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Title:
BLOW MOLDED RESIN FURNITURE HAVING A STABILIZING BOX STRUCTURE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2015/069370
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The invention involves a system and method for constructing lawn furniture (10). The system includes box type beam members as well as a large box structure (12) supported above a ground surface. The box structure (12) provides rigidity and stability to the furniture (10) while also functioning as storage space. The components are formed to ship in a dissembled compact state and snap together with minimal use of fasteners and tools.

Inventors:
THUMA, Michael (816 S. Spring Avenue, La Grange, IL, 60525, US)
ANDERSON, Torrence (12220 Connell, Overland Park, KS, 66213, US)
VOGLER, Michael, R. (328 Prairieview Drive, Oswego, IL, 60543, US)
Application Number:
US2014/053555
Publication Date:
May 14, 2015
Filing Date:
August 29, 2014
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
SUNCAST TECHNOLOGIES, LLC (2855 PGA Boulevard, Palm Beach Gardens, FL, 33410, US)
International Classes:
A47C7/62; A47C4/02; A47C4/03; A47C5/12; A47C11/00; A47C17/86
Foreign References:
US20080157571A12008-07-03
GB573876A1945-12-11
US20120248843A12012-10-04
EP2308763A12011-04-13
FR2169688A51973-09-07
FR2198371A51974-03-29
USD483190S2003-12-09
Other References:
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
CAMPBELL, Keith, A. et al. (McHale & Slavin, P.A.2855 PGA Boulevar, Palm Beach Gardens FL, 33410, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

Claim 1. A resin furniture assembly comprising:

a box structure 12, said box structure formed by a first end structure 14, a second end structure 16, a front panel 18, a rear panel 20, a base panel 24 and a seat panel 26 to include a hollow interior portion, said box structure including a plurality of legs for supporting said box structure above a ground surface, a back panel 22, said back panel secured to said box structure to form a seat back, said seat panel secured to said box structure for enclosing the top potion of said box structure, at least one of said first end structure 14, said second end structure 16, said front panel 18, said rear panel 20, or said seat panel 26 being pivotally secured to said box structure for movement between a closed position enclosing said box structure 12 and an open position providing access to an inner portion 82 of said box structure 12, said inner portion of said box structure providing an enclosed storage area .

Claim 2. The resin furniture assembly of claim 1 wherein said first end structure 14 includes an inner wall 32, said second end structure 16 includes an inner wall 32, said first and second end structures 14, 16 being supported in a vertical spaced apart orientation, said front panel 18 being secured to said inner wall 32 of said first and said second end structures 14, 16 at a front portion of said first and said second end structures 14, 16 to be spaced above a ground surface, said rear panel 20 being secured to said inner wall 32 of said first and said second end structures 14, 16 at a rear portion of said first and said second end structures 14, 16 to be spaced above said ground surface, said base panel being secured to said inner wall 32 of said first and said second end structures 14, 16, said base panel being in contact with an inner surface of said front panel 18 and an inner surface of said rear panel 20.

Claim 3. The resin furniture assembly of claim 2 wherein said seat panel is pivotally secured to said inner wall 32 of said first and said second end structures 14, 16.

Claim 4. The resin furniture assembly of claim 2 wherein at least one of said first end structure 14, said second end structure 16, said front panel 18, or said rear panel 20 include a pivoting side door 35 which provides access to said inner portion 82 of said box structure 12, said pivoting side door including a catch member 37 for releasably securing said pivoting side door in a closed position .

Claim 5. The resin furniture assembly of claim 2 wherein at least one of said first end structure 14, said second end structure 16, said front panel 18, or said rear panel 20 include a drawer assembly 61 which provides access to said inner portion 82 of said box structure 12, said drawer assembly 61 including a front panel 63 said front panel suitably secured to a bottom panel 67 and at least three side walls 69, whereby said bottom panel and said at least three side walls slide with said front panel along a track . Claim 6. The resin furniture assembly of claim 2 wherein said first end structure 14 includes a first side panel 30, said first side panel including said inner wall 32, an outer wall 34, and a plurality of edge walls 36 to create an enclosed hollow panel;

said second end structure 16 including a first side panel 30, said first side panel including said inner wall 32, an outer wall 34, and a plurality of edge walls 36 to create an enclosed hollow panel.

Claim 7. The resin furniture assembly of claim 2 wherein said first end structure 14 and said second end structure 16 each include armrest stands 50 extending outwardly from an upper edge wall 36 to support an armrest 52, said armrest stands secured to edges of said back panel 22 for supporting said back panel 22 in a generally vertical orientation.

Claim 8. The resin furniture assembly of claim 7 wherein said inner wall 32 of said armrest stands each include a round dovetail receiver 40, said edges of said back panel 22 including a round dovetail, said round dovetail securable within said round dovetail receiver for securing said back panel to said first end structure 14 and said second end structure 16.

