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Title:
CONNECTING HOOK AND WIPER
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2014/106481
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A connecting hook (3, 5) and a wiper (100, 200) are disclosed. The wiper (100, 200) comprises an arm head (1) mounted with a column pin (10), a retaining arm (2) connected to the arm head (1) while being rotatable relative to the arm head (1), and a connecting hook (3, 5). The connecting hook (3, 5) has a first hooking portion (31, 51) and a second hooking portion (32, 52) which are formed integrally. The first hooking portion (31, 51) is mounted to the pin (10), and the second hooking portion (32, 52) is mounted to a resilient element (20) which is pre-load. The first hooking portion (31, 51) has a first contacting surface (310, 510) contacting the pin (10) in line contact. Thereby, contacting stress between the connecting hook (3, 5) and the pin (10) is decreased, wear of the connecting hook (3, 5) and the pin (10) is reduced and life span of the wiper (100, 200) is improved.

Inventors:
JOACHIM, Zimmer (No.26 Lixiang Road . Xingsha, Changsha, Hunan 0, 410100, CN)
KUMAR, Suresh (No.26 Lixiang Road . Xingsha, Changsha, Hunan 0, 410100, CN)
Application Number:
CN2014/070136
Publication Date:
July 10, 2014
Filing Date:
January 06, 2014
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
BOSCH AUTOMOTIVE PRODUCTS (CHANGSHA) CO. LTD. (No. 26 Lixiang Road . Xingsha, Changsha, Hunan 0, 410100, CN)
International Classes:
B60S1/34
Foreign References:
CN203237216U2013-10-16
CN1394179A2003-01-29
EP0713809A11996-05-29
US4741068A1988-05-03
DE3810017A11988-10-06
JP2004161023A2004-06-10
US6253409B12001-07-03
JP2004161023A2004-06-10
Other References:
See also references of EP 2941371A4
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
CHINA PATENT AGENT (H.K.) LTD. (22/F, Great Eagle Center23 Harbour Road,Wanchai, Hong Kong, Kong, CN)
Download PDF:
Claims:
OuWO oi^io^si ^oooiP PCT/CN2014/070136

10

CLAIMS

1. A connecting hook (3, 5) which is characterized in that, it has a first hooking portion (31, 51) and a second hooking portion (32, 52) which are formed integrally, the first hooking portion (31, 51) has a first contacting surface (310, 510), the second hooking portion (32, 52) has a second contacting surface (320, 520), and the first contacting surface (310, 510) is in a straight line in a cross section of the connecting hook (3, 5) .

2. The connecting hook (3, 5) according to claim 1, wherein the second contacting surface (320, 520) is in a circular arc in a cross section of the connecting hook (3, 5).

3. The connecting hook (3, 5) according to claim 1, wherein the connecting hook (3, 5) transitions to the second contacting surface (320, 520) smoothly from the first contacting surface (310, 510).

4. The connecting hook (5) according to claim 2, wherein the connecting hook (5) is punched from a metal sheet, and two sides of the metal sheet at the second contacting surface (520) bend towards a back surface direction of the second contacting surface (520).

5. The connecting hook (5) according to claim 4, wherein the metal sheet at two sides of the first contacting surface (510) bends towards a back surface direction of the first contacting surface (510).

6. The connecting hook (3) according to claim 1, wherein the connecting hook (3) has a circular cross section at the second hook portion (32), and the cross section of the first hooking portion (31) of the connecting hook (3) has a pair of straight lines that are parallel with each other.

7. The connecting hook (3, 5) according to claim 1, wherein the connecting hook (3, 5) is of a C-shaped, and the first hooking portion (31, 51) and the second hooking portion (32, 52) are located at two ends of the C-shaped connecting hook (3, 5) respectively.

8. A wiper (100, 200) which is characterized in that, it comprises: OuWO Ol^lO^Sl ^oOOlP PCT/CN2014/070136

11

an arm head (1) mounted with a column pin (10);

a retaining arm (2) connected to the arm head (1) while being rotatable relative to the arm head (1); and

the connecting hook (3, 5) according to any one of claims 1 to 7;

wherein the first hooking portion (31, 51) is mounted to the pin (10), the second hooking portion (32, 52) is mounted to a resilient element (20) which is pre-loaded, there is line contact between the first contacting surface (310, 510) and the pin (10), and the second contacting surface (320, 520) contacts the resilient element (20).

