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Title:
BIOACTIVE PEPTIDES HAVING HIGH BINDING AFFINITY TO HUMAN MUSCULAR NICOTINIC ACETYLCHOLINE RECEPTOR
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/210377
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Two synthetic tetrapeptides having a high binding affinity to human muscular nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (HmnAChR) are provided. A composition for inhibiting contraction of muscle cells is also provided. The composition comprises an effective amount of one of these two peptides. Also provided is a method for inhibiting contraction of muscle cells, which method comprises treating muscle cells with an effective amount of the composition. Further provided is a method for inducing proliferation of epidermal cells, which method comprises treating the epidermal cells with an effective amount of the composition. The epidermal cells may be human epidermal keratinocytes (HEKs).

Inventors:
DE VECCHI, Rodrigo (Rua São Bento 8 - 4º andar, -010 Rio de Janeiro/RJ, 20090-010, BR)
BRETON, Lionel (Ilha do Fundão 00 - Via Projetada 1 do PAL 48212, nº 2100Ilha do Bom Jesus - Cidade Universitária, -972 Rio de Janeiro/RJ, 21941-972, BR)
CALDERON, Leonardo De Azevedo (Ilha do Fundão 00 - Via Projetada 1 do PAL 48212, nº 2100Ilha do Bom Jesus - Cidade Universitária, -972 Rio de Janeiro/RJ, 21941-972, BR)
ZANCHI, Fernando (Ilha do Fundão 00 - Via Projetada 1 do PAL 48212, nº 2100Ilha do Bom Jesus - Cidade Universitária, -972 Rio de Janeiro/RJ, 21941-972, BR)
FRANCISCO, Aleff Ferreira (Ilha do Fundão 00 - Via Projetada 1 do PAL 48212, nº 2100Ilha do Bom Jesus - Cidade Universitária, -972 Rio de Janeiro/RJ, 21941-972, BR)
Application Number:
BR2018/050141
Publication Date:
November 07, 2019
Filing Date:
April 30, 2018
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
L'OREAL (14 rue Royale, Paris, Paris, 75008, FR)
DE VECCHI, Rodrigo (Rua São Bento 8 - 4º andar, -010 Rio de Janeiro/RJ, 20090-010, BR)
International Classes:
A61K38/04; A61K8/64; A61P21/02; A61Q19/08
Domestic Patent References:
WO2002079408A22002-10-10
Foreign References:
US5846765A1998-12-08
US20110217766A12011-09-08
US20160354299A12016-12-08
Other References:
GOROUHI AND H I MAIBACH F: "Role of topical peptides in preventing or treating aged skin", INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COSMETIC SCIENCE, KLUWER ACADEMIC PUBLISHERS, DORDRECHT, NL, vol. 31, 1 January 2009 (2009-01-01), pages 327 - 345, XP007909646, ISSN: 0142-5463, DOI: 10.1111/J.1468-2494.2009.00490.X
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
NAKATA, Carolina et al. (Av. Brigadeiro Faria Lima, 1485 - 11o Andar - Torre Norte, -002 São Paulo-SP, 01452-002, BR)
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Claims:
SET OF CLAIMS

1 . A peptide consisting of an amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1 or 2.

2. The peptide of claim 1 , wherein the peptide consists of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1.

3. The peptide of claim 1 , wherein the peptide consists of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 2.

4. A composition for inhibiting contraction of muscle cells, comprising an effective amount of a peptide consisting of an amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1 or 2.

5. The composition of claim 4, wherein the peptide consists of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1.

6. The composition of claim 4, wherein the peptide consists of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 2.

7. The composition of claim 4, wherein the peptide is present at a concentration of 0.01 -500 mM.

8. The composition of claim 4, wherein the inhibition is irreversible.

9. A method for inhibiting contraction of muscle cells, comprising treating muscle cells with an effective amount of a composition, wherein the composition comprises a peptide, wherein the peptide consists of an amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1 or 2, whereby contraction of the muscle cells is inhibited.

10. The method of claim 9, wherein the peptide consists of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1.

1 1. The method of claim 9, wherein the peptide consists of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 2.

12. The method of claim 9, wherein the composition comprises the peptide at a concentration of 0.01 -500 mM.

13. The method of claim 9, wherein the muscle cells are treated with the peptide for at least 5 hours.

14. The method of claim 9, wherein the muscle cells are treated with the composition for at least 24 hours.

15. The method of claim 9, wherein the inhibition is irreversible.

16. A method for inducing proliferation of epidermal cells, comprising treating epidermal cells with an effective amount of a composition, wherein the composition comprises a peptide, wherein the peptide consists of an amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1 or 2, whereby proliferation of the epidermal cells is induced.

