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Title:
CANNED FOOD PRODUCTS HAVING ONE OR MORE FILLINGS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2013/176974
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The invention provides food products and methods for making the food products. The products comprise a container comprising a meat emulsion encasing one or more hydrocolloid dispersions wherein the one or more hydrocolloid dispersions and the meat emulsion have a different appearance and texture. Preferably, the one or more hydrocolloid dispersions are xanthan, carboxy methyl cellulose, konjac, guar, agar agar, gum arabic, locus bear gum, cassia, acacia, alginate, carobe, or a combination thereof.

Inventors:
WATELAIN, Annie (9 Rue de Buire, Lavieville, Lavieville, Lavieville, FR)
KOMAREK, David (3 Ruelle Des Jardins, Sailly Le Sec, Sec, FR)
SISIAK, Laurent (34 Rue de Melbourne, Villers Bretonneux, Bretonneux, FR)
FRISCOURT, Julie (BP 47, Aubigny, Aubigny, FR)
RAYNER, Jean, Luz (4904 Creek Crossing Dr, St. Joseph, MO, 64507, US)
DECKARD, Maquel (1107 Mississippi Ave, Unit 409St. Louis, MO, 63104, US)
RAYNER, Michael, G. (4904 Creek Crossing Dr, St. Joseph, MO, 64507, US)
Application Number:
US2013/041521
Publication Date:
November 28, 2013
Filing Date:
May 17, 2013
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
NESTEC SA (Avenue Nestle 55, Vevey, Vevey, CH)
WATELAIN, Annie (9 Rue de Buire, Lavieville, Lavieville, Lavieville, FR)
KOMAREK, David (3 Ruelle Des Jardins, Sailly Le Sec, Sec, FR)
SISIAK, Laurent (34 Rue de Melbourne, Villers Bretonneux, Bretonneux, FR)
FRISCOURT, Julie (BP 47, Aubigny, Aubigny, FR)
RAYNER, Jean, Luz (4904 Creek Crossing Dr, St. Joseph, MO, 64507, US)
DECKARD, Maquel (1107 Mississippi Ave, Unit 409St. Louis, MO, 63104, US)
RAYNER, Michael, G. (4904 Creek Crossing Dr, St. Joseph, MO, 64507, US)
International Classes:
A23L1/317; A23K1/10; A23K1/18
Domestic Patent References:
1998-02-12
Foreign References:
US6613372B12003-09-02
US3808340A1974-04-30
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
LAPPIN, Julie, M. (Nestle Purina Petcare Global Resources, Inc.Checkerboard Square,Intellectual Property - Patent, St. Louis MO, 63164, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

What is Claimed is:

1 , A canned food product comprising:

a c n, the can comprising;

one or more h drocolloid dispersions in the interior of the can; and

a meat emulsion encasing the one or more hydrocolloid dispersions,

2, The product of claim 1 wherein the one or more hydrocolloid dispersions are selected from the group consisting of xanthan, carboxy methyl cellulose, konjac, guar, agar agar, gum arabic, locus bear gum, cassia, acacia, alginate, carobe, or a combination thereof.

3, 'i'he product of claim 1 wherein the meat emulsion comprises muscle meat and collagen ,

4, The product of claim I wherein the meat emulsion comprises a fibrillar protein and at least one polysaccharide.

5, The product of claim. 4 wherein the fibrillar protein is selected from the group consisting of myosin, actin, actomyosiri, collagen, and mixtures thereof,

6, The product of claim 4 wherein the at least one poiysaccharide is selected from the group consisting of a starch and a gum,

7, The product of claim I wherein the one or more hydrocolloid dispersions comprise from about 25% to about 75% by weight of the food product.

8, The product of claim 1 wherein at least one of the one or more hydrocolloid dispersions and the meat emulsion comprise an element selected from the group consisting of paSatability enhancers, colorants, preservatives, visible pieces of ingredients, solubiSized nutritional ingredients, flavor compounds, aroma compounds, encapsulated flavors, and encapsulated nutrients,

9, The product of claim 1 wherein the meat emulsion is completely encasing the one or more hydrocolloid dispersions,

10, The product of claim 1 wherein the meat emulsion is substantially -encasing - the one or more hydrocolloid dispersions.

