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Title:
BIPHENYL DERIVATIVES AS 5HT1D ANTAGONISTS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/1995/026328
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Compounds of formula (I), processes for their preparation and their use as CNS agents are disclosed, in which R1 is hydrogen, halogen, C1-6alkyl, C3-6cycloalkyl, COC1-6alkyl, C1-6alkoxy, hydroxy, hydroxyC1-6alkyl, hydroxyC1-6alkoxy, C1-6alkoxy C1-6alkoxy, acyl, nitro, trifluoromethyl, cyano, SR9, SOR9, SO2R9, SO2NR10R11, CO2R10, CONR10R11, CO2NR10R11, CONR10(CH2)pCO2R11, (CH2)pNR10R11, (CH2)pCONR10R11, (CH2)pCO2C1-6alkyl, NR10R11, NR10CO2R11, NR10CONR10R11, CR10=NOR11, CNR10=NOR11, where R10 and R11 are independently hydrogen or C1-6alkyl and p is 1 to 3; R2 and R3 are independently hydrogen, halogen, C1-6alkyl, C3-6cycloalkyl, C3-6cycloalkenyl, C1-6alkoxy, acyl, aryl, acyloxy, hydroxy, nitro, trifluoromethyl, cyano, CO2R10, CONR10R11, NR10R11 where R10 and R11 are independently hydrogen or C1-6alkyl; R4 and R5 are independently hydrogen or C1-6alkyl; R6 is hydrogen, halogen, hydroxy, C1-6alkyl or C1-6alkoxy; R7 and R8 are independently hydrogen, C1-6alkyl, aralkyl, or together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form an optionally substituted 5-7-membered heterocyclic ring containing one or two heteroatoms selected from oxygen, nitrogen or sulphur; A is CONH or NHCO; B is oxygen, S(O)p where p is 0, 1 or 2, or B is NR12 where R12 is hydrogen or C1-6alkyl; m is 2 to 4; and n is 1 or 2.

Inventors:
Gaster
Laramie
Mary, Wyman
Paul
Adrian
Application Number:
PCT/EP1995/000900
Publication Date:
October 05, 1995
Filing Date:
March 09, 1995
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
SMITHKLINE BEECHAM PLC GASTER
Laramie
Mary, Wyman
Paul
Adrian
International Classes:
C07D521/00; A61K31/165; A61K31/215; A61P25/00; A61P25/24; A61P25/26; A61P43/00; C07C233/75; C07C235/42; C07C235/84; C07C245/02; C07C251/32; C07C251/48; C07C255/57; C07C275/28; (IPC1-7): C07C233/75; A61K31/165; A61K31/275; C07C235/84; C07C251/48; C07C255/57
Foreign References:
EP0533266A1
GB2276161A
EP0496378A1
US4038416A
CH622005A5
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS:
1. A compound of formula (I) or a salt thereof: (I) in which R1 is hydrogen, halogen, Cι_6____yl, C3_6cycloalkyl, COC^galkyl, C^alkoxy, hydroxy, hydroxyCi _6alkyl, hydroxyCι_6alkoxy, Ci.galkoxyCi.galkoxy, acyl, nitro, trifluoromethyl, cyano, SR9, SOR9, SO2R9, SO2NR10RH, CO2R10, CONR^R11, CNR10=NORI , where R^ and R are independentiy hydrogen or Ci _galkyl and p is 1 to 3; R2 and R3 are independentiy hydrogen, halogen, Ci.galkyl, C3_6cycloalkyl, C3_6cycloalkenyl, C\ .galkoxy, acyl, aryl, acyloxy, hydroxy, nitro, trifluoromethyl, cyano, CO2R10, CONRWR1 !, NR^R1 * where R10 and R1 ! are independently hydrogen or Ci.galkyl; R4 and R^ are independently hydrogen or C .galkyl; R > is hydrogen, halogen, hydroxy, Ci.βalkyl or Ci.βalkoxy; R7 and R8 are independently hydrogen, Ci.galkyl, aralkyl, or together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form an optionally substituted 57membered heterocyclic ring containing one or two heteroatoms selected from oxygen, nitrogen or sulphur; A is CONH or NHCO; B is oxygen, S(O)p where p is 0, 1 or 2, NR*2 where R*2 is hydrogen, Ci.galkyl or phenylCi.galkyl, or B is CR4=CR^ where R4 and R^ are independently hydrogen or Ci .βalkyl; m is 1 to 4; and n is 1 or 2.
2. A compound according to claim 1 in which R* is cyano, acyl, CO2R O, CONRWR11 or CR10=NORn.
3. A compound according to claim 2 or 3 in which R2 is C .galkyl.
4. A compound according to any one of claims 1 to 3 in which R3 is hydrogen.
5. A compound according to any one of claims 1 to 4 in which B is oxygen.
6. A compound according to any one of claims 1 to 5 in which m is 1 or 2 and R4 and R5 are both C^alkyl.
7. A compound according to claim 1 which is: N[3(2Dimethylaminoethoxy)4methoxyphenyl]4'methoxycarbonyl2' methylbiphenyl4carboxamide, N[3(2Dimethyla_ninoethoxy)4methoxyphenyl]2'methyl4'N methylcarboxamidobiphenyl4carboxa_r_ide, N[3(2Dimethyla_ninoethoxy)4methoxyphenyl]2'methyl4'N, N dimethylcarboxamidobiphenyl4carboxamide, N[3(2Dimemyl _iinoethoxy)4methoxyphenyl]2'methyl4'carboxamidobiphenyl4 carboxamide, N[3(2Dimethylaminoethoxy)4methoxyphenyl]2'methyl4'cyanobiphenyl4 carboxamide, N[3(2Dimethylaminoethoxy)4methoxyphenyl]4'acetyl2'methylbiphenyl4 carboxamide, N[3(2Dimethylaminoethoxy)4methoxyphenyl]4'[l(methoxyimino)ethyl]2' methylbiphenyl4carboxamide, N[3(2Dimethylaminoethoxy)4methoxyphenyl]4'[l(hydroxyimino)ethyl]2' methylbiphenyl4carboxamide, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
8. A process for the preparation of a compound of formula (I) which comprises (a) reaction of a compound of formula (II): (a) reaction of a compound of formula (H): (π) with a compound of formula (HI): (in) wherein B, m, n, R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, R6, R7 and R8 are as defined in formula (I) and R13 and RI4 contain the appropriate functional group(s) necessary to form the A moiety; and optionally thereafter in any order: converting a compound of formula (I) into another compound of formula (I) forming a pharmaceutically acceptable salt.
9. A compound according to any one of claims 1 to 7 for use in therapy.
10. A pharmaceutical composition which comprises a compound according to any one of claims 1 to 7 in association with a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier or excipient.
Description:
BIPHENYL DERIVATIVES AS 5HT1D ANTAGONISTS

