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Title:
A COLLAR FOR MOUNTING AROUND THE NECK OF AN ANIMAL AND A FASTENER
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2016/142712
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A collar for mounting around the neck of an animal comprises a flexible web having a first end portion and second end portion, a fastener comprising a base portion, an attachment plate and a fastening portion. The first end portion of the web is attached to the fastener between the base portion and the attachment plate and the second end portion is attached to the fastener between the attachment plate and the fastening portion to form a collar around the neck of an animal.

Inventors:
SHAMOT, Durgham (Bird Hall LaneCheadle Heath, Stockport Cheshire SK3 0XA, SK3 0XA, GB)
NELSON, Graham (Bird Hall LaneCheadle Heath, Stockport Cheshire SK3 0XA, SK3 0XA, GB)
Application Number:
GB2016/050654
Publication Date:
September 15, 2016
Filing Date:
March 10, 2016
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
IMS EURO LTD (46-47 Europa Business Park, Bird Hall LaneCheadle Heath, Stockport Cheshire SK3 0XA, SK3 0XA, GB)
International Classes:
A01K13/00; A61D9/00; F16B5/06; F16B2/10
Domestic Patent References:
WO2011145941A12011-11-24
Foreign References:
FR2544169A11984-10-19
US3034189A1962-05-15
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
HOUGHTON, Mark (Patent Outsourcing Limited, 1 King Street, Bakewell Derbyshire DE45 1DZ, DE45 1DZ, GB)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. A collar for mounting around the neck of an animal, the collar comprising:

a flexible web having a first end portion and second end portion,

a fastener comprising a base portion, an attachment plate and a fastening portion, wherein the first end portion of the web is attached to the fastener between the base portion and the attachment plate, and wherein the second end portion is attached to the fastener between the attachment plate and the fastening portion to form a collar around the neck of an animal. 2. A collar as claimed in claim 1, wherein

the base portion of the fastener comprises one or more attachment members,

the attachment plate of the fastener comprises one or more attachment apertures and the first end portion of the flexible web comprises one or more fastener apertures, and wherein the or each attachment member extends through a respective one or more of the fastener apertures and through a respective one or more of the attachment apertures such that the or each attachment member attaches to the attachment plate and thereby attaches the first end portion of the web material to the fastener between the base portion and the attachment plate. 3. A collar as claimed in claim 2, wherein the base portion is detachably attachable to the attachment plate.

4. A collar as claimed in claim 2 or 3, wherein the or each fastener aperture comprises an elongate track along which the base portion and attachment plate are able to travel to adjust the position of the fastener relative to the flexible web.

5. A collar as claimed in claim 4, wherein the elongate track has a plurality of attachment positions at which the fastener can be attached to the flexible web, wherein each attachment position provides a different size of collar.

6. A collar as claimed in claim 5, wherein each attachment position has one or more member indents for engaging with the or each attachment member.

7. A collar as claimed in any of the preceding claim, wherein the second end portion, of the flexible web, comprises one or more base positioning apertures and one or more fastener positioning apertures.

8. A collar as claimed in claim 7, wherein the fastening portion comprises one or more

fastening members and wherein, in use, the fastening member extends through the, or each, fastener positioning aperture and engages with a fastening member receiver disposed on the attachment plate.

9. A collar as claimed in claim 8, wherein the fastening member engages the fastener member receiver with a friction fit.

10. A collar as claimed in any of the preceding claims, wherein the base portion and the

fastening portion are hingedley connected to each other.

A fastener suitable for fastening a first end portion to a second end portion, the fastener comprising a base portion, an attachment plate and a fastening portion, wherein the base portion comprises one or more attachment members, the attachment plate comprises one or more attachment apertures and a fastener member receiver, and the fastener portion comprises a fastener member, and wherein, in use, the or each attachment member is operable to extend through a said first end portion and through the or each attachment aperture and attach to the attachment plate and thereby attaches the first end portion to the fastener, and wherein the fastener member of the fastening portion extends through a said second end portion and engages with the fastener member receiver and thereby attaches the second end portion to the fastener.

12. A fastener as claimed in claim 11, wherein the base portion is hingedly attached to the fastener portion.

13. A fastener as claimed in claim 12, wherein the base portion is hingedly attached to the fastener portion with a region of weakened material.

