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Title:
CAPSULE OF LIFE RESCUE USED IN NATUREL DISASTERS AND WARS.
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2015/191015
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Capsule of life rescue is a system with two compartments, light, portable (can be assembled and disassembled), floating, shock absorber by means of cage beam system and reinforced with floating abutments, which can be resisted against 25 t/m2 shock effect, which can be turned into desired position according to inner cabin (Figure 2(9)) and outer cabin (figure 2 (8)) and rescuing life in earthquake, tsunami, war and accident occurring in underground mine. Capsule of life rescue also rescues life against dust cloud, toxic gases and fire. It is equipped with all technical tools and equipments particularly sitting armchairs with safety belt that can be produced at desired size, oxygen system that can protect person inside in every condition, alarm and warning systems and first aid kit.

Inventors:
CEYHAN, Ali (Eğitim Mahallesi, Ahmed Yatman Sok. No:18/1,Balçova, İzmir, TR)
Application Number:
TR2015/000149
Publication Date:
December 17, 2015
Filing Date:
April 13, 2015
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
CEYHAN, Ali (Eğitim Mahallesi, Ahmed Yatman Sok. No:18/1,Balçova, İzmir, TR)
International Classes:
A62B99/00; B63C9/06; E04H9/00
Foreign References:
US20130014452A12013-01-17
JPH03752516B1
JP2008074385A2008-04-03
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS 1. Capsule of life rescue is a system rescuing life in natural disaster earthquake, tsunami, war and accident occurring in underground mine and its features are to have upper cover (Figure 1 (1)) made of fireproof composite polymer (reinforced with jute, glass wool fiber, carbon fiber etc) against fire, dust and debris particles, composite polymer abutments/water mold providing capsule to float in water and to protect against shock (Figure 2 (5)), cage beam system (Figure 2 (8), (6), Figure 7 (30)) of inner cabin (9) providing resistance against chocks, providing to position outer cabin (8) vertically, providing direction and changing (Figure 4) as 90 DEGREES and movement changing as 180 DEGREES by means of direction changing mechanism (Figure 4), movement rail (10), movement reel (25), gear box and hang wheel (22) and steel rope reel (23). IJCEL TIBBl MALZ. ITH.IHR. PAZ. TIC. LTD. §Ti.

2. Upper cover (Figure 1 (1)) of inner cabin (Figure 2 (9)) and floating abutments (Figure 2 (5) in Request 1 are shown. Their feature is that they have been produced from fireproof, composite polymer (with jute, glass wool fiber, carbon fiber etc) material and to provide capsule to float on the water in tsunami.

3 Connection clamps of cage beam system (6) and (Figure 7) and connection clamp disk (30) of outer cabin (Figure 2, (8)) in Request 1 are shown and they provide to capsule against high shocks because of their special structures. 4. Inner cabin's direction mechanism (Figure 2), direction mechanism console (17), connection gear box of direction mechanism (18), turning gear box of direction mechanism (20), connection clamp bearing (7), support table (14), balance bearings (15), composite polymer chocks (16) in Request 1 are show and they provide direction changing of 90 DEGREES of inner cabin. 5. Turning mechanism of inner cabin (Figure 2 (9)) of 1 0 DEGREES in Request 1 is shown and it provides to keep vertical position of capsule by turning inner cabin as 180 DEGREES by means of movement mechanism rail (Figure 2 (10)), movement reels (25), gear box (22), wire rope (24) and support reels (23).

Description:
INSTRUCTION BOOK

CAPSULE OF LIFE RESCUE USED IN NATUREL DISASTERS AND WARS Technical Field:

This invention is in connection with protection system protecting human life in natural disasters, earthquakes, tsunami and accidents occurring underground mines and war.

Previous Technique:

Although it is taken many measures in our country as everywhere in the world (earthquake, warning systems, fire alarm and warning systems, effort to build solid buildings etc), it could not been prevented big life losses in building destructions in earthquakes and fire, in fatal and destructive and huge waves occurring in tsunamis, against fires, landslides and toxic gases and smoke in mine accidents and in fires and building destruction occurring as a result of air attacks in wars with the measures and protection methods applied (up to now). This situation created big fear phobia and panic in human beings and affected human life to a great degree.