The present invention relates to novel amide derivatives, processes for their preparation, and pharmaceutical compositions containing them. EPA 0533 266 7/8 disclose a series of benzanilide derivatives which are said to possess 5HTι j_ receptor antagonist activity. These compounds are said to be of use in the treatment of various CNS disorders.

A structurally distinct class of compounds have now been discovered and have been found to exhibit 5HTι p_) antagonist activity. In a first aspect, the present invention therefore provides a compound of formula (I) or a salt thereof:

(I) in which

R 1 is hydrogen, halogen, C^aU yl, C^.gcycloalkyl, COC^alkyl, Ci .galkoxy, hydroxy, hydroxyCi .galkyl, hydroxyCμgalkoxy, Cι_6alkoxyCι_6alkoxy, acyl, nitro, trifluoromethyl, cyano, SR 9 , SOR 9 , SO 2 R 9 , SO 2 NR 10 R 11 , CO 2 R 10 , CONR^R 11 ,

CNR10=NOR11, where RΪ® and R^ are independently hydrogen or Ci .galkyl and p is 1 to 3;

R2 and R^ are independently hydrogen, halogen, Ci .βalkyl, C3_6cycloalkyl, C3_6cycloalkenyl, Ci.galkoxy, acyl, aryl, acyloxy, hydroxy, nitro, trifluoromethyl, cyano,

CO R 10 , CONR^R 1 ! , NR^R 1 J where R 10 and R 11 are independently hydrogen or

Cι_6alkyl;

R 4 and R^ are independently hydrogen or Cj.galkyl;

R^ is hydrogen, halogen, hydroxy, Ci .βalkyl or Ci .^alkoxy; R and R^ are independently hydrogen, Ci.βalkyl, aralkyl, or together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form an optionally substituted 5-7-membered heterocyclic ring containing one or two heteroatoms selected from oxygen, nitrogen or sulphur;

A is CONH or NHCO;

B is oxygen, S(O)p where p is 0, 1 or 2, NR 2 where R 2 _ s hydrogen, C^alkyl or phenylCi.galkyl, or B is CR 4 =CR 5 where R 4 and R 5 are independently hydrogen or Ci.galkyl;

m is 1 to 4; and n is 1 or 2.