Description:
A COLLAR FOR MOUNTING AROUND THE NECK OF AN ANIMAL AND A FASTENER

The invention relates to a collar for mounting around the neck of an animal and particularly to a collar of the type used to prevent animals from licking or biting wounds or lesions.

Such collars are most often used for pets and domesticated animals such as, for example, dogs and cats and may also be used for other animals such as, for example, birds, rodents and horses.

However, such collars are not limited for use on domestic animals and can be used on any species of animal, as appropriate. The collars are mounted around the neck of the animal to prevent the animal from licking or biting, especially, for example, wounds, lesions, bandages or stiches.

Known collars of this type are typically made of a relatively strong sheet, web or film of plastics material of approximately 1mm or less. These known collars typically have the shape of a circular ring or circular ring sector. The collars are assembled around the neck of the animal by joining along two radially extending edges of the circular ring sector to thereby form a frusto conical shape wherein the smaller radius of the frusto conical shaped collar engages and is usually attached to a band disposed around the neck of the animal and the head of the animal is present in within the collar allowing the animal to look outwards towards and through the larger radius opening of the frusto conical shaped collar.

Patent document FR2630297 describes a collar having a first tongue for passing through a straight slot in the collar. A second tongue directed in the opposite direction to the first tongue and integral therewith forms a hook adapted to be passed through a second slot and thereby lock the collar in its assembled state.

Patent document US3036554 describes a collar which, when placed around the neck of a dog, is assembled using laces or staples.

Patent document US3072098 describes a collar which is assembled using a strip having two U-bends which are attached to the collar using two staples. Patent document US5012764 describes a collar which is assembled using complementary fasteners in the form of, for example, loops and hooks which are fastened to the overlapping ends of the collar.

Patent document DE4100851 describes a collar having overlapping ends which are fastened using snap fasteners.

Patent document US5797354 describes a collar having, at its edges, protruding tongues on a rib and a wide central part and an outer end. The collar is assembled by passing each tongue through a C- shaped first slot and the rib of the tongue is placed in the bottom of the C-shaped first slot and the outer end of the tongue is snapped through a C-shaped second slot, which does not allow the wider central part of the tongue to pass. The tongues and thereby locked in an associated pair of first and second slot.

All the above collars and methods of attachment of the two ends of the collars are disadvantaged in that they do not provide sufficient strength of attachment and/or are complicated to fit and/or are relatively expensive and the whole of the collar is a one-use disposable product. Furthermore, known collars are disadvantaged because they cannot be easily and quickly adjusted in-situ, that is when the collar has already been fitted to the animal.

Fitting known collars of this type on animals is known to be difficult especially as the animal is often resists having the collar fitted and is often frightened and restless. Furthermore, the longer the collar takes to fit on the animal the more frightened and restless the animal becomes. Therefore, it is desirable that there is a collar which is easy and quick to fit on an animal and also easy and quick after it has been fitted on an animal.

It is therefore desirable in the industry for there to be a relatively cost effective collar having a secure, easy and quick to use fastening means which is easily and quickly adjustable when the collar has already been fitted on the animal. An object of the present invention is to provide a cost effective collar which is can be secure and easy and quick to fit on an animal.

According to a first aspect of the present invention there is provided a collar for mounting around the neck of an animal, the collar comprising: a flexible web having a first end portion and second end portion, a fastener comprising a base portion, an attachment plate and a fastening portion, wherein the first end portion of the web is attached to the fastener between the base portion and the attachment plate, and wherein the second end portion is attached to the fastener between the attachment plate and the fastening portion to form a collar around the neck of an animal.

The base portion of the fastener advantageously comprises one or more attachment members, the attachment plate of the fastener comprises one or more attachment apertures and the first end portion of the flexible web comprises one or more fastener apertures, and wherein the or each attachment member extends through a respective one or more of the fastener apertures and through a respective one or more of the attachment apertures such that the or each attachment member attaches to the attachment plate and thereby attaches the first end portion of the web material to the fastener between the base portion and the attachment plate.

The base portion is advantageously detachably attachable to the attachment plate.

The, or each, fastener aperture advantageously comprises an elongate track along which the base portion and attachment plate are able to travel to adjust the position of the fastener relative to the flexible web.

The elongate track may have a plurality of attachment positions at which the fastener can be attached to the flexible web, wherein each attachment position may provide a different size of collar.

