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Title:
COMPOSABLE MACHINE TOOL COMPRISING A KIT FOR CYLINDRICAL AND CONICAL TURNING MACHINING OPERATIONS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/134857
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Composable machine tool comprising a kit for cylindrical and conical turning machining operationst comprising an element (3), which is fixed on the workpiece (1), and a flange (7) rotatably mounted on the element (3). The flange (7) is connected, by means of at least three elongated elements (9), of which one element (9b) is hollow, to a ring (10). The element (3) is fixed to a machine that generates the rotational motion of the flange (7) and of the ring (10) connected to said flange (7). The hollow element (9b) is equipped with a worm screw (11) and a scroll nut (12). The rotation of the worm screw (11) is actuated by a geaed rmotor (13) fixed on the flange (7). A tool head (17) is slidable in a guide (18) mounted on the scroll nut (12). The ring (10) is equipped with at least three stabilization elements (19) that are contact with the surface of the workpiece (1) during the machining of the workpiece (1).

Inventors:
RUSSO, Evangelista (SS 106 Contrada La Petrizia, Sellia Marina, 88050, IT)
Application Number:
IT2018/050005
Publication Date:
July 26, 2018
Filing Date:
January 17, 2018
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
RUSSO, Evangelista (SS 106 Contrada La Petrizia, Sellia Marina, 88050, IT)
International Classes:
B23B3/24
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
PERROTTA, Aldo (Piazzetta T. Campanella 3, Soverato, 88068, IT)
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Claims:
CLAIMS

1 . Composable machine tool comprising a kit for cylindrical and conical turning machining operations characterized in that it comprises an element (3) which is fixed on the workpiece (1 ), that a flange (7) is rotatably mounted on the element (3), that the flange (7) is connected, by means of at least three elongated elements (9) of which an element (9b) is hollow, to a ring (10), that the element (3) is fixed to a machine that generates the rotation motion of the flange (7) and of the ring (10) connected to said flange (7), that the hollow element (9b) is equipped with a worm screw (1 1 ) and a scroll nut (12), that the rotation of the worm screw is actuated by a gearmotor (13) fixed on the flange (7), that a tool head (17) slidable in a guide (18) is mounted on the scroll nut (12) and that the ring (10) is equipped with at least three stabilization elements (19) that during machining of the workpiece (1 ) is in contact with the surface of the work piece (1 ).

2. Composable machine tool according to claim 1 characterized in that the stabilization elements (19) are inserted in sliding dovetail guides (20) within which can be locked in the desired position by means of fixing elements (21 ).

3. Composable machine tool according to claim 2 characterized in that the fixing elements (21 ) of the stabilization elements (19) consist of screws which are screwed in the stabilization elements (19).

4. Composable machine tool according to claim 1 characterized in that to make the conical machining works the elongated elements (9) are locked on the flange (7) and/or to the ring (10) in slots (22).

5. Composable machine tool according to claim 1 characterized in that the flange (7) is put in rotation by the toothed wheel (6) and is mounted on a rotating hub (20) rotatable on bearings (8 , 23).

6. Composable machine tool according to claim 5 characterized in that the bearings are ball bearings (23) and/or roller bearings (8).

7. Composable machine tool according to claim 1 characterized in that the connection between the tool head (17) and scroll nut (12) is made by means of a key (16).

8. Composable machine tool according to claim 1 characterized in that the elongated elements (9) and the hollow element (9b) are fixed to the flange (7) and to the ring (10) by means of screws.

9. Composable machine tool according to claim 1 characterized in that an electrical rotary joint (23) is mounted between the element (3) and the rotating hub (20).

10. Composable machine tool according to claim 1 characterized in that for mounting a positioning plate (2) is used, said plate (2) contains the same holes present in the fixing flange of the element (3).

Description:
COMPOSABLE MACHINE TOOL COMPRISING A KIT FOR CYLINDRICAL AND CONICAL TURNING MACHINING OPERATIONS

Technical field of the invention

The present invention relates to a composable machine tool comprising a kit for cylindrical and conical turning machining operations, particularly suitable for machining large diameters.

