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Title:
BOLT CUTTER
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/191634
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A cutter comprises one or more blades, a hinge coupled to the blades, and one or more adjustable handles pivotally coupled to the hinge. When being adjusted, the one or more adjustable handles permit adjusting their positions with respect to the opposing handle without concurrently actuating the blades.

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Inventors:
BLUMENTHAL, Aaron S. (2624 North 62nd Street, Wauwatosa, Wisconsin, 53213, US)
WILLIAMS, Aaron M. (2537 North Murray Avenue, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 53211, US)
TUCHSCHERER, Andrew M. (2603 North 70th Street, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 53213, US)
Application Number:
US2019/024913
Publication Date:
October 03, 2019
Filing Date:
March 29, 2019
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
MILWAUKEE ELECTRIC TOOL CORPORATION (13135 West Lisbon Road, Brookfield, Wisconsin, 53005, US)
International Classes:
B23D29/02; B26B17/02
Foreign References:
US20170165852A12017-06-15
US20120304473A12012-12-06
US20020073557A12002-06-20
EP2682233A12014-01-08
US5862597A1999-01-26
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
CAMPBELL, Derek H. et al. (1000 North Water Street, Suite 1700Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 53202, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

WE CLAIM:

1. A cutter comprising:

a first blade;

a second blade;

a hinge coupled to the first and second blades and configured to actuate the first and second blades, the hinge comprising:

a first link defining a first aperture centered around a first axis, the first aperture comprising a first set of recesses; and

a second link defining a second aperture centered around a second axis;

a first adjustable handle pivotally coupled to the first link, the first adjustable handle defining a third aperture centered around the first axis and comprising a third set of recesses; a locking button that actuates along the first axis and rotates around the first axis, the locking button comprises a set of shoulders that protrude radially away from the first axis, the set of shoulders sized to be received concurrently within both the first set of recesses and the third set of recesses, at least one shoulder of the set of shoulders extends an arcuate distance of at least 20 degrees with respect to the first axis; and

a second adjustable handle pivotally coupled to the second link at the second axis.

2. The cutter of claim 1, the cutter further comprising a biasing element that biases the locking button in a first direction along the first axis to a position in which the set of shoulders interfaces both the first set of recesses and the third set of recesses.

3. The cutter of claim 1, the locking button configured to actuate along the first axis to a position in which the set of shoulders do not interface the first set of recesses.

4. The cutter of claim 1, wherein the set of shoulders define arcuate surfaces that protrude from the locking button.

5. The cutter of claim 1, wherein the at least one shoulder extends an arcuate distance between 20 degrees and 40 degrees with respect to the first axis.

6. The cutter of claim 1, wherein the at least one shoulder extends an arcuate distance between 25 degrees and 35 degrees with respect to the first axis.

7. The cutter of claim 1, wherein the at least one shoulder extends an arcuate distance between 29 degrees and 33 degrees with respect to the first axis.

8. The cutter of claim 1, wherein each shoulder in the set of shoulders extends an arcuate distance at least 20 degrees with respect to the first axis.

9. The cutter of claim 1, wherein each shoulder in the set of shoulders extends between 20 degrees and 40 degrees with respect to the first axis.

10. A cutter comprising:

a first blade;

a second blade;

a first locking button that actuates along a first axis and rotates around the first axis, the first locking button defines a first base surface and a first set of shoulders that protrude radially away from the first axis past the first base surface, wherein at least one shoulder of the first set of shoulders extends at least 10% further from the first axis than the first base surface;

a second locking button that actuates along a second axis and rotates around the second axis, the second locking button defines a second base surface and a second set of shoulders that protrude radially away from the second axis past the second base surface, wherein at least one shoulder of the second set of shoulders extends at least 10% further from the second axis than the second base surface;

a hinge coupled to the first and second blades and configured to actuate the first and second blades, the hinge comprising:

a first link defining a first aperture centered around the first axis, the first aperture comprising a first set of recesses that interface with the first set of shoulders; and

a second link defining a second aperture centered around the second axis, the second aperture comprising a second set of recesses that interface with the second set of shoulders;

a first adjustable handle pivotally coupled to the first link, the first adjustable handle defining a third aperture centered around the first axis and comprising a third set of recesses that interface with the first set of shoulders protruding from the first locking button; and

a second adjustable handle pivotally coupled to the second link, the second adjustable handle defining a fourth aperture centered around the second axis and comprising a fourth set of recesses that interface with the second set of shoulders protruding from the second locking button.