9. The wiper (100, 200) according to claim 8, wherein the retaining arm (2) is connected to the arm head (1) via a pivot shaft (4), the retaining arm (2) is rotatable relative to the arm head (1) between a first position and a second position, and when the retaining arm (2) rotates, the connecting hook (3, 5) rotates about the pin (10) and creates a sliding movement between the first contacting surface (310, 510) and the pin (10); when the retaining arm (2) is in the first position, an elastic force of the resilient element (20) which is pre-loaded forms a forward direction torque to the retaining arm (2) relative to the pivot shaft (4), and when the retaining arm (2) is in the second position, an elastic force of the resilient element (20) which is pre-loaded forms a reverse direction torque to the retaining arm (2) relative to the pivot shaft (4).

10. The wiper (100, 200) according to claim 8, wherein the pin (10) is of a column shape, the resilient element (20) has an arc-shaped curved hook (22) which hooks the second contacting surface (320, 520), and the resilient element (20), after being pre-loaded, has an elastic pulling force imposed on the second contacting surface (320, 520) of the connecting hook (3, 5).

Description:
CONNECTING HOOK AND WIPER

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

[0001] The utility model relates to the field of automobile accessories, and in particular to a wiper for vehicle and a connecting hook used in the wiper.

BACKGROUND

[0002] Currently, windshield of automobile is generally equipped with a wiper which, in rainy days, can scrape off rain and dust accumulated on vehicle windows, thus providing a clear view field for users of automobile. This enables the driver to clearly see the outside view through vehicle windows and thus improves safety of driving.

[0003] Figs. 1 to 4 show a schematic structure view of a wiper in the prior art. As shown in Figs. 1 to 4, the existing wiper 800 typically comprises an arm head 1 mounted with a column pin 10, a retaining arm 2 connected to the arm head 1 while being rotatable relative to the arm head 1, an arm rod 7 connected to the retaining arm 2 and a C-shaped connecting hook 8, and a tension spring 20 is mounted inside the retaining arm 2. One end of the C-shaped connecting hook 8 is hooked at the column pin 10, and the other end of the C-shaped connecting hook 8 is hooked at the tension spring 20. As shown in Fig. 4, when the retaining arm 2 with the arm rod 7 connected thereto rotates relative to the arm head 1 , the C-shaped connecting hook 8 rotates about the column pin 10 under the action of pull force of the tension spring 20 so that the connecting hook 8 slides on the column pin 10 to create friction. With further reference to Fig. 3, the C-shaped connecting hook 8 has a circular cross-section. Therefore, a point contact is formed between the C-shaped connecting hook 8 and the column pin 10. However, such a point contact results in large contact stress between the C-shaped connecting hook 8 and the column pin 10, which easily leads to wear of the C-shaped connecting hook 8 and the column pin 10, thus reducing life span of the wiper 800.

[0004] Therefore, there is a need to provide an improved solution to overcome existing technical problems in the prior art.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0005] The main technical problem to be solved by the utility model is to extend life span u

2 of wiper components.

[0006] In order to solve the above technical problem, the utility model provides a connecting hook having a first hooking portion and a second hooking portion which are formed integrally, the first hooking portion has a first contacting surface, the second hooking portion has a second contacting surface, and the first contacting surface is in a straight line in a cross section of the connecting hook.

[0007] Optionally, in the above-described connecting hook, the second contacting surface is in a circular arc in a cross section of the connecting hook.

[0008] Optionally, in the above-described connecting hook, the connecting hook transitions to the second contacting surface smoothly from the first contacting surface.

[0009] Optionally, in the above-described connecting hook, the connecting hook is punched from a metal sheet, and two sides of the metal sheet at the second contacting surface bend towards a back surface direction of the second contacting surface.

[0010] Optionally, in the above-described connecting hook, the metal sheet at two sides of the first contacting surface bends towards a back surface direction of the first contacting surface.

[0011] Optionally, in the above-described connecting hook, the connecting hook has a circular cross section at the second hook portion, and the cross section of the first hooking portion of the connecting hook has a pair of straight lines that are parallel with each other.

[0012] Optionally, in the above-described connecting hook, the connecting hook is of a C-shaped, and the first hooking portion and the second hooking portion are located at two ends of the C-shaped connecting hook respectively.