Ci _6alkyl groups, whether alone or as part of another group, may be straight chain or branched. Suitably R 1 is hydrogen, halogen, Ci.galkyl, C3_6cycloalkyl, COCi.galkyl,

C j .galkoxy, hydroxy, hydroxyCj.galkyl, hydroxyCι_6alkoxy, C^galkoxyCj .galkoxy, acyl, nitro, trifluoromethyl, cyano, SR 9 , SOR 9 , SO 2 R 9 , SO 2 NR 1 0R11, CO 2 R 10 ,

independently hydrogen or Ci .galkyl and p is 1 to 3.

Suitably R^ and R^ are independently hydrogen, halogen, Ci.galkyl, C3_6cycloalkyl, C3_6cycloalkenyl, Ci.βalkoxy, acyl, aryl, acyloxy, hydroxy, nitro, trifluoromethyl, cyano, CO 2 R 10 , CONR 10 R , NR 10 R n where R 10 and R 1 1 are independently hydrogen or Ci .βalkyl. Preferably R^ is Ci .galkyl, in particular methyl. Preferably R^ is hydrogen.

Suitably R 4 and R^ are independently hydrogen or Ci _6alkyl. Suitably R^ and R^ are independently hydrogen or Ci .galkyl. Examples of R and R° heterocyclic rings include morpholine, piperazine and piperidine. Optional substituents for such rings include Ci.galkyl. Preferably R? and R^ are both Ci . β alkyl, in particular methyl.

Suitably R > is hydrogen, halogen, hydroxy, Ci. β alkyl or Ci. β alkoxy. Preferably R^ is Ci .^alkoxy such as methoxy.

Suitably A is CONH or NHCO. Preferably A is CONH. Suitably B is oxygen, S(O)p where p is 0, 1 or 2, NR 2 where R 2 _ S hydrogen,

Ci .galkyl or phenylCi .galkyl, or B is CR 4 =CR5 where R 4 and R^ are independently hydrogen or Ci .galkyl. Preferably B is oxygen. Suitably m is 1 to 4, preferably m is 1 or 2 Suitably n is 1 or 2, preferably n is 1. The groups -B(CR R 5 ) m NR 7 R 8 and R 6 can be attached to the phenyl ring at any suitable position. Preferably the group -B(CR 4 R5) m NR 7 R8 _ s me a to the amide linkage and the group R^ is para to the amide linkage. The groups R*, R^ and R^ can be attached at any suitable position.

Particularly preferred compounds of the invention include: N- [3-(2-Dimethylaminoethoxy)-4-methoxyphenyl] -4'-methoxycarbonyl-2'- methylbiphenyl-4-carboxamide, N-[3-(2-Dimethylaminoethoxy)-4-methoxyphenyl]-2'-methyl-4'-N -

methylcarboxamidobiphenyl-4-carboxamide,

N-[3-(2-Dimethylaminoethoxy)-4-methoxyphenyl]-2'-methyl-4 '-N, N- dimethylcarboxamidobiphenyl-4-carboxamide,

N-[3-(2-Dimemylaminoethoxy)-4-methoxyphenyl]-2'-methyl-4' -carboxamidobiphenyl-4- carboxamide,

N-[3-(2-Dimethylaminoethoxy)-4-methoxyphenyl]-2'-methyl-4 '-cyanobiphenyl-4- carboxamide,

N-[3-(2-Dimethylaminoethoxy)-4-methoxyphenyl]-4'-acetyl-2 '-methylbiphenyl-4- carboxamide, N- [3-(2-Dimethylaminoethoxy)-4-methoxyphenyl] -4'-[ 1 -(methoxyimino)ethyl] -2'- methylbiphenyl-4-carboxamide,

N- [3-(2-Dimethylaminoethoxy )-4-methoxyphenyl] -4'- [ 1 - (hydroxyimino)ethyl] -2'- methylbiphenyl-4-carboxamide, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. Preferred salts of the compounds of formula (I) are pharmaceutically acceptable salts. These include acid addition salts such as hydrochlorides, hydrobromides, phosphates, acetates, fumarates, maleates, tartrates, citrates, oxalates, methanesulphonates and p-toluenesulphonates.

Certain compounds of formula (I) are capable of existing in stereoisomeric forms. It will be understood that the invention encompasses all geometric and optical isomers of the compounds of formula (I) and the mixtures thereof including racemates. Tautomers and mixtures thereof also form an aspect of the invention.

In a further aspect the present invention provides a process for the preparation of a compound of formula (I) which comprises. (a) reaction of a compound of formula (II):

(ID

with a compound of formula (UI):

(III)

wherein B, m, n, R 1 , R 2 , R 3 , R 4 , R 5 , R 6 , R 7 and R 8 are as defined in formula (I) and R 13 and R* 4 contain the appropriate functional group(s) necessary to form the A moiety; and optionally thereafter in any order: • converting a compound of formula (I) into another compound of formula (I)

• forming a pharmaceutically acceptable salt.