Purpose of the Invention:

The purpose of capsule of life rescue is to protect human life against fire and toxic gases occurring in building ruins during earthquake and war and against huge waves occurring during tsunamis and against landslide, fire and gases and smoke occurring in underground mine.

Description of Figures:

In order to reach to the purpose of this invention, capsule of life rescue is shown in annexed figures:

Figure 1 : General appearance of capsule of life rescue.

Figure 2: Vertical cross-section appearance of capsule of life rescue.

Figure 3: Appearance of direction and movement console and connection of movement pulleys.

Figure 4: Appearance of Direction and movement console.

Figure 5: Appearance of circular disk and composite polymer plastic or rubber chocks of direction mechanism.

Figure 6: Appearance of connection clamps of outer cabin.

Figure 7: Appearance of horizontal cross-section of connection clamps. Description of references in Figures:

1 : Composite polymer cover coat.

2: Ventilation window

3: Sliding entrance door of capsule

4: Fixing piers to ground

5: Composite polymer shock absorber and float abutments

6: Connection clamp

7: Mobile bearing of connection clamp

8: Cage beam system of outer cabin (outer cabin)

9: Inner cabin : Movement rail of inner cabin

: Upper connection pipe of cage beam system of outer cabin

: Lower connection beam of cage beam system of outer cabin

: Movable real wheels

. Support table of direction mechanism (disk)

: Balance bearings of direction mechanism

. Composite polymer support chocks of direction mechanism

. Command console on direction mechanism

. Connection gear box of direction mechanism

: Hand wheel of gear box

: Turning gear box of direction mechanism

: Hand wheel of gear box

. Hand wheel of turning gear box of inner cabin (with trolley hoist)

: Steel rope reels

: Steel wire and connection

: Movement reel of inner cabin

: Ends of connection lama of direction console

: Upper cap of movement reel of inner cabin

: Connection holes of movement reels

: Circular turning canal of support table of direction mechanism.

. Inner connection disks of connection clamps

: Screws of connection clamp

Description of invention:

Capsule of life rescue is spherical and has two protection compartments. It can be produced in desired dimensions, light, inexpensive and portable (that can be assembled or disassembled easily), it can be brought to vertical position by means of inner cabin in Figure 2 (9); outer cabin (8); console of direction mechanism that can be run by hand or be battery mechanically and found in inner cabin in Figure 2 ( 17); movement rail in Figure 2 ( 10); command system. It provided protection against fire, toxic gas, and dust and debris particles thanks to upper cover produced from fireproof composite polymer material (with jute) (Figure 1 (1)). Capsule of life rescue has been produced as TWO parts from resistant to shocks, fireproof plastic composite polymer (such as reinforced glass fiber and carbon fiber etc) materials. Inner cabin has been equipped with every technical device and equipment including sliding door (3) and windows (2) and sitting armchairs with seat belt and warning system, place (position) informing device, oxygen apparatus, first aid kit, fire extinguishing materials. It also has food and water stocks that can be replaced periodically. Capsule of life rescue is fixed to ground by means of support chocks.

Outer cabin of capsule of life rescue has been assembled with clamps that are vertical to each other and with connection in Figure 2 (6), having high shock resistance (25 t/iTf), made of steel construction (NP 100 of higher), with profiled TWO Cage Beam circularly. This beam system has been supported with profiles and beams. Outer cabin (8) has been reinforced with abutments (Figure 2 (5)) that are shock absorber or made of composite polymer material floating capsule in tsunami, connected to cage beam system in order to protect inner cabin (9) against external effects.

Capsule of life rescue has been assembled 80 pieces of floating abutments (water mold) made of composite polymer plastic or rubber material or made of composite polymer plastic or rubber material that can be used by inflating with air also in the form of cylinder (Figure 2 (5)) found in different dimensions, whose length is 20 cm and whose diameter is 12 cm, whose middle part has a hole, which can float in tsunami and which can be procured from market, to upper connection pipe of cage beam system of outer cabin (11 ).

Floating feature of capsule of life rescue rescuing life in tsunami is oot arisen only water mold made of composite polymer material (Figure 2 (5)) used in outer cabin, but it also arises from perfect design of life rescue system and composite polymer material used in structure of inner cabin (9).