Claim 9. The resin furniture assembly of claim 6 including at least one tack off 28, said at least one tack off 28 including an inwardly extending cavity, said inwardly extending cavity connecting said inner wall 32 to said outer wall 34 of each of said first end structure 14 and said second end structure 16. Claim 10. The resin furniture assembly of claim 6 wherein said first end structure 14, said second end structure 16, said front panel 18, said rear panel 20, said back panel 22, said base panel 24 and said seat panel 26 are formed from a resin plastic material by the process of blow molding to be fully enclosed hollow structural components .

Claim 11. A resin furniture assembly comprising:

a first end structure 14 oriented in a substantially vertical orientation, said first end structure 14 including a first side panel 30, said first side panel including said inner wall 32, an outer wall 34, and a plurality of edge walls 36 to create an enclosed hollow panel;

a second end structure 16 oriented at a substantially vertical orientation, said second end structure 16 including a first side panel 30, said first side panel including said inner wall 32, an outer wall 34, and a plurality of edge walls 36 to create an enclosed hollow panel, said first and said second end structures arranged in a spaced apart arrangement,

a front panel 18 being secured to said inner wall 32 of said first and said second end structures 14, 16 at a front portion of said first and said second end structures 14, 16 to be spaced above a ground surface,

a rear panel 20 being secured to said inner wall 32 of said first and said second end structures 14, 16 at a rear portion of said first and said second end structures 14, 16 to be spaced above said ground surface, a base panel being secured to said inner wall 32 of said first and said second end structures 14, 16, said base panel being in contact with an inner surface of said front panel 18 and an inner surface of said rear panel 20,

a seat panel 26 secured to cover an upper portion of said first end structure 14, said second end structure 16, said front panel 18, and said rear panel 20

said first end structure 14, said second end structure 16, said front panel 18, said rear panel 20 and said seat panel 26 combining to define a box structure, said first end structure and said second end structure including legs for supporting said box structure above a ground surface, at least a portion of one of said first end structure 14, said second end structure 16, said front panel 18, said rear panel 20 or said seat panel 26 being pivotally secured to the adjacent panels for allowing access to an inner portion 82 of said box structure 12, said inner portion of said box structure providing an enclosed storage area within said resin furniture assembly 10.

Claim 12. The resin furniture assembly of claim 11 wherein said first end structure 14, said second end structure 16, said front panel 18, said rear panel 20, said back panel 22, said base panel 24 and said seat panel 26 are formed from a resin plastic material by the process of blow molding to be fully enclosed hollow structural components . Claim 13. The resin furniture assembly of claim 12 wherein said first end structure 14 and said second end structure 16 each include armrest stands 50 extending outwardly from an upper edge wall 36 to support an armrest 52, said armrest stands secured to edges of said back panel 22 for supporting said back panel 22 in a generally vertical orientation.

Claim 14. A blow molded resin furniture assembly having a stabilizing box structure comprising any feature described, either individually or in any combination with any feature, in any configuration.

Claim 15. A method of constructing a blow molded resin furniture assembly having a stabilizing box structure comprising any process described, in any order, using any modality, either individually or in combination with any feature, in any configuration.

Description:
BLOW MOLDED RESIN FURNITURE HAVING A STABILIZING

BOX STRUCTURE

FIELD OF INVENTION

The present invention generally relates to resin furniture, and more particularly to a blow molded box structure for providing structural rigidity to resin furniture, which may also be utilized for storage.

BACKGROUND INFORMATION

Resin furniture, such as patio furniture, is known in the art. Resin furniture is typically injection or blow molded as unitary structures to include at least four elongated legs that extend downwardly from a base seat member. A pair of arms is integrally molded to the legs to secure the back member in position. These structures typically are formed as open L-shaped beams, and not enclosed box structures, to allow for nesting of finished assemblies. A drawback to this construction relates to rigidity and stability. The open beams and the elongated legs create a structure that has very limited weight capacity. In addition, the structures feel unstable by allowing flexure of the structure, which creates uneasiness and a feeling that the structure may collapse to those using the furniture.

It is also known to provide storage within a piece of furniture. Typically, furniture with storage is provided in the form of a deck box that resembles a large bench. In a deck box, storage is provided in the form of a large box, which sets directly on the ground surface and a pivoting lid with sufficient strength to allow a person or two to sit on the lid. A downside to this type of seating is the requirement of a large area of very flat surface for the box structure. Placing the box structure on uneven ground can cause pivoting or tipping of the structure when users sit on the top surface. In addition, the deck boxes are not sufficiently portable for use as patio furniture where users move furniture into groupings, which are often changed .

