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Title:
A COVER
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/1995/027632
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The invention relates to a cover (1) for shielding an article (2) from incident heat energy, comprising a first, non-heat reflective, sheet of material (3), a sheet of material adapted to reflect heat (4), a layer of non-abrasive sheet material (5), the sheets (3 to 5) being superimposed and secured together to comprise a laminate, the cover (1) being tailored to provide a desired configuration. The cover (1) is a flexible thermal insulation cover tailored to fit a canopy of a cockpit of say an aircraft. There are peripheral pockets (6) which house releasable fastening hook means (12) for retaining the cover on an edge of the canopy. The cover (1) may be attached to a similar cover by a connector (11, 13) being an alignment indicating means.

Inventors:
Tusch
Klaus
Norbert
Application Number:
PCT/GB1995/000776
Publication Date:
October 19, 1995
Filing Date:
April 04, 1995
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
COLEBRAND LIMITED TUSCH
Klaus
Norbert
International Classes:
B32B5/02; B32B5/26; B60J11/00; (IPC1-7): B60J11/00; B32B5/26
Domestic Patent References:
WO1989001445A11989-02-23
Foreign References:
US4867216A1989-09-19
US4391865A1983-07-05
US5188417A1993-02-23
US4938522A1990-07-03
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Claims:
CLAIMS
1. A cover for shielding an object from incident heat energy, comprising a first, nonheat refleαive, sheet of material, a sheet of material adapted to refleα heat, a layer of nonabrasive sheet material, the sheets being superposed to provide a laminate and tailored to provide a desired configuration.
2. A cover according to Claim 1 , including means to secure the cover to an article to be shielded from incident heat energy.
3. A cover according to Claim 2, the securing means comprising means having a profile adapted to resemble a profile of a pan of an article to be shielded in use.
4. A cover according to Claim 3, the profile comprising a hooklike profile.
5. A cover according to Claim 4, the means comprising a plurality of hook¬ like members spaced apart along a perimeter of the cover.
6. A cover according to Claim 5, including respeαive pocket means into which the hooklike members are retractable.
7. A cover according to Claim 6, the hooklike members having an extensible part whereby the hooklike profiles are extensible from a respective pocket, and retractable thereinto on release from the part of the article. S.
8. A cover according to Claim 7, the extensible part comprising a resilient pan of the member.
9. A cover according to any of Claims 6 to 8, the pocket means being secured to the sheet of nonheat refleαive material.
10. A cover accordmg to any preceding claim, the nonheat reflective sheet of material itself comprising two sheets of material.
11. A cover according to Claim 10, one of the two sheets of material comprising a waterproof sheet of material.
12. A cover according to Claim 11 , the waterproof material also being flame retardant.
13. A cover according to Claim 11 or Claim 12, the said sheet of material also being decontaminable.
14. A cover according to any of Claims 11 to 13, the said sheet of material exhibiting a relatively low emissivity of incident eleαromagnetic energy.
15. A cover according to Claim 14, the said sheet of material exhibiting a relatively low emissivity of infrared energy.
16. A cover according to any of Claims 10 to 15, the other of the two sheets of material comprising a woven material.
17. A cover according to either of Claims 15 or 16, the said other sheet of material comprising an absorber of incident electromagnetic energy in the microwave frequency range.
18. A cover according to any preceding claim, the sheet of heat reflective material comprising a sheet of material with a metallic coating.
19. A cover according to Claim 18, the coating comprising a coating of aluminium or the like coating.
20. A cover according to Claim 19, the coating comprising an aluminium silver coating.
21. A cover according to Claim 19, or Claim 20, the coating comprising a paint.
22. A cover according to any preceding claim, the nonabrasive sheet material comprising a felt.
23. A cover according to Claim 22, the felt being noninflammable.
24. A cover according to Claim 23, the felt including nonshrink properties.
25. A cover according to any of Claims 23 or 24, including an additional layer of felt.
26. A cover according to any of Claims 1 to 21, the nonabrasive sheet of material comprising a fur material.
27. A cover according to any of Claims 22 to 26, including an additional layer of woven material.
28. A cover according to Claim 27, the material comprising a cotton canvas material.
29. A cover according to Claim 27 or Claim 28, including a sheet of relatively smooth material.
30. A cover according to Claim 29, the said material comprising a nylon or silk material.
31. A covering according to Claim 30, the material being waterproof and/or flame retardant and/or decontaminable.
32. A cover according to any preceding claim, the sheets of material being secured together by securing means to form a laminate structure.
33. A cover according to Claim 32, the securing means comprising an adhesive.
34. A cover according to Claim 32, the securing means comprising stitching.
35. A cover according to any preceding claim, being tailored to a desired shape.
36. A cover according to any preceding claim, having means for connection with another, similar, cover.
37. A cover according to Claim 36, the connection means comprising a hook and pile conneαor.
38. A cover according to Claim 31 or Claim 36, including means of the two covers for indicating a desired alignment.
39. A cover according to any of Claims 32 to 38, the laminate comprising a laminate of a plurality of layers of flexible material, in order from the outer layer (as considered in use), comprising: (a) a surface layer of material; (b) a layer of relatively coarsely woven material; (c) a layer of thermally refleαive material; (d) a layer of nonabrasive material; (e) a further layer of nonabrasive material; (f) a further layer of relatively coarsely woven material; and (g) a layer of relatively smooth relatively lightly woven material.
40. A cover according to Claim 39, the relatively coarsely woven material comprising a cotton canvas material, the nonabrasive material comprising a felt or fur material and the relatively smooth material a nylon or silklike material.
41. A cover according to Claim 40, the surface layer being waterproof, and/or flame retardant, and/or decontaminable and/or being adapted to provide relatively low infrared emissivity.
42. A cover according to Claim 41 or Claim 42, the first layer of relatively coarsely woven material being adapted to provide absorption of incident electromagnetic radiation in the microwave band of frequencies.
43. A cover according to any of Claims 40 to 42, the layer of nonabrasive material being about 1.5 mm thick and comprising a material which is adapted to be noninflammable and/or shrink resistant.
44. A cover according to any preceding claim, comprising a peripheral layer of fur material.
45. An article, whenever covered by a cover according to any preceding claim.
Description:
A COVER

