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Title:
DESUPERHEATER AND SPRAY NOZZLES THEREFOR
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/236324
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A desuperheater includes a ring body defining an axial flow path and one or more spray nozzle assemblies around the ring body. Each spray nozzle assembly is connected to a separate water manifold and steam manifold to provide cooling water and atomizing steam through the spray nozzle assemblies. A nozzle sleeve of each spray nozzle assembly has a solid, unitary body having first, second, and third fluid passages formed through the body. The first fluid passage is in fluid communication with the water manifold and with a first exit aperture formed in a second end of the body. The second fluid passage is in fluid communication with the steam manifold and with a second exit aperture formed in the second end of the body. The third fluid passage is in fluid communication with the steam manifold and with a third exit aperture formed in the second end of the body. The second and third exit apertures are positioned on opposite sides of the first exit aperture.

More Like This:
Inventors:
GOODWIN JUSTIN P (US)
JOHNSON SHANE M (US)
RHAMY RUSTY C (US)
TALBERT DANIEL M (US)
Application Number:
US2019/033872
Publication Date:
December 12, 2019
Filing Date:
May 24, 2019
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
FISHER CONTROLS INT LLC (US)
International Classes:
F22G5/12; B01F5/20; B05B1/14; F28C3/08
Foreign References:
US20150128882A12015-05-14
DE2810771A11979-09-20
US20100219268A12010-09-02
US20050284957A12005-12-29
EP1206973A22002-05-22
US20110197594A12011-08-18
US20110057056A12011-03-10
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
READ, David C. (US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
What is Claimed:

1. A desuperheater, comprising :

a ring body defining an axial flow path;

a plurality of spray nozzle assemblies disposed around the ring body;

a water manifold connected to each of the spray nozzle assemblies for providing cooling water to each of the spray nozzle assemblies; and

a steam manifold connected to each of the spray nozzle assemblies for providing atomizing steam to each of the spray nozzle assemblies, separately from the cooling water;

wherein each spray nozzle assembly comprises a nozzle sleeve that extends into the ring body, each nozzle sleeve comprising:

a solid, unitary body;

a first fluid passage formed through the body and in fluid communication with the water manifold and with a first exit aperture formed in a second end of the body;

a second fluid passage formed through the body and in fluid communication with the steam manifold and with a second exit aperture formed in the second end of the body; and

a third fluid passage formed through the body and in fluid communication with the steam manifold and with a third exit aperture formed in the second end of the body; wherein

the second and third exit apertures are positioned on opposite sides of the first exit aperture.

2. The desuperheater of claim 1 , wherein:

the spray nozzle assembly comprises a housing having a body and a cap flange secured to the body, the body and the cap flange defining a bore within the housing, a first aperture formed through the body and intersecting the bore, and a second aperture formed through the cap flange and intersecting the bore;

the nozzle sleeve is disposed within the bore;

the first fluid passage is in fluid communication with the water manifold through the first aperture;

the second fluid passage is in fluid communication with the steam manifold through the second aperture; and

the third fluid passage is in fluid communication with the steam manifold through the second aperture.

3. The desuperheater of any preceding claim, wherein the first fluid passage comprises a first section that extends radially across the body and a second section that intersects the first section and extends longitudinally along the body.

4. The desuperheater of any preceding claim, wherein the second fluid passage comprises a first section that extends longitudinally along the body, a third section that extends longitudinally along the body, and a second section interconnecting the first and third sections, the second section forming a helix around the first fluid passage.

5. The desuperheater of any preceding claim, wherein:

the third fluid passage comprises a first section that extends longitudinally along the body, a third section that extends longitudinally along the body, and a second section interconnecting the first and third sections, the second section forming a helix around the first fluid passage; and

the first sections of the second and third fluid passages are positioned on opposite sides of the first fluid passage, the second sections of the second and third fluid passages are positioned on opposite sides of the first fluid passage, and the third sections of the second and third fluid passages are positioned on opposite sides of the first fluid passage.

6. The desuperheater of any preceding claim, wherein:

the second end of the body comprises a planar first surface that extends perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the nozzle sleeve and a planar second surface that extends from the first surface and at an acute angle to the longitudinal axis of the nozzle sleeve;

the second exit aperture is formed through the first surface; and the first and third exit apertures are formed through the second surface.

7. The desuperheater of any preceding claim, wherein the first, second, and third exit apertures are linearly extending slots.

8. The desuperheater of any preceding claim, wherein the first exit aperture is elliptical and the second and third exit apertures are arcuately extending slots.

9. The desuperheater of any preceding claim, wherein:

the second end of the body comprises a planar first surface that extends perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the nozzle sleeve, a planar second surface that extends from the first surface and at an acute angle to the longitudinal axis of the nozzle sleeve, and a planar third surface that extends from the second surface and parallel to the longitudinal axis of the nozzle sleeve;

the second exit aperture is formed through the first surface;

the first exit aperture is formed through the second surface; and the third exit aperture is formed through the third surface.

10. The desuperheater of any preceding claim, wherein the first, second, and third exit apertures are linearly extending slots.

1 1 . The desuperheater of any preceding claim, wherein the first exit aperture is elliptical and the second and third exit apertures are arcuately extending slots.

12. The desuperheater of any preceding claim, wherein the first fluid passage comprises:

a first section that extends radially across the body;

a second section that intersects the first section and extends longitudinally along the body; and

an annular section that intersect the second section and the first exit aperture.

13. The desuperheater of any preceding claim, wherein the first exit aperture comprises a plurality of holes positioned in a generally circular pattern through the second end of the body.

14. The desuperheater of any preceding claim, wherein:

the second fluid passage comprises a first section that extends longitudinally along the body, a second section that extends from the first section, radially inward through the body, and turns to extend longitudinally through the body, and a third section that extends from the first section longitudinally through the body;

the third fluid passage comprises a first section that extends longitudinally along the body on an opposite side of the body from the first fluid passage, a second section that extends from the first section, radially inward through the body, and turns to extend longitudinally through the body, and a third section that extends from the first section longitudinally through the body;

the second section of the second fluid passage and the second section of the third fluid passage merge together, pass through annular section, and are in fluid communication with the second exit aperture; and the third section of the second fluid passage and the third section of the third fluid passage intersect the third exit aperture, which is an annular, ring-shaped aperture.

15. A spray nozzle assembly for a desuperheater, the spray nozzle assembly comprising:

a housing having a body and a cap flange secured to the body, the body and the cap flange defining a bore within the housing;

a first aperture formed through the body and intersecting the bore;

a second aperture formed through the cap flange and intersecting the bore; and

a nozzle sleeve disposed within the bore, the nozzle sleeve comprising:

a solid, unitary sleeve body;

a first fluid passage formed through the sleeve body and in fluid communication with the first aperture and with a first exit aperture formed in a second end of the sleeve body;

a second fluid passage formed through the sleeve body and in fluid communication with the second aperture and with a second exit aperture formed in the second end of the sleeve body; and

a third fluid passage formed through the sleeve body and in fluid communication with the second aperture and with a third exit aperture formed in the second end of the sleeve body; wherein

the second and third exit apertures are positioned on opposite sides of the first exit aperture.