1 1 , The product of claim 1 wherein the product is a canned companion animal food product, 1.2. The product of claim 1 1 wherein the companion animal is a dog or a cat.

! 3. A method for making a canned food product comprising: forming one or more hydrocolioid dispersions;

forming a meat emulsion;

filling the one or more hydrocolioid dispersions and the meat emulsion into a can such that the meat emulsion encases the one or more hydrocolioid dispersions.

14. The method of claim 13 further comprising hermetically sealing the can,

15. The method of claim 14 further comprising retorting the filled can.

16. The method of claim 14 wherein the filled can is inverted before retorting.

17. The method of claim 14 wherein the filled can is retorted at a temperature of from about 121 to about 126°C for from about 25 to about 50 minutes,

18. The method of claim 15 further comprising cooling the retorted can.

19. The method of claim 18 wherein the retorted can is cooled to a temperature of 20°C to 35°C.

20. The method of claim 13 wherein the steps of filling the can with the one or more hydrocolioid dispersions and filling, the can with the meat emulsion comprise delivering a portion of the meat emulsion to the can, adding the one or more hydrocolioid dispersions onto the portion of the meat emulsion, and covering the one or more hydrocolioid. dispersions with a remaining portion of the meat emulsion.

21. The method of claim 13 wherein the steps of filling the can with the one or more hydrocolioid dispersions and filling the can with the meat emulsion comprise delivering the meat emulsion to the can and injecting the one or more hydrocolioid dispersions into the meat emulsion.

22. The method of claim 13 wherein the steps of filling the can with the one or more hydrocolioid dispersions and filling the can with the meat emulsion comprise co- extruding the one or more hydrocolioid dispersions at a first rate and the meat emulsion at a second rate and adjusting the first rate and the second rate to allow the meat emulsion to encase the one or more hydrocolioid dispersions,

23. The method of claim 13 wherein the meat emulsion completely encases the one or more hydrocolioid dispersions.

24. The method of claim 13 wherein the meat emulsion substantially encases the one or more hydrocolioid dispersions.

25. The method of claim 13 wherein the product is a canned companion animal food product,

26. The food product made according to the method of claim 13,

27. A food product comprising;

one or more hydrocolloid dispersions; and

a meat emulsion encasing the one or more hydrocolloid dispersions.

28. The product of claim 27 wherein the one or more hydrocolloid dispersions are selected from the group consisting of xanthan, carboxy methyl cellulose, konjac, guar, agar agar, gum arable, locus hear gum, cassia, acacia, alginate, carobe, or a combination thereof.

29. The product of claim 27 wherein the meat emulsion comprises muscle meat and collagen.

30. The produc of claim 27 wherein the meat emulsion comprises a fibrillar protein and at least one polysaccharide.

31. The product of claim 30 wherein the fibrillar protein is selected from the group of myosin, actio, actomyosin, collagen, and mixtures thereof,

32. The food product of claim 30 wherein the at least one polysaccharide is selected from the group consisting of a starch and a gum.

33. The product of claim 27 wherein the one or more hydrocolloid dispersions comprise from about 25% to about 75% by weight of the food product.

34. The product of claim 27 wherein at least one o the one or more hydrocolloid dispersions and the meat emulsion comprises an element selected from the group consisting of palatability enhancers, colorants, preservatives, visible pieces of ingredients, solubiHzed nutritional ingredients, iiavor compounds, aroma compounds, encapsulated flavors, and encapsulated nutrients.

35. The product of claim 27 wherein the meat emulsion is completely encasing the one or more hydrocolloid dispersions.

36. The product of claim 27 wherein the meat emulsion is substantially encasing the one or more hydrocolloid dispersions.

37. The product of claim 27 wherein the product is a canned companion animal food product,

38. The product of claim 37 wherein the- companion animal is a dog or a cat.

39. A multi-pack package comprising:

a plurality of canned food products of claim 1 arranged in an array and one or more devices for retaining the canned food products in the array.

40. The muti-pack package of claim 39 further comprising one or more handies suitable for handling and transporting the packages.

41. The muti-pack package of claim 3 further comprising one or more indicia describing the contents of the containers in the packages.

