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Patent Searching and Data


Title:
A CONNECTION SYSTEM
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/026332
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention relates to a connection system comprising at least one connection hole (D) which is inserted in form of a circular hole on the part (P) wanted to be connected, at least one cylindrical hole bushing (2) which engages into the connection hole (D) and has at least one screw hole (21) thereon vertical to the surface of the part (P) to which it is placed, at least one bolt (3) which is placed on the hole bushing (2) such that the head part (31) will remain on the lower surface (A) of the part (P) or inside the part (P), at least one nut (4) which is attached at the bolt end extending outwards the part (P), at least one washer (5) which is formed of a circular base (51) that is placed such that it will be between the head part (31) and the hole bushing (2) and that is equal to the diameter of the hole bushing (2) or in smaller size, at least one thread (52) that extends vertically over the base (51) and that is folded by being compressed between the head part (31) and the hole bushing (2), and which prevents the head part (31) from passing through the connection hole (D) by means of the threads (52) opening to a larger width than the diameter of the connection hole (D) in horizontal direction, and enabling two or more parts (P) to be connected or to form a connection on the surface of a part (P).

Inventors:
COSKUN, Kenan (Ebulule Mahallesi Izzettin Iyigun Pasa No:13/A, Kilis, TR)
Application Number:
TR2016/050253
Publication Date:
February 08, 2018
Filing Date:
August 01, 2016
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
COSKUN, Kenan (Ebulule Mahallesi Izzettin Iyigun Pasa No:13/A, Kilis, TR)
International Classes:
F16B19/10; B25B27/00; F16B5/02
Domestic Patent References:
WO2011138306A12011-11-10
Foreign References:
US2915934A1959-12-08
US2632354A1953-03-24
US2905045A1959-09-22
DE202009006738U12009-09-10
US20150192164A12015-07-09
US1343667A1920-06-15
US3750525A1973-08-07
US2398220A1946-04-09
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
ANKARA PATENT BUREAU (Bestekar Sokak No:10, Ankara, TR)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

A connection system (1), which enables two or more parts (P) having connection hole (D) thereon to be connected or to form connection on the connection hole (D) on the surface of a part (P), comprising

at least one cylindrical hole bushing (2) which passes into the connection hole (D) and which has at least one screw hole (21) vertical to the surface of the part (P) on which it is placed,

at least one bolt (3) which is placed on the hole bushing (2) such that its head part (31) will remain on the lower surface (A) of the part (P) or inside the part (P), and the head part (31) of which is equal to the diameter of the hole bushing (2) or in smaller size,

at least one alien slot (32) which is in form of alien hole at the end of the bolt where the head part (31) is not present,

at least one nut (4) which is attached at the bolt end extending towards outside the part (P) and which fixes the bolt on the hole bushing (2) with rotary movement,

•a circular base (51) which is parallel to the surface of the hole bushing (2) and which is equal to the hole bushing (2) diameter or in smaller size,

•at least one washer (5) which extends vertically on the base (51), which is comprised of at least one thread (52) collapsing by being compressed between the head part (31) and the hole bushing (2) upon tightening the nut (4) and the bolt remaining fixed or the nut (4) remaining fixed and turning the bolt, which prevents the head part (31) from passing through the connection hole (D) upon the threads (52) opening to a larger width than the diameter of the connection hole (D) in horizontal direction, that are placed such that they will be between the head part (31) and the hole bushing (2). A connection system (1), which enables two or more parts (P) having connection hole (D) thereon to be connected or to form connection on the connection hole (D) on the surface of a part (P), comprising

at least one cylindrical hole bushing (2) which passes into the connection hole (D) and which has at least one screw hole (21) vertical to the surface of the part (P) on which it is placed,

at least one bolt (3) which is placed on the hole bushing (2) such that its head part (31) will remain on the lower surface (A) of the part (P) or inside the part (P), and the head part (31) of which is equal to the diameter of the hole bushing (2) or in smaller size,

at least one alien slot (32) which is in form of alien hole at the end of the bolt where the head part (31) is not present,

at least one nut (4) which is attached at the bolt end extending towards outside the part (P) and which fixes the bolt on the hole bushing (2) with rotary movement,

at least one washer (5) which is placed such that it will be between the head part (31) and the hole bushing (2), which performs opening movement upon the head part (31) applies force thereon, which is in form of a cut ring equal to the diameter of the hole bushing (2) or in smaller size, and which prevents the head part (31) from passing through the connection hole (D) by opening to a larger width than the diameter of the connection hole (D) with the head force.

