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Title:
CLEANING AND POLISHING WAX COMPOSITION
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2007/070716
Kind Code:
A2
Abstract:
A water in oil emulsion wax composition composed of natural and synthetic waxes, surfactants, suspending agents, aluminum oxide particles of high purity having an average particle diameter of less than 300 nanometers, typically from 0.20-0.25 microns (200-250 nanometers) containing no magnesium oxide and being agglomerate free together with a aliphatic hydrocarbon solvent producing a wax having cleaning properties and an enhanced high gloss surface from a single application.

Inventors:
HASINOVIC, Hida (904 Belmere Drive, Lexington, KY, 40509, US)
JORDAN, Elsie, A. (31944 Leigh Lane, Temecula, CA, 92591, US)
SU, Wen-chen (2613 Sungale Court, Lexington, KY, 40513, US)
DITURO, Michael, A. (4386 Green Valley Road, Huntington, WV, 25701, US)
LOCKWOOD, Frances, E. (5326 Paris Pike, Georgetown, KY, 40324, US)
Application Number:
US2006/048122
Publication Date:
June 21, 2007
Filing Date:
December 15, 2006
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
ASHLAND LICENSING AND INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY LLC (5200 Blazer Parkway, Dublin, OH, 42017, US)
HASINOVIC, Hida (904 Belmere Drive, Lexington, KY, 40509, US)
JORDAN, Elsie, A. (31944 Leigh Lane, Temecula, CA, 92591, US)
SU, Wen-chen (2613 Sungale Court, Lexington, KY, 40513, US)
DITURO, Michael, A. (4386 Green Valley Road, Huntington, WV, 25701, US)
LOCKWOOD, Frances, E. (5326 Paris Pike, Georgetown, KY, 40324, US)
International Classes:
C09G1/02
Foreign References:
US20050155515A12005-07-21
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
CARRITHERS, David, W. (Carrithers Law Office, One Paragon Centre6060 Dutchman's Lane, Suite 14, Louisville KY, 40205, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:

W

31

CLAIMS

We claim:

Claim 1. A wax composition comprising a water in oil emulsion in an effective amount to form a protective wax film on a substrate, comprising: a wax,- a thickening agent; an isoparaffinic solvent; an emulsifying agent; a synthetic wax; a hydrocarbon solvent; a silicate; a polishing agent comprising an aluminum oxide; a corrosion inhibitor,- and the remainder water.

Claim 2. The wax composition of claim 1, said wax is present in an amount up to 50 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 3. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said silicone oil is present in an amount of from 8 to 15 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 4. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said thickening agent is present in an amount of from between 0.1 to 4 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 5. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said isoparaffinic solvent in an amount of up to 25 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim G. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said emulsifier is present in an amount of from .1 to 2 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 7. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said hydrocarbon is present in a amount of from 25 to 45 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 8. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said anhydrous aluminum silicate is present in an amount of from between 1 to 5 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 9. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said aluminum oxide is present in an amount of from between 1 to 3 percent by weight.

Claim 10. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said aluminum oxide comprises a mean particle diameter of less than 1,000 nanometers.

Claim 11. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said aluminum oxide comprises a mean particle diameter of less than 300 nanometers .

Claim 12. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said aluminum oxide comprises a mean particle diameter of from 200 to 250 nanometers.

Claim 13. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said wax comprise up to 6.0 percent by weight natural wax solids and up to 20 percent by weight synthetic wax based on the total weight of the composition

Claim 14. The wax composition of claim 13, wherein said natural wax is added as a cationic microemulsion having 12-15 percent solids.

Claim 15. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said emulsifying agent comprises a polyglycerol ester of oleic acid.

Claim 16. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said emulsifying agent is selected from the group committing of a polyglycerol ester of oleic acid, a sorbitan polyoxyethylene, a sorbitan sesquioleate, a sorbitan trioleate, a polyoxyethylene, and trioleate .

Claim 17. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said emulsifying agent comprises a long chain fatty alcohol selected from the group consisting of a cetyl alcohol, a stearyl alcohol, an ethoxylated fatty alcohol, a cetyl palmitate, a cetyl myristate, a polyethylene glycol stearate, a glyceryl monσstearate, a monolactate, monooleate, a tallow triglyceride, and an ethoxylated ester.

Claim 18. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said emulsifying agent comprises an ethoxylated ester selected from the group committing of a polyoxyethylene sorbitan an alkyl glucosinate, an ethoxylated cetyl alcohol, an ethoxylated stearyl alcohol, and a polyoxyethylene nonylphenol.

Claim 19. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said hydrocarbon solvent contains at least 90 percent aliphatic hydrocarbons .

Claim 20. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said hydrocarbon solvent contains at least 99 percent aliphatic hydrocarbons .

Claim 21. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said hydrocarbon solvent contain less than 1 percent aromatic hydrocarbons.

Claim 22. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said isoparaffinic solvent contain less than 1 percent aromatic hydrocarbons .

Claim 23. The wax composition of- claim 1, wherein said isoparaffinic solvent in an amount of from 0.1 to 15.0 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 24. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said isoparaffinic solvent comprises a isoparaffin, a paraffinic solvent, a paraffin, and a synthetic isoparaffinic solvent.

Claim 25. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said wax is a natural wax present in an amount of from between 0.001 to 20 percent by weight solids based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 26. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said synthetic wax present in an amount of from between 0.001 to 20 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 27. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said natural wax solids is present in an amount of from between 1 to 10 percent based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 28. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said natural wax solids is present in an amount of from between 4 to 12 percent based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 29. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said synthetic wax is present in an amount of from between 1 to 12 percent based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 30. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said wax has a cationic charge whereby the wax provides a surface-active substance in which the active constituent is the positive ion.

Claim 31. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said wax comprises at least one natural wax and at least two synthetic waxes .

Claim 32. The wax composition of claim 30, wherein said natural wax is selected from the group consisting essentially of a carnauba wax, a candelilla, an orange-peel wax, a montan wax, a japan wax, and combinations thereof.

Claim 33. The wax composition of claim 30, wherein said natural wax comprises a carnauba wax.

Claim 34. The wax composition of claim 31, wherein said carnauba wax comprises a cationic carnauba wax.

Claim 35. The wax composition of claim 30, wherein said carnauba wax comprises a micro emulsion consisting of from 12 to 15 percent by weight wax.

Claim 36. The wax composition of claim 31, wherein said natural wax comprises a cationic wax.

Claim 35. The wax composition of claim 31, wherein said natural wax comprises a micro emulsion containing from 12 to 15 percent by weight wax and the remainder water.

