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Title:
COMPRESSOR MOTOR INCLUDING ACTIVE STATOR COOLING
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2020/264111
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
An electric compressor motor includes a stator ring having a plurality of stator winding slots and a plurality of stator windings. Each of said stator windings is received in a stator winding slot of the plurality of stator winding slots. The stator ring also includes a plurality of cooling slots. Each cooling slot in the plurality of coolant slots is defined along an axial length of at least one corresponding stator winding slot of the plurality of stator winding slots such that a shared opening between each stator winding slot and at least one corresponding coolant slot is defined. The cooling slots are configured to allow coolant to directly contact at least one stator winding in the corresponding at least one stator winding slot.

Inventors:
SISHTLA, Vishnu M. (US)
WESTLAKE, Michael (US)
Application Number:
US2020/039549
Publication Date:
December 30, 2020
Filing Date:
June 25, 2020
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
CARRIER CORPORATION (US)
International Classes:
H02K1/20; H02K9/10; H02K9/00; F25B1/053; F25B31/00; H02K1/16
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
BURCH, Stephen A. (US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. An electric compressor motor comprising:

a stator ring including a plurality of stator winding slots and a plurality of stator windings, wherein each of said stator windings is received in a stator winding slot of the plurality of stator winding slots;

a plurality of cooling slots, each cooling slot in the plurality of coolant slots being defined along an axial length of at least one corresponding stator winding slot of the plurality of stator winding slots such that a shared opening between each stator winding slot and at least one corresponding coolant slot is defined; and

wherein the cooling slots are configured to allow coolant to directly contact at least one stator winding in the corresponding at least one stator winding slot.

2. The electric compressor motor of claim 1, further comprising a housing surrounding the stator ring and defining at least one cavity at a first axial end of the stator ring, the at least one cavity including a first coolant drain port.

3. The electric compressor motor of claim 2, wherein the housing defines a second cavity at a second axial end of the stator ring, opposite the first axial end of the stator ring, the second cavity including a second coolant drain port.

4. The electric compressor of claim 1, further comprising a coolant injection port configured to provide a coolant to a coolant plenum, the coolant plenum being configured to disperse the coolant to the plurality of cooling slots.

5. The electric compressor of claim 4, wherein a wall connecting the coolant plenum to the stator ring defines a plurality of through holes and each of the through holes connects the coolant plenum to a corresponding cooling slot of the plurality of coolant slots.

6. The electric compressor of claim 5, wherein a second wall connecting the coolant plenum to the stator ring defines a second plurality of through holes, and each of the through holes connects the plenum to a corresponding cooling slot of the plurality of coolant slots.

7. The electric compressor of claim 4, wherein the coolant plenum is disposed at a first axial end of the stator ring.

8. The electric compressor of claim 4, wherein the coolant plenum is disposed in a mid section of the stator ring, and wherein coolant slots extend axially outward from the coolant plenum in two axial directions.

9. The electric compressor of claim 1, wherein each of the coolant slots extends radially outward from the corresponding stator winding slot, and wherein each of the coolant slots.

10. The electric compressor of claim 9, wherein the number of coolant slots and the number of stator winding slots are the same.

11. The electric compressor of claim 1, wherein each of the coolant slots is disposed circumferentially between two corresponding stator winding slots.

12. The electric compressor of claim 11, wherein the number of coolant slots is less than the number of stator winding slots.

13. A method for cooling an electric motor comprising:

injecting a coolant into a coolant slot defined within a stator lamination of an electric motor; and

passing the coolant through the coolant slot along an axial length of the stator lamination such that the coolant directly contacts at least one stator winding disposed in a corresponding stator winding slot.

14. The method of claim 13, comprising expelling the coolant from the coolant slot into at least one cavity at an axial end of the stator lamination.

15. The method of claim 14, comprising expelling the coolant from the coolant slot into a first cavity at a first axial end of the stator lamination and into a second cavity at a second axial end of the stator lamination.