Thus, there is a need in the art for patio furniture that is molded to include additional rigidity provided by box beam members. The furniture should also include a large stabilizing box structure that provides stability to the furniture and doubles as storage space. In addition, the box structure should be supported above the ground surface by a plurality of legs, which allow the structure to be evenly supported even upon uneven ground surfaces.

Finally, there are ergonomic needs that a resin furniture system must satisfy in order to achieve acceptance by the end user. The resin furniture system must be easily and quickly assembled using minimal hardware and requiring a minimal number of tools. Further, the resin furniture system should not require excessive strength to assemble or include heavy component parts. Moreover, the resin furniture system must assemble together in such a way so as not to detract from the aesthetic appearance of the assembled resin furniture.

Thus, the present invention provides a resin furniture system that utilizes a stabilizing box structure which overcomes the disadvantages of prior art lawn or patio furniture systems. The blow molded resin furniture system of the present invention not only provides for relative ease in assembly and increased weight capacity and rigidity, it also permits the stabilizing box structure to be utilized for storage space.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Briefly, the invention involves a system and method for constructing lawn furniture. The system includes box type beam members, as well as a large box structure supported above a ground surface. The box structure provides rigidity and stability to the furniture while also functioning as storage space. The components are formed to ship in a dissembled compact state and snap together with minimal use of fasteners and tools.

Accordingly, it is an objective of the present invention to provide a system for constructing blow molded resin furniture.

It is a further objective of the present invention to provide a base box structure upon which the resin furniture system is based.

It is yet a further objective of the present invention to provide a box structure, which, in addition to providing structure to the furniture, provides storage space.

It is another objective of the instant invention to provide a system for constructing blow molded resin furniture that can be utilized across a wide variety of furniture types including chairs, loveseats, couches, etc.

Other objectives and advantages of this invention will become apparent from the following description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings wherein are set forth, by way of illustration and example, certain embodiments of this invention. The drawings constitute a part of this specification and include exemplary embodiments of the present invention and illustrate various objects and features thereof.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE FIGURES

Figure 1 is a top right perspective view of one embodiment of the present invention;

Figure 2 is a top rear perspective view of the embodiment shown in Fig. 1;

Figure 3 is a top right perspective view of an alternative embodiment of the present invention;

Figure 4 is a rear view of the embodiment shown in

Fig. 3;

Figure 5 is a perspective view of a box beam end structure illustrating a side panel for the box structure and a gutter system for keeping water out of the box structure;

Figure 6 is a side view of the end structure shown in Fig. 5 illustrating assembly connection points;

Figure 7 is a side view illustrating assembly of the front and rear panels of the box structure to the end structure;

Figure 8 is a perspective view of the assembly illustrated in Figure 7;

Figure 9 is a perspective view illustrating assembly of the back panel to the end structures;

Figure 10 is a perspective view illustrating further assembly of the back panel to the end structures;

Figure 11 is a bottom perspective view illustrating assembly of a base panel to the box structure;

Figure 12 is a perspective view illustrating the bottom side of the seat panel of the present invention; Figure 13 is a perspective view of the embodiment shown in Figure 1, illustrating access to the storage area;

Figure 14 is a perspective view of the embodiment shown in Figure 1, illustrating access to the storage area;

Figure 15 is a perspective view of the embodiment shown in Figure 1, illustrating access to the storage area;

Figure 16 is a partial perspective view of the embodiment shown in Figure 1, illustrating access to the storage area;

Figure 17 is a top right perspective view of one embodiment of the present invention in the form of a couch or loveseat;

Figure 18 is a rear perspective view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 17;

Figure 19 is a top right perspective view illustrating one of the steps to access the internal storage compartment of this embodiment;

Figure 20 is a top right perspective view illustrating a pivotal seat member for access to the internal storage compartment;

Figure 21 illustrates an alternative embodiment of the first end structure;

Figure 22 illustrates an alternative embodiment of the second end structure;

Figure 23 is a side view illustrating assembly of the front and rear panels of the box structure to the end structure ;

Figure 24 is a perspective view illustrating assembly of the front and rear panels of the box structure to the end structure;

Figure 25 is a bottom perspective view illustrating assembly of a base panel to the box structure; Figure 26 is a perspective view illustrating the bottom side of one embodiment of the seat panel of the present invention;

Figure 27 is a perspective view illustrating the bottom side of one embodiment of the seat panel of the present invention;

Figure 28 is a partial perspective view, illustrating installation of the seat member;

Figure 29 is a partial perspective view of the embodiment shown in Figure 28, illustrating the seat member in an unlatched position for accessing the storage area;

Figure 30 is a partial perspective view of the embodiment shown in Figure 1, illustrating the seat panel in a latched position;

Figure 31 is a rear perspective view illustrating assembly of the back panel;

Figure 32 is a rear perspective view illustrating assembly of the back panel;