Claim 36. The wax composition of claim 31, wherein said natural wax is present in an amount of from between 0.001 to 10 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 37. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said wax is present in an amount of from between 0.01 to 8.0 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 38. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said wax is present in an amount of from between 1 to 5.0 percent based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 39. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said wax is present in an amount of from between 2 to 4 percent based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 40. The wax composition of claim 35, wherein said micro emulsion containing 12 to 15 percent natural wax is present in an amount of from between 1 to 40 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 41. The wax composition of claim 35, wherein said micro emulsion containing 12 to 15 percent natural wax is present in an amount of from between 10 to 30 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 42. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said wax comprises at least one synthetic wax.

Claim 43. The wax composition of claim 30, wherein said synthetic wax is selected from the group consisting essentially of a polyethylene wax, a polypropylene wax, a polyamide wax, a silicone oil, a dimethyl polysiloxanes and combinations thereof.

Claim 44. The wax composition of claim 42, wherein said synthetic wax comprises a dimethyl polysiloxanes.

Claim 45. The wax composition of claim 42, wherein said synthetic wax comprises a blend of dimethyl polysiloxanes.

Claim 46. The wax composition of claim 42, wherein said synthetic wax is present in an amount of from between 0.001 to 30 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 47. The wax composition of claim 42, wherein said synthetic wax is present in an amount of from between 0.01 to

25.0 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 48. The wax composition of claim 42, wherein said synthetic wax is present in an amount of from between 0.1 to 20.0 percent based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 49. The wax composition of claim 42, wherein said synthetic wax is present in an amount of from between 5 to 15 percent based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 50. The wax composition of claim 42, wherein said synthetic wax is a silicone oil.

Claim 51. The wax composition of claim 50, wherein said silicone oil comprises at least a portion of a dimethyl polysiloxanes .

Claim 52. The wax composition of claim 50, wherein said silicone oil is emulsified.

Claim 53. The wax composition of claim 50, wherein said silicone oil contains a blend of dimethyl polysiloxanes.

Claim 54. The wax composition of claim 53, wherein said blend of dimethyl polysiloxanes comprises a silicone fluid having a 350 cst value, a silicone fluid having a 100 cst value, and a silicone fluid having a 100,000 cst value.

Claim 55. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said thickening agent comprises an alkyl quaternary ammonium montmorillonite .

Claim 56. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said thickening agent is present in an amount of from 1 to 3 percent by weight of the total composition.

Claim 57. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said silicate is present in an amount of from 0.01 to 20 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 58. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said silicate is present in an amount of from 0.1 to 15 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 59. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said silicate is present in an amount of from 1 to 5 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 60 . The wax composition of claim 1 , wherein said silicate is selected from the group consisting of a surface treated kaolin, a calcined kaolin, an aluminum silicate , and surface treated anhydrous aluminum silicate , a kaopolite treated anhydrous aluminum silicate , and combinations thereof .

Claim 61 . The wax composition of claim 1 , wherein said silicate comprises a selected from the group consisting of a anhydrous aluminum silicate .

Claim 62. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said silicate comprises a selected from the group consisting of a kaopolite treated anhydrous aluminum silicate.

Claim 63. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said aluminum oxide having a mean particle size of 300 nm or less is present in an amount of up to 10 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 64. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said aluminum oxide having a mean particle size of 300 nm or less is present in an amount of from 0.001 to 8 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 65. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said aluminum oxide having a mean particle size of 300 nm or less is present in an amount of from 0.01 to 6.0 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 66. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said aluminum oxide having a mean particle size of 300 nm or less is present in an amount of from 0.1 to 5.0 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 67. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said aluminum oxide having a mean particle size of 300 nm or less is present in an amount of from 1 to 4 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 68. The wax composition of claim I 7 wherein said aluminum oxide having a mean particle size of 300 nm or less is present in an amount of up to 10 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 69. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said corrosion inhibitor present in an amount of from 0.001 to 8 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 70. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said corrosion inhibitor is present in an amount of from 0.01 to 6.0 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 71. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said corrosion inhibitor is present in an amount of from 0.1 to 5.0 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 72. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said corrosion inhibitor is present in an amount of from 1 to 4 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 73. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said corrosion inhibitor comprises an oil soluble formulated blend for use in formulating oil and/or solvent based rust preventives forming a protective non-staining coating.

Claim 74. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said corrosion inhibitor comprises 10-20% nap oil (100-200) sus, 5-10 % water insoluble additives and the balance mineral spirits .

Claim 75. The wax composition of claim l, further comprising a biocide.

Claim 76. The wax composition of claim 75, wherein said biocide is selected from the group consisting of DANTOGARD and TROYSAN 395.

Claim 77. The wax composition of claim 75, wherein said biocide is present in an amount form 0.01 to 2.0 percent by- weight based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 78. The wax composition of claim 1, further comprising a preservative.

Claim 79. The wax composition of claim 78, wherein said preservative is SURCIDE P.

Claim 80. The wax composition of claim 78, wherein said biocide is present in an amount up to 1 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 81. The wax composition of claim 1, further comprising a fragrance.

Claim 82. The wax composition of claim 81, wherein said fragrance is selected from the group consisting of vanilla, bubble gum, orange, and fruit.

Claim 83. The wax composition of claim 81, .wherein said fragrance is present in an amount up to 2 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition.

Claim 84. The wax composition of claim 1, wherein said composition is a water in oil emulsion.

Claim 85. The wax composition- of claim 1, wherein the contact angle of said composition is at least 88 degrees upon application to a substrate.

Claim 86. A wax composition comprising: a natural wax comprising a cationic microemulsion of carnauba wax containing 12-15 percent solids in an amount up to

1-40 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition. a thickening agent comprising a alkyl quaternary ammonium montmorillonite in an amount from 0.1 to 4 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition.

. an isoparaffinic solvent in an amount of from 0.1 to 15 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition.

; an emulsifying agent in an amount of from 0.1 to 2.0 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition. ; a synthetic wax comprising at least . one silicone oil in an amount up from 1 to 20 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition. a hydrocarbon solvent containing at least 90 percent by weight aliphatic hydrocarbons in an amount of from 10 to 45 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition.

; a silicate comprising an anhydrous aluminum silicate in an amount of from .01 to 20.0 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition.

; a polishing agent comprising an aluminum oxide having a mean particle diameter of less than 300 nm in an amount 0.001 to

8.0 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition;

a corrosion inhibitor comprising an oil soluble hydrocarbon based blend in an amount of from 0.001 to .8.0 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition; and the remainder water.

