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Title:
CLOSURE MEMBERS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2017/197479
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A closure comprising: a first surface having a plurality of first projections extending outwardly from said first surface and terminating at a distal end to present a plurality of first heads respectively; a second surface having a plurality of second projections extending outwardly from said second surface and terminating at a distal end to present a plurality of second heads respectively; said plurality of first heads different from said plurality of second heads; whereby the space between adjacent first upstanding projections define a first cavity to capture said second heads of said second surface; and wherein the space between adjacent second upstanding projections to define a second cavity to capture said first heads of said first surface.

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Inventors:
BRONSON, Adam (356 Ontario Street, Suite 301Stratford, Ontario, N5A 7X6, CA)
Application Number:
CA2016/000145
Publication Date:
November 23, 2017
Filing Date:
May 16, 2016
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
JAM. HOLDINGS A.G. (Corner Hutson & Eyre Street, Blake Building Suite 302,P.O. Box 2133, Belize City, BZ)
BRONSON, Adam (356 Ontario Street, Suite 301Stratford, Ontario, N5A 7X6, CA)
International Classes:
F16B5/07; A44B18/00
Foreign References:
US5212855A1993-05-25
US4870721A1989-10-03
US5983467A1999-11-16
US20070077390A12007-04-05
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
GIERCZAK, Eugene J.A. (Scotia Plaza 40 King Street West, Suite 5800,P.O. Box 1011, Toronto ON M5H 3S1, CA)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. A closure comprising:

(a) a first surface having a plurality of first projections extending outwardly from said first surface and terminating at a distal end to present a plurality of first heads respectively;

(b) a second surface having a plurality of second projections extending outwardly from said second surface and terminating at a distal end to present a plurality of second heads respectively;

(c) said plurality of first heads different from said plurality of second heads;

(d) whereby the space between adjacent first upstanding projections define a first cavity to capture said second heads of said second surface; and

(e) wherein the space between adjacent second upstanding projections to define a second cavity to capture said first heads of said first surface.

2. A closure as claimed in claim 1 wherein said first and second heads are selected from the group of hexagonal, square, round and oblong cross-sections relative to said first and second surfaces respectively.

3. A closure as claimed in claim 2 wherein said first and second upstanding projections define a first and second cavity respectively for capturing said first and second heads respectively.

4. A closure as claimed in claim 3 wherein said first and second heads are tapered inwardly toward said distal end.

5. A closure as claimed in claim 4 wherein said first and second upstanding projections present an undercut between said distal and said first and second surfaces respectively to capture said second and first heads together respectively.

6. A closure as claimed in claim 5 wherein said closure is plastic.

7. A closure as claimed in claim 6 wherein said first and second projections are resiliently deformable to capture said:

(a) first head of said first surface in the said second cavity; and said second head of said second surface in said first cavity;

in a locked position and release;

(b) said first head from said second cavity; and said second head of said second surface in said first cavity;

in an unlocked position.

8. A closure assembly comprising:

(a) a first surface having a plurality of male projections extending axially outwardly from said first surface to present a plurality of male engagement members respectively;

(b) a second surface having a plurality of female projections extending axially outwardly from said second surface to define a plurality of female cavities to capture said plurality of engagement members respectively;

(c) wherein each said male projection presents a male shoulder intermediate said engagement member and said first surface, and each said female projection presents a female shoulder for engagement with said male shoulder, respectively.

9. A closure assembly as claimed in claim 8 wherein each said male projection presents a stem portion terminating at a distal and to present said engagement member.

10. A closure assembly as claimed in claim 9 wherein each said plurality a female projection presents a female stem portion terminating at a distal end to present a capture member for defining a cavity for capturing said engagement members.

11. A closure assembly as claimed in claim 10 wherein said male and female projections are deformable to capture said male engagement member in said female cavity in a locked position; and release said male engagement member from said female cavity in an unlocked position.

12. A closure assembly as claimed in claim 1 1 wherein said male engagement members are selected from the group of hexagonal, square, round, and oblong radial cross-sections. 13. A closure assembly as claimed in Claim 12 wherein said engagement members are tapered inwardly towards said distal end.

14. A closure assembly is claimed in Claim 13 wherein said female capture members are selected from the group defining a cavity of hexagonal, square, round and oblong radial cross-section.

15. A closure assembly as claimed in Claim 14 wherein said male shoulder presents an undercut between said engagement member and said male stem, and said capture member and said female shoulder presents an undercut to contact said undercut of said male engagement members in a locked position.

16. A closure assembly as claimed in Claim 10 wherein said female capture members are resiliently deflectable to capture said engagement member.