Figure 33 is a rear perspective view illustrating assembly of the back panel;

Figure 34 is a rear perspective view illustrating assembly of the back panel;

Figure 35 is a rear view illustrating an assembled back panel;

Figure 36 is a partial section view taken along lines

36-36 of Figure 35, illustrating one embodiment of the connection between the back panel and the side panels;

Figure 37 is a front perspective view illustrating access to the interior storage compartment;

Figure 38 is a front perspective view illustrating access to the interior storage compartment; Figure 39 is a front view of an alternative embodiment of the present device in the form of a couch or love seat;

Figure 40 is a top view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 39;

Figure 41 is an end view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 39;

Figure 42 is a rear view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 39;

Figure 43 is a partial section view taken along lines 43-43 of Figure 42, illustrating engagement between the panels that form the sides of the structural enclosure;

Figure 44 is a partial exploded view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 39;

Figure 45 is a partial exploded view illustrating assembly of the base panel;

Figure 46 is a bottom perspective view illustrating the base panel in the assembled position;

Figure 47 is a partial perspective view illustrating assembly of the back panel;

Figure 48 is a rear perspective view illustrating assembly of the back panel;

Figure 49 is a rear perspective view illustrating assembly of the back panel;

Figure 50 is a rear perspective view illustrating assembly of the back panel;

Figure 51 is a front perspective view illustrating assembly of the seat panel;

Figure 52 is a front perspective view illustrating assembly of the seat panel;

Figure 53 is a rear view illustrating the assembled back panel; Figure 54 is a partial section view taken along lines 54-54 of Figure 53, illustrating the interlocking cooperation between the side panels;

Figure 55 is a front perspective view illustrating operation of the seat panel to provide access to the internal storage area;

Figure 56 is a front perspective view illustrating operation of the seat panel to provide access to the internal storage area;

Figure 57 is a top perspective view of an alternative embodiment of the present invention, illustrated with a pivoting front panel;

Figure 58 is a front view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 57;

Figure 59 is a top view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 57;

Figure 60 is a right side view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 57;

Figure 61 is a top perspective view of an alternative embodiment of the present invention, illustrated with a pivoting side panel;

Figure 62 is a front view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 61;

Figure 63 is a top view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 61;

Figure 64 is a right side view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 61;

Figure 65 is a top perspective view of an alternative embodiment of the present invention, illustrated with two pivoting side panels;

Figure 66 is a top right perspective view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 65; Figure 67 is a front view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 65;

Figure 68 is a top view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 65;

Figure 69 is a left side view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 65;

Figure 70 is a right side view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 65;

Figure 71 is a top perspective view of an alternative embodiment of the present invention, illustrated with a sliding drawer within the storage spacer- Figure 72 is a front view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 71;

Figure 73 is a top view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 71;

Figure 74 is a right side view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 71;

Figure 75 is a top perspective view of an alternative embodiment of the present invention, illustrated with a sliding drawer within the storage space;

Figure 76 is a front view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 75;

Figure 77 is a top view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 75;

Figure 78 is a right side view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 75;

Figure 79 is a top perspective view of an alternative embodiment of the present invention, illustrated with a sliding drawer within the storage space;

Figure 80 is a front view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 79; Figure 81 is a rear view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 79;

Figure 82 is a top view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 79;

Figure 83 is a left side view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 79;

Figure 84 is a right side view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 79;

Figure 85 is a top perspective view of an alternative embodiment of the present invention, illustrated with a sliding drawer within the storage space;

Figure 86 is a perspective view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 85;

Figure 87 is a front view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 85;

Figure 88 is a top view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 85;

Figure 89 is a left side view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 85;

Figure 90 is a right side view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 85;

Figure 91 is a top perspective view of an alternative embodiment of the present invention, illustrated with a sliding drawer within the storage space;

Figure 92 is a perspective view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 91;

Figure 93 is a front view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 91;

Figure 94 is a rear view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 91;

Figure 95 is a top view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 91; Figure 96 is a bottom view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 91;

Figure 97 is a left side view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 91;

Figure 98 is a right side view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 91;

Figure 99 is a top left perspective view of an alternative embodiment of the present invention, illustrated with a pivoting seat member for providing access to the storage space;

Figure 100 is a top right perspective view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 99;

Figure 101 is a front view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 99;

Figure 102 is a top view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 99;

Figure 103 is a left side view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 99;

Figure 104 is a right side view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 99;

Figure 105 is a top right perspective view of an alternative embodiment of the present invention, illustrated with a pivoting seat member for providing access to the storage space;

Figure 106 is a front view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 105;

Figure 107 is a top view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 105;

Figure 108 is a left side view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 105;

Figure 109 is a right side view of the embodiment illustrated in Figure 105. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS While the present invention is susceptible of embodiment in various forms, there is shown in the drawings and will hereinafter be described a presently preferred embodiment with the understanding that the present disclosure is to be considered an exemplification of the invention and is not intended to limit the invention to the specific embodiments illustrated.

