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Title:
COSMETIC APPLICATOR HAVING FIBRES
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2016/071486
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention relates to an applicator for applying a cosmetic product, having: • a stem, and • an applicator member carried by the stem, having a plurality of fibres (11), each having: - a hollow cylindrical body ( 13), and - at least one longitudinal rib (17) attached to the body by its base (23), each fibre (11) being without axial symmetry in cross section and being inscribed in a circle (C) of diameter D 2 , such that the ratio D 2 /D 1 is less than or equal to 1.75, D 1 being the greatest outside transverse dimension of the body (13).

Inventors:
MANICI, Davide (13 rue des Fauvettes, Soisy Sur Seine, F-91450, FR)
CAULIER, Eric (5 impasse de la Croisette, Ferrieres, F-60420, FR)
BERHAULT, Alain (33 rue André Joineau, Le Pre Saint Gervais, Le Pre Saint Gervais, F-93310, FR)
Application Number:
EP2015/075892
Publication Date:
May 12, 2016
Filing Date:
November 06, 2015
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
L'OREAL (14 Rue Royale, Paris, F-75008, FR)
International Classes:
A46D1/00; A46B9/02
Foreign References:
US6237609B12001-05-29
US5933908A1999-08-10
EP1034722A22000-09-13
US6237609B12001-05-29
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
CABINET NONY (3 rue de Penthièvre, Paris, F-75008, FR)
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Claims:
CLAIMS

1. Applicator (3) for applying a cosmetic product, having:

• a stem (4), and

· an applicator member (5) carried by the stem (4), having a plurality of fibres (11), each having:

- a hollow cylindrical body (13), and

- at least one longitudinal rib (17; 17a, 17b; 17i, 17e) attached to the body (13) by its base (23),

each fibre (11) being without axial symmetry in cross section and being inscribed in a circle (C) of diameter Z)¾ such that the ratio D2/D1 is less than or equal to 1.75, Di being the greatest outside transverse dimension of the body (13).

2. Applicator according to Claim 1, wherein the ratio D2/D1 is less than or equal to 1.5.

3. Applicator according to Claim 1 or 2, wherein each fibre (11) has at least two ribs (17; 17a, 17b; 70i, 17e), better still at least three ribs (17; 17a, 17b; 17i, 17e).

4. Applicator according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the number of ribs (17; 17a, 17b; 17i, 17e) is less than or equal to 10, better still less than or equal to 5.

5. Applicator according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein at least one rib (17; 17i) extends inside the body (13).

6. Applicator according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein at least one rib (17; 17a, 17b; 17e) extends outside the body (13).

7. Applicator according to any one of Claims 3 to 6, wherein the ribs (17; 17a, 17b; 17i, 17e) are all the same shape.

8. Applicator according to any one of Claims 3 to 6, wherein at least one rib (17; 17a, 17b; 17i, 17e) is a different shape from the others.

9. Applicator according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the ribs (17; 17a, 17b; 17i, 17e) are evenly distributed angularly about the body (13).

10. Applicator according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the rib or ribs (17; 17a, 17b; 17i, 17e) extend(s) along the entire length of the fibres (11).

11. Applicator according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the thickness (e) of the wall of the hollow body (13) is constant.

12. Applicator according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the rib or ribs (17; 17a, 17b; 17i, 17e) has/have a substantially polygonal shape in cross section, in particular a triangular, rectangular or square shape, or has/have a rounded shape, in particular a semicircular shape.

13. Applicator according to any one of the preceding claims, having a core formed by two strands of a metal wire that are twisted together, the fibres (11) being clamped between the metal strands.

14. Packaging and application device (1 ) having:

- a reservoir (2) containing the cosmetic product to be applied,

- an applicator (5) according to any one of the preceding claims.

Description:
"Cosmetic applicator having fibres"

The present invention relates to an applicator for applying a cosmetic product to human keratin materials, in particular the eyelashes and/or eyebrows, the nails or the lips, and to a device having the applicator and a reservoir of cosmetic product. The invention also relates to a cosmetic treatment process with the aid of the applicator.

The invention is concerned more particularly with applicators that have a stem and, at one end thereof, an applicator member having fibres for applying the product to the keratin materials.

A large number of applicators of this type, in which the brush has a core formed by two arms of a metal wire that are twisted together and grip fibres, or have fibres that form a bundle of substantially parallel fibres, are known.

Patent Applications FR 2 898 782, FR 2 847 436, BE 638 856 describe an applicator having hollow cylindrical fibres with a circular or square section.

European Patent Application EP 2 796 532 relates to fibres having at least one depression and having a helical groove.

Applications US 2005/0268415 and EP 0 130 611 relate to fibres having two longitudinal cavities.

International Application WO 2012/137134 describes a fibre with a symmetric shape along its longitudinal axis and a hollow cross section. The fibre has a hollow body in the form of a cylinder of revolution and, in cross section, six identical protruding reliefs, with a substantially rectangular shape, that extend towards the outside from the body and are evenly distributed around the body.