16. The spray nozzle assembly of claim 15, wherein the first fluid passage comprises a first section that extends radially across the sleeve body and a second section that intersects the first section and extends longitudinally along the sleeve body.

17. The spray nozzle assembly of any preceding claim, wherein the second fluid passage comprises a first section that extends longitudinally along the sleeve body, a third section that extends longitudinally along the sleeve body, and a second section interconnecting the first and third sections, the second section forming a helix around the first fluid passage.

18. The spray nozzle assembly of any preceding claim, wherein:

the third fluid passage comprises a first section that extends longitudinally along the sleeve body, a third section that extends longitudinally along the sleeve body, and a second section interconnecting the first and third sections, the second section forming a helix around the first fluid passage; and

the first sections of the second and third fluid passages are positioned on opposite sides of the first fluid passage, the second sections of the second and third fluid passages are positioned on opposite sides of the first fluid passage, and the third sections of the second and third fluid passages are positioned on opposite sides of the first fluid passage.

19. The spray nozzle assembly of any preceding claim, wherein:

the second end of the sleeve body comprises a planar first surface that extends perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the nozzle sleeve and a planar second surface that extends from the first surface and at an acute angle to the longitudinal axis of the nozzle sleeve;

the second exit aperture is formed through the first surface; and the first and third exit apertures are formed through the second surface.

20. The spray nozzle assembly of any preceding claim, wherein the first, second, and third exit apertures are linearly extending slots.

21 . The spray nozzle assembly of any preceding claim, wherein the first exit aperture is elliptical and the second and third exit apertures are arcuately extending slots.

22. The spray nozzle assembly of any preceding claim, wherein:

the second end of the sleeve body comprises a planar first surface that extends perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the nozzle sleeve, a planar second surface that extends from the first surface and at an acute angle to the longitudinal axis of the nozzle sleeve, and a planar third surface that extends from the second surface and parallel to the longitudinal axis of the nozzle sleeve;

the second exit aperture is formed through the first surface;

the first exit aperture is formed through the second surface; and the third exit aperture is formed through the third surface.

23. The spray nozzle assembly of any preceding claim, wherein the first, second, and third exit apertures are linearly extending slots.

24. The spray nozzle assembly of any preceding claim, wherein the first exit aperture is elliptical and the second and third exit apertures are arcuately extending slots.

25. The spray nozzle assembly of any preceding claim, wherein the first fluid passage comprises:

a first section that extends radially across the sleeve body;

a second section that intersects the first section and extends longitudinally along the sleeve body; and

an annular section that intersect the second section and the first exit aperture.

26. The spray nozzle assembly of any preceding claim, wherein the first exit aperture comprises a plurality of holes positioned in a generally circular pattern through the second end of the sleeve body.

27. The spray nozzle assembly of any preceding claim, wherein:

the second fluid passage comprises a first section that extends longitudinally along the sleeve body, a second section that extends from the first section, radially inward through the sleeve body, and turns to extend longitudinally through the sleeve body, and a third section that extends from the first section longitudinally through the sleeve body;

the third fluid passage comprises a first section that extends longitudinally along the sleeve body on an opposite side of the body from the first fluid passage, a second section that extends from the first section, radially inward through the sleeve body, and turns to extend longitudinally through the sleeve body, and a third section that extends from the first section longitudinally through the sleeve body;

the second section of the second fluid passage and the second section of the third fluid passage merge together, pass through annular section, and are in fluid communication with the second exit aperture; and

the third section of the second fluid passage and the third section of the third fluid passage intersect the third exit aperture, which is an annular, ring-shaped aperture.

28. A desuperheater, comprising:

a ring body defining an axial flow path;

a plurality of spray nozzle assemblies disposed around the ring body;

a water manifold connected to each of the spray nozzle assemblies for providing cooling water to each of the spray nozzle assemblies; and

a steam manifold connected to each of the spray nozzle assemblies for providing atomizing steam to each of the spray nozzle assemblies, separately from the cooling water;

wherein each spray nozzle assembly comprises a nozzle sleeve that extends into the ring body, each nozzle sleeve comprising:

a solid, unitary body;

a first fluid passage formed through the body and in fluid communication with the steam manifold and with a plurality of first exit apertures formed in a second end of the body;

a second fluid passage formed through the body and in fluid communication with the water manifold;

a third fluid passage formed through the body and in fluid communication with the steam manifold;

an annular cavity intersecting the second and third fluid passages; and a disk shaped cavity in fluid communication with the annular cavity and with a plurality of second exit apertures; wherein

the second exit apertures intersect the first exit apertures within the body.

29. The desuperheater of claim 28, wherein:

the spray nozzle assembly comprises a housing having a body and a cap flange secured to the body, the body and the cap flange defining a bore within the housing, a first aperture formed through the body and intersecting the bore, and a second aperture formed through the cap flange and intersecting the bore;

the nozzle sleeve is disposed within the bore;

the first fluid passage is in fluid communication with the steam manifold through the second aperture;

the second fluid passage is in fluid communication with the water manifold through the first aperture; and

the third fluid passage is in fluid communication with the water manifold through the first aperture.

30. The desuperheater of any preceding claim, wherein the first fluid passage comprises a first section that extends longitudinally along the body and a disk shaped cavity in fluid communication with the first section and the disk shaped cavity is offset from a longitudinal axis of the nozzle sleeve and is in fluid communication with the plurality of first exit apertures.

31 . The desuperheater of any preceding claim, wherein the second fluid passage comprises a first section that extends radially across the body and a second section that intersects the first section, extends longitudinally along the body, and intersects the annular cavity.

32. The desuperheater of any preceding claim, wherein:

the third fluid passage comprises a first section that extends radially across the body and a second section that intersects the first section, extends longitudinally along the body, and intersects the annular cavity; and

the second sections of the second and third fluid passages are positioned on opposite sides of the first fluid passage.

33. The desuperheater of any preceding claim, wherein the second end of the body comprises a planar surface that extends at an acute angle to the longitudinal axis of the nozzle sleeve and the plurality of first exit apertures are formed through the planar surface.

34. A spray nozzle assembly for a desuperheater, the spray nozzle assembly comprising:

a housing having a body and a cap flange secured to the body, the body and the cap flange defining a bore within the housing;

a first aperture formed through the body and intersecting the bore;

a second aperture formed through the cap flange and intersecting the bore; and

a nozzle sleeve disposed within the bore, the nozzle sleeve comprising:

a solid, unitary body;

a first fluid passage formed through the body and in fluid communication with the second aperture and with a plurality of first exit apertures formed in a second end of the body;

a second fluid passage formed through the body and in fluid communication with the first aperture;

a third fluid passage formed through the body and in fluid communication with the first aperture;

an annular cavity intersecting the second and third fluid passages; and a disk shaped cavity in fluid communication with the annular cavity and with a plurality of second exit apertures; wherein

the second exit apertures intersect the first exit apertures within the body.