Referring generally to Figures 1-16, a resin furniture system 10 which provides increased rigidity, weight capacity and storage is illustrated. The system includes a box structure 12 about which the remaining components of the furniture are secured or formed to create a structurally integrated piece of furniture. In general, a piece of furniture in the form of a chair, as illustrated in Figure 1, includes the box structure 12 formed by a first end structure 14, a second end structure 16, a front panel 18, rear panel 20, back panel 22, base panel 24 and seat panel 26. The first and second end structures 14, 16, as well as the panel members 18, 20, 22, 24 (Fig. 11) and 26, are preferably formed from a resin plastic material by the process of blow molding or injection molding to be fully enclosed hollow structural pieces. Tack offs 28 of various sizes and shapes may be utilized to connect the walls that form the enclosed end structures and panels as desired for additional rigidity and structural integrity. In this manner, the same end structures and assembly techniques can be utilized to construct a family of furniture that includes different lengths; and thus, can accommodate a different number of persons. As shown, Figures 1 and 2 illustrate a chair while Figures 3 and 4 illustrate a couch or loveseat utilizing the same end structures and panels of different length.

Referring to Figures 5 and 6, an end structure 14, 16 is illustrated. The end structures 14, 16 are substantially alike constructed mirror images of one another; and thus, the present disclosure will focus on the structural elements and positioning of the second end structure 16 with those skilled in the art being capable of understanding the principles necessary to construct the mirror image thereof for end structure 14.

The end structure 16 includes a first side panel 30. The first side panel includes an inner wall 32, an outer wall 34 (Figure 11), and a plurality of edge walls 36 to create an enclosed hollow panel. Tack offs 28 are positioned in rows to connect the inner and outer walls 32, 34 for increased structural integrity. Also included on the inner wall 32 are keyhole slots 38, round dovetail receivers 40, threaded apertures 42, rain gutter 44, hinge slot 45 and base panel wedge locks 46, 47. Legs 48 extend outwardly from the lower edge wall 36 while armrest stands 50 extend outwardly from an upper edge wall 36 to support the armrest 52. The outer wall 34 (Figure 11) is generally smooth and may include aesthetically enhancing features such as faux wicker, faux wood grain, wood slats or the like integrally molded into the resin.

Referring to Figures 7-12, assembly of the resin furniture is illustrated with one end structure omitted for clarity. In general, the first and second end structures 14, 16 are supported in a vertical orientation so that front panel 18, which includes keys 54 sized and shaped to cooperate with keyhole slots 38, is secured to both end structures 14, 16. In operation, the keys 54 are inserted into the keyhole slots 38 and slid in a downward direction to secure the front panel 18 into position. The wedge shape of the keys 54 insures a tight inter-fitting relationship without slack between the panels. The rear panel 20 includes a round dovetail 56 and a fastener tab 58. In operation, the round dovetail 56 is inserted into the round dovetail receivers 40, allowing the panel to be rotated until the apertures in the tabs 58 align with the threaded apertures 42. A threaded fastener (not shown) is then utilized to secure the tab to the respective end structure 14, 16.

Figures 7-10 illustrate assembly of the back panel 22 to the end structures 14, 16. The back panel is formed as an enclosed hollow panel member including a front wall 60, a rear wall 62 and edge walls 64. The side edge walls 64 include a round dovetail 56 and a fastener tab 58 integrally formed thereto. In operation, the round dovetail 56 is slid into the round dovetail receivers 40 positioned on the inner wall 32 of the arm stands 50 and pulled upwardly to engage the dovetail to the round dovetail receivers 40, allowing rotation between the two panels. The fastener tabs 58 align with threaded apertures 42. Plastic fasteners are then utilized to secure the back panel into position.

Referring to Figure 11, assembly of the bottom panel

24 is illustrated. In general, the bottom panel is constructed as a hollow enclosed member by the process of blow molding, and may include outwardly extending posts (not shown) which cooperate with the end structures 14, 16 or front and rear panels 18, 20. In the preferred embodiment, the bottom panel 24 is secured to furniture structure by inverting the furniture structure for access to the bottom thereof. The bottom panel 24 is placed against the wedge locks 46, 47 and pressed until the bottom panel passes the lower wedge locks 47 and contacts the upper wedge locks 46. Fasteners or the like may be utilized to secure the bottom panel if desired.

