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Patent Searching and Data


Title:
CRISPY FOODSTUFF
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2016/150476
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention relates to methods for processing foodstuff wherein, after exposure of said processed foodstuff to microwaves, a crispy, crunchy or crusty foodstuff is obtained. The present invention further relates to granulates which can be used in the present methods and crispy, crunchy or crusty foodstuff obtainable by the present methods. Specifically, the present invention relates to methods for processing foodstuff comprising the steps of a) providing a foodstuff; b) coating the foodstuff with a dry powder or granulate being comprised of 5 wt% to 50 wt% dextrin; c) exposing the granulate coated foodstuff to water, or water vapour during 0.1 to 10 seconds; and d) backing, frying or boiling the water, or water vapour, exposed foodstuff.

Inventors:
BEZEMER, Karel Johannes (Krombraak 14, CR Oosterhout, NL-4906, NL)
Application Number:
EP2015/056065
Publication Date:
September 29, 2016
Filing Date:
March 23, 2015
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
FOOD COMPOUNDS BV (Krombraak 14, CR Oosterhout, NL-4906, NL)
International Classes:
A21D13/00
Domestic Patent References:
1990-03-08
Foreign References:
GB1367566A1974-09-18
US4208442A1980-06-17
US7998512B12011-08-16
US5431944A1995-07-11
US20090258123A12009-10-15
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
VAN KOOIJ, Adriaan et al. (Arnold + Siedsma, Bezuidenhoutseweg 57, AC Den Haag, NL-2594, NL)
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Claims:
CLAIMS

1. Method for processing foodstuff, said method comprises the steps:

a) providing a foodstuff;

b) coating said foodstuff with a dry powder or granulate comprised of 5 wt to 50 wt dextrin;

c) exposing said coated foodstuff to water, or water vapour, during 0.1 to 10 seconds; and

d) backing, frying or boiling said water, or water vapour, exposed foodstuff.

2. Method according to claim 1 , wherein said granulate has an average diameter of

0.1 to 5 mm.

3. Method according to claim 1 or claim 2, wherein said granulate or dry powder further comprises starch and/or flour.

4. Method according to any one of the claims 1 to 3, wherein said foodstuff is selected from the group consisting of potato, potato derived products, meat, fruit, processed meat, comminuted meat, vegetable, pastry, dough and combinations thereof.

5. Method according to any one of the claims 1 to 4, wherein providing a foodstuff in step (a) comprises providing said foodstuff with a hydrophobic pre -coat.

6. Method according to any one of the claims 1 to 5, wherein said foodstuff is a frozen foodstuff subjected to a pretreatment in a hot water bath.

7. Method according to any one of the claims 1 to 6, wherein said water vapour is steam.

8. Processed foodstuff obtainable by a method according to any one of the claims

1 to 7.

9. Method for providing crispy foodstuff, said method comprises preparing a processed foodstuff according to claim 8 in a oven or microwave oven.

10. Granulate with an average diameter of 0.1 to 5 mm comprised of 5 wt to 50 wt dextrin, flour and starch.

11. Use of a granulate with an average diameter of 0.1 to 5 mm or fry powder and comprised of 5 wt to 50 wt dextrin, or a granulate according to claim 10, for providing microwave or oven prepared crispy foodstuff.

Description:
CRISPY FOODSTUFF

Description The present invention relates to methods for processing foodstuff wherein, after exposure of said processed foodstuff to heat such in microwaves or ovens, a crispy, crunchy or crusty foodstuff is obtained. The present invention further relates to granulates which can be used in the present methods and crispy, crunchy or crusty foodstuff obtainable by the present methods.

During heating of foodstuff in a (microwave) oven, radio waves penetrate the foodstuff and excite water and fat molecules evenly throughout the foodstuff. This evenly heating of foodstuff, in contrast to conventional heating techniques such as backing, frying or cooking wherein heat migrates from the exterior of a foodstuff to the interior, results in that the surface of microwave prepared foodstuff is not sufficiently heated to form a crispy, crunchy or crusty outer layer or crust. The formation of a crispy, crunchy or crusty outer layer or crust, of microwave prepared foodstuff is also hampered because the surrounding air in a microwave oven is around room temperature.

Because many consumers prefer foodstuff with a crispy, crunchy or crusty outer layer or crust, the application of microwave ovens for preparation of foodstuffs is limited.

Examples of foodstuff for which microwave preparation is less preferred are potatoes or potato based products such as fries or chips and meat of meat based products such as hamburgers, minced meat hot dogs or croquettes.

In the art, several approaches have been suggested to solve the above problem of no crust formation. For example, little sleeve made out of foil and cardboard can be inserted in a foodstuff. These sleeves react to microwave energy thereby becoming very hot and providing a crispy crust. The foodstuff can also be packaged in special containers or bags to provide a similar effect.