16. The method of claim 15, wherein injecting the coolant in the coolant slot comprises providing coolant to a coolant plenum at a first axial end of the stator lamination.

17. The method of claim 15, wherein injecting the coolant in the coolant slot comprises providing coolant to a coolant plenum at a mid-portion of the stator lamination.

18. The method of claim 13, wherein the coolant slot is defined radially outward of a corresponding stator winding slot.

19. The method of claim 13, wherein the coolant slot is defined circumferentially between a first corresponding stator winding slot and a second corresponding stator winding slot.

20. An electric compressor comprising:

a compressor portion having a rotational input;

an electric motor including a housing, a stator ring fixedly mounted to the housing, a rotor ring defined radially inward to the stator ring and being fixedly mounted to a shaft output, the shaft output being mechanically connected to the rotational input of the compressor portion; and

the stator ring including a plurality of stator winding slots and a plurality of coolant slots, each of the coolant slots sharing an open edge with at least one corresponding stator winding slot such that coolant directly contacts a stator winding disposed in the corresponding stator winding slot.

Description:
COMPRESSOR MOTOR INCLUDING ACTIVE STATOR COOLING

TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001] The present disclosure relates generally to compressor motor architectures, and more specifically to a compressor motor architecture including an active stator cooling configuration.

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION

[0002] This application claim priority to United States Provisional Application No. 62/866739 filed on June 26, 2019.

BACKGROUND

[0003] Electric compressors typically include an electric motor that converts stored electrical power into rotational motion of a shaft. The rotation of the shaft is provided to a corresponding compressor portion that uses rotation to ingest air, or another fluid such as a coolant, and a decreasing stage size to compress the ingested fluid to a compressed state. Once compressed, the fluid is provided from the compressor to another system or stored in a compressed fluid storage tank for later use.

[0004] Operation of the electric motor can generate heat due to the expenditure of electrical energy and the inbuilt resistances of the motor. The heat is particularly prominent in a stator portion of the electric motor. In some systems, the electric motor is cooled by spraying the end caps of the motor stators with a coolant. Overcooling allows the internal portions of the stator windings and the rotor windings to be sufficiently cooled. In such systems, however, insufficient coolant can result in overheating at the center of the stator and/or uneven thermal wear on the stator.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0005] In one exemplary embodiment an electric compressor motor includes a stator ring including a plurality of stator winding slots and a plurality of stator windings, wherein each of said stator windings is received in a stator winding slot of the plurality of stator winding slots, a plurality of cooling slots, each cooling slot in the plurality of coolant slots being defined along an axial length of at least one corresponding stator winding slot of the plurality of stator winding slots such that a shared opening between each stator winding slot and at least one corresponding coolant slot is defined, and wherein the cooling slots are configured to allow coolant to directly contact at least one stator winding in the corresponding at least one stator winding slot.

[0006] Another example of the above described electric compressor motor further includes a housing surrounding the stator ring and defining at least one cavity at a first axial end of the stator ring, the at least one cavity including a first coolant drain port.

[0007] In another example of any of the above described electric compressor motors the housing defines a second cavity at a second axial end of the stator ring, opposite the first axial end of the stator ring, the second cavity including a second coolant drain port.

[0008] Another example of any of the above described electric compressor motors further includes a coolant injection port configured to provide a coolant to a coolant plenum, the coolant plenum being configured to disperse the coolant to the plurality of cooling slots.

[0009] In another example of any of the above described electric compressor motors a wall connecting the coolant plenum to the stator ring defines a plurality of through holes and each of the through holes connects the coolant plenum to a corresponding cooling slot of the plurality of coolant slots.

[0010] In another example of any of the above described electric compressor motors a second wall connecting the coolant plenum to the stator ring defines a second plurality of through holes, and each of the through holes connects the plenum to a corresponding cooling slot of the plurality of coolant slots.

[0011] In another example of any of the above described electric compressor motors the coolant plenum is disposed at a first axial end of the stator ring.

[0012] In another example of any of the above described electric compressor motors the coolant plenum is disposed in a mid-section of the stator ring, and wherein coolant slots extend axially outward from the coolant plenum in two axial directions.

