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Title:
BOX FRAME SYSTEM
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/1998/051193
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A modular furniture system comprising rectangular support frames with peripheral flanges which cooperate with upstanding side walls to form box structures. The construction may comprise a plurality of such box structures in a stacked formation, with a supporting frame member between each layer if required to support separate wall members. Alternatively the boxes themselves may be preformed, so that a number can be stacked together with supporting frames at the top and bottom only. The frames also incorporate means for making side-to-side connections to facilitate the construction of assemblies to a required width or depth, and sockets for feet or legs to support the complete structure.

Inventors:
Billingham, Paul Richmond (22 Heathfield Terrace, Chiswick, London W4 4JE, GB)
Application Number:
PCT/GB1998/001349
Publication Date:
November 19, 1998
Filing Date:
May 12, 1998
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
Billingham, Paul Richmond (22 Heathfield Terrace, Chiswick, London W4 4JE, GB)
International Classes:
A47B3/12; A47B47/00; A47B63/00; A47B67/04; A47B85/06; A47B87/00; A47B87/02; (IPC1-7): A47B87/00; A47B87/02
Domestic Patent References:
WO1992000857A1
Foreign References:
FR2238453A1
FR2038838A5
FR2704030A1
EP0537147A1
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Shindler, Nigel (Batchellor, Kirk & Co. 102-108 Clerkenwell Road, London EC1M 5SA, GB)
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Claims:
CLAIMS
1. A system for constructing modular furniture from one or more box structures said system comprising a rigid rectangular frame having top and bottom faces adapted to engage said box structures, said top face having peripheral projections extending upwardly for surrounding the base of a box structure mounted on the top face, and said bottom face having peripheral projections extending downwardly for surrounding the top of a box structure mounted on the bottom face.
2. A system according to claim 1 in which the peripheral projections comprise a peripherally extending rim or flange.
3. A system according to claim 2 further comprising: a second rigid rectangular frame having top and bottom faces adapted to engage said box structures, said top face having a rim extending up from the top face for surrounding a box structure mounted on the top face, and said bottom face having a rim extending down from the bottom face for surrounding a box structure mounted on the bqttom face; and connection means for connecting said first and second frames when positioned in sidebyside relation.
4. A system according to claim 3 wherein said connection means comprises a plugandsocket connector.
5. A system according to claim 4, wherein each of said first and second frames includes a socket in at least one side edge, and said connector comprises a plug adapted to engage said sockets so as to connect said first and second frames.
6. A system according to claim 3 wherein: each of said first and second frames includes an elongate channel on at least one of said top and bottom faces of the respective frames, each frame including at least one aperture corresponding to said elongate channel extending through one of its rims; and said connector comprises a bridging member adapted to simultaneously engage said channels in said first and second frames and to extend through the apertures extending through the respective rims of said first and second frames for connecting said first and second frames in sidebyside relation.
7. A system according to claim 6 further comprising a keyboard shelf assembly adapted to be connected below the bridging member for supporting a keyboard below the bridging member.
8. A system according to any preceding claim further comprising a connector for connecting said frame to a file box mounted on one of said top and bottom faces of the frame.
9. A system according to claim 7, wherein: the connector includes a clip having at least two legs; the frame includes an opening adapted to releasably receive one of said legs of the clip; and the file box includes an opening adapted to releasably receive another of said legs of the clip.
10. A system according to any preceding claim wherein said frame includes a receptacle on at least one of said top and bottom faces adapted to receive and locate a support member for supporting the frame.
11. A system according to any preceding claim wherein said frame includes a receptacle on at least one of said top and bottom faces adapted to receive and locate a standing file for holding paper files.
12. A system according to any preceding claim further comprising a seat back adapted to engage with the frame for constructing a chair from a file box and the frame.
13. A system according to any preceding claim further comprising a wall bracket adapted to engage with the frame to suspend the frame from a wall of a building.
14. A system according to claim 1 further comprising: a second rigid rectangular frame having top and bottom faces adapted to engage said file boxes, said top face having a rim extending up from the top face for surrounding a file box mounted on the top face, and said bottom face having a rim extending down from the bottom face for surrounding a file box mounted on the bottom face; and a spacer for connecting said first and second frames in a position where said second frame is spaced above said first frame.
15. A system according to any preceding claim in which the or each frame member further comprises an Xshaped reinforcement member which extends between the opposite corners of the frame.
16. A system according to claim 1 in which the or each frame member is formed as a moulding in a plastics material.
17. A system according to any preceding claim in which the or each frame member further comprises socket means at each corner adapted to receive and locate a supporting leg.
18. An article of furniture comprising: a first supporting rectangular frame having an upwardly projecting peripheral flange on each of its edges; a plurality of upstanding side walls, each having a lower edge which is seated within a respective one of said flanges; a second rectangular frame having a downwardly depending peripheral flange on each of its edges which cooperates with an upper edge of the corresponding side wall.
Description:
"Box Frame System This invention relates to modular furniture and storage systems, and more particularly although not exclusively, to a system for constructing modular furniture from one or more file boxes.