The invention relates to a cover, particularly a flexible cover which may be applied to an article such as a vehicle to protect it from incident heat energy.

Such covers are known, but it is often desirable that they remain in place even when access is required to the article. Hitherto, such covers have to be removed entirely, thereby exposing the whole of the article being protected to incident heat energy, for example from the sun.

It is accordingly an object of the inventicn to seek to mitigate this disadvantage.

According to a first aspect of the invention there is provided a cover for shielding an object from incident heat energy, comprising a first, non heat- reflective, sheet of material, a sheet of material adapted to reflect heat, a layer of non-abrasive sheet material, the sheets being superposed to provide a laminate and tailored to provide a desired configuration.

There may be means to secure the cover to an article to be shielded from incident heat energy. This provides a close fit on the article being protected.

The securing means may comprise means having a profile adapted to resemble a profile of a part of an article to be shielded in use.

The profile may comprise a hook-like profile.

The means may comprise a plurality of hook-like members spaced apaπ along a perimeter of the cover. This provides for a secure and even mounting of the cover of an article.

The cover may include respective pocket means into which the hook-like means may be retractable. This provides a neat relatively unencumbered construction which may be folded without tangling, particularly if the hook-like members have an extensible pan whereby the hook-like profiles are extensible from a respective pocket, and retractable thereinto on release from the part of the article.

The extensible part may comprise a resilient part of the member. This provides a relatively simple means for releasing and engaging the hook profile from the article.

The pocket means may be secured to the sheet of non-heat reflective material. This provides a neat, unitary construction.

The non-heat reflective sheet of material itself may comprise two sheets of material. This provides an optimum construction of the cover. One of the two sheets of material may comprise a waterproof sheet of material.

The waterproof material may also be flame retardant This provides an additional safety feature.

The said sheet of material may also be decontaminable, for example from nuclear blast contamination.

The said sheet of material may exhibit a relatively low emissivity of incident electromagnetic energy. Thus the cover may be an absorber of incident microwave band, or radar, frequencies.

The said sheet of material may exhibit a relatively low emissivity of infra-red

energy.

The other of the two sheets of material may comprise a woven material. This is a relatively simple constructional method for the said sheet.

The said other sheet of material may comprise an absorber of incident electromagnetic energy in the microwave frequency range.

The sheet of heat reflective material may comprise a sheet of material with a metallic coating, suitably a coating comprising a coating of aluminium or the like such as an aluminium-silver coating. This provides for a consistent reflection of heat energy.

The coating may comprise a paint. This provides for ease of applicability.

The non-abrasive sheet material may comprise a felt, which may be non- inflammable and/or may include non-shrink properties.

The cover may include an additional layer of felt.

The non-abrasive sheet of material may comprise a fur material.

There may be an additional layer of woven material.

The material may comprise a cotton canvas material.

The cover may also include a sheet of relatively smooth material, which may comprise a nylon or silk material.

The material may be waterproof and/or flame retardant and/or decontaminable.

The sheets of material being secured together by securing means to form a laminate structure. This provides for a material which is flexible, foldable, and may be draped round an-article.

The securing means may comprise an adhesive, or alternatively, stitching for example to give a quilt-like effect.

The cover may be tailored to a desired shape.

The cover may have means for connection with another, similar, cover. This provides for making a cover which can fit two adjacent parts of the same article.

The connection means may comprise a hook and pile connector.