Suitably one of R* 3 or R^ 4 is an activated carboxylic acid derivative, such as an acyl halide or acid anhydride, and the other is an amine group. Activated compounds of formulae (II) or (HI) can also be prepared by reaction of the corresponding carboxylic acid with a coupling reagent such as carbonyldiimidazole, dicyclohexylcarbodiimide or diphenylphosphorylazole. Preferably R 3 or Rl 4 is a group COL where L is halo, particularly chloro.

A compound of formulae (II) and (III) are typically reacted together in an inert organic solvent such as DMF, THF or dichloromethane at ambient or elevated temperature in the presence of a base such as an alkali metal hydroxide, triethylamine or pyridine.

Intermediate compounds of formulae (II) and (III) are commercially available or can be prepared using standard procedures such as those outlined in EPA 533266 7/8.

Certain intermediate compounds of formulae (II) and (HI) are novel and form a further aspect of the invention. It will be appreciated to those skilled in the art that it may be necessary to protect certain reactive substituents during some of the above procedures. Standard protection and deprotection techniques can be used. For example, primary amines can be protected as phthalimide, benzyl, benzyloxycarbonyl or trityl derivatives. These groups can be removed by conventional procedures well known in the art. Carboxylic acid groups can be protected as esters. Aldehyde or ketone groups can be protected as acetals, ketals, thioacetals or thioketals. Deprotection is achieved using standard conditions.

Certain compounds of formula (I) can be converted into further compounds of formula (I). For example compounds in which R 7 and R 8 are both hydrogen or one of R 7 or R 8 is hydrogen and the other is Cι_6alkyl can be converted to compounds in which R 7 and R 8 are both Cj.^alkyl using standard alkylation techniques.

5HTι D Antagonists, and in particular the compounds of the present invention, are expected to be of use in the treatment of CNS disorders such as mood disorders, including depression, seasonal effective disorder and dysthymia; anxiety disorders, including generalised anxiety, panic disorder, agoraphobia, social phobia, obsessive compulsive disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder; memory disorders, including dementia, amnestic disorders and age-associated memory impairment; and disorders of eating behaviours, including anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. Other CNS disorders include

Parkinson's disease, dementia in Parkinson's disease, neuroleptic-induced Parkinsonism and tardive dyskinesias, as well as other psychiatric disorders.

5HTιj_ Antagonists, and in particular compounds of the present invention, may also be of use in the treatment of endocrine disorders such as hyperprolactinaemia, in the treatment of vasospasm (particularly in the cerebral vasculature) and hypertension, as well as disorders in the gastrointestinal tract where changes in motility and secretion are involved. They may also be of use in the treatment of sexual dysfunction.

Therefore, the present invention, provides a compound of general formula (I) or a physiologically acceptable salt or solvate thereof for use in therapy. The present invention also provides a compound of general formula (I) or a physiologically acceptable salt or solvate thereof for use in the treatment of the aforementioned disorders.

In another aspect the invention provides the use of a compound of general formula (I) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt or solvate thereof for the manufacture of a medicament for the treatment of the aforementioned disorders.

In a further aspect the invention provides a method of treating the aforementioned disorders which comprises administering an effective amount to a patient in need of such treatment of a compound of general formula (I) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt or solvate thereof. In particular the invention provides a compound of general formula (I) or a physiologically acceptable salt or solvate thereof for use in the treatment or prophylaxis of depression.

It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that the compounds according to the invention may advantageously be used in conjunction with one or more other therapeutic agents, for instance, different antidepressant agents.

The present invention also provides a pharmaceutical composition, which comprises a compound of formula (I) or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier.

A pharmaceutical composition of the invention, which may be prepared by admixture, suitably at ambient temperature and atmospheric pressure, is usually adapted for oral, parenteral or rectal administration and, as such, may be in the form of tablets, capsules, oral liquid preparations, powders, granules, lozenges, reconstitutable powders, injectable or infusible solutions or suspensions or suppositories. Orally administrable compositions are generally preferred. Tablets and capsules for oral administration may be in unit dose form, and may contain conventional excipients, such as binding agents, fillers, tabletting lubricants, disintegrants and acceptable wetting agents. The tablets may be coated according to

methods well known in normal pharmaceutical practice.

Oral liquid preparations may be in the form of, for example, aqueous or oily suspension, solutions, emulsions, syrups or elixirs, or may be in the form of a dry product for reconstitution with water or other suitable vehicle before use. Such liquid preparations may contain conventional additives such as suspending agents, emulsifying agents, non-aqueous vehicles (which may include edible oils), preservatives, and, if desired, conventional flavourings or colorants.