17. A closure assembly as claimed in Claim 16 wherein said female projections deform outwardly to capture said engagement members of said male projections in a locked position and release and engagement member of said male projections in an unlocked position.

18. A method of securing two parts together where one part includes a plurality of first projections extending outwardly from said first part and terminating at a distal end to present a plurality of first heads and first cavities respectively, and a second part includes a plurality of second projections extending outwardly from said second part and terminating at a distal end to present a plurality of second heads and second cavities respectively;

(a) moving such first part towards its second part; (b) deforming said plurality of first and second heads to capture said first and second heads into said plurality of second cavity and said first cavities respectively. 19. A method as claimed in claim 18 wherein said first part is pressed toward said second part in a locked position.

20. A method as claimed in claim 19 wherein the force to unlock the first part from said second part is greater than the force to lock the first part to said second part.

21. A closure comprising: a first surface having a plurality of resiliently deformable first projections extending outwardly from said first surface and terminating at a distal end to present a plurality of first heads respectively; a second surface defining a plurality of recesses for capturing said first heads of said first surface.

Description:
CLOSURE MEMBERS

FIELD OF INVENTION

This invention relates to fasteners or closures; and more particularly relates to interlocking fasteners that are removeably securable by pressure or touch and the method of fastening parts together.

BACKGROUND TO THE INVENTION

The prior art discloses many different types of fasteners; and particularly interlocking fasteners. For example US 5097570 states that there are generally three types of interlocking fasteners, where one such type of interlocking fastener is commonly known as a "slide fastener " which typically includes two joinable members each with alternating ridges and cavities. The two members of the " slide fastener" are joined together by inserting the ridge of one member into the cavity of the other member. This type of interlocking fastener prevents the interlocking members from planar sliding , but perpendicular movement of the interlocking members is not prevented.

US 5097570 goes on to state that a second type of interlocking fastener is commonly called a "zipper" fastener; while a third common type of interlocking fastener, is a "pressure-type" device commonly known as a "VELCRO"- type device or fastener. US 5097570 relates to a fastener using manual pressure having two flexible opposed fastening members each of which has a plurality of alternating flexible burrs and burr seating cavities. The burrs of one member interdigitate with the burr cavities of the other member when pressed together. Another arrangement is shown in US 5097570 which discloses a touch fastener product where the fastener elements define a sufficient number and pattern of pockets between associated groupfs of adjacent stems to provide a desired bulk locking ratio when engaged with an identical pattern at a zero degree engagement angle.

Moreover US 5212853 relates a separable fastener includes a pair of fastener pieces. Each of the fastener pieces includes a flat base and a plurality of elastic engagement projections provided on and integral with the base and arranged in a plurality of lateral and longitudinal rows. The engagement projections have respective heads of a uniform size. Each of the heads is supported on the base via a pair of leg pieces united at the upper end to opposed edge portions of the bottom of the head. Yet another arrangement is shown in US 5579562 which relates to an interengaging fastener including two fastener members and structure for locating one fastener member with respect to the other fastener member. In one embodiment, the locating structure includes a protrusion extending from one fastener member and an opening formed in the other fastener member. Furthermore US 5634245 illustrates a fastener having a first member and a second member, each member having structured surfaces thereon. The first member has two major surfaces oppositely disposed, at least a portion of each major surface having structured surfaces. The second member has at least one major surface having a structured surface. The first member is fastened to the second member when the two major surfaces of the first member are disposed between the structured surface of the second member and the elements of the structured surfaces bend and twist as well as frictionally adhere during attachment.

US 5671511 refers to an inter engaging fastener member having a fabric layer; while US5797170 relates to a synthetic resin molded surface fastener . US 9015910 discloses a one piece multi-rib fastener including at least two groups of ribs, each rib with one or more hooks, wherein the groups are separated by a space less than the width of the maximum number of ribs within one of the groups. US 6076238 shows a mechanical fastener including a plurality of engaging stems located in unordered arrangements, which repeat on a substrate. A preferred embodiment of the invention provides a mechanical fastener with a plurality of repeating unordered arrangements, where the arrangements repeat in more than one direction. The unordered arrangements of the engaging stems allow pairs of the fasteners to interengage with themselves, or in other words, to self-mate. Additionally, the unordered arrangements of engaging stems allow the fasteners to interengage at any relative angular orientation with a relatively constant engagement force, and a relatively constant disengagement force regardless of their angular orientation. The unordered arrangements of engaging stems also allow pairs of fasteners to interengage at any relative planar position with a relatively constant engagement force and a relatively constant disengagement force regardless of their planar position

US 5867876 relates to a separable plastic male-to-male connector includes a pair of connector units each having a planar base and a plurality of protrusions extending outward from the base and being oriented on the base so as to form a matrix. The matrix has a plurality of lateral and longitudinal rows.

