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Title:
COMPOSITION FOR THE PREPARATION OF A COATING MATERIAL
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2015/091695
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
There is provided a composition for preparation of a coating material, wherein the composition comprises (i) a first hydrocolloid, wherein the first hydrocolloid is alginate and the alginate is present in an amount of 70 to 90 wt.% based on the total composition; (ii) a second hydrocolloid, wherein the second hydrocolloid is different from the first hydrocolloid; and (iii) starch and/or fibre.

Inventors:
STENBAEK, Dorthe (Skejbygaardsvej 360, Risskov, DK-8240, DK)
Application Number:
EP2014/078309
Publication Date:
June 25, 2015
Filing Date:
December 17, 2014
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
DUPONT NUTRITION BIOSCIENCES APS (Langebrogade 1, P.O. Box 17, Copenhagen K, DK-1001, DK)
International Classes:
A23L1/0522; A22C13/00; A23L1/00; A23L1/0532; A23L1/0534; A23L1/317
Foreign References:
US20090317522A12009-12-24
US20040037922A12004-02-26
US20050226968A12005-10-13
US20120263842A12012-10-18
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
ALCOCK, David (120 Holborn, London EC1N 2DY, GB)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. A composition for preparation of a coating material, wherein the composition comprises

(i) a first hydrocolloid, wherein the first hydrocolloid is alginate and the alginate is present in an amount of 70 to 90 wt.% based on the total composition;

(ii) a second hydrocolloid, wherein the second hydrocolloid is different from the first hydrocolloid; and

(iii) starch and/or fibre.

2. A composition according to claim 1 wherein the alginate is present in an amount of 75 to 90 wt.%.

3. A composition according to claim 1 or 2 wherein the alginate is sodium alginate.

4. A composition according to any one of the preceding claims wherein the second hydrocolloid is present in an amount of 5 to 30 wt.% based on the total composition.

5. A composition according to any one of the preceding claims wherein the second hydrocolloid is selected from cellulose gum, guar gum, locust bean gum, microcrystalline cellulose, carrageenan, pectin, gellan, glucomanans, succino-glucan and mixtures thereof.

6. A composition according to any one of the preceding claims wherein the second hydrocolloid is cellulose gum.

7. A composition according to any one of the preceding claims wherein the combined amount of starch and fibre is 5 to 30 wt.% based on the total composition. 8. A composition according to any one of the preceding claims wherein the composition comprises (iii) starch.

9. A composition according to claim 1 , wherein the composition comprises

(i) alginate in an amount of 70 to 90 wt.% based on the total composition;

(ii) starch in an amount of 5 to 15 wt.% based on the total composition; and

(iii) cellulose gum in an amount of 5 to 15 wt.% based on the total composition.

10. A coating composition for coating foodstuffs, the coating composition comprising

(a) alginate in an amount of 5.5 to 12 wt.%

(b) water in an amount of at least 50 wt.%

based on the total coating composition

1 1. A coating composition according to claim 10 wherein the alginate is present in an amount of 5.6 to 9.6 wt.% based on the total coating composition. 12. A coating composition for coating foodstuffs, the coating composition comprising

(a) a composition as defined in any one of claims 1 to 1 1 , in an amount of 5 to 14 wt.%

(b) water in an amount of at least 50 wt.%

based on the total coating composition. 13. A coating composition according to claim 12 comprising

(a) a composition as defined in any one of claims 1 to 1 1 , in an amount of 5.5 to 12 wt.%.

14. A coating composition for coating foodstuffs, the coating composition comprising

(i) a first hydrocolloid, wherein the first hydrocolloid is alginate and the alginate is present alginate in an amount of 5.5 to 0 wt.%;

(ii) a second hydrocolloid, wherein the second hydrocolloid is different from the first hydrocolloid;

(iii) starch and/or fibre, and

(iv) water in an amount of at least 50 wt.%

based on the total coating composition.

15. A coating composition according to any one of claims 10 to 14 wherein the alginate is present in an amount of 5.6 to 9.6 wt.% based on the total coating composition. 16. A coating composition according to any one of claims 10 to 156 wherein the starch is present in an amount of 0.5 to 3.0 wt.% based on the total coating composition.

17. A coating composition according to any one of claims 10 to 16 wherein the second hydrocolloid is present in an amount of 0.5 to 1.5 wt.% based on the total coating composition.

18. A coating composition according to any one of claims 10 to 17 wherein the second hydrocolloid is selected from cellulose gum, guar gum, microcrystalline cellulose, carrageenan, pectin and mixtures thereof. 19. A process for coating a foodstuff with a coating composition, the process comprising the steps of

(a) preparing a coating composition as defined in any one of claims 10 to 18

(b) applying the coating composition to a foodstuff; and

(c) causing the coating composition to gel.

20. Use of a composition as defined in any one of claims 10 to 18 for coating a foodstuff.

Description:
COMPOSITION FOR THE PREPARATION OF A COATING MATERIAL

The present invention relates to a composition for preparation of a coating material, a coating composition, a process for coating a product and the use of the present compositions.

As discussed in US 2009/0317522 food products having a casing can be manufactured, for example, by the co-extrusion of a casing material and a food dough, based for example on pork, beef, lamb, poultry, fish, fruit or other vegetables, through concentric pipes in a co-extruder so that, on exiting the co-extruder, the extruded food dough is covered by a thin film of the casing material. The casing material is then changed into a robust casing material by treatment with suitable chemicals. One known method involves the use of alginate-containing materials as the casing material, which is co-extruded around a food dough and then gelled in a calcium bath to form a robust casing. For example, GB807863 describes the co-extrusion of sausage meat and a solution containing alginate, to form a continuous length of sausage, which is then passed through a bath containing calcium chloride, which causes the alginate to gel.

EP131 1165 describes a composition comprising 2-7 wt % alginate and galactomannans being co-extruded around a food product and then contacted with a gelling agent so as to gel the alginate to form an edible casing.

CA2770217 describes a water-based composition for coating foodstuffs consisting essentially of water as a major component, between about 2 and about 5 w/w % alginate, between about 1 and about 2.5 w/w % starch and between about 0.6 and about 1.3 w/w % carboxymethyl cellulose.

