [(diphenylphosphino-#P)methyl]phospholane-#P]rhodium(1+)< BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> hexafluoroantimonate { [Rh ( (R, S)-trans-PMP5) (cod) ] SbF6} The complex [ (#-1, 2,5, 6)-1, 5-cyclooctadiene] [ (lR, 2S)-trans-1-phenyl-2- [ (diphenylphosphino-KP) methyl] phospholane-KP] rhodium (1+) hexafluoro- antimonate which was needed for comparison experiments was prepared analogously to Example 9a) starting from (lR, 2S)-trans-1-phenyl-2-[(diphenylphosphino)- methyl] phospholane {(R, S)-trans-PMP5} red solid, yield 88% ; 31P NMR (300MHz) 8 : 56.5 (dd, J = 26.7, J = 147.0), 74.8 (dd,J = 26.7, J = 145.5).

Examples of hydrogenations The hydrogenation examples were carried out as follows: In a dry box, an autoclave with a 20 ml glass tube insert was charged with a magnetic stirring bar, the hydrogenation substrate (1 mmol), anhydrous degassed methanol (7 ml) and the metal complex pre-catalyst (0.81 mg, 0. 001mmol).

After 5 cycles of evacuation/filing with hydrogen, the autoclave was pressurized to an initial pressure of 150 kPa. The reaction was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was analysed by GC.

Preferably, the metal complex pre-catalyst was prepared as described in Example 9 and used in its isolated form for the hydrogenation. Alternatively, the complex may be prepared in situ, as described in Example H.

Example A Hydrogenation of 2-acetylamino-acrylic acid methyl ester and 2-acetylamino-acrylic acid, respectively, using an isolated pre-catalyst [Rh (Ligand) (cod)] SbF6 (with cis- PMP5 or trans-PMP5 as the Ligand). The hydrogenation was carried out in methanol (MeOH) at room temperature at an initial H2 pressure as indicated in table A: Table A

Initial H2 Time Substrate Ligand pressure S/C % conv. % ee kPa HN'Ac (R, R)-cis-PMP5 150 2 1 000 100 94 (S) nN -f-, O (RXS)-trans-PMP5 150 2 1 000 100 33 (S) O (R, R)-cis-PMP5 500 16 1 000 100 91 (S) (R, R)-cis-PMP5 500 3 100 100 93 (S) HN, Ac (R, R)-cis-PMP5 150 2 1 000 100 85 (S) + OH (R, S)-trans-PMP5 150 2 1 000 100 16 (S) O (R, R)-cis-PMP5 500 16 1 000 100 82 (S) (R, R)-cis-PMP5 500 3 100 100 84 (S) Determined by GC [area-%]."Determined by GC on a chiral column.

Example B The hydrogenation of 2-methylene-succinic acid and 2-methylene-succinic acid dimethyl ester, respectively, with isolated pre-catalysts [Rh (Ligand) (cod)] SbF6 (with cis-PMP5 or trans-PMP5 as the Ligand) was carried out in methanol (MeOH) at room temperature at an initial H2 pressure as indicated in table B: Table B Substrate Ligand Initial H2 Time S/C % conv."% ee 21 pressure kPa (h) X (R, R)-cis-PMP5 150 2 1 000 99. 8 97 (R) dD OH (R, S)-trans-PMP5 150 2 1 000 100 68 (R) OH (R, R)-cis-PMP5 500 16 1000 100 96 (R) 0 (R, R)-cis-PMP5 500 3 100 100 97 (R) (R, R)-cis-PMP5 150 2 1000 77 91 (R) O XO (R, S)-trans-PMP5 150 2 1 000 100 62 (R) O O (R, R)-cis-PMP5 500 16 1000 100 89 (R) O (R, R)-cis-PMP5 500 3 100 100 90 (R) ') Determined by GC [area-%]. 2) Determined by GC on a chiral column.

Example C The hydrogenation of 2-acetylamino-3-phenyl acrylic acid and 2-acetylamino-3- phenyl acrylic acid triethylammonium salt, respectively, was carried out with 0.1 mol% isolated pre-catalysts [Rh (Ligand) (cod)] SbF6with cis-PMP5 or trans-PMP5 as the Ligand in methanol (MeOH) at room temperature at an initial H2 pressure as indicated in table C: Table C Initial H2 Time Substrate Ligand pressure,., x S/C % conv. l) % ee ka Ph-\ 0 -c-PMP5 150 2 1 000 75 98 (S) (R, R)-cis-PMP5 150 16 1000 100 98 (S) Ac (R, S)-trans-PMP5 150 2 1 000 100 25 (R) (R, R)-cis-PMP5 500 16 1000 100 96 (S) (R, R)-cis-PMP5 500 3 100 100 97 (S) Et3N+ (R, R)-cis-PMP5 150 16 1000 78 98 (S) Ph (R, S)-trans-PMP5 150 16 1000 100 48 (S Ac (R, R)-cis-PMP5 500 3 1 000 57 98 (S) Ac

Determined by GC [area-% J Determined by GC on a chiral column.