Finally US 5983467 claims an interlocking device having: a first portion including a first basal surface and a first plurality of islands provided thereon, each of said islands having a plurality of sidewalls; a second portion including a structure having a plurality of apertures formed therein and a plurality of walls defining said plurality of apertures; the first plurality of islands being positioned on said first basal surface and configured so that said first plurality of islands may be received in said plurality of apertures; and where the plurality of sidewalls and the plurality of walls being configured so that when the first plurality of islands is positioned in the plurality of apertures, application of a relative shearing force to the first and second portions causes ones of the plurality of sidewalls to slidingly engage corresponding respective ones of the plurality of walls until the ones of the plurality of sidewalls engage the correspondingly respective ones of the plurality of walls sufficiently to block further relative movement in a direction of the relative shearing force with the result that a greater force is required to remove the first plurality of islands from said plurality of apertures along an axis extending perpendicular to said first basal surface after application of said shearing force than before.

It is an object of this invention to provide an improved fastening device or closure which has a superior fastening capacity but reusable when desired.

It is another object of this invention to provide a closure or locking or joining device which requires less force to connect than to disconnect. It is another object of this invention to provide a locking device which features substantially little if any lateral, diagonal, or vertical movement once the members or components are joined together.

It is an aspect of this invention to provide a closure comprising: a first surface having a plurality of resiliently deformable first projections extending outwardly from said first surface and terminating at a distal end to present a plurality of first heads respectively; a second surface defining a plurality of cavities for capturing said first heads of said first surface.

It is an aspect of this invention to provide a closure comprising: a first surface having a plurality of first projections extending outwardly from said first surface and terminating at a distal end to present a plurality of first heads respectively; a second surface having a plurality of second projections extending outwardly from said second surface and terminating at a distal end to present a plurality of second heads respectively; said plurality of first heads different from said plurality of second heads;

whereby the space between adjacent first upstanding projections define a first cavity to capture said second heads of said second surface; and wherein the space between adjacent second upstanding projections to define a second cavity to capture said first heads of said first surface.

It is another aspect of this invention to provide a closure assembly comprising: a first surface having a plurality of male projections extending axially outwardly from said first surface to present a plurality of male engagement members respectively; a second surface having a plurality of female projections extending axially outwardly from said second surface to define a plurality of female cavities to capture said plurality of engagement members respectively; wherein each said male projection presents a male shoulder intermediate said engagement member and said first surface, and each said female projection presents a female shoulder for engagement with said male shoulder, respectively.

Yet another aspect of this invention relates to method of securing two parts together where one part includes a plurality of first projections extending outwardly from said first part and terminating at a distal end to present a plurality of first heads and first cavities respectively, and a second part includes a plurality of second projections extending outwardly from said second part and terminating at a distal end to present a plurality of second heads and second cavities respectively;

moving such first part towards its second part; deforming said plurality of first and second heads to capture said first and second heads into said plurality of second cavities and said first cavities respectively. These and other objects and features shall now be described in relation to the following drawings.

DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIGURE 1 is a top plan view of the closure in an unlocked position.

FIGURE 2 is a side cross sectional view of the closure taken along the lines 2-2 of FIGURE 1. FIGURE 3 is a top plan view of the closure in a locked position.

FIGURE 4 is a side cross sectional view of the closure in a locked position taken along the lines 4-4 of FIGURE 3.

FIGURE 5 is a perspective view of the male heads extending from a first surface.

FIGURE 6 is a perspective view of another embodiment of the invention where the second surface includes a plurality of cavities.

FIGURE 7 is a perspective view of the closure in an unlocked position.

FIGURE 8 is a perspective view of the closure in a locked position showing hexagonal heads. FIGURE 9 is a side elevational view of female projections having a square head.

FIGURE 10 is a top plan view of FIGURE 9.

FIGURE 11 is a side elevational view of male projections have a square head.

FIGURE 12 is a top plan view of FIGURE 11.

FIGURE 13 is a side cross sectional view of square heads in an unlocked position.

FIGURE 14 is a side elevational view of square heads in a locked position.

FIGURE 15 is a perspective view of the second or female projections showing a square head. FIGURE 16 is a perspective view of the first or male projections showing a square head.

FIGURE 17 is a perspective view of the closure in a locked position of the parts shown in FIGURES 15 and 16.

FIGURE 18 is a perspective view of the female projections having spherical heads.