Claim 87. A wax composition consisting essentially of: a natural wax comprising a cationic microemulsion of carnauba wax containing 12-15 percent solids in an amount up to 1-40 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition. a thickening agent comprising a alkyl quaternary ammonium montmorillonite in an amount from 0.1 to 4 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition. an isoparaffinic solvent in an amount of from 0.1 to 15 percent by weight ' based on the total weight of the composition.

; an emulsifying agent in an amount of from 0.1 to 2.0 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition. ; a synthetic wax comprising at least one silicone oil in an amount up from 1 to 20 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition. a hydrocarbon solvent containing at least 90 percent by weight aliphatic hydrocarbons in an amount of from 10 to 45 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition. ; a silicate comprising an anhydrous aluminum silicate in an amount of from .01 to 20.0 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition.

; a polishing agent comprising an aluminum oxide having a mean particle diameter of less than 300 nm in an amount 0.001 to 8.0 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition; a corrosion inhibitor comprising an oil soluble hydrocarbon based blend in an amount of from 0.001 to 8.0 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition; and the remainder water.

Description:

CLEANING AJTD POLISHING WAX COMPOSITION

^his is a Continuation-In-Part Application claiming priority from United States Application Serial No. 10/581,625 filed on June 5, 2006 which is a national filing of PCT/US/US04/40603 filed on December 6, 2Q04, claiming priority from United States Provisional Application Serial No. 60/527,398 filed on December 5, 2003 and this application also claims priority from Provisional Application Serial No. 60/535,264 filed on January 9, 2004, United States Provisional Application Serial No. 60/750,608 filed on December 15, 2005, and Serial No. 11/005,321 filed on December 6, 2004, all of which are incorporated by reference herein.

FIELD OF INVENTION

This invention relates to a water in oil emulsion containing both natural and synthetic waxes together with a suspension agent (s), surfactant (s) , polishing agents, and high purity aluminum oxide particles having a mean particle diameter of less than 300 nanometers and typically of less than 1.0 and preferably less than about 0.25 microns or micrometers which is equivalent to 250 nanometers, providing a composition that cleans and forms a high gloss protective finish on automobile exterior glass, metal, plastic and painted surfaces.

BACKGROUND OF INVENTION Description of the Prior Art

There are numerous wax products available on the market to protect and polish the painted body surfaces of an automobile and also various different ways of applying the same. The most recommended procedure is to wash and dry the painted surface, apply the protective finish to the clean dry surface, and then

buff the surface. The applied wax remains as a protective finish throughout several subsequent washes but it is a time consuming labor intensive procedure.

A quick wax job is obtainable in an automatic or semiautomatic car-wash where a detergent is applied to the surface of the vehicle under high water pressure and/or using a water and detergent solution together with strips of absorbent material or sponges to remove the dirt. As part of the car-wash liquid wax may be sprayed onto the vehicle and allowed to drip dry ' or be dried using an air blower. The wax compositions used by professional car washes that are applied while the automobile painted surface is wet are immediately subjected to a blow dry step and are not buffed. Neither of the latter two wax compositions and procedures of applying the same provide long lasting satisfactory results .

Conventional commercial waxes and polishes typically contain a wax dispersed in water or dissolved in a solvent often together with abrasives for dry application to a painted surface of a automobile . The wax dries and is removed with hand or mechanical buffing machines requiring considerable labor and time.

Polishing compounds, especially those defined as cleaner waxes are generally formulated with abrasive materials such as aluminum oxide of larger than 1.0 micrometer particle size . When polishing a car's painted surface, the cleaner waxes remove contaminants; however, the application and removal of same typically leaves a clean but dull surface. At least a second step of waxing is required with a polishing compound which typically incorporates a high percentage of natural or synthetic waxes and a minimum amount or no abrasive material in order to achieve a coat of wax having a high gloss appearance.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

A principal object of the present invention is to provide a cleaning and polishing wax composition which functions as a cleaner wax to remove dirt and particles of contamination and yet provides a high gloss finish in a single application.

Selected constituents comprising the formulation of Applicant's instant invention are added as emulsified components; however, the formulated product is a blend of components mixed together, and is not dependent upon use of an emulsifier in order to disperse all of the various components together in the final product as is taught by conventional waxes applied to a dry surface.

In keeping with this object there is provided in accordance with the present invention a water in oil wax composition for use on vehicular exterior painted metal or painted plastic surface, chrome, stainless steel, plastic moldings, vinyl tops and trim, fiberglass, and/or rubber surfaces. The cleaning and polishing wax composition contains both natural and synthetic waxes together with a suspension agent (s), surfactant (s) , and high purity aluminum oxide having an average particle size of less than 1.0 micron and preferably about 0.20-0.25 microns (200-250 nanometers) or less that cleans and provides a high gloss on automobile exterior surfaces and is applied to a clean dry surface . The preferred aluminum oxide is agglomerate free and contains no magnesium oxide. The particle size is a key factor in improving the instant wax composition.

A preferred embodiment of the present composition comprises a natural wax comprising a cationic microemulsion of carnauba wax containing 12-15 percent solids in an amount up to 1-40

percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition; a thickening agent comprising a alkyl quaternary ammonium montmorillonite in an amount from 0.1 to 4 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition; an isoparaffinic solvent in an amount of from 0.1 to 15 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition; an emulsifying agent in an amount of from 0.1 to 2.0 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition; a synthetic wax comprising at least one silicone oil in an amount up from 1 to 20 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition; a hydrocarbon solvent containing at least 90 percent by weight aliphatic hydrocarbons in an amount of from 10 to 45 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition; a silicate comprising an anhydrous aluminum silicate in an amount of from .01 to 20.0 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition; a polishing agent comprising an aluminum oxide having a mean particle diameter of less than 300 nm in an amount 0.001 to 8.0 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition; a corrosion inhibitor comprising an oil soluble hydrocarbon based blend in an amount of from 0.001 to 8.0 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition; and the remainder water.

More particularly, a preferred embodiment of the present composition consist essentially of a natural wax comprising a cationic microemulsion of carnauba wax containing 12-15 percent solids in an amount up to 1-40 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition; a thickening agent comprising a alkyl quaternary ammonium montmorillonite in an amount from 0.1 to 4 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition; an isoparaffinic solvent in an amount of from 0.1 to 15 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition; an emulsifying agent in an amount of from 0.1 to 2.0 percent by weight based on the total weight of the

composition,- a synthetic wax comprising at least one silicone oil in an amount up from 1 to 20 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition; a hydrocarbon solvent containing at least 90 percent by weight aliphatic hydrocarbons in an amount of from 10 to 45 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition; a silicate comprising an anhydrous aluminum silicate in an amount of from .01 to 20.0 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition; a polishing agent comprising an aluminum oxide having a mean particle diameter of less than 300 nm in an amount 0.001 to 8.0 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition; a corrosion inhibitor comprising an oil soluble hydrocarbon based blend in an amount of from 0.001 to 8.0 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition; and the remainder water.

