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Title:
CLIMATE CONTROL SYSTEM COMPRISING AN INSULATION ASSEMBLY ALLOWING THROUGH-FLOW
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/017784
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Climate control system for controlling the indoor climate of an interior space, wherein the climate control system comprises an insulation assembly allowing through-flow, which insulation assembly comprises an insulating wall through which a through-flow medium can flow which at least partly surrounds the interior space and separates it from at least one surrounding space. The insulation assembly is configured to cause quantities of the through-flow medium to flow superdiabatically through the insulating wall.

Inventors:
HAGG, Franklin (5 Zanderslootweg, 1851 AG Heiloo, 1851 AG Heiloo, NL)
Application Number:
NL2018/050500
Publication Date:
January 24, 2019
Filing Date:
July 19, 2018
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
INNOVY (5 Zanderslootweg, 1851 AG Heiloo, 1851 AG Heiloo, NL)
International Classes:
E04B1/76; E04B1/74; E06B7/02; F24F5/00; F24F7/013
Domestic Patent References:
WO1995000722A11995-01-05
Foreign References:
DE19727788A11998-01-22
NL7810215A1980-04-15
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
BROOKHUIS, H.J.A. (EP&C, P.O. Box 3241, 2280 GE Rijswijk, NL)
Download PDF:
Claims:
1 , Climate § ontf ©I sptem for controlling the indoor eiimate of an Interior a pace (7), for example a functio ^ spaoe of a eyii dpgJ: wherein the sfiniate control sstem comprses m fnsyiatto assem¾ adwlni through-flow* wfis insulation se fefy co pises at ieasl two irisylatlng wails (1) though which thoys l wtiedii rfi dsn flow which at least partSy syTOyftd the Interior space (7) and separata it from at toast eae surroynding space wherein the Insulation aasemfe^ Is oonfigured to gays© gya¾tiiias of the frirougWio mediorri to flo so rsdia stsoa!l thrpyg file at i s fwo ipeulatin fealla (1¾

©l^seer f¾e«i is that

3, Oil mate control system ccording to claim 2, herein the one or more Insulating wais {1} and the medium pump (1 SJ ars configured to brl g about that the trsrougMlow medli , at i«as! Id tte one or more insulating walls, has a f^eolat umber greater than ί when the ihroygWIo medium flows stipe radiaDatlcally through the one or more inayiafng:wa!Ss , Ofimate control sysem aocordin to one or more of the pfeeedirs claims, wherein the climate control sysem Is configured to reverse tho flow direction of t e quantifies of flow medium ¾ough ih© at least two iRsul i f walls f t) penodicalS , for example weans of periodically revesi a psmping direction of one or more medium pump of the climate control system, which one or more medium um s are configured to pump the quarstlties of through^flo medium into the Insyiatirlg wall or to suck them out of the insulating wall, depending/On the ptimplng direction.

5. Climate control syslem aecord g to rte or more of t e preceding claims, whereiR tie fhro igi-flow r oy Is air.

6. ¾rnat control a tep according to one or mm of the pmae &g claims, wherafn the Insulation assembl is ø pflgured: to cause the quantifies of the through-low mediam f om: the at least one syr ©¾¾il¾g space (8 and lie felesor s ase (?) to flow I f tha at iaa t one and ttie at least one other f fha at least two ins la i f wa is (1 ) es actlvai anil, after: they f w flowed tliroyg the at least one of trie at least two insulaflng walls (1), reepecti e^ t : cause fh¾ sjanlsties of the th oyg ^ to flow Into the Inferior space {?}; as ventilation ir and tee ihe at feast one oile of the attest two insulalng waifs (!) as waste air Into the at least one surrOun€fe§ space (8).

?. Gimafe control system assoti g to one or mo e of the preceding claims, wherein the {nsytaipn : assernteiy f yrt eTOOfe comp iaes si iaast one Inner wall 3J whic delimits the Interior space (?) and eompraas t laaat one inner eavJty (8) whSoh sxtanis between fha at least on© Inner wall an the Ineyfafihg wall (¾ wherelrvthe ihsylaiion ass rnhl^ Is configuro©! to cause the quantifies of the tferpugMlow meo¾rn to tow from the Insulating wall (1 J Into the innar c vity (8), for example with the ihraugh^iow medium being aS ne! the air lo ing Into the Interior space (7) fw the inner cavity |S as enliatieh air,

and/or

wtiereih the insulation as embfy fynMrrno © comprises at least one outer wall (2) whic delimits ie at feast one syrroyndlng s ee {8} and comprises at least one outer cavity (5) whic extends betwee the outer wall (2) a d the insulating wall wherein the insulation assembly is aonfigarod to cause the gyanfiies jf the t oygWiow medium fa low from the outer cavit (f¾ Mp lie insulalng wall (1 j,; for e ropie with the thfoi 4le meii being air an the air flowing from ilia outer cavity {5} into the surrounding space (8). for example with the air fiowirtg: Into the at least one syrroundirig space (8) as waste air. , Clim te control system for control ling the Indoor c!imate of an interior space (7), fo example of a functional space of a byilefng, wherein the climate control system comprises an irssuSation assembly alfowing through-flow,,

separates it from at least one syrroundfng space (8). wherein the insulation assembly is confip ed to cause quantities of the air from the at least one surroyn^ing space (8 info the at least one Insulating wall ( ) and to causa the quantities of the air is flow su eradi ts fea!Sy in a direefiort torn fhe at feast one soro^

to ads! te interior s aces (?) throug the at least am insulating wait Π), wherein the Ins tation asseriol is fyrttiemoff configured to caysethe o;yahiitiea of the air to f ! -w fete tis Iritsridr space (?) as ve iiaicsf} air after they iiave flowed through the at least one iflsylatirsf wall (1 }.

Θ. Giraata CQ«trcii system aeoordin| to sSaim 8, wherein trie Sssy!a on ssamfeiy fyrt! more ^ oomprfseg at least one inner wall (¾ which delimits the Interior apace (7), anpi oom lf os at least one Ihner o lty |8) hic eMends at least between the at least one inner wall aM f e at least one insulalng; wail {I j^ whe s the Insulation assemply is eohf¾yred to cayse the pyantitfes of air to flow tern t¾e at least one insyiafing wall nto the at ieaat one inner cavity (#) then to · ^ysa I ¾s I low into file pterior space (7 as wntllatlon air. 10. @ifoate eooiroi sysem eo A§ to claim ¾ wherein the at feast one inner wail (3) Is provided with one or several o enings to cause the cfuanSties of air which tiave flowed t rough tfie at least one thsoiafing: wall (t): as ventilation air into the interior space ?),

11 < Cltaate control system aoeordi ng to claim 0, herein the one o several openings in the at least one Inner wall .(¾} are ipfovided i one or -more grilles &m wherein one o more #ter¾oalmerit devieas art po ide for of the air which has lloweci throygh the at leaet on Shsylaf ng wall Π). e,g. one or several of filters, air ^yrnldlflefs aod air dryers, 12. Ollmafo oo^tol s^sieffi for controllng the indoor eil e of art interior space .(7), for example of a fynollohal space of a building, wherein the eliiriale eontrol system comprises m insulation assembly allowf ng thr pygh-f Sow,. which insulaion asserhbiy allowing t opg ^io comprises at least one Insulating wall ( } i royg which thoygWlo medium can flow: and which at least partly surrounds the inferior s ace (7 and separates 1 from at least one surrounding space (8),

in that the olimafe control system is configured to c ys quantities of the through'flow m^dlarn to flow: from the at least ona su oundi g space {$} Into the at feast one i sulating wall (1) and to flow syparadiabaticailv through the at least one insulating wall (1),