Referring to Figures 12-16, construction, installation and operation of the seat panel 26 is illustrated. In general, the seat panel 26 is formed as a hollow structure to include an inner wall 66, an outer wall 68, and edge walls 70. The inner wall 66 includes tack offs 28 as well as a metal pocket 78 to provide structural integrity to the seat panel 26. The tack offs 28 connect the inner and outer walls 66, 68 together, while the pocket 78 is sized to accept a steel bar (not shown) . In a preferred embodiment, the pocket 78 is constructed and arranged to allow for a snap fit of the steel bar into the pocket. However, it should be noted that fasteners may be used in addition to or in place of the snap fit arrangement without departing from the scope of the invention. Snap detents 80 are formed as protuberances on the inner wall 66 for cooperation with the rear panel 20 in operation to hold the seat panel 26 in a closed position. A hand grip 76 is formed into the inner wall 66 for use in manipulating the seat panel between open and closed positions. Hinge pins 72 are provided along the edge wall 70 for sliding and pivoting connection to the elongated hinge slot 45 (Fig. 6) positioned on the inner wall 32 of the end structures 14, 16. In operation, the seat panel 26 is tilted to insert one hinge pin 72 into a hinge slot 45. The seat panel is pressed downwardly until the opposite hinge pin engages the hinge slot, allowing the seat panel to slide back and forth for the length of the slot, as illustrated in Figures 13 and 14, while being pivotable to allow access to the inner portion/storage area 82 of the box structure 12. The inner portion 82 of the box structure 12 can be utilized for weather resistant storage of any object that will fit within the inner portion. One example would be storage of cushions for the chair (not shown) . The inner portion, thereby, provides a dry and insect resistant area for storage. In this manner, cushions and other items prone to mold growth, when not enclosed, can be stored within the chair for extended periods of time and taken out as needed for use. The detents 80 cooperate with the rear panel 20 to hold the seat panel in the rearward position. Pulling the seat panel 26 forward allows the rotation of the seat panel for access to the inner portion/storage area 82 within the structural box 12. When in a closed position, the rain gutter 44 (Figure 5) on the inner wall 32 of the end structure 14, 16 provides support to the side portions of the seat panel 26 while also cooperating with the rain gutter 74 positioned on the inner wall 66 of the seat panel 26 to channel water away from the inner portion 82 of the box structure 12 to keep contents stored therein dry. In addition, a tortuous path 84 (Fig. 43) may be provided between the end structures and the front and rear panels to reduce the ability of insects finding their way into the inner portion.

Referring to Figures 17-20 and 39-56, an alternative embodiment of the present invention is illustrated. This embodiment provides a couch or loveseat 90 including an elongated seat whereby more than one person may sit upon the resin structure while storage is provided within the box structure 12. The box structure provides increased rigidity, weight capacity and storage. The system includes a box structure 12 about which the remaining components of the couch 90 are secured or formed to create a structurally integrated piece of furniture. As illustrated in Figures 17-20 and 39-56, the box structure 12 is formed by a first end structure 14, a second end structure 16, a front panel 118, rear panel 120, back panel 122, base panel 124 and seat panel 126. The first and second end structures 14, 16, as well as the panel members 118, 120, 122, 124 and 126, are preferably formed from a resin plastic material by the process of blow molding or injection molding to be fully enclosed hollow structural pieces. Tack offs 28 of various sizes and shapes may be utilized to connect the walls that form the enclosed end structures and panels as desired for additional rigidity and structural integrity. In this manner, the same end structures and assembly techniques can be utilized to construct a family of furniture that includes different lengths; and thus, can accommodate a different number of persons.

Referring to Figures 21 and 22, an end structure 14, 16 is illustrated. The end structures 14, 16 are substantially alike constructed mirror images of one another; and thus, the present disclosure will focus on the structural elements and positioning of the second end structure 16, with those skilled in the art being capable of understanding the principles necessary to construct the mirror image thereof for end structure 14.

The end structure 16 includes a first side panel 30. (Fig. 41) The first side panel includes an inner wall 32, an outer wall 34 (Figure 11), and a plurality of edge walls 36 to create an enclosed hollow panel. Tack offs 28 are positioned in rows to connect the inner and outer walls 32, 34 for increased structural integrity. Also included on the inner wall 32 are docking slots 92, round dovetail receivers 40, threaded apertures 42, rain gutter 44, hinge slot 45, offset slot 94, seat panel catch 96 and base panel wedge lock 46. Legs 48 extend outwardly from the lower edge wall 36 while armrest stands 50 extend outwardly from an upper edge wall 36 to support the armrest 52. The outer wall 34 (Figure 11) is generally smooth and may include aesthetically enhancing features such as faux wicker, faux wood grain, wood slats or the like integrally molded into the resin. In general, the end structures secure and support all of the remaining panels utilized to construct the furniture. The inner and outer walls enclose the structure for rigidity, strength and weather resistance while the legs support the panels, and thus, the box structure above the ground surface for stability, while also providing weather and insect resistance. The armrest stands 50 and armrests 52 also provide an additional box structure suitable for supporting the panels and weight associated with people and objects which may occupy the furniture.