[0013] In order to solve the above technical problems, the utility model further provides a wiper comprising: an arm head mounted with a column pin, a retaining arm connected to the arm head while being rotatable relative to the arm head, and the connecting hook as described above, wherein the first hooking portion is mounted to the pin, the second hooking portion is u

3 mounted to a resilient element which is pre-loaded, there is line contact between the first contacting surface and the pin, and the second contacting surface contacts the resilient element.

[0014] Optionally, in the above-described wiper, the retaining arm is connected to the arm head via a pivot shaft, the retaining arm is rotatable relative to the arm head between a first position and a second position, and when the retaining arm rotates, the connecting hook rotates about the pin and creates a sliding movement between the first contacting surface and the pin; when the retaining arm is in the first position, an elastic force of the resilient element which is pre-loaded forms a forward direction torque to the retaining arm relative to the pivot shaft, and when the retaining arm is in the second position, an elastic force of the resilient element which is pre-loaded forms a reverse direction torque to the retaining arm relative to the pivot shaft.

[0015] Optionally, in the above-described wiper, the pin is of a column shape, the resilient element has an arc-shaped curved hook which hooks the second contacting surface, and the resilient element, after being pre-loaded, has an elastic pulling force imposed on the second contacting surface of the connecting hook.

[0016] In the wiper according to the utility model, there is a line contact between the first hooking portion of the connecting hook which contacts with the pin mounted in the arm head and the pin, and as compared with a point contact in the wipers in the prior art, the connecting hook is in well-defined surface contact with the pin, thus reducing a contact stress between the connecting hook and the pin, and thereby greatly decreasing wear of the connecting hook and the pin and lengthening life span of the wiper.

[0017] Other aspects and features of the utility model will become apparent from the following detailed description made with reference to the accompanying drawings. However, it should be understood that the accompanying drawings are designed for the purpose of illustration only, and is not intended to limit the scope of the utility model since the scope of protection should be defined with reference to the appended claims. It should also be understood that the accompanying drawings merely intend to illustrate the structures and flowcharts described herein in a schematic way and are not necessarily drawn to scale unless otherwise specified. u

4

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0018] The utility model will be more fully understood in connection with detailed description of specific embodiments made with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which identical elements are denoted by identical reference signs throughout the drawings, wherein:

Fig. 1 schematically shows an overall structure view of a wiper in the prior art;

Fig. 2 schematically shows a partial sectional view of the wiper in Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a schematic sectional view taken along an X-X line in Fig. 2, wherein other lines except for section lines are omitted in order to clearly show the pin and the connecting hook;

Fig. 4 schematically shows a sectional view of the wiper shown in Fig. 2 in another state;

Fig. 5 schematically shows a partial sectional view of the structure of a wiper according to a first specific embodiment of the utility model.

Fig. 6 is a schematic sectional view taken along an X-X line in Fig. 5, wherein other lines except for section lines are omitted in order to clearly show the pin and the connecting hook;

Fig. 7 shows a perspective view of a connecting hook of the wiper in Fig. 5;

Fig. 8 shows a schematic cross section view of a first hooking portion of the connecting hook in Fig. 7;

Fig. 9 shows a schematic cross section view of a second hooking portion of the connecting hook in Fig. 7;

Fig. 10 schematically shows a partial sectional view of the structure of a wiper according to a second specific embodiment of the utility model.

Fig. 11 is a schematic sectional view taken along an X-X line in Fig. 10, wherein other lines except for section lines are omitted in order to clearly show the pin and the connecting hook;

Fig. 12 shows a perspective view of a connecting hook of the wiper in Fig. 10;

Fig. 13 shows a schematic cross section view of a first hooking portion of the connecting hook in Fig. 12; and u

5

Fig. 14 shows a schematic cross section view of a second hooking portion of the connecting hook in Fig. 12.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0019] Specific embodiments of the utility model will be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings hereinafter in order that those of ordinary skills in the art can precisely understand the claimed subject matter of the utility model.

[0020] Figs. 5 to 9 are schematic views showing the structure of a wiper according to a first specific embodiment of the utility model. As shown in Figs. 5 to 9, the wiper 100 according to the first specific embodiment of the utility model comprises an arm head 1 , a retaining arm 2 connected to the arm head 1 while being rotatable relative to the arm head 1 , and a connecting hook 3 according to the first specific embodiment of the utility model, wherein the arm head 1 is mounted with a column pin 10, a resilient element 20 which is pre-loaded is mounted in the retaining arm 2. The connecting hook 3 has a first hooking portion 31 and a second hooking portion 32 that are formed integrally. The first hooking portion 31 is mounted to the pin 10, and the second hooking portion 32 is mounted to the pre-loaded resilient element 20 so that the connecting hook 3 is mounted between the arm head 1 and the retaining arm 2. The first hooking portion 31 has a first contacting surface 310 which is in line contact with the pin 10.