Despite the above, there is a continuing need in the art for alternative solutions for the absence of a crispy crust formation when foodstuffs are prepared in a microwave.

It is a goal of the present invention, amongst other goals, to address the above need in the art.

This goal of the present invention, amongst other goals, is, according to a first aspect, met by the present invention through a method as defined in the appended claims.

Specifically, this goal of the present invention, amongst other goals, is met by the present invention through methods for processing foodstuff, the present methods comprise the steps of:

a) providing a foodstuff; b) coating said foodstuff with a dry powder or granulate, preferably a

granulate with an average diameter, or size, of 0.1 to 5 mm, and being comprised of 5 wt to 50 wt dextrin;

c) exposing the coated foodstuff to water, or water vapour, during 0.1 to 10 seconds; and

d) backing, frying or boiling the water, or water vapour, exposed foodstuff. Without wishing to be limited to any theory, it is believed that the present methods provide the outer surface of foodstuff with a thin layer having insulating characteristics. Upon microwave heating of the processed foodstuff, the temperature between the insulating surrounding layer and the outer surface of the foodstuff is sufficiently increased for a crust to be formed thereby providing a crispy, crunchy or crusty foodstuff.

Dextrin is generally know in the art and refers to a group of colourless and odourless low-molecular-weight carbohydrates. Dextrin is comprised of polymers of D-glucose units linked by a-(l→4) or a-(l→6) glycosidic bonds denoted by the general molecule formula (C 6 H 10 O5) n . Dextrin can be produced by hydrolysis, for example using enzymes like amylases or by applying dry heat under acidic conditions, of starch or glycogen.

Dextrin is generally used in the food industry as a binder. Other uses include the use as a stiffening agent in the textile industry, as an adhesive in glues and as a binding agent in the pharmaceutical industry.

According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the dextrin is maltodextrin being a short chain starch sugar produced through enzymatic hydrolysis of gelatin rich starch.

According to the present invention, the present granules are comprised of 5 wt to 50 wt (weight percentages are indicated as compared to the total weight of the granulate) dextrin such as 10 wt , 15 wt , 20 wt , 25 wt , 30 wt , 35 wt , 40 wt , or 45 wt% the remainder weight percentage of the granules being formed by one or more food grade acceptable fillers such as starch and/or flour.

According to the present invention, the present granules have average diameter, or size, of 0.1 to 5 mm such as 0.2 mm, 0.3 mm, 0.4 mm, 0.5 mm, 0.6 mm, 0.7 mm, 0.8 mm, 0.9 mm, 1 mm, 1.5 mm, 2 mm, 2.5 mm, 3 mm, 3.5 mm, 4 mm or 4.5 mm.

According to a preferred embodiment of the present method, the present foodstuff is selected from the group consisting of potato, potato derived products, meat, fruit, processed meat, comminuted meat, vegetable, pastry, dough and combinations thereof.

According to another preferred embodiment of the present method, the foodstuff is provided with a hydrophobic pre -coat before being coated with the present granulate. The hydrophobic pre-coat aids in the adhesion of the present granulate to the foodstuff and, especially in case of foodstuff with a high water content such as potato, at least partially maintains the integrity of the granulate such as by preventing partial dissolution of the granulate upon contact with the foodstuff. A suitable example of a hydrophobic food grade pre-coat is starch.

According to another preferred embodiment of the present method, foodstuff is a frozen foodstuff subjected to a pretreatment in a hot water bath.

According to an especially preferred embodiment of this first aspect of the present invention, the granulate coated foodstuff is contacted, during 0.1 to 10 seconds with steam. Using steam allows an even and controllable contact of the foodstuff with water.

Considering that a foodstuff processed according the present invention is provided with a crispy crust upon preparation in micro wave oven, the present invention, according to a second aspect, relates to processed foodstuff obtainable by the present methods and, according to a third aspect, to a method for providing crispy foodstuff wherein the method comprises preparing the present processed foodstuff in a microwave oven.

The present invention, according to a fourth aspect, also relates to a granulate with an average diameter of 0.1 to 5 mm comprised of 5 wt to 50 wt dextrin, flour and starch.

According to a fifth aspect, the present invention relates to the use of dry powder or a granulate as defined above for providing microwave prepared crispy foodstuff.

The present invention will be further detailed in the following example of an especially preferred embodiment of the present invention.

Example

Potatoes were washed, peeled and cut into chips. Next, the chips were pre -coated with starch and then coated with a granulate (average diameter of 0.5 mm and comprised of 30 wt dextrin, flour and starch). Subsequently, the granulate coated chips were contacted with steam during 2.5 seconds and immediately thereafter submerged in frying oil during 3 minutes. The chips obtained were stored at -20°C.

The frozen chips were placed in a microwave oven and heated on a rotating disc at 900 watt during 7 minutes. After 7 minutes, chips with a crispy crust, comparable to fried chips were obtained.