Login| Sign Up| Help| Contact|

Patent Searching and Data


Title:
CHEWING GUM WITH STEVIA
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2017/191571
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Disclosed is a chewing gum comprising stevia in the percentage of at least 0.05% by weight of the total gum, at least one calcium salt, and one or more high-viscosity elastomers.

Inventors:
MIKKELSEN, Rikke (Via Giacomo Leopardi, 20/G, ARESE, 20020, IT)
VIOLI, Marco (Via per Cantalupo 42, ORIGGIO, 21040, IT)
SULEYMANOGLU, Evsen (Viale Belisario 9, MILANO, 20145, IT)
Application Number:
IB2017/052564
Publication Date:
November 09, 2017
Filing Date:
May 03, 2017
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
PERFETTI VAN MELLE S.P.A. (Via XXV Aprile 7, Lainate, 20020, IT)
International Classes:
A23G4/06; A23G4/10
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
MINOJA, Fabrizio (Bianchetti Bracco Minoja S.r.l, Via Plinio 63, Milano, 20129, IT)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

I . A chewing gum comprising Stevia in percentages of at least 0.05% by weight on the total of the gum, at least one calcium salt and one or more high viscosity elastomers. 2. A chewing gum according to claim 1 wherein the calcium salt is calcium carbonate and the high viscosity elastomer is butyl rubber.

3. A chewing gum according to claim 2 wherein the butyl rubber has a Mooney viscosity of 51 ± 5 units and an unsaturation percentage ranging from 1 % to 3%.

4. A chewing gum according to one or more of the above claims wherein the calcium salts to high viscosity elastomer(s) weight ratio ranges from 1 : 1 to 15 : 1.

5. A chewing gum according to claim 4 wherein the calcium salt to high viscosity elastomer(s) weight ratio ranges from 2: 1 to 13.5: 1.

6. A chewing gum according to one or more of the above claims wherein the high viscosity elastomer(s) minimum percentage is 2%.

7. A chewing gum according to claim 6 wherein the high viscosity elastomer(s) minimum percentage is 3%.

8. A chewing gum according to one or more of the above claims wherein the calcium salt is calcium carbonate.

9. A chewing gum according to claim 8 wherein the particle size of the calcium salt ranges from 0.1 to 100 μιη.

10. A chewing gum according to claim 9 wherein the particle size of the calcium salt ranges from 0.1 to 30 μηι.

I I . A chewing gum according to claim 10 wherein the particle size of the calcium salt ranges from 0.1 to 15 μηι.

Description:
CHEWING GUM WITH STEVIA

The object of the invention is chewing gum comprising stevia as sweetener, at least one calcium salt, and one or more high-viscosity elastomers.

PRIOR ART

Chewing gum typically comprises one water-soluble part consisting of sugar or sugar substitutes (i.e. polyalcohols and intensive sweeteners), flavourings, colorants and optionally other additives, such as acidifiers or coating and polishing agents, and one non- water-soluble part called gum base which has the crucial function of providing a chewable support.

Gum base consists of a plurality of ingredients which can be grouped by function under one or more of the following categories: elastomers, polymer plasticisers or resins, plasticisers, emulsifiers and fillers. Each of said substances has a specific role in providing the consistency and chewing properties of chewing gum when mixed with water-soluble ingredients.

Elastomers, such as polyisobutylene, isobutylene-isoprene copolymer, styrene- butadiene copolymer, vinyl acetate-vinyl laurate copolymer, polyethylene and vinyl acetate-vinyl alcohol-vinyl versatate teipolymer, represent the core of the gum base, while polymer plasticisers or resins, such as polyvinyl acetate, methyl or glycerol esters, obtained from wood rosin pentaerythritol, exudate (or gum rosin) or tall oil, which may be hydrogenated or non-hydrogenated, dimerised or non-dimerised, polymerised or non- polymerised, in the various possible permutations, and polyterpene resins, increase their compatibility with the other ingredients.

In addition to said substances, plasticisers properly so called modulate the softness characteristics of the product by attenuating its elastic characteristics due to the elastomer component, helping to soften it and give it a characteristic and a bite resistance which appeal to the user's palate. Examples of plasticisers include vegetable and animal fats, optionally hydrogenated or fractionated, triacetin, microcrystalline waxes, paraffin waxes and synthetic waxes.

Emulsifiers help to optimise the consistency of the chewable bolus, to make the various ingredients of the gum base compatible with one another, and to give it a smoother mouthfeel by reducing its roughness. Examples of emulsifiers include lecithins, glycerol esters of sucralose, mono-, di- and triglycerides of fatty acids, acetylated monoglycerides, and propylene glycol.

The fillers act as texturing agents, penetrating between the elastomer chains and contributing to the volume of the chewable bolus. Examples of plasticisers are calcium carbonate, talc, and calcium phosphates.