State of art

In turning operations one of the major problems encountered in overhanging machining on external surfaces or in blind holes is that the arm which supports the tool while removing the chip, being subject to considerable stress, vibrates and the vibrations of the tool have as result a poor processing. The machined surfaces are not perfectly smooth and the machining tolerances are not respected. To avoid these drawbacks, special materials have been used which increase the mechanical strength without solving the problem and considerably increasing the cost of the machine tools as in the example described in DE2648753A1 , which is also not a composable machine.

Summary of the invention

The main object of the present invention is to provide a machine tool which is mounted on the work piece and which reduces vibrations due to the fact that works are cantilevered. A further object of the present invention is to allow an easy and fast assembly avoiding long and costly centering operations of the machine on the work piece.

The main purpose of reducing the vibrations during the machining by chip removal is carried out with a composable machine tool comprising a kit for cylindrical and conical turning operations characterized in that it comprises an element which is fixed on the workpiece, that a flange is rotatably mounted on the element, that the flange is connected, by means of at least three elongated elements of which an element is hollow, to a ring, that the element is fixed to a machine that generates the rotation motion of the flange and of the ring connected to said flange, that the hollow element is equipped with a worm screw and a scroll nut, that the rotation of the worm screw is actuated by a gearmotor fixed on the flange, that a tool head slidable in a guide is mounted on the scroll nut and that the ring is equipped with at least three stabilization elements that during machining of the workpiece is in contact with the surface of the work piece.

Another object of the present invention is to make cylindrical and conical turning operations with the same machine and this can be done by having the machine equipped with a system for tilting the guide on which the tool head slides.

A further main object of the present invention is to provide a composable machine which is easy to assemble since the positioning of the machine is carried out with a positioning plate which replicates the holes present in the fixing plate of the machine itself. Other features and advantages of the present invention will be clear from the following description of an embodiment of the present invention given by way of non-limiting example in Figures 1 , 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6. Brief description of the figures

Figure 1 shows a section of the composable machine tool which comprises the kit according to the present invention,

Figure 2 shows an axonometric view of the composable machine tool which comprises the kit according to the present invention for cylindrical machining,

Figure 3 shows another axonometric view of the composable machine tool which comprises the kit according to the present invention for cylindrical machining,

Figure 4 shows a side view of the composable machine tool which comprises the kit according to the present invention for conical machining,

Figure 5 shows an axonometric view of the composable machine tool which comprises the kit according to the present invention for conical machining,

Figure 6 shows an axonometric view of a detail of the use of the positioning plate of the composable machine tool which comprises the kit according to the present invention,

Detailed description of a preferred embodiment

With reference to the figures, the composable machine tool object of the present invention comprises a kit for cylindrical and conical turning operations and for welding overlay. This kit consists of an element 3 which is fixed on the axis of the piece 1 to be machined. On the element 3 is fixed the machine that generates the rotation motion that can be equipped with a reduction unit composed of a pinion 5 and a gear wheel 6, a flange 7 is mounted on the element 3, the flange 7 is rotated by the gear wheel 6 and is mounted on a rotating hub (20) rotatable on bearings 8, the bearings 8 may advantageously but not exclusively, be rolling bearings composed of ball bearings 23 and roller bearings 8.

The flange 7 is connected, by means of at least three elongated connecting elements 9 of which an element is hollow 9b, to a ring 10, the elongated elements 9 and the hollow element 9b are fixed along a circumference of both the flange 7 and the ring 10 with locking means 14, 15, which advantageously but not exclusively may be screws 14, 15.

In the preferred embodiment, the elongated elements are four and are made of tubular elements which are fixed with threaded members 14 which have a bolt on the outside to facilitate screwing.

The hollow element 9b is provided with a worm screw 1 1 and a nut 12.

The rotation of the worm screw 1 1 is driven by a gear motor 13 fixed on the flange

7.

