Login| Sign Up| Help| Contact|

Patent Searching and Data


Title:
BRAKE SYSTEM, MINE VEHICLE AND METHOD OF RELEASING BRAKES
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/228830
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A brake system, method for controlling the brake system and a mine vehicle provided with the same. The brake system (13) of the mine vehicle (2) comprises spring activated and hydraulically released brake assemblies (14) in connection with wheels (7) of the vehicle. The brake assemblies comprise hydraulic release actuators (RA) which are pressurized for releasing the brakes (15). During normal operation the release actuators are pressurized by means of a main brake circuit (16) and are controlled by a brake controller (BC). A separate release circuit (17) and pressure source (Ps2) may be activated for releasing the brakes when vehicle is disabled. The system further comprises an override device (21) for selectively depressurizing the release actuators during towing.

More Like This:
Inventors:
SUOMI, Jussi (Sandvik Mining and Construction Oy Vahdontie 19, Turku, 20360, FI)
Application Number:
EP2018/064460
Publication Date:
December 20, 2018
Filing Date:
June 01, 2018
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
SANDVIK MINING AND CONSTRUCTION OY (Pihtisulunkatu 9, Tampere, 33330, FI)
International Classes:
B60T13/22; B60T15/04
Domestic Patent References:
WO1999037518A11999-07-29
Foreign References:
US5238298A1993-08-24
Other References:
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
SANDVIK ASSOCIATION (Sandvik Intellectual Property AB, SANDVIKEN, 811 81, SE)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims

1. A brake system (13) of a mine vehicle (2) com¬ prising :

several spring applied hydraulically released brake assemblies (14), wherein the brake assemblies (14) comprise springs (S) for applying the brakes (15) and hydraulically operable release actuators (RA) for releasing the brakes (15) ;

a hydraulic main brake circuit (16) connected to a first pressure source (Psl) and to the release actuators (RA) and comprising at least one brake controller (BC) comprising a first control position (37a) to pressurize the release actuators (RA) for releasing the brakes (15), and a second control position (37c) to depressurize the release actuators (RA) for applying the brakes (15); and

a hydraulic release circuit (17) comprising at least one second pressure source (Ps2) for pressurizing the re¬ lease actuators (RA) , and thereby activating the release circuit (17), independently relative to the main brake cir¬ cuit (16) ;

characteri zed in that

the brake system (13) further comprises at least one override device (21), which is selectively operable for depressurizing the release circuit (17) for applying the brakes (15), whereby the brakes (15) are operable by means of the override device (21) despite the activation of the release circuit (17) . 2. The brake system as claimed in claim 1, characteri zed in that

the override device (21) comprises at least one override valve (36) connected to the release circuit (17);

and

the override valve (36) is switchable from a first control position (38a) to a second control position (38b) for depressurizing the release circuit (17) and to thereby activate the brakes (15) .

3. The brake system as claimed in claim 2, char- acterized in that

the brake system (13) comprises a brake pedal (34) for controlling operation of the brake controller (BC) of the main brake circuit (16); and

the override valve (36) is located so as to be also actuated by the brake pedal (34) .

4. The brake system as claimed in claim 3, characterized in that

the brake system (13) comprises a brake pedal unit (56) comprising a frame (57), the brake pedal (34), the brake controller (BC) and the override valve (36) ;

the brake pedal (34) is connected to the frame (57) by means of a turning joint (35) allowing the brake pedal

(34) to swing relative to the frame (57); and

the brake controller (BC) and the override valve

(36) are located at opposite sides of the turning joint

(35) , whereby the swinging movement of the brake pedal (34) in one direction is configured to move the brake controller (BC) and the override valve (36) in opposite directions.

5. The brake system as claimed in any one of the preceding claims 1 to 4, characterized in that

the release circuit (17) is separated from the main brake circuit (16) by means of at least one pressure con- trolled separation valve (20); and

the separation valve (20) is configured to open fluid connection from the release circuit (17) to the brake assemblies (14) when the pressure of the release circuit (17) exceeds a preset pressure limit.