[0021] As compared with a point contact in a wiper in the prior art, since the first hooking portion 31 of the connecting hook 3 is in line contact with the pin 10, a contact stress between the connecting hook 3 and the pin 10 is reduced, thus greatly decreasing wear of the connecting hook 3 and the pin 10 and lengthening life span of the wiper 100.

[0022] The retaining arm 2 is connected with the arm head 1 via a pivot shaft 4, and the retaining arm 2 is rotatable relative to the arm head 1 between a first position and a second position. As shown in Fig. 5, when the retaining arm 2 is in the first position, the retaining arm 2 is in a retracted state, and the pivot shaft 4 is located at a first side of a line connecting a contact point between the connecting hook 3 and the pin 10 and a contact point between the connecting hook 3 and the resilient element 20; when the retaining arm 2 is in the first position, an elastic force of the resilient element 20 which is pre-loaded forms a forward direction torque to the retaining arm 2 relative to the pivot shaft 4; during operation of the wiper 100, the retaining arm 2 turns away from the arm head 1 and rotates relative to the arm head 1 from the first position; and when the retaining arm 2 is in the second position (not u

6 shown), the pivot shaft 4 is located at a second side of a line connecting a contact point between the connecting hook 3 and the pin 10 and a contact point between the connecting hook 3 and the resilient element 20; when the retaining arm 2 is in the second position, an elastic force of the resilient element 20 which is pre-loaded forms a reverse direction torque to the retaining arm 2 relative to the pivot shaft 4 so that the elastic force of the resilient element 20 will always press a wiper blade which is hinged to a free end of an arm rod of the retaining arm 2, against the windshield of automobile. As can be seen, when the retaining arm 2 rotates relative to the arm head 1 between the first position and the second position, the connecting hook 3 rotates about the pin 10, thus creating sliding friction between the connecting hook 3 and the pin 10.

[0023] In this specific embodiment, the connecting hook 3 is of a "C" shape, the pin 10 is of a column shape, and the first hooking portion 31 and the second hooking portion 32 of the connecting hook 3 are located at two ends of the C-shaped connecting hook 3 respectively.

[0024] As shown in Figs. 6 to 8, the first contacting surface 31 of the connecting hook 3 is in a straight line in a cross section of the connecting hook 3. Therefore, the first contacting surface 31 of the connecting hook 3 can easily form a line contact with the column pin 10. As shown in Figs. 7 and 9, the second hooking portion 32 has a second contacting surface 320, which contacts the resilient element 20 and is in a circular arc in a cross section of the connecting hook 3. The resilient element 20 has an arc-shaped curved hook 22 (although the arc shape is not shown in the drawings due to perspective of view, those of ordinary skills in the art will understand that the specific structure of the curved hook 22 is known) which hooks the second contacting surface 320. Since the contacting surface 320 is in a circular arc in a cross section of the connecting hook 3, it can form a well-defined contact with the arc-shaped curved hook 22. The resilient element 20, after being pre-loaded, has an elastic pulling force imposed on the second contacting surface 320 of the connecting hook 3.

[0025] It is noted that such technical terms as "cross section" and "longitudinal section" are known to those of ordinary skills in the art. A "longitudinal section" generally refers to a surface shown after an object is cut along its axial direction. For example, the "longitudinal section" of a column is a rectangle, which is also referred to as "longitudinal profile" or "longitudinal tangent plane". A "cross section" generally refers to a surface shown after an object is cut in a direction perpendicular to the axial direction of the object. For example, the "cross section" of a column is a circle, which is also referred to as "cross profile" or "cross u

7 sectional plane". Therefore, the "cross section" of the connecting hook referred to in this application is used in its common definition, which means a section of the connecting hook cut in a direction perpendicular to the axial direction.

