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Patent Searching and Data


Title:
CASH SAFE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/1981/001309
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A cash safe (10, 150) having a receptacle (12, 152) to hold cash inserted through a slot (14, 174) and having an opening (18, 164) for removal of cash from the receptacle. The receptacle has a closure (20, 166) positionable to cover the opening (18, 164). The safe includes a locking means (15, 178) for locking the closure in position and a clockwork timer (32, 184) operable on actuation of the locking means (15, 178) to prevent the locking means from being deactuated for a time period. The cash safe in one embodiment is arranged for actuation of the locking means (15) by turning a knob (42) which also winds up the clockwork timer (32). In this case a key lock (62) is provided operable to latch the timer (32) so that operation of the timer (32) to begin said time period is inhibited until release of the key lock (62). In another embodiment a key lock (212) is provided which actuates the locking means (15) and at the same time winds up the timer (184). In this case the key lock (212) inhibits timing by the timer of said time period until the key lock is moved to a condition for opening the safe. Provision is also made for actuation of a marker device (80, 81, 105) to mark the contents of the safe when the safe is removed from a surface on which it rests.

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Inventors:
Mcgregor, Richards J. D.
Application Number:
PCT/AU1980/000082
Publication Date:
May 14, 1981
Filing Date:
October 31, 1980
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
Mcgregor, Richards J. D.
International Classes:
E05B43/00; E05G1/04; E05G1/14; G07F9/06; (IPC1-7): E05B43/00; E05G1/04; E05G1/12
Foreign References:
AU426267B2
US3732830A
GB885245A
GB1138104A
GB1375926A
FR2387345A1
DE2355820A1
DE1584286A1
AU5578769A
AU4544879A
US4062210A
US4084415A
US3999412A
US3660998A
US3119248A
US2960046A
US2951357A
US2618956A
US2613527A
US2456963A
US2303614A
US1400135A
US1634928A
US1722071A
US1813441A
US1359070A
US2016534A
US4137738A
DE2251266A1
AU285529A
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Claims:
Claims :
1. A cash safe (10;150) comprising a receptacle (12;152). to retain articles and having an opening (18;164 for at least removal of said cash from the receptacle, a closure (20,166) positionable on said receptacle to close said opening, locking means (15;178) actuatable to effect locking of said closure over said opening and deactu table to release said locking; characterized in that said locking means is provided with timing means (32;184) operating, on effecting said actuation of said locking means, to preclude said deactuation for a time period after said actuation.
2. A cash safe as claimed in claim 1 wherein said timing means (32;184) operates to deactuate said locking means automatically after said time period.
3. A cash safe as claimed in claim 1 or claim 2 wherein said time period is variable and preselectable.
4. A cash safe as claimed in claim 1, claim 2 or claim 3 wherein means (58,60;208,210) is provided selectively operable to inhibit operation of said timing means (32;184) and being further operable to release said inhibition and restore the timing means to operation.
5. A cash safe as claimed in claim 4 wherein the locking means (15;178) comprises a locking member (26;180) rotatable at a predetermined rate under influence of said timing means to move the locking member from an actuated rotational position assumed pursuant to said actuation, to a deactuated rotational position, said locking member cooperating with an abutment (25;176) on the receptacle, when" at a rotational position other than said deactuated position, to effect said locking, and, when at said deactuated position, effecting said release of said locking.
6. A cash safe as claimed in claim 5 wherein the timing means comprises a timer, actuated by rotation of an actuating member (30;182) in a predetermined direction to a predetermined extent, and subsequently operating to rotate said actuating member in the direction against said predetermined direction at said predetermined rate whereby the said time period is dependant upon the said predetermined extent to which the said actuating member (30;182) was rotated.
7. A cash safe as claimed in claim 6 wherein the closure includes a setting member (42) projecting from that side of said closure (20) which is external to the cash safe when the closure is in position over said opening (18) and which is operable to effect said movement of said actuating member (30) to said pre¬ determined extent. .
8. A cash safe as claimed in claim 7 wherein the setting member (42) is interconnected with said locking member (26) by a lost motion linkage (50,52) whereby movement of said setting member (42) in a first rotational direction from a rest position causes said locking member (26) to be moved from said deactuated position to a said actuated position, but such that the setting member (42) cannot By subsequent movement thereof be caused to move the locking member (26) in the direction towards said deactuated position.
9. A cash safe as claimed in claim 8 wherein said lost motion linkage comprises a rotatable member (46) mounted for rotation together with said setting member (42) and having a first abutment (52a) positioned to engage a second abutment (50) on said locking member for imparting movement of the locking member from the setting member in a direction for moving the locking member away from said deactuated position, but which first abutment (52a) is cleared from engagement with the second abutment (50) under reverse rotational movement of the setting member.
10. A cash safe as claimed in claim 9 wherein the cash safe is arranged to permit latching of the locking member (26) , once positioned at a said actuated position, to inhibit operation of said timing means (32) , and rotation of the locking memBer (26;180) Back to said deactuated position.
11. A cash safe as claimed in claim 10 wherein latch member (60) is provided operable to engage said rotatable member (46) to effect latching thereof against rotation whereby to preclude rotation of the locking member back towards said deactuated position by engagement between said first and second abutments (52a,50) .
12. A cash safe as claimed in claim 11 wherein said latch member (60) is operable by a key actuatable device (62) on said closure and accessible to actuation when the closure member (20) is positioned on said ■ opening (18) .
13. A cash safe as claimed in claim 12 wherein the rotatable member (46) is in the form of a disc with a toothed peripheral portion disposed such that the latching member (60) can be moved, by operating the said key actuatable device (62) , to engage teeth (58) on said toothed peripheral portion to effect said C.IPI latching .
14. A cash safe as claimed in claim 13 wherein said locking member (26) has one or more outwardly extending projections (28) and said abutment (25) on said receptacle comprises a radially inwardly extending ledge around said opening with openings (24) therein aligned with respective ones of the said outwardly extending projections.
15. A cash safe as claimed in claim 14 wherein the said closure (20) is provided with means cooperating with further means on the receptacle to preclude rotation thereof relative to the said ledge, these means comprising abutments (22) on the said closure together with the said openings (24) in the said ledge (25), the said abutments (22) onthe closure being positioned to engage into the latter openings (24) when the closure (20) is positioned over said opening (18) .
16. A cash safe as claimed in any preceding claim having an opening (14) in said receptacle for admission of said cash thereinto, but being dimensioned such as to at least substantially preclude removal of said cash.
17. A cash safe (10,150) securable to a bench top or other rigid member (70); characterized by the provision of a marker device (80,81,105) operable to mark the contents of the cash safe on the removal of the cash safe from said rigid member.
18. A cash safe as claimed in claim 17 wherein said marker device is within the cash safe and comprises first and second parts (85,86;77/81,16;120,108) arranged to be positioned to either side of a receptacle (82; 75;82) containing dye material for effecting said marking, one said part (85;77/81;120) being movable relative to the other (86;16;108) and having a portion (77;100;100) extending in use through an opening (89) in a base (16) of the cash safe and, in use, secured to said rigid member (70), said. one part (85;77/81;120) being arranged whereby in use, when positioned to be secured to said rigid member, removal of the cash safe from said rigid member causes said one part (85;77/81; 120) to be moved relative to said other part (86;16;108) whereby to effect pressing of said receptacle Between said parts, said receptacle :(82;75;82) Being of a kind operaBle to release said dye material on said pressing » .
19. A cash safe as claimed in claim 18 wherein said other part comprises an interior surface of the cash safe.
20. A cash safe (150) as claimed in claim 5 including a key lock (212) on said closure, said key lock Being actuataBle from the exterior of the safe to cause an operating member (210) thereof to move from an initial position and correspondingly move said locking member (18 from said deactuated position to said actuated position to effect said locking, and to effect said rotation of said actuating member C182) in said predetermined direction to said predetermined extent, and to hold said actuating member against reverse movement until the key lock (212) is actuated to bring the operating member back to its initial position whereafter said locking member is moved under influence of said timing means (184) to revert' said locking member to the deactuated position after said time period, to release said locking.
Description:
"CASH SAFE"