It is another object of the present invention to produce a one step single application cleaning and polishing wax composition with the desired characteristics of emulsiflability, malleability, durability, and viscosity at ambient temperature having a melting or softening point in the range of from about 8O-C to about 86 * C.

It is another object of the present invention to utilize a natural wax having a cationic charged micro emulsion as a delivery system.

It is another object of the present invention that the high purity aluminum oxide preferably having an average particle diameter of about 0.25 microns or micrometers equivalent to 250 nanometers or less.

It is another object of the present invention that the distribution can vary but it is preferred that all of the powder

be less than 1.0 microns in size, and at least a majority of the powder be no greater than 25 microns in size.

It is another object of the present invention to provide as an option a formulation containing a corrosion inhibitor.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a water repellant wax film coating which will provide a wetting surface having a contact angle which is greater than that of water.

It is an object of the present invention to provide a clear water repellant wax film coating.

Other objects, features, and advantages of the invention will be apparent with the following detailed description taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings showing a preferred embodiment of the invention and appended claims .

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

A better understanding of the present invention will be had upon reference to the following description in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which like numerals refer to like parts throughout the several views and wherein:

Figure 1 is microphotograph of a panel scratched using diamond paste which are divided into sets and waxed with the formulation set forth in Example 1 for comparison evaluation at several points on the surface after waxing with an optical profilometer by Argonne National Lab;

Figure 2 is a microphotograph of the panels of Figure 1 after application of the wax formulation as set forth in Example

1, showing filled scratches and a smoother surface whereby the surface is also evaluated with an optical profilometer,-

Figure 3 shows a comparison of steel plates subjected to the same selected humidity for 140 hours with 3 (a) showing a clean, bare steel panel no wax control, 3 (b) showing a clean, bare steel including application of wax according to the composition of Example 3 with no corrosion inhibitor, and 3 ® showing a clean, bare steel plate including application of wax including a corrosion inhibitor according to the formula set forth in Example 4 using high purity aluminum oxide having a mean particle size of less than 300 nanometers and preferably 200 to 250 nanometers or less; and

Figure 4 is a graph depicting the water droplet contact angle on the waxed metal surface as a function of washes .

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

The instant invention is particularly directed to reducing the effort of providing a glossy finish on the painted exterior surface of a vehicle such as an automobile or the like by combining the step of applying a cleaner wax and a polishing wax in a single application. The exterior surface of the automobile is washed in a conventional manner using appropriate conventional cleaning agents such as detergents in the water and the surface is then rinsed using clean water. The surface is dried after rinsing and before the wax is applied thereto.

One preferred embodiment of the instant invention comprises a wax composition utilizing a selected amount of blended components and solvent for providing a cleaning action to the vehicle surface and leaving a residue of wax which upon buffing yields a high gloss surface .

One preferred wax composition comprises a water in oil emulsion containing a cationic carnauba wax micro emulsion, a silicone oil emulsified, alkyl quaternary ammonium montmorillonite, polyglycerol ester of oleic acid, aliphatic hydrocarbons, synthetic isoparaffinic hydrocarbons, water, anhydrous aluminum silicate, and high purity aluminum oxide preferably having a mean particle size of 25 micrometers or less.

More particularly, a preferred wax composition is composed of a water in oil emulsion having about 10 to 20 percent of soft or demineralized water, a cationic carnauba wax micro emulsion in an amount of about 10 to 40 percent by weight, an emulsified silicone oil comprising a blend of liquid dimethyl polysiloxanes in an amount of from about 8 to 15 percent by weight, an alkyl quaternary ammonium montmorillonite in an amount of from about 1 to 3 percent by weight, an emulsifying agent such as a polyglycerol ester of oleic acid in an amount of from about 1 to 2 percent by weight, an aliphatic hydrocarbon solvent in an amount of about 25 to 40 percent by weight, a synthetic isoparaffinic hydrocarbon solvent such as ISOPAR E, and/or ISOPAR G having a slightly higher evaporation rate as an isoparaffinic solvent in an amount of from about 1 to 5 percent by weight, an anhydrous aluminum silicate in an amount of from about 1 to 5 percent by weight, and a high purity aluminum oxide in an amount of from about 1 to 3 percent by weight having a particle size of about 20 micrometers or less. A corrosion inhibitor is optionally added to inhibit corrosion. One of more fragrances can be optionally added in an amount of from about 0.20 to 0.40 percent by weight. It is recommended as an option to add a biocide such as DANTOGARD or SURCIDE in an amount up to 1 percent by weight of the total composition.

The resulting composition is a light brown liquid emulsion having solid contents of about 18 to 20 percent by weight.

Application to a painted surface or other surface to be treated applied as a liquid or semi-solid paste results in an easy wiping and removal of excess product from the surface resulting in a glossy surface without streaks. A preferred method of application is applying with a sponge onto the dry surface whereby upon drying the surface is then buffed with a cloth, sponge, and/or other absorbent material to dry and simultaneously buff the same. The oil based composition provides a composition capable of cleaning and polishing in a single step.

The water in oil emulsion of the present invention forms at least two phases. The organic phase containing the wax product constitutes from about 80 to about 90% by weight of the total composition and the water phase constitutes the remaining portion of the total composition of about 10% to about 20% by weight. An emulsifier which may also be a surfactant stabilizes the emulsion preventing separation into separate phases. Both the aqueous phase and/or the solvent phase may include thickening agents, emulsifiers, surfactants, suspension agents, colorants, fragrances, and preservatives.

The water in oil emulsion of the present invention contain at least one emulsifier comprising an emulsifying agent of surfactants which is compatible in the predominantly aliphatic hydrocarbon mixture phase. A preferred emulsifier is polyglycerol ester of oleic acid. It is contemplated that other suitable emulsifiers may be selected from the group comprising sorbitan polyoxyethylene, sorbitan sesquioleate, sorbitan trioleate, and polyoxyethylene trioleate. The amount of emulsifier can vary. It is recommended that the least amount of

emulsifier be used to provide an effective amount capable of. maintaining a .stable emulsion.

A long chain fatty alcohol provides a nonionic surfactant which includes cetyl, stearyl alcohol, ethoxylated fatty alcohol, cetyl palmitate, cetyl myristate, polyethylene glycol stearate, glyceryl monostearate, monolactate, monooleates, tallow triglycerides and ethoxylated esters. Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate, alkyl glucosinates, ethoxylated cetyl alcohol, ethoxylated stearyl alcohol, and polyoxyethylene nonylphenol represent suitable ethoxylated esters .

