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Title:
CHARGING DEVICE FOR SINTER RAW MATERIAL WITH ELASTIC DEFLECTOR MAT
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2010/025878
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
This invention relates to a device for charging raw sinter mixture (2) onto a pallet car (3) of a sintering machine or the like, with a storage bin (4) from which the raw sinter mixture is withdrawn by a drum feeder (6) via an outlet opening (5), and with an arrangement for discharging the raw sinter mixture (2) emerging from the outlet opening (5) onto the pallet car (3) or the like. The arrangement includes a mat (7), which hangs down from a suspension (8), wherein below the suspension (8) a supporting element (9) is provided, which is offset with respect to the suspension (8) in horizontal direction such that the mat (7) rests against the supporting element (9).

Inventors:
GERLACH, Walter (Vilbeler Strasse 89, Frankfurt, 60388, DE)
BAROWSKI, Helmut (Berliner Strasse 36, Steinbach / Ts., 61449, DE)
BECKER, Roger (Gute Gartenstrasse 35, Darmstadt, 64291, DE)
EMMEL, Jürgen (Ludwigstrasse 47, Biebesheim, 64584, DE)
Application Number:
EP2009/006284
Publication Date:
March 11, 2010
Filing Date:
August 31, 2009
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
OUTOTEC OYJ (Riihitontuntie 7, Espoo, FIN-02200, FI)
GERLACH, Walter (Vilbeler Strasse 89, Frankfurt, 60388, DE)
BAROWSKI, Helmut (Berliner Strasse 36, Steinbach / Ts., 61449, DE)
BECKER, Roger (Gute Gartenstrasse 35, Darmstadt, 64291, DE)
EMMEL, Jürgen (Ludwigstrasse 47, Biebesheim, 64584, DE)
International Classes:
C22B1/16; B65G47/19; B65G65/48; C22B1/20; F27B21/10
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
LENZ, Nanno, M. (Keil & Schaafhausen, Cronstettenstraße 66, Frankfurt am Main, 60322, DE)
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Claims:
Claims:

1. A device for charging raw sinter mixture (2) onto a pallet car (3) of a sintering machine or the like, with a storage bin (4) from which the raw sinter mixture is removed via an outlet opening (5), and with an arrangement for discharging the raw sinter mixture (2) emerging from the outlet opening (5) onto the pallet car (3) or the like, characterized in that the arrangement includes a mat (7) which hangs down from a suspension (8), and that below the suspension (8) a supporting element (9) is provided, which is offset with respect to the suspension (8) in horizontal direction such that the mat (7) rests against the supporting element (9).

2. The device according to claim 1 , characterized in that the mat (7) freely rests against the supporting element (9).

3. The device according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the mat (7) is made of an elastic material, in particular rubber.

4. The device according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that the mat (7) has a coating.

5. The device according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that the upper suspension (8) of the mat (7) is adjustable in horizontal and/or vertical direction.

6. The device according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that the suspension (8) of the mat (7) is attached to at least one carrying member (14) on which recesses (15) are provided for the suspension (8) of the mat (7).

7. The device according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that the distance between the mat (7) and the supporting element (9) is adjustable.

8. The device according to any of the preceding claims, characterized in that the supporting element (9) is formed by at least one horizontal tube (10).

9. The device according to claim 8, characterized in that a plurality of tubes (10) are arranged one above the other, wherein a spacing each is provided between the same.

10. The device according to claim 9, characterized in that the spacing between the tubes (10) is variable.

11. The device according to any of claims 8 to 10, characterized in that the tubes (10) are adjustable in horizontal and/or vertical direction.

12. The device according to any of claims 1 to 7, characterized in that the supporting element (9) is formed by a sheet (13).

13. The device according to claim 12, characterized in that the inclination of the sheet (13) is adjustable.

14. The device according to any of the preceding claims, characterized by a device (1 1 ) for blowing air or vibrating means against the back of the mat (7).