There may also be means of the two covers for indicating a desired alignment.

The cover may comprise a laminate of a plurality of layers of flexible material, in order from the outer layer (as considered in use), comprising: -

(a) a surface layer of material;

(b) a layer of relatively coarsely woven material;

(c) a layer of thermally reflective material;

(d) a layer of non-abrasive material;

(e) a further layer of non-abrasive material;

(f) a further layer of relatively coarsely woven material; and

(g) a layer of relatively smooth, relatively tightly woven material.

The relatively coarsely woven material may comprise a cotton canvas material,

the non-abrasive material may comprise a felt or fur material and the relatively smooth material a nylon or silk-like material.

The surface layer may be waterproof, and/or flame retardant, and/or decontaminable and/or may be adapted to provide relatively low infra-red emissivity.

The first layer of relatively coarsely woven material may be adapted to provide absorption of incident electromagnetic radiation in the microwave band of frequencies.

The layer of non-abrasive material may be about 1.5 mm thick and may comprise a material which is adapted to be non-inflammable and/or shrink resistant.

According to a second aspect of the invention there is provided an article whenever covered by a cover as hereinbefore defined.

A cover embodying the invention is hereinbefore described, by way of example, with respect to the accompanying drawings.

Fig.l is a developed plan view of a cover according to the invention;

Fig.lA is a developed plan of a second cover according to the invention, adapted for connection with the cover of Fig. 1.

Fig.2 is an enlarged section through detail X of Fig. l, taken on line 2-2 of that Fig; and

Fig. 3 is an exploded schematic cross-sectional view of a cover of Fig. 1 or Fig. 1A, which is flexible and comprises a laminate of superimposed layers of sheet material.

Referring to the drawingsrthere is shown a cover 1 or 10 for shielding an article 2 from incident heat energy, comprising a first, non-heat refleαive, sheet of material 3, a sheet of material adapted to reflect heat 4, a layer of non-abrasive sheet material 5, the sheets 3 to 5 being superimposed and secured together to comprise a laminate, the cover 1 or 10 being tailored to provide a desired configuration.

In Figs. 1 and 1A, the covers 1 , 10 are flexible thermal insulation covers tailored to fit and cover a canopy of a cockpit 2 of say an aircraft, though they could be tailored to fit any particular shape of article which requires thermal insulation.

The cover 1 of Fig. 1 is in the embodiment 400 cm long, and has spaced round its perimeter pockets or flaps 6 into which are secured as by sewing a member which is extensible as by being made of a suitable material such as a plastic cord 7, one end of which is sewn into the pocket 6 and the free end of which has a hook-like member 8 suitably of metal coated with plastic, adapted to be hooked round a pan 9 of the article 2 such as an edge of the canopy, to maintain the cover 1 securely in position round the canopy and stretched thereover. By having an equidistant spacing of the pockets, an even laying out of the cover is achieved.

The cover 1 is thus releasably mountable on the article, and, when not in use, can be folded up and stored, the hooks 9 retracting into the respective pockets 6 so as not to become entangled, so that a rapid deployment of the cover 1 can

be achieved when an article 2 is required to be covered.

The cover 1 can also be reieasably connected with another cover 10, Fig. 1A, about 110 cm long in the embodiment, by for example releasable fastening means such as a hook and-pile connection 11, 12, a strip 11 of which may be on the inside (in use, that is nearest the article) surface of the cover 1 and another strip 12 of which is on the outer surface of the cover 10.

The cover 10 also has retractable hook-like members 7, 8 as described with reference to Fig. 2. and pockets 6 into which they can retract.

The two covers 1, 10 may have means 13 such as a coloured, for example a red, stripe which are aligned as shown for correct orientation when the covers are joined.

The hook members 7, 8 and the connectors 11, 12 ensure that when access to a part of the article is desired, it is not necessary to remove the whole cover 1 or 10, it is merely necessary to unhook some hook members 8, and/or the strip connector 11, 12, to provide access to say a windscreen, door, or hatch cover. The remainder of the article 2 thus remains shielded, which can be important in unfavourable climatic conditions such as in a desert.

The section of the cover shown in Fig. 2 shows a fur seal 14 attached to the cover 1 , which fur seal 14 is particularly advantageous in obviating the ingress of foreign matter such as sand under the cover and into the article. The fur seal 14 may be a layer of the cover 1 , 10 or may be an additional layer round a perimeter edge of the cover 1 , 10 which may be of the kind shown in Fig.3, where the cover is a laminate of a plurality of layers of flexible material, in order from the outer layer (as considered in use), comprising:-

(a) a suriace layer of material;

(b) a layer of relatively coarsely woven material;

(c) a layer of thermally reflective material;

(d) a layer of non-abrasive material;

(e) a further layer of non-abrasive material;

(f) a further layer of relatively coarsely woven material; and

(g) a layer of relatively smooth relatively lightly woven material.