6. A mine vehicle (2) comprising: a carrier (4) provided with several wheels (7); at least one mine work device (3) arranged on the carrier (4) for executing mine work tasks;

a brake system (13) comprising several spring ap- plied and hydraulically released brake assemblies (14) at the wheels (7) and wherein the brake assemblies (14) are provided with hydraulic release actuators (RA) , and the brake system (13) further comprises a hydraulic main brake circuit (16) and a separate hydraulic release circuit (17) for actuating the release actuators (RA) ;

and wherein the main brake circuit (16) comprises a first pressure source (Psl) and a brake controller (BC) for directing hydraulic pressure to the release actuators (RA) for releasing the brakes (15) during normal use of the mine vehicle (2 ) ;

an wherein the release circuit (17) comprises a second pressure source (Ps2) and at least one control ele¬ ment for directing hydraulic pressure independently to the release actuators (RA) when the main brake circuit (16) is depressurized; and

at least one tow element (11) allowing towing of the mine vehicle (2) when being disabled;

characterized in that

the brake system (13) is in accordance with the previous claims 1 to 5 and comprises the disclosed override device (21) for depressurizing the release circuit (15) to allow breaking during towing.

7. The mine vehicle as claimed in claim 6, char- acterized in that

the tow element (11) is arranged movably relative to the carrier (4) and comprises an idle normal position and an activated towing position; and

the movable tow element (11) is connected to a hy- draulic pump (42) configured to generate hydraulic pressure for the release circuit (17) when the tow element (11) is moved from the idle normal position to the activated towing position .

8. The mine vehicle as claimed in claim 6 or 7, characterized in that

the control element of the release circuit (17) is a pressure controlled separation valve (20) configured to separate the main brake circuit (16) and the release circuit (17) from each other when pressure of the release circuit (17) is under a preset pressure limit.

9. A method of controlling spring activated and hydraulically releasable brake assemblies (14) of a mine vehicle (2 ) ,

the method comprising:

generating hydraulic pressure to a main brake cir¬ cuit (16) by means of a first hydraulic source (Psl);

controlling feeding of the hydraulic pressure to release actuators (RA) of the brake assemblies (14) by means of a brake controller (BC) connected to the main brake circuit (16) ;

directing the hydraulic pressure fluid in the main brake circuit (16) to the release actuators (RA) for re¬ leasing the spring activated brakes (15);

directing the hydraulic pressure fluid in the main brake circuit (16) away from the release actuators (RA) for depressurizing the release actuators (RA) and applying the brakes (15) by means of the springs (S) of the brake assem¬ blies ( 14 ) ; and

directing selectively hydraulic pressure fluid from a second pressure source (Ps2) via a separate release cir¬ cuit (17) to the release actuators (RA) , and thereby acti¬ vating the release circuit (17), for releasing the brakes (15) independently when the main brake circuit (16) is de- pressurized;

characterized by depressurizing the release circuit (17) selectively by means of an override device (21) connected to the release circuit (17) and activating the brakes (15) despite of the activated release circuit (17) .

10. The method as claimed in claim 9, charac¬ teri zed by

disconnecting the release circuit (17) from the sec¬ ond pressure source (Ps2) and discharging the release cir- cuit (17) selectively by means of an override valve (36) connected to the release circuit (17) .

11. The method as claimed in claim 9 or 10, char¬ acteri zed by

activating the operation of the override device (21) by means of a brake pedal (34) arranged to control the brake controller (BC) of the main brake circuit (16) .

12. The method as claimed in any one of the preced- ing claims 9 - 11, characteri zed by

providing control for the brake system (13) by means of the override device (21) only after the release circuit (17) has been pressurized. 13. The method as claimed in any one of the preced¬ ing claims 9 - 12, characteri zed by

pressurizing the release circuit (17) automatically in response to towing of the mine vehicle (2) .

Description:
Brake system, mine vehicle and method of releasing brakes

Background of the invention

The invention relates to a brake system of a mine vehicle. The brake system comprises brake assemblies ar- ranged in connection with wheels of the mine vehicle. The brake assemblies are spring applied brakes, which are re ¬ leased by means of hydraulic release actuators. Operation of such spring-applied hydraulically-released brake system and its release actuators is controlled by a main brake circuit during normal operational situations. The brake system also comprises a release circuit for actuating the release actuators in special circumstances.