Capsule of life rescue is positioned mine in mine parking lots constituted by producing according to size and place as movable wagons on rails in underground mines. As mines proceed, movable protection wagons switch also. This application provides life security and saving in security because they are movable.

Mechanism of movement wheel of capsule of life rescue:

Connection of movement reel (Figure 3 (25)), direction console (17), movement reel (25), reel wheels (13), connection ends (26), upper caps of reel (27) and connection holes of reel of capsule of life rescue are shown in figures. Movement reels (25) are used to move inner cabin in 180 DEGREES (Figure 2 (9)) on movement rails (10) according to position of outer cabin (Figure 2 (8). Movement rail has been made of NPI profile twisted inn vertical cross- section circularly. 180 DEGREE turning movement of inner cabin (9) on this movement rail (10) via movement reel connected to inner cabin fixedly (25).

Movement rail (10) adding to capsule of life rescue and providing resistance to system, providing turning easiness to inner cabin (9) and being important and profitable is not available for the systems in market. It has been added totally 8 pieces of reel wheels 13, TWO movement wheel (25) to grasp movement rail (10) from bottom side and FOUR reel wheel (13) for each movement reel to capsule of life rescue in order to provide balance to stop for movement reels (25) and easy turning during circular turning of inner cabin (9) symmetrically.

Movement reel (Figure 3 (25)) has been combined with direction mechanism (Figure 3 (17)). Direction mechanism (Figure 3 (17)) is a mechanism for connection latch (26). This combination has provided to use command capsule set forth in movement and direction mechanisms in Figure 4 (17), reduced space occupancy in inner cabin (9), reinforced inner cabin (9) against shocks and eased that it turns on movement rails (10).

Patented life rescue systems sold in the market already do not have the abovementioned features.

Circular movement connection disk of direction conversion mechanism of capsule of life rescue

In patented systems sold in the market for the purpose of security, there does not exist composite polymer plastic abutments (Figure 5 (16)) providing elasticity in direction changing of 180 DEGREES for circular movement disk (14) in inner cabin (Figure 2 (9)) and providing resistance against shock effects in outer cabin (Figure 2 (8)). Application of those profitable and new abutments (16) also provided to direction changing of inner cabin and capsule of life rescue with high shock resistance.

Running of direction mechanism providing 90 DEGREES turning according to bottom connection beams of cage beam system of inner cabin (9) provides to turn 90 DEGREES in NORTH-SOUTH and EAST-WEST directions according to positions of circular disk (Figure 5 (14)), balance reels (15)1 movable bearing of connection clamp (7), composite polymer support direction mechanism (Figure 5) circular bearings and connections and positions of inner cabin (Figure 2(9)) and outer cabin (Figure 5 (12)). it makes turning process according to the positions of direction changing mechanism (Figure 5), inner cabin (Figure 2 (9)) and outer cabin (Figure 5 (12)) by means of circular disk (14), turning hole on disk (29) and movable bearing (7).

It has been assembled FOUR pieces of composite polymer plastic or reinforced rubber abutments (via with chocks) (16) to circular disk ( 14) and bottom connection rail of cage beam system of outer cabin (Figure 5 (12) from the upper side. Those abutments provide elasticity to inner cabin (9) and provide protection to cage beam (Figure 5 ( 12) (by spreading shock effects to FOUR connection points. Depending on dimension of bottom connection rail (Figure 5 (12)) of cage beam system of outer cabin used in connection chocks (16), they can be produced in desired size and resistance. As an average that have 5 cm width, 6 cm length and 4 cm thickness.

In similar systems in the market, there are no connection disk (14) and composite polymer chocks (16).