15. The device according to claim 14, characterized in that the device includes a plurality of nozzles (12) for emitting air or the like, which are distributed over the width and/or height of the mat (7).

Description:
CHARGING DEVICE FOR SINTER RAW MATERIAL WITH ELASTIC DEFLECTOR MAT

Background of the Invention

This invention relates to a device for charging raw sinter mixture onto a pallet car of a sintering machine or the like, with a storage bin from which the raw sinter mixture I is removed via an outlet opening and with an arrangement for discharging the raw sinter mixture emerging from the outlet opening onto the pallet car or the like.

During sintering in iron metallurgy, fine ores and concentrates are not directly useable as blast furnace feed material. They are agglomerated to produce a suitable product in size and composition for the blast-furnace process. For sintering purposes, a raw sinter mixture is produced, which contains iron ores, additives and coke as fuel, and via a charging device it is charged onto the pallet car of the sintering machine circulating as an endless chain of pallet cars. The coke contained in the raw sinter mixture is ignited, and an induced-draft below the pallet cars created by an ID fan draws the burning front through the sinter mixture, so that a sinter cake completely burnt through is obtained at the discharge end of the sinter machine. Due to the heat produced in the process, the fine ores will partly melt at the surface, so that their grains undergo a firm connection. Upon separation of hearth layer and sinter return fines, the finished sinter is supplied to the blast furnace, or in case of manganese ore to the electrical arc furnace.

It is desired that the bed of raw sinter mixture on the pallet cars obtain a specific structure, since the permeability of the bed is essential for the vertical sinter speed. With increasing permeability of the sinter layer, the combustion and hence also the temperature control is more easy, which leads to an increase in the amount of sintered product and in the sinter quality. The objective here is to arrange fine material at the top and coarse material at the bottom in the pallet car layer, without achieving too much separation of the individual components of the mixture, for instance an enrichment of fuel in the bottom layer. In addition, accretions and the disintegration of granulated particles should be avoided during charging. Material deposits along the path of the particles to the pallet car are not desired. In a known solution for selectively charging the raw sinter mixture onto the pallet car , the separation of coarse and fine particles is effected by means of a separating plate made of steel, which utilizes the principle of the inertia of the particles. Coarse particles have a greater inertia and during impact on the separating plate rather follow the path of the plate, whereas during impact of the finer particles the same are accelerated in horizontal direction depending on the angle of the plate and therefore impinge on the grate carriage with a time delay and are arranged above the coarse particles. In such a device known from JP 55002716 A, the sinter mixture is charged onto a curved plate, so that the rolling distance of the raw sinter mixture material is increased. This should promote the segregation into finer and coarser particles.

From JP 10121 155 A, it is known to guide the raw sinter mixture onto a chute, which is arranged, on an elastic body. After sliding along the chute, the material is supplied to a rake-like distributing device, by which the material is divided into coarser and finer particles and is applied onto the grate carriage.

In the device known from JP 10009772 A, the segregation is achieved by a multipart chute, in which the individual chute portions are arranged at different angles.

In the device known from JP 1 11 18358 A, a rubber mat is arranged on the steel plate, on which the raw sinter mixture I withdrawn from the storage bin impinges. Material accretions are scraped off by means of a plate.

Summary of the Invention

It is the object of the invention to achieve a specific structure of the sinter bed, wherein accretions of the sinter material are reliably prevented at the same time.

In accordance with the invention, this object substantially is solved with the features of claim 1 , in that the arrangement for discharging the sinter material emerging from the outlet opening onto the pallet cars includes a mat which is hanging down from a suspension, wherein below the suspension a supporting element is provided, which is offset in horizontal direction with respect to the mat suspension such that the mat rests against the supporting element.

The portion of the mat resting against the supporting element is deflected from the vertical orientation, so that a chute is formed for the sinter material. Due to the free suspension, however, the mat can yield during impingement of the raw sinter mixture , so that a compaction of the material during impingement on the mat and an adhesion of the material to the mat are avoided. Since the mat is not firmly connected with the substructure serving as supporting element, this substructure can be configured more easily and simply than in the prior described way.