For parenteral administration, fluid unit dosage forms are prepared utilising a compound of the invention or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof and a sterile vehicle. The compound, depending on the vehicle and concentration used, can be either suspended or dissolved in the vehicle. In preparing solutions, the compound can be dissolved for injection and filter sterilised before filling into a suitable vial or ampoule and sealing. Advantageously, adjuvants such as a local anaesthetic, preservatives and buffering agents are dissolved in the vehicle. To enhance the stability, the composition can be frozen after filling into the vial and the water removed under vacuum. Parenteral suspensions are prepared in substantially the same manner, except that the compound is suspended in the vehicle instead of being dissolved, and sterilisation cannot be accomplished by filtration. The compound can be sterilised by exposure to ethylene oxide before suspension in a sterile vehicle. Advantageously, a surfactant or wetting agent is included in the composition to facilitate uniform distribution of the compound.

The composition may contain from 0.1% to 99% by weight, preferably from 10 to 60% by weight, of the active material, depending on the method of administration.

The dose of the compound used in the treatment of the aforementioned disorders will vary in the usual way with the seriousness of the disorders, the weight of the sufferer, and other similar factors. However, as a general guide suitable unit doses may be 0.05 to 1000 mg, more suitably 1.0 to 200 mg, and such unit doses may be administered more than once a day, for example two or three a day. Such therapy may extend for a number of weeks or months.

The following Examples illustrate the preparation of compounds of the invention.

Description 1 2-(Dimethylaτninoethoxy)-4-nitroanisole

A stirred solution of 2-methoxy-5-nitrophenol (5.0g, 0.029 mole) and potassium carbonate (8.3g, 0.060 mole) in acetone (200 ml) and water (60 ml) was treated with

N,N-dimethylaminoethyl chloride hydrochloride (8.64g, 0.060 mole) and heated under reflux for 10 h. The mixture was concentrated under vacuum to approx. 80 ml volume, then acidified with 2M HCl acid (150 ml) and washed with ethyl acetate (2 x 80 ml). The acid solution was basified with K 2 CO3 and extracted with ethyl acetate (2 x 100 ml). The combined extract was dried (Na 2 SO4) and concentrated under vacuum to afford the title compound as a yellow solid (4.87g, 70%).

*H NMR (250 MHz) CDCI3 δ : 7.92 (1H, dd), 7.77 (1H, d), 6.91 (1H, d), 4.18 (2H, t), 3.96 (3H, s), 2.82 (2H, t), 2.37 (6H, s).

Description 2 2-(DimethyIaminoethoxy)-4-methoxyaniIine

A solution of 2-(dimethylaminoethoxy)-4-nitroanisole (Dl, 4.8 g, 0.020 mole) in ethanol (200 ml) was hydrogenated over 10% Pd-C (0.5g) at room temperature and pressure. When reduction was complete (lh), the catalyst was removed by filtration through kieselguhr and the filtrate concentrated under vacuum to afford the title compound as a pink solid (4.0g, 95%).

l K NMR (250 MHz) CDCI3 δ : 6.71 (1H, d), 6.33 (1H, d), 6.24 (1H, dd), 4.07 (2H, t), 3.78 (3H, s), 3.46 (2H, br s), 2.76 (2H, t), 2.33 (6H, s)

Description 3

4'-Methoxycarbonyl-2 l -methyIbiphenyl-4-carboxylic acid

A stirred solution of methyl 4-bromo-3-methylbenzoate (EP 0533268 Al) (l.Og, 0.0044 mole) in dry DMF (10ml) under argon was treated with 4-boronobenzoic acid (0.73g, 0.0044 mole) and tetrakis (triphenylphosphine)palladium(O) (80mg), followed by triethylamine (1.8ml, 0.016 mole). The mixture was heated at 100°C for 18 hours, then concentrated in vacua. The residue was treated with ethyl acetate and extracted with 10% NaHCO3 solution. The basic extract was acidified with dil. HCl and extracted with ethyl

acetate. The extract was dried (Na 2 SO4) and concentrated in vacua to afford the title compound as a white solid (0.46g, 39%).