11. The cutter of claim 10, the cutter further comprising:

a first biasing element that biases the first locking button in a first direction along the first axis to a position in which the first set of shoulders interfaces both the first set of recesses and the third set of recesses; and

a second biasing element that biases the second locking button in a second direction along the second axis to a position in which the second set of shoulders interfaces both the second set of recesses and the fourth set of recesses.

12. The cutter of claim 10, the first locking button configured to actuate along the first axis to a position in which the first set of shoulders do not interface against the first set of recesses, and the second locking button configured to actuate along the second axis to a position in which the second set of shoulders do not interface against the second set of recesses.

13. The cutter of claim 10, wherein the at least one shoulder of the first set of shoulders and the at least one shoulder of the second set of shoulders extend between 10% and 20% further from the first axis than the first base surface.

14. The cutter of claim 10, wherein the at least one shoulder of the first set of shoulders and the at least one shoulder of the second set of shoulders extend between 12% and 16% further from the first axis than the first base surface.

15. The cutter of claim 10, wherein each shoulder of the first set of shoulders and the second set of shoulders extends at least 10% further from the first axis than the first base surface.

16. The cutter of claim 10, wherein each shoulder of the first set of shoulders and the second set of shoulders extends between 10% and 20% further from the first axis than the first base surface.

17. A cutter comprising:

a first blade;

a second blade;

a first locking button that actuates along a first axis and rotates around the first axis, the first locking button defines a first base surface and comprises a first set of shoulders that protrude radially away from the first axis, wherein at least two neighboring shoulders of the first set of shoulders are disposed at least 50 arcuate degrees apart from each other with respect to the first axis;

a hinge coupled to the first and second blades and configured to actuate the first and second blades, the hinge comprising:

a first link defining a first aperture centered around the first axis, the first aperture comprising a first set of recesses that interface with the first set of shoulders; and

a second link;

a first adjustable handle pivotally coupled to the first link, the first adjustable handle defining a second aperture centered around the first axis and comprising a second set of recesses that interface with the first set of shoulders protruding from the first locking button; and

a second handle coupled to the second link.

18. The cutter of claim 17, wherein the at least two neighboring shoulders of the first set of shoulders are disposed between 50 arcuate degrees and 70 arcuate degrees apart from each other with respect to the first axis.

19. The cutter of claim 17, wherein each of the neighboring shoulders of the first set of shoulders are disposed at least 50 arcuate degrees apart from each other with respect to the first axis.

20. The cutter of claim 17, wherein each of the neighboring shoulders of the first set of shoulders are disposed at least 55 arcuate degrees apart from each other with respect to the first axis.

Description:
BOLT CUTTER

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED PATENT APPLICATION

[0001] This application claims the benefit of and priority to U.S. Provisional Application No. 62/650,764, filed March 30, 2018, which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0002] The present disclosure relates generally to the field of tools. The present disclosure relates specifically to a cutting tool, such as a bolt cutter, that includes one or more adjustable handles.

[0003] Bolt cutters are used for a variety of applications, not the least of which is cutting bolts. Traditionally, bolt cutters have two handles coupled to a cutting head. The handles pivot towards and away from each other in concert with the blades in the cutting head concurrently pivoting.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0004] This disclosure describes one or more embodiments of a cutter, such as a bolt cutter.

In one embodiment a cutter includes a first blade, a second blade, a hinge, a locking button and two handles. The hinge is coupled to the blades and actuates the first and second blades (e.g., towards and away from each other). The hinge includes two links. The first link defines a first aperture having a first set of recesses, and the second link defines a second aperture. The first handle is pivotally coupled to the first link at the first aperture so that a third aperture, defined by the first handle and including a third set of recesses, is aligned with the first axis. The locking button actuates along the aligned apertures (e.g., a first axis aligned with the first and third apertures) and rotates around their shared axis. The locking button includes a set of shoulders that protrude radially away from its center (e.g., away from the first axis). The set of shoulders are sized to be received concurrently within both the first and the third sets of recesses. At least one shoulder of the set of shoulders extends an arcuate distance of at least 20 degrees with respect to the first axis. In specific embodiments the cutter includes a biasing element (e.g., a spring) that biases the locking button along the first axis to a position in which the locking button’s shoulders interface both the first and third sets of recesses.

[0005] In one embodiment, a cutter includes at least two blades, at least two locking buttons, a hinge, and at least two handles. The locking button actuates along and rotate around distinct axes. The locking buttons define a base surface and a set of shoulders that protrude radially away from the respective axis past the respective base surface. At least one shoulder extends at least 10% further from the respective axis than the respective base surface. The hinge is coupled to and actuates the blades. The hinge includes two links, each of which defines an aperture aligned with one of the locking buttons. Each link’s aperture includes recesses that interface with the shoulders of the locking button it shares an axis with. The first handle is pivotally coupled to the first link and defines an aperture centered on an axis of one of the locking buttons. The first handle’s aperture includes a third set of recesses that interface with the shoulders of the locking button that the first handle pivots with respect to. The second handle is similarly situated, except with respect to the second locking button and the second link.