13. Olma!e control s f m according to one of the pre¾dtng cl ims, wherein the insulation asssmfcily !yrih rmOfe eomprJfees oos or several oyfer alls -(g) which delimit the at leasi one su oynOln space t'8| and extend at least between the at least one sufhsy dihg space (8) and tie at least one Insulating wall (1),

14 lirniie conlf ol s tam for controlling the indoor cimate ol a i«lerior space (7), r tMmpi of fynelorsai space of ahullding,: wherein the elsmateeanfrpt system comprises an Insulation; assemhiy allowing oyg ^lo * whloh insulation assewhly allowini t fo gh^lo eamphses at least n© fesy Sating wall (i) hic allows a through-flow medlyra to flow through and which at least partly surrounds lie Interior space (?) and si fafes it from at least one syrroynding sp c« (8), in thai ^©■■ ίma : ^ίro s fehi# eenllgutee! to eayse ua tises of the fhroy¾h iow medium to flow from the at least o» yr¾ ndi«g s ase S to the at least one insulating wall (1 } and to cause ihern to f low upefadfato the at least o» Insulating wall

C% wherein the insulation asaemMy lart ermere comprises one or ¾a¾¾ra! outer walls (2) is. li ate ooifol system according to claim 13 or i^ x^ oein the insulation aaeenihl oomphses at leas one outer cavity (S) which extends at least between the one or several outer walls (2) and the insulatipg wall¾ (1), wherein the Insuiation assem¾r is oo«¾ur;ed to cause the quantifies of f © thr tigh |o me^iym to slow from the at least one outer eavfty 8| inia the insulating w ill ) ,

18. Gii ala control system according:, to claim 15, wherein the outer wail (2) or outer wails (2) Is Or are provided with one or several openin s to cause the quantities of the through-flow edluffi. to flow from the syrro ndf g spae^s) (S into the at least one outer cayity (2).

17. Climate control -system acsordingto claim 16, wherein the one or .several openings In the oute wall{s) (2) are rovided with grilles and/or herein one or more pre-treaiment WO 2019/017784 - 2? - PCT/NL2018/050500

1£L Dlimais oontr sys em acc rdi g to one of the preceding claims, wherein f e

§ insulation outer aili ! which delimit the surrounding spa^efs Hi} and extend at least Between Jit urroundihg ^pieo sHS and the ai feast one insulating wall and comprises at leas one outer cavity {-5} which extends a| least fee!ween fh outer waiiCs) ¾| and i te insulating wai!fs) it}, . wherein the ifiswSaildn assembly Is confl§ur# to oa«s¾ the o-yantiiles ; f: he !fe?©u§ lo rnadi rn 'i&ffowf^rii the outer

1Q eavit H s-) (5) into the insulating: wafifs), and fu^ermoim- comprises at Isast one inner vaf (3 whi h delimits the interior space \7 -t arid oornpffses; at least o © Inner cavity {I! which ©sasndte at feast between inner waSlfs (3) and the Insulating wat{sj 0), wherein the Insulation assenitiiyls oonfif urod to cause the ©.uant!fies of air to flow from the insuSatlh| Wales) into fiie inner eavity{-fe¾ {¾ and subsequentl into the inferior space {7} a

i : ventilation air, horalh the Insulati g wali s) extend at an angle with respect to the inner a¾s| and outer waiffs in eiieh a a that the Inner eavii^iesj and outer cavities) taper in a vertical direction,

I S. Climate control system aoodrdlngio one or more of the preceding claims, wherein the 20 climate control system is configured; to orihg abou ! a superadiahatie flow of the quantities of the Ji:K ug low m dium^ wherein a pressure drop oyer the: thickness insulating wall (1 ) or insulating; walla 1) which is or :are s fiowed through by the t maijfH low eclurn takes place.

25 20. Clim te control system according to claim if, wherein the es¾ur¾ drop over the thickness of th iReylatirtg «iifs| (1) is at leasi 15 f roes the pressure drop over the inner cavityC-ies) i ;a«dior ¾sut©r oa^ity ; es (5).

& Cteata control system, acco ding to one or more of the r^oecfing olalrtis, wherein the 30 Insulating wail 0} of Insulating my lls (1), and/or the oute wall ( '£} of outer wails }f I present, and/or the Inner wall of Inner walls (3), if present, are at least partly transparent.

22. Climate control system according to claim 21 , wherein the transparent portions of the insulating wall (I) of Jnsuiatin§ walls (1 }> and/or the outer wait (2) or outer walls {2}. if present, 35 and/pr the inner wall (3) or Inner walls f¾, If present are configured, to alo sunlight and/or natural light through* and wherein the climate control system is configured to heat the Interior space (7) by means of tie sunligh andftjr natural light which has been allowed to pas through.

23. Ctaae control system eeorcSirg to olaini 22, wherein the climate o nt s stem furthefBore com oses a solar s¾!isc¾or (1i) to heat tie Interior space (7) by mmm of the sunlight aftcfor ftatar i light which has bee allowed to ass through,

S 24. Qfeate o ¾ more of the preoedirif Claims, wherein tm

Inseiattng wall (1 } or insulating walla (1) .fa: r¾¥¾ed ¾ii thMy h*few ope¾in§ s: cQ fi § to eayse oaf itioe of- the t ulMiow m dium to flow sypemcisahatieelSy thoug ,.

25. ©linate con ol s tt aeaofo¾|i to one or mom of the preceding claims, wherein t a 0 insulating (1) or iheyfafing walls (1) is/are prdvldeei wit iarne!lar elements £ΐΙ¾ e.g. at i¾ast partly tmnsparent iamailaf elements, or pejoate sand e.h panels (13), e.g, at least partly Irarispareht ssodwioh. panels, configured Is pause quantities of t e thra gh^!o* mediu to flow sypsraiiaballfialily between. 5 26. Method for soritroliing ihe indoor climate of n interior space (?]> wherein a clmate sorlroi system av idi g to ©he or wore of the preoedln| f iafms Is ysed

0 space (?f and sepafafes it from at feast one syrroynding space (8), wherein the iftSyl tion assembly is eohfii red to cause quantities of a through*flow medium to flow $up¾ad¾^ 8 siii»raciei«ee 'm &af til® panei {!: comprises lamella stac¾ which conpfis s several mutually parallel !amaiiar elements (12} which ae placed apart in such a way that a quantity of the: f hreugh-fSow mediym can flow spperadiahatioaly through the panel In a direction, from or to the interior apace {?).

28. Panel £1 ) according to claim.: 27, wherein the lamellar elements are at least partly transparent S 29. P nel (1.). according to claim 8, which collects natural light &or sunlight and

sup lies e eg therefrom back to a climate control system.