European Patent No. 0537147 discloses a system of archive file boxes adapted for assembly in various configurations by means of generally U-shaped interconnecting clips fitting in slots. The present invention provides an improved and more versatile box stacking and interconnection system which is also suitable for use with prefabricated boxes such as those formed from folded cardboard blanks. The invention also provides a system for building rigid structures using boxes or other prefabricated parts to form furniture such as desks, storage units, chairs and tables.

Accordingly the present invention provides a system for constructing modular furniture from one or more box structures said system comprising a rigid rectangular frame having top and bottom faces adapted to engage said box structures, said top face having peripheral projections extending upwardly for surrounding the base of a file box mounted on the top face, and said bottom face having peripheral projections extending downwardly for surrounding the top of a file box mounted on the bottom face.

Preferably, the underside of the frame member is also provided with means adapted to cooperate with one or more bridging members, which can extend laterally between two or more adjacent frames, so as to provide side to side connection between vertical assemblies of boxes which are either adjacent, or spaced apart.

Preferably the underside of the frame is also adapted to receive legs, feet or castors so that it can be used as the base of a furniture structure.

According to a further feature of the invention, the frame has side edge faces provided with plug and socket type connector means adapted to cooperate directly or indirectly with corresponding connector means on a further frame positioned adjacent to the corresponding side. Preferably, intermediate connection means are provided, comprising double ended studs, which are adapted to fit in sockets formed in the adjacent edge faces of two frames arranged side-by-side.

In a preferred form of the invention, in order to reduce weight and economise on materials, the frame member is constructed, for example by moulding, in the form of a rectangular outer frame with an "X"-shaped inner reinforcement structure, joined to the outer frame at the corners, so as to leave open spaces between the arms of the lix,,.

Preferably, the frame is also adapted to cooperate with a stacking system including generally U-shaped clips and is provided with suitable receiving slots for such clips in the side edge faces of the frame.

The invention also extends to a connector system for file boxes including socket members each of which comprises an inner and an outer part which lock together in an aperture in the side of a file box, forming a slot to receive one leg of a U-shaped clip which is adapted for interconnection to an adjacent frame or box having a corresponding slot or socket.

Some embodiments of the invention will now be described, by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which: Fig. 1 is an exploded perspective of a frame and file box assembly in accordance with the present invention; Fig. 2 is a orthographic projection of the frame showing fragmentary top and bottom plans, fragmentary front and rear elevations, and a right side elevation of the frame; Fig. 3 is a fragmentary top plan of two frames joined by a bridging member; Fig. 4 is an exploded perspective of an assembly constructed with the frame and a bridging member of the present invention; Fig. 5 is an enlarged fragmentary perspective of one corner of a frame showing plug-and-socket connectors; Fig. 6 is a fragmentary cross section of adjacent frames connected by a plug; Figs. 7a-7f are a front elevation, vertical cross section and rear elevation of an outside socket member half, and a front elevation, vertical cross section and rear elevation of an inside socket member half, respectively; Fig. 8 is an exploded fragmentary view showing a connector for connecting stacked file boxes; Fig. 9 is a vertical cross section taken through the connector and file boxes of Fig. 8 in an assembled condition; Figs. lOa-lOd are a front elevation, side elevation, top plan and rear elevation, respectively, of a clip for connecting stacked boxes; Fig. 11 is an exploded perspective showing the connector of Fig. 10 in relation to assembled socket members; Figs. 12a-12c are a front elevation, top plan and perspective of a furniture foot, respectively; Fig. 13 is a perspective of a furniture castor; Fig. 14 is an exploded perspective showing a file box with top and bottom frames; Fig. 15 is a perspective showing a file box assembly with castors; Fig. 16 is a perspective showing a small desk assembly; Fig. 17 is a partially exploded perspective showing another desk assembly; Fig. 18 is a perspective showing yet another desk assembly; Fig. 19 is a perspective showing a filing cabinet assembly; Fig. 20 is a perspective illustrating an alternative box construction; Fig. 21 is a perspective showing plug-and-socket connectors for connecting stacked boxes; Fig. 22 is a perspective showing a seat assembly in accordance with the present invention; Fig. 23 is a cross section through the seat assembly taken in the plane of line 23-23 of Fig. 22; Fig. 24 is a perspective showing a wall storage assembly in accordance with the present invention; Fig. 25 is a perspective showing a standing file assembly in accordance with the present invention; Fig. 26 is a perspective of a desk having spacers; Fig. 27 is a fragmentary cross section through the spacers taken in the plane of line 27-27 of Fig. 26; Fig. 28 is a perspective showing a sliding keyboard shelf of the present invention; and Fig. 29 is a cross section through the keyboard shelf taken in the plane of line 29-29 of Fig. 28.