The invention further relates to a mine vehicle equipped with a spring-applied hydraulically-released brake system and to a method of controlling such brake system.

The field of the invention is defined more specif ¬ ically in the preambles of the independent claims.

In mines and at other work sites different type of wheeled mine vehicles are used. The mine vehicles are pro- vided with one or more mine working devices for executing mine work task at the work site. The mine vehicle may be a wheel loader, a transport vehicle or dumper, a rock drilling rig, a bolting or reinforcing vehicle or a measuring vehicle. The mine vehicles are heavy weight vehicles which are typically provided with spring-applied brakes for safety reasons. Such spring-applied hydraulically-released brake systems (SAHR) are used in mine vehicles to provide auto ¬ matic fail-safe braking on loss of vehicle power or hydrau ¬ lic fluid pressure. However, when a mine vehicle equipped with such brakes becomes disabled at the work site and the mine vehicle needs to be towed away, then the brakes have to be pressurized by means of an external pressure source for releasing the brakes. Different release systems are developed for pressurizing the brake systems and for con- trolling them. However, the present systems have shown to contain some disadvantages. Brief description of the invention

An object of the invention is to provide a novel and improved brake system and method for controlling spring activated and hydraulically releasable brake assemblies. The invention further relates to a mine vehicle implementing the improved brake system.

The brake system according to the invention is characterized by the characterizing features of a first inde ¬ pendent apparatus claim.

The method according to the invention is characterized by the charactering features and steps of an independ ¬ ent method claim.

Further, characterizing features of the mine vehicle are disclosed in an additional independent apparatus claim.

An idea of the disclosed solution is that the brake system of a mine vehicle comprises a system allowing use of normal brakes of the vehicle even in situations wherein the brakes are released by a release circuit. Thereby the brake system may comprises one or more override devices for re ¬ applying the brakes despite of the activated release cir ¬ cuit. The brake system comprises several spring applied hydraulically released brake assemblies, connected to a main brake system. The brake system further comprises a hydraulic release circuit for pressurizing release actuators of the brake assemblies independently relative to the main brake circuit in certain situations. The system for reapplying the brakes despite of the activated release circuit com ¬ prises one or more override devices, which are selectively operable for depressurizing the hydraulic release circuit. When the override device is activated, pressure in the hy ¬ draulic release circuit drops and the spring activated brakes become operable thus causing braking of the mine vehicle. In other words, the operation of the release cir- cuit may be cancelled by controlling the operation of the override device or system. The operation of the override system is inverse to the operation of the release system.

An advantage of the disclosed solution is that safety of the mine vehicle is improved since the brakes are usable also in situations when the brakes are released by means of the release circuit.

According to an embodiment, the mentioned override device is controlled manually. Then an operator or service personnel decides when the override functionality is needed and generates control force or signal for initiating oper ¬ ation of the override device. The manual muscular control force may cause direct actuation of the override device. Alternatively, the actuation is indirect, whereby the man ¬ ual control action generates signals which are transmitted to electrical or fluid operated actuators which then execute the actual change of control state of the override device.

According to an embodiment, the override device com ¬ prises at least one override valve connected to the release circuit. The override valve may comprise a first control position for coupling the release circuit and a second con ¬ trol position for decoupling the release circuit. The first control position is a normal position allowing the release circuit to pressurize the brakes for releasing them. How ¬ ever, when the override valve is switched from the normal first control position to the second control position, the release circuit is depressurized. When pressure no longer prevails in the release actuators of the brake assemblies the springs activate the brakes causing thereby braking of the mine vehicle. In other words, the second control posi- tion of the valve is a braking position and the normal first control position is a release position. The override valve may be a standard hydraulic component, such as a normal directional valve, whereby it is a relatively simple, re ¬ liable and inexpensive component.