35. The spray nozzle assembly of claim 34, wherein the first fluid passage comprises a first section that extends longitudinally along the body and a disk shaped cavity in fluid communication with the first section and the disk shaped cavity is offset from a longitudinal axis of the nozzle sleeve and is in fluid communication with the plurality of first exit apertures.

36. The spray nozzle assembly of any preceding claim, wherein the second fluid passage comprises a first section that extends radially across the body and a second section that intersects the first section, extends longitudinally along the body, and intersects the annular cavity.

37. The spray nozzle assembly of any preceding claim, wherein:

the third fluid passage comprises a first section that extends radially across the body and a second section that intersects the first section, extends longitudinally along the body, and intersects the annular cavity; and

the second sections of the second and third fluid passages are positioned on opposite sides of the first fluid passage.

38. The spray nozzle assembly of any preceding claim, wherein the second end of the body comprises a planar surface that extends at an acute angle to the longitudinal axis of the nozzle sleeve and the plurality of first exit apertures are formed through the planar surface.

Description:
DESUPERHEATER AND SPRAY NOZZLES THEREFOR

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

[0001] The present invention relates to desuperheaters, which are commonly used on fluid and gas lines ( e.g ., steam lines) in the power and process industries, and further relates to spray nozzles for use with desuperheaters.

BACKGROUND

[0002] Desuperheaters are used in many industrial fluid and gas lines to reduce the temperature of superheated process fluid and gas to a desired set point temperature. For example, desuperheaters are used in power process industries to cool superheated steam. The desuperheater injects a fine spray of atomized cooling water or other fluid, referred to herein as a spraywater cloud, into the steam pipe through which the process steam is flowing. Evaporation of the water droplets in the spraywater cloud reduces the temperature of the process steam. The resulting temperature drop can be controlled by adjusting one or more control variables, such as the volume rate of injecting the cooling water and/or the temperature of the cooling water. The size of the individual droplets in the spraywater cloud and/or the pattern of the spraywater cloud can also be adjusted to control the time required for the temperature drop.

[0003] Steam assisted spray atomization is regarded as the most effective way of atomizing spray water in a desuperheating system. It produces the finest droplets, allowing for the quickest evaporation and cooling of the process fluid (typically steam).

[0004] Typically, a spraywater cloud requires some minimum length or run of straight pipe downstream from the injection point to ensure substantially complete evaporation of the individual atomized water droplets. Otherwise, the spraywater cloud may condense or not completely evaporate when a bend or split in the steam pipe is encountered. This length or run of straight pipe is typically referred to as a“downstream pipe length.” A temperature sensor is also usually located at the end of the downstream pipe length to sense the resulting temperature drop of the steam.

[0005] A steam assisted desuperheater includes an atomizing head that combines a high velocity stream of steam, which is called atomizing steam, with a stream of cooling water to atomize the cooling water and produce the spraywater cloud. In steam assisted desuperheaters, the individual droplets in the spraywater cloud are typically smaller in size than in mechanically atomized desuperheaters and, therefore, evaporate more rapidly inside the steam pipe. Therefore, steam assisted desuperheaters may be used in applications where a shorter downstream pipe length is available. [0006] However, typical nozzle sleeves for steam assisted desuperheaters require machining and welding of multiple components in order to create a nozzle sleeves with separate steam and water passages. This can raise issues in certain applications where welds can fatigue and crack. In addition, the machining and welding steps required for typical nozzle sleeves are very time intensive and expensive.

SUMMARY

[0007] In accordance with one exemplary aspect of the present invention, a desuperheater comprises a ring body defining an axial flow path and a plurality of spray nozzle assemblies disposed around the ring body. A water manifold is connected to each of the spray nozzle assemblies for providing cooling water to each of the spray nozzle assemblies and a steam manifold is connected to each of the spray nozzle assemblies for providing atomizing steam to each of the spray nozzle assemblies, separately from the cooling water. Each spray nozzle assembly comprises a nozzle sleeve that extends into the ring body. Each nozzle sleeve comprises a solid, unitary body having first, second, and third fluid passages formed through the body. The first fluid passage is formed through the body and is in fluid communication with the water manifold and with a first exit aperture formed in a second end of the body. The second fluid passage is formed through the body and is in fluid communication with the steam manifold and with a second exit aperture formed in the second end of the body. The third fluid passage is formed through the body and is in fluid communication with the steam manifold and with a third exit aperture formed in the second end of the body. The second and third exit apertures are positioned on opposite sides of the first exit aperture.

[0008] In further accordance with any one or more of the foregoing exemplary aspect of the present invention, a desuperheater may further include, in any combination, any one or more of the following preferred forms.

[0009] In one preferred form, the spray nozzle assembly comprises a housing having a body and a cap flange secured to the body and the body and the cap flange define a bore within the housing. A first aperture is formed through the body and intersects the bore and a second aperture is formed through the cap flange and intersecting the bore. The nozzle sleeve is disposed within the bore with the first fluid passage in fluid communication with the water manifold through the first aperture, the second fluid passage in fluid communication with the steam manifold through the second aperture, and the third fluid passage in fluid communication with the steam manifold through the second aperture.

[0010] In another preferred form, the first fluid passage comprises a first section that extends radially across the body and a second section that intersects the first section and extends longitudinally along the body. [0011] In another preferred form, the second fluid passage comprises a first section that extends longitudinally along the body, a third section that extends longitudinally along the body, and a second section interconnecting the first and third sections, the second section forming a helix around the first fluid passage.

[0012] In another preferred form, the third fluid passage comprises a first section that extends longitudinally along the body, a third section that extends longitudinally along the body, and a second section interconnecting the first and third sections, the second section forming a helix around the first fluid passage. The first sections of the second and third fluid passages are positioned on opposite sides of the first fluid passage, the second sections of the second and third fluid passages are positioned on opposite sides of the first fluid passage, and the third sections of the second and third fluid passages are positioned on opposite sides of the first fluid passage.

[0013] In another preferred form, the second end of the body comprises a planar first surface that extends perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the nozzle sleeve and a planar second surface that extends from the first surface and at an acute angle to the longitudinal axis of the nozzle sleeve. The second exit aperture is formed through the first surface and the first and third exit apertures are formed through the second surface.

[0014] In another preferred form, the second end of the body comprises a planar first surface that extends perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the nozzle sleeve, a planar second surface that extends from the first surface and at an acute angle to the longitudinal axis of the nozzle sleeve, and a planar third surface that extends from the second surface and parallel to the longitudinal axis of the nozzle sleeve. The second exit aperture is formed through the first surface, the first exit aperture is formed through the second surface, and the third exit aperture is formed through the third surface.

[0015] In another preferred form, the first, second, and third exit apertures are linearly extending slots.

[0016] In another preferred form, the first exit aperture is elliptical and the second and third exit apertures are arcuately extending slots.

[0017] In another preferred form, the first fluid passage comprises a first section that extends radially across the body, a second section that intersects the first section and extends longitudinally along the body, and an annular section that intersect the second section and the first exit aperture.

[0018] In another preferred form, the first exit aperture comprises a plurality of holes positioned in a generally circular pattern through the second end of the body.

