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Title:
DETERMINING WHETHER A VEHICLE SHOULD BE CONFIGURED FOR A DIFFERENT REGION
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/212660
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
An apparatus can have a processor configured to determine a length of time that a vehicle is in a region and to determine whether the vehicle needs to be configured for the region based on the determined length of time.

Inventors:
TROIA, Alberto (Hochstiftsweg 11, Munich, Munich, DE)
MONDELLO, Antonino (Via Comunale Santo, 370/A, Messina, Messina, IT)
Application Number:
US2019/024206
Publication Date:
November 07, 2019
Filing Date:
March 27, 2019
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
MICRON TECHNOLOGY, INC. (Mail Stop 507, 8000 South Federal WayP.O. Box, Boise Idaho, 83707-0006, US)
International Classes:
B60W50/08; B60W50/00
Foreign References:
US20180024826A12018-01-25
US20160147525A12016-05-26
US20170331795A12017-11-16
US20170024201A12017-01-26
JP2005148956A2005-06-09
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
MYRUM, Tod A. (Brooks, Cameron & Huebsch PLLC,1201 Marquette Avenue South, Suite 40, Minneapolis Minnesota, 55403, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
What is claimed is:

1. An apparatus, comprising:

a processor configured to:

determine a length of time that a vehicle is in a region: and determine whether the vehicle needs to be configured for the region based on the determined length of time.

2. The apparatus of claim l,wherein the processor is configured to indicate that the vehicle needs to be configured for the region in response to the length of time being greater than or equal to a threshold length of time.

3: The apparatus ofany one of claims 1 and 2, wherein the processor is configured to determine the length of time that the vehicle is in the region by counting a number of days the vehicle is in the region.

4. The apparatus of any one of claims 1 and 2, further comprising a storage device coupled to die processor, wherein die storage device is configured to store a count corresponding to the length of time.

5. The apparatus of claim 4, wherein:

the storage device is configured to stone a threshold count; and the processor is configured to compare the count to the threshold count to determine whether die apparatus needs to be configured for the region.

6. The apparatus of claim 4, wherein:

the storage device is configured to store a date and a region identifier corresponding to the region, and the processor is configured to increment the stored count in response to receiving a message having a different date than the stored date and having a same region identifier as the stored region identifier.

7. The apparatus of claim 4, wherein:

die storage device is configured to store a date and a first region

identifier corresponding to the region; and

die processor is configured to:

receive a message having a date and a second region identifier; and

in response to the second region identifier being different than the first region identifier:

reset the stored count to an initial value; and

replace the first region identifier with the second region identifier.

8. The apparatus of any one of claims 1 and 2, wherein the processor is configured to:

send a request, to a remote computing device, for data to configure the apparatus for the region in response to the length of time being greater than or equal to a threshold length of time; receive the data from die remote computing device; and

update the vehicle with the data.

9. The apparatus of claim 8, wherein the processor is configured to prompt a user, to make the request, in response to the length of time being greater than or equal to a threshold length of time.

10. The apparatus of any one of claims 1 and 2, wherein die processor is configured to determine that the vehicle is in the region by a global positioning system or by cells of a cellular telephone network.

11. An apparatus comprising:

a processor; and

a plurality of control units coupled to the processor;

wherein the processor is configured to:

determine that a vehicle is relocated to a country; and indicate that the vehicle needs a software/firmware update for the country in response to determining that the vehicle is relocated to the country.

12. The apparatus of claim 11 , wherein the processor is configured to receive the software/firmware update add to update die plurality of control units with the software/firmware update.

13. The apparatus of claim 11, wherein the processor is configured to:

send a request, to a remote computing device, for the software/firmware receive the software/firmware update from the remote computing device; and

update the plurality of control units with the software/firmware update.

