Login| Sign Up| Help| Contact|

Patent Searching and Data


Title:
COATED ALUMINUM STRIP AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2014/067937
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The invention relates to a method for manufacturing a strip made of aluminum or an aluminum alloy as well as to a coated aluminum or aluminum alloy strip, a formed metal part made of said aluminum or aluminum alloy strip as well as to an apparatus for carrying out the inventive method. The object of the present invention to provide a method for manufacturing an aluminum strip or an aluminum alloy strip, which can be formed into a coated products with an improved corrosion resistance with low defective products is solved by a method for manufacturing a strip made of aluminum or an aluminum alloy comprising the steps of : - degreasing and anodizing the surface of the strip by immersing the strip in an acid electrolyte bath and applying AC current, optionally followed by a desmutting step and - applying a passivation layer on the surface of the strip by a no-rinse coil coating process.

Inventors:
HØYER, Thorleif (Kutterveien 3, Skallestad, N-3138, NO)
LACAU, Anica (Vollsasen Terasse 45, Holmestrand, N-3080, NO)
DENKMANN, Volker (Josephine-Foerster-Straße 8, Kempen, 47906, DE)
SIEMEN, Andreas (Hoppers 294, Jüchen, 41363, DE)
Application Number:
EP2013/072593
Publication Date:
May 08, 2014
Filing Date:
October 29, 2013
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
HYDRO ALUMINIUM ROLLED PRODUCTS GMBH (Aluminiumstrasse 1, Grevenbroich, 41515, DE)
International Classes:
C25D11/02; C23C28/04; C25D7/06; C25D11/00; C25D11/24; C25D17/00
Foreign References:
US3902976A
DE102011002837A1
DE19508126A1
EP0127774A2
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
COHAUSZ & FLORACK (Bleichstraße 14, Düsseldorf, 40211, DE)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims

Method for manufacturing a strip made of aluminum or an aluminum alloy comprising the steps of :

- degreasing and anodizing the surface of the strip by immersing the strip in an acid electrolyte bath and applying AC current , wherein the degreasing and anodizing the surface of the strip leads to an artificially grown oxide layer, optionally followed by a desmutting step and

- applying a passivation layer on the surface of the strip using a no-rinse coil coating process .

Method according to claim 1,

c h a a c t e r i z e d i n t h a t,

during the degreasing and anodizing step a new oxide layer with a thickness of 50 nm to 300 nm is built on the surface of the strip.

Method according to claim 1 or 2,

c h a r a c t e r i z e d i n t h a t,

the degreasing and anodizing of the surface of the strip and optionally the desmutting of the strip are carried out inline with applying the passivation layer on the strip ,

Method according to one of claim 1 to 3,

c h a r a c t e r i z e d i n t h a t,

degreasing a d anodizing s ep is carried out with a sulfuric acid at a concentration of 10 wt . - to 25 wt . -% as electrolyte with a temperature of 65 °C to 90 °C by applying an AC-current density of 2 to 25 A/dm2 for an immersing time of the strip of 1,5 s to 10 s.

Method according to one of claim 1 to 4,

c h a r a c t e r i z e d i n t h a t,

passivation laye is based on a chromar.e-f ee passivation or a zirconium or titan passivation.

Method according to one of claim 1 to 5,

c h a r a c t e r i z e d i n t h a tithe passivation layer is coated by using roller coaters.

Method according to one of claim 1 to 6,

c h a r a c t e r i z e d i n t h a t,

the applied passivation layer has a thickness of 2 to 10 g/m2 of the wet film.

8. Method according to one of claim 1 to 7,

c h a r a c t e r i z e d i n t h a t,

applying passivation layer is controlled by an inline measurement .

9. Method according to one of claim 1 to 8,

c h a r a c t e r i z e d i n t h a t,

after applying and drying the passivation layer at least one further coating is applied onto the passivation layer of the strip. 10. Method according to one of claim 1 to 9,

c h a r a c t e r i z e d i n t h a t,

the degreasing and anodizing step and the step of applying the passivation layer are carried out inline with applying of a further coating onto the passivation layer . 11. An aluminum or aluminum alloy strip manufactured by a

method according to claim 1 to 10 comprising an anodic oxide layer with a thickness of 50 to 300 nm and a chromate-free passivation layer on the oxide layer. 12. A strip according to claim 11,

c h a r a c t e r i z e d i n t h a t,

the strip additionally comprises an organic coating on top of the passivation layer. 13. A strip according to claim 11 or 12,

c h a r a c t e r i z e d i n t h a t ,

the strip comprises an aluminum alloy of the type AAlxxx,

AA3xxx, AASxxx or AASxxx . 14. A formed metal part made of an aluminum or aluminum alloy strip of claim 11 to 13.

