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Title:
BUILDING MODULE FOR BUILDING A BUILDING CONSTRUCTION
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/164403
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A building module is configured for use for the purpose of building a building construction such as a planar wall and comprises a number of panels (11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16) which are mutually connected to each other and constitute a panel structure (6) having interior spaces (7) to that end, as well as an active coupling component (31) for coupling the building module (1) to an adjacent similar building module (1) in a coupling position of the building module (1). The active coupling component (31) is displaceable in the building module (1) between an insertion position for leaving room for a passive coupling component of the adjacent similar building module (1) in the coupling position of the building module (1) and a closure position for being engaged with the passive coupling component of the adjacent similar building module (1) in the coupling position of the building module (1).

Inventors:
BEUGELINK, Willem Tjibbe (Leiqo B.V, Zwartewaterallee 48, 8031 DX Zwolle, NL)
Application Number:
NL2019/050124
Publication Date:
August 29, 2019
Filing Date:
February 26, 2019
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
LEIQO B.V. (Zwartewaterallee 48, 8031 DX Zwolle, NL)
International Classes:
E04B2/16; E04B2/30; E04B2/32; E04C2/34
Domestic Patent References:
WO2002010528A12002-02-07
WO1991011568A11991-08-08
Foreign References:
US6122880A2000-09-26
DE311751C
NL1040286C22015-01-06
US6122880A2000-09-26
DE10033481A12002-01-24
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
DEKKER-GARMS, Alwine Emilie (RaTiO I/P, Sagittalaan 14, 5632 AL Eindhoven, NL)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. Building module (1) that is configured for use for the purpose of building a building construction (100) such as a planar wall (101), comprising:

- a number of panels (11 , 12, 13, 14, 15, 16) which are mutually connected to each other and constitute a panel structure (6) having interior spaces (7), and

- an active coupling component (31) for coupling the building module (1) to an adjacent similar building module (1) in a coupling position of the building module (1), the active coupling component (31) being at least partially disposed in an interior space (7) of the panel structure (6) and being displaceable in the building module (1) between an insertion position for leaving room for a passive coupling component (32) of the adjacent similar building module (1) in the coupling position of the building module (1) and a closure position for being engaged with the passive coupling component (32) of the adjacent similar building module (1) in the coupling position of the building module (1).

2. Building module (1) according to claim 1 , comprising at least one filler body (40) that is located at least partially in an interior space (7) of the panel structure (6).

3. Building module (1) according to claim 2, wherein the filler body (4) has heat- insulating properties.

4. Building module (1) according to claim 2 or 3, comprising a filler body (40) that is at least partially located in an interior space (7) of the panel structure (6) in which the active coupling component (31) is also partially located, wherein the filler body (40) is provided with an inspection opening (42) that is positioned to enable view on the active coupling component (31) from outside of the building module (1) when it is in one of the insertion position and the closure position, and to hide the active coupling component (31) at least partially from view from outside of the building module (1) when it is in the other of the insertion position and the closure position.

5. Building module (1) according to claim 4, wherein the inspection opening (42) is positioned to enable view on the active coupling component (31) from outside of the building module (1) when it is in the closure position, and to hide the active coupling component (31) at least partially from view from outside of the building module (1) when it is in the insertion position.

6. Building module (1) according to any of claims 2-5, comprising two filler bodies (40) which are located in an open interior space (7) of the panel structure (6) and which are freely accessible from outside of the building module (1), wherein each of the filler bodies (40) has a stepped surface (41) for abutment against a complementary stepped surface (41) of a freely accessible filler body (40) of a similar building module (1).

7. Building module (1) according to any of claims 1-6, wherein the active coupling component (31) can be put from the insertion position to the closure position and back through a linear movement of at least an element thereof.

8. Building module (1) according to any of claims 1-7, wherein the active coupling component (31) comprises an assembly of a screw body (33) and a closure element (34) arranged on the screw body (33), the screw body (33) being fixed in the panel structure (6).

9. Building module (1) according to any of claims 1-8, wherein the active coupling component (31) comprises a beveled surface (36), the beveled surface (36) being configured to be in contact to a passive coupling component (32) of an adjacent building module (1) when the active coupling component (31) is in the closure position, in the coupling position of the building module (1).

10. Building module (1) according to any of claims 1-9, comprising a passive coupling component (32) that is at least partially disposed in an interior space (7) of the panel structure (6), the passive coupling component (32) being configured to be engaged with an active coupling component (31) of an adjacent building module (1) that is in the closure position, in the coupling position of the building module (1).

11. Building module (1) according to claim 10, wherein the passive coupling component (32) and the active coupling component (31) are at least partially disposed in the same interior space (7) of the panel structure (6).

12. Building module (1) according to claim 10 or 11 , wherein the passive coupling component (32) and the active coupling component (31) are located at opposite sides of the building module (1).

13. Building module (1) according to any of claims 10-12, wherein the passive coupling component (32) comprises a rod-shaped body (35) that extends in an interior space (7) of the panel structure (6).

14. Building module (1) according to any of claims 1-13, wherein the panel structure (6) comprises exterior panels (11 , 12) of which a main body surface constitutes an exterior surface of the building module (1), and a number of interior panels (13, 14, 15, 16) of which a main body surface extends in the interior of the panel structure (6).

15. Building module (1) according to claim 14, wherein the panel structure (6) comprises two exterior panels (11 , 12) which are spaced apart and which extend parallel with respect to each other, and wherein at least a number of interior panels (13, 14) extend perpendicularly with respect to the exterior panels (11 , 12).

16. Building module (1) according to claim 14 or 15, wherein at a side of the building module (1), the exterior panels (11 , 12) extend to a higher level than the interior panels (13, 14, 15, 16), and wherein at an opposite side of the building module (1), the interior panels (13, 14, 15, 16) extend to a higher level than the exterior panels (11 , 12).