14. An apparatus comprising:

a vehicle computing device; and a plurality of control units coupled to the vehicle computing device, wherein each respective control unit of plurality of die control units comprises:

a respective storage device configured to store a country identifier and a date; and

a respective processor coupled to the respective storage device;

wherein the vehicle computing device is configured to:

receive a message comprising a current date and a current country identifier indicating a country in which a vehicle is located on die current date; and

to send die current date and the current country identifier to each respective control unit; and

wherein each respective processor is configured to:

compare the current country identifier to the country identifier stored m the respective storage device;

compare die current date to the date stored in the respective storage device in response to die current country identifier matching the country identifier stored in tire respective storage device;

determine a length of time that the vehicle has been located in the current country in response to the current date not matching die date stored in the respective storage device; and

determine whether the respective control unit needs to be updated to the current country based on the determined length of time.

15. The apparatus of claim 14, wherein:

each respective storage device is configured to store a threshold length of time; and

each respective processor is configured to:

indicate to the vehicle computing device that the respective

control unit needs to be updated to the current country in response to the length of time being greater than or equal to the threshold length of tin».

16. The apparatus of claim 15, wherein the vehicle computing device is configured to:

indicate to a remote computing device that each respective

control unit needs to be updated to die current country; receive an update from the remote computer to update each

respective control unit to the current country; mid send the update to each respective control unit.

17. The apparatus of claim 16. wherein each respective processor of each respective control unit is configured to determine whether the respective control unit needs to be updated in response to receiving the update from the vehicle computing device.

18. A method, comprising:

receiving a message, at a vehicle, comprising a current date and a current country identifier indicating a country in which the vehicle is located on the current date;

comparing the current country identifier to a country identifier stored on the vehicle; comparing the current date to a date stored on the vehicle in response to the current country identifier matching the country identifier stored on foe vehicle;

determining a length of time that the vehicle has been located in the country in response to the current date not matching the date stored on the vehicle; and

determining whether the vehicle needs to be configured for the country based on foe determined length of time.

19. The method of claim 18, further comprising configuring the vehicle for the country in response to die length of time being greater than or equal to a threshold length of time.

20. The method of any one of claims 18 and 19, further comprising storing the current country identifier in response to the current country identifier not matching the country identifier stored on the vehicle.

21. The method ofany one ofclaims 18 and 19, further comprising:

incrementing a count in response to foe current date not matching foe date stored on the vehicle, wherein the incremented count is the length of time that the vehicle has been located in the country; comparing the incremented count to a threshold value; and

determining whether the vehicle needs to be configured for the country based on the comparison.

Description:
DETERMINING WHETHER A VEHICLE SHOULD BE CONFIGURED FOR

A DIFFERENT REGION

TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001] The present disclosure relates generally to apparatus and methods related to vehicles, and more particularly, to determining whether a vehicle should be configured for a different region.

BACKGROUND

[0002] Motor vehicles, such as autonomous vehicles, (e.g., automobiles.

Mrs, trucks, buses, etc.) can include a number of electronic control unite (ECUs) coupled to a controller, such as computing device (e.g., an on-board computer).

The ECUs can be used to control various subsystems of a vehicle, such as engine subsystems, transmission subsystems, power train subsystems, brake subsystems, camera subsystems, vehicle dashboard subsystems, speed control subsystems, tire pressure monitoring systems, steering control subsystems, obstacle and/or hazard avoidance/recognition subsystems, and the like.

[0003] In examples involving autonomous vehicles, die ECUs may interpret inputs from sensors and/or cameras that perceive the surroundings of vehicle so that the vehicle can operate safely. Fear example, the ECUs can provide speed control and steering control for the vehicle and obstacle and/or hazard avoidance/recognition. As used herein, an autonomous vehicle can be a vehicle in which at least a portion of the decision-making and/or control over vehicle operations is controlled by computer hardware and/or softwaro'firmware, as opposed to a human operator.

[0064] The controller and each ECU can include hardware and configuration data, such as softwarc/firmware. For example, the

software/firmware can include executable code, software update version data relating to the software/firmware version levels, operating parameters, operation and maintenance manuals, emission settings, engine settings, speed settings, and the like. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0005] Figure iA is a block diagram of an apparatus, such as a vehicle, in accordance with a number of embodiments of the present disclosure.

[0006] Figure IB is a block diagram illustrating a storage device of a vehicle, in accordance with a number of embodiments of the present disclosure.