Although such known methods produce non-animal based casings, they still have certain disadvantages.

The present invention alleviates the problems of the prior art.

In one aspect the present invention provides a composition for preparation of a coating material, such as a sausage casing, wherein the composition comprises

(i) a first hydrocolloid, wherein the first hydrocolloid is alginate and the alginate is present in an amount of 70 to 90 wt.% based on the total composition; (ii) a second hydrocolloid, wherein the second hydrocolloid is different from the first hydrocolloid; and

(iii) starch and/or fibre. In one aspect the present invention provides a coating composition for coating foodstuffs, the coating composition comprising

(a) alginate in an amount of 5.5 to 12 wt.%

(b) water in an amount of at least 50 wt.%

based on the total coating composition.

In one aspect the present invention provides a composition for preparing a sausage casing, the composition comprising

(a) alginate in an amount of 5.5 to 12 wt.%

(b) water in an amount of at least 50 wt.%

based on the total composition.

In one aspect the present invention provides a coating composition for coating foodstuffs, the coating composition comprising

(a) a composition in an amount of 5 to 14 wt.%, based on the total coating composition, wherein the composition comprises

(i) a first hydrocolloid, wherein the first hydrocolloid is alginate and the alginate is present in an amount of 70 to 90 wt.% based on the total composition;

(ii) a second hydrocolloid, wherein the second hydrocolloid is different from the first hydrocolloid; and

(iii) starch and/or fibre;

(b) water in an amount of at least 50 wt.%, based on the total coating composition.

In one aspect the present invention provides a casing composition for preparing a sausage casing, the casing composition comprising

(a) a composition in an amount of 5 to 14 wt.%, based on the casing composition, wherein the composition comprises

(i) a first hydrocolloid, wherein the first hydrocolloid is alginate and the alginate is present in an amount of 70 to 90 wt.% based on the total composition;

(ii) a second hydrocolloid, wherein the second hydrocolloid is different from the first hydrocolloid; and

(iii) starch and/or fibre; (b) water in an amount of at least 50 wt.% based on the casing composition.

In one aspect the present invention provides a coating composition for coating foodstuffs, the coating composition comprising

(i) a first hydrocolloid, wherein the first hydrocolloid is alginate and the alginate is present alginate in an amount of 5.5 to 10 wt.%;

(ii) a second hydrocolloid, wherein the second hydrocolloid is different from the first hydrocolloid;

(iii) starch and/or fibre, and

(iv) water in an amount of at least 50 wt.%

based on the total coating composition.

In one aspect the present invention provides a casing composition for preparing a sausage casing, the casing composition comprising

(i) a first hydrocolloid, wherein the first hydrocolloid is alginate and the alginate is present alginate in an amount of 5.5 to 10 wt.%;

(ii) a second hydrocolloid, wherein the second hydrocolloid is different from the first hydrocolloid;

(iii) starch and/or fibre, and

(iv) water in an amount of at least 50 wt.%

based on the total casing composition.

In one aspect the present invention provides a process for coating a foodstuff with a coating composition, the process comprising the steps of

(A) preparing a coating composition, wherein the coating composition comprises

(a) 5 to 14 wt.% of a composition which comprises

(i) a first hydrocolloid, wherein the first hydrocolloid is alginate and the alginate is present in an amount of 70 to 90 wt.% based on the total composition;

(ii) a second hydrocolloid, wherein the second hydrocolloid is different from the first hydrocolloid; and

(iii) starch and/or fibre;

(b) water in an amount of at least 50 wt.%

based on the total coating composition.

(B) applying the coating composition to a foodstuff; and

(C) causing the coating composition to gel. In one aspect the present invention provides a process for preparing a sausage, the process comprising the steps of

(A) preparing a casing composition, wherein the casing composition comprises

(a) 5 to 14 wt.% of a composition which comprises

(i) a first hydrocolloid, wherein the first hydrocolloid is alginate and the alginate is present in an amount of 70 to 90 wt.% based on the total composition;

(ii) a second hydrocolloid, wherein the second hydrocolloid is different from the first hydrocolloid; and

(iii) starch and/or fibre;

(b) water in an amount of at least 50 wt.%

based on the total casing composition.

(B) (i) applying the casing composition to a sausage filling; and

(ii) causing the casing composition to gel and thereby form a casing around the sausage filling;

or

(C) (i) causing the casing composition to gel and thereby form a casing; and

(ii) disposing a sausage filling within the casing.

In one aspect the present invention provides a process for coating a foodstuff with a coating composition, the process comprising the steps of

(a) preparing a coating composition which comprises

(i) a first hydrocolloid, wherein the first hydrocolloid is alginate and the alginate is present alginate in an amount of 5.5 to 10 wt.%;

(ii) a second hydrocolloid, wherein the second hydrocolloid is different from the first hydrocolloid;

(iii) starch and/or fibre, and

(iv) water in an amount of at least 50 wt.%

based on the total coating composition.

(b) applying the coating composition to a foodstuff; and

(c) causing the coating composition to gel.

In one aspect the present invention provides a process for preparing a sausage, the process comprising the steps of

(A) preparing a coating composition, wherein the coating composition comprises (i) a first hydrocolloid, wherein the first hydrocolloid is alginate and the alginate is present alginate in an amount of 5.5 to 10 wt.%;

(ii) a second hydrocolloid, wherein the second hydrocolloid is different from the first hydrocolloid;

(iii) starch and/or fibre, and

(iv) water in an amount of at least 50 wt.%

based on the total coating composition.

(B) (i) applying the casing composition to a sausage filling; and

(ii) causing the casing composition to gel and thereby form a casing around the sausage filling;

or

(C) (i) causing the casing composition to gel and thereby form a casing; and

(ii) disposing a sausage filling within the casing. In one aspect the present invention provides use of a coating composition for coating a foodstuff, wherein the coating composition comprises

(a) a composition in an amount of 5 to 14 wt.%, wherein the composition comprises

(i) a first hydrocolloid, wherein the first hydrocolloid is alginate and the alginate is present in an amount of 70 to 90 wt.% based on the total composition;

(ii) a second hydrocolloid, wherein the second hydrocolloid is different from the first hydrocolloid; and

(iii) starch and/or fibre;

(b) water in an amount of at least 50 wt.%

based on the total coating composition.