Each attachment position may have one or more member indents for engaging with the, or each, attachment member. The second end portion of the flexible web advantageously comprises one or more base positioning apertures and one or more fastener positioning apertures.

The fastening portion advantageously comprises one or more fastening members and wherein, in use, the fastening member may extend through the, or each, fastener positioning aperture and may engage with a fastening member receiver disposed on the attachment plate.

The fastening member may engage the fastener member receiver with a friction fit.

The base portion and the fastening portion are advantageously hingedley connected to each other.

According to a second aspect of the present invention there is provided a fastener suitable for fastening a first end portion to a second end portion, the fastener comprising a base portion, an attachment plate and a fastening portion, wherein the base portion comprises one or more attachment members, the attachment plate comprises one or more attachment apertures and a fastener member receiver, and the fastener portion comprises a fastener member, and wherein, in use, the or each attachment member is operable to extend through a said first end portion and through the or each attachment aperture and attach to the attachment plate and thereby attaches the first end portion to the fastener, and wherein the fastener member of the fastening portion extends through a said second end portion and engages with the fastener member receiver and thereby attaches the second end portion to the fastener.

The base portion is advantageously hingedly attached to the fastener portion.

The base portion is more advantageously hingedly attached to the fastener portion with a region of weakened material.

The invention will now be described, by way of example only, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure 1 is a drawings of a collar according to the present invention; Figures 2a and 2b are perspective drawings showing two different aspects of the base portion and fastener portion of a fastener according to the present invention;

Figure 3a is a perspective drawing showing the collar of Figure 1, wherein a first end portion is attached to the fastener, of Figure 2, and the fastener is in an open position; Figure 3b is a perspective drawing showing the collar of Figure 3a, wherein a second end portion is attached to the fastener;

Referring to Figure 1, a collar 10 comprises a web of material 12 and a fastener 14.

The web of material 12 is formed from a flexible plastics material and is arcuate in shape such as, for example, a circular ring or circular ring sector. However, in other embodiments it may be made from other suitably flexible materials.

The web of material 12 comprises first fastener attachment means 16 disposed on a first end portion 18 of the web of material and second fastener attachment means 20, disposed on a second end portion 22 of the web of material 12.

The first fastener attachment means 16 has a plurality of elongate tracks 24, 26 and 28, each track being formed as a fastener aperture 30, 32 and 34, which extends through the thickness of the web of material 12. In the example embodiment illustrated in the drawings, the collar 10 is shown with three elongate tracks 24, 26 and 28. However, other numbers of elongate tracks may be used.

The elongate tracks 24, 26 and 28 are arcuate in shape and are disposed in a radially spaced apart parallel and radially aligned arrangement relative to each other. Each of the elongate tracks 24, 26 and 28 has a plurality of attachment member indents. In the example embodiment illustrated in the drawings, the first elongate track 24 has a first attachment member indent 36a, a second attachment member indent 36b and a third attachment member indent (hidden by fastener 14). The second elongate track 26 has a first attachment member indent 38a, a second attachment member indent 38b and a third attachment member indent(hidden by fastener 14). The third elongate track 28 has a first attachment member indent 40a, a second attachment member indent 40b and a third attachment member indent (hidden by fastener 14).

Each of the first attachment member indents 36a, 38a and the hidden indent are radially aligned relative to each other. Similarly, each of the second member attachment indents 36b, 38b and the hidden indent are radially aligned relative to each other, and each of the third member attachment indents 36c, 38c and the hidden indent are radially aligned relative to each other.

The first fastener attachment means 16 also comprises a plurality of fastener positioning apertures, extending through the thickness of the web of material 12. In the example embodiment illustrated in the drawings, the collar 10 has a first fastener positioning aperture 42a, a second fastener positioning aperture 42b and a third fastener positioning aperture (hidden by fastener). The first fastener positioning aperture 42a is radially aligned with the first attachment member indents 36a, 38a and 40a; the second positioning aperture 42a is radially aligned with the second attachment member indents 36a, 38a and 40a; and the third fastener positioning aperture (hidden) is radially aligned with the third attachment member indents (hidden by fastener). The first fastener attachment means 16 also comprises a plurality of inner fastener positioning indents and a plurality of outer fastener positioning indents. In the example embodiment illustrated in the drawings, the collar 10 comprises a web of material 12 having a first inner fastener positioning indent 44a, a second inner fastener positioning indent 44b and a third inner fastener positioning indent 44c, and a first outer fastener positioning indent 46a, a second outer fastener positioning indent 46b and a third outer fastener positioning indent 46c.