[0007] Figure 2 is a flowchart of a method, in accordance with a number of embodiments of the present disclosure.

[0008] Figure 3A is a block diagram of an apparatus, such as another vehicle, in accordance with a number of embodiments of the present disclosure.

[0009] Figure 3B is a block diagram illustrating an electronic control unit, in accordance with a number of embodiments of the present disclosure.

[0010] Figure 4 is a flowchart ofa method, in accordance with a number of embodiments of die present disclosure.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0011] Embodiments of the present disclosure involve determining whether a vehicle needs to be configured for a region (c.g., for operation in the region), such as a country, based on die length of time the vehicle is in the country. For example, disclosed apparatus and methods can determine the length of time the vehicle has been in a country and can indicate that die vehicle needs software-firmware for the country that configures die vehicle for the country when the vehicle has been in the country for a particular length of time.

[0012[ Vehicle software/firmware is often specific to the country ½ which the vehicle is sold. For example, the software/ firmware can be based on the language of the country and can include operational parameters, specifications, emission settings, engine settings, speed settings, and the like specific to the country. However, problems can arise when the vehicle is relocated to a new country, making it difficult to service and/or operate the vehicle. For example, the software/firmware may need to be updated so that the vehicle is configured to operate in the new country.

[0013[ The embodiments of die present disclosure provide improved apparatus, including improved vehicles and improved vehicle components, such as improved vehicle ECUs. For example, the improved apparatus of the present disclosure determine that the vehicle has been relocated to the new country based on the length of time the vehicle is in the country and indicate the vehicle needs software/firmware for the new country in response to determining that the vehicle has been relocated. In this way, the improved apparatus of the present disclosure provides a technical advantage over prior approaches by overcoming the problems associated with relocating die vehicle to a new country and not having the software/firmware for the new country.

[0014] Figure 1 A is a block diagram of an apparatus, such as a motor vehicle 100 (e.g., an autonomous motor vehicle), in accordance with a number of embodiments of the present disclosure. Vehicle 100 includes a system 101, such as a computer system. System 101 includes a vehicle computing device 102 (e.g., an on-board computer).

[0015] Vehicle computing device 102 includes a processor 103 (e.g., a central processing unit (CPU)) coupled to a storage device 104. Storage device 104 can be a non-volatile memory device, such as a NAND flash memory device, a NOR flash memory device, a phase change memory (PCM) memory device, and the like.

[0016] Processor 103 can be configured to perform various methods disclosed herein. For example, processor 103 can be configured to: determine a length of time that vehicle 100 is in a region, such as a country, and determine whether vehicle needs to be configured for operation in the country based on the determined length of time. Processor 103 can be configured to indicate that vehicle 100 needs to be configured for operation in the country in response to the length of time being greater thanor equal td a threshold length of time. The threshold length of time can be a number of days deemed sufficient for the vehicle 100 to be considered relocated to the country from another country. For example, vehicle 100 may be deemed to be relocated to a country if vehicle 100 will be operating (e.g., consistently) as a vehicle of that country. As such, processor 103 can be configured to determine that vehicle 100 has been relocated to the country in response to Ac length of time being greater than or equal to a threshold length of time and to indicate that the vehicle needs software/firmware (e.g., needs a software/firmwarc update) for the country in response to determining dial vehicle 100 has been relocated to the country. [0017] In some examples, die software/firmware update can be received (e.g., in response to determining that vehicle 100 needs a softw are/ firmware update) and compared to existing software/firmware installed on vehicle 100. For example, an ID of die software/firmware update, such as a version ID specific to the country, can be compared to an ID of the software/firmware on vehicle 100. The software/firmware update can be installed based on die comparison, such as in response to Ac IDs not matching. For example, the software/firmware version IDs can be country specific. If vehicle 100 does not have the software/firmware version for the country to which vehicle 100 has be relocated, the software/firmware update can be installed. If vehicle 100 does have the software/firmware version for a country to which vehicle 100 has been relocated, however, the software/firmware update will not be installed. For example, if vehicle 100 remains in its country of origin (e.g., the country for which vehicle 100 is initially configured), the software/firmwarc version installed an vehicle can match the version of the software/firmware update.