15. A formed metal part according to claim 14,

c h a r a c t e r i z e d i n t h a t,

the formed metal part is a food package or an

architectural sheet.

16. Apparatus for carrying out a method according to claim 1 to 9 comprising:

- an uncoiler for uncoiling a strip made of aluminum or aluminum alloy,

- means for degreasing and anodizing the strip by immersing the strip into a bath of an acid electrolyte and means to apply an AC current to the strip,

- optionally means for desmutting the anodized strip,

- means to apply a no-rinse coil coating passivation on the strip surface,

- means to dry the passivation layer on the strip and

- a recoiler for recoiling the strip.

7. Apparatus according to claim 16,

c h a r a c t e r i z e d i n t h a t,

the apparatus comprises additionally means to coat the strip with a top coating on the passivation layer .

Description:
Coated aluminum strip and method for manuf cturing

The invention relates to a method for manufac uring a strip made of aluminum or an aluminum alloy as well as to a coated aluminum or aluminum alloy strip, a formed metal part made of said aluminum or aluminum alloy strip and an apparatus for carrying out the inventive method .

Retortable and corrosion resistant aluminum or aluminum alloy strips are used for the manufacturing of packages like cans or cup-like food packages . In particular, foodstuffs often contain ingredients which can cause corrosion of aluminum or an aluminum alloy used for manufacturing the package of the grocery, for example a food can . Thus, the aluminum or the aluminum alloy of i.e. a food can has to be protected against corrosion . Commonly this is done by a coating which is applied onto the aluminum strip prior to forming the food package. Such a food package is known for example from the German patent application DE 40 30 646 hi. However, the conventional food package has several problems . On the one hand, when the coated aluminum strip or aluminum alloy strip is formed to the food package part i.e. by deep drawing the corrosion protecting coating sometimes shows damages . Thus, the corrosion protecting layer has to be provided with a greater thickness in order to prevent cracks or damages during deep drawing for example . On the other hand coating of a food package after deep drawing of the aluminum strip is expensive . High resistance against corrosion induced by the contact with corrosion active media like water or rain is also a challenge with architectural sheets, which are used for example as facade sheets at the outer surface of buildings. For the architectural sheets it is very important that they do not change their appearance in the presence of aggressive

substances incorporated in the air in cities or near

industrial factories for years . Additionally, these sheets are formed by roll forming, bending, or drawing and are subjected to cutting processes , which leads to problems in the vicinity of locally high sheet deformation degrees or in the vicinity of cut edges . In particular coated architectural sheets have the problem that corrosion might lift up the coating which deteriorates the appearance of the sheets dramatically.

Therefore, it is an obj ect of the present invention to provide a method for manufacturing an aluminum strip or an aluminum alloy strip, which provide a much better corrosion behavior . Furthermore, it is an object of the present invention to provide such an aluminum or aluminum alloy strip, a formed metal part made of the aluminum or aluminum alloy strip as well as an apparatus for carrying out the inventive manufacturing method.

According to a first teaching of the present invention the above mentioned object is solved by a method for

manufacturing a strip made of aluminum or an aluminum alloy comprising the steps of :

- degreasing and anodizing the surface of the strip by immersing the strip in an acid electrolyte bath and applying AC current, optionally followed by a desmutting step and

- applying a passivation layer on the surface of the strip by a no-rinse coil coating process .

It was found out by the invention that an aluminum strip or an aluminum alloy strip which has been applied to the

aforementioned manufacturing steps offers a very good

corrosion resistant and additionally a very good adhesion for an additional top coating which allows making i.e. food packages by deep drawing the aluminum strip without damaging the top coating during the deep drawing step . Also

architectural sheets can be manufactured f om these above mentioned aluminum or aluminum alloy strips comprising an improved corrosion resistance . The optional desmutting step improves application of the passivation layer after immersing in the electrolyte bath . Degreasing and anodizing the surface of the aluminum or aluminum alloy strip by immersing the strip in an acidic electrolyte bath and applying AC-current leads to an artificially grown oxide layer which provides a very good corrosion resistant compared to the natural oxide layer which is built up after manufacturing, i.e. after rolling . The passivation layer on the other hand provides a very good adhesion for a top coating since adhesion

properties of an artificially grown oxide layer are usually low . Thus , i.e. retortable food packages can be manufactured with an aluminum alloy strip, which has a very good

resistance against filling goods and a very high adhesion for a top coating . Additionally, coated architectural sheets take benefit of the inventive manufacturing steps in that they have a much better corrosion resistance and the improved adhesion of a coating on the inventively manufactured strip contrary to conventional architectural sheets.