[0019] In another preferred form, the second fluid passage comprises a first section that extends longitudinally along the body, a second section that extends from the first section, radially inward through the body, and turns to extend longitudinally through the body, and a third section that extends from the first section longitudinally through the body. The third fluid passage comprises a first section that extends longitudinally along the body on an opposite side of the body from the first fluid passage, a second section that extends from the first section, radially inward through the body, and turns to extend longitudinally through the body, and a third section that extends from the first section longitudinally through the body. The second section of the second fluid passage and the second section of the third fluid passage merge together, pass through annular section, and are in fluid communication with the second exit aperture. The third section of the second fluid passage and the third section of the third fluid passage intersect the third exit aperture, which is an annular, ring-shaped aperture.

[0020] In accordance with another exemplary aspect of the present invention, a spray nozzle assembly for a desuperheater comprises a housing having a body and a cap flange secured to the body, where the body and the cap flange defining a bore within the housing. A first aperture is formed through the body and intersects the bore and a second aperture is formed through the cap flange and intersects the bore. A nozzle sleeve is disposed within the bore and includes a solid, unitary sleeve body. A first fluid passage is formed through the sleeve body and is in fluid communication with the first aperture and with a first exit aperture formed in a second end of the sleeve body. A second fluid passage is formed through the sleeve body and is in fluid communication with the second aperture and with a second exit aperture formed in the second end of the sleeve body. A third fluid passage is formed through the sleeve body and is in fluid communication with the second aperture and with a third exit aperture formed in the second end of the sleeve body. The second and third exit apertures are positioned on opposite sides of the first exit aperture.

[0021] In further accordance with any one or more of the foregoing exemplary aspect of the present invention, a spray nozzle assembly may further include, in any combination, any one or more of the following preferred forms.

[0022] In one preferred form, the first fluid passage comprises a first section that extends radially across the sleeve body and a second section that intersects the first section and extends longitudinally along the sleeve body.

[0023] In another preferred form, the second fluid passage comprises a first section that extends longitudinally along the sleeve body, a third section that extends longitudinally along the sleeve body, and a second section interconnecting the first and third sections, the second section forming a helix around the first fluid passage.

[0024] In another preferred form, the third fluid passage comprises a first section that extends longitudinally along the sleeve body, a third section that extends longitudinally along the sleeve body, and a second section interconnecting the first and third sections, the second section forming a helix around the first fluid passage. The first sections of the second and third fluid passages are positioned on opposite sides of the first fluid passage, the second sections of the second and third fluid passages are positioned on opposite sides of the first fluid passage, and the third sections of the second and third fluid passages are positioned on opposite sides of the first fluid passage.

[0025] In another preferred form, the second end of the sleeve body comprises a planar first surface that extends perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the nozzle sleeve and a planar second surface that extends from the first surface and at an acute angle to the longitudinal axis of the nozzle sleeve. The second exit aperture is formed through the first surface and the first and third exit apertures are formed through the second surface.

[0026] In another preferred form, the second end of the sleeve body comprises a planar first surface that extends perpendicular to a longitudinal axis of the nozzle sleeve, a planar second surface that extends from the first surface and at an acute angle to the longitudinal axis of the nozzle sleeve, and a planar third surface that extends from the second surface and parallel to the longitudinal axis of the nozzle sleeve. The second exit aperture is formed through the first surface, the first exit aperture is formed through the second surface, and the third exit aperture is formed through the third surface.

[0027] In another preferred form, the first, second, and third exit apertures are linearly extending slots.

[0028] In another preferred form, the first exit aperture is elliptical and the second and third exit apertures are arcuately extending slots.

[0029] In another preferred form, the first fluid passage comprises a first section, a second section, and an annular section. The first section extends radially across the sleeve body, the second section intersects the first section and extends longitudinally along the sleeve body, and the annular section intersect the second section and the first exit aperture.

[0030] In another preferred form, the first exit aperture comprises a plurality of holes positioned in a generally circular pattern through the second end of the sleeve body.

[0031] In another preferred form, the second fluid passage comprises a first section that extends longitudinally along the sleeve body, a second section that extends from the first section, radially inward through the sleeve body, and turns to extend longitudinally through the sleeve body, and a third section that extends from the first section longitudinally through the sleeve body. The third fluid passage comprises a first section that extends longitudinally along the sleeve body on an opposite side of the body from the first fluid passage, a second section that extends from the first section, radially inward through the sleeve body, and turns to extend longitudinally through the sleeve body, and a third section that extends from the first section longitudinally through the sleeve body. The second section of the second fluid passage and the second section of the third fluid passage merge together, pass through annular section, and are in fluid communication with the second exit aperture. The third section of the second fluid passage and the third section of the third fluid passage intersect the third exit aperture, which is an annular, ring-shaped aperture.

[0032] In accordance with another exemplary aspect of the present invention, a desuperheater comprises a ring body defining an axial flow path and a plurality of spray nozzle assemblies disposed around the ring body. A water manifold is connected to each of the spray nozzle assemblies for providing cooling water to each of the spray nozzle assemblies and a steam manifold connected to each of the spray nozzle assemblies for providing atomizing steam to each of the spray nozzle assemblies, separately from the cooling water. Each spray nozzle assembly comprises a nozzle sleeve that extends into the ring body and comprises a solid, unitary body. A first fluid passage is formed through the body and in fluid communication with the steam manifold and with a plurality of first exit apertures formed in a second end of the body. A second fluid passage is formed through the body and in fluid communication with the water manifold. A third fluid passage is formed through the body and in fluid communication with the steam manifold. An annular cavity intersects the second and third fluid passages and a disk shaped cavity is in fluid communication with the annular cavity and with a plurality of second exit apertures. The second exit apertures intersect the first exit apertures within the body.

[0033] In further accordance with any one or more of the foregoing exemplary aspect of the present invention, a desuperheater may further include, in any combination, any one or more of the following preferred forms.

[0034] In one preferred form, the spray nozzle assembly comprises a housing having a body and a cap flange secured to the body, the body and the cap flange defining a bore within the housing, a first aperture formed through the body and intersecting the bore, and a second aperture formed through the cap flange and intersecting the bore and the nozzle sleeve is disposed within the bore. The first fluid passage is in fluid communication with the steam manifold through the second aperture, the second fluid passage is in fluid communication with the water manifold through the first aperture, and the third fluid passage is in fluid communication with the water manifold through the first aperture.

[0035] In another preferred form, the first fluid passage comprises a first section that extends longitudinally along the body and a disk shaped cavity in fluid communication with the first section and the disk shaped cavity is offset from a longitudinal axis of the nozzle sleeve and is in fluid communication with the plurality of first exit apertures.

[0036] In another preferred form, the second fluid passage comprises a first section that extends radially across the body and a second section that intersects the first section, extends longitudinally along the body, and intersects the annular cavity. [0037] In another preferred form, the third fluid passage comprises a first section that extends radially across the body and a second section that intersects the first section, extends longitudinally along the body, and intersects the annular cavity and the second sections of the second and third fluid passages are positioned on opposite sides of the first fluid passage.