[0018] System 101 includes a number of ECUs 108 coupled to vehicle computing device 102. For example, vehicle computing device 102 is coupled to: a bus 107-1, such as a FlcxRay Bus, that is coupled to ECUs 108-1,1 to 108- 1,3; a bus 107-2, such as a MOST bus, that is coupled to ECUs 108-2,1 to 108- 2,3; a bus 107-3, such as a CAN bus, that is coupled to ECUs 108-3,1 to 108- 3,3; and a bus 107-4, such as any other suitable bus, that is coupled to ECUs 108-4,1 to 108-4,3. Although die example of Figure 1 A shows three ECUs coupled to each of four buses, there can be any number of ECUs coupled to each of any number hf buses..

[0019] Processor 103 can include a component, such as country ID/date componen t 109, configured to obtain a country identifier (ID) of a country in which vehicle 100 is currently located and the currant date. For example, die country ID can be an abbreviation of, a complete nan» of, or a code corresponding to the country. Country ID/date component 109 can receive a message that can include the current country ID and die current date from a global positioning system (GPS) or a from a cell of a cellular telephone network in response to vehicle 100 powering up (e.g., being turned on). For example, country ID/date component 109 can include a global positioning device or a cellular positioning device. In some examples, country ID/date component 109 can include a near field communication (NFC) receiver or a radio frequency identification (RFID) receiver that can receive die message from a network of NFC or RFID tags. In some examples, country ID/date component 109 can receive the message via WI-FI.

[0020] Vehicle computing device 102 is coupled to a display device 110. Display device 110 can display messages generated by processor 103. Display device 110 can include a touch screen configured to receive touch inputs from a user (e.g., the registered owner) of vehicle 100, such as in response to the messages generated by processor 103. For example, display device 110 might display a message to the user indicating that vehicle 100 needs to be configured for operation in (e.g., needs an update for) the particular country in response to processor 103 determining that vehicle 100 needs to be configured for operation in the particular country.

[0021] Processor 103 can he selectively coupled to a host computing device, such as a host computer 112. Host computer 112 may be maintained by a vehicle service provider, for example. Host computet 112 can be selectively coupled to a remote computing device, such as remote computer 113. For example, the remote computing device 113 may be under the control of foe manufacturer of vehicle 100 and/or the manufacturer of a vehicle part Host computer 112 and remote computer 113 can be located at different geographic locations and can be selectively coupled over a wired and/or wireless network, for example.

[0022] In some examples, die user may bring vehicle 100 to the vehicle service provider in response to foe message to indicating that vehicle 100 needs to be configured for operation in the particular country. The service provider may use host computer 112 obtain an update from remote computer 113 and then use host computer 112 to install the update on vehicle 100 to update vehicle 100 for operation in the particular country.

[0023] Alternatively, remote computer 113 may be directly selectively coupled to processor 103 without using host computer 112, such as over a wired and/or wireless network. Remote computer 113 may provide the update to processor 103, such as in response to the user requesting the update via display 110. For example, display 110 may prompt foe user to elect to whether to install the update, and processor 103 may send a request to remote computer 113 requesting the update in response to the user electing to receive the update.

[0024] The update can include configuration data to configure vehicle 100 for operation in the particular country. The configuration data can be in the form of software/firmware that can include instructions, operating parameters for the particular country, maintenance logs for vehicle 100 in the language of the particular country, operation and maintenance manuals in the language of foe particular country, update version levels of the software/ firmware, and foe like. The operating parameters can include, for example, emission settings, engine settings, speed settings, and the like for foe particular country. The instructions can enable and/or disable vehicle functionality according to the rules of foe country. For example, a global positioning device may be disabled in countries that prohibit its use. In some examples, processor 103 may store foe

software/ firmware in storage device 104 and/or send the softwarc/firmware to all ofECUs 108.