Corresponding reference characters indicate corresponding parts throughout the several views of the drawings.

Detailed Description of the Preferred Embodiment Referring to the drawings and in particular to Fig.

1, a frame is designated in its entirety by the reference numeral 40. The frame 40 includes an X-shaped central reinforcing body 42, a pair of longer side members 44, and a pair of shorter end members 46. The upper and lower surfaces of the reinforcing body 42 form upper and lower faces 48, 50, respectively, (Fig. 2) of the frame 40. The side and end members 44, 46 include a rim 52 which extend up and down from the reinforcing body 42 (and therefore, above and below the upper and lower faces 48, 50 of the frame 40) for cooperating with file boxes, generally designated by 54, mounted on the upper and/or lower faces, respectively.

(Only one file box positioned for mounting on the lower face of the frame is shown in Fig. 1). Thus, the frame 40 can be seated on a file box 54, and a second file box (not shown) can be seated in the tray structure formed by the upwardly projecting rim 52 of the frame 40. The cooperation between the frame 40 and the file boxes 54 reinforces the connection between the file boxes 54 when they are stacked. The frame 40 of the illustrated embodiment is formed from molded plastic such as polypropylene, but may of course be formed from any other suitable material.

As illustrated in Fig. 2, the underside of the frame 40 includes longitudinal channels 56 extending parallel to the side members 44 and terminating in apertures 58 extending through the rim 52 of the end members 46. The longitudinal channels 56 interconnect with lateral channels 60 extending parallel to the end members 46. As shown in Fig.1, the longitudinal and lateral channels 56, 60 are adapted to accommodate a rigid rectangular bridging member, generally designated 62, having sides 64 which are longer than side members 44 of the frame 40 and ends 66 which are shorter than the end members 46 of the frame. The bridging member 62 of the illustrated embodiment is made from steel rod, although any other rigid material may be used.

The bridging member 62 may be mounted on the frame 40 by manually pressing the sides 64 of the bridging member into the longitudinal channels 56 of the frame. As shown~in Fig. 2, each of the longitudinal channels 56 has a lug 68 extending inward into the channel from one side for engaging the bridging member 62 to releasably hold the member in the channel. When the bridging member 62 is so mounted, the ends 66 of the bridging member are exposed as shown in Fig.

3. Mounting the bridging member 62 on a frame 40 enables the construction of an assembly in which a frame is supported by bridging member suspended between two boxes 54 spaced by a distance equal to the width of a file box as shown in Fig. 4. As will be understood by those skilled in the art, the sides 64 of the bridging member 62 extend through the aperture 58 of the adjacent frame 40 as shown in Fig. 3 so the ends 66 of the bridging member engages the lateral channels 60 of the adjacent frame to prevent separation of the frames. Thus, the bridging member 62 not only supports the frame 40, but also locks it to the adjacent frames so that the entire assembly, including the file boxes 54, forms a rigid structure. The structure may be completed as shown in Fig. 4 by inserting suitable panels 70 of sheet material, such as medium density fiberboard, in the tray structure formed in the top of each frame 40. As will also be apparent to those ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ skilled in the art, such construction may be used to form desks and other furniture having knee holes.