According to an embodiment, the override device com ¬ prises at least one override valve or corresponding fluid control apparatus connected to the release circuit and being configured to close connection to a dedicated pressure source of the release circuit when being actuated. The valve is also configured to discharge remaining pressure of the release circuit to a tank or discharge line when being actuated from a normal first position to a second control position. A movable control member of the override valve or fluid control apparatus may be arranged to move linearly between the control positions, or alternatively, the con- trol member may be turned between the control positions. The linearly movable control member may be a spool config ¬ ured to open and close control openings, and the turning control member may be a control sleeve provided with through openings .

According to an embodiment, the override device com ¬ prises at least one override valve or corresponding fluid control apparatus. The override valve is controlled by a spring element to move towards a normal first control po ¬ sition when no external force is controlling the override valve. This way the override valve is moved automatically towards the release position and only the braking position requires separate control measures. An advantage of the spring loaded valve is that the release system is continu ¬ ously usable when no special braking control command is generated. The valve is not accidently left to the braking position thereby preventing operation of the release system and towing of the mine vehicle.

According to an embodiment, the override device com ¬ prises at least one override valve or corresponding fluid control apparatus, which is a mechanically operated fluid control device. The mechanical operation means that it is actuated by muscular force and movement to change its con ¬ trol position. The override valve may be influenced by means of a manual control element such as a control lever, pedal or button. In other words, the operator of the mining vehicle actuates the control valve directly. Moving the valve manually is simple to arrange and the manual actuation prin ¬ ciple is reliable. Furthermore, the operation of the manual override device may easily be arranged to be intuitive, which also has positive impact to security.

According to an embodiment, the override device com ¬ prises at least one override valve or corresponding fluid control member, which is an electrically operated control element. The override system may comprise an electrical switch for controlling the override valve. The switch may be a separate element located at an operator panel, or alternatively the switch may be located in connection with a brake pedal or parking brake lever, for example. The electrical control valve may comprise a solenoid for switch ¬ ing the control positions of the valve. A further alterna- tive for actuating the control valve or the corresponding fluid control member is to use a pressure controlled valve, whereby the operator may generate control pressure by manual control movement and the control pressure moves the control valve to change the control positions of the override valve. An advantage of the valve having indirect electric or hy ¬ draulic control is that location of the valve may be se ¬ lected freely.

According to an embodiment, the override device is located in connection with a normal brake pedal of the mine vehicle. The brake pedal is part of the main brake circuit and is configured to transmit manual control movement to a brake controller of the main brake circuit and to thereby control braking during normal drive. Thus, the brake pedal is configured to actuate not only the brake controller but also the override device. Since the override device is con ¬ nected to the release circuit, actuation of the override device has effect on the brake assemblies only when the release circuit is pressurized and activated. The override device may be an override valve or corresponding fluid con- trol apparatus by means of which pressure of the release circuit may be depressurized. Alternatively, an electric or hydraulic switch may be arranged in connection with the brake pedal and the generated control signal or pressure may be used to control separate hydraulic control member for depressurizing the release circuit. When the override device is controlled by the normal brake pedal, the opera ¬ tion of the override system is intuitive and no separate additional control members are needed in a control cabin of the mine vehicle.

According to an embodiment, the brake system com- prises the brake pedal and the override valve as disclosed in the previous embodiment. The override valve and the brake controller are affected simultaneously by the movement of the brake pedal. However, the override valve executes idle movement when the release circuit is not activated since the release circuit is then not pressurized and no fluid control is possible. In other words, the movements of the override valve are relevant only in special situations, such as during towing, when the release system is actuated. An advantage of this solution is that the override system is continuously operable and no preparations and extra measures are required by the operator.

According to an embodiment, the brake system com ¬ prises a brake pedal unit comprising a frame, a brake pedal, a brake controller and an override valve. The brake pedal unit is mountable and dismountable in one piece facilitating thereby assembly and service of the mine vehicle.

According to an embodiment, the brake system com ¬ prises a brake pedal unit disclosed in the previous embod ¬ iment. Further, the brake pedal is connected to the frame by means of a turning joint allowing the brake pedal to swing relative to the frame. The brake controller and the override valve may be located at opposite sides of the turning joint, whereby the swing movement of the brake pedal in one direction is configured to move the brake controller and the override valve in opposite directions. Thanks to the disclosed swing arrangement positioning of the brake controller and the override valve on the unit is facilitated and the layout of the brake pedal unit may be compact.

