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Title:
A CRUSHER BUCKET
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2017/006299
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A crusher bucket comprises a casing in which there are mounted crushing elements comprising a fixed jaw and a movable jaw, in which the movable jaw is supported on the casing by means of a pair of eccentric shafts, and further comprising adjustment means which are capable of varying a distance between the fixed jaw and the movable jaw at least in the region of a discharge of the material.

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Inventors:
AZZOLIN, Diego (Borgo Santa Maria 24, Breganze, I-36042, IT)
AZZOLIN, Guido (Borgo Santa Maria 26, Breganze, I-36042, IT)
Application Number:
IB2016/054133
Publication Date:
January 12, 2017
Filing Date:
July 11, 2016
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
MECCANICA BREGANZESE S.P.A. IN BREVE MB S.P.A. (Via Astico, 30/A, Fara Vicentino, I-36030, IT)
International Classes:
E02F3/407; B02C1/04; E02F3/96; E02F7/06
Domestic Patent References:
WO2014086429A12014-06-12
Foreign References:
US20120018558A12012-01-26
JPH1161876A1999-03-05
CN2184481Y1994-12-07
US2485718A1949-10-25
EP3073019A12016-09-28
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
LOCAS, Davide et al. (Piazzetta Cappellato Pedrocchi 18, Padova, I-35122, IT)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. A crusher bucket (100) comprising a casing (110) in which there are mounted crushing elements (1, 2) comprising a fixed jaw (2) and a movable jaw (1), in which the movable jaw (1) is supported on the casing (110) by means of a pair of eccentric shafts (3, 4), characterized in that it comprises an adjustment device (5) which is capable of varying a distance (d) between the fixed jaw (2) and the movable jaw (1) at least in the region of a discharge (102) of the material .

2. A bucket according to claim 1, wherein the adjustment device (5) comprises at least one spacer (51) which is or can be arranged between an abutment portion (50) and at least one movable support (41), on which at least one of the eccentric shafts (3, 4) is/are supported in a rotatable manner, the movable support (41) being fixed in a movable manner to the casing (110).

3. A bucket according to claim 2, wherein the movable support (41) is fixed in a sliding manner to side walls (104) of the casing.

4. A bucket according to claim 3, wherein the eccentric shafts (3, 4) comprise a central portion (3a, 4a) and end portions (3b, 4b) which are eccentric with respect to the central portion (3a, 4a), the movable jaw (1) being supported on the central portion (3a, 4a) and the end portions (3b, 4b) being supported on the movable support (41).

5. A bucket according to claim 2 or 3 or 4, wherein both the eccentric shafts (3, 4) are supported in an adjustable manner to the casing (110) by means of a respective movable support (41).

6. A bucket according to any one of claims 2 to 5, wherein the abutment portion (50) extends between the side walls (104).

7. A bucket according to any one of claims 2 to 6, wherein the spacers abut the movable support (41) and the abutment portion (50) in such a manner that the distance between the jaws (1, 2) is adjusted in accordance with the height and/or the number of the spacer(s).

8. A bucket according to any one of claims 2 to 7, wherein the movable support (41) is slidable on guides (42).

9. A bucket according to claim 8, wherein the guides (42) are formed on the movable support (41).

10. A bucket according to any one of claims 2 to 8, wherein the movable support (41) comprises a support plate (41a).

11. A bucket according to one or more of the preceding claims, wherein the adjustment device (5) comprises a wedge-like member (53) which is positioned or positionable between the eccentric shaft (4) and the movable jaw (1).

12. A bucket according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein the adjustment device (5) comprises an adjustment screw (45) which is capable of adjusting the distance between a first portion (14) which is fixedly joined to the fixed jaw (2) and a second portion (12) which is fixedly joined to the movable jaw (1).

13. A bucket according to any one of the preceding claims, wherein there are defined in the casing (110) an inlet (101) for charging material to be crushed and an opposite discharge (102) for discharging the processed material, the movable jaw (1) is supported by means of a first eccentric shaft (3) of the pair adjacent to the inlet (101) and by means of a second eccentric shaft (4) of the pair adjacent to the discharge.

Description:
DESCRIPTION

The present invention relates to an improved crusher bucket, in particular for crushing inert material, processing waste and demolition material, hereinafter generally referred to as crushed stone, according to the preamble of the main claim .

In the technical field being referred to, there are known buckets which comprise an outer casing which is configured to collect crushed stone and inside which there are mounted crushing elements for the collected material.

It may be noted that, in this context, the term "bucket" is intended to be understood generally to indicate any member which is provided for being and intended to be engaged at the free end of an arm of an operating machine.