30, yfldlng provided with a ctoate control aysero according to one or more of claims 1 - gs, which building comprises interior space (7) which is at least partly iirrpynded an s ps¾¾ ffo« at least ο ίί -# r&Mft#¾i space (8) of ihe M!ii g mstns of iif sn®ytatin wafifsj of Ins fnsulatari issesilsly, #<g. I an ©titer wall (2) or roof $f ¾s feyj!cfeg.

Si. SuM¾ po ide with a panel (1 acsadlng to claim t 2¾ or 29, whteh buWsFsg^rrs ssei∞ Iriedof :s ae wflsli Ss at faas partii? ¾offoyftded ami se aated from at least Qm surp di p: spaee {#) of m tsui!dlng fey means of the panel (1), in an outer v¾rf! 12 ) OF ro¾t of the feulldsng.

Description:
CLIMATE CONTROL SYSTEM COMPRISING AN INSULATION ASSEMBLY ALLOWING THROUGH-FLOW

5

hs toVa $< relates to cim i soFitel s tem which comprises a hermaLlfisyla on assembly allowing through-flow. n order to control and/or maintain an indoor climate in a space, a climate control system Is I S usually implemented. In many eases, a thermal insulation assembly forms part of this cimat control s aleei in order |o assist i bringing about anrJor maintalosnf tempa?a¾iri iifereriea feetweert tie space and the environment To tills ersd s a he fiux be ween the space ar d its eR imnryieat throug thermal eo ducivity of the material which surrounds the space is reduced as much as possible,

S

Other components of a dimate eontro! system may be formed, for example, by a ventilatio system which brings about the exchange of air in the spaco w .the ambient air, and a healing and/bf cooling spfem witch are optionall incorporated with; one another

2.0

As is known, lor example, from Nt?810215 t »ri such an insulation assem ; a through-ftp^' 25 medium Hows counter to the heat flow through a thro¾h 8e insulating) wall, in this case, the environment is the Outsidie air,, with the medium being forme by air from the outside air,, wb eh flows from here transversely through the wall in the direoip f the space to be insulated * In th s case* the medium flows uicker than the speed of the heat tbrough this medium in lb© opposite direction - as a result of which the flow is defined as super¾dlabafio.

S

The heat speed is a diffuse variable which depends on the average path length and the speed of the molecules i» mediurrs and may be detem ined from the Pecla number Pa, which Is greater than 1 if the med um speed is greater than the average heat speed. Herein Pe ~ v I p C P A ( with v ss " medium speed perpendicular to the syrfaee of tha through-f low Insulating wall [m s "s j, I path length through the throuph- low insulating wall and thus the thickness of the through-flow insulating wail [mj, - the density of the through-flow medsom [kg m t¾ ~ the thermal capacity of the through-flow medium K * kg '1 ] and A = the thenwa! eonduotkm coefficient of t e tbrough-fSow medium ?W 1 m ; j. - · ..

Due to the superadiabatie properly of the f few of the medium, n oppositely directed fiux of 0 conductlo liaat fhroygh fti« (insulation) wall Is blocked: the heat or sold cannot flow against the flow. If, in this ease, the medium : flews from ho! to ool¾ fisatfronf results, hfcft blocks an oppositely Sfeo ed iy 00ld, f ( on the contrary, the mediums flows from sold to H t, a coid f ont results, w ich blocks an oppositely directed heat f iux. δ Blocking a conduction heal flux through the wall by means of an opposite superadiabatie flow through the latter may possibly fee compared to a supersonic flow breaking through the sound barrier, ii» flowing through the (insuiafionj wall, the rriedlyift w ll absorb heat or coid, respecfivef y < 0 depending on the d g ee to which the space is heftar or solde than the environment, f his heat or c si is recovered by a heat exchanger or heat pump, by means of hteh the heat or cold can fea re-used in a useful way for heating or cooling the space to be insulated for example by means of a heating, and/or oooling system of a climate control system,

If the space is a functional space, if is customary to also ventilate this, for exam le by means of a ventilation syste of the climate control system. This ventilation system ensures the supply of air from the environment, generally the outside air, to the lntarl¾r spaoe, and f he 1 discharge of air from the inferior space to the environment It often consists of one or several locally or centrally arranged pumps, e,g. ventilators, and optionally a pipe system for guiding the ventilation ai . !ftthls ease. energy is also ^yi elto ^aolalrs a tenperafyr e differanca ithth .

sTOiron ept so as to <io!¾jeiiS¾¾ lor the ventlation losses ~ that Is to my * t e fiirx of heat or eold tem t s sp ce to the ovi¾jnm rii ihsygh ypptitatlo air flo ing in ane 1 ml to addition, lurscissiia s ac s, hot p si&iy also h r spaces, srs regylail^ patly surrmiPied: ¾¥ ' transparent p nels, such as wini¾wa, in ord r to allow pafyrai light IP enter into the space. Oi f epp ifwctlen element rosy also from part of the e¾w® g. In this ease, energy may pois!isiy also fee ^ lred in order IP maintain a tam era&re lffarepcp with the apylipameot in order to eompthsate for the a«d ci ty losses through these m tpfiais ^i atls to say, the flux of heat or cold I m 8≠. spesa to the environment t m^ the materials from whle these are made.

Apeerolng to a ΐί t aspect of the inventior, it s ah ofc et to r vid® a ol t© cootet s tep ¾*e 1yther reduces the shar required for eenlfPl!lng apo maintaining the Iidpo efimata of a spaee which is at feast paftSy s froyp£Jacl by ai issalatlon as pptfely allowing thfpisgh4l¾w.

The first aspect of the ipyehiiop psvldas a climate control system according to elate 1.

Th losy!aidn asserpii is cooff rad to aa sa Quantities of t e- t rPP¾:h'flow rnedlym to flo syparaiiaha!Spaliy ffitoygh the at least two insulating wails.

The insyfation assembly is furthermoe eonf ignred to cayse & quantity of the ftwoygh-flo medium to flow syperadla atspali m a. olrsction from the at feast o e surrounding s ace to Ite Iptpiior spacs through at toast one of the at least two Insulating wails, and sfmtiif neDiisiy to oayse a quantity of the throsgh-flo medym to f So syparailiahaficaily in a direction from the Inferior space to the at least one surounding space through at least one other of ffeo at least two. Insulating walls,

In this case, each insnla ng ali ^ oo the ihroo¾h low modi m flows In the direction of the inferior space forms an inward Insulating wail, and each Insulating wall wtiere the through- flow medium flows in the dfreetion of a autfoyndlng s ace forms an outward Insulating wall,

This provides a parleuiar varrta In case of a tamperafure differenoe between tn© interio s aca aftd the surrounding space, in which ease the lo of ihrough-fbw me!i m rorn the sprnundipg s aces) So the direetipp of the ipferlot s aoe oauses a heat lu or aold fiux whloh inorsasss > m the ^ flow 1 rata of the flo Increases, n mely wth the thermal capacit of the fhmyga-fiaw medium as prppartfonal constant in order to a! leas maintain the temperature differa cai tba ciraalp ooptroi system has to compensate fo this loaf fa or cold flux, The sneriy hlcfi this respires Is reduced when applying the invention fey mduolng this flux, as is brought afoout by ro »ng s id flow rata. in a : possible embodiment, the insulation assembly is provided with a medium ύΐ ^ for x m le a veniiatop for example for air, which ¾ eonlgpred to cause ins through lo medium to flow spparadiabatiealiy by Wn iipg; ateui suitable flow yeioasty of the throy h- fio medium.