[0006] In one embodiment a cutter includes two blades, a locking button, a hinge, and two handles. The locking button actuates along and rotates around the first axis. The locking button defines a first base surface and includes shoulders that protrude radially away from the first axis. At least two neighboring shoulders of the shoulders are disposed at least 50 arcuate degrees apart from each other with respect to the first axis. The hinge is coupled to the blades and configured to actuate the blades. The hinge includes a first link that defines a first aperture centered around the first axis. The first aperture includes recesses that interface with the shoulders. The first handle is pivotally coupled to the first link. The first handle defines an aperture centered around the first axis and includes recesses that interface with the shoulders protruding from the first locking button. The second handle is coupled to the second link.

[0007] Additional features and advantages will be set forth in the detailed description which follows, and, in part, will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art from the description or recognized by practicing the embodiments as described in the written description included, as well as the appended drawings. It is to be understood that both the foregoing general description and the following detailed description are exemplary.

[0008] The accompanying drawings are included to provide further understanding and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification. The drawings illustrate one or more embodiments and, together with the description, serve to explain principles and operation of the various embodiments.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0009] Fig. l is a side view of a bolt cutter according to one embodiment with handles in a first position.

[0010] Fig. 2 is a side view of the bolt cutter of Fig. 1 with the handles in a second position, according to an embodiment.

[0011] Fig. 3 is a perspective view of a handle adjustment mechanism of the bolt cutter of Fig. 1, according to an embodiment.

[0012] Fig. 4 is a perspective view of a link of the bolt cutter and handle adjustment mechanism of Fig. 3, according to an embodiment.

[0013] Fig. 5 is a perspective view of a locking button of the handle adjustment mechanism of Fig. 3, according to an embodiment.

[0014] Fig. 6 is an end view of the locking button and a portion of the handle of the bolt cutter with the locking button in a first position, according to an embodiment.

[0015] Fig. 7 is a perspective side view of a portion of the handle of Fig. 6, according to an embodiment.

[0016] Fig. 8 is a bottom view of a locking button, according to an embodiment.

[0017] Fig. 9 is an exploded side view of a locking button, according to an embodiment.

[0018] Fig. 10 is a perspective side view of a locking button, according to an embodiment.

[0019] Fig. 11 is a top view of a locking button according to the cross-section defined in Fig.

10, according to an embodiment.

[0020] Fig. 12 is an exploded view of a handle adjustment mechanism, according to an embodiment. [0021] Fig. 13 is a perspective side view of a portion of a handle, according to an embodiment.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0022] Referring generally to the figures, various embodiments of a bolt cutter and elements thereof are shown. Various embodiments of a bolt cutter discussed herein include one or more handles that are pivotally adjustable with respect to the blades.

[0023] In one embodiment, a bolt cutter comprises two blades, a compound hinge coupled to the two blades, and two adjustable handles pivotally coupled to the compound hinge via locking buttons. The position of the handles can be adjusted without actuating the blades. This functionality permits the user to customize the arc that the handles traverse to actuate the blades. This type of adjustment can be useful in cutting environments that are physically crowded so that the standard positioning of the handles may not be easy or possible to use. The locking buttons include protrusions that selectively interface with recess in the handle and the hinge. To adjust the position of the handle, the locking button is moved so the protrusions do not interface with the recesses in the compound hinge. The handle’s position is adjusted and the locking button protrusions reengage both the hinge and the handle. The relative size of the protrusions in the locking button is large relative to the body of the locking button, permitting larger tolerances for manufacturing than if the protrusions were smaller.

[0024] Fig. 1 illustrates a cutting tool, shown as a bolt cutter 10 in the illustrated

embodiment. Although the cutting tool is described herein as a bolt cutter 10, the tool can be used to cut other objects, such as chain, locks, wood, cable, wire, and the like. Bolt cutter 10 includes first blade 12 and second blade 14 that pivot relative to each other to cut a workpiece. The illustrated embodiment of bolt cutter 10 further includes a hinge, shown as compound hinge 16, handle 18, and handle 20 that are operable to pivot blades 12, 14 to cut the workpiece.