In one aspect the present invention provides use of a casing composition for casing a sausage, wherein the casing composition comprises

(a) a composition in an amount of 5 to 14 wt.%, wherein the composition comprises

(i) a first hydrocolloid, wherein the first hydrocolloid is alginate and the alginate is present in an amount of 70 to 90 wt.% based on the total composition;

(ii) a second hydrocolloid, wherein the second hydrocolloid is different from the first hydrocolloid; and

(iii) starch and/or fibre;

(b) water in an amount of at least 50 wt.%

based on the total casing composition. In one aspect the present invention provides use of a coating composition for coating a foodstuff, wherein the coating composition comprises

(i) a first hydrocolloid, wherein the first hydrocolloid is alginate and the alginate is present alginate in an amount of 5.5 to 10 wt.%;

(ii) a second hydrocolloid, wherein the second hydrocolloid is different from the first hydrocolloid;

(iii) starch and/or fibre, and

(iv) water in an amount of at least 50 wt.%

based on the total coating composition.

In one aspect the present invention provides use of a casing composition for casing a sausage, wherein the casing composition comprises

(i) a first hydrocolloid, wherein the first hydrocolloid is alginate and the alginate is present alginate in an amount of 5.5 to 10 wt.%;

(ii) a second hydrocolloid, wherein the second hydrocolloid is different from the first hydrocolloid;

(iii) starch and/or fibre, and

(iv) water in an amount of at least 50 wt.%

based on the total casing composition.

The present invention provides a composition which may be used for "coating" a foodstuff. In particular the present invention provides a composition which may be used to coat the outside of a foodstuff to provide a sausage, Therefore the composition of the present invention is understood to be a casing composition or a composition suitable for preparation of a sausage casing. References in the present specification to "coating composition" may be taken to be reference to a "casing composition". Furthermore, references in the present specification to "coating a foodstuff" may be taken to be reference to "providing a casing around a foodstuff'. For ease of reference, these and further aspects of the present invention are now discussed under appropriate section headings. However, the teachings under each section are not necessarily limited to each particular section. DETAILED DESCRIPTION

Alginate As discussed herein, in one aspect the present invention provides a composition for preparation of a coating material, wherein the composition comprises

(i) a first hydrocolloid, wherein the first hydrocolloid is alginate and the alginate is present in an amount of 70 to 90 wt.% based on the total composition;

(ii) a second hydrocolloid, wherein the second hydrocolloid is different from the first hydrocolloid; and

(iii) starch and/or fibre.

In one aspect the alginate is present in an amount of at least 72 wt.% based on the total composition, such as in an amount of at least 74 wt.% based on the total composition, such as in an amount of at least 75 wt.% based on the total composition, such as in an amount of at least 76 wt.% based on the total composition, such as in an amount of at least 78 wt.% based on the total composition, such as in an amount of at least 80 wt.% based on the total composition. In one aspect the alginate is present in an amount of no greater than 88 wt.% based on the total composition, such as in an amount of no greater than 86 wt.% based on the total composition, such as in an amount of no greater than 85 wt.% based on the total composition, such as in an amount of no greater than 84 wt.% based on the total composition, such as in an amount of no greater than 82 wt.% based on the total composition, such as in an amount of no greater than 80 wt.% based on the total composition.

In one aspect the alginate is present in an amount of 75 to 90 wt.% based on the total composition, such as in an amount of 80 to 90 wt.% based on the total composition, such as in an amount of 75 to 85 wt.% based on the total composition, such as in an amount of 76 to 84 wt.% based on the total composition, such as in an amount of 77 to 83 wt.% based on the total composition, such as in an amount of 78 to 82 wt.% based on the total composition, such as in an amount of 79 to 81 wt.% based on the total composition. As discussed herein, in one aspect the present invention provides a coating composition. In the said coating composition preferably the alginate is present in an amount of 5.6 to 9.6 wt.% based on the total coating composition, such as in an amount of 6.2 to 8.2 wt.% based on the total coating composition.

The alginate may be any form of alginate and in particular may be sodium alginate or potassium alginate. In one aspect the alginate is sodium alginate.

In one aspect sodium alginate is present in an amount of at least 72 wt.% based on the total composition, such as in an amount of at least 74 wt.% based on the total composition, such as in an amount of at least 75 wt.% based on the total composition, such as in an amount of at least 76 wt.% based on the total composition, such as in an amount of at least 78 wt.% based on the total composition, such as in an amount of at least 80 wt.% based on the total composition.

In one aspect sodium alginate is present in an amount of no greater than 88 wt.% based on the total composition, such as in an amount of no greater than 86 wt.% based on the total composition, such as in an amount of no greater than 85 wt.% based on the total composition, such as in an amount of no greater than 84 wt.% based on the total composition, such as in an amount of no greater than 82 wt.% based on the total composition, such as in an amount of no greater than 80 wt.% based on the total composition.

In one aspect sodium alginate is present in an amount of 75 to 90 wt.% based on the total composition, such as in an amount of 80 to 90 wt.% based on the total composition, such as in an amount of 75 to 85 wt.% based on the total composition, such as in an amount of 76 to 84 wt.% based on the total composition, such as in an amount of 77 to 83 wt.% based on the total composition, such as in an amount of 78 to 82 wt.% based on the total composition, such as in an amount of 79 to 81 wt.% based on the total composition. The alginate for use in the present invention may be any suitable alginate that achieves the purpose of the present invention. In one aspect the alginate has a viscosity of greater than 20 mPa*s, such as greater than 50 mPa*s, such as greater than 70 mPa*s, such as greater than 100 mPa*s, when measured in 1 % solution at 20°C. Means for measurement of such discussed these are known to those skilled in the art and in one aspect they are measured on a Brookfield LVT viscometer using spindle #2. In one aspect the alginate has a guluronic acid content of at least 10 %, such as of at least 20 %, such as of at least 30 %, such as of at least 40 %, such as of at least 50 %, when measured according to ASTM 2259-10. Second Hydrocolloid

The composition, coating composition, process and use of the present invention utilise a second hydrocolloid. The second hydrocolloid is different from the first hydrocolloid. As the first hydrocolloid is alginate, the second hydrocolloid may any hydrocolloid with the exception of alginate.