[0025] In some examples, vehicle computing device 102 can be selectively coupled to a service vehicle 114 in the field. For example, service vehicle 114 can be configured to service vehicle 100. In some examples, problems can occur when service vehicle 114 and vehicle 100 are configured to operate in different countries. For example, vehicle 1 (X) may be configured to operate in its country of origin and may have been relocated to a different country in which service vehicle 114 is configured to operate. However, embodiments of foe present disclosure solve foe problems that can occur whan vehicle 100 is relocated to the country in which service vehicle 114 is configured to operate by configuring vehicle IOύ to operate in foe country in which service vehicle 114 is configured to operate. As such, embodiments of foe present disclosure result in technological improvements to processor 103, and tints to vehicle 100.

[0026] Figure IB is a block diagram illustrating a storage device, such as storage device 104, of a vehicle, such as vehicle 100, in accordance with a number of embodiments of foe present disclosure. Storage device 104 is configured to store a country ID of a country in a country ID location (c.g., field) 116. Storage device 104 is configured to store a date in a date field 117. [0027] Storage device 104 is configured to store a value (e.g., a count) of counter 118 having a count corresponding the length of time (e.g., a number of days) vehicle 100 is located in die country indicated by the country ID in country ID field 116. For example, counter 1 18 keeps track of the number of days vehicle 100 is located in die country. Storage device 104 is configured to store a threshold value corresponding to a threshold length of time, such as a threshold number of days (e.g., a threshold count corresponding to the threshold number of days) in a threshold field 119. Storage device is configured to store configuration data, such as software/firmware 120 that can include software/firmware that configures ECUs 108 and processor 103, and thus vehicle 100, for operation in a specific country and that can be updated in accordance with embodiments of the present disclosure. In some examples, fields 116, 117, and 1 19 be in non-volatile registers, and counter 118 can be stored in a non-volatile register.

[0028] In some examples, die threshold value can be selected by a user.

The threshold value can be the number of days (e.g., about 30 days) for which it ®6 deemed that vehicle 100 has been relocated to the country indicated by die country ID in country ID field 116.

[0029] Figure 2 is a flowchart of a method 225 that can be performed by processor 103, in accordance with a number of embodiments of the present disclosure. For example, software-firmware 120 can include instructions corresponding to method 225 that are executable by processor Ϊ03. At block 226, in response to vehicle 100 powering up, processor 103 receives a message that includes a current country P) of a country in which vehicle 100 is currently located and a current date. The current country ID is compared, at decision block 228, to die stored country ID in country ID field 116. If the current country ID is die same as the stored country ID at decision block 228, meaning that vehicle 100 has not changed countries since the country ID 116 was last stored, the method proceeds to decision block 230, at which die current date is compared to the stored date in date field 117.

[0030] If die current date is die same as die stored date in date field 117 at decision block 230, then the method proceeds to block 232, at which no further action is taken, if, however, the current date is different than the stored date at decision block 230, the method proceeds to block 234, at which processor 103 increments the count of die counter 118 by die number of days that have elapsed (c.g., by the difference in days) between the current date and die stored date to a new value (e.g., a new day count). For example, the new value is the new number of days vehicle 100 is located in the country corresponding to the stored country ID. In some examples, die current date can be compared to die stored date to determine a difference in days between the current date and stored date. The count of the counter 118 can then be incremented by die determined difference. The method then proceeds to decision block 236, at which the new value is compared to a threshold value, such as in threshold field 1 19. If die new value is less than the threshold value at decision block 236, the method proceeds to block 238, at which counter 118 with the new value is stored in storage device 104 or a non-volatile register.

[0031] If the new value is greater than or equal to threshold value at decision block 236, the method proceeds to block 240. Note decision block 236 determines whether the vehicle has been relocated to die country with the stored country ID. If the new value is greater than or equal to threshold value at decision block 236, then the vehicle has been relocated to the country with the stored country ID.

[0032] At block 240, the vehicle has been relocated to die country with the stored country ID, and processor 103 indicates that die vehicle needs to be configured for operation in the country with the stored country ID. For example, processor 103 may indicate that the vehicle needs a software/firmware update.