[0025] Compound hinge 16 includes first link 22 and second link 24. Second link 24 is shown in Fig. 3 along with a portion of handle 20. As will be discussed in more detail below, handle 20 is rotatable about axis 28 relative to link 24 to adjust angle 30 of handle 20 relative to cutting plane 32 (see Figs. 1 and 2). Angle 30 between cutting plane 32 and handle 18 is similarly adjustable although the angular adjustment will only be described in regard to handle 20 and link 24.

[0026] Referring to Fig. 4, link 24 includes first aperture 36 and second aperture 38 with gap 40 between apertures 36, 38. Apertures 36, 38 each include recesses 42 that are arcuate shaped and are spaced evenly around the perimeter of apertures 36, 38. In the illustrated embodiment each aperture 36, 38 includes eight recesses 42. In other embodiments, apertures 36, 38 can include fewer or more than eight recesses 42 around the perimeter.

[0027] Referring to Fig. 7, handle 20 includes end portion 44 having aperture 46 that extends through end portion 44. End portion 44 is received in gap 40 of link 24 (see Figs. 3 and 4). With continued reference to Fig. 7, aperture 46 includes recesses 48 that are arcuate shaped and are spaced evenly around the perimeter of aperture 46. Recesses 48 of handle 20 are the same shape as recesses 42 of link 24. In the illustrated embodiment, aperture 46 of handle 20 includes four recesses 48. In other embodiments, aperture 46 can include fewer or more than four recesses 48.

[0028] Locking button 50 extends through apertures 36, 38 of link 24 and aperture 46 of handle 20. Locking button 50 locks link 24 and handle 20 together for movement to operate bolt cutter 10 to cut a workpiece. Locking button 50 can be actuated along axis 28 by pushing locking button 50 along pivot axis 52 in direction of arrow 54 (Fig. 6) to allow the user to rotate handle 20 relative to link 24 to adjust angle 30 (see Figs. 1 and 2). Locking button 50 includes a first set of shoulders 58 and a second set of shoulders 60 spaced from the first set of shoulders 58 by a base surface 62. The shoulders 58, 60 are arcuate shaped and sized to be removably received in the recesses 42 of the link 24 and the recesses 48 of the handle 20. That is, the shoulders 58, 60 can slide into and out of the recesses 42, 48. Shoulders 58, 60 protrude past base surface 64 of locking button 50. Base surface 64 encircles axis 28 between shoulders 58,

60.

[0029] Fig. 6 illustrates locking button 50 in position for cutting operation of bolt cutter 10. In the position of Fig. 6, the first set of shoulders 58 of locking button 50 are received in recesses 42 of second aperture 38 of link 24. Meanwhile, the second set of shoulders 60 are received in both recesses 48 of handle 20 and recesses 42 of first aperture 36 of link 24. This position of locking button 50 couples handle 20 and link 24 for co-rotation to move blades 12, 14 to cut a workpiece. If the user desires to change angle 30 of handles 18, 20 (Fig. 1), the user pushes biasing interface 72 to actuate locking button 50 in the direction of arrow 54 to move locking button 50 along axis 52 relative to link 24 and handle 20. This relative movement causes the first set of shoulders 58 to move out of recesses 42 of second aperture 38 of link 24 thereby causing smooth base surface 62 to be adjacent recesses 42. The movement also causes the second set of shoulders 60 to move out of recesses 42 of first aperture 36 of link 24 and entirely within recesses 48 of handle 20. Therefore, smooth base surface 62 is adjacent recesses 42 of link 24. This position of locking button 50 with respect to link 24 allows the user to rotate handle 20 about axis 28 relative to link 24 to adjust angle 30. When handle 20 is at the desired position, locking button 50 is moved back to the position illustrated in Fig. 6 and described above for cutting operation. First link 22 and handle 18 include a similar arrangement that provides for adjustment of angle 30.

[0030] Referring to Figs. 8-11, depicted therein are exemplary embodiments of locking button 50. Second set of shoulders 60 protrude past base surface 62 away from axis 28.

Shoulder 60 extends arc 100 around locking button 50 with respect to axis 28. Neighboring shoulders 60 define an intermediate arc 102 between first edge 112 of a first shoulder 60 and second edge 114 of a second shoulder 60. Neighboring shoulders 60 refer to shoulders that extend over different arcs 100 around locking button 50 defining intermediate arc 102.

Neighboring shoulders 60 also define a total arc 104 between first edges 112 of neighboring shoulders 60. Base surface 62 extends distance 106 from axis 28, and shoulder 60 extends distance 108 past base surface 62 and distance 110 from axis 28.