17. Building module (1) according to any of claims 14-16, wherein an exterior panel (11 , 12) of the panel structure (6) is provided with an opening (38) for allowing access to the active coupling component (31) from outside of the building module (1).

18. Building module (1) according to any of claims 1-17, wherein the panels (11 , 12, 13,

14, 15, 16) of the panel structure (6) are connected to each other without use of connection elements.

19. Building module (1) according to any of claims 1-18, wherein the panels (11 , 12, 13,

14, 15, 16) of the panel structure (6) are connected to each other on the basis of tongue and groove connections.

20. Building module (1) according to any of claims 1-19, comprising two active coupling components (31) which are spaced apart.

21. Building module (1) according to any of claims 1-20, comprising two passive coupling components (32) which are spaced apart.

22. Elongated, multiple building module (2) that is configured for use for the purpose of supporting a plurality of building modules (1) according to any of claims 1-21 , comprising:

- a number of panels (11 , 12, 13, 14, 15, 16) which are mutually connected to each other and constitute a panel structure (6) having interior spaces (7), and - a number of passive coupling components (32), each of which are at least partially disposed in an interior space (7) of the panel structure (6) and are configured to be engaged by an active coupling component (31) of a building module (1) when the building module (1) is placed against the multiple building module (2) in a coupling position and the active coupling component (31) of the building module (1) is put to the closure position.

23. Elongated, multiple building module (2) according to claim 22, wherein the panel structure (6) comprises three exterior panels (11 , 12, 17) of which a main body surface constitutes an exterior surface of the multiple building module (2) and which jointly constitute a base gutter (8) having a U-shaped cross-section, and a number of interior panels (13, 14, 15, 16) which are partially located in the base gutter (8).

24. Elongated, multiple building module (3) that is configured for use for the purpose of covering a plurality of building modules (1) according to any of claims 1-21 , comprising:

- a number of panels (11 , 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17) which are mutually connected to each other and constitute a panel structure (6) having interior spaces (7), and

- a number of active coupling components (31), each of which are at least partially disposed in an interior space (7) of the panel structure (6) and are configured to engage with a passive coupling component (32) of a building module (1) when the multiple building module (3) is placed against the building module (1) in a coupling position and the active coupling component (31) of the multiple building module (3) is put to the closure position.

25. Elongated, multiple building module (3) according to claim 24, wherein the panel structure (6) comprises three exterior panels (11 , 12, 17) of which a main body surface constitutes an exterior surface of the multiple building module (3) and which jointly constitute a base gutter (8) having a U-shaped cross-section, and a number of interior panels (13, 14, 15, 16) which are partially located in the base gutter (8).

26. Building construction (100), comprising a plurality of building modules (1) according to any of claims 1-21 which are mutually coupled through their coupling components (31 , 32).

27. Building construction (100) according to claim 26, wherein the building modules (1) are placed in a stretching bond.

28. Building construction (100) according to claim 26 or 27, comprising at least one of the elongated, multiple building module (2) according to claim 22 or 23 and the elongated, multiple building module (3) according to claim 24 or 25, wherein a number of building modules (1) and the multiple building module (2, 3) are mutually coupled through their coupling components (31 , 32).

29. Method for building a building construction (100), wherein a number of building modules (1) according to any of claims 1-21 are provided, are put to a coupling position with respect to each other, and are coupled to each other through their coupling components (31 , 32), wherein the active coupling components (31) of the building modules (1) are put from the insertion position to the closure position, and wherein a building module (1) is put to the coupling position with respect to at least one freely accessible building module (1) no earlier than when the at least one freely accessible building module (1) is coupled to at least one posterior building module (1).

30. Method according to claim 29, wherein the building modules (1) are placed in a stretching bond.

Description:
Title: Building module for building a building construction

The invention relates to a building module that is configured for use for the purpose of building a building construction such as a planar wall.

The invention also relates to two types of an elongated, multiple building module, of which one type is configured for use for the purpose of supporting a plurality of building modules, and of which another type is configured for use for the purpose of covering a plurality of building modules, as well as to a building construction, comprising a plurality of building modules and optionally at least one elongated, multiple building construction, and to a method for building a building construction, wherein a number of building modules and optionally at least one elongated, multiple building module are provided.

Erecting walls for the purpose of buildings or other kinds of building structures involves in many cases combining a number of materials and/or elements, which are mostly assembled on the spot. Often, these materials and/or elements need to be customized, at least for a part thereof, to be subsequently combined to a single entirety by means of screws, nails or adhesive materials. In the process, various disciplines, including constructional supporting force, heat-insulating ability and (housing for) cabling for the purpose of various installations, are put to practice, mostly in different phases, wherein each discipline is designed, produced, supplied and installed from its own expert network. In the process, constant aligning and monitoring are necessary. In fact, in view of the fact that this process is repeated with nearly every building process and with nearly every discipline, the wheel is reinvented over and over again. In most cases, this results in a non-flexible, non-recyclable final product that has had a large negative impact on environment, building time and financial conversion when it was created.

On the basis of the fact that walls and the like according to the state of the art are combinations of numerous different materials and elements from various disciplines, unsound connections of heat-insulating materials often occur as a result of which

unnecessarily high energy loss is obtained every time during use. Besides, as a result of widespread use of rigid materials which are coupled to each other through adhesion, there is not much or no flexibility, which is not very beneficial to recycling nor to resistance to earthquakes, for example. As far as the installation of cabling for the purpose of various installations is concerned, a choice is often made to first arrange the housing for cabling at predetermined and fixed places. Consequently, there is not much or no flexibility in case it is desired at a later stage to arrange housing somewhere else. Also, a choice is often made to open newly placed walls in order to arrange the cabling after all, after which the opened parts need to be closed again. Also at an afterward stadium, when a building structure is already in use, such a way of doing is necessary. The lack of flexibility involves much unnecessary material and financial damage.