In accordance with a preferred aspect of the invention, the mat freely rests against the supporting element, so that the resilience during impingement of the raw sinter mixture is further increased.

In accordance with a particularly preferred aspect of the invention, the mat is made of an elastic material, in particular rubber, in order to even further increase the resilience.

In accordance with a development of the invention, the mat has a coating that can additionally counteract the accretion of material.

Preferably, the upper suspension of the mat is adjustable in horizontal and/or vertical direction, in order to vary the impact angle and hence make the same optimally adjustable to alternating product properties. In accordance with the invention, the distance between mat and supporting element can also be adjusted, whereby the elasticity during impingement of the raw sinter mixture can be influenced selectively.

In accordance with a preferred embodiment, the suspension of the mat is attached to at least one carrying member on whom recesses are provided for the suspension of the mat. In this way, a selective variation of the curvature of the mat can be achieved in a simple way. In accordance with one aspect of the invention, the supporting element is formed by at least one horizontal tube against which rests the mat.

In accordance with another preferred aspect of the invention, a plurality of tubes are arranged one above the other, which each are arranged with a spacing. The distance between the tubes can be varied in accordance with the invention, in order to be able to selectively adjust the curvature of the individual mat portions. In accordance with a development of this invention, the tubes are movable in horizontal and/or vertical direction, so that not only the distance between the same and hence the resilience of the mat resting on the same, but also the angle of inclination of the mat can flexibly be adjusted.

In accordance with another preferred aspect of the invention, the supporting element is formed by a sheet whose inclination preferably is adjustable.

In accordance with a development of the invention, the accretion of raw sinter mixture additionally can be prevented by providing a device for blowing air or the like against the back of the mat, by means of which the mat can selectively be oscillated. The blowing device preferably includes a plurality of nozzles distributed along the length of the tubes and over the width of the mat for emitting the air or the like. Also other vibrating means are envisaged.

Developments, advantages and possible applications of the invention can also be taken from the following description of embodiments and the drawing. All features described and/or illustrated form the subject matter of the invention per se or in any combination, independent of their inclusion in the claims or their back-reference.

Brief Description of the Drawings

Fig. 1 schematically shows a charging device in accordance with a first embodiment of the present invention, Fig. 2 schematically shows a charging device in accordance with a second embodiment of the present invention, and

Fig. 3 shows the suspension of the mat.

Detailed Description of the Preferred Embodiments

In the device 1 for charging raw sinter mixture 2 onto a pallet car 3 of a sintering machine, only parts of which are shown in Fig. 1 , the raw sinter mixture which contains for instance iron ores, additives and coke as fuel is discharged from a storage bin 4 through an outlet opening 5. Conveyance here is achieved by means of a feeding drum 6, which rotates and transports the raw sinter mixture through the outlet opening 5. By gravity, the raw sinter mixture then drops onto a mat 7 of elastic material, in particular rubber, and slips onto the pallet car 3 disposed below the same.

The pallet car 3 is part of a chain of pallet cars (travelling grate) 3 circulating as an endless chain, which transport the sinter mixture through the sintering machine and upon completion of the sintering process dump the product sinter at the discharge end of the sinter machine as a completely burnt through and fused sinter cake (not shown).

The mat 7 hangs down from a suspension 8 and rests on a supporting element 9 at least with its lower portion. The supporting element 9 is offset with respect to the suspension 8 in direction of travel of the pallet cars 3 such that the mat 7 is deflected from the vertical direction and curved. The suspension 8 of the mat 7 is adjustable in vertical and/or horizontal direction (direction of the arrows A and B), so that the distance of the mat 7 from the supporting element 9 and hence the resilience of the mat 7 is adjustable. Due to the vertical adjustability, the impact angle also is continuously adjustable and thereby can optimally be adapted to alternating product properties.