According to one aspect of the present invention there is provided a cash safe comprising a receptacle to retain articles and having an opening for at least removal of said cash from the receptacle, a closure positionable on said receptacle to close said opening, locking means actuatable to effect locking of said closure over said opening and deactuable to release said locking: characterised inthat, said locking means is provided vrith timing means operating, on effecting said actuation of said lock means, to preclude said deactuation for a time period after said actuation.

Preferably, said tiding means operates to deactuate said locking means automatically after said time period. Said time period may be pre-selectable. Preferably too, means may be provided selectively operable to inhibit operation of said timing means and being further operable to release said inhibition and restore the timing means to operation.

The locking -means may comprise a locking member rotatable at a pre-determined rate under influence of said timing means to move the locking member from an actuated rotational position assumed pursuant to said actuation, to a deactuated rotational position, said locking member co-operating with an abutment on the receptacle, when at a rotational position other than said deactuated position, to effect said locking, and, when at said deactuated position, effecting said release of said locking.

The timing means preferably comprises a timer actuated by rotation of an actuating member in a pre-determined direction to a pre-determined extent, and subsequently operating to rotate sai.d actuating member in the direction against said pre-rdetermined direction at said pre-determined rate whereby the said time period is dependant upon the said pre¬ determined extent to which the. said actuating member was rotated.