In possfela embodimantSi the insulating walls and the ena or more associated ventilators are ponigpmd to bring about that the througvflow medium, at least In the Insulating wails, has a Faciei number peater than i whan fhe fhroogh^lo medipm flows syperadlabatioaliy through Ihe iPsolatin walls. This may foe aphievaoY for exam le, y djusting the of tle irpygh-fiow opsnipgs in # Insulating walls an r by oreaing a maximum cross ^ secf na! ftirough-f w area and/'or by fetingirsg about a mlnlmai flow rate. ..

IxampSes of throyg Wlow Insulating materials are wool made of, far ex m le:, gl ss f ibras, stona fibres and vegetable fibres, slacked iilfi p pweis m de gf } for example, plastic, 15 perterated hdwiab paa©l% and i uiatipn granules or pellata whfeh are clamped bet een porous thin paftfla.

In practice, if i possible t¾ yap, for a¾ frip¾ rock ool; glass oof, other rniaerai ;pr organic weal i fibre bundles , open plastic foam or atJiarepaa fo f« s insulation granules or pellets 20 o tio ally aGk ed in perforated films, St ged perfotsied fiims of diff er enf mat iais with a rm M distanoe of i to 2S mm are possible and ¾iino¾ of different materisis. it is also possible to use perl prated sandw® panels of different materials and shapes , such as for axapipie fe pa om or wave struotyres, l¾r some ap lfc f^ such as When II pump g fgmyhd w te , soli which af Sows a tir<5ugh--fiow is aise suitable as insulating

material for * for exampie, insulating a heat store in tne grgynd.

Preferably, the required flo fate of the fhroygh-flow medium from the .su ounding space(s) is mlnlmfeed. Preferably, the flow rat© of the fhrpygh-!low medium f o ibe surrounding 30 a t%(s) equals the low fata of the ffcroygh-flow medium from the interior space, for example dye t the fact thai the inward: ari outward i tsyjtattag wai!(s) h ve substantially identical total

Preferably, in this case, the; flow dlreota of the quantities of flow medisrh through t e at S5 feast t o insulaf ihg wails is periodically reversible , This changes at least me Inward wail into ail outward wall and/et at least one outward wall into an Inward wall, for example

sipiyitanaousiyv This may be brought abe¾ for ¾ ri{3l% by one or several medium umps per Insylating wail wbicn draw ate outpf ihe insulating: alls in periods and In Wsrn edla!e periods pum air info the insutafinii wafe for example, bet een an insufatins wa : nd a s rrmiridiri s ace. In: ths ease, every edsum pum can respe c ive!y S pump. « from ilia respecti e Insulating wail Into the respe etwe surroundwg spaee{s) and pump air from the syfrptindtng spac©(s int m. insulating wall dohn§ said perto s *

0

§

Tti heat exchsngp due t the r evsrsthifii of the flow direction of the throijgf -f low m dium Is fo example eompar able with that in toe human mm, in this case* whan breathing in, the air is warmed up by the nose i : hlcft i» turn cools down, a d wlien bfaalblng out, is cooled clown fey the nose* as result: e which the nose warms up.

0

Pul s said reversibility * the heat o hang takes place Internally In the throygh»flp insulalng materlai ©f itie insulaling w¾||(s) which is already present this sffeps an advantage: compare : to fta prior art, such ¾& £78 ' 10£ί§, in which the fhfoufjh-fiow edium l as to be passed to a hs e h gt afranged at a distances ©>¾, by means of a pipe sys eroj for ihisS heat 8χοΗ¾ ο¾ afterlf has flowed through t e insyiating wall(si,Miih the system according to Ir vantiPa, no dditipaai raaiirlal is required in order to bring apout the heat excha ge,, in adiifion, It is not necessary to sheerppr e e.g. a central heat r^cypomtor and/or ®

{complicated} pips system for th purpose of reecwnhg the at and/or c^ld frotn the flow of the tbrpugh-flow medium. fey e.g. another component of the climate control system placed at0 a distance.

In an embodiment of the invention the throuoMow mediu is air, for e¾am le from the surrounding spaeefs), in t is embodiment, the insulation assem ly is oontgu ed to cause the quantifies of the fhroug -fiow medium from the surrounding s aoeCs and the interior space6 to flow Into the inward and outwar tnsulatinq ail{s} respectively and, after they have flowed through the inward insulating llis^ to eeuse t a quantities to flow into the inferior space as ventilation ai and after flowing through the outward insulafing wallCs), Into the surrounding spacers) as wast air, respectivel .

? e¾ra¾l j tie InsoSatioo: assembl in tills ewtadiment furtherrnor^oom hses at least one Inner aSi:whiah delimits the inferior s ac© an at least one inner cavity which eme ds at least between the at iesst one Inner wall and the insoiatfrQ waSf¾ in this oase, the insulaflon assembly Is configured to cause the quantities of air to flow from inwa d Insulating waif (a) Into the Inner cavity, or one of the Inner cavities, ano; cause if tallow from the Inferior space Into the inner cavit : of one of the Inner oavitias f feel ore allowing I to flow into the interior s ace and the outward Insulatir walifs} as venf Saiio a air, respectively. Rrefe b¾ one or several ope isga are provided i the inner wail f s) to this end.

Fiovi¾i¾e fnner cavity £-ies between the ootward insulating waiiisj and the Interior space faeiiitafes the distrifeufion of the air flowing through the insulaing waiifs) across the sross- seefiortaf through-flow area of the insulating walls. I addition, this makes it possible to sub|eet the air flowing int the inner oavii es) from the Inferior spaee to an afte reatmOBt, If desired , lor a^arnple by means of filters., humidifiers, dryers ano¾r other afier-treatn enf equipment: which is placed in o nea the o^eni sCs} in the inner lt(s| :i If present, for example in order to prevent soiling of the outward Insulating :wafi¾ >

Providing: the Inner eavtsyf ies between the Inward Insulating wail(s) and the interior space faoiiiates coi!eeting air flowing through the insulating vvaii(s) from the cross-sectional through-flow area of the insulating walls. In addition, this makes it possible, if desired, to pro- treat the sir which flows from the inner cavlty(-ies) into the interior space, for sam le by means of filters, hamidi ierSj dryers s and/or other prs raatm®«i equipment whieh is piaoed in or near the openingis) in the inner w Sf¾ if eset , for examples for improving the quality of the air as ventilation air.

The Insulation assembly preferably furthermore eompnaes at least one oute wall whieh delimits the surrounding spaeefs and at least one outer cavity which extends at least between the at least one oyttr wal and tf¾a at ileast t o Insulating wails, Irs this ease, ih@ insulation assamil Is configured to eayse file q anSles of air to flow fro one i of the at toast one oufer cavity Into the Inward insulating w (sl and from the outer eavtyC-fes We the siirMunding spaeefsf , before enailng If to flow nto tb© Inward I s^lai gE wals and t Sow S Into tie surroy ndlng spac#|s as waste; a 5 fespaot ety.

Providing the siir eayiijHes) between the outward insulating alllsj and the SMrr^u ding s aoa|s facilitates oolteelinf ilie sir whfen flews thfough the insiilating wali|s) fiom ffte cross- ssotlwal throu^ insulating walls.