Connection mechanism of direction changing mechanism of inner cabin of capsule of life rescue:

According to positions of inner cabin (Figure 2 (9)) and outer cabin (Figure 2 (8), direction changing process as 90 DEGREES and movement (turning) process as 180 DEGREES can be hardly made in application of patented life rescue systems. As to in capsule of life rescue, direction changing as 90 DEGREE in inner cabin can be realized by means of gear box of direction mechanism (18), movement reels (25), connection end of direction mechanism (26) specified in direction mechanism console (Figure 4 (17). Gear box of connection of direction changing (18) has been assembled to console of direction changing (17) fixedly. Direction changing mechanism (Figure 4) is used provide connection necessary for turning process of inner cabin as 90 DEGREES. Inner cabin is connected to cage beam system (Figure 5 (12)) (can be assembled or disassembled) through movement reels by means of gear boxes (17 and 26) on command console (Figure 4). Connection latches (26) on ends of command console run inside of movement reel (25). It is made direction changing by connecting those latches to cage beams (Figure 5 (12)) of outer cabin. When turning hand wheel on connection gear box of direction changing console (18) inner cabin is provided to connect to cage beam system of outer cabin by means of gears in gear box (18). After turning process made by- using movement gear box (Figure 4 (20) and (21 )) of direction changing console direction changing of inner cabin (9) as 90 DEGREES has been provided. Turning process of capsule of life rescue as 180 DEGREES is made by means of movement gear box and hand wheel (22) on circular movement rail (Figure 2 (10)).

Connection clamp mechanism of outer cabin:

Connection clamps (6) of cage beam system of outer cabin (Figure 2 (8) are two pieces, one of them is in bottom compartment while the other is upper compartment. Clamps (6) are Sipora cast and connected to each other by means of connection clamp screws (31). It is given appearance of clamp (Figure 6 and 7), connection clamp (6), upper connection pipe of cage beam system (11) and clamp inner connection disks (30). Cage beam system (Figure 2 (8)) with two clamps (as assembled in position vertical to each other) has been connected in four points. Connection clamp disks (Figure 7 (11)) welded ends of upper connection pipes of cage beam system (Figure 7 (30)) have been placed inside of clamp and have been placed inside of clamp and upper connection pipes (Figure 7 ( 11)) of cage beam system. This form of connection increases resistance power of outer cabin (Figure 2 (8)) against shocks and prevents to collapse inner cabin (Figure 2 (9)) in every circumstance. Simulation tests realized with SAP 2000 Euro Code program has proven that outer cabin has resisted against shocks with 25 t/m 2 .

This shock resistance power is provided by means of connection clamps (Figure 2 (6)) of cage beam system (Figure 2 (8)) of outer cabin of capsule of life rescue, composite polymer plastic/rubber shock absorber and floating abutments (Figure 2 (5)) connected to upper connection pipes (11) of outer cabin, circular disk (Figure 2(14)) of direction changing mechanism and disk composite polymer chocks (16).

Connection clamps provides place for console of direction mechanism (Figure 4) at the same time and also provides direction changing of inner cabin (8). This process can be made by means of movable bearings assembled to both of clamps.

Turning mechanism of inner cabin of capsule of life rescue as 180 DEGREES:

It is made by means of totally TWO pieces of gear box of pulling rope (hoist) (22) wire rope supports assembled movement rails (10) and steel wire rope (24), which can be turned by hand and provides pulling strength of 3 tones and ONE piece for each movement reel (25) assembled to inner cabin by means of movement reels (25) on movement mechanism rails (Figure 2 (10)) of inner cabin (Figure 2 (9)). Gear box of pulling rope (hoist) (22) is with TWO wrapping wire reel (23). They are on the type while one of them wraps, the other one discharges. Swire rope (24) was connected to movement rails (25) oppositely. Reels move by means of this wire rope. Consequently, inner cabin (9) connected to movement reels (25) fixedly can be turned to desired position. It can be used chain gear mechanism in

180 DEGREE turning process of inner cabin (9) is made by means of ONE piece of circular movement rail (Figure 2 (10)) added to capsule of life rescue. Movement process of 180 DEGREES made on this movement rail ( 10) is made after turning process of 90 DEGREES made by means of movement reels (25) and direction changing console (Figure 2 (17) and Figure 4) fixedly connected to inner cabin (Figure 2 (9)). As to movement process of 1 0 DEGREES of inner cabin (Figure 2 (9)) made on this movement rail (10) is made after direction changing of realized 90 DEGREES.

Positioning of process of inner system (9) according to outer system (8) is necessary for safety of persons inside the inner cabin because human being cannot headstand against gravity for a long time.

The system explained above provides important advantageous for 180 DEGREE movement and 90 DEGREES direction changing on movement rails (with the help of hand) of inner cabin used in life rescue systems available in the market.