As discussed herein, in one aspect the present invention provides a composition for preparation of a coating material, wherein the composition comprises

(i) a first hydrocolloid, wherein the first hydrocolloid is alginate and the alginate is present in an amount of 70 to 90 wt.% based on the total composition;

(ii) a second hydrocolloid, wherein the second hydrocolloid is different from the first hydrocolloid; and

(iii) starch and/or fibre. In this composition the second hydrocolloid is preferably present in an amount of 5 to 30 wt.% based on the total composition. In particular the second hydrocolloid may be present in an amount of 8 to 12 wt.% based on the total composition.

In this composition the second hydrocolloid may be cellulose gum which is preferably present in an amount of 5 to 30 wt.% based on the total composition. In particular the second hydrocolloid may be cellulose gum which is preferably present in an amount of 8 to 12 wt.% based on the total composition.

As discussed herein, in one aspect the present invention provides a coating composition. In the said coating composition preferably the second hydrocolloid is present in an amount of 0.5 to 1.5 wt.% based on the total coating composition. Preferably the second hydrocolloid is present in an amount of 0.7 to 1.2 wt.% based on the total coating composition. In one preferred aspect the second hydrocolloid is present in an amount of 0.8 to 1 wt.% based on the total coating composition. When the second hydrocolloid is cellulose gum in the said coating composition preferably cellulose gum is present in an amount of 0.5 to 1.5 wt.% based on the total coating composition. Preferably cellulose gum is present in an amount of 0.7 to 1.2 wt.% based on the total coating composition. In one preferred aspect cellulose gum is present in an amount of 0.8 to 1 wt.% based on the total coating composition.

The second hydrocolloid may be any hydrocolloid with the exception of alginate. Preferably the second hydrocolloid is selected from cellulose gum, guar gum, locust bean gum, microcrystalline cellulose, carrageenan, pectin, xanthan, gellan gum, glucumannans, succino-glucan and mixtures thereof. In one aspect the second hydrocolloid is selected from cellulose gum, carrageenan, pectin, xanthan and mixtures thereof. In one aspect the second hydrocolloid is cellulose gum (also known as carboxymethyl cellulose). In one aspect the second hydrocolloid is carrageenan. In one aspect the second hydrocolloid is pectin. In one aspect the second xanthan.

Starch and/ Fibre

According to the American Association of Cereal Chemists (AACC) definition dietary fiber is the edible parts of plants or analogous carbohydrates that are resistant to digestion and absorption in the human small intestine, with complete or partial fermentation in the large intestine. Dietary fiber includes polysaccharides, oligosaccharides, lignin, and associated plant substances. Dietary fibers promote beneficial physiologic effects including laxation, and/or blood cholesterol attenuation, and/or blood glucose attenuation.

As discussed herein the composition or coating composition contains starch and/or fibre. As will be understood by one skilled in the art, this means the composition or coating composition contains at least one of starch and fibre. In one aspect the composition or coating composition contains starch. In one aspect the composition or coating composition contains fibre. In one aspect the composition or coating composition contains starch and fibre. In one aspect the composition or coating composition contains starch and does not contain fibre. In one aspect the composition or coating composition contains fibre and does not contain starch. In one preferred aspect the combined amount of starch and fibre is from 5 to 30 wt.% based on the total composition. Preferably the combined amount of starch and fibre is 5 to 25 wt.% based on the total composition. Preferably the combined amount of starch and fibre is 5 to 20 wt.% based on the total composition. Preferably the combined amount of starch and fibre is 6 to 20 wt.% based on the total composition. Preferably the combined amount of starch and fibre is 5 to 15 wt.% based on the total composition. Preferably the combined amount of starch and fibre is 8 to 12 wt.% based on the total composition.

In one preferred aspect starch is present in an amount of from 5 to 30 wt.% based on the total composition. Preferably starch is present in an amount of from 5 to 25 wt.% based on the total composition. Preferably starch is present in an amount of from 5 to 20 wt.% based on the total composition. Preferably starch is present in an amount of from 6 to 20 wt% based on the total composition. Preferably starch is present in an amount of from 5 to 15 wt,% based on the total composition. Preferably starch is present in an amount of from 8 to 12 wt% based on the total composition.

In one preferred aspect fibre is present in an amount of from 5 to 30 wt.% based on the total composition. Preferably fibre is present in an amount of from 5 to 25 wt.% based on the total composition. Preferably fibre is present in an amount of from 5 to 20 wt.% based on the total composition. Preferably fibre is present in an amount of from 6 to 20 wt% based on the total composition. Preferably fibre is present in an amount of from 5 to 15 wt.% based on the total composition. Preferably fibre is present in an amount of from 8 to 12 wt% based on the total composition.

As discussed herein, in one aspect the present invention provides a coating composition. In the said coating composition preferably the combined amount of starch and fibre is 0.5 to 3.0 wt.% based on the total coating composition. Preferably the combined amount of starch and fibre is from 0.6 to 2.0 wt.% based on the total coating composition. Preferably the combined amount of starch and fibre is from 0.7 to 1.2 wt.% based on the total coating composition. Preferably the combined amount of starch and fibre is from 0.8 to less than 1.0 wt.% based on the total coating composition

Preferably starch is present in an amount of 0.5 to 3.0 wt.% based on the total coating composition. Preferably starch is present in an amount of 0.6 to 2.0 wt.% based on the total coating composition. Preferably starch is present in an amount of 0.7 to 1.2 wt.% based on the total coating composition. Preferably the starch is present in an amount of from 0.8 to less than 1 wt.% based on the total coating composition. In one aspect the composition comprises starch. Preferably the starch is native starch. The starch may be selected from potato starch, maize starch, rice starch, wheat starch, tapioca starch and mixtures thereof. Preferably the starch is potato starch.