[0038] In another preferred form, the second end of the body comprises a planar surface that extends at an acute angle to the longitudinal axis of the nozzle sleeve and the plurality of first exit apertures are formed through the planar surface.

[0039] In accordance with another exemplary aspect of the present invention, a spray nozzle assembly for a desuperheater comprises a housing having a body and a cap flange secured to the body, where the body and the cap flange defining a bore within the housing. A first aperture formed through the body and intersecting the bore and a second aperture formed through the cap flange and intersecting the bore. A nozzle sleeve is disposed within the bore and comprises a solid, unitary body. A first fluid passage is formed through the body and is in fluid communication with the second aperture and with a plurality of first exit apertures formed in a second end of the body. A second fluid passage formed through the body and in fluid communication with the first aperture. A third fluid passage formed through the body and in fluid communication with the first aperture. An annular cavity intersects the second and third fluid passages and a disk shaped cavity in fluid communication with the annular cavity and with a plurality of second exit apertures. The second exit apertures intersect the first exit apertures within the body.

[0040] In further accordance with any one or more of the foregoing exemplary aspect of the present invention, a spray nozzle assembly may further include, in any combination, any one or more of the following preferred forms.

[0041] In one preferred form, the first fluid passage comprises a first section that extends longitudinally along the body and a disk shaped cavity in fluid communication with the first section and the disk shaped cavity is offset from a longitudinal axis of the nozzle sleeve and is in fluid communication with the plurality of first exit apertures.

[0042] In another preferred form, the second fluid passage comprises a first section that extends radially across the body and a second section that intersects the first section, extends longitudinally along the body, and intersects the annular cavity.

[0043] In another preferred form, the third fluid passage comprises a first section that extends radially across the body and a second section that intersects the first section, extends longitudinally along the body, and intersects the annular cavity and the second sections of the second and third fluid passages are positioned on opposite sides of the first fluid passage. [0044] In another preferred form, the second end of the body comprises a planar surface that extends at an acute angle to the longitudinal axis of the nozzle sleeve and the plurality of first exit apertures are formed through the planar surface.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0045] FIG. 1 is an isometric view of an example desuperheater according to the teachings of the present disclosure;

[0046] FIG. 2 is a cross-section view taken along the line 2-2 of Fig. 1 with an example spray nozzle assembly usable with the desuperheater of Fig. 1 ;

[0047] FIG. 3 is an isometric view of an example nozzle sleeve of the spray nozzle assembly of Fig. 2 with the internal water and steam passages shown in phantom;

[0048] FIG. 4 is an isometric cross-sectional view of the nozzle sleeve of Fig. 3;

[0049] FIG. 5 is an isometric view of another example nozzle sleeve that can be used in the spray nozzle assembly of Fig. 2 with the internal water and steam passages shown in phantom;

[0050] FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of the nozzle sleeve of Fig. 5;

[0051] FIG. 7 is a front isometric view of another example nozzle sleeve that can be used in the spray nozzle assembly of Fig. 2 with the internal water and steam passages shown in phantom;

[0052] FIG. 8 is a side cross-sectional view of another example nozzle sleeve that can be used in the spray nozzle assembly of Fig. 2;

[0053] FIG. 9 is a partial side isometric view of the nozzle sleeve of Fig. 8 showing the internal water and steam passages in phantom; and

[0054] FIG. 10 is partial front isometric view of the nozzle sleeve of Fig. 8 showing the internal water and steam passages in phantom.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0055] The desuperheater disclosed herein includes spray nozzle assemblies with nozzle sleeves having a solid, unitary bodies. The solid, unitary bodies have both water and steam passages formed within, which allows for jacketed steam atomization.

[0056] The use of nozzle sleeves having solid, unitary bodies increases the robustness of the design, as there are no welds or other connections to fatigue or crack and the bodies better resist thermal fatigue. These nozzle sleeves are also less expensive to manufacture.

[0057] The nozzle sleeves disclosed herein also provide an effective way of creating steam flow on both sides of the water injection location to “jacket” the water between two jets of steam. The bodies of the nozzle sleeve allow internal splitting of atomizing steam into upper and lower channels to surround the water, which ensures that all of the water is effectively atomized and no water is“bounced away” and escapes the steam jets.

[0058] The nozzle sleeves can be used in place of multi-piece nozzle sleeves, can be retrofitted into current spay nozzle assemblies having multi-piece nozzle sleeves, or could be used as the spray nozzle assembly in other forms of desuperheaters.

[0059] Turning now to the drawings, Fig. 1 illustrates an example desuperheater 30, which in the example shown is a ring style steam assisted desuperheater, according to one or more teachings of the present disclosure. Desuperheater 30 includes a ring body 32, at least one and preferably a plurality of spray nozzle assemblies 34 carried by the ring body, a water manifold 36a for providing cooling water to each of the spray nozzle assemblies, and a steam manifold 36b for providing atomizing steam to each of the spray nozzle assemblies 34. The water and steam manifolds 36a, 36b are disposed on a radially exterior side of the ring body 32 and are connected to a portion of each spray nozzle assembly 34 disposed on the exterior side of the ring body 32. Each spray nozzle assembly 34 is arranged to inject a spraywater cloud into the flow stream of process steam passing axially through ring body 32.

[0060] Ring body 32 defines an axial flow path“A”, parallel to longitudinal axis 33 of ring body 32, for the passage of a process fluid, such as steam, therethrough and is preferably in the form of an elongate pipe section having a ring shaped cross-section with radius R extending axially from a first end 32a to a second end 32b. First and second ends 32a, 32b are arranged for connection and/or insertion between two opposing ends of pipe along a process steam pipeline and may be connected to opposing ends of pipe by, for example, welding, couplings, or fasteners. Ring body 32 optionally may include connection flanges (not shown) at each of the first and second ends 32a, 32b for bolted connection to opposing pipe sections in a manner well understood in the art.

[0061] Water manifold 36a includes connector 38a for connecting to a source of cooling water and one or more conduits 40a that operatively connect the connector 38a with each of the spray nozzle assemblies 34 to provide cooling water to the spray nozzle assemblies 34. Conduits 40a may be connected with one or more of the spray nozzles 34 in series, as shown in the present example, and/or in parallel. Steam manifold 36b includes connector 38b for connecting to a source of atomizing steam and one or more conduits 40b that operatively connect connector 38b with each of the spray nozzle assemblies 34. Conduits 40b may be connected with one or more of the spray nozzle assemblies 34 in parallel, as shown in the present example, and/or in series. Connectors 38a, 38b may be connector flanges or other well-known piping connections, such as butt-welds, socket weld ends, etc. Conduits 40a, 40b may be pipes, hoses, or other similar fluid conduits. In this arrangement, water manifold 36a provides cooling water to each of the spray nozzle assemblies 34 and steam manifold 36b supplies atomizing steam to each of the spray nozzle assemblies 34. The cooling water and the atomizing steam are provided separately and independently of each other to each of the spray nozzle assembly 34.