Preferably, the closure includes a setting member projecting from that side of said closure which is external to the cash safe when the closure is in position over said opening and which is operable to effect saidmovement of said actuating member to said pre-determined extent.

Preferably, the setting member is inter¬ connected with said locking member by.a lost motion linkage whereby movement of said setting member in a first rotational direction from a rest position causes said locking member to be moved from said deactuated position to a said actuated position, but such that the setting member cannot by subsequent movement thereof

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be caused to move the locking member in the direction towards said deactuated position. Preferably, said lost motion linkage comprises a rotatable member mounted for rotation together with, said setting member and having a first abutment positioned to engage a second abutment on said locking member for imparting movement of the locking member from the setting member in a direction for moving the locking member away om said deactuated position, but which first abutment is cleared from engagement with the second abutment under reverse rotational- movement of the setting member.

Preferably, the cash safe is arranged to permit latching of the locking member . once positioned at a said actuated position, to inhibit operation of said timing means, and rotation of the locking member back to said deactuated position. Thus, a latch member may be provided operable to engage said rotatable member to effect latching thereof against rotation whereby to preclude rotation of the locking member back towards said deactuated position by engagement between said first and second abutments. Said latch, member may be operable by a key actuatable device on said closure and accessible to actuation when the closure member is positioned on said opening. More particularly, the rotatable member may be in the. form of a disc with a toothed peripheral portion disposed such that, the latching member can be. moved, by operating the. said key actuatable device, to engage teet on said toothed peripheral portion to effect said, latching.

The said locking member may have one or more

outwardly extending projections and said abutment on said receptacle may comprise a radially inwardly extending ledge around said opening with, " openings therein aligned with respective ones of the said outwardly extending projections when the locking member is in its deactuated position. Preferably too, the said closure is provided with means co-r¬ operating with further means on the receptacle to preclude rotation thereof relative, to the said ledge, and these -means may, comprise abutments on. the said closure togethe with the said openings in the said ledge, the said abutments on the closure being positioned to engage into the latter openings when the. closure is positioned over said opening. Alternatively the ledge and closure may, of course, simply be formed of non-circular form, for precluding such relative rotation.

The cash safe is normally provided with an opening in said receptacle for admission of said cash thereinto, but being dimensioned such as to at least substantially preclude removal of said cash. The last mentioned opening nay be in the form of a slot.

In accordance, with another aspect of the invention there is provided a cash safe securable to a bench top or other rigid member; characterized by the provision of a marker device operable to mark the contents of the cash, safe on the removal of th cash safe from said ri-gid member. More particularly, said

marker device may be within the cash safe and preferably comprises first and second parts arranged to be positioned to either side of a receptacle containing dye material for effecting said marking, one said part being movable relative, to the other and having a portion extending in use through an opening in a base of the cash safe and, in use,, secured to said rigid member, said one part being arranged whereby in use, when positioned to be secured to said rigid member, removal of the cash safe from said rigid member causes said one part to be moved relative to said other part whereby to e fect pressing a said receptacle between said parts, said receptacle being of a kind operable to release said dye material on said pressing.

The invention is further described with ' reference to the accompanying drawings in which : -

Figure 1 is a perspective view of a cash safe constructed in accordance, with the invention; Figure 2 is a fragmentary perspective view showing an opening in a receptacle portion of the cash safe in figure 1; and

Figure 3 is an under-side perspective view of a closure forming part of the cash safe of figure 1.

Figure 4 is an axial cross-section of the cash safe of figure 1;

Figure 5 is a cross-r-section substantially on the line. 5-5 in igure Figure 6 is a view like figure 5 but showing a different condition of parts of the cash. " safe;

Figure 7 is a vertical section showing an alternative form of marker device usable in. the cash safe of figure 1;

Figure 8 is a vertical section of another form of marker device usable in the " cash " sa e of figure 1;

Figure.9 is a perspective " view of the marker device of figure 8;

Figure 10 is a vertical section of an alternative form of cash safe constructed in accordance with this invention;

Figure 11 is a cross-section o the line ' 11-11 in figure 10; and

Eigure 12 is an exploded perspective view of components of the cash safe of figure 10.