17. The method of claim 16, wherein the peptide consists of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1.

18. The method of claim 16, wherein the peptide consists of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 2.

19. The method of claim 16, wherein the epidermal cells are human epidermal keratinocytes (HEKs).

20. The method of claim 9, wherein the muscle cells are in a subject.

21. A method for reducing appearance of wrinkles on skin of a subject, comprising treating skin having appearance of wrinkles with an effective amount of a composition, wherein the composition comprises a peptide, wherein the peptide consists of an amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1 or 2, whereby the appearance of wrinkles on the skin is reduced.

22. The method of claim 21 , wherein the peptide consists of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1.

23. The method of claim 21 , wherein the peptide consists of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 2.

Description:
BIOACTIVE PEPTIDES HAVING HIGH BINDING AFFINITY TO HUMAN MUSCULAR NICOTINIC ACETYLCHOLINE RECEPTOR

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The invention relates to bioactive peptides having high binding affinity to human muscular nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (HmnAChR) and uses thereof.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Peptides derived from natural peptide precursors isolated from, for example, snake venom, are widely used for various therapeutic or cosmetic purposes. A well- known example is captopril, whose natural peptide precursor is isolated from Bothrops jararaca snake venom. Captopril is a peptide-based drug that inhibits the angiotensin converting enzyme, producing an antihypertensive effect. Other useful peptides prepared from natural peptide precursors include natriuretic peptides, bradykinin- potentiating peptides and sarafotoxins. Low mass proteins such as crotamine, disintegrins and three-Finger toxins are derived from snake venoms.

Some commercial peptide products contain synthetic peptides derived from natural peptides isolated from snake venom. For example, SYN ® -AKE (DSM) is an effective wrinkle-smoothing compound based on a synthetic tripeptide, i.e., dipeptide diaminobutyroyl benzylamide diacetate, that mimics the activity of Waglerin 1 , a polypeptide found in the venom of the Temple Viper, Tropidolaemus wagleri. SYN ® - AKE acts at the postsynaptic membrane and is a reversible antagonist of the muscular nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (mnAChR). Upon binding to the mnAChR by SYN ® - AKE, Na + uptake is blocked at the postsynaptic membrane and muscle cell contraction is attenuated. SYN ® -AKE is able to reduce signal transmission between nerves and works in a manner similar to Botox to relax muscles.

There remains a need for bioactive peptides, especially low mass peptides, having a high binding affinity to human muscular nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (HmnAChR) as effective muscle relaxants.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to synthetic bioactive tetra-peptides and uses thereof.

A peptide consisting of an amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1 or 2 is provided. The peptide may consist of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1. The peptide may consist of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 2.

A composition for inhibiting contraction of muscle cells is provided. The composition comprises an effective amount of a peptide consisting of an amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1 or 2. The peptide may consist of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1. The peptide may consist of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 2. The peptide may be present at a concentration of 0.01 -500 mM. The inhibition may be irreversible.

A method for inhibiting contraction of muscle cells is provided. The method comprises treating muscle cells with an effective amount of a composition. The composition comprises a peptide. The peptide consists of an amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1 or 2. As a result, contraction of the muscle cells is inhibited. The peptide may consist of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1. The peptide may consist of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 2. The composition may comprise the peptide at a concentration of 0.01 -500 mM. The muscle cells may be treated with the peptide for at least 5 hours. The muscle cells may be treated with the composition for at least 24 hours. The inhibition may be irreversible. The muscle cells may be in a subject.

A method for reducing appearance of wrinkles on skin of a subject is provided. The method comprises treating skin having appearance of wrinkles with an effective amount of a composition. The composition comprises a peptide. The peptide consists of an amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1 or 2. As a result, the appearance of wrinkles on the skin is reduced. The peptide may consist of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1. The peptide may consist of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 2.

A method for inducing proliferation of epidermal cells is provided. The method comprises treating the epidermal cells with an effective amount of a composition. The composition comprises a peptide. The peptide consists of an amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1 or 2. As a result, proliferation of the epidermal cells is induced. The peptide may consist of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1. The peptide may consist of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 2. The epidermal cells may be human epidermal keratinocytes (HEKs).

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIGS. 1A, 1 B and 1 C show (A) acetylcholine, (B) SYN ® -AKE, and (C) peptide KKYK (SEQ ID NO: 1 ) in the binding site between chains E and A of human muscular nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (HmnAChR).

FIG. 2 is a peptide interaction graph showing binding energy (kcal/mol) of peptides over runs of genetic algorithm.

FIGS. 3A and 3B show a non-cytoxic effect of peptide Lys-Lys-Tyr-Lys (KKYK; SEQ ID NO: 1 ) or peptide Lys-Trp-Lys-Lys (KWKK; SEQ ID NO: 2) on human epidermal keratinocytes (FIEKs) in in vitro cultures.

