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Patent Searching and Data


Title:
CAPS SORTING DEVICE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/027286
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
(54) The device consists of a stationary bearing disc (1) to which a motor-reducer group (2) is attached, which is connected to a rotating disc (3), along the periphery of which movable dowel retainers (4) are mounted. Above the rotary disc (3), the first (5) and the second control sector (6) made of ferromagnetic material are set. An aligned caps feeding groove (9), correctly aligned caps discharging groove (10) and incorrectly aligned caps, fault caps and / or parts thereof discharging groove (11) are arranged to a stationary bearing disc (1). Between the stationary (1) and the rotating disc (3) a removable format part (13) is set, on which periphery there are seats (14) for the caps 8 formed. Side removable spacers (16) are set on the periphery of the stationary disk ( 1 ). Each retainer (4) consists of a movable cylindrical body (17) with a circlip (18), a locking cone (19) and a return spring (23) in its bottom part. At the top of the cylindrical body (17) a permanent magnet (21) is mounted.

Inventors:
SPASOV, Petar Georgiev (14 Nikola Alvadjiev Str, app. 19, 4002 Plovdiv, BG)
MINCHEV, Evgeni Ivanov (15 Borislav Str. fl. 4, app. 8, 4000 Plovdiv, BG)
YUSEIN, Erol Yusein (2 Alexander Pushkin Str, fl. 5 app. 13, 4000 Plovdiv, BG)
Application Number:
BG2017/000016
Publication Date:
February 15, 2018
Filing Date:
July 19, 2017
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
"INDEX-6" LTD. (28 B Kuklensko Shose Str, 4004 Plovdiv, BG)
International Classes:
B67B3/064; B07C1/20; B65G47/14; B65G47/256
Foreign References:
US3463294A1969-08-26
FR2961801A12011-12-30
US3244264A1966-04-05
US3463294A1969-08-26
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
ILARIONOV, Pavko Jordanov (53 Milin kamak Str, 1164 Sofia, BG)
Download PDF:
Claims:
PATENT CLAIMS

1. A caps sorting device, composed of a bearing stationary disc, to which a motor-reducer group is attached, that, above the bearing disc, is connected to a rotating disc, on the periphery of which evenly vertically axially movable dowel retainers are mounted, and aligned caps feeding groove, incorrectly aligned caps discharging groove and correctly aligned caps discharging groove are located on the surface of the stationary disc, characterized in in top ends of the dowel retainer (4) there are magnets (21) mounted and above the rotating disk (3) the first (5) and the second control (6) sectors are set, made of ferromagnetic material, mounted adjustably to the stationary disc (1 ) and between the bearing (1) and the rotating disc (3) a removable format part (13) is set; at its periphery there are symmetrically shaped seat (14) for the caps; that format part (13) is connected to the rotating disc (3), wherein the periphery and on the stationary disc (1) between the three caps grooves (9, 10 and 11) stationary removable lateral spacers (16) are fixed, the size and shape of seats (14) of the format part (13) and removable side spacers (16) are adapted to the size and shape of the caps (8).

2. Caps sorting device, according to claim 1, is characterized in that each retainer (4) is composed of a cylindrical and a movable body (17), at the bottom of which a circlip (18) is shaped followed by cone, and at the top end of the cylindrical body (17) there is a magnet (21) mount, and the mere cylindrical body (17) is established axially movable in the guide sleeve (22) mounted in the rotatable disk (3), around the cylindrical body (17) between its circlip (18) and the bearing disk (3) there is a return spring (23) mounted.

3. Caps sorting device, according to claim 1, is characterized in that to the bottom surface of the bearing disc (1), nozzles (12) supplying compressed air are mounted.

4. Caps sortin device, according to claim 1, is characterized in that on the stationary disk (1) in front of the incorrectly aligned caps groove (11) a raised or recessed undulating part (24) is formed.

Description:
Caps sorting device

Field of invention

The invention is related to device for sorting out multi- component caps incorrectly directed or separated into their constituent parts. The invention shall be applied in the bottling industry.

Invention background

Container caps are usually fed to the container sealing machines after they have passed through aligners, whose main purpose is to align caps correctly, so that a continuous container sealing process can be achieved. Aligners may not ensure verification and 100% rejection of incorrectly aligned caps and those of poor quality and/or parts thereof. In practice, this often requires the use of more than one aligner, so when the first aligner is stopped to remove the scrap of fed caps, which is often done manually; the second aligner assumes this function.

Any stopping of such container filling and sealing line, especially of line composed of combined machine for moulding blowing, containers filling and sealing leads to unforeseen and substantial losses of time and money.

