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Patent Searching and Data


Title:
COMBINATION OF BALL VALVE WITH REDUCED FLOW VALVE DEVICE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2007/072534
Kind Code:
A2
Abstract:
The present invention relates to a fluid interception valve comprising a spherical shutter (15) defining at least one diametrical duct (16) for the fluid passage, wherein in said duct there is inserted a valve device (20) which, according to its orientation relative to the direction of said flow, is suitable for alternately defining a main passage for said fluid and a secondary passage with smaller section for a reduced flow of said fluid through the valve.

Inventors:
BUGATTI, Angelo (Via Montini, 249 LUMEZZANE S.S, BRESCIA, I-25065, IT)
Application Number:
IT2006/000863
Publication Date:
June 28, 2007
Filing Date:
December 21, 2006
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
VALVOSANITARIA BUGATTI S.P.A. (Via Iseo, 3 Castegnato, BRESCIA, I-25045, IT)
BUGATTI, Angelo (Via Montini, 249 LUMEZZANE S.S, BRESCIA, I-25065, IT)
International Classes:
F16K5/06; F16K35/02; F16K47/10
Domestic Patent References:
WO2001088417A12001-11-22
WO2004079238A12004-09-16
Foreign References:
EP1188009A12002-03-20
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
CHIMINI, Francesco et al. (Jacobacci & Partners S.P.A, Piazza Della Vittoria 11, Brescia, I-25122, IT)
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Claims:

Claims

1. Fluid interception valve comprising a valve body (11) defining at least one inlet duct (12) and at least one outlet duct (13) for the fluid, a spherical shutter (15) placed with possibility of axial rotation inside said body and defining at last one diametrical duct (16) suitable for placing in communication said inlet and outlet ducts, characterised in that in said diametrical duct of the spherical shutter there is inserted a valve device (20) for intercepting the fluid flow into said duct which, according to its orientation relative to the direction of said flow, is suitable for alternately defining a main passage for said fluid and a secondary passage with smaller section for a reduced flow of said fluid through the valve.

and a retracted open position of said seat, in said piston shutter member (23) and/or in said valve seat (22) there being obtained at least one groove (25) defining said secondary passage when the piston shutter member is in advanced position.

4. Valve according to claim 3 , wherein the movement of the piston shutter member is substantially caused by the fluid pressure thereon.

5. Valve according to claim 3 or 4, wherein said piston shutter member is influenced by elastic means (26) to remain substantially in advanced position.

6. Valve according to any one of claims 3 to 5 , wherein said valve seat (22) has a conical or flared shape and wherein said piston shutter member (23) exhibits a head (24) having a truncated-cone end substantially

9. Valve according to any one of claims 2 to 8 , wherein said operating means comprise a control rod (17) that conjugates at an end with the spherical shutter (15) and a holding lever or throttle (19; 119) fixed to said control rod.

10. Valve according to claim 9, wherein said holding lever or throttle (19) exhibits a cylindrical skirt (30) wherein there is obtained a slot (31) that engages with a stopping tooth (32) provided on a side of the valve body for defining the open, limited opening and closed positions of the spherical shutter.

11. Valve according to claim 10, wherein said holding lever or throttle exhibits, on the opposite side relative to said cylindrical skirt (30) , an opening (35) suitable for conjugating, for example by geometrical coupling,

exhibits a width equal to a fourth of circumference and wherein in said skirt there are obtained two locking recesses (33, 34) angularly spaced from one another and relative to the slot by an angle equal to 90°. 14. Valve according to any one of claims 1 to 9, wherein the holding lever (119) exhibits a skirt (130) wherein there is obtained an annular slot (131) that engages with a stopping tooth (32) provided on a side of the valve body (11) for defining the open, limited opening and closed positions of the spherical shutter.

15. Valve according to claim 14, wherein the annular slot (131) exhibits a first deeper portion (131') suitable for allowing the rotation of the holding lever (119) and a second less deep portion (131") defining with the first portion (131') a step (140) of abutment for the tooth

and each of the two portions with different depth is 90° wide .