[0026] In an alternative embodiment shown in Figs. 7 to 9, the connecting hook 3 is of a solid structure. Specifically, the first hooking portion 31 of the connecting hook 3 has an approximately oval cross section as shown in Fig. 8. The approximately oval cross section of the first hooking portion 31 comprises a pair of straight lines that are parallel with each other, and alternatively, comprises a pair of arc lines that connect adjacent ends of the pair of straight lines. The second hooking portion 32 of the connecting hook 3 has a circular cross section as shown in Fig. 9. Optionally, the connecting hook 3 gradually transitions to the second contacting surface 320 from the first contacting surface 310 smoothly. That is, the cross section of the connecting hook 3 gradually transitions to an approximately oval cross section at the first hooking portion 31 from a circle at the second hooking portion 32 smoothly. Those of ordinary skills in the art will understand that such a structure can be easily achieved using methods in the prior art. For example, forging or punching can be used to form the structure.

[0027] The connecting hook 3 of the utility model is simple in structure and easy to achieve. It has a higher structural strength while ensuring a line contact with the pin 10.

[0028] Figs. 10 to 14 are schematic views showing the structure of a wiper according to a second specific embodiment of the utility model. The common aspects in structure between the wiper 200 according to the second specific embodiment shown in Figs. 10 to 14 and the wiper 100 according to the first specific embodiment shown in Figs. 5 to 9 will not be described repeatedly. Only the special aspects of the connecting hook 5 according to the second specific embodiment of the utility model in the wiper 200 of the second specific embodiment will be highlighted herein.

[0029] As shown in Figs. 12 to 14, in the wiper 200 according to the second specific embodiment, the connecting hook 5 according to the second specific embodiment is formed by punching a metal sheet. Two sides of the metal sheet at the second contacting surface 520 bends towards a back surface direction of the second contacting surface 520 so that the connecting hook 5 has a U-shaped cross section approximate to an arc bottom at the second hooking portion 52 (as shown in Fig. 14). Two sides of the metal sheet at the first contacting surface 510 bends towards a back surface direction of the first contacting surface 510 so that u

8 the connecting hook 5 has a U-shaped cross section approximate to a flat bottom at the first hooking portion 51 (as shown in Fig. 13). Similarly, the connecting hook 5 of the utility model is simple in structure and easy to achieve, and has a higher structural strength while ensuring a line contact with the pin 10.

[0030] As shown in Fig. 11, in the wiper 200 according to the second specific embodiment, the first hooking portion 51 of the connecting hook 5 also has a first contacting surface 510 which is in line contact with the pin 10. As compared with a point contact in the wiper of the prior art, the connecting hook 5 has a well-defined surface contact with the pin 10, thus reducing a contact stress between the connecting hook 5 and the pin 10, and thereby greatly decreasing wear of the connecting hook 5 and the pin 10, and lengthening life span of the wiper 200.

[0031] Although the wiper 100 according to the first specific embodiment of the utility model has been described with reference to Figs. 5 to 9, and the wiper 200 according to the second specific embodiment of the utility model has been described with reference to Figs. 10 to 14, the structure of the connecting hook of the utility model is not merely limited to the two specific embodiments as described herein. For example, those of ordinary skills in the art will understand that in case that the structure length at the first hooking portion 51 of the connecting hook 5 according to the second specific embodiment of the utility model is ensured, it is also possible that the metal sheet at two sides of the first contacting surface 510 does not bend towards a back surface direction of the first contacting surface 510, namely, the metal sheet of the connecting hook 5 at the first hooking portion 51 is of a planar shape rather than being bent. Therefore, any structure that can achieve a line contact between the connecting hook and the pin 10 does not depart from the essence of the utility model and falls within the scope of protection of the utility model.

[0032] Through an effective and reasonable improvement on the connecting hook in the wiper of the prior art, the wipers 100, 200 of the utility model change an original point contact between the connecting hook and the pin into a line contact so that there is a well-defined surface contact between the connecting hook and the pin, and contact stress between components is reduced, thus greatly reducing wear of components inside the wipers 100, 200 and improving life span of the wipers 100, 200. In various specific embodiments, the modifications to existing wipers are minor, the structures of the connecting hook are simple, and technical solutions can be very easily achieved. u

9

[0033] The above described specific embodiments are merely for the purpose of illustrating the utility model, rather than limiting the utility model in any way. Those of ordinary skills in relevant technical fields can also make various modifications and variations to the utility model without departing from the scope of the utility model. Therefore, all equivalent technical solutions are all within the scope of the utility model, which should be defined by the appended claims.