42. The muti-pack package of claim 39 further comprising one or more windows.

Description:
CANNED FOOD PRODUCTS ' HAVING ONE OR MORE FILLINGS

CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS fOOOI] This application claims priority to U.S. Provisional Application Serial No. 61/649578 filed May 21, 2012, the disclosure of which is incorporated herein by this reference,

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Field of the Invention

[0002] The invention relates generally to food products and particularly to canned food products that contain a .meat emulsion encasing one or more hydrocolioid dispersions having a different appearance and texture and to methods for making such food products.

' Description, of Related A

|0OO3] Canned food products come in many forms. Such products can be loaf type products having variations in texture and appearance, meat loaf products having a distinct appearance and texture, or aerated mousse products having their typical airy texture and appearance. These products are typically prepared by comminuting raw meat and mixing it with water, salt, spices, curing agents, gelling agents and, if necessary, fats to form a batter that is then heated. The heated batter is then filled into containers such as cans to form, after retorting and cooling, a meat loaf. Variations in loaf texture and appearance are achieved by varying particle size in the batter and by varying the type and level of binders in the batter.

[0004] Another common form of canned food products is meat or meat analog chunks (US4781939, US6379738 and US6692787) or slices (EP ί 565 069 Al ) in gravy or sauce. Other variations include the meat or meat analog chunks in loaf (US6440485), aspic, or gel form. Further variations in canned food product image include distinct hHayering of chunks and loaf forms (US6582740) or multi-layering of these (US691.1224), Other variations are made by introducing a center filling where the center filling layer is a loaf batter of a different color or texture or both, or where the center filling is chunks in gravy (EP 1 061 81 5 Bl ), For this product, the center filling was visible on removal of the lid (top) and on emptying (bottom), [0005] These canned food products are adequate for their purpose. However, consumers of canned food products, including pet owners- and caregivers, are continually seeking novel yet appealing canned food product forms or varieties. There is, therefore, a need for new canned food products that bring variety and appeal to consumers, including meat-tilled type products thai are highly desirable by the consumer,

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

(0006] It is, therefore, an object of the present invention to provide canned food products comprising a can containing a meat emulsion encasing one or more hydrocolloid dispersions.

[0007] It is another object of the present invention to provide food products comprisin a meat emulsion encasing one or more hydrocolloid dispersions.

[00.08] ¾■ is a another object of the invention to provide methods for making food products containing a meat emulsion encasing one or more hydrocolloid dispersions that have a different appearance and texture when compared to the meat emulsion.

[0009| It is a further object of the invention to provide multi-pack packages of the canned food products of the invention.

fOOlOJ One or more of these or other objects are achieved by providing food products comprising a meat emulsion encasing one or more hydrocolloid dispersions. The one or more hydrocolloid dispersions have a unique texture and a unique appearance when compared to the meat emulsion. Due io the low miscibilii or non-miseibility of the one or more hydrocolloid dispersions and the meat emulsion, the food products have two distinct and separate phases - an inner phase corresponding to the one or more hydrocolloid dispersions and an outer phase corresponding to the meat emulsion.

{OOllf Other and further objects, features, and advantages of the present invention will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

Definitions

[0012] The term "encased" means that one or more hydrocolloid dispersions are completely or substantially enclosed by a meat emulsion, where the one or more hydrocolloid dispersions are substantially enclosed if less than 25% of the one or more hydrocolloid dispersions are visible on the surface for the food product. [00.1.31 The term "can" means a rigid retortable container, e.g. , a metal container such as a metal or metal alloy can, a plastic container, a glass container, and combinations thereof, [0014] The term "canned " means that a food product is contained in a can.

[0015] The term "companion animal' ' means domesticated animals such as eats, dogs, rabbits, guinea pigs, ferrets, hamsters, mice, gerbils, horses, cows, goats, sheep, donkeys, pigs, and the like,

[0016] As used herein, ranges are used herein in shorthand, to avoid having to list and describe each and every value within the range. Any appropriate value within the range can be selected, where appropriate, as the upper value, lower value, or the terminus of the range.