[0013] In another example of any of the above described electric compressor motors each of the coolant slots extends radially outward from the corresponding stator winding slot, and wherein each of the coolant slots.

[0014] In another example of any of the above described electric compressor motors the number of coolant slots and the number of stator winding slots are the same. [0015] In another example of any of the above described electric compressor motors each of the coolant slots is disposed circumferentially between two corresponding stator winding slots.

[0016] In another example of any of the above described electric compressor motors the number of coolant slots is less than the number of stator winding slots.

[0017] An exemplary method for cooling an electric motor includes injecting a coolant into a coolant slot defined within a stator lamination of an electric motor, and passing the coolant through the coolant slot along an axial length of the stator lamination such that the coolant directly contacts at least one stator winding disposed in a corresponding stator winding slot.

[0018] Another example of the above described method for cooling an electric motor includes expelling the coolant from the coolant slot into at least one cavity at an axial end of the stator lamination.

[0019] Another example of any of the above described methods for cooling an electric motor includes expelling the coolant from the coolant slot into a first cavity at a first axial end of the stator lamination and into a second cavity at a second axial end of the stator lamination.

[0020] In another example of any of the above described methods for cooling an electric motor injecting the coolant in the coolant slot comprises providing coolant to a coolant plenum at a first axial end of the stator lamination.

[0021] In another example of any of the above described methods for cooling an electric motor injecting the coolant in the coolant slot comprises providing coolant to a coolant plenum at a mid-portion of the stator lamination.

[0022] In another example of any of the above described methods for cooling an electric motor the coolant slot is defined radially outward of a corresponding stator winding slot.

[0023] In another example of any of the above described methods for cooling an electric motor the coolant slot is defined circumferentially between a first corresponding stator winding slot and a second corresponding stator winding slot.

[0024] In one exemplary embodiment an electric compressor includes a compressor portion having a rotational input, an electric motor including a housing, a stator ring fixedly mounted to the housing, a rotor ring defined radially inward to the stator ring and being fixedly mounted to a shaft output, the shaft output being mechanically connected to the rotational input of the compressor portion, and the stator ring including a plurality of stator winding slots and a plurality of coolant slots, each of the coolant slots sharing an open edge with at least one corresponding stator winding slot such that coolant directly contacts a stator winding disposed in the corresponding stator winding slot.

[0025] These and other features of the present invention can be best understood from the following specification and drawings, the following of which is a brief description.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0026] Figure 1 illustrates a highly schematic electric compressor according to one example.

[0027] Figure 2 schematically illustrates a cross sectional view of an exemplary electric motor along an axis of a motor shaft.

[0028] Figure 3 schematically illustrates a radial cross section of the electric motor of Figure 2.

[0029] Figure 4 schematically illustrates a cross sectional view of another exemplary electric motor along an axis of the shaft.

[0030] Figure 5 schematically illustrates a cross section of an exemplary annular ring.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0031] Figure 1 schematically illustrates an exemplary compressor system 10. The exemplary compressor system 10 includes an electric motor 20 having multiple stator windings 22 disposed radially outward of multiple rotor windings 24. The rotor windings 24 are connected to a shaft 30. Passing an electrical current through the stator windings 22 causes a corresponding current to be driven through the rotor windings 24, and drives rotation of the shaft 30. The electrical mechanisms and operations of electric motors are known in the art and are not expanded on herein.

[0032] The shaft 30 is connected to a compressor 40 via a gear 50. In alternative examples, the gear 50 can be replaced with a direct drive configuration, or with any other system for conveying the rotation of the shaft 30 to a compressor rotor 42. Rotation of the compressor rotor 42 draws in refrigerant 60, compresses the refrigerant 60 and provides the compressed refrigerant to a plenum 70. The compressed fluid in the plenum 70 is then provided to any other system as needed. [0033] During the course of this operation, the electric motor 20, and specifically the stator windings 22 within the electric motor 20, can heat to excessive temperatures. In order to prevent the excessive temperatures from damaging the stator windings 22, or any other portions of the electric motor 20 or the compressor 10, a coolant is passed through slots 23 in the stator 22. The slots 23 allow the coolant to pass entirely through the stator 22 and allow the coolant to directly contact the stator windings, thereby providing efficient cooling of the stator 22.