The concentration of the emulsifier. is added in an amount of from 0.1 to 2% by weight, more preferably from about .5 to 2% by weight, and more preferably in an amount of from about .75 to about 1.5% by weight. One preferred embodiment utilizes a concentration of 1.0 percent by weight.

The polish comprises a water in oil emulsion. The minor component being water and the major component is a combination of an aliphatic hydrocarbon solvent and a wax product including additives thereto. The ratio of water to the combination of solvent and wax product is in a ratio of about 1:4 to about a

1:9 whereby the value of 1 represents the water. Typically the water used in the formulation is soft or demineralized water.

Solvents useful in the formulation are predominately aliphatic hydrocarbon solvents and other light distillates. For instance, hydrocarbons containing up to 100 percent aliphatic hydrocarbons are most preferable and hydrocarbons containing less than 1 percent aromatic content are deemed very desirable. Also useful are solvents typically containing from about 10 to 90 percent aliphatic hydrocarbons. Solvents deemed suitable which contain less than 10% aromatic hydrocarbons include

odorless mineral spirits, Stoddard solvent, and mixed alkanes that have a flash point of about 40 "C. Another useful light distillate is CALUMET 420-460 (LVP-IOO) . The solvent concentration can vary from about 25% to about 45% by weight of the final formulation. As shown in Example 1 the odorless mineral spirits is utilized at about 39.8 percent by weight of the total composition. As shown in Example 2 replaces the odorless mineral spirits with a light distillate sold under the trade name of CALUMET 420-460 (LVPlOO) , which is utilized 1 at about 29.75 percent by weight of the total composition. LPA-170 may also be used instead of CALUMET 420-460 LPA-170 is available from Condea Vista Company. It is a high purity mixture of hydrotreated isoparaffins and naphthenics with very low levels of aromatics . The solvent is clear and contains low levels of normal paraffins resulting in a solvent having a higher solvent strength and lower freeze point than competitive low-aromatic solvents with equivalent boiling ranges. LPA 170 is composed of about 60% paraffinic, 40% naphthenic and only about .2% aromatic hydrocarbons and has a boiling point range of 415-450 0 F.

In addition to the aliphatic hydrocarbon, an organic solvent is added to the wax composition to aid in cleansing. Organic solvents useful in the present invention include isoparaffins, aliphatic hydrogen solvents, paraffinic solvents, paraffins, synthetic isoparaffinic solvents. One preferred organic solvent is sold under the trade name of ISOPAR E or ISOPAR G which are synthetically produced isoparaffinic solvent sold by ExxonMobil Chemical Company which exhibit a low surface tension and also aid in the spreadability of soluble components. The isoparaffinic solvents are highly aliphatic compounds containing a high percentage of isoparaffins. The organic solvents used in the present invention are typically considered high boiling solvents having a low vapor pressure typically less than 1.0mm Hg at 20 'C and preferably 0.1 mm Hg or less at 20 "C.

Furthermore, the most preferred ISOPAR solvents reportedly have a vapor pressure of about 10 mm Hg at 38 'C and more preferably have a vapor pressure of about 4 mm Hg at 38 'C. The evaporation rate is an important criteria in selection of the organic solvent. The high boiling solvent is added in an effective amount up to 25 percent by weight, more preferably in a range of from between 0.01 to 15.0 percent by weight, more preferably in a range of from 0.1 to 10.0 percent by weight, more preferably in a range of from between 1.0 to 8.0 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition. One preferred embodiment described in Example 1 of the present invention includes about 5.0 percent by weight of ISOPAR E based on the total weight of the composition blend. Example 2 utilizes 15 percent by weight of ISOPAR G based on the total weight of the composition in view of the faster rate of evaporation of ISOPAR G. The MSDS sheets for the ISOPAR solvents E and G are hereby incorporated by reference .

The wax product can comprise a synthetic wax instead of, or in addition to, the natural waxes; however, the preferred embodiment utilizes both synthetic and natural waxes and more particularly a wax having a cationic charge whereby the wax provides a surface-active substance in which the active constituent is the positive ion. The combination of the wax or combination of waxes in the final composition comprise up to 40 percent, and more preferably from .001 to 30 percent, and more preferably from 1 to 25 percent, and more preferably from 4 to

22 percent of the total composition. As set forth in the examples one preferred embodiment contains about 20 percent by weight of a cationic microemulsion of natural wax (12-15% solids) and 7 percent by weight synthetic wax based on the total weight of the composition.

Preferably the combination of solvent and wax product comprises at least 47% of the weight of the total composition.

One preferred wax component is a natural wax, more particularly a carnauba wax, specifically a cationic carnauba wax micro emulsion. It is contemplated that alternate plant waxes such as candelilla, orange-peel, montan, and/or japan wax could be utilized in the present invention as alternate wax components, preferably in a cationic micro emulsion.

It is contemplated that synthetic waxes such as polyethylene wax, polypropylene wax, polyamide wax, and combinations thereof can also be utilized in the instant invention.

The instant invention preferably utilizes at least one natural wax such as carnauba wax. The wax is provided as a micro emulsion, typically a cationic emulsion consisting of about 12-15 percent by weight wax. Of course the wax could be obtained dry and dispersed within the blend of components separately from the emulsion providing the same functional qualities; however, it is more convenient to obtain the wax in the form of an emulsion from commercial vendors . The wax emulsion consisting of about 12-15% wax solids is added to the wax composition blend in an effective amount to form a thin film on a surface upon buffing. The natural wax solids portion of the emulsion is present in an amount ranging from 0.001 to 6.0 percent by weight, and more preferably in a range of from 0.01 to 1.0 percent by weight, and more preferably in a range of from between 0.01 and 0.1 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition. In the micro emulsion form, the natural wax emulsion is present in an amount of to 50 percent by weight, and more preferably from 0.01 to 40 percent, more preferably from .1 to 35 percent by weight, more preferably from 1 to 30 percent,

more preferably from 10 to 25 percent by weight based on the total weigh of the composition. One preferred embodiment uses 20 percent by weight of a 15% carnauba emulsion which results in the composition containing 3% by weight of carnauba solids as the active ingredient.

A preferred embodiment of the present invention also utilizes a synthetic wax in an amount of from between 0.001 to 30 percent by weight, more preferably in an amount of from between 0.01 to 25.0 percent by weight, more preferably in an amount of from between 0.1 to 20.0 percent, and more preferably in an amount of from between 5 to 15 percent based on the total weight of the composition. One preferred example utilizes 10 percent by weight of the synthetic wax (dimethyl polysiloxanes) .