FIGS. 4A and 4B show inhibition of contraction of muscle cells by peptide V0083091 A (KKYK; SEQ ID NO: 1 ) and peptide V0083092A (KWKK; SEQ ID NO: 2) at 0, 0.01 , 0.1 , 1 , 5, 10, 50, 100 or 500 mM.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The present invention provides synthetic low mass bioactive peptides and uses thereof in the cosmetic field or other fields. The peptide may be used, for example, as muscle relaxants in anesthetic, anti-wrinkle and anti-aging products. The invention was made based on the discovery that two synthetic bioactive tetra-peptides KKYK (SEQ ID NO: 1 ) and KWKK (SEQ ID NO: 2) having a strong selective affinity to human muscular nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (HmnAChR) are safe and effective in inhibiting contraction of muscle cells.

The term“peptide” used herein refers to a compound having two or more amino acids linked in a chain, with or without a branched chain. Any amino acid in the peptide may have one or more post-translation modifications. The term“low mass peptide” used herein refers to a peptide having no more than 5, 10, 50 or 100 amino acids. In one embodiment, the peptide is a tetra-peptide having four amino acids linked in a straight chain without a branched chain.

The term“an effective amount” refers to an amount of a peptide or a composition comprising a peptide according to this invention that is required to achieve a stated goal. The effective amount may be selected to inhibit contraction of muscle cells, inducing proliferation of cells such as epidermal cells (e.g., HEKs), or reducing appearance of wrinkles on skin of a subject. The effective amount may vary depending on the nature of the peptide or the composition, the type of the target cells, treatment time, and the stated goal. A specific effective amount for a given peptide or a given composition may generally be set by the judgement of a technician.

Two synthetic peptides are provided. One peptide consists of an amino acid sequence of KKYK (SEQ ID NO: 1 ). The other peptide consists of an amino acid sequence of KWKK (SEQ ID NO: 2). These peptides have a high binding affinity to human muscular nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (HmnAChR). Other properties of these peptides are shown in the examples.

A composition for inhibiting contraction of muscle cells is provided. The composition comprises an effective amount of a peptide. The peptide consists of an amino acid sequence of KKYK (SEQ ID NO: 1 ) or KWKK (SEQ ID NO: 2). In one embodiment, the peptide consists of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1. In another embodiment, the peptide consists of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 2. The composition may comprise the peptide at a concentration of about 0.01 -500 mM, about 0.1 -100 mM, about 1 -50 mM or about 1 -10 mM, for example, 1 or 10 mM. The inhibition of the contraction of the muscle cells may be irreversible.

The composition may be a cosmetic composition and further comprises a cosmetically acceptable carrier. The composition may be a pharmaceutical composition and comprises a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

A method for inhibiting contraction of muscle cells is provided. The method comprises treating muscle cells with an effective amount of a composition. The composition comprises a peptide. The peptide consists of an amino acid sequence of KKYK (SEQ ID NO: 1 ) or KWKK (SEQ ID NO: 2). As a result, contraction of the muscle cells is inhibited. The inhibition may be irreversible. In one embodiment, the peptide consists of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1. In another embodiment, the peptide consists of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 2.

According to the inhibition method, the muscle cells may be treated for at least about 0.5, 1 , 2, 5, 10, 12, 18, 24 or 48 hours, for example, at least about 5 or 24 hours. The contraction of the muscle cells may be inhibited by at least about 5%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 50%, 60%, 70%, 80%, 90, 95% or 99% as compared with that before the treatment.

In some embodiments, the muscle cells are in a muscle of a subject. Upon treatment of the muscle cells with a composition comprising peptide KKYK (SEQ ID NO: 1 ) or KWKK (SEQ ID NO: 2), the muscle may be relaxed.

A method for reducing appearance of wrinkles on skin of a subject is provided. The method comprises treating skin having appearance of wrinkles with an effective amount of a composition. The composition comprises a peptide. The peptide consists of an amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1 or 2. As a result, the appearance of wrinkles on the skin is reduced. In one embodiment, the peptide consists of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1 . In another embodiment, the peptide consists of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 2. The skin may be treated at least once, twice or three times daily and/or for at least about 7, 14, 21 , 28, 60 or 90 days.

A method for inducing proliferation of epidermal cells is provided. The method comprises treating the epidermal cells with an effective amount of a composition. The composition comprises a peptide. The peptide consists of an amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1 or 2. As a result, proliferation of the epidermal cells is induced. In one embodiment, the peptide consists of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 1 . In another embodiment, the peptide consists of the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO: 2.