In one aspect the composition comprises fibre. The fibre may be selected from Wheat fibre, citrus fibre, soy fibre, beet fibre, carrot fibre, pea fibre and mixtures thereof.

Process and Use

As discussed herein, in various aspects the present invention provides

1 a process for coating a foodstuff with a coating composition, the process comprising the steps of

(A) preparing a coating composition, wherein the coating composition comprises

(a) 5 to 14 wt.% of a composition which comprises

(i) a first hydrocolloid, wherein the first hydrocolloid is alginate and the alginate is present in an amount of 70 to 90 wt.% based on the total composition;

(ii) a second hydrocolloid, wherein the second hydrocolloid is different from the first hydrocolloid; and

(iii) starch and/or fibre;

(b) water in an amount of at least 50 wt.%

based on the total coating composition.

(B) applying the coating composition to a foodstuff; and

(C) causing the coating composition to gel.

2 a process for coating a foodstuff with a coating composition, the process comprising the steps of

(a) preparing a coating composition which comprises

(i) a first hydrocolloid, wherein the first hydrocolloid is alginate and the alginate is present alginate in an amount of 5.5 to 10 wt.%;

(ii) a second hydrocolloid, wherein the second hydrocolloid is different from the first hydrocolloid;

(iii) starch and/or fibre, and

(iv) water in an amount of at least 50 wt.%

based on the total coating composition. (b) applying the coating composition to a foodstuff; and

(c) causing the coating composition to gel.

3 use of a coating composition for coating a foodstuff, wherein the coating composition comprises

(a) a composition in an amount of 5 to 14 wt.%, wherein the composition comprises

(i) a first hydrocolloid, wherein the first hydrocolloid is alginate and the alginate is present in an amount of 70 to 90 wt.% based on the total composition;

(ii) a second hydrocolloid, wherein the second hydrocolloid is different from the first hydrocolloid; and

(iii) starch and/or fibre;

(b) water in an amount of at least 50 wt.%

based on the total coating composition.

4 use of a coating composition for coating a foodstuff, wherein the coating composition comprises

(i) a first hydrocolloid, wherein the first hydrocolloid is alginate and the alginate is present alginate in an amount of 5.5 to 10 wt.%;

(ii) a second hydrocolloid, wherein the second hydrocolloid is different from the first hydrocolloid;

(iii) starch and/or fibre, and

(iv) water in an amount of at least 50 wt.%

based on the total coating composition.

In one aspect the foodstuff to which the coating is applied may contain alginate. It has been found that the inclusion of alginate in the foodstuff assists with the adhesion of the coating to the foodstuff. The alginate to be included in the foodstuff may be any form of alginate and in particular may be sodium alginate or potassium alginate. In one aspect the alginate is sodium alginate. The alginate may be contained in the foodstuff in any suitable amount. For example the alginate may be contained in the foodstuff in an amount of 0.1 to 5 wt.% based on the weight of the foodstuff, such as in an amount of 0.1 to 4 wt.% based on the weight of the foodstuff, such as in an amount of 0.1 to 3 wt.% based on the weight of the foodstuff, such as in an amount of 0.2 to 3 wt.% based on the weight of the foodstuff, such as in an amount of 0.5 to 5 wt.% based on the weight of the foodstuff, such as in an amount of 0.5 to 2 wt.% based on the weight of the foodstuff. The coating may be applied to the foodstuff in any suitable amount so as to put the foodstuff. In one aspect the coating is present in an amount of 3 to 20 wt.% based on the weight of the coated foodstuff, such as in an amount of 3 to 15 wt.% based on the weight of the coated foodstuff, such as in an amount of 5 to 15 wt.% based on the weight of the coated foodstuff, such as in an amount of 6 to 15 wt.% based on the weight of the coated foodstuff, such as in an amount of 6 to 1 1 wt.% based on the weight of the coated foodstuff, such as in an amount of 5 to 9 wt.% based on the weight of the coated foodstuff, such as in an amount of 6 to 9 wt.% based on the weight of the coated foodstuff.

Additional Components

The composition of the present invention may contain one or more further components. For example the composition may further comprise one or more materials selected from antioxidants, antimicrobials such as natamycin, flavours, colouring agents, spices, acidifiers and mixtures thereof.

The composition of the present invention may further contain at least one sugar. The at least one sugar can for example be selected from saccharose, maltodextrin, dextrose or mixtures thereof.

In one aspect, the composition of the present invention is free or substantially free of sequestrants. In one aspect, the composition of the present invention is free or substantially free of calcium sulphate. In the present context, free or substantially free means less than 0.1 wt% based on the composition, such as less than 0.01 wt% based on the composition, such as less than 0.001 wt% based on the composition, such as less than 0.0001 wt% based on the composition, such as being undetectable.

We have particularly found that reducing the pH of the casing composition may improve the adhesion of the casing to sausage meat. Thus in one aspect the composition of the present invention may contain an acid, an acidifying agent, a buffer or a combination thereof. In one aspect in the process of the present invention the casing composition is contacted with a foodstuff which has a pH of less than 7, such as less than 6, such as less than 5, such as less than 4. Further Aspects

It will also be understood by one skilled in the art that the essential components of the compositions of the present invention are defined herein. Unless otherwise stated, the presence of other components is not excluded. However, in one aspect the present invention provides the compositions containing only be listed components or only the listed components together with other components which do not have a material effect on the function of the listed components. Thus in one aspect the present invention provides a composition for preparation of a coating material, such as a sausage casing, wherein the composition consists of or consists essentially of

(i) a first hydrocolloid, wherein the first hydrocolloid is alginate and the alginate is present in an amount of 70 to 90 wt.% based on the total composition;

(ii) a second hydrocolloid, wherein the second hydrocolloid is different from the first hydrocolloid; and

(iii) starch and/or fibre.

In one aspect the present invention provides a coating composition for coating foodstuffs, the coating composition consists of or consists essentially of

(a) alginate in an amount of 5.5 to 12 wt.%

(b) water in an amount of at least 50 wt.%

based on the total coating composition.

In one aspect the present invention provides a composition for preparing a sausage casing, the composition consists of or consists essentially of

(a) alginate in an amount of 5.5 to 12 wt.%

(b) water in an amount of at least 50 wt.%

based on the total composition.