A device for sorting incorrectly aligned caps, such of poor quality or multi-component caps separated by any reason to their constituent parts is also known. The known device is part of an aligner, to which it is connected and it works synergistically. The known sorting device consists of a bearing stationary disc to which the motor reducer group is attached. A rotating body is situated laterally and above bearing disc, connected to the motor-reducer group, consisting of two connected to each other discs, and alternately humps made on the bottom one. On the periphery of the upper disc, movable dowel retainers are evenly vertically axially mounted. Each retainer is composed of a cylindrical movable body, the bottom part of which is supported by a spherical body. At the same time each spherical body is removably established and supported by the inclined surface of the lower smaller disc of the rotating body. (US 3,463,294)

At the stationary disc, in the direction of movement of the rotating body there are a feeding groove for the aligned caps, an evacuation groove for the incorrectly aligned caps and an evacuation groove for the correctly aligned caps.

During the device operation, depending on how the cap is faced, the spherical bodies of the retainer fall or do not fall into the hole of the cap and depending on this they are conveyed in one of the two grooves for caps discharging.

The known device is connected with mounted rotary caps aligner in front of it and its work is synchronized with the operation of this aligner.

No sorting of individual components of composite caps may also be implemented by the known device.

2 At the same time construction of the known device is complicated by difficult-to-manufacture form of bottom smaller disk.

Summary of invention

Invention object is to create a device for sorting (verification and separation) of multi-caps incorrectly aligned and / or separated into their constituent parts, which device can operate independently of the related to a production line aligner.

This task is solved by a caps sorting device, consisting of a bearing stationary disc, to which a motor reducer group is attached. A rotating disc is connected to the motor-reducer group of the bearing disc, on which periphery movable dowel retainers are evenly vertically axially mount.

At the stationary disc surface, in the direction of movement of the rotating disc there are consecutively arranged feeding groove for the aligned caps, evacuation groove for the incorrectly aligned caps and evacuation groove for the correctly aligned caps.

According to the invention in the upper ends of the dowel retainers there are magnets mounted.

First and second control sectors are set above the rotating disc, made of a ferromagnetic material, mounted adjustably to the stationary disk.

A removable format part is set between the bearing and the rotating disk, on which periphery caps seats are symmetrically shaped. Format part is connected to the rotating disc. W

Stationary side removable spacers are set along the periphery and on the stationary disc, among the three caps grooves, in the direction of movement of the rotary disk.

Size and shape of the seats of format parts and removable side spacers are adapted to the caps size and shape.

Each retainer is composed of a cylindrical and movable body, at the bottom of which there is a circlip shaped, followed by a cone and at the upper end of the cylindrical body there is a magnet mounted. The cylindrical body itself is set axially movable in a guiding sleeve, mounted in the rotating disc. A return spring is mounted around the cylindrical body, between its circlip and its bearing disk.

According to an alternative embodiment of the caps sorting device, nozzles for supplying compressed air are mounted to the bottom surface of the bearing disk, thus assisting separation of the caps to the respective discharging grooves.

According to another alternative embodiment of caps sorting device, a raised or recessed undulated part is formed on the stationary disc, in front of the groove for incorrectly aligned caps.

The advantage of the device created is that it allows implementing continuous monitoring of aligned caps, thus ensuring uninterrupted operation of production lines, especially those that are composed of a combined machine for blow moulding, filling and sealing containers. Another advantage of the proposed device is that it operates independently of the aligner installed in front of it and there is no need of synchronizing their operation.

Attached figures description

Present invention is illustrated by the attached figures, where:

- Figure 1 represents a perspective view of the caps sorting device - a top view;

- Figure 2 - a perspective view of the caps sorting device - a bottom view;

- Figure 3 - a semi- sectional perspective view of the device;

- Figure 4 - closer view of a part of the device, and

Figure 5 - a perspective view of the caps sorting device, clarifying the operation principle.

Invention embodiment

Caps sorting device consists of a stationary bearing disc 1, to which a motor reducer group 2 is attached - figure 1 and figure 2. A rotating disk 3 is connected to the motor reducer group 2, above the stationary bearing disk 1. Movable dowel retainers 4 are evenly mounted along the periphery of the rotating disk 3.

First control sector 5 and second control sector 6 are set above the rotating disk 3, which are fixed by means of adjustable brackets 7 fixed to the bearing disc 1. The two control sectors 5 and 6 are made of a ferromagnetic material such as iron. Radially to the upper surface of the stationary bearing disc 1 , there are three caps grooves 8: aligned caps feeding groove 9; correctly aligned caps discharging groove - 10; and incorrectly aligned caps and also for caps of poor quality and / or parts thereof discharging groove 11. The incorrectly aligned caps discharging groove - 11 is located between the caps feeding groove - 9 and the correctly aligned caps discharging groove - 10, along the direction of movement of the rotating disk 3, which is counter clockwise - figure 1.