[0031] In one embodiment the arc 100 of shoulder 60 is between 20 and 40 degrees with respect to axis 28, and more specifically between 25 and 35 degrees with respect to axis 28, and more specifically between 29 and 33 degrees with respect to axis 28, or even more specifically 31 degrees with respect to axis 28. In various embodiments at least one shoulder of first set of shoulders 58 defines these arcuate distances and ranges, at least one shoulder of second set of shoulders 60 defines these arcuate distances and ranges, each shoulder of first set of shoulders 58 defines these arcuate distances and ranges, each shoulder of second set of shoulders 60 defines these arcuate distances and ranges, and/or each shoulder of first and set of shoulders 58, 60 defines these arcuate distances and ranges.

[0032] In one embodiment distance 110 that shoulder 60 extends from axis 28 is 5% to 25% longer than the distance 106 of base surface 62 from axis 28, and more specifically distance 110 is 10% to 20% longer than distance 106, and more specifically distance 110 is 12% to 16% longer than distance 106, and even more specifically distance 110 is 14% longer than distance 106. In various embodiments at least one shoulder of first set of shoulders 58 defines these radial relative distances and ranges, at least one shoulder of second set of shoulders 60 defines these radial relative distances and ranges, each shoulder of first set of shoulders 58 defines these radial relative distances and ranges, each shoulder of second set of shoulders 60 defines these radial relative distances and ranges, and/or each shoulder of first and set of shoulders 58, 60 defines these radial relative distances and ranges.

[0033] Referring to Fig. 12, depicted therein is an exploded view of a locking mechanism according to an embodiment. Locking button 50 is pictured to the right of apertures 36 and 38, but when fully assembled locking button 50 extends through apertures 36 and 38, as indicated by the dotted and dashed line that corresponds to axis 28. When assembled, aperture 46 of handle 20 is disposed between apertures 36, 38 of second link 24. From the perspective of Fig. 12 from top to bottom axis 28, transits fastener, shown as a screw, button interface 72, biasing element 70, shown as a spring, first aperture 36, aperture 46 of handle 20, locking button 50, second aperture 38, washer 74, and another fastener, also shown as a screw.

[0034] Turning to Fig. 13, another embodiment of handle 20 is depicted in which the body of handle 20 defines a rectangular shape. Aperture 46 in Fig. 13 defines eight recesses 48 arranged symmetrically around aperture 46, which is distinct from aperture 46 in Fig. 7 that defines four recesses 48 arranged symmetrically around aperture 46. It is contemplated herein that any number of recesses 48 may be utilized to practice this disclosure, including without limitation 2- 10 recesses.

[0035] It should be understood that the figures illustrate the exemplary embodiments in detail, and it should be understood that the present application is not limited to the details or methodology set forth in the description or illustrated in the figures. It should also be understood that the terminology is for description purposes only and should not be regarded as limiting. It is to be understood that the disclosure is not limited in its application to the details of construction and the arrangement of components set forth in the following description or illustrated in the following drawings. The disclosure is capable of other embodiments and of being practiced or of being carried out in various ways.

[0036] Further modifications and alternative embodiments of various aspects of the disclosure will be apparent to those skilled in the art in view of this description. Accordingly, this description is to be construed as illustrative only. The construction and arrangements, shown in the various exemplary embodiments, are illustrative only. Although only a few embodiments have been described in detail in this disclosure, many modifications are possible (e.g., variations in sizes, dimensions, structures, shapes and proportions of the various elements, values of parameters, mounting arrangements, use of materials, colors, orientations, etc.) without materially departing from the novel teachings and advantages of the subject matter described herein. Some elements shown as integrally formed may be constructed of multiple parts or elements, the position of elements may be reversed or otherwise varied, and the nature or number of discrete elements or positions may be altered or varied. The order or sequence of any process, logical algorithm, or method steps may be varied or re-sequenced according to alternative embodiments. Other substitutions, modifications, changes and omissions may also be made in the design, operating conditions and arrangement of the various exemplary embodiments without departing from the scope of the present disclosure.

[0037] Unless otherwise expressly stated, it is in no way intended that any method set forth herein be construed as requiring that its steps be performed in a specific order. Accordingly, where a method claim does not actually recite an order to be followed by its steps or it is not otherwise specifically stated in the claims or descriptions that the steps are to be limited to a specific order, it is in no way intended that any particular order be inferred. In addition, as used herein, the article "a" is intended to include one or more component or element, and is not intended to be construed as meaning only one. As used herein, "rigidly coupled" refers to two components being coupled in a manner such that the components move together in a fixed positional relationship when acted upon by a force. [0038] Various embodiments of the disclosure relate to any combination of any of the features, and any such combination of features may be claimed in this or future applications. Any of the features, elements or components of any of the exemplary embodiments discussed above may be utilized alone or in combination with any of the features, elements or components of any of the other embodiments discussed above.