Example D The hydrogenation of the 2-acetylamino-acrylic acid triethylammonium salt, the 2- methylene-succinic acid and of 2-methylene-succinic acid bis (triethylammonium) salt, respectively, was carried out with 0.1 mol% isolated pre-catalysts [Rh (Ligand) (cod)] SbF6 (with cis-PMP5 or trans-PMP5 as the Ligand) in methanol (MeOH) at room temperature at an initial H2 pressure as indicated in table D: Table D Substrate Ligand Initial H2 Time S/C % % ee pressure (h) conv. HN'Ac (R, R)-cis-PMPS 1. 5 2 1 000 100 96 (S) riN vlX, ° (R, S)-trans-PMP5 1. 5 2 1000 99 57 (S) Et3N+ O ct3, (R, R)-cis-PMP5 5 3 1000 100 96 (R) 0 (RR)-cis-PMP5 1. 5 2 1 000 99. 9 98 (R) I OH (R, S)-trans-PMP5 1. 5 2 1 000 100 77 (R) OH (R, R)-cis-PMP5 5 16 1000 100 96 (R) 0 1 eq. NEt3 p Et3N+ (R, R)-cis-PMPS 1. 5 2 1 000 90 96 (R) 40 (R, S)-trans-PMP5 1. 5 2 1000 100 85 (R) Ou t Et N O 3

Determined by GC [area-%]. Determined by GC on a chiral column.

Example E The hydrogenation of the 2-acetyloxy-acrylic acid ethyl ester was carried out with 0.1 mol% isolated pre-catalysts [Rh (Ligand) (cod)] SbF6 (with cis-PIVIP5 or trans-PMP5 or Prophos as the Ligand) in methanol (MeOH) at room temperature at an initial H2 pressure as indicated in table E: Table E

Substrate Ligand Initial H2 Time S/C % conv. li % ee kPa (h) (R)-Prophos 500 3 100 100 78 (S) (R, R)-cis-PMP5 150 2 1000 33 95 (S) (R, S)-trans-PMP5 150 2 1000 35 23 (S) (R, R)-cis-PMP5 500 3 100 100 97 (S) (R, R)-cis-PMP5 500 16 1 000 100 97 (S) (R, R)-cis-PMP5 500 16 10 000 45 97 (S) Determined by GC [area-%], 2) Determined by GC on a chiral column.

Example F The hydrogenation of the oxo-phenylacetic acid methyl ester, oxo-phenylacetic acid and oxo-phenylacetic acid triethylammmonium salt, respectively, was carried out with 0.1 mol% isolated pre-catalysts [Rh (Ligand) (cod)] SbF6 (with cis-PMP5 or trans- PMP5 as the Ligand) in methanol (MeOH) at room temperature at an initial H2 pressure of 4000 kPa for 4 h. The results are shown in table F: Table F Substrate Ligand % conversion) % ee2) < (R, R)-cis-PMP5 2 tJ O (R, S)-trans-PMP5 _ 3 O 0 (R, R)-cis-PMP5 80 3 OH 0--lyo O (R, S)-trans-PMP5 5 O Et3N+ (R, R)-cis-PMP5 98 9 0 ° (R, S)-trans-PMPS 36 3 'L 0

Determined by GC [area-%]. 2) Determined by GC on a chiral column.

Example G The hydrogenation of N- (1-phenylvinyl) acetamide and acetic acid 1-phenylvinyl ester, respectively, was carried out with isolated pre-catalysts [Rh (Ligand) (cod)] SbF6 (with cis-PMP5 or trans-PMP5 as the Ligand) in methanol (MeOH) at room temperature at an initial H2 pressure as mentioned in table G: Table G Initial H2 Time Substrate Ligand kPa (h) S/C % convers. % ee kPa (h) HN'Ac (R, R)-cis-PMP5 150 6 500 100 10 HN (R, S)-trans-PMP5 150 6 500 100 20 W (R, R)-cis-PMP5 150 6 500 100 10 , Ac (R, R)-cis-PMP5 150 7 1 000 21 22 1 (R, S)-trans-PMP5 150 7 1000 13 22 (R, R)-cis-PMP5 1500 7 1 000 78 18

') Determined by GC [area-%]."Determined by GC on a chiral column.

Example H: using a Cationic Catalysts Prepared in situ In this example the metal complex was prepared in situ by. dissolving of 0.010 mmol rhodium precursor (Rh (cod) 2X) and 0. 011 mmol ligand in 4 ml of methanol. The orange solution was stirred 45 minutes and then mixed with a solution of 1 mmol of substrate dissolved in 3 ml of methanol. Procedure of hydrogenation was carried out as described above Catalytic hydrogenation of 2-acetylamino-acrylic acid methyl ester was carried out at room temperature with an initial H2 pressure of 500 kPa, 3h, S/C 100. The ligands X were Substrate Ligand Solvent % conv. % ee HN'Ac (S, S)-cis-PMP5 BARF MeOH 100 81 (R) nN +, O (S, S)-cis-PMP5 PF6 MeOH 100 82 (R) (S, R)-trans-PMP5 PF6 MeOH 100 5 (R) Determined by GC [area-%]. Determined by GC on a chiral column.