Referring to Figures 23-38 and 43-56, assembly of the resin furniture is illustrated with one end structure omitted for clarity. In general, the first and second end structures 14, 16 are supported in a vertical orientation so that front panel 18, 118, which includes bosses 91 and flanges 93 sized and shaped to cooperate with docking slots 92, is secured to both end structures 14, 16. In operation, the bosses 91 and flanges 93 are inserted into the docking slots 92 and threaded fasteners 95 are used to secure the front panel 118, into position. The threaded fasteners 95 are also preferably constructed from plastic to include an oversized head portion 97 and a threaded stem. The overlapping cooperation between the bosses and the docking slots create a tortuous path 84 (Fig. 43) for a tight inter-fitting relationship without slack between the panels that resists water and insect penetration. The flanges 93 are oriented an angle with respect to both panels to pull the panels into a tight inter-fitting relationship while providing resistance to be pulled apart from multiple directions. An aperture 99 is provided in each flange for cooperation with the threaded fastener 95. A hand tool 11 may be utilized to assemble the furniture on a desired site, permitting the furniture to be shipped in a disassembled state to reduce shipping costs.

Figures 31-36 and 47-54 illustrate assembly of the back panel 22, 122 to the end structures 14, 16. The back panel is formed as an enclosed hollow panel member including a front wall 60, a rear wall 62 and edge walls 64. The side edge walls 64 include a round dovetail 56 and a fastener tab 58 integrally formed thereto. In operation, the round dovetail 56 is slid into the round dovetail receivers 40 positioned on the inner wall 32 of the arm stands 50 and pulled upwardly to engage the dovetail 56 to the dovetail receiver 40, securing the panels together while allowing rotation between the two panels. The panel is rotated so that the fastener tabs 58 align with the threaded apertures 42. Plastic fasteners 95 are then utilized to secure the back panel 22, 122 into position. Covers 13 are then utilized to cover the fastener 95 and tab 58 for aesthetic purposes. In a preferred embodiment, the covers are constructed and arranged to be snapped into position, whereby spring tabs 15 hold the cover in position. The tabs 93 are oriented at an angle with respect to both panels to pull the panels into a tight inter-fitting relationship while providing resistance to be pulled apart from multiple directions. An aperture 99 is provided in each tab for cooperation with the threaded fastener 95. It should also be noted that some embodiments include a support post 17 (Figure 48) integrally formed onto a bottom edge surface for supporting additional weight on wider back panels 122. The support post is generally an enclosed structure sized to extend downwardly to the upper surface of the rear panel 120. A hand tool 11 may be utilized to assemble the furniture on a desired site; permitting the furniture to be shipped in a disassembled state to reduce shipping costs.

Referring to Figures 25, 45 and 46, assembly of the bottom panel 24, 124 is illustrated. In general, the bottom panel is constructed as a hollow enclosed member by the process of blow molding, and may include outwardly extending pins 21 and posts 23 which cooperate with the end structures 14, 16 as well as the front and rear panels 18, 118, 20, 120. In the preferred embodiment, the bottom panel 24, 124 is secured to the furniture structure by inverting the furniture structure for access to the bottom area thereof. The pins 21 of the bottom panel 24, 124 are guided into the offset slots 94 until reaching the end of the offset slot where a side shift of the bottom panel causes the pins to snap past a detent 65 which holds the pins in position, allowing the bottom panel to be rotated until the posts 23 contact the wedge locks 46, 47. Continued pressure causes the inner wall of the end panels to flex sufficiently to allow the bottom panel to pass the lower wedge locks 47 and come into contact with the upper wedge locks 46, securing the bottom panel in position. In an alternative embodiment, fasteners or the like may be utilized to secure the bottom panel into position.