NL 1040286 relates to a frame that is built from various uprights and a number of girders, which can be coupled to each other through a kind of tongue and groove

connections. Using this frame, a wall can be built in a modular way. The frames comprise vertical sleeves which are provided with flanges which slide under the flanges of an underlying frame by means of a rotation movement. In this way, a coupling between various frames is established. The sleeves of the frames need to be rotated from an above position. Also, these sleeves are characterized in that they serve as channels for the housing of cables and or tubes for the purpose of various installations, wherein the access to these sleeves is limited to one point from the surface.

US 6122880 relates to a module that is built from panels in perpendicular

arrangement with respect to each other, which are partly interlocking when being stacked on other modules.

DE 10033481 relates to massive building blocks which are provided with stepped interlocking side walls and narrow round vertical channels. For the purpose of the coupling system of the building blocks, use is made of cables which are arranged in the vertical channels, through which a number of rows of building blocks can be vertically coupled.

In view of the foregoing, it is an objective of the invention to offer an overall solution by means of which a number of disciplines are reduced to a single action by using a hands- on building module. To this end, the invention provides a building module that is configured for use for the purpose of building a building construction such as a planar wall, comprising:

- a number of panels which are mutually connected to each other and constitute a panel structure having interior spaces, and

- an active coupling component for coupling the building module to an adjacent similar building module in a coupling position of the building module, the active coupling component being at least partially disposed in an interior space of the panel structure and being displaceable in the building module between an insertion position for leaving room for a passive coupling component of the adjacent similar building module in the coupling position of the building module and a closure position for being engaged with the passive coupling component of the adjacent similar building module in the coupling position of the building module.

The invention provides a building module that may be used in a modular building system for erecting walls for the purpose of buildings or other kinds of building structures, for example. The building module comprises a number of panels which are mutually connected in such a way that they jointly constitute a panel structure that is structured such as to be capable of absorbing a load. This panel structure has interior spaces which may serve as segments of vertical channels in a wall and/or may be provided with heat-insulating material. Vertical channels in a wall offer space to cabling for various installations or may enable transport of ventilation air and/or hot air through a wall. The building modules are mutually interlocking and may be mutually coupled by means of their coupling components.

In the framework of the invention, it is very practical when the panel structure comprises exterior panels of which a main body surface constitutes an exterior surface of the building module, and is also provided with a number of interior panels of which a main body surface extends in the interior of the panel structure. In this way, the panel structure may comprise two exterior panels which are spaced apart and which extend parallel with respect to each other, wherein at least a number of interior panels extend perpendicularly with respect to the exterior panels. Preferably, the building module is designed such that exterior panels of building modules which are coupled to each other extend in alignment to each other and abut against each other.

With respect to the state of the art as disclosed in NL 1040286, the invention offers an improvement in a number of aspects. The invention provides a building module that may be provided with exterior panels which realize a plane-filling area at outsides of the building module, while in the frame known from NL 1040286 only a limited number of edges are present on which panels need to be arranged at a later stage. Also, in the case of the invention, it is possible to make use of various kinds of sheet materials which are already available in the market and by means of which the cradle-to-cradle principle can easily be applied, while according to NL 1040286, it is only possible to make use of specifically produced elements to which the cradle-to-cradle principle is not applicable, or only to a significantly decreased extent. Further, it may be so that the known frames have vertical channels, but they are located in the center of the frames and are accessible from one specific point only. The channels which are obtained in a building construction when the invention is applied are provided in the panel structure as a result of which they are easier to reach, wherein access along the entire vertical length is even possible. The coupling mechanism that is provided in the known frames can only be operated from an above position in a vertical building direction as followed in building a wall. However, the invention provides a coupling mechanism that can be operated from the front or back side (or in general: a side that is freely accessible and remains so after coupling) in the said building direction, in particular when the panel structure of the building module has an exterior panel in which an opening is present for allowing access to the active coupling component from outside of the building module. The active coupling component may comprise an assembly of a screw body such as a bolt and a closure element arranged on the screw body such as a more or less L-shaped block element having interior screw thread, wherein rotation of the screw body leads to a displacement of the closure element. On the basis of this principle, a coupling can be established between the building module and an adjacent building module, particularly when measures have been taken for realizing that the closure element ends up under a passive coupling component in the form of a bar or a similar (cylinder-shaped) element in the adjacent building module. This solution is less complicated and offers the advantage of a decreased need of material. Besides, this coupling mechanism can be used also if the building modules are of a lower design, in which case the building modules can be clamped onto each other with more force as a result of which a construction of higher stiffness is realized. In general, it is beneficial when putting the active coupling component from the one to the other position can be realized through a simple movement. For instance, it is practical when the active coupling component can be put from the insertion position to the closure position and back through a linear movement of at least an element thereof, which is the case in the above-mentioned example of the embodiment of the active coupling component having a screw body and a closure element arranged thereon.

With respect to the state of the art as disclosed in US 6122880, the invention offers an improvement by providing building modules having built-in coupling components and interior spaces, which interior spaces may be provided with heat-insulating filler bodies in advance, while according to US 6122880 it is only possible to insert insulation pellets afterwards, once the walls have been erected. Thus, according to the state of the art, more actions are required, and the known building module is less flexible in use and less suitable for recycling. Further, in the design known from US 6122880, the building modules have lower stiffness and need to be applied in combination with supporting constructions, while the building module according to the invention is structured such as to be capable of absorbing a load and can do without supporting construction. For the purpose of improving the way in which the building modules can be inserted into each other, it is known from US 6122880 to add interior components such as strips and/or profiled laths, while in the building module according to the invention, no further components are needed for realizing proper interlocking.