A format removable part 13 is set between the stationary bearing disk 1 and the rotating disk 3, on which periphery caps 8 seats 14 (stars) are symmetrically formed - figure 3. The format part 13 is connected to the rotating disk 3 by means of columns 15.

Two removable side spacers 16 are stationary set between the three grooves (9, 10 and 11) along the periphery and on the stationary disc 1, in the direction of movement of the rotating disk 3 - figure 3.

Size and shape of the seats 14 of format part 13 and removable side spacers 16 are adapted to the size and shape of the caps 8.

Each retainer 4 consists of a movable cylindrical body 17, at the bottom of which a circlip 18 is shaped, followed by a fixing cone 19 - figur 3. A permanent magnet 21 is mounted by a fastener 20 at the top of the cylindrical body 17. The cylindrical body 17 of the retainer 4 is set axially movably in guide sleeve 22 that is mounted in an opening made in the rotating disk 3. The guide sleeve 22 is attached to the movable disk 3. Around cylindrical body 17 between the disk 3 and the circlip 18 is mounted on a cylindrical return spring 23.

In one alternate embodiment of the device, nozzles 12 for supplying the compressed air are mounted to the bottom surface of the bearing disc 1 - figure 2.

In another alternate embodiment of the device, a slightly raised or recessed undulating part 24, that serves to unbalance the movement of individual parts of the caps 8 for their separation to the groove for incorrectly aligned and unsuitable caps 11, is formed on the stationary disk 1 in front of groove 11 - figure 5.

The operating principle of the device is as follows:

Motor reducer group 2 imparts a rotational movement of the rotating disk 3 and any connected elements. When operating the device, disc 3 rotates counter clockwise - figure 1.

The caps 8 that are previously aligned by an appropriate aligner (not shown in the attached figures) are fed via the caps feeding groove 9 to the sorting device. The objective is to ensure 100% correctly aligned caps 8, which are then submitted to the capping machine. Correctly aligned cap in this case is fed by its opening up and its bottom respectively - down. 100% correct alignment, however, has never been possible to be implemented by any aligner and especially in composite caps which can disintegrate during their alignment. After caps feeding groove 9, caps are accepted by the format part 13 connected to the rotating disk 3 and fall between its seats 14 and side spacer 16 - figure 3. The seats shape 14 corresponds to the shape of each cap 8.

The retainer 4 is designed to hold the caps 8 to the bearing stationary disk 1 and put in a certain place. This is accomplished using a permanent magnet 21 and cylindrical return spring 23. The magnet 21 lifts the retainer 4 at the device inlet, overcoming the force of the return spring 23 under the influence of magnetic forces of attraction to control sectors 5 and 6, which are made of suitable material. Once the retainer 4 comes out of the corresponding control sector 5 or 6, the magnetic force disappears, and the return spring 23 presses it down, thereby fixing the cap 8, For correct lifting the distance between control sectors 5 and 6 and the magnets 21 is pre-adjusted.

Once the area of control sector 6 is bypassed, the retainers 4 are returned to their lower position by the spring 23, thus fixed and correctly aligned caps 8 are displayed by correctly aligned caps groove 10 - figure 1. The caps pass into the groove 10 under the influence of gravitational or centrifugal force or they are blown by means of compressed air fed by the nozzles 12 or a combination of three forces. After the groove 10, caps 8 are fed to the capping machine - not shown in the attached figure.

In the presence of caps 8, which are not aligned by the aligner in the desired direction, i.e., those that are aligned upside down, they are secured by retainers 4. While passing through the second control sector 6, the retainer 4 is pulled to the control sector 6, thanks to the power of attraction between control sector 6 and the magnet 21 to the position in which the non aligned cap is released and led to incorrectly aligned caps groove 11 - figure 1.

In cases where components of a cap 8 have fallen in the device, they are led to the incorrectly aligned or separated caps discharge groove 11. This happens automatically while running due to the large difference in height, which occurs between assembled and disassembled state and due to centrifugal forces and / or under the influence of the compressed air supplied by the nozzles 12 - figure 2.

If the higher part of a separated cap 8, which is lower than normal assembled cap and if it is opening up, is fed to the device, the retainer 4 did not fix it enough and when the part reaches the undulating part 24 representing a "trap" for these parts, its movement is unbalanced, and it is pulled out the seat 14 and the part is directed to the incorrectly aligned or faulty caps or parts thereof discharge groove 11 and is led out of the device.