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Title:
COMPACT GEAR LEVER SYSTEM
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2013/180624
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A gear lever system for wire gearchange in a vehicle, preferably a truck, adapted to conveying gearchange movements from the gear lever (2) to two gearchange wires (4, 6) which run substantially horizontally from a location under the vehicle's driving cab and into the vehicle's gearbox. The gear lever system comprises a gear lever (2) and an upper link system (8) situated close to the lower end of the gear lever and comprising a spherical bearing (10) with a rotation point C about which said gear lever is movable, said upper link system comprising a first upper transfer arm (12) and a second upper transfer arm (14) adapted to moving in response to gearchange movements imparted via the gear lever (2). The gear lever system further comprises a lower link system (16), a first vertical element (18) and a second vertical element (20) adapted to conveying motion from said respective first and second upper transfer arms (12, 14) of the upper link system (8) to the lower link system (16), and a vertical support module (22) which has a vertical height of h. The upper link system is situated on an upper end of the support module (22) and said lower link system (16) is situated at a lower end of the support module so that said lower link system is adapted to converting vertical movements of the vertical elements (18, 20) to horizontal movements of the gearchange wires (4, 6).

Inventors:
GYLLSDORFF, Joakim (Erkenskroken 23, Årsta, S-120 54, SE)
HELLSTRÖM, Kenth (Trollskogsvägen 18, Huddinge, S-141 92, SE)
Application Number:
SE2013/050567
Publication Date:
December 05, 2013
Filing Date:
May 20, 2013
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
SCANIA CV AB (S- Södertälje, 151 87, SE)
International Classes:
F16H61/36; B60K20/04; F16H59/04
Domestic Patent References:
WO1998023460A11998-06-04
Foreign References:
JPH03100523U1991-10-21
FR2793197A12000-11-10
DE19803607A11999-08-12
JPH03100523U1991-10-21
EP0743475A11996-11-20
EP0860631A11998-08-26
Other References:
See also references of EP 2855980A4
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
FORSELL, Hans (Scania CV AB, Södertälje, S-151 87, SE)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims

1. A gear lever system for wire gearchange of a vehicle, preferably a truck, whereby gearchange movements are conveyed from the gear lever (2) to two gearchange wires (4, 6) which run substantially horizontally from a location under the vehicle's driving cab and into the vehicle's gearbox, which system comprises a gear lever (2) and an upper link system (8) situated close to the lower end of the gear lever and comprising a spherical bearing (10) with a rotation point C about which said gear lever is movable, said upper link system comprising a first upper transfer arm (12) and a second upper transfer arm (14) adapted to moving in response to gearchange movements imparted via the gear lever (2),

c h a r a c t e r i s e d

in that the gear lever system further comprises a lower link system (16) and a first vertical element (18) and a second vertical element (20) adapted to conveying motion from said respective first and second upper transfer arms (12, 14) of the upper link system (8) to the lower link system (16), said upper link system being situated on an upper end of a vertical support module (22) which has a vertical height of h and said lower link system (16) being situated at a lower end of the support module so that said lower link system is adapted to converting vertical movements of the vertical elements (18, 20) to horizontal movements of the gearchange wires (4, 6).

2. A gear lever system according to claim 1, in which said first and second upper transfer arms are situated on opposite sides of the spherical bearing.

3. A gear lever system according to claim 1 or 2, in which said first upper transfer arm (12) has one end (24) fastened in a bearing whereby the transfer arm (12) is movable about a horizontal lateral thrust spindle (26), the longitudinal axis Al of the lateral thrust spindle being at a predetermined distance from the rotation point C of the spherical bearing, and the first transfer arm is adapted to being acted upon by the gear lever via a transfer spindle (28) which has a longitudinal axis A2 running through the rotation point of the spherical bearing.

4. A gear lever system according to claim 3, in which the transfer spindle (28) is fastened in the first upper transfer arm (12) via a plain bearing (30) which allows the transfer spindle (28) from the gear lever to be angled, to rotate and to be slid substantially at right angles to the first upper transfer arm.

5. A gear lever system according to claim 4, in which the first upper transfer arm further has a first fastening point (32) at an end which is opposite to the end where the fixed lateral thrust spindle (26) is situated, which first fastening point (32) is fastened via a bearing, preferably a spherical bearing, to an upper end (34) of said first vertical element (18).

6. A gear lever system according to any one of claims 1-5, in which the second upper transfer arm (14) has one end (36) firmly connected to the lower portion of the gear lever (2) and further has, at an opposite end, a second fastening point (38) which is fastened via a bearing, preferably a spherical bearing, to an upper end of said second vertical element (20).

7. A gear lever system according to any one of claims 1-6, in which the lower link arm system (16) is situated at a vertical distance h below the upper link arm system (8), is adapted to cooperating with the first and second gearchange wires (4, 6) and comprises a first lower transfer arm (40) and a second lower transfer arm (42) which each consist of a substantially horizontally directed upper portion (44, 46) and a vertically directed lower portion (48, 50) and are each rotatably fastened to the support module via a bearing (52, 54) in such a way that they are rotatable about a horizontally directed axis A3.