[0062] Fig. 2 illustrates an example spray nozzle assembly 34 operatively positioned in ring body 32. Each spray nozzle assembly 34 is preferably identical and/or identically arranged through ring body 32. Spray nozzle assembly 34 is adapted to receive and to conduct the cooling water and atomizing steam separately and independently through spray nozzle assembly 34 to inject a spraywater cloud into ring body 32. The spraywater cloud is a mixture of the atomizing steam and the cooling water. Spray nozzle assembly 34 includes housing 50 for connection to ring body 32, nozzle sleeve 100 received within housing 50, and cap flange 70.

[0063] Housing 50 includes body 52 and a neck 60 extending from body 52. Neck 60 is narrower than body 52 and, preferably, each of body 52 and neck 60 has a circular cross-section, although other shapes are possible. Body 52 is disposed on the exterior side of ring body 32 and neck 60 fits into an aperture 62 through the wall of ring body 32 and is secured to the wall of ring body 32, such as with one or more welds. Preferably, the weld also seals aperture 62. Stepped bore 54 extends axially from a first open end at a distal end of neck 60, through body 52, to a second open end opposite the first open end. Annular step 56 divides stepped bore 54 into first bore portion 54a and second bore portion 54b. First bore portion 54a extends from the first end of stepped bore 54 at the distal end of neck 60 to annular step 56 and second bore portion 54b extends from annular step 56 to the second end of stepped bore 54 at the upper surface of body 52. First bore portion 54a is narrower than second bore portion 54b and, preferably, each of the first and second bore portions 54a, 54b is in the form a straight cylindrical bore portion, wherein first bore portion 54a has a first diameter and second bore portion 54b has a second diameter larger than first bore portion 54a. First and second bore portions 54a, 54b are coaxially aligned along a longitudinal single axis of stepped bore 54.

[0064] At least one aperture 58, preferably two apertures 58 as shown in the example of Fig. 2, extend radially through body 52 into second bore portion 54b. Apertures 58 may aligned 180° diametrically opposite each other on opposite sides of body 52. Apertures 58 are arranged to operatively connect to conduits 40a to direct a flow of water into stepped bore 54 and into nozzle sleeve 100, as discussed below. Apertures 58 may, for example, receive the ends of conduits 40a therein. If fewer than all of the apertures 58 are connected to conduits 40a, a plug or other closure member (not shown) may close any of the apertures 58 that are not operatively connected to a conduit 40a.

[0065] Cap flange 70 covers the second end of stepped bore 54 and retains nozzle sleeve 100 operatively disposed within stepped bore 54. Cap flange 70 is connected to the top surface of body 52, for example, with fasteners or welds. Cap flange 70 preferably forms a fluid tight seal against body 52 to prevent cooling water and/or atomizing steam from escaping through the second end of stepped bore 54. Thus, a seal 72, such as a gasket or O-ring, is sealingly disposed between cap flange 70 and the top surface of body 52. Seal 72 is disposed in an annular groove 64 formed in the top surface of body 52 adjacent second bore portion 54c.

[0066] At least one aperture 74 extends radially through cap flange 70 and is in fluid communication with inlets 1 10 of nozzle sleeve 100, as discussed in more detail below. Aperture 74 in cap flange 70 is angularly offset from apertures 58 in body 52, preferably orthogonally. Aperture 74 is arranged to operatively connect to conduit 40b to direct a flow of steam into stepped bore 54 and into nozzle sleeve 100, as discussed below. Aperture 74 may, for example, receive the end of conduit 40b therein.

[0067] Nozzle sleeve 100 is received within stepped bore 54 of body 52 and is secured within stepped bore 54 by cap flange 70. Nozzle sleeve 100 can be manufactured using Additive Manufacturing Technology, such as direct metal laser sintering, full melt powder bed fusion, laser powder bed fusion, etc., which allows nozzle sleeve 100 to be manufactured as a single, solid, unitary piece, which reduces the manufacturing lead time, complexity, and cost. Using an Additive Manufacturing Technology process, the 3- dimensional CAD file of nozzle sleeve 100 is sliced/divided into multiple layers. For example layers approximately 20-60 microns thick. A powder bed, such as a powder based metal, is then laid down representing the first layer of the design and a laser or electron beam sinters together the design of the first layer. A second layer of powder, representing the second layer of the design, is then laid down over the first sintered layer. The second layer of powder is then sintered/fused together with the first layer. This continues layer after layer to form the completed nozzle sleeve 100. Using an Additive Manufacturing Technology process to manufacture nozzle sleeves for spray nozzle assemblies allows the freedom to produce passages having various shapes and geometries, and other feature described below, that are not possible using current standard casting or drilling techniques. As discussed above, the solid, unitary body of the nozzle sleeve also increases the thermal fatigue resistance.

[0068] As shown in Figs. 2-4, one example nozzle sleeve 100 generally includes a solid, unitary, cylindrical body 102 that extends from a first end 104 to a second end 106 and defines an upper section 108 at the first end 104, a lower section 120 at the second end 106, and a middle section 1 12 disposed between upper section 108 and lower section 120. Alternatively, nozzle sleeve 100 could include only middle section 1 12 and lower section 120 and be completely disposed within body 52 of housing 50. Lower section 120 of nozzle sleeve 100 is disposed in first bore portion 54a of body 52, middle section 1 12 is disposed in second bore portion 54b, and upper section 108 is disposed in a cavity 76 formed in cap flange 70. Middle section 1 12 has an outside diameter that is greater than the outside diameters of upper section 108 and lower section 120 to form a radially extending annular shoulder 1 14 that forms a radial seating surface. Annular shoulder 1 14 is operatively seated directly or indirectly against annular step 56 to maintain middle section 1 12 of nozzle sleeve 100 within second bore portion 54b. An annular groove 1 16 extends circumferentially around the outer diameter surface of middle section 1 12 and is axially spaced between a top end of middle section 1 12 and annular shoulder 1 14. The outside diameter of middle section 1 12 corresponds to the inside diameter of second bore portion 54b to provide a tight slip fit therewith. Lower section 120 of nozzle sleeve 100 extends beyond the first end of stepped bore 54 and neck 60 and into ring body 32 when spray nozzle assembly 34 is installed. Lower section 120 terminates at second end 106 of nozzle sleeve 100 and, in the example shown, second end 106 includes first, second, and third surfaces 122, 124, 126. First surface 122 is planar and extends generally perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of nozzle sleeve 100. Second surface 124 is planar and extends away from first surface 122 at an angle and at an acute angle a to the longitudinal axis of nozzle sleeve. Third surface 126 is planar and extends away from second surface 124 at an angle. Alternatively, third surface 126 can be removed and second end 106 of nozzle sleeve 100 can include only first and second surfaces 122, 124.

[0069] A first fluid passage 130, which in the example shown allows the flow of cooling water through nozzle sleeve 100, is formed through body 102 and includes a first section 132 and a second section 134. First section 132 extends radially across middle section 1 12 of body such that first section 132 is in fluid communication with annular groove 1 16. Second section 134 extends axially along body 102, preferably coaxial with the longitudinal axis of nozzle sleeve 100, and has a first end 136 that is in fluid communication with first section 132 and is spaced apart from first end 104 of body 102. A second end 138 of second section 134, opposite first end 136, is in fluid communication with exit aperture 140, which is formed through second surface 124 of second end 106 to discharge the cooling water into ring body 32. In the example shown, exit aperture 140 is an elongated slot that is generally linear and extends across second surface 124.