[0017] As used herein, the singular form of a word includes the plural, and vice versa, unless the context clearly dictates otherwise. Thus, the references \ "an", and "the" are generally inclusive of the plurals of the respective terms. For example, reference to "food composition" or "a method of making a food composition" includes a plurality of such, "food compositions " or "methods ' Similarly,: the words- "comprise", "comprises", and "comprising" are to be interpreted inclusively rather than exclusively. Likewise the terms "include", ''including' " and "or" should ail be construed to be inclusive, unless such a construction is clearly prohibited from the context.

{0018} The terms "comprising' " or 'including " are intended to include embodiments encompassed by the terms "consisting essentially of and "consisting of. Similarly, the term "consisting essentially of is intended to include embodiments encompassed by the term "consisting of,

[0019] Ail percentages expressed herein are by weight of the total weight of the food composition unless expressed otherwise. For example, an ingredient in an amount of 25% by weight means that the amount of the ingredient, is 25% of the total weight of the food composition. Thus, if the total weight of the food composition is 100 grams, the actual amount of the ingredient corresponding to 25% b weight would be 25 grams.

[0020] The products and methods and other advances disclosed here are not limited to particular methodology, protocols, ingredients, components and reagents described herein because, as the skilled artisan will appreciate, they may vary. Further, the terminology used ' herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only, and is not intended " to, and does not, hind the scope of that which is disclosed or claimed,

[0021] Unless defined otherwise, all technical and scientific terms, terms of art, and acronyms used herein have the meanings commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art in the fieki(s) of the invention, or in the iield(s) where the term is used. Although any compositions, methods, articles of manufacture, or other means or materials similar or equivalent to those described herein can be used in the practice of the present invention, the preferred compositions, methods, articles of manufacture, or other means or materials are described herein.

£0022] Ail patents, patent applications, publications, technical and/or scholarly articles, and other references cited or referred to herein are in their entirety incorporated herein fay reference to the extent allowed by law. The discussion of those references is intended merely to summarize the assertions made therein. No admission is made that an such patents, patent applications, publications or references, or any portion thereof, are relevant, material, or prior art. The right to challenge the accuracy and pertinence of any assertion of such patents, patent applications, publications, and other references as relevant, material, or prior art is specifically reserved.

The invention

10023] In one aspect, the invention provides food products comprising a can, the can comprising one or more hydrocoUoid dispersions in the interior of the can and a meat emulsion encasing the one or more bydrocolloid dispersions. Generally, the meat emulsion, forms an outer matrix encasing the one or more bydrocolloid dispersions and the one or more bydrocolloid dispersions and the meat emulsion have a different appearance, texture, or other distinguishing property when compared, in one embodiment, the invention provides a food product including a firmly set meat emulsion forming an outer matrix encasing one or more hydrocolloi d dispersions .

[6Θ24| The one or more bydrocolloid dispersions and the meat emulsion comprise any suitable amount of the food product. In various embodiments, the one or more hydrocoUoid dispersions comprise from about 20 to about 80% of the food product, preferably from about 30 to about 70%, In certain embodiments, the one or more bydrocolloid dispersions comprise from about 25 to about 75% of the food product and the meat emulsion, comprises the remaining 75 o 25%. of the .food product.

[0025] In preferred embodiments, the one or more hydroeolloid dispersions are in the form of a gel or a flowable sol, In more preferred embodiments, the one or more hydroeolloid dispersions are in the form of a gel or a flowable sol that gives a creamy or sauce-like appearance comprising from about 25 to about 75% of the food product.

Ρ02δ] The one or more hydroeolloid dispersions comprise any suitable ingredients, e.g. , xanthan, carboxy methyl cellulose, konjac, guar, agar agar, gum arabic, locus bear gum. cassia, acaci , alginate, carobe. or a combination thereof.

[0D27] The meat emulsion comprises any suitable ingredients, e.g., fibrillar protein and polysaccharides. Suitable fibrillar proteins include myosin, actin, actomyosin, collagen, and mixtures thereof, e..g., protein from bovine, equine, ovine, avian, porcine, caprine, ovine, and piscine. Examples of suitable polysaccharides include starches, gums, or mixtures thereof. }002$j In other embodiments, the meat emulsion is in the form of a gel and comprises muscle meat and collagen, The resulting food product is a .firmly set protein matrix encasing one or more hydroeolloid dispersions. The one or more hydroeolloid dispersions comprise from about 25 to about 75% of the food product and the meat emulsion correspondingly comprises the remaining 75 to 25% of the food product.