In one aspect the present invention provides a coating composition for coating foodstuffs, the coating composition consists of or consists essentially of

(a) a composition in an amount of 5 to 14 wt.%, based on the total coating composition, wherein the composition consists of or consists essentially of

(i) a first hydrocolloid, wherein the first hydrocolloid is alginate and the alginate is present in an amount of 70 to 90 wt.% based on the total composition;

(ii) a second hydrocolloid, wherein the second hydrocolloid is different from the first hydrocolloid; and (iii) starch and/or fibre;

(b) water in an amount of at least 50 wt.%, based on the total coating composition.

In one aspect the present invention provides a casing composition for preparing a sausage casing, the casing composition consists of or consists essentially of

(a) a composition in an amount of 5 to 14 wt.%, based on the casing composition, wherein the composition consists of or consists essentially of

(i) a first hydrocolloid, wherein the first hydrocolloid is alginate and the alginate is present in an amount of 70 to 90 wt.% based on the total composition;

(ii) a second hydrocolloid, wherein the second hydrocolloid is different from the first hydrocolloid; and

(iii) starch and/or fibre;

(b) water in an amount of at least 50 wt.% based on the casing composition. In one aspect the present invention provides a coating composition for coating foodstuffs, the coating composition consists of or consists essentially of

(i) a first hydrocolloid, wherein the first hydrocolloid is alginate and the alginate is present alginate in an amount of 5.5 to 10 wt.%;

(ii) a second hydrocolloid, wherein the second hydrocolloid is different from the first hydrocolloid;

(iii) starch and/or fibre, and

(iv) water in an amount of at least 50 wt.%

based on the total coating composition. In one aspect the present invention provides a casing composition for preparing a sausage casing, the casing composition consists of or consists essentially of

(i) a first hydrocolloid, wherein the first hydrocolloid is alginate and the alginate is present alginate in an amount of 5.5 to 10 wt.%;

(ii) a second hydrocolloid, wherein the second hydrocolloid is different from the first hydrocolloid;

(iii) starch and/or fibre, and

(iv) water in an amount of at least 50 wt.%

based on the total casing composition. In one aspect the present invention provides a process for coating a foodstuff with a coating composition, the process comprising the steps of (A) preparing a coating composition, wherein the coating composition consists of or consists essentially of

(a) 5 to 14 wt.% of a composition which consists of or consists essentially of

(i) a first hydrocolloid, wherein the first hydrocolloid is alginate and the alginate is present in an amount of 70 to 90 wt.% based on the total composition;

(ii) a second hydrocolloid, wherein the second hydrocolloid is different from the first hydrocolloid; and

(iii) starch and/or fibre;

(b) water in an amount of at least 50 wt.%

based on the total coating composition.

(B) applying the coating composition to a foodstuff; and

(C) causing the coating composition to gel. In one aspect the present invention provides a process for preparing a sausage, the process comprising the steps of

(A) preparing a casing composition, wherein the casing composition consists of or consists essentially of

(a) 5 to 14 wt.% of a composition which consists of or consists essentially of

(i) a first hydrocolloid, wherein the first hydrocolloid is alginate and the alginate is present in an amount of 70 to 90 wt.% based on the total composition;

(ii) a second hydrocolloid, wherein the second hydrocolloid is different from the first hydrocolloid; and

(iii) starch and/or fibre;

(b) water in an amount of at least 50 wt.%

based on the total casing composition.

(B) (i) applying the casing composition to a sausage filling; and

(ii) causing the casing composition to gel and thereby form a casing around the sausage filling;

or

(C) (i) causing the casing composition to gel and thereby form a casing; and

(ii) disposing a sausage filling within the casing. In one aspect the present invention provides a process for coating a foodstuff with a coating composition, the process comprising the steps of (a) preparing a coating composition which consists of or consists essentially of

(i) a first hydrocolloid, wherein the first hydrocolloid is alginate and the alginate is present alginate in an amount of 5.5 to 10 wt.%;

(ii) a second hydrocolloid, wherein the second hydrocolloid is different from the first hydrocolloid;

(iii) starch and/or fibre, and

(iv) water in an amount of at least 50 wt.%

based on the total coating composition.

(b) applying the coating composition to a foodstuff; and

(c) causing the coating composition to gel.

In one aspect the present invention provides a process for preparing a sausage, the process comprising the steps of

(A) preparing a coating composition, wherein the coating composition consists of or consists essentially of

(i) a first hydrocolloid, wherein the first hydrocolloid is alginate and the alginate is present alginate in an amount of 5.5 to 10 wt.%;

(ii) a second hydrocolloid, wherein the second hydrocolloid is different from the first hydrocolloid;

(iii) starch and/or fibre, and

(iv) water in an amount of at least 50 wt.%

based on the total coating composition.

(B) (i) applying the casing composition to a sausage filling; and

(ii) causing the casing composition to gel and thereby form a casing around the sausage filling;

or

(C) (i) causing the casing composition to gel and thereby form a casing; and

(ii) disposing a sausage filling within the casing. In one aspect the present invention provides use of a coating composition for coating a foodstuff, wherein the coating composition consists of or consists essentially of

(a) a composition in an amount of 5 to 14 wt.%, wherein the composition consists of or consists essentially of

(i) a first hydrocolloid, wherein the first hydrocolloid is alginate and the alginate is present in an amount of 70 to 90 wt.% based on the total composition; (ii) a second hydrocolloid, wherein the second hydrocolloid is different from the first hydrocolloid; and

(iii) starch and/or fibre;

(b) water in an amount of at least 50 wt.%

based on the total coating composition.

In one aspect the present invention provides use of a casing composition for casing a sausage, wherein the casing composition consists of or consists essentially of

(a) a composition in an amount of 5 to 14 wt.%, wherein the composition consists of or consists essentially of

(i) a first hydrocolloid, wherein the first hydrocolloid is alginate and the alginate is present in an amount of 70 to 90 wt.% based on the total composition;

(ii) a second hydrocolloid, wherein the second hydrocolloid is different from the first hydrocolloid; and

(iii) starch and/or fibre;

(b) water in an amount of at least 50 wt.%

based on the total casing composition.