[0070] Second and third fluid passages 150, 160, which in the example shown allow the flow of atomizing steam through nozzle sleeve 100, are also formed through body 102 and each include first, second, and third sections 152, 154, 156 and 162, 164, 166, respectively. First sections 152, 154 of second and third fluid passages 150, 160 are in fluid communication with inlets 1 10 to allow the delivery of atomizing steam from conduits 40b into second and third fluid passages 150, 160 and first sections 152, 154 extend generally parallel to the longitudinal axis of nozzle sleeve 100. In the example shown, first sections 152, 154 have a generally semi-circular cross-section and extend longitudinally on opposite sides of first fluid passage 130. Third sections 156, 166 of second and third fluid passages 150, 160 extend generally parallel to the longitudinal axis of nozzle sleeve 100 and, in the example shown, also have a generally semi-circular cross-section. Third sections 156, 166 are in fluid communication with first sections 152, 162 through second sections 154, 164, extend longitudinally on opposite sides of first fluid passage 130, and are orthogonally radially offset from first sections 152, 162. Third section 156 of second fluid passage 150 is in fluid communication with exit aperture 158, which is formed through first surface 122 of second end 106 to discharge atomizing steam into ring body 32 on one side of exit aperture 140. Third section 166 of third fluid passage 160 is in fluid communication with exit aperture 158, which is formed through second surface 124 of second end 106 to discharge atomizing steam into ring body 32 on a second side of exit aperture 158, opposite exit aperture 158. By discharging atomizing steam through exit apertures 158, 168 on opposite sides of the cooling water discharge at exit aperture 140, the cooling water is“jacketed” between two jets of atomizing steam, which ensures that all of the water is effectively atomized and no water is“bounced away” and escapes the steam jets.

[0071] As can best be seen in Fig. 3, a spiral, helix, or compound angle design of second and third fluid passages 150, 160 (used for the flow of atomizing steam through nozzle sleeve 100) is used to offset the flow of cooling water and atomizing steam, to change the orientation of second and third fluid passages 150, 160 inside nozzle sleeve 100 between inlets 1 10 and exit apertures 158, 168. The same concept can also be used to switch which fluid passages are nested. For example, if the steam passage extended axially through the nozzle sleeve at the inlet and the cooling water passages were radially offset from and positioned on either side of the steam passage, the water and steam passages could stop somewhere along the nozzle sleeve, then a double helix, spiral, or compound angles, could be used to reroute the inner steam passage in a sweeping fashion to be on the outside and to reroute the outer water passage bore to the inside.

[0072] Referring to Figs. 5-6, another example nozzle sleeve 100A is shown that can also be used with spray nozzle assemblies 34. Nozzle sleeve 100A is identical to nozzle sleeve 100, except that second end 106A of nozzle sleeve 100A includes first, second, third, and fourth surfaces 122A, 124A, 127, 128. First surface 122A is planar and extends generally perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of nozzle sleeve 100A. Second surface 124A is planar and extends away from first surface 122A at an angle and at an acute angle a to the longitudinal axis of nozzle sleeve. Third surface 127 is planar and extends away from second surface 124A at an angle and generally parallel to the longitudinal axis of nozzle sleeve 100A. Finally, fourth surface 128 is generally planar and extends generally perpendicular to third surface 127 and to the longitudinal axis of nozzle sleeve 100A. In this example, exit aperture 158A (discharging atomizing steam) is formed through first surface 122A, exit aperture 140A (discharging cooling water) is formed through second surface 124A, and exit aperture 168A (atomizing steam) is formed through third surface 127. In addition, rather than being generally linear slots, exit apertures 158A, 168A are arcuate slots that curve around exit aperture 140A and exit aperture 140A is elliptical. The arcuate shapes of exit apertures 158A and 168A and the angling of the discharge of the atomizing steam from exit aperture 168A with respect to the discharge of cooling water from exit aperture 140A can be used to further“jacket” the cooling water with the atomizing steam.

[0073] Referring to Fig. 7, another example nozzle sleeve 200 is shown that can also be used with spray nozzle assemblies 34. Like nozzle sleeve 100, nozzle sleeve 200 can be manufactured using Additive Manufacturing Technology and generally includes a solid, unitary, cylindrical body 202 that extends from a first end 204 to a second end 206 and defines an upper section 208 (not shown) (like upper section 108) at first end 204, a lower section 220 at second end 206, and a middle section 212 disposed between upper section 208 and lower section 220. Alternatively, nozzle sleeve 200 could include only middle section 212 and lower section 220 and be completely disposed within body 52 of housing 50. Lower section 220 of nozzle sleeve 200 is disposed in first bore portion 54a of body 52, middle section 212 is disposed in second bore portion 54b, and upper section 208 is disposed in a cavity 76 formed in cap flange 70. Middle section 212 has an outside diameter that is greater than the outside diameters of upper section 208 and lower section 220 to form a radially extending annular shoulder 214 that forms a radial seating surface. Annular shoulder 214 is operatively seated directly or indirectly against annular step 56 to maintain middle section 212 of nozzle sleeve 200 within second bore portion 54b. An annular groove 216 extends circumferentially around the outer diameter surface of middle section 212 and is axially spaced between a top end of middle section 212 and annular shoulder 214. The outside diameter of middle section 212 corresponds to the inside diameter of second bore portion 54b to provide a tight slip fit therewith. Lower section 220 of nozzle sleeve 200 extends beyond the first end of stepped bore 54 and neck 60 and into ring body 32 when spray nozzle assembly 34 is installed. Lower section 220 terminates at second end 206 of nozzle sleeve 200 and, in the example shown, second end 206 includes a planar surface

229 that extends at an angle to the longitudinal axis of nozzle sleeve 200.

[0074] A first fluid passage 230, which in the example shown allows the flow of cooling water through nozzle sleeve 200, is formed through body 202. First fluid passage

230 includes a first section 232 that extends radially across middle section 212 of body 202, like first section 132 of first fluid passage 130, such that first section 232 is in fluid communication with annular groove 216. A second section 234 of first fluid passage 230 extends axially along body 202, preferably coaxial with the longitudinal axis of nozzle sleeve 200. Second section 234 extends from a first end 236 (not shown), that is in fluid communication with first section 232 and is spaced apart from first end 204 of body 202, to a second end 238, opposite first end 236, which is in fluid communication with an annular section 242. Annular section 242 is a generally ring shaped passage that extends annularly within body 202 and is in fluid communication with a plurality of exit apertures 240B, which are formed through planar surface 229 of second end 206 and are positioned in a generally circular pattern to discharge the cooling water into ring body 32.