In particular, the building modules according to the invention may be provided with recesses/rabbets into which an edge portion of panels of adjacent modules can be slid. Further, in the context of the invention, assuming that the panel structure of the building module according to the invention comprises exterior panels and interior panels, as has been described earlier, it may be so that at a side of the building module, the exterior panels extend to a higher level than the interior panels, and wherein at an opposite side of the building module, the interior panels extend to a higher level than the exterior panels so that the building module is suitable to receive a part of the interior panels of an adjacent building module between the projecting part of the exterior panels.

With respect to the state of the art as disclosed in DE 10033481 , the invention offers an improvement by providing a mutual coupling of building modules through built-in coupling components, while in the building modules according to DE 10033481 , cables are used, which are arranged through vertical channels in the building modules in that case. In general, on the basis of the panel structure having the interior spaces, the building module according to the invention offers more possibilities and flexibility. For instance, the building module according to the invention may comprise at least one filler body that extends at least partially in an interior space of the panel structure. As has been noted earlier, such a filler body may have heat-insulating properties. In any case, such a filler body may be provided in the building modules prior to assembling the building modules. The building module according to the invention may comprise two filler bodies which are located in an open interior space of the panel structure and which are freely accessible from outside of the building module, wherein each of the filler bodies has a stepped surface for abutment against a

complementary stepped surface of a freely accessible filler body of a similar building module. This results in a possibility of coupling the building modules to each other in a building direction through the coupling components, while in a sideward direction, the building modules may abut against each other through stepped surfaces. Depending on the desired application, the surfaces can be easily adapted to sideward mutual abutment of the building modules by providing filler bodies having differently shaped surfaces.

According to a special aspect of the invention, the building module may comprise a filler body that is at least partially located in an interior space of the panel structure in which the active coupling component is also partially located, wherein the filler body is provided with an inspection opening that is positioned to enable view on the active coupling

component from outside of the building module when it is in one of the insertion position and the closure position, and to hide the active coupling component at least partially from view from outside of the building module when it is in the other of the insertion position and the closure position. For example, in a practical embodiment, it may be so that the inspection opening is positioned to enable view on the active coupling component from outside of the building module when it is in the closure position, and to hide the active coupling component at least partially from view from outside of the building module when it is in the insertion position. In this way, two building modules which are in the coupling position can be subjected to a visual inspection for assessing whether the interlocking is complete, in other words, whether the active coupling component of the one of the building modules is in the closure position. The inspection on the visual basis can be facilitated when the active coupling component and the filler body are at least partially realized in contrasting colors.

As has been noted earlier, it may be practical when the active coupling component comprises an assembly of a screw body such as a bolt and a closure element arranged on the screw body, the screw body being fixed in the panel structure of the building module. Further, the active coupling component of the building module according to the invention may comprise a beveled surface, the beveled surface being configured to be in contact to a passive coupling component of an adjacent building module when the active coupling component is in the closure position, in the coupling position of the building module.

Like the active coupling component, the passive coupling component mentioned earlier may at least partially be disposed in an interior space of the panel structure. In any case, it is practical when the passive coupling component is configured to be engaged with an active coupling component of an adjacent building module that is in the closure position, in the coupling position of the building module of which it is part. In the building module, the passive coupling component and the active coupling component may at least partially be disposed in the same interior space of the panel structure, wherein each of the coupling components serves for coupling the building module to another, adjacent similar building module, at two different sides of the building module. Another or additional practical option relating to the passive coupling component and the active coupling component is that they are located at opposite sides of the building module. The passive coupling component may be realized in different ways. According to a practical example, the passive coupling component comprises a rod-shaped body that extends in an interior space of the panel structure.

The panel structure of the building module according to the invention may be shaped in a relatively simple fashion, having only panels which extend parallel and perpendicularly with respect to each other. In many possible applications of the building module, it is desirable that all panels are oriented as uprights in the building module and none of the panels is transversely oriented in respect thereof as girder, because in that way spaces which are accessible along their full length can be realized along the uprights. The panels may be connected to each other without use of connection elements. In a practical embodiment of the building module according to the invention, the panels may be connected to each other on the basis of tongue and groove connections.

The building module according to the invention may comprise two active coupling components which are spaced apart. In a similar manner, the building module according to the invention may comprise two passive coupling components which are spaced apart. This offers the possibility of providing in a double mutual coupling of the building modules and of placing the building modules in a stretching bond if so desired, as a result of which it is sufficient to have a mutual coupling between the building modules through coupling components in a single direction in view of the fact that mutual coupling in a transverse direction is automatically obtained through the staggered arrangement of the building modules.

The invention further relates to an elongated, multiple building module that is configured for use for the purpose of supporting a plurality of building modules as described in the foregoing, comprising:

- a number of panels which are mutually connected to each other and constitute a panel structure having interior spaces, and

- a number of passive coupling components, each of which are at least partially disposed in an interior space of the panel structure and are configured to be engaged by an active coupling component of a building module when the building module is placed against the multiple building module in a coupling position and the active coupling component of the building module is put to the closure position.

An elongated, multiple building module according to the above definition is suitable to be used as footplate, i.e. as constructional basis which can be supported and/or anchored on a foundation, and to which a structure of building modules can be arranged. According to a practical possibility, the panel structure of the elongated, multiple building module has three exterior panels of which a main body surface constitutes an exterior surface of the multiple building module and which jointly constitute a base gutter having a U-shaped cross-section, as well as a number of interior panels which are partially located in the base gutter.

The invention further relates to an elongated, multiple building module that is configured for use for the purpose of covering a plurality of building modules as described in the foregoing, comprising:

- a number of panels which are mutually connected to each other and constitute a panel structure having interior spaces, and

- a number of active coupling components, each of which are at least partially disposed in an interior space of the panel structure and are configured to engage with a passive coupling component of a building module when the multiple building module is placed against the building module in a coupling position and the active coupling component of the multiple building module is put to the closure position.