NMR (250MHz, d 6 DMSO) δ(ppm): 13.1 (brs, IH), 8.04 (d, 2H), 7.93 (s, IH), 7.87 (d, IH), 7.51 (d, 2H), 7.38 (d,lH), 3.87 (s, 3H), 2.30 (s, 3H)

Description 4 4 , -Carboxamido-2'-_nethylbiphenyl-4-carboxyIic acid

4-Bromo-3-methylbenzamide (0.369g, 1.725mmole) was suspended in 1,2- dimethoxyethane (20ml) and was treated with 4-carboxyphenylboronic acid (0.286g, 1.725mmole), followed by a solution of sodium carbonate (0.823g, 7.76mmole) in water (20ml). The mixture was flushed with argon and tetrakistriphenylphosphinepalladium (0) (0.040g) was added. The reaction mixture was then heated to reflux with stirring. After 24h, the 1,2-dimethoxyethane was removed by evaporation under reduced pressure and the aqueous residue was extracted with ethyl acetate. The aqueous layer was then acidified to pHl and the resultant solid was filtered off and was dried in vacua to give the title compound as a white solid (0.393g, 89%).

X H NMR (250MHz, d 6 DMSO) δ(ppm): 13.0 (brs, IH), 8.02 (d, 3H), 7.82 (s, IH), 7.78 (d, IH), 7.52 (d, 2H), 7.38 (s, IH),

7.28 (d, IH), 2.38 (s, 3H)

Description 5

N-Methyl-4'-carboxamido-2'-methylbiphenyI-4-carboxyIic acid

Using the method outlined in Description 4, N-methyl-4-bromo-3-methylbenzamide (0.363g, 1.59mmole) was converted to the title compound as a white solid (0.338g, 79%)

*H NMR (250MHz, d 6 DMSO) δ(ppm): 8.52 (dd, IH), 8.02 (d, 2H), 7.80 (s, IH), 7.75 (d, IH), 7.50 (d, 2H), 7.30 (d, IH),

2.80 (d, 3H), 2.30 (s, 3H)

Description 6

N, N-Dimethyl-4'-carboxamido-2 , -methylbiphenyI-4-carboxyIic acid

Using the method outlined in Description 4, N, N-dimethyl-4-bromo-3-methylbenzamide (0.383g, 1.583mmole) was converted to the title compound as a white solid (0,354g, 79%)

*H NMR (250MHz, d 6 DMSO) δ(ppm): 8.02 (d, 2H), 7.52 (d, 2H), 7.38 (s, IH), 7.29 (s, 2H), 3.00 (s, 6H), 2.30 (s, 3H)

Description 7

N-Methoxy-N-methyl-4-bromo-3-methyibenzamide

A stirred suspension of 4-bromo-3-methylbenzoic acid (5.0g, 0.023mole) in thionyl chloride (20ml) was heated under reflux for 2 hours, then concentrated in vacuo. The residual acid chloride was dissolved in dichloromethane (100ml) and added dropwise over 10 minutes to a stirred solution of N,O-dimethylhydroxylamine hydrochloride (2.4g, 0.025mole) and pyridine (5.6ml, 0.069mole) in dichloromethane (150ml) and acetonitrile (20ml) at -20°C. The reaction mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature over 3 hours then treated with 10% Na 2 CO3 solution and extracted with dichloromethane. The extract was dried (Na 2 SO4) and concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound as a pale yellow oil (5.9g, 100%).

1H NMR (200MHz, CDCI3) δ (ppm):7.60-7.50 (m, 2H), 7.37 (dd, IH), 3.54 (s, 3H), 3.35 (s, 3H), 2.42 (s, 3H)

Description 8 4-Bromo-3-methylacetophenone

A solution of N-methoxy-N-methyl-4-bromo-3-methylbenzamide (D7) (1.50g, 0.0057mole) in dry ether (30ml) was added dropwise over 10 minutes to a stirred solution of methylmagnesium iodide (0.0075mole) in dry ether (15ml) under argon. The mixture was then heated under reflux for 1 hour, allowed to cool and poured into well stirred 1M HCl (50ml). The mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate and the extract washed with 10% Na 2 CO3 solution, dried (Na 2 SO4) and concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound as a pale yellow oil (1.14g, 94%).

*H NMR (250MHz, CDCI3)

δ (ppm):7.81 (s, IH), 7.62 (s, 2H), 2.57 (s, 3H), 2.45 (s, 3H)

Description 9 4*-AcetyI-2'-methyIbiphenyl-4-carboxyIic acid

The title compound was prepared from 4-bromo-3-methylacetophenone (D8) using a procedure similar to Description 4 (80%).

l H NMR (250MHz, CDC1 3 ) δ (ppm):8.13 (d, 2H), 7.88 (d, IH), 7.84 (d, IH), 7.40 (d, 2H), 7.34 (d, IH), 2.65 (s, 3H), 2.34 (s, 3H)

Example 1 N-[3-(2-Dimethylaminoethoxy)-4-methoxyphenyl]-2'-methyI-4 , -cyanobiphenyl-4- carboxamide