The crushing elements which are provided in the casing typically comprise a pair of jaws which face each other, one movable with respect to the other in order to compress and crush the material present therebetween.

On the basis of one of the known configurations, the bucket comprises a first jaw which is positioned on the base of the bucket and which is fixed with respect to the casing during the crushing operations and a second movable jaw which is fixed to a pair of rotatable eccentric shafts.

In this manner, the movable jaw carries out pivoting movements with respect to the fixed jaw, carrying out the crushing of the material which is interposed between the two casings.

In those known buckets, the eccentric shafts are connected to the casing by means of a support structure, which is fixed to an upper wall thereof and which faces a fixing plate which is intended for connecting the bucket to the arm of the operating machine.

However, those known buckets have the disadvantage of not being sufficiently resistant to the stresses which are produced by the material during the crushing operations. This may involve significant technical problems in the structure of the crusher bucket, and may not allow effective control of the crushing effect, both in accordance with the dimensions of the material to be crushed and in accordance with the dimensions which it is desirable to obtain at the end of the crushing.

Therefore, the technical problem addressed by the present invention is to provide a crusher bucket which allows the disadvantages mentioned above to be overcome and which is structurally and functionally configured to overcome the disadvantages set out above with reference to the prior art cited.

That problem is solved by the crusher bucket according to claim 1.

Preferred features of the invention are defined in the dependent claims.

The present invention has some relevant advantages. The main advantage involves the fact that the bucket according to the present invention allows control of the crushing effect so as to both be able to adapt to the dimensions of the material to be crushed and to be able to control the dimensions of the crushed material .

According to another aspect, the invention also relates to a crusher bucket which comprises a casing, in which there is defined an inlet for the material to be crushed and a discharge for the crushed material, a fixed jaw and a movable jaw, which is connected to the casing by means of at least one eccentric shaft, and a protection plate which is connected to the movable jaw in the region of a support element and which is directed towards the inlet opening, in which the protection plate is connected to the support element by means of an attenuation element so as to allow limited movements for the protection plate with respect to the support portion.

On the basis of that aspect of the invention, it is possible to accompany the material in an optimum manner towards the crushing zone which is interposed between the two jaws, thereby contributing to optimization of the crushing of the material.

Other advantages, features and the methods of use of the present invention will become evident from the following detailed description of some embodiments, which are set out by way of non-limiting example. Reference will be made to the Figures of the drawings, in which :

- Figures 1A and IB are a side view and a cross-section of a crusher bucket according to the present invention, respectively;

- Figures 2A and 2B are a side view and a cross-section of the crusher bucket of Figures 1A, B, respectively, in which the distance between the fixed jaw and the movable jaw has been varied;

- Figures 3A and 3B are two perspective views which illustrate the operation for varying the distance between the fixed jaw and the movable jaw;

- Figures 4A and 4B are a side view and a lateral section of a crusher bucket in accordance with a second embodiment, respectively;

- Figures 5A and 5B are a side view and a lateral section of the crusher bucket of Figures 4A, B, respectively, in which the distance between the fixed jaw and the movable jaw has been varied;

- Figures 6A and 6B are two perspective views which illustrate the operation for varying the distance between the fixed jaw and the movable jaw in the bucket in Figures 4A, B;

- Figure 7 is a side view of another construction variant of the bucket according to the present invention;

- Figures 8A and 8B are a side view and a lateral section of a crusher bucket in accordance with another embodiment, respectively;

- Figures 9A and 9B are a side view and a lateral section of the crusher bucket of Figures 8A, B, respectively, in which the distance between the fixed jaw and the movable jaw has been varied;

- Figures 10A and 10B are two perspective views of the bucket of Figures 8A, B;

- Figures 11A and 11B are two perspective views of the bucket of Figures 9A, B;

- Figure 12 is a perspective view which illustrates the operation for varying the distance between the fixed jaw and the movable jaw in the bucket of Figures 8A, B;

- Figures 13A and 13B are a side view and a lateral section of a crusher bucket in accordance with another embodiment, respectively;

- Figures 14A and 14B are two perspective views of the bucket of Figures 13A, B;

- Figures 15A and 15B are a side view and a lateral section of the crusher bucket of Figures 13A, B, respectively, in which the distance between the fixed jaw and the movable jaw has been varied;

- Figure 16 is a sectioned view of a bucket which is constructed in accordance with another aspect of the present invention;

- Figure 17 is a perspective view which illustrates a detail of the bucket of Figure 16;

- Figure 18 is a front view of the bucket of Figure 16;

- Figure 19 is a perspective, partially sectioned view which illustrates the bucket of Figure 16;

- Figure 20 is a perspective, sectioned view which illustrates a detail of the bucket of Figure 16.