In an alternative solution to the previous embodi ¬ ment the brake controller and the override valve or the override device may be arranged on the same side of the turning joint.

According to an embodiment, the brake system com ¬ prises a duplicate hydraulic system. The main brake circuit and the release circuit are separate hydraulic systems com- prising dedicated fluid channels, control members and pres ¬ sure sources. An advantage of the duplicate system is that failures in the main brake system do not prevent operation of the release system.

According to an embodiment, the release circuit is separated from the main brake circuit by means of at least one pressure controlled separation valve. The separation valve is configured to open fluid connection from the re ¬ lease circuit to the brake assemblies when the pressure of the release circuit exceeds a preset pressure limit. The separation valve has a first normal position wherein fluid connection is connected from the main brake circuit to the release actuators, and a second position for closing the connection to the main brake circuit and opening connection from the release circuit to the release actuators. The sep- aration valve may be kept in the normal first position by means of spring force when pressure in the main brake cir ¬ cuit is lost. Then the release circuit may be pressurized and the separation valve may change its position under pres ¬ sure control and connect the release system. Opening pres- sure of the separation valve may be set by dimensioning force of a spring. The opening pressure may be 10 bar, for example .

According to an embodiment, the brake system com ¬ prises two separation valves disclosed in the previous em- bodiment . A front separation valve is for separating the main brake circuit at several front brake assemblies from the release circuit, and a rear separation valve is for separating the main brake circuit from the release circuit at several rear brake assemblies.

According to an embodiment, the mine vehicle is an underground mine vehicle. The disadvantage of such heavy weight mine vehicles equipped with spring-applied brakes is that such brakes prevent a disabled vehicle from easily being towed. This is a particular problem with vehicles used in underground mines where access to the disabled vehicle is limited. This is particularly critical where the mine vehicles are used under unreinforced mine ceilings. Because workers are not permitted in such areas, repair and re ¬ trieval of a disabled vehicle may be impossible.

According to an embodiment, the mine vehicle is a wheel loader designed for underground mines and comprising a bucket for hauling and loading broken rock material and ore at the mine site. Thus, the mine work device of the mine vehicle is the bucket.

According to an embodiment, the mine vehicle is a wheeled dumper or haul truck designed for underground mines and comprising a dump box for hauling broken rock material and ore at the mine site. Thus, the mine work device of the mine vehicle is the dump box.

According to an embodiment, the mine vehicle is a wheeled rock drilling rig designed for underground mines and comprising one or more booms provided with rock drilling machines. Thus, the mine work device of the mine vehicle is the drilling machine.

According to an embodiment, the mine vehicle com- prises at least one tow element allowing towing of the mine vehicle when being disabled. Typically the tow element is located at a rear end of the mine vehicle i.e. at an opposite end of the vehicle relative to the mine work device. The tow element is arranged movably relative to the carrier and comprises an idle normal position and an activated towing position. Further, the movable tow element is connected to a hydraulic pump configured to generate hydraulic pressure for the release circuit when the tow element is moved from the idle normal position to the activated towing position. In other words, the pressure required for releasing the springs of the brake assemblies is generated automatically and without any external or separate devices when the towing is started. The hydraulic pump actuated by the tow element may be a hydraulic cylinder serving as the second pressure source of the release circuit. The hydraulic cylinder may be an integrated part of the tow element. Alternatively, the movement of the tow element may be transformed from linear movement to rotation whereby the pump may be a ro ¬ tating pump.

According to an embodiment, the apparatus includes a tow hook attached to the vehicle and operably connected to a hydraulic cylinder so that a towing force on the tow hook actuates the hydraulic cylinder. The hydraulic cylin ¬ der is connected to transmit a hydraulic pressure to the vehicle brakes for releasing the brakes and to permit tow- ing. A spring returns the tow hook to its original position when the towing force is removed, thereby permitting the spring-activated brakes to be reapplied. The override de ¬ vice disclosed above is configured to depressurize the brakes during the towing.