An elongated, multiple building module according to the above definition is suitable to be used as cover plate. According to a practical possibility, the panel structure of the elongated, multiple building module has three exterior panels of which a main body surface constitutes an exterior surface of the multiple building module and which jointly constitute a base gutter having a U-shaped cross-section, as well as a number of interior panels which are partially located in the base gutter. The invention further relates to a building construction comprising a plurality of building modules as described in the foregoing, which are mutually coupled through their coupling components. As has been noted earlier, the building modules can be placed in a stretching bond. The building construction may comprise at least one elongated, multiple building module as described in the foregoing, wherein a number of building modules and the multiple building module are mutually coupled through their coupling components.

The invention further relates to a method for building a building construction, wherein a number of building modules as described in the foregoing are provided, are put to a coupling position with respect to each other, and are coupled to each other through their coupling components, wherein the active coupling components of the building modules are put from the insertion position to the closure position, and wherein a building module is put to the coupling position with respect to at least one freely accessible building module no earlier than when the at least one freely accessible building module is coupled to at least one posterior building module. This method is particularly applicable when the building module is adapted to enable a visual inspection of the active coupling component of the building module. In that case, it is always possible to first check whether a building module is coupled to a posterior building module in the proper way before a next building module is provided and placed against the building module.

According to the method, in conformity with what has been noted in the foregoing, the building modules can be placed in a stretching bond. Also, at least one elongated, multiple building module as described in the foregoing may be provided, wherein a number of building modules are put in a coupling position with respect to the multiple building module and the multiple building module and the building modules are coupled to each other through their coupling components by putting the active coupling components of the building modules from the insertion position to the closure position.

The invention will be further elucidated on the basis of the following description of a basic building module, a footplate, a cover plate, and corner building modules which can be used for the purpose of building a building construction such as a planar wall. In the process, reference will be made to the drawing, in which similar reference numerals indicate similar or comparable components, and in which:

figures 1 and 2 diagrammatically show different perspective top views of a building module according to a practical embodiment of the invention;

figures 3 and 4 diagrammatically show different perspective bottom views of the building module;

figure 5 diagrammatically shows a top view of the building module; figures 6-8 diagrammatically show different views of a connecting column that is part of the building module;

figures 9 and 10 illustrate how an active coupling component of a building module can be engaged with the passive coupling component of an adjacent similar building module;

figure 11 diagrammatically shows a perspective view of two exterior panels which are part of the building module;

figure 12 diagrammatically shows a perspective view of a portion of a footplate to which a number of building modules can be coupled;

figure 13 diagrammatically shows a perspective view of another portion of the footplate; figures 14-16 diagrammatically show different views of a cover plate which can be coupled to a number of building modules;

figure 17 illustrates how building modules, footplates and cover plates can be coupled to build a corner construction of two upright walls, wherein one of the walls has an opening for receiving a window or the like;

figures 18-20 diagrammatically show different views of a first variant of a corner building module;

figures 21 and 22 diagrammatically show different views of a second variant of a corner building module; and

figure 23 shows an alternative to a panel structure of the building module.

Indications such as“above” and“underneath” as used in the description of the figures are to be understood as being related to an application of the building modules, footplates and cover plates for building upright walls, assuming a normal orientation of such walls as illustrated in figure 17.

Figures 1-5 show a practical example of a basic building module 1 according to the invention. Figures 6-8 and 11 show components of the basic building module 1. Figures 9 and 10 serve to illustrate how an active coupling component 31 of a basic building module 1 can be engaged with the passive coupling component 32 of an adjacent similar basic building module 1. Figures 12 and 13 show a footplate 2 that is adapted to be applied for supporting a number of basic building modules 1. Figures 14-16 show a cover plate 3 that can be coupled to a number of basic building modules 1 for the purpose of covering them. Figure 17 serves to illustrate how basic building modules 1 , footplates 2, cover plates 3 and corner building modules can be applied for building a building construction 100. Figures 18- 22 show two different variants of a corner building module 4, 5. Figure 23 shows an alternative to a component of the basic building module 1.

The basic building module 1 as shown in various figures comprises two exterior panels 11 , 12 which will hereinafter be referred to as front panel 11 and back panel 12, respectively. In the shown example, the front panel 11 and the back panel 12 extend parallel with respect to each other, and are generally realized as a planar plate of rectangular shape. Freely accessible main body surfaces of the front panel 11 and the back panel 12 constitute exterior surfaces of the basic building module 1 , and, in a built entirety of a number of basic building modules 1 , are part of composed exterior surfaces of the entirety, as can be seen in figure 17.

The shown basic building module 1 further comprises two connecting columns 10 which are positioned between the front panel 11 and the back panel 12 at a distance from each other. In the shown example, the connecting columns are identical and comprise each a number of interior panels 13, 14, 15, 16 of the basic building module 1 , in particular panels 13, 14, 15, 16 which are generally realized as planar plates, more in particular two parallel and spaced broad panels 13, 14 which extend perpendicularly to the front panel 11 and the back panel 12 and of which, at two opposite sides, an edge portion is received in a rabbet 21 in the front panel 11 and the back panel 12, and two parallel and spaced narrow panels 15,

16 which extend perpendicularly to the broad panels 13, 14 and of which, at two opposite sides, an edge portion is received in a rabbet 21 in the broad panels 13, 14. In this configuration, the narrow panels 15, 16 of the connecting columns extend parallel to the front panel 11 and the back panel 12.