[0075] Second and third fluid passages 250, 260, which in the example shown allow the flow of atomizing steam through nozzle sleeve 200, are also formed through body 202. First sections 252, 262 of each of the second and third fluid passages 250, 260, respectively, are in fluid communication with inlets 210 (not shown) (same as inlets 1 10) to allow the delivery of atomizing steam from conduits 40b into second and third fluid passages 250, 260. In the example shown, first sections 252, 262 are generally semi-circular in shape and extend generally parallel to the longitudinal axis of nozzle sleeve 200 on opposite sides of second section 234 of first fluid passage 130. Second sections 254, 264 of second and third fluid passages 250, 260 extend radially inward from respective first sections 252, 262, turn approximately 90 degrees to run axially along nozzle sleeve 200, and merge together to pass through the center of annular section 242. Once merged, the merged portions of sections 254, 264 are both in fluid communication with exit aperture 258, which is formed through planar surface 229 of second end 206 to discharge atomizing steam into ring body 32 in the center of the circular pattern formed by exit apertures 240B. Third sections 256, 266 of second and third fluid passages 250, 260 extend longitudinally from respective first sections 252, 262 and are each in fluid communication with exit aperture 268B to discharge atomizing steam into ring body 32. In the example shown, exit aperture 268B is an annular, ring-shaped aperture that surrounds the circular pattern formed by exit apertures 240. By discharging atomizing steam through exit apertures 258B, 268B on opposite sides of the cooling water discharge at exit apertures 240B, the cooling water is“jacketed” between two jets of atomizing steam, which ensures that all of the water is effectively atomized and no water is“bounced away” and escapes the steam jets.

[0076] The example nozzle sleeve 200 shown in Fig. 7, utilizes similar upper nozzle sleeve geometries as nozzle sleeve 100 for water and steam inlets, but leads to mixing of a central steam jet through exit aperture 258B, water hole jets at exit apertures 240B, and outer enveloping steam cone jet 258B external to nozzle sleeve 200. The water is injected through the holes between both steam areas to ensure better mixing and complete atomization of the cooling water, which allows for minimal wear on nozzle sleeve 200 due to external steam/water mixing and no moving parts. [0077] Referring to Figs. 8-10, another example nozzle sleeve 300 is shown that can also be used with spray nozzle assemblies 34. Like nozzle sleeve 100, nozzle sleeve 300 can be manufactured using Additive Manufacturing Technology and generally includes a solid, unitary, cylindrical body 302 that extends from a first end 304 to a second end 306 and defines an upper section 308 at first end 304, a lower section 320 at second end 306, and a middle section 312 disposed between upper section 308 and lower section 320. Lower section 320 of nozzle sleeve 300 is disposed in first bore portion 54a of body 52, middle section 312 is disposed in second bore portion 54b, and upper section 308 is disposed in a cavity 76 formed in cap flange 70. Middle section 312 has an outside diameter that is greater than the outside diameter of lower section 320 to form a radially extending annular shoulder 314 that forms a radial seating surface. Annular shoulder 314 is operatively seated directly or indirectly against annular step 56 to maintain middle section 312 of nozzle sleeve 300 within second bore portion 54b. An annular groove 316 extends circumferentially around the outer diameter surface of middle section 312 and is axially spaced between a top end of middle section 312 and annular shoulder 314. The outside diameter of middle section 312 corresponds to the inside diameter of second bore portion 54b to provide a tight slip fit therewith. Lower section 320 of nozzle sleeve 300 extends beyond the first end of stepped bore 54 and neck 60 and into ring body 32 when spray nozzle assembly 34 is installed. Lower section 320 terminates at second end 306 of nozzle sleeve 300 and, in the example shown, second end 306 includes a planar surface 329 that extends at an angle to the longitudinal axis of nozzle sleeve 300.

[0078] A first fluid passage 330, which in the example shown allows the flow of atomizing steam through nozzle sleeve 300, is formed through body 302. First fluid passage 330 includes a first section 332 that is in fluid communication with an inlet 310 in first end 304 of body 302 and extends axially along body 302, preferably coaxial with the longitudinal axis of nozzle sleeve 300. First section 332 is in fluid communication with a first disk shaped cavity 344, which is offset from the longitudinal axis of nozzle sleeve 300 to provide space for second disk shaped cavity 372, discussed in more detail below. Cavity 344 is in fluid communication with a plurality of exit apertures 340B, which are formed through planar surface 329 of second end 306 and are positioned in a generally circular pattern.

[0079] Second and third fluid passages 350, 360, which in the example shown allow the flow of cooling water through nozzle sleeve 300, are also formed through body 302. Second and third fluid passages 350, 360 each have a first section 352, 362 that extends radially into middle section 312 of body 302 and are in fluid communication with annular groove 316. Second sections 354, 364 of second and third fluid passage 350, 360 extend parallel to longitudinal axis of nozzle sleeve 300 and are in fluid communication with first sections 352, 362. Second sections 354, 364 of second and third fluid passages 350, 360 are in fluid communication with and flow into annular cavity 370, which is formed in body 302 around first section 332 of first fluid passage 330. Annular cavity 370 is also in fluid communication with a second disk shaped cavity 372, for example through a cylindrical fluid passage section 374. Cavity 372 is in fluid communication with a plurality of exit apertures 358C, which are also positioned in a generally circular pattern such that each exit aperture 358C intersects a corresponding exit aperture 340B within body 302 to mix the cooling water and atomizing steam within body 302 of nozzle sleeve 300.

[0080] Nozzle sleeve 300, shown in Figs. 8-10, has internal mixing of the atomizing steam and cooling water, via a disk of water created by exit apertures 340B set in front of the exit apertures 358C, which deliver the atomized steam. The cooling water is provided to nozzle sleeve 300 through the sides of nozzle sleeve 300 and the atomizing steam is provided through the top. The cooling water from second sections 354, 364 of second and third fluid passages 350, 360 is merged into cylindrical annular cavity 370 around the steam in first fluid passage 330 until second end 306 of body 302 is approached. Near second end 306, cavity 344 for the atomizing steam is offset to the back of body 302 to allow for space for cavity 370 for the cooling water. The cooling water is channeled to cavity 372 via a sweep that gets thinner and deeper at the same time to allow for flow area to be maintained. Exit apertures 340B and 358C are connected to allow for the cooling water to be atomized. Exit apertures 340B are formed an angle to allow for them to connect to cavity 344 without interfering with exit apertures 358C or cavity 372.

[0081] A desuperheater assembly, desuperheater, spray nozzle assemblies, nozzle sleeves, and/or components thereof according the teachings of the present disclosure in some applications are useful for reducing the temperature of superheated steam or other fluids or gases in a fluid pipe to a predefined set point temperature. However, the desuperheater assembly, desuperheater, spray nozzle assemblies, nozzle sleeves, and/or components thereof are not limited to the uses described herein and may be used in other types of arrangements.

[0082] The examples described and shown in detail herein are only exemplary of one or more aspects of the teachings of the present disclosure for the purpose of teaching a person of ordinary skill to make and use the invention or inventions recited in the appended claims. Additional aspects, arrangements, and forms of the invention or inventions within the scope of the appended claims are contemplated, the rights to which are expressly reserved.