18. Valve according to claim 17, wherein the second portion of slot (131") ends with a locking recess (133) having the same depth as the first portion of slot (131') and suitable for strictly conjugating with the stopping tooth (32) for keeping the holding lever or throttle (119) and the spherical shutter therewith locked in the limited opening or in the fully open position. 19. Valve according to claim 18, wherein in the skirt (130) there is further obtained, at a distance of 90° from the recess (133) , a second locking recess (134) suitable for keeping the holding lever locked into the closed valve position. 20. Valve device (20) suitable for being inserted in a

21. Valve device according to claim 20, wherein said piston shutter member is influenced by elastic means (26) to remain substantially in advanced position.

22. Valve device according to claim 20 or 21, wherein said valve seat (22) has a conical or flared shape and wherein said piston shutter member (22) exhibits a head (24) having a truncated-cone end substantially complementary to the shape of said valve seat .

23. Valve device according to claim 20, 21 or 22, wherein the body of the valve device exhibits, on the opposite side relative to the valve seat, a portion (27) supporting and guiding the piston shutter member (23) .

24. Valve device according to any one of claims 20 to 23, wherein on the annular body of the valve device there is fitted at least one sealing element (28) .

Description:

"Fluid interception valve with assured minimum flow"

[0001] The object of the present invention is a fluid interception valve according to the preamble of claim 1. [0002] Fluid interception valves are already known wherein a shutter, for example a spherical shutter, besides being movable between an open position for the fluid flow and, a closed position, is also alternately lockable into said positions so as to prevent rotation thereof. [0003] For example, EP 1188009 by the same applicant describes a fluid interception valve, in particular water, wherein the shutter control rod is attached to a holding lever or throttle wherein there are obtained two locking recesses, angularly spaced by 90°, intended for strictly conjugating with as stopping tooth provided on the valve

desirable to assure a minimum quantity of water to the users, even if in arrears, for satisfying at least the primary needs . [0006] The object of the present invention is to meet such need.

[0007] Another object of the present invention is to meet the need mentioned above using the same interception valves currently in production, for example of the type described above . [0008] Such objects are achieved with a fluid interception valve according to claim 1 and with a valve device suitable for being incorporated in said valve according to claim 15. [0009] To better understand the details and advantages of the valve according to the present invention, a preferred

holding lever separate from the body and upturned for actuating the control rod;

[0014] figures 5a, 5b and 5c show a bottom plan view of the holding lever and the stopping tooth of the valve; [0015] figure 6 shows a cross section view of the valve in a second embodiment, in closed position;

[0016] figure 6a shows a bottom plan view of the holding lever of the valve of figure 6;

[0017] figures 7 and 7a show the valve and the relative holding lever with the latter raised for the subsequent rotation into limited opening position;

[0018] figures 8 and 8a show the valve and the holding lever in limited opening position;

[0019] figure 9 shows a perspective view of the holding lever only, shown in upturned position;

indicates a fluid interception valve comprising a valve body 11 defining, relative to the flow direction of the fluid indicated by the arrows, at least only inlet duct 12 and at least one outlet duct 13. Between said two ducts there is arranged, with the interposition of sealing elements 14, a spherical shutter 15 defining at least one diametrical duct 16 suitable for placing in communication said inlet 12 and outlet ducts 13. [0025] The spherical shutter 15 is turnable by a control rod 17 conjugated to and extending through a neck 18 of the valve body 11.

[0026] The control rod 17 is removably fixed to a holding lever or throttle 19; 119 better described hereinafter. [0027] In accordance with the invention, in the diametrical duct 16 of the spherical shutter 15 there is inserted a

lever 19; 119 through the control rod 17. [0029] In a preferred embodiment, the valve device comprises a body 21 with substantially annular structure defining a valve seat 22 that delimits said main passage for the fluid, and a piston shutter member 23 movable between an advanced closed position of said seat 22 and a retracted open position of said seat 22.

[0030] Preferably, the annular body 21 extends along a main axis X coinciding with the axis of the diametrical duct 16 of the spherical shutter 15.

[0031] The piston shutter member 23 exhibits a head 24 wherein there is obtained at least one groove 25 that defines a secondary passage for the fluid when the piston shutter member 23 is in advanced position. [0032] The valve device 20, and therefore valve 10, can

leak.