The cash safe 10- shown in figure 1 comprises a generallycylindrical receptacle.12 having a slot 14 therein for admission of money into the. interior of the receptacle. The receptacle 12 is closed at its base by ^generallycircular plate 16 " but has a circular top Opening 18 Cfigure 4 for exampleI for removal of money from the. interior of the receptacle, A removable closure 20- is provided fittable to opening 18 to close this of,f so that removal of money from the interior of the receptacle can be achieved only through the slot 14, It is best shown in figure 3 , closure 20- has a portion of its peripheral underside removed in such a fashion as to define three equally spaced downwardly projecting abutments 22, The. mouth of opening 18 is fitted with, a peripheral ledge 25 cut away at three places to define three, openings 24 in the. ledge. When th

closure 20 is in position on opening 18, the abutments 22 register with the openings 24 to preclude relative rotation between the closure and the receptacle 12.

The cash safe includes a locking means

15. When the closure 20. is in position on receptacle. 12 to close opening 18, a locking member 26 of means- 15 is operable to underly ledge 25 in such a, manne as to preclude removal of the cover 20. from the opening 0 18. The locking member 26 is best shown in fi-gure.5, being circular in orm wit three e.quiangua.rly spaced outwardly extending projections 28 arranged on the periphery. Projections 28 are so dimensioned and positioned as to be alignable by relative rotation of 5 the locking member 26 f in a manner described later to underly perspective ones of the abutments 22 to permit the. projections 28 to pass through the openings 24 in ledge 25 during positioning of the. closure 20 over opening 18.. After such positioning, member 26 is 0 rotatable so that the. projections 28 underly the ledge 25 to preclude removal of the closure 20. from the ' opening 18.

The locking member 26 is carried b and is rotatable. relative to the output shaft 3 of a 5 timing device 32, Timing device 32 is carried by a circular plate.34 co-axia . lly positioned in spaced apart relationship below closure 20. More, particularly three bolts 36 extend downwardly from the underside of closure 20. through, elongate slots 38 in. locking member Q 26 and thence through, openings in plate.34, Nuts 40 are threa ' dedly received on. the ends of bolts 36 so tha,t f

by co-operation between these nuts and inwardly stepped peripheral proportions of the bolts 36, the plate 34 is rigidly secured to the bolts 36. The slots 38 are so formed and positioned as to permit a limited degree of relative, rotation ' between the. closure 20 and the locking member 26.

A setting member in the form of an actuating kob 42 is provided on the exterior surface of closure 20, this being connected to a shaft 44 co-axially mounted relative to the. closure.20. and the shaft 30. Shaft 44 extends from the underside of the closure 20 towards plate 34. Shaft 44 ha.s mounte thereon a rotatable member in the form of a clutch ' plate 46, this being irrotationally received on the shaft 44 and locked into position thereon by a threaded insert member 48 which is threadedly received on an internally threaded bore at the lower end of shaft 44 and has outwardly extending flange portions which preclude movement of the clutch, plate 46 on the shaft 44 in the direction away from closure 20.

Locking member 26 has an upstanding pin 50 thereon which is received in an acuate slot 52 in plate 46. The position of the slot 52 and pin 50 as shown in figure 5 is a rest position of each of these components at which the knob 42 is in a; rest position and the locking member 26 is at a "deactuated" position corresponding toa.position where the projections 28 underlay the projections 22, That is to say f in the ' deactuated position t the closure ' 20 can be reiqoved from the opening 18 by virtue of the aforementioned alignment of the " projection ' s 28 and abutments 22.

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By rotating knob 42 away from the rest position in one direction, being a clockwise direction as viewed in figure 5, the clutch plate 46 is rotated in this direction, so that the pin 50 is immediately engaged

5 by the extreme anti-clockwise end 52a of the slot 52 to cause corresponding rotation of the locking member 26 in the clockwise direction. Pursuant to this movement, then, the locking member 26 is moved from its deactuated position to an "actuated" position at

10 which the projections 28 underlying ledge 25 as . previously described in a manner precluding removal of the closure 20 from the opening 18 Cfigure 6) . Once this movement has been effected by operation of knob 42 it is not possible to revert the locking

15 member 26 to the deactuated position by reverse operation of the knob. That is to say, the co-operative abutments defined by the end 52a of slot 52 and the pin 50 form a lost motion linkage, such that any such reverse operation of the knob 42 will cause

20 movement of the clutch plate 46 in the anticlockwise direction as viewed in figure 6 so that the slot 52 simply moves over the pin 50 with no driving inter¬ connection between these parts. In order to limit the movement of the knob 42 in the anti-clockwi.se direction

25 to an extent such that the extreme clockwise end of the slot 52 does not engage the pin 50., a pin 54 is provided on closure 20. This pin 54 extends downwardly from closure 20 and is arranged to move in. an arcuate cut-out portion 56 in the periphery of plate.46, this cut-rout

30. portion having a radial end surface.56a positioned to ju?t engage, the pin 54 at the position of the- clutch, plate ' 46 corresponding to the rest position of knob 42,