Preferably, a synthetic wax comprising a silicone oil or one or more of liquid dimethyl polysiloxanes is used in the present invention to aid in spreading and enhance the gloss of the product upon application. The dimethyl polysiloxanes is typically obtained commercially as a silicone oil which is added to the blend of other constituents and mixed together to form the final wax composition. Dimethyl polysiloxanes from Dow Corning sold under the trademark 200 FLUID or from General Electric sold under the trademark SF96 polydimethylsiloxane fluid.

Moreover, polishes use fluids from 50 to 60,000 centistokes viscosity. Lower viscosity fluids provide better leveling and adequate gloss; however, higher viscosity fluids are better for higher gloss and depth of color. High viscosity systems are better lubricants for high wax systems. However, lower viscosity fluids may exhibit poor rub out and leveling properties, or even bronzing. The high and low viscosity fluids can be blended to optimize the desired characteristics.

An effective amount of the dimethyl polysiloxanes or blend thereof comprising an effective amount of from 5% to 20% by weight can be used in the present invention and more particularly in a range of from 8.0% to about 15.0% by weight of the total composition. One preferred embodiment uses an effective amount of dimethyl polysiloxanes in an amount of about 13.5 percent by weight of the total composition.

Embodiments characterized by Examples 1-3 of the present invention utilize a blend containing 4.2 percent by weight of the total composition of silicone fluid having a 350 cst and 2 percent by weight of the total weight of the wax composition of fluid having a 100 cst in order to impart the desired leveling characteristics for the wax composition. About 0.8 percent by weight of the total composition is comprised of a silicone fluid having a 100,000 cst value to impart the desired gloss characteristics. The MSDS sheets of GE Silicone Fluids 350 cst, 100 cst and 100,000 cst are hereby incorporated by reference herein.

As set forth in Examples 1-3, General Electric silicone fluid sold under the brand name of SF1706 (aminosiloxane or aminofunctional polysiloxanes) is used in an amount of 1 percent by weight of the total weight of the wax composition. The reactive aminosiloxane fluids and/or resins extend the durability of the wax and act as a protectant. The MSDS sheets of GE Silicone Fluids SF 1706 is hereby incorporated by reference herein.

The aminosiloxane or aminofunctional SF1706, SF1550 and other such fluids are often characterized as amine functional fluids, however, they are actually curable polymers containing reactive alkoxy groups which upon hydrolyzation convert to silanol (OH) units. The silanol further react to form a cross-

linked siloxane linkage (Si-O-Si) on the polish surface. These amine groups increase the bonding properties to the polish surface either through ionic attraction or chemical reaction. The ionic and/or chemical bond insures resistance to detergent wash-off or micro abrasion during use of the polished surface.

As set forth in Examples 1-3, General Electric silicone fluid sold under the brand name of SF1550 (MethylPhenyl Siloxane Fluid) is used in an amount of 1 percent by weight of the total weight of the wax composition to extend the durability of the wax and act as a protectant, as well as enhance the gloss and shine. The MSDS sheets of GE Silicone Fluids SF 1550 is hereby incorporated by reference herein.

The wax composition of the present invention utilizes a thickening agent which may also aid in the suspension of particles in the emulsion. A preferred thickening agent is alkyl quaternary ammonium montmorillonite, a type of clay, in an amount of from 0.1 to 4 percent by weight and more preferably from about 1 to about 3 percent by weight of the total composition. The alkyl quaternary ammonium montmorillonite functions as a dispersant or thixotrope commercially available as CLAYTONE AF thixotrope from E. C. C. America, Inc. and works particularly well with the cationic carnauba wax micro emulsion. One preferred embodiment utilizes about 2.2 percent by weight fo the total composition of alkyl quaternary ammonium montmorillonite .

Clay polishing agents useful in the invention include kaolin, surface treated kaolin, calcined kaolin, aluminum silicates and surface treated anhydrous aluminum silicates. The silicone fluids with anhydrous aluminum silicates. The nanoparticles of silicon, clay or alumina are used in the finish penetrate into cracks and pores in the substrate surface. The

penetration reinforces the surface of the paint by sealing it against penetration by oxidizing elements and reduces its tendency to scratch. The silicate aids in providing impact resistance. Kaopolite treated anhydrous aluminum silicate is a polishing agent used in the instant composition. It is typically a clay which contains varying proportions of Al .O 2 and SiO 2 which may contain crystals or whiskers up to 1 centimeter long. A preferred embodiment contains from 0.01 to 20 percent by weight, more preferably from 0.1 to 15 percent by weight, more preferably from 0.5 to 10 percent by weight and most preferably from 1.0 to 5.0 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition. A preferred embodiment as set forth in the examples contains 1.5 percent by weight of kaopolite treated anhydrous aluminum silicate based on the total weight of the composition.

A particularly important constituent is the use of nano particles of high purity aluminum oxide preferably having an average particle diameter of less than 300 nanometers and typically about 0.25 microns or micrometers to 250 nanometers or less that as measured using a Sedigraph 5100-MPD (D50) Sedigraph 5100 obtained from Micromeritics Instrument Corporation. The median particle diameter of the powder is 0.25 microns or 250 nanometers. The particle-size distribution, based on equivalent spherical diameter in microns, is such that about 80 percent of the powder is less than about 0.4 microns and about 20 percent of the powder is less than about 0.2 microns. The distribution can vary but it is preferred that all of the powder be less than 1.0 microns in size, and at least a majority of the powder be no greater than 25 microns in size. More particularly, a preferred embodiment of the present invention utilizes an aluminum oxide preferably having a mean particle size of less than 1.2 microns or 1,200 nanometers. More preferably, aluminum oxide particles in the nanometer range are desired such as those

having a mean particle size of less than 1.0 micron, more preferably having a mean particle size of less than 0.8 microns, more preferably" having a mean particle size of less than 0.6 microns, more preferably having a mean particle size of less than 0.4 microns, more preferably having a mean particle size of about 0.25 microns, and more preferably having a mean particle size of about 0.20 microns. In one preferred embodiment the particles range in mean particle size from about 0.20 to 0.25 micrometers or microns. The particles are defined as a high purity alumina grade RC-UFX MAR (no Magnesium oxide) , and agglomerate free which was available from Reynolds Metals Company and later sold to Baikowski. Because most polishing compounds are generally formulated with aluminum oxide have particles sizes greater than 0.25 micrometers, polishing of a painted surface with same usually leaves a clean but dull surface requiring waxing with a high gloss wax to obtain a glossy surface. Because the instant invention utilizes aluminum oxide having nano particles, another abrasion is provided to clean the painted surface, yet the nanoparticles do not interfere with the waxes thereby leaving a high gloss wax surface produced in a one step by applying the wax and removing same by buffing.