The epidermal cells may be human epidermal keratinocytes (HEKs). The epidermal cells may be treated with the composition once or more times, each time for at least about 0.5, 1 , 2, 5, 10, 12, 18, 24 or 48 hours, for example, at least 24 hours. Example 1 . Peptide V0083091 A

Derived from phospholipases (UniprotKB Q8UVU7) of Bothrops godmani, low mass peptide V0083091 A was synthesized to have an enhanced selective affinity to human muscular nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (HmnAChR) (FIG. 1 ). Peptide V0083091 A consists of an amino acid sequence of KKYK (SEQ ID NO: 1 ) (Table 1 ), and showed HmnAChR a binding affinity similar to that of SYN ® -AKE (Table 2; FIG. 2).

Table 1 . Physicochemical properties of peptide V0083091 A

Table 2. Binding energy of peptide V0083091 A

S.D. Standard deviation

Example 2. Peptide V0083092A

Low mass peptide V0083092A was synthesized to have an enhanced selective affinity to human muscular nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (HmnAChR). Peptide V0083092A consists of an amino acid sequence of KWKK (SEQ ID NO: 2) and showed

HmnAChR a binding affinity similar to that of SYN ® -AKE (Table 3).

Table 3. Binding energy and physicochemical properties of peptide V0083092A

S.D. Standard deviation

Example 3. Safety of peptides V0083091 A and V0083092A

The safety of peptides V0083091 A (KKYK; SEQ ID NO: 1 ) and V0083092A

(KWKK; SEQ ID NO: 2) was studied. Human epidermal keratinocytes (HEKs) in in vitro cultures were treated with either peptide. An MTT assay was carried out 24 hours after the treatment and the MTT reading was obtained at 570 nm for assessing cell metabolic activity. Each peptide showed a non-cytotoxic effect on viability of the HEKs (FIG. 3A) and induced proliferation of the HEKs (FIG. 3B). Other peptides (Table 4) were also found to be non-cytotoxic and have high specific binding affinity to HmnAChR as compared to SYN ® -AKE. These results suggest an anti-wrinkle benefit related to epidermal regeneration.

Table 4. Other peptides

Example 4. Efficacy of peptides V0083091 A and V0083092A

The efficacy of peptides V0083091 A (KKYK; SEQ ID NO: 1 ) and V0083092A (KWKK; SEQ ID NO: 2) was studied. Muscle cells were incubated or treated without (control) or with compounds, for example, peptides V0083091 A and V0083092A, and contraction of the muscle cells was evaluated after incubation for 5 hours, after incubation for 24 hours, or after incubation for 24 hours followed by a washing step.

When tested at 10 mM, both peptides V0083091 A and V0083092A inhibited contraction of muscle cells significantly (p value <5%) and very strongly (effect size > 2) after incubation for 5 or 24 hours. This inhibition effect was always visible and slightly more marked after 24 hours. When tested at 1 mM, both peptides showed a much less inhibition effect on muscle cell contraction and observable inhibition effect after incubation for 24 hours. After the washing step carried out at the end of the incubation for 24 hours, no clear recovery of the contraction power of the muscle cells was observed. These results suggest that these peptides V0083091 A and V0083092A are high stable and have a high affinity for the neuromuscular junction with an irreversible inhibition effect on contraction of muscle cells. The other peptides (Table 4) were also tested, but peptides V0083091 A and V0083092A worked the best.

When tested at 1 mM or 10 mM, spilanthol (V0083240A) inhibited contraction of the muscle cells significantly (p value <5%) and very strongly (effect size of 1.5-2) at 5 or 24 hours after incubation. Interestingly, this inhibitory effect was lost after the washing step at the end of the incubation. These results show that spilanthol does not bind covalently and that the inhibitory effect is reversible, which is of great interest at the regulatory/safety level. A similar effect was observed with Biotulin (36428) when tested at 0.05% (~ 0.2 mM) and 0.25% (~1 mM). Even though the effect of spilanthol is more moderate, compared to what can be observed with a-bungarotoxin or peptides, the effect was observable at low concentrations of the active ingredient.

When tested at 1 and 10 mM, diazepam (R0059153A) showed the same profile as spilanthol, however, in this case, the effect observed is slightly larger.

The term“about” as used herein when referring to a measurable value such as an amount, a percentage, and the like, is meant to encompass variations of ±20% or ±10%, more preferably ±5%, even more preferably ±1 %, and still more preferably ±0.1 % from the specified value, as such variations are appropriate.

Although the invention is illustrated and described herein with reference to specific embodiments, the invention is not intended to be limited to the details shown. Rather, various modifications may be made in the details within the scope and range of equivalents of the claims without departing from the invention.