ln addition to connecting the frames 40 with bridging members 20, the frames may also be connected by plug-and-socket connectors, generally designated by 80 in Fig. 5. Each frame 40 includes two sockets 82 through each rim 52 for receiving double-ended plugs 84 having a pair of deformable arms 86 at each end. The plugs 84 may be manually pressed into the sockets 82 of the frames 40. As the plugs 84 are pressed into the sockets 82, their arms 86 deform toward each other and snap back to their undeformed position when the plug is fully inserted and the arms 86 return to their undeformed position. Each arm 86 has a hook 88 on its end for holding the plug in place when it is fully inserted. Fig. 6 illustrates adjacent frames 40 being connected using connectors 80. A collar 90 provided around the middle of the plug 84 centers the plug between adjacent frames 40. Counterbores 92 formed around the sockets 82 permit the collar 90 to be recessed in the frame 40, thereby allowing the frames 40 to be brought closer together.

As illustrated in Fig. 1, a C-shaped clip connector, generally designated 100, may be used to join a frame 40 to a file box 54 positioned above or below the frame. Slots 102 are provided at the center of each end member 46 and at the center of the rear side member 44 of the frame 40. Corresponding slots 104 are also provided in molded plastic socket members, generally designated by 106, which are attached to the file boxes 54 as explained below.

The slots 102, 104 receive legs 108 of a C-shaped clip, generally designated by 110, to connect a frame 40 and a box 54.

The construction of the socket members 106 is illustrated in detail in Fig. 7. Each socket member 106 comprises two generally triangular molded halves 112, 114 adapted to snap together through a generally T-shaped opening 116 (Fig. 1) provided in the side of the box 54 so that one half 112 is positioned Inside the box and the other half 114 is positioned outside the box. Figs. 7a to 7c illustrate a front elevation, a vertical cross section and a rear elevation of the outside half 114 of the socket member 106, and Figs. 7d through 7f illustrate corresponding views of the inside half 112 of the socket member. The inside half 112 has a hole 118 which is adapted to receive a cooperating tubular stud 120 extending from the outside half 114. The end of the stud 120 has a rim 122 sized to seat in a correspondingly enlarged annular recess 124 formed around the hole 118. Thus, the two halves 112, 114 lock together in the opening 116 in the box 54 as illustrated in Fig. 8. The slot 104 extends through each half 112, 114 of the socket member 106. When the halves 112, 114 are locked together, the slots 104 in each half are aligned and positively positioned with respect to the box 54.

The clip and socket arrangement can also be used to directly connect two boxes 54 stacked one atop the other as illustrated in Figs. 8 and 9. Fig. 8 illustrates two socket members 106 in relation to stacked file boxes 54 and the legs 108 of the clip 110. Fig. 9 shows a vertical cross section through a clip 110 connecting two boxes 54. As can be seen in Figs. 9-11, the legs 108 of the clip 110 have projections 126 which engage corresponding ledges 128 in the slot 104 on the inside half 112 of the socket member 106 to firmly lock the clip in position.

The plugs 84 for connecting adjacent frames 40 may also be used in combination with the clips 110 to connect boxes 54 stacked one on top of the other as shown in Fig.

21. Whe used to connect stacked boxes 54, the plugs 84 are inserted in holes (not shown) in the top and bottom of the boxes. As will be understood by those skilled in the art, the plugs 84 strengthen the connection between the stacked boxes when used in this way.

As shown in Fig. 5, a receptacle 130 is provided at each corner of the frame 40 for receiving a support such as a leveling foot 132 (Fig. 12) or a castor 134 (Fig. 13). The foot 132 or castor 134 is inserted in the receptacles 130 of the lowermost frame 40 in an assembly. This enables movable furniture to be constructed in which castors 134 are fitted in the receptacles 130 to form a small movable chest-type file box as shown for example in Figs. 14 and 15.

Similarly, static furniture may be constructed by inserting feet 132 in the receptacles 130 as shown in Fig. 16.

As further shown in Fig. 16, the receptacles 130 can also be used to attach legs 136 to the underside of an upper support frame 40 to form a single pedestal desk. Other examples of desks are illustrated in Figs. 17 and 18, and Fig. 19 illustrates a stack of file boxes 54 assembled to form a filing cabinet.

