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Title:
CIRCULAR PILE HEAD FOR UNDERPINNING A SLAB
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2010/107296
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A circular pile head assembly (1) that can facilitate the driving of the underpinning pile (71,72) in a slab (8) using a pile driving machine (5) and locking-off the slab load to the underpinning pile (71). A circular pile head assembly (1) consists of the twin beam (4), the circular pile head (2) and a section of an underpinning pile (71) that is used in conjunction with a pile driving machine (5) to drive, and lock-off the slab (8) load to the underpinning pile (71).

Inventors:
ONG, Chin Chai (B2-7-1, Plaza SentralJalan Stesen Sentral 5,KL Sentral,, Kuala Lumpur, 50470, MY)
Application Number:
MY2009/000164
Publication Date:
September 23, 2010
Filing Date:
October 01, 2009
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
ONG, Chin Chai (B2-7-1, Plaza SentralJalan Stesen Sentral 5,KL Sentral,, Kuala Lumpur, 50470, MY)
International Classes:
E02D5/60; E02D7/20; E02D11/00; E02D13/10
Foreign References:
KR20030078228A
KR20000002770U
US7300230B2
US6368023B1
US5722798A
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Claims:
6. CLAIMS

The invention claimed is:

1. A circular pile head assembly (1) consisting of the twin beam lifting attachment (4), the circular pile head (2) and a section of an underpinning pile (71) that is used in conjunction with a pile driving machine (5) to drive, and lock-off the slab (8) load to the underpinning pile (71) characterized in that; the circular pile head (2) can be easily inserted into a pre- bored hole (81) in the slab (8) to allow the entry of the underpinning pile (71) through the opening (27) between the body section of the circular pile head (25) and forms a means of foundation lifting mechanism by the engagement of the twin beam (42) to the circular pile head (2) supported against the underpinning pile (71) and, a pile driving means for use with the pile driving machine (5) to drive further underpinning pile (72). and, a locking mechanism consisting of a circular pile head plate

(3) and reinforced with a plurality of wedges (32) with trimmed edges (34) to create voids (82) for cement grouting.

2. The circular pile head assembly of claim 1 characterised in that the circular pile head (2) consists of two arcs preferably no more than 120 degrees cut out from a circular pipe to form the body sections of the circular pile head (25).

3. The circular pile head (2) of claim 2 characterised in that one identical half of circular pile head (2) can be snugly inserted unobstructed through the pre-bored hole (81) in the slab (8).

4. The circular pile head (2) of claim 3 characterised in that it has concentric bearing plate (22) with two edges (26) trimmed off so that it be inserted unobstructed into the pre-bored through hole (81) in the slab (8) and then displaced in opposite directions as a pair of the circular pile head (2).

5. The concentric bearing plate (22) of claim 4 characterised in that the trimmed off edges (34) may be of any angle but preferably parallel to maximise the bearing area contact with the pre-bored through hole (81) in the slab (8).

6. The concentric bearing plate (22) of claim 4 characterised in that it is strengthened by a plurality of wedges attached to the lower outer body section of the circular pile head (25) to bear against the soffit of the bore hole (81) in the slab (8).

7. The circular pile head (2) of claim 3 characterised in that it has a through a tabular cut-out section (24) in the upper body body section of the circular pile head (25) to engage with the protruding hook (41) of the twin beam (42).

8. The circular pile head assembly of claim 1 characterised in that it has a twin beam (42) provided with an engagement mean to connect the circular pile head (2) to the pile driving machine (5) and the slab (8).

9. The twin beam (42) of claim 8 characterised in the engagement mean of twin beam (42) to the circular pile head (2) is through a protruding hook (41) that is inserted through the tabular cut-out section (24) of the body section of the circular pile head (25).

10. The twin beam (42) of claim 8 characterised in the shape of the twin beam can be C-channel, I-Beam or any tabular structure strong enough to withstand the flexure.

11. The twin beam (42) of claim 8 characterised in the engagement mean of the twin beam (42) to the pile driving machine (5) is by using lock pins (43, 46) that are inserted through the upper hook (44) and a lower through hole (45) correspondingly of the twin beams (42) which are aligned to the through opening (52) of the pile driving machine (5).

12. The circular pile head assembly of claim 1 characterised in the underpinning pile (71,72) can be of any tabular shape and material with sizes smaller than the opening (27) of the circular pile head (2).