The timer device 32 is a clockwork " timer of known construction being of the kind which is operable of turning of the shaft 30 in one direction to wind a clockwork mechanism within the timer 32 so that, upon release of the shaft 30 it will be returned to its inital position by reverse, rotation under influence of the clockwork mechanism of the timer. This return movement takes place at a pre¬ determined rate so that the time taken for the shaft 30 to revert to its initial ' position depends on the degree of inital rotation thereof. Thus, the effect of the turning of the member 26 away from its deactuated position to an actuated position corresponding to the degree of rotation of the knob 42 is to cause a correspondingly proportionate movement of the shaft 30. Since shaft 30 is attached to the member 26, there is thus effected a winding of the. mechanism of timer device 32. Subsequently, the timer device ' 32 operates under influence, of its clockwork mechanism to turn the shaft 30 in reverse direction to rotate the member 26 so that, after a pre-determined time proportional to the extent to which knob 42 was initially rotated, the locking member 26 is reverted to its deactuated position from which the closure 20. can be. removed from opening 18, Under such rotation in the reverse direction, the clutch, plate.46 is correspondingly rotated in the. reverse direction and the knob 42 is also moved in the reverse direction to bring it back to its rest position,

The " clutch plate 46 has a toothed peripheral portion 58 and a. latching jqember 60 is

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provided on the undersideofclosure 20 such as to be rotatable from a position Cfigure 51 at which it engages between adjacent teeth on portion 58 to latch plate 46 to a position Cfigure 61 at which it is cleared from such engagement to permit rotation of plate 46. Latching member 60 is carried on the operating shaft 62a of a key actuated latching device 62 positioned on closure 20 so as to be operable by a key from the exterior of the closure. 20.. Latching device 20 may be in the form, for example, of a cylinder lock of known construction.

By use of the key, it is possible to operate latching device 62 in a manner to cause la.tchr ing member 60 to engage peripheral portion 58 of clutch plate 46 at any rotational position of the clutch plate. 46 which this assumes during operation, of the cash safe. Thus, such latching will cause inhibition of operation of the timer device 32 since,,by this means, the consequent latching of the clutch plate 46 will cause latching of the. locking member 46, by virtue of engagement of the pin 50 with the extreme anti.-clockwise end of slot 52, and thus holding of the shaft 30. of the timer device 32, On release of th latching member from engagement with peripheral portion 58, by key operation of the latching device 62, rotation of the shaft 30. is again permitted so that uninhibited operation of the timer device 32 en ues.

In use, closure 20 is positioned on opening 18 and knob 42 moved from its rest position through a pre-determined rotational extent corresponding to a desired time period for deactuation.

In order to assist in accurate setting of the knob 42, the closure 20 has on its exterior surface a plurality of marks 64 positioned about the periphery of the knob 42 these being selectively alignable with a reference mark 65 on the knob 42 to indicate the extent to which the knob 42 has been rotated. After such, operation, it is not possible to gain access to the interior of the cash safe through the opening 18 until after elapse of the pre-determined time as set in accordance with, the degree of initialrotation of the knob 42. This extent of rotation is thus representative of a minimum time which is necessary after such operation of the knob to permit access. The time can, however, be increased by operating the device 62 by its key to latc the member 26. In this case, the pre-determined time for opening will run from the time at which a subsequent deactuation of the device 62 occurs by use of the key.

The described cash safe is intended for use in any location at which money or valuables need to be protected, for instance in stores or the like.

Thus, the cash safe may be bolted to a bench, top 70 by use of a bolt 72 extending downwardly through a central opening 16a in plate 16 and into an internally threaded bolt member 84 extending upwardly from the underside of the bench top 70. A hardened steel collar 86 is provided around the exterior of bolt 84 between plate 16 and bench top 70 in order to make it more difficult for a person to saw through bolt 72 or bolt member 84 to effect removal of the cash safe from top 70. At the beginning of the day, then, the described cash safe construction permits a stores-keeper to set the knob 42

to a desired minimum opening time, and latch " operation of the. timer device 32 by operation of device 62 so that, if a person should attempt to rob his store during the course of the day, it. is not possible to

5 immediately open the cash safe and the attempted robbery may be thwarted by inability of the intended robber to gain access- immediately to the " interior of - the cash safe. Towards the end of the day, the store, keeper may simply dea.ctuate the latching device b use

10. of its key at a time before closing time, equal to the time initially set by operation of knob 42. Thus the- cash safe will be opened at the time, of closing of business.

In order to provide further protection.

15 against robbers, the cash safe 10 is fitted with, a marker device81 operable, on prizing of the cash, safe away from bench top 70/to act on a pressurised container 75 such as to cause expressment from the container of marker dye into the interior of the

20 cash safe. Thus, if a robber should take possession of the entire cash safe 10, the. contents- thereof will be marked by the dye. from container 75 to facilitate tracing thereof by la.w enforcement agencies.