The system may also be used to form assemblies which do not comprise preformed file boxes, but instead incorporate flat panels 140 which form boxes when combined with the frame members. Fig. 20 illustrates a construction of this kind which forms a desk similar to that of Fig. 16.

However, instead of stacking file boxes, a frame 40 supports side and back panels 140 to form an open-fronted box structure. Another frame 40 is placed on top of this structure, and in turn supports additional side and rear panels 140 which form another box structure. As before, the top of the structure is formed by a frame 40 and panel 70.

Panels 70 are also inserted in each frame 40 to form the base of each box structure. The side panels 140 may be secured to the frames by a clip and socket as shown in Figs.

7 and 8. Alternatively, in the case of panels of reasonably thick material such as medium density fiberboard, they may be directly secured to the frames 40, for example with screws (not shown) passing through preformed holes in the frames. Vertical partitions or other suitable internal dividers may be provided inside the boxes.

Fig. 22 illustrates a chair, generally designated 180, made with the system of the present invention. The chair 180 comprises a file box 54 having frames 40 attached to its top and bottom with clips 110. A seat back, generally designated 182, is connected to the upper frame 40 by manually pressing it into the longitudinal channels 56 (Fig. 2) of the frame as shown in Fig. 23. The back 182 is formed from two rigid rectangular members 184, 186 joined by tubular connectors 188 at their upper ends.

Although other materials may be used without departing from the scope of the present invention, the rectangular members 184, 186 of the preferred embodiment are made from steel rods. To complete the chair, a first cushion 190 is placed on the upper frame 40 and a second cushion 192 is fastened to the back 182 with hook and loop fasteners such as VELCRO (Registered Trademark) fasteners.

As will be appreciated by those skilled in the art, the tubular connectors 188 used to join the rectangular members 184, 186 enable the seat back 182 to be laid flat for shipment.

Fig. 24 illustrates a wall-mounted shelving assembly, generally designated 200, constructed with the system of the present invention. The shelving assembly 200 is constructed by pressing a rigid rectangular wall bracket 202 into the longitudinal channel 56 (Fig. 2) of a frame 40 and connecting a file box 54 to the frame with clips 110.

Connectors 204 and screw fasteners (not shown) are used to fasten the bracket 202 to a wall of a building (not shown) in a conventional manner. Screw fasteners are also used to fasten the frame 40 to the wall.

A standing file assembly 210 may be connected to the top of a frame 40 as shown in Fig. 25 to permit files to be hung from the assembly. Holes (not shown) extending through the top panel 70 permit the legs of the assembly 210 to be inserted in the receptacles 130 (Fig. 2) at the corners of the frame 40. As with the seat back 182, the elements forming the file assembly are joined by tubular connectors 188 so that the assembly may be laid flat for shipment.

As shown in Fig. 26, vertical spacers 220 may be used to space upper and lower frames 40, instead of using file boxes 54, for extending the upper surface of furniture such as desks. It is more desirable to use the spacers 220 than file boxes 54 when the contents of the boxes would not be accessible because the spacers are less expensive than the boxes. As shown in Fig. 27, the spacers 220 are rigid rectangular members which may be pressed into the longitudinal channels 56 (Fig. 2) in the frames and which may include stubs 222 extending from one or more corners.

These stubs 222 permit frames 40 to be positioned between two spaced pairs of spacers 220 as shown in Fig. 26. The upper and lower frames 40 are connected to corresponding adjacent frames with plugs 84 as explained above to prevent the spacers 220 from rotating in the respective channels 56 of the frames 40. Although the spacers 220 of the illustrated embodiment are two boxes tall, the spacers may have other heights without departing from the scope of the present invention.

A sliding keyboard shelf assembly, generally designated by 230, is shown in Figs. 28 and 29. This assembly 230 is constructed by hooking brackets 232 over file boxes 54 which are connected by a bridging member 62 (Fig. 3). U-shaped supports 234 connected to the brackets 232 hold a shelf 236 so that it can slide back and forth en the supports. Thus, the shelf 236 may be extended for typing on a keyboard held by the shelf or retracted for storing the keyboard under the bridging member 62 when not in use.

In view of the above, it will be seen that the several objects of the invention are achieved and other advantageous results attained.