The product from Description 4 (O.lOOg, 0.392mmole) was suspended in thionyl chloride (7ml) and heated to reflux. After 0.5h, die reaction mixture was allowed to cool and was evaporated under reduced pressure. The yellow oily residue was then azeotroped with toluene (lxl 0ml) and was dried in vacuo to give the crude acid chloride as a yellow solid. The product from Description 2 was dissolved in dry THF (2ml), a solution of sodium hydroxide (0.048g, l.lδmmole) in water (2ml) was added and to this stirred mixture was added the crude acid chloride in THF (2ml). The mixture was then stirred at room temperature for 2h before being partitioned between CH 2 C1 2 and water. The aqueous layer was then extracted with CH 2 C1 2 and the combined organic layers were dried (Na 2 SO4) and evaporated under reduced pressure to give a buff solid. This was purified by preparative T.L.C. using 10% MeOH/CH 2 Cl as eluant to give the title compound as a colourless oil (0.046g, 27%) which was converted to its oxalate salt mp 207-208°C

l U NMR (270MHz, d 6 DMSO) δ(ppm): 10.30 (s, IH), 8.04 (d, 2H), 7.88 (s, IH), 7.78 (d, IH), 7.62 (s, IH), 7.54

(d, 2H), 7.44 (d, IH), 7.39 (d, IH), 7.00 (d, IH), 4.28 (t, 2H), 3.89 (s, 3H), 3÷42 (t, 2H), 2.84 (s, 6H), 2.32 (s, 3H)

Example 2

N-[3-(2-Dimethylaminoethoxy)-4-methoxyphenyI]-4'-methoxyc arbonyI-2'- methylbiphenyI-4-carboxamide

The tide compound was prepared from 4'-methoxycarbonyl-2'-methylbiphenyl-4- carboxylic acid (D3) and 2-(dimethylaminoethoxy)-4-methoxyaniline (D2) using a similar procedure to Example 1 as a white solid (13%) mp 131-133°C.

1H NMR (250MHz, CDCI3) δ(ppm): 8.3 (brs, IH), 8.03-7.87 (m, 4H), 7.51 (d, IH), 7.40 (d, 2H), 7.28 (d, IH), 7.11 (dd, IH), 6.84 (d, IH), 4.12 (t, 2H), 3.94 (s, 3H), 3.84 (s,3H), 2.78 (t, 2H), 2.30 (s, 9H).

Example 3

N-[3-(2-Dimethylaminoethoxy)-4-methoxyphenyl]-2'-methyI-4 '-N- methyicarboxamidobiphenyI-4-carboxamide

The product from Description 5 (0.170g, 0.632mmole) was suspended in dichloromethane (10ml) and treated with oxalyl chloride (0.083ml, 0.948mmole) followed by a drop of dry DMF. The mixture was then stirred at room temperature for 16h, before being evaporated under reduced pressure and dried in vacuo. The resulting pale yellow solid was then redissolved in dichloromethane (5ml) and added to a stirred solution of the product from Description 2 (0.126g, 0.600mmole) in dichloromethane (10ml) containing triethylamine (0.083ml, O.όOOmmole). The reaction mixture was then stirred at room temperature overnight before being washed with sodium bicarbonate solution. The organic layer was then dried (Na 2 SO4) and was evaporated under reduced pressure to give a brown oil, which was purified by silica-gel chromatography (10% MeOH CH 2 Cl 2 as eluant) to give the title compound as a pale yellow oil (0.066g, 23%) which was converted to its oxalate salt mp 208-210°C

J H NMR free base (250MHz, CDCI3) δ(ppm): 8.03 (s, IH), 7.92 (d, 2H), 7.71 (s, IH), 7.62 (d, IH), 7.51 (s, IH), 7.39 (d, 2H), 7.21 (s, IH), 7.11 (dd, IH), 6.88 (d, IH), 6.29 (q, IH), 4.20 (t, 2H), 3.83 (s, 3H), 3.08 (d, 3H), 2.82 (t, 2H), 2.40 (s, 6H), 2.30 (s, 3H)

Example 4 N- -^-Dimethylaminoethoxy -methoxyphenyl . ^'-methyl^'-N, N- dimethylcarboxamidobiphenyI-4-carboxamide

Following the method outlined in Example 3, the product from description 6 (0.150g,

0.530mmole) was transformed into the title compound (0.097 g) which was converted to its oxalate salt mp 181 - 183°C

l U NMR free base (250MHz, CDCI3) δ(ppm): 8.41 (s, IH), 7.97 (d, 2H), 7.58 (s, IH), 7.38 (s, IH), 7.32-7.14 (m, 5H), 6.87 (d, IH), 4.30 (t, 2H), 3.89 (s, 3H), 3.18 (s, 3H), 3.04 (s, 3H), 2.84 (t, 2H), 2.41 (s, 6H), 2.32 (s, 3H)