On the basis of the above-described configuration of the front panel 11 , the back panel 12 and the two connecting columns 10, a panel structure 6 having interior spaces 7 is realized in the basic building module 1. A connecting column 10 is separately shown in figures 6-8. In this depiction, among other things, it can be seen that at least the broad panels 13, 14 may be provided with sections 20 of reduced size so as to save material and weight. The front panel 11 and the back panel 12 are separately shown in figure 11. In this depiction, among other things, it can be seen that these panels 11 , 12 may be provided with sections 20 of reduced size as well. Within the framework of the invention, a suitable number may be chosen in respect of the connecting columns 10, ranging from one per basic building module 1 to as many as applicable.

In figures 1-4, it can be seen that in the shown example, the front panel 11 and the back panel 12 have a staggered positioning with respect to the connecting columns 10, as a result of which, at a side of the basic building module 1 that can be denoted as bottom side in building an upright wall, for example, the front panel 11 and the back panel 12 project with respect to the connecting columns 10, and as a result of which, at an opposite side of the basic building module 1 , i.e. a side of the basic building module 1 that can be denoted as top side in building an upright wall, for example, the connecting columns 10 project with respect to the front panel 11 and the back panel 12. This facilitates putting two basic building modules 1 in a coupling position with respect to each other, as in that case it is a matter of sliding the projecting portions of the connecting columns 10 of a second basic building module 1 between the projecting portions of the front panel 11 and the back panel 12 of a first basic building module 1 , wherein portions of the broad panels 13, 14 of the connecting columns 1 of the second basic building module 1 are received in portions of rabbets 21 in the front panel 11 and the back panel 12 of the first basic building module 1. Thus, the design of the basic building module 1 with the said staggered positioning of the front panel 11 and the back panel 12 with respect to the connecting columns 10 and with the provision of rabbets 21 in the front panel 11 and the back panel 12 is aimed at guaranteeing a proper mutual interlocking of the basic building modules 1. Apart from that, in respect of all couplings between panels which are established at the position of a rabbet 21 in the one panel and an edge portion of the other panel, it is true that a dovetail design may be chosen, wherein only displacements in a longitudinal direction of the rabbets 21 are allowed, while displacements in all other possible directions are prevented.

It is a further practical possibility that the narrow panels 15, 16 are somewhat offset with respect to the broad panels 13, 14, wherein the narrow panels 15, 16 project to some extent with respect to the broad panels 13, 14, at the side where the connecting columns 10 project with respect to the front panel 11 and the back panel 12. In such a configuration, the narrow panels 15, 16 can have a function in preventing lateral shifting of basic building modules 1 which are in a coupling position.

For the purpose of the mutual coupling of the basic building modules 1 , the basic building module 1 is provided with a coupling mechanism. In the shown example, an active coupling component 31 and a passive coupling component 32 are disposed in each of the connecting columns 10, at the bottom side and the top side, respectively, of the basic building module 1. The active coupling component 31 is characterized in that this component is displaceable between an insertion position and a closure position. The active coupling component 31 at the bottom side of a first basic building module 1 and the passive coupling component 32 at the top side of a second basic building module 1 are configured for cooperation with each other, in particular to engage each other when the basic building modules 1 are put to a coupling position and the active coupling component 31 is put from the insertion position to the closure position.

The coupling mechanism of the basic building module 1 may be realized in any suitable way. In the shown example, a choice has been made to have an assembly of a bolt 33 and a block element 34 arranged on the bolt 33 as the active coupling component 31 , as can be seen in figures 3 and 4, and a rod-shaped body 35 as the passive coupling component 32, as can be seen in figures 2, 6 and 8. At the bottom side of the connecting column 10, the block element 34 projects with respect to the panels 13, 14, 15, 16, in the space that is present at the bottom side of the basic building module 1 , between the front panel 11 and the back panel 12. The block element 34 is provided with a beveled surface 36. The bolt 33 is received in openings 37a, 37b in the narrow panels 15, 16 of the connecting column 10. The rod-shaped body 35 extends in an interior space 7 that is defined between the panels 13, 14, 15, 16 of the connecting column 10.

As a default, the active coupling component 31 is in the insertion portion so that two basic building modules 1 which need to be coupled to each other can be placed against each other without hindrance and be put to a coupling position in doing so, wherein the block element 34 of the one basic building module 1 is received in the space 7 of the other basic building module 1 accommodating the rod-shaped body 35. Starting from that situation, in order to realize that the block element 34 of the one basic building module 1 engages with the rod-shaped body 35 of the other basic building module 1 , the bolt 33 on which the block element 34 is located needs to be rotated. Any suitable tool may be applied to that end. In the shown example, the front panel 11 is provided with openings 38 at appropriate places, as a result of which access to the bolt 33 from the outside is enabled for such a tool. Thus, the establishment of a coupling between two basic building modules 1 comprises the steps of putting the basic building modules 1 to a coupling position and letting the active coupling component 31 of the one basic building module 1 engage with the passive coupling component 32 of the other basic building module 1 by displacing the active coupling component 31 from the insertion position to the closure position, wherein a tool is inserted through an opening 38 in the front panel 11. When the bolt 33 is rotated and the block element 34 is displaced as a result thereof, it is achieved that the block element 34 abuts against the rod-shaped body 35 in an increasingly tight fashion through the beveled portion 36 thereof. A coupling between the active coupling component 31 of the one basic building module 1 and the passive coupling component 32 of the other basic building module 1 is visualized in figures 9 and 10.