The outer layer 3 may comprise a layer (a) which may be decontaminable, for example from nuclear blast contamination (NBC); it may also be waterproof and/or flame retardant, and/or adapted to obviate infra-red transmissions, to avoid far infra-red detection. The cover 1, 10 outer layer 3 may also comprise the layer (b) which may be adapted to provide an absorber of incident electromagnetic radiation in the microwave, e.g. radar, frequency band. The layer (d) may be coated as by being painted with an aluminium silver paint.

The layers (d) and (e) may each be of the order of 1.5 mm thick, and may be adapted to be non-inflammable and to have non-shrink properties, suitably by being heated appropriately.

The layer (f) is a relatively coarse weave, like the layer (g) comprising a relatively fine weave material such as nylon or a silk-like material, so is non- abrasive to a surface to which it is applied, i.e. the surface to which the cover is applied. The layer (g), may be decontaminable (NBC), and/or waterproofed, and/or flame retardant.

The iayers of material may be glued or stitched together or may be simply sewed together at or adjacent the edges to provide a tailored cover of loose form for maximum flexibility. The layers (e), (h) and (g) provide the layer 5, the inner

layer in use of the cover 1, 10, in the embodiment illustrated.

It will be understood that the laminate may comprise only layer (a) - (d) or (a) - (e) , and that the layers (d) or (e) respectively may comprise fur rather than felt. Alternatively, as in Fig.2,-the fur is an edge strip which is applied to a laminate of layers (a) - (d), (a) - (e) or (a) - (g).

The layer (a), when having infra red quality, avoids detection by thermal imaging devices. Thus the layer (a) may comprise a low emissivity paint, that is a paint which provides a low emissivity of incident electromagnetic energy in the infra-red band.

A typical formulation of a paint according to the invention is

Chlorinated polymer 1 - 10%

Plasticizing resin 1 - 10%

Pigment each 1 - 10%

Dye a small amount, e.g. 1%

Clay thickener 1 - 10%

Metallic particles 10 - 60%

The metallic particles preferably comprise silver plated copper flake; aluminium and other refleαive particles are also suitable.

Water can be added to provide the consistency required for proper application, or a solvent can be substituted, comprising between 10% and 60%.

Suitable pigments include cadmium sulphide P101, iron blue 510D and red oxide 470, particularly as the visible appearance of the paint will be of importance

because the paint may have to blend in with ordinary paints and still provide emissivity in the infrared region. Thus, although the paint may appear in visible light as a normal paint, when a painted area is viewed on an article in infrared light, the area will appear in sharp contrast to the adjacent non-painted area because the level of emissivity is reduced by the paint. A typical level of emissivity would be 0.6 or below.

A paint with this formulation is inherently stable and so can be packaged very simply.

The sheet (b) may have the ability to absorb incident eleαromagnetic energy in the radar waveband, so that there is no refleαion thereof. Thus the sheet (b) may comprise an absorber an absorber of incident eleαromagnetic energy, comprising a first member which is opaque to incident microwave energy and a second member which is eleαrically conduαive, carried by the first member, said first member being intermediate a plurality of second members.

The members may be spaced apart by material which is permeable to electromagnetic energy.

The members and material may respeαively comprise films or sheets which are assembled to provide the sheet (b).

The or each member may comprise a conduαive film or sheet of an electrically non-conductive carrier and a conductive layer thereon.

The or each carrier may comprise a plastics film on which is deposited a vaporised electrically conduαive metallic coating, preferably of aluminium.

The non-conductive sheets may comprise plastics which are opaque, translucent or transparent.

The body may comprise a base member, preferably a sheet or plate of refleαive material such as metal. -

The electrically conductive member may act as a refleαor of the electromagnetic energy which reaches it. All the other layers aα as absorbers; they absorb the energy as it travels towards the refleαor and they absorb more of it as it travels away from the refleαor. The adjustment of layer thickness and relative conductivities enables the best total absorption to be achieved in the waveband of interest.

The embodiment described is non-symmetric, and so will only absorb energy incident from one side. Energy incident from the other side may still be refleαed. In order to overcome this problem, a symmetric arrangement may be provided, with an inner, preferably central, eleαrically conductive layer, thinner conduαing layers on either side of the central layer and non-conductive spacing layers on either side of the central layer and non-conduαive spacing layers therebetween. There mav be further non-conduαive lavers on the exterior of the thinner conduαive layer for proteαion. As before, the layers may be laminated.

With a symmetrical arrangement in a sheet of the cover, electromagnetic energy incident from either side of the panel may be absorbed and the panel becomes invisible to electromagnetic radiation sensors. The optical absorption can still be minimised by keeping all the layers as thin and transparent as possible.

It will be understood that the provision of the IR-quality or radar absorber modifications may not be necessary.




 
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