In one aspect the present invention provides use of a coating composition for coating a foodstuff, wherein the coating composition consists of or consists essentially of

(i) a first hydrocolloid, wherein the first hydrocolloid is alginate and the alginate is present alginate in an amount of 5.5 to 10 wt.%;

(ii) a second hydrocolloid, wherein the second hydrocolloid is different from the first hydrocolloid;

(iii) starch and/or fibre, and

(iv) water in an amount of at least 50 wt.%

based on the total coating composition.

In one aspect the present invention provides use of a casing composition for casing a sausage, wherein the casing composition consists of or consists essentially of

(i) a first hydrocolloid, wherein the first hydrocolloid is alginate and the alginate is present alginate in an amount of 5.5 to 10 wt.%;

(ii) a second hydrocolloid, wherein the second hydrocolloid is different from the first hydrocolloid;

(iii) starch and/or fibre, and

(iv) water in an amount of at least 50 wt.% based on the total casing composition.

The invention will now be described, by way of example only, with reference to the following Examples.

EXAMPLES

In each of the examples, unless otherwise stated, the following ingredients were used: The sodium alginate was a sodium alginate having a viscosity of greater than 100 mPa*s in 1 % solution at 20°C . (measured on a Brookfield LVT viscometer, spindle #2) and had a guluronic acid content of at least 50 % measured according to ASTM 2259-10.

CMC is carboxymethyl cellulose

Cellulose gum had a dietary fiber content (according to AOAC-method) of ~ 98 %

Carrageenan was a semi-refined kappa carrageenan

The pectin was a high Ca reactive low-ester, amidated pectin

Fibrex 595 is sugar beet fibers available from Nordic Sugar

Modified Potato Starch was Gelamyl 120 available from KMC, Denmark

Example 1

A composition according to the present invention was prepared having the following ingredients

Preparation of alginate blend Test Sample PL 20140:

The dry ingredients were mixed. Prior to mixing the ingredients were sieved to avoid any lumps which could cause problems during the extrusion process. Two samples of alginate gel were prepared from the test sample PI 20140. The gel had the following composition: 9% Blend # 1 9% Blend #2 6% Blend # 1 6% Blend #2

Alginate blend (g)

PL 20140 90 90 60 60

Water (g) 910 855 940 885

Vinegar (g) 55 55

Cone Lactic acid

(droplets) 2 2

Total (g) 1000 1000 1000 1000

The samples were prepared as follows. The water, preferably cold, was weighed into a bowl chopper. The gel can optionally be pH adjusted to pH~4.5 by addition of acidifier into water. The alginate blend was slowly added in the bowl chopper at low speed. This was mixed for a couple of minutes while the sides of the bowl chopper were rinsed manually with a scraper to ensure a homogenous mixture in the bowl chopper. The mixing was stopped, the lid opened to clean the sides of gel lumps. The mixing was started again for a couple of minutes and the rinsing procedure then repeated. The lid was closed and the mixing started again and while applying full vacuum for a couple of minutes. The total mixing time was approximately 10 minutes. On completion of the mixing, the mixing was stopped and the vacuum taken off. The final gel was carefully screened for any lumps, or undissolved material. If there was any, the mixing was repeated and vacuum applied at the end. When the gel had totally dissolved and the air had been removed via the vacuum supply, the gel was deposited into buckets and closed with a lid. The gel can be stored at 5°C or it can be used directly in a sausage casing machinery.

We found that it is important for the functionality that the hardness of the water used for preparations of the gel is well known. Precautions must be taken if the hardness is high. The hardness of the water will come from Mg + and Ca ++ ions. Divalent ions like Ca ++ are found to have a negative impact on the final functionality of the alginate and Ca complexing during the setting bath. In cases where the hardness is high, distilled or ion exchanged water may be used in place of tap water.

A setting bath containing CaCI 2 at a concentration of 10-20 % (based on CaCI 2 ) was prepared. Thus calcium was present in an amount of 3 to 8 % in the setting bath. The gel was extruded out on the surface of the meat dough in the manner described below. Various types of sausages can be produced, such as Wiener, Bratwurst, Bruhwurst, Pfefferbissen, Kabanossi, Frankfurter, Nuernberger and Dry Fermented sausages.

Production of sausages

Gels were prepared of the Test Sample PL 20140, in 6% 9% and 12 %. . They were filled into two different stuffers to allow for easy switching between the two types of casings for each meat batter.

Wiener

Meat dough having the following composition was prepared:

Wiener

Wiener sausages were produced and during this test we examined the influence of calcium source inside the meat batter. Ca-lactate was added to the meat batter.

The meat dough was processed on a ConPro 200 from Handtmann (GER). The length of the sausages was 240 mm, the inner caliber was 1 1 mm, head caliber 19 mm, casing layer thickness 0,2 mm and the amount of alginate casing was 4,1 %. The alginate casing was fixated by a 20 % w/w CaCI 2 solution bath. We also prepared a 12% blend which was tested for the coating of this sausage. The 12% blend had the following formulation.

Both the 9% and 12% blends were found to make acceptable Wiener sausages, although the 12% blend had a tougher texture. After hanging, the sausages were found to be in good condition and after treatment in the smokehouse they were hanging well on the sticks, looked pleasant in terms of color and were without any wrinkles.

Dry Fermented Sausages (DFS) & Kabanossi

The meat dough for Dry Fermented Sausages was prepared using the following recipe:

The meat dough was processed on a ConPro 200 from Handtmann (GER). The length of the sausages was 330 mm, the inner caliber was 12 mm, casing layer thickness 0,25 mm and the amount of alginate casing was 4,2 %. The alginate casing was fixated by a 20 % w/w CaCI 2 solution bath. The Dry Fermented Sausages and the Kabanossi sausages were filled using both the 9% blend gel and the 2 % blend gel.

For the Dry Fermented Sausages we did not observe any problems during production of the sausages or the hanging step.