10

proiding the outer §¾vit^{-»§ batwse« fheinwari iHs laiiop w llCs) and t e sufiOM dtoQ spaea{s) laeiltatos eolleoing the air whtt flows t rougN lis Insuiaing wali(s) irons the cross* sectional tJirough4l©w m of the In ulaS i wails. In addftion, this makes it possible. If daslred* to pre-freat the a wftlcn f lows Into the outer sa -es) foffi b^s :r« £lini

IS spacers}, lor e n le oy m eans o filters, humidifiers, dyes andor other pra-trsatmeft eciusprnent whicft is placed in or near tie openingfs) In the in e wailfsf, if present This m y serve, I» example, for improvin the qualify of the air as venf lata air, nut also to proieof the %royg -tlpw insulaing w¾SIs) agalfst so ng s: blockage and d age

20 AeeorA g to a secsrsd ispaot of the itiventi n, It Is an object to provide a ellmale control aytem which I udhar f aduoed the nsqyired flo rata of ambient air for ventilating a space hioh is least padiy^ assembly a!lowng throgh«fl©w>

The se ondaspaot of the Invention p«f Idas a ciraate control aystem aeoarc¾g to claim 8,

In this c se, ihf climato co fQl svstern em rises an Insulation assembl allowing: thrpygh- flow which comprises at least one ipsylating waii whiob-aliows: air to flow through and whic¾ at least partly surrounds the interior space and separates it from at feast one syrroynding space.

m

In this case, the Insulation assembly Is onfigured to cau e quantities of the air from the at least one syrr¾undln§ space Into at least one insulating wall and fo cause the quantifies of the air to flow suparadiabatioay in a direction from the at least one surrounding space towards the Interior space tbrougli the at feast one Insulating wail,

35

In addition, tha insulatio assam ly is conf igurad to causa the quantities of the air to flow into the Interior apace as ventilation air after they ha e flowe through tha at least one insulating wail In this case* the at least ©ne ihsyfaflhg: wali is at least an inward insulating wail In tils embodiment, the through-flow medium functions as ventilation air in addition to being a means the insylating wail{¾|. Compared to he prior ait, this offers art advantage due to the fact that the quantity of air which bas id be s«^te |fQr« the surroundinp spaoe{¾ in order to ntilate the interior s ac sari be reduced by t e quantity ts air which flows through the inward insulating wal!(s). in a steats control system which has; a ern tion system in addition to the nsulation assembly tor ventilating the interior space, the fi^eet is that this ventilation ssystoiT5 «d ¾ s the climate control systern, requires less air from the s rreuridlng spaee(s) therefor. Pfefer b!y, the insulation ^se biy in this e se ful

which delimits the interior spade and at least one inner cavity which extends at least be ween the at least one inner wall and tie insulating wall(s) 4 whemln the insulation assembly is configomd to cause the cfuantliies of air to flow from the insaSatlno. wal(s) into the at least one inner eavlfi? and subsequently i to the interior space as ventilation air.

Providing the inner cavity{~ies) between the inward insulating wallfs} and the interior space faoitafes oo!feefi g the air which flows through the insuiaini wal! ) from the ct¾>ss-sestioiial threugh^iow area of the insulating walls. In addition, this mal¾es it possible, if desired, to pre- treat the air which flows into the interior space f om the inner eavfy^ies), for example by means of filters, humidifiers, dryers and/or other pre-treatment equipment which is placed in or near the o ni gs) in the tenar wailfs , If present, or xample for improving the quality of the air an ventilation air.

Because of the above-desoh ed advantages, the opening(s} in the inner wal! s) Is or are preferably provided with grilles, In hic for example aftar-ftsatrnent devices are provided for the afte featmerit of the air w ic has flowed through insulating walifs), e,g. one or several of iters, air humidifiers and air dryers, in ah embodiment according to the second aspect, the Insulation assembly is additionally configured to cause a quantity of the through-flow medium to flow superadiabaticaliy in a dSrec on from the at least one surrounding space to the Interior space through at least one outward snsulstiog wall and simultaneously to cause a quantity of the t roygivflow medium t flow superadiabaticaliy in a direction from the interior apace to the at ieasf one syrrDyndi g space through at least MO I ward Insulating wall,

If the outward in afaing wailfs) are rovidaci, priding the outer ea¾ (* ; te betwe n f¾e outward Insulating waiffsj mad the surrounding spacej¾ fac!tilaiaa eoltect|ri§ the air le flows fifoyg the Insulating vwifsj ten the sross-secional thraush-flow araa of fho tn ulaing waifSi

Pro dl i the outer eavify{»iaa} jaf esn the Inward insulating w¾ll|s) an the sorrouhilng specefsf facliiafas ccllacting the air which flows throiif h the Insulating waifs) from the cross- sectional thro« low area of the Insu isi ills. n addition, this M it possible, if desirel, to re~ti¾atthe air.«h¾h flowa nto the from the surroupAo, s acers}, for example ¾rmeena of filters, humidifiers, dryers andor other sHf eatmaof equi ment lle la placed In the o ertlag# ta fts: inner a¾ i * If present This may seve, for example, for Improving: the j aisty of tie air as ventilation air, taut also fa protect the through-flow In ^^^ feipckag® and damage.

In this c sOs te climate control s te eomprises an insulation assaf¾foly allowing through- flow which eorsph ' sea at i&mi ope irisulatins; wall through whic throogh ' fio medium cars flow and which at least parly surrounds the inferior space and separatee II f rom at least one surrounding apace, in this case* the Insolation aaemhl^ Is configured to pause- quantities of the through-flow medlars to flow from tie at least ope surrounding space into the at least one insulating wall and to cause the p ntiles of the air to flew superadlahaticali through the at least one Insulating: wail _

in additio¾ the Irtsyl tei sssmfel Is bonfigyretl to pt¾¾eatthe quantities o irselhroagr- fiow mediyrn iaafore they flow through the at least one Insulating wail This fe-ti^atmeni may hp prpygrtt afeoyt, for example, by eans of filters, humidiiers, driers, ^ntiiafpr andor

5 ©tfiof prs-tfeairnent e uiprrssnt which s placed In the opening(s n the Moor ^Ι!(Β% if

resent In this case * the fP r8aimo«t to protect tha thr ygh lp ipsa Sating waiiCs), feat opllpha|¾f tiso other components of the climate control system thtjig whic thelhro gh- flow pediyftT flows, against soiling, &ipcka¾e and damage, Sorp ared f prio af s oms, which do not perl or rn this pf^reatment, this m benefit the mm life of the insulating

10 walls) asa¾r these other components, »het may f ihef e po© the costs of f he ciimaf a cpnfdl s fpm. fefer h!yj he .insnlation a embly In this ease fuftherrnore oompfises one or several outer walls which daifml the a! laast one s rrpunding space and extend at least between the at 15 least one sy rroyndipg space and the at least one insulaing wal <

Thp third aspect of : tiainvadtion in addition provide a eiimate control system according to oiam 14

20 The OPter wall |s) protects o sieof^ Infl anGes ffphi i¾e syrroynding spaoe£sJ, for example wealier eopottens. Compared to n^

which do hot: have this etiter waiL this may jeneit the seivfee life of the insulating iifP apdor apy other components of ¾e diimafa control s ten thmyg -wnteh the througiWiw hadiym flows * which ma farther reduce the costs of thp climate cpMrpi aysfeni.

as

Preferably, thi J sA^

sever l maasyres aeoordipg to the first and&sr second aspect of the ip^entioh to reduce costs for components amldr matpriai In addiion to the ipsylaion assembly f r, for example, heat exchange^ heat r o»e " anolor venflation in the ciimata oontrol systera,

m

According to fourth aspect of the Invention, t Is an object to provide a method which fyrlfter redPCPs the energy tepyired for controlling anchor maintaining the Inoloor climate of a space which i¾ at least paftly eyrroun ed fey an Insulation assembly allowing throygh-flow,

3B The fourth especf of the invehtion provides a method according to claim 26.