According to an embodiment, the release circuit is provided with a dedicated hydraulic pump serving as the second pressure source and to thereby pressurize the release circuit. The dedicated pressure pump is operable inde ¬ pendently relative to the main hydraulic pump and the tow element. The dedicated hydraulic pump may be manually op ¬ erable, or alternatively the pump may be powered by means of a dedicated electric power unit comprising an electric motor and energy storage.

According to an embodiment, the release circuit is provided with a dedicated hydraulic accumulator serving as the second pressure source and to thereby pressurize the release circuit.

According to an embodiment, the release circuit may comprise two or more pressurization systems disclosed in the embodiments above.

According to an embodiment, the main brake circuit is pressurized by means of a main hydraulic pump of the mine vehicle .

According to an embodiment, the release circuit or the brake assemblies may be provided with remotely con ¬ trolled valves for depressurizing the release actuators. The remotely controlled valve may an electrical valve con ¬ figured to direct prevailing pressure of the release actu ¬ ator to a tank line and to close feeding of pressure fluid from the release circuit to the release actuator. The re ¬ motely controlled electric valve may be controlled under control signals transmitted from a control cabin of the mine vehicle or the signals may be generated by means of a port ¬ able control unit. The remotely controlled valve may be located in connection with the brake assemblies or in the release circuit.

The above disclosed embodiments may be combined in order to form suitable solutions having those of the above features that are needed. Brief description of the figures

Some embodiments are described in more detail in the accompanying drawings, in which

Figure 1 is a schematic side view of a wheel loader,

Figure 2 is a schematic view of a brake system of a mine vehicle,

Figure 3 is a schematic view of a part of a brake system comprising an override device,

Figure 4 is a schematic view of a part of a brake system comprising an alternative override system for allow- ing braking despite of the activated release circuit, Figure 5 is a schematic view of a part of a brake system wherein an override valve and a brake controller are both actuated by means of a brake pedal,

Figure 6 is a schematic view of a part of a brake system wherein a brake controller and an override valve have dedicated manual actuation elements,

Figure 7 is a schematic diagram showing some alter ¬ native pressure sources for generating needed release pres ¬ sure for a release circuit of a brake system, and

Figure 8 is a schematic view of brake pedal unit.

For the sake of clarity, the figures show some em ¬ bodiments of the disclosed solution in a simplified manner. In the figures, like reference numerals identify like ele ¬ ments . Detailed description of some embodiments

Figure 1 shows a wheel loader 1 as an example of a mine vehicle 2. Also hauling trucks and rock drilling rigs are mine vehicles 2 comprising at least one mine work device

3. The disclosed method and solution may be applied in all type mine vehicles and especially for those intended for underground mines.

The wheel loader 1 shown in Figure 1 comprises a carrier 4 and a bucket 5 connected movably to the carrier

4. The carrier 4 comprises a front axle 6 provided with front wheels 7a and a rear axle 8 provided rear wheels 7b.

The wheels 7 are provided with spring activated and hydrau- lically released brakes (SAHR -brakes) , which are connected to a hydraulic brake circuit. The carrier also comprises a main power unit 9 in connection of which may be a main hydraulic pump 10 for generating hydraulic pressure for a hydraulic system of the wheel loader 1. During normal op ¬ eration of the wheel loader the hydraulic pressure generated by the main hydraulic pump 10 may be conveyed to the brake system too. Figure 1 further discloses that a rear end of the carrier 4 may be provided with a towing element 11, such as towing hook, for towing the wheel loader when it has become disabled. The towing element 11 may be connected movably to the carrier 4. At a front end portion of the carrier 4 is a control cabin 12 provided with brake and other control means.