In order to improve the corrosion resistance according to an embodiment of the present invention during the degreasing and anodizing step a new oxide layer with a thickness of 50 nm to

300 nm is built on the surface of the strip. Preferably an oxide layer of 50 nm to 160 nm is built since it allows achieving the intended corrosion resistance combined wi h satisfying manufacturing speeds.

According to a next embodiment the degreasing and. anodizing of the surface of the strip and optionally the desmutting of the strip are carried out inline with applying the

passivation layer on the strip. Carrying out the

manufacturing strips inline means that the manufacturing steps are made without coiling and decoiling the metal strip between those steps . This allows to optimize productivity of the inventive method as well as to reduce production time and expenses to manufacture such aluminum or aluminum alloy strips .

According to a next embodiment of the present invention said degreasing and anodizing step is carried out with a sulfuric acid at a concentration of 10 wt.-% to 25 wt.-% as

electrolyte with a temperature of 65°C to 90 °C by applying an AC-current density of 2 to 25 A/dm 2 for an immersing time of the strip of i .5 s to 10 s . It has been found out that the mentioned range of parameters regarding the electrolyte bath, the concentration of the sulfuric acid, the temperature range and the density of the AC-current as well as the immersing time provides the possibility to increase the manufacturing speed . These parameters allow high speed growth of the intended corrosion inhibiting oxide layer as well as an effective removal of surface contaminations of the aluminum strip which are caused by the manufacturing process like cold rolling . In par icular good results has been achieved by an AC-current with a frequency of 50 Hz and a current density of 4 to 22 A/dm 2 with a temperature of 75 to 85 °C with a

sulfuric acid comprising 15 wt.-% as a concentration and a contact time of 3 to 6 s .

The passivation layer is according to a next embodiment based on a chromate-free passivation or a zirconium or titan passivation . A chromate-free passivation as well as the passivation layer based on a zirconium or titan passivation has the advantage that during production less harmful materials are used .

A very high accuracy of the thickness of the passivation la er is achieved in that the passivation layer is coated by using roller coaters .

According to a next embodiment of the present invention the applied passivation layer has a thickness of 2 to 10 g/m 2 , in particular 4 to 7 g/m 2 of the wet film which al lows achieving the desired adhesion properties of the aluminum or aluminum strip.

To ensure a precise control of the thickness of the

passivation layer according to a further embodiment of the present invention applying the passivation layer is

controlled by an inline measurement . Furthermore, according to a next embodiment after applying and drying the passivation layer of the strip at least one further coating is applied onto the passivation layer of the strip. As already outlined the adhesion properties of a passivation layer on the strips are very good in particular for polymer coatings or lacquered coatings . In particular during forming processes like deep drawing it has been shown that such an additional coating is not damaged during forming of the aluminum strip to a formed metal part like i.e. a cup- like food package or a coated architectural sheets, since the adhesion properties of the manufactured aluminum strips are very good . This applies in particular for a single-layer varnish top coatings and polyme coatings .

According to a further embodiment the degreasing and

anodizing step and the step of applying the passivation layer are carried out inline with applying of a further coating onto the passivation layer . The expenses to manufacture an aluminum strip of which formed metal parts for grocery packages or coated architectural sheets can be manufactured are decreased significantly . Additionally, the quality of the top coating is increased significantly, so that the following production steps like forming, drawing, roil forming, bending can be accomplished with very low defective products .

According to a next teaching of the present invention the above mentioned ob ect is solved by an aluminum or aluminum alloy strip manufactured by the inventive method comprising an anodic oxide layer with a thickness of 50 to 300 nm, preferably 50 to 160 nm and a chromate-free passivation layer on the oxide layer . As already outlined such an aluminum or aluminum alloy strip comprises a very good corrosion resistance because of the artificially grown oxide layer on top of the aluminum layer and as well as very good adhesion properties for a top coating which allows to produce formed metal parts like food packages or coated architectural sheets. Nevertheless, this applies to all coated formed metal parts made of aluminum or an aluminum alloy strip.