Initially with reference to Figures 1A and I B, a crusher bucket according to the present invention is generally designated 100.

The bucket 100 comprises an outer casing 110 which is preferably spoon- shaped and in which there are provided attachments 6 for engaging the bucket 100 at the free end of an arm of an operating machine (not illustrated).

There are defined in the casing 110 an inlet 101 for charging crushed stone or other material to be crushed, typically stone material, and an opposite discharge 102 for discharging the processed material, after the crushing operation.

There are mounted in the casing 110 elements for crushing the crushed stone, preferably comprising a movable jaw 1 and an opposing fixed jaw 2, which is fixedly joined to the casing 110.

According to a preferred embodiment, there are removably fixed to the jaws 1 and 2 respective plates 11, 21 which are preferably suitably grooved and which are capable of facilitating the crushing action.

The bucket 100 further comprises a movement device, which is not illustrated in the Figures and which acts on the movable jaw 1 in order to move it away from and towards the fixed jaw 2 in accordance with a suitable trajectory so as to crush the material present between the jaws.

The movement device preferably comprises a pair of eccentric shafts 3, 4 which are supported on the side walls 104 of the casing 110 in a rotatable manner. The rotation of the eccentric shafts brings about in the movable jaw 1 a pivoting movement in accordance with a quadrilateral linkage mechanism .

The jaws 1 and 2 define inside the bucket 100 a crushing zone 103, which is laterally delimited by the opposing walls 104 of the casing 110 on which the eccentric shafts 3 and 4 are supported.

Preferably, the eccentric shafts 3, 4 comprise a central portion 3a, 4a and end portions 3b, 4b which are eccentric with respect to the central portion 3a, 4a, which can be seen, for example, in Figures 5B, 17 and 19.

In one embodiment, the movable jaw 1 is supported on the central portion 3a, 4a and the end portions 3b, 4b are supported on the opposing walls 104 of the casing 110. In the present embodiment, one of the two eccentric shafts, mainly the rear eccentric shaft 4, that is to say, the one which is nearest the discharge 102, is supported in a movable manner to the casing 110.

To that end, the bucket according to the present invention comprises an adjustment device 5 for the distance d between the movable jaw and the fixed jaw in the region of the discharge 102.

In the present type of adjustment, the adjustment device 5 comprises a movable support 41 which is fixed in a movable manner to the side walls 104 of the casing 110, to which there is in turn rotatably connected the rear eccentric shaft 4.

Preferably, the movable support 41 comprises a support plate 41a.

In an embodiment, the end portions 3b, 4b are supported on the side walls 104 by means of the movable support 41.

Now also with reference to Figures 3A and 3B, the movable support 41 preferably comprises guides 42, which can slide on respective pins 43 which are connected to the side walls 104. In any case, it is evident that alternatively the pins could be connected to the movable support 41 and the guides could be connected to the side walls.

In this manner, the position of the eccentric shaft 4 can be varied, moving it towards or away from the fixed jaw 2.

The position of the movable support 41 can be fixed in the desired position.

To that end, the adjustment device 5 further comprises at least one spacer which is or can be arranged between an abutment element 50 which is rigidly connected to the casing 110, preferably in the region of the side walls 104, and the movable support.

It should be noted that the abutment element 50 is preferably arranged above the eccentric shaft 4, thereby allowing adjustment of the upper position, that is to say, the position in the direction moving away with respect to the fixed jaw 2.

According to a preferred embodiment, the movable support 41 comprises an extension 44, which is preferably connected to the plate 41a and which projects laterally with respect to the surface of the plate 41a, which allows the provision of a greater abutment surface for the spacers 51.

However, the position of the eccentric shaft 4 is adjusted in the lower region by means of an adjustment element, preferably produced by means of an adjustment screw 45 which is engaged in respective portions of the movable support 41 and the casing 110. Preferably, the adjustment screw 45 engages with the extension 44 itself and with another extension 46 which is connected to the side wall 104.

According to a preferred embodiment, in order to insert one or more spacers 51 between the movable support 41 and the abutment element 50, there is/are defined at least one through-opening 52 in the side wall 104.

In this manner, by increasing or decreasing the number of spacers 51 which are arranged between the plate and the abutment element 50 and adjusting the position of the adjustment element 45, it is possible to vary the position of the eccentric shaft 4, adjusting the distance d between the fixed jaw 2 and the movable jaw 1, in particular in the region of the discharge 102.

For example, Figures 2A and 2B illustrate the operation of the present invention in which, by selecting a greater number of spacers 51, the distance d' between the fixed jaw 2 and the movable jaw 1 in the region of the discharge 102 is reduced with respect to the distance d of the operating condition of Figure IB.