Kabanossi

The meat dough for Kabanossi was prepared using the following recipe:

Dry fermented sausage sticks

The meat dough was processed on a ConPro 200 from Handtmann (GER). The length of the sausages was 360 mm, the inner caliber was 1 1 mm, head caliber 15 mm, casing layer thickness 0,16 mm and the amount of alginate casing was 4,1 %. The alginate casing was fixated by a 20 % w/w CaCI 2 solution bath.

Once again we encountered no problems with production or hanging. The drying in the chamber was also done with a strong air circulation and none of the sausages fell down during this process step. The casings were strong and the sausages prepared with the 9% gel blend were particularly pleasant to eat. The casing with 12% gel blend was somewhat harder when biting into the sausages.

Evaluation of the products

Wiener

• Casing was not so easy to peel off with quite some cohesion to the meat batter

• Color and taste of the casing was acceptable as was the mouth feel when biting into the sausages • Wiener were heated up to 90°C water for 5 minutes. During that time casings were fully stable and adhered well to the sausages.

Kabanossi

· Excellent products with 9% gel blend for both types of sausages CONCLUSION

The trials have shown that the present invention provides a coating composition which may be used as an effective 'artificial' sausage casing.

Test Sample PL 20140 performed particularly well in the production of Kabanossi / DFS application. Example 2 - Study of Second Hvdrocolloid and Starch/Fibre

The process of making the composition and the coating composition is similar to the process described in Example 1. The components of the composition and the ratio between them are shown in the table below. The table further describes the components, the pH and the gel concentration of the coating composition.

The sausages were prepared as wiener sausages according to the process described above.

We have observed that the strongest casings were obtained by the use of CMC or cellulose powder as the second hydrocolloid. Compared to CMC, the use of native tapioca starch, Xanthan Gum, or carrageenan provided less strong casings. We have observed that the strongest casings were obtained by the use of native potato starch as the starch/fibre. Compared to native potato starch, the use of Fibrex fibers provided less strong casings. Example 3 - Study of Different pH

The process of making the composition and the coating composition is similar to the process described in Example 1 . The components of the composition and the ratio between them are shown in the table below. The table further describes the components, the pH and the gel concentration of the coating composition. In addition the table provides the CaCI 2 concentration of the setting bath.

The sausages were prepared as wiener sausages according to the process described above.

We have observed that the lowering of the pH value of the casing gel has a beneficial impact on the adhesion of the casing to the meat of the sausage. Example 4 - Difference with and without CMC

The process of making the composition and the coating composition is similar to the process described in Example 1. The components of the composition and the ratio between them are shown in the table below. The table further describes the components, the pH and the gel concentration of the coating composition. In addition the table provides the CaCI 2 concentration of the setting bath.

The sausages were prepared as wiener sausages according to the process described above.

The second hydrocolloid added, here CMC, has a very good impact on the strength of the casing compared to systems where a second hydrocolloid was not present. Ruptures of the sausage skin was observed on sausages made without CMC. This occurred in tests with varied starch (native potato starch and native maize starch) and at modified pH. Example 5 - Presence of Alginate in Meat Batter

The process of making the composition and the coating composition is similar to the process described in Example 1. The components of the composition and the ratio between them are shown in the table below. The table further describes the components, the pH and the gel concentration of the coating composition. In addition the table provides the CaCI 2 concentration of the setting bath.

The sausages were prepared as wiener sausages according to the process described above.

The addition of alginate to the meatbatter at both 0.5% and 2.0% improved the adhesion between the casing and the meat in the final sausage. The addition of 0.5 % had a minor impact of the chewing resistance and 2.0 % had a more significant impact of the chewing resistance.

Example 6 - Difference in starch The process of making the composition and the coating composition is similar to the process described in Example 1. The components of the composition and the ratio between them are shown in the table below. The table further describes the components, the pH and the gel concentration of the coating composition. In addition the table provides the CaCI 2 concentration of the setting bath.

The sausages were prepared as wiener sausages according to the process described above.

a o g : n y ro : s arc : : , : : , , : , , ,

It was found that the use of CMC provided the strongest casings with the examples containing native maize starch and modified potato starch being significantly weaker.

Example 7 - Different CaCI? cone for the setting bath

The process of making the composition and the coating composition is similar to the process described in Example 1. The components of the composition and the ratio between them are shown in the table below. The table further describes the components, the pH and the gel concentration of the coating composition. In addition the table provides the CaCI 2 concentration of the setting bath.

The sausages were prepared as wiener sausages according to the process described above.

The production of sausages were challenged by differences in the CaCI2 concentration. We obtained good results with 10,15 and 20 % concentration. The wiener sausages all passed the normal treatment of hanging on a stick for smoking, cooking and cooling by showering. Example 8 - Different gel concentration

The process of making the composition and the coating composition is similar to the process described in Example 1. The components of the composition and the ratio between them are shown in the table below. The table further describes the components, the pH and the gel concentration of the coating composition. In addition the table provides the CaCI 2 concentration of the setting bath.

The sausages were prepared as wiener sausages according to the process described above. Beside a meat dough as described in Example 1 sausages were also prepared with a meat free dough (artificial sausage dough). The sausages with the artificial sausage dough were processed as the wiener sausages described in example 1.

The artificial sausage dough was prepared by mixing 20 wt% Cellulose fibre, 2 wt.% Guar gum and 78 wt.% water.

Tests were made with gels at concentrations of from 6 % to 1 1 %. The amounts stated are the amount of dry matter (alginate, 2nd hydrocolloid, starch) based on the total weight of the coating composition (alginate, 2nd hydrocolloid, starch and water). The sausages all exhibited the desired properties and could be hung on sticks for production of wiener sausages. The 9 % concentration gel was found to be optimum. The 9 % concentration gel demonstrated better flow properties compared to the high concentration gel (1 1 %) All publications mentioned in the above specification are herein incorporated by reference. Various modifications and variations of the described methods and system of the invention will be apparent to those skilled in the art without departing from the scope and spirit of the invention. Although the invention has been described in connection with specific preferred embodiments, it should be understood that the invention as claimed should not be unduly limited to such specific embodiments. Indeed, various modifications of the described modes for carrying out the invention which are obvious to those skilled in chemistry or related fields are intended to be within the scope of the following claims.