[0034] By way of an example, if at the fluid pressure of 2 bar the flow rate of valve 10 is about 45 litres a minute when the valve device is in fully open position, when it is in limited opening position the flow rate decreases, pressure being equal, to about 5 litres a minute. [0035] It should be noted that groove 25 may also be obtained in the valve seat 22 instead that in head 24 of the piston shutter member 23. [0036] Advantageously, the movement of the piston shutter member 23 between the advanced position and the retracted position, and vice versa, is caused by the same pressure of the fluid acting thereon. [0037] In particular, the valve device 20 can be arranged in fully open position when it exhibits the relative axis

the piston shutter member 23, pushing it into advanced closed position of the valve seat 22 (figure 2) . In this position, a predetermined amount of fluid still reaches outlet 13 of valve 10 passing through the groove or grooves 25 obtained in head 24 of the shutter member 23 or in the valve seat 22.

[0039] Preferably, the piston shutter member 23 is further influenced by elastic means 26, for example shaped as a helical spring, to remain normally in advanced position. The strength of said elastic means 26 is selected so that, when head 24 of the shutter member 23 is frontally impinged by the incoming fluid, they yield thus allowing the retraction of said member. [0040] In accordance with a preferred embodiment, the valve seat 22 has a conical or flared shape and the head 24 of

[0042] On the annular body 21 of the valve device 20 there is fitted at least one sealing element 28 resting on the inside wall of the diametrical duct 16 of the spherical shutter 15. [0043] Going back to the operating means of valve 10, in a first embodiment illustrated in figures 1-5, the holding throttle or lever 19 exhibits a cylindrical skirt 30 that surrounds neck 18 of the valve body 11. In said skirt 30 there is obtained a slot 31 that engages with a stopping tooth 32 provided on a side of the valve body 11 for defining the opening and closing positions of the spherical shutter (figure 5a) . For example, said slot 31 exhibits a width equal to an angle of 90°. [0044] In a preferred embodiment, in said skirt 30 there are further obtained locking recesses 33, 34 suitable for

opposite to one another, the holding lever or throttle 19 exhibits, at the opposite side relative to the cylindrical skirt 30, an opening 35 suitable for geometrically coupling with the operating rod 17. Advantageously, the latter exhibits, at least at the level of its end protruding from neck 18, a substantially polygonal section, for example rectangular. [0047] In accordance with a preferred embodiment, said opening 35 for coupling with the control rod 17 is a through opening, that is, it crosses all throttle 19. The latter can therefore be removably fixed to the control rod 17 by a fixing screw 36 accessible through said opening 35. [0048] For example, let's assume that the valve is in the fully open position illustrated in figure 1. The

so as to ensure the passage of a predetermined minimum amount of fluid, it is sufficient to remove the holding lever 19 from the control rod 17, for example unscrewing the fixing screw 36, upturning the holding lever 19, conjugating opening 35 with the control rod 17 and turning the latter until the valve device 20 is in the limited opening position, that is, with the piston shutter member 23 facing the outlet duct 13 of the valve, or, in other words, turned by 180° relative to the starting position.

[0050] In order to lock the valve in this limited opening position it is sufficient to remove the holding throttle or lever 19, upturn it into the normal use position and fix it to the control rod so that the locking recess 33 engages with the stopping tooth 32 (figure 5c) .

lever only if it is raised or removed from neck 18 of the valve body. In other words, the second portion of slot 131" forms with the first portion 131' a step 140 defining an abutment for tooth 32. Removing the holding lever from the valve body by an extent at least equal to the height of step 140, the lever itself is allowed to continue the rotation along the second slot portion 131" . [0052] In accordance with a preferred embodiment, slot 131 exhibits an overall width equal to an angle of 180° and each of the two portions with different depth is 90° wide. [0053] Thus, considering the open valve with holding lever 119 oriented so that the stopping tooth 32 is in abutment against the end of the first portion of slot 131' opposite step 140 as starting position, by turning the lever by 90° the valve is moved into closed position,

keeping the holding lever or throttle and the spherical shutter therewith in the limited opening position (or in the fully open position if the holding lever is fully unscrewed from the valve, turned by 180° and screwed again), preventing the rotation thereof.

[0056] In skirt 130 there is further obtained, at a distance of 90° from recess 133, a second recess 134 suitable for keeping the holding lever into the closed valve position, preventing the rotation thereof. [0057] Advantageously, the fixing screw 36 is an anti- tampering screw, that is, it exhibits a special head so as to be screwed/unscrewed only by authorised personnel having a specific wrench or tool . [0058] Advantageously, on the control rod 17, at the end protruding from valve body 11, there is fitted an

scope of protection of the invention as defined in the following claims .