In any case, it is evident that, alternatively to a greater number of spacers, there could also be selected a spacer having different dimensions, obtaining the same technical effect.

According to an alternative embodiment which is illustrated in Figures 4A-6B, the adjustment device 5 can be selected both in the region of the rear shaft 4 and in the region of the front shaft 3.

Preferably, each of the eccentric shafts comprises a plate 41a with characteristics similar to those described with reference to the preceding embodiment. Alternatively, there could also be used other movable supports 41.

Similarly, the adjustment and fixing of each plate 41a is carried out in a manner similar to that previously described.

That embodiment allows independent control of the position of the front shaft 3 and the rear shaft 4.

According to another construction variant which is not illustrated in the Figures, the front shaft 3 and rear shaft 4 can be fixed to a single plate, therefore being adjustable in a simultaneous manner.

According to another construction variant, which is illustrated in Figures 7A- 12, the adjustment device 5 is arranged in the region of a support portion 10 of the movable jaw 1.

Preferably, the support portion 10 comprises a first portion 14 and a second portion 12 which are connected to the eccentric shaft 3 and the eccentric shaft 4, respectively.

The plate 11 is connected to one of the two portions, preferably the first portion 14.

The first and second portions are movable relative to each other and, in particular, the lower base of the second portion 12 can be moved away from a respective abutment surface with respect to the first portion 14.

In this manner, one or more spacers 51 can be arranged between the first portion and the second portion, thereby moving the rear portion of the movable jaw away with respect to the rear eccentric shaft 4.

Therefore, the distance between the fixed jaw and movable jaw is consequently varied, in particular in the region of the discharge 102.

In this case, there is also provided at least one adjustment screw 13, two in the present embodiment, which extend(s) between the first portion and the second portion and is engaged in respective portions so as to adjust the distance thereof.

In any case, it is evident that the adjustment screw only serves to adjust the distance, the stresses generated by the crushing of the material being transmitted by means of the spacers and supported by the eccentric shafts 3 and 4.

According to a preferred embodiment, the adjustment screws are rotatably connected to the first portion and are engaged by means of a threaded element in the second portion, or vice versa.

In this case, there is also provided an opening 52 which is constructed in the wall 104 of the casing 100 for the insertion of the spacers 51.

Advantageously, the present embodiment allows the use of lateral reinforcement plates 105, on which there are supported the eccentric shafts 3 and 4 and which cooperate with the wall 104 in order to support the stresses which result from the crushing of the material .

In any case, it is evident that those plates could also be selected in the preceding embodiment, even in a single eccentric shaft and, as will become evident below, in the following embodiments.

On the basis of another embodiment which is illustrated in Figures 13A-15B, the spacer can be produced by means of a wedge-like member 53 which can always be inserted between the two portions of the movable jaw.

In this case, the wedge-like member 53 is preferably inserted in the region of a rear portion of the movable jaw 1.

Furthermore, according to a preferred embodiment, it further comprises another adjustment screw 15 which is engaged with the wedge-like member 53 and the first portion 14 of the movable jaw 1, respectively. The screw 15 is orientated in the insertion/withdrawal direction of the wedge-like member 53 and allows the position of the wedge-like member to be adjusted in that direction so as to prevent the tightening of the adjustment screw 13 or the stresses produced by the crushing from causing the wedge-like member 53 to be withdrawn.

Another aspect of the present invention is illustrated in Figures 16-20.

The bucket described in those Figures comprises a protection plate 7 which is connected to the movable jaw 1 in the region of a support element 16 and directed towards the inlet 102.

The protection plate 7 is connected to the support element 16 by means of an attenuation element 8 which allows limited movements for the protection plate with respect to the support portion.

For example, the attenuation element 8 is constructed by means of a plurality of cylinders of elastomer material or other material which is partially resilient.

In that embodiment, the protection plate 7 is further connected to the support element 16 by means of a series of screws 81, providing a given play so as not to impede those limited movements which are conferred by the attenuation element 8.

That embodiment further allows simple replacement of the protection plate 7 in the event of wear or damage.

The protection plate 7 is arranged in the region of the inlet 102 and extends as an extension of the movable jaw 7 towards the opening which defines the inlet 102.

In this manner, it is possible to produce an opening having greater dimensions though selecting a jaw having dimensions which are not excessive, given that the front portion of the casing only serves to charge the material, the subsequent crushing zone 103 being provided for the crushing of the material .

The invention thereby achieves the objects set out, further achieving a number of advantages with respect to the prior art involved, including a substantial simplicity in terms of the adjustment of the distance between the fixed jaw and movable jaw.