Preferred embodiments contain aluminum oxide having a mean particle size of 300 nm or less is present in an amount of up to

10 percent by weight, more preferably from 0.001 to 8 percent by weight, from 0.01 to 6.0 percent by weight, more preferably from

0.1 to 5.0 percent by weight, and most preferably from 1 to 4 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition. A preferred embodiment as set forth in example 1 contains 2.5 percent by weight of aluminum oxide having a mean particles size of 200 to 250 nanometers based on the total ,weight of the composition.

A hydrocarbon based corrosion inhibitor such as LUBEROS RP-

3118 from Lube Ros, a division of Burlington Chemical in

Burlington, North Carolina, comprises an oil soluble formulated blend for use in formulating oil and/or solvent based rust preventives forms a protective non-staining coating for short term use . The corrosion inhibitor also imparts rust preventive properties to formulations, and in low viscosity oil/solvent acts as a base with water insoluble lubricant additives such as esters or oleates. It also polishes, forms a protective non-staining coating for short term use . It comprises 10-20% nap oil (100-200) sus, 5-10 % water insoluble additives and the balance mineral spirits .

It is anticipated that LUBEROS RP-3115 and 8555 are corrosion inhibitors comprising oil soluble blends which could be utilized as substitutes for the LUBEROS 3118 in the present invention.

Preferred embodiments contain a corrosion inhibitor in an amount of up to 10 percent by weight, more preferably from 0.001 to 8 percent by weight, from 0.01 to 6.0 percent by weight, more preferably from 0.1 to 5.0 percent by weight, and most preferably from 1 to 4 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition. Preferred embodiment as set forth in examples 4 and 5 contains 1 percent by weight of the corrosion inhibitor LUBEROS RP 3118 based on the total weight of the composition.

A biocide, such as DANTOGARD (DMDM Hydantoin) or TROYSAN 395 is optionally used as a preservative in the product. The biocide is not a necessary component to provide a functional wax composition for use on wetted surfaces; however, the preservative provides a useful shelf life to the product. The biocide preservative is added in an effective amount to preserve

the wax composition product and ranges from 0.01 to 2.0 percent by weight, and more preferably in a range of from 0.05 to 1.0 percent by weight, and more preferably in a range of from between 0.1 and 0.5 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition.

Other preservatives such as polymethoxybicyclic oxazolidine may also be useful in the present invention. Another biocide which can be added as an option is SURCIDE P in an amount up to 1 percent or more preferably in an amount of about 0.4 percent by weight of the total composition.

Although not required, an effective amount of one or more fragrances, such as vanilla, bubble gum, orange, fruity bouquet and the like may be added to the instant invention to impart a desirable scent to the product. Preferably the fragrance is present in an amount of up to 2 percent by weight, and more preferably of from between 0.001 to 1.0 percent by weight, and more preferably of from between 0.01 to 0.5 percent by weight. One preferred embodiment contains about 0.4 percent by weight of fruity bouquet based on the total weight percent of the composition.

Dyes, fungicides, and/or colorants may also be added to the wax composition in an effective amounts of less than 1 percent by weight based on the total weight of the composition.

Examples

The following examples provide formulations of cleaning and high gloss wax compositions in accordance with the present invention and provide examples of the range of ingredient percentages by weight providing an effective amount of the

particular ingredients deemed necessary to obtain a cleaning wax yielding a high gloss finish in a single application.

Preparation of the wax compositions set forth in the following examples involved adding the alkyl quaternary ammonium montmorillonite and mineral spirits and mixing together, then adding the polyglycerol ester of oleic acid and mixing to obtain a gel. The anhydrous aluminum silicate is added followed by the aluminum oxide and mixed forming a uniform dispersion. The silicone oils are then added and mixing together. The water is then added and the composition mixed well. The carnauba wax micro emulsion is added while mixing until well dispersed then the fragrance and preservative can be added if desired.

One preferred formula for the wax composition of the present invention is set forth in Example I as follows :

Example 1

(Water in Oil Emulsion) Constituent Commercial Name Percent by Weight Cationic carnauba wax TOMAH C-340 20.0 micro emulsion (15% solids emulsion)

Dimethyl polysiloxanes 7.0 Water Soft or Deionized 20.9

Alkyl quaternary ammonium CLAYTONE AF 1.6 montmorillonite Polyglycerol Ester of WITCONOL 14 1 . 0 Oleic Acid

Isoparaffinic solvent ISOPAR E 5 . 0 Aliphatic hydrocarbons ODORLESS MINERAL 40 . 0

SPIRITS

Anhydrous Aluminum Silicate KAOPOLITE TREATED 1.5 High Purity Aluminum Oxide REYNOLDS RC-UFX MAR 2.5 (0.20-0.25 micrometer or less mean particle size)

Biocide DANTOGARD 0.1

Fragrance Fruity Bouquet 0.4

Use of a 15% emulsion of cationic carnauba wax in amount of 20.0 weight percent results in about 3% by weight of the carnauba wax as an active ingredient based on the weight of the total composition. Another composition useful in the present invention resulting in a product with a solids content of 19.0 specific gravity of 0.907 and flash point of 96 'F is as follows:

Example 2

(Water in Oil Emulsion) Constituent Commercial Name Percent by Weight

Cationic carnauba wax .micro emulsion TOMAH C-340 20.0

Water

19.1 io Dimethyl polysiloxanes SF96 350 cst 4.2

SF96 100 cst 2.0

100,000 cst 0.8

7.0

15

Alkyl quaternary ammonium montmorillinite (CLAYTONE AF) 2.2 Polyglycerol Ester of Oleic Acid WITCONOL 14 1.0 20 Isoparaffinic solvent ISOPAR E 5.0

Silicone Oil General Elec Silicone Fluid SF1706 1.0 Silicone Oil General Elec Silicone Fluid SF1550 0.5

25.

Aliphatic hydrocarbons ODORLESS MINERAL SPIRITS 39.8 Anhydrous Aluminum Silicate KAOPOLITE TREATED 0.4

30 High Purity Aluminum Oxide REYNOLDS RC-UFX MAR 2.5 (0.20 to 0.25 micrometer mean particle size or less)

Fragrance Fruity Bouquet 0.4

35 Another composition useful in the present invention resulting in a product with a solids content of 18.4-19.4 , specific gravity of 0.890 to 0.910, flash point of 126 'F and viscosity at 70 "F from 1400 - 1600 cps RPM 60/Spindle #4 is as follows :

40

Example 3

(Water in Oil Emulsion)

Constituent Commercial Name Percent by Weight Cationic carnauba wax micro emulsion TOMAH C-340 20.0 (15% solids emulsion)

Water Soft or Deionized 19.1 Dimethyl polysiloxanes SF96 350 CSt 4.2

SF96 100 CSt 2.0

100,000 CSt 0.8

Alkyl quaternary ammonium CLAYTONE AF 2.2 montmorillonite

Polyglycerol Ester of WITCONOL 14 1.0 Oleic Acid Isoparaffinic solvent ISOPAR G 15.