In the first embodiment of the invention as shown in Fig. 1 , the supporting element 9 is formed by a plurality of horizontal tubes 10, which are adjustable in horizontal and/or vertical direction (direction of the arrows A and B) by means of a non-illustrated adjust- ing means. Preferably, the tubes 10 are individually movable, so that the distance between the same and the curvature and inclination of the mat 7 are selectively adjustable. It turned out to be expedient to provide the biggest radius in the upper region, since this optimally counteracts accretions and a grain disintegration. The curvature then slowly decreases in downward direction, so that the raw sinter mixture 2 is uniformly directed onto the pallet car 3 in the desired shape.

When raw sinter mixture 2 from the storage bin 4 is applied onto the mat 7, the mat 7 will yield elastically, whereby accretions of material can reliably be prevented. Here, it is essential that the mat 7 freely rests on the supporting element 9 and can yield elastically upon impingement of the material 2, so that compactions of the material 2 upon impingement on the mat 7 can be avoided. The mat 7 also can have a coating, for instance of AI 2 O 3 , which additionally counteracts the adhesion of raw sinter mixture 2.

Behind the mat 7, a device 11 can be provided for blowing air or the like against the back of the mat 7. The blowing device 11 can include a plurality of nozzles 12 distributed over the width and/or height of the mat 7 for emitting the air. In this way, possibly occurring material deposits can be removed again, in that for instance air is intermittently blasted onto the back of the mat 7, and the material deposits thereby are chipped off. In addition, a deposition of material can be prevented during operation by an active movement of the mat 7 by means of the blowing device 1 1 or any other vibration means.

In the second embodiment of the invention as shown in Fig. 2, the supporting element 9 is formed by a sheet 13, whose inclination can be varied by a non-illustrated adjusting means (direction of the arrow C). It can also be provided that the sheet 13 is movable in horizontal direction (direction of the arrows A and B).

In a non-illustrated modification of the second embodiment, one or more sheets with portions of different inclination are provided instead of one continuous sheet, so that the angle of inclination of the mat 7 can be adjusted even more flexibly similar to the arrangement with a plurality of tubes 10. The remaining structure and the mode of operation of the second embodiment correspond to those of the first embodiment as shown in Fig. 1 , so that in so far reference is made to the above description.

In Fig. 3, the suspension 8 of the mat 7 is shown in detail. In the carriage member 14, raster-like recesses 15 are provided in uniform intervals, in which a holder of the mat 7, for instance in the form of a nut 17 and a threaded bolt 16, is hung in. The threaded bolt 16 is connected with the mat 7 via a connecting means 18. By setting the nut 17 onto the threaded bolt 16 in different distances , the height of the mat 7 and hence the distance to the supporting element 9 and the impact angle can be varied. By lifting the nut 17 with the elements hanging thereon and by shifting the same into another recess 15, for instance by means of a hoist , the mat 7 can be adjusted horizontally, in order to thereby also vary the distance to the supporting element 9 and the angle of inclination of the mat 7 in the region of impingement of the material 2. Positioning the mat usually is merely effected during initial start up of the sintering machine or conversion to other materials and need therefore not be performed frequently. Instead of the illustrated suspension 8, other devices can of course also be provided, in order to movably mount the mat 7 in horizontal and/or vertical direction.

With the invention, a deposition of raw sinter mixture 2 onto the charging device 1 is prevented in a simple way, wherein the device can flexibly be adapted to the properties of the used raw sinter mixture 2 by adjusting the position of the mat 7 and/or the supporting element 9. Due to the resilience of the mat 7, a disintegration of granulated particles during charging can be avoided. At the same time, a desired structure of the bed obtained in the pallet cars 3 can be achieved by adjusting the impact angle and the inclination of the mat 7. List of Reference Numerals

1 charging device

2 raw sinter mixture

3 pallet car

4 storage bin

5 outlet opening

6 feed drum

7 mat

8 suspension

9 supporting element

10 rods

11 blowing device

12 nozzles

13 sheet

14 carrying member

15 recesses

16 threaded bolt

17 nut

18 connecting means




 
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