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Title:
CONTROL ARCHITECTURE FOR ELECTRIFIED BRAKING AND ELECTRIFIED STEERING OF A VEHICLE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2020/057966
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention relates to control architecture (10) for for electrified braking and electrified steering of a vehicle. It is described to supply (110) a steering actuator (15) and a steering controller (16) with power from a first one of at least two energy supply units (4). Two brake actuators (2) are supplied (120) with power from a second one of the at least two energy supply units. A first brake actuator is associated with a first wheel (1) of the vehicle and a second brake actuator is associated with a second wheel (1) of the vehicle. The first brake actuator and/or the second brake actuator is/are actuated (130) to perform a steering function for the vehicle.

Inventors:
RAPP TAMAS (HU)
NEMETH HUBA (HU)
KOKREHEL CSABA (HU)
Application Number:
EP2019/073486
Publication Date:
March 26, 2020
Filing Date:
September 03, 2019
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
KNORR BREMSE SYSTEME FUER NUTZFAHRZEUGE GMBH (DE)
International Classes:
B60T8/88; B62D9/00; B62D11/08
Domestic Patent References:
WO2017058707A12017-04-06
WO2004098967A22004-11-18
Foreign References:
DE102017102021A12018-08-02
US20180099694A12018-04-12
DE102006010713A2006-03-08
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Claims:
CLAIMS

1. A control architecture (20) for electrified braking and electrified steering of a vehicle, the control architecture comprising:

at least two energy supply units (4);

a steering actuator (15);

a steering controller (16); and

two brake actuator units (2);

wherein, the steering actuator and steering controller are configured to be supplied with power from a first one of the at least two energy supply units;

characterised in that:

the two brake actuators are configured to be supplied with power from a second one of the at least two energy supply units;

wherein a first brake actuator is associated with a first wheel (1 ) of the vehicle and a second brake actuator is associated with a second wheel of the vehicle (1 ); and

wherein, actuation of the first brake actuator and/or the second brake actuator is configured to perform a steering function for the vehicle.

2. Control architecture according to claim 1 , wherein the first brake actuator and second brake actuator are associated with the two wheels of a same axle of the vehicle.

3. Control architecture according to any of claims 1 -2, wherein the first brake actuator and/or second brake actuator are configured to perform the steering function for the vehicle upon detection of a failure or malfunction in one of more of: the first one of the energy supply units; the steering actuator; and the steering controller.

4. Control architecture according to any of claims 1 -3, wherein the control architecture comprises at least one brake control unit (6), wherein a first brake control unit of the at least one brake control unit is supplied with power from the second of the at least two energy supply units.

5. Control architecture according to claim 4, wherein the first brake control unit is configured to control actuation of the first brake actuator and/or the second brake actuator to perform the steering function.

6. A control method (100) for a control architecture for electrified braking and electrified steering of a vehicle, the method comprising:

a) supplying (110) a steering actuator (15) and a steering controller (16) with power from a first one of at least two energy supply units (4);

characterised in that the method comprises:

b) supplying (120) two brake actuators (2) with power from a second one of the at least two energy supply units, wherein a first brake actuator is associated with a first wheel (1 ) of the vehicle and a second brake actuator is associated with a second wheel (1 ) of the vehicle; and

d) actuating (130) the first brake actuator and/or the second brake actuator to perform a steering function for the vehicle.

7. Method according to claim 6, wherein the first brake actuator and second brake actuator are associated with the two wheels of a same axle of the vehicle.

8. Method according to any of claims 6-7, wherein the method comprises step c), detecting (140) a failure or malfunction in one of more of: the first one of the energy supply units; the steering actuator; and the steering controller, and wherein step d) is performed after a failure or malfunction has been detected.

9. Method according to any of claims 6-8, wherein the control architecture comprises at least one brake control unit (6), wherein step b) comprises supplying a first brake control unit of the at least one brake control unit with power from the second of the at least two energy supply units.

10. Method according to claim 9, wherein in step d), the first brake control unit controls actuation of the first brake actuator and/or the second brake actuator to perform the steering function.

Description:
CONTROL ARCHITECTURE FOR ELECTRIFIED BRAKING AND ELECTRIFIED STEERING OF A VEHICLE

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a control architecture for electrified braking and electrified steering of a vehicle, and a control method for a control architecture for electrified braking and electrified steering of a vehicle.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Today the control and/or actuation of many safety relevant systems (e.g. brake system, etc.) of commercial vehicles utilizes compressed air as a power supply. The redundancy of certain systems is required (e.g. brake system) both for control and also for power supply. Electrification of such vehicles is in progress, and as such requires a redesign of some vehicle system architecture and components. Due to electrification, many pneumatic units are going to be replaced by electrically controlled and/or powered ones. Beside electrification AD (Automated Driving) applications also set new requirements for vehicle systems, especially for safety relevant units. These applications makes necessary the provision of redundant systems, especially where the fail-back performance cannot be provided by a human driver.