Pevice. 81 includes a member 77 made up of • 5 a. pla.te 79, which in use is secure.d by screws 83 to the bench top, and an upright, threaded shank 87 welded to the plate 79. and extending upwardly from the plate 79. through an opening 8 in the base plate 16 to the. interior of the receptacle 12, A hardened metal collar 30 9.1 is positioned a,round shank 87 where this extends

14 *.

between plate 79 and base, plate 16 to make sawing through the. shank 87 at this location difficult,

Device 83 also includes an upright container holder 93. This is in- the " form of a hoilow • 5 cylindrical body 9.3a which has an apertured lug 93b secured to extend from one side thereof. Shank ' 87 passes through the aperture in lug 93b and lock nuts 95, 97 are threadedly received on shank 87 one to either side of lug 93b and tightened against th lug 10 . to hold the lug and holder 93 firmly to shank 87,.

Container 75 is of a cylindrical form and is neatly but slidably accommodated within body 9.3a of holder 93, with the base of the container resting on the upper surface, of base, plate 16. The upper end of 15 container 75 is fitted with anaxially movable valye

75a which, is normally resiliently biased away from the base of the container to a closed condition.

The valve is however movable, " against such bias, towards the base and to an open condition

20 at which pressurised dye. within the container can pass outwardly of the container through an outlet 95 in the valve 75a. Holder 93 has an extension 93c which, extend upwardly from body 93a and thence tran.sversly across the upper end of the. holder immediately above, va . lv-e 75a,,

25 When an attempt is made to prise, th sa e 1Q. from bench top 70., the member 77 and holder 93 remain- secured in fixed relation relative to the bench top. However as. the base plate 16 is lifted from the. bench top, the container 75, which, rests on- th base plate f is. likewis

lifted, pressing the " valve 75a into engagement with the extension 9.3c to effect operation of the valve 75a.

The slot 14 through which mone or the like is passed into the interior of the cash safe is 5 preferably made equal to the minimum size necessary to permit insertion of money thereinto. Since it may be possible to interfere with the working of the locking mechanism of the cash safe by manipulation of a wire or the like passed through the slot 14, the cash safe is

10 constructed so as to form a barrier against such inter¬ ference. More particularly, an internal peripheral flange 34a is provided on the interior of the receptacle 12 this being arranged in a position so as to co-operate with the plate 34 such that the plate 34 extends over

15 and substantially closes the interior ' central opening in the flange 34a when the closure 20 is in position on opening 18. Thus, the flange 34a and plate ' 34 together form a transverse barrier between that part of the interior of the receptacle 12 accessible via. slot 14

20 and the part thereof containing the principal components of the locking mechanism of the cash safe.

The marker device 81 may be replaced by the marker device 80 of figure 7, Device.80 includes a first part 86 in the form of an open rectangular frame.

25 having a base portion 88 which rests on the upper surface, of base plate 16, a pair of opposed upright members of which only one, numbered 90, is visible n the drawings, and an upper tranverse portion 92 extending parallel to but spaced well above portion 88. A second part 85 of

30. device 80 is in the form of a generally rectangular plate with upper and lower generally parallel flanges 96, 98 extending from a central upright portion 94, so that in vertical section the part 93 is of the generally U-shaped configuration shown. The parts 86 and 85 are

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fitted together in the. manner shown, that is to say with the flange 96 aligned with and overlying portion 92 of part 86 and with flange 98 overlying and spaced above the portion 88 of part 86.

Flange 98 has an opening 9.8a therein and portion 88 has an aligned opening 88a therein. The opening 89 in base plate 16 is in this case, aligned with openings 98a, 88a and a bolt 100 is arranged as shown to extend downwardly through the. openings 98a, 88a and 95 towards bench top 70., A bolt member 102 extends upwardly through an opening 104 in bench top 70., This has an internally threaded bore which, receives the threaded shank of bolt 10Q. A collar 106 is provided around bolt member 102 between bench top 70 and base 16 in order to inhibit severing the connection between the marking device 80 and the bench top 70 hy- sawing through the bolt member and the bolt. The collar is similar to collars' 86 and 91 previously described, and is let into circular depression in the upper side of bench top 70 and the underside of base plate 16.