A tool head 17 mounted sliding on a guide 18 is attached on the nut 12, advantageously but not exclusively the tool head 17 is mounted sliding within which a key 16 integral with the nut 12 and the tool head 17 is inserted .

A gearmotor 13 is fixed on the flange 7, which determines the rotation of the worm screw 1 1. The worm screw 1 1 is screwed into the nut 12 which, being unable to rotate because the rotation is prevented by the key 16 inserted in the guide 18, is forced to advance in one direction or in the other according to the direction of rotation of the worm screw 1 1. In this way the tool head 17 is forced to advance, in one direction or in the other, since it is mounted on the nut 12. The gearmotor 13 rotates together with the flange 7. To ensure the electrical connection of the gearmotor 13 a rotary electrical joint is provided between the element 3 which is fixed to the workpiece 1 and the rotating hub 20 which rotates together with the said gearmotor.

The ring 10 is provided with at least three stabilizing elements 19 which during contact with the workpiece 1 are in contact with the surface of the piece 1.

In the example shown in the figures, the stabilization elements 19 are four, but may also be a different number, however, equal to or greater than three and, advantageously but not exclusively. The stabilization elements 19 are inserted sliding in dovetail guides 21 within which they can be locked in the desired position by means of suitable fastening elements which in the example shown may be screws which are screwed into the stabilization elements 19.

To facilitate the positioning of the cylindrical turning kit, a positioning plate 2 is provided which shows the same holes present in the fixing flange of the element

3.

The positioning plate 2 serves to easily position on the work piece 1 the element 3 which supports the whole turning kit.

The composable machine tool comprising the kit object of the present invention also allows to perform conical machining.

In order to carry out the conical operations, the elongated elements 9 are locked on the flange 7 and/or on the ring 10 in slots 22 which allow the radial displacement of said elongated elements 9 so as to incline them with respect to the respective points in which the elongated elements 9 are locked on ring 10 and/or plate 7.

The kit object of the present invention allows to perform precision work on large diameters with cantilevering, both on external surfaces and on internal surfaces, obviously in the working of internal surfaces, the stabilization elements 19 will be positioned towards the outside and the element 3 is fixed on the work piece.

The Kit object of the present invention eliminates the vibrations which are present in the other solutions present on the market which fail to stabilize the arm on which the tool head is mounted, which being subjected to the stresses due to processing causes vibrations which affect the quality of the work being done.

The composable machine tool equipped with the kit for cylindrical and conical turning operations being essentially equipped with a system composed of the plate 7, of the ring 10, of the stabilizing elements 19 allows to have the feed guide, consisting of an elongated element 9, on one side fixed to the workpiece 1 through the element 3 and the flange 7 and on the opposite side resting on the piece 1 through the stabilization elements 19 which are on the ring 10, stabilization elements 19 which during the processing of the piece 1 touch the surface of the piece 1.

Naturally the composable machine tool provided with the kit object of the present invention can carry out machining of external surfaces but also of internal surfaces.

The composable machine tool provided with the kit object of the present invention is easy to position. By means of a positioning plate 2, the fixing holes of the composable machine provided with the kit object of the present invention are positioned and made on the work piece 1.

The composable machine tool provided with the kit object of the present invention is fixed on the work piece 1 by means of the element 3 which finds on the workpiece the fixing holes corresponding to those present on the element 3, made by means of the positioning plate 2.

The stabilization elements 19, present on the ring 7, are brought into contact with the surface of the workpiece 1 and then locked with the locking means constituted, in the example, by the screws 21. The tool is mounted on the head tool holder 17. At this point the composable machine tool equipped with the kit object of the present invention is ready to work.

The work carried out with the composable machine tool equipped with the kit for cylindrical or conical workings object of the present invention has two main advantages, an easy assembly and a machining in the absence of vibrations which allows to perform machining in less time and with great surface accuracy on external and internal diameters, small and large.

The invention, as it is well understood, is not limited to the representation given by the tables but can receive improvements and modifications from the man skilled in the art without going beyond the framework of the patent.

The present invention allows numerous advantages and overcomes difficulties which could not be overcome with the systems currently available on the market.