8. A gear lever system according to claim 7, in which the lower end of the lower portion of each of the lower transfer arms is fastened to a gearchange wire.

Description:
Title

COMPACT GEAR LEVER SYSTEM Field of the invention

The present invention relates to a gear lever system according to the preamble of the independent claim. The invention relates in particular to a gear lever system adapted to conveying gearchange movements from the gear lever to the gearbox via two gearchange wires. Background to the invention

Many vehicles, e.g. trucks, with manual gear changing currently have a system with rods and links. A disadvantage of these systems is that the link system under the vehicle occupies a relatively large amount of space. DE-19803607 refers to an example of a gearchange device whereby the gearchange movements are conveyed to the gearbox via a link system.

Using wires to effect gear changes makes it possible to achieve a solution which occupies less space than a link system under the vehicle. A gearbox in which the gears are operated by wires is provided with two gearchange wires which by being moved to predetermined positions in longitudinal directions, often by means of a gearchange servo, engage the required gear.

The object of the present invention is to propose instead of the link system a manual gearchange system with wires which not only meets the requirements of exactness of gear changes demanded by the vehicle's driver but is also advantageous in terms of production technology and is therefore economic.

Summary of the invention

The above objects are achieved with the invention defined by the independent claim.

Preferred embodiments are defined by the dependent claims. To maintain good gearchange sensation for the vehicle's driver, the gear lever needs to be not too long. The movement from neutral position to gear engaged should be of the order of 60-80 mm and the distance sideways between different gear positions be of the order of 30-40 mm.

The requirement to provide good gearchange sensation therefore makes it necessary, particularly on large vehicles, for the rotation centre of the gear lever to be situated above the fastening surface in the cab floor. Such a location would mean that the fastening of the wires to the gear lever would have to be relocated upwards from the cab floor, i.e. the wires would have to enter the cab, which needs to be avoided, inter alia for production reasons.

To be able to relocate the lever's rotation point upwards and avoid having to fit the wires within the cab, a gearchange system according to the present invention is proposed.

The gear lever system according to the present invention allows motion from the lever to be conveyed to the wires in a desired way, and results inter alia in correct pulling and pushing directions being imparted to the wires.

The advantage of this solution is that a shorter gear lever may be used despite the wires being fitted under the cab floor and not having to enter the cab. This also makes it possible for the gear lever solution to be used in cabs of different sizes, which is achieved by simply changing the height of the support module and the length of the vertical elements. The gear lever system also makes it possible to adapt the configuration to the pulling and pushing directions of the wires, e.g. if the gearchange servo so requires. This is solved by changing the positions of the lower transfer arms.

Brief description of drawings

Figure 1 is a perspective depiction of a gear lever system according to the present invention.

Figure 2 is a schematic example of a gear layout. Figure 3 is a further perspective depiction of a gear lever system according to the present invention.

Figure 4 is a schematic cross-section through the upper link system according to the present invention.

Detailed description of preferred embodiments of the invention

The present invention will now be described in detail with reference to the drawings, in which the same reference notations are used throughout for the same or similar parts. The invention thus relates to a gear lever system (see in particular Figures 1 and 3) for wire gearchange in a vehicle, preferably a truck, whereby gearchange movements are conveyed from the gear lever 2 to two gearchange wires 4, 6 which run substantially horizontally from a location under the vehicle's driving cab and into the vehicle's gearbox. In the drawings, the gearchange wires are arranged to run through corrugated protective sleeves. The gear lever system comprises a gear lever 2 and an upper link system 8 situated close to the lower end of the gear lever and comprising a spherical bearing 10 with a rotation point C about which said gear lever is movable.

The upper link system 8 comprises a first upper transfer arm 12 and a second upper transfer arm 14 adapted to moving in response to gearchange movements imparted via the gear lever 2.

The gear lever system further comprises a lower link system 16 and a first vertical element 18 and a second vertical element 20 adapted to conveying movements from said respective first and second upper transfer arms 12, 14 of the upper link system 8 to the lower link system 16.

The upper link system 8 is situated on an upper end of a vertically oriented support module 22 which has a vertical height h, and the lower link system 16 is situated at a lower end of the support module and adapted to converting vertical movements of the vertical elements 18, 20 to horizontal movements of the gearchange wires 4, 6. The height h of the support module, and hence also the length of the vertical elements, is appropriate to the desired location of the gear lever, which itself depends on the size of the cab in which the gear lever system is to be fitted. In the drawing, the support module has a rectangular cross-section but other shapes are of course possible within the scope of the inventive concept. The first and second upper transfer arms are situated on opposite sides of the spherical bearing.

The first upper transfer arm 12 has one end 24 fastened in a bearing whereby it is movable about a horizontal lateral thrust spindle 26, i.e. it is movable in vertical directions, and the longitudinal axis Al of the lateral thrust spindle is at a predetermined distance from the rotation point C of the spherical bearing. The first upper transfer arm is also adapted to being acted upon by the gear lever via a transfer spindle 28 which has a longitudinal axis A2 running through the rotation point C of the spherical bearing. The transfer spindle is fastened in the first upper transfer arm 12 via a plain bearing 30 which allows the transfer spindle from the gear lever to be angled, be rotated and be slid substantially at right angles to the first upper transfer arm.