[0033] The vehicle can be configured for operation in the country with the software/firmware update corresponding to the country. Processor 103 can indicate the need by causing a message, indicating the need, to be displayed on display 110. A software/firmware update corresponding to the country can be obtained as previously described. For example, the user may bring the vehicle to a service provider that uses host computer 1 12 to download the

softwarc/firmware update from remote computer 113 and to install the software/firmware update. Alternatively, tire softwarc/firmware update can be downloaded directly from remote computer 1 13, such as in response to the user selecting an option on display 110 to download the software-firmware update. Processor 103 may then install the software/firmware update. The

software/firmware update can be installed on each of ECUs 108 and/or can update (c.g., replace) at least a portion of the softwarc/firmwarc 120 such that vehicle 100 is configured for operation in the country with the stored country ID.

[0034] As indicated previously, the software/firmware update can have a country-specific version ID that can be compared to the country-specific version ID of the software/firmware installed on vehicle 100. The software/firmware update can be installed if the version IDs do not match, to configure vehicle 100 for operation in the country with the stored country ID. If the version IDs do match, such is in the case where vehicle 100 remains in its country of origin, the software/firmware update will not be installed.

[0035] If the current country ID is different than the stored country ID at decision block 228, die method proceeds to block 242. At block 242, die current country ID is stored in country ID field 116, counter 118 is reset (e.g., to zero days) and stored, and the current date is stored in date field 117. For example, the stored country ID in country ID field 116 can be updated to (e.g., replaced by) the current country ID, and the stored date in date field 117 can be updated to die current date.

[0036] Figure 3 A is a block diagram of an apparatus, such as a motor vehicle 300 (C.g., mi autonomous motor vehicle), in accordance with a number of embodiments of the present disclosure. Motor vehicle 300 includes a system 350, such as a computer system. System 350 includes a vehicle computing device 352 (e.g., an on-board computer), such as a main controller. For example, vehicle computing device 352 can be referred to as a computing device, such as a board computer.

[0637] Vehicle computing device 352 is coupled to a display device 310 that can be similar to (e.g., the same as) display device 110. Vehicle computing device 352 can be selectively coupled to a host computer 312 that can be similar to (e.g., the same as) host computer j 12. Host computer 312 can be selectively coupled to a remote computer 313 that can be similar to (e.g., the same as) remote computer 313. Vehicle computing device 352 can obtain

software/firmware updates from remote computer 313 via host computer 312, such as in a manner described previously in conjunction with Figure 1 A.

Alternatively, vehicle computing device 352 can request and receive the software/firmware updates directly remote computer 313, such as in response to a user electing to receive the updates via display device 310, such as in a manner described previously in conjunction with Figure 1 A.

[0038] System 350 includes a number of ECUs 355 coupled to vehicle computing device 352. For example, vehicle computing device 352 is coupled to: a bus 307-1, such as a F!exRay Bus, that is coupled to ECUs 355-1,1 to 355- 1,3; a bus 307-2, such as a MOST bus, that is coupled to ECUs 355-2,1 to 355- 2,3; a bus 307-3, such as a CAN bus, that is coupled to ECUs 355-3,1 to 355- 3,3; and a bus 307-4, such as any other suitable bus, that is coupled to ECUs 355-4,1 to 355-4,3. Although the example of Figure 3A shows three ECUs coupled to each of four buses, there can be any number of ECUs coupled to each of any number of buses.

[0039] Processor 303 can include a component, such as country ID/date component 309, configured to obtain a country identifier (ID) of a country in which vehicle 300 is currently located and die current date. For example, country ID/date component 309 can be configured in a manner similar to (c.g., the same as) country ID/date component 109. Country ID/date component 309 can operate in a manner similar to (e.g., the same as) country ID/date component 109, such as previously described in conjunction with Figure 1 A.

[0040] Country ID/date component 309 can receive a message that includes a current country ID of a country in which vehicle 300 is currently located and the current date, such as in response to vehicle 300 powering up. Vehicle computing device 352 can send the current country ID and the current date to each of ECUs 355.