[01)29] The one or more hydroeolloid dispersions and the meat emulsion are not raiscible or have low miscibiiity and thus form two different phases that do not mix when the food product is formed. The (bod product is therefore composed of two separate phases -· an inner phase corresponding to the one or more hydroeolloid dispersions and an outer phase corresponding to the meat emulsion.

(0030) In various embodiments, at least one of the one or more hydroeolloid dispersions and the meat emulsion comprise additional, ingredients. For example, one or more of the hydroeolloid dispersions and/or the meat emulsion comprise visible pieces of real or simulated ingredients for aesthetic appeal or nutritional function, In some embodiments, at least one of the one or more hydroeolloid dispersions or the meat emulsion comprise sohtbilized or dispersed nutritional ingredients, flavor or aroma compounds, or encapsulated flavors or nutrients for release during retorting, in the mouth or in the alimentary tract. (0031] In another aspect, the invention provides methods for making food products. The methods comprise forming one or more hydrocoUoid dispersions, forming a meat emulsion, filling the one or more hydrocoUoid dispersions and the meat emulsion into a can such that the meat emulsion encases the one or more hydrocoUoid dispersions. In an embodiment, a method for making the food product comprises forming the one or more hydrocoUoid dispersions, separately forming the meat emulsion, pumping the one or more hydrocoUoid dispersions into a can, and pumping the meat emulsion into the can. such that the meat emulsion encases the one or more hydrocoUoid dispersions, in preferred embodiments, the methods further comprise the steps of placing a lid on the can after the ' one or more hydrocoUoid dispersions and the meat emulsion have been filled into the can, sealing the can (hermetically sealing the can), and retorting the can. Generally, the can is subsequently cooled r allowed to equilibrate to room temperature, The resulting food product is a firmly set meat emulsion forming an outer matrix completely or substantially encasing the one or more hydrocoJ 1 oi d dispersi ons .

[0032] The can is retorted at any suitable temperature for a suitable time, For example, the can is retorted at a temperature of from about i 18 to 128 C for from about 20 to about 60 minutes. In preferred embodiments . , the can is retorted at from about 121 to about 126°€ for from about 25 to about 50 minutes.

[0033] The can is cooied to any suitable temperature, For example, the can may be cooled to a temperature, of 20 to 35°C. m an embodiment, the can is cooled to 22 to 26°C. The can may be cooied by allowing it to set until it equilibrates to room temperature or may be cooled to room or any other temperature using refrigeration or other suitable means,

[0034] The filled can may be inverted before retorting,

f 0635 The food product of the invention is useful as a food product for any animal that consumes such food products, e.g.-, humans . , felines, canines, bovines, equities, ovines, avians, porcines, caprines, ovines, and the like, In preferred embodiments, the food product is a companion animal food product, e.g. , a pet food for dogs or cats. In more preferred embodiments, the food product is a food product for dogs or cats.

[0036 j In an alternative embodiment, a method for making the food product comprises filling the can by pumping half of the meat emulsion into the can, followed b pumping the one or. more hydrocoUoid dispersions, onto the meat emulsion, and pumping .the remaining ■half of the meat emulsion onto the one or more hydroeollbid dispersions so that it covers ' the one or more hydrocoUoid dispersions. The method may further comprise the steps of placing a lid on the filled can, hermetically sealing the filled can, retorting the filled can. and cooling the retorted can.

(0037] An alternative method for making the food product comprises delivering the meat emulsion to a can and injecting the one or more hydrocoUoid dispersions into the meat emulsion. The food product may also be produced by co-extruding the one or more hydrocoUoid dispersions at a first rate and the meat emulsion at a second rate and adjusting the first rate and the second rate to allow the meat emulsion to encase the one or more h droco 1 lo i d dispersion s.

[Of 38] Meat emulsions and hydrocoUoid dispersions and methods for making .such emulsions and dispersions are k ow] to skilled artisans.