In Figure 2 a brake system 13 of the wheel loader 1 of Figure 1 is shown. In connection with the front wheels 7a and the rear wheels 7b are brake assemblies 14 each of which comprise at least one spring S for connecting brakes 15 and at least one release actuator RA for disconnecting the brakes 15. The brakes 15 may comprise disc-like braking elements for generating braking forces, or alternatively, the brakes may comprise brake shoes, for example. The brake assemblies 14 are connected to a hydraulic main brake cir ¬ cuit 16, which comprises at least one first pressure source Psl and at least one brake controller BC . The first pressure source Psl may comprise a connection to a main hydraulic system of the wheel loader, or it may comprise a dedicated hydraulic pump. The brake controller BC may be located in the control cabin whereby an operator may control operation of the release actuators RA. Further, the brake system 13 comprises a hydraulic release circuit 17 provided with a second pressure source Ps2. The second pressure source Ps2 may be operated independently relative to the first pressure source Psl, whereby the release actuators RA may be pres- surized also in situations when the main brake system is failed. Both brake circuits 16, 17 comprise dedicated pres ¬ sure channels 18, 19, which are separated from each other at the front and rear axles 6, 8 by means of separating valves 20a, 20b or corresponding control elements. The sep- arating valves 20a, 20b may control feeding of pressure fluid selectively to the brake assemblies 14.

Figure 3 discloses a brake system 13, which is pro ¬ vided with an override device 21 configured to depressurize the release circuit 17 in response to control measures. The override device 21 may comprise a control element 22 for generating manual control movements or signals for control ¬ ling operation of a control member 23, which is arranged in fluid connection with the release circuit 17. The control element 22 may be a push button or a control lever arranged to affect operation of the control member 23, which may be a valve, for example. The control member 23 may close con ¬ nection to the second pressure source Ps2 and may connect the release circuit 17 to a discharge line, whereby the release circuit may be depressurized in response to control measures executed by the control element 22.

In normal situation a pressure controlled separat ¬ ing valve 20 is in a first control position 24a since a first pressure control line 25 is pressurized by means of pressure of the main brake circuit 16. The separating valve 20 is also pushed towards the first control position 24a by means of a spring 26. When the main brake circuit 16 is disabled and the release circuit 17 is pressurized, a second pressure control line 27 of the separating valve 20 is pressurized and the valve 20 moves against force of the spring 26 towards a second control position 24b. The spring force may be adjusted so that the change of the control positions occurs only in response to exceed of a predeter ¬ mined pressure limit, which may be 10 bars, for example. The release actuator RA may be a hydraulic cylinder, or alternatively, it may be a hydraulic motor connected to a gear device for transforming generated turning movement into linear movement.

In the first control position 24a the main brake circuit 16 is connected to the release actuators RA and the release circuit 17 is disconnected. In the second control position 24b the main brake circuit 16 is disconnected and the release circuit 17 is connected. However, operation of the connected release circuit 17 may be cancelled by means of the override device 21.

In Figure 3 only one release actuator RA is shown for the shake of clarity. However, the separating valve 20 may control pressure fluid to one or more release actuators on the same axle through a pressure channel 28. Further, the main brake circuit 16 may be connected to one or more other separating valves by means of a pressure channel 29, and the release circuit 17 may have a corresponding connec ¬ tion to them through a pressure channel 30. Operation principle of the brake system 13 is the same despite of number of the axles of the mine vehicle and number of the con ¬ trolled brake assemblies. Thus, Figures 4 - 6 are simplified in the same manner for improving clarity.

The brake system disclosed in Figure 4 is substan ¬ tially the same as in Figure 3, except the override device 21, which is in Figure 4 arranged to a pressure line con ¬ necting the separating valve 20 and the release actuator RA. Then, the override device 21 may comprise an electri ¬ cally controlled override valve 31 serving as a control member 23. The control valve 31 may be controlled remotely by means of a manual control element 22, such as a control button, which may be located in the control cabin. The override valve 31 is in Figure 4 in a first control position 32a wherein connection between the separating valve 20 and the release actuator RA is connected. When the control el ¬ ement 22 is actuated, the valve switches to a second control position 32b, wherein connection to the separating valve 20 is closed and connection to a tank 33 is opened. Thus, the release actuator RA is depressurized and the brakes are actuated. Similar override device 21 may be arranged to other axles and wheels of the mine vehicle.