In addition to the ingredients described above, the gum base can contain antioxidants which, though not directly performing a mechanical function on the product, protect its various ingredients against degradation, thus preventing the development of unpleasant aftertastes and maintaining the palatability of the gum for long periods.

Chewing gums are conventionally sweetened with sugar or non-cariogenic substitutes; for example, the combination of polyalcohols or polyols and intensive sweeteners is known.

Intensive sweeteners possess a sweetening power many times greater than that of sugar, and are therefore conventionally combined with polyols, which have a lower power, to give a sweet taste to chewing gum which is equal to or greater than that of a gum sweetened with sugar. In view of this characteristic, they are only used in small amounts.

Examples of intensive sweeteners include acesulfame K, alitame, aspartame, cyclamate, glycyrrhizin, neotame, neohesperidin dihydrocalcone, saccharine, sucralose and others, as described by Fritz (Douglas Fritz, "Formulation and Production of Chewing Gum and Bubble Gum", Kennedy's Books Ltd, 2008).

Another particularly interesting intensive sweetener is stevia, specifically the steviol glycosides extracted from the plant Stevia rebaadiana, the composition whereof is extensively described in the literature. US 4,271 , 197 refers to the possibility of introducing stevia into a sugar- free chewing gum, but only provides some partial indications of the possible gum base compositions suitable for products with stevia, substantially containing natural gums which, due to their intrinsic problems of tackiness and poor chewability, have been almost entirely superseded.

Although stevia has been known for many years and its use in chewing gum is allowed in Europe and other countries, there are currently no products made with said substance on the market.

This may be due to the fact that stevia, even if used in small amounts, has a plasticising effect on the gum base formulation, which makes the gum unpleasant to chew and may even cause it to flake or disintegrate during chewing. It is also obvious that introducing additional substances with a plasticising function into such a complex matrix may lead to a product with chewing characteristics that are unsatisfactory to consumers or give rise to problems during the manufacturing process as a result of excessive softening.

DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

It has now been discovered that the gum base plasticising problem caused by stevia can be eliminated by suitably selecting the ingredients of the gum base and adding a calcium salt.

It has been found in particular that high-viscosity elastomers, with the addition of a calcium salt, are not sobject to the plasticising induced by even small amounts of stevia sweetener (0.05% or more), a phenomenon which is all the more unexpected because the intensive sweeteners conventionally used do not give rise to plasticising.

The object of the invention is therefore chewing gums comprising at least 0.05% stevia, at least one calcium salt as filler, and one or more high-viscosity elastomers.

The high-viscosity elastomers which can be used according to the invention are preferably elastomers derived from polymerisation or copolymerisation of isobutylene or butadiene with other monomers. Examples of said high-viscosity elastomers include butyl rubber, polyisobutylene and styrene-butadiene copolymer. Isobutylene and isoprene copolymer (butyl rubber) is particularly preferred. A type of butyl rubber particularly suitable for the purposes of the invention has a Mooney viscosity of 51 ± 5 units measurable by the ASTM D1646 method, and an unsaturation level ranging from 1 % and 3%. In addition to high-viscosity elastomers, the gum base also contains conventional ingredients such as low-viscosity elastomers, resins and emulsifiers.

A carbonate preferably having a small particle size, substantially ranging from 0.1 to 100 μηι, preferably from 0.1 to 30 μηι, most preferably from 0.1 to 15 μηι, is preferred as calcium salt.

The weight ratio between filler(s) and high-viscosity elastomer(s) advantageously ranges from 1 : 1 to 15 : 1 , preferably from 2: 1 to 13.5: 1.

Moreover, a minimum value for the high-viscosity elastomer or combination of elastomers amounting to 2% of the gum base is considered preferable to obtain the desired compensation effect, the other ingredients being equal. Said value is preferably 3%.

The term "stevia" used herein refers, in particular, to a purified powdered extract obtained from the leaves of Stevia rebaudiana containing steviol glycosides amounting to at least 95% of the dry matter.

The percentages by weight of stevia typically range from 0.05 to 1 % by weight of the composition, preferably from 0.1 to 0.5% by weight.

Any composition of the water-soluble part of the chewing gum as conventionally known can be deemed suitable for the purposes of the invention.

The gums according to the invention are pleasant to chew and stable, as they are not sobject to the above-mentioned plasticising effect.

The following example illustrates the invention described above. Ingredients % value by weight of gum base

Butyl rubber 9.3

Low-viscosity elastomer 6.4

Polymer plasticisers and resins 36.0

Plasticisers 21.2

Emulsifiers 7.0

Calcium carbonate 20.0

Purified powdered extract obtained from Stevia rebaudiana 0.1

leaves, containing steviol glycosides amounting to at least 95% of

the dry matter