[0039] In anothe aspect, the invention provides multi-pack packages useful for conveniently providing the canned food products of the invention to consumers. The multi- pack packages comprise a plurality of cans containing a canned food product of the invention arranged in an array and one or more devices for retaining the cans in the array. In some embodiments, the multi-pack packages have one or more handles affixed to the packages to facilitate handling and transporting the packages. In various embodiments, the devices are boxes made from paper, plastic, polymers, and combinations thereof, in others, the devices are systems of connected plastic rings affixed to each of the containers. In still others, the devices are wrappings of plastic of similar materials, e.g., twelve cans stacked in an array and wrapped in plastic, in preferred embodiments, the multi-pack packages further comprise one or more indicia describing the contents of the containers n the packages, eg,, labels, printing on the packages, stickers, and the like. In other embodiments, the devices further comprise one or more windows that permit the package contents to be viewed without opening the multi-pack package. In some embodiments, the windows are a transparent portion of the devices. In others, the windows are missing portions of the devices that permit the containers t be viewed without opening the multi-pack package. EXAMPLES

[0040J The invention can be further illustrated by the following examples, although it will be understood that these examples are included merely for purposes of illustration and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention unless otherwise specifically indicated.

Example I

10041] A 100 Kg batch of meat emulsion (outer matri casing) preparation was made according to the formulation shown in Table 1(a). The meats and fish ingredients, which were in a frozen state, were crushed to break up into less than 10 cm chunks. These chunks were then ground with a meat, grinder and extruded through die plates with openings of 3, 175 mm diameter, the ground meats were transferred to a Rietz mixer and, with continuous mixing, water and all remaining ingredients were added while the temperature of this mixture was raised to 41 ,5 0 € using direct steam injection. Mixing was. continued for an additional 5 minutes, by which time the mixture was homogenous. This mixture was then emulsified with a Kineraatica emulsifier.

Table 1 (a)

Meat Emulsion

J0O 2] In parallel, a 100 Kg of a starch/hydrocoiioki based emulsion was prepared as follows using the formulation -shown in Table 1 (b). 92.3 kg of water was heated to 6°C in a steam-jacketed stainless steel vessel, A high speed/high Tekmar disperser was then inserted into the water with the blades at a depth approximately 75% from the surface of the water. All of the other ingredients were mixed together in a plastic bag. With the disperser running, the mixture of ingredients was slowly poured into the vortex created by the high speed rotation of the disperser. Table i{b)

HydrocoOokl Dispersion

Ingredients

Starch (Propylated) 1 3.5 ! i Konjac/Xanthan (SQ. Q) blend ! LO j

\ Spinach flakes j 1.0 i Tri-sodium phosphate 1.0 j

[Flavor blend \ 1.0 j

! Color (red and caramel) blend ! 0.2 I

\ Water 1 92.3

Total " ! i 00.0

[0043] Mixing was continued for a minute after all of the solids were fully dispersed. The temperature of the dispersion was maintained at 90 io 97 C' C until filling into cans was completed.

[0044) The ingredients were combined in an 85 gram- can as follows. 32 grams of a meat emulsion was metered into a can. This was immediately followed by meterin ' 20 grams of a starch/hydrocolloid dispersion and topping off with 32 grams of the meat emulsion. The can was then lidded, hermetically sealed, retorted at 12 i°C for 40 minutes, and cooled to room temperature (22 to 26°C). The can was opened and the contents examined. The food product in the can was a hydrocolloid dispersion completely encased by a meat emulsio .

Example 2

[9045] A meat emulsion was made as in Example 1 using the formulation show in Table 1 (a). The siarch/hydrocolloid dispersion was made as in Example I but using the formulation shown in Table 2. The konjac/xanthan hydrocolloid dispersion blend was doubled compared to that in Example 1. The .filling,, canning, and retorting conditions were the same as in Example ! . The can -was opened and the contents examined. The food product in the can was a hydrocolloid dispersion completely encased by a meat emulsion ,