The first upper transfer arm further comprises a first fastening point 32 situated at an end which is opposite to the end where the fixed lateral thrust spindle 26 is situated, which first fastening point is fastened via a bearing, preferably a spherical bearing, to an upper end 34 of said first vertical element 18.

The second upper transfer arm 14 has one end 36 firmly connected to the lower portion of the gear lever 2 and further has, at an opposite end, a second fastening point 38 which is fastened, via a bearing, preferably a spherical bearing, to an upper end of the second vertical element 20.

A notional axis A4, which runs through the rotation point of the spherical bearing 10 and the bearing at the second fastening point 38, is perpendicular to the axis A2, as illustrated schematically in Figure 4.

The lower link arm system 16 is at a vertical distance h below the upper link arm system 8 and adapted to cooperating with the first and second gearchange wires 4, 6. It comprises a first lower transfer arm 40 and a second lower transfer arm 42, which each consist of a substantially horizontally directed upper portion 44, 46 and a vertically directed lower portion 48, 50 and are each rotatably fastened to the support module via a bearing 52, 54 in such a way that they are rotatable about a horizontally directed axis A3. The lower end of the lower portion of each of the lower transfer arms is fastened to a gearchange wire. The function of the gear lever system will now be described in more detail. It allows the gear lever to be movable to right and left, as viewed by the driver, in a first gearchange movement A represented by a two-directional arrow A in Figures 1 and 2. Movement A denotes movement in the neutral state of the gearbox. The gear lever system also allows the gear lever to be movable forwards and rearwards, as viewed by the driver, in a second gearchange movement B represented by a two- directional arrow B in Figures 1 and 2.

Movement B denotes movement from the neutral state of the gearbox to desired gear positions. Figure 2 depicts an example of a gear pattern in which R represents reverse gear, C inching gear and 1, 2 and 3 are forward gears.

The linking according to the present invention means that there is no need for any fastening of the gear lever to be situated near to the wire fastening. A gearchange operation comprises two phases, the first being in the form of the first gearchange movement A, i.e. the driver moving the gear lever to a desired position along the line A. This results in a rotary movement about the rotation point C, causing the first upper transfer arm 12, by the action of the transfer spindle 28, to rotate about the axis Al in such a way that gear lever movement to the right causes the transfer arm 12 to move upwards and thereby cause the vertical element 18 to move in a vertical direction upwards. The vertical element 18, via the first lower transfer arm 40, thereupon imparts motion to the first gearchange wire 4 in an inward direction into the gearbox.

Gear lever movement to the left causes the transfer arm 12 to move downwards and thereby cause the vertical element 18 to move in a vertical direction downwards. The vertical element, via the first lower transfer arm 40, thereupon imparts motion to the first gearchange wire 4 in an outward direction from the gearbox. As the axis A4 (see figure 4) is perpendicular to the axis A2, the second vertical element 20 will be motionless when the gear lever is moved in the neutral state, i.e. in gearchange movement A. The second phase of the gearchange operation is by the driver moving the gear lever to a desired upward or downward gear position from the neutral state, i.e. gearchange movement B. This is likewise by a rotary movement about the rotation point C in which the plain bearing 30 helps the first upper transfer arm 12 to remain in its position.

Forward movement (upwards in Figure 2) will cause the second upper transfer arm 14, which has one end firmly connected to the lower portion of the gear lever, to move in such a way that its other end moves upwards. This causes the second vertical element 20 to move in a vertical direction upwards. The vertical element 20, via the second lower transfer arm 42, thereupon imparts motion to the second gearchange wire in an inward direction into the gearbox.

Rearward movement (downwards in Figure 2) will cause the second upper transfer arm 14 to move in such a way that its end 38 moves downwards. This causes the second vertical element 20 to move in a vertical direction downwards. The vertical element 20, via the second lower transfer arm 42, thereupon imparts motion to the second gearchange wire 6 in an outward direction from the gearbox.

The lengths of the upper and lower portions of the lower transfer arms 40, 42 are determined on the basis of the travel distances desired for the gearchange wires. The lower portion has a typical length of 60 mm, the upper portion a typical length of 40 mm. Typical travel distances are +/- 25 mm.

The respective upper portions 44, 46 of the lower transfer arms may be directed forwards, as in the drawings, or rearwards. The relation between the movements of the vertical elements and those of the wires may therefore be changed.

In the above description of the drawings, downward movement of the vertical element caused the gearchange wire to move outwards from the gearbox, and upward movement of the vertical element caused the wire to move into the gearbox. If instead either or both of the upper portions are directed rearwards, downward movement of the vertical element will cause the gearchange wire to move into the gearbox, and upward movement of the vertical element will cause the wire to move outwards from the gearbox.

The present invention is not restricted to the preferred embodiments described above. Sundry alternatives, modifications and equivalents may be used. The above embodiments are therefore not to be regarded as limiting the invention's protective scope which is defined by the attached claims.




 
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