[0041] Figure 3B is a block diagram illustrating a representative ECU 355, in accordance with a number of embodiments of the present disclosure. For example, each of the ECUs 355 may be configured as shown in Figure 3B. ECU 355 includes a processor 360 coupled to a storage device 304 that can be similar to (c.g., the same as) storage device 103, such as previously described.

[0042] Processor 360 can be configured to perform various methods disclosed herein. For example, processor 360 can be configured to: determine a length of time that vehicle 300 is in a country , and determine whether vehicle 300 (c.g., the respective ECU 355) needs to be configured for operation in the country based on the determined length of time. Processor 360 can be configured to indicate that vehicle 300 needs to be configured for operation in the country in response to the length of time being greater than or equal to a threshold length of time. For example, processor 360 can be configured to determine that vehicle 300 has been relocated to the country in response to the length of time being greater than or equal to the threshold length of time and to indicate that the vehicle needs a software/firmware update for the country in response to determining that vehicle 100 has been relocated to the country.

[0043] In some examples, each of the respective processors 360 of each the respective ECUs 355 can determine that the respective ECUs 355 need the software/firmware update concurrently, since the determination can be based on the length of time vehicle 300 is in the country. The respective processors 360 may indicate to vehicle computing device 352 that they need the

software/firmware update, and vehicle computing device 352 may obtain the software/firmwarc update, as previously described. Vehicle computing device 352 may send the software/firmwarc update to each of the respective processors

360.

[0044] In some examples, less than all of the ECUs 355 may need the software/firmware update For example, each respective processor 360 may be configured to determine whether the software/firmwarc needs to be updated in response to receiving the software/firmware update. As such, the ECUs 355 can be selectively updated. For example, each respective processor 360 may be configured to compare an ID of the software/firmware update, such as a version level, to an ID of lhe software/firmwarc in the respective storage device 304 and to perform the update based on the comparison, such as in response to the IDs matching.

[0045] Storage device 304 includes, a country ID field 316, such as described for country ID field 116, a date field 317, such as described for date field 1 17, a counter 318, such as described for counter 118, and a threshold field 319, such as described for threshold field 119. Storage device 304 is configured to store software/firmware 362 that can include software/firmwarc that configures the respective ECU 355 for operation in a specific country and that can be updated in accordance with embodiments of the present disclosure.

[0046] Processor 360 can receive a software/firmwarc update and determine whether die software/firmwarc update should be installed on ECU 355 based on a comparison between a country-specific version ID of the softwarc/firmware update and a country-specific version ID of

software/firmware 362. For example, if vehicle 300 is new to the country, the version IDs might not match, and processor 360 may install the

softwarc/firmware update. If, however, vehicle 300 is not new to the country (e.g., vehicle is in its country of origin), the version IDs could match, and the software update will not be installed.

[0047] Figure 4 is a flowchart of a method 470, in accordance with a number of embodiments of die present disclosure. In some examples, method 470 can include a number of sub-methods (e.g., subroutines), such as sub- methods 472 and 474. Sub- method 472 can be performed by vehicle computing device 352, and sub-method 474 can be performed by each of the respective processors 360 of each of the respective ECUs 355. For example,

software/firmware 362 of the respective processors 360 can include instructions corresponding to sub-method 474 that are executable by the respective processors 360.

[0648] At block 476, in response to vehicle 300 powering up, vehicle computing device 352 receives a message that includes a current country ID of a country in which vehicle 300 is currently located and a current date. At block 478, vehicle computing device 352 sends the current country ID and the current date to each of ECUs 355, such as to the respective processors 360 of the respective ECUs.

[0049] The current country ID is compared, at decision block 480, to the stored country ID in country ID field 316. If the current country ID is the same as the storied country ID at decision block 480, meaning that vehicle 300 has not changed countries since the stored country ID was last stared, the sub-method 474 proceeds to decision block 482, at which the current date is compared to the stored date in date field 317.