FIGURE 19 is a top plan view of FIGURE 15. FIGURE 20 is a perspective view of the male projections having a spherical head. FIGURE 21 is a top plan view of FIGURE 17.

FIGURE 22 is a side cross sectional view of the closure having spherical heads in an unlocked position.

FIGURE 23 is a side elevational cross sectional view of FIGURE 19 in a locked position.

FIGURE 24 is a perspective view of the closure having spherical heads in an unlocked position. FIGURE 25 is a perspective view of the closure having spherical heads in a locked position. FIGURE 26 is a perspective view of the closure having male oblong heads.

FIGURE 27 is a top plan view of FIGURE 23.

FIGURE 28 is a perspective view of the female projections for capturing the heads of FIGURE 23.

FIGURE 29 is a top plan view of FIGURE 25.

FIGURE 30 is a cross sectional view of the closure showing oblong heads in an unlocked position.

FIGURE 31 is a cross sectional view showing oblong heads in a locked position.

FIGURE 32 is a perspective view of the closure showing oblong heads in an unlocked position. FIGURE 33 is a perspective view of the closure shown in FIGURE 29 in a locked position.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

Like parts have the same number throughout the figures.

This invention relates to a closure or closure assembly 10 having a first surface or part 12 and a second surface or part 14. The first surface 12 has a plurality of first projections 16 arranged for example as shown in FIGURE 16 in an array or pattern. The second surface or part 14 has a plurality of second or female projections 18 arranged in a pattern or array as shown in FIGURE 15. The plurality of first projections 16 extend outwardly from the first surface 12 and terminate at a distal end 18 to present a plurality of first heads 20.

The second surface 14 has a plurality of second projections 18 extending outwardly from the second surface 14 and terminate at a distal end 24 to present a plurality of second heads 26.

The plurality of first heads 20 are different from the plurality of second heads 26.

The space or pocket between adjacent first upstanding projections 16 define a first cavity 30 to capture the second heads 26 of the second surface 14.

The space, pocket or recess between adjacent second upstanding projections 18 define a second cavity 32 to capture the first heads 20 of first surface 12.

The closure 10 illustrates that the first heads 20 are selected from the group of hexagonal cross sections as shown in FIGURES 2, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 or from first heads 20 having a square cross section as shown in FIGURES 11 , 12, 13, 14 and 16; or the first heads are selected from round cross sections as shown in FIGURES 20, 21 , 22, 23, 24 and 25; or the first heads 20 are selected from oblong or egg shaped cross sections as shown in FIGURES 26, 27, 30, 31 and 32. The first upstanding projections 16 define a plurality of first cavities 30 and the second upstanding projections 18 define a second cavity 32 for capturing the first heads 20 and second heads 26 respectively. The first and second heads 20 and 26 are tapered inwardly towards the distal ends 18 and 24 respectively.

The first upstanding projections 16 present an undercut 40 between the distal end 18 and the first surface 12. The second upstanding projections 18 presents an undercut 42 between the distal end 24 and the second surface 14. In the locked position as shown for example in FIGURE 4 the undercuts 14 and 42 contact each other so as to capture the second and first heads 26 and 20 together respectively.

The closure as shown in the figures herein are made out of resiliently deformable material such as plastic or the like. In one embodiment the materials comprise polypropylene (C3He)n.

As shown herein the first and second projections 16 and 18 are resiliently deformable to capture the first head 20 of the first surface 12 in the second cavity 32 and the second head 26 of the second surface 14 in the first cavity 30, respectively in the locked position and release the first head 20 from the second cavity 32 and the second head 26 from the first cavity 30 in the unlocked position.

Furthermore the closure assembly discloses a first surface 14 having a plurality of male projections 16 extending axially outwardly from the first surface 12 to present a plurality of male engagement members at 20 respectively. There is a second surface 14 having a plurality of female projections 18 extending axially outwardly from the second surface 14 to define a - - plurality of female cavities, pockets or recesses 32 to capture the plurality of male engagement members 20 respectively.

The male projections 16 present a male shoulder 40 intermediate the male engagement member 20 and the first surface 12. Each female projection 18 presents a female shoulder 42 for engagement with the male shoulder 40 respectively.

Each male projection^ presents a stem portion 50 terminating at a distal end 18 to present the male engagement member 20.

Each female projection 18 presents a female stem 52 terminating at a distal end 24 for capturing the male engagement members 20 as described.

The male projections 16 and female projections 18 are deformable to capture the male engagement member 20 in the female cavity or pocket 32 in a locked position and release the male engagement member 20 from the female cavity 32 in an unlocked position.