Figure 5 discloses an alternative system for con- trolling the brake controller BC and the override device 21 by utilizing a normal brake pedal 34. The brake controller BC and an override valve 36 of the override device 21 may be located on opposite sides of a turning joint 35. Thereby the brake controller BC and the override valve 36 are moved in opposite directions when the brake pedal 34 is pressed. The brake controller BC may be a directional valve having three control positions 37a - 37b. In a first control po ¬ sition 37a the main brake circuit 16 is pressurized since connection to the first pressure source Psl is open. In a second control position 37c the main brake circuit 16 is connected to a tank line T and the brakes are actuated. In a third control position 37b all connections are closed. Actuation of the brake pedal 34 lifts the control valve of the brake controller BC upwards and the brake pedal 34 and the brake controller BC may be returned to the normal lower position by means of a spring element. The override valve 36 may also be a directional valve and it comprises a normal first control position 38a wherein the release circuit 17 is connected to the second pressure source Ps2 and connec ¬ tion to the tank line T is closed. The override valve is kept in the normal first control position 38a by means of a spring 39, for example. When the brake pedal is pressed, then a roller element 40 or corresponding force transmitting element or plunger transmits mechanical movement of the brake pedal 34 to the override valve 36 and moves it in down ward direction. Then a second control position 38b is ac ¬ tuated and the release circuit 17 is connected to a tank line T and connection to the second pressure source Ps2 is closed. The structure and operation of the separating valves 20 and the brake assemblies 14 may be the same as disclosed in connection with the previous Figures.

Figure 6 discloses a solution that differs from the solution of Figure 5 in that the override valve 36 is not actuated by the brake pedal but instead it may be actuated by a control lever 41. The control lever 41 may be located in the control cabin or elsewhere.

Figure 7 discloses some feasible second pressure sources Ps2 for pressurizing the release circuit. The needed pressure may be generated by means of a pressure pump unit 42 arranged in connection with the towing element 11. Then the towing element 11, such as towing hook, is arranged to move a piston rod 43 of a cylinder 44, whereby a piston 45 moves inside the cylinder 44 and generates pressure in a pressure space 46. The generated pressure may be conveyed through a pressure port 47 to the release circuit. When towing force is removed a spring 48 may return the towing element 11 and the piston 45 to their initial normal posi ¬ tions. Thus, the cylinder 44 acts as a pumping device when the towing element 11 is pulled for initiating the towing. Alternatively, the release circuit may comprise a dedicated hydraulic power pack 49 comprising a hydraulic pump 50 and a power device 51 for actuating the pump 50. The power device may be an electrical motor M and the power pack 49 may comprise an energy storage for driving the motor. Alternatively, the power device may be a manually operable lever or corresponding element. A further alternative is to use a pressure storage or pressure accumulator 52 for pres ¬ surizing the release circuit. The pressure accumulator 52 comprises a gas space 53, a hydraulic fluid space 54 and a separating element 55, such as a piston or membrane, between the spaces 53, 54. Hydraulic fluid may be stored inside the space 54 and the gas space 53 may be pre-charged with pres ¬ surized gas. Operational condition of the accumulator 52 may be monitored in order to ensure that the accumulator is continuously operable to provide the needed pressure for the release circuit.

Figure 8 discloses a brake pedal unit 56 comprising a frame 57, a brake pedal 34, a turning joint 35, a brake controller BC and an override device 21. The frame 56 may comprise fastening means for mounting the brake pedal unit 56 in one single piece to a mine vehicle. The brake con- troller BC may be a directional valve which is connected by means of a lifting lever 58 and a joint 59 to the brake pedal 34. The override device 21 comprises an override valve 36 fastened to the frame 57 and comprising a plunger 60 facing towards the brake pedal 34. The brake pedal 34 may comprise a rotating roller 40 configured to push the plunger 60 when the brake pedal 34 is actuated. In an alternative brake pedal unit may the brake controller and the override valve may be arranged on the same side relative to the turning joint, or their location may be opposite to that shown in Figures 5 and 8.

The drawings and the related description are only intended to illustrate the idea of the invention. In its details, the invention may vary within the scope of the claims .