13. The circular pile head assembly of claim 1 characterised in the downward pile driving means of the underpinning pile (71) through the circular pile head assembly (1) is achieved by the counter -reaction in the shearing of the top and bottom lock pins (43) held down against uplift by the upper body section of the circular pile head (25) through the protruding hook (41) and resisted against the soffit of the slab (8) by the concentric bearing plates (22) at the lower ends of the body section of the circular pile head (25).

14. The circular pile head assembly of claim 1 characterised in that the locking mechanism is achieved by placing the circular pile head plate (3) over the top of the underpinning pile (73) and securing the circular pile head plate (3) preferably through welding to the body section of the circular pile head (25) and further strengthened by a plurality of wedges (32) .

15. The circular pile head plate (3) of claim 14 characterised it has trimmed edges (34) which are sufficiently curtailed just to cover the top of the underpinning pile (73).

16. The circular pile head plate (3) of claim 14 characterised in the void (82) created by the trimmed off edges (34) and the body section of the circular pile head (25) will be in filled with cement grout to further strengthen the underpinning pile (71) to the slab (8).

Description:
CIRCULAR PILE HEAD FOR UNDERPINNING A SLAB

1. TECHNICAL FIELD OF THE INVENTION

This innovation refers to a circular pile head assembly that can facilitate driving of the underpinning pile in a raft foundation using a pile driving machine and locking-off the transferred load to the underpinning pile. To achieve this purpose, it would be necessary to have features in the pile head that can accommodate the entry of the underpinning pile through the pile head and yet the pile head can be easily inserted into a small pre-bored hole in the slab.

2. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

In the prior art US 7,300,230 B2 requires the excavation of a hole to access the pile cap or ground beams and using transfer beams to attach the pile head. However this would be undesirable in the case of a raft foundation, as this excavation will weakened the slab. Moreover, in most cases the slab will be strong enough to support the underpinning pile if it can be placed underneath the slab. Hence, a pin hole pre-bored in the slab will ensure that the shear in the concrete slab is not compromised, especially if the underpinning pile is placed near to the main support columns.

In the prior art US 2006/0216117 Al, teaches the insertion of a bracket through an opening and far enough into the excavated area underneath the slab. The soil below the enlarged opening is excavated to allow room for the subject bracket to be inserted below the slab. The bracket is then welded with rebar and concrete is introduced into the excavated region and hardened around the bracket and rebar to produce a three dimensional plug so that it can support the slab. Clearly, until the concrete hardens in this prior art, the full structural capacity of the slab around the opening will be compromised during lifting. Whereas the present invention overcomes this difficulty and allows the slab to be immediately lifted up or used to drive the underpinning pile without using concrete, rebars or likes to form a plug. In this same prior art, the lifting mechanism is through tightening the screws in the pair of threaded rods, which is independently attached to the tubing which is not connected directly to the brackets. Thus any failure in the weakest link can occur between tubing and the treaded rods or between the tubing and the bracket. The present invention has large welding contact areas and a plurality of welded wedges to support the pile head directly on to the slab, thus avoiding a double weak link as in faced in the prior art. 3. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

This innovation refers to a circular pile head assembly that can facilitate driving of the underpinning pile in a raft foundation using a pile driving machine, and locking-off the transferred load to the underpinning pile. The components used in the circular pile head assembly consists of a twin beam lifting attachment, the circular pile head, pile head plate and a section of an underpinning pile.

A pre-bored hole will be made in the slab to a size complementary to the outer circular pile head diameter so that it can be inserted through the opening of the pre-bored hole. The circular pile head has a concentric bearing plate with two edges trimmed off so that it be inserted unobstructed into the pre-bored through a hole in the slab, and then displaced in opposite directions as a pair of the circular pile head, ready to receive the underpinning pile.

The circular pile head assembly will be connected to the pile driving machine at both ends of the twin beam. The lock pins will be inserted through the upper hook and a lower through hole correspondingly of the twin beams that is aligned to the through opening of the pile driving machine.

The downward driving process of the underpinning pile through the circular pile head assembly, is achieved by the counter- reaction in the shearing of the top and bottom lock pins held down against uplift by the upper body section of the circular pile head through the protruding hook and resisted against the soffit of the slab by the concentric bearing plates at the lower ends of the circular pile head. In this way, the circular pile head assembly can allow the dead weight of the foundation, and the pile driving machine to provide sufficient kentiledge to drive the next underpinning pile downwards.