According to a next embodiment the strip additionally

comprises an organic coating on top of the passivation layer, wherein preferably the organic coating is a lacquer,

preferably a single-layer varnish or a polymer coating.

Organic coatings protect the aluminum layer additionally from the influence of the corrosive parts of for example groceries or corrosive components in the environment . The aluminum or aluminum alloy strip comprising the additional organic coating can be easily manufactured to formed metal parts for example by deep drawing, such as cup-like food packages or architectural sheets . Both comprise very good properties with respect to the corrosion resistance . Coatings for

architectural sheets are based on for example polyurethane, polyamide, polyester, high durable polyester PVDF-systems etc ..

In order to provide the different desired properties with regard to the mechanical strength, ormability and

recyclability according to an embodiment the aluminum or a luminum alloy strip comprises an aluminum alloy of the type AAlxxx, AA3xxx, AA5xxx or AA8xxx . For food packages the thickness of the strips are preferably between 0, 05 mm to 1 mm. However, architectural sheets preferably have a thickness of between 0,15 mm and 2 mm. Furthermore, the above mentioned object is solved by a formed metal part made of an aluminum or aluminum alloy strip manufactured according to the present invention. The formed metal parts according to the present invention comprise a high resistance against damages of the top coating during forming operations of the metal pa ts . The inventive formed metal part can be manufactured with a very low ratio of defective products.

Preferably according to another embodiment the formed metal part is a package for groceries or an architectural sheet. The packages for groceries have to provide different

properties like formability, high corrosion resistance and a top coating which should be biocompatible. Preferably, these top coatings are made of a polymer resin or a lacquer more preferably a single-layer varnish. Due to the good adhesion properties of the aluminum or aluminum alloy strip of the present invention comprising the artificial oxide layer and the passivation layer a package for groceries made of the inventive aluminum or aluminum strip can be produced with lower expenses and insures a very high level of package quality . The architectural sheet has to provide a very good corrosion resistance as well as very good adhesion properties for the top coating which is applied commonly on both sides of sheet . Typical architectural sheets are fagade components, roller shutters and fagade structural components which are in permanent contact with water, i.e. rain and the humidity of the air .

Finally the above mentioned obj ect is solved by an apparatus for carrying out the inventive manufacturing method

comprising : - an uncoiler for uncoiling a strip made of aluminum or aluminum alloy,

- means for degreasing and anodizing the strip by

immersing the strip into a bath of an acid electrolyte and means to apply an AC current to the strip,

- optionally means for desmutting the anodized strip,

- means to apply a no-rinse passivation on the strip

surface,

- means to dry the passivation layer on the strip and

- a recoiler for recoiling the strip.

With the inventive apparatus it is possible to manufacture a coated aluminum strip with the inventive manufacturing method without coiling and decoiling the strip between the step of degreasing and anodizing and the application of the

passivation layer . With the aforementioned apparatus it is possible to provide a coil of an aluminum or aluminum alloy strip comprising an anodic oxide layer with the thickness of 50 nm to 300 nm, preferably 50 nm to 160 nm and comprising a passivation layer, in particular a chromate- free passivation layer on top of the anodic oxide layer . Means to dry the passivation layer allow a quick coiling of the passivated aluminum strip . The optional means for desmutting the anodized strip allow a quick preparing of the aluminum strip for the application of the passivation layer in the next manufacturing step . Such a coil can be coated easily with a top coating for a desired package, wherein the coating can be adapted to the particular application like food packages or architectural sheets,

Furthermore, according to a next embodiment of the inventive apparatus the apparatus comprises additionally means to coat the strip with a top coating on the passivation layer. An organic coating on the passivation layer may serve to improve the properties for forming food packages by deep drawing as well as providing additionally a protection for corrosion .

The inventive method, aluminum strip, formed metal part and apparatus for manufacturing such an aluminum strip according to further embodiments are described below in connection with the drawings . The drawings sho in

Fig . 1 a schematical sketch of the different

manufacturing steps of an embodiment ,

Fig . 2 an embodiment of an inventive apparatus for

manufacturing a coated aluminum or aluminum alloy strip,

Fig. 3a, b) a comparison between a conventional formed

metal part and an inventive formed metal part according to a further embodiment,

Fig. 4 a microscopic sectional view of an inventive embodiment after degreasing an anodizing step,

Fig. 5a, b) a perspective view and a sectional view of an embodiment of an architectural sheet and Fig. 6) a further embodiment of an architectural sheet in the form of a roller shutter in a

perspective view.