With reference to figures 9 and 10, it is noted that in a practical alternative of the coupling mechanism of the basic building module 1 , a hook-shaped element may be used in the active coupling component 31 instead of the shown block element 34. When the direction of movement of the block element 34 in the basic building module 1 is denoted as being sideward, the direction of movement of such a hook-shaped element can be chosen as being upward and downward, i.e. a direction substantially parallel to the panels 11 , 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 of the basic building module 1 , which offers a possibility to operate the hook-shaped element from an above position as a result of which both the front panel 11 and the back panel 12 can remain intact and especially do no need to be provided with an opening or the like, which offers the advantage that a building construction 100 comprising a number of basic building modules 1 does not necessarily need to be provided with a finishing layer in order to have a smooth appearance. In the alternative case of the hook-shaped element, it can particularly be so that when two basic building modules 1 which are to be coupled to each other are placed against each other and are put in a coupling position in doing so, the hook-shaped element of the one basic building module 1 leaves room for the rod-shaped body 35 of the other basic building module 1 in a first instance, and is subsequently operated to be pulled against the rod shaped body 35 in upward direction from a bottom position, wherein the rod-shaped body 35 ends up in a recess defined by the hook shape. Any suitable mechanism such as a screw mechanism can be applied for the purpose of moving the hook-shaped element.

Besides in the basic building module 1 , the above-mentioned alternative hook-shaped element can be applied in other possible building modules according to the invention.

Depending on the desired application of the basic building modules 1 , it may be beneficial when they are provided with filler bodies of heat-insulating material. Such filler bodies may be placed in one or more of the interior spaces 7 of the panel structure 6. In the shown example, the basic building module 1 comprises such filler bodies 40 at five different places, namely in the space 7 between the panels 13, 14, 15, 16 of the two connecting columns 10, in a central space 7 of the basic building module 1 between the two connecting columns 10, and in an open space 7 at two sides of the basic building module 1.

In the shown example, the filler bodies 40 which are located at the sides of the basic building module 1 where the interior space 7 of the panel structure 6 is open are realized in a stepped fashion in order to enable a proper abutment of the basic building module 1 against an adjacent basic building module 1 at those sides, wherein the stepped surface 41 of the filler body 40 of the one basic building module 1 is fittingly placed against the stepped surface 41 of the filler body 40 of the other basic building module 1. Further, in the shown example, the filler bodies 40 which are located at the top side in the connecting columns 10 are provided with an opening 42, as can be seen in figure 5. This opening 42 is an inspection opening and is positioned such that the block element 34 of the active coupling component 31 can only be seen therethrough when the block element 34 is in the closure position.

Consequently, a person handling the basic building modules 1 is always enabled to inspect from an above position whether the coupling between basic building module 1 is complete, or if the bolt 33 of the active coupling component 31 still needs to be rotated.

Figures 12 and 13 relate to a so-called footplate 2. In comparison to the basic building module 1 , the footplate 2 can be regarded as a multiple building module of which the top side has the same shape features as the top side of the basic building module 1 , so that a basic building module 1 can be coupled to the footplate 2 in the same way as to a basic building module 1. In a functional sense, the footplate 2 can be denoted as being a row of interconnected basic building modules 1 having only a passive coupling component 32 at the top side thereof with the active coupling component 31 being absent and a bottom panel 17 being present at the bottom side. On the basis of the comparison to a row of interconnected basic building modules 1 , it may be so that the footplate 2 has an elongated shape, but apart from that, at the top side thereof, the footplate 2 is of a similar design as the basic building module 1. Thus, the footplate 2 comprises an elongated front panel 11 , an elongated back panel 12 and a plurality of connecting columns 10.

In the footplate 2, the front panel 11 and the back panel 12 in combination with the bottom panel 17 constitute a base gutter 8 having a U-shaped cross-section. In the same way as is possible with the basic building module 1 , the footplate 2 can be provided with suitable filler bodies 40. A filler body 40 having a stepped surface 41 may be arranged at a side (head side), as has been described earlier in respect of the basic building module 1.

This option is shown in figure 12. On the other hand, as shown in figure 13, a filler body 40 having a planar surface may be arranged at a side, and the base gutter 8 can be closed by means of a closure panel 18. Besides, the said design of the side with a filler body 40 having a planar surface and a closure panel 18 is also one of the possibilities in respect of the basic building module 1.

The bottom panel 17 can be used to set the footplate 2 and connect the footplate 2 to a foundation. The spaces 7 which are present between the front panel 11 and the narrow panel 15 of the connecting columns 10 at the front side of the footplate 2 and/or the spaces 7 which are present between the back panel 12 and the narrow panel 16 of the connecting columns 10 at the back side of the footplate 2 can be used to establish the attachment of the footplate 2 to a foundation from an above position, for example, by drilling holes therein and arranging suitable attachment means.

Figures 14-16 relate to a cover plate 3, which, like the footplate 2, is a multiple building module. A difference to the footplate 2 is that the bottom side of the cover plate 3 has the same shape features as the bottom side of the basic building module 1 , so that a basic building module 1 can be coupled to the cover plate 3 in the same way as to a basic building module 1. In a functional sense, the cover plate 3 can be denoted as being a row of interconnected basic building modules 1 having only an active coupling component 31 at the bottom side thereof with the passive coupling component 32 being absent and a top panel 19 being present at the top side. The cover plate 3 serves to cover a number of basic building modules 1.

In a similar way as is the case with the footplate 2, the cover plate 3 comprises an elongated front panel 11 , an elongated back panel 12 and a plurality of connecting columns 10, wherein the front panel 11 and the back panel 12 in combination with the top panel 19 constitute a base gutter 8 having a U-shaped cross-section. On the basis of the foregoing, it will be understood that when footplates 2 and cover plates 3 are applied in a construction 100 to be built, the base gutter 8 of the cover plate 3 has a reversed orientation with respect to the base gutter 8 of the footplate 2. In the same way as is possible with the basic building module 1 and the footplate 2, the cover plate 3 can be provided with suitable filler bodies 40.