The locking mechanism is achieved by placing the circular pile head plate over the top of the underpinning pile and securing the circular pile head plate preferably through welding to the body section of the circular pile head and further strengthened by a plurality of wedges.

4. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Further understanding of the aspects of the present invention and their advantages will be discerned after studying the detailed description in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which:

Figure 1 shows the blown apart components of the circular pile head assembly with twin beam lifting attachments.

Figure 2 shows the details of the components of the circular pile head that will be inserted through a pre-bored hole in the slab.

Figure 3 shows the pile driving machine that will be attached to the twin beam lifting attachments and the circular pile head assembly.

Figure 4 shows the completed assembled circular pile head attached to the pile driving machine ready to drive the underpinning pile.

Figure 5 shows the top view of the assembled circular pile head that was inserted snugly through the pre-bored hole in the slab.

Figure 6 shows a cross-section view of the assembled circular pile head during pre-loading of the underpinning pile.

Figure 7 shows the isometric view of the circular pile head with wedges ready to be welded on to the circular pile head plate after completion of preloading the underpinning pile (the pile diving machine's extended jack not shown for clarity). Figure 8 shows that the circular pile head is cut-off below the ground level of the slab and cement grout which will be poured into the spaces between the underpinning pile and the pre-bored hole.

5. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

Referring to the drawings, like numerals indicate like components to facilitate explanation. In order to differentiate two separate entities belonging to like components, a suffix "a" or "b" is used to denote the first and second entity. Components of the Circular Pile Head Assembly (1):

Figure 1 shows the exploded view of the components used in the circular pile head assembly (1) consisting of the twin beam lifting attachment (4), the circular pile head (2) and a section of an underpinning pile (71).

Figure 2 shows the circular pile head (2) where at the middle bottom end of the twin beams (42) there is provided a protruding hook (41) that will be inserted through a tabular cut-out section (24) in the upper body section of the circular pile head (25). A concentric bearing plate (22) is welded near to the base of the body section of the circular pile head (25), and additionally supported by a plurality of triangular wedges (23). Figure 3 shows the exploded view of the connection between the circular pile head assembly (1) that will be connected to the pile driving machine (5) at both ends of the twin beam (42). The lock pins (43, 46) will be inserted through an upper hook (44) and a lower through hole (45) of the twin beams (42) correspondingly that is aligned to the through opening (52,53) of the pile driving machine (5).

As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4 during driving of the underpinning pile (71) through the circular pile head assembly (1) is achieved by the counter-reaction in the shearing of the top and bottom lock pins (43) held down against uplift by upper body section of the circular pile head (25) through the protruding hook (41) and resisted against the soffit of the slab (8) by the concentric bearing plates (22) at the lower ends of the body section of the circular pile head (25). In this way, the circular pile head assembly (1) can allow the dead weight of the foundation and the pile driving machine (5) to provide sufficient kentiledge to drive the next underpinning pile (72) downwards.

Figure 5 shows the top view of the assembled circular pile head (2) that was inserted snugly through the pre-bored hole in the slab. The concentric bearing plate (22) has two parallel edges (26) trimmed off so that it be inserted unobstructed into the pre-bored through hole (81) in the slab (8) and then displaced in opposite directions as a pair of the circular pile head (2) displayed in Figure 5 and Figure 6.

Figure 6 shows the circular pile head assembly (1) when connected to the pile driving machine (5) at the middle lower sections of the twin beam (42) through the protruding hook (41) that was already inserted through a tabular cut-out section (24) in the upper body section of the circular pile head (25). To lock up the preload after completion of driving the underpinning pile (71), the pile driving machine (5) jack is extended (75) against the circular pile head plate (3) located on top of the underpinning pile (73) such that the concentric bearing plate (22) will bear up against the soffit of the pre-bored through hole (81) to lift up the slab (8). A plurality of wedges (23) will be welded on to the circular pile head plate (3) and the inner side of the body section of the circular pile head (25) to lock up the preloaded foundation load as shown the isometric view of Figure 7 and Figure 8.

Figure 8 shows the circular pile head (2) is cut-off (27) below the ground level of the slab (8) and later cement grout will be poured into the voids (82) between the trimmed parallel edges (34) and the pre-bored hole (81).