At first Fig. 1 shows in a schematical view the different manufacture steps A, B, C, D and E on the right side and on the left side sectional views of the strip resulting from step B, C, D and E and with respect to step A a sectional view of an aluminum or aluminum alloy strip with which the sho n embodiment starts with .

An aluminum alloy strip made of the aluminum alloys of type AAlxxx, AA3xxx, AASXXX or AA8xxx is the starting point of the inventive manufacturing process . The thickness of the strip depends on the application. In general the thicknesses of the aluminum or aluminum alloy strip is between 0,05 mm and 2,5 mm, preferably for food packages between 0,05 mm and 1,0 mm and for architectural sheets between 0,15 mm and 2,0 ram. As shown the aluminum alloy strip 1 prior to step A with comprises on top of the aluminium alloy strip 1 a first layer 2 which is the natural oxide layer of the strip comprising additionally undesirable contaminations. The oxide layer and the contaminations present in the surface of the al minum or aluminum alloy strip result from the rolling process of the strip. Such a strip is uncoiled in the step A and is provided to a degreasing and anodizing step B . The degreasing an anodizing step is preferably carried out with a sulfuric acid at a concentration of 10 wt.-% to 25 wt . -% , preferably 12 wt . -% to 17 wt . -% as an electrolyte with a temperature of 65 °C to 90 °C by applying an AC-current density of 2 to 25 A/dm 7 , preferably 4 to 22 A/dm 2 for an immersing ime of the strip of 1.5 s to 10 s, preferably 3 to 6 s . As shown on the left side of step B the aluminum alloy strip 1 now comprises an artificially grown anodic oxide layer 3 on top of the surface of the aluminum strip 1. Compared to the naturally given oxide layer with a thickness of 5 nm to 10 nm the degreased and anodized aluminum or an aluminum alloy strip comprises an oxide layer with a thickness of 50 nm to 300 nm, preferably 50 nm to 160 nm. Due to the thickness of the oxide layer the aluminum below the oxide layer is protected

effectively against corrosion. In the present drawings the thicknesses of the different layers are not true to scale.

Such a strip is now provided to the next manufacturing step C according which a passivation layer 4 is applied on top of the oxide layer 3. However, optionally a desmutt ing step B' can be applied to the degreased and anodized strip in order to provide an optimized surface for applying the passivation layer . Although the present embodiment shows that the passivation layer 4 is applied on both sides of the aluminum strip 1 it is possible that only on one side a pass ivation layer is applied to the aluminum strip. The passivation layer has a thickness of 2 to 10 g/m 2 of the wet film before drying the no-rinse passivation layer. In particular it is

advantageously to apply a passivation layer which is

chromate-free or a zirconium or titan passivation. The zirconium or titan passivation is one particular chromate- free passivation. With a chromate-free passivation layer the use of harmful substances during production can be avoided.

Architectural sheets as well as food packages take benefit of the improved adhesion properties caused by the passivation layer of the strip in the view of the adhesion of the top coating .

After applying the passivation layer in manufacturing step C the aluminum strip o aluminum alloy st ip may be recoiled because after passivation the aluminum strip or aluminum alloy strip can be stored in step C in order to optimize production capacity. After storage in step C or subsequently after step C the strip is coated in the next manufacturing step D with a top coating on top of the passivation layer . As shown on the left side of step D the sectional view of the aluminum alloy strip 1 shows that the strip now comprises an outer layer 5 which may be an organic coating 5 consisting of a lacquer, i.e. a one-layer varnish or for example of a polymer coating,

According to step E the aluminum alloy strip 1 of step D can be easily manufactured to a cup like food package as shown on the left side of step E. As can be realized by the sectional iew in Fig. 1 at step E the coated aluminum strip according to step D is preferably formed into a food package or an architectural sheet by deep drawing or other forming

techniques, like roll forming or the like. In step E the strip may be cut into sheets first and is formed subsequently to food package or architectural sheet . However, it is also possible to form first the product by forming the strip and than cutting the strip into separate products .