European Patent Application EP 1 034 722 relates to an applicator having fibres. Each fibre has a central core that has at least two fringes on its surface. The latter can be evenly distributed around the core of the fibre and be curved. Preferably, the central core is hollow.

There is a need to further improve applicators for applying a cosmetic product to human keratin materials.

Therefore, a subject of the invention is an applicator for applying a cosmetic product, having:

• a stem, and • an applicator member carried by the stem, having a plurality of fibres, each having:

- a hollow cylindrical body, and

- at least one longitudinal rib attached to the body by its base,

each fibre being without axial symmetry in cross section and being inscribed in a circle of diameter D 2 , such that the ratio D 2 /Di is less than or equal to 1.75, Di being the greatest outside transverse dimension of the body.

The hollow cylindrical body has a closed contour in cross section. The fact that the fibres have a hollow cylindrical body makes it easier for them to deform, this taking place in particular when the fibres are being fixed to the applicator member. The fact that the fibres are hollow can also increase the retention of product

The presence of one or more longitudinal ribs can also help to improve the retention of the product, in particular by capillary action, and influence the orientation of the fibre while it is being fixed to the core, in the case of a mascara brush.

The particular cross section of the fibres according to the invention is particularly advantageous when the fibres are used to manufacture a mascara brush, being clamped between two metal strands that are twisted together. In this case, the fibres according to the invention tend to be oriented in random directions, this making it possible to break the spiral effect on the brush and to obtain improved performance in terms of loading and separation of the eyelashes and/or eyebrows.

The ratio D2/D1 may be less than or equal to 1.5.

Each fibre may have at least two ribs, better still at least three ribs. The number of ribs may be less than or equal to 10, better still less than or equal to 5.

Preferably, at least one rib extends inside the body. This can make it possible to limit the deformation of the fibre by crushing and thus to modify the behaviour of the fibre, depending on its orientation relative to the strands of the core which grip it.

Preferably, at least one rib extends outside the body. The fact that the fibres have at least one external rib makes it possible to have surface reliefs which allow better retention of the cosmetic product. The applicator may have at least one rib extending inside the body and at least one rib extending towards the outside of the body. In a variant, all the ribs extend inside the body or all the ribs extend outside the body.

The ribs may all be the same shape. In a variant, at least one rib is a different shape from the others.

The rib or ribs may extend along the entire length of the fibres along an axis parallel to the longitudinal axis of the fibre. The rib or ribs is/are preferably continuous along the fibre.

Preferably, each fibre has an identical cross section along its entire length. This allows the fibre to have constant mechanical properties along its entire length, and makes it easier to produce by extrusion.

The ribs may be evenly distributed around the body.

The rib or ribs may have a substantially polygonal shape in cross section, in particular a triangular, rectangular or square shape, or have a rounded shape, in particular a semicircular shape.

The thickness of the rib, measured radially, in cross section at its base connected to the body at its radially outermost free end, may be between 0.01 and 0.06 mm.

The greatest width of the rib, measured in cross section perpendicularly to the thickness, may be between 0.01 and 0.06 mm.

The hollow body of the fibre may define a single cavity.

The thickness of the wall of the hollow body may be constant.

It is possible for the outer surface of the body not to have a concavity, when the fibre is viewed with its longitudinal axis rectilinear.

The body may have a cross section which is substantially in the form of a regular or irregular polygon, circular or non-circular, in particular an oval, elliptical, kidney-shaped, pear-shaped or cruciform cross section.

The largest dimension Di of the body in cross section may be between 0.07 and

0.25 mm.

The fibres may be made of a plastics material, preferably of a thermoplastic material, in particular polyamide (PA), elastomer, polybutylene terephthalate (PBT), rubber, or mixtures thereof, in particular a mixture of PA, PBT and rubber or elastomer and PA.

The fibres are preferably made of a single material.

The applicator may have fibres with different shapes. For example, the applicator has two types of fibre, each type of fibre being according to the invention.

The different types of fibre may be mixed at random or in an organized manner on the applicator. For example, a first part of the applicator has only a first type of fibre and a second part of the applicator has only a second type of fibre.

Although the invention applies advantageously to a twisted wire brush, the applicator may alternatively have a bundle of substantially parallel fibres and form a brush of the baleen type or a fine brush. The stem of the applicator may then be substantially parallel to the fibres. In a variant, as in the case of a twisted wire brush, the stem is substantially perpendicular to the fibres.

A further subject of the invention is a packaging and application device having: - a reservoir containing the cosmetic product to be applied,

• an applicator according to the invention, as defined above.

A further subject of the invention is a cosmetic treatment process comprising the step of bringing an applicator according to the invention into contact with human keratin materials, in particular into contact with the eyelashes, the eyebrows, the nails, the lips or the skin, depending on the nature of the product.

The invention may be better understood from reading the following detailed description of non-limiting illustrative embodiments thereof and from examining the appended drawing, in which:

- Figure 1 schematically shows an example of a packaging and application device,

- Figures 2 to 7 illustrate variants of fibres in cross section, and

- Figure 8 is an elevation view of another example of an applicator.