[0034] With continued reference to Figure 1, Figure 2 schematically illustrates an exemplary electric motor 100 for use in the electric compressor 10 of Figure 1. Figure 3 schematically illustrates a cross section of the motor 100 at cross section A-A. In the illustration of Figure 3, conventional portions of the motor 100 are omitted to more clearly illustrate the features being described. The electric motor 100 includes a housing 110. A stator ring 120 is mounted to the housing 110, and is positioned radially outward from a rotor ring 130. The stator ring 120 and the rotor ring 130 are separated by an air gap 132, which allows the rotor ring 130 to rotate freely. The rotor ring 130 is fixedly mounted to a shaft 140. The shaft 140 defines an axis A, about which the shaft 140 is driven to rotate when current is passed through the stator windings in the stator ring 120.

[0035] The stator ring 120 includes a lamination 124 defining multiple stator winding slots 126. Electrical windings are disposed in the stator winding slots 126, and allow the electric motor 100 to function. Also included in the stator winding 120 are multiple coolant slots 122 that extend the full axial length of the stator ring 120. Each of the coolant slots 122 is connected to at least one stator slot 126, and allows coolant passing through the coolant slot 122 to directly contact the windings disposed in the stator slot 126. In the example of Figure 3, the coolant slots 122 are disposed immediately radially outward of, and extend radially outward from, each stator slot 126. In alternative examples, the coolant slots 122 can be positioned in an alternate location (coolant slot 122a) and a single coolant slot 122a can provide coolant to two adjacent stator slots 126.

[0036] During operation of the electric motor 100, a coolant such as R-134a, R513a, R1233zd, is injected into a plenum 150 via a coolant injection port 152. In alternative examples any non-conductive coolant can be utilized including low global warming potential (GWP) coolants. After the coolant has passed through the slot 122, the coolant is expelled into a cavity 112 at an end axially opposite the end of the slot 122 where the coolant is injected. A drain port 114 is positioned within the housing 110 and allows the spent coolant to drain out of the cavity 112. The drain port 114 is located at a bottom of the electric motor 100, relative to gravity while the electric motor 100 is in an installed position.

[0037] With continued reference to Figures 1-3, Figure 4 illustrates an alternate example of the electric motor 20 of Figure 1. The electric motor 200 of Figure 4 is substantially identical to the electric motor 100 of Figure 2, with a modification to the location of the coolant inlet port 252. Rather than injecting the coolant into the coolant slots 222 from an axial end of the stator ring 220, the coolant inlet port 252 is positioned in or near a center portion of the stator ring 220, and the coolant is passed through the coolant slot 222 to both ends of the electric motor 200. The first cavity 212 and a second cavity 216 each receive the spent coolant from the corresponding axial end of the stator ring 220. As with the example of Figure 2, each of the drain ports 214 is positioned at a bottom of the electric motor housing 210, relative to gravity while the electric motor 200 is in an installed position.

[0038] In order to facilitate the positioning of the inlet at a mid-portion of the stator, the motor 200 includes an annular ring 254. The annular ring structure 254 is illustrated in greater detail in Figure 5. The annular ring structure 254 includes two radially aligned annular rings 259 connected to each other at a radially innermost edge 257 by a wall. The combination of the annular rings 259 and the wall 260 from a plenum 258 that distributes the coolant to corresponding coolant slots 222 through holes 255 in the annular rings 259.

[0039] It is further understood that any of the above described concepts can be used alone or in combination with any or all of the other above described concepts. Although an embodiment of this invention has been disclosed, a worker of ordinary skill in this art would recognize that certain modifications would come within the scope of this invention. For that reason, the following claims should be studied to determine the true scope and content of this invention.