Referring to Figures 12-20, 26-38 and 51-56, construction, installation and operation of the seat panel 26, 126 is illustrated. In general, the seat panel 26, 126 is formed as a hollow structure to include an inner wall 66, 166, an outer wall 68, 168, and edge walls 70. The inner wall 66, 166 includes tack offs 28 as well as a metal pocket 78 to provide structural integrity to the seat panel 26, 126. The tack offs 28 connect the inner and outer walls 66, 68 together, or place them in close proximity, while the pocket is sized to accept a steel bar 25. In a preferred embodiment, the pocket 78 is constructed and arranged to allow for a snap fit of the steel bar 25 into the pocket 78. However, it should be noted that fasteners may be used in addition to or in place of the snap fit arrangement without departing from the scope of the invention. Snap detents 80 are formed as protuberances on the edge walls 70 for cooperation with the seat panel catch 96 positioned on the inner surface of the end panels 14, 16 to hold the seat panel 26, 126 in a releasably closed position. A hand grip 76 is formed into the inner wall 66 for use in manipulating the seat panel between open and closed positions. Hinge pins 72 are provided along the edge wall 70 for sliding and pivoting connection to the elongated hinge slot 45 positioned on the inner wall 32 of the end structures 14, 16. In operation, the seat panel 26, 126 is tilted to insert one hinge pin 72 into a hinge slot 45 (Fig. 28, 44, 51) . The seat panel is pressed downwardly until the opposite hinge pin 72 engages the hinge slot 45, allowing the seat panel to slide back and forth for the length of the hinge slot, as illustrated in Figures 29-30 and 52-55, while being pivotable to allow access to the inner portion 82 of the box structure 12. The inner portion 82 of the box structure 12 can be utilized for weather resistant storage of any object that will fit within the inner portion. One example would be storage of cushions for the chair (not shown) . The inner portion, thereby, provides a dry and insect resistant area for storage. In this manner, cushions and other items prone to mold growth, when not enclosed, can be stored within the chair for extended periods of time and taken out as needed for use. The detents 80 cooperate with the panel catches 96 to hold the seat panel in the rearward position. Pulling the seat panel 26, 126 forward (Figs. 37-55) allows the rotation of the seat panel for access to the inner portion/storage area 82 within the structural box 12. When in a closed position, the rain gutter 44 (Fig. 54) on the inner wall 32 of the end structure 14, 16 provides support to the side portions of the seat panel 26 while also cooperating with the rain gutter bead 74 positioned on the inner wall 66 of the seat panel 26, 126 to channel water away from the inner portion of the box structure 12 to keep contents stored therein dry. In addition, a tortuous path 84 (Fig. 43) may be provided between the end structures and the front and rear panels to reduce the ability of insects finding their way into the inner portion.

Referring to Figures 61-70, alternative embodiments of the present device are illustrated. These embodiments are constructed to be the same as the previous embodiment, with the addition of at least one pivoting side door 35 which provides access to the internal storage area 82. Each pivoting side door 35 includes a hinge assembly, which may be the same or similar to the hinge assembly utilized for seat member 26, 126. Catch member 37 is preferably formed to an edge of each pivoting assembly for cooperation with an end member for holding the pivoting door in a releasably closed position.

Referring to Figures 71-94, alternative embodiments of the present device are illustrated. These embodiments are constructed to be substantially the same as the previous embodiments with the addition of at least one drawer assembly 61. The drawer assembly may be slidably secured to extend outwardly from any side or end panel member without departing from the scope of the invention. In a preferred embodiment, the drawer assembly 61 includes a front panel 63 which may include a handle 65 suitable for grasping by hand. The front panel is suitably secured to the drawer having a bottom panel 67 and side walls 69. The drawer assembly may also be provided with cooperating slide members 77 (Fig. 79) . Alternatively, the drawer assemblies may be constructed and arranged to slide within tracks 71 formed on the inner surface of the end panel members or front and rear panel members. In this manner the drawers are contained in their sliding movement without the need for complex slide members. Snap locks 73 or the like may also be provided to hold the drawers in a normally closed position .

Referring to Figures 99-109, alternative embodiments of the present device are illustrated. These embodiments are constructed to be substantially the same as the previous embodiments with the exception of form. These chairs and love seats are constructed to appear as Adirondack chairs, yet include the same box structure 12 and under seat storage area 82 as the previous embodiments. Like the previous embodiments, these embodiments are constructed from plastic components formed by the process of blow molding and include surface texture. In these embodiments, the surface texture causes the furniture to appear to be constructed from a plurality of boards like a standard Adirondack chair. Like the other embodiment, these embodiments may utilize the pivoting seat member 26, 126, drawer assembly 61 or pivoting panel 35 to provide access to the storage area 82 within the box structure 12.

Thus, a resin furniture system having a structural box assembly has been illustrated. It is to be understood that while a certain form of the invention is illustrated, it is not to be limited to the specific form or arrangement of parts herein described and shown. It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various changes may be made without departing from the scope of the invention, and the invention is not to be considered limited to what is shown and described in the specification.

One skilled in the art will readily appreciate that the present invention is well adapted to carry out the objects and obtain the ends and advantages mentioned, as well as those inherent therein. Any compounds, methods, procedures and techniques described herein are presently representative of the preferred embodiments, are intended to be exemplary and are not intended as limitations on the scope. Changes therein and other uses will occur to those skilled in the art which are encompassed within the spirit of the invention and are defined by the scope of the appended claims. Although the invention has been described in connection with specific preferred embodiments, it should be understood that the invention as claimed should not be unduly limited to such specific embodiments. Indeed, various modifications of the described modes for carrying out the invention which are obvious to those skilled in the art are intended to be within the scope of the following claims.