Silicone Oil General Elec SF1706 1.0

Silicone Oil General Elec SF1550 0.5 Aliphatic hydrocarbons CALUMET 420-460 (LVP 100) 29.75

Anhydrous Aluminum Silicate UNICOTE KAOPOLITE

SF TREATED 1.5 High Purity Aluminum Oxide REYNOLDS RC-UFX MAR 2.5 (0.20 to 0.25 micrometer mean particle size or less)

Biocide (Optional) SURCIDE P 0.05

Fragrance (Optional) Fruity Bouquet 0.4

Another composition useful in the present invention resulting in a product with improved corrosion resistance is set forth as follows :

Example 4

(Water in Oil Emulsion) Constituent commercial Name percent by Weight Cationic carnauba wax micro emulsion TOMAH C-340 20.0 (15% solids emulsion)

Water Soft or Deionized ■ 19.1 Dimethyl polysiloxanes SF96 350 CSt 4.2

SF96 100 CSt 2.0

100,000 CSt 0.8

Alkyl quaternary ammonium CLAYTONE AF 2.2 montmorillonite

Polyglycerol Ester of WITCONOL 14 1.0 Oleic Acid Isoparaffinic solvent ISOPAR G 14.

Silicone Oil General Elec SF1706 1.0

Silicone Oil General Elec SF1550 0.5 Aliphatic hydrocarbons CALUMET 420-460 (LVP 100) 29.75

Anhydrous Aluminum Silicate UNICOTE KAOPOLITE

SF TREATED 1.5 High Purity Aluminum Oxide REYNOLDS RC-UFX MAR 2.5 (0.20 to 0.25 micrometer mean particle size or less)

Biocide (Optional) SURCIDE P 0.05

Corrosion Inhibitor - LUBEROS RP 3118 1.0

Example 5

(Water in Oil Emulsion) Constituent commercial Name percent by Weight

Cationic carnauba wax micro emulsion TOMAH C-340 20.0 (12% solids emulsion)

Water Soft or Deionized 19.1

Dimethyl polysiloxanes SF96 350 cst 4.2

SF96 100 cst 2.0 100,000 cst 0.8 Alkyl quaternary ammonium CLAYTONE AF 2.2 tnontmorillonite

Polyglycerol Ester of WITCONOL 14 1.0 Oleic Acid

Isoparaffinic solvent ISOPAR G 14.0

Silicone Oil General Elec SF1706 1.0

Silicone Oil General Elec SF1550 0.5

Aliphatic hydrocarbons LPA 170 29.75

Anhydrous Aluminum Silicate UNICOTE KAOPOLITE

SF TREATED 1.5

High Purity Aluminum Oxide REYNOLDS RC-UFX MAR 2.5 (0.20 to 0.25 micrometer mean particle size or less) Biocide (Optional) SURCIDE P 0.05

Corrosion Inhibitor - LUBEROS RP 3118 1.0

Figure 3 shows a comparison of steel plates subjected to the same selected humidity for 140 hours with 3 (a) showing a clean, bare steel panel no wax control, 3 (b) showing a clean, bare steel including application of wax according to the composition of Example 3 with no corrosion inhibitor, and 3 ® showing a clean, bare steel plate including application of wax including a corrosion inhibitor according to the formula set forth in Examples 4 and 5 using high purity aluminum oxide having a mean particle size of less than 300 nanometers and preferably 200 to 250 nanometers or less.

It is contemplated that an ionic carnauba micro emulsion would also work in the formulations set forth in Examples 1-5 with the other ingredients remaining approximately the same.

The following formulations set forth in Table I utilize polishing alumina having an mean particles size ranging from 0.15 to 0.4 microns (150 - 400 nanometers).

The experimental results set forth in Table I, reveals that the cationic emulsifier and its positive charge is attracted to the negatively charged car surface which becomes slightly hydrophobic attracting the waxes and oils to the surface resulting in a sheeting action due to the quaternary cationic surfactant . The resulting wax formulation formulated with a cationic micro emulsion results in a higher buffing resistance and higher durability. The data set forth for formulations A-D in Table I show that when a cationic carnauba micro emulsion is replaced with an ionic carnauba micro emulsion less buffing resistance is observed. In addition, a more stable formulation was observed using the ionic micro emulsion.

Table 1

The cleaning and polishing wax composition of the present invention imparts a good degree of hydrophobicity to the waxed surface which traditionally consists of a metal, glass, plastic, or painted surface. As a control reference, water was used to wet the surface of metal panels giving results of very low contact angles of from 10 to 15 degrees. As the hydrophobicity of the surface increases, the contact angles increase providing an indicator measuring the balling up of water droplets on the surface. Angles greater than 90 degrees are truly non-wetting.

Advancing and receding angles were determined. The first trial results are reported as follows :

In accordance with a compositions of the present invention as set forth in Examples 4 or 5, the contact angle of water droplets were measured and the results recorded as shown in

Figure 4. Five panels were prepared by rinsing in mineral oil to remove any coatings. Five drops of the cleaning and polishing wax were applied to four of the panels and left to cure overnight. Figure 4 shows that the contact angle of the control reference panel to be about 88 degrees. After 1 washing the contact angle of the waxed panel was about 112 degrees, after 5 washes about 114 degrees, after 10 washes about 106 degrees, and after 15 washes about 108 degrees indicating continued protection even after 15 washes.

Modifications

Specific compositions, methods, or embodiments discussed are intended to be only illustrative of the invention disclosed by this specification. Variation on these compositions, methods, or embodiments are readily apparent to a person of skill in the art based upon the teachings of this specification

and are therefore intended .to be included as part of the inventions disclosed herein.

Reference to documents made in the specification is intended to result in such patents or literature cited are expressly incorporated herein by reference, including any patents or other literature references cited within such documents as if fully set forth in this specification.

The foregoing detailed description is given primarily for clearness of understanding and no unnecessary limitations are to be understood therefrom, for modification will become obvious to those skilled in the art upon reading this disclosure and may be made upon departing from the spirit of the invention and scope of the appended claims. Accordingly, this invention is not intended to be limited by the specific exemplifications presented hereinabove. Rather, what is intended to be covered is within the spirit and scope of the appended claims .