A flexible sachet 82 containing dye marker material is located between flange 9-6 of part 85 and portion 92 of part 86, Screw 10-Q is screwed down so that the head thereof, which. ' rests upon the upper surfac of flange 98, presses downwardly to force the- part 85 downwardly to an extent such, as to lightly compress the sachet- 82, The head of the bolt -member 10.2 then rests against, the underside of the. bench, top 70. so that movement of the part 85 away from the bench top is limit by the co-operative engagement of the. bolt member 102 with the ' Bench top 70. Furthermore, in this condition, the part 86 is held engaged against the upper surface of base plate 16 by virtue of downward force exerted from the flange 96, through the sachet 82 to the portion 92

of the part 86.

In the event that unauthorised removal of the cash safe 10 from the bench top 70- should be effected by prizing of the. cash safe away from the Bench top, such as by use of a jemmy between the. receptacle 12 and bench ' top, the part 85 of device 80 remains, immovable in the direction away from the bench top 70 by virtue of inters connection provided by the bolt 100 and bolt member 1Q.2 as described. However, the. part 86, being against the Q upper surface of base plate 16, will be. moved away from the bench top 70 together with the. cash safe. " Thus, the ' portion 92 of member 86 will Be moved towards flange 96 of part 85 thereby compressing and breaking the sachet 82 to release dye liquid contained therein.

5 A still further form of marker device 10.5 is shown in figures 8 and 9. This includes a first part . l 108 of generally channel shaped configuration having an upright web 114 and opposed uprigh flanges 112. The outer marginal portions 116 of the flanges 112 are inwardly turned towards each other in generally parallel relationship to web 114. A second part 120 of the device 1Q5 is in the form of a "U" shaped frame accommodated within part 108 for up an down sliding

movement relative thereto. Part 120 has two upright generally planar arms 122 which lie jus-t within and adjacent to respective ones of the flanges 112, Part 120 also has a generally planar and horizontal base portion 124 which, interconnects arms 122.

Part 108 is situated on the upper surface of base plate 16 and a bolt 1QQ extends downward through an aperture 124 in base portion 124 of part 105, through ' the previously described base plate opening 89 and thence to be secured to bench top 70. f again in the same manner as previously ^ described by use of bolt member 102 passing upwardly through the bench top.

*

Sachet 82 is in this instance provided, being positione on a ledge 126 formed on part 108 at the upper portion thereof. A generally planar lever 128 is positioned above sachet 82. This is supported, towards one edge, on an upright 13Q extending from web 114 of part 10.8, An actuating bar 132 extends across the top portion of part 120, thus extending between and being carried by arms 122. The device 105 is arranged such that by tightening down bolt 100, part 120 is moved downwardly so that bar 132 engages lever 128, at a location adjace to the edge supported on support 130, to lightly compress the sachet 82 between the lever 128 and ledge 126, thus holding the sachet and locating part 108 firmly against the upper surface of base plate 16.

On prising of the. safe, from bench top 70, part 120., including bar 132, remains stationary relativ to the bench top and part 10.8 is lifted with the safe so that the lever 128 is pressed upwardly at the locati where it is engaged by support 13 & to pivot it around B 132 so compressing that edge of th lever " 128 which is

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located away from support 130 downwardly to effect breakage of the. sachet. 82,

Figures 10, 11 and 12 illustrate, an alternativ form of cash safe 150. formed in accordance

~> with the invention. This includes a generally rectangular receptacle.152, having opposed, upright- side walls 154, 156, a. base 158, a roof 160 and a. rear wall 162. The forward end of the safe Opposite wall 162 has an opening 164 which is selectively

10 closable by a hinged door 166, Door 166 is of generally rectangular configuration being hinged to one side of opening 164 by hinges 168 each including a. hinge pin. 170 affixed to the door and engaged within openings in. bosses 172 fixed in coaxial aligned relationship to

15 the roof and base, of the receptacle 152, A slot. 174 is provided in roof 164 for passing money into the interior of the. receptacle 152,

In the closed condition of, door 166, the door abuts against an abutment 176 welded to side wa . ll

20 156 opposite hinges 168, A. locking means- 178 is provided operable to latch the door in this position. Locking means 178 includes a locking member in the form of a. pivotai latch member 180. which in. the latched condition of the locking means 178 is swung from the

25 position shown in solid lines in figure 11 to the position, shown by phantom lines 180' , at which a free end 180.C L of the member 180 is swung to be positioned behind abutment 176 to effect latching.