According to. a fifth aspect of the invention, it is an object to provide a method which further redyoes the regwired flow rate of amlsiept air for ventilating a space which is at least partl syropndeij by an insyiaiion assembly allowing thfopgh-flow. The Invention 1uiih f s - sfetes ioAe use si the S ¾tems disertpeo! erein ss de&ewhe i for example, in a met od aaeordlng to olaihi i?< For each of file aspeots of ¾ ap m l^ may p provided wth ofie sr several of the measures as explained herein:,

II ill he dear that technical measuiBS which are desorfbed here by meaapelope or mere aspects can bp combined with one or more el

For e e y aspect, the spper idiah e item- of Il a quantities of the throygh^io medlyn may fee b pyi f about by means of a pressure dro over the thickness of the io§ylatin§ a¾s)< To this ahd t one of several pumps such as ventilators tbr air s may be provided, for example. The pressure drop ovar th snsul ling wailfs) is pref er& jy as small as posalole for every aspect, in particular for the ff et aapaotv in order to reduce the energy demand of the climate control system. To this anc , the cross-seciipnal through-flow of the insulating wali(s) may be made as large as possl e,: for example. P efera ly however, the pressure drop over the insulating wa!i(s) is at least IS times the prasaara lrop over the inne oavify(~iee} ahoVor outer cavity(-iss), so that the flow rate of the through-flow medium is sufffeiently high to brsn§ about the superadiebaf io affect

Preferably, for ovary aspect, f ha insolation assembly is co figured t aaysa at least lie

SPperadia&aMe f low of the quantities of the ffireygh-fiow medium to take place in a laminar - - ift tnf f, This m y fe ei wd* for xample, by foearis of a minimum flow rate of the through-flow medium - for e irn te a. minimum sits of th s b^i openings ih the

!nsuia!lhg waii(s) and/or a axteum craas-seoSofial fhroygh^Sow area of the iriaa!alte ¾¾ii{s| s ap /pr a msnlmum low rale of the iirou§Wiow medium.

Pp fefa i¾ for every aspect* the iasuiafioa: wail:,, or the Insulating: wails, and o the oute wall or outer iSi if present, Ww fh© i osr wail or ihnerwa!SS:, if present, is or are at least rti^ 1raftapaf¾iil. : in this y, these may, if dPsired, serve as a window, if the syrroyndiag spaa ii fprmac by the outside air. in this case, the traas are«! portions are prelarahl oonfig ed io a!few sunlight and o aaty ranight ihro«0 and the eiima! control system is configured to heat the interior space ay means of the; a nfight rid f natural light which has been allowed to pass through, it is also possible to provide the surface of crte of several walls which ao aina the outside air with a transparent coating in orde to col lect he at from natu al light, As Is arieyiarly relevant wit respect to the firat aspec of ha ^ritlon, this roay forihef educe the ehare; y demand of the efihiafe eoatroi system, for example If this also heats the interior space: the energy reqyired: fo hpatlhg may, after ail, be reduced fey the heat oibtaiaed from the sunlight and/ ' or natural light.

This offact may lo additipn he amplified still furthe b providing the climate eoriroi systam with a solar coileclor In order to heal rim inte rior space by means of the syntigh and/or natural light allowed to pass tfirough,

The sup radlahaflc effaotfnay be disturbed by turbtilanoe * aa mixing will odour in this case. This therefore rop y ires to ever aspect that the low of the through-flow edlura is kept laminar, at least ih the insuiatihg wali s^ In addition, in order to keep the f!ow of the t ough* flow medium laminar, tha flo rata through at least the inaalating wallfa} is prefprab!y var low, for example toy making the croas-seclopaS th ough-flow area thereof very large, in order to bring afeoyt the laminar flo , t a insulating wails are I erefora poroys, P e erably* tha insyfatimj wafi is or the insyfatfng wails are therefore provided with small} throygh-flow «ρθη , configured to cause qyant as of the f raupjrtew medium to flow

supsradibaiisai! through.

:p this ease, ile: farnellar eiemsfits may rnadeof , for e mpte, a plastic .fitrt syoft as for s tm e a PET film, which are seoure for example siaoked aralti above one another mi a predetermined rsotual dis!ariijej in order to thus form . iamoiia stacls, I» thi m, the film ursay have a thickness of e.g, approidmatef O.SS mm, me langth of the lamellar eleni ants m be e¾| * ateotri 80 cm an the wi th e, vabo«t | sroi, a«i the lamellar eierfients m y iav a mutual iistaftoe in tie veftisal dlracM fi of #<g. pps ismaiely i mm, in order to is!ribiji© t e few between ffe lan iiar elements eve l , a orfofaled fil is preferably secured across !fte tiaignt and length of the iarnel!ar e¼ eni ah both sides of the width, o the linif iia staik:, i i: the peirf oration ^ e«g, ha ing a dianieldf of ae roxsmaieiy Q, m. Tfsese may hayo e.g * a mutuai dssianoe of ab ut 6 mm in the vortieai direction and abpt 18 mm in the iengih diraeipii of the lamellar elements.

If the lamella slack, optional y partiy } consists of trafmpaient !aroelaf elf »«¾ optiortaiiy provided with the perforated film, it is iaforarjly placed between two glass windows, in this case, a cavity Is reforaoi^ fomed feoiwoen the lamella stacls, optiaaaify camprislng film, and ary glass windo:w s in order to dsitrioufe the supply and emoval of fhro § -ilow mediem from tie syrmooding: s ^ ¾paoo|s adyaitagoouisl ^o Ihe wldti and fielght of the lamella stack.

TfiO aim of this solf-awpporting inflatable tunction is to provide the possibility o an improved t nspare cy of the lamella stack by means of a em tied atata of tha lamellar elements, A non-infiatabie l mella stack or a lar offa staok with Inflated lamellar elo snts, may be able to - 1 -

in tbe npa-lnf af state, the lamella stack is stacfei and rolled up ~ as a result if is, in addlSon,. eorn ast and faolllates s|fir¾ge, transpoh¾tl0n mod installation of the lamella stack.

Fyrther aa afiages aad featyre of fhe praaeot in^obi a will fee ex lained, fey means of the a acbad ilutes^ h which:

Fif « 1 shows a diairararriallc cross section of a inauSatiob aasem lf allowing f hr©ygh¾ according to tbe Inyebtioo; f¾ & sbows a diagrammatic οϊ¾ section of a second application of an insulation

ass mb y allowing tbroogb-flow aocording to the invention;.