Table 2

Hydrocolloid Dispersion Spinach flakes 1 ,0

Tri-sodium phosphate ! 1.0

Flavor blend LO

Color (yellow) blend j 0.7

Water 1 90.1

Total j 100.0

Example 3

{90461 ingredients tor a 2 Kg batch of xanthan based (hydrocolloid) tablets were weighed out according to the formula shown in Table 3 and blended a dry blender for one minute to ibnn a dry powder mix. The powder mix was then formed into tablets by compressing- in a tablet press with force of 50 kilo Newton. Tablets of three different dimensions were made as shown in Table 4,

Table 3

Xanthan-based Tablets

Ingredients ! Kg i

Powder i Xanthan gum ! 0.2 j

j Maitodexirin ! 0.8 i

! icrocrvstailine cellulose j i j

Table 4

Tablet Sizes

Example 4

{0047] Ingredients for a 2 Kg batch of carboxy methyl cellulose (CMC) based (hydrocolloid) tablets- weighed out according to formula shown in Table 5 and made into tablets as shown in Example 3 and Table 4. Table 5

CMC-based Tablets

Ingredients

Powder Carboxy Methyl Cellulose 0.2

Maltodextrin 0.8

Mieroerystal line cellulose I

Total

Example 5

[0048] A 100 Kg meat emulsion preparation was made according to the formulation shown in. Table 6. The meat ingredients were weighed and macro ground in a meat grinder into pieces of about 20 mm in size. With continuous mixing, the dry ingredients (vitamin premix, minerals, colorants, corn starch, and carob gum) were mixed with the ground meat. Potable water and steam were added to reach a temperaiure between 52 to 55°C and moisture 76% (target 74 to 77%), while mixing. Mixing was continued for an additional .5 minutes. The flavor blend was added at the end- of the mixing before the emulsitlcation step. The subsequent mix was then micro ground through 6 - 3 mm whole plates which resulted in a homogenous meat emulsion.

" fable 6

Meat Emulsion

Ingredients Kg

Meats Liver Frozen 18.6

Poultry MRM Frozen 17.1.

Kidney Frozen 1 1 .6

Pork Lung Untrimmed Frozen 10.6

Poultry Byproduct Mix Frozen 6.3

Powders/Dries Modified Corn Starch 0.78

Carob Gum 0,42

Colorants j 1.31

Vitamins/Minerals 1.57

1 Flavor Blend l .SS

Water / Steam 1 30.17

Total 100,0

I I Example 6

[0949] 40 g of Che meat emulsion from Example 5 was filled into a can and an ί 1 mm diameter xanthan-based tablet added to the center followed by an additional 40 g of meal emulsion, The can was then lidded, hermetically sealed, and retorted at 126°C for 28 minutes. Daring the retorting process, the xanthan-based tablet absorbed water forming a gel with the meat emulsion set solid around the gel The can was opened and the contents examined. The food product in the can was a hydrocolloid dispersion completely encased by a meat emulsion,

Example 7

[0056] Example 6 was repeated with the 1 1 mm diameter CMC-based tablet. During the retorting process, the xanthan-based tablet absorbed water forming gel with the meat emulsion set solid around the gel. The can was opened and the contents examined. The food product in the can was a hydrocolloid dispersion completely encased by a meat emulsion.

Example 8

[6051] Example 6 was repeated with 4 smaller (7 mm diameter) xanthan-based tablets. During the retorting process, the xanthan-based tablets absorbed water forming 4 gel spots with the meat emulsion set solid around the 4 gel spots. The can was opened and the contents examined. The food product in the can was 4 hydrocolloid dispersions completely encased by a meat emulsion.

Example 8

[0052] Example 6 wa repeated with 4 smaller (7 mm diameter) CMC-based tablets. During the retorting process, the CMC-based tablets absorbed water forming 4 gel spots with the meat emulsion set solid around the 4 gel spots. The can was opened and the contents examined, The food product in the can was 4 hydrocolloid dispersions completely encased by a meat emulsion.

[0653] In the specification, there have been disclosed typical preferred embodiments of the invention. Although specific terms are employed, they are used in a generic and descriptive sense only aid not for purposes of limitation. The scope of the invention is set forth in the claims. Obviously many modifications and variations of the invention are possible in light of the above teachings, It is therefore to be oiidefstood that within the scope of the appended claims the invention may be practiced otherwi se than as specifically described..