Figure 17 illustrates how basic building modules 1 , footplates 2 and cover plates 3 can be used to constitute a building construction 100. In the shown example, which is an arbitrary example, the building construction 100 is a corner construction of two upright walls 101 , wherein one of the walls 101 has an opening 102 for receiving a window or the like. The building construction 100 is easily built on a foundation by attaching footplates 2 to the foundation and subsequently putting basic building modules 1 in layers on top of those and establishing couplings between the various layers using the coupling components 31 , 32 of the basic building modules 1 and the footplates 2. Where appropriate, cover plates 3 may be applied to cover a number of basic building modules 1 at the top side thereof. Throughout the process, the desired couplings can be made by putting the basic building modules 1 and the cover plates 3 to a coupling position, simply by stacking the basic building modules 1 and the cover plates 3 on a layer that has already been formed, and then putting the respective active coupling component 31 from the insertion position to the closure position, from the front of the basic building modules 1 and the cover plates 3, by using a suitable tool that can be inserted through an opening 38 in the front panel 11. Before a next basic building module 1 is arranged, it is possible to check from an above position if the coupling between layers which have already been formed is complete, through the inspection opening 42. At head sides of basic building modules 1 and at other appropriate places in the building construction 100, closure panels may be applied in order to realize a fully closed appearance of the building construction 100.

By means of the coupling components 31 , 32, the basic building modules 1 , the footplates 2 and the cover plates 3 are coupled in vertical direction. It is advantageous when the basic building modules 1 have at least two active coupling components 31 and two passive coupling components 32, so that, as is the case in the shown example, the basic building modules 1 can be arranged in a stretching bond. In such a case, a basic building module 1 can always be coupled to two other basic building modules 1 , so that a building construction 100 is obtained in which basic building modules 1 are coupled not only in vertical direction, but also in sideward direction.

On the basis of the foregoing, it may be concluded that a high extent of flexibility in building building constructions 100 is obtained when the invention is applied. The exact realization of the basic building module 1 according to the invention can easily be adapted to the requirements of a building construction 100. Dimensions of the interior spaces 7 of the panel structure 6 may be varied by choosing another mutual positioning of panels and adapting the design of the panels, in particular the positioning of rabbets 21 in the panels, accordingly. According to desire, filler bodies 40 may or may not be fitted into the panel structure 6, by means of which heat-insulating properties may be attributed to the basic building modules 1 , for example, and cabling or the like may easily be put in place through the interior spaces 7, wherein it is noted that the interior spaces 7 of basic building modules 1 which are coupled to each other are arranged to extend in alignment to each other and constitute continuous channels in a building construction 100 on the basis thereof. There is no need for additional attachment means for the purpose of realizing the required couplings between basic building modules 1. The safety is guaranteed to a significant extent as despite of the fact that the coupling components 31 , 32 of the basic building modules 1 are located in the interior of a building construction 100 to be built, a possibility to inspect the coupling is provided. A building construction 100 or a portion thereof can be pulled down again if so desired, wherein couplings between the active coupling components 31 and the passive coupling components of mutually coupled modules can be made undone in such a case, so that the modules can easily be removed from each other and can be destined for another application if so desired.

Figures 18-22 relate to two different variants of a corner building module 4, 5. At two sides thereof, a corner building module 4, 5 is adapted to laterally abut against a basic building module 1. Contrary to what is the case with the basic building module 1 , the said two sides are not opposite to each other. In the shown examples, the said two sides are chosen such that the one abutting basic building module 1 is placed at an angle of 90° to the other abutting basic building module 1. As has been elucidated earlier, abutment between basic building modules 1 , 4, 5 can take place through a stepped surface 41 of a filler body 40.

Both shown corner building modules 4, 5 comprise a panel structure 6 having two connecting columns 10, wherein an active coupling component 31 and a passive coupling component 32 are disposed in each connecting column 10. A difference to the shown variants of the corner building modules 4, 5 is that in the one corner building module 4 as shown in figures 18-20, the mutual orientation of the connecting columns 10 is chosen such that the active coupling components 31 are movable in opposite direction and the passive coupling components 32 extend in the same direction, while in the other corner building module 5 as shown in figures 21 and 22, the mutual orientation of the connecting columns 10 is chosen such that the active coupling components 31 are movable in directions which differ 90° from each other and the passive coupling components also extend in direction differ 90° from each other. For the sake of completeness, it is noted that in the building basic module 1 , the connecting columns 10 have the same orientation, wherein the active coupling components 31 are movable in the same direction and the passive coupling components 32 extend in the same direction. It will be clear to a person skilled in the art that the scope of the invention is not limited to the examples discussed in the foregoing, but that several amendments and modifications thereof are possible without deviating from the scope of the invention as defined in the attached claims.

For the sake if completeness, it is noted that terms like“parallel” and

“perpendicular(ly)” are to be understood for their practical meaning in which a certain extent of deviation from the theoretical meaning is implicit.

The shown footplates 2 and cover plates 3 are realized as elongated, multiple building modules. That does not alter the fact that in the framework of the invention, footplates 2 and cover plates 3 which are adapted to support and cover, respectively, a single basic building module 1 or a portion thereof, are feasible as well.

The panel structure 6 may be realized on the basis of a number of separate panels 11 , 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 which can be connected to each other during an assembling process, as is the case in the shown example. Within the framework of the invention, the way in which the necessary connections between the panels 11 , 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 can be realized can be chosen freely. For instance, besides the shown option of a connection with rabbets 21 in the one panel for receiving an edge portion of another panel, options such as gluing and/or applying connection elements such as screws or nails are available. According to another option in respect of the panel structure 6, the panel structure 6 is shaped as one integral entirety, for example, by means of pressing, blanking or extruding, as shown in figure 23.

The panel structure 6 may be made of any possible suitable material or any possible suitable combination of materials. An option of having the panel structure 6 as a single integral entirety in carbon composite may for example be chosen in order to realize a high constructional loading capacity.