Example 5 N-[3-(2-DimethyIaminoethoxy)-4-methoxyphenyI]-2'-methyI-4'- carboxamidobiphenyl-4-carboxamide

The product from Description 4 (0.113g, 0.551mmole), and the product from Description 2 (O.llόg, 0.551mmole) were dissolved together in dry DMF (5ml) and EDC.HC1 (O.l l lg, 0.57mmole) was added. The mixture was then stirred at room temperature. After 16h, the reaction mixture was evaporated under reduced pressure to give a brown oil. Water (20ml) was added and the resultant solid filtered off and dried in vacuo, before being recrystallised from methanol to give the title compound as an off white solid (0.013g, 5%) mp 212-213°C

1H NMR (270MHz, d 6 DMSO) δ(ppm): 10.18 (s, IH), 8.04 (d, 3H), 7.90 (s, IH), 7.78 (d, IH), 7.52 (d, 3H), 7.33 (m,

3H), 6.95 (d, IH), 4.04 (t, 2H), 3.79 (s, 3H), 2.64 (t, 2H), 2.30 (s, 3H), 2.20 (s, 6H)

Example 6

N-[3-(2-Dimethylaminoethoxy)-4-methoxyphenyI]-4'-acetyl-2 '-methylbiphenyl-4- carboxamide

The title compound was prepared from 4'-acetyl-2'-methylbiphenyl-4-carboxylic acid (D9) followed a similar procedure to Example 3 (60%) mp 129-130°C.

l H NMR (250MHz, CDCI3)

δ (ppm): 8.00-7.82 (m, 5H), 7.48 (d, IH), 7.43 (d, 2H), 7.32 (d, IH), 7.08 (dd, IH), 6.86 (d, IH), 4.16 (t, 2H), 3.85 (s, 3H), 2.80 (t, 2H), 2.65 (s, 3H), 2.34 (s, 6H), 2.33 (s, 3H)

Example 7 N-[3-(2-Dimethylaminoethoxy)-4-methoxyphenyI]-4'-[l-(methoxy imino)ethyl]-2'- methylbiphenyl-4-carboxamide

Methoxylamine hydrochloride (45mg, 0,54 mmole) was added to a stirred solution of potassium t-butoxide (45mg, 0.40mmole) in methanol (5ml) under argon. After 20 minutes at room temperature, the solution was treated with a solution of N-[3-(2- dimethylarninoethoxy)-4-methoxyphenyl]-4'-actyl-2'-methylbip henyl-4-carboxamide (E6, 120mg, 0.27 mmole) in methanol (3ml) and stirred at room temperature for 18 hours, followed by 1 hour heating under reflux. The solution was allowed to cool, treated with 10% Na C03 solution (40ml) and extracted with ethyl acetate. The extract was dried (Na SO4), concentrated in vacuo and the residue recrystallised from ethyl acetate /60-80 petrol to afford die title compound as a white solid (38mg, 30%) mp 165-167°C.

1H NMR (250MHz, CDCI3) δ (ppm): 7.98 (s, IH), 7.92 (d, 2H), 7.59 (d, IH), 7.56-7.47 (m, 2H), 7.41 (d, 2H), 7.26 (d, IH), 7.08 (dd, IH), 6.84 (d, IH), 4.14 (t, 2H), 4.02 (s, 3H), 3.85 (s, 3H), 2.79 (t, 2H), 2.32 (s, 6H), 2.30 (s, 3H), 2.26 (s, 3H)

Example 8

N-[3-(2-Dimethylaminoethoxy)-4-methoxyphenyI]-4'-[l-(hydr oxyimino)ethyl]-2'- methyIbiphenyl-4-carboxamide

The title compound was prepared from hydroxylamine hydrochloride and N-[3-(2- dimethyla_m^oethoxy)-4-methoxyphenyl]-4'-acetyl-2 I -methylbiphenyl-4-carboxamide (E6) using a similar procedure to Example 7 (34%) mp 219-220°C

*H NMR (200MHz, d 6 DMSO) δ (ppm): 11.25 (s, IH), 10.15 (s, IH), 8.03 (d, 2H), 7.65-7.47 (m, 5H), 7.37 (dd,

IH), 7.27 (d, IH), 6.95 (d, IH), 4.13 (t, 2H), 3.75 (s, 3H), 2.66 (t, 2H), 2.30 (s, 3H), 2.23 (s, 6H), 2.19 (s, 3H)