The packaging and application device 1 shown in Figure 1 has a container 2 containing a cosmetic product P to be applied, in particular to the eyelashes or the eyebrows, for example mascara, and an applicator 3 having a stem 4 of longitudinal axis X, provided at one end 4a with an applicator member 5 and at the opposite end with a gripping member 6 that likewise serves to close the container 2. The latter has a neck 7 which is externally threaded so as to allow the gripping member 6 to be screwed on.

A wiping member 8 is fixed inside the neck 7 in order to wipe the stem 4 and the applicator member 5 as they are withdrawn from the container 2. This wiping member 8 has a flexible lip 9 that defines a circular wiping orifice, the diameter of which corresponds more or less to that of the stem 4.

Of course, the invention is not limited to the use of a particular wiping member and further wiping members can be used, for example a wiping member with a wavy lip and/or having one or more slits.

In the example illustrated, the stem 4 is rectilinear but it could be curved without departing from the scope of the present invention.

In the example in question, the applicator member 5 has a core 10 formed in a conventional manner by two twisted metal strands, this core 10 being fixed at one end in a housing in the stem 4, being for example force-fitted into this housing.

The applicator member 5 has fibres 11 which are held in a clamped manner between the twisted strands of the core 10.

As can be seen in Figure 2 in particular, these fibres 11 each have a hollow body 13 with a cylindrical shape, through which a central cavity 15 passes longitudinally and which is provided with at least one longitudinal rib 17.

Each fibre 11 is inscribed in a circle C, the diameter Z½ of which is such that the ratio D2/D1 is less than or equal to 1.75, better still less than or equal to 1.5, Dj being the greatest outside transverse dimension of the body 13.

In the example illustrated in Figure 2, the fibre 11 has a body 13 in the form of a cylinder of revolution and three identical ribs 17 with a substantially rectangular shape that are evenly distributed angularly on the outside of the body 13.

The cross section of the fibre 11 is not symmetric about its centre, but in the example illustrated the fibre is the image of itself by rotation through 120°.

The body 13 has a closed circular section, with a constant thickness e between its outer surface 21 and inner surface 19, for example between 0.01 and 0.08 mm, and with an outside diameter Di of between 0.07 and 0.25 mm.

The longitudinal ribs 17 extend along the entire length of the fibres 11 and are continuous. The maximum thickness h of each rib 17 taken, in cross section, at its base 23 connected to the body 13 at its end 25 is between 0.01 and 0.08 mm.

The greatest width L of each rib 17, in cross section, is between 0.01 and

0.08 mm.

While they are being clamped between the metal strands of the core, the fibres

11 are oriented differently depending on the orientation of their section with respect to the strands. A random modification of the orientation of the fibres can thus be obtained, and the spiral effect that is detrimental to the performance of the applicator can be weakened.

The example in Figure 3 differs from the one in Figure 2 in that the ribs 17 are each substantially semicircular in shape.

The example in Figure 4 differs from the one in Figure 3 in that the body 13 of the fibre 11 has a polygonal cross section, in this case hexagonal. The ribs 17 are present for example on every other side, and are centred on their respective sides.

The example in Figure 5 differs from the one in Figure 2 in that the fibres 11 have ribs 17a and 17b with different shapes and in that the body 13 has a non-circular, in particular elliptical, shape in cross section. The rib 17a has a rounded, in particular semi- oval, shape and the ribs 17b have a substantially triangular shape, being situated away from the rib 17a. The ribs 17a and 17b can have different greatest widths L a and Lb and different maximum thicknesses h a and /½.

The ribs 17a and 17b are positioned on either side of the major axis M of the body 13.

The example in Figure 6 differs from the one in Figure 2 in that the ribs 17 extend towards the inside of the body 13. The diameter Di is equal to the diameter Z¼.

Such ribs 17 make it possible to modify the crushing of the fibre in some directions.

The example in Figure 7 differs from the one in Figure 2 in that it has both ribs 17e that extend towards the outside of the body 13 and ribs 17i that extend towards the inside of the body 13. The ribs 17i are different shapes, one having for example, as illustrated, a triangular section and the other having a rectangular section. Such a fibre makes it possible to combine the effects associated with the presence of the internal and external ribs, that is to say to allow good retention of product and to break the spiral effect. Figure 8 illustrates an applicator having a stem 4 of longitudinal axis X, provided at one end 4a with an applicator member 5 and at the opposite end with a gripping member 6, the applicator member 5 being formed by a bundle of substantially parallel fibres 11.

The invention is not limited to the exemplary embodiments which have just been described, and the characteristics of the various examples can be combined with one another within variants that are not illustrated.

The invention is not limited to the shapes of ribs illustrated.

The body of the fibres may have a circular, oval or polygonal shape, but is not limited to these shapes.

The expression "having a" should be understood as being synonymous with "comprising at least one", unless specified to the contrary.