The second end portion 22, of the web of material 12, comprises a locating member aperture 48, a first attachment member aperture 50, a second attachment member aperture 52 and a fastening member aperture 54. The second end portion 22 also comprises a fourth inner fastener positioning indent 56 and a fourth outer fastener positioning indent 58.

The locating member aperture 48, the first attachment member aperture 50, the second attachment member aperture 52, the fastening member aperture 54, the fourth inner fastener positioning indent 56 and the outer fastener positioning indent 58 are all radially aligned with each other.

Referring also to Figures 2a and 2b, the fastener 14 comprises a base portion 60 and a fastening portion 62. The base portion 60 and the fastening portion 62 are formed from a plastics material and are hingedly connected to each other by way of a region of weakened material 64 such that they close onto each other. The base portion 60 comprises an inner cavity 66 having a floor portion 68. A first attachment member 70, a second attachment member 72 and a third attachment member 74 extend from the floor portion 68 in a direction substantially perpendicular thereto.

The first, second and third attachment members 70, 72 and 74 are spaced apart to correspond with the spacing between the elongate tracks 24, 26 and 28. Each of the first, second and third attachment members 70, 72 and 74 have a fixed end 76, 78 and 80, respectively, and a free end 82, 84 and 86, respectively. Each of the free ends 82, 84 and 86 are formed with a barb, 88, 90 and 92, respectively, which function as detents.

The fastening portion 62 comprises an inner cavity having an upper surface 94, which opposes the floor portion 68 when the fastening portion 62 is closed onto the base portion 60. A fastening member extends from the upper surface 94 in a direction substantially perpendicular thereto.

Referring also to Figure 3a, the fastener 14 further comprises an attachment plate 97. The attachment plate 97 comprises a first attachment member aperture 98, a second attachment member aperture 100, a third attachment member aperture 102, a fastening member aperture 104 and a raised locating member 106. Referring again to Figure 3a, in use, the first end portion 18, of web of material 12, is attached to the fastener 14 by passing the first, second and third attachment members 70, 72 and 74 through the first, second and third elongate slots, 24, 26 and 28, respectively. The fastener 14 is slidable along the web of material 12 by way of the first, second and third attachment members 70, 72 and 74 travelling along the first, second and third elongate tracks 24, 26 and 28, respectively. Therefore, a specific size (diameter) of collar 10 can be formed. When the collar size has been determined, then the attachment members 70, 72, and 74 engage the respective attachment member indents 36a, 38a and 40a or 36b, 38b and 40b or the indents current engaging the fastener 14 as illustrated in Figure 1. The barbs, 88, 90 and 92 function to engage with the web of material 12 by way of the region surrounding each of the elongate tracks, 24, 26 and 28, respectively.

The first, second and third attachment members, 70, 72 and 74 are then passed through the first, second and third attachment apertures, 98, 100 and 102, respectively, of the attachment plate 97.

Again the barbs 88, 90 and 92 function to engage with the attachment plate 97 and thereby detachably attach the first end portion 18 to the fastener 14 between the base portion 60 and the attachment plate 97.

The web of material is then formed into a frusto conical type shape as it is placed around the neck of an animal and, also referring to Figure 3b, the second end portion 22 is attached to the fastener by passing the first and second attachment members 70 and 72 through the first and second attachment member apertures 50 and 52, respectively, and passing the raised locating member through the locating member aperture 48. The fourth inner fastener positioning indent 56 and the fourth outer fastener positioning indent 58 engage with the fastener.

The fastening portion 62 is then closed over the base portion 60 which causes the fastening member 96 to pass through the fastening member apertures 54, 104 and 42 to fasten, by friction fit, the second end portion to the fastener and thereby attach the first end portion 18 to the second end portion 22. Accordingly, the collar 10 is easily and quickly fitted on the animal and is also easily removed allowing at least the fastener to be re-usable.

Three securing straps 108a, 108b and 108c may be formed into loops for connecting to a band around the animal's neck.