Fig. 3 shows a diagrammatic cross sectio of a third embodiment of an Insulation

assembly allowing throygh-flQW aeoordloei to the invention;

Fig, 4 sh s diagrammaiia cross section of a fourth embodiment of m. Insulation

assembly aiiowiiig tbroypb^flow aecordlng to tbe invention;

Fig. S; shows a dlagmmmatlo cross saetJon of a fifth embodiment of art insulation assembly allowing through*! low according to the invention;

Fig, 6 sh ws a graph of tbe affeetiva thermal conduction a effieia of different through- flow insulating materials depending on the Peciet number. Fig.1 sho e a df rarfsrnaise cross section of an t sW^^

aooorpirsg to the present invention.. f irisyiatto ssanl3^ a!l «n| thr pgWo oonsjets of a throug diQ inayf fsfig wall 1 Is stesiiP dia§ona% Petwaen an outer wall 2 and an opposite inner wall 3 of a oleepd thoygMipw sp ce 4, wrfeli Is divided tPerely info the outer cavity 5 a d the irmer c vity 8. To t e lef of the : : lnnsr wall ¾ thf is an interior s ace 7 and to the right of the oyter wall 2, there is a The Insy Salon assarioly ll wing; 1ftQy h i : Is ar angao 1 on or around the Interi r spaea 7 in such a way that no i fo gh^lpw medium can flow around iPp outside of the throogh<-fiP insulating Wall I . in an oyter opening 9y the throygh-fiow modiym can flow ship or out of the optor eavft S olepanPing op t e pressure on fte hf«i§h4lo medium, in an inner opening f o, the t oya >w aiedium cas flow ipfp or opt of tne innereavlty 0, depending on the prassore * he thfoygf ¾&f medium than flaws through the through-lo Insulating wail 1,

In the figure, a ventilator 2§ is arranged near the outer opening 8, The ventilator ie ooofigofed to bring about a m inim urn flow rata of f h thiopgh-f lo medium tiirotigN the insulating wall 1. Tha mini upi value of fhel!ow r taf uoh is iyperpdlabatsp.

If. ihe Peolef number of i isnayg Mm medium flowing through the hreygh^low insulating, waif 1 is greater than 1 ; a: supefadsahatieliow results a d tPe effective conductivity coefficient becomes sr si f and the iPsoistion of the thro«gh ipw Insytaifng 1 is tfpproved,

In order fo achieve a satis!astory ISow dip ihbutio across the sud ee of the throo h-fle ihsylatihi wall i f & pressure drop oye the: through-f!O insylating wall 1 has to he aieast 15 times greater than the pressurp Prop over the cavities 8 and 6. This av fee adfusied fey means of the ohoioe of the throygh^l i? insulating, wall 1 and/o tfie size of the cavities S and 8.

Dye to the Piafortal . position of the throu^rvflow insulating wall % the cavities S and 6 are tapered in order to make te distance between the wails ¾ and ¾ as small as possible. This is possible bec use, the mass flow of the throogh'iow medlym in the cavities 5 and 8 from or towards the openings 9 and W incease or decreases.

The flow Of the fhteugh^iow medium Is indicate by a flow Ins 11 in the form o a dotted line:, T!ie flo may be directed both inwarde as out«rdt> inside, I front of or feihind th openings 0 and 10* quipment may be placed for procreating or affer-treaiing the medium slowing - - ugh, such as pumps, yefifi!a&rs, fi iters, gas absorpes, hymdies* dehMldiiier¾ eta, so that the thrpugh^!ow (ww ca fee ysa affipleni!y nd the roug -low Insylating waii 1 and the cati s S and 6 do st Sae¾pfie soled ¾r blocked, in addition, ths ma¾es it possible to use the Isso lafipn asaeinhty locall and BO eQmptieaied pi © s te , for example to a 5 centra? ¥©rillia¾, is ? epulred if the t foygh-i!ow i»adiym fiow:% tor e ample, fmm trie outside spaoo 8 w tha fypeioriaf space 7 4 if IM iiineitoal space Ts mrmer t aa the O tsida space 8, then a c¾fd fron results In the thratigi-flow Insulating; wall 1 which Plpeks the conduction heat and the :0: Ihmu h4i0 medium Is eated up. whic takes pnerfi . Since the thrpii ^low mediyrr} is haing tised eiioienly, this woyld alse have been neoessan with a climate eoptral ay sten without an insulation assembly a!ipiilog t rougli-flo^ - and this does net take extr energy compared to this climate contrpl system,

if file t roup ^fiow: edlym flows * for example, from the ey reuodl Q S ace 8 to the interior space ? and the interior space 7 is Polder than the outside sp c &, then a heat tent results 5 in the Ihfpugh-fipw ipsuM g wall 1 which blocks the eapduotion heai and the ihfo«gh¾ w medium cools down - which takes energy . Because the throagh^low rnediyro is being used effielenilyj this would also have heap aeeessary with a climate control system ii oat an Insul ion assembly aliowini th ugh-Sow, . and this doss not take extra energy compared thereto,

0

S - ~

inside, i front of or 10, systems may fee placed for pre^r alng or aft Mre tin the feoygfe-flp medium* such as pumps, ftfs t f s absetee Si hyra!difiers, . dahymidifiers;, aio„ so that the roygh4isw medium can fee used effieleni and Jeeaily n the interior spaoe 7, in Fig. 2, yantitato s ¾ or differently dfealgned medium pumps 1 & are arranged nearthe openings 10 w ic are configured to bring aboyt a minimum flow rat© of the through-flow madium throui the insulating waif 1 , The minimum alue of the flow rate is such that the flow through, the Insulating ¾v¾l is suparadiafeatio. ig, S ho s a diagramtrtatia dross seetion of an insulation assembly allowing througMo of a t i d e bedme t aocordirig to the present inv nSom In oontrast to Fig, 1 and Fig, 2, the th ougrs'f few insulating wall 1 here is made of transparent lamellar elements 2, whion have bean cha ed with a thin transparent perfoiaf ad pane! 13 for a satisfactory flow : olsfrlbuf ion on one side or <m fe th aid s^T e thrpygh-fiow insulating wail 1 constrtteted in this manner is situated Between ¾ i this case transparent, outer wall 2 and an opposite transparent inne wail SaW the ©oter eavlty § and inner eavitf6>

S

If ihe Fectet number c !n© flow thfo gi the t r®ygNiow insulating wail is §reaief than i, a0 supersdiabalic flow resyJts and the effective eondyei ty ooetf icfent isecornes smaiiferand the Insutolon of t e i aeg ^low Instati g w ll 1 is Jifu r oci;

Due to the diagonal position of the throug diow insulating wall 1 , he caviflea S and 8 are tapered In order to oiake the distance hetweei the walls i and 3 as small as possible * This is0 possfcie haeause the mass flow ©f the rooi -flo medium in the cavities 5 and § from or towardsM ' m openln 7 and 8 i ereasies or dasreases,

Th© diistahse toolween the lamellar element 12 is such that the flow between the lamellar elements 12 r i»¾imiarin§ t!ci Is referahiy 2 mm to ,¾0 mm and fie width 2 em to 20 cn.S