If the current date is the same as the stored date in date field 317 at decision block 482, then the sub-method proceeds to block 484, at which no further action is taken. If, however, the current date is different than the stored date at decision block 482, the sub-method proceeds to block 485, at which the processor 360 increments the count of respective counter 318 by the number of days that have elapsed (e.g., by the difference in days) between the current date and the stored date to a new value. For example, the new value is the new number of days vehicle 300 is located in the country corresponding to the stored country ID. In some examples, the current date can be compared to the stored date to determine a difference in days between the current date and stored date. Die count of counter 318 can then be incremented by the determined difference. Die sub-method then proceeds to decision block 486, at which the new value is compared to a threshold value in threshold field 319. If the new value is less than the threshold value at decision block 486, die sub-method proceeds to block 487, at which counter 318 with the new value is stored.

[0051] If the new' value is greater than or equal to the threshold value at decision block 486, the sub-method proceeds to block 488. At block 488, the vehicle has been relocated to the country with die stored country ID, and the respective processor 360 indicates that the vehicle needs to be configured for operation in the country with the stored country ID. For example, the respective processor 360 may indicate that the vehicle needs a software/firmware update. The respective processor can then receive die software/firmware update in response to the determination that the vehicle needs to be configured for operation in the country with the stored country ID, Die processor can then determine whether to install the softwarc/firmwarc update based a comparison between the software/firmware update and software/firmware stored on the respective ECU, as described previously.

[0052] Each respective ECU 355 can be configured for operation in the country with the software/firmware update corresponding to the country. Each respective processor 360 can indicate the need to vehicle computing device 352. Vehicle computing device 352 can indicate the need by causing a message, indicating the need, to be displayed on display 310. A software/firmware update corresponding to the country can be obtained as previously described. The software/firmware update can be selectively installed on the respective ECUs 355 determined to need the update, as described previously. For example, the software/firmware update can update (e.g., replace) at least a portion of the software/firmware 362 so that the respective ECUs 355 determined to need die update, and thus vehicle 300, are configured for operation in the country with the stored country ID.

[0053] If the current country ID is different than the stored country ID at decision block 480, the sub-method proceeds to block 489. At block 489, the current country ID is stored in each respective country ID field 316, each respective counter 318 is reset (e.g., to zero days) and stored, and the current date is stored in each respective date field 317. For example, the stored country ID in country ID field 316 can be updated to (e.g., replaced by) the current country ID, and the stored date m country ID field 317 can be updated to (e.g., replaced by) the current date.

[0054] In the preceding detailed description, reference is made to the accompanying drawings that form a part hereof, and in which is shown, by way of illustration, specific examples. In the drawings, like numerals describe substantially similar components throughout the several views. Other examples may be utilized, and structural, logical and/or electrical changes may be made without departing from the scope of the present disclosure.

[0055] The figures herein follow a numbering convention in which the first digit or digits correspond to the drawing figure number and the remaining digits identify an element or component in the drawing. Similar elements or components between different figures may be identified by the use of similar digits. As will be appreciated, elements shown in the various embodiments herein can be added, exchanged, and/or eliminated so as to provide a number of additional embodiments of the presen t disclosure, hi addition, as will be appreciated, the proportion and the relative scale of die elements provided in the figures are intended to illustrate the embodiments of the present disclosure and should not be taken in a limiting sense.

[0056] As used herein,“a number of’ something can refer to one or more of such things. A“plurality’' of something intends two or more. As used herein, multiple acts being performed concurrently refers to acts overlapping, at least in part, over a particular time period. As used herein, the term“coupled” may include electrically coupled, directly coupled, and/or directly connected with no intervening elements (e.g., by direct physical contact) or indirectly coupled and/or connected with intervening elements. The term coupled may further include two or more elements that co-operate or interact with each other (e.g., as in a cause and effect relationship).

[W57J Although specific examples have been illustrated and described herein, those of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that an arrangement calculated to achieve the same results can be substituted for the specific embodiments shown. This disclosure is intended to cover adaptations or variations of one or mote embodiments of the present disclosure. It is to be understood that the above description has been made in an illustrative fashion, and not a restrictive one. The scope of one or more examples of die present disclosure should be determined with reference to the appended claims, along with the full range of equivalents to which such claims are entitled.