For the purposes of allowing the -πjember 18 Q

30 to be swung to and between, its latched and -unlatched

positions, the member 180 is secured intermediate to its ends to the output shaft 182 of a clockwork timer device 184 like previously described timer " device 32, Timer device 184 is mounted on an upright web portion 18 CaJ of a channel shaped bracket 186, web portion 186 al being generally parallel to and spaced behind the inner surface of door 166. Bracket 186 is mounted in this position by means of screws 188 which extend through openings 192 in upper and lower flange, portions 186(bi. 186Cσi. of bracket 186, These screws extend into threaded openings 19.0. in upper and lower brackets 19.4 welded to the rear face of door 166,

Bracket 186 defines, together with. the. rear face of door 166, a cavity 196 which is closed at its forward end by the door 166 and at its rear end by the web portion 186Cal of bracket 186, This cavity is also closed at upper and lower edges by the flange portions 186(bi and 186Cσl, together with Brackets 19.4, At a side of cavity 19.6 which is away from side wa.ll 156 when the door 166 is closed, the cavity is also closed By a rearwardly extending plate 197 attached to the rear of the door 166, The cavity is, however, open to the side thereof opposite plate.197.

Timer device 184 is mounted on the rear face of flange portion 186(aL with the shaft 182 projection through an opening in the flange portion 193 into the cavity 19.6, The latch member 18Q is so positioned on shaft 182 as to be within the cavity 19.6,

An upright partition, member 198 is provided within the cavity 196, this having a generally

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planer upright portion 198a which is mounted in generally parallel relationship intermediate, door 166 and web portion 186(a) of bracket 186 and partition member 19.8 also has a forwardly extending flange portion 198(b). which lies along plate 197. Partition member

198 is located in position by means of screws 200. which ' extend from the rear of bracket 186. through, openings 202 in web portion 186Cal and into threaded openings 2Q4 in the planer portion 198CaL of partition member 198. The screws 20.0. pass through collars.2Q.6 interposed between the bracket 186 and partition, member 19.8 to maintain these inspaced relationship.

Latching member 180. is positioned between web portion 186(a). of bracket 186 and planer portion 198Cal of partition member 198, At the end 180 (B of member 180 remote from end 18Q(a]_, latch member 18Q is provided with a forwardly projecting pin 208, Pin 208 passes through an arcuate • slot 205. " in portion 19.8 Cal of partition member 198 and the forward -end thereof i so positioned as to be sle.ctively engagable by an. actuating arm 210--of a cylinder lock 212, Cylinder lock 212 is located in and extends through, an opening 214 in door 166 so as to be acceεsable for key actuation from the exterior of the door, such key actuation causing pivotal movement of arm 210,

In the unlatched condition of the locking means 178, with latch, member 180 in the solid line; position shown in figure 11, the end 18Q.CaI of the latch, member " 180. extends downwardly from the axis of sha t 182 and the " . end 18 (hi extends upwardly therefrom, In this

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position the forward end of pin 208 just rests against one side of arm 210. This position of the arm 210 is arranged to correspond to an unlocked condition of cylinder lock 212. However, on actuation of cylinder

5 lock 212 to bring it to a locked condition, arm 210 is so turned Cin the anticlockwise direction as viewed in figure 11) as to bear against pin 208 and turn it, in slot 209 , to cause the latch member 180 to be brought the latched position shown by phantom lines 180 in

10 figure 11. During such movement, the shaft 182 of tim device 184 is turned, thus winding up the timer device. If arm 210 is maintained in the moved position, the timer device is held in its wound up condition. Altho arm 210 can thereafter be reverted to the position sho

15 in figure 11, the pin 208 will not immediately follow this movement, remaining at first in the position to which it was turned. However, as the timer device 184 subsequently unwinds, the shaft 182 will turn in the clockwise direction as viewed in figure.11 to eventuall

20 turn latch member 18Q to revert the pin 20.8 to its ini position whereupon the door 166 will be unlatched. Th unlatching will occur after a time period determined b the extent of initial movement of the shaft 182 and thus by an amount determined By the amount of movement

25 of arm 21Q which occurs during locking activation of the cylinder lock 212,

In use, a storekeeper may at the Beginnin of the day lock the door 166 By inserting the " , key in cylinder lock 212, turning the key to turn arm 21Q and 30. thus to move the latching member 180. to its latched position By movement of pin 208,

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As described, by leaving the lock 212 in locked condition with arm 210 in' its moved position, the timer device 184 will be precluded from unwinding, by virtue of engagement of the pin 208 against arm 210. During the day, the store keeper may then place money in the receptacle 152 via slot 174. At the end of the day, the storekeeper may, by use of the cylinder lock key, revert the arm 210 to its initial position, whereupon, after the pre-determined time delay caused by timer 184, the shaft 182 will be driven back to its initial position so ef ecting unlatching to permit retrieval of the money in the receptacle. In this sense, the cash safe 150 is similar to the cash safe 10 except that no provision is made for variable, time delays.

The case, safe 150 can be secured to a bench top 70 in the same fashion as described previously in relation to the cash safe 10 and can also be fitted with the marker device 81 Cas show i. or the marker device 80 or 105 in the same fashion as cash safe 1Q.