4 shows a iagra s of an fnsu!ati ft assembly t allowing !hiopfh-fio of a fourth invention. Behind the opposite wall of th third embodiment of the present Invention, as illustrated in Fig. % a cavity 14 is created fey placing a fsun}iight heat collector 10 and sealing the cavity 1 fom below., above, the left and0 the right An opening 16 is made on the y nderside , as a result of which the through-flow

medi m can flow in andoot, depending on of the presairre from opening ¾

While flowing through the cavity . tte through*flo medium can: exchange heat with the syn]i¾ht heat collector 19. in addition,: {$yrt)ISght which shines onto the (sun)lighi hea5 collector 19 through the transparent through-f low i sulating wall 1 and opposite wail 3 may emit heat to the fsunlighi heat collector 19. The heat Is emitted to a heafabie medium whic is which is coleeied fey tie syn}l¾ iea oollector 19< The heataoSe medium enters Via opening 17 and exits via opening 18, where both are connected to a heating o torage eysten: not: s w ^. • ··

Fig. ί shows a iil gmraaic cross section of an insuiatiori assemhiy allowin througMiow aG€0fdi¾g a f¾ effifeodfrafit of the f sf ni afiiion, Ha , the ihrough^low Insulating waii is situated diagonally b¾t »ri af oy¾ wail 2 and an opposite inner wail 3 ©i a ole^e througS-flow space 4,:Whic is divided heeby into the outer cavity 0 and the m m ¾s sty 6. in tfee outer openng the Mmi ≠l& medium earr flow Inwards o ooiwartis, into or out of the outer cavity 6 ( ¾paftdsi ¾n the: essure on the medium. P th« Inner ορβοΙ | 10, the thrppg * 0 medium cm fl : oyl»fd or inwards, into sroot of trie Inner ossity 8, dependin on ff© pressure, T ^ rsu:g ow medium then f!ewa hrGygh the ffir ui ^iaw in « ing wai .

If the Peel surrihereiihe low through fie tterough Sow insulating wall 1 & greater than t, a supsr^diahatio flow resyit and ilia effecHfye conduet iy becomes smaller and the ihssSaiSCi of the hroygh-tSow insulating Im oved,

The outer Qpenipg # Is connecte to a surroyndlfrg space S, In hich the through-flow me ium is in a slate fe ex mpl fresh outside air in a cold ¾te> The inner opening 8 is connected to aR ifiiedor s ace m which the through-4te medium is in a . state B (for #MmpIe indoor air in a wam sta;t < in front of the outer opening % a htedfum pump If with filter is plaeed which pumps the thfough^iow medlprn from or toward outer cavity 8, S! tha througWSew medium is aih for exam le, ffwn this is s ventilator with an air filter, The medium pump 11 ay, for example * pump air t ards th cav δ or dra it out of the cavity S.8 periQrrrsihg the drawing In and drawing out o !icaiiy;, air will fiow from the inferior space 7 in state A throug the through- flo Insulaing waii 1 lo^ sthe furoynding s a e 8 dui g the dra ing~ifi period.

If, lor o^arn fe, the fresh air in ttie surrounding space 8 Is coider than the air In the interio space 7 5 then the throijgh-low Insufalng. waii 1 will cool down and heat up the air flowing through before it flows to inner oasflty 8 and eventually flows towards the interior space 7 Ires ancl heaied-up, f! tho medium pump 1 Sis switched to drawing out, then hot spent air will flow from interior space 7 ihropgh the throu£ih-fio insulating wall 1 and heat up the through-How insulating wail 1 again. This wili result in the thropgh-f tow medium cooling down before It e e of ually reaches the cold rdundings o 8, if this switehisg of the medium pump 15 i repeated cyclically, internal heat recovery of hot spent air to produce fresh cold air results. The same also takes place with the known heat wheel feut with ti ifw nlte, ¾is is ¾r«iiglii¾fecui In a non-moving ¾n ar f wlthaat niovni parts, and with the p mAti s m ^ e ^ ^ v ^ good Ins ylaf on be ean the spaces T d 8, due te ins ί sa e daDiie feet> The fifth embodime t of the resenl lR ¾ilsifi av ; so be used for oiher tftm^ also for cod i teifor sp ces.

Fig, 8 shows graph of the U values of dffe rent through^l w Insulating ffiaisriaSs aeoo li g to the pr s t Invention^ dopericilng on th© Pe nuniber with air a# trss¾ugh-flo mediyrti The axis Z® !ndleaiesihe Peslet : mbw and the y jcs 21 indicates; the U vaiue in WKmF of various thr¾y§h*f low InsuiaS h§ materials.

The ^ varip s materials af oxlrtatelf shew the folowirg hehavlpyr horein As ¾ affective thermal conductio eoofffeleni In WKm, ¾ * thermal conduction oos cient at Ρβ ~ 0 ϊη ίδ¾ ¾ « superadiahatie ePMtaot arid Pe ~ f½ci t number of the ¾fougri-ffow: rnedlum

Trie fcilowtng r ertie were fo nd for the following t i¾oghilow Ipsyiaffig materials,: with air as the throu§h-ilo me lurm atetsil: label C s ¾ Pa~4} m W/Krn oam rubber S cm thick 22 J0T 0,109 0.021

Six½y r P T flint with 0 mm pifeh*| 23 -0,874 0.059 0J018

O e IPS foam 5 cm thick 24 -0.433 ¾©o

foamed concrete 25 -0.407 0.017

PET blind t em thick with S ro pitch*) 26 -QJ3S 0.034 0.0028

Calculated with FisxPDSE 2? •1 0.042 0,0008

osk wool 5 cm thick 28 -Q<827 0,030 0.0081

* the slx-la r PET film is plaeed horizontally and t © PET blind vsffesll^

λ

1

Wth 10 cm roek woo! U ¾.0.0165 W ® and ¾§ times srnalif r t a« with a fhlokrass of S em and 23 times sm li rthan wit stationary air ar¾i materiai having a tmokiess of 10 cm. The U va!ui is than so small that it is more rietisai to select, a lower througM!ow medium speeii of, for 8xam?i@s 0 M mm/s ···· which oauass a lower ventilation a d heat recovery lessee. Of eoufse > the mediu s aed has to bo so great thai, lor ex mpia, sufficient variation takes piac . The Qptimum 0όβίΙ|υΛ¾ thus da tn s on, for e^m ! , !he^ mm of the insulation surface and the required v miiaion, which det fminss a s ifse desired Ihlckness of th ins tatn¾:Waii>

Id a practical amfeodi ont ot one or mora of the aeo^ d sorfhecf embodime ts the through- flo insulating wait 1 is m existing insulating f»aerlai s such as rock wool, gias ; woof * other mineral or orgarsic wool, fihre feu dtes, open p!aatle foam or other opan foam, insulation g ndie or pellets, optloaaf!y packed ir> parfofated films, St¾cis d perforated films of different materials with a mutual distance of to 20 mm are lso sslbio ai ae bllnis of different matariais, F¾rforalsd saRdwloh pa«ale of different materiais and shapes ate ate possible, such as for » For some appiteaions, erjeh as when pumping Cgioundwater ( soil which allow a threygMid is also suitabia as insulating mafeial t for exam le for tnsufaing a tieat store in the ground,