As stated the male engagement members 20 are selected from the group of hexagonal, square, round and oblong radial cross sections. The male engagement members 20 are tapered inwardly toward the distal end 18.

Furthermore the female capture members 18 are tapered inwardly toward the distal end. The female capture members 18 are selected from the group defining a cavity 32 of hexagonal, square, round and oblong radial cross sections. The male shoulder 40 presents an undercut between the engagement member 20 and the male stem 50. The capture member presents the female shoulder 42 which presents an undercut to contact the undercut 40 of the male engagement member 20 to capture the engagement member 20.

The female capture members 18 are resiliently deflectable to capture the male engagement members 20. More particularly the female projections 18 deform to capture the male engagement members 20 in a locked position and release the engagement members of the male projections 16 in an unlocked position.

Figure 6 illustrates another embodiment of the invention whereby the second surface 14 includes a plurality of cavities or recesses 32 for capturing the plurality of deformable male engagement members 20. More specifically the plurality of cavities present an undercut or female shoulder 42 to contact the undercut 40 of the male engagement member 20 to capture the engagement member 20 as the deformably resilient male engagement members 20 are forced into the cavities 32 respectively. The second member 14 can comprised of a rigid material such as metal or the like. Such arrangement can be used for a substantially one time use; in other words once the male engagement members are placed into the cavities then the first surface is substantially permanently fixed to the second surface as the male projections would need to be destroyed before the first surface 14 could be removed from the second surface 14. Alternatively the material of the male engagement members 20 can be selected so that the flexibility or deformability would increase upon being subjected to a temperature increase so as to make it easier to bond to the second surface 14 or cavities 32. The embodiment shown in figures 5 and 6 could be used in the automotive field to substantially permanently affix automotive parts to a chassis such as a fender for example. In another embodiment one or both of the surfaces 12 and 4 are molded into manufactured components. An example would be beams for construction which snap together, or automotive components that have one of surfaces 12 or 14 molded into them. Furthermore the bonding strength between the surfaces 12 and 14 could be selected by selecting the materials of the male projections, female projections and/or cavities.

The invention defined herein also relates to a method of securing two parts 12 and 14 together where one part 12 includes a plurality of first projections 16 extending outwardly from the first part 12 and terminating at a distal end 18 to present a plurality of first heads 20 and first cavities 30 respectively and a second part 14 which includes a plurality of second projections 18 extending outwardly from the second part 14 and terminating at a distal end 24 to present a plurality of second heads 26 and second cavities 32 respectively for: (a) moving the first part 12 towards the second part 14;

(b) deforming the plurality of first and second heads 20 and 26 to capture the first and second heads 20 and 26 into the plurality of second cavities 32 and first cavities 30 respectively.

The first and second parts 12 and 14 are pressed together to a locked position.

The method described herein also illustrates that the force to unlock the first part 12 from the second part 14 is greater than the force to lock the first part to the second part.

FIGURES 18, 19, 20, 21 , 22, 23, 24 and 25 illustrate the invention in relation to round heads or spherical heads. More particularly the second female projections includes a cavity that presents a recess 51 adapted to receive the heads 20 of the male projections 16. Figure 22 and 23 illustrate that the length of the female stem engagement edge 61 can be selected to correspond to the length 63 of the stem 50 of the male engagement member so as to select the engagement force and separation force required between surfaces 12 and 14. In other words if the length of 61 and 63 is increased the force required to separate the members 12 and 14 is also increased. Accordingly the resiliency of the materials and length of the stem and edge 61 and 63 can be selected to provide different bond forces between the parts.

FIGURES 26, 27, 28, 29, 30 and 31 illustrate the invention in relation to oblong or egg shaped male engagement heads 20.

Again adjacent female projections 18 will deflect or deform in order to capture the male oblong heads 20.

The invention as described herein provides a substantially permanent locking mechanism when needed, but also a reusable one when desired. Furthermore the invention provides joining the two components 12 and 14 together either by applying sides 12 and 14 to two other materials, or by incorporating the projections 12 and 14 at the manufacturing stage into the components, materials or surfaces of the finished goods. For example the projections could be applied to molded components such as car dashboards where the shape of the molded part is directly in the form of the dashboard. The invention as described herein includes parts 12 and 14 which use distinctively different male and female projections as described. Furthermore the closure device 10 leaves substantially no tangible air between the male and female projections and as such could be additionally melded or adhesively bonded together for further strength. Moreover the size of dimensions of the various projections could be selected so as to provide a substantially permanent bond or reusable depending on the size or thickness selected. Furthermore the closure device 10 features substantially no lateral, diagonal or vertical movement within the components once joined.