A connection system (1) according to claim 2, comprising at least one recess (53) which is located on the inner surface of the cut ring shaped washer (5) contacting the head part (31) of the bolt (3).

. A connection system (1) according to claim 2 or 3, comprising at least one protruding surface (311) which is circular on the lower part of the head part (31) and which enables the washer (5) to make opening movement by engaging into the recess (53).

5. A connection system (1) according to claim 4, comprising protruding surface in form of a helix. 6. A connection system (1) according to claim 1 or 2, comprising at least one spacer (6) which is placed on the bolt (3) such that it will be between the nut (4) and the hole bushing (2), and which prevents the nut (4) from passing through the connection hole (D). 7. A connection system (1) according to claim 2, comprising at least one opening recess which is in form of a channel vertical to the washer (5) surface and which enables the washer (5) to open in a more balanced and proportional way with the head part (31) force. 8. A connection system (1) according to claim 1 or 2, comprising at least one horizontal channel (22) which enables the hole bushing (2) to be fixed on the part (P) and which is in form of a hole extending from the screw hole (21) towards inside or outside the part (P), and at least one pin (23) which is used instead of washer (5), which is present inside the horizontal channel (55), and which enables the hole bushing (2) to be fixed on the part (P) by protruding from the horizontal channel (22) towards the lower surface (A) of the part (P) upon the bolt (3) passes through the screw hole (21).

9. A connection system (1) according to claim 1 or 2, comprising sealing member which is placed on the bolt (3) or nut (4) and which is used for sealing in connecting parts (P) through which the fluid passes.

10. A connection system (1) according to claim 1 or 2, comprising hole bushing (2) has an inclined form compatible with the wall thickness of the inclined connection hole (D) opening on the pipe shaped parts (P).

11. A connection system (1) according to claim 1 or 2, comprising washer (5) which is comprised of plastic material.

12. A connection system (1) according to claim 1 or 2, comprising at least one first turning mechanism (7) which holds the nut (4) fixed and which transfers the rotary movement required for the washer (5) to get compressed and open to the bolt (3) with the turning movement of the bolt (3), and comprises

- at least one primary body (71) which is mounted on a drill (M) and surrounds the drill (M) bit,

- at least one primary holder (72) which is aligned with the drill (M) bit on the primary body (71) and prevents the nut (4) inserted therein from turning,

- at least one alien tip (73) which is placed at the drill (M) bit and the alien slot (32) on the bolt (3), and transfers the rotary movement that it receives from the drill (M) to the bolt (3) through the alien slot (32).

13. A connection system (1) according to claim 12, comprising at least one primary spring (74) which is connected to the primary body (71) from its one side and to the holder from its other side, and enables the alien tip (73) to move back and forth together with the bolt (3).

14. A connection system (1) according to claim 1 or 2, comprising at least one second turning mechanism (8) which holds the bolt (3) fixed and enables the washer (5) to open with the linear movement of the bolt (3) by means of the turning movement, and which comprises

- at least one secondary body (81) which is mounted on a drill (M) and surrounds the drill (M) bit,

- at least one first gear (83) which is placed on at least one plate (82) present on the secondary body (81) and at least one second gear (84) which performs rotary movement around its own axis with the rotary movement it received from the first gear (83), - at least one alien rod (85) which extends over the second gear (84) such that it will engage into the alien slot (32) on the bolt (3) and prevents the bolt (3) from turning by holding onto the alien slot (32),

- at least one second holder secondary holder (86) which is present on the second gear (84) such that it will grab the nut (4) and transfers the rotary movement of the second gear (84) to the nut (4),

- at least one secondary head (87) which is connected to the drill (M) bit from its one side and to the first gear (83) from its other side, and transfers the rotary movement it receives from the drill (M) to the first gear (83).

15. A connection system (1) according to claim 14, comprising at least one secondary spring which is connected to the secondary body (81) from its one side and to the plate (82) from its other side, and enables the holder to move back and forth together with the bolt (3).

16. A connection system (1) according to claim 1 or 2, comprising bolt (3) the inside part of which is hollow from end to end enabling the fluid passage between the pipes connected in pipe connections.

Description:
DESCRIPTION

A CONNECTION SYSTEM

Field of the Invention

The present invention relates to a connection system which enables to mount connecting elements including bolts and the like especially on the surfaces that are not accessible from the rear and inner parts. Background of the Invention

There are connecting elements especially used in connecting parts and forming mounting connections on the surfaces in the current technique. The most commonly used connecting elements in the current market are screws and bolts. The bolts are in form of screws with large heads tightened by attaching nut at the rear ends after being inserted through the previously prepared holes of the parts required to be connected to each other. Bolt head and nut apply pressure with a rotary movement on a surface and they are mounted on the part or parts to which they are connected. While mounting the bolt, after attaching the bolt head inside the hole by rotating, the nut part is attached with turning movement from the rear part of the hole and thus the bolt mounting process is completed. However, when the rear surface of the hole is not accessible (closed profile, concrete, wood, machine parts or surfaces, etc.), the nut cannot be attached to the rear part of the bolt. In order to solve this problem, alternative solutions such as dowel mechanisms, center connection and welding are formed. However, these solutions do not provide an appropriate connection for attaching two parts. Connections especially made with welding are not preferred since it is both dangerous and difficult in terms of human health, occupational health and safety. United States Patent Document no US3750525A, an application known in the state of the art, discloses a collapsible insert device which is placed on a surface in order to form bolt slot on the surfaces and wherein a portion of its part under the surface can be folded by turning the bolt.

United States Patent document no US2398220A, an application known in the state of the art, discloses a bolt fixing system which enables to fix the bolts on surfaces without using nuts. In the system, there is a handle mechanism on the screw slot and the handles are opened upon the bolt passes through the screw slot and apply pressure on the surface from the rear surface. The Problems Solved with the Invention

The objective of the present invention is to provide a connection system which enables the mounting of connecting element used in metal, concrete, wood, glass, plastic, pipe, profile connections and connection of parts.

Another objective of the present invention is to provide a connection system which enables the connecting elements to be easily attached on the surfaces the rear surfaces of which are not accessible. A further objective of the present invention is to provide a connection system which enables the connecting elements comprising screw threads (bolt, screw, etc.) to be attached on the areas that cannot be accessed from the back or inside (pipe, profile, concrete, wood, etc.) by accelerating with a mechanism attached to a drill, and which functions as rivet and dowel.

The objective of the present invention is to provide a connection system which is inserted into the hole made on the surface and comprised of a hole bushing, connecting element, nut and washer in the same size as the hole, and which provides attachment to the surface with opening movement of the washer. Another objective of the present invention is to provide a connection system which enables the bolt to be fixed with rotary movement with the use of bolt with stay bolt channel hole. A further objective of the present invention is to provide a connection system which comprises a turning mechanism that enables the connecting element to remain fixed and the nut to be tightened after hole bushing, connecting element, nut and washer are placed on the surface.

Detailed Description of the Invention

A connection system developed to fulfill the objective of the present invention is illustrated in the accompanying figures wherein:

Figure 1 is the side view of the inventive connection system before it is attached on the part.

Figure 2 is the side view of the inventive connection system before it is attached on two parts.

Figure 3 is the side view of the inventive connection system when it is attached on the part.

Figure 4 is the side view of the inventive connection system when it is attached on the part and it is started to tighten the washer.

Figure 5 is the side view of the inventive connection system when it is attached on the part and the washer is opened.

Figure 6 is the views of the washer on the inventive connection system from different angles.

Figure 7 is the side view of an embodiment of the washer on the inventive connection system..

Figure 8 is the perspective view of an embodiment of the washer on the inventive connection system.

Figure 9 is the side view of the bolt on the inventive connection system. Figure 10 is the side view of the first turning mechanism on the inventive connection system.

Figure 11 is the side view of the second turning mechanism on the inventive connection system.

Figure 12 is the perspective view of the second gear in the first turning mechanism on the inventive connection system.

Figure 13 is the side view of the hole bushing on the inventive connection system. The components given in the figures are individually numbered where the numbers refer to the following.

1. Connection system

2. Hole bushing

21. Screw hole

22. Horizontal channel

23. Pin

3. Bolt

31. Head part

311. Protrusion surface

32. Allen slot

4. Nut

5. Washer

51. Base

52. Thread

53. Recess

6. Spacer

7. First turning mechanism

71. Primary body

72. Primary holder

73. Allen tip

74. Primary spring

8. Second turning mechanism 81. Secondary body

82. Plate

83. First gear

84. Second gear

85. Allen rod

86. Secondary holder

87. Secondary head

P. Part

D. Connection hole

A. Lower surface

B. Outer surface

M. Drill

The connection system, which enables two or more parts (P) having connection hole (D) thereon to be connected or to form connection on the connection hole (D) on the surface of a part (P), essentially comprises

at least one cylindrical hole bushing (2) which passes into the connection hole (D) and which has at least one screw hole (21) vertical to the surface of the part (P) on which it is placed,

at least one bolt (3) which is placed on the hole bushing (2) such that its head part (31) will remain on the lower surface (A) of the part (P) or inside the part (P), and the head part (31) of which is equal to the diameter of the hole bushing (2) or in smaller size,

at least one alien slot (32) which is in form of alien hole at the end of the bolt where the head part (31) is not present,

at least one nut (4) which is attached at the bolt end extending towards outside the part (P) and which fixes the bolt on the hole bushing (2) with rotary movement,

• a circular base (51) which is parallel to the surface of the hole bushing (2) and which is equal to the hole bushing (2) diameter or in smaller size, • at least one washer (5) which extends vertically on the base (51), which is comprised of at least one thread (52) collapsing by being compressed between the head part (31) and the hole bushing (2) upon tightening the nut (4) and the bolt remaining fixed or the nut (4) remaining fixed and turning the bolt, which prevents the head part (31) from passing through the connection hole (D) upon the threads (52) opening to a larger width than the diameter of the connection hole (D) in horizontal direction, that are placed such that they will be between the head part (31) and the hole bushing (2), - at least one spacer (6) which is placed on the bolt such that it will be between the nut (4) and the hole bushing (2), and which prevents the nut (4) from passing through the connection hole (D).

The inventive connection system (1) fixes the bolt on the part (P) or the parts (P) by placing the bolt, nut (4) and the washer (5) on the hole bushing (2), placing the hole bushing (2) inside the connection hole (D) on the part (5) which is desired to be connected, and performing a locking process with opening movement of the washer (5). When two or more parts (P) are desired to be connected, the connection holes (D) on the parts (P) are aligned, and the hole bushing (2) is passed through both connection holes (D).

In the inventive connection system (1), the part (P) on which the bolt is desired to be placed has an upper surface (B) which can be interfered by the user, and a lower surface (A) which cannot be accessed by the user and which is in opposite side of the upper surface (B) of the part (P). The connection hole (D) is inserted before in form of a hole from the upper surface (B) of the part (P) towards its lower surface (A). The hole bushing (2) is preferably in same thickness with the part (P) wall thickness or has similar sizes. For example, the wall thickness of the part (P) is 3 cm, while the hole bushing (2) is 3 cm or 2.95 cm. Bolt, washer (5) and the nut (4) are placed on the hole bushing (5), and the hole bushing (2) is arranged such that it will interference fit into the connection hole (D) and the head part (31) and the washer (5) will remain on the lower surface (A) of the part (P) or inside the part (P). Upon the nut (4) being held fixed and an alien head performing rotary movement by passing into an alien slot (32) or holding the bolt fixed and rotating the nut (4), the head part (31) of the bolt moves towards the hole bushing (2) and the head part (31) of the bolt applies force in vertical direction on the threads (52) of the washer (5). The threads (52) compressed by the head part (31) of the bolt perform bending movement and open in horizontal direction, and thus it is enabled that the diameter of the washer (5) reaches larger values than the diameter of the hole bushing (2). Since the washer (5) reaches a greater value than the diameter of the connection hole (D), it fixes the head part (31) of the bolt on the lower surface (A) of the part (P), and the nut (4) performs locking through the upper surface (B) of the part (P). In this way, the bolt (P) is fixed on the part (P) from its upper surface (B) and its lower surface (A). In one embodiment of the invention, the washer (5) is in form of a cut ring. There is at least one circular (53) recess on the inner surface of the cut ring shaped washer (5) contacting the head part (31) of the washer (5), and a circular protruding surface (311) on the head part (31) of the bolt in which the recess (53) of the washer (5) will fit. Upon the nut (4) being held fixed and an alien head performing rotary movement by passing into an alien slot (32) or holding the bolt fixed and rotating the nut (4), the head part (31) of the bolt moves towards the hole bushing (2) and applies compression force on the washer (5). The washer (5) performs opening movement in horizontal direction by means of its cut ring shape upon the protruding surface (311) applies force on the washer (5) through the recess (53), and it is enabled that the diameter of the washer (5) reaches greater values than the diameter of the hole bushing (2). Since the washer (5) reaches a greater value than the diameter of the connection hole (D), it fixes the head part (31) of the bolt on the lower surface (A) of the part (P), and the nut (4) performs locking through the upper surface (B) of the part (P). In this way, the bolt (P) is fixed on the part (P) from its upper surface (B) and its lower surface (A). In one embodiment of the invention, there is at least one opening recess in form of a channel vertical to the surface of the washer (5), on the outer surface of the cut ring shaped washer (5). The opening recesses enable the washer (5) to open more balanced and proportional with the force of the head part (31).

In one embodiment of the invention, a protruding surface (311) which is used for cut ring shaped washer and in which the washer (5) recess (53) will fit on the head part (31) of the bolt is in form of a helix. In one embodiment of the invention, there is at least one horizontal channel (22) which enables the hole bushing (2) to be fixed on the part (P) and which is in form of a hole extending from the screw hole (21) towards inside or outside the part (P), and at least one pin (23) which is used instead of washer (5), which is present inside the horizontal channel (55), and which enables the hole bushing (2) to be fixed on the part (P) by protruding from the horizontal channel (22) towards the lower surface (A) of the part (P) upon the bolt (3) passes through the screw hole (21).

In one embodiment of the invention, it comprises at least one first turning mechanism (7) which holds the nut (4) fixed and which transfers the rotary movement required for the washer (5) to get compressed and open to the bolt (3) with the turning movement of the bolt (3), and comprises

• at least one primary body (71) which is mounted on a drill (M) and surrounds the drill (M) bit,

· at least one primary holder (72) which is aligned with the drill (M) bit on the primary body (71) and prevents the nut (4) inserted therein from turning,

• at least one alien tip (73) which is placed at the drill (M) bit and the alien slot (32) on the bolt (3), and transfers the rotary movement that it receives from the drill (M) to the bolt (3) through the alien slot (32), at least one primary spring (74) which is connected to the primary body (71) from its one side and to the holder from its other side, and enables the alien tip (73) to move back and forth together with the bolt (3).

The first turning mechanism (7) present in one embodiment of the invention is applied after the bolt (3), nut (4) and the washer (5) are placed on the hole bushing (2), and the hole bushing (2) is placed into the connection hole (D) on the part (P) which is wanted to be connected. The alien tip (73) attached to the drill bit is inserted into the alien slot (32) present on the bolt (3), and the primary holder (72) present on the primary body (71) connected to the drill prevents the nut (4) from turning. The nut (4) remains fixed upon the drill rotates, and the bolt (3) performs rotary movement and applies pressure on the washer (5).

In one embodiment of the invention, it comprises at least one second turning mechanism (8) which holds the bolt (3) fixed and enables the washer (5) to open with the linear movement of the bolt (3) by means of the turning movement, and which comprises

• at least one secondary body (81) which is mounted on a drill (M) and surrounds the drill (M) bit,

• at least one first gear (83) which is placed on at least one plate (82) present on the secondary body (81) and at least one second gear (84) which performs rotary movement around its own axis with the rotary movement it received from the first gear (83),

• at least one alien rod (85) which extends over the second gear (84) such that it will engage into the alien slot (32) on the bolt (3) and prevents the bolt (3) from turning by holding onto the alien slot (32),

• at least one second holder secondary holder (86) which is present on the second gear (84) such that it will grab the nut (4) and transfers the rotary movement of the second gear (84) to the nut (4), • at least one secondary head (87) which is connected to the drill (M) bit from its one side and to the first gear (83) from its other side, and transfers the rotary movement it receives from the drill (M) to the first gear (83),

• at least one secondary spring which is connected to the secondary body (81) from its one side and to the plate (82) from its other side, and enables the holder to move back and forth together with the bolt (3).

The second turning mechanism (8) present in one embodiment of the invention is applied after the bolt (3), nut (4) and the washer (5) are placed on the hole bushing (2), and the hole bushing (2) is placed into the connection hole (D) on the part (P) which is wanted to be connected. The secondary head (87) attached at the tip of the drill transfers the rotary movement it receives from the drill (M) to the first gear (83). The first gear (83) rotating around its own axis on the plate (82) transfers the rotary movement onto the second gear (84). The alien rod (85) fixed on the second gear prevents the bolt (3) from rotating, and the secondary holder (86) rotating together with the second gear 884) also rotates the nut (4) and pulls the bolt (3) towards itself via the screw threads and enables the head part (31) of the bolt (3) to compress the washer (5). In one embodiment of the invention, there is a sealing member used for sealing in connection of parts (P) through which fluids pass and on which bolt (3) or nut (4) is placed.

In one embodiment of the invention, the hole bushing (2) has an inclined form compatible with the wall thickness of the inclined connection hole (D) opening on the pipe shaped parts (P).

In one embodiment of the invention, the washer (5) part is comprised of plastic material. In one embodiment of the invention, the inside of the bolt (3) has hollow structure from end to end. In case the bolt (3) is used for pipe connection, the fluid passage between the connected pipes is enabled via hole from end to end on the bolt (3). The said connection system (1) is available for use in many places other than its function here as a hand tool.