DE20061010713 describes an electrical system for a vehicle with at least one safety-relevant load, which is provided with a primary system and a secondary system of the on-board electrical system.

However, there is a need to provide a means for braking and steering redundancy.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Therefore, it would be advantageous to have an improved technology to provide for braking and steering redundancy.

The object of the present invention is solved with the subject matter of the independent claims, wherein further embodiments are incorporated in the dependent claims. It should be noted that the following described aspects of the invention apply also for the control architecture for electrified braking and electrified steering of a vehicle and the control method for a control architecture for electrified braking and electrified steering of a vehicle.

In a first aspect, there is provided a control architecture for electrified braking and electrified steering of a vehicle, the control architecture comprising:

at least two energy supply units;

a steering actuator;

a steering controller; and

two brake actuator units.

The steering actuator and steering controller are configured to be supplied with power from a first one of the at least two energy supply units. The two brake actuators are configured to be supplied with power from a second one of the at least two energy supply units. A first brake actuator is associated with a first wheel of the vehicle and a second brake actuator is associated with a second wheel of the vehicle. Actuation of the first brake actuator and/or the second brake actuator is configured to perform a steering function for the vehicle.

In this manner, an electric control and power supply architecture is provided for brake and steering system redundancy, where control and power supplies for electrified brake and steering actuators are connected in a way that enables the brake system to be used as a backup for the steering.

In other words, if normal steering functionality fails, through the power supply for steering and/or the steering actuator or steering controller failing or malfunctioning, emergency steering functionality can be provided through the

application of brakes to one wheel or two wheels using differential braking, via a separately powered braking system.

In an example, the first brake actuator and second brake actuator are associated with the two wheels of a same axle of the vehicle.

In an example, the first brake actuator and/or second brake actuator are configured to perform the steering function for the vehicle upon detection of a failure or malfunction in one of more of: the first one of the energy supply units; the steering actuator; and the steering controller. In an example, the control architecture comprises at least one brake control unit. A first brake control unit of the at least one brake control unit is supplied with power from the second of the at least two energy supply units.

In an example, the first brake control unit is configured to control actuation of the first brake actuator and/or the second brake actuator to perform the steering function.

In a second aspect, there is provided a control method for a control architecture for electrified braking and electrified steering of a vehicle, the method comprising:

a) supplying a steering actuator and a steering controller with power from a first one of at least two energy supply units;

b) supplying two brake actuators with power from a second one of the at least two energy supply units, wherein a first brake actuator is associated with a first wheel of the vehicle and a second brake actuator is associated with a second wheel of the vehicle; and

d) actuating the first brake actuator and/or the second brake actuator to perform a steering function for the vehicle.

In an example, the first brake actuator and second brake actuator are associated with the two wheels of a same axle of the vehicle.

In an example, the method comprises step c), detecting a failure or malfunction in one of more of: the first one of the energy supply units; the steering actuator; and the steering controller, and wherein step d) is performed after a failure or malfunction has been detected.

In an example, step b) comprises supplying a first brake control unit of at least one brake control unit with power from the second of the at least two energy supply units.

In an example, in step d), the first brake control unit controls actuation of the first brake actuator and/or the second brake actuator to perform the steering function. The above aspects and examples will become apparent from and be elucidated with reference to the embodiments described hereinafter.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Exemplary embodiments will be described in the following with reference to the following drawings:

Fig. 1 shows a schematic representation of an example of a control architecture for electrified braking and electrified steering of a vehicle;

Fig. 2 shows a control method for a control architecture for electrified braking and electrified steering of a vehicle; and

Fig. 3 shows a redundancy architecture for electrified brake and steering actuators.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF EMBODIMENTS

Fig. 1 shows an example of a control architecture 20 for electrified braking and electrified steering of a vehicle. The control architecture 20 comprises at least two energy supply units 4, a steering actuator 15, a steering controller 16, and two brake actuator units 2. The steering actuator and steering controller are configured to be supplied with power from a first one of the at least two energy supply units. The two brake actuators are configured to be supplied with power from a second one of the at least two energy supply units. A first brake actuator is associated with a first wheel 1 of the vehicle and a second brake actuator is associated with a second wheel of the vehicle 1. Actuation of the first brake actuator and/or the second brake actuator is configured to perform a steering function for the vehicle.

According to an example, the first brake actuator and second brake actuator are associated with the two wheels of a same axle of the vehicle.

According to an example, the first brake actuator and/or second brake actuator are configured to perform the steering function for the vehicle upon detection of a failure or malfunction in one of more of: the first one of the energy supply units; the steering actuator; and the steering controller.