The advantage of the inventive aluminum or aluminum alloy s rip is that during deep drawing or other forming steps to build a food package or architectural sheet 6 as shown on the left side to step E the top coating 5 of the aluminum or aluminum alloy strip is not damaged . This is caused by the good adhesion properties of the passivation layer

manufactured by said no-rinse step.

An embodiment of an inventive apparatus for carrying out the inventive manufacturing process is sho n in a schematical view in Fig . 2. At first using an uncoiler 7 an aluminum or an aluminum al loy strip 1 is uncoiled and provided to a degreasing and anodizing step B in which the degreasing and anodizing is carried out by using sulfuric acid under the condition already outlined under manufacturing step B of Fig. 1. In step B' the aluminum or aluminum alloy strip 1 is desmutted and optionally dried.

The aluminum strip or aluminum alloy strip 1 is than provided to a device which carries out the manufacturing step C which applies a passivation layer onto the surface of the strip by using a no-rinse coil coating applicatio . As indicated in Fig. 2 application of the passivation layer is preferably done by using roller coaters Cl and C2. Means to measure the passivation layer thickness are not shown in Fig. 2 but are advantageously used to control the thickness of the

passivation layer. In device 8 the no-rinse passivation layer 4 which is preferably a chromate-free passivation layer or a zirconium or titan passivation layer is dried and in device 9 the aluminum strip is cooled again. In general it is possible to coil the coated strip 1 now, because due to the passivated surface of the strip it is possible to store a coil of the strip with such a coating without problems.

According to the present embodiment shown in Fig. 2, however, the aluminum or aluminum alloy strip 1 is provided inline to a further coating step D in which a top coating 5 is applied onto the aluminum strip or aluminum alloy strip. Preferably, for applying the top coat a roller coater is used again.

However, depending from the particular coating other coating methods can be applied, too. The top coat is than dried in device 8' and the aluminum or aluminum alloy strip 1 is cooled down in device 9 ' in order to prepare the aluminum strip 1 for recoiling on recoiler 10.

Fig . 3a) and b) show photos of an exemplary embodiment Fig. 3a) and an inventive embodiment, Fig. 3b) . The exemplary embodiment Fig . 3a) comprises a top coating which is damaged at a specific location of the deep drawn food package 11 shown in Fig. 3a) which is caused by a low adhesion of the top coating on the surface of the aluminum alloy strip . As shown in Fig . 3b) the deep drawn inventive embodiment does not have any damages in the top coating of the food package 11.

Fig. 4 shows the anodic oxide layer 12 having a thickness of nearly to 100 nm in a micro section. The combination of the relatively thick anodic oxide layer of 50 nm up to 300 nm which provides a very effective corrosion resistant together with the use of a passivation layer applied by no-rinse coil coating process allows to produce an aluminum strip or aluminum alloy strip which provides very good corrosion resistance combined with a good adhesion for top coatings. Thus, aluminum or aluminum alloy strip according to the present invention can be used very easily to manufacture fooc packages or i.e. architectural sheets, which comprise necessarily a top coating and which are formed by applying forming operations to a coated strip or coated sheet. Finally, Fig. 5 sho s an embodiment of an architectural sheet 13. The architectural sheet 13 comprises a plurality of cutt ings 14 and bended parts 13a . Preferably the cuttings are made into the architectural sheet 13 after applying the inventive method, thus the inventive method is applied to an aluminum strip without cuttings . The strip is than coated with a top coat which can be made of a polymer. Although, cuttings are made into the architectural sheet, after applying the inventive method the inventive architectural sheet has a good corrosion resistance due to the excellent corrosion resistance and adhesion properties of the coated areas.

Furthermore, bending of the flat strip to a bended

architectural sheet as shown in Fig, 5b) does not change the corrosion resistance, since the architectural sheet has beside the corrosion resistance of the anodic oxide layer very good adhesion properties for its top coating.

Another application of an architectural sheet is the roller shutter 15 shown in Fig . 6. An inventive roller shutter made from an aluminum alloy strip treated with the inventive method offers higher corrosion resistance combined with a very good adhesion of the top coating on the passivation layer. In particular the good adhesion properties of the passivation layer combined with the high corrosion resistance of the anodic oxide layer leads to less defective goods during production of the roller shutter 15, in particular during roll forming of the coated strip . Furthermore , the inventive roller shutter 15 comprises excellent corrosion resistance even in the vicinity of cuttings of the roller shutter (not shown in the drawings) .