According to an example, the control architecture comprises at least one brake control unit 6. A first brake control unit of the at least one brake control unit is supplied with power from the second of the at least two energy supply units. According to an example, the first brake control unit is configured to control actuation of the first brake actuator and/or the second brake actuator to perform the steering function.

Fig. 2 shows a control method 100 for a control architecture for electrified braking and electrified steering of a vehicle in its basic steps, where optional steps are shown dashed. The method 100 comprising:

in a supplying step 110, also referred to as step a), supplying a steering actuator 15 and a steering controller 16 with power from a first one of at least two energy supply units 4;

in a supplying step 120, also referred to as step b), supplying two brake actuators 2 with power from a second one of the at least two energy supply units, wherein a first brake actuator is associated with a first wheel of the vehicle and a second brake actuator is associated with a second wheel of the vehicle; and

in an actuating step 130, also referred to as step d), actuating the first brake actuator and/or the second brake actuator to perform a steering function for the vehicle.

According to an example, the first brake actuator and second brake actuator are associated with the two wheels of a same axle of the vehicle.

According to an example, the method comprises step c), detecting 140 a failure or malfunction in one of more of: the first one of the energy supply units; the steering actuator; and the steering controller, and wherein step d) is performed after a failure or malfunction has been detected.

According to an example, the control architecture comprises at least one brake control unit 6, and wherein step b) comprises supplying a first brake control unit of the at least one brake control unit with power from the second of the at least two energy supply units.

According to an example, in step d), the first brake control unit controls actuation of the first brake actuator and/or the second brake actuator to perform the steering function. Fig. 3 shows a detailed example of a redundancy architecture for electrified brake and steering actuators. The architecture includes a redundant electric energy supply with at least two energy storages 4, and at least two vehicle dynamic control ECUs or brake control units 6. The steering is electrically controlled and actuated with a steering actuator 15 and a steering controller 16. The system uses electrified wheel brakes(s) supplied and controlled axle wise from the energy storages or energy storage units in the form of batteries 4 and the ECUs 6. In case of the system functioning without a malfunction, the steering function is carried out by the steering gear or actuator 15. However, in the situation when there has been a malfunction of the steering components 15 and 16, the steering function can be taken over by the brake actuators 2 using a differential braking. For this steer-by-brake function, a positive steering roll radius can be required. Therefore, in order that in the situation where the power supply or the vehicle dynamic ECU to which the steering components 15 and 16 are connected fail, the brake actuators that take over the steering function are supplied and commanded from another redundant circuit separate to that used for normal steering. Thus, in summary steering and braking redundancy is provided through the control and the power supply for the steering actuator being connected to a different circuit than the brake actuators of the steered axle.

It has to be noted that embodiments of the invention are described with reference to different subject matters. In particular, some embodiments are described with reference to method type claims whereas other embodiments are described with reference to the device type claims. However, a person skilled in the art will gather from the above and the following description that, unless otherwise notified, in addition to any combination of features belonging to one type of subject matter also any combination between features relating to different subject matters is considered to be disclosed with this application. However, all features can be combined providing synergetic effects that are more than the simple summation of the features.

While the invention has been illustrated and described in detail in the drawings and foregoing description, such illustration and description are to be

considered illustrative or exemplary and not restrictive. The invention is not limited to the disclosed embodiments. Other variations to the disclosed embodiments can be understood and effected by those skilled in the art in practicing a claimed invention, from a study of the drawings, the disclosure, and the dependent claims.

In the claims, the word“comprising” does not exclude other elements or steps, and the indefinite article“a” or“an” does not exclude a plurality. A single processor or other unit may fulfill the functions of several items re-cited in the claims. The mere fact that certain measures are re-cited in mutually different dependent claims does not indicate that a combination of these measures cannot be used to advantage. Any reference signs in the claims should not be construed as limiting the scope.

LIST OF REFERENCE NUMBERS

1 - wheel

2 - brake actuator unit

3 - propulsion actuator unit

4 - energy supply unit brake system

5 - energy supply unit drive system

6 - brake control unit

7 - propulsion control unit

8 - energy supply line brake system

9 - energy supply line drive system

10 - communication/control line brake system

11 - communication/control line propulsion system

12 - communication/control line between brake control units

13 - communication/control line between brake and propulsion control units

14 - communication/control line between brake and propulsion actuator units

15 - steering actuator

16 - steering controller

20 - A control architecture for electrified braking and electrified steering of a vehicle; 100 - A control method for a control architecture for electrified braking and electrified steering of a vehicle;

110 - supplying a steering actuator and a steering controller with power from a first one of at least two energy supply units;

120 - supplying two brake actuators with power from a second one of the at least two energy supply units; and

130 - actuating the